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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 316-327, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014543

ABSTRACT

Positron emission tomography (PET) now plays an important role in the research and development (R&D) of central nervous system (CNS) drugs. PET could characterize the biodistribution, pharmacokinetics, and receptor binding of CNS drugs quantitatively. The present review summarized the quantitative methods of PET used in the pharmacokinetics and receptor occupancy analysis of CNS drugs. Moreover, the present review listed various applications of PET supporting R&D of CNS drugs, which could provide a new direction for the R&D of CNS drugs.

2.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 171-177, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012485

ABSTRACT

Hepatic echinococcosis is a chronic parasitic disease, which is caused by the larvae of Echinococcus multilocularis. It has a high risk of disability and mortality, which is also known as "parasite cancer". In clinical practice, hepatic echinococcosis can be divided into hepatic alveolar echinococcosis and hepatic cystic echinococcosis. Hepatic echinococcosis is widely prevalent worldwide. It mainly occurs in the populations residing agricultural and pastoral areas in western China, posing significant threats to the quality of life of local residents. At present, surgery is the main treatment for hepatic echinococcosis in clinical settings. With rapid development of surgical diagnosis and treatment technology and deepening understanding of hepatic echinococcosis, diagnosis and treatment regimens have also been constantly improved. In this article, research progresses on the diagnosis and treatment of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis were reviewed, aiming to provide reference for clinicians, deliver early diagnosis and treatment, mitigate adverse effects of this disease upon patients and improve clinical prognosis.

3.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 121(2): e20230276, 2024. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533739

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo deste relato é mostrar a evolução da cardiotoxicidade (CTX) por quimioterápicos em paciente com linfoma por exames de imagens, destacando a importância da captação miocárdica de flúor-18 fluordeoxiglicose (18F-FDG) pela tomografia por emissão de pósitrons, acoplada à tomografia computadorizada (PET/CT). Feminino, 43 anos, com linfoma uterino, submetida a histerectomia, três esquemas de quimioterapia (QT), sucessivamente, e radioterapia. Apresentou episódios de insuficiência cardíaca aguda dois anos após QT. Ecocardiograma mostrou redução da fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo (FEVE). Análise retrospectiva do 18F-FDG PET/CT observou elevação da captação miocárdica em todos os exames durante o seguimento oncológico. Apesar da remissão oncológica, a paciente desenvolveu IC com FEVE reduzida. Durante a QT, ocorreu aumento difuso e significativo da captação miocárdica de 18F-FDG, que precedeu a queda do desempenho cardíaco, e pareceu refletir alterações metabólicas nos cardiomiócitos relacionadas à CTX. A análise da captação miocárdica de 18F-FDG modificaria o desfecho cardiológico da paciente? Esse questionamento é relevante, visto que outros pacientes podem se beneficiar desse método como marcador precoce de CTX. Os exames de imagem são imprescindíveis no acompanhamento de pacientes com risco de CTX. O ecocardiograma permanece como principal auxílio diagnóstico, porém o 18F-FDG PET/CT pode estar surgindo como uma poderosa ferramenta para um diagnóstico mais precoce dessa condição clínica.


Abstract The objective of this case report was to present the progression of chemotherapy-induced cardiotoxicity in a patient with lymphoma, highlighting the importance of myocardial fluor-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) uptake by positron emission tomography coupled with computed tomography (PET/CT). 43-year-old female patient with uterine lymphoma, who underwent hysterectomy followed by three chemotherapy regimens and radiotherapy. The patient had episodes of acute heart failure two years after chemotherapy. Echocardiogram revealed a reduction in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). A retrospective analysis of 18F-FDG PET/CT showed an increase in myocardial uptake in all tests performed during oncologic treatment. Despite disease remission, the patient developed heart failure with reduced LVEF. During chemotherapy, there was a diffuse, significant increase in myocardial 18F-FDG uptake, which preceded the decrease in myocardial performance and seemed to reflect metabolic changes in cardiomyocytes, related to cardiotoxicity. Would an analysis of myocardial 18F-FDG uptake yield a different cardiac outcome in this patient? This question is relevant, considering that other patients may benefit from the use of PET as an early marker of cardiotoxicity. Imaging tests are essential in the follow-up of patients at risk of cardiotoxicity. Although echocardiography remains the main imaging test in the diagnosis of cardiotoxicity, 18F-FDG PET/CT may be a powerful tool for the early diagnosis of this condition.

4.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 69(9): e20230302, set. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514746

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Colorectal cancer is one of the most common malignancies. Survival rates are directly related to the stage of cancer at the time of diagnosis, emphasizing the value of early diagnosis. Positron emission tomography with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose is the gold standard imaging technique in staging, monitoring after treatment, and follow-up. We aimed to assess the importance of incidental 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake by colon and rectum in positron emission tomography-computed tomography imaging to determine a significant cutoff value for further investigation using colonoscopy and histopathological assessment. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of patients with both 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography scan and colonoscopy during 1 year and included the cases who had undergone a colonoscopy within 3 months following the positron emission tomography/computed tomography scan due to an incidental positive finding. Patients with a diagnosed colorectal malignancy or with a history of previous colorectal operations were excluded. RESULTS: A total of 81 patients were included in this study. Among 81 colonoscopic evaluations, histopathology revealed malignancy in 8 patients, and the prevalence of incidental colorectal cancer 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake was found to be 9.87%. SUVmax was found to be significantly related to malignancy and other colonoscopic findings (p<0.001). SUVmax cutoff value to suggest colorectal cancer was found to be median [7.9 (4.1-12.7)] (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Regarding the studies determining a significant cutoff value, incidental colonic 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake on positron emission tomography/computed tomography should lead the clinician to further investigation with colonoscopic biopsy, although the cutoff values for SUVmax are not certain and different in almost every published study, and negative positron emission tomography.computed tomography findings should not completely rule out malignancy, especially in high-risk patients.

5.
Acta méd. colomb ; 48(3)sept. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1549991

ABSTRACT

Objetives: to evaluate the benefit of implementing 18F-FDG PET/TC in the staging and treatment adjustment of patients with sarcoidosis, compared with the signs and symptoms and complementary test results usually employed. Materials and methods: an observational, analytical electronic chart review of a retrospective cohort of patients seen for sarcoidosis in the internal medicine department of a Spanish university hospital. Results: a total of 31 patients (18 males) were evaluated, with an average age of 54.6±14.71 years and 11±5.75 years since their sarcoidosis diagnosis. In the 84.6% of the reviews, positive uptake was objectified on the 18F-FDG PET/TC. In the 42.3% of the occasions, the objectified find ing allowed restaging of the patient. The 18F-FDG PET/TC result justified the choice of treatment in the 71% of the reviews. Conclusions: 18F-FDG PET/TC provided additional advantages in the staging and therapeutic management of patients with sarcoidosis, compared with the evaluation of signs and symptoms and other clinical tests usually employed in follow up, due to its greater accuracy in determining the activity and extension of the disease. (Acta Med Colomb 2022; 48. DOI: https://doi.org/10.36104/amc.2023.2778).

6.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 81(5): 433-443, May 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447405

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Professional soccer athletes are exposed to repetitive head impacts and are at risk of developing chronic traumatic encephalopathy. Objective To evaluate regional brain glucose metabolism (rBGM) and gray matter (GM) volume in retired soccer players (RSPs). Methods Male RSPs and age and sex-matched controls prospectively enrolled between 2017 and 2019 underwent neurological and neuropsychological evaluations, brain MRI and [18F]FDG-PET in a 3.0-Tesla PET/MRI scanner. Visual analysis was performed by a blinded neuroradiologist and a blinded nuclear physician. Regional brain glucose metabolism and GM volume were assessed using SPM8 software. Groups were compared using appropriate statistical tests available at SPM8 and R. Results Nineteen RSPs (median [IQR]: 62 [50-64.5] years old) and 20 controls (60 [48-73] years old) were included. Retired soccer players performed worse on mini-mental state examination, digit span, clock drawing, phonemic and semantic verbal fluency tests, and had reduced rBGM in the left temporal pole (pFDR = 0.008) and the anterior left middle temporal gyrus (pFDR = 0.043). Semantic verbal fluency correlated with rBGM in the right hippocampus, left temporal pole, and posterior left middle temporal gyrus (p ≤ 0.042). Cray matter volume reduction was observed in similar anatomic regions but was less extensive and did not survive correction for multiple comparisons (pFDR ≥ 0.085). Individual [18F]FDG-PET visual analysis revealed seven RSPs with overt hypometabolism in the medial and lateral temporal lobes, frontal lobes, and temporoparietal regions. Retired soccer players had a higher prevalence of septum pellucidum abnormalities on MRI. Conclusion Retired soccer players had reduced rBCM and CM volume in the temporal lobes and septum pellucidum abnormalities, findings possibly related to repetitive head impacts.


Resumo Antecedentes Jogadores profissionais de futebol estão expostos a impactos cranianos repetitivos e ao risco de desenvolver encefalopatia traumática crônica. Objetivo Avaliar o metabolismo glicolítico cerebral regional (MCCr) e o volume de substância cinzenta (vSC) em jogadores de futebol aposentados (JFAs). Métodos Jogadores de futebol aposentados masculinos e controles pareados por idade e sexo foram incluídos prospectivamente entre 2017 e 2019. Foram realizadas avaliações neurológica e neuropsicológica, ressonância magnética (RM) e [18F]FDG-PET cerebrais (3.0-Tesla PET/RM). As imagens foram analisadas visualmente por um neurorradiologista e um médico nuclear cegos ao grupo de cada participante. O metabolismo glicolítico cerebral regional e o vSC foram avaliados através do programa SPM8. Os grupos foram comparados através de testes estatísticos apropriados disponíveis em SPM8 e R, de acordo com a distribuição e o tipo dos dados. Resultados Dezenove JFAs (mediana [IIQ]: 62 [50-64.5] anos) e 20 controles (60 [48-73] anos) foram incluídos. Os JFAs tiveram pior desempenho no mini-exame do estado mental e nos testes de dígitos, desenho do relógio, fluência verbal e fluência semântica e apresentaram MCCr significativamente reduzido no polo temporal e no giro temporal médio anterior esquerdos. Fluência semântica (animais) apresentou correlação positiva com MCCr no hipocampo direito, no polo temporal esquerdo e no aspecto posterior do giro temporal médio esquerdo. Menor vSC foi observado nas mesmas regiões, porém este achado não sobreviveu à correção para comparações múltiplas. Análise individual do [18F]FDG-PET cerebral revelou sete JFAs com claro hipometabolismo nas faces medial e lateral dos lobos temporais, nos lobos frontais e nas regiões temporoparietais. Os JFAs apresentaram ainda maior prevalência de anormalidades do septo pelúcido. Conclusão Os JFAs apresentam MCCr e vSC reduzidos nos lobos temporais, além de anormalidades do septo pelúcido, achados possivelmente relacionados a impactos cranianos repetitivos.

7.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 45(2): 127-131, Mar.-Apr. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439551

ABSTRACT

Objective: Childhood maltreatment (CM) is a significant risk factor for the development and severity of bipolar disorder (BD) with increased risk of suicide attempts (SA). This study evaluated whether a machine learning algorithm could be trained to predict if a patient with BD has a history of CM or previous SA based on brain metabolism measured by positron emission tomography. Methods: Thirty-six euthymic patients diagnosed with BD type I, with and without a history of CM were assessed using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire. Suicide attempts were assessed through the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI-Plus) and a semi-structured interview. Resting-state positron emission tomography with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose was conducted, electing only grey matter voxels through the Statistical Parametric Mapping toolbox. Imaging analysis was performed using a supervised machine learning approach following Gaussian Process Classification. Results: Patients were divided into 18 participants with a history of CM and 18 participants without it, along with 18 individuals with previous SA and 18 individuals without such history. The predictions for CM and SA were not significant (accuracy = 41.67%; p = 0.879). Conclusion: Further investigation is needed to improve the accuracy of machine learning, as its predictive qualities could potentially be highly useful in determining histories and possible outcomes of high-risk psychiatric patients.

8.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 540-545, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013323

ABSTRACT

{L-End}Objective To explore the feasibility of using positron emission tomography (PET) -computed tomography (CT) to detect brain metabolic abnormalities caused by trimethyltin chloride (TMT) poisoning. {L-End}Methods Specific pathogen free healthy SD rats were randomly divided into model group and control group with six rats in each group. Rats in the model group were intraperitoneally injected with a single dose of 10 mg/kg body mass of TMT solution, and rats in the control group were intraperitoneally injected with a single dose of an equal volume of 0.9% sodium chloride solution. Rats were anaesthetized after three days of modeling and underwent PET-CT brain scanning to detect the standardized uptake value (SUV) of 18F-2-fluro-D-deoxy-glucose (18F-FDG). After scanning, rats were sacrificed and brain tissues were collected for brain organ coefficients calculation and brain histopathological analysis. {L-End}Results The rats in the model group showed symptoms of head tremor, limb twitching, irritability and others after TMT modeling. There was no significant difference in the body mass between the two groups of rats on the third day of modeling (P>0.05). The 18F-FDG uptake in the cerebral cortex, cerebellum and brainstem of the rats in the model group was significantly weakened compared with the control group, with deceased SUV values (all P<0.05). No obvious abnormalities were found in CT images and freshly collected brain tissues of rats of the control and model groups. The brain organ coefficients of rats in the two groups showed no significant difference (P>0.05). The results of hematoxylin-eosin staining of brain tissue showed that the cerebral cortex of rats in the model group had more tiny cavities than that of the control group, and some neuronal cells and a small number of hippocampal vertebral cells were tightly and deeply stained, with the cytoplasm and nucleus poorly demarcated, and pericellular space enlarged. The results of Nissen staining showed that the arrangement of neuronal cells in the model group was slightly disordered, and the interstitial space was slightly enlarged, but no other significant abnormal changes were observed. {L-End}Conclusion PET-CT can be used in detecting the metabolic abnormalities of brain in TMT poisoning rat model, making it a sensitive detection method for TMT poisoning.

9.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 917-923, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012257

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical and molecular biological characteristics of patients with accelerated chronic lymphocytic leukemia (aCLL) . Methods: From January 2020 to October 2022, the data of 13 patients diagnosed with aCLL at The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University were retrospectively analyzed to explore the clinical and molecular biological characteristics of aCLL. Results: The median age of the patients was 54 (35-72) years. Prior to aCLL, five patients received no treatment for CLL/small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL), while the other patients received treatment, predominantly with BTK inhibitors. The patients were diagnosed with aCLL through pathological confirmation upon disease progression. Six patients exhibited bulky disease (lesions with a maximum diameter ≥5 cm). Positron emission tomography (PET) -computed tomography (CT) images revealed metabolic heterogeneity, both between and within lesions, and the median maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) of the lesion with the most elevated metabolic activity was 6.96 (2.51-11.90). Patients with unmutated IGHV CLL accounted for 76.9% (10/13), and the most frequent genetic and molecular aberrations included +12 [3/7 (42.9% ) ], ATM mutation [6/12 (50% ) ], and NOTCH1 mutation [6/12 (50% ) ]. Twelve patients received subsequent treatment. The overall response rate was 91.7%, and the complete response rate was 58.3%. Five patients experienced disease progression, among which two patients developed Richter transformation. Patients with aCLL with KRAS mutation had worse progression-free survival (7.0 month vs 26.3 months, P=0.015) . Conclusion: Patients with aCLL exhibited a clinically aggressive course, often accompanied by unfavorable prognostic factors, including unmutated IGHV, +12, ATM mutation, and NOTCH1 mutation. Patients with CLL/SLL with clinical suspicion of disease progression, especially those with bulky disease and PET-CT SUVmax ≥5, should undergo biopsy at the site of highest metabolic uptake to establish a definitive pathological diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/genetics , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Retrospective Studies , Biopsy , Disease Progression
10.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 905-921, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010571

ABSTRACT

Recent advances in lymphoma treatment have significantly improved the survival of patients; however, the current approaches also have varying side effects. To overcome these, it is critical to implement individualized treatment according to the patient's condition. Therefore, the early identification of high-risk groups and targeted treatment are important strategies for prolonging the survival time and improving the quality of life of patients. Interim positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) has a high prognostic value, which can reflect chemosensitivity and identify patients for whom treatment may fail under this regimen. To date, many prospective clinical studies on interim PET (iPET)‍-adapted therapy have been conducted. In this review, we focus on the treatment strategies entailed in these studies, as well as the means and timing of iPET assessment, with the aim of exploring the efficacy and existing issues regarding iPET-adapted treatment. It is expected that the improved use of PET-CT examination can facilitate treatment decision-making to identify precise treatment options.

11.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 87-91, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965379

ABSTRACT

@#Positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) scanner is an irreplaceable instrument in clinical diagnosis. The exposure dose that a patient receives is the sum of the doses caused by PET and CT examination. This study discussed the exposure dose level that a patient received during PET/CT examination according to the research data. Like other radiological diagnostic methods, PET/CT examination brings benefits outweighing its radiation risk. It is not advisable to exaggerate or ignore the exposure dose. The patient’s exposure dose caused by PET/CT examination should be controlled as much as possible under the premise of meeting clinical needs.

12.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 66-69, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965375

ABSTRACT

@#Worldwide, the incidence of cancer is greatest in China. Tumor screening is effective to achieve early diagnosis, improve prognosis, increase the quality of life, and reduce mortality among cancer patients. Positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) imaging provides metabolic data to support initial staging, treatment planning, and response evaluation in tumor screening, as well as tumor follow-up. The progressive integration of PET/CT imaging in radiotherapy has its basic principle in the biological heterogeneity of inter- and intra-tumor malignant lesions, and the radiation dose is required to be adjusted to achieve effective local tumor control among cancer patients. In addition, PET/CT imaging provides data on the biological features of tumor lesions, such as metabolism, hypoxia, and proliferation, which is useful to identify radiation-resistant regions and optimize treatment plans. These data are effective to reduce the uncertainty and variability in the anatomic description of tumor sites. This review summarizes the application of PET/CT imaging in common tumors.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 213-226, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971692

ABSTRACT

There is an accumulating body of evidence implicating the muscarinic acetylcholine receptor 4 (M4) in schizophrenia and dementia with Lewy bodies, however, a clinically validated M4 positron emission tomography (PET) radioligand is currently lacking. As such, the aim of this study was to develop a suitable M4 PET ligand that allows the non-invasive visualization of M4 in the brain. Structure-activity relationship studies of pyrazol-4-yl-pyridine derivates led to the discovery of target compound 12 - a subtype-selective positive allosteric modulator (PAM). The radiofluorinated analogue, [18F] 12, was synthesized in 28 ± 10% radiochemical yield, >37 GBq/μmol and an excellent radiochemical purity >99%. Initial in vitro autoradiograms on rodent brain sections were performed in the absence of carbachol and showed moderate specificity as well as a low selectivity of [18F] 12 for the M4-rich striatum. However, in the presence of carbachol, a significant increase in tracer binding was observed in the rat striatum, which was reduced by >60% under blocking conditions, thus indicating that orthosteric ligand interaction is required for efficient binding of [18F] 12 to the allosteric site. Remarkably, however, the presence of carbachol was not required for high specific binding in the non-human primate (NHP) and human striatum, and did not further improve the specificity and selectivity of [18F] 12 in higher species. These results pointed towards significant species-differences and paved the way for a preliminary PET study in NHP, where peak brain uptake of [18F] 12 was found in the putamen and temporal cortex. In conclusion, we report on the identification and preclinical development of the first radiofluorinated M4 PET radioligand with promising attributes. The availability of a clinically validated M4 PET radioligand harbors potential to facilitate drug development and provide a useful diagnostic tool for non-invasive imaging.

14.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 932-938, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994917

ABSTRACT

Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is a common age-related small vessel disease characterized by amyloid-β (Aβ) deposition in the wall of small arterioles and capillaries of the leptomeninges and cerebral cortex. Several molecular imaging technologies such as amyloid-β positron-emission tomography (PET) and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose-PET have been successfully applied in the patients with CAA. Amyloid-PET may indicate the distribution and burden of Aβ deposition by the tracer′s specific binding to the pathological markers, providing qualitative and quantitative information for the diagnosis of CAA. However, amyloid-β PET is inadequate to differentiate CAA from other Aβ-related diseases like Alzheimer′s disease. Other novel techniques of molecular imaging including tau-PET, single photon emission computed tomography and other highly selective PET radioligands have been investigated widely at present. This article mainly reviewed the advances in molecular imaging of CAA.

15.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 133-142, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994810

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical manifestations, gene mutation characteristics and treatment effects of patients with GATOR1 complex-related epilepsy, and to explore the diagnosis and treatment of this disease.Methods:The medical history, electroencephalogram, brain imaging, genetic test results, treatment and follow-up data of patients with GATOR1 complex-related epilepsy who attended the Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics, Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital, and Shanghai Deji Hospital from May 2017 to July 2022 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:A total of 16 patients with GATOR1 complex-related epilepsy were collected, including 7 males and 9 females. The age of onset of epilepsy was from 2 months to 14 years. Ten cases had focal seizures only, 2 cases had generalized seizures only, and 4 cases had coexistence of focal seizures and generalized seizures, of which generalized seizures included generalized tonic-clonic seizure, spastic seizure, and myoclonic seizure. Among the 16 patients, 2 had infantile spasms, 3 had familial focal epilepsy with variable focus, and 1 had sleep related hyperkinetic epilepsy. Electroencephalogram intervals suggested multiple brain areas discharge or diffuse discharge. A total of 13 DEPDC5 gene mutation sites, 1 NPRL2 gene mutation site, and 2 NPRL3 gene mutation sites were found; 4 sites of DEPDC5 gene were reported sites, the rest were unreported; all mutations had pathogenic significance; 8 cases had nonsense mutation, 1 case had large fragment deletion, 4 cases had frameshift mutation, 1 case had integer mutation, 2 cases had splicing mutation; 13 cases′ mutation was inherited from parents, 2 cases had new mutation, and 1 case had unverified mutation. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed 5 of the 16 patients were normal, and 11 had abnormal cerebral cortex structure, manifested as bottom-of-sulcus focal cortical dysplasia (FCD), abnormal formation of sulci and (or) gyri with or without ill-defined gray-white matter and malformation of cortical dysplasia of the bilateral brain. Seven patients underwent stereotactic electroencephalogram (SEEG) monitoring, and the SEEG showed low-amplitude fast rhythm at the beginning in 6 patients, of whom 5 cases started from the frontal lobe, and 1 case started from the parietal lobe. Eight patients were only treated with drugs, 1 with single-drug therapy and the rest with multi-drug combination therapy. Eight patients underwent surgery. Among them, 5 patients with DEPDC5 gene mutation underwent epileptogenic cortex excising after SEEG monitoring, and postoperative pathological examinations showed FCDⅡ, FCDⅢ or non-specific changes; 1 patient was waiting for surgery. One patient with NPRL3 gene mutation underwent epileptogenic foci resection and postoperative pathological examinations showed FCDⅡa; the other patient with NPRL3 gene mutation underwent radiofrequency thermocoagulation after SEEG monitoring. Follow-up showed that 3 patients were seizure-free with drug treatment, and 4 patients had fewer seizures after drug treatment. Six cases underwent epileptic foci resection. Five of them were assisted by SEEG to locate the epileptic foci before surgery and were seizure-free after the operation, but the range of surgical resection was wider than the abnormal range shown by MRI; whereas 1 case who was not assisted by SEEG showed no improvement. There was still 1 case who underwent SEEG-guided radiofrequency thermocoagulation and had no improvement after operation. Conclusions:GATOR1 complex-related epilepsy mostly manifests as focal seizures. SEEG shows that seizures originate from the frontal lobe more often, and cortical developmental abnormalities are often found. DEPDC5 gene mutations are the most common ones, mostly inherited from parents, with high incomplete penetrance rate. Therefore, genetic testing is recommended for non-acquired brain structural abnormalities. For those who are refractory to drugs, a radical cure can be obtained by resection of the epileptogenic foci after preoperative evaluation.

16.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 543-548, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993633

ABSTRACT

Objective:To fulfill the automatic radiolabeling of the norepinephrine transporter (NET) trancer 18F-meta-fluorobenzylguanidine (mFBG), and explore the 18F-mFBG PET/CT imaging effect of pheochromocytoma. Methods:On the basis of the chemical structure of mFBG, a spirocyclic iodonium ylide was used as the precursor to undergo a 3-step reaction sequence (radiofluorination, deprotection and neutralization) on AllinOne synthesis module. Purification by high performance liquid chromatography and formulation were conducted to generate 18F-mFBG. The corresponding quality control tests of 18F-mFBG product was performed. Afterwards, a postoperative patient with pheochromocytoma underwent 18F-mFBG PET/CT imaging. Results:The radiosynthesis was accomplished within 70 min, and 18F-mFBG was obtained in (17.8±2.4)% non-decay-corrected radiochemical yield ( n=5), with radiochemical purity >97% and molar activity >59.2 GBq/μmol. Sterility test, bacterial endotoxins test, abnormal toxicity test and the acetonitrile residue all met the requirements of Pharmacopoeia of the People′ s Republic of China (2020 Volume Ⅳ). The 18F-mFBG PET/CT imaging disclosed high uptake in pheochromocytoma and clear localization of lesions. Conclusions:The automatic radiolabeling of the NET targeted tracer 18F-mFBG is successfully realized by commercially available synthesis module, and the production quality meets all requirements for clinical translation. 18F-mFBG has a potential to image neuroendocrine lesions in clinical setting.

17.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 528-532, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993630

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of dual-phase 18F-fluorocholine (FCH) PET/CT imaging in uremic hyperparathyroidism (uHPT). Methods:Twenty patients (10 males, 10 females, age: (46.8±12.3) years) who were diagnosed with uHPT and underwent neck ultrasound and dual-phase (5, 45 min) 18F-FCH PET/CT imaging at Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University between December 2019 and March 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients underwent parathyroidectomy within 1 month after PET/CT imaging. The sensitivity of neck ultrasound and dual-phase 18F-FCH PET/CT imaging for the diagnosis of hyperfunctioning parathyroid glands were compared based on the surgical results. The early- and late-phase 18F-FCH PET/CT images were compared visually and quantitatively, and the difference of SUV max between parathyroid hyperplasia and parathyroid adenoma was compared. The correlations between SUV max and important laboratory parameters and the volume of lesions measured on CT were tested. Fisher exact test, paired t test, independent-sample t test and Spearman rank correlation analysis were used for statistical analysis. Results:A total of 69 masses were removed in 20 patients with uHPT, and 55 parathyroid hyperplasia and 10 parathyroid adenomas were identified by pathology. Dual-phase 18F-FCH PET/CT imaging (87.69%, 57/65) was more sensitive than neck ultrasound (56.92%, 37/65) for the diagnosis of hyperfunction of the parathyroid gland ( P=0.001). The early imaging detected more lesions than late imaging (57 vs 49) respectively, which showing higher sensitivity (87.69%(57/65) vs 75.38%(49/65); P<0.001). The SUV max(5.75±2.21 vs 4.08±1.51) and the corresponding parathyroid-to-thyroid ratio (2.99±0.99 vs 3.57±1.30) were both significantly different between early and late imaging ( t values: 8.28, 4.33, both P<0.001). There were no significant differences between parathyroid hyperplasia and parathyroid adenoma in SUV max(early imaging: 5.08±2.27 vs 6.58±2.24; t=-1.90, P=0.063; late imaging: 3.89±1.54 vs 4.93±1.04; t=-1.94, P=0.059). The sum of SUV max of all lesions in early imaging was not correlated with preoperative serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) or Ca or P or lesion size ( rs values: from -0.22 to 0.06, all P>0.05). Conclusions:Dual-phase 18F-FCH PET/CT imaging has high sensitivity in the diagnosis of uHPT, and early and late imaging shows advantages in different aspects, with good preoperative localization ability. Therefore, for patients with uHPT, it is recommended to complete the dual-phase 18F-FCH PET/CT examination before surgery.

18.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 523-527, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993629

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the diagnostic value of the 18F-prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-1007 PET/CT in seminal vesicle invasion (SVI) of prostate cancer. Methods:Clinical and pathological materials of 88 patients (age: 51-84 years) who underwent radical prostatectomy (RP) between May 2019 and December 2021 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University were analyzed retrospectively. All patients underwent 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT examination for primary staging before surgery. The diagnostic efficiency of 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT in SVI was obtained using postoperative pathological results as the " gold standard" and ROC curve was drawn. Furthermore, univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to screen the influencing factors for 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT prediction of SVI. Results:The accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT in diagnosing SVI were 79.55%(70/88), 72.73%(16/22), 81.82%(54/66), 57.14%(16/28) and 90.00%(54/60), respectively. The ROC AUC was 0.77. Results of univariate logistic regression showed that total prostate specific antigen (tPSA), primary SUV max, Gleason score, International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) grade group were associated with 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT prediction of SVI. Results of multivariate logistic regression showed that Gleason score (odds ratio ( OR)=2.04, 95% CI: 1.19-3.50, P=0.009) was a predictor of SVI in prostate cancer. Conclusion:18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT has certain diagnostic value in SVI of prostate cancer, and combining with Gleason score can improve the diagnostic efficiency.

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Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 518-522, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993628

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate predictive value of model based on pre-surgical 18F-FDG PET/CT metabolic parameters for mediastinal lymph node metastasis (LNM) in lung adenocarcinoma. Methods:A total of 288 patients with lung adenocarcinoma (135 males, 153 females, age (61.6±8.5) years) who diagnosed and treated in the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University from January 2016 to February 2021 were enrolled retrospectively. All patients underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT examination within 1 month before operation, and underwent complete resection of primary lung tumor and standard lymph node dissection. PET/CT parameters were extracted (PET metabolic parameters: minimum SUV(SUV min), SUV max, SUV mean, SUV standard deviation (SUV std), metabolic tumor volume (MTV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG); CT parameters: minimum CT value (HU min), maximum CT value (HU max), mean CT value (HU mean), CT value standard deviation (HU std)). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used for screening parameters and establishing model to predict LNM. ROC curves analyses were used to evaluate the predictive performance of models. Results:Among 288 patients, 90 had LNM, and 361 metastatic lymph nodes (N1: 186, N2: 175) were reported by pathology. SUV min (odds ratio ( OR)=1.859, 95% CI: 1.074-3.220, P=0.027), SUV max ( OR=2.255, 95% CI: 1.306-3.893, P=0.004), SUV mean ( OR=0.277, 95% CI: 0.115-0.665, P=0.004) were predictors of LNM. The AUC of PET/CT model was 0.849 (95% CI: 0.804-0.893), and the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and positive and negative predictive values were 87.8%(79/90), 72.2%(143/198), 77.1%(222/288), 59.0%(79/134) and 92.9%(143/154), respectively. Conclusion:The model based on 18F-FDG PET/CT metabolic parameters can improve the accuracy of pre-surgical N-staging in patients with lung adenocarcinoma.

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Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 513-517, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993627

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of integrated PET/MR in assessing myocardial viability in ischemic heart disease.Methods:A total of 39 patients (28 males, 11 females; age (60.1±12.0) years) diagnosed with ischemic heart disease in Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University were retrospectively enrolled from September 2020 to December 2021. All patients underwent cardiac 13N-NH 3·H 2O and 18F-FDG PET/MR examinations. Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) sequence was included in MRI scan. PET and MRI images were analyzed and myocardial viability of each myocardial segment was evaluated according to the American Heart Association (AHA) 17 segment method. The extent of left ventricular infarcted myocardium was measured based on PET and MRI images. Weighted Kappa test was used to evaluate the agreement of PET and MRI in assessing myocardial viability. The extent of infarcted myocardium measured by PET and MRI was compared by paired- t test, and Pearson correlation analysis was used to assess the correlation between them. Results:There was a moderate agreement between PET and MRI in assessing myocardial viability ( Kappa=0.532, P<0.001), with the agreement rate of 69.83%(463/663). There was no significant difference but strong correlation between the extents of infarcted myocardium measured by PET and MRI ((23.89±14.23)% vs (23.55±11.90)%; t=-0.24, P=0.809; r=0.79, P<0.001). In segments with normal perfusion and metabolism on PET, 22.52% (100/444) showed abnormal enhancement on MRI. On the other hand, 39.89% (73/183) of the segments classified as non-viable on MRI showed normal or viable on PET. Conclusion:Integrated PET/MR is able to take full advantage of the complementary nature of PET and MRI, achieving the comprehensive and accurate evaluation of myocardial viability.

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