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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 138-146, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006439

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the risk factors for early tumor recurrence after laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD) in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), and to establish a predictive model. MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 240 PDAC patients who underwent LPD in The First Hospital of Jilin University from April 2016 to July 2022, with early postoperative tumor recurrence (time to recurrence ≤12 months) as the study outcome. The patients were randomly divided into training group with 168 patients and validation group with 72 patients at a ratio of 7∶3. In the training group, there were 70 patients (41.67%) with early postoperative recurrence and 98 (58.33%) without early recurrence, and in the validation group, there were 32 (44.44%) with early postoperative recurrence and 40 (55.56%) without early recurrence. The chi-square test or the Fisher’s exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups; a logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the risk factors for early postoperative recurrence; the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) were used to evaluate the discriminatory ability of the model, with AUC>0.75 indicating that the model had adequate discriminatory ability. The Bootstrap resampling method was used for validation after 1 000 times of random sampling, and the model was validated again in the validation group. The calibration curve and the Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test were used to evaluate the degree of calibration, and the decision curve analysis was used to evaluate clinical practicability. ResultsThe univariate and multivariate analyses showed that preoperative CA19-9 level≥37 U/mL (odds ratio [OR]=6.265, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.938‍ ‍—‍ ‍20.249, P<0.05), maximum tumor diameter >3 cm (OR=10.878, 95%CI: 4.090‍ ‍—‍ ‍28.932, P<0.05), poor tumor differentiation (OR=3.679, 95%CI: 1.435‍ ‍—‍ ‍9.433, P<0.05), lymph node metastasis (OR=0.209, 95%CI: 0.080‍ ‍—‍ ‍0.551, P<0.05), and absence of adjuvant chemotherapy after surgery (OR=0.167, 95%CI: 0.058‍ ‍—‍ ‍0.480, P<0.05). A nomogram model was constructed based on these factors; the ROC curve analysis showed that the model had an AUC of 0.895 (95%CI: 0.846‍ ‍—‍ ‍0.943, P<0.001), and the calibration curve and the Hosmer-Lemeshow test showed that the model had a good degree of calibration (P=0.173). The decision curve analysis showed that the nomogram had a good clinical application value. ConclusionPreoperative CA19-9 level ≥37 U/mL, maximum tumor diameter >3 cm, poor tumor differentiation, lymph node metastasis, and absence of adjuvant chemotherapy after surgery are independent risk factors for the early recurrence of PDAC after LPD, and the nomogram model established based on these factors can effectively predict early postoperative recurrence.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 319-326, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007247

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the role and mechanism of DNA repair regulation in the process of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence. MethodsHCC tissue samples were collected from the patients with recurrence within two years or the patients with a good prognosis after 5 years, and the Tandem Mass Tag-labeled quantification proteomic study was used to analyze the differentially expressed proteins enriched in the four pathways of DNA replication, mismatch repair, base excision repair, and nucleotide excision repair, and the regulatory pathways and targets that play a key role in the process of HCC recurrence were analyzed to predict the possible regulatory mechanisms. The independent samples t-test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups; a one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison between multiple groups, and the least significant difference t-test was used for further comparison between two groups. ResultsFor the eukaryotic replication complex pathway, there were significant reductions in the protein expression levels of MCM2 (P=0.018), MCM3 (P=0.047), MCM4 (P=0.014), MCM5 (P=0.008), MCM6 (P=0.006), MCM7 (P=0.007), PCNA (P=0.019), RFC4 (P=0.002), RFC5 (P<0.001), and LIG1 (P=0.042); for the nucleotide excision repair pathway, there were significant reductions in the protein expression levels of PCNA (P=0.019), RFC4 (P=0.002), RFC5 (P<0.001), and LIG1 (P=0.042); for the base excision repair pathway, there were significant reductions in the protein expression levels of PCNA (P=0.019) and LIG1 (P=0.042) in the HCC recurrence group; for the mismatch repair pathway, there were significant reductions in the protein expression levels of MSH2 (P=0.026), MSH6 (P=0.006), RFC4 (P=0.002), RFC5 (P<0.001), PCNA (P=0.019), and LIG1 (P=0.042) in recurrent HCC tissue. The differentially expressed proteins were involved in the important components of MCM complex, DNA polymerase complex, ligase LIG1, long patch base shear repair complex (long patch BER), and DNA mismatch repair protein complex. The clinical sample validation analysis of important differentially expressed proteins regulated by DNA repair showed that except for MCM6 with a trend of reduction, the recurrence group also had significant reductions in the relative protein expression levels of MCM5 (P=0.008), MCM7 (P=0.007), RCF4 (P=0.002), RCF5 (P<0.001), and MSH6 (P=0.006). ConclusionThere are significant reductions or deletions of multiple complex protein components in the process of DNA repair during HCC recurrence.

3.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 258-262, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994567

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of transorally inserted anvil (OrVil TM) in patients with relapsed or denovo carcinoma at the esophagogastric junction. Methods:The clinical data of 60 patients who underwent radical intent resection for locally relapsed or denovo esophagogastric junction adenocarcinoma at Zhengzhou University Cancer Hospital from Jan 2011 to Jun 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into two groups according to whether transorally inserted anvil was used. Twenty-six patients who had used the system were assigned to the experimental group. Thirty-four patients without transorally inserted anvil were set to control group.Results:The incisor distance of the experimental group was shorter than that of the control group [36(34-40)cm vs. 39(36-41)cm, Z=-4.948, P<0.05]. Operation time in experimental group was 177 (145-260) min, compared to control group of 172 (140-225) min ( Z=-0.735, P=0.463). Intraoperative blood loss was 200 (100-900) ml in the experimental group and 300 (100-800) ml in the control group ( Z=-1.244, P=0.213). Postoperative upper margin distance of the experimental group was (3.6±1.7) cm compared to control group of (1.8±1.1) cm ( t=-0.735, P<0.01). The positive rate of margin in the experimental group was 4% vs. 15% in the control group ( χ2=1.931, P=0.165). The length of postoperative hospital stay in the experimental group was (18.6±5.2) d vs. (20.5±4.7) d ( t=-1.455, P=0.151). Surgery-related complications developed in 19% in the experimental group vs. 27% in the control group ( P>0.05). Conclusion:The application of the transorally inserted anvil in the operation of patients with locally relapsed or denovo esophagogastric junction cancer after initial operation reduces the difficulty of operation and decreases the positive rate of margin.

4.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 31-35, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993554

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prognostic value of 18F-FDG PET/CT in patients with locally recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) receiving chemoradiotherapy, and relationships between different metabolic parameters and peripheral blood inflammation markers. Methods:From January 2013 to June 2016, the data of 56 patients (40 males, 16 females, age 27-81 years) with locally recurrent NPC receiving chemoradiotherapy in the First People′s Hospital of Foshan were retrospectively analyzed. The SUV max, metabolic tumor volume (MTV), and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) were determined by 18F-FDG PET/CT and peripheral blood inflammation markers within 1 week before treatment were measured. Spearman rank correlation analysis was used to estimate the correlations between metabolic parameters and inflammation markers. According to the ROC curve, the best cut-off values of the SUV max, MTV and TLG were obtained and used to group patients. The Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression were used to conduct univariate analysis and multivariate analysis of 3-year locoregional failure-free survival (LRFFS) and 3-year overall survival (OS) in patients with locally recurrent NPC. The prognostic value of metabolic parameters in patients with early and advanced recurrent T(rT) stages were compared. Results:MTV was positively correlated with neutrophils, neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) before treatment in patients with locally recurrent NPC ( rs values: 0.30, 0.30, 0.28, 0.27, all P<0.05); TLG was positively correlated with neutrophils, monocytes, NLR and PLR ( rs values: 0.30, 0.28, 0.32, 0.30, all P<0.05). But there were no correlations between SUV max and peripheral blood inflammation markers ( rs values: from -0.18 to 0.24, all P>0.05). SUV max was an factor affecting 3-year LRFFS of patients undergoing radiotherapy and chemotherapy (hazard ratio ( HR)=3.815(95% CI: 1.278-11.388), P=0.016), while rT stage and MTV were prognostic factors for 3-year OS ( HR values: 4.492(95% CI: 1.474-13.688), 7.238(95% CI: 1.653-31.688), P values: 0.008, 0.009). For patients with advanced rT (rT3-4), the 3-year OS of the MTV≥6.84 cm 3 group was significantly lower than that of MTV<6.84 cm 3 group ( χ2=6.99, P=0.008). Conclusions:SUV max of tumor and MTV before treatment have important prognostic values in patients with locally recurrent NPC receiving chemoradiotherapy, but their predictive effects on prognosis are not the same. The varying effects of local inflammation on metabolic parameters may be one of the important reasons lead to that difference.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 647-652, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992992

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the diagnostic value of neck imaging reporting and data systems (NI-RADS) based on MRI in extracavity local recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma (ELRNPC) and posttreatment changes (PTC).Methods:From April 2015 to September 2020, 33 cases of ELRNPC and 37 cases of PTC confirmed by pathology or follow-up were retrospectively enrolled at Zhongshan City People′s Hospital. Two radiologists independently evaluated the conventional MRI findings using NI-RADS criteria in the first step, then evaluated with conventional MRI and diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) sequences in the second step. All images were re-evaluated by one senior radiologist in the same steps after three months. Inter- and intra-reader agreements were assessed with Cohen′s Kappa test. Receiver operating characteristic curves were generated to assess the diagnostic values of NI-RADS categories between ELRNPC and PTC. The area under the curve (AUC) was compared by Delong test.Results:Inter- and intra-reader agreements of Kappa value were 0.742 and 0.909 for conventional MRI and 0.807 and 0.934 for conventional MRI with DWI. In the differential diagnosis of ELRNPC and PTC, the AUC, sensitivity, and specificity of NI-RADS categories based on conventional MRI were 0.932 (95%CI 0.846-0.978), 87.9% (95%CI 71.8%-96.6%), 94.6% (95%CI 81.8%-99.3%), and of NI-RADS based on conventional MRI with DWI were 0.991 (95%CI 0.933-1.000), 93.9% (95%CI 79.8%-99.3%), 97.3% (95%CI 85.8%-99.9%), respectively. There was a statistical difference between the AUCs of the two categories ( Z=2.20, P=0.028). Conclusions:For both the NI-RADS based on MRI with or without DWI, the differential diagnostic value of ELRNPC and PTC is excellent, while the consistency and diagnostic performance are more substantial when combined with DWI.

6.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 198-206, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992888

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the prognosis of epithelial ovarian cancer patients with multiple recurrences (≥2 times) who underwent three times or more cytoreductive surgeries, and to analyze the factors associated with prognosis.Methods:The clinicopathological data and follow-up data of 23 patients with ovarian cancer admitted to the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University from January 1, 2015 to January 30, 2022 with three times or more cytoreductive surgeries were collected. The degree of surgical resection, site of recurrence and metastasis, postoperative complications, and prognosis were retrospectively analyzed. The univariate Cox proportional hazards model was performed to identify the variables associated with survival.Results:(1) The median age of 23 patients with multiple recurrent ovarian cancer was 48 years old (44-55 years). Among them, 18 cases underwent tertiary cytoreductive surgery (TCS), 2 cases underwent quaternary cytoreductive surgery, 2 cases underwent quinary cytoreductive surgery, and 1 case underwent senary cytoreductive surgery. Among the 23 patients with multiple recurrent ovarian cancer, 21 cases (91%, 21/23) had serous carcinoma, 16 cases (70%, 16/23) had advanced stage (stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ), and 19 cases (83%, 19/23) had high differentiation. (2) Based on the premise that satisfactory cytoreduction was achieved by primary debulking surgery (PDS) and no visible residual disease (R0) was achieved by secondary cytoreductive surgery (SCS), the maximum diameter of the recurrent tumors was up to 10.0 cm and 62% (20/32) of patients with multiple metastatic sites. The R0 rate for three times or more cytoreductive surgeries (32 times in total) reached 88% (28/32), with a postoperative complication rate of 47% (15/32), and only 3% (1/32) for grade Ⅲ or above. During a median follow-up time of 31.1 months (20.6-43.9 months) after TCS, 20 patients (87%, 20/23) recurred after TCS, and 8 patients (35%, 8/23) eventually died of ovarian cancer. Among them, the three-year postoperative survival rate of 22 patients with R0 was 57.6%, and the patient with residual lesions ≥1 cm died at 9.2 months after TCS. (3) In univariate analysis, ages, the time interval between PDS and SCS >32 months, the interval between SCS and TCS >16 months, and no metastatic peritoneal carcinoma were associated with longer progression free survival after TCS (all P<0.05); while treatment-free interval (TFI) >10 months after SCS, the interval between SCS and TCS >16 months, no ascites and platinum-sensitive status were associated with disease-specific survival after TCS (all P<0.05). Conclusions:It is feasible to perform three times or more cytoreductive surgeries in patients with multiple recurrent ovarian cancer who are expected to achieve R0 and have manageable complications. However, the pros and cons of surgery need to be carefully evaluated for the patients whose ascites are massive and whose previous cytoreduction does not achieve R0. A prolonged TFI and previously longer surgical interval might get potential survival benefits.

7.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 49-59, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992879

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the factors affecting the prognosis of stage Ⅰa2-Ⅱa2 cervical cancer after laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (LRH), and to compare the prognosis and recurrence sites of patients with different colpotomy paths.Methods:The clinical data of 965 patients with stage Ⅰa2-Ⅱa2 cervical cancer who underwent LRH in the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University from January 2015 to December 2018 were collected. The median age was 47.0 years of all patients with a median follow-up of 62 months (48-74 months). Cox regression was used to perform the univariate and multivariate analysis of the clinicopathological factors associated with the prognosis that included disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). Patients were categorized into LRH through vaginal colpotomy (VC group, n=475) and LRH through intracorporeal colpotomy (IC group, n=490) according to the colpotomic approaches. The prognosis and recurrence sites of patients in each group were compared. Results:(1) During the follow-up period, 137 cases recurred (14.2%, 137/965) and 98 cases died (10.2%, 98/965). The 5-year DFS and OS were 85.8% and 89.9%, respectively. In univariate analysis, positive vaginal margin (PVM) was significantly affected the 5-year OS of patients with cervical cancer ( P=0.023), while clinical stage, maximum diameter of tumor, degree of pathological differentiation, lymph node metastasis (LNM), depth of cervical stromal invasion, parametrium involvement, and uterine corpus invasion (UCI) were significantly associated with 5-year DFS and OS in patients with cervical cancer (all P<0.05). In multivariate analysis, clinical stage ( HR=1.882, 95% CI: 1.305-2.716), LNM ( HR=2.178, 95% CI: 1.483-3.200) and UCI ( HR=3.650, 95% CI: 1.906-6.988) were independent risk factors of 5-year DFS (all P<0.001). Clinical stage ( HR=2.500, 95% CI: 1.580-3.956), LNM ( HR=2.053, 95% CI: 1.309-3.218), UCI ( HR=3.984, 95%C I: 1.917-8.280), PVM ( HR=3.235, 95% CI: 1.021-10.244) were independent risk factors of 5-year OS (all P<0.05). (2) Different colpotomy paths did not significantly affect the 5-year DFS and OS of patients with stage Ⅰa2-Ⅱa2 cervical cancer. The 5-year DFS in VC group and IC group were 85.9% and 85.6% ( P=0.794), and the 5-year OS were 90.8% and 89.3% ( P=0.966), respectively. Recurrence patterns consisted of intraperitoneal recurrence, pelvic recurrence, vaginal stump recurrence, and lymph node and distant metastasis. The intraperitoneal recurrence rate of VC group was significantly lower than that of IC group [0.6%(3/468) vs 2.3% (11/485), P=0.037], while the rates of pelvic recurrence, vaginal stump recurrence, lymph node and distant metastasis and overall recurrence were not significantly different between two groups (all P>0.05). Subgroup analysis of patients with different clinical stages, LNM and UCI showed that statistical differences of the intraperitoneal recurrence rates between two groups were only in patients without LNM (0.5% vs 2.3%, P=0.030) or without UCI (0.7% vs 2.3%, P=0.037). Conclusions:Clinical stage, LNM, PVM and UCI are independent risk factors for the prognosis of patients with stage Ⅰa2-Ⅱa2 cervical cancer. For patients without LNM or UCI, LRH through VC could reduce the intraperitoneal recurrence rate, while it is not enough to improve 5-year DFS and OS of patients. Low proportion of intraperitoneal recurrence, intra-operative tumor cells spillage to vagina stump and pelvic cavity might be the explanation.

8.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 557-561, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991057

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of 3D laparoscopic trans-sacrococcygeal and transabdominal perineal in the treatment of low rectal cancer.Methods:The clinical data of 86 patients with low rectal cancer admitted to Qilu Hospital of Shandong University(Qingdao) from January 2017 to January 2020 were collected retrospectively, and they were divided into the control group and the observation group by the different surgical approaches, with 43 cases in each group. The control group was treated with 3D laparoscopic transabdominal perineal resection of rectal cancer, and the observation group was treated with 3D laparoscopic trans-sacrococcygeal resection of rectal cancer. Perioperative indexes in the two groups were recorded. The levels of carbohydrate antigen (CA)242, CA724, and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) were compared before and 6 months after the surgery. Follow-up was arranged to record the local recurrence rate and survival rate.Results:The operative time, intraoperative blood loss, exhaust time, hospitalization time in the observation group were lower than those in the control group: (182.04 ± 50.87) min vs. (210.59 ± 61.03) min, (89.18 ± 12.57) ml vs. (116.58 ± 22.09) ml, (2.94 ± 0.58) d vs. (4.56 ± 1.07) d, (10.65 ± 2.03) d vs. (14.06 ± 2.84) d, the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The urination function of the observation group recovered well after the surgery, and there was statistical significance in the grading of urination function between the two groups ( P<0.05). The levels of CEA, CA242 and CA274 in the observation group at 6 months after the surgery were lower than those in the control group: (4.13 ± 0.46) μg/L vs. (5.01 ± 0.72) μg/L, (14.01 ± 5.16) kU/L vs. (16.97 ± 5.76) kU/L, (4.19 ± 0.68) kU/L vs. (4.97 ± 0.87) kU/L, the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The survival rate in the observation group was higher than that in the control group: 88.37%(38/43) vs. 69.77%(30/43); and the recurrence rate was lower than that in the control group: 4.65%(2/43) vs. 27.91%(12/43), the differences were statistically significant ( χ2 = 4.50, 8.53, P<0.05). Conclusions:3D laparoscopic trans-sacrococcygeal resection of rectal cancer can effectively shorten the operation time, reduce the amount of bleeding, but also improve the patient's anal function, and has low local recurrence rate, which is worthy of clinical promotion.

9.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 26(4): 630-635, Oct.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421669

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Selective neck dissection inclinically node-negative neckisconsidered the standard of care for oral squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs). Controversy still prevailsinnode-positive disease regarding the extent of neck dissection. In our part of the world, comprehensive neck dissection is mostly considered to be the minimal optimal treatment for palpable neck disease. Objective To compare regional control and disease-specific survival between clinically node-positive and node-negative patients undergoing selective neck dissection for oral SCC. Methods This was a retrospective cohort study conducted in the department of ENT, Head and Neck surgery at a tertiary care hospital. All patients with biopsy-proven oral and lip SCC, with or without nodal disease, who underwent selective neck dissection between April 2006 and July 2015 were included in the study. Results During the study period, 111 patients with oral SCC underwent selective neck dissection, of whom 71 (62%) were clinically node-negative and 40 (38%) patients had clinically positive nodes in the neck. The mean follow-up was 16.62 months (standard deviation [SD]: 17.03). The overall regional control rates were 95 versus 96% for clinical negative versus positive nodes, respectively (p = 0.589). The disease-specific survival was 84.5% in the node negative group versus 82.5% in the node-positive group (p = 0.703). Conclusion Selective neck dissection in node-positive neck oral SCC has similar regional control rates when compared with node-negative neck SCC. The difference in disease-specific survival between the two groups is also not significant.

10.
Ginecol. obstet. Méx ; 90(3): 261-272, ene. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385020

ABSTRACT

Resumen ANTECEDENTES: Las pacientes con un tumor limítrofe del ovario pueden tratarse conservadoramente en etapas tempranas y con ello conseguir una supervivencia considerable. Las etapas avanzadas tienen un periodo libre de enfermedad prolongado, algunas con crecimiento de implantes peritoneales y recaída posterior a 10 años del tratamiento. OBJETIVO: Conocer cuál es el pronóstico de las pacientes con un tumor limítrofe del ovario, y su tratamiento en México y otros países. MÉTODOLOGÍA: Revisión sistemática de ensayos clínicos recientes registrados en las bases de datos de PubMed, Embase y Cochrane de artículos publicados en inglés y en español entre los años 2006 y 2021. Además, una revisión analítica de la experiencia acumulada en 10 años en la atención de pacientes con tumor limítrofe del ovario atendidas en la Unidad Médica de Alta Especialidad de Oncología del Centro Médico Nacional siglo XXI del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, en la Ciudad de México y otros centros médicos de la República Mexicana. RESULTADOS: Se encontraron 62 artículos relacionados con los términos de búsqueda; de éstos, se descartaron 11 porque no eran artículos originales solo de tumores limítrofes del ovario y 4 porque el texto completo estaba escrito en idiomas diferentes al inglés y español. Uno más se eliminó porque sus conclusiones diferían del objetivo planteado y su sustento se consideró endeble. Al final se analizaron 41 artículos. CONCLUSIONES: Las posibilidades de atención quirúrgica de pacientes con tumor limítrofe del ovario, con preservación de la fertilidad, son altas pues su recurrencia es baja. Los tumores microinvasores mucinosos, con permeación vascular y linfática, tendrán mayor posibilidad de recaída a largo plazo. En general, su pronóstico de supervivencia, en cada etapa, es alto. La linfadenectomía retroperitoneal no está indicada en etapas tempranas de la enfermedad.


Abstract BACKGROUND: Patients with borderline ovarian tumor can be treated conservatively in early stages and thereby achieve considerable survival. Advanced stages have a prolonged disease-free period, some with peritoneal implant growth and relapse after 10 years of treatment. OBJECTIVE: To know the prognosis of patients with borderline ovarian tumor and its treatment in Mexico and other countries. METHODOLOGY: Systematic review of recent clinical trials registered in PubMed, Embase and Cochrane databases of articles published in English and Spanish between 2006 and 2021. In addition, an analytical review of the experience accumulated in 10 years in the care of patients with borderline ovarian tumor attended at the Oncology High Specialty Medical Unit of the XXI Century National Medical Center of the Mexican Social Security Institute, in Mexico City and other medical centers in the Mexican Republic. RESULTS: We found 62 articles related to the search terms; of these, 11 were discarded because they were not original articles only on ovarian borderline tumors and 4 because the full text was written in languages other than English and Spanish. One more was eliminated because its conclusions differed from the stated objective and its support was considered weak. In the end, 41 articles were analyzed. CONCLUSIONS: The chances of surgical care of patients with ovarian borderline tumor, with fertility preservation, are high because its recurrence is low. Mucinous microinvasive tumors, with vascular and lymphatic permeation, will have a higher chance of long-term relapse. In general, their prognosis for survival, at each stage, is high. Retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy is not indicated in early stages of the disease.

11.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 60-66, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931123

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of leucine zipper EF-hand domain transmembrane protein 1 (LETM1), sodium hydrogen exchange protein 1 (NHE-1) and adenylate cyclase related protein 2 (CAP2) in gastric cancer tissues and the predictive value for postoperative recurrence.Methods:The clinical data of 92 patients with early gastric cancer who underwent surgical treatment from January 2017 to January 2020 in Jiangsu Haimen People′s Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. According to the recurrence condition 6 months after operation, the patients were divided into recurrence group (16 cases) and non recurrence group (76 cases). The expression levels of LETM1, NHE-1 and CAP2 mRNA in cancer tissues and adjacent tissues were detected by real time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Multifactor Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the related influencing factors of postoperative recurrence. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn, and the effectiveness of LETM1, NHE-1 and CAP2 mRNA in predicting recurrence was analyzed. The Kaplan-Meier survival curve was drawn, and the survival rate was analyzed in patients with different expression levels of LETM1, NHE-1 and CAP2 mRNA.Results:The LETM1, NHE-1 and CAP2 mRNA in cancer tissues were significantly higher than those in adjacent tissues (0.41±0.12 vs. 0.22±0.07, 0.85±0.27 vs. 0.49±0.15 and 0.31±0.10 vs. 0.19±0.06), and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01). The proportion of N 1 stage in recurrent group was significantly higher than that in non recurrent group: 9/16 vs. 22.37% (17/76), and there was statistical difference ( P<0.05); the LETM1, NHE-1 and CAP2 mRNA of cancer tissues in recurrent group were significantly higher than those in non recurrent group (0.61±0.20 vs. 0.37±0.13, 1.24±0.38 vs. 0.77±0.21 and 0.60±0.19 vs. 0.25±0.10), and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01). Multifactor Logistic regression analysis result showed that, after controlled N stages, the LETM1, NHE-1 and CAP2 mRNA were still independent risk factors for postoperative recurrence in patients with gastric cancer ( OR = 1.52, 3.11 and 1.21; 95% CI 1.26 to 1.82, 2.36 to 4.09 and 1.04 to 1.41; P<0.01). ROC curve analysis result showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of LETM1, NHE-1 and CAP2 mRNA for predicting postoperative recurrence in patients with gastric cancer were 0.768, 0.802 and 0.850, respectively. The AUC of combination the indexes for predicting postoperative recurrence in patients with gastric cancer was 0.965. According to the cut-off value of ROC curve, the patients were divided into LETM1 mRNA high expression (>0.54, 30 cases) and low expression (≤0.54, 62 cases), NHE-1 mRNA high expression (>1.09, 35 cases) and low expression (≤1.09, 57 cases), CAP2 mRNA high expression (>0.49, 28 cases) and low expression (≤0.49, 64 cases). Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis result showed that the survival rates in patients with high expression of LETM1, NHE-1 and CAP2 mRNA were significantly lower than those in patients with low expression (73.33% vs. 98.39%, 80.00% vs. 96.49% and 78.57% vs. 95.31%), and there were statistical differences ( χ2 = 15.08, 6.95 and 6.75, P<0.01). Conclusions:LETM1, NHE-1 and CAP2 mRNA are related to the recurrence of early gastric cancer after surgery. The detection of the 3 markers is expected to provide a new strategy for the prediction of postoperative recurrence.

12.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 27-30, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932892

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the influencing factors of short-term efficacy of 125I seed implantation for recurrent cervical metastatic lymph nodes of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma after external beam radiation therapy (RESCC). Methods:From January 2013 to March 2019, 47 patients (42 males, 5 females; age: 47-77 years) with RESCC who underwent CT guided 125I seed implantation in Hebei General Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into effective group (complete remission (CR)+ partial remission (PR)) and ineffective group (stable disease (SD)+ progressive disease (PD)) according to response evaluation criteria in solid tumors (RECIST) at 3 months after implantation. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the independent influencing factors of short-term efficacy. Cut-off values were determined by ROC curve. Results:Of 47 patients, 26 were effective (3 were CR and 23 were PR) and 21 were ineffective (7 were SD, 14 were PD). Multivariate regression analysis showed that tumor diameter, immediate postoperative dose delivered to 90% gross tumor volume ( D90), recurrence interval time were independent influencing factors of short-term efficacy (odds ratio ( OR; 95% CI): 4.240(1.220-14.737), 0.999(0.999-1.000), 0.989(0.979-1.000), Wald values: 5.163, 5.043, 3.956, all P<0.05). ROC curve showed that the AUC of tumor diameter, D90 and recurrence interval time were 0.782, 0.786 and 0.838 respectively, with cut-off values of 4.85 cm, 115.78 Gy and 297.5 d respectively. Conclusions:The short-term efficacy of 125I seed implantation for RESCC is mainly related to the tumor diameter, immediate postoperative D90 and recurrence interval time. Patients with tumor diameter <4.85 cm, immediate postoperative D90>115.78 Gy and recurrence interval time >297.5 d have better efficacy.

13.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 39-45, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932423

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical features, treatment and recurrence factors of intravenous leiomyomatosis (IVL) confined to the pelvic cavity after the operation.Methods:The clinical data of 81 patients who underwent surgery and were pathologically diagnosed with IVL at Women′s Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University from January 2014 to March 2021, were analyzed retrospectively to explore the influencing factors of postoperative recurrence of IVL, including age, gravidity and parity, surgical methods, intraoperative conditions and so on.Results:(1) Clinical features: the age of 81 IVL patients was (43.9±8.1) years old; increased menstrual volume in 26 cases (32%, 26/81), prolonged menstrual period in 31 cases (38%, 31/81), frequency and urgency to urinate in 4 cases (5%, 4/81), abdominal pain and abdominal distension in 8 cases (10%, 8/81), and pelvic masses in 34 cases (42%, 34/81). IVL was diagnosed right in 4 of 72 patients (6%, 4/72) underwent preoperative ultrasound, right in 11 of 51 patients (22%, 11/51) underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and right in 4 of 19 patients (4/19) underwent CT. (2) Treatment: all patients with IVL underwent surgical treatment. Surgical procedure: myomectomy in 37 cases, total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingectomy in 19 cases, total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-ophorectomy in 25 cases. Surgical approach: hysteroscopic operation in 6 cases, transabdominal operation in 52 cases, laparoscopic operation in 23 cases. Fifty-three cases underwent rapid intraoperative pathological examination, 17 cases (32%, 17/53) of them were diagnosed right as IVL. (3) Influencing factors of IVL postoperative recurrence: among 81 patients with IVL, 3 cases were lost to follow-up, and 8 cases (10%, 8/78) had recurrence during follow-up. Age<35 years, number of pregnancies<2, number of births<2, number of fibroids ≥10, abnormal appearance of fibroids (long, vermicular, beadlike, cystic, etc.) and IVL invasion into adjacent vessels were all the risk factors influencing postoperative recurrence of IVL (all P<0.05). Methods of operation, ovariectomy or not, IVL invasion or not, maximum diameter of IVL, abundant blood vessels near uterine fibroids were not associated with postoperative recurrence of IVL (all P>0.05). Conclusions:The clinical manifestations and preoperative auxiliary examination of IVL are lack of specificity. Doctors need to pay attention to young patients with uterine fibroids, and choose the appropriate surgical scope when the characteristic manifestations of IVL be found during the operation, or the right diagnoses of IVL in the surgery′s rapid intraoperative pathology be examined, and should remove the IVL lesions to reduce the recurrence as far as possible.

14.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 592-596, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957818

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristics and risk factors of local recurrence in resected pancreatic cancer.Methods:The clinicopathological data of 190 patients in whom recurrent sites can be identified after radical resection of pancreatic cancer from Sep 2013 to Aug 2020 at the Cangzhou Central Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. The survival time and clinicopathological characteristics of local recurrence were compared with those of other recurrence types. Cox risk regression model was used to analyze the risk factors of local recurrence.Results:The recurrence sites were local (49 cases, 25.8%), liver (53 cases, 27.9%), lung (35 cases, 18.4%), peritoneal (25 cases, 13.2%) and multiple sites (28 cases, 14.7%). Patients mRFS and mOS were 17.8 months and 30.9 months respectively. The clinicopathological features of patients with local recurrence were compared with those of other recurrence types [tumor diameter ( P=0.023), preoperative CA199 level ( P=0.021), peripancreatic nerve plexus invasion ( P=0.031), lymphovascular invasion ( P=0.004), surgical margin state ( P<0.001) and postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy ( P=0.038)]. Tumor diameter ( P=0.018), peripancreatic nerve plexus invasion ( P=0.002) and postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy ( P=0.004) were independent factors for local recurrence in resected pancreatic cancer, and only peripancreatic nerve plexus invasion was not associated with other recurrence types. Conclusions:Local recurrence in resected pancreatic cancer has important impact on the prognosis of patients. Peripancreatic nerve plexus invasion is an independent factor affecting local recurrence.

15.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 401-407, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956973

ABSTRACT

Liver transplantation is the most effective way to treat end-stage liver disease, but biliary stenosis after liver transplantation, and tumor recurrence after liver transplantation impairs patients’ life quality and long-term survival. This article discussed the current status of treatment of biliary stenosis after liver transplantation and tumor recurrence after liver transplantation which based on the latest domestic and international researches and the authors’ clinical experience.

16.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 79(8): 705-715, Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339228

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Meningiomas are the most frequent primary central nervous system (CNS) tumors. Their geographical and ethnic characteristics need to be known, in order to enable rational treatment. Objective: To investigate clinical and epidemiological aspects in a series of patients with meningiomas. Methods: Retrospective analysis on the demographic profile, location and histopathology of 993 patients with meningiomas (768 operated and 225 not operated). Results: Meningiomas represented 43.8% of the primary CNS tumors; 6.8% were multiple tumors (14.7% with neurofibromatosis 2) and 0.6% were radiation-induced tumors. The mean ages were 53.0 and 63.9 years for operated and non-operated patients and the female/male ratios were 3.2:1 and 6.3:1. Diagnosis was made later among females. The peak incidences were in the 6th and 7th decades respectively for operated and non-operated patients. The incidence was low at early ages and higher among patients aged 70+ years. The meningiomas were intracranial in 96.5% and most were WHO grade I (88.9%) and transitional. In the spinal canal (3.5%), they occurred mainly in the dorsal region (all grade I; mostly transitional). The racial distribution was 1.0% in Asian-Brazilians, 87% in Caucasians and 12% in African-Brazilians. 83.4% and 51.6% of the patients were estimated to be recurrence-free at 10 and 20 years, and the mortality rate was 3%. Conclusions: Most of the demographic data were similar to what has been observed in other western centers. Differences were higher incidence of meningiomas, female and older predominance in non-operated patients, predominance in Caucasian, and higher association with neurofibromatosis 2.


RESUMO Antecedentes: Meningiomas são os tumores mais frequentes do sistema nervoso central (SNC). Suas características étnicas e geográficas precisam ser conhecidas para o seu tratamento racional. Objetivo: Investigar aspectos clínicos e epidemiológicos de uma série de pacientes com meningiomas. Métodos: Análise retrospectiva demográfica de 993 pacientes com meningiomas (768 operados e 225 tratados conservadoramente) Resultados: Meningiomas constituíram 43.8% dos tumores primários do SNC. 0.8% deles eram múltiplos (14,7% com neurofibromatose 2) e 0,6% eram radioinduzidos. A idade média e o índice mulheres/homens foram respectivamente 53,0 e 63,9 anos e 3.2:1 e 6.3:1 para pacientes operados e não operados. O diagnóstico foi mais tardio em mulheres. Ocorreram picos de incidências na 6ª e na 7ª décadas respectivamente para pacientes operados e não operados. A incidência foi menor na infância e maior após 70 anos. Meningiomas predominaram no crânio (96.5%), a maioria grau I da OMS, subtipo transicional. Do total, 3.5% ocorreram no canal raquídeo, principalmente na região torácica, todos grau I, a maioria transicional. Em relação à distribuição racial, 1.0% dos meningiomas ocorreu em amarelos, 87% em brancos e 12% em negros. As taxas de sobrevida sem recorrência foram 83.4% e 51.6% em 10 e 20 anos e a mortalidade operatória foi 3%. Conclusões: A maioria dos dados demográficos observados foi similar aos de outros centros ocidentais. As diferenças observadas foram maior incidência, predominância em mulheres e idosos nos pacientes não operados e em caucasianos, e maior associação com neurofibromatose 2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Neurofibromatosis 2 , Meningeal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Meningioma/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
17.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(1): 17-26, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152801

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Non-melanoma skin cancer is the most common type of malignancy in the Western world, and surgical excision is the preferred approach. The approach adopted in the face of incomplete excisions of basal cell carcinoma is still controversial. Objectives: To compare the number of tumor recurrences after treatment for incompletely excised basal cell carcinoma. Methods: Selection and statistical analysis of medical records of patients who had compromised margins after excision of basal cell carcinoma in a tertiary hospital from 2008 to 2013. Results: A total of 120 medical records were analyzed; the mean age was 69.6 years, and 50% of the patients were female. The most prevalent histological type was nodular; the mean size was 1.1 cm, and the tumor location with the highest incidence was the nose. The lateral margin was the most frequently positive. Clinical follow-up was more widely adopted; only 40 patients underwent a second surgery. The total number of patients who had tumor recurrence was 34 (28.3%). Only the malar location significantly influenced the incidence of recurrence (p = 0.02). The mean follow-up time was 29.54 months, with no significant difference between the follow-ups, although 32.9% of the patients followed-up clinically showed recurrence, against only 20% of those who underwent a second surgery. Study limitations: Mean follow-up time of less than five years and sample size. Conclusions: The presence of compromised margins does not necessarily imply recurrence. Location, tumor size, histological subtype, previous epithelial tumors, and clinical conditions of the patient must be considered when choosing the best treatment option.


Subject(s)
Skin Neoplasms/surgery , Skin Neoplasms/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/surgery , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/epidemiology , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/epidemiology
18.
ABCD (São Paulo, Impr.) ; 34(4): e1629, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360004

ABSTRACT

RESUMO - RACIONAL: A cirurgia de resgate é definida como a ressecção cirúrgica após falha de primeiro tratamento com intuito curativo. OBJETIVO: Relatar a experiência de um centro de referência no tratamento do câncer gástrico com a cirurgia de resgate para o adenocarcinoma de estômago. MÉTODOS: Análise retrospectiva dos pacientes com câncer gástrico operados entre 2009 e 2020. RESULTADOS: 40 pacientes foram submetidos à tentativa de gastrectomia de resgate com intuito curativo. Para análise, foram divididos em dois grupos: 23 pacientes após ressecção endoscópica e 17 após gastrectomia. No primeiro grupo, todos tiveram ressecção com margens livres, a média de internação foi 15,7 dias e 2 (8,6%) tiveram complicações maiores. No seguimento médio de 37,2 meses, houve apenas 1 recidiva. A sobrevida global média foi 46 meses. No grupo pós-gastrectomia 9 (52,9%) foram resgatados com intenção curativa, a média de internação foi 12,2 dias e 3 (17,6%) apresentaram complicações maiores. No seguimento médio de 22 meses, 5 recidivaram. A sobrevida global média e a sobrevida livre de doença foram respectivamente: 24 e 16,5 meses. CONCLUSÃO: A cirurgia de resgate no câncer gástrico oferece nova possibilidade de controle da doença a longo prazo e/ou aumento de sobrevida, tendo taxa de complicações aceitáveis.


ABSTRACT - BACKGROUND: Salvage surgery (SS) is defined as surgical resection after the failure of the first treatment with curative intent. AIM: The aim of this study was to report the experience of a reference center with SS for stomach adenocarcinoma. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of patients with gastric cancer (GC) operated on between 2009 and 2020. RESULTS: Notably, 40 patients were recommended for salvage gastrectomy with curative-intent treatment. For analysis purpose, patients were divided into two groups: 23 patients after endoscopic resection and 17 patients after gastrectomy. In the first group, all patients underwent R0 resection, their average hospital length of stay (LOS) was 15.7 days, and 2 (8.6%) patients had major complications. During the average follow-up of 37.2 months, there was only one recurrence. The median overall survival (OS) was 46 months. In the postgastrectomy group, 9 (52.9%) patients were rescued with curative intent, the average hospital LOS was 12.2 days, and 3 (17.6%) had major complications. In a mean follow-up of 22 months, five patients relapsed. Median OS and disease-free survival were 24 and 16.5 months, respectively. CONCLUSION: SS in GC offers the possibility of long-term disease control and increased survival rate with an acceptable complication rate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Survival Rate , Gastrectomy
19.
J. bras. pneumol ; 47(4): e20210025, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286952

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To report the experience of a routine follow-up program based on medical visits and chest CT. Methods: This was a retrospective study involving patients followed after complete surgical resection of non-small cell lung cancer between April of 2007 and December of 2015. The follow-up program consisted of clinical examination and chest CT. Each follow-up visit was classified as a routine or non-routine consultation, and patients were considered symptomatic or asymptomatic. The outcomes of the follow-up program were no evidence of cancer, recurrence, or second primary lung cancer. Results: The sample comprised 148 patients. The median time of follow-up was 40.1 months, and 74.3% of the patients underwent fewer chest CTs than those recommended in our follow-up program. Recurrence and second primary lung cancer were found in 17.6% and 11.5% of the patients, respectively. Recurrence was diagnosed in a routine medical consultation in 69.2% of the cases, 57.7% of the patients being asymptomatic. Second primary lung cancer was diagnosed in a routine medical appointment in 94.1% of the cases, 88.2% of the patients being asymptomatic. Of the 53 patients who presented with abnormalities on chest CT, 41 (77.3%) were diagnosed with cancer. Conclusion: Most of the cases of recurrence, especially those of second primary lung cancer, were confirmed by chest CT in asymptomatic patients, indicating the importance of a strict follow-up program that includes chest CTs after surgical resection of lung cancer.


RESUMO Objetivo: Relatar a experiência de um programa de acompanhamento de rotina baseado em consultas médicas e TC de tórax. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo envolvendo pacientes acompanhados após ressecção cirúrgica completa de câncer de pulmão de células não pequenas entre abril de 2007 e dezembro de 2015. O programa de acompanhamento consistiu em exame clínico e TC de tórax. Cada visita de acompanhamento foi classificada como uma consulta de rotina ou fora da rotina, e os pacientes foram considerados sintomáticos ou assintomáticos. Os desfechos do programa de acompanhamento foram ausência de evidência de câncer, recidiva ou segundo câncer de pulmão primário. Resultados: A amostra foi composta por 148 pacientes. A mediana do tempo de acompanhamento foi de 40,1 meses, e 74,3% dos pacientes realizaram menos TCs do que as recomendadas em nosso programa de acompanhamento. Recidiva e segundo câncer de pulmão primário foram encontrados em 17,6% e 11,5% dos pacientes, respectivamente. A recidiva foi diagnosticada em uma consulta médica de rotina em 69,2% dos casos, sendo 57,7% dos pacientes assintomáticos. O segundo câncer de pulmão primário foi diagnosticado em consulta médica de rotina em 94,1% dos casos, sendo 88,2% dos pacientes assintomáticos. Dos 53 pacientes que apresentaram anormalidades na TC de tórax, 41 (77,3%) foram diagnosticados com câncer. Conclusões: A maioria dos casos de recidiva, principalmente os de segundo câncer de pulmão primário, foi confirmada por TC de tórax em pacientes assintomáticos, indicando a importância de um programa de acompanhamento rigoroso que inclua TC de tórax após ressecção cirúrgica de câncer de pulmão.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Lung Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/diagnostic imaging
20.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 263-266, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873393

ABSTRACT

Liver transplantation has become an important method for radical treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but postoperative recurrence and metastasis severely limit the efficacy of liver transplantation for HCC. In recent years, scholars in China and globally have conducted a series of studies on the association of the application of immunosuppressants after liver transplantation with the recurrence and metastasis of HCC. This article briefly introduces the strategies and suggestions for the clinical application of immunosuppressants after liver transplantation for HCC, in order to provide guidance for clinical practice.

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