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1.
Femina ; 51(8): 502-504, 20230830. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512464

ABSTRACT

Fibroma mole, ou pólipo fibroepitelial, é uma lesão de proporções geralmente reduzidas, de cor hiperpigmentada ou igual à da pele, localizando-se frequentemente na face, pescoço, tronco e regiões intertriginosas. É um tumor classificado como benigno e pode acometer tanto homens quanto mulheres em idade reprodutiva e depois da quarta década de vida. Ocorre principalmente em obesos, diabéticos e durante a gestação. Com menor frequência, podem alcançar dimensões que excedem 5 cm. Seu crescimento pode ser lento ou rápido e comumente são assintomáticos, mas podem promover sangramentos por conta de ulcerações decorrentes de traumas repetidos. Apresentamos neste relato um fibroma mole, gigante, de localização vulvar, com 11 cm de comprimento, 11 cm de largura e 5 cm de espessura, pesando 500 g.


Giant soft vulvar fibroma is a fibroepithelial polyp lesion with generally reduced proportions, with a hyperpigmented color or similar to that of the skin, frequently located on the face, neck, trunk and intertriginous regions. It is a tumor classified as benign, can affect both men and women, of reproductive age and after the fourth decade, mainly obese, diabetic and during pregnancy. However, less frequently, they can reach dimensions that exceed 5 cm, may have a slow or accelerated evolution. They are commonly asymptomatic, but bleeding may be present due to ulcerations resulting from repeated trauma. In the current study, we describe a giant soft fibroma with a vulvar location measuring 11 cm in length, 11 cm in width, 5 cm in thickness and weighing 500 grams.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Fibroma/surgery , Fibroma/etiology , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures , Vulva/pathology , Vulvar Diseases/complications , Vulvar Neoplasms , Wounds and Injuries/complications , Case Reports , Stromal Cells/pathology , Neoplasms, Fibroepithelial/rehabilitation
2.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 69(3): 458-462, Mar. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1422657

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate how the pandemic might have affected the number of elective and urgent hysterectomies for benign gynecological pathologies in a single-care tertiary center in the State of São Paulo, Brazil, and to identify if there were any changes in the need for blood transfusions. METHODS: This is a single-center retrospective cohort study. It involved all non-puerperal and non-oncological hysterectomies from October 2018 to July 2021. Patients were divided into two groups, namely, the pandemic group (46 patients) and the control group (92 patients). Data were collected by reviewing the physical and electronic patient records. We carried out the statistical analysis using the RStudio software. RESULTS: The number of planned hysterectomies was 82 in the pre-pandemic group and 23 in the analysis group, representing a 71.9% decrease. When considering only urgent surgeries, 10 of them happened in the pre-pandemic group, while 23 occurred in the pandemic group, representing an increase of 130%. CONCLUSION: Elective hysterectomies may improve the quality of life of women, reducing abnormal bleeding and pelvic pain. Treatment delay can worsen patients' physiological and biological conditions, such as lower labor production, humor, and social aspects, increasing costs to the healthcare system.

3.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 595-602, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992892

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the long-term clinical effect of transvaginal mesh (TVM) and pelvic floor reconstruction with native tissue repair (NTR) in the treatment of advanced pelvic organ prolapse (POP).Methods:Totally 207 patients with advanced POP who were treated in Hunan Provincial Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital from Jan. 2016 to Sep. 2019 were enrolled. The patient′s pelvic organ prolapse quantification were all at degree Ⅲ or above, and they all complained for different degree of symptoms. They were divided into two groups according to the different surgical methods, TVM group and NTR group. In TVM group, the mesh was implanted through the vagina for pelvic floor reconstruction, while in NTR group, the traditional transvaginal hysterectomy combined with uterosacral ligament suspension and anterior and posterior wall repair, as well as perineal body repair were performed. The median follow-up time was 60 months, during the follow up time, 164 cases (79.2%, 164/207) had completed follow-up, including 76 cases in TVM group and 88 cases in NTR group. The perioperative data and complication rates of the two groups were compared, and the subjective and objective outcomes of the two groups at 1, 3 and 5 years were observed, respectively. The objective efficacy was evaluated by three composite criteria, namely: (1) the distance from the farthest end of the prolapse of the anterior and posterior wall of the vagina to the hymen is ≤0 cm, and the descending distance of the top is ≤1/2 of the total length of the vagina; (2) determine the disappearance of relevant POP symptoms according to “Do you often see or feel vaginal mass prolapse?”; (3) no further operation or pessary treatment was performed due to prolapse. If the above three criteria were met at the same time, the operation is successful; otherwise, it was recurrence. The subjective efficacy was evaluated by the pelvic floor distress inventory-short form 20 (PFDI-20) and pelvic floor impact questionnaire-short form 7 (PFIQ-7).Results:The median follow-up time of the two groups was 60 months (range: 41-82 months). Five years after the operation, the subjective and objective cure rates of TVM group were 89.5% (68/76) and 94.7% (72/76), respectively. The subjective and objective cure rates in NTR group were 80.7% (71/88) and 85.2% (75/88), respectively. There were significant differences in the subjective and objective cure rates between the two groups ( χ2=9.869, P=0.002; χ2=3.969, P=0.046). The recurrence rate of TVM group was 5.3% (4/76), and that of NTR group was 14.8% (13/88). There was a significant difference between the two groups ( P=0.046). The postoperative PFDI-20 and PFIQ-7 scores of the two groups were significantly lower than those before surgery, and there were significant differences of the two groups before and after surgery (all P<0.05). Postoperative mesh exposure in TVM group was 1.3% (1/76). Conclusions:The long-term outcomes between the two groups show that the subjective and objective outcomes of pelvic floor reconstruction in TVM group are significantly higher than those in NTR group, and the recurrence rate is significantly lower than that in NTR group. TVM has certain advantages in the treatment of advanced POP.

4.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 98-104, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992882

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy on anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) level, ovarian response to gonadotropin stimulation and pregnancy rate for in vitro fertilization (IVF) patients with benign ovarian cysts.Methods:Patients with benign ovarian cysts who were admitted for cystectomy and had undergone IVF treatment were enrolled in the study. There were 373 participants with ovarian cysts underwent laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy in the experimental group. According to duration of post-surgery, there were four sub-groups: 1 year post-surgery (1Y POST), 2 years post-surgery (2Y POST), 4 years post-surgery (4Y POST) and ≥5 years post-surgery (≥5Y POST) in the experimental group. According to histopathologic types of ovarian cysts, there were two sub-groups: ovarian endometriotic cysts and ovarian non-endometriotic cysts. Two hundreds and three patients with no history of ovarian cysts and ovarian surgery were in the control group. The level of AMH and basic concentrations of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), progesterone (P), estradiol (E 2) were measured. Antral follicle counts (AFC) were calculated. There were other study variables: total dose of gonadotropins, duration of ovarian stimulation, the number of oocyte retrieved, the number of embryo obtained, blastocyst transfer rate and pregnancy rate. Results:The control group was matched as closely as possible to the experimental group, including age, body mass index and menstrual cycle (all P>0.05). Compared to the women in control group, the women in ovarian endometriotic cystectomy sub-group had significantly higher levels of basal FSH and basal P, lower level of AMH (all P<0.05); the women in ovarian endometriotic cysts sub-group had significantly higher dose of gonadotropins (all P<0.05); the women in ovarian endometriotic cysts ≥5Y POST sub-group had significantly lower number of oocyte retrieved, lower number of embryo obtained, lower blastocyst transfer rate, and lower pregnancy rate (all P<0.05). Compared to the women in control group, the women in ovarian non-endometriotic cysts sub-group had a significantly higher level of basal FSH and basal P (all P<0.05). The women in ovarian non-endometriotic cysts sub-group had lower level of AMH, higher dose of gonadotropins, lower number of oocyte retrieved, lower number of embryo obtained, lower rate of blastocyst transfer and lower rate of pregnancy than the control group but there were no statistically significant differences among them (all P>0.05). The women with unilateral ovarian endometriotic cysts had significantly lower number of oocyte retrieved on the side of surgery than another side ( P<0.05). Conclusions:In short term laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy has no significant effect on ovarian reserve. But with long-term follow-up ovarian reserve, ovarian response to gonadotropin stimulation and pregnancy rate are decreased. The effect of laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy in benign cysts on ovarian is associated with whether or not it is the surgical side.

5.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 33-36,42, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992257

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of remimazolam besylate and midazolam on postoperative cognitive function of patients undergoing gynecologic laparoscopic surgery under general anesthesia.Methods:From May 2019 to January 2021, 120 patients with gynecological laparoscopic surgery under general anesthesia in Haikou Maternal and Child Health Hospital were selected and divided into control group (60 cases) and observation group (60 cases) by random number table. The control group was given 0.05 mg/kg midazolam and 0.50 μg/kg sufentanil and 0.15 mg/kg vecuronium bromide were used for anesthesia induction. Patients in the observation group were given 0.3 mg/kg remimazolam besylate and 0.50 μg /kg sufentanil and 0.15 mg/kg vecuronium were used for anesthesia induction. The levels of hemodynamic indexes before anesthesia (T 0), during anesthesia (T 1), and after intubation (T 2) as well as the levels of postoperative anesthesia recovery indexes were compared between the two groups. The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scores were recorded and compared before surgery, 24 h, 72 h after surgery. The total incidence of adverse reactions after surgery was recorded and compared between the two groups. Results:The heart rate (HR) at T 1 and T 2 in the two groups was higher than that at T 0, the oxygen saturation (SpO 2) at T 1 and T 2 was lower than that at T 0, the mean arterial pressure (MAP) at T 1 was lower than that at T 0, and the MAP at T 2 was higher than that at T 0, with statistically significant difference (all P<0.05); The HR and MAP at T 1 and T 2 in the observation group were lower than those in the control group, and SpO 2 was higher than those in the control group (all P<0.05); The recovery time of spontaneous respiration, eye opening time and extubation time in the observation group were significantly shorter than those in the control group (all P<0.05); The MMSE score at 24 h and 72 h after operation was lower than that before operation, and the VAS score at 24 h was higher than that before operation in both groups (all P<0.05); The MMSE scores in the observation group at 24 h and 72 h after operation were significantly higher than those in the control group (all P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in the VAS scores at 24 h and 72 h after operation between the two groups ( P>0.05); There was no significant difference in the total incidence of adverse reactions between the two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions:Remimazolam besylate has little effect on cognitive function of patients undergoing gynecologic laparoscopic surgery under general anesthesia, with fast recovery and high safety, which is worthy of clinical promotion.

6.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 540-545, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991782

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of dexmedetomidine on vital signs during recovery from general anesthesia in gynecological patients undergoing general anesthesia surgery and analysis of risk factors for complications.Methods:A total of 80 gynecological patients undergoing general anesthesia surgery who received treatment in Lishui People's Hospital from March 2021 to March 2022 were included in this study. They were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group ( n = 40/group). All patients were subjected to general anesthesia. The observation group was infused with 0.5 μg/kg dexmedetomidine intravenously 15 minutes before induction of anesthesia and then infused with dexmedetomidine at a rate of 0.2 μg/kg per hour until 20-30 minutes before the end of the operation. The control group was identically given 0.9% normal saline. The recovery quality, vital signs before surgery and during recovery from general anesthesia (systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, body temperature), and complications during recovery from general anesthesia were compared between the two groups. These patients were divided into a complication group and a non-complication group according to whether there were complications during recovery from general anesthesia. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analyses were performed to analyze the high-risk factors for complications occurring during recovery from general anesthesia in gynecological patients undergoing general anesthesia surgery. Results:The time to awaken, time to recover spontaneous respiration, and time to extubation in the observation group were significantly shorter than those in the control group ( t = 3.74, 2.97, 2.56, all P < 0.05). Systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and heart rate measured during recovery from general anesthesia were significantly lower in the observation group compared with the control group ( t = 5.71, 4.53, 4.53, all P < 0.001). Body temperature ( t = 4.40, P < 0.001) and the incidence of complications ( χ2 = 5.69, P < 0.05) were significantly lower in the observation group compared with the control group. These patients were divided into complication ( n = 22) and non-complication ( n = 58) groups according to whether they had complications during recovery from general anesthesia. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that American Association of Anesthesiologists grade II, presence of underlying diseases, abnormal leukocyte count, and no use of dexmedetomidine were the risk factors for postoperative complications in gynecological patients undergoing general anesthesia surgery ( OR = 2.38, 2.86, 2.17, 3.60, all P < 0.05). Conclusion:Dexmedetomidine can improve awakening quality and vital signs and reduce complications during recovery from general anesthesia. American Association of Anesthesiologists grade, underlying disease, abnormal white blood cell count, and no use of dexmedetomidine are the risk factors for complications occurring during recovery from general anesthesia in gynecological patients undergoing general anesthesia surgery.

7.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 745-749, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991090

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the effect of lung protective ventilation on lung ventilation function and serum Clara cell protein 16 (CC16) level in patients undergoing gynecological laparoscopic surgery.Methods:The clinical data of 80 gynecological patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery in Yancheng City Jianhu County People′s Hospital from October 2018 to December 2020 were randomly divided into group A and group B by random number table, each group with 40 cases. The patients in group A were treated with intermittent positive-pressure ventilation, and the patients in group B were ventilated with whole course ventilation mode. The pulmonary ventilation function, CC16 level and postoperative pulmonary complications were observed before anesthesia, 10 min of pneumoperitoneum, 30 min of pneumoperitoneum, 5 min of pneumoperitoneum stop and 2 h after operation. The patients were divided into groups according to whether with pulmonary complications, and their pulmonary ventilation function and serum CC16 level were compared. The predictive value of the above indexes for pulmonary complications was analyzed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.Results:Repeated measurement analysis of variance showed that alveolar arterial oxygen differential pressure (PA-aDO 2) were significant differences in time point factors, time point interaction factors and group factors ( P<0.05); CC16 index were significant differences in time point factor and group factor ( P<0.05). According to the observation from postoperative to discharge, 4 patients (10.0%) in group A had pulmonary complications, 15 cases (37.5%) had pulmonary complications in group B, the levels of PA-aDO 2 and CC16 in patients with complications were significantly higher than those in patients without complications: group A:(332.9 ± 2.0) mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa) vs. (290.4 ± 13.2) mmHg, (53.5 ± 1.5) μg/L vs. (39.5 ± 6.5) μg/L; group B: (339.1 ± 8.8) mmHg vs. (305.7 ± 17.9) mmHg, (41.5 ± 4.2) μg/L vs. (39.7 ± 5.8) μg/L, there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve(AUC) of PA-aDO 2 and CC16 in predicting pulmonary complications in group A were 0.882 and 0.833, in group B was 0.885 and 0.731. Conclusions:Lung protective ventilation has little effect on lung ventilation function and serum CC16 in patients with gynecological laparoscopic surgery, and the probability of pulmonary complications is lower. The pulmonary ventilation function and CC16 have certain value in predicting postoperative pulmonary complications.

8.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 37(3): 326-331, jul.set.2022. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1398719

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O termo cirurgia genital feminina engloba várias técnicas com o objetivo de melhorar a área vulvar feminina estética e funcionalmente. Sentimentos de sofrimento emocional são comuns nas mulheres que buscam tais cirurgias, impactando significativamente em sua autoestima, sexualidade, higiene e funcionalidade vulvar. O objetivo é avaliar Avaliar o interesse das mulheres assistidas em um Centro de Atenção à Mulher em cirurgias íntimas. Métodos: Estudo observacional transversal ocorrido no Centro de Atenção à Mulher (CAM) de Rio do Sul-SC. Para coleta dos dados, foi utilizado um questionário semiestruturado elaborado pelos autores. Os dados foram tratados e agrupados no programa Microsoft Excel e realizadas as análises descritivas dos dados utilizando o programa Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). Resultados: Os achados indicaram que houve um grande interesse geral na realização de cirurgias de estética íntima. Das 100 mulheres entrevistadas, 32 apresentavam interesse em realizar algum tipo de cirurgia de estética íntima. Conclusão: Devido à importância dada à estética íntima na interferência física, psicossocial, sexual e cotidiana, com importante impacto na qualidade de vida dessas pessoas, é imperativo que recursos adequados sejam alocados para maior fornecimento de tais procedimentos no Sistema Único de Saúde para a população do Brasil.


Introduction: The term female genital surgery encompasses several techniques to improve the female vulvar area, both aesthetically and functionally. Feelings of emotional distress are common in women who seek such surgeries, significantly impacting their self-esteem, sexuality, hygiene and vulvar functionality. The objective is to To evaluate the interest of women assisted in a Women Care Center in intimate surgery. Methods: Observational study carried out at the Women Care Center (CAM) in Rio do Sul-SC. For data collection, a semi-structured questionnaire developed by the authors was used. Data were processed and grouped in Microsoft Excel, and descriptive data analysis was performed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) program. Results: The findings indicated a great general interest in performing intimate aesthetic surgeries. Of the 100 women interviewed, 32 were interested in performing some intimate aesthetic surgery. Conclusion: Due to the importance given to intimate cosmetics in physical, psychosocial, sexual and everyday interference, with a major impact on the quality of life of these people, adequate resources must be allocated to a greater supply of such procedures in the Unified Health System for the population of Brazil.

9.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1306-1309, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955838

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the analgesic effects of butorphinol used in intravenous patient-controlled analgesia after laparoscopic gynecological surgery.Methods:Ninety-eight patients who underwent laparoscopic gynecological surgery in Linhai First People's Hospital between March 2018 and November 2019 were included in this study. They were randomly divided into control and observation groups, with 49 patients per group. After surgery, intravenous patient-controlled analgesia with either ondansetron (control group) or ondansetron combined with butorphanol (observation group). At 2, 12 and 24 hours after surgery, visual analogue scale score and Ramsay sedation scale score were compared between the two groups. Heart rate, systolic blood pressure, and respiratory rate at 0 and 30 minutes after surgery were compared between the two groups. The incidences of postoperative adverse reactions were compared between the two groups.Results:At 2, 12 and 24 hours after surgery, visual analogue scale scores in the observation group were (1.27 ± 0.50) points, (2.24 ± 0.63) points, and (1.71 ± 0.55) points respectively, which were significantly lower than (1.52 ± 0.47) points, (3.20 ± 0.58) points, (2.23 ± 0.59) points in the control group ( t = 2.55, 7.84, 4.51, all P < 0.05). At 2, 12 and 24 hours after surgery, Ramsay sedation scale scores in the observation group were (4.22 ± 0.41) points, (3.22 ± 0.43) points, and (3.02 ± 0.31) points, respectively, which were significantly higher than (4.02 ± 0.32) points, (3.01 ± 0.27) points, (2.73 ± 0.35) points in the control group ( t = -2.69, -2.89, -4.34, all P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in heart rate, systolic blood pressure, and respiratory rate measured at 0 and 30 minutes after surgery between the two groups (all P > 0.05). There were no significant differences in use of pethidine and the incidence of adverse reactions between the two groups (both P > 0.05). Conclusion:Butorphinol helps improve the analgesic and sedative effects after laparoscopic gynecological surgery and has little impact on patient's breathing and circulation.

10.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1302-1305, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955837

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of oxycodone multimodal analgesia on quality of awakening and hemodynamics in patients undergoing laparoscopic gynaecological surgery.Methods:Ninety patients who underwent laparoscopic ovarian cyst removal in Weihai Central Hospital from September 2018 to March 2019 were included in this study. They were randomly divided into observation and control groups, with 45 patients in each group. Both groups were given intravenous flurbiprofen axetil (1 mg/kg) for preemptive analgesia. Combined intravenous and inhalation anesthesia was used. The depth of anesthesia was monitored. The observation group was intravenously given 0.10 mg/kg oxycodone and the control group was intravenously given 5 μg sufentanil. Quality of awakening, hemodynamic indexes, postoperative pain score, and incidences of nausea and vomiting were compared between the two groups.Results:Cough score in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group [(1.1 ± 0.4) points vs. (1.7 ± 0.7) points, t = -4.99, P < 0.05]. Ramsay Sedation Scale score in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group [(3.6 ± 1.0) points vs. (2.8 ± 0.8) points, t = 7.44, P < 0.05]. At 0 (T 1) and 5 minutes (T 2) after extubation, systolic blood pressure in the observation group was (117.7 ± 18.2) mmHg and (118.1 ± 16.2) mmHg, respectively, which were significantly lower than (134.2 ± 16.2) mmHg and (134.5 ± 15.2) mmHg in the control group ( t =-4.54, -4.95, both P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in the incidences of nausea and vomiting between the two groups (both P > 0.05). At 6 and 12 hours after surgery, visual analogue scale score in the observation group was (2.5 ± 0.8) points and (1.1 ± 0.5) points, respectively, which were significantly lower than (3.4 ± 0.9) points and (1.9 ± 0.8) points in the control group ( t = 5.01, -5.68, both P < 0.05). Conclusion:Oxycodone multimodal analgesia for laparoscopic gynaecological surgery can improve the quality of awakening, decrease systolic blood pressure, reduce the degree of postoperative pain, and does not increase the incidences of postoperative nausea and vomiting.

11.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 361-365, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932070

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical application of transumbilical single-port laparoscopy with self-made approach in common gynecological operations.Methods:105 cases of transumbilical single-port laparoscopic surgery with self-made approach successfully (single-port laparoscopic group) carried out in Karamay Central Hospital from January 2018 to September 2020 were retrospectively collected, and 105 cases of multi-port laparoscopic surgery (multi-port laparoscopic group) with matching conditions were selected. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative first exhaust time, postoperative first out of bed activity time, postoperative 24-h pain score, postoperative satisfaction score of patients 3 months after operation, incision cosmetic score of doctors 3 months after operation, postoperative hospital stay, intraoperative surgeon′s feeling score and intraoperative and postoperative complications were compared between the two groups.Results:All operations were successfully completed under laparoscopy, without conversion to laparotomy, without auxiliary holes, and no obvious complications occurred during the operation. The operation time and intraoperative blood loss in the single-port laparoscopic group were greater than those in the multi-port laparoscopic group (all P<0.05). The incision cosmetic score of single-port laparoscopic group was significantly better than that of multi-port laparoscopic group ( P<0.05). The intraoperative surgeon′s feeling score in multi-port laparoscopic group was better than that in single-port laparoscopic group ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the two groups in the first postoperative exhaust time, the first postoperative out of bed activity time, 24-hour postoperative pain score, surgical satisfaction score and postoperative hospital stay (all P>0.05). The operation time and intraoperative blood loss of ovarian cyst stripping, hysteromyomectomy and total hysterectomy in the multi-port laparoscopic group were less than those in the single-port laparoscopic group (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the two groups in the operation time and intraoperative blood loss of salpingectomy and adnexectomy (all P<0.05). The feeling of doctors in multi-port laparoscopic group was better than that in single-port laparoscopic group (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Under the condition of appropriate case selection, laparoendosopic single-port surgery with self-made approach is feasible in common gynecological operations. The prominent advantage of laparoendosopic single-port surgery is postoperative cosmetic effect.

12.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 581-585, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957498

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the optimization efficacy of anterior quadratus lumborum block at supra-arcuate ligament (SA-AQLB) combined with general anesthesia for laparoscopic gynecological surgery.Methods:Eighty American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ patients, aged 28-64 yr, weighing 52-78 kg, with height of 154-166 cm, scheduled for elective laparoscopic gynecological surgery, were divided into general anesthesia group (group G, n=40) and SA-AQLB combined with general anesthesia group (group SG, n=40) using a random number table method.In group SG, bilateral SA-AQLB was performed under ultrasound guidance before anesthesia induction, and 0.4% ropivacaine 25 ml plus dexamethasone 5 mg was injected into both sides.Combined intravenous-inhalational anesthesia was applied in both groups.Patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) with sufentanil 2 μg/kg (in 150 ml of normal saline) was performed after surgery.The PCIA pump was set up to deliver a 2 ml bolus dose with a 15-min lockout interval and background infusion at 2 ml/h.Visual analogue scale (VAS) scores for abdomen, pelvis and shoulder pain were recorded at 1, 6, 12, 24 and 48 h after operation.Flurbiprofen was used for rescue analgesia when VAS score >4.The occurrence of intraoperative cardiovascular events and amount of sufentanil used during operation were recorded.The time to first pressing the analgesia pump, effective pressing times of PCA, requirement for rescue analgesia and consumption of sufentanil after operation were recorded.The extubation time, time to first flatus after operation, first ambulation time, length of hospital stay and development of postoperative adverse reactions such as nausea and vomiting, urinary retention and respiratory depression within 48 h after operation were recorded. Results:Compared with group G, the incidence of intraoperative hypertension and tachycardia was significantly decreased, the incidence of intraoperative hypotension and bradycardia was increased, the intraoperative consumption of sufentanil was reduced, the extubation time was shortened, the time to first pressing the analgesia pump was prolonged, the effective pressing times of PCA, requirement for rescue analgesia and postoperative consumption of sufentanil were reduced, the time to first flatus, first ambulation time and length of hospital stay were shortened, VAS scores for abdomen, pelvis and shoulder pain were decreased at each time point after operation, and the incidence of nausea and vomiting, urinary retention and respiratory depression after operation was decreased in group SG ( P<0.01). Conclusions:Compared with general anesthesia, the combination of SA-AQLB and general anesthesia can reduce the opioid consumption, inhibit intraoperative stress responses and postoperative hyperalgesia and promote early postoperative recovery when used for the patients undergoing laparoscopic gynecological surgery.

13.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1141-1144, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956273

ABSTRACT

During gynecological tumor surgery, the incidence of iatrogenic vascular injury increases unabated due to the proximity of the operative area to important vessels in the pelvic and abdominal cavity, and the tumor growth is invasive and often adheres or oppresses the surrounding blood vessels. Intraoperative bleeding is related to many factors. Adequate preoperative evaluation, surgical field exposure, and skilled operation can effectively reduce intraoperative vascular injuries. Immediate recognition and prompt action at the occurrence of hemorrhage can significantly minimize life-threatening complications. This article reviews the common vascular injuries and treatment methods in gynecological tumor surgery.

14.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1136-1140,1144, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956272

ABSTRACT

Energy devices have been widely used in gynecological surgeries. From the overall development trend, energy devices improve the efficiency of surgery. The continuous updating and upgrading of energy devices also reduces surgical complications and improves the safety of surgery. The injury caused by energy devices is not only related to the complexity of the operation or the disease itself, but also closely related to whether the operator can reasonably choose and master the use of energy instruments, as well as the surgical skills and experience of the operator. Surgeons should establish the concept of " prevention is better than remedy" when using energy instruments. We should take the initiative to learn and master the working principle of different energy devices, understand the design characteristics of each product and improve the skills of device use, so as to minimize the complications caused by various energy instruments and bring real benefits to doctors and patients.

15.
Rev. ANACEM (Impresa) ; 15(2): 161-165, 20211225. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352817

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los leiomiomas uterinos son los tumores pélvicos benignos más comunes entre las mujeres. Se estima que 60% de las mujeres llegan a tener miomatosis a lo largo de la vida (1). La necesidad de tratamiento médico y/o quirúrgico es muy importante de evaluar, ya que los fibromas son una fuente importante de morbilidad ginecológica. Objetivos: Describir el caso de un gran mioma uterino con manejo prequirúrgico de análogos de GnRH, analizando los hallazgos obtenidos en el caso según la evidencia actual. Discusión: Se reporta el caso de una mujer de 29 años sin antecedentes mórbidos conocidos, con presencia de una gran masa abdominal, motivo por el cual se realizó una ecotomografía abdominal que evidenció una masa sugerente de un gran mioma uterino subseroso. Se realizó miomectomía vía laparotomía previo tratamiento médico con análogos de GnRH. Actualmente la frecuencia de miomas de gran tamaño es poco frecuente, por lo que se busca discutir el impacto del tratamiento médico previo a la cirugía en mujeres jóvenes. Conclusiones: La experiencia con el uso prequirúrgico de agonistas de GnRH indica una ventaja en el trabajo bien definida y su uso como tratamiento coadyuvante a la cirugía está bien establecido. Sin embargo, se debe tener en cuenta la posibilidad de recurrencia de los miomas


Introduction: Uterine leiomyomas are the most common benign pelvic tumors in women. It is estimated that 60% of women develop myomatosis throughout life (1). The need for medical and / or surgical treatment is very important to assess, since fibroids are an important source of gynecological morbidity. Objectives: To describe the case of a large uterine myoma with presurgical management of GnRH analogues and to summarize updated evidence on their use. Discussion: The case of a 29-year-old woman with no known morbid history is reported, with the presence of a large abdominal mass, which is why an abdominal ultrasound scan was performed, which revealed a mass suggestive of a large subserous uterine myoma. Myomectomy was performed via laparotomy after medical treatment with GnRH analogues. Currently, the frequency of large fibroids is rare, so we seek to discuss the impact of medical treatment prior to surgery in young women. Conclusions: Experience with the presurgical use of GnRH agonists indicates a well-defined treatment advantage and its use as adjunctive treatment to surgery is well established. However, the possibility of recurrence of fibroids should be taken into account


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Uterine Neoplasms/drug therapy , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone/therapeutic use , Leiomyoma/surgery , Leiomyoma/drug therapy , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures , Uterine Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Leiomyoma/diagnostic imaging
16.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 34: eAPE03154, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1349805

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Construir e validar material educativo com orientações para autocuidado domiciliar no pós-operatório de cirurgias ginecológicas. Métodos Estudo metodológico, com coleta efetuada em agosto de 2019, em hospital universitário, por meio da seleção de conteúdo, adaptação da linguagem, inclusão de ilustrações, construção de manual piloto, layout e validação do manual piloto por seis juízes especialistas e 11 mulheres em pós-operatório de cirurgias ginecológica. Utilizaram-se o formulário semiestruturado Suitability Assessment of Materials e o Instrumento de Validação de Conteúdo Educativo em Saúde, para o grupo de juízes, e o formulário semiestruturado e o Suitability Assessment of Materials, para o público-alvo. Análises foram efetuadas mediante estatística descritiva, cálculo do instrumento Suitability Assessment of Materials e do Coeficiente de Validade de Conteúdo do Instrumento de Validação de Conteúdo Educativo em Saúde, além da análise de conteúdo. Resultados A cartilha continha oito páginas com orientações sobre motilidade intestinal, manejo da dor, retorno às atividades da vida diária, mecânica corporal, alimentação, prevenção de tromboembolismo venoso, alívio de náusea/vômito, atividade sexual, cuidados com a ferida operatória, sintomatologia e uso de cinta elástica abdominal. Sua validação foi classificada pela maioria dos juízes e pelo público-alvo como "superior". As sugestões dos juízes foram analisadas e incorporadas à versão final, e o público-alvo considerou o material esclarecedor, acessível e necessário. A diagramação contribuiu com a avaliação superior da cartilha. Conclusão A cartilha educativa mostrou-se um instrumento válido e confiável para ser utilizado na promoção da saúde de mulheres quanto aos cuidados durante o período pós-operatório de cirurgias ginecológicas no ambiente domiciliar.


Resumen Objetivo Elaborar y validar material educativo con instrucciones para el autocuidado domiciliario en el posoperatorio de cirugías ginecológicas. Métodos Estudio metodológico, cuya recopilación se realizó en agosto de 2019 en un hospital universitario, mediante la selección de contenido, adaptación del lenguaje, inclusión de ilustraciones, elaboración de manual piloto, diseño y validación del manual piloto por seis jueces especialistas y 11 mujeres en posoperatorio de cirugías ginecológicas. Se utilizó el formulario semiestructurado Suitability Assessment of Materials y el Instrumento de Validación de Contenido Educativo en Salud para el grupo de jueces, y el formulario semiestructurado y el Suitability Assessment of Materials, para el público destinatario. Los análisis fueron realizados mediante estadística descriptiva, cálculo del instrumento Suitability Assessment of Materials y del Coeficiente de Validez de Contenido del instrumento de Validación de Contenido Educativo en Salud, además del análisis de contenido. Resultados La cartilla contenía ocho páginas con instrucciones sobre motilidad intestinal, manejo del dolor, retorno a las actividades cotidianas, mecánica corporal, alimentación, prevención de tromboembolismo venoso, alivio de náuseas/vómitos, actividad sexual, cuidados con la herida quirúrgica, sintomatología y uso de faja elástica abdominal. La validación fue clasificada como "superior" por la mayoría de los jueces y por el público destinatario. Las sugerencias de los jueces fueron analizadas e incorporadas en la versión final, y el público destinatario consideró que el material es esclarecedor, accesible y necesario. La maquetación contribuyó con la evaluación superior de la cartilla. Conclusión La cartilla educativa demostró ser un instrumento válido y confiable para utilizarse en la promoción de la salud de mujeres con relación a los cuidados durante el posoperatorio de cirugías ginecológicas en el ambiente domiciliario.


Abstract Objective To build and validate educational material with guidelines for home self-care in the postoperative period of gynecological surgeries. Methods This is a methodological study, collected in August 2019, at a university hospital, through content selection, language adaptation, inclusion of illustrations, building of a pilot manual, layout and validation of a pilot manual by six expert judges and 11 women in the postoperative period of gynecological surgeries. The semi-structured form Suitability Assessment of Materials and the Educational Content Validation Instrument in Health were used, for the group of judges, and the semi-structured form and the Suitability Assessment of Materials, for the target audience. Analyzes were performed using descriptive statistics, calculation of the Suitability Assessment of Materials instrument and the Content Validity Coefficient of the Educational Content Validation Instrument in Health, in addition to content analysis. Results The booklet contained eight pages with guidelines on intestinal motility, pain management, return to activities of daily living, body mechanics, food, prevention of venous thromboembolism, nausea/vomiting relief, sexual activity, surgical wound care, symptoms and use elastic waistband. Its validation was classified by most judges and by the target audience as "superior". Judges' suggestions were analyzed and incorporated into the final version, and the target audience considered the material to be enlightening, accessible and necessary. The layout contributed to superior assessment of the booklet. Conclusion The educational booklet proved to be a valid and reliable instrument to be used in promoting the health of women regarding care during the postoperative period of gynecological surgeries in the home environment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Self Care , Educational and Promotional Materials , Genital Diseases, Female/surgery , Postoperative Care , Postoperative Period , Health Promotion
17.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 849-855, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910187

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility, effectiveness and safety of indocyanine green (ICG) navigation in the surgical resection of abdominal wall endometriosis (AWE).Methods:Seven women undergoing surgery for AWE in First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University (from July 1, 2021 to October 1, 2021) were collected. After exposure of the focus, ICG were used intravenously (0.25 mg/kg) as fluorescent dye for the intraoperative evaluation of AWE vascularization. Resection of the AWE was guided by direct visualization of the focus under standard laparoscopy with a near-infrared (NIR) camera head. Surgical margin around the AWE (3, 6, 9 and 12 point) and the margin under the focus were obtained for postoperative pathological examination of endometriosis. Time from injection to fluorescence visualization, the proportion of fluorescence visualization, time of fully resection of AWE, side effects related to the use of ICG, perioperative complications as well as the pathological result of the surgical margins were recorded.Results:ICG fluorescence of the AWE were seen in 5 patients (5/7). The mean time from injection to fluorescence visualization was (46.7±9.8) s. The mean time of fully resection of AWE was (16.4±7.0) minutes. There were no side effects related to the use of ICG. The rate of class-A wound healing was 7/7. All of the surgical margins were confirmed endometriosis-negative by postoperative pathological examination.Conclusion:ICG fluorescence visualization could conduct accurate resection of AWE, which is clinically safe and effective.

18.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 836-841, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910185

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of ureteral endometriosis with hydronephrosis.Methods:A retrospective study was performed of 92 cases diagnosed as ureteral endometriosis with surgery confirmed in Peking University First Hospital from January 2000 to January 2021.Results:The incidence of ureteral endometriosis was 0.9% (92/10 222), with an average age of (40.0±6.0) years. Among 92 cases, urological symptoms and pelvic pain including dysmenorrheal, periodic abdominal pain were the main forms of clinical characteristics, while 11 patients (12%, 11/92) were asymptomatic. All patients with ureteral endometriosis had hydronephrosis and hydroureter before surgery, hydronephrosis were left sided in 48 (52%, 48/92) patients, right sided in 39 (42%, 39/92) patients, both sided in 5 (5%,5/92) patients. The distal and middle sections of ureteral obstructions existed in 73 (79%, 73/92) patients and 19 (21%, 19/92) patients, respectively. Out of the 92 ureteral lesions 71 (77%, 71/92) patients were extrinsic lesions, 21 (23%, 21/92) patients presented intrinsic lesions. Of the 38 cases who took preoperative radionuclide renal dynamic imaging examination, there were 6 (16%, 6/38) cases of mildly damaged, 7 (18%, 7/38) cases of moderately dameged, 14 (37%, 14/38) cases of severely damaged, and 11 (29%, 11/38) cases of normal renal function. Laparotomy was decided in 25 (27%, 25/92) patients, and laparoscopic surgery in 67 (73%, 67/92) patients. In cases of ureteral surgery, ureterolysis, partial ureteral resection and ureterocystoneostomy, partial ureteral resection and end-to-end ureteral anastomosis and nephroureterectomy were undertaken in 52 (57%, 52/92), 20 (22%, 20/92), 12 (13%, 12/92) and 8 (9%, 8/92) patients separately. The median follow up was 108 months (range: 6 to 240 months). During the follow-up period, 68 (87%, 68/78) patients took urinary ultrasound after surgery, and 60 (88%, 60/68) cases of hydronephrosis disappeared, and 8 (12%, 8/68) cases were better than before.Conclusion:Most of the patients with ureteral endometriosis are impaired with renal function, and early surgical treatment could effectively relieve urinary obstruction and promote the recovery of renal function.

19.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 782-787, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910183

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical characteristics of cornual pregnancy and compare the effects of various surgical methods on the outcomes.Methods:This was a single-center retrospective study. The clinical records of patients with cornual pregnancy who underwent surgery in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from June 2012 to December 2020 were collected. Surgical interventions included curettage (guided by ultrasound or monitored by laparoscope), and cornuostomy/cornectomy (the surgical approach by laparoscopy or laparotomy). The baseline data, perioperative treatment and whether persistent ectopic pregnancy (PEP) occurred after surgery were collected and analyzed statistically.Results:A total of 109 patients with cornual pregnancy diagnosed by surgical treatment were included in this study, whose average age was (32.9±4.8) years. Among them, the incidence of postoperative PEP was 16.5% (18/109). The risk of PEP in multipara was significantly higher than that in nulliparous women ( OR=7.639, 95% CI: 2.063-28.279, P=0.001). The risk of PEP in patients with the maximum diameter of lesion<1.5 cm was significantly higher than that in patients with the maximum diameter of lesion≥1.5 cm ( OR=8.600, 95% CI: 2.271-32.571, P=0.002). Among all surgical approaches for cornual pregnancy, the proportion of PEP in curettage under ultrasound monitoring was the highest (56.0%, 14/25), which was higher than that in curettage under laparoscope monitoring (1/10; χ2=6.172, P=0.013); the proportion of PEP in curettage group (42.9%, 15/35) was higher than that in cornuostomy/cornectomy group (4.1%, 3/74; χ2=25.950, P<0.01). Neither salpingectomy in the operation nor the routine use of methotrexate (MTX) in perioperative period could significantly reduce the incidence of PEP (all P>0.05). Conclusions:Among the patients with cornual pregnancy, multipara, the maximum diameter of lesion<1.5 cm and ultrasound-guided curettage are the risk factors of PEP after operation. Cornuostomy or cornectomy is recommended for patients with cornual pregnancy. If the patients would perform the curettage operation, laparoscopic monitoring is recommended. For patients with possible satisfactory operation outcome, it is not recommended to use MTX as a routine preventing measure.

20.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1364-1367, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909221

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of total laparoscopic hysterectomy in the treatment of benign uterine diseases.Methods:Fifty patients who underwent hysterectomy because of benign uterine diseases in Huainan Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital from January 2019 to December 2020 were included in this study. They were randomly assigned to undergo either total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH group, n = 25) or conventional open surgery (COS group, n = 25). Amount of blood loss, operative time, postoperative time to first anal exhaust, intraoperative and postoperative complications, length of hospital stay were compared between the TLH and COS groups. Results:Operative time, postoperative time to first anal exhaust, length of hospital stay in the TLH group were (98.2 ± 19.3) minutes, (19.7 ± 3.9) minutes, and (9.2 ± 2.2) days, respectively, which were significantly shorter than those in the COS group [(125.0 ± 44.5) minutes, (44.9 ± 6.0) minutes and (10.9 ± 2.8) days, t = 2.757, 17.369 and 2.394, all P < 0.05]. The amount of blood loss in the TLH group was significantly less than that in the COS group [(61.6 ± 3.9) mL vs. (266.0 ± 31.2) mL, t = 3.259, P < 0.05]. There were no significant differences in intraoperative and postoperative complications between the two groups (both P > 0.05). Conclusion:Total laparoscopic hysterectomy for the treatment of benign uterine diseases has advantages including minimal invasion, rapid postoperative recovery, and controllable operation difficulty.

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