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1.
An. Facultad Med. (Univ. Repúb. Urug., En línea) ; 11(1): e401, 2024. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1527677

ABSTRACT

Objetivo principal: Conocer la epidemiologia de las fracturas del cuarto distal del radio en el esqueleto en crecimiento y el tratamiento realizado en el CHPR en los años 2017 y 2018. Objetivos específicos: Valorar re-desplazamiento, necesidad de re manipulación, complicaciones, re-fractura. Metodología: Estudio observacional descriptivo retrospectivo. Criterios de inclusión: pacientes de 0 a 14 años con fractura de radio distal (fisaria, metafisaria y suprametafisaria) valorados en el CHPR entre 1 enero del 2017 y 31 diciembre del 2018. Criterios de exclusión: pacientes con radiografía normal, fracturas en miembros con malformaciones, infecciones óseas, patología tumoral maligna o benigna. Obtención de datos: Valoración de radiografías de puño y antebrazo realizadas en el CHPR en 2017 y 18, iniciales y evolutivas. Se analizaron: edad, sexo, fecha fractura, topografía de la fractura, desplazamiento inicial, tratamiento, evolución radiográfica y complicaciones. Resultados: se incluyeron 662 pacientes. Siendo en su mayoría de género masculino (65%), con una media de 9 años, miembro derecho (61%), en los meses de verano (36%). En cuanto a la topografía se evidenció una frecuencia mayor en fracturas tipo rodete y metafisarias (31.72% y 31.57%), seguido por suprametafisaria (18.43%) y fisaria (18.28%). El tratamiento realizado fue ortopédico en el 86.56% de los casos, mientras que quirúrgico fue el 12.84%, en su gran mayoría con alambres de Kirschner (11,2%). El tiempo de inmovilización promedio fue de 6 semanas, con un porcentaje de complicaciones del 14.05% del total de las fracturas. Conclusiones: Se valoraron las características de los pacientes y fracturas de radio distal en el CHPR en los años 2017 y 18, siendo un total de 662 fracturas, en las que su mayoría se realizó tratamiento ortopédico con un índice de complicaciones que ronda el 14%, siendo mayor cuanto mayor es el desplazamiento inicial de la fractura.


Objetivo principal: Conhecer a epidemiologia das fraturas do quarto distal do rádio no esqueleto em crescimento e o tratamento realizado no CHPR nos anos de 2017 e 2018. Objetivos específicos: Avaliar re-deslocamento, necessidade de remanipulação, complicações, refratura. Metodologia: Estudo observacional descritivo retrospectivo. Critérios de inclusão: pacientes de 0 a 14 anos com fratura do rádio distal (fisário, metafisário e suprametafisário) avaliados no CHPR entre 1º de janeiro de 2017 e 31 de dezembro de 2018. Critérios de exclusão: pacientes com radiografias normais, fraturas em membros com malformações, osso infecções, patologia tumoral maligna ou benigna. Coleta de dados: Avaliação das radiografias de punho e antebraço realizadas no CHPR em 2017 e 18, inicial e evolutiva. Foram analisados: idade, sexo, data da fratura, topografia da fratura, deslocamento inicial, tratamento, evolução radiográfica e complicações. Resultados: 662 pacientes foram incluídos. Sendo maioritariamente do sexo masculino (65%), com média de 9 anos, membro direito (61%), nos meses de verão (36%). Em relação à topografia, foi evidenciada maior frequência nas fraturas da borda e metafisárias (31,72% e 31,57%), seguidas das suprametafisárias (18.43%) e fisárias (18.28%). O tratamento realizado foi ortopédico em 86.56% dos casos, enquanto cirúrgico em 12.84%, sendo a maioria com fios de Kirschner (11,2%). O tempo médio de imobilização foi de 6 semanas, com percentual de complicações de 14.05%. Conclusões: Foram avaliadas as características dos pacientes e fraturas do rádio distal no CHPR nos anos de 2017 e 18, com um total de 662 fraturas (0,9 por dia), em que a maioria foi submetida a tratamento ortopédico com índice de complicações que fica em torno de 14%, sendo maior quanto maior for o deslocamento inicial da fratura.


Title: Fractures of the distal end of the radius in the immature skeleton. Epidemiological study at the Pereira Rossell Hospital Center. Main objective: To know the epidemiology of fractures of the distal fourth of the radius in the growing skeleton and the treatment carried out in the CHPR in the years 2017 and 2018. Specific objectives: To assess re-displacement, need for re-manipulation, complications, re- fracture. Methodology: Retrospective descriptive observational study. Inclusion criteria: patients aged 0 to 14 years with distal radius fracture (physeal, metaphyseal and suprametaphyseal) evaluated at the CHPR between January 1, 2017 and December 31, 2018. Exclusion criteria: patients with normal radiographs, fractures in limbs with malformations, bone infections, malignant or benign tumor pathology. Data collection: Assessment of fist and forearm X-rays performed at the CHPR in 2017 and 18, initial and evolutionary. The following were analyzed: age, sex, fracture date, fracture topography, initial displacement, treatment, radiographic evolution and complications. Results: 662 patients were included. Being mostly male (65%), with an average of 9 years, right limb (61%), in the summer months (36%). Regarding the topography, a higher frequency was evidenced in rim and metaphyseal fractures (31.72% and 31.57%), followed by suprametaphyseal (18.43%) and physeal (18.28%). The treatment performed was orthopedic in 86.56% of the cases, while surgical was 12.84%, mostly with Kirschner wires (11.2%). The average immobilization time was 6 weeks, with a percentage of complications of 14.05%. Conclusions: The characteristics of the patients and fractures of the distal radius in the CHPR in the years 2017 and 18 were evaluated, with a total of 662 fractures (0.9 per day), in which the majority underwent orthopedic treatment with an index of complications that is around 14%, being greater the greater the initial displacement of the fracture.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Wrist Fractures/epidemiology , Recurrence , Skeleton/growth & development , Uruguay/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Age and Sex Distribution , Temporal Distribution , Wrist Fractures/classification , Wrist Fractures/complications , Wrist Fractures/therapy
2.
Investig. desar ; 31(2)dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1534744

ABSTRACT

Este trabajo busca indagar características y prácticas comunicacionales particulares de radios comunitarias, alternativas y populares (CAP) en la provincia de San Luis (Argentina) en el período 20102020, de acuerdo con la normativa vigente desde la sanción de la Ley 26.522. En San Luis se pueden reconocer tres radios CAP: La Bulla, Radio Masi y Radio Rebelde, todas ellas surgieron después de la sanción de la ley. La metodología es cualitativa e incluye consulta de registros, relevamientos previos, publicaciones académicas, entrevistas y conversaciones informales con miembros de los medios. Se propone analizar qué prácticas comunicacionales se despliegan a fin de construir sostenibilidad y en qué medida lo consiguen. También se incluye el estudio respecto a cómo relacionan con otros actores sociales relevantes como el Estado, en sus tres niveles, medios, organizaciones de la sociedad civil y la comunidad, en un sistema infocomunicacional caracterizado por la concentración y centralización. Las radios comunitarias de San Luis sintieron las repercusiones de los cambios de gestión a nivel nacional, y la parálisis en las políticas de comunicación de la provincia, pero aun así continúan al aire. Sin embargo, la falta de nuevas experiencias de comunicación comunitaria invitan a reflexionar sobre las condiciones sociopolíticas que contribuyen a perpetuar su marginalidad en el ecosistema de medios de la provincia.


This article aims to describe characteristics andcommunicational practices of community, alternative, and popular radio stations in San Luis Province, Argentina, between 2010 and 2020, considering the latest regulation in force: LSCA law 26.522, 2009. In San Luis, there are three radio stations that fall under the categories of community, alternative, and popular, according to the law: La Bulla, Masi Radio, and Radio Rebelde, all of them born after the law was sanctioned. The methodology is qualitative, and the analysis is based on empirical research that includes official registries, previous research, academic papers, interviews, and informal conversations with media members. The study analyzes the practices that these radio stations develop to build sustainability, and whether or not they achieve it. Their relationship to other socially relevant actors, such as the State in its three levels, other civil organizations, within a concentrated and centralized media system, is also considered, reflecting those characteristics from the province's political power configuration. Community radios in San Luis suffered the consequences of the national government changes and the paralysis in local communication policies, nevertheless, they are still operative. However, the lack of new community experiences requires further thoughts about how social and political conditions contribute to its marginal position in the communicational system of the province.

3.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 51(4)dic. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535702

ABSTRACT

Introduction Anesthetists play an important role during interventional radiology procedures. Like the main operator, anesthetists may also be subject to significant radiation levels in the fluoroscopy suite. Due to its complexity, hepatic chemoembolization procedures demand high fluoroscopic times and digital subtraction angiography images, exposing patients and medical staff to high radiation doses. Objective To assess and quantify the radiation to which one anesthetist was exposed over the course of seven consecutive hepatic chemoembolization procedures, and compare it to the exposure received by the main operator. Methods Medical staff dosimetry was evaluated during seven consecutive hepatic chemoembolization procedures conducted in a private hospital in Recife (Brazil), using thermoluminiscent dosimeters placed in regions of the head and torso. Results For the seven procedures evaluated in this study, the anesthetist received, on average, absorbed doses to the glabella, left eyebrow, right eyebrow and effective dose of 142.4 ± 72 µSv, 117.3 ± 66 µSv, 137.8 ± 71 µSv and 12.4 ± 8.4 µSv, respectively. Conclusions In some cases, ocular dose and effective dose received by the anesthetist may be 4 and 4.7 times greater, respectively, when compared to the main operator. According to the results of this study, the current occupational annual dose limit to the lens of the eye of 20 mSv can be exceeded with only two hepatic chemoembolization procedures per week if adequate radiation protection conditions are not guaranteed.


Introducción El anestesiólogo desempeña un papel importante durante los procedimientos de radiología intervencionista. Al igual que el operador principal, el anestesiólogo también puede estar expuesto a niveles significativos de radiación en la sala de fluoroscopía. Debido a su complejidad, durante los procedimientos de quimioembolización hepática se deben utilizar imágenes de fluoroscopía y angiografía de sustracción digital por períodos prolongados, exponiendo a los pacientes y al personal médico a dosis elevadas de radiación. Objetivo Evaluar y cuantificar la radiación a la cual se expuso un anestesiólogo durante el transcurso de siete procedimientos consecutivos de quimioembolización hepática, y comparar con la exposición recibida por el operador principal. Métodos Evaluación de la dosimetría ocupacional durante siete procedimientos consecutivos de quimioembolización hepática realizados en un hospital privado de Recife (Brasil) por medio de dosímetros termoluminiscentes ubicados en regiones de la cabeza y el torso. Resultados Para los siete procedimientos evaluados en este estudio, el anestesiólogo recibió, en promedio, dosis absorbidas en el entrecejo, la ceja izquierda, la ceja derecha y dosis efectivas de 142,4 ± 72 µSv, 117,3 ± 66 µSv, 137,8 ± 71 µSv y 12,4 ± 8,4 µSv, respectivamente. Conclusiones En algunos casos, la dosis ocular y la dosis efectiva que recibe el anestesiólogo puede ser, respectivamente, entre 4 y 4,7 veces más alta que la que recibe el operador principal. De acuerdo con los resultados de este estudio, el límite ocupacional anual de dosis en cristalino (20 mSv) se puede superar con apenas dos procedimientos de quimioembolización hepática a la semana en caso de no garantizarse las condiciones adecuadas de protección contra la radiación.

4.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(5): 1508-1512, oct. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521014

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Distal radius fractures are the most common fractures of the upper limb. The most commonly used method in the repair of these fractures is volar locking plates. Recently, the frequency of removal of volar locking plates after surgery has increased. There are many factors in its reduction. Anatomically, incompatibility of the distal end of the radius with volar locking plates is one of them. In previous studies, different volar cortical angle (VCA) values were found in other races. For this reason, this study aimed to determine the mean values by making VCA measurements of the Anatolian population. The study was designed retrospectively. In the study, measurements were made on computed tomography (CT) images of the distal end of the radius of 53 men and 28 women. Radial width, intermediate volar angle, and radial volar angle were measured in the images. On average, the radius width was 23.35±1.96 mm, and the intermediate volar angle was 26.02±.3.83°, radial volar angle was 24±3.07°. Radial width, intermediate volar angle, and radial volar angle differed significantly by gender (p<0.001). A significant correlation was found between radius width, intermediate volar angle, and radial volar angle values (p<0.001). It has been determined that the Anatolian population has a different VCA value than the European, Asian, and other populations. When using volar locking plates in distal radius fracture surgery, volar locking plates should be selected by considering the average values of the races.


Las fracturas del radio distal son las fracturas más comunes del miembro superior. El método más utilizado en la reparación de estas fracturas son las placas de bloqueo volar. Recientemente, ha aumentado la frecuencia de extracción de placas de bloqueo volar después de la cirugía. Existen muchos factores en su reducción y anatómicamente, la incompatibilidad de la extremidad distal del radio con las placas de bloqueo volar es una de ellas. En estudios anteriores, se encontraron diferentes valores del ángulo cortical volar (VCA) en otras grupos. Por esta razón, este estudio tuvo como objetivo determinar los valores medios, realizando mediciones de VCA de la población de Anatolia. El estudio fue diseñado de manera retrospectiva. En el estudio, se realizaron mediciones en imágenes de tomografía computarizada (TC) de la extremidad distal del radio de 53 hombres y 28 mujeres. En las imágenes se midieron el ancho radial, el ángulo volar intermedio y el ángulo volar radial. En promedio, el ancho del radio fue de 23,35 ± 1,96 mm, el ángulo volar intermedio fue de 26,02 ± 3,83° y el ángulo volar radial fue de 24 ± 3,07°. El ancho radial, el ángulo volar intermedio y el ángulo volar radial difirieron significativamente según el sexo (p<0,001). Se encontró una correlación significativa entre los valores del ancho del radio, el ángulo volar intermedio y el ángulo volar radial (p<0,001). Se ha determinado que la población de Anatolia tiene un valor de VCA diferente al de las poblaciones europeas, asiáticas y otras. Cuando se utilizan placas de bloqueo volar en cirugía de fractura de la extremidad distal del radio, las placas deben seleccionarse considerando los valores promedio de los individuos de diferentes grupos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Radius/diagnostic imaging , Wrist/diagnostic imaging , Radius/anatomy & histology , Turkey , Wrist/anatomy & histology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Retrospective Studies
5.
Actual. osteol ; 19(3): 199-210, Sept - Dic 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1555762

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el músculo pronador cuadrado funciona como un estabilizador dinámico de la articulación radiocubital distal. Su reparación posterior a la fijación interna con placa de bloqueo volar en fracturas distales del radio es controvertida. Objetivo: determinar si la reparación del músculo pronador cuadrado influye en los resultados clínicos y funcionales de pacientes con fractura de radio distal que se sometieron a reducción abierta y fijación interna con placa de bloqueo volar. Materiales y métodos: se realizó una revisión sistemática y metanálisis. Las bases de datos analizadas fueron PubMed/Medline, Embase y Bireme/Lilacs (búsqueda realizada hasta el 20 de febrero del año 2023). Los términos de búsqueda fueron: distal radius fracture AND volar plate AND pronator quadratus. Se determinó la calidad metodológica según el manual de revisiones Cochrane. Resultados: en total se incluyeron 4 ensayos clínicos aleatorizados de adecuada calidad metodológica, lo cual corresponde al análisis de 213 participantes. Existen mejores resultados en la puntuación DASH a los 12 meses de seguimiento en el grupo de no reparación del músculo pronador cuadrado DM 2,8 [IC 95%: 0,51;5,10]. No hubo diferencias significativas al año de seguimiento en las puntuaciones de dolor, rangos de movilidad de la muñeca, fuerza de agarre e incidencia de complicaciones. Conclusión: no existe evidencia que sustente la reparación rutinaria del músculo pronador cuadrado posterior a la fijación interna con placa de bloqueo volar en las fracturas de radio distal. (AU)


Introduction: the pronator quadratus muscle functions as a dynamic stabilizer of the distal radioulnar joint, and its repair after internal fixation with volar locking plate in distal radius fractures is controversial. Objective: to determine whether the repair of the pronator quadratus muscle influences the clinical and functional outcomes of patients with distal radius fracture who underwent open reduction and internal fixation with volar locking plate. Materials and methods: a systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted. The analyzed databases were Pubmed/Medline, Embase, and Bireme/Lilacs (search performed until February 20th, 2023). The search terms were distal radius fracture AND volar plate AND pronator quadratus. Methodological quality was determined according to the Cochrane Reviewer's Handbook. Results: a total of 4 randomized clinical trials of adequate methodological quality, corresponding to the analysis of 213 participants, were included. Better DASH scores were observed at 12 months of follow-up in the non-repair group of the pronator quadratus muscle, with a mean difference of 2.8 [95% CI 0.51; 5.10]. There were no significant differences at one-year follow-up in pain scores, wrist mobility ranges, grip strength, and incidence of complications. Conclusion: there is no evidence to support routine repair of the pronator quadratus muscle after internal fixation with volar locking plate in distal radius fractures. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Radius Fractures/surgery , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Wrist Injuries/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Bone Plates , Pain Measurement , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome , Fracture Fixation, Internal/rehabilitation
6.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(4): 557-562, July-Aug. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521801

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study compares the analgesic efficacy of two techniques to perform non-surgical reduction: fracture hematoma block and radial nerve supracondylar block. Methods Forty patients with fractures of the distal third of the radius, who required reduction, were selected in a quasi-randomized clinical trial to receive one of the anesthetic techniques. All patients signed the informed consent form, except for those who did not wish to participate in the study, had neurological injury, had contraindication to the procedure in the emergency room, or with contraindication to the use of lidocaine. To measure analgesia, the numerical pain rate scale was used at four different moments: preblock, postblock, during reduction, and after reduction; then three differences were calculated: the first between before and after blocking; the second between during reduction and after blockade; and the third between before blocking and after reduction. Results The fracture hematoma and supracondylar block groups showed the following mean values, respectively: 3.90 (1-10) and 3.50 (-6-10) in difference 1; 4.35 (-5-10) and 5.00 (-3-10) in difference 2; and 4.65 (1-10) and 3.80 (-3-10) in difference 3. Conclusion Both techniques proved to be efficient for analgesia, with mild superiority of hematoma block, but without statistical significance.


Resumo Objetivo O estudo compara a eficácia analgésica de duas técnicas para realizar redução incruenta: o bloqueio de hematoma da fratura e o bloqueio supracondilar de nervo radial. Métodos Quarenta pacientes com fraturas do terço distal do rádio, que necessitassem redução, foram selecionados em um ensaio clínico quasi-randomizado, para receber uma das técnicas anestésicas. Todos os pacientes assinaram o termo de consentimento ou assentimento, com exceção daqueles que não desejassem participar do estudo, tivessem lesão neurológica, com contraindicação ao procedimento na sala de emergências, ou com contraindicação ao uso da lidocaína. Para aferir a analgesia foi utilizada a escala numérica da dor em quatro momentos distintos: pré-bloqueio, pós-bloqueio, durante a redução e após a redução; em seguida, foram calculadas três diferenças: a primeira entre antes e após o bloqueio; a segunda entre durante a redução e após o bloqueio; e a terceira entre antes do bloqueio e após a redução. Resultados Os grupos do bloqueio de hematoma de fratura e bloqueio supracondilar apresentaram respectivamente os seguintes valores médios: 3.90 (1-10) e 3.50 (-6-10) na diferença 1; 4.35 (-5-10) e 5.00 (-3-10) na diferença 2; e 4.65 (1-10) e 3.80 (-3-10) na diferença 3. Conclusão As duas técnicas se provaram eficientes para analgesia, com discreta superioridade do bloqueio de hematoma, mas sem significância estatística.


Subject(s)
Humans , Radius Fractures , Pain Measurement , Closed Fracture Reduction , Anesthesia, Local , Nerve Block
7.
Radiol. bras ; 56(3): 125-130, May-June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449033

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To describe the behavior of total alkaline phosphatase (tALP) in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer receiving radium-223 therapy, in a real-world scenario, and to describe overall survival (OS) among such patients. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study involving 97 patients treated between February 2017 and September 2020. Patients were stratified by the baseline tALP (normal/elevated). A tALP response was defined as a ≥ 30% reduction from baseline at week 12. For patients with elevated baseline tALP, we also evaluated treatment response as a ≥ 10% reduction in tALP after the first cycle of treatment. We defined OS as the time from the first treatment cycle to the date of death. Results: There was a significant reduction in the median tALP after each cycle of treatment (p < 0.05 for all). Data for tALP at week 12 were available for 71 of the 97 patients. Of those 71 patients, 26 (36.6%) responded. Elevated baseline tALP was observed in 47 patients, of whom 19 (40.4%) showed a response. Longer OS was observed in the patients with normal baseline tALP, in those with elevated baseline tALP that showed a response to treatment (≥ 10% reduction), and in those who received 5-6 cycles of therapy. Conclusion: The tALP may be used to predict which patients will benefit from treatment with a greater number of cycles of radium-223 therapy and will have longer OS.


Resumo Objetivo: Descrever o comportamento da fosfatase alcalina total (tALP) em pacientes com carcinoma de próstata metastático resistente a castração, submetidos a terapia com rádio-223 em um cenário do mundo real, e a sobrevida global (SG) desses pacientes. Materiais e Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo envolvento 97 pacientes, no período de fevereiro/2017 a setembro/2020. Os pacientes foram estratificados de acordo com a tALP basal (normal/elevada). A resposta à tALP foi definida como uma redução em relação à linha de base de ≥ 30% na semana-12. Para pacientes com tALP basal elevada, também foi avaliada a resposta ao tratamento como uma redução de ≥ 10% de tALP após o primeiro ciclo. A SG foi definida como o tempo entre o primeiro ciclo e a data do óbito. Resultados: A redução da tALP média após cada ciclo foi significativa (p < 0,05). A tALP na semana 12 estava disponível para 71 dos 97 pacientes. Desses 71 pacientes, 26 (36,6%) responderam. Dezenove (40,4%) dos 47 pacientes com tALP elevada apresentaram resposta. Foi observada uma SG mais longa nos pacientes com tALP basal normal, nos pacientes com tALP basal elevada que apresentaram resposta ao tratamento (redução de ≥ 10%) e nos pacientes que receberam 5-6 ciclos. Conclusão: A tALP pode ser usada para prever parte dos pacientes que se beneficiarão do tratamento com um maior número de ciclos e uma SG mais longa.

8.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 60(2): 201-207, Apr.-June 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447385

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Anorectal functional pain syndrome, also called chronic proctalgia, represents a neglected clinical entity and often confused with other syndromes such as vulvodynia or acute proctalgia. It is a very often disabling disease with a consequent significant negative impact on the patient's quality of life. Chronic proctalgia, in many patients, is secondary to the paradoxical contraction of the pelvic floor and associated with a dissynergy between the thorax-abdomen and the pelvic floor. To improve symptoms in functional anorectal pain syndromes, various rehabilitation techniques are used with the aim of promoting relaxation of the pelvic floor; however, to improve defecatory dynamics in patients with levator ani syndrome, only biofeedback has shown efficacy in a randomized study. The aim of this work is to evaluate whether a rehabilitation protocol with manometric biofeedback and radiofrequency diathermy (mt100 Fremslife emotion Tecar) reduces pain and paradoxical contraction of the levator ani and improves the quality of life in patients with anorectal pain syndromes. functional. Methods: This was a prospective study on 30 patients (20 women and 10 men) with anorectal functional pain syndrome and paradoxical contraction of the pelvic floor enrolled at the UOC of General, Minimally Invasive, Oncological and Obesity Surgery of the AOU "Luigi Vanvitelli" of Naples, Italy, from September 2021 to May 2022. All patients were evaluated with a coloproctological specialist visit followed by anorectal manometry and evaluation of altered clinical physiatric parameters (Brusciano Score). The protocol consisted of 10 rehabilitation sessions of the pelvic floor once a week and lasting approximately 45 minutes. During the sessions the patients were subjected to diathermy / radiofrequency treatment (10 minutes) with a static resistive electrode on the diaphragm, during which they were required to breathe diaphragmatically and to become aware of the perineal muscles, under the supervision of a physiotherapist; followed by application of diathermy with static capacitive (5 minutes) and resistive (10 minutes) electrode at the lumbar level. This was followed by the use of manometric biofeedback (15 minutes of tonic / phasic exercises) in order to instruct the patient on the reflex mechanism to obtain a voluntary relaxation of the external anal sphincter. The variables evaluated were Pain (VAS 0-10) and the questionnaire on the impact of colorectal and anal pathologies on the quality of life (CRAIQ-7) at the beginning, after 3 months and at the end of the treatment. Results: After 10 weeks, the rehabilitation treatment combined with diathermy and manometric biofeedback proved effective in the short term with a reduction in the scores of the Vas scale and CRAIQ-7 questionnaire and an increase in the percentage of release of the anal muscles on anorectal manometry. Conclusion: The use of radiofrequency diathermy with a system of static electrodes associated with biofeedback represents a valid rehabilitation option for those patients suffering from anorectal functional pain syndrome because it reduces pain and paradoxical contraction of the levator ani and improves quality of life of the patient.


RESUMO Contexto: A síndrome de dor funcional anorretal, também conhecida como proctalgia crônica, representa uma entidade clínica negligenciada e frequentemente confundida com outras síndromes, como vulvodinia ou proctalgia aguda. Trata-se de uma doença frequentemente incapacitante, com um consequente impacto negativo significativo na qualidade de vida do paciente. A proctalgia crônica, em muitos pacientes, é secundária à contração paradoxal do assoalho pélvico e está associada a uma dissinergia entre o tórax-abdômen e o assoalho pélvico. Para melhorar os sintomas em síndromes de dor anorretal funcional, são utilizadas diversas técnicas de reabilitação com o objetivo de promover o relaxamento do assoalho pélvico. No entanto, para melhorar a dinâmica de evacuação em pacientes com síndrome do elevador do ânus, apenas o biofeedback demonstrou eficácia em um estudo randomizado. Objetivo: O objetivo deste trabalho é avaliar se um protocolo de reabilitação com biofeedback manométrico e diatermia por radiofrequência (mt100 Fremslife emotion Tecar) reduz a dor e a contração paradoxal do elevador do ânus e melhora a qualidade de vida em pacientes com síndromes de dor anorretal funcional. Métodos: Realizado estudo prospectivo com 30 pacientes (20 mulheres e 10 homens) com síndrome de dor anorretal funcional e contração paradoxal do assoalho pélvico inscritos na UOC de Cirurgia Geral, Minimamente Invasiva, Oncológica e de Obesidade da AOU "Luigi Vanvitelli" de Nápoles, Itália, de setembro de 2021 a maio de 2022. Todos os pacientes foram avaliados com uma consulta especializada em coloproctologia, seguida de manometria anorretal e avaliação dos parâmetros fisiátricos clínicos alterados (Escore de Brusciano). O protocolo consistiu em 10 sessões de reabilitação do assoalho pélvico, uma vez por semana, com duração aproximada de 45 minutos. Durante as sessões, os pacientes foram submetidos a tratamento de diatermia / radiofrequência (10 minutos) com um eletrodo resistivo estático no diafragma, durante o qual foram solicitados a respirar através do diafragma e a tomar consciência dos músculos perineais, sob a supervisão de um fisioterapeuta; seguido pela aplicação de diatermia com eletrodo capacitivo estático (5 minutos) e resistivo (10 minutos) no nível lombar. Isso foi seguido pelo uso de biofeedback manométrico (15 minutos de exercícios tônicos /fásicos) com o objetivo de instruir o paciente sobre o mecanismo reflexo para obter um relaxamento voluntário do esfíncter anal externo. As variáveis avaliadas foram Dor (EVA 0-10) e o questionário sobre o impacto das patologias colorretais e anais na qualidade de vida (CRAIQ-7) no início, após 3 meses e no final do tratamento. Resultados: Após 10 semanas, o tratamento de reabilitação combinado com diatermia e biofeedback manométrico mostrou-se eficaz a curto prazo, com uma redução nos escores da escala VAS e do questionário CRAIQ-7, e um aumento na porcentagem de relaxamento dos músculos anais na manometria anorretal. Conclusão: O uso de diatermia por radiofrequência com um sistema de eletrodos estáticos associado ao biofeedback representa uma opção de reabilitação válida para pacientes que sofrem com a síndrome de dor anorretal funcional, pois reduz a dor e a contração paradoxal do elevador do ânus, melhorando a qualidade de vida do paciente.

9.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(3): 532-537, May-June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449831

ABSTRACT

Abstract Synostosis is a generic term to indicate the union of two originally separated bones. At the elbow, humeroradial or longitudinal synostosis causes significant disability, which varies depending on hand function, elbow positioning, adjacent joints mobility and contralateral limb function. It is estimated that, to date, a little more than 150 patients have been described with this deformity, which is more common in subjects with deficient ulnar formation or affected by conditions such as Antley-Bixler and Hermann syndromes. The lack of the elbow joint, with the formation of a longer bone due to humerus-radius fusion, results in stiffness. As such, it is assumed that fractures in this topography are not uncommon. However, since synostosis is rare, this lesion was only described twice in the literature. We report two patients with a fracture of the single bone formed by a humeroradial synostosis and Bayne type-IV ulnar formation failure. Both patients were treated surgically with success. We emphasize the need for adequate treatment to not compromise the daily activities of patients who are adapted to their deformity, thus avoiding worsening the function of a previously affected limb.


Resumo Sinostose é um termo genérico utilizado para indicar a união de dois ossos originalmente separados. No cotovelo, a sinostose rádio-umeral ou longitudinal causa importante incapacidade, que varia a depender da função da mão, da posição do cotovelo, da mobilidade das articulações adjacentes e da função do membro contralateral. Estima-se que um pouco mais de 150 pacientes foram descritos até hoje com essa deformidade, sendo mais frequente em portadores de deficiência de formação ulnar ou podendo fazer parte de síndromes como de Antley-Bixler e de Hermann. Devidoàrigidezcausadapelaausênciadaarticulaçãodocotovelo,queresultana formação de um osso mais longo com a fusão do úmero no rádio, presume-se que fratura nessa topografia não seja incomum. No entanto, pela raridade dessa patologia, tal lesão apresenta apenas duas descrições prévias na literatura. Relatamos os casos de dois pacientes com fratura do osso único formado pela sinostose entre o úmero e o rádio portadores de falha de formação ulnar do tipo IV de Bayne. Ambos os pacientes foram tratados de forma cirúrgica e evoluíram bem. Salientamos a necessidade do tratamento adequado para não comprometer as atividades da vida de um paciente já adaptado à deformidade, evitando piorar a função de um membro já alterado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Middle Aged , Radio , Synostosis/surgery , Congenital Abnormalities , Ulna/abnormalities
10.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-221354

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Monteggia fracture dislocation is a rare and severe injury of both paediatric and adult forearm and elbow.It was described for the first time by GIOVANNI BATTISTA MONTEGGIA in 1840,who reported two cases of fracture of the proximal third of ulna with conjoint ventral dislocation of the proximal radius. In 1967 JOSE LUIS BADO published a classification scheme of monteggia lesion based on the direction of the dislocation of radial head,this anatomical classification was suitable for both adults and children .Monteggia fracture dislocations constitute about 1% – 2% of all forearm fractures . Monteggia fractures remain challenging paediatric injuries because of difficulties in diagnosis , propensity for instability and complexity of late reconstruction. More than 50% of these fracture dislocation are misdiagnosed in children and leads to dysfunction of elbow joint. The fixation and stabilization of ulna fracture will automatically reduce the radial head dislocation. The aim of this study is to evaluate a group of paediatric patients with Monteggia lesion and its equivalents treated by percutaneous fixation of proximal third ulna fracture with k wire after reduction of fracture ulna and dislocated radio capitular joint under c-arm guidance. Materials and methods We treated 18 children of age ranging between 6 to 12 years with Monteggia fracture dislocation of the forearm with percutaneous fixation of the proximal third fracture of ulna with k wires after reduction of fracture and dislocated radio-capitular joint under C-arm control.The elbow is immobilized in fiexion with plaster of paris slab and bandage for a period of four weeks and mobilization of elbow is started after four weeks. By the end of 8 weeks K-wire removed. All fractures are fixed with in twenty four hours. The results Results : are good, there is no incidents of any stiffness. Range of movements of elbow and forearm are well preserved.The function of elbow and forearm are satisfactory.Conclusion:A good outcome after Monteggia injury in a child requires early diagnosis and prompt stable anatomical reduction of the ulna fracture and this can be achieved through stabilization of ulna by percutaneous intramedullary k wires.

11.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(1): 297-302, feb. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430544

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Distal radius fractures are one of the most common orthopedic injuries encountered by orthopedic surgeons. Correction of dorsal tilt and radial height is essential to restore normal biomechanics of the wrist joint. Comprehensive knowledge of the morphometry of the distal radius of the local population becomes critical for the treating surgeon. This study aims to report the morphometry of the distal radius in the Anatolian population and compare it with similar studies in other races and humans. Radiographs of one hundred and twenty-four people were included in the study. Four radiological parameters were examined on all radiographs: radial height, radial tilt, ulnar variance, and palmar tilt. Radial tilt was 23.35°±1.96; palmar tilt was 15.7°±2,87 radial height (mm) was 10.55±4.34, ulnar variance (mm) was 0.32±1.79. The highest rate of negative ulnar variance was found. According to the study's results, reference data varying by race for anatomical fit should be considered in treating DER injuries.


Las fracturas de la parte distal del radio son probablemente las lesiones ortopédicas más comunes que encuentran los cirujanos ortopédicos. La corrección de la inclinación dorsal y la altura radial es esencial para restaurar la biomecánica normal de la articulación de la muñeca. El conocimiento integral de la morfometría del radio distal de la población local es importante para el cirujano tratante. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo reportar la morfometría de la parte rdistal del radio en la población de Anatolia y compararla con estudios similares en otras razas y humanos. Se incluyeron ciento veinticuatro radiografías simples consecutivas de la articulación de la muñeca. Se examinaron cuatro parámetros radiológicos: altura radial, inclinación radial, variación ulnar e inclinación palmar. El ángulo de inclinación radial fue de 23,35±1,96; el ángulo de inclinación palmar fue de 15,7±, la altura radial (mm) fue de 10,55±4,34, la varianza ulnar (mm) fue de 0,32±1,79. Se encontró la tasa más alta de varianza ulnar negativa (43,5%). Los resultados de este estudio deben tenerse en consideración al tratar fracturas de la parte distal del radio, con datos de referencia que varían según la raza para el ajuste anatómico.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Radius/diagnostic imaging , Radius/anatomy & histology , Turkey , Retrospective Studies , Race Factors
12.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 528-532, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995219

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of combining repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) with radiofrequency ablation (RF) of dorsal root ganglia in treating herpes zoster infection and neuralgia.Methods:Eighty-four individuals with a herpes zoster infection who had suffered from neuralgia for no more than 7 days were divided randomly into a control group, an rTMS group, an RF group, and an observation group, each of 21. All were treated with gabapentin, valciclovir and mecobalamin. The rTMS group received rTMS treatment, 5 days per week, for 2 consecutive weeks. The RF group received RF treatment of the dorsal root ganglia on the 15th day after enrollment, while the observation group received only the medication. Before the experiment as well as after 3, 7, 16, 30 and 60 days, all of the subjects self-assessed their discomfort using a pain visual analog scale (VAS). The Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD), Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA), Quality of Life Assessment Scale (QOL-SF36), and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) were also administered.Results:The average VAS, HAMA, HAMD, QOL-SF36, and PSQI scores of the observation group improved continuously and significantly during and after the treatment. Beyond 16 days all of those results were significantly better than the control group′s averages, and the observation group′s average VAS, HAMA and HAMD results were also significantly better than those of the rTMS group. The observation group′s average VAS, HAMA, HAMD and PSQI scores had improved significantly more than the RF group′s averages beyond 30 days.Conclusion:Combining rTMS and dorsal root ganglion RF can effectively alleviate the early pain symptoms of herpes zoster infection and neuralgia, relieve anxiety and depression, and significantly improve sleep and life quality. Such therapy is worthy of clinical promotion and application.

13.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 480-485, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993622

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of pre-therapy 18F-FDG PET/CT radiomic models in differentiating epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon 19 deletion from exon 21 L858R missense in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods:A total of 172 patients with EGFR mutant NSCLC (54 males, 118 females, age: (56.2±12.5) years) in the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University between January 2015 and November 2019 were retrospectively included. Exon 19 mutation was found in 75 patients and exon 21 mutation was identified in 97 patients. The patients were divided into training set ( n=121) and validation set ( n=51) in a 7∶3 ratio by using random number table. The LIFEx 4.00 package was used to extract texture features of PET/CT images of lesions. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) algorithm was used for feature screening. Three machine learning models, namely logistic regression (LR), random forest (RF), and support vector machine (SVM) models, were constructed based on the selected optimal feature subsets. The ROC curve analysis was performed to assess the predictive performance of those models. Finally, decision curve analysis (DCA) was used to evaluate the clinical value of the models. Results:Nine radiomics features, including 6 PET features (histogram (HISTO)_Kurtosis, SHAPE_Sphericity, gray level run length matrix (GLRLM)_ low gray-level run emphasis (LGRE), GLRLM_ run length non-uniformity (RLNU), neighborhood grey level different matrix (NGLDM)_Contrast, gray level zone length matrix (GLZLM)_ short-zone low gray-level emphasis (SZLGE)), and 3 CT features (gray level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM)_Correlation, GLRLM_ run percentage (RP), NGLDM_Contrast), were screened by LASSO algorithm. Three machine learning models had similar predictive performance in the training and validation sets: AUCs for the RF model were 0.79, 0.77, and those for the SVM model were 0.76, 0.75, for the LR model were 0.77, 0.75. The DCA showed that the 3 machine learning models had good net benefits and clinical values in predicting EGFR mutation subtypes.Conclusion:18F-FDG PET/CT radiomics provide a non-invasive method for the identification of EGFR exon 19 deletion and exon 21 L858R missense mutations in patients with NSCLC, which may help the clinical decision-making and the formulation of individualized treatment plan.

14.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 725-730, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993254

ABSTRACT

Long-course concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) or short-course radiotherapy (SCRT) prior to surgery and postoperative chemotherapy is one of the main standard therapies for patients with locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC). On this basis, total neoadjuvant therapy (TNT) has been shown to improve disease-free survival, distant metastasis-free survival and complete response rates, whereas the 3-year distant recurrence rate is still above 20% and pathological complete response (pCR) is less than 30%. Long-term survival and adverse reactions remain to be improved. Currently, significant achivement has been obtained in immunotherapy. Application of immunotherapy in the treatment of rectal cancer remains to be urgently validated. In recent years, immunotherapy combined with preoperative chemoradiotherapy has been adopted for LARC in clinical trials. Besides, immunotherapy alone, especially programmed death-1 (PD-1) / programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) inhibitor, has also been utilized to treat colon rectal cancer. Relevant research progress was reviewed in this article.

15.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 281-286, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993188

ABSTRACT

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is one of the most common malignant head and neck tumors, and radiotherapy is the main treatment. However, radio-resistance is a key cause of local recurrence of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Therefore, overcoming the radio-resistance of nasopharyngeal carcinoma and enhancing the radiosensitivity have become urgent problems in the treatment of nasopharyngeal carcinoma, which also play a key role in improving the overall survival rate of patients. In this article, recent studies on DNA, non-coding RNA (ncRNA), protein and cell behaviors related to radio-resistance of nasopharyngeal carcinoma were reviewed, aiming to provide valuable ideas for clinical treatment of nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

16.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 176-181, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993070

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of radiofrequency radiation (RF) from 5G mobile phone communication frequency bands (3.5 GHz and 4.9 GHz) on the permeability of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in mice.Methods:A total of 24 healthy adult male C57BL/6 mice (6-8 weeks old) were randomly divided into Sham, 3.5 GHz RF and 4.9 GHz RF groups, and 8 mice in each group. Mice in the RF groups were systemically exposed to 5G cell phone radiation for consecutive 35 d(1 h/d) with 50 W/m 2 power density. The BBB permeability of mice was detected by Evans Blue (EB) fluorescence experiment. The expression levels of the BBB tight junction-related proteins (ZO-1, occludin and claudin-11) and the gap junction-related protein Connexin 43 were determined by Western blot. Results:The number of spots, fluorescence intensity and comprehensive score of EB were significantly increased in 3.5 GHz RF group and 4.9 GHz RF group compared with the Sham group ( t=12.98, 17.82, P<0.001). Compared with the Sham group, the content of S100B in mouse serum was significantly increased in 3.5 GHz RF group and 4.9 GHz RF group ( t=19.34, 14.68, P<0.001). The BBB permeability was increased in the RF group. The expression level of occludin protein was significantly reduced in the 3.5 GHz RF group ( t=-3.13, P<0.05), and this decrease was much profound in the 4.9 GHz RF group ( t=-6.55, P<0.01). But the protein levels of ZO-1, Claudin-11 and Connexin 43 in the cerebral cortex of the RF groups had no significantly difference in comparison with the Sham group( P>0.05). Conclusions:The continuous exposure of mobile phone RF at 3.5 GHz or 4.9 GHz for 35 d (1 h/d) induces an increase of BBB permeability in the mouse cerebral cortex, perhaps by reducing the expression of occludin protein.

17.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 714-718, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990692

ABSTRACT

In the past 20 years, the multidisciplinary treatment model based on evidence-based medicine has significantly increased the rate of sphincter-preservation operation for rectal cancer. How to preserve rectum and anal function, avoid permanent colostomy, and improve post-operative quality of life of patients while ensuring radical resection of tumor, remains to be a key and hot topic in surgical treatment of rectal cancer. Based on literatures and clinical experiences, the authors summarize issues of sphincter preservation operation and comprehensive treatment, including intersphincteric resection, conformal sphincter preservation operation, total neoadjuvant therapy and radioimmunotherapy, for ultra-low rectal cancer, in order to provide reference for the colleagues.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 4149-4171, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011175

ABSTRACT

Bacteria-mediated anti-tumor therapy has received widespread attention due to its natural tumor-targeting ability and specific immune-activation characteristics. It has made significant progress in breaking the limitations of monotherapy and effectively eradicating tumors, especially when combined with traditional therapy, such as radiotherapy. According to their different biological characteristics, bacteria and their derivatives can not only improve the sensitivity of tumor radiotherapy but also protect normal tissues. Moreover, genetically engineered bacteria and bacteria-based biomaterials have further expanded the scope of their applications in radiotherapy. In this review, we have summarized relevant researches on the application of bacteria and its derivatives in radiotherapy in recent years, expounding that the bacteria, bacterial derivatives and bacteria-based biomaterials can not only directly enhance radiotherapy but also improve the anti-tumor effect by improving the tumor microenvironment (TME) and immune effects. Furthermore, some probiotics can also protect normal tissues and organs such as intestines from radiation via anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidation and apoptosis inhibition. In conclusion, the prospect of bacteria in radiotherapy will be very extensive, but its biological safety and mechanism need to be further evaluated and studied.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1216-1230, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971768

ABSTRACT

Radiation protection drugs are often accompanied by toxicity, even amifostine, which has been the dominant radio-protecting drug for nearly 30 years. Furthermore, there is no therapeutic drug for radiation-induced intestinal injury (RIII). This paper intends to find a safe and effective radio-protecting ingredient from natural sources. The radio-protecting effect of Ecliptae Herba (EHE) was discovered preliminarily by antioxidant experiments and the mouse survival rate after 137Cs irradiation. EHE components and blood substances in vivo were identified through UPLC‒Q-TOF. The correlation network of "natural components in EHE-constituents migrating to blood-targets-pathways" was established to predict the active components and pathways. The binding force between potential active components and targets was studied by molecular docking, and the mechanism was further analyzed by Western blotting, cellular thermal shift assay (CETSA), and ChIP. Additionally, the expression levels of Lgr5, Axin2, Ki67, lysozyme, caspase-3, caspase-8,8-OHdG, and p53 in the small intestine of mice were detected. It was found for the first time that EHE is active in radiation protection and that luteolin is the material basis of this protection. Luteolin is a promising candidate for RⅢ. Luteolin can inhibit the p53 signaling pathway and regulate the BAX/BCL2 ratio in the process of apoptosis. Luteolin could also regulate the expression of multitarget proteins related to the same cell cycle.

20.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 106-109, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971313

ABSTRACT

Aiming at the increasing application of RFID technology in the medical environment, this study introduces the foreign requirements for RFID immunity test of medical devices, compares them with the current immunity test requirements of medical devices in China, and puts forward the necessity of establishing relevant test specifications in China.


Subject(s)
Radio Frequency Identification Device , Electromagnetic Fields , Radio Waves , Equipment Safety , Technology
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