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1.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 22: eAO0396, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1534329

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: This study aimed to compare the levels of HIF1-α, VEGF, TNF-α, and IL-10 in the peri-implant crevicular fluid of patients with and without peri-implantitis. Methods: Forty patients, comprising 16 with and 24 without peri-implantitis were selected. Results: Patients with peri-implantitis exhibited significantly higher HIF-1α levels than those without peri-implantitis (p=0.0005). TNF-α revealed significant positive correlations with IL-10 (p=0.0008) and VEGF (p=0.0246), whereas HIF-1α and IL-10 levels (p=0.0041) demonstrated a negative and significative correlation in the peri-implantitis group. Conclusion: This study, for the first time demonstrates the balance of HIF-1α, TNFα, IL-10, and VEGF in peri-implantitis. It shows an elevated HIF-1α levels in patients with peri-implantitis, which could have stemmed from persistent inflammation- triggered hypoxia. Furthermore, the positive correlation between TNF-α and VEGF suggests intensified proinflammatory activity in peri-implantitis. Nevertheless, further studies are essential to understand these immune dynamics in peri-implantitis.

2.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 89(2): 244-253, March-Apr. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439725

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To analyze the morphofunctional regeneration process of facial nerve injury in the presence of insulin-like growth factor-1 and mesenchymal stem cells. Methods: Fourteen Wistar rats suffered unilateral facial nerve crushing and were randomly divided into two groups. All received insulin-like growth factor-1 inoculation, but only half of the animals received an additional inoculation of mesenchymal stem cells. The animals were followed for 90 days and facial nerve regeneration was analyzed via spontaneous facial motor function tests and immunohistochemistry in the nerve motor nucleus. Results: The group that received the growth factor and stem cells showed a statistically superior mean in vibrissae movements (p<0.01), touch reflex (p = 0.05) and eye closure (p<0.01), in addition to better immunohistochemistry reactivity. There was a statistically significant difference in the mean number of cells in the facial nerve nucleus between the experimental groups (p = 0.025), with the group that received the growth factor and stem cells showing the highest mean. Conclusion: The association between growth factor and stem cells potentiates the morphofunctional regeneration of the facial nerve, occurring faster and more effectively. Level of Evidence: 4, degree of recommendation C.

3.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(2): 660-667, abr. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440325

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The aim of this systematic review was to assess the histological effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJ-OA) in animal models. A systematic search was performed using PubMed, WoS, EMBASE, Science Direct and SCOPUS databases. The inclusion criteria were experimental studies in animal models that evaluated the use of PRP as a treatment for TMJ-OA with or without arthrocentesis/arthroscopy. Comparison was made to a healthy control group or to other treatment. The variables evaluated were the histological effects of the treatments, characteristics of the primary articles, characteristics of the sample studied and the risk of bias. The systematic search identified 120 studies. Eventually 5 studies were included in the analysis. Four of the studies showed a statistically significant repair in joint tissues and improvement of cartilage thickness in animals treated with PRP. The global risk of bias was unclear. The results of this systematic review suggest that PRP treatment in TMJ-OA has benefits at the histological level in cartilage, articular disc and articular bone tissue in animal models. However, due to the low number of studies and the risk of bias, further research is needed to recommend its use.


El objetivo de esta revisión sistemática fue evaluar los efectos histológicos del plasma rico en plaquetas (PRP) en la osteoartritis de la articulación temporomandibular (ATM-OA) en modelos animales. Se realizó una búsqueda sistemática en las bases de datos PubMed, WoS, EMBASE, Science Direct y SCOPUS. Los criterios de inclusión fueron estudios experimentales en modelos animales que evaluaran el uso de PRP como tratamiento para la ATM-OA con o sin artrocentesis/ artroscopia. La comparación se realizó con un grupo de control sano o con otro tratamiento. Las variables evaluadas fueron los efectos histológicos de los tratamientos, las características de los artículos primarios, las características de la muestra estudiada y el riesgo de sesgo. La búsqueda sistemática identificó 120 estudios. Finalmente se incluyeron 5 estudios en el análisis. Cuatro de los estudios mostraron una reparación estadísticamente significativa en los tejidos articulares y una mejora del grosor del cartílago en los animales tratados con PRP. El riesgo global de sesgo fue incierto. Los resultados de esta revisión sistemática sugieren que el tratamiento con PRP en la ATM-OA tiene beneficios a nivel histológico en el cartílago, el disco articular y el tejido óseo articular en modelos animales. Sin embargo, debido al escaso número de estudios y al riesgo de sesgo, se necesitan investigaciones adicionales para recomendar su uso.


Subject(s)
Animals , Osteoarthritis/therapy , Temporomandibular Joint/anatomy & histology , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/therapy , Platelet-Rich Plasma/physiology , Disease Models, Animal
4.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 334-338, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996235

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression and microvascular density (MVD) for the depth of infiltration in early gastric cancer.Methods:The pathological tissues of 24 patients with early gastric cancer (early gastric cancer group), 23 patients with advanced gastric cancer (advanced gastric cancer group) and 10 patients with gastritis (gastritis group) who admitted to Fenyang Hospital Affiliated of Shanxi Medical University from January 2020 to January 2022 were retrospectively collected. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect VEGF expression and MVD in the lesion tissues of each group, and the correlation of VEGF expression and MVD in gastric cancer tissues with the clinicopathological characteristics of patients was analyzed. Postoperative pathological diagnosis was treated as the gold standard. The efficacy of VEGF and MVD in predicting the depth of infiltration in gastric cancer and early gastric cancer was assessed by using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.Results:The VEGF positive expression rate was 10.00% (1/10), 29.17% (7/24) and 78.26% (18/23) in gastritis group, early gastric cancer group and advanced gastric cancer group, respectively, and the MVD was (21±5) strips/field, (23±9) strips/field and (43±15) strips/field, respectively. The positive expression rate of VEGF and MVD were related with the tumor diameter [>2 cm vs. ≤2 cm:69.70% (23/33) vs. 14.29% (2/14), (39±15) strips/field vs. (20±8) strips/field] and infiltration depth of gastric cancer [intramucosal carcinoma vs. submucosal carcinoma vs. advanced gastric cancer: 26.31% (5/19) vs. 40.00% (2/5) vs. 78.26% (18/23), (20±7) strips/field vs. (36±3) strips/field vs. (43±15) strips/field] (all P > 0.01), while not related with gender, age, tumor location, differentiation degree (all P > 0.05). The ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of VEGF and MVD in predicting the depth of infiltration in gastric cancer was 0.716 (95% CI 0.581-0.828) and 0.711 (95% CI 0.573-0.823), respectively; the optimal cut-off value of VEGF and MVD was positive and 24.8 strips/field, with the sensitivity of 53.19%, 61.70%, and the specificity of 90.00% both. The AUC of VEGF and MVD in predicting the depth of infiltration in early gastric cancer was 0.596 (95% CI 0.414-0.760) and 0.506 (95% CI 0.330-0.681) , respectively; the optimal cut-off value of VEGF and MVD was positive and 32.5 strips/field, with the sensitivity of 29.17% , 70.83%, and the specificity of 90.00%, 0, respectively. Conclusions:VEGF expression and MVD are elevated with the increase of depth of gastric cancer infiltration, while the value of the combination of both in predicting the depth of infiltration in early gastric cancer is not high.

5.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 505-509, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995657

ABSTRACT

Diabetic macular edema (DME) is the most threatening complication of diabetic retinopathy that affects visual function, which is characterized by intractability and recurrent attacks. Currently, the clinical routine treatments for DME mainly include intravitreal injection, grid laser photocoagulation in the macular area, subthreshold micropulse laser, periocular corticosteroid injection, and vitrectomy. Although conventional treatments are effective for some patients, persistent, refractory, and recurrent DME remains a clinical challenge that needs to be urgently addressed. In recent years, clinical studies have found that certain combination therapies are superior to monotherapy, which can not only restore the anatomical structure of the macular area and effectively reduce macular edema but also improve visual function to some extent while reducing the number of treatments and the overall cost. This makes up for the shortcomings of single treatment modalities and is highly anticipated in the clinical setting. However, the application of combination therapy in clinical practice is relatively short, and its safety and long-term effectiveness need further exploration. Currently, new drugs, new formulations, and new therapeutic targets are still under research and development to address different mechanisms of DME occurrence and development, such as anti-vascular endothelial growth factor agents designed to anchor repetitive sequence proteins with stronger inhibition of vascular leakage, multiple growth factor inhibitors, anti-inflammatory agents, and stem cell therapy. With the continuous improvement of the combination application of existing drugs and treatments and the development of new drugs and treatment technologies, personalized treatment for DME will become possible.

6.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 188-199, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994965

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between serum fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) and sarcopenia in hemodialysis (HD) patients, and to explore the relationship between FGF21 and signal pathways related to skeletal muscle metabolism in uremic state at the cellular level.Methods:The data of the HD patients from the blood purification center of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University were collected in this prospective observational study between January 2018 and December 2019. Serum FGF21 concentration was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Meanwhile, the skeletal muscle indexes (SMI) at the fourth thoracic vertebra (T4) and the first lumbar vertebra (L1) were assessed by chest CT. According to the T4 SMI and L1 SMI, the patients were divided into sarcopenia group and non-sarcopenia group. The relationship between serum FGF21 and sarcopenia was analyzed. The C2C12 mouse myoblasts were cultured in vitro, which were intervened with healthy human serum, healthy human serum+different concentrations of FGF21, uremic serum, uremic serum+different concentrations of FGF21. The expressions of muscle ring finger protein-1 (MURF1), muscle atrophy F-box (Atrogin-1), myogenic differentiation (MyoD) and myogenin (MyoG) were detected by Western blotting. Results:A total of 118 HD patients with age of (52.64±15.29) years were enrolled in the study, including 64 males (54.2%) and 54 females (45.8%). The images at T4 and L1 level assessed by chest CT could be acquired from 118 patients and 82 patients, respectively. According to the lowest sex-specific quartile ( P25) of T4 SMI (male < 59.92 cm 2/m 2, female < 46.75 cm 2/m 2) and the lowest sex-specific quartile ( P25) of L1 SMI (male < 29.02 cm 2/m 2, female < 24.50 cm 2/m 2), patients were divided into sarcopenia group and non-sarcopenia group, and there were 29(24.58%) and 20(24.39%) patients in the sarcopenia group, respectively. When the patients were divided into two groups according to the sex-specific lowest quartile of T4 SMI, although the serum FGF21 level in the sarcopenia group was higher than that in the non-sarcopenia group, there was no statistical significance between the two groups [448.52(183.96, 1 684.08) ng/L vs. 273.65 (152.83, 535.54) ng/L, Z=-1.741, P=0.082]. When the patients were divided into two groups according to the sex-specific lowest quartile of L1 SMI, the serum FGF21 level in the sarcopenia group was significantly higher than that in the non-sarcopenia group [460.95(188.91, 1 276.38) ng/L vs. 239.10(133.25, 466.36) ng/L, Z=-2.170, P=0.030]. Binary logistic regression analysis showed that higher serum FGF21 was an independent influencing factor for sarcopenia in HD patients regardless of whether the patients were divided into two groups according to the sex-specific lowest quartile of T4 SMI or the sex-specific lowest quartile of L1 SMI (T4 SMI grouping: OR=4.085, 95% CI 1.778-9.388, P=0.001; L1 SMI grouping: OR=7.327, 95% CI 1.841-29.160, P=0.005). At T4 and L1 levels, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of FGF21 in predicting sarcopenia in HD patients was 0.636(95% CI 0.494-0.779, P=0.036) and 0.684(95% CI 0.535-0.833, P=0.018), respectively. Cell experiment showed that compared with the uremic serum group, the expressions of MURF1 and Atrogin-1 in myotube cells were increased, while the expressions of MyoD and MyoG were significantly decreased in uremic serum+FGF21 group (both P < 0.05). Conclusions:Higher serum FGF21 is associated with an increased risk of sarcopenia in HD patients. FGF21 may increase the expression of ubiquitin proteasome system, reduce the synthesis and differentiation of skeletal muscle protein, and promote the occurrence of muscle atrophy in uremic patients

7.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 739-743, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992372

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression levels of serum miR-126 and miR-9 in patients with wet age-related macular degeneration (wAMD) and their relationship with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and central macular thickness (CMT).Methods:A total of 73 wAMD patients(observation group) admitted to the ophthalmology department of Taizhou Municipal Hospital from May 2020 to May 2021 and 60 healthy subjects (control group) who underwent physical examination during the same period were selected. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression levels of miR-126 and miR-9 in serum of the two groups. Serum angiogenesis regulatory factors [VEGF, tissue inhibitor of melalloproteinuses-1 (TIMP-1), endostatin (ES), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)] were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and CMT and intraocular pressure (IOP) were measured. Pearson correlation analysis was performed to determine the correlation between miR-126 and miR-9 and serum angiogenesis regulatory factor levels, CMT and IOP. The diagnostic value of miR-126 and miR-9 in wAMD was analyzed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.Results:The relative expression level of serum miR-126 in observation group was significantly lower than that in control group ( P<0.05) , while the relative expression level of serum miR-9 was significantly higher than that in control group ( P<0.05). The levels of serum VEGF and PDGF in observation group were significantly higher than those in control group (all P<0.05), while the levels of serum TIMP-1 and ES were significantly lower than those in control group (all P<0.05). CMT and IOP in observation group were significantly higher than those in control group (all P<0.05). The expression level of serum miR-126 in observation group was negatively correlated with serum VEGF, PDGF, CMT and IOP ( r=-0.275, -0.523, -0.302, -0.542, all P<0.05), and was positively correlated with TIMP-1 and ES ( r=0.460, 0.263, all P<0.05). Serum miR-9 expression level was positively correlated with serum VEGF, PDGF, CMT and IOP ( r=0.434, 0.438, 0.396, 0.307, all P<0.05), and was negatively correlated with TIMP-1 and ES ( r=-0.256, -0.310, all P<0.05). The area under curve (AUC) values of serum miR-126 and miR-9 in diagnosing wAMD were 0.713 and 0.847 respectively. Conclusions:The expression level of serum miR-126 is significantly decreased while the expression level of miR-9 is significantly increased in patients with wAMD. miR-126 is negatively correlated with VEGF and CMT, and miR-9 is positively correlated with VEGF and CMT, which may aggravate the disease by promoting the inflammatory response. The detection of expression levels of serum miR-126 and miR-9 is helpful to provide the reference basis for early diagnosis of wAMD and early prevention and treatment.

8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 617-622, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990891

ABSTRACT

Polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) occurs in the middle-aged and elderly population and is characterized by abnormal intrachoroidal vascular patterns such as branching choroidal vascular networks and polypoidal dilatation of vessel terminals, subretinal orange nodular lesions and hemorrhagic or plasma retinal pigment epithelial detachment (PED), which can cause retinal hemorrhage or vitreous hematopoiesis and is one of the major blinding fundus lesions.Intravitreal injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) drugs is currently the main method of PCV treatment, and has certain advantages in eliminating abnormal vascular networks and removing polypoidal lesions, reducing vascular exudation and promoting exudate absorption, and improving visual prognosis.However, frequent intravitreal drug injections increase the risk of infection and the treatment burden for patients.In addition, the high recurrence rate after treatment poses a significant challenge to clinical practice, so the search for new therapeutic agents that are durable and less costly is a focus of clinical research in PCV.The literature from abroad suggests that brolucizumab is a novel small-molecule anti-VEGF humanized monoclonal antibody with the advantages of high tissue penetration, high local drug concentration and bioavailability, small injectable dose, long-lasting efficacy and long injection interval, which brings new hope for the clinical treatment of PCV and improving the prognosis of affected eyes.Although the efficacy and safety of brolucizumab in the treatment of PCV have been well documented, the literature is mainly from Japan, India and Korea, and clinical practice data from China are still lacking.With the approval of the drug in several countries, it is believed that more PCV patients could benefit from this treatment in the near future.Ophthalmologists and researchers in China should closely follow the progress of brolucizumab in the treatment of PCV.

9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 612-616, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990890

ABSTRACT

Neovascularization is the hallmark of many fundus diseases, including diabetic retinopathy, retinal vein occlusion and neovascular age-related macular degeneration.More and more evidence suggests that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a critical role in neovascularization.Anti-VEGF drugs are the first-line treatment for neovascular fundus diseases and have achieved significant results.However, there are drawbacks such as short drug half-lives and the need for long-term administration to maintain effective concentrations, which increases the economic burden and medical risk for patients and reduces compliance.Therefore, finding a new method for intraocular drug delivery is of great clinical importance.Based on the principle that diabetes patients use insulin pumps to gradually release drugs, the ocular anti-VEGF drug delivery system can continuously release anti-VEGF drugs over a period of time, significantly reducing the injection frequency and improving patient compliance.At present, the research on ocular anti-VEGF drug delivery systems is still immature, and various systems are in different stages of clinical trials.According to different design principles, they can be divided into three categories with their characteristics, micropump (extraocular storage delivery systems), biodegradable implants, and non-biodegradable implants.This article summarized and analyzed the controlled ocular anti-VEGF drug release delivery systems currently in clinical trials.

10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 592-597, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990886

ABSTRACT

Despite the continuous improvement and development of modern cataract surgery technology, posterior capsule opacification (PCO) is still the common long-term complication causing secondary visual acuity decline after cataract surgery.Previous studies have shown that the occurrence of PCO is closely related to the proliferation, migration, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and myofibroblast fibrosis of lens epithelial cells in the anterior capsule and lens equator.In terms of pathogenesis, recent research focuses on the role of cytokines, especially various growth factors.Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a kind of growth factor that can promote vascular endothelial cell proliferation and migration, extracellular matrix degeneration and angiogenesis.In addition, there is increasing evidence showing that VEGF plays an important role in fibrosis, inflammation, neuroprotection and other aspects.In recent years, VEGF has been found to promote PCO formation directly or cooperatively with transforming growth factor-β2.Based on the function of VEGF and the relationship between VEGF and EMT, this paper mainly reviewed the advances in the role of VEGF in the eye and the pathogenesis of posterior capsule opacification.

11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 276-281, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990843

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the occurrence of early hypotony after the intravitreal injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its risk factors.Methods:A case-control study was performed.One hundred and twenty-seven eyes of 127 patients with fundus vascular disease who received intravitreal injections of anti-VEGF drugs were enrolled in Henan Provincial People's Hospital from January 2020 to January 2022.Of the 127 patients, there were 71 males and 56 females, with an average age of (61.85±11.53) years and a mean intraocular pressure of (15.28±3.71)mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa). All subjects were intravitreally injected with 0.05 ml of anti-VEGF drugs, including 56 cases receiving ranibizumab, 38 cases receiving conbercept and 33 cases receiving aflibercept.The intraocular pressure was measured with a non-contact tonometer at 30 minutes, 1 hour and 2 hours after the injection.The cases were grouped as hypotony group or non-hypotony group according to the intraocular pressure of subjects was less than 10 mmHg or not.The differences in sex, age, distribution of left eye and right eye, disease type, intraocular pressure before injection, injection frequency, lens status, drug type, injection timing, injection site, with or without high myopia, with or without a history of glaucoma or ocular hypertension, and with or without a history of vitreoretinal surgery were analyzed to investigate the factors with a P-value <0.05, which were used as the independent variable and the occurrence of hypotony as the dependent variable in logistic regression analysis to explore the risk factors for hypotony.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki.The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of Henan Eye Hospital (No.HNEEC-2022-42). Results:Hopotony occurred in 8 eyes within 2 hours after the injection.There were significant differences in intraocular pressure at different time points before and after injection between the hypotony and non-hypotony groups ( Fgroup=62.177, P<0.001; Ftime=25.128, P<0.001). The intraocular pressure of the hypotony group at 30 minutes, 1 hour and 2 hours after injection were lower than before injection, and the intraocular pressure of the non-hypotony group was higher at 30 minutes after injection than before injection (all at P<0.05). The average reduction of intraocular pressure of the hypotony group was 7.88, 7.63 and 7.23 mmHg at 30 minutes, 1 hour and 2 hours after the injection, and the intraocular pressure returned to baseline level at 1 day after injection.There was no significant difference in sex, distribution of left and right eyes, disease type, pre-injection intraocular pressure, injection frequency, lens status, drug type, injection timing, injection site, with or without a history of high myopia and with or without a history of glaucoma or ocular hypertension between the two groups.There were significant differences in age and with or without a history of vitreoretinal surgery between the two groups ( t=8.265, P<0.001; χ2=6.907, P=0.035). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed younger patients and having a history of vitreoretinal surgery were the risk factors for early hypotony after anti-VEGF intravitreal injection (odds ratio=88.563, P<0.001; odds ratio=20.991, P=0.009). Conclusions:Patients with younger age and having a history of vitreoretinal surgery are susceptible to early hypotony after anti-VEGF intravitreal injection.

12.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 308-314, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989628

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of alum ice nanoemulsion on VEGF and TGF-β1 in hypertrophic scar based on Notch signaling pathway.Methods:Totally 144 SD rats were divided into blank control group, model group, triamcinolone acetonide group and alum ice nanoemulsion low-, medium- and high-dose groups according to random number table method, with 24 rats in each group. Except for the blank control group, the rats in other groups were prepared with deep Ⅱ ° burn models. 24 hours after the successful modeling, the model group was given the same amount of normal saline, the rats in alum ice nanoemulsion low-, medium- and high-dose groups were given 8.15, 6.30 and 32.60 mg/ml alum ice nanoemulsion respectively, and the triamcinolone acetonide group was given triamcinolone acetonide twice a day, 0.2 ml each time, for 35 consecutive days. At 14, 21, 28 and 35 d, the collagen fiber surface density was calculated by VG staining. The protein expressions of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), Notch1 and Jagged1 were detected by Western Blot. The expressions of Notch1 mRNA and Jagged1 mRNA were detected by RT-PCR.Results:Compared with model group, triamcinolone acetonide and different doses of alum ice nanoemulsion groups could decrease collagen fiber surface density, protein expressions of VEGF, TGF-β1, Notch1, Jagged1 and mRNA expressions of Notch1, Jagged1 in different degrees ( P<0.05). Compared with the triamcinolone acetonide group, the collagen fiber surface density, protein expressions of VEGF, TGF-β1, Notch1 and Jagged1 and mRNA expressions of Notch1, Jagged1 in the alum ice nanoemulsion medium-dosage group decreased ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Alum ice nanoemulsion can inhibit hypertrophic scar formation, and its mechanism is related to down-regulating Notch signal pathway related molecules Notch1, Jagged1 protein and mRNA levels, and then down-regulating VEGF and TGF-β1 protein expressions.

13.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 715-722, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013817

ABSTRACT

Aim To elucidate the biological effects of insulin-like growth factor-1 ( IGF-1 ) and basic fibro-blast growth factor (bFGF) alone or in combination on the differentiation of bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) into cardiomyocytes (CMs), and to explore the mechanism in the differentiation process of BMSCs into CMs induced by IGF-1 or bFGF. Methods After four weeks of BMSCs induced by induction differentiation medium ( with or without LY294002) containing IGF-1 and/or bFGF, the expression levels of proteins associated with the cardiomyogenic phenotype in BMSCs were detected via immunocytochemistry, immuno-fluorescence staining, and Western blot. Meanwhile, the expression levels of pathway related proteins were detected by Western blot. The cell ultrastructure was observed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) . The expression levels of myocardial specific genes were measured via RT-qPCR. Results Compared with the control group, the expression levels of myocardial specific proteins and genes significantly increased in the IGF-1, bFGF and combination groups and were the highest in the coinduction group. The TEM of the conduction group showed parallel myofilaments, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum and so on. The additon of LY294002 decreased the expression levels of myocardial specific proteins, genes and phosphorylation Akt. Conclusions The effect of IGF-1 combined with bFGF on the differentiation of BMSCs into CMs is markedly better than that induced by IGF-1 or bFGF a-lone, and the differentiation process may depend on the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.

14.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 56: e12212, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420755

ABSTRACT

Diabetes affects every tissue in the body, including the skin. The main skin problem is the increased risk of infections, which can lead to foot ulcers. Most studies evaluating the effects of diabetes on the skin are carried out in wound healing areas. There are fewer studies on uninjured skin, and some particularities of this tissue are yet to be elucidated. In general, cellular and molecular outcomes of diabetes are increased oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation. For our study, we used C57BL/6 mice that were divided into diabetic and non-diabetic groups. The diabetic group received low doses of streptozotocin on 5 consecutive days. To evaluate the effects of hyperglycemia on uninjured skin, we performed morphological analysis using hematoxylin/eosin staining, cellular analysis using Picrosirius red and Nissl staining, and immunostaining, and evaluated protein expression by polymerase chain reaction. We confirmed that mice were hyperglycemic, presenting all features related to this metabolic condition. Hyperglycemia caused a decrease in interleukin 6 (Il-6) and an increase in tumor necrosis factor alpha (Tnf-α), Il-10, F4/80, tumor growth factor beta (Tgf-β), and insulin-like growth factor 1 (Igf-1). In addition, hyperglycemia led to a lower cellular density in the epidermis and dermis, a delay in the maturation of collagen fibers, and a decrease in the number of neurons. Furthermore, we showed a decrease in Bdnf expression and no changes in Ntrk2 expression in the skin of diabetic animals. In conclusion, chronic hyperglycemia in mice induced by streptozotocin caused disruption of homeostasis even before loss of skin continuity.

15.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 69(11): e20230789, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521475

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to determine the impact of the antiangiogenic medications, namely, aflibercept and cabergoline in the prevention and treatment of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome in a rat model. METHODS: A total of 36 female Wistar rats were randomly allocated to one of the five groups, including disease-free and ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome controls: Group no OHSS (control, n=6) received saline only intraperitoneally (i.p.); group just OHSS (ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome only, n=6) received 10 IU pregnant mare serum gonadotropin and 30 IU human chorionic gonadotropin subcutaneously to produce ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome; group cabergoline+OHSS (cabergoline+ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, n=8) received 100 μg/kg oral cabergoline; group aflibercept (12.5 mg/kg)+OHSS (aflibercept+ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, n=8) received 12.5 mg/kg i.p. aflibercept; and group aflibercept (25 mg/kg)+OHSS (aflibercept+ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, n=8) received 25 mg/kg i.p. aflibercept. The groups were compared for ovarian weight, immunohistochemical vascular endothelial growth factor expression, spectrophotometric vascular permeability evaluated with methylene blue solution in peritoneal lavage, and body weight growth. RESULTS: Vascular endothelial growth factor immunoexpression was substantially greater in the just OHSS group (22.00±10.20%) than in the aflibercept (12.5 mg/kg)+OHSS (7.87±6.13%) and aflibercept (25 mg/kg)+OHSS (5.63±4.53%) groups (p=0.008 and p=0.005, respectively). Post-hoc tests indicated that cabergoline, 12.5 mg/kg aflibercept, and 25 mg/kg aflibercept decreased vascular permeability compared to the untreated ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome group (p=0.003, p=0.003, and p=0.001, respectively). JOH group had the heaviest ovaries, whereas aflibercept (25 mg/kg)+OHSS group had the lightest. In terms of body weight gain, cabergoline+OHSS group was substantially greater than the aflibercept (12.5 mg/kg)+OHSS and aflibercept (25 mg/kg)+OHSS groups (p=0.006 and p=0.007, respectively). CONCLUSION: Aflibercept, an antiangiogenic medication, decreased ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome by lowering the vascular permeability and vascular endothelial growth factor expression.

16.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 69(7): e20221713, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449094

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Coronavirus disease 2019 emerges as a disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. It is a systemic disease associated with vascular inflammation and endothelial damage. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether vascular endothelial growth factor gene insertion/deletion polymorphism is associated with coronavirus disease 2019 in the Turkish population. METHODS: The study included 179 participants (79 patients with coronavirus disease 2019 and 100 controls). DNA isolation was made from peripheral blood, and then the polymerase chain reaction analysis was performed. RESULTS: When we analyze vascular endothelial growth factor gene insertion/deletion polymorphism in the study group, we found that the DD genotype and D allele were found to be statistically significantly different when compared to coronavirus disease 2019 patients with high vitamin D value (p=0.005 for DD genotype and p=0.006 for D allele) in the control group. In this high-level control group, when we analyze II+ID genotype versus DD, a statistically significant difference was also detected (p=0.007). CONCLUSION: As a result of the study, we found that DD genotype and D allele were associated with vitamin D level in Turkish patients with coronavirus disease 2019.

17.
Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 39(2): 227-235, abr.-jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1395048

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Los organoides son estructuras miniaturizadas, generadas principalmente a partir de células madre pluripotentes inducidas, que se cultivan en el laboratorio conservando sus características innatas o adquiridas. Tienen el potencial de reproducir procesos de desarrollo biológico, modelar procesos patológicos que permitirán el descubrimiento de nuevos fármacos y propicien la medicina regenerativa. Sin embargo, estas experiencias requieren perfeccionamiento constante porque pueden haberse realizado variaciones en la constitución de estos órganos. Por ello, el presente artículo tiene como objetivo revisar la información actualizada sobre organoides y sus procesos experimentales básicos y recientes, empezando por la gastrulación, para tratar de imitar, en lo posible, la formación de las tres capas: ectodermo, mesodermo y endodermo, incluyendo los factores que intervienen en la inducción, diferenciación y maduración en la generación de estos organoides. Asimismo, el diseño y preparación de medios de cultivo altamente especializados que permitan obtener el órgano seleccionado con la mayor precisión y seguridad. Se realizó una búsqueda de artículos originales y de revisión publicados en PubMed, Nature y Science. Los artículos se seleccionaron por sus resúmenes y por su texto completo. Las conclusiones de este articulo destacan las ventajas futuras en el uso y aplicaciones de los organoides.


ABSTRACT Organoids are tiny structures, mainly generated from induced pluripotent stem cells, which are cultured in the laboratory while retaining their innate or acquired characteristics. They have the potential to reproduce biological development processes, model pathological processes that will enable the discovery of new drugs and promote regenerative medicine. However, these processes require constant improvement because variations may have occurred in the constitution of the organs. Therefore, this article aims to review updated information on organoids and their basic and recent experimental processes, starting with gastrulation, in an attempt to mimic, as much as possible, the formation of the three layers: ectoderm, mesoderm and endoderm; as well as the information regarding the factors involved in the induction, differentiation and maturation during the generation of organoids. Likewise, the design and preparation of highly specialized culture media that allow obtaining the selected organ with the highest precision and safety. We searched for original and review articles published in PubMed, Nature and Science. Articles were selected for their abstracts and full text. The conclusions of this article highlight the future advantages in the use and applications of organoids.


Subject(s)
Organoids , Signal Transduction , Cell Differentiation , Gastrulation , Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells
18.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 22(2): 19-24, abr.-jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1398982

ABSTRACT

Introdução: As limitações das terapias atuais para doenças degenerativas da articulação temporomandibular (ATM) levaram ao aumento do interesse em estratégias regenerativas. A engenharia de tecidos (ET), combinando células-tronco, arcabouços e fatores de crescimento, pode fornecer uma substituição biológica funcional e permanente das estruturas da ATM, além de prevenir o avanço de doenças degenerativas. Objetivo: Este artigo descreve as perspectivas atuais da ET das estruturas da ATM em modelos animais. Metodologia: As abordagens da ET foram categorizadas de acordo com as estruturas primárias da ATM: 1) o disco articular, 2) o côndilo mandibular e 3) a fossa glenóide e eminência articular. Resultados: As áreas com a maior quantidade de estudos são o côndilo mandibular e disco articular, em estudos que abordam o uso de arcabouços tridimensionais, de origem sintética e/ou natural, podendo ou não estar associados a células tronco (diferenciadas ou não) e a fatores de crescimento. Conclusão: A ET da ATM ainda é uma área relativamente nova, em desenvolvimento e em constante avanço. Os avanços tecnológicos desenvolvidos nessa área têm o potencial de auxiliar no desenvolvimento de terapias mais eficientes e menos invasivos... (AU)


Introducción: Las limitaciones de las terapias actuales para las enfermedades degenerativas de la articulación temporomandibular (ATM) han llevado a un mayor interés en las estrategias regenerativas. La ingeniería de tejidos, que combina células, andamios y factores de crecimiento, puede proporcionar un reemplazo biológico funcional y permanente de las estructuras de la ATM, además de prevenir el avance de enfermedades degenerativas. Objetivo: Este artículo describe las perspectivas actuales de la ingeniería de tecidos de las estructuras de la ATM en modelos animales. Metodología: Los enfoques de ingeniería de tejidos se clasificaron según las estructuras primarias de la ATM: 1) el disco articular, 2) el cóndilo mandibular y 3) la fosa glenoidea y la eminencia articular. Resultados: Las áreas con mayor número de estudios son el cóndilo mandibular y el disco articular, en estudios que abordan el uso de estructuras tridimensionales, de origen sintético y/o natural, que pueden o no estar asociadas a células (diferenciadas o no) y con factores de crecimiento. Conclusión: La ingeniería de tejidos de la ATM es todavía un área relativamente nueva, en desarrollo y em constante avance. Los avances tecnológicos desarrollados en esta área tienen el potencial de ayudar en el desarrollo de terapias más eficientes y menos invasivas... (AU)


Introduction: The limitations of current therapies for degenerative diseases of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) have led to increased interest in regenerative strategies. Tissue engineering (TE), combining stem cells, scaffolds, and growth factors, can provide a functional and permanent biological replacement of TMJ structures, in addition to preventing the advancement of degenerative diseases. Aim: This article describes current TE perspectives of TMJ structures in animal models. Methods: TE approaches were categorized according to the primary TMJ structures: 1) the articular disc, 2) the mandibular condyle, and 3) the glenoid fossa and articular eminence. Results: The areas with the greatest number of studies are the mandibular condyle and articular disc, in studies that address the use of three-dimensional scaffolds, of synthetic and/or natural origin, which may or may not be associated with stem cells (differentiated or not) and with growth factors. Conclusion: TE of the TMJ is still a relatively new, developing, and constantly advancing area. The technological advances developed in this area have the potential to assist in the development of more efficient and less invasive therapies... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Stem Cells , Temporomandibular Joint/surgery , Tissue Engineering , Mandibular Condyle , Technological Development
19.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 22(1): 49-55, jan.-mar. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1392234

ABSTRACT

Introdução: As limitações das terapias atuais para doenças degenerativas da articulação temporomandibular (ATM) levaram ao aumento do interesse em estratégias regenerativas. A engenharia de tecidos (ET), combinando células-tronco, arcabouços e fatores de crescimento, pode fornecer uma substituição biológica funcional e permanente das estruturas da ATM, além de prevenir o avanço de doenças degenerativas. Objetivo: Este artigo descreve as perspectivas atuais da ET das estruturas da ATM em modelos animais. Metodologia: As abordagens da ET foram categorizadas de acordo com as estruturas primárias da ATM: 1) o disco articular, 2) o côndilo mandibular e 3) a fossa glenóide e eminência articular. Resultados: As áreas com a maior quantidade de estudos são o côndilo mandibular e disco articular, em estudos que abordam o uso de arcabouços tridimensionais, de origem sintética e/ou natural, podendo ou não estar associados a células tronco (diferenciadas ou não) e a fatores de crescimento. Conclusão: A ET da ATM ainda é uma área relativamente nova, em desenvolvimento e em constante avanço. Os avanços tecnológicos desenvolvidos nessa área têm o potencial de auxiliar no desenvolvimento de terapias mais eficientes e menos invasivos... (AU)


Introducción: Las limitaciones de las terapias actuales para las enfermedades degenerativas de la articulación temporomandibular (ATM) han llevado a un mayor interés en las estrategias regenerativas. La ingeniería de tejidos, que combina células, andamios y factores de crecimiento, puede proporcionar un reemplazo biológico funcional y permanente de las estructuras de la ATM, además de prevenir el avance de enfermedades degenerativas. Objetivo: Este artículo describe las perspectivas actuales de la ingeniería de tecidos de las estructuras de la ATM en modelos animales. Metodología: Los enfoques de ingeniería de tejidos se clasificaron según las estructuras primarias de la ATM: 1) el disco articular, 2) el cóndilo mandibular y 3) la fosa glenoidea y la eminencia articular. Resultados: Las áreas con mayor número de estudios son el cóndilo mandibular y el disco articular, en estudios que abordan el uso de estructuras tridimensionales, de origen sintético y/o natural, que pueden o no estar asociadas a células (diferenciadas o no) y con factores de crecimiento. Conclusión: La ingeniería de tejidos de la ATM es todavía un área relativamente nueva, en desarrollo y en constante avance. Los avances tecnológicos desarrollados en esta área tienen el potencial de ayudar en el desarrollo de terapias más eficientes y menos invasivas... (AU)


Introduction: The limitations of current therapies for degenerative diseases of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) have led to increased interest in regenerative strategies. Tissue engineering (TE), combining stem cells, scaffolds, and growth factors, can provide a functional and permanent biological replacement of TMJ structures, in addition to preventing the advancement of degenerative diseases. Aim: This article describes current TE perspectives of TMJ structures in animal models. Methods: TE approaches were categorized according to the primary TMJ structures: 1) the articular disc, 2) the mandibular condyle, and 3) the glenoid fossa and articular eminence. Results: The areas with the greatest number of studies are the mandibular condyle and articular disc, in studies that address the use of three-dimensional scaffolds, of synthetic and/ or natural origin, which may or may not be associated with stem cells (differentiated or not) and with growth factors. Conclusion: TE of the TMJ is still a relatively new, developing, and constantly advancing area. The technological advances developed in this area have the potential to assist in the development of more efficient and less invasive therapies... (AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Stem Cells , Temporomandibular Joint , Cells , Models, Animal , Tissue Engineering , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Growth and Development , Biological Products , Technological Development , Mandibular Condyle
20.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 653-660, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956488

ABSTRACT

The spatiotemporal distribution of growth factors in bone tissue-engineered repair and reconstruction is critical. Growth factors can be used in bone tissue engineering through different encapsulation methods. Different encapsulation methods make growth factors have different release kinetics. At present, the common physical entrapment, easily degradable carrier and simple spatial structure usually result in poor sustained release of growth factors by burst release. The optimization of release methods of growth factors enables their release at different times and spaces in a biomimetric manner, which is conducive to improving the effect of tissue repair and avoiding the adverse effects of excessive factors. Starting from the necessity of spatiotemporal sustained release of growth factors, the authors summarize growth factors can attain spatiotemporal sustained release by being directly immobilized on the surface of the carrier, encapsulated in the carrier, encapsulated in the microparticles and encapsulated in the carrier by the microparticles and review the spatiotemporal sustained release of growth factors in different encapsulation methods, so as to provide a reference for optimizing spatiotemporal release of growth factor in bone tissue engineering.

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