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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 157-161, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012459

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#To help children and adolescents grow up healthily, using literature, comparative analysis and other research methods, the historical development of Japan s physical fitness assessment system for children and adolescents are analyzed for the content structure of the latest version of its physical fitness assessment system (Sports adaptability assessment Ⅱ). On the basis of this analysis, some practical suggestions are proposed for improving the National Physical Fitness Standards for Students in China, such as adding a physical fitness assessment system for preschoolers, grouping the test subjects by age and setting common test indicators for males and females. Thus, the improved National Student Physical Fitness Standard is more aligned with the physical and mental growth patterns of Chinese children and adolescents.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2569-2574, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998811

ABSTRACT

‍The Japanese Society of Gastroenterology (JSGE) first published evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for cholelithiasis in 2010, followed by a revision in 2016. In April 2023, JSGE published the 2021 edition of evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for cholelithiasis based on the clinical issues associated with cholelithiasis in the databases such as Medline, Cochrane, and Igaku Chuo Zasshi and the latest evidence in literature published in the past five years. The revised edition reviews related clinical questions in the previous edition from the aspects of the epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, treatment, prognosis, and complications of cholelithiasis and reclassifies them into three categories, with 52 questions in total, among which there are 29 background questions dealing with basic background knowledge, 19 clinical questions, and 4 future research questions requiring further accumulation of evidence, thereby providing guidance for decision making in the clinical management of patients with cholelithiasis.

3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1610-1613, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998785

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Through in-depth investigation into Japanese nutrition health educators post content, configuration, training mode, advanced education practice and the difficulties, the paper explores the effective ways of integrating nutrition health education into the school health education teacher and curriculum system as well as health promotion, so as to guide teachers and students to establish a correct concept of health, enhance health literacy and develop a healthy lifestyle. Additionally, the paper aims at providing suggestions for the construction of nutrition and health school as well as the future development of nutrition health education in China.

4.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 368-373, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996091

ABSTRACT

With the acceleration of China′s economic and social development and aging process, the construction of the pharmacist team was increasingly valued.By combing and analyzing the status of pharmacist allocation in Japanese medical institutions, the path of pharmacist career development, and the content of pharmaceutical services and the training mode, the author proposed that China should learn from relevant mature experience to further strengthen the allocation of pharmacists in medical institutions, improve the Professional certification system of clinical pharmacists, establish a standardized pharmacist training mode, so as to provide a reference for building a standardized, professional and sustainable team of pharmacists in medical institutions.

5.
Kampo Medicine ; : 85-93, 2023.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007199

ABSTRACT

Team-based learning (TBL) is an educational method developed to cultivate the ability to solve problems by learning and applying knowledge on one's own, as well as the ability to make decisions, take responsibility, and collaborate by working on issues in small groups. TBL in Kampo medicine was held as a special program : active learning at the 71st Annual Meeting of the Japan Society for Oriental Medicine. A total of 57 students participated in the TBL session. The theme of the session was the common cold with the theory of yin and yang. According to the results of a questionnaire survey, the students answered that they were able to understand the flow of diagnosis in Kampo medicine, which was the goal of the course. As a bridge from classroom lectures to clinical practice, TBL in Kampo medicine was considered to be useful in Kampo medical education.

6.
Kampo Medicine ; : 180-187, 2023.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007188

ABSTRACT

In 2015, the Japan Council for Kampo Medical Education was established to create a basic curriculum for Kampo medical education that could be implemented in medical schools nationwide. After conducting a needs assessment, we decided on a lecture time of 240 minutes. To set learning objectives, we formed groups for “history,” “examination methods and patterns,” “effects of Kampo medicine,” “clinical cases,” “acupuncture and moxibustion,” and “evaluation.” The teaching contents were incorporated. Then, model slides and lecture guides containing these teaching contents were created, and textbooks based on these contents were published in 2020. In 2021, these overall efforts and contents were made public nationwide, providing an opportunity for the introduction of this curriculum at each university.

7.
Kampo Medicine ; : 1-11, 2023.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007175

ABSTRACT

At the 71st Annual Meeting of the Japan Society for Oriental Medicine held in August 2021, we performed a special program focusing on education in Kampo medicine, “Pre-graduation and post-graduation education in Kampo medicine for the next generation.” As a part of this project, we constructed the “Common Kampo test” based on the “Standard lectures on Kampo” as a web-based test using Moodle, and then the test was conducted in the form of a web test with 163 participants. The commentary of the “Common Kampo test” was live-streamed and was viewed by many participants, including students, educators and academics from all over Japan. In this paper, we report on the series covering the construction of the web system, creation of questions, answer results, and commentary on answers. With the recent popularization of tablet devices and smartphones, this web-based test system has the potential to become a scientifically based and optimal learning system not only for students but also for medical professionals such as doctors, pharmacists, and nurses.

8.
Medical Education ; : 479-483, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007149

ABSTRACT

This paper provides a brief insight into medical education in Saudi Arabia. It begins by providing an introduction and background on the country’s medical education, how it developed, how the undergraduate course is organised, and how the curriculum has changed over the years. Subsequently, undergraduate admission and the undergraduate curriculum are described in more detail. Postgraduate training is also discussed, as different scholarship programs offered to Saudi medical students and graduates. This paper highlights the similarities and differences with the Japanese medical education system.

9.
Journal of Rural Medicine ; : 233-240, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007004

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The purpose of this research is to describe the social demographics and chief complaints of users of a free medical consultation application in Ibaraki Prefecture, where a free medical consultation application was released.Methods: The present study included users of a telehealth application in Ibaraki Prefecture between April 9 and May 17, 2020, during the state of emergency. User background characteristics were descriptively analyzed to clarify individual factors with the potential to act as barriers to equally using innovative solutions. Additionally, the age and consultation time distribution by sex were examined for those who used the application for COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 issues.Results: Most of the participants were in their thirties. Moreover, 72% were female, with most being in their thirties (86%) and the least being in their sixties (45%). The number of consultations was concentrated between 6 p.m. and 10 p.m., with the least between 1 a.m. and 5 a.m. The telehealth application users were mainly females in their thirties and forties.Conclusions: To prevent the widening of health disparities due to the rapid introduction of telehealth, further research is required to identify why the use of the application did not spread beyond the aforementioned user groups.

10.
Journal of International Health ; : 81-92, 2023.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006959

ABSTRACT

Objective  Everyone has the right to obtain information through understandable language. Nevertheless, it has been pointed out that in Japan, a language barrier prevents it. Plain Japanese (easy Japanese) has been proposed as a solution. Plain Japanese is a language form simplified to be suitable for non-native Japanese peoples’ Japanese abilities. However, there are limited studies on healthcare professionals’ use of plain Japanese. The objectives of this study were to examine changes, moreover associations between knowledge and rephrasing skills among nursing students.Method  Eighty nursing students were subjected to this study. We conducted a lesson on “plain Japanese”. Data were collected before and after the lesson using questionnaires. We compared the number of knowledge items and rephrasing scores before and after the lesson. After the lesson, we also compared the number of knowledge items between the high rephrasing score group and the low rephrasing score group. We compared perceptions about communication with non-native Japanese people before and after the lesson.Results  Seventy-two nursing students participated in this study. There was a significant difference in the number of knowledge items before and after the lessons(from 2 to 8) (p<0.05). Rephrasing skills scores were increased as well (from 3 to 4) (p<0.05). The positive answers about “plain Japanese” increased after the lesson. However, the median number of knowledge items among the high rephrasing score group was 10 and the median number among the low rephrasing score group was 8 after the lesson. There was no significant difference between the two groups (p>0.05). Conclusions  Overall, both the number of knowledge items and rephrasing skills scores were increased. However, it is unknown whether the increase in rephrasing skills were improved based on increased knowledge. Students will more specific knowledge and repetitive practice to improve skills in using plain Japanese.

11.
Medical Education ; : 194-198, 2023.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006952

ABSTRACT

Globally, there are currently three major competency models for healthcare professions education: CanMEDS 2015 in Canada, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Six-Competency model in the United States, and Tomorrow's Doctors in the United Kingdom. An investigation by the Revision Committee for the Japanese National Model Core Curriculum revealed that these competency models had been utilized in seven countries. In each country investigated for revision, medical schools were allowed to implement these major competency models flexibly. Although each university has a high degree of freedom in curriculum design and educational delivery, each country is regulated by a quality assurance system that requires accreditation by the World Federation for Medical Education (WFME) and other organizations. The 2022 Revision of the Japanese National Model Core Curriculum has also been translated into English and released to the global audience in the field.

12.
An Official Journal of the Japan Primary Care Association ; : 112-116, 2023.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006924

ABSTRACT

A certain period of time has passed since the transition to the General Medicine residency system under the Japanese Medical Specialty Board and Family Medicine specialist training system by the Japan Primary Care Association. We have summarized the needs of residents identified in the survey, and detailed the activities to date and prospects of the Japanese Association of Family Physician Trainees, a self-help support organization, which is an official subcommittee of the Japan Primary Care Association, from the viewpoint of the residents. We believe that this paper will serve as a resource for the training of residents, help guide them under the new system, and help to improve the training system, considering evidence suggesting that information may not be reaching residents who need support.

13.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 506-512, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006048

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To analyze the disease burden of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in China, Japan and South Korea from 1990 to 2019, so as to provide scientific basis for rational allocation of health resources. 【Methods】 Data were obtained from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019. The incidence, prevalence and years lived with disability(YLD)were used to analyze the burden, and the average annual percent change and annual percent change were calculated. 【Results】 The incidence, prevalence and YLD rate in China were much higher than those in Japan and South Korea. The crude incidence in China, Japan and South Korea increased by 2.56%, 1.49% and 3.59% per year from 1990 to 2019, the crude prevalence rate increased by 2.70%, 2.34% and 4.03%, and the crude YLD rate increased by 2.68%, 2.33% and 4.04%. After age standardization, the disease burden in China decreased with time, but the trend was not significant, and the standardized rate in Japan and Korea increased significantly with time. The disease burden of BPH increased with age, and those aged 60 to 84 years had the highest burden. In addition, the disease burden increased with the increase of socio-demographic index (SDI) in all three countries. 【Conclusion】 The disease burden of BPH was very heavy in China, Japan and South Korea, especially in China. Males aged 60 to 84 years were the high-risk group. Targeted intervention should be adopted for these population.

14.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 192-201, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953940

ABSTRACT

A total of 290 prescriptions in Treatise on Typhoid and Miscellaneous Diseases (《伤寒杂病论》) and Synopsis of the Golden Chamber (《金匮要略》) and 191 prescriptions in Prescriptionology were selected as representatives of classical prescriptions of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), which were translated into Chinese and Japanese. The prescription names were used as keywords for search, and the patent application data up to June 2022 were retrieved. The retrieved results underwent data cleaning and manual noise reduction. Taking the important applicants as the starting point, the key technologies were divided and indexed according to the technical improvement characteristics of classic TCM prescriptions, and the intelligence information of patent applications for classic TCM prescriptions in the two countries was deeply excavated. The differences in the patent applications and layout strategies of classic TCM prescriptions between China and Japan were further compared. This paper drew up an accurate and targeted search strategy for more accurate and comprehensive retrieval, collation, and statistics of patent data of classic TCM prescriptions of representative patent applicants in China and Japan. At the same time, this paper deeply explored the information on Chinese patent applications in Japan and compared the differences in patent application strategies and patent protection of classic TCM prescriptions and Chinese prescriptions in Japan taking the layout of classic TCM prescriptions of representative patent applicants in China and Japan as the entry point. On one hand, it can accurately grasp the current patent application status of classic TCM prescriptions in the two countries, and on the other hand, it can also provide some references for the secondary development and research, patent application, and layout of classic prescriptions of enterprises, universities, and research institutions in China.

15.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1038-1041, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972943

ABSTRACT

The system of compassionate drug use in China is in the preliminary exploration stage, and the formal management methods and specific implementation rules have not been promulgated, which needs to be further optimized and perfected. Japan realizes the advanced use of unapproved drugs by expanded access clinical trial system, and makes clear provisions on information acquisition, target patient, informed consent, subject of application, implementation plan, handling of refusal to administer medication, drug expenses, implementation deadline, compensation for accidental damages, post-approval data review after expanded access clinical trials. When the enterprise refuses to give drugs because of the “legitimacy reasons of the system”, the attending physician can also apply to the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, and the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare will conduct the licensing evaluation to maximize the drug for patients. This “refusal to administer” reprocessing is a unique regulation in Japan, which ensures the accessibility of drugs to the greatest extent possible. Based on the analysis of the expanded access clinical trial system in Japan, it is found that our country could further build the information platform for compassionate drug use, play the leading role of physicians, protect the interests of enterprises, pay attention to the ethical review, and make drug cost payment problems further clear in order to improve and optimize the system of compassionate drug use.

16.
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine ; : 19-19, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971209

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The association between meat, fish, or fatty acid intake and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) has been investigated in a few studies, and the results were inconsistent. In addition, most studies are mainly based on the United States and European countries, in which the dietary patterns differ from that in Asia. Therefore, the risk of AML/MDS from meat, fish, or fatty acid intake in Asia requires further exploration. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between AML/MDS incidence and meat, fish, or fatty acid intake using the Japan Public Health Center-based prospective study.@*METHODS@#The present study included 93,366 participants who were eligible for analysis and followed up from the 5-year survey date until December 2012. We estimated the impact of their intake on AML/MDS incidence using a Cox proportional hazards model.@*RESULTS@#The study participants were followed up for 1,345,002 person-years. During the follow-up period, we identified 67 AML and 49 MDS cases. An increased intake of processed red meat was significantly associated with the incidence of AML/MDS, with a hazard ratio of 1.63 (95% confidence interval, 1.03-2.57) for the highest versus lowest tertile and a Ptrend of 0.04. Meanwhile, the intake of other foods and fatty acids was not associated with AML/MDS.@*CONCLUSION@#In this Japanese population, processed red meat was associated with an increased incidence of AML/MDS.


Subject(s)
Animals , Japan/epidemiology , Prospective Studies , Incidence , Public Health , Meat/adverse effects , Fatty Acids/adverse effects , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/epidemiology
17.
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine ; : 10-10, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971200

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Before the COVID-19 vaccine became available, many Japanese people were undecided about whether or not to receive them. Their decisions were keys to achieving herd immunity. The impact of the type of information source on the COVID-19 vaccine uptake decision-making process remains unclear. We aimed to investigate the association between information source usage on COVID-19 and subsequent vaccine uptake status among those who have yet to decide whether to receive vaccines from non-prioritized people for vaccination.@*METHODS@#Prospective cohort online self-administered surveys were conducted in February 2021 (T1), before the start of the mass vaccination program, and September-October 2021 (T2), when the vaccines were available to all citizens. The survey's target population was registered monitors of an Internet research company. Participants who answered "I want to get vaccinated after waiting to see how it goes." at T1 were eligible for analysis. The outcome variable was the COVID-19 vaccine uptake status in T2, and the predictors were 20 types of information sources, categorized based on people (family members, etc.), institutions (governments, etc.), or media (TV news, etc.). Adjusted odds ratio and 95% confidence intervals were estimated using logistic regression adjusted for possible confounders.@*RESULTS@#The 5,139 respondents, mean age and standard deviation was 42.8 ± 12.5, 55.7% female, were eligible for analysis. 85.7% completed vaccination (including reserved/intended people) in T2. In the multivariate logistic analysis, odds ratios (95% confidence interval) for vaccine uptake were 1.49 (1.18-1.89) for workplaces/schools, 1.81 (1.33-2.47) for LINE, 0.69 (0.55-0.86) for Internet news and 0.62 (0.48-0.82) for video sharing sites.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The type of information source usage played an important role in the decision to vaccinate against COVID-19. Although caution is needed in interpreting the results, obtaining information from workplaces/schools and LINE was influential in promoting immunization.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Male , Information Sources , COVID-19 Vaccines , Prospective Studies , Intention , Japan , COVID-19/prevention & control , Vaccination
18.
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine ; : 9-9, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971199

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#There is substantial evidence on the association between lower education and unhealthy behaviors. However, the mechanism underlying this association remains unclear. This study aimed to examine whether income, health literacy, and social support mediate the association between education and health-related behaviors.@*METHODS@#A questionnaire survey was conducted in metropolitan areas in Japan from 2010 to 2011 among residents aged 25-50 years. Data from 3663 participants were used in this study. Health literacy was measured using the Communicative and Critical Health Literacy scale. Health-related behaviors were current smoking, poor dietary habits, hazardous drinking, and lack of exercise. Poisson regression analyses with robust variance estimators were conducted to examine the associations between education and these health-related behaviors. Multiple mediation analyses were conducted to estimate the magnitudes of the mediating effects of income, health literacy, and social support on these associations.@*RESULTS@#Less educated participants had higher risks of all unhealthy behaviors. Income mediated the associations of education with smoking (6.4%) and exercise (20.0%). Health literacy mediated the associations of education with dietary habits (15.4%) and exercise (16.1%). Social support mediated the associations of education with dietary habits (6.4%) and exercise (7.6%). The education-drinking association was mediated by income in the opposite direction (-10.0%). The proportions of the total effects mediated by income, health literacy, and social support were 9.8% for smoking, 24.0% for dietary habits, -3.0% for drinking, and 43.7% for exercise.@*CONCLUSIONS@#These findings may provide clues for designing effective interventions to reduce educational inequalities in health-related behaviors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Japan , Health Behavior , Educational Status , Exercise , Surveys and Questionnaires , Health Literacy , Cognition
19.
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine ; : 7-7, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971197

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Many previous studies have reported COVID-19 vaccine effectiveness, but there are few studies in Japan. This community-based, retrospective observational study investigated the association between vaccination status and COVID-19-related health outcomes in COVID-19 patients by SARS-CoV-2 variant type.@*METHODS@#The study participants were 24,314 COVID-19 patients aged 12 or older whose diagnoses were reported to the Nara Prefecture Chuwa Public Health Center from April 2021 to March 2022, during periods when the alpha, delta, and omicron variants of COVID-19 were predominant. The outcome variables were severe health consequences (SHC) (i.e., ICU admission and COVID-19-related death), hospitalization, and extension of recovery period. The explanatory variable was vaccination status at least 14 days prior to infection. Covariates included gender, age, population size, the number of risk factors for aggravation, and the number of symptoms at diagnosis. The generalized estimating equations of the multivariable Poisson regression models were used to estimate the adjusted incidence proportion (AIP) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for each health outcome. We performed stratified analyses by SARS-CoV-2 variant type, but the association between vaccination status and COVID-19-related health outcomes was stratified only for the delta and omicron variants due to the small number of vaccinated patients during the alpha variant.@*RESULTS@#Of the 24,314 participants, 255 (1.0%) had SHC; of the 24,059 participants without SHC, 2,102 (8.7%) were hospitalized; and of the 19,603 participants without SHC, hospitalization, and missing data on recovery period, 2,960 (15.1%) had extension of recovery period. Multivariable Poisson regression models showed that regardless of SARS-CoV-2 variant type or health outcome, those who received two or more vaccine doses had significantly lower risk of health outcomes than those who did not receive the vaccine, and there was a dose-response relationship in which the AIP for health outcomes decreased with an increased number of vaccinations.@*CONCLUSION@#A higher number of vaccinations were associated with lower risk of COVID-19-related health outcomes, not only in the delta variant but also in the omicron variant. Our findings suggest that increasing the number of COVID-19 vaccine doses can prevent severe disease and lead to early recovery of patients not requiring hospitalization.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19/prevention & control , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 Vaccines , Japan/epidemiology , Independent Living , Outcome Assessment, Health Care
20.
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine ; : 5-5, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971195

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Heated tobacco product (HTP) use has increased substantially between 2016 and 2017 in Japan. This study aims to clarify how HTP use (IQOS, Ploom, and glo) spread across the different combustible cigarette smoking statuses during 2015-16 and 2017-18 in Japan.@*METHODS@#We compared the two periods of (i) 2015 to 2016 (N = 5,366) and (ii) 2017 to 2018 (N = 3,422) from a longitudinal study randomly sampling members from the Japan "Society and New Tobacco" Internet Survey (JASTIS). Multivariable logistic regression models for current HTP use in the previous 30 days by combustible cigarette smoking status in the previous year were used adjusting for socio-demographic factors.@*RESULTS@#HTP use increased by 10 times in the 2017-18 cohort compared with the 2015-16 cohort according to the adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence interval) for current HTP use as 10.2 (7.03-14.8). According to smoking status, significantly higher adjusted ORs (95% CIs) of current HTP use for the after period were observed: 2.60 (1.37-4.94) for never smokers, 7.82 (3.64-16.8) for former smokers, 21.1 (5.73-77.9) for current smokers with intention to quit, and 17.0 (9.58-30.3) for current smokers without intention to quit.@*CONCLUSION@#During 2015 to 2018 in Japan, HTP use dramatically increased in all subgroups except for never smokers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Japan/epidemiology , Longitudinal Studies , Tobacco Products , Nicotiana , Cigarette Smoking , Surveys and Questionnaires
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