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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 77-82, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016465

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the clinical efficacy and safety of Fuzheng Huaji Longbi decoction in treating benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in the patients with the syndrome of healthy Qi deficiency and blood stasis. MethodA total of 94 BPH patients were randomized into control and observation groups, with 47 patients in each group. The control group was treated with doxazosin mesylate sustained-release tablets, and the observation group with Fuzheng Huaji Longbi decoction on the basis of the therapy in the control group. After eight weeks, the international prostate symptom score (IPSS), quality of life (QOL) score, residual urine volume (RUV), maximum urinary flow rate (Qmax), TCM syndrome score, TCM symptom score, electrocardiogram, and liver and kidney function were determined to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of the two groups. ResultAfter 8 weeks of treatment, the total response rate in the control group was 63.64% (28/44), which was lower than that (84.44%, 38/45) in the observation group (χ2=5.026, P<0.05). The clinical efficacy in the observation group was higher than that in the control group (Z=-2.17, P=0.030). The treatment in both groups decreased the IPSS, QOL score, RUV, and TCM syndrome scores and increased the Qmax (P<0.05). Moreover, the observation group had lower IPSS, QOL score, RUV, and TCM syndrome score (P<0.05) and higher Qmax than the control group after treatment (P<0.05). The treatment in the observation group decreased all the TCM symptom scores (P<0.05), while that in the control group only decreased the frequency of urination at night and the scores of dysuria, weak urine stream, and post-urinary drainage (P<0.05). After treatment, the observation group had lower frequency of urination at night and lower scores of mental fatigue, cold limbs, lower abdominal discomfort, and loose stool than the control group (P<0.05). No adverse events associated with the administration of Fuzheng Huaji Longbi decoction were observed during the treatment period. ConclusionFuzheng Huaji Longbi decoction is effective in treating BPH in the patients with the syndrome of healthy qi deficiency and blood stasis. It can relieve the clinical symptoms and improve the quality of life, being a safe and reliable choice for clinical application.

2.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 49(3): 320-333, may-June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440261

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose To evaluate the penile morphology after the isolated and combined administration of dutasteride and tamsulosin in a rodent model. Materials and Methods Forty male rats were assigned into the following groups: Control group (C, receiving distilled water, n=10); Dutasteride group (D, receiving 0.5 mg/Kg/day of dutasteride, n=10); Tamsulosin group (T, receiving 0.4 mg/Kg/day of tamsulosin, n=10); and Dutasteride associated with Tamsulosin group (DT, receiving both drugs n = 10). All drugs were administered via oral gavage. After 40 days, the animals were submitted to euthanasia and their penises were collected for histomorphometric analyses. Data were compared using one-way ANOVA followed by Bonferroni's post-test, considering p<0.05 as significant. Results The sinusoidal space and smooth muscle fiber surface densities (Sv), and the cross-sectional penile areas of rats in groups D, T and DT were reduced in comparison to controls with the most notable reductions in the combined therapy group. The connective tissue and elastic system fibers Sv were augmented in groups D, T and DT in comparison with the control group, again with the most pronounced changes observed in animals receiving the combined therapy. Conclusion Both treatments with dutasteride or tamsulosin promoted penile morphometric modifications in a rodent model. The combination therapy resulted in more notable modifications. The results of this study may help to explain the erectile dysfunction observed in some men using these drugs.

3.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-217890

ABSTRACT

Background: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is the most common cause for the lower urinary tract symptoms in men. The conservative management of BPH comprises of alpha blockers, especially selective alpha 1 adrenergic blockers for symptomatic relief. Aims and Objectives: We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and adverse effects of alpha blockers in managing BPH. Materials and Methods: After getting approval from the Institutional Human Ethics Committee and consent from subjects, this prospective, randomized, and controlled trial was conducted. In this study, patients under inclusion criteria were divided into two groups. Group I received silodosin 8 mg once daily for 8 weeks. Group II received tamsulosin 0.4 mg once daily for 8 weeks. Primary outcome measure was reduction in international prostate symptom score (IPSS). Adverse events during study period were recorded. Results: A total of 90 patients were enrolled in this study. Ten patients were excluded and remaining 80 patients were divided as 40 in Group I (Silodosin) and 40 in Group II (Tamsulosin), patients were followed up for 8 weeks. As primary outcome, the IPSS at 8th week was significantly <0 week, that is, baseline in both the groups. The comparison of IPSS within Group I and Group II at 0 week and 8th week was significant (P < 0.05). The quality of life comparison within Group I and Group II at 0 week and 8th week was significant (P < 0.05). Both the drugs were well tolerated. Retrograde ejaculation and diarrhea were noted with silodosin (Group I), dizziness and orthostatic hypotension were noted with Tamsulosin (Group II). Conclusion: The obtained results showed that both silodosin and tamsulosin produced significant improvement in IPSS and quality of Life in BPH patients. In silodosin group, retrograde ejaculation and diarrhea were notable adverse effects and in tamsulosin group, dizziness and orthostatic hypotension were noted.

4.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 45-50, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969946

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of fire needling on prostate symptoms, quality of life, average daily number of nightly urination, urine flow rate and prostat volume in patients with mild to moderate benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) of kidney yang deficiency.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with mild to moderate BPH of kidney yang deficiency were randomly divided into an observation group (30 cases, 3 cases dropped off) and a control group (30 cases, 4 cases dropped off). The observation group was treated with fire needling at Guanyuan (CV 4), Shuidao (ST 28) and Qugu (CV 2) twice a week (2-3 d interval between each treatment), continuous treatment for 4 weeks. The control group received lifestyle advice and education, once a week for 4 weeks. In the two groups, the international prostate symptom score (IPSS), the quality of life (QoL) score and the average daily number of nightly urination were observed before treatment, after treatment and during the follow-up of the 4th week; the urinary maximum flow rate (Qmax), the average flow rate (Qave), and the prostate volume were assessed before and after treatment in the two groups. The safety was observed in the observation group.@*RESULTS@#After treatment and during follow-up, the IPSS scores, QoL scores, and the average daily number of nightly urination in the observation group were decreased compared with those before treatment (P<0.05), and those in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, there was no significant difference in Qmax, Qave and prostate volume between the two groups and within the each group (P>0.05). There were no fire needling-related adverse reactions, and no obvious abnormality was found in urine routine and coagulation function tests before and after treatment in the observation group.@*CONCLUSION@#Fire needling can improve lower urinary tract symptoms and quality of life, reduce frequency of nightly urination in patients with mild to moderate BPH of kidney yang deficiency, and has good safety.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Prostatic Hyperplasia/therapy , Quality of Life , Yang Deficiency , Treatment Outcome , Kidney
5.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 162-168, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982031

ABSTRACT

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is the most common cause of lower urinary tract symptoms in men. When drug treatment is ineffective or conventional surgery is not suitable, novel minimally invasive therapies can be considered. These include prostatic urethral lift, prostatic artery embolisation, water vapor thermal therapy, Aquablation-image guided robotic waterjet ablation, temporary implantable nitinol device and prostatic stents. These novel therapies can be performed in outpatient setting under local anesthesia, with shorter operative and recovery times, and better protection of ejaculatory function and erectile function. General conditions of the patient and advantages and disadvantages of the each of these therapies should be fully considered to make individualized plans.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Prostatic Hyperplasia/complications , Stents/adverse effects , Embolization, Therapeutic/adverse effects , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
6.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 156-161, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982030

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the effect of progressive pre-disconnection of urethral mucosal flap during transurethral plasmakinetic enucleation of prostate (TUPEP) on early recovery of urinary continence.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) admitted in Zhujiang Hospital of Southern Medical University during February and May 2022 were collected. All the patients underwent TUPEP, and the progressive pre-disconnection of urethral mucosal flap was performed in the procedure. The total operation time, enucleation time, postoperative bladder irrigation time and catheter indwelling time were recorded. Urinary continence was evaluated 24 h, 1 week, and 1, 3, 6 months after the removal of urinary catheter.@*RESULTS@#All surgeries were successfully completed at one time with less intraoperative bleeding, and there were no complications such as rectal injury, bladder injury or perforation of prostate capsule. The total operation time was (62.2±6.5) min, the enucleation time was (42.8±5.2) min, the postoperative hemoglobin decrease by (9.5±4.5) g/L, the postoperative bladder irrigation time was (7.9±1.4) h, and the postoperative catheter indwelling time was 10.0 (9.2, 11.4) h. Only 2 patients (3.6%) had transient urinary incontinence within 24 h after catheter removal. No urinary incontinence occurred at 1 week, and 1, 3, 6 months after operation, and no safety pad was needed. The Qmax at 1 month after operation was 22.3 (20.6, 24.4) mL/s, international prostate symptom scores were 8.0 (7.0, 9.0), 5.0 (4.0, 6.0) and 4.0 (3.0, 4.0) at 1, 3 and 6 months after surgery, and quality of life scores at 1, 3 and 6 months after surgery were 3.0 (2.0, 3.0), 2.0 (1.0, 2.0) and 1.0 (1.0, 2.0), all of these indicators were better than those before surgery (all P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In the treatment of BPH, the application of progressive pre-disconnection of urethral mucosal flap in TUPEP can completely remove the hyperplastic glands and promote early recovery of postoperative urinary continence with less perioperative bleeding and decreased surgical complications.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Prostate , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Transurethral Resection of Prostate/methods , Quality of Life , Urinary Bladder , Urinary Incontinence/surgery , Treatment Outcome
7.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 148-155, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982029

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To evaluate the feasibility and safety of bipolar-plasmakinetic transurethral enucleation and resection of the prostate (B-TUERP) in day surgery.@*METHODS@#From January 2021 to August 2022, 34 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) underwent B-TUERP in day surgery in the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University. Patients completed the screening and anesthesia evaluation before admission and received the standard surgery which implements "anatomical enucleation of the prostate" and "absolute bleeding control" on the same day of admission, and by the same doctor. Bladder irrigation was stopped, catheter was removed and the discharge evaluation was performed on the first day after operation. The baseline data, perioperative conditions, time of recovery, treatment outcomes, hospitalization costs, and postoperative complications were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All operations were successfully conducted. The average age of the patients was (62.2±7.8) years, average prostate volume was (50.2±29.3) mL. The average operation time was (36.5±19.1) min, the average hemoglobin and blood sodium were decreased by (16.2±7.1) g/L and (2.2±2.0) mmol/L, respectively. The average postoperative length of hospital stay, and total length of hospital stay were (17.7±2.2) and (20.8±2.1) h, respectively, and the average hospitalization cost was (13 558±2320) CNY. All patients were discharged on the day after surgery except for one patient who was transferred to a general ward. Three patients received indwelling catheterization after catheter removal. The 3-month follow-up results showed a substantial improvement in the International Prostate Symptom Score, quality of life score and maximum urinary flow rate (all P<0.01). Three patients experienced temporary urinary incontinence, 1 patient experienced urinary tract infection, 4 patients were diagnosed with urethral stricture and 2 patients experienced bladder neck contracture. No complications above Clavien grade Ⅱ occurred.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The preliminary results showed that B-TUERP ambulatory surgery is a safe, feasible, economical and effective treatment for appropriately selected patients with BPH.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Prostate/surgery , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Ambulatory Surgical Procedures , Quality of Life , Feasibility Studies , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
8.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 356-360, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981950

ABSTRACT

Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) measures have not been systematically applied in transurethral surgery for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). This study was performed on patients with BPH who required surgical intervention. From July 2019 to June 2020, the ERAS program was applied to 248 patients, and the conventional program was applied to 238 patients. After 1 year of follow-up, the differences between the ERAS group and the conventional group were evaluated. The ERAS group had a shorter time of urinary catheterization compared with the conventional group (mean ± standard deviation [s.d.]: 1.0 ± 0.4 days vs 2.7 ± 0.8 days, P < 0.01), and the pain (mean ± s.d.) was significantly reduced through postoperative hospitalization days (PODs) 0-2 (POD 0: 1.7 ± 0.8 vs 2.4 ± 1.0, P < 0.01; POD 1: 1.6 ± 0.9 vs 3.5 ± 1.3, P < 0.01; POD 2: 1.2 ± 0.7 vs 3.0 ± 1.3, P < 0.01). No statistically significant difference was found in the rate of postoperative complications, such as postoperative bleeding (P = 0.79), urinary retention (P = 0.40), fever (P = 0.55), and readmission (P = 0.71). The hospitalization cost of the ERAS group was similar to that of the conventional group (mean ± s.d.: 16 927.8 ± 5808.1 Chinese Yuan [CNY] vs 17 044.1 ± 5830.7 CNY, P =0.85). The International Prostate Symptom Scores (IPSS) and quality of life (QoL) scores in the two groups were also similar when compared at 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months after discharge. The ERAS program we conducted was safe, repeatable, and efficient. In conclusion, patients undergoing the ERAS program experienced less postoperative stress than those undergoing the conventional program.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Prostatic Hyperplasia/complications , Quality of Life , Transurethral Resection of Prostate/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery
9.
STOMATOLOGY ; (12): 273-277, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979369

ABSTRACT

@#In recent years, more and more attention has been paid to the correlation between periodontitis and prostatic diseases. Aging, obesity, smoking and psychological factors are common risk factors of these two diseases, but the key correlation mechanism is not clear. This article reviews the research on and possible biological mechanism of chronic periodontitis and prostatic diseases, in order to provide basis for disease management and clinical research in the future.

10.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 439-444, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996254

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical application of free/total prostate-specific antigen (f/tPSA), peripheral blood neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and prostate health index density (PHID) detection in the early diagnosis of prostate cancer.Methods:The clinical data of 160 patients with abnormal prostate specific antigen (PSA) who were admitted to the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from January 2020 to January 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the pathological results of prostate biopsy or electrical resection, the patients were divided into prostate cancer group (68 cases) and benign prostatic hyperplasia group (92 cases), and 50 male healthy physical examiners in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University during the same period were selected as healthy control group. All enrolled members were tested for total prostate-specific antigen (tPSA), free prostate-specific antigen (fPSA), and prostate specific antigen isoform 2 (p2PSA), IL-6 and other indicators, and the f/tPSA, prostate health index (PHI), PHID and NLR were calculated. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted to compare the efficacy of each index in diagnosing and differentially diagnosing prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia.Results:The serum levels of tPSA, fPSA, p2PSA, PHI and PHID in the prostate cancer group were higher than those in the benign prostatic hyperplasia group and the healthy control group (all P < 0.05), and the serum f/tPSA was lower than that in the benign prostatic hyperplasia group and the healthy control group ( P < 0.05). The area under the curve (AUC) of PHID for the diagnosis of early stage prostate cancer was the largest [0.915 (95% CI 0.864-0.966)], followed by PHI [0.884 (95% CI 0.823-0.944)]. The sensitivity of both f/tPSA and PHI in diagnosing early stage prostate cancer was 86.80%, which was higher than other indicators; the specificity of PHID in diagnosing early stage prostate cancer was 94.00%, which was higher than other indicators. The AUC of f/tPSA for the diagnosis of benign prostatic hyperplasia was the largest [0.828 (95% CI 0.739-0.917)], followed by PHID [0.826 (95% CI 0.760-0.892)]. The sensitivity of f/tPSA in diagnosing benign prostatic hyperplasia (85.90%) was higher than other indicators, and the specificity of PHI in diagnosing benign prostatic hyperplasia (94.00%) was higher than other indicators. The AUC of fPSA, PHID, f/tPSA and p2PSA in differentiating early stage prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia were 0.752 (95% CI 0.663-0.841), 0.730 (95% CI 0.647-0.812), 0.713 (95% CI 0.623-0.803), 0.710 (95% CI 0.629-0.791), respectively, and there was no significant difference in each pairwise comparison (all P > 0.05). The sensitivity of NLR in differentiating early stage prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia was 91.20%, which was higher than other indicators, and the specificity of fPSA in differentiating early stage prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia was 94.00%, which was higher than other indicators. Conclusions:The f/tPSA, PHI and PHID detection have certain clinical values in the early diagnosis of prostate cancer, and can provide references for early diagnosis, early treatment and prognosis evaluation of high-risk population of prostate cancer.

11.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 446-451, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994060

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Rezūm Water Vapor Thermal Therapy system in the treatment of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).Methods:The clinical data of 22 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia treated with Rezūm Water Vapor Thermal Therapy system in Boao Yiling Life Care Center in Hainan from December 2020 to January 2021 were retrospectively analyzed, with age of (61.0±5.9) years, prostate volume of (43.7±8.4) ml. international prostate symptom score (IPSS) of (19.3±3.7), quality of life (QOL) score of (4.2±0.8), maximum urinary flow rate (Q max) of (11.9±3.4) ml ml/s, and residual urine volume (PVR) of (14.0±19.0). For 19 patients with sexual life, the International Index of Erectile Function Questionnaire-5 (IIEF-5) were 17.0±5.5, the Men's Sexual Health Questionnaire-Ejaculatory Dysfunction Score (MSHQ-EjD) ejaculatory function score were 10.0±3.2, and the ejaculatory satisfaction score were 1.5±1.0. Twenty-two patients underwent Rezūm Water Vapor Thermal Therapy under intravenous anesthesia (general anesthesia without intubation) in the dorsal lithotomy position. The Rezūm system consisted of reusable thermal steam treatment device and disposable prostate thermal steam treatment instrument. The thermal steam treatment device used radiofrequency energy to heat sterile distilled water, generating high-temperature steam at 103℃. In a 9-second timeframe, the tissue temperature within each treatment area was raised approximately 70℃, causing cell death and resulting in a shrink in prostate tissue volume. The disposable prostate thermal steam treatment instrument could be inserted through a cystoscope and had a retractable needle tip that extends to a length of 10.25 mm. The needle tip had 12 evenly distributed holes arranged in three rows of four holes each, with a spacing of 120° between rows, allowing for even diffusion of thermal steam along the circumference. The patient was placed in a lithotomy position, and the disposable prostate thermal steam treatment instrument was used to examine the prostate, urethra, and bladder via cystoscopy, assessing the lateral lobes and median lobe of the prostate. The tissue spacing within each field of view of the treatment instrument is 0.5 cm, and the distance from the bladder neck to the verumontanum is calculated. The first needle was injected at 3 o’clock along the left lobe, withdrawing 2 fields of view each time. During the release of thermal steam, the needle tip was positioned perpendicular to the prostate urethral mucosa, and each needle injection delivered 0.42 ml of sterile distilled water-formed thermal steam into the prostate tissue. The thermal steam injection lasted for 9 seconds, followed by a 2-3 seconds waiting period before retracting the needle tip. One needle was injected per 2 fields of view, progressing towards the proximal urethra of the verumontanum. The same method was used to treat the right lobe. For cases with significant median lobe enlargement, two fields of view were retracted at the bladder neck, and the needle was inserted at a 45° angle. The second needle was injected at intervals determined by the extent of median lobe enlargement. Each puncture point was observed for no significant bleeding, and the instrument was then removed, with an F16/F18 silicone catheter left in place. The operative time as well as indwelling catheter time were recorded. The clinical parameters such as IPSS, QOL, prostate volume, Qmax, PVR, QOL, IIEF-5 and MSHQ-EjD at preoperative and 12 to 22 weeks post operation were compared. Adverse events from the Rezūm procedure to 12-22 weeks postoperatively were recorded. Results:All the operations were successfully completed. The operation time of Rezūm system was 3.9±1.6 min, and the indwelling catheter time after operation was 4.8±1.1 days. The IPSS scores of 22 patients at 12-22 weeks after operation were 4.4±3.3, whose reduction was 14.9±4.4 compared with these at baseline( P<0.01). The PV was (37.7±8.4)ml, Qmax was (25.5±9.6)ml/s, PVR was (6.2±8.1)ml, and QOL was 1.6±0.9, all demonstrating statistically significant differences compared to preoperative values ( P<0.05). Among the 19 cases with sexual activity, the IIEF-5 score was 20.4±3.2, and the ejaculatory function score of MSHQ-EjD was 13.1±3.1, both showing statistically significant differences compared to preoperative scores ( P<0.05). The ejaculatory satisfaction score of MSHQ-EjD was 1.1±0.5, and there was no statistically significant difference compared to preoperative scores ( P>0.05). None of the 22 cases required medication or further surgical treatment for BPH after surgery. There were no urethral injuries, rectal or bladder perforations during the surgeries, and no severe complications such as rectal fistula or bladder neck contracture occurred postoperatively. There were no deaths reported. Postoperative discomfort in the urethra occurred in 19 cases, urethral pain in 8 cases, hematuria in 15 cases, poor sleep quality in 2 cases, and constipation in 1 case, all of which resolved within 7 to 10 days after surgery. Erectile dysfunction and retrograde ejaculation occurred in one case each at 4 to 5 weeks postoperatively but did not reoccur thereafter. Prostatitis and nodular hyperplasia of the middle lobe of the prostate occurred in one case each at 21 weeks and 25 weeks postoperatively, respectively, and no treatment was administered. Conclusions:In the real world, the short-term overall effect of Rezūm Water Vapor Thermal Therapy system in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia is satisfactory, which shows good efficacy and safety.

12.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 359-362, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994040

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and efficacy of one-stage transurethral prostatectomy for prostatic hyperplasia accompanied by non-neurogenic detrusor acontractility.Methods:The clinical data of 35 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia accompanied by non-neurogenic detrusor acontractility admitted to The Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2015 to Octorber 2021 were analyzed.The average age was (74.0±7.9) years old. The average volume of prostate was (77.8±44.5)cm 3. The average total prostate specific antigen(tPSA)was(8.9±8.7)ng/ml. The preoperative international prostate symptom score(IPSS) was (19.1±4.3) and the preoperative quality of life score(QOL)was 5(5, 5). All the patients were treated with one-stage transurethral prostatectomy and suprapubic cystostomy. After removing the cystostomy tube, the post-void resident volume(PVR), the maximum urine flow rate(Q max), IPSS, QOL were recorded, and complications were followed up. Successful treatment is defined as the removal of the cystostomy tube without worsening of upper urinary tract hydronephrosis. Results:All the operations were successfully completed. The success rate of treatment was 85.7%(30/35), and the median time to resume spontaneous urination was 4.0(3.3, 4.5) weeks. The average postoperative Q max was (12.6±2.3)ml/s, and the average PVR was(27.7±9.5)ml. The postoperative IPSS was (5.5±2.4), which was significantly improved compared to preoperative( P<0.001). The postoperative QOL score was 1(1, 2) points, which was significantly lower than preoperative( P<0.001). The patients voiding spontaneously were followed up for 3-69 months, and no complications such as urinary retention, recurrent urinary tract infection and hydronephrosis occurred. Conclusions:One-stage transurethral prostatectomy for patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia accompanied by non-neurogenic detrusor acontractility has a high success rate and few complications, which greatly improves the quality of life of patients.

13.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 21-25, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993965

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess whether urinary incontinence after holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) is associated with membranous urethral length(MUL)on preoperative magnetic resonance imaging.Methods:The data of 96 patients who underwent HoLEP from January 2019 to April 2021 in Peking University Third Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. For all patients, the average age was (70.0±7.7) years old, the average body mass index was (23.9±2.9)kg/m 2, median pre-biopsy PSA was 3.79(2.48, 6.03)ng/ml, the average prostatic volume was (60.5±35.0)ml. 22 patients(22.9%) suffered with diabetes mellitus, and 17 patients(17.7%)had at least one time urinary retention. MUL was measured on MRI as the vertical distance from prostatic apex to the entry of the urethra into the penile bulb. All patients' median MUL was 13(11, 17)mm. The recovery of continence was followed up 2 weeks after HoLEP. The difference of age, body mass index, preoperative PSA, diabetes mellitus, urinary retention, prostate volume and MUL between urinary continence and incontinence group 2 weeks after HoLEP operation. The variables with P<0.1 were included in multivariable logistic regression to analyze the independent risk factors of urinary incontinence after HoLEP were compared. Results:All operations were successfully completed. The continence returned to normal in 72 cases (75.0%) and urinary incontinence existed in 24 cases (25.0%) in 2 weeks after surgery. There were 27 cases (37.5%) in continence group and 16 cases (66.7%) in incontinence group for those aged≥70 years. 21 cases (29.2%) in continence group and 13 cases (54.2%) in incontinence group had prostate volume ≥ 60 ml. There were 30 cases (41.7%) in continence group and 20 cases (83.3%) in incontinence group with MUL<13 mm. χ 2 test showed that age ( P=0.013), prostate volume ( P=0.027) and MUL ( P<0.001) were related to the incontinence after surgery. The age, prostate volume and MUL were included in the multivariate logistic regression analysis. Multiple logistic regression showed that MUL<13 mm( P<0.001) was independent predictor for incontinence after HoLEP. Conclusions:The incidence of urinary incontinence was high 2 weeks after HoLEP. Short MUL, which is less than 13 mm, is significantly associated with delayed recovery of urinary continence after HoLEP.

14.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 62-66, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993778

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the efficacy of Tamsulosin monotherapy for overactive bladder(OAB)symptoms in benign prostatic hyperplasia(BPH)patients with the prostate volume(PV)<40 ml, and to analyze related factors affecting the efficacy.Methods:300 BPH patients with OAB were enrolled, with an average age of(66.9±7.7)years and the PV<40 ml.Smoking, drinking and other living habits were investigated.Data on the Overactive Bladder Symptom Score(OABSS), International Prostate Symptom Score(IPSS)and Quality of Life Scale(QOLS)were collected before and after 4 weeks of treatment with Tamsulosin 0.2 mg QN.The maximum urine flow rate(Qmax)and bladder residual urine volume(PVR)were measured before and after treatment.OBASS was used as the main assessment parameter to analyze the correlation of efficacy with age, lifestyle, pre-treatment symptom scores, PV, Qmax and PVR.Results:257 patients completed the study, and 169 patients were treated effectively, with an overall effectiveness rate of 65.8%.The effectiveness rates of the mild, moderate and severe OAB groups were 83.6%, 62.4% and 38.5%, respectively, with statistical significance( χ2=13.037, P=0.001).3 patients showed adverse drug reactions, including 2 patients with mild dizziness and 1 patient with nausea.The baseline OABSS score, the proportion of smoking patients and the proportion of drinking patients in the effectively treated OAB group were significantly lower than those in the ineffectively treated group.Multivariate analysis showed that baseline OABSS score( OR=0.735, P<0.001)and smoking( OR=2.111, P=0.029)were correlated with tamsulosin's efficacy in treating BPH patients with OAB with PV<40 ml. Conclusions:The effectiveness rate of Tamsulosin for the treatment of BPH patients with mild OAB with PV<40 ml is high.The baseline OABSS score and smoking are factors affecting the efficacy of Tamsulosin on OAB symptoms in these patients.

15.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1549-1553, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990371

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and efficacy of two methods for urethral catheterization in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia and acute urinary retention after failure of routine indwelling catheterization.Methods:This was a randomized controlled study. From January 2020 to December 2021, 80 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia complicated with acute urinary retention who failed of catheterization by conventional methods in the Department of Urology, Beijing Aerospace General Hospital were divided into observation group and control groupaccording to the random number table method, with 40 patients in each group. The observation group used a 12 Fr silicone Foley catheter, which was folded 2 cm in front of the catheter. The control group used a 16 Fr silicone curved Coudé catheter. The success rate of catheterization, catheterization time, incidence of gross hematuria after catheterization, and Visual Analog Scale (VAS) were compared between the two groups.Results:The success rate of catheterization in the observation group was 82.5% (33/40), which was significantly higher than 62.5% (25/40) in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 = 4.01, P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of gross hematuria, the time of catheterization from urethra into bladder and VAS between the two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions:Technique for manipulating a 12 Fr catheter before insertion into urethral meatus in a difficult catheterization has high success rate and not significantly increases the side effects in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia with acute urinary retention after failure of routine indwelling catheterization.

16.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 417-423,F4, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989474

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of en-bloc low-power (22.5 W) holmium laser for enucleation of prostate (LP-HoLEP) in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).Methods:The clinical data of 98 patients with BPH who underwent surgical treatment in the Department of Urology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2020 to October 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. They were divided into LP-HoLEP group ( n=53) and TURP group ( n=45) according to different treatment methods. Patients in the LP-HoLEP group were treated with en-bloc holmium laser enucleation of prostate, and patients in the TURP group were treated with transurethral resection of prostate (TURP). Perioperative indexes of the two groups were compared, including operation time, postoperative hemoglobin changes, tissue resection amount, postoperative catheter indentation time, postoperative hospital stay, complications, and international prostate symptom score (IPSS), quality of life (Qol) score, maximum urine flow rate (Qmax), postvoid residual volume (PVR) and other indicators were obtained at 3 and 6 months after surgery. The measurement data were tested by Shapiro-Wilk normality test. The measurement data conforming to normal distribution were expressed as mean ± standard deviation ( ± s), independent sample t-test was used for comparison between groups, measurement data of skewness distribution were expressed as median (interquartile distance)[ M( Q1, Q3)], and Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison between groups. The Chi-square test was used to compare the count data between groups. Results:In the LP-HoLEP group, the operative time was (65.74±22.82) min, the hemoglobin decreased 5.71(3.97, 9.01) g/L, the tissue resection volume was (60.59±24.40) g, and the catheter indinduration time was (3.03±0.91) d. The length of postoperative hospitalization was (4.14±1.05) d. TURP group was (77.04±27.33) min, 11.02(8.89, 16.51) g/L, (39.49±11.32) g, (4.80±0.91) d, (5.98±1.03) d, respectively. All the indexes of LP-HoLEP group were better than TURP group. The differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). Compared with preoperative, IPSS, Qol score, Qmax and PVR of two groups were significantly improved at 3 months after surgery, but there were no statistical significance between groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:En-bloc LP-HoLEP is safe and reliable in the treatment of BPH, and has advantages over TURP in terms of tissue resection volume, shortening hospitalization and indwelling catheter time, and reducing intraoperative bleeding.

17.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 993-995, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007432

ABSTRACT

Benign prostatic hyperplasia is caused by kidney deficiency and impaired qi transformation of the urinary bladder and is manifested by the stagnation of essence chamber. Based on jingjin (muscle region of meridian, sinew/fascia) theory and taking the visceral membrane as the principal, acupuncture is delivered at sinew/fascia to promote qi circulation, resolve stasis and open the orifice. Guided by CT, the needle is inserted at Zhongji (CV 3), the front-mu point of the urinary bladder, and then goes to the prostatic capsule, meaning "the disease of zang organ is treated by needling the front-mu point". In treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia, this acupuncture therapy stimulates the different layers of fascia, by which, the defensive qi on the exterior is regulated and "essence orifice" in the interior is adjusted so that the urination can be promoted.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Prostatic Hyperplasia/therapy , Acupuncture Therapy , Prostate , Meridians , Urinary Bladder
18.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 222-226, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006119

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To establish a model for predicting the risk of urinary incontinence after holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP). 【Methods】 The clinical data of 258 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) who underwent HoLEP in our hospital during Jan.2019 and Feb.2022 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the occurrence of urinary incontinence after surgery, they were divided into the urinary incontinence group (n=84) and non-urinary incontinence group (n=174). Lasso regression was used to screen the predictors of urinary incontinence after HoLEP. Logistic regression was used to establish a suitable model, and a nomogram of urinary incontinence after HoLEP was drawn. Bootstrap was used to verify and draw the calibration curve of the model, calculate the C index, and draw the clinical decision curve to further verify the accuracy and identification ability of the model. 【Results】 Predictors including International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), Quality of Life Score (QoL), body mass index (BMI), diabetes, prostate volume (PV), and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) were selected, based on which a prediction model was constructed. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of the prediction model was 0.766 0, and the 95% confidence interval was 0.704-0.828. Bootstrap internal validation showed a C-index of 0.766 2, and the calibration model curve coincided well with the actual model curve. The clinical decision curve analysis showed that the model had high accuracy, and net benefit in the probability of urinary incontinence was within 10% to 82%. 【Conclusion】 IPSS, QoL, diabetes, prostate volume, and PSA are predictors that can affect the occurrence of urinary incontinence after HoLEP. The model has high accuracy, identification ability and net benefit.

19.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 212-215, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006117

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the predictive value of non-invasive parameters in assessing detrusor function in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). 【Methods】 Clinical data of 384 BPH patients to undergo surgery were enrolled and retrospectively analyzed. The patients’ age and medical history time (MHT) were recorded. The free urinary flow rate was measured and maximum flow rate (Qmax) was recorded. Post-void residual (PVR) and voiding volume (VV) were measured with Bladder Scan, and bladder voiding efficiency (BVE) was calculated. Parameters including detrusor pressure (Pdet@Qmax) and Watts factor (WFmax) were collected in invasive urodynamic examination. Patients were grouped as detrusor underactivity (DU) group and non detrusor underactivity (NDU) group according to the results of WFmax, and the factors influencing detrusor function were analyzed with Logistic regression. The optimal cut-off values were confirmed with receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. 【Results】 Significant differences were observed in patients’ age, MHT, Qmax, PVR, BVE, Pdet@Qmax between the DU and NDU groups. Logistic regression showed that the overall prediction accuracy was higher when MHT, Qmax and BVE were included. The model prediction formula was Y=6.020-0.451XMHT+0.554XQmax-0.074XBVE. ROC curve showed when age ≥70.5 years and MHT≥ 7.5 years, there was a greater possibility of DU. When Qmax ≥5.7 mL/s and BVE ≥75.5%, the contractile function of detrusor was normal. Model prediction formula Y≥0.72 showed that detrusor contractility was normal. 【Conclusion】 Age, MHT, Qmax and BVE have certain predictive value for assessing detrusor function in BPH patients.

20.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 183-185, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006111

ABSTRACT

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) may lead to benign prostatic obstruction (BPO), which may result in bladder dysfunction. Based on the urodynamic analysis of bladder function of 793 BPO patients, bladder function could be classified into 3 stages and 6 types. Detrusor overactivity with impaired contractility (DHIC) is the transitional period of bladder function from compensation to decompensation. The indications of surgical therapy of bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) in different guidelines do not consider the bladder function. This paper emphasizes the importance of bladder function in the surgical choices for BOO, in order to select targeted and individualized surgical methods, and discusses the choice of surgical treatment for BPO from the perspective of bladder function.

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