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1.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 27: e240013, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550765

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess early-onset sepsis as a risk factor of peri-intraventricular hemorrhage in premature infants born at less than or equal to 34 weeks' gestation and admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Methods: This retrospective cohort study included premature patients born at less than or equal to 34 weeks' gestation who were admitted to the NICU of a tertiary hospital in southern Brazil, and born from January 2017 to July 2021. Data were collected from patients' medical records. Early-onset sepsis was measured according to the presence or absence of diagnosis within the first 72 hours of life, whereas the outcome, peri-intraventricular hemorrhage, was described as the presence or absence of hemorrhage, regardless of its grade. Results: Hazard ratios were calculated using Cox regression models. A total of 487 patients were included in the study, of which 169 (34.7%) had some degree of peri-intraventricular hemorrhage. Early-onset sepsis was present in 41.6% of the cases of peri-intraventricular hemorrhage, which revealed a significant association between these variables, with increased risk of the outcome in the presence of sepsis. In the final multivariate model, the hazard ratio for early-onset sepsis was 1.52 (95% confidence interval 1.01-2.27). Conclusion: Early-onset sepsis and the use of surfactants showed to increase the occurrence of the outcome in premature children born at less than or equal to 34 weeks' gestation. Meanwhile, factors such as antenatal corticosteroids and gestational age closer to 34 weeks' gestations were found to reduce the risk of peri-intraventricular hemorrhage.


RESUMO Objetivo: O objetivo do presente trabalho foi avaliar a sepse precoce como fator de risco para hemorragia peri-intraventricular (HPIV) em prematuros com 34 semanas ou menos, admitidos em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva (UTI) Neonatal. Métodos: Este estudo de coorte retrospectivo incluiu pacientes prematuros com 34 semanas ou menos, que receberam alta da UTI Neonatal de hospital terciário, no sul do Brasil, nascidos no período de janeiro de 2017 a julho de 2021. Os dados foram coletados por meio dos prontuários desses pacientes. A sepse precoce foi mensurada conforme a presença ou a ausência do diagnóstico nas primeiras 72 horas de vida. Já o desfecho, hemorragia peri-intraventricular, foi descrito conforme a presença ou ausência da hemorragia, independentemente do grau. Resultados: Hazard ratios (HR) foram calculados por meio de modelos de regressão de Cox. Foram incluídos no estudo 487 pacientes. Destes, 169 (34,7%) apresentaram algum grau de hemorragia peri-intraventricular. A sepse precoce esteve presente em 41,6% dos casos de hemorragia peri-intraventricular e apresentou associação significativa, elevando o risco do desfecho quando presente. No modelo multivariável final, o HR para a sepse precoce foi de 1,52 (intervalo de confiança de 95% — IC95% 1,01-2,27). Conclusão: Sepse precoce e uso de surfactante demonstraram aumentar a ocorrência do desfecho em crianças prematuras até 34 semanas, enquanto fatores como corticoide antenatal e idades gestacionais mais próximas a 34 semanas mostraram reduzir o risco de ocorrência hemorragia peri-intraventricular.

2.
Medisan ; 27(6)dic. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1534910

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El parto prematuro y el bajo peso al nacer constituyen un problema de salud a escala mundial, ya que representan un predictor importante del desarrollo y crecimiento posnatal, así como un indicador de morbilidad y mortalidad infantil. Objetivo: Caracterizar a madres con recién nacidos prematuros y de bajo peso según variables clínicas y epidemiológicas. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, de corte transversal, desde enero hasta diciembre de 2022, de 35 madres con recién nacidos prematuros y de bajo peso, pertenecientes al Policlínico Docente Área Este de la ciudad de Camagüey. Entre las variables analizadas figuraron: edad, estado nutricional, clasificación del riesgo, control prenatal, riesgo reproductivo preconcepcional, consulta multidisciplinaria, enfermedades propias del embarazo, estado al nacer, deficiencias detectadas y causas. Resultados: En la serie predominaron el grupo etario de 35 y más años (25,7 %), la obesidad (37,1 %), las madres con elevados riesgos (45,7 %), quienes recibieron entre 8-14 controles prenatales, y malos antecedentes obstétricos (31,4 %). Por otra parte, 22,9 % de las madres tuvieron hijos con bajo peso y 31,4 %, prematuros; en tanto, hubo dificultades en el seguimiento por ausencias (57,1 %). Conclusiones: Las madres presentaron características clínicas y epidemiológicas desfavorables, tales como la edad de 35 y más años, la obesidad, el alto riesgo, los malos antecedentes obstétricos y la infección vaginal como enfermedad propia del embarazo, que influyeron en que los neonatos fueran prematuros o de bajo peso, o ambos.


Introduction: Preterm birth and low birth weight constitute a health problem worldwide, since they represent an important predictor of development and postnatal growth, as well as an indicator of newborn morbidity and mortality. Objective: To characterize mothers with preterm and low weight infants according to clinical and epidemiological variables. Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out from January to December, 2022, of 35 mothers with preterm and low weight infants, belonging to the East Area Teaching Polyclinic in Camagüey city. Age, nutritional state, risk classification, prenatal control, preconcepcional reproductive risk, multidisciplinary visits, diseases characteristic of pregnancy, birth state, detected deficiencies and causes were among the analyzed variables. Results: In the series there was prevalence of the 35 and over age group (25.7%), obesity (37.1%), high risk mothers (45.7%) who received among 8-14 prenatal controls, and bad obstetric history (31.4%). On the other hand, 22.9% of the mothers had low weight children and 31.4% preterm children; as long as there were difficulties in follow up due to absences (57.1%). Conclusions: The mothers presented unfavorable clinical and epidemiological characteristics, such as the 35 and over years, obesity, high risk, bad obstetric history and vaginal infection as a disease characteristic of pregnancy, which influenced the infants to be preterm or low weight, or both.

3.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 9(3): 33895, 26 dez. 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1524296

ABSTRACT

Introdução:A enterocolite necrosante é uma doença que pode afetar o trato gastrointestinal de recém-nascidos,cujas manifestações clínicas podem ser caracterizadas por vômitos biliosos, sangue nas fezes, distensão abdominal, além de alterações nos parâmetros hemodinâmicos e instabilidade térmica. As populações mais vulneráveis a essa enfermidade são recém-nascidos de baixo peso,expostos ao ambiente de terapia intensiva neonatal. Objetivos: Identificar o perfil de recém-nascidos e os fatores maternos e neonatais associados à ocorrência de óbitos por enterocolite necrosante, em maternidade de referência do Ceará-Brasil. Metodologia: Trata-se de coorte retrospectiva, estudo que objetiva a descrição da incidência de determinado evento ao longo do tempo, além do estabelecimento de relações causais entre os fatores associados ao acontecimento. Incluíram-serecém-nascidos que tiveram óbitos por enterocolite necrosante entre 2019 e 2021, comficha de investigação de óbitos neonatais preenchida corretamente, não sendo excluído nenhum recém-nascido, totalizando amostra de 29 óbitos.Resultados: Identificou-se que o perfil dos recém-nascidos foi,em maioria, deprematuros e com baixo peso e fatores de risco para outras doenças associadas,como a sepse, o que acarretourealização de procedimentos invasivos e internação em ambiente de terapia intensiva neonatal.Conclusões: A prematuridade e o baixo peso ao nascer foram as variáveis relevantes no estudo e podem estar associadas à piora das condições clínicas do recém-nascido e ao desenvolvimento de enterocolite necrosante (AU).


Introduction: Necrotizing Enterocolitis is a disease that can affect the gastrointestinal tract of newborns, whose clinical manifestations can be characterized by bilious vomiting, blood in stool, abdominal distension, in addition to changes in hemodynamic parameters and thermal instability. The populations most vulnerable to this disease are low birth weight newborns exposed to the neonatal intensive care environment. Objectives: This study aimed to identify the profile of newborns and maternal and neonatal factors associated with the occurrence of deaths from necrotizing enterocolitis in a reference maternity hospital in Ceará, Brazil. Methodology: This is a retrospective cohort study seeking to describe the incidence ofa particular event over time, as well as establish causal relationships between the factors associated with the event. The study population comprised newborns who died from necrotizing enterocolitis between 2019 and 2021, who had neonatal death investigation forms filled out correctly, with no newborns being excluded, totaling a sample of 29 deaths. Results: It was identified that the profile of newborns was mostly premature, of low birth weight and with risk factors for other associated diseases such as sepsis, leading to invasive procedures and hospitalization in a neonatal intensive care environment. Conclusions: Prematurity and low birth weight were relevant variables in the study and may be associated with worsening of the newborn's clinical conditionsand development of necrotizing enterocolitis (AU).


ntroducción:La Enterocolitis Necrotizante es enfermedad que puede afectar el tracto gastrointestinal del recién nacido, cuyas manifestaciones clínicas pueden caracterizarse por vómitos biliosos, sangre en las heces, distensión abdominal, además de cambios en los parámetros hemodinámicos e inestabilidad térmica.Las poblaciones más vulnerables a esta enfermedad son recién nacidos con bajo peso expuestos al entorno de cuidados intensivos neonatales.Objetivos: Identificar el perfil de recién nacidos y los factores maternos y neonatales asociados a la ocurrencia de muertes por enterocolitis necrotizante, en maternidad de referencia en el Ceará-Brasil.Metodología: Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo, para describir la incidencia de determinado evento a lo largo del tiempo, además de establecer relaciones causales entre los factores asociados al evento.Se incluyeron recién nacidos fallecidos por enterocolitis necrotizante entre 2019 y 2021, quienes tuvieron formulario de investigación de muerte neonatal correctamente diligenciado, no excluyéndose ningún recién nacido, totalizando muestra de 29 defunciones.Resultados:El perfil de los recién nacidos fue mayoritariamente prematuro y de bajo peso al nacer y con factores de riesgo para otras enfermedades asociadas, como sepsis, con procedimientos invasivos y hospitalización en ambiente de cuidados intensivosneonatales.Conclusiones:La prematuridad y el bajo peso al nacer fueron variables relevantes en el estudio y pueden estar asociados con empeoramiento de las condiciones clínicas de recién nacidos y desarrollo de enterocolitis necrotizante (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Infant Mortality , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/pathology , Neonatology , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cohort Studies
4.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 39(6): e00231022, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447773

ABSTRACT

Resumo: A restrição do crescimento intrauterino e a prematuridade determinam o baixo peso ao nascer, e a combinação das três condições resulta em diferentes fenótipos neonatais que interferem na sobrevivência infantil. Foram estimadas a prevalência, a sobrevivência e a mortalidade neonatal, segundo os fenótipos neonatais, na coorte de nascidos vivos de 2021 no Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Foram excluídos nascidos vivos de gravidez múltipla, com anomalia congênita, e com inconsistências nas informações de peso e idade gestacional. Foi utilizada a curva Intergrowth para classificar adequação do peso, e estimadas a mortalidade (< 24 horas, 1-6 e 7-27 dias) e sobrevida (Kaplan-Meier). Dos 174.399 nascidos vivos, 6,8%, 5,5% e 9,5% eram, respectivamente, baixo peso ao nascer, pequeno para idade gestacional (PIG) e prematuros. Entre nascidos vivos com baixo peso ao nascer, 39,7% eram PIG e 70%, prematuros. Os fenótipos neonatais foram heterogêneos segundo características maternas, do parto, da gestação e do recém-nascido. A taxa de mortalidade por 1.000 nascidos vivos foi elevada para neonatos de baixo peso ao nascer prematuros, tanto PIG (78,1) quanto AIG (adequado para idade gestacional: 61,1), em todas as idades específicas. Houve reduções significantes da sobrevida quando comparados aos nascidos vivos não baixo peso ao nascer, AIG termo. As prevalências estimadas mostraram menores valores que as de outros estudos, em parte pelos critérios de exclusão adotados. Os fenótipos neonatais identificaram crianças mais vulneráveis e com maior risco de morte. A prematuridade contribuiu mais para a mortalidade que a condição de PIG; sua prevenção é necessária para reduzir a mortalidade neonatal no Estado do Rio de Janeiro.


Resumen: La restricción del crecimiento intrauterino y la prematuridad determinan el bajo peso al nacer, y la combinación de las tres condiciones da como resultado diferentes fenotipos neonatales que interfieren en la supervivencia infantil. Se estimó la prevalencia, supervivencia y mortalidad neonatal según los fenotipos neonatales, en la cohorte de nacidos vivos en 2021 en el Estado de Río de Janeiro, Brasil. Se excluyeron nacidos vivos de embarazo múltiple, con anomalía congénita y con inconsistencias en la información sobre el peso y edad gestacional. Se utilizó la curva Intergrowth para clasificar la adecuación de peso, y se estimó la mortalidad (< 24 horas, 1-6 y 7-27 días) y supervivencia (Kaplan-Meier). De los 174.399 nacidos vivos, 6,8%, 5,5% y 9,5% fueron, respectivamente, bajo peso al nacer, pequeños para la edad gestacional (PIG) y prematuros. Entre los bacidos vivos com bajo peso al nacer, el 39,7% eran PIG y el 70% prematuros. Los fenotipos neonatales fueron heterogéneos según las características maternas, del parto, del embarazo y del recién nacido. La tasa de mortalidad por 1.000 nacidos vivos fue alta para los neonatos bajo peso al nacer prematuros, tanto PIG (78,1) como AIG (apropiado para la edad gestacional: 61,1), en todas las edades específicas. Hubo reducciones significativas en la supervivencia en comparación con el término AIG bajo peso al nacer nos nacidos vivos. Las prevalencias estimadas mostraron valores inferiores a los de otros estudios, en parte debido a los criterios de exclusión adoptados. Los fenotipos neonatales identificó a los niños más vulnerables y con mayor riesgo de muerte. La prematuridad contribuyó más a la mortalidad que la condición PIG, y su prevención es necesaria para reducir la mortalidad neonatal en el Estado de Río de Janeiro.


Abstract: Intrauterine growth restriction and prematurity determine low birth weight. The combination of the three conditions results in different neonatal phenotypes that interfere with child survival. Neonatal prevalence, survival and mortality were estimated according to neonatal phenotypes in the cohort of live births in 2021 in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In this study, live births of multiple pregnancies, with congenital anomalies and inconsistencies in the information of weight and gestational age were excluded. The Intergrowth curve was used to classify weight adequacy. Mortality (< 24 hours, 1-6 and 7-27 days) and survival (Kaplan-Meier) were estimated. In total, 6.8%, 5.5%, and 9.5% of the 174,399 live births were low birth weight, small for gestational age (SGA), and premature, respectively. Considering low birth weight live births, 39.7% were SGA and 70% were premature. The neonatal phenotypes were heterogeneous according to maternal, delivery, pregnancy, and newborn characteristics. The mortality rate per 1,000 live births was high for low birth weight premature newborns, both SGA (78.1) and AGA (adequate for gestational age: 61.1), at all specific ages. Reductions in the survival rate were observed when comparing non-low birth weight and AGA term live births. The estimated prevalence values were lower than those of other studies, partly due to the exclusion criteria adopted. The neonatal phenotypes identified children who were more vulnerable and at higher risk of death. Prematurity contributed more to mortality than SGA, and its prevention is necessary to reduce neonatal mortality in the state of Rio de Janeiro.

5.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1448708

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la infección respiratoria baja constituye una importante causa de mortalidad y morbilidad en el recién nacido. Objetivo: identificar los factores de riesgo para la infección respiratoria baja asociada a la ventilación mecánica artificial invasiva y no invasiva en los recién nacidos ingresados en la UCIN del servicio de Neonatología del Hospital General Docente Carlos Manuel de Céspedes de enero 2017 hasta diciembre del 2019. Métodos: se realizó un estudio analítico de casos y controles. Los grupos de estudio estuvieron conformados por 25 casos y 50 controles respectivamente. Resultados: las variables edad gestacional antes las 37 semanas de gestación, el bajo peso al nacer poseen dos veces o más riesgos de padecer una infección respiratoria baja asociada a la ventilación mecánica de forma significativa con una p<0,05; la estadía mayor de 3 días en ventilación mostró significancia con una p: 0,031; entre los diagnósticos que llevaron a la ventilación mecánica fue la enfermedad de la membrana hialina con una p: 0,025. Conclusiones: La edad gestacional menor de 37 semanas, el peso al nacer menor de 2 500 gramos, el tiempo ventilatorio de más de 3 días y el diagnóstico de la enfermedad de la membrana hialina fueron las variables significativas.


Introduction: lower respiratory infection is an important cause of mortality and morbidity in the newborn. Objective: to identify the risk factors for lower respiratory infection associated with invasive and non-invasive artificial mechanical ventilation in newborns admitted to the NICU of the Neonatology service of the Carlos Manuel de Céspedes Teaching General Hospital from January 2017 to December 2019. Methods: an analytical case-control study was conducted. The study groups consisted of 25 cases and 50 controls, respectively. Results: the variables gestational age before 37 weeks of gestation, low birth weight have twice or more risks of suffering a lower respiratory infection associated with mechanical ventilation significantly with a p<0.05; The stay longer than 3 days in ventilation showed significance with a p: 0.031; Among the diagnoses that led to mechanical ventilation was hyaline membrane disease with a p: 0.025. Conclusions: Gestational age less than 37 weeks, birth weight less than 2 500 grams, ventilatory time of more than 3 days and diagnosis of hyaline membrane disease were the significant variables.


Introdução: a infecção respiratória inferior é uma importante causa de mortalidade e morbidade no recém-nascido. Objetivo: identificar os fatores de risco para infecção respiratória inferior associados à ventilação mecânica artificial invasiva e não invasiva em recém-nascidos internados na UTIN do serviço de Neonatologia do Hospital Geral Universitário Carlos Manuel de Céspedes no período de janeiro de 2017 a dezembro de 2019. Métodos: foi realizado um estudo analítico caso-controle. Os grupos de estudo foram constituídos por 25 casos e 50 controles, respectivamente. Resultados: as variáveis idade gestacional antes de 37 semanas de gestação, baixo peso ao nascer apresentam duas ou mais vezes ou mais riscos de sofrer uma infecção respiratória inferior associada à ventilação mecânica significativamente com p<0,05; A permanência superior a 3 dias em ventilação mostrou significância com p: 0,031; Entre os diagnósticos que levaram à ventilação mecânica estava a doença da membrana hialina com p: 0,025. Conclusões: Idade gestacional inferior a 37 semanas, peso ao nascer inferior a 2.500 gramas, tempo ventilatório superior a 3 dias e diagnóstico de doença da membrana hialina foram as variáveis significativas.

6.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 27: e20220205, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1421439

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo analisar o uso do aplicativo WhatsApp®, enquanto ferramenta tecnológica, para auxiliar as mães no acompanhamento pós-alta do bebê prematuro. Método estudo de abordagem qualitativa realizado com 18 mães de bebês prematuros que haviam sido internados nas unidades neonatais de um hospital universitário no interior de São Paulo. Os dados foram coletados no período de julho a novembro de 2021 por meio de mensagens deixadas em um grupo de WhatsApp® destinado ao acompanhamento pós-alta dos pré-termo. As mensagens foram analisadas a partir da Análise de Conteúdo Temática. Resultados o grupo de WhatsApp® teve boa aceitação e adesão por parte das mães, que puderam compartilhar suas experiências, seus conhecimentos e sentimentos. Os principais temas levantados foram: Aleitamento materno ao bebê prematuro; Manejo da cólica infantil; Cuidados básicos ao prematuro no domicílio; Vivências na internação do prematuro; Desafios enfrentados no domicílio; Percepção das mães sobre o grupo de WhatsApp®. Conclusão e implicações para a prática as mães demonstraram inseguranças e dúvidas sobre os cuidados básicos com o prematuro em domicílio. A estratégia de utilizar o aplicativo WhatsApp® no acompanhamento em saúde do bebê prematuro apresentou resultados satisfatórios, favorecendo a continuidade do cuidado e o apoio às mães.


Resumen Objetivo analizar el uso de la aplicación WhatsApp®, como herramienta tecnológica, para asistir a las madres en el seguimiento post-alta del bebé prematuro. Método estudio de abordaje cualitativo realizado con 18 madres de prematuros internados en las unidades neonatales de un hospital universitario del interior de São Paulo. Los datos fueron recolectados de julio a noviembre de 2021 a través de mensajes dejados en un grupo de WhatsApp® destinado al seguimiento post-alta de prematuros. Los mensajes fueron analizados a partir del Análisis de Contenido Temático. Resultados el grupo de WhatsApp® fue bien aceptado y adherido por las madres, que pudieron compartir sus experiencias, sus conocimientos y sentimientos. Los principales temas abordados fueron: Lactancia materna del prematuro; Manejo del cólico infantil; Cuidados básicos para bebés prematuros en el hogar; Experiencias en la hospitalización de prematuros; Desafíos enfrentados en el hogar; Percepción de las madres sobre el grupo de WhatsApp®. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica las madres mostraron inseguridades y dudas sobre los cuidados básicos del prematuro en el hogar. La estrategia de uso de la aplicación WhatsApp® en el seguimiento de la salud de los bebés prematuros mostró resultados satisfactorios, favoreciendo la continuidad de la atención y el apoyo a las madres.


Abstract Objective to analyze the use of the WhatsApp® application, as a technological tool, to help mothers in the post-discharge follow-up of their premature infant. Method a qualitative study conducted with 18 mothers of preterm infants who had been admitted to the neonatal units of a university hospital in the interior of São Paulo. Data were collected from July to November 2021 through messages left in a WhatsApp® group for the post-discharge follow-up of preterm infants. The messages were analyzed using Thematic Content Analysis. Results the WhatsApp® group had good acceptance and adhesion by the mothers, who were able to share their experiences, knowledge, and feelings. The main topics raised were: Breastfeeding the premature baby; Management of infant colic; Basic care of the premature baby at home; Experiences in the hospitalization of the premature baby; Challenges faced at home; Mothers' perception of the WhatsApp® group. Conclusion and implications for the practice the mothers showed insecurities and doubts about the basic care of the premature baby at home. The strategy of using the WhatsApp® application in the health monitoring of premature babies showed satisfactory results, favoring the continuity of care and support to mothers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Patient Discharge , Infant, Premature , Neonatal Nursing , Continuity of Patient Care , Mobile Applications , Nursing Care , Colic/therapy , Qualitative Research , Infant Nutrition , Teas, Herbal
7.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 324-331, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992838

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of the ultrasonography in the diagnosis of the white matter injury of premature infants based on gray-scale ultrasonography radiomics.Methods:A total of 256 premature infants in Huazhong University of Science and Technology Union Shenzhen Hospital and Shenzhen Hospital of Southern Medical University from August 2018 to April 2022 were analyzed retrospectively. The computer-generated random numbers were assigned to the training set and the verification set according to 6∶4 ratio. On the basis of standardized collection of craniocerebral ultrasound images, the radiomics features were extracted from imaging by Pyradiomics 3.0.1 software package, the Mann-Whitney U test and the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) and stepwise regression were used to select the optimal features. Then the Logistic regression was used to build radiomics model. According to MRI, ROC curve was utilized to evaluate the performance of the model. The craniocerebral ultrasound images in the validation set were independently diagnosed by a senior physician and a junior physician, and then the above two physicians diagnosed again with the help of the radiomics, and the diagnostic abilities of this model were compared with those of the junior and senior physicians with and without radiomics assist. Results:A total of 5 optimal features were selected to develop radiomics model. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) in the training and validation sets were 0.861, 0.775, 0.799, 0.818; 0.929, 0.824, 0.853, 0.876, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy and AUC in the senior sonographer, the junior sonographer, and both of them with radiomics assist for the dagnosis in the validation set were 0.929, 0.892, 0.902, 0.910; 0.714, 0.743, 0.735, 0.729; 0.929, 0.919, 0.922, 0.924; 0.857, 0.824, 0.833, 0.841, respectively. Performance of radiomics model reached the level of the senior sonographer (AUC: 0.876 vs 0.910, P=0.284), which was significantly better than the performance of the junior sonographer(AUC: 0.876 vs 0.729, P=0.001). Performance of the junior sonographer with radiomics assist was significantly better than the performance of the junior sonographer(AUC: 0.841 vs 0.729, P=0.003). Performance of the senior sonographer with radiomics assist was comparable to that of the senior sonographer(AUC: 0.924 vs 0.910, P=0.156). Conclusions:The ultrasound diagnosis method based on radiomics technology shows good diagnostic performance for the white matter injury of premature infants. It is helpful to improve the diagnostic ability of junior sonographer. It is expected to assist the sonographers in diagnosis and provide objective, consistent and accurate results for clinical practice.

8.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 757-761, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997093

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the effectiveness of less invasive surfactant administration (LISA) and intubate surfactant extubation (INSURE) on respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) among premature infant, so as to provide insights into improving treatment effects and reducing complications of RDS among premature infants.@*Methods@#A total of 71 premature infants with RDS in Anhui Provincial Maternity and Child Health Hospital were randomly assigned into the LISA and INSURE group, and pulmonary surfactant (PS) administration was carried out by LISA and INSURE with basic support therapy and respiratory support therapy. The general information, arterial blood gas analysis before and after treatment, respiratory support time and incidence of complications were collected and compared between the two groups.@*Results@#There were 31 cases in the LISA group, with a gestational age of (29.81±0.99) weeks and 22 male cases, and 40 cases in the INSURE group, with a gestational age of (30.02±1.13) weeks and 26 male cases. There were no significant differences in basic characteristics (including gestational age, birth weight, gender, etc.) between the two groups (all P>0.05). After administration, the level of PaO2 was lower in the LISA group than in the INSURE group [(78.35±6.55) mmHg vs. (87.68±8.21) mmHg, P<0.05], the level of PaCO2 was higher in the LISA group than in the INSURE group [(43.03±6.34) mmHg vs. (38.68±9.69) mmHg, P<0.05], and the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia was lower in the LISA group than in the INSURE group (48.39% vs. 72.50%, P<0.05). Linear regression analysis showed that with the duration of LISA administration increase (2-7 min), the minimum heart rate of premature infants increased linearly (β=13, P<0.05). @*Conclusions@#Compared with INSURE, LISA administration could slowly improve ventilation oxygenation, reduce hyperventilation and incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia among premature infants with RDS. The incidence of slow heart rate may be reduced by appropriately prolonging the administration duration.

9.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 431-435,439, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973454

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To systematically evaluate the effect of colostrum on immunoglobulin A (IgA) levels among premature infants, so as to provide the evidence for improving premature infants' health with colostrum feeding.@*Methods@#Randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs) or controlled clinical trials (CCTs) pertaining to the effect of colostrum and IgA levels among premature infants were retrieved in national and international databases from inception to September 30, 2022, including CNKI, Wanfang Data, PubMed and Web of Science. Standardized mean difference (SMD) was used as an effect index for meta-analysis. The robustness of the results was evaluated using sensitivity analysis, and the publication bias was evaluated using Begg's test, Egger's test and funnel plot.@*Results @#A total of 650 publications were retrieved initially, and 10 studies were finally included, including 9 RCTs and one1 CCT, with 677 participants. Meta-analysis showed higher secretory salivary secretory IgA levels among premature infants with colostrum feeding than among controls (SMD=0.49, 95%CI: 0.08-0.89), and there were no significant differences between groups in terms of urinary secretory IgA levels (SMD=0.19, 95%CI: -0.39-0.77) or blood IgA levels (SMD=0.29, 95%CI: -0.01-0.59). Sensitivity analysis showed robustness of meta-analysis results, and no publication bias was examined.@*Conclusion@#Colostrum feeding may increase salivary secretory IgA levels among premature infants; however, it has no effect on urine salivary secretory IgA levels or blood IgA levels.

10.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 545-549, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990783

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical characteristics of ureaplasma urealyticum (UU) infection in preterm infants with gestational age <34 weeks.Methods:From January 2017 to December 2021, premature infants with gestational age <34 weeks admitted to neonatal department of our hospital were enrolled in this prospective cohort study. UU-DNA from respiratory tract samples were examined using quantitative fluorescence polymerase chain reaction method. The infants were assigned into UU (+) group and UU (-) group. Perinatal factors and clinical characteristics were compared between the two groups.Results:A total of 182 preterm infants were enrolled, including 59 cases (32.4%) in UU (+) group and 123 (67.6%) in UU (-) group. UU (+) group had significantly lower gestational age and birth weight and significantly higher incidences of vaginal delivery, premature rupture of membranes (PROM) >18 h and maternal chorioamnionitis than UU (-) group ( P<0.05). Compared with UU (-) group, UU (+) group had significantly higher leucocyte count, neutrophil count and interleukin-6 at 1, 24 and 72 h after birth ( P<0.05). No significant differences existed in C-reactive protein and procalcitonin between the two groups at each time point ( P>0.05). In UU (+) group, the incidences of intrauterine pulmonary infection and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) were higher and the incidence of respiratory distress syndrome was lower than UU (-) group ( P<0.05). No significant differences existed in the incidences of intraventricular hemorrhage, periventricular leukomalacia, feeding intolerance, necrotizing enterocolitis, retinopathy of prematurity between the two groups ( P>0.0 5). UU (+) group had significantly longer duration of oxygen therapy than UU (-) group ( P<0.05). No significant differences existed in the duration of invasive mechanical ventilation and hospital stay between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Preterm infants <34 weeks with positive UU in respiratory tract secretions have higher incidences of vaginal delivery, PROM>18 h and maternal chorioamnionitis. Leukocyte and neutrophil count and interleukin -6 are higher in these infants. They need prolonged oxygen therapy and have increased risks of intrauterine pulmonary infection and BPD.

11.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 534-538, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990781

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a risk prediction model for the occurrence of low 1 min Apgar scores in extremely premature infants (EPIs).Methods:From January 2017 to December 2021, EPIs delivered at our hospital were retrospectively analyzed and randomly assigned into training set group and validation set group in a 7∶3 ratio. 17 clinical indicators were selected as predictive variables and low Apgar scores after birth as outcome variables. Lasso regression and multi-factor logistic regression were used within the training set group to select the final predictors for the final model, and the calibration, distinguishability and clinical decision making curves of the final model were evaluated in the validation set group.Results:A total of 169 EPIs were enrolled, including 117 in the training set group and 52 in the validation set group. 4 indicators including gender, fetal distress, assisted conception and delivery time were selected as the final predictors in the final model. Both the training set group and the validation set group had good calibration curves. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of the prediction model was 0.731, the sensitivity was 72.2%, the specificity was 60.5% and the AUC of the external validation curve was 0.704. The clinical decision making curve showed that the model had a greater benefit in predicting the occurrence of low Apgar score in EPIs within the threshold of 2% to 75%.Conclusions:The clinical prediction model established in this study has good distinguishability, calibration and clinical accessibility and can be used as a reference tool to predict low Apgar scores in EPIs.

12.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 407-411, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990767

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the risk factors of secondary hydrocephalus after severe intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in preterm infants for prevention and early identification of post-hemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH).Methods:From June 2013 to June 2021, preterm infants with severe IVH admitted to our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. They were assigned into PHH group and non-PHH group. Rank sum test or chi-square test was used for comparison between the two groups and multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the risk factors of PHH in preterm infants.Results:A total of 246 preterm infants with severe IVH were enrolled, including 68 cases (27.6%) in the PHH group and 178 cases (72.4%) in the non-PHH group. Multivariate logistic stepwise regression analysis showed that male gender ( OR=2.014, 95% CI 1.063-3.817), gestational age ≤30 week ( OR=2.240, 95% CI 1.210-4.146), 5-min Apgar score ≤5 ( OR=3.980, 95% CI 1.483-10.685), placental abruption ( OR=2.940, 95% CI 1.324-6.531) were independent risk factors for PHH in preterm infants and thrombocytopenia was the protective factor for PHH in preterm infants ( OR=0.305, 95% CI 0.147-0.632). The incidence of moderate thrombocytopenia in non-PHH group was significantly higher than PHH group ( P<0.05). No significant differences existed in the incidences of mild and severe thrombocytopenia between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Male gender, gestational age ≤30 week, 5-min Apgar score ≤5, placental abruption are risk factors for PHH in premature infants with severe IVH and moderate thrombocytopenia has protective effects.

13.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 349-353, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990762

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the risk factors for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in very low birth weight infants (VLBWIs).Methods:From October 2020 to December 2021, VLBWIs with gestational age(GA) ≤32 weeks admitted to the neonatal department of our hospital were retrospectively studied. According to the occurrence of ROP, they were assigned into ROP group and non-ROP group. The clinical data of the two groups were compared and the risk factors of ROP in VLBWI were analyzed.Results:A total of 251 VLBWIs were enrolled, including 60 cases (23.9%) in ROP group and 191 (76.1%) in non-ROP group. The GA and birth weight (BW) of ROP group were significantly lower than non-ROP group [28(26,30) w vs. 29(28,31) w, 1 035(840,1 285) g vs. 1 260(1 110,1 380) g, respectively, all P<0.001]. The ROP group had longer duration of oxygen therapy [42.0(26.0, 53.5) d vs. 24.0(18.0, 34.0) d], higher incidences of blood transfusion [2.5(1.0, 3.0) times vs. 2.0 (1.0, 2.0) times] and hyperglycemia (80.0% vs. 16.8%), higher average [(5.6±0.5) mmol/L vs. (5.1±0.5) mmol/L] and peak [10.4(7.8,13.2) mmol/L vs. 6.5(6.1,6.8) mmol/L] blood glucose levels in the first week than the non-ROP group (all P<0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that longer duration of oxygen therapy ( OR=1.047, 95% CI 1.008-1.087, P=0.018) and higher peak blood glucose level in the first week ( OR=1.268, 95% CI 1.092-1.474, P=0.002) were the independent risk factors for ROP. Conclusions:Longer duration of oxygen therapy and higher peak of blood glucose level in the first week are risk factors for ROP in VLBWIs.

14.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 332-337, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990759

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effects of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) on bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in very low birth weight preterm infants (VLBWIs).Methods:From January 2018 to December 2020,VLBWIs hospitalized in NICU of our hospital were retrospectively analyzed.They were assigned into BPD group and non-BPD group according to whether BPD occurred. Clinical data including the severity of BPD , the diameter and duration of PDA and ibuprofen usage were analyzed. The predictive values of PDA diameter and duration for BPD were calculated using area under curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis.Results:A total of 173 VLBWIs were enrolled, including 42 in the BPD group and 131 in the non-BPD group. The incidence of hemodynamically significant PDA (hsPDA) in the BPD group was significantly higher than the non-BPD group (45.2% vs. 22.1%, P=0.001).hsPDA ( OR=2.806, 95% CI 1.307-5.745, P=0.005), PDA diameter ≥1.5 mm ( OR=7.003, 95% CI 1.323-48.884, P<0.001) and PDA duration >1 w ( OR=7.754, 95% CI 1.203-49.989, P=0.031) were all risk factors for BPD.As for the severity of BPD, hsPDA, PDA diameter ≥1.5 mm, PDA duration >1 w and FiO 2max >30% within 72 h after birth were risk factors for grade Ⅱ~Ⅲ BPD. The incidence of ibuprofen usage was significantly higher in grade Ⅱ~Ⅲ BPD group. If the diameter of PDA was 1.25 mm, the AUC was 0.806 (95% CI 0.706-0.906, P<0.001), sensitivity 82.6% and specificity 68.7% for grade Ⅱ~Ⅲ BPD. If the PDA duration was 10.5 d, the AUC was 0.821 (95% CI 0.718-0.925, P<0.001), sensitivity 65.2% and specificity 91.3%. Conclusions:hsPDA, larger PDA diameter and longer PDA duration are risk factors for the occurrence and severity of BPD in VLBWIs.

15.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 327-331, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990758

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the risk factors and clinical outcomes of early pulmonary hypertension in preterm infants with gestational age(GA)≤32 w.Methods:From October 2017 to May 2021,preterm infants with GA≤ 32 w admitted to NICU of our hospital were retrospectively studied. According to their echocardiography 2 w after birth, the infants were assigned into early-onset pulmonary hypertension (ePH) group and non-PH group. SPSS 21.0 statistical software was used to analyze the general status, complications and clinical outcomes of the two groups. Multiple logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of early-onset PH.Results:A total of 183 cases were enrolled, including 24 in the ePH group and 159 in the non-PH group. The incidences of birth asphyxia, hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA), FiO 2≥30% within 6 h after birth, late-onset PH, severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia(BPD) and intracranial hemorrhage(ICH) in the ePH group were significantly higher than the non-PH group( P<0.05). hsPDA was the independent risk factor for early-onset PH ( OR=11.781, 95% CI 4.192-33.108). Conclusions:Preterm infants with GA≤32 w and early-onset PH are at increased risks of ICH, late-onset PH and severe BPD, hsPDA is the independent risk factor for early-onset PH.

16.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 272-277, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990753

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effects of recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) on cerebral blood flow (CBF) in preterm infants using arterial spin labeling (ASL) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).Methods:From September 2021 to June 2022, preterm infants (gestational age ≤32 weeks, birth weight ≤1 500 g) admitted to NICU of our hospital within 24 h after birth were randomly assigned into rhEPO group and control group for this prospective study. The rhEPO group was given rhEPO (500 IU/kg iv, once every other day for 2 weeks) within 72 h after birth plus symptomatic supportive treatment. The control group received same amount of normal saline injection. Both groups received brain MRI, diffusion-weighted imaging and ASL at adjusted gestational age of 35~37 weeks and CBF values of interested areas were measured.Results:A total of 85 infants were enrolled, including 40 in the rhEPO group and 45 in the control group. No significant differences existed in the incidences of periventricular-intraventricular hemorrhage, periventricular leukomalacia, focal white matter injury and extensive white matter injury between the two groups ( P>0.05). The CBF values [ml/(100 g·min)] of frontal cortex [left 15.1±3.9 vs. 17.9±3.1, right 15.9 (12.5, 17.8) vs. 18.1(16.1,20.2)], temporal cortex [left 15.8±4.3 vs. 18.6±3.8, right 16.3(13.2,19.4) vs. 18.1(15.7,19.7)], occipital cortex (left 15.8±6.1 vs. 18.8±3.3, right 16.8±5.5 vs. 19.3±4.8), basal ganglia (left 24.7±7.2 vs. 28.7±6.2, right 26.0±7.9 vs. 29.3±6.4) and thalamus (left 32.7±11.8 vs. 37.9±8.6, right 32.1±11.6 vs. 37.6±10.2) in the rhEPO group were significantly lower than the control group ( P<0.05). No significant differences existed of CBF value at the parietal cortex between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Early application of rhEPO can reduce CBF in premature infants, which may be related to the neuro-protective effects of EPO.

17.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 101-106, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990731

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of noninvasive high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (nHFOV) as the initial ventilation mode for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in premature infants.Methods:From the establishment of the databases [(PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wanfang database, CQVIP and CBM (SinoMed)] to March 1, 2022, literature on randomized controlled trials (RCTs) using nHFOV and nasal continuous positive airway pressure(NCPAP) as the initial ventilation modes for RDS in premature infants were searched. The qualities of the included literature were evaluated according to Cochrane Evaluation Manual. RevMan 5.4 software was used for Meta-analysis.Results:Seven RCTs involving 786 children were included for the final Meta-analysis, with 395 cases in the nHFOV group and 391 cases in the NCPAP group. The results showed that the nHFOV group had lower intubation rates than the NCPAP group ( OR=0.34, 95% CI 0.22~0.51, P<0.001). No significant differences existed in mortality rates and complication rates between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:nHFOV as the initial treatment for RDS in premature infants may reduce the incidence of early treatment failure without increasing complications.

18.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 92-96, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990729

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy and safety of bi-level positive airway pressure (BiPAP) ventilation and heated humidified high flow nasal cannula (HHHFNC) ventilation as initial respiratory support for premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS).Methods:From January 2019 to June 2021, premature infants [gestational age (GA) 28~35 weeks)] with grade Ⅰ to Ⅲ RDS admitted to Suining County People's Hospital were prospectively enrolled. The infants were randomly assigned into BiPAP group and HHHFNC group. The clinical characteristics, ventilation efficacy and complications were analyzed.Results:A total of 33 infants were in BiPAP group and 32 in HHHFNC group. No significant differences existed between the two groups in the following items: the frequency of apnea within 24 h of ventilation, FiO 2 and PaCO 2 at 24 h, the use of pulmonary surfactant (PS), the incidence of non-invasive ventilation failure within 72 h, non-invasive ventilation duration and the age achieving total enteral nutrition. HHHFNC group had lower score in premature infants pain profile (PIPP) than BiPAP group at 24 h of non-invasive ventilation [4 (3, 6) vs. 8 (6, 11), P<0.001]. No significant differences existed in nasal injury, pneumothorax, intraventricular hemorrhage, necrotizing enterocolitis, bronchopulmonary dysplasia and mortality rate between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:As the initial treatment for premature infants with grade Ⅰ to Ⅲ RDS, BiPAP and HHHFNC has similar rates of non-invasive ventilation failure within 72 h,non-invasive ventilation duration and adverse events. HHHFNC may ease the pain of the infants.

19.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 70-73, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990726

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristics of congenital hypothyroidism (CH) in premature infants and analyze the predictors of transient congenital hypothyroidism(TCH) and permanent CH (PCH).Methods:A retrospective study was conducted on the preterm infants with CH born in Beijing from January 2008 to June 2018. They were screened, diagnosed and treated by the Beijing Neonatal Disease Screening Center. They were assigned into TCH and PCH groups according to the clinical prognosis. Univariate analysis and Logistic regression analyses were used to determine the predictors of PCH, and the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was drawn to determine the best cut-off point.Results:A total of 2 216 892 newborns were screened, 15 382 were initially screened positive, the median time of screening was 4(4,10) d after birth, and the median time of postnatal reexamination was 30(22,42) d after birth, 14 576 newborns were reexamined, the reexamination rate was 94.8%. A total of 92 preterm infants were diagnosed with CH, of which 60 were TCH, accounting for 65.2%; 28 were PCH, accounting for 30.4%; and 4 were lost to follow-up, accounting for 4.3%. Univariate analysis showed that in the PCH group, the abnormal rate of thyroid B-ultrasound, levothyroxine (LT4) dose at 1-year old, thyrotropin (TSH) level at 2 years old, LT4 dose at 2 years old, LT4 dose and free thyroxine (FT4) level at 3 years old were higher than those in the TCH group. Logistic regression analysis revealed that abnormal B-ultrasound ( OR=12.184,95% CI 2.270~65.403), and elevated TSH level at 2 years old ( OR=2.033,95% CI 1.280~3.228),increased LT4 dose at 3 year old ( OR=21.435,95% CI 3.439~133.584) are the risk factors for PCH. The maximum area under ROC curve was 0.798 at 3 years old (95% CI 0.680~0.916), the best cut-off point was 1.3 μg/(kg·d) for the 3-year-old drug dose; followed by 2-year-old TSH level, which was 0.683 (95% CI 0.548~0.817), the best cut-off point was 4.51 μIU/ml. Conclusions:TCH accounted for a large proportion of preterm infants with CH. During the follow-up, the increased LT4 dose at 3 years old and the elevated TSH level at 2 years old were the early predictors of PCH.

20.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 612-618, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990569

ABSTRACT

Premature infants have immature gastrointestinal function and are prone to various comorbidities after birth, which have a great impact on their near and long-term prognosis.Proper nutritional support is the basis of their survival and treatment plan, of which enteral nutrition is the main tool.However, the management of enteral nutrition varies considerably between neonatal facilities worldwide, and the nutritional management of preterm infants varies between physicians.This review summarized and discussed the existing literature on enteral nutrition in preterm infants, to provide a review of the current status of enteral nutrition support in preterm infants in China and abroad and the factors that currently influence the time to achieve adequate enteral nutrition, aiming to provide a reference for improving clinical practice protocols.

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