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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(3): 407-420, 2024-04-24. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1553805

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El cáncer gástrico en Colombia es la segunda neoplasia más común en hombres y la cuarta en mujeres. En los últimos años se han descrito ampliamente los beneficios del abordaje laparoscópico en el cáncer gástrico frente a sangrado, recuperación postoperatoria y complicaciones, sin afectar los resultados oncológicos. Métodos. Estudio observacional retrospectivo de pacientes llevados a gastrectomía laparoscópica en la Clínica Universitaria Colombia durante un período de diez años, entre 2013 y 2023. Se describieron los resultados perioperatorios en cuanto a estancia hospitalaria, sangrado operatorio, duración del procedimiento, complicaciones, causas de reintervención y mortalidad en los primeros 30 días. Resultados. Se incluyeron 418 pacientes, 58,9 % hombres, con una edad promedio de 60,8 años. Se documentó un tiempo quirúrgico promedio de 228,7 minutos, con un sangrado de 150 ml. La media de ganglios linfáticos resecados fue de 26,1 ± 11,4. La estancia hospitalaria en promedio fue de 4 ± 4 días, y se registraron complicaciones en 104 sujetos, con una tasa promedio de 24 %, de las cuales 29 (27,4 %) obtuvieron una clasificación Clavien-Dindo IIIB. Conclusiones. La gastrectomía por laparoscopia en un centro de alto volumen y con cirujanos experimentados en Colombia, tiene resultados perioperatorios similares a lo reportado en la literatura mundial. Aún se requiere de estudios de mayor fuerza de asociación para establecer recomendaciones sobre el uso rutinario de este abordaje en patología maligna avanzada.


Introduction. Gastric cancer in Colombia is the second most common neoplasm in men and the fourth in women. In recent years, the benefits of the laparoscopic approach in gastric cancer against bleeding, postoperative recovery com and complications have been widely described, without affecting oncological results. Methods. Retrospective observational study of patients undergoing laparoscopic gastrectomy at the Clínica Universitaria Colombia over a period of ten years, between 2013 and 2023. Perioperative results were described in terms of hospital stay, operative bleeding, duration of the procedure, complications, causes of reintervention, and mortality in the first 30 days. Results. 418 patients were included, 58.9% men, with an average age of 60.88 years. An average surgical time of 228.7 minutes was documented, with a blood loss of 150 ml. The mean number of lymph nodes resected was 26.1 ± 11.4. The average hospital stay was 4 ± 4 days, and complications were recorded in 104 subjects, with an average rate of 24%, of which 29 (27.4%) obtained a Clavien-Dindo IIIB classification. Conclusions. Laparoscopic gastrectomy in a high-volume center and with experienced surgeons in Colombia has perioperative results similar to those reported in the world literature. Studies with greater strength of association are still required to establish recommendations on the routine use of this approach in advanced malignant pathology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Complications , Laparoscopy , Gastrectomy , Stomach Neoplasms , Mortality , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
2.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(3): 421-429, 2024-04-24. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1554113

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar los desenlaces a corto plazo de la gastrectomía laparoscópica en adultos vs. adultos mayores con cáncer gástrico localmente avanzado en una cohorte de un país occidental. Métodos. Estudio de cohorte prospectivo en pacientes sometidos a gastrectomía laparoscópica por cáncer gástrico localmente avanzado, en el Hospital Universitario Erasmo Meoz, de Cúcuta, Colombia, entre noviembre de 2014 y diciembre de 2018. Se realizó análisis descriptivo, de comparación de grupos y bivariado. Resultados. De un total de 116 pacientes, 51 pacientes (44 %) tenían 65 años o más y 63 pacientes (54 %) eran hombres. No se encontró diferencia estadísticamente significativa al comparar los pacientes menores de 65 años con los de 65 años o más. La mediana del tiempo operatorio fue de 240 minutos en ambos grupos (p>0,05), la mediana de los márgenes de resección macroscópica fue 6 cm vs. 5 cm (p>0,05), la mediana de los ganglios linfáticos disecados fue 25 vs. 19 (p>0,05), la mediana de ganglios linfáticos positivos fue 4 vs. 3 (p>0,05), la mediana de estancia fue de 7 días en ambos grupos (p>0,05). La tasa general de complicaciones posoperatorias no difirió significativamente entre adultos (7%) y adultos mayores (11 %) (p>0,05) y no se observaron diferencias significativas en las tasas de complicaciones menores (Clavien-Dindo grado II; 3-5 % vs. 6-12 %; p>0,05) y graves (Clavien-Dindo ≥ IIIa; 3-5 % vs. 4-8 %; p>0,05). Conclusiones. No se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en los resultados a corto plazo entre los pacientes adultos y adultos mayores con cáncer gástrico localmente avanzado tratados con gastrectomía laparoscópica. Esta técnica es segura en ancianos.


Introduction. The objective of this study was to compare the short-term outcomes of laparoscopic gastrectomy in adults vs. older patients with locally advanced gastric cancer from a Western country cohort. Methods. Prospective cohort study in patients undergoing laparoscopic gastrectomy for locally advanced gastric cancer at the Hospital Universitario Erasmo Meoz, de Cúcuta, Colombia, between November 2014 and December 2018. Descriptive, group comparison and bivariate analysis was performed. Results. Of a total of 116 patients, 51 patients (44%) were 65 years or older and 63 patients (54%) were men. No statistically significant difference was found when comparing patients under 65 years of age with those 65 years of age or older. The median operating time was 240 minutes in both groups (p>0.05), the median macroscopic resection margins were 6 cm vs. 5 cm (p>0.05), the median number of lymph nodes dissected was 25 vs. 19 (p>0.05), the median number of positive lymph nodes was 4 vs. 3 (p>0.05), the median stay was 7 days in both groups (p>0.05). The overall rate of postoperative complications did not differ significantly between adults (7%) and older adults (11%) (p>0.05) and no significant differences were observed in the rates of minor (Clavien-Dindo grade II; 3-5% vs. 6-12%; p>0.05) and severe complications (Clavien-Dindo ≥ IIIa; 3-5% vs. 4-8%; p>0.05). Conclusions. No statistically differences were found in short-term outcomes between adult and older patients with locally advanced gastric cancer treated with laparoscopic gastrectomy. This technique is safe in the elderly.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms , Aged , Gastrectomy , Postoperative Complications , Laparoscopy , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
3.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(2): 218-230, 20240220. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532578

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El conjunto de estrategias de recuperación mejorada después de la cirugía (ERAS, por sus siglas en inglés) constituye un enfoque de atención multimodal y multidisciplinario, cuyo propósito es reducir el estrés perioperatorio de la cirugía, disminuir la morbilidad y acortar la estancia hospitalaria. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo describir los resultados clínicos de pacientes sometidos a cirugía por cáncer colorrectal, identificando las complicaciones principales y los factores perioperatorios relacionados con el alta temprana. Métodos. Se analizaron los pacientes consecutivos sometidos a cirugía colorrectal entre los años 2020 y 2023, todos los cuales siguieron el protocolo ERAS institucional. Se evaluaron las características clínicas, los factores perioperatorios, los desenlaces postoperatorios y la tasa global de adherencia al protocolo. Resultados. Un total de 456 pacientes fueron sometidos a cirugía colorrectal, 51% de sexo masculino, con edad media de 60 años. La mayoría de las intervenciones se realizaron por laparoscopia (78 %), con una tasa de conversión del 14,5 %. Las complicaciones postoperatorias incluyeron fuga anastomótica (4,6 %), sangrado, infección intraabdominal y obstrucción intestinal. La estancia hospitalaria promedio fue de 4 días y la mortalidad del 2,8 %. La tasa global de adherencia al protocolo ERAS fue del 84,7 %. Conclusiones. El enfoque combinado de cirugía laparoscópica y protocolo ERAS es factible, seguro y se asocia con una estancia hospitalaria más corta. La implementación y adherencia al protocolo ERAS no solo mejora los resultados postoperatorios, sino que también resalta la importancia de acceder a datos sólidos, permitiendo mejorar la atención perioperatoria local.


Introduction. The Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocol is a multimodal, multidisciplinary approach to care, the purpose of which is to reduce the perioperative stress of surgery, decrease morbidity, and shorten hospital stay. This study aimed to describe the clinical outcomes of patients undergoing surgery for colorectal cancer, identifying the main complications and perioperative factors related to early discharge. Methods. Consecutive patients undergoing colorectal surgery between 2020 and 2023 were analyzed, who followed the institutional ERAS protocol. Clinical characteristics, perioperative factors, postoperative outcomes, and overall protocol adherence rate were evaluated. Results. A total of 456 patients underwent colorectal surgery, 51% male, with a mean age of 60 years. Most interventions were performed laparoscopically (78%), with a conversion rate of 14.5%. Postoperative complications included anastomotic leak (4.6%), followed by bleeding, intra-abdominal infection, and intestinal obstruction. The average hospital stay was 4 days and mortality was 2.8%. The overall adherence rate to the ERAS protocol was 84.7%. Conclusions. The combined approach of laparoscopic surgery and ERAS protocol is feasible, safe, and associated with a shorter hospital stay. Implementation and adherence to the ERAS protocol not only improves postoperative outcomes, but also highlights the importance of accessing solid data, allowing for improved local perioperative care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Length of Stay , Laparoscopy , Colorectal Surgery , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
4.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 39(2): e20230159, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535537

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Obese patients are at risk of complications after cardiac surgery. The aim of this study is to investigate safety and efficacy of a minimally invasive approach via upper sternotomy in this setting. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 203 obese patients who underwent isolated, elective aortic valve replacement between January 2014 and January 2023 - 106 with minimally invasive aortic valve replacement (MIAVR) and 97 with conventional aortic valve replacement (CAVR). To account for baseline differences, a propensity-matching analysis was performed obtaining two balanced groups of 91 patients each. Results: The 30-day mortality rate was comparable between groups (1.1% MIAVR vs. 0% CAVR, P=0.99). MIAVR patients had faster extubation than CAVR patients (6 ± 2 vs. 9 ± 2 hours, P<0.01). Continuous positive airway pressure therapy was less common in the MIAVR than in the CAVR group (3.3% vs. 13.2%, P=0.03). Other postoperative complications did not differ significantly. Intensive care unit stay (1.8 ± 1.2 vs. 3.2 ± 1.4 days, P<0.01), but not hospital stay (6.7 ± 2.1 vs. 7.2 ± 1.9 days, P=0.09), was shorter for MIAVR than for CAVR patients. Follow-up survival was comparable (logrank P-value = 0.58). Conclusion: MIAVR via upper sternotomy has been shown to be a safe and effective option for obese patients. Respiratory outcome was promising with shorter mechanical ventilation time and reduced need for post-extubation support. The length of stay in the intensive care unit was reduced. These advantages might be important for the obese patient to whom minimally invasive surgery should not be denied.

5.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 49(6): 732-739, Nov.-Dec. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550273

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To compare the perioperative outcomes of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) with pelvic lymph-nodes dissection (PLND) when the same surgeon performs RARP and PLND versus one surgeon performs RARP and another surgeon performs PLND. Materials and Methods: From January 2022 to March 2023, data of consecutive patients who underwent RARP with PLND were prospectively collected. The surgeries were performed by two "young" surgeons with detailed profile. Specifically for the study purpose, one surgeon performed RARP, and the other surgeon performed PLND. A set of surgeries performed according to the standard setup (i.e., the same surgeon performing both RARP and PLND) was retrieved from the institutional database and used as comparator arm. To test the study hypothesis, patients were divided into two groups: "dual-surgeon" versus "single-surgeon". Results: Fifty patients underwent RARP and PLND performed according to dual-surgeon setup and were compared to the last 50 procedures performed according to the standard single-surgeon setup. Patients in the groups had comparable baseline characteristics. Dual-surgeon interventions had significantly shorter median total operative (194 [IQR 178-215] versus 174 [IQR 146-195] minutes, p<0.001) and console time (173 [IQR 158-194] versus 154 [IQR 129-170] minutes, p<0.001). No significant differences were found in terms of blood loss, intraoperative complications, postoperative outcomes, and final pathology results. Conclusions: The present analysis found that when RARP and PLND are split onto two surgeons, the operative time is shorter by 20 minutes compared to when a single surgeon performs RARP and PLND. This is an interesting finding that could sponsor further studies.

6.
Radiol. bras ; 56(6): 327-335, Nov.-Dec. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535045

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To compare the measurements of the lumbar safety triangle (Kambin's triangle) and the invasion of the dorsal root ganglion in the triangle in coronal and coronal oblique planes. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study, in which 210 3.0-T magnetic resonance images of L2-L5 were analyzed in coronal and coronal oblique planes. Exams with lumbar spine anomalies were excluded. Demographic (sex and age) and radiological variables were recorded by a single evaluator. Results: Most sample was female (57.1%), mean age 45.5 ± 13.3 (18-98 years). The measurements average, as well as the areas, gradually increased from L2 to L5. The dorsal root ganglion invaded the triangle in all images. The safety triangle average area was smaller in the coronal oblique plane than in the coronal plane. Of the seven dimensions of safety triangle obtained for each level of the lumbar spine, six were significantly smaller in the coronal oblique plane than in the coronal plane. The only dimension that showed no difference was the smallest ganglion dimension. Conclusion: The dimensions and areas investigated were smaller in coronal oblique plane, especially the area (difference > 1 mm). The analysis of the triangular zone in this plane becomes important in the preoperative assessment of minimally invasive procedures.


Resumo Objetivo: Comparar as medidas do triângulo de segurança lombar (triângulo de Kambin) e invasão do gânglio da raiz dorsal no triângulo nas incidências coronal e coronal oblíqua. Materiais e Métodos: Estudo transversal, em que foram analisadas 210 imagens de ressonância magnética 3.0-T de L2-L5 nos planos coronal e coronal oblíquo. Foram excluídos exames com anomalias da coluna lombar. Variáveis demográficas (sexo e idade) e radiológicas foram registradas por um único avaliador. Resultados: A maioria da amostra era do sexo feminino (57,1%), com idade média de 45,5 ± 13,3 (18-98 anos). A média das medidas, assim como as áreas, aumentaram gradativamente de L2 a L5. O gânglio da raiz dorsal invadiu o triângulo em todas as imagens. A área média do triângulo de segurança foi menor na incidência coronal oblíqua do que na incidência coronal. Das sete dimensões do triângulo de segurança obtidas para cada nível da coluna lombar, seis foram significativamente menores no plano coronal oblíquo do que no plano coronal. Única dimensão que não apresentou diferença foi a menor dimensão do gânglio. Conclusão: As dimensões e áreas investigadas foram menores na incidência coronal oblíqua, especialmente a área (diferença > 1 mm). A análise da zona triangular nesta incidência torna-se importante na avaliação pré-operatória de procedimentos minimamente invasivos.

7.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 49(5): 580-589, Sep.-Oct. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1506417

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To report outcomes from the largest multicenter series of penile cancer patients undergoing video endoscopic inguinal lymphadenectomy (VEIL). Materials and Methods: Retrospective multicenter analysis. Authors of 21 centers from the Penile Cancer Collaborative Coalition-Latin America (PeC-LA) were included. All centers performed the procedure following the same previously described standardized technique. Inclusion criteria included penile cancer patients with no palpable lymph nodes and intermediate/high-risk disease and those with non-fixed palpable lymph nodes less than 4 cm in diameter. Categorical variables are shown as percentages and frequencies whereas continuous variables as mean and range. Results: From 2006 to 2020, 210 VEIL procedures were performed in 105 patients. Mean age was 58 (45-68) years old. Mean operative time was 90 minutes (60-120). Mean lymph node yield was 10 nodes (6-16). Complication rate was 15.7%, including severe complications in 1.9% of procedures. Lymphatic and skin complications were noted in 8.6 and 4.8% of patients, respectively. Histopathological analysis revealed lymph node involvement in 26.7% of patients with non-palpable nodes. Inguinal recurrence was observed in 2.8% of patients. 10y- overall survival was 74.2% and 10-y cancer specific survival was 84.8%. CSS for pN0, pN1, pN2 and pN3 were 100%, 82.4%, 72.7% and 9.1%, respectively. Conclusion: VEIL seems to offer appropriate long term oncological control with minimal morbidity. In the absence of non-invasive stratification measures such as dynamic sentinel node biopsy, VEIL emerged as the alternative for the management of non-bulky lymph nodes in penile cancer.

8.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 49(4): 411-427, July-Aug. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1506392

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To review and compare the effectivity of novel minimally invasive treatments (MITs) to transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) for the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in men. Methods: Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases were searched from January 2010 to December 2022 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating MITs, compared to TURP or sham, in men with LUTS. Studies were assessed by risk of bias tool, and evidence by GRADE. Functional outcomes by means of uroflowmetry and IPSS were the primary outcomes, safety and sexual function were secondary outcomes. As part of this review, a network meta-analysis (NMA) was conducted. MITs were ranked based on functional outcome improvement probability. Results: In total, 10 RCTs were included, evaluating aquablation, prostatic urethral lift, prostatic artery embolization (PAE), convective water vapor thermal treatment or temporary implantable nitinol device. All MITs showed a better safety profile compared to TURP. Functional outcome improvement following aquablation were comparable to TURP. In the NMA, aquablation was ranked highest, PAE followed with the second highest probability to improve functional outcomes. Other novel MITs resulted in worse functional outcomes compared to TURP. Level of evidence was low to very low. Conclusions: Five MITs for treatment of LUTS were identified. Aquablation is likely to result in functional outcomes most comparable to TURP. Second in ranking was PAE, a technique that does not require general or spinal anesthesia. MITs have a better safety profile compared to TURP. However, due to high study heterogeneity, results should be interpreted with caution.

9.
Rev. venez. cir. ortop. traumatol ; 55(1): 3-11, jun. 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1511215

ABSTRACT

Se deben tener consideraciones especiales cuando se realizan reparaciones quirúrgicas del tendón de Aquiles. Su anatomía e irrigación particular plantean desafíos únicos para el manejo, y tener comprensión profunda de estas características es crucial para escoger el tratamiento adecuado y lograr resultados exitosos. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la eficiencia de la reparación quirúrgica de la rotura aguda del tendón de Aquiles con técnica de Dresden, entre el 2015 y el 2021. Se realizó un estudio de tipo analítico, observacional, longitudinal y prospectiva. El análisis del aspecto estadístico fue a través de estadística descriptiva y asociación de las variables. Se incluyeron 34 pacientes con un promedio de 42 años, la mayoría de sexo masculino. Al aplicar las escalas VISA-A se obtuvo un promedio de 12 puntos, 67,5 puntos a los 6 meses y 80,5 puntos a los 12 meses. En la encuesta SF-12 a los 6 meses se obtuvo un promedio de 68,5 puntos y 80 puntos a los 12 meses; un paciente presentó rechazo de la sutura y 6 afirmaron algún grado de edema residual aun al año de la cirugía. La reparación quirúrgica con técnica de Dresden mejora la funcionabilidad del tendón de malos resultados a regulares y buenos resultados al año de seguimiento. El 68% de la población estudiada afirmó que se encuentran satisfechos con la cirugía(AU)


Special considerations must be made when performing surgical repairs of the Achilles tendon. Its particular anatomy and blood supply pose unique management challenges, and a thorough understanding of these characteristics is crucial to choosing the right treatment and achieving successful results. The objective of this work is to analyze the efficiency of the surgical repair of the acute rupture of the Achilles tendon with the Dresden technique, between 2015 and 2021. An analytical, observational, longitudinal and prospective study was carried out. The analysis of the statistical aspect was through descriptive statistics and association of the variables. 34 patients with an average age of 42 years were included, most of them male. When applying the VISA-A scales, an average of 12 points was obtained, 67,5 points at 6 months and 80,5 points at 12 months. In the SF-12 survey at 6 months an average of 68,5 points and 80 points at 12 months were obtained; One patient presented rejection of the suture and 6 reported some degree of residual edema even one year after surgery. Surgical repair with the Dresden technique improves the functionality of the tendon from poor to regular results and good results after a year of follow-up. 68% of the population studied stated that they are satisfied with the surgery(AU)


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Achilles Tendon/surgery , Surgical Procedures, Operative , General Surgery , Sutures
10.
Radiol. bras ; 56(3): 150-156, May-June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449031

ABSTRACT

Abstract Vacuum-assisted excision of breast lesions has come to be widely used in clinical practice. Increased acceptance and availability of the procedure, together with the use of larger needles, has allowed the removal of a greater amount of sample, substantially reducing the surgical upgrade rate and thus increasing the reliability of the results of the procedure. These characteristics result in the potential for surgical de-escalation in selected cases and gain strength in a scenario in which the aim is to reduce costs, as well as the rates of underestimation and overtreatment, without compromising the quality of patient care. The objective of this article is to review the technical parameters and current clinical indications for performing vacuum-assisted excision of breast lesions.


Resumo A excisão assistida a vácuo de lesões mamárias tem sido cada vez mais utilizada na prática clínica. A sua maior aceitação e disponibilidade, em associação ao uso de agulhas mais calibrosas, permitiu a retirada de quantidade maior de amostra, reduzindo substancialmente a taxa de subestimação diagnóstica e aumentando, assim, a confiabilidade final dos resultados do procedimento. Essas características resultam em potencial descalonamento cirúrgico, em casos selecionados, e ganham força em um cenário em que se visa a redução de custos, taxa de subestimação e tratamento excessivo, porém, sem comprometer a qualidade no cuidado com o paciente. O objetivo deste trabalho é revisar os parâmetros técnicos e as indicações clínicas atuais para realização de excisão assistida a vácuo em lesões mamárias.

11.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(3): 449-456, May-June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449834

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The endoscopic release of the ulnar nerve reproduces a simple (in situ) procedure with smaller incisions, less soft tissue damage, and higher preservation of nerve vascularization. Endoscopy allows the clear visualization of the entire path of the nerve and surrounding noble structures. Moreover, it reveals any signs of compression and allows a safe release of 10cm distally or proximally to the medial epicondyle. Methods A retrospective survey revealed that 15 subjects (1 with a bilateral injury) underwent an ulnar nerve compression release at the elbow using the endoscopic technique with Agee (Micro-Aire Sugical Instruments, Charlottesville, VA, EUA) equipment from January 2016 to January 2020. Results Symptoms of ulnar nerve compression improved in all patients; on average, they resumed their work activities in 26.5 days. There was no recurrence or need for another procedure. In addition, there were no severe procedure-related complications, such as infection and nerve or vascular injury. One patient had transient paresthesia of the sensory branches to the forearm, with complete functional recovery in 8 weeks. Conclusion Our study shows that the endoscopic release of the ulnar nerve at the elbow with the Agee equipment is a safe, reliable technique with good outcomes.


Resumo Objetivo A liberação endoscópica do nervo ulnar permite reproduzir uma liberação simples (in situ), mas através de incisões menores e com menor lesão de partes moles e uma maior preservação da vascularização do nervo. A visualização clara através da endoscopia permite observar todo o trajeto do nervo e das estruturas nobres circundantes, mostrando os sinais de compressão, possibilitando realizar a liberação de forma segura em um trajeto de 10 cm nos sentidos distal e proximal ao epicôndilo medial. Método Foram encontrados, de forma retrospectiva, no período entre janeiro de 2016 e janeiro de 2020, 15 pacientes (sendo 1 com lesão bilateral) submetidos a liberação da compressão do nervo ulnar no cotovelo pela técnica endoscópica com equipamento de Agee (Micro-Aire Sugical Instruments, Charlottesville, VA, EUA). Resultados Todos os pacientes tiveram melhora dos sintomas de compressão do nervo ulnar e o período de retorno ao trabalho foi de em média 26,5 dias. Não houve recidivas e não houve a necessidade de outro procedimento. Também não houve complicações graves decorrentes do procedimento, como infecção, lesão nervosa ou vascular. Em um paciente, houve parestesia transitória dos ramos sensitivos para o antebraço, com retorno completo da função em 8 semanas. Conclusão Os resultados mostram que a liberação endoscópica do nervo ulnar no cotovelo comoequipamentodeAgeeéuma técnica segura, confiável e com bons resultados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Paresthesia , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Cubital Tunnel Syndrome/therapy , Elbow/surgery , Nerve Compression Syndromes
12.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 49(2): 194-201, March-Apr. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440239

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives To compare the dusting efficiency and safety with basketing for treating renal stones ≤ 2 cm during flexible ureteroscopy (fURS). Materials and methods This study included 218 patients with renal stones ≤ 2 cm treated with fURS. Among them, 106 patients underwent dusting, and 112 patients underwent fragmentation with basket extraction. All patients were followed up for 3 months postoperatively. The operating time, lasing time, stone-free rate (SFR) and complication rate were compared. Results The mean stone size in the dusting group was 1.3 cm, whereas 1.4 cm in the basketing group. The mean operative time was significantly lower in the dusting group than in the basketing group (43.1±11.7 minutes VS 60.5±13.4 minutes, P <0.05), but the lasing time was significantly longer for the dusting group than for the basketing group (17.7±3.9 minutes VS 14.1±3.6 minutes, P <0.05). SFR was significantly higher in the basketing group immediately after the operation and follow-up after 1 month (76.8% vs 55.7%, P= 0.001 and 88.4% vs 78.3%, P = 0.045). However, the SFR was similar for both groups (88.8% in the dusting group vs. 90.2% in the basketing group) after 3 months postoperatively. There was no statistical difference in the complication rates between the two groups. Conclusions Dusting has advantages in shortening the operation time and reducing the operation cost, but the lasing time was longer compared with the basketing. Although there is no difference in long-term effect, basketing is superior to dusting in terms of short-term SFR. Moreover, dusting should be avoided in some special cases and basketing a better choice. Both techniques are effective for the treatment of renal stones ≤ 2 cm and choice depends on patient demographic and stone characteristics.

13.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440275

ABSTRACT

Several methods have been described to shorten orthodontic treatments, but the main disadvantage is their invasiveness. Animal studies have shown that piezopuncture can accelerate the rate of tooth movement without causing collateral damage. Objective: To evaluate the clinical outcome, in terms of safety and efficacy, of a flapless piezopuncture on maxillary canine distalization. Methods: A split-mouth randomized clinical trial was carried out on five patients. Piezopuncture was performed on a random side of the maxillary arch to assess the rate of canine movement on the stimulated side, compared to the non-stimulated control side after 15 (T1), 30 (T2), and 60 (T3) days. Also, immediate side effects and changes in buccal bone thickness after one year were assessed. Results: Distalization on the intervention versus control side at T1 was 1.24±0.21mm versus 0.64±0.33mm (p=0.005); at T2 it was 2.00±0.28mm versus 1.36±0.49mm (p=0.046); and at T3 it was 4.28±0.66mm versus 3.65±0.88mm (p=0.102). No adverse effects related to the surgical procedure were observed or reported by patients. The thickness of the buccal bone plate showed no significant changes. Conclusions: Flapless piezopuncture accelerates the rate of tooth movement in orthodontic patients over the first 15 days and its effect declines over the next 45 days.

14.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 52(1)mar. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521975

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La calcificación del catéter doble J puede encontrarse en el 13 % de los colocados y aumenta proporcionalmente al tiempo que permanezca en contacto con la orina. Los investigadores coinciden en que el catéter doble J calcificado es una complicación compleja de resolver. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica, de 2011 a 2021. Se utilizaron las bases de datos SciELO, EBSCO, Elsevier y PubMed, con los descriptores: litiasis, catéteres, procedimientos quirúrgicos mínimamente invasivos y complicaciones intraoperatorias y posoperatorias. Objetivo: Describir el papel de la cirugía mínimamente invasiva para el tratamiento del catéter doble J calcificado. Desarrollo: Los factores de riesgo relacionados a catéter doble J calcificados son clínico-terapéuticos y sociodemográficos, como la infección urinaria, antecedentes de litiasis, embarazo, enfermedad renal crónica, anomalías metabólicas o congénitas. Los de poliuretano presentan mayores tasas de calcificación. La litotricia extracorpórea por ondas de choque puede emplearse hasta en 70,7 % de los pacientes. Métodos multimodales como ureteroscopía, previa cistolitotricia transuretral, se han aplicado entre 6 % y 17,9 %, la nefrolitotomía percutánea y ureteroscopía, previa cistolitotricia o no, en el 7,7 % al 20 %. Las complicaciones más frecuentes se informan durante el posoperatorio (20 %): fiebre, dolor, vómitos, hematuria, pielonefritis, sepsis, urinoma, migración espontánea del nuevo catéter colocado y daño renal agudo, entre otras. Conclusiones: La cirugía mínimamente invasiva en la actualidad es el pilar fundamental, del tratamiento de los pacientes con catéter doble J calcificado.


Introduction: The calcification of the double J catheter can be found in 13% of those placed and increases proportionally to the time it remains in contact with urine. The researchers agree that the calcified double J catheter is a complex complication to resolve. A bibliographic review was carried out, from 2011 to 2021. The resources of the SciELO, EBSCO, Elsevier and PubMed databases were used in relation to the descriptors lithiasis, catheters, minimally invasive surgical procedures and intraoperative and postoperative complications. Objective: To describe the role of minimally invasive surgery for the treatment of calcified double J catheter. Development: The risk factors related to calcified double J are clinical-therapeutic and sociodemographic, such as urinary tract infection, history of lithiasis, pregnancy, chronic kidney disease, metabolic or congenital anomalies. Those made of polyurethane have higher rates of calcification. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy can be used in up to 70.7% of patients. Multimodal methods such as ureteroscopy prior to transurethral cystolithotripsy have been applied between 6-17.9%, percutaneous nephrolithotomy and ureteroscopy prior cystolithotripsy or not in 7.7%-20%. The most frequent complications are reported during the postoperative period (20%): fever, pain, vomiting, hematuria, pyelonephritis, sepsis, urinoma, spontaneous migration of the newly placed catheter, and acute kidney injury, among others. Conclusions: Minimally invasive surgery is currently the cornerstone of treatment for patients with calcified double-J catheters.

15.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 38(1): 157-161, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423077

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Cardiovascular surgery has undergone numerous changes over the last decades. Transcatheter technologies, endovascular procedures, hybrids, and minimally invasive surgery have undoubtedly advanced as a therapy for patients. Thus, the discussion about the training of residents in the face of new technologies in the specialty is in check. In this article, it is proposed a review to discuss the challenges in this scenario as well as the current training in cardiovascular surgery in Brazil. Methods: A comprehensive review was performed in the Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery. All editions from 1986 to 2022 were included. The research was carried out using the search engine on the journal's website (https://www.bjcvs.org) and an individual analysis of the titles and abstracts of each article published. Results: All the studies are summarized in the appropriate table with a discussion along this review. Conclusion: Most articles that discuss training in cardiovascular surgery in the national context are editorials and expert points of view with no observational studies evaluating the residency programs.

16.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 424-431, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964809

ABSTRACT

Liver cirrhosis is a common chronic liver disease in clinical practice, and the main causes of this disease include virus, alcohol, and immunity. Patients may experience a variety of complications in the late stage of liver cirrhosis, including upper gastrointestinal bleeding, hepatic encephalopathy, hepatorenal syndrome, and liver cancer, among which upper gastrointestinal bleeding is the main cause of death, and therefore, the control and prevention of upper gastrointestinal bleeding caused by liver cirrhosis is the key to reducing mortality rate and prolonging survival time. This article summarizes the commonly used minimally invasive methods for the treatment of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in liver cirrhosis and analyzes the indications for different treatment methods and related advances, so as to provide a reference for clinicians to choose the most suitable treatment regimen for the patient, thereby improving the survival rate of patients.

17.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 432-435, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981710

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate possible causes and preventive measures for asymptomatic pain in the limbs after minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion(MIS-TLIF).@*METHODS@#Clinical data from 50 patients with lumbar degenerative disease who underwent MIS-TLIF between January 2019 and September 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The group included 29 males and 21 females aged from 33 to 72 years old, with an average age of (65.3±7.13) years. Twenty-two patients underwent unilateral decompression, and 28 underwent bilateral decompression. The side(ipsilateral or contralateral) and site(low back, hip, or leg) of the pain were recorded before surgery, 3 days after surgery, and 3 months after surgery. The pain degree was evaluated using the visual analogue scale(VAS) at each time point. The patients were further grouped based on whether contralateral pain occurred postoperatively (8 cases in the contralateral pain group and 42 in the no contralateral pain group), and the causes and preventive measures of pain were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All surgeries were successful, and the patients were followed up for at least 3 months. Preoperative pain on the symptomatic side improved significantly, with the VAS score decreasing from (7.00±1.79) points preoperatively to (3.38±1.32) points at 3 days postoperatively and (3.98±1.17) points at 3 months postoperatively. Postoperative asymptomatic side pain (contralateral pain) occurred in 8 patients within 3 days after surgery, accounting for 16% (8/50) of the group. The sites of contralateral pain included the lumbar area (1 case), hip(6 cases), and leg (1 case). The contralateral pain was significantly relieved 3 months after surgery.@*CONCLUSION@#More cases of contralateral limb pain occur after unilateral decompression MIS-TLIF, and the reason may include contralateral foramen stenosis, compression of medial branches, and other factors. To reduce this complication, the following procedures are recommended: restoring intervertebral height, inserting a transverse cage, and withdrawing screws minimally.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Adult , Retrospective Studies , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Spinal Fusion/methods , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Pain, Postoperative , Treatment Outcome
18.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 805-812, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993507

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the surgical method of LC-II screws for fragility fractures of the pelvis (FFP) in the elderly and evaluate its clinical efficacy.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 45 patients with FFPs operated in our department from January 2011 to January 2022. The clinical information was as follows. The FFP classification of pelvic fracture was IIIA in 26 cases and IIIB in 19 cases. Among them, 22 cases were fixed with closed reduction and modified LC-II screws (experimental group), and 23 cases were fixed with open reduction and reconstruction plates (control group). In the experimental group, there were 6 males and 16 females. The age range was 62-90 years, with an average of 73.2±9.2 years. The FFP classification of pelvic fracture was IIIA in 12 cases and IIIB in 10 cases. In the control group, there were 8 males and 15 females. The age range was 60-87 years, with an average of 72.8±6.6 years. FFP classification of pelvic fracture was IIIA in 14 cases and IIIB in 9 cases. After admission, pelvic X-ray and CT scan were performed, and the surgery was prepared. In the experimental group, after closed reduction of the posterior ring, the modified LC-II screw was inserted below the anterior inferior iliac spine (AIIS) toward the sacroiliac joint and penetrated the sacroiliac joint. For combined anterior ring fractures, the INFIX was used for anterior ring fixation. In the control group, the posterior ring was fixed with a reconstruction plate and/or sacroiliac screw after open reduction through the lateral rectus approach (LRA). The clinical efficacy was evaluated between the experimental group and the control group.Results:All 45 patients were successfully operated and followed up for 6 months to 3 years. All the pelvic fractures healed. In the experimental group of 22 cases, the time from injury to operation was 3-9 days, with an average of 5.8±1.9 days; the operation time was 25-70 min, with an average of 42.0±12.9 min. The intraoperative bleeding was 20-40 ml, with an average of 29.1±6.7 ml. According to the X-ray reduction evaluation criteria of Matta, 7 cases were excellent, 11 cases were good and 4 cases were medium, with an excellent and good rate of 81.8%. According to rehabilitation criteria of Majeed, 10 cases were excellent, 6 cases were good and 6 cases were fair, with a total excellent and good rate of 72.7%. At the last follow-up, sacroiliac joint pain was evaluated by VAS score: 0 in 10 cases, <3 in 7 cases, and 4-6 in 5 cases. No internal fixation loosening occurred. In the control group, the time from injury to operation was 5-20 days, with an average of 9.9±3.8 days; the operation time was 50-150 min, with an average of 89.1±29.5 min; the intraoperative bleeding was 220-1 000 ml, with an average of 509.2±214.3 ml. According to the X-ray reduction evaluation criteria of Matta, 16 cases were excellent, 4 cases were good and 3 cases was medium, with an excellent and good rate of 87.0%. According to rehabilitation criteria of Majeed, 12 cases were excellent, 6 cases were good and 7 cases were fair, with a total excellent and good rate of 78.3%. At the last follow-up, sacroiliac joint pain was evaluated by VAS score: 0 in 14 cases, <3 in 6 cases, and 4-6 in 3 cases. In the control group, posterior ring plate loosening was found in 2 cases and anterior ring pubic ramus plate and screw loosening was found in 4 cases, but there was no reduction loss.Conclusion:The modified LC-II screw is theoretically feasible in the treatment of FFP. Preliminary clinical results show good safety and efficacy, providing a new idea for minimally invasive treatment of FFP.

19.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 484-491, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993467

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of minimally invasive-locking block modified Krackow (MI-LBMK) and open giftbox technique in the treatment of Achilles tendon rupture.Methods:Fifty-six patients with Achilles tendon rupture from January 2016 to December 2018 were collected, including 54 males and 2 females, aged 40.7±9.4 years (range 26 to 65 years). The MI group (30 patients) used two minimally invasive incisions without exposing the rupture site, and the LBMK technique was used to repair the Achilles tendon. The open group (26 patients) used a posteromedial longitudinal incision and the giftbox technique was used to repair the rupture tendon. The Achilles tendon was repaired with 6-strand sutures in both groups. Early rehabilitation programs were adopted for postoperative rehabilitation, and regular follow-up (6 weeks, 3, 6, 12 and 24 months after operation) was performed to record the Achilles tendon resting angle (ATRA), American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society ankle-hindfoot score (AOFAS), Achilles tendon total rupture score (ATRS). The rupture gap and cross-sectional area (CSA) were measured by MRI at 6 weeks and 3 months after surgery.Results:A total of 30 patients in the MI group and 26 in the open group were enrolled. The differences between the two groups in age, body mass index, interval from injury to operation, and tendon rupture site were not statistically significant ( P>0.05). All patients were followed up to 24 months after surgery. There were no wound complications in MI group, and 2 cases of superficial infection and 1 case of wound skin necrosis occurred in open group. There was no re-rupture in both groups. The relative ATRA of MI group was -6.32°±0.99°, -3.90°±1.05°, -2.38°±0.84°, -0.25°±1.37° at 3, 6, 12 and 24 months after operation, respectively. The relative ATRA of open group was -7.88°±3.71°, -6.16°±1.10°, -4.53°±0.95°, -3.01°±0.95° at 3, 6, 12 and 24 months after operation, respectively. The differences between the two groups were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The ATRS of minimally invasive group at 6 months and 12 months were 72.70±7.41 and 92.97±3.35 respectively, and the ATRS of open group at 6 months and 12 months were 68.08±6.64 and 90.85±4.27 respectively, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The AOFAS of minimally invasive group at 6 months and 12 months were 88.60±2.76 and 93.83±1.98 respectively, and the AOFAS of open group at 6 months and 12 months were 85.77±3.20 and 92.08±2.64 respectively, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The difference in the gap between the tendon rupture ends measured by MRI sagittal plane T2WI between the two groups was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). The cross-sectional area of Achilles tendon in the MI group was higher than that of the open group at 12 weeks ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The MI-LBMK technique may protect the peritendon tissue and has fewer complications, and can enable the patient to return to daily life faster, with lower postoperative Achilles tendon elongation and better recovery of Achilles tendon function.

20.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 81-88, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993413

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of unilateral biportal endoscopy (UBE) through extraforaminal approach in the treatment of extra canal lumbosacral nerve entrapment.Methods:Seventeen patients with extra canal lumbosacral nerve root entrapment were treated by UBE through extraforaminal approach in Tianjin Hospital from January 2020 to March 2022, including 9 males and 8 females with an average age of 59.2 years (range 45-71 years). All 17 patients had lower limb radiation pain, numbness, and weakness with or without intermittent claudication. MRI imaging examination showed L 4, 5 foramen stenosis with far lateral disc herniation in 2 case, and L 5S 1 foramen stenosis with far lateral disc herniation in 15 cases, and the height of intervertebral space decreased, resulting in the compression of exiting nerve root and ganglion. Among them, far-out syndrome was diagnosed in 7 cases and transitional lumbarsacral vertebrae was found in 12 cases. The incisions were designed 2 cm away form the projection of adjacent pedicles, while incision at S 1 was designed at the inner edge of the iliac bone due to the shielding of the ilium, taking the outer edge of the isthmus at the outer opening of the intervertebral foramen as the target of channels. The ventral and apical part of superior articular process (SAP) was gradually removed with high-speed burr from its outer edge and isthmus, and the occluded sacral ala and the lower edge of transverse process were removed when necessary. The hyperplastic ligament was removed to expose the exiting nerve root. The protruding intervertebral disc was removed at the ventral side of the nerve root. The far-out syndrome was decompressed laterally along the exiting nerve root until it is completely released. The results and stability were evaluated with visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI), Macnab scores and dynamic X-ray film during follow-up. Results:The operation time was 45-85 min, with an average of 60 min. After remove of the SAP tip and enlarge of the intervertebral foramen, the exiting nerve root and disc protrusion were fully exposed, the exiting nerve root was exposed and released laterally until totally release without entrapment in far out syndrome, and the nerve could be decompressed completely. The symptoms were significantly relieved after operation, and imaging examination showed that facet joints were preserved. During follow-up, the pain and function improved continuously. At final follow-up, the improve rate of VAS and ODI were 85.2% and 86.2%, respectively, and the results were excellent in 15 cases and good in 2 case according to Macnab score, and there was no lumbar instability on dynamic lumbar X-ray film.Conclusion:Extra canal lumbosacral nerve entrapment can be treated by UBE through extraforaminal approach, with sufficient exposure, complete decompression and better preservation of lumbar stability.

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