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1.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 12(1): 1-4, jan.-dez. 2024. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1551180

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A Síndrome de Aarskog-Scott (AAS) é uma rara displasia faciogenital ligada ao gene FGD1, afetando principalmente meninos. Relato de caso: Descreve-se um caso de um menino de 4 anos com AAS, destacando sua importância científica devido à raridade, escassez de descrições e morbidade associada. Ele apresentou fenda sacral, criptorquidia bilateral, atrasos no crescimento e histórico familiar semelhante. A AAS é caracterizada por estatura baixa, anomalias faciais e diversos comprometimentos. Este caso ressalta a importância do acompanhamento médico especializado. Considerações finais: A escassez de estudos comparáveis destaca a relevância dos relatos de casos para aprofundar a compreensão de condições clínicas singulares.


Introduction: Aarskog-Scott Syndrome (AAS) is a rare faciogenital dysplasia linked to the FGD1 gene, primarily affecting boys. Case report: We describe a case of a 4-year-old boy with AAS, highlighting its scientific importance due to its rarity, scarcity of descriptions, and associated morbidity. He presented with sacral cleft, bilateral cryptorchidism, growth delays, and similar family history. AAS is characterized by short stature, facial anomalies, and various impairments. Final considerations: This case underscores the importance of specialized medical care, and the scarcity of comparable studies highlights the relevance of case reports in deepening the understanding of unique clinical conditions.


Subject(s)
Male , Child, Preschool , X Chromosome , Men
2.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 7(1): 79-87, ene. 26, 2024. tab.
Article in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1526718

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad de Parkinson y Alzheimer son las enfermedades neurodegenerativas más frecuentes a nivel mundial. Tienen etiología multifactorial, entre ellas, la genética; y son motivo de interés en la investigación científica actual. Se realizó una revisión narrativa con el objetivo de determinar las alteraciones genéticas asociadas a estas patologías, además su influencia en la evolución y respuesta al tratamiento de ellas. Se consultaron artículos originales, revisiones bibliográficas, sistemáticas, metaanálisis en inglés y español, con fecha de publicación entre el 1 enero de 2018 y el 20 de mayo de 2023, en bases como PubMed y Medline. Se utilizaron los términos MeSH «Alzheimer Disease¼, «Parkinson Disease¼, «Drug Therapy¼ y «Mutations¼. El riesgo hereditario para la enfermedad de Parkinson suele ser poligenético, sin embargo, existen genes relacionados con mutaciones monogénicas. Se identifican alteraciones en genes de α-sinucleína, glucocerebrosidasa y quinasa 2 rica en leucina que se relacionan con mayor riesgo de desarrollar Parkinson, además de variaciones en el cuadro clínico y edad de inicio de síntomas. En cuanto a la enfermedad de Alzheimer, las alteraciones en los genes de la proteína precursora amiloide, presenilina 1 y 2 se relacionan con la forma familiar de la enfermedad; por otra parte, las de apolipoproteína E4 se han identificado en la forma esporádica, por lo que se consideran como el factor de riesgo genético más importante para su desarrollo


Parkinson's and Alzheimer's are the most frequent neurodegenerative diseases worldwide. They have a multifactorial etiology, including genetics, and are of interest in current scientific research. A narrative review was carried out with the aim of determining the genetic alterations associated with these pathologies, as well as their influence on their evolution and response to treatment. Original articles, literature reviews, systematic reviews, meta-analyses in English and Spanish, with publication date between January 1, 2018 and May 20, 2023, were consulted in databases such as PubMed and Medline. MeSH terms "Alzheimer Disease", "Parkinson Disease", "Drug Therapy" and "Mutation" were used. Hereditary risk for Parkinson's disease is usually polygenetic, however, there are genes related to monogenic mutations. Alterations in α-synuclein, glucocerebrosidase and leucine-rich kinase 2 genes have been identified that are related to an increased risk of developing Parkinson's disease, in addition to variations in the clinical picture and age of symptom onset. As for Alzheimer's disease, alterations in the genes of the amyloid precursor protein, presenilin 1 and 2 are related to the familial form of the disease; on the other hand, those of apolipoprotein E4 have been identified in the sporadic form, and are therefore considered to be the most important genetic risk factor for its development


Subject(s)
El Salvador
4.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 87(5): e2021, 2024. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1527849

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The peripherin gene (PRPH2) mutation is associated with photoreceptor cell dysfunction as well as in several inherited retinal dystrophies. The PRPH2 mutation c.582-1G>A is a rare variant reported in retinitis pigmentosa and pattern dystrophy. Here Case 1 was of a 54-year-old woman with bilateral atrophy of the perifoveal retinal pigmentary epithelium and choriocapillaris with central foveolar respect. Autofluorescence and fluorescein angiography revealed perifoveal atrophy of the retinal pigmentary epithelium with an annular window effect without the "dark choroid" sign. Case 2 (mother of Case 1) presented with extensive atrophy of the retinal pigmentary epithelium and choriocapillaris. PRPH2 was evaluated and the c.582-1G>A mutation was identified in heterozygosity. An advanced adult-onset benign concentric annular macular dystrophy diagnosis was thereby proposed. The c.582-1G>A mutation is poorly known and not present in all common genomic databases. This case report is the first one to report a c.582-1G>A mutation associated with benign concentric annular macular dystrophy.


RESUMO Mutações do gene da periferina (PRPH2) estão associadas à disfunção das células fotorreceptoras e estão envolvidas em várias distrofias retinianas hereditárias. A mutação c.582-1G>A do gene PRPH2 é uma variante rara, relatada na retinite pigmentosa e nas distrofias em padrão. O caso 1 foi de uma mulher de 54 anos com atrofia bilateral do epitélio pigmentar da retina perifoveal e da coriocapilar, com acometimento foveolar central. A autofluorescência e a angiofluoresceinografia revelaram atrofia perifoveal do epitélio pigmentar da retina, com efeito de janela anular, sem o sinal da "coroide escura". O caso 2 (mãe) apresentava extensa atrofia do epitélio pigmentar da retina e da coriocapilar. Foi feito um estudo do gene PRPH2, que identificou a mutação c.582-1G>A em heterozigose. Foi proposto um diagnóstico de distrofia macular anular concêntrica benigna de início adulto em estágio avançado. A mutação c.582-1G>A é pouco conhecida e não está presente em todos os bancos de dados genômicos usuais. Este é o primeiro relato de caso publicado de uma mutação c.582-1G>A associada à distrofia macular anular concêntrica benigna.

5.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 934-942, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010101

ABSTRACT

Epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) are currently the first-line standard of care for patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that harbor EGFR mutations. Nevertheless, resistance to EGFR-TKIs is inevitable. In recent years, although immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have significantly shifted the treatment paradigm in advanced NSCLC without driver mutation, clinical benefits of these agents are limited in patients with EGFR-mutated NSCLC. Compared with wild-type tumors, tumors with EGFR mutations show more heterogeneity in the expression level of programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1), tumor mutational burden (TMB), and other tumor microenvironment (TME) characteristics. Whether ICIs are suitable for NSCLC patients with EGFR mutations is still worth exploring. In this review, we summarized the clinical data with regard to the efficacy of ICIs in patients with EGFR-mutated NSCLC and deciphered the unique TME in EGFR-mutated NSCLC.
.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , ErbB Receptors/metabolism , Immunotherapy , Mutation , B7-H1 Antigen/genetics , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Tumor Microenvironment
6.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 49-52, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005904

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence of primary drug resistance among HIV-1 patients in Hubei Province from 2020 to 2022, and to provide corresponding basis and data support for HIV antiviral therapy (ART) in Hubei Province. Methods During 2020-2022, plasma samples of HIV-1 infected patients before ART were collected., Patients’ demographic data and baseline laboratory test data were also collected. HIV-1 pol region was amplified by in-house method for sub-type typing and drug-resistant mutation site analysis. Results The pol gene sequence was successfully amplified in 242 of 285 cases, with a success rate of 84.9%. CRF07_BC was the predominant HIV-1 sub-type, accounting for 47.11% (114/242), followed by CRF01_AE, accounting for 25.21% (61/242), sub-type B, accounting for 14.16% (35/242), and CRF55_01B, accounting for 4.13% (10/242). The primary resistance rate was 6.20% (15/242). The mutation site of nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) was mainly M184V, and the mutation sites of non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) were mainly E138A/G/EG and V179E. These different mutation sites led to different degrees of drug resistance to 12 drugs. The incidence of drug resistance mutation of CRF55_01B sub-type was significantly higher than that of other sub-types. Conclusion The primary drug resistance rate of HIV-1 infected patients is at a slightly high level in Hubei Province, and close monitoring of primary drug resistance and mutation sites should be strengthened before ART, especially for CRF55_01B sub-type.

7.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e255235, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355897

ABSTRACT

Abstract In soybean breeding program, continuous selection pressure on traits response to yield created a genetic bottleneck for improvements of soybean through hybridization breeding technique. Therefore an initiative was taken to developed high yielding soybean variety applying mutation breeding techniques at Plant Breeding Division, Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture (BINA), Bangladesh. Locally available popular cultivar BARI Soybean-5 was used as a parent material and subjected to five different doses of Gamma ray using Co60. In respect to seed yield and yield attributing characters, twelve true breed mutants were selected from M4 generation. High values of heritability and genetic advance with high genotypic coefficient of variance (GCV) for plant height, branch number and pod number were considered as favorable attributes for soybean improvement that ensure expected yield. The mutant SBM-18 obtained from 250Gy provided stable yield performance at diversified environments. It provided maximum seed yield of 3056 kg ha-1 with highest number of pods plant-1 (56). The National Seed Board of Bangladesh (NSB) eventually approved SBM-18 and registered it as a new soybean variety named 'Binasoybean-5' for large-scale planting because of its superior stability in various agro-ecological zones and consistent yield performance.


Resumo No programa de melhoramento da soja, a pressão pela seleção contínua para a resposta das características de rendimento criou um gargalo genético para melhorias da soja por meio da técnica de melhoramento por hibridação. Portanto, foi desenvolvida uma variedade de soja de alto rendimento, aplicando técnicas de reprodução por mutação, na Divisão de Melhoramento de Plantas, no Instituto de Agricultura Nuclear de Bangladesh (BINA), em Bangladesh. A cultivar popular BARI Soybean-5, disponível localmente, foi usada como material original e submetida a cinco doses diferentes de raios gama usando Co60. Em relação ao rendimento de sementes e às características de atribuição de rendimento, 12 mutantes genuínos foram selecionados a partir da geração M4. Altos valores de herdabilidade e avanço genético com alto coeficiente de variância genotípico (GCV) para altura da planta, número de ramos e número de vagens foram considerados atributos favoráveis ​​ao melhoramento da soja, garantindo, assim, a produtividade esperada. O mutante SBM-18, obtido a partir de 250Gy, proporcionou desempenho de rendimento estável em ambientes diversificados e produtividade máxima de sementes de 3.056 kg ha-1 com o maior número de vagens planta-1 (56). O Conselho Nacional de Sementes de Bangladesh (NSB) finalmente aprovou o SBM-18 e o registrou como uma nova variedade de soja, chamada 'Binasoybean-5', para plantio em larga escala por causa de sua estabilidade superior em várias zonas agroecológicas e desempenho de rendimento consistente.


Subject(s)
Glycine max/growth & development , Glycine max/genetics , Phenotype , Bangladesh , Plant Breeding , Genotype , Mutation
8.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 127-135, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007284

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the clinical features and causative genes of short stature children with unknown etiology, providing evidence for precise clinical diagnosis and treatment. MethodsThe study recruited children with suspected but undiagnosed short stature from the pediatric endocrinology department in our hospital between January 2018 and August 2022. A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical manifestations, laboratory test and whole exome sequencing (WES) results. Causative genes were classified and analyzed according to different pathogenic mechanisms. ResultsA total of 48 children (30 boys and 18 girls) were enrolled, aged 7.73 ± 3.97 years, with a height standard deviation score ( HtSDS) of -3.63 ± 1.67. Of the patients, 33 (68.8%) suffered from facial anomalies, 31 (64.6%) from skeletal abnormalities, 26 [54.2%, 61.5% of whom born small for gestational age (SGA)] from perinatal abnormalities, 24 [50.0%, 87.5% of whom with growth hormone (GH) peak concentration below normal] from endocrine disorders and 21(43.8%) had a family history of short stature. Laboratory tests showed that GH peak concentration following stimulation test was (9.72 ± 7.25) ng/mL, IGF-1 standard deviation score was -0.82 ± 1.42, the difference between bone age and chronological age was -0.93 ± 1.39 years. Of the 25 cases with mutant genes found by WES, 14 (56.0%) had pathogenic mutation, 6 (24.0%) likely pathogenic mutation, and 5 (20.0%) mutation of uncertain significance. Pathogenic and likely pathogenic variants were identified in 14 genes, including 10 affecting intracellular signaling pathways (PTPN11, RAF1, RIT1, ARID1B, ANKRD11, CSNK2A1, SRCAP, CUL7, SMAD4 and FAM111A) and 4 affecting extracellular matrix (ECM) components or functions (ACAN, FBN1, COL10A1 and COMP). ConclusionsA rare monogenic disease should be considered as the possible etiology for children with severe short stature accompanied by facial anomalies, disproportionate body types, skeletal abnormalities, SGA, GH peak concentration below normal and a family history of short stature. WES played an important role in identifying the monogenic causes of short stature. This study indicated that affecting growth plate cartilage formation through intracellular signaling pathways and ECM components or functions was the main mechanism of causative genes leading to severe short stature in children. Further research may help discover and study new pathogenic variants and gene functions.

9.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 361-364, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007253

ABSTRACT

Hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) is the second leading cause of acute pancreatitis in China and can be caused by primary factors, namely gene mutations, which may lead to recurrent hypertriglyceridemic acute pancreatitis (HTG-AP) and difficulties in effective control of triglyceride. This article reports an adult Chinese male patient who experienced eight attacks of HTG-AP and was found to carry a de novo heterozygous mutation, p.K327N, of the GPD1 gene, which may cause the persistent high level of triglyceride and recurrent attacks of HTG-AP.

10.
International Eye Science ; (12): 53-57, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003505

ABSTRACT

The neural crest represents a dynamic population of embryonic stem cells, playing a pivotal role in the development of the eye. Through interactions with the surrounding neuroectoderm, superficial ectoderm and mesoderm, the neural crest contributes to the formation of numerous ocular structures, encompassing the corneal stroma and endothelium, trabecular meshwork, iris stroma, ciliary muscle, vitreous and choroidal vessels, and Müller cells. Aberrant migration and development of neural crest cells within the eye can instigate a complex series of ocular diseases. Such diseases include anterior segment like Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome, Peters anomaly, aniridia, primary congenital glaucoma, and Nail-Patella syndrome. Defects that impact the posterior segment may lead to CHARGE syndrome and Branchio-oculo-facial syndrome. Further, rare neurocristopathies such as Waardenburg syndrome, Treacher-Collins syndrome, and Char syndrome can also present with ocular abnormalities. In this review, we explore the ocular diseases that arise from abnormal neural crest cell development, and delve into the related genes involved in neural crest migration and development. We further discuss how mutations and defects in these genes can precipitate ocular diseases.

11.
International Eye Science ; (12): 5-9, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003497

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the pathogenic variants of the SCO2(OMIM 604272)gene in patients with high myopia from Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture of China.METHODS: A total of 384 patients with high myopia whose spherical refractive error was ≤ -6.00 D and whose axial length was ≥26.00 mm in at least one eye were recruited. DNA was extracted by the phenol-chloroform method from 5 mL of peripheral venous blood. Sanger sequencing was performed to identify pathogenic variants in exon 2 of SCO2. The detected variants were evaluated via in silico prediction software. A total of 288 people from the same district were included as the normal control cohort.RESULTS: Seven variants were detected, namely, four synonymous variants(c.201C>T/p.=, c.576C>T/p.=, c.633A>C/p.=, c.780T>C/p.=.), two missense variants(c.187A>G/p.Ile63Val, c.59G>C/p.Arg20Pro)and one nonsense variant(c.544C>T/p.Gln182*). The two missense variants were not damaging, as predicted by PolyPhen2, SIFT and Provean. The novel nonsense variant(c.544C>T/p.Gln182*)cannot be found in the 1000 Genomes Project and was not identified in 288 normal controls. Variant Taster suggested that the nonsense variant site was conserved.CONCLUSION: The newly identified nonsense mutation may be responsible for high myopia of the patients in our cohort. SCO2 is associated with high myopia, while the incidence of SCO2 variants in high myopia in this cohort was as low as 1/384; the nonsense mutation may be a scarce variant of high myopia in the Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture of China.

12.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 288-303, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016367

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To examined gene mutations in thymic carcinoma (TC) patients and to explore prognostic correlates and potential targets for therapy. Methods We retrospectively included TC patients in Sichuan Cancer Hospital between January 2015 and Febuary 2021.Whole-exome sequencing was performed on tumor tissues from TC patients and their control peripheral blood samples, and the raw data were subjected to bioinformatics analysis and statistical analysis. Results We finally included 24 TC patients with 16 males and 8 females at a median age of 55 (42-74) years. The highest frequency of single nucleotide mutations in this cohort were in the TTN gene (42%), HSPG2 (29%), and OBSCN (29%). Higher frequency of copy number variations occurred in ZNF276 gene (54%, loss), BEND3 (50%, loss), DHODH (50%, loss), and VAC14 (50%, loss). Microsatellite instability (MSI) phenotype was found in 25% of the patients, and the mean tumor mutation burden (TMB) was 9.86. Conclusion This study is the first comprehensive analysis of the mutation profile of thymic carcinoma in China to date. The mutation frequencies of TTN, OBSCN, and ZNF276 genes were high. The biomarker analysis suggests that patients may benefit from immunotherapy and have a long effective survival.

13.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 17-24, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013565

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the level of deltamethrin resistance and mutation sites in the sodium iron channel gene in Rhipicephalus microplus in Huaihua City, Hunan Province, and to examine the correlation between deltamethrin resistance and mutation sites in the sodium iron channel gene in Rh. microplus. Methods Rh. microplus was sampled from multiple yellow cattle farms in Huaihua City, Hunan Province from June to September 2022, and the level of resistance to deltamethrin was determined in ticks using the adult immersion test. The sodium iron channel domain III gene was amplified in deltamethrin-resistant and wild-type Rh. microplus using PCR assay. Following sequencing and sequence alignment, mutation sites were detected in bases. The sodium iron channel domain III gene in Rh. microplus was translated, and the signal peptide, transmembrane domain, and phosphorylation and glycosylation sites were detected in amino acid sequences. The tertiary structures of the sodium iron channel domain III protein of deltamethrin-resistant and wild-type Rh. microplus were deduced and compared, and the association be tween mutation sites in bases and resistance to deltamethrin was examined in Rh. microplus according the level of deltamethrin resistance, sequence alignment and protein tertiary structure. Results The median (LC50) and 95% lethal concentrations (LC95) of deltamethrin were 121.39 mg/L and 952.61 mg/L against Rh. microplus, with a resistance factor of 9.24 and level II resistance. The sequence of the sodium ion channel domain III gene was 1 010 bp in size, and mutation sites were detected in two neighboring bases in the sequence of the sodium ion channel domain III gene in deltamethrin-resistant Rh. microplus. Although no signal peptides were found in the sodium iron channel domain III protein of deltamethrin-resistant or wild-type Rh. microplus, 6 trans-membrane domains, 42 phosphorylation sites and 8 glycosylation sites were identified, with a significant difference in the tertiary structure of the sodium iron channel domain III protein between deltamethrin-resistant and wild-type Rh. microplus. Conclusions Level II resistance to deltamethrin is detected in Rh. microplus in Huaihua City, Hunan Province, and two mutation sites that correlate with the emergence of deltamethrin resistance are identified in the sequence of the sodium iron channel domain III gene in deltamethrin-resistant Rh. microplus.

14.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 585-588, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013141

ABSTRACT

The disease spectrum of ABCB4 gene mutation involves various diseases such as progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis type 3 (PFIC3), gallstone disease, intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy, portal hypertension, liver cirrhosis, and even primary hepatic and biliary malignancies. A young male patient was admitted to Department of Hepatobiliary Medicine, Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital, and was initially diagnosed with liver cirrhosis and gallstones, and he was planned to receive laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Preoperative examination showed abnormal liver function, liver cirrhosis, splenomegaly, and mild esophageal varices, and next-generation sequencing was performed to make a confirmed diagnosis of ABCB4 gene mutation-associated liver cirrhosis with gallstones. The liver function of the patient gradually returned to normal after cholagogic treatment with ursodeoxycholic acid capsules.

15.
Braz. j. biol ; 842024.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1469302

ABSTRACT

Abstract In soybean breeding program, continuous selection pressure on traits response to yield created a genetic bottleneck for improvements of soybean through hybridization breeding technique. Therefore an initiative was taken to developed high yielding soybean variety applying mutation breeding techniques at Plant Breeding Division, Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture (BINA), Bangladesh. Locally available popular cultivar BARI Soybean-5 was used as a parent material and subjected to five different doses of Gamma ray using Co60. In respect to seed yield and yield attributing characters, twelve true breed mutants were selected from M4 generation. High values of heritability and genetic advance with high genotypic coefficient of variance (GCV) for plant height, branch number and pod number were considered as favorable attributes for soybean improvement that ensure expected yield. The mutant SBM-18 obtained from 250Gy provided stable yield performance at diversified environments. It provided maximum seed yield of 3056 kg ha-1 with highest number of pods plant-1 (56). The National Seed Board of Bangladesh (NSB) eventually approved SBM-18 and registered it as a new soybean variety named Binasoybean-5 for large-scale planting because of its superior stability in various agro-ecological zones and consistent yield performance.


Resumo No programa de melhoramento da soja, a pressão pela seleção contínua para a resposta das características de rendimento criou um gargalo genético para melhorias da soja por meio da técnica de melhoramento por hibridação. Portanto, foi desenvolvida uma variedade de soja de alto rendimento, aplicando técnicas de reprodução por mutação, na Divisão de Melhoramento de Plantas, no Instituto de Agricultura Nuclear de Bangladesh (BINA), em Bangladesh. A cultivar popular BARI Soybean-5, disponível localmente, foi usada como material original e submetida a cinco doses diferentes de raios gama usando Co60. Em relação ao rendimento de sementes e às características de atribuição de rendimento, 12 mutantes genuínos foram selecionados a partir da geração M4. Altos valores de herdabilidade e avanço genético com alto coeficiente de variância genotípico (GCV) para altura da planta, número de ramos e número de vagens foram considerados atributos favoráveis ao melhoramento da soja, garantindo, assim, a produtividade esperada. O mutante SBM-18, obtido a partir de 250Gy, proporcionou desempenho de rendimento estável em ambientes diversificados e produtividade máxima de sementes de 3.056 kg ha-1 com o maior número de vagens planta-1 (56). O Conselho Nacional de Sementes de Bangladesh (NSB) finalmente aprovou o SBM-18 e o registrou como uma nova variedade de soja, chamada Binasoybean-5, para plantio em larga escala por causa de sua estabilidade superior em várias zonas agroecológicas e desempenho de rendimento consistente.

16.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 83(2): 176-180, jun. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515477

ABSTRACT

La manga traqueal cartilaginosa es una malformación de la vía aérea donde no se distinguen anillos traqueales. Un segmento continuo de cartílago se extiende desde el cricoides, pudiendo llegar hasta los bronquios principales. Está asociada a síndromes de craneosinostosis con la mutación FGFR2, además de muertes prematuras por oclusión de la tráquea con tapones mucosos. Se presenta el curso clínico de pacientes portadores de manga traqueal cartilaginosa en el contexto de una malformación craneofacial. Caso 1. Masculino, al nacer hipoplasia del tercio medio facial. Polisomnografía: índice de apnea/hipopnea de 37,7/hr. Laringotraqueobroncoscopía (LTBC): tráquea sin anillos cartilaginosos desde cricoides hasta bronquios fuentes. Se indica traqueostomía. Caso 2. Masculino, al nacer cráneo en trébol. Poligrafía: Síndrome de apnea/hipopnea obstructiva del sueño (SAHOS) leve. Revisión vía aérea: desde subglotis hasta bronquios principales se extiende tráquea en manga. Se indica traqueostomía. En el contexto de una craneosinostosis en niños, especialmente con mutación FGFR2, creemos necesario realizar una LTBC en búsqueda de manga traqueal, ya que si es diagnosticada se debe recomendar traqueostomía, mejorando su expectativa de vida. Si la indicación de traqueostomía fuese por SAHOS, es obligatoria una LTBC preoperatoria, para evitar el no tener referencias anatómicas en el proceso.


A tracheal cartilaginous sleeve is a malformation of the airway in which the tracheal rings are indistinguishable. A continuous segment of cartilage extends from the cricoid, and it may reach all the way to the main bronchi. It is associated with various craniosynostosis syndromes with the FGFR2 mutation, in addition to premature deaths due to occlusions caused by mucus plugs in the trachea. Here we present the clinical course of patients who suffer from Tracheal Cartilaginous Sleeve in the context of a craniofacial malformation. First case. Male, presenting at birth a midfacial hypoplasia. Polysomnography: presents a 37,7/h index of apnea/hypopnea. Laryngotracheobronchoscopy (LTB): trachea is without cartilaginous rings from the cricoid to the main bronchi. A tracheostomy is indicated. Second case. Male, cloverleaf skull at birth. Polysomnography: Obstructive Sleep Apnea-Hypopnea Syndrome (OSAHS) non-severe degree. Revision of the airway: the trachea in sleeve extends from the subglottis to the main bronchi. A tracheostomy is indicated. In the context of craniosynostosis in children, especially with FGFR2 mutation, we believe it is necessary to do an LTB in the search of a tracheal sleeve, since if it is diagnosed a tracheostomy must be indicated, to better the life expectancy of the patient. If the tracheostomy indication comes from an OSAHS, a preoperatory LTB is obligatory to avoid not having anatomical references during the procedure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant, Newborn , Trachea/abnormalities , Cartilage/abnormalities , Trachea/surgery , Trachea/pathology , Tracheotomy/methods , Cartilage/pathology
17.
An. Fac. Med. (Perú) ; 84(2)jun. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447201

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La disfunción ejecutiva asociada a quimioterapia es un efecto adverso del tratamiento antineoplásico convencional y afecta a un porcentaje considerable de personas. Se ha reportado que la presencia de ciertos polimorfismos en genes relevantes puede causar mayor susceptibilidad a padecerlo. Objetivo. Determinar la relación entre el polimorfismo Val66Met (196 G>A) del gen BDNF y el desarrollo de disfunción ejecutiva en mujeres con cáncer de mama tratadas con quimioterapia. Métodos. Se evaluaron a 73 pacientes mujeres con cáncer de mama para determinar disfunción ejecutiva antes y después de la quimioterapia. La evaluación fue realizada con la prueba INECO Frontal Screening (IFS). Se determinó el genotipo (GG=Val/Val, GA=Val/Met y AA=Met/Met) por PCR y secuenciamiento del gen BDNF. El análisis de asociación se realizó mediante el cálculo del odds ratio (OR). Resultados. El 13,7% (n = 10) de pacientes presentó el alelo A (GA y AA), además obtuvieron puntajes significativamente menores de la prueba IFS comparado con las homocigotas GG (p A) del gen BDNF y el desarrollo de disfunción ejecutiva en pacientes con cáncer de mama tratadas con quimioterapia; sin embargo, las portadoras del alelo A (Met) presentaron puntajes menores en la evaluación cognitiva.


Introduction. Chemotherapy-associated executive dysfunction is an adverse effect of conventional antineoplastic treatment that affects many patients. It has been reported that the presence of specific polymorphisms in key genes can cause a greater susceptibility to develop this condition. Objective. To determine the relationship between the Val66Met polymorphism (196 G>A) of the BDNF gene and the development of executive dysfunction in female patients with breast cancer treated with chemotherapy. Methods. 73 female breast cancer patients were evaluated for executive dysfunction before and after chemotherapy. The evaluation was carried out with the INECO Frontal Screening test (IFS). The genotype (GG=Val/Val, GA=Val/Met and AA=Met/Met) was determined by PCR and sequencing of BDNF gene. Association analysis was performed by calculating the Odds Ratio (OR) and by quantitative comparison. Results. 13.7% (n = 10) of the sample presented the allele A (GA and AA), which obtained significantly lower scores in the IFS test compared to the homozygous GG (p A) polymorphism of the BDNF gene and the development of executive dysfunction in patients with breast cancer treated with chemotherapy. However, patients with the allele A (Met) presented significant lower scores in the cognitive assessment.

18.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2023 Jun; 66(2): 246-251
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-223426

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Ameloblastoma is a benign epithelial odontogenic neoplasm that constitutes approximately 1% of all oral tumors and about 9 to 11% of all odontogenic tumors. They are slow-growing, locally invasive, and demonstrate a potential for metastasis and malignant transformation. The molecular pathogenesis of ameloblastoma is attributed to aberrant activity of the signal transduction pathways relating to developmental stages of odontogenesis including the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway. The BRAF V600E mutation was identified as the most frequently mutated gene in this neoplasm. Studies have shown that use of BRAF inhibitors in patients diagnosed with ameloblastomas led to a significant reduction in tumor volume. Aims: To detect the expression of BRAF V600E mutation in ameloblastomas in an Indian population using immunohistochemistry. To compare the difference in the occurrence of the BRAF V600E mutation between mandibular and maxillary cases. Materials and Methods: Thirty-three formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues of histopathologically proven cases of ameloblastoma were assessed for the BRAF V600E mutation by immunohistochemistry using the BRAF V600E monoclonal antibody. Patient data such as age, sex, anatomical site, recurrence were documented. Statistical Analysis: The statistical analysis was performed using the Pearson Chi-square test and Student's t-test. Results: The present study revealed a high expression of the BRAFV600E mutation in mandibular cases of ameloblastoma among Indians irrespective of the age, sex, site, recurrence or histological pattern. Conclusions: The identification of this driver mutation opens the possibility of an adjuvant therapeutic modality to reduce the significant facial disfigurement and morbidity following surgical management.

19.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-223134

ABSTRACT

Background: Generalized pustular psoriasis (GPP) is a chronic disease associated with genetic factors related to mutations of the interleukin 36 receptor antagonist gene (IL36RN) and the caspase recruitment domain 14 gene (CARD14). However, the relevance of these mutations to the clinical features and severity of GPP remains unclear. Aims: Our objective was to correlate the presence of IL36RN and CARD14 mutations with the clinical and laboratory findings in patients with GPP. Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in 64 subjects with GPP. Clinical manifestations were recorded and the severity was graded as mild, moderate, or severe. Routine laboratory tests were performed and blood samples were collected for Sanger sequencing. The clinical data of patients were compared among the different mutation groups. Results: The two main variants of IL36RN were c.115+6T > C (p.Arg10ArgfsX1) and c.227C > T (p.Pro76Leu). The major CARD14 mutations were c.2458C > T (p.Arg820Trp), c.1641C > T (p.Arg547Ser), and c.1753G > A transitions. Provocative factors were uncommon in the group with both IL36RN and CARD14 mutations. Drugs (unspecified), especially herbals, were the most common triggers. A history of psoriasis was frequent in patients with only CARD14 mutations, but fever was uncommon. The c.1641C > T mutation was associated with leukocytosis > 15000/mm3 and the c.1753G > A mutation was associated with hypoalbuminemia <3.8g/dL. Both the c.115+6T > C and c.227C > T variants of IL36RN were associated with fever ?38.5°C while the c.115+6T > C variant was also associated with geographic tongue. No gene mutations were associated with the total severity and severity grades. Limitations: Four patients without the two major IL36RN mutations were excluded from the study. Conclusion: The presence of IL36RN and CARD14 mutations were associated with a history of psoriasis, various provocative factors, fever, leukocytosis, hypoalbuminemia, and geographic tongue. Further studies to explore the role of these mutations in therapeutic efficacy and disease outcomes are necessary.

20.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535889

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Several factors have been described to make a prognostic assessment of patients with liver metastases due to colorectal cancer and to define the benefit of the surgical management of metastatic involvement; one of these factors is the status of the KRAS gene since its mutation is associated with worse outcomes. This study aims to describe the outcomes for a retrospective series of patients after liver resections for metastatic colorectal cancer concerning KRAS gene status. Materials and methods: The study involves a retrospective cohort of patients undergoing liver metastasectomy for colorectal cancer with KRAS mutation study from 2009-2013 at the National Institute of Cancerology in Colombia. Five-year survival analyses (overall and disease-free) were performed according to KRAS mutation status and the type of liver resection performed using the Kaplan-Meier estimate. Results: 35 patients undergoing liver metastasectomy were analyzed, of which 42.8% had KRAS gene mutation. Median overall survival was 34.2 months for patients with KRAS- mutant and 46.5 for non-mutant. The median survival for KRAS-mutant patients with anatomic resections was 43.5 months versus 23.5 months for nonanatomic resections. Conclusions: Performing anatomic resections during liver metastasectomy in patients with KRAS mutants could be associated with an improvement in overall survival. It is necessary to continue building the evidence for adequate decision-making in patients with KRAS mutants who will undergo liver resections.


Introducción: se han descrito varios factores para realizar una evaluación pronóstica de los pacientes con metástasis hepáticas por cáncer colorrectal y definir el beneficio en el manejo quirúrgico del compromiso metastásico; uno de estos factores es el estado del gen KRAS, debido a que su mutación está relacionada con peores desenlaces. El objetivo de este estudio es describir los desenlaces para una serie retrospectiva de pacientes después de resecciones hepáticas por metástasis de cáncer colorrectal en relación con el estado del gen KRAS. Metodología: cohorte retrospectiva de pacientes llevados a metastasectomía hepática por cáncer colorrectal con estudio de mutación KRAS durante el período 2009-2013, en el Instituto Nacional de Cancerología en Colombia. Se realizaron análisis de supervivencia a 5 años (global y libre de enfermedad) según el estado de mutación KRAS y según el tipo de resección hepática realizada mediante el método de Kaplan-Meier. Resultados: se analizaron a 35 pacientes llevados a metastasectomía hepática, de los cuales el 42,8% presentaba mutación del gen KRAS. La supervivencia global media fue de 34,2 meses para los pacientes con KRAS mutado y de 46,5 para los no mutados. La supervivencia media para los pacientes con KRAS mutado con resecciones anatómicas fue de 43,5 meses frente a 23,5 meses en los que se realizaron resecciones no anatómicas. Conclusiones: realizar resecciones anatómicas durante la metastasectomía hepática en los pacientes con KRAS mutado podría estar asociado con una mejoría en la supervivencia global. Se requiere continuar en la construcción de la evidencia que permita una adecuada toma de decisiones de los pacientes con KRAS mutado que serán llevados a resecciones hepáticas.

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