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1.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 68: e210204, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520081

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To study associations between polymorphisms in the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE I/D), actinin 3 (ACTN3 R577X) and paraoxonase 1 (PON1 T(-107)C) genes and chronic diseases (diabetes and hypertension) in women. Materials and methods: Genomic DNA was extracted from saliva samples of 78 women between 18 and 59 years old used for genetic polymorphism screening. Biochemical data were collected from the medical records in Basic Health Units from Southern Brazil. Questionnaires about food consumption, physical activity level and socioeconomic status were applied. Results: The XX genotype of ACTN3 was associated with low HDL levels and high triglycerides, total cholesterol and glucose levels. Additionally, high triglycerides and LDL levels were observed in carriers of the TT genotype of PON1, and lower total cholesterol levels were associated to the CC genotype. As expected, women with diabetes/hypertense had increased body weight, BMI (p = 0.02), waist circumference (p = 0.01), body fat percentage, blood pressure (p = 0.02), cholesterol, triglycerides (p = 0.02), and blood glucose (p = 0.01), when compared to the control group. Conclusion: Both ACTN3 R577X and PON1 T(-107)C polymorphisms are associated with nutritional status and blood glucose and lipid levels in women with diabetes/hypertense. These results contribute to genetic knowledge about predisposition to obesity-related diseases.

2.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e249472, 2024. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1364512

ABSTRACT

Leaf rust, caused by Puccinia triticina, is the most common rust disease of wheat. The fungus is an obligate parasite capable of producing infectious urediniospores. To study the genetic structure of the leaf rust population 20 RAPD primers were evaluated on 15 isolates samples collected in Pakistan. A total of 105 RAPD fragments were amplified with an average of 7 fragments per primer. The number of amplified fragments varied from 1 to 12. GL Decamer L-07 and GL Decamer L-01 amplified the highest number of bands (twelve) and primer GL Decamer A-03 amplified the lowest number of bands i.e one. Results showed that almost all investigated isolates were genetically different that confirms high genetic diversity within the leaf rust population. Rust spores can follow the migration pattern in short and long distances to neighbor areas. Results indicated that the greatest variability was revealed by 74.9% of genetic differentiation within leaf rust populations. These results suggested that each population was not completely identical and high gene flow has occurred among the leaf rust population of different areas. The highest differentiation and genetic distance among the Pakistani leaf rust populations were detected between the leaf rust population in NARC isolate (NARC-4) and AARI-11and the highest similarity was observed between NARC isolates (NARC-4) and (NARC-5). The present study showed the leaf rust population in Pakistan is highly dynamic and variable.


A ferrugem da folha, causada por Puccinia triticina, é a ferrugem mais comum do trigo. O fungo é um parasita obrigatório, capaz de produzir urediniósporos infecciosos. Para estudar a estrutura genética da população de ferrugem da folha, 20 primers RAPD foram avaliados em 15 amostras de isolados coletadas no Paquistão. Um total de 105 fragmentos RAPD foram amplificados com uma média de 7 fragmentos por primer. O número de fragmentos amplificados variou de 1 a 12. GL Decamer L-07 e GL Decamer L-01 amplificaram o maior número de bandas (doze), e o primer GL Decamer A-03 amplificou o menor número de bandas, ou seja, um. Os resultados mostraram que quase todos os isolados investigados eram geneticamente diferentes, o que confirma a alta diversidade genética na população de ferrugem da folha. Os esporos de ferrugem podem seguir o padrão de migração em distâncias curtas e longas para áreas vizinhas. Os resultados indicaram que a maior variabilidade foi revelada por 74,9% da diferenciação genética nas populações de ferrugem. Esses resultados sugeriram que cada população não era completamente idêntica e um alto fluxo gênico ocorreu entre a população de ferrugem da folha de diferentes áreas. A maior diferenciação e distância genética entre as populações de ferrugem da folha do Paquistão foram detectadas entre a população de ferrugem da folha no isolado NARC (NARC-4) e AARI-11 e a maior similaridade foi observada entre os isolados NARC (NARC-4) e (NARC-5). O presente estudo mostrou que a população de ferrugem da folha no Paquistão é altamente dinâmica e variável.


Subject(s)
Triticum/parasitology , Biomarkers , Agricultural Pests , Fungi/genetics , Puccinia/genetics
3.
J. appl. oral sci ; 32: e20230229, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528887

ABSTRACT

Abstract Aim: Polymorphisms in the COMT gene can alter enzymatic functions, raising levels of endogenous catecholamines, which stimulates beta-adrenergic receptors related to pain. This study aimed to evaluate whether a polymorphism in the COMT gene (rs4818) is associated with dental pain in children. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a representative sample of 731 pairs of children and parents randomly selected from a population-based sample of eight-year-old children. Reports of dental pain was evaluated using a question directed at the parents and self-reported pain using the Faces Pain Scale - Revised. Dental caries experience was determined using the Decayed, Missing, and Filled Teeth (DMFT) index. For genetic analysis, DNA was obtained from oral mucosa epithelial cells of 352 children randomly selected from the initial sample. Results: Children with the CC genotype had higher odds of reporting moderate to intense pain than those with the GG genotype (OR=3.60; 95% CI=0.80-16.20; p=0.03). These same children had greater odds of parental reports of pain (OR=1.93; 95% CI=0.91-4.08; p=0.02). Moreover, lower schooling of parents/guardians and caries experience in the primary dentition were significantly associated with greater odds of a parental report of dental pain (OR=2.06; 95% CI=1.47-2.91; p<0.001; OR=6.26; 95% CI=4.46-8.78; p<0.001). Conclusions: The rs4818 polymorphism of the COMT gene is associated with dental pain. Children with the C allele are more likely to report higher levels of pain. Clinical Relevance: Even though the experience of pain is subjective and multifactorial, this study raises the hypothesis that there is a genetic predisposition to dental pain that should be considered in clinical practice.

4.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(5): 1564-1569, oct. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521036

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The purpose of this study was to reveal the differences between ACTN3 genotype (RR, RX, XX) and aerobic performance [Yo-Yo IRT1 (m), VO2 max (ml/kg/min)] in professional and regional amateur league soccer players and to reveal which of these parameters was a distinctive factor in these athletes.71 professional soccer players (age: 23.66 ± 4.11 years; body height: 1.79 ± 6.99 m; body weight: 76.02 ± 6.76 kg; body fat: 11.59±3.11 %) and 62 regional amateur soccer players (age: 23.63 ±3.77 years; body height: 1.81 ± 5.77 m; body weight: 76.36 ± 7.53 kg; body fat: 15.60±4.65 %) volunteered for the study. After DNA extraction from buccal epithelial cells via a commercial kit was performed for the genetic background of the athletes, Real-Time PCR was carried out for genotyping. Furthermore, Yo-Yo IRT1 test was performed to determine the aerobic performance of the soccer players. SPSS 23 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA) package program was used for the statistical analysis of the data obtained in the tests. Shapiro-Wilk test for normality and Levene's test for homogeneity of variance were performed. Chi-Square, Independent Sample T Test and One Way ANOVA test were used in the analysis of the parameters. Statistical significance was set as p0.05); however, there was a statistical significance in favor of professional soccer players in terms of aerobic parameters (p<0.05). Consequently, it can be said that aerobic performance is the distinguishing factor, not the ACTN3 gene, in soccer players.


El objetivo de este estudio fue revelar las diferencias entre el genotipo ACTN3 (RR, RX, XX) y el rendimiento aeróbico [Yo-Yo IRT1 (m), VO2 max (ml/kg/min)] en jugadores de fútbol de ligas profesionales y amateurs regionales y determinar cuál de estos parámetros es un factor distintivo en estos deportistas. 71 futbolistas profesionales (edad: 23,66 ±4,11 años; altura corporal: 1,79 ± 6,99 m; peso corporal: 76,02 ± 6,76 kg; grasa corporal: 11,59±3,11 %) y 62 jugadores de fútbol amateur regionales (edad: 23,63 ± 3,77 años; altura corporal: 1,81 ± 5,77 m; peso corporal: 76,36 ± 7,53 kg; grasa corporal: 15,60 ± 4,65 %) se ofrecieron como voluntarios para el estudio. Después de realizar la extracción de ADN de las células epiteliales orales mediante un kit comercial para obtener los antecedentes genéticos de los atletas, se llevó a cabo una PCR en tiempo real para el genotipado. Además, se realizó la prueba Yo-Yo IRT1 para determinar el rendimiento aeróbico de los futbolistas. Para el análisis estadístico de los datos obtenidos en las pruebas se utilizó el programa SPSS 23 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, EE. UU.). Se realizó la prueba de normalidad de Shapiro- Wilk y la prueba de homogeneidad de la varianza de Levene. En el análisis de los parámetros se utilizaron Chi-cuadrado, prueba T para muestra independiente y prueba ANOVA unidireccional. La significancia estadística se estableció en p0,05); sin embargo, hubo significación estadística a favor de los futbolistas profesionales en cuanto a los parámetros aeróbicos (p<0,05). En consecuencia, se puede decir que el rendimiento aeróbico es el factor distintivo, no el gen ACTN3, en los jugadores de fútbol.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Young Adult , Physical Endurance/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Soccer , Actinin/genetics , Oxygen Consumption
5.
Braz. dent. j ; 34(5): 22-28, Sept.-Oct. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1528008

ABSTRACT

Abstract Interleukins 6 and 17 act in bone resorption in the presence of infections of endodontic origin for host defense. Genetic polymorphisms may be associated with increased bone loss, represented by areas of large periapical lesions. This study aimed to verify the frequency of interleukin 6 and 17 gene polymorphism in patients with asymptomatic apical periodontitis or chronic apical abscess and to verify the existence of correlations between periapical lesion area with age, gender, and presence of the polymorphism, in the studied population, in the state of Pernambuco. A population consisting of thirty diagnosed individuals was included. The area of the lesions was measured in mm². Genomic DNA was extracted and genotyping was performed by Polymerase Chain Reaction Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism for interleukin 6 (rs 1800795) and interleukin 17 (rs 2275913). Fisher's exact, chi-square, and odds ratio tests were used. A logistic regression analysis was also performed using sex, age, and the presence of polymorphism as covariates, in addition to linear regression to test the relationship between age and lesion area. All tests used a significance level of 0.05% (p ≤0.05%). There was no statistical significance in the occurrence of large areas of periapical lesions correlated with age, sex, and diagnosis, nor in the distribution of alleles in the polymorphism of interleukins 6 and 17 in the studied groups. The frequency of homozygous and heterozygous polymorphism was high. The polymorphism of these interleukins is not correlated with the increase in the areas of asymptomatic periapical inflammatory lesions.


Resumo As interleucinas 6 e 17 atuam na reabsorção óssea na presença de infecções de oriegem endodôntica para defesa do hospedeiro. Polimorfismos genéticos podem estar associados ao aumento da perda óssea, representada por áreas de lesões periapicais grandes. O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar a frequência do polimorfismo dos genes interleucina 6 e 17 em pacientes com periodontite apical assintomática ou abscesso apical crônico e verificar a existência de correlações entre área de lesão periapical com idade, sexo e presença do polimorfismo, na população estudada, no estado de Pernambuco. Foi incluída uma população constituída por trinta indivíduos diagnosticados. A áreas da lesões foram medidas em mm². O DNA genômico foi extraído e a genotipagem realizada por Polimorfismo de Comprimento de Fragmento de Restrição de Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase para interleucina 6 (rs 1800795) e interleucina 17 (rs 2275913). Os testes exato de Fisher, qui-quadrado e odds ratio foram utilizados. Uma análise de regressão logística também foi realizada usando sexo, idade e presença de polimorfismo como covariável, além de regressão linear para testar a relação da idade e área da lesão. Todos os testes utilizaram um nível de significância de 0,05% (p ≤0.05%). Não houve significância estatística na ocorrência das áreas grandes de lesões periapicais correlacionadas com idade, sexo e diagnóstico nem nas distribuições de alelos no polimorfismo das interleucinas 6 e 17 nos grupos estudados. A frequência de polimorfismo homozigoto e heterozigoto foi alta. O polimorfismo dessas interleucinas não está correlacionado ao aumento das áreas das lesões inflamatórias periapicais assintomáticas.

6.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 69(9): e20230454, set. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514723

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Recurrent pregnancy loss is considerably a reproductive health problem for couples. Genetic, epigenetic, and environmental factors play an important role in the development of recurrent pregnancy loss. While there are many causes, genetic and epigenetic factors are common. In this study, we aimed to examine the association between miR604 (rs2368393) A>G gene polymorphism and the risk of recurrent miscarriage in the Turkish population. METHODS: The study included 250 participants (i.e., 150 patients and 100 controls). DNA samples were isolated from peripheral blood, and polymerase chain reactions and restriction fragment length polymorphism methodologies were applied. RESULTS: The genotype distribution and allele frequencies of miR604A>G gene showed statistically significant differences between patients and control groups (p=0.002 and p<0.002, respectively). CONCLUSION: As a result of the study, we found that the AA genotype and A allele of the miR604A>G gene were statistically significant for the risk of recurrent pregnancy loss in Turkish women.

7.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 45(3): 317-323, July-Sept. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514173

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: To date, 340 antigen-organized 43 blood group systems are recognized, being ABO, Rh, Kell, Duffy, Kidd, MNS and Diego the most clinically relevant. The aim of this study was to assess the distribution of alleles and genotypes of the blood group systems Rh, Kell, Duffy, Kidd, MNS and Diego in 810 blood donors registered in the hemotherapy unit in northwest Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Methods: We evaluated the genetic variability of blood groups Rh (c.676G>C and c.307C>T), Kell (c.578C>T), Kidd (c.838A>G), Duffy (c.125A>G and c.l-67T>C), Diego (c.2561C>T) and MNS (c.143T>C) in 810 volunteer blood donors of Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil. The genetic profiling was performed through allelic discrimination assays using hydrolysis probes (TaqMan®) real-time PCR system. Results: The most frequent blood group genotypes found in our study population were: RHC*Cc (51.5%), RHC*ee (70.1%), FY*A/FY*B (49.3%), GATA -67T/T (93.5%), KEL*2/KEL*2 (93.4%), Jk*A/JK*B (53.2%) and DI*02/DI*02 (95.4%). Some statistical differences were observed on comparing the population of this study with populations from other states in Brazil, mainly with population of Minas Gerais, Bahia and Paraná, which showed some differences from the population of Porto Alegre, which was more similar to those of Santa Catarina and São Paulo Conclusion: The frequency of red blood cell polymorphisms in our study is different from that of blood donors in other regions of Brazil. The results showed the importance of extended genotyping in adequate blood screening and the existence of rare genotypes in Brazilian regular blood donors

8.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 12(2): 367, ago. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1517317

ABSTRACT

El folato es un miembro del grupo de la vitamina B y está relacionado con enfermedades crónicas como anemia megaloblástica, enfermedad cardiovascular, cáncer, disfunción cognitiva y riesgo de defectos del tubo neural. La proteína 5,10-metilentetrahidrofolato reductasa (MTHFR) juega un papel clave en el metabolismo del folato mediante la síntesis de nucleótidos y reacciones de metilación. El gen MTHFR se encuentra en el cromosoma 1 (1p36.3), y se han descrito dos alelos comunes, el alelo C677T (termolábil) y el alelo A1298C.El objetivo de este estudio es evaluar la distribución de los polimorfismos genéticos en MTHFR C677T y A1298C en la población venezolana. METODOS: estudio de tipo transversal, descriptivo, experimental y correlacional Las muestras de sangre se colectaron en 314 donantes no emparentados y sanos de la población. Los polimorfismos de un solo nucleótido(SNP) MTHFR 677C>T y 1298A>C se analizaron mediante polimorfismo de longitud de fragmento de restricción de reacción en cadena de polimerasa (PCR-RFLP). El desequilibrio de ligamiento (LD) entre pares de SNP se calculó mediante la prueba X. usando Prism 5 (GraphPad software, Inc). RESULTADOS: Encontramos mayor frecuencia genotípica de heterocigotos para el polimorfismo MTHFR C677T en la población general venezolana, con excepción del grupo caucásico. El polimorfismo MTHFR A1298C en el 70%de la población de estudio es homocigoto de tipo salvaje, encontrándose una baja frecuencia de homocigoto mutado. CONCLUSIONES: Se encontraron diferencias significativas entre grupos étnicos, destacando la importancia del genotipado racial de estos polimorfismos en la población venezolana(AU)


Folate is a member of the vitamin B and it has also been indicated that may be related to chronic diseases such as megaloblastic anemia, cardiovascular disease, cognitive dysfunction and risk of neural tube. Methylenetetrahydro folatereductase (MTHFR) is a key enzyme of folate pathway by nucleotide synthesis and methylation reactions. Several polymorphisms were reported in MTHFR gene but C677Tand A1298 polymorphism are most studied and these have been reported to be risk factor for several diseases/disorders. The present study was designed to determine the frequency of MTHFR polymorphisms in Venezuelan healthy population. METHODS: The blood samples were collected from 314 unrelated and healthy donors from population. Both the MTHFR 677C>T and 1298A>C single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were analyzed by Polymerase chainreaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). Linkage disequilibrium (LD) between pair of SNPs was calculated through the .. test using Prism 5 (GraphPad sftoware, Inc). RESULTS: We find higher genotypic frequency of heterozygotes for the MTHFR C677T polymorphism in the Venezuelan general population, with the exception of the Caucasian group. MTHFR A1298C polymorphism in 70%of the study population is homozygous wild type, finding alow frequency of homozygous mutated. CONCLUSIONS: Significant differences between ethnic groups were found,highlighting the importance of racial genotyping of these polymorphisms in the Venezuelan population(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Vitamin B Complex/administration & dosage , Anemia, Megaloblastic
9.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 45(supl.2): S91-S94, July 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514206

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The Band 3 is a red blood cell protein that carries the Dia and Dib antigens from the Diego blood system. The SLC4A1 gene encodes Band 3; Band 3 Memphis is a polymorphism of normal Band 3 and has two variants, but only the variant II carries the Dia antigen. Objectives: Describe the frequencies of the DI*A and DI*B alleles and the Band 3 Memphis among blood donors, sickle cell disease (SCD) patients and Amazonian Indians. Methods: A total of 427 blood samples were collected and separated into three groups: 206 unrelated blood donors, 90 patients with SCD and 131 Amazonian Indians. We performed DI*A/B, normal Band 3 and Band 3 Memphis genotyping, using the Polymerase Chain Reaction Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). Results: The frequency of the DI*A/DI*A genotype was 0.5% in blood donors and it was not found in other groups. The frequency of the DI*A/DI*B was higher in Amazonian Indians (33.6%) and the frequency of the DI*B/DI*B was highest in blood donors (92.2%). All 105 individuals tested were positive for the presence of normal Band 3 and of these individuals, only 5/105 (4.8%) presented the Band 3 Memphis mutation. Conclusion: We observed a higher frequency of the DI*B allele in blood donors and a low frequency of the DI*A/DI*A genotype in all groups studied. The Band 3 Memphis was found in a higher frequency in the blood donor group. Our findings highlight the importance of analyzing different population groups to gain a better understanding of the genetic association of blood group antigens.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anemia, Sickle Cell , Blood Donors , Crystallization , Erythrocytes
10.
BAG, J. basic appl. genet. (Online) ; 34(1): 47-56, July 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447499

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT One of the greatest challenges facing humanity is the development of sustainable strategies to ensure food availability in response to population growth and climate change. One approach that can contribute to increase food security is to close yield gaps and enhancing genetic gain; to such end, what is known as "molecular breeding" plays a fundamental role. Since a crop breeding program is mainly based on the quality of the germplasm, its detailed genetic characterization is mandatory to ensure the efficient use of genetic resources and accelerating development of superior varieties. Deep genotyping is an essential tool for a comprehensive characterization of the germplasm of interest and, fortunately, the technology is now accessible at a reasonable cost. What must be ensured is the correct interpretation of the genotypic information and on that basis develop efficient practical molecular crop breeding strategies that respond to the real needs of the breeding program.


RESUMEN Uno de los mayores desafíos que enfrenta la humanidad es el desarrollo de estrategias sostenibles para asegurar la disponibilidad de alimentos en respuesta al crecimiento de la población y el cambio climático. Un enfoque que puede contribuir a aumentar la seguridad alimentaria es cerrar las brechas de rendimiento y mejorar la ganancia genética; para tal fin, lo que se conoce como "mejoramiento molecular" juega un papel fundamental. Dado que un programa de mejoramiento de cultivos se basa principalmente en la calidad del germoplasma, su caracterización genética detallada es fundamental para garantizar el uso eficiente de los recursos genéticos y acelerar el desarrollo de variedades superiores. La genotipificación profunda es una herramienta esencial para una caracterización integral del germoplasma de interés y, afortunadamente, en la actualidad se puede acceder a la tecnología a un costo razonable. Lo que debe asegurarse es la interpretación correcta de la información genotípica y sobre esa base desarrollar estrategias eficientes y prácticas de mejoramiento molecular de cultivos que respondan a las necesidades reales del programa de mejoramiento.

11.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 73(2): 154-168, jun. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1512069

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La obesidad es una enfermedad metabólica caracterizada por el aumento del índice de la masa corporal. El riesgo de obesidad depende de factores ambientales, del estilo de vida y de la presencia de variantes genéticas originadas por mutaciones únicas y polimorfismos de un solo nucleótido (SNPs). Estudios han mostrado la importancia de la etnia en la heredabilidad de las variantes genéticas asociadas al desarrollo de la obesidad. En México, la prevalencia de sobrepeso y la obesidad es del 38.8 % y 32.4 %, respectivamente. Objetivo. El objetivo de este estudio es determinar SNPs que influyen de manera distintiva en el desarrollo de la obesidad de mexicanos. Materiales y métodos. Se realizó un estudio bibliográfico en la base de datos Pubmed con 70 artículos que estudian la asociación de diferentes SNPs con el desarrollo de la obesidad en mexicanos. Resultados. Se identifican los SNPs rs17782313 (MC4R), rs6548238 (TMEM18), rs6265 (BDNF) y rs7488665 (SH2B1) con un comportamiento diferencial respecto a los resultados obtenidos en población caucásica y el SNPs rs6232 del gen PCSK1 asociado con la aparición de la obesidad en edades juveniles en la población mexicana. Conclusiones. Concluyendo que la caracterización detallada de los genes de mayor incidencia en las distintas etnias contribuye a establecer estrategias personalizadas en particular de la población mexicana y que permitan desarrollar un sistema de alta sensibilidad para determinar la susceptibilidad a la obesidad(AU)


Introduction. Obesity is a metabolic disease characterized by an increase in the body mass index. The risk of obesity depends on environmental factors, lifestyle and the presence of genetic variants caused by single mutations and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Studies have shown the importance of ethnicity in the heritability of genetic variants associated with the development of obesity. In Mexico, the prevalence of overweight and obesity is 38.8% and 32.4%, respectively. Objective. The objective of this study is to determine SNPs that have a distinctive influence on the development of obesity in Mexicans. Materials and Methods. A bibliographical study was carried out in the Pubmed database and 70 papers were found that study the association of different SNPs with the development of obesity in Mexicans. Results. The SNPs rs17782313 (MC4R), rs6548238 (TMEM18), rs6265 (BDNF) and rs7488665 (SH2B1) with a differential behavior with respect to the results obtained in the Caucasian population, and the SNPs rs6232 of the PCSK1 gene associated with the appearance of obesity in youth in the Mexican population. Conclusions. Concluding that the detailed characterization of the genes with the highest incidence in the different ethnic groups contributes to establish personalized strategies in particular of the Mexican population and that allow the development of a highly sensitive system to determine susceptibility to obesity(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female
12.
Rev. Inst. Adolfo Lutz ; 82: e39195, maio 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP, VETINDEX, SESSP-ACVSES, SESSP-IALPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1435630

ABSTRACT

Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs, rs12979860 e rs8099917) in the Interferon Lambda 4 gene (IFNL4, formerly IFNL3and/or IL28B) has been associated with failure in the innate immune response, sustained virological response in hepatitis C, and HTLV-1-associated myelopathy (HAM) development. To search for these polymorphisms several methodologies can be employed, such as sequencing, real-time or quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis in PCR products (PCR-RFLP), and tetra-primer PCR. The present study compared the performance of the tetra-primer PCR in relation to the PCR-RFLP, both optimized in the Research HTLV Laboratory of the Center of Immunology of Instituto Adolfo Lutz in São Paulo. One hundred DNA samples obtained from patients of STD/Aids Reference Centre in São Paulo, previously analyzed for IL28B SNPs by PCR-RFLP were selected for analysis, after confirming that they represent all IL28B SNPs patterns described in the literature. The results obtained showed concordance between the PCR-RFLP and the tetra-primer PCR SNPs results, and because of the low cost, easy to perform, and minor employment of biological specimen and reagents, the tetra-primer PCR is of choice to be used in routine. (AU)


Polimorfismos de nucleotídeos únicos (single nucleotide polymorphisms, SNPs rs12979860 e rs8099917) no gene que codifica o Interferon Lambda 4 (IFNL4, antigamente IFNL3 e/ou IL28B) têm sido associados às falhas na resposta imune inata e resposta virológica sustentada na hepatite C, e a mielopatia associada ao HTLV-1 (HTLV-1-associated myelopathy, HAM). A pesquisa destes polimorfismos pode empregar diversas metodologias: sequenciamento, reação em cadeia da polimerase em tempo real ou quantitativa (quantitative polymerase chain reaction, qPCR), análise de fragmentos de restrição enzimática em produtos de PCR (restriction fragment length polymorphism in PCR products, PCR-RFLP) e a tetra-primer PCR. Este estudo comparou o desempenho da tetra-primer PCR em relação a PCR-RFLP, ambas otimizadas no Laboratório de Pesquisa em HTLV do Centro de Imunologia do Instituto Adolfo Lutz de São Paulo. Foram selecionadas 100 amostras de DNA obtidas de pacientes do Centro de Referência e Treinamento em DST/Aids de São Paulo cujos SNPs na IL28B foram anteriormente determinados por PCR-RFLP e representaram todos os perfis descritos em literatura. Os resultados obtidos mostraram concordância entre elas, e pelo fato da tetra-primer PCR ter menor custo, ser de fácil execução, empregar menos tempo, insumos e material biológico, é a técnica de escolha para uso em rotina. (AU)


Subject(s)
Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Interleukins , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Interferon Lambda
13.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(3): 478-486, May-June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449824

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the influence of polymorphisms on genes encoding type I collagen and the genetic susceptibility of tendinopathy. Methodology Case-control study involving 242 Brazilian athletes from different sports modalities (55 cases of tendinopathy and 187 controls). The polymorphisms COLIAI (rs1107946) and COLIA2 (rs412777, rs42524, and rs2621215) were analyzed by theTaqMansystem. Odds ratio(OR)withtheir 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using a nonconditional logistic regression model. Results The mean age was 24.0 ± 5.6 years old and 65.3% were men. Of the 55 cases of tendinopathy, 25.4% had > 1 affected tendon, the most frequent being patellar (56.3%), rotator cuff (30.9%) and elbow or hand flexors (30.9%). Age and amount of time of sports practice were associated with a higher chance of presenting tendinopathy (5 and 8 times, respectively). The frequency of variant alleles in control and case patients, respectively, was: COLIAI rs1107946 24.0 and 29.6%; COLIA2 rs412777 36.1 and 27.8%; rs42524 17.5 and 25.9%; and rs2621215 21.3 and 27.8%. After adjusting for confounding factors (age and years of sports practice), COLIA2 rs42524and rs2621215 polymorphisms were associated with increased risk of tendinopathy (OR = 5.5; 95% CI = 1.2-24.6 and OR = 3.9; IC95% = 1.1-13.5, respectively). The haplotype COLIA2 CGT was associated with low risk for disease development (OR = 0.5; 95%CI = 0.3-0.9). Conclusion Age (≥ 25 years old), time of sports practice (≥ 6years) and polymorphisms in the COLIA2 gene increased the risk of developing tendinopathy.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a influência de polimorfismos nos genes que codificam o colágeno tipo I e a suscetibilidade genética da tendinopatia. Metodologia Estudo caso-controle envolvendo 242 atletas brasileiros de diferentes modalidades esportivas (55 casos de tendinopatia e 187 controles). Os polimorfismos COL1A1 (rs1107946) e COL1A2 (rs412777, rs42524 e rs2621215) foram analisados pelo sistema TaqMan. As razões de chance (OR) com seus intervalos de confiança (IC) de 95% foram calculadas usando um modelo de regressão logística não-condicional. Resultados A média de idade foi de 24,0 ± 5,6 anos e 65,3% eram homens. Dos 55 casos de tendinopatia, 25,4% apresentaram mais de um tendão acometido, sendo os maisfrequentesopatelar(56,3%),omanguitorotador(30,9%)eodocotoveloou flexores das mãos (30,9%). A idade e o tempo de prática esportiva foram associados a uma maior chance de apresentar tendinopatia (5 e 8 vezes, respectivamente). A frequência dos alelos variantes nos controles e casos, respectivamente, foi: COL1A1 rs1107946 24,0 e 29,6%; COL1A2 rs412777 36,1 e 27,8%; rs42524 17,5 e 25,9%; e rs2621215 21,3 e 27,8%. Após ajuste pelos fatores de confundimento (idade e anos de práticas esportiva), os polimorfismos COL1A2 rs42524 e rs2621215 foram associados a um risco aumentado de tendinopatia (OR = 5,5; IC95% = 1,2-24,6 e OR = 3,9; IC95% = 1,1-13,5, respectivamente). O haplótipo COL1A2 CGT foi associado a um baixo risco para desenvolvimento da doença (OR = 0,5; IC95% = 0,3-0,9). Conclusão Aidade (> 25 anos), o tempo de prática esportiva (> 6 anos) e polimorfismos no gene COL1A2 aumentaram o risco de desenvolvimento da tendino-patia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Polymorphism, Genetic , Collagen Type I , Tendinopathy , Athletes
14.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-223534

ABSTRACT

Background & objectives: Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are transmembrane proteins that recognize specific molecular patterns and activate downstream cytokine production usually for the eradication of invading pathogens. The objective of this study was to evaluate the genetic polymorphism of TLR2 Arg753Gln (rs 5743708) and soluble cytokines and TLR2 expression levels in malaria disease cases. Methods: The study included prospectively collected 2 ml blood samples from 153 individuals clinically suspected for malaria and confirmed by microscopy and RDT from Assam. Stratification of the study groups was done as healthy control (HC, n=150), uncomplicated malaria (UC-M, n=128) and severe malaria (SM, n=25). The PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) method was applied for the analysis of TLR2 Arg753Gln polymorphism and following the ELISA for soluble serum TLR2 (sTLR2) and its associated downstream cytokines, viz. tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-? and interferon (IFN)-? levels. Results: Variation in TLR2 Arg753Gln gene showed no association with the susceptibility and the severity of malarial infection. Soluble TLR2 expression was significantly higher in uncomplicated malaria (UC-M) cases compared to healthy controls (P=0.045) and in terms of SM cases, the expression was also found to be higher in UC-M cases (P=0.078). The TNF-? expression was significantly higher in SM cases compared to both UC-M and control (P=0.003 and P=0.004). Similarly, significantly elevated expression of IFN-? was noted in SM cases compared to both UC-M (P=0.001) and healthy controls (P<0.001). Interpretation & conclusions: The present study suggests the association of deregulated TLR2 pathway that leads to the deleterious downstream immune response in the development of malarial pathogenicity.

15.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-223119

ABSTRACT

Background: Psoriasis is associated with significant morbidity and impaired quality of life. Identification of the host genes that influence disease susceptibility and can potentially guide future, targeted therapy is the need of the hour. Aims: The aim of the study was to investigate the associations of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) gene polymorphisms, that is, a 5–8-CATT tetra nucleotide repeats at -794 (-794*CATT5–8) and a single-nucleotide polymorphism at -173 (-173*G/C) with the risk of chronic plaque psoriasis and to observe the correlation, if any, of disease determinants with genetic functional variants and circulating MIF levels. Methods: Five hundred and seventeen individuals (265 psoriasis patients and 252 controls) were genotyped for MIF gene polymorphisms. Data were analyzed with respect to disease susceptibility, serum MIF levels, disease severity, age at onset, disease duration and presence of comorbidities. Results: The presence of co-morbidities was more frequently noted in patients with late onset disease (P = 0.01). No statistically significant differences were observed either in genotype (P = 0.680) or allele frequency (P = 0.69) with respect to distribution of MIF-173*G/C polymorphism between patients and controls. The frequencies of genotypes -794*CATT 5/7 and 7/7 were significantly lower in patients (P = 0.027* and 0.038*, respectively). CATT*5/MIF-173*C haplotype occurred at a higher frequency in patients (odds ratio 3.03, 95% confidence intervals 1.09–8.47, P = 0.02). The mean serum MIF levels were significantly higher in patients as compared to controls (P < 0.001). The presence of either extended MIF -794*CATT repeats or C allele did not reveal any significant association with serum MIF levels or age at onset. Analysis of effect of various disease determinants revealed no significant association with genetic variants and serum MIF levels. Limitations: The lesional expression of MIF could not be studied. Conclusion: Our results showed that CATT*5/MIF-173*C haplotype is associated with increased susceptibility to psoriasis vulgaris.

16.
An. bras. dermatol ; 98(2): 181-188, March.-Apr. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1429664

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Vitiligo is an acquired depigmented skin disorder. It has a genetic and autoimmune background. Human beta defensin-1(HBD-1) plus its gene polymorphism were linked to some autoimmune disorders. Objectives: To elucidate the possible role of HBD-1 in the pathogenesis of non-segmental vitiligo (NSV) through evaluation of HBD-1 serum levels and its single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in patients having NSV, in addition, to correlating the results with the extent of vitiligo in those patients. Methods: A current case-control study included 50 patients having NSV and 50 controls. The authors used Vitiligo Area Scoring Index (VASI) score to assess vitiligo severity and laboratory investigations to assess serum HBD-1 level using ELISA and defensin-beta1 (DEFB1) SNP using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). Results: There were significantly lower HBD-1 serum levels in NSV cases than in controls (p < 0.001). There was a significant predominance of GG DEFB1 genotype and G allele in NSV patients in comparison to controls (p < 0.001). The levels of serum HBD-1 and DEFB1 genotypes were not associated or correlated significantly with any of the personal and clinical parameters of vitiligo patients. Study limitations: The small sample size. Conclusions: DEFB1 gene polymorphism (GG genotype and G allele) may modulate vitiligo risk and contribute to vitiligo development in Egyptian populations. Decreased circulating HBD-1 levels might have an active role in vitiligo etiopathogenesis that could be mediated through its possible anti-inflammatory effects.

17.
Vive (El Alto) ; 6(16): 309-321, abr. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1442255

ABSTRACT

La diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DM2) es una de las patologías con más prevalencia a nivel mundial, se estima que alrededor de 425 millones de habitantes viven actualmente con DM2 según la OMS, la importancia de realizar pruebas moleculares que permitan realizar un diagnóstico temprano conlleva el análisis de varios grupos de genes implicados en el fenotipo diabético con una marcada resistencia a la insulina y en la mayoría de los casos obesidad, entre los cuales están el polimorfismo de CAG(n) en el ATXN2 gen encontrado en el cromosoma 12q24. Objetivo. Conocer el estado actual del gen ATXN2 en relación al número variable de repeticiones en tándem (VNTR) del trinucleótido CAG(n) y su posible asociación con el desarrollo de la diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Metodología. Se llevó a cabo una revisión sistemática mediante la búsqueda de información en las bases de datos de PubMed, Google Scholar y Elsevier. Para ello, se combinaron palabras clave relevantes, como "diabetes mellitus tipo 2", "polimorfismo CAG" y "ATXN2 gen", junto con "Epigenética de la DM2". Se seleccionaron artículos originales y estudios experimentales publicados en revistas de alto impacto utilizando Scimago Journal Ranks para garantizar la calidad de la literatura revisada. Conclusión. Se determinó la relación entre el ATXN2 y el VNTR CAG(n) y la actividad transcripcional del gen en la DM2 y otras patologías neurodegenerativas es evidente. Sin embargo, para profundizar en este tema, es necesario ampliar el campo de estudio en Ecuador y en otros países latinoamericanos, a fin de analizar la variabilidad genética y su posible relación con la DM2 en esta población.


Diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2) is one of the most prevalent pathologies worldwide, it is estimated that about 425 million inhabitants currently live with DM2 according to WHO, the importance of molecular tests that allow early diagnosis involves the analysis of several groups of genes involved in the diabetic phenotype with marked insulin resistance and in most cases obesity, among which are the CAG(n) polymorphism in the ATXN2 gene found on chromosome 12q24. Objective. To know the current status of the ATXN2 gene in relation to the variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) of the CAG(n) trinucleotide and its possible association with the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methodology. A systematic review was carried out by searching for information in PubMed, Google Scholar and Elsevier databases. For this purpose, relevant keywords, such as "type 2 diabetes mellitus", "CAG polymorphism" and "ATXN2 gene" were combined with "Epigenetics of DM2". Original articles and experimental studies published in high impact journals were selected using Scimago Journal Ranks to ensure the quality of the reviewed literature. Conclusion. The relationship between ATXN2 and VNTR CAG(n) was determined and the transcriptional activity of the gene in DM2 and other neurodegenerative pathologies is evident. However, in order to go deeper into this topic, it is necessary to expand the field of study in Ecuador and in other Latin American countries, in order to analyze the genetic variability and its possible relationship with DM2 in this population.


La diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DM2) es una de las patologías con más prevalencia a nivel mundial, se estima que alrededor de 425 millones de habitantes viven actualmente con DM2 según la OMS, la importancia de realizar pruebas moleculares que permitan realizar un diagnóstico temprano conlleva el análisis de varios grupos de genes implicados en el fenotipo diabético con una marcada resistencia a la insulina y en la mayoría de los casos obesidad, entre los cuales están el polimorfismo de CAG(n) en el ATXN2 gen encontrado en el cromosoma 12q24. Objetivo. Conocer el estado actual del gen ATXN2 en relación al número variable de repeticiones en tándem (VNTR) del trinucleótido CAG(n) y su posible asociación con el desarrollo de la diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Metodología. Se llevó a cabo una revisión sistemática mediante la búsqueda de información en las bases de datos de PubMed, Google Scholar y Elsevier. Para ello, se combinaron palabras clave relevantes, como "diabetes mellitus tipo 2", "polimorfismo CAG" y "ATXN2 gen", junto con "Epigenética de la DM2". Se seleccionaron artículos originales y estudios experimentales publicados en revistas de alto impacto utilizando Scimago Journal Ranks para garantizar la calidad de la literatura revisada. Conclusión. Se determinó la relación entre el ATXN2 y el VNTR CAG(n) y la actividad transcripcional del gen en la DM2 y otras patologías neurodegenerativas es evidente. Sin embargo, para profundizar en este tema, es necesario ampliar el campo de estudio en Ecuador y en otros países latinoamericanos, a fin de analizar la variabilidad genética y su posible relación con la DM2 en esta población.

18.
Indian J Cancer ; 2023 Mar; 60(1): 12-17
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-221747

ABSTRACT

Background: rs4340ID polymorphism of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) correlates with serum ACE levels in many known cancers. This study analyzed ACE rs4340 ID polymorphism in lung cancer (LC) in older patients of North India and correlated it with addiction status. Methods: The study enrolled all subjects aged 60 years and above with 154 LC and 205 healthy controls. Genotyping was done by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and validated by sequencing of 10% of the sample. Statistical analysis was done by SPSS Statistics 21. Results: Genotype II was observed to have a significant 2.21-fold increased risk of LC as compared to the DD genotype and 3.43-folds enhanced risk with interaction of I allele with tobacco consumption habits as compared to D allele in LC was seen. Conclusion: The risk of LC was higher with II genotype as compared to DD genotype. Interactive effect showed that I allele with tobacco habits may increase the risk of LC.

19.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 45(1): 58-65, Jan.-Mar. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421566

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Phagocytosis of autoantibody-sensitized coated platelets through Fc gamma receptors on phagocytic cells is an important mechanism of thrombocytopenia in primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). Objective We aimed to investigate the contribution of the FcγRIIa and FcγRIIIa genes polymorphism to the risk of ITP and their association with disease characteristics in Egyptian children. Methods A case control study was conducted on eighty children with primary ITP and eighty age and sex healthy matched subjects as a control group. The FcγRIIa and FcγRIIIa genes polymorphism was detected using the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). Results We found that the FcγRIIa‐131H and ‐131R allele frequencies were 51.3 % and 48.7%, respectively, in children with ITP, versus 75% and 25%, respectively, in controls (p= 0.002). The compound heterozygous HR genotype was significantly higher in ITP patients (p < 0.05). The FcγRIIIa-158F and ‐158V allele frequencies were 46.3% and 53.7%, respectively, in children with ITP, versus 70% and 30%, respectively, in controls (p= 0.002). The compound heterozygous VF genotype was significantly higher in ITP patients (p < 0.05). The combined HR/FV genotype was 47.5% in ITP patients, versus 10% in controls (p < 0.001). No significant difference was found between children with newly diagnosed ITP and those who developed chronic ITP, regarding the frequency distribution of the FcγRIIa and FcγRIIIa alleles and genotypes (p > 0.05). Conclusion There is a possible association of the FcγRIIa and FcγRIIIa genes polymorphism with the risk for, and genetic susceptibility to ITP in Egyptian children, but large-scale studies are still needed to support our findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Thrombocytopenia , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Phagocytes , Polymorphism, Genetic , Receptors, IgG
20.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 7(1): 96-102, 20230300. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1509636

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Pediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome temporally associated with SARS-CoV-2 (PIMS-TS) is a systemic hyperinflammatory disease that occurs in a small number of children after being infected with SARS-CoV-2. Macrophage activation syndrome, an aggressive condition characterized by the excessive inflammation and activation of well-differentiated macrophages, has been shown to occur in patients infected by SARS-CoV-2. Considering the clinical and pathophysiological similarities between these diseases, our main objective was to determine whether gene polymorphisms associated with macrophage activation syndrome were also present in patients with PIMS-TS. Methods: DNA from 10 pediatric patients with PIMS-TS (case group) and ten COVID-19 patients without PIMS-TS (control group) were genotyped by Real-time PCR analysis (TaqMan®) for single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in four genes associated with macrophage activation syndrome: perforin 1 (PRF1), granzyme B (GZMB), syntaxin 11 (STX11), and syntaxin binding protein 2 (STXBP2). The SNP analysis was performed using the additive, dominant, and recessive models. Results: A significantly higher frequency of an SNP (C wild allele in rs6573910) in the GZMB gene was observed in both the additive and dominant models in the PIMS-TS group than controls. A borderline significant difference was also observed for the G allele in rs7764017 of the STX11 gene in the PIMS-TS group in the additive model. Conclusions: This study indicated the presence of two polymorphisms in genes associated with macrophage activation syndrome (GZMB and STX11) in patients who developed PIMS-TS. If the presence of these SNPs is validated in a larger number of PIMS-TS cases, they can be used as potential biomarkers for early identification of pediatric patients with a higher probability of developing PIMS-TS associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection.


Introdução: A síndrome multissistêmica inflamatória pediátrica temporariamente associada ao SARS-CoV-2 (SIMP-TS) é uma doença hiperinflamatória sistêmica que ocorre em um pequeno número de crianças após serem infectadas pelo SARS-CoV-2. A síndrome de ativação de macrófagos (SAM), uma condição agressiva caracterizada pela inflamação excessiva e ativação de macrófagos bem diferenciados, demonstrou ocorrer em pacientes infectados por SARS-CoV-2. Considerando as semelhanças clínicas e fisiopatológicas entre essas doenças, neste estudo o nosso principal objetivo foi determinar se polimorfismos gênicos associados à SAM também estavam presentes em pacientes com SIMP-TS. Métodos: DNA de dez pacientes pediátricos com SIMP (grupo caso) e dez pacientes COVID-19 sem SIMP (grupo controle) foram genotipados por análise de PCR em tempo real (tecnologia TaqMan®) para polimorfismos de nucleotídeo único (SNPs) em quatro genes selecionados associados com SAM: perforina 1 (PRF1), granzima B (GZMB), sintaxina 11 (STX11) e proteína de ligação de sintaxina 2 (STXBP2). A análise dos SNPs foi realizada utilizando o modelo aditivo, dominante e recessivo. Resultados: Uma frequência significativamente maior de um SNP (alelo selvagem C em rs6573910) no gene GZMB foi observada pelos modelos aditivo e dominante no grupo SIMP quando comparado aos controles. Além disso, uma significância limítrofe foi observada para o alelo G em rs7764017 do gene STX11 no grupo SIMP pelo modelo aditivo. Conclusões: Nosso estudo indicou a presença de dois polimorfismos em genes associados à SAM (GZMB e STX11) em pacientes que desenvolveram SIMP-TS. Uma vez validada a presença desses SNPs em um número maior de casos de SIMP-TS, eles podem ser usados como potenciais biomarcadores para a identificação precoce de pacientes pediátricos com maior probabilidade de desenvolver SIMP-TS associado à infecção por SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child
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