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1.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(4): 251-255, Oct.-Dec. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528936

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Transanal Endoscopic Microsurgery (TEM) is a minimally invasive method for management of different proctologic conditions. Despite widespread use of this method, it is not used widely in Iran. This report is about to describe the application of TEM in managing different proctologic conditions in a tertiary colorectal referral center in Iran regarding methods and complications. Methods: All of the patients' documents such as procedure, method, early postop complications and further operations were actively reviewed and the data were entered in to the database. Results: Since 2012 till the end of 2020 chart review was done and 150 cases of TEM operation were found. The most frequent procedure that was done was resection procedure. Using different energy devices during surgery or suturing versus not suturing the defect were not associated with complication. There was a case of in hospital mortality and one case delayed perianal fistula following TEM. Measurement of lesion distance from anal verge was not significantly different using TEM or colonoscopy. Villous adenomas detected in colonoscopy were mostly associated with malignancy. In evaluated resected lesions most of cases had free base and distance from anal verge or using different energy devices were not associated with obtaining free base. Conclusion: TEM is a safe minimal invasive procedure with acceptable complications that could be helped in managing different proctologic conditions and the results of reviewing our patients revealed the same results that is reported from other colorectal centers. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Transanal Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Postoperative Complications , Colonoscopy
2.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 38(4): 1-5, out.dez.2023. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1525492

ABSTRACT

Introdução: As técnicas microcirúrgicas caracterizam-se pela aplicação de manobras e suturas em estruturas milimétricas com o auxílio de lentes de aumento. São técnicas complexas, utilizadas em diversas especialidades médicas, que demandam grande habilidade e treinamento antes da aplicação em humanos. O objetivo é desenvolver um modelo de baixo custo e alta fidelidade, para o treinamento de técnicas de microcirurgia, utilizando um fragmento de patch de pericárdio bovino. Método: São utilizados para a confecção deste modelo segmentos remanescentes de uma placa de pericárdio bovino, previamente utilizado em reparos vasculares. O material é recortado em duas partes simétricas e suas extremidades fixadas aos campos cirúrgicos, com auxílio de clamps. A borda superior de cada uma das partes é, então, suturada à borda inferior com fio de Prolene 8-0, de maneira que cada uma forme uma estrutura tubular. Posteriormente, as extremidades tubulares livres passam pela dissecção da camada adventícia e são suturadas entre si, mimetizando uma anastomose vascular término-terminal. Resultados: Com o modelo, simulam-se os mesmos inconvenientes/ dificuldades presentes nas suturas vasculares humanas, como a delaminação de camadas, excesso da camada adventícia e risco de sutura inadvertida da parede posterior, provando sua utilidade na aquisição de habilidades microcirúrgicas básicas, sem necessidade de manipulação de tecidos humanos ou animais. A prática neste modelo pode ocorrer dentro do próprio centro cirúrgico e emprega materiais que seriam descartados. Conclusão: A utilização do pericárdio bovino para confecção de suturas milimétricas mimetiza o tecido vascular humano e é um procedimento de baixo custo, que possibilita o treinamento de habilidades microcirúrgicas.


Introduction: Microsurgical techniques are characterized by the application of maneuvers and sutures to millimetric structures with the aid of magnifying lenses. These are complex techniques, used in various medical specialties, which require great skill and training before applying them to humans. The objective is to develop a lowcost and high-fidelity model for training microsurgery techniques using a fragment of bovine pericardium patch. Method: Remaining segments of a bovine pericardium plate, previously used in vascular repairs, are used to create this model. The material is cut into two symmetrical parts, and its ends are fixed to the surgical drapes with the aid of clamps. The upper edge of each part is then sutured to the lower edge with 8-0 Prolene thread so that each one forms a tubular structure. Subsequently, the free tubular ends undergo dissection of the adventitial layer and are sutured together, mimicking an end-to-end vascular anastomosis. Results: With the model, the same inconveniences/ difficulties present in human vascular sutures are simulated, such as delamination of layers, excess of the adventitial layer, and risk of inadvertent suturing of the posterior wall, proving its usefulness in the acquisition of basic microsurgical skills, without need to manipulate human or animal tissues. Practice in this model can take place within the surgical center itself and uses materials that would otherwise be discarded. Conclusion: The use of bovine pericardium to create millimetric sutures mimics human vascular tissue and is a low-cost procedure that allows the training of microsurgical skills.

3.
Medisur ; 21(4)ago. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514593

ABSTRACT

Fundamento aún no se ha establecido una técnica ideal que permita realizar el cierre laparotómico que garantice la disminución de complicaciones. Objetivo comparar los resultados del cierre de la pared abdominal mediante puntos subtotales internos y puntos totales en pacientes intervenidos por cáncer colorrectal. Métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo, prospectivo y transversal en el Hospital General Docente Dr. Enrique Cabrera, en el trienio 2019-2021, con 80 pacientes intervenidos por cáncer colorrectal. Se empleó la prueba Chi-cuadrado, la prueba exacta de Fisher y la prueba U de Mann-Whitney, entre otros. Resultados el tumor se localizó en colon sigmoide en 35 % de los casos de los pacientes con cierre de puntos totales; y en 31,7 % del grupo con cierre mediante puntos subtotales. La cirugía fue urgente en 80 % del grupo con cierre de puntos totales; y electiva en 75 % de los de cierre con puntos subtotales. La incisión fue media supra e infraumbilical en 70 % de los pacientes del grupo con cierre de puntos totales; y xifopubiana en 66,7 % de los del cierre con puntos subtotales. Se presentaron medianas de 3 ± 2 y 1 ± 0 complicaciones para los de cierre con puntos totales y cierre con puntos subtotales, respectivamente. La mediana de la estadía hospitalaria fue mayor en el grupo con cierre de puntos totales (8 ± 6 días). Conclusiones en los pacientes donde se aplicaron puntos subtotales internos para el cierre de la pared abdominal, los resultados fueron mejores que en grupo donde se emplearon puntos totales.


Foundation an ideal technique has not been established yet to allow laparotomic closure to guarantee the reduction of complications. Objective to compare the results of abdominal wall closure using internal subtotal points and total points in patients operated on for colorectal cancer. Methods a descriptive, prospective and cross-sectional study was carried out at the Dr. Enrique Cabrera General Teaching Hospital, from 2019 to 2021, with 80 patients operated on for colorectal cancer. The Chi-square test, Fisher's exact test and the Mann-Whitney U test, among others, were used. Results the tumor was located in the sigmoid colon in 35% of patients with total suture closure; and in 31.7% of the group with closure by subtotal points. Surgery was urgent in 80% of the group with total stitch closure; and elective in 75% of the closing cases with subtotal points. The incision was median supra and infraumbilical in 70% of the patients in the group with total suture closure; and xiphopubic in 66.7% of those at closure with subtotal points. There were medians of 3 ± 2 and 1 ± 0 complications for closure with total stitches and closure with subtotal stitches, respectively. Median hospital stay was longer in the total stitch closure group (8 ± 6 days). Conclusions in the patients where internal subtotal sutures were applied for abdominal wall closure, the results were better than in the group where total sutures were used.

4.
Rev. venez. cir. ortop. traumatol ; 55(1): 3-11, jun. 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1511215

ABSTRACT

Se deben tener consideraciones especiales cuando se realizan reparaciones quirúrgicas del tendón de Aquiles. Su anatomía e irrigación particular plantean desafíos únicos para el manejo, y tener comprensión profunda de estas características es crucial para escoger el tratamiento adecuado y lograr resultados exitosos. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la eficiencia de la reparación quirúrgica de la rotura aguda del tendón de Aquiles con técnica de Dresden, entre el 2015 y el 2021. Se realizó un estudio de tipo analítico, observacional, longitudinal y prospectiva. El análisis del aspecto estadístico fue a través de estadística descriptiva y asociación de las variables. Se incluyeron 34 pacientes con un promedio de 42 años, la mayoría de sexo masculino. Al aplicar las escalas VISA-A se obtuvo un promedio de 12 puntos, 67,5 puntos a los 6 meses y 80,5 puntos a los 12 meses. En la encuesta SF-12 a los 6 meses se obtuvo un promedio de 68,5 puntos y 80 puntos a los 12 meses; un paciente presentó rechazo de la sutura y 6 afirmaron algún grado de edema residual aun al año de la cirugía. La reparación quirúrgica con técnica de Dresden mejora la funcionabilidad del tendón de malos resultados a regulares y buenos resultados al año de seguimiento. El 68% de la población estudiada afirmó que se encuentran satisfechos con la cirugía(AU)


Special considerations must be made when performing surgical repairs of the Achilles tendon. Its particular anatomy and blood supply pose unique management challenges, and a thorough understanding of these characteristics is crucial to choosing the right treatment and achieving successful results. The objective of this work is to analyze the efficiency of the surgical repair of the acute rupture of the Achilles tendon with the Dresden technique, between 2015 and 2021. An analytical, observational, longitudinal and prospective study was carried out. The analysis of the statistical aspect was through descriptive statistics and association of the variables. 34 patients with an average age of 42 years were included, most of them male. When applying the VISA-A scales, an average of 12 points was obtained, 67,5 points at 6 months and 80,5 points at 12 months. In the SF-12 survey at 6 months an average of 68,5 points and 80 points at 12 months were obtained; One patient presented rejection of the suture and 6 reported some degree of residual edema even one year after surgery. Surgical repair with the Dresden technique improves the functionality of the tendon from poor to regular results and good results after a year of follow-up. 68% of the population studied stated that they are satisfied with the surgery(AU)


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Achilles Tendon/surgery , Surgical Procedures, Operative , General Surgery , Sutures
5.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(2): 265-270, Mar.-Apr. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449785

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the postoperative functional and radiographic outcomes of the shoulder of patients submitted to transosseous suturing of a greater tuberosity fracture (GTF) through an anterolateral route and the influence of the glenohumeral dislocation on these outcomes. Methods We conducted a retrospective study and functional assessment using the Constant-Murley score. The distance between the greater tuberosity and the joint surface of the proximal humerus (in true anteroposterior radiographs) after the union was calculated. We used the Fisher exact test for the categorical independent variables, and the Student t or Mann-Whitney test for the non-categorical variables. Results In total, 26 patients met the inclusion criteria, and 38% of the sample presented an association between glenohumeral dislocation and GTF. The mean Constant-Murley score was of 82.5 + 8.02 points. The presence of an associated dislocation did not alter the functional outcome. The mean distance between the greater tuberosity of the humerus and the joint surface of the humeral head after the union was of 9 + 4.3 mm below the articular line of the humeral head. The dislocation led to a lower level of reduction, but this did not influence the Constant-Murley score. Conclusion The cases of GTF submitted to surgical treatment with transosseous sutures had good functional outcomes. The presence of dislocation made the anatomical reduction of the greater tuberosity difficult. However, it did not influence the Constant-Murley score.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os resultados funcional e radiográfico pós-operatórios do ombro, em pacientes submetidos a sutura transóssea de fratura da tuberosidade maior (FTM) por acesso anterolateral, e a influência da luxação glenoumeral nesses resultados. Métodos Realizou-se estudo retrospectivo e avaliação funcional (pela escala de Constant-Murley). Calculou-se a distância entre a tuberosidade maior e a superfície articular do úmero proximal (por meio de radiografia em incidência anteroposterior verdadeira) após a consolidação. Usou-se o teste Exato de Fisher para as variáveis independentes categóricas, e os testes tde Student ou de Mann-Whitney para as não categóricas. Resultados Ao todo, 26 pacientes preencheram os critérios de inclusão. A associação de luxação glenoumeral com FTM foi observada em 38% da amostra. A média da pontuação na escala de Constant-Murley foi de 82,5 + 8,02. A presença de luxação associada não alterou o resultado funcional. A distância média da consolidação da tuberosidade maior do úmero em relação à superfície articular da cabeça umeral foi de 9 + 4,3 mm abaixo da linha articular da cabeça umeral. Pacientes com luxação associada evoluíram com redução menor, mas isso não influenciou na pontuação na escala de Constant-Murley. Conclusão As FTMs submetidas ao tratamento cirúrgico com sutura transóssea evoluíram com bom resultado funcional. A presença de luxação dificultou a redução anatômica da tuberosidade maior. Entretanto, isso não influenciou na pontuação na escala de Constant-Murley.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Suture Techniques , Suture Anchors , Humeral Fractures/surgery
6.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 38(1): 175-178, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423083

ABSTRACT

Abstract Paravalvular leakage (PVL) after mitral valve replacement is a troublesome complication that may lead to severe symptoms and reoperation. Previous case reports on total thoracoscopic cardiac surgery without aortic cross-clamping for repairing late PVL are rare. We describe a 64-year-old man who had undergone aortic and mitral valve replacement via median sternotomy eight years earlier, and who recently developed cardiac failure due to severe tricuspid regurgitation (TR) and PVL in the posterior mitral annulus. During total thoracoscopic surgery with using the beating heart technique, direct closure of the PVL was achieved via pledgeted mattress sutures, and tricuspid valvuloplasty was routinely performed to treat TR. This case indicated that total thoracoscopic surgery on a beating heart may be an excellent option for treating PVL concomitant with TR.

7.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 45(10): 603-608, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529883

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the performance of residents in gynecology and obstetrics before and after practicing laparoscopic sutures, to establish when the training shows the best results, in addition to comparing whether being in different years of residency influences this progression. Methods A prospective cohort study involving 32 medical residents evaluated with a pretest to establish their previous knowledge in laparoscopic suture. This test consisted of knotting two wires, one made of polypropylene and the other of polyglactin, with a blocking sequence of five semi-knots. We set a 30-minute limit to complete the task. Then, the residents held four training meetings, focusing on suture, Gladiator rule, knot, and symmetries, in addition to executing blocking sequences. A second test to establish progress was performed. Results Regarding the time spent to make the stiches using polyglactin wire, a statistically significant time improvement (p< 0.01) was observed, with a 10.67-minute pretraining median (mean 12.24 minutes) and a 2.53-minute posttraining median (mean 3.25 minutes). Regarding the stitches with polypropylene wire, a statistically significant time improvement (p< 0.05) was also observed, with a 9.38-minute pretraining median (mean 15.43 minutes) and a 3.65-minute posttraining median (mean 4.54 minutes). A total of 64.2% of the residents had been able to make the knot with polypropylene previously. One hundred percent were able to complete the task in the posttest. Conclusion Model training using the Gladiator rule for laparoscopic suture improves the knotting time with statistically similar performance, regardless of the year of residency, after systematic training.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a performance de residentes em ginecologia e obstetrícia antes e depois de praticarem suturas laparoscópicas, com o intuito de estabelecer quando o treinamento mostra os melhores resultados, comparando se estar em diferentes da residência influencia essa progressão. Métodos Um estudo coorte prospectivo envolvendo 32 médicos residentes avaliados com um teste pré-treinamento para avaliar seus conhecimentos prévios em sutura laparoscópica. Esse teste consistia em atar nós em dois fios, um de polipropileno e o outro de poliglactina, com uma sequencia de bloqueio de cinco seminós. Definiu-se um limite de 30 minutos para se completar a tarefa. Depois, os residentes tiveram quatro reuniões de treinamento, focadas em sutura, técnica da Regra do Gladiador, nós e simetria, executando, ainda, uma sequência de pontos. Um segundo teste foi feito para avaliar o progresso. Resultados Com relação ao tempo para realizarem os pontos com fio de poliglactina, uma melhora de tempo estatisticamente significativa (p< 0.01) foi observada, com uma mediana de 10.67 minutos no pré-treinamento (média de 12.24 minutos) e uma mediana de 2.53 minutos no pós-treinamento (média de 3.25 minutos). Com relação ao fio de polipropileno, uma melhora de tempo estatisticamente significativa (p< 0.05) também foi observada, com uma mediana de pré-treinamento de 9.38 minutos (média de 15.43 minutos) e uma mediana de pós-treinamento de 3.65 minutos (média de 4.54 minutos). Um total de 64.2% dos residentes foram capazes de realizar os nós com polipropileno inicialmente. Cem por cento do residentes foram capazes de completar a tarefa no pós-teste. Conclusão O modelo de treino usando a técnica da Regra do Gladiador para sutura laparoscópica melhora o tempo de atar nós com uma performance estatisticamente similar, não havendo diferenças quanto ao ano da residência, após treinamento sistematizado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Suture Techniques , Education, Medical , Simulation Training , Inservice Training
8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 484-491, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993467

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of minimally invasive-locking block modified Krackow (MI-LBMK) and open giftbox technique in the treatment of Achilles tendon rupture.Methods:Fifty-six patients with Achilles tendon rupture from January 2016 to December 2018 were collected, including 54 males and 2 females, aged 40.7±9.4 years (range 26 to 65 years). The MI group (30 patients) used two minimally invasive incisions without exposing the rupture site, and the LBMK technique was used to repair the Achilles tendon. The open group (26 patients) used a posteromedial longitudinal incision and the giftbox technique was used to repair the rupture tendon. The Achilles tendon was repaired with 6-strand sutures in both groups. Early rehabilitation programs were adopted for postoperative rehabilitation, and regular follow-up (6 weeks, 3, 6, 12 and 24 months after operation) was performed to record the Achilles tendon resting angle (ATRA), American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society ankle-hindfoot score (AOFAS), Achilles tendon total rupture score (ATRS). The rupture gap and cross-sectional area (CSA) were measured by MRI at 6 weeks and 3 months after surgery.Results:A total of 30 patients in the MI group and 26 in the open group were enrolled. The differences between the two groups in age, body mass index, interval from injury to operation, and tendon rupture site were not statistically significant ( P>0.05). All patients were followed up to 24 months after surgery. There were no wound complications in MI group, and 2 cases of superficial infection and 1 case of wound skin necrosis occurred in open group. There was no re-rupture in both groups. The relative ATRA of MI group was -6.32°±0.99°, -3.90°±1.05°, -2.38°±0.84°, -0.25°±1.37° at 3, 6, 12 and 24 months after operation, respectively. The relative ATRA of open group was -7.88°±3.71°, -6.16°±1.10°, -4.53°±0.95°, -3.01°±0.95° at 3, 6, 12 and 24 months after operation, respectively. The differences between the two groups were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The ATRS of minimally invasive group at 6 months and 12 months were 72.70±7.41 and 92.97±3.35 respectively, and the ATRS of open group at 6 months and 12 months were 68.08±6.64 and 90.85±4.27 respectively, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The AOFAS of minimally invasive group at 6 months and 12 months were 88.60±2.76 and 93.83±1.98 respectively, and the AOFAS of open group at 6 months and 12 months were 85.77±3.20 and 92.08±2.64 respectively, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The difference in the gap between the tendon rupture ends measured by MRI sagittal plane T2WI between the two groups was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). The cross-sectional area of Achilles tendon in the MI group was higher than that of the open group at 12 weeks ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The MI-LBMK technique may protect the peritendon tissue and has fewer complications, and can enable the patient to return to daily life faster, with lower postoperative Achilles tendon elongation and better recovery of Achilles tendon function.

9.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 723-727, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992773

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy of arthroscopic side-to-side suture with remnants preserved in repair of transtendinous rotator cuff tears.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the data of 17 patients who had been treated by arthroscopic side-to-side suture with remnants preserved for transtendinous rotator cuff tear caused by trauma at Sports Medicine Center, The Second Hospital Affiliated to Inner Mongolia Medical University from January 2017 to January 2020. There were 11 males and 6 females with an age of (47.9±8.3) years and a duration from injury to surgery of (50.4±21.3) d. Recorded were range of motion and muscle strength of the shoulder, University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) shoulder function score, Constant-Murley shoulder function score, visual analogue scale (VAS) pain score, re-tears and complications before operation and at the last follow-up.Results:The 17 patients were followed up for (16.5±3.5) months after operation. Retear of the rotator cuff occurred in 2 patients after operation while MRI showed good healing of the rotator cuff in the other patients with no such postoperative complications as infection or wound dehiscence. At preoperation and the last follow-up, respectively, the range of shoulder flexion was 152.9°±8.5° and 172.4°±5.6°, the abductor muscle strength 3.5 (2.6, 4.1) kg and 6.9 (6.3, 8.3) kg, the external rotator muscle strength (3.8±1.0) kg and (5.9±1.6) kg, the internal rotator muscle strength 3.9 (3.4,4.7) kg and 5.2 (4.5,5.9) kg, the UCLA score (13.2±1.9) points and (30.9±2.4) points, the Constant score (40.1±2.8) points and (86.1±4.6) points, and the VAS score (6.7±0.8) points and (0.9±0.6) points, all showing a significant difference between preoperation and the last follow-up ( P<0.05). Conclusion:In repair of transtendinous rotator cuff tears, arthroscopic side-to-side suture with remnants preserved can lead to significantly improved clinical outcomes in range of motion, muscle strength, functional recovery and pain relief.

10.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 688-694, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992651

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the mid-term clinical outcomes of arthroscopic vertical mattress suturing for shoulder recurrent anterior dislocation combined with joint laxity.Methods:A retrospective case series study was performed on the clinical data of 11 patients with recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation combined with joint laxity admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital, Army Medical University from January 2018 to September 2021. The patients included 10 males and 1 female, aged 18-38 years [(22.8±5.5)years]. All the patients received treatment with arthroscopic vertical mattress suturing. The Oxford shoulder instability score, Rowe shoulder instability score, and simple shoulder test (SST) score were compared before operation, at 6 months after operation and at the final follow-up. The degree of joint capsule laxity and length of capsular redundancy (evaluated by MRI) were compared before operation and at the final follow-up. The results of the supine apprehension test, re-dislocation and postoperative complications such as iatrogenic vascular and nerve injuries were observed at the final follow-up. Also, the correlation between the radiological changes in the joint capsule and the shoulder function was analyzed by Spearman correlation coefficient.Results:All the patients were followed up for 20-64 months [(40.7±18.6)months]. Before operation, at 6 months after surgery and at the final follow-up, the values of Oxford shoulder instability score were (41.2±4.7)points, (49.5±3.0)points and (57.6±3.0)points; the values of Rowe shoulder instability score were (28.6±9.5)points, (77.7±7.2)points and (94.1±10.9)points; and the values of SST score were (7.6±1.3)points, (9.8±1.0)points and (11.6±0.9)points, respectively. The Oxford shoulder instability score, Rowe shoulder instability score and SST at 6 months after operation and at the final follow-up were significantly better than those before operation, and those at the final follow-up were significantly better than those at 6 months after operation (all P<0.05). The MRI showed that the degree of joint capsular laxity and length of capsular redundancy were 1.5±0.2 and (19.7±2.5)mm before operation and were 1.3±0.2 and (12.9±3.7)mm at the final follow-up, respectively ( P<0.05 or 0.01). The supine apprehension test was negative at the final follow-up, with no re-dislocation or postoperative complications such as iatrogenic vascular or nerve injuries. Correlation analysis showed a negative correlation between the degree of joint capsular laxity and the Oxford shoulder instability score ( r=-0.62, P<0.05) and that of the length of capsular redundancy with the Oxford shoulder instability score ( r=-0.80, P<0.01), the Rowe shoulder stability score ( r=-0.73, P<0.01) and the SST score ( r=-0.75, P<0.01). Conclusions:Arthroscopic vertical mattress suturing has good mid-term clinical outcome for recurrent shoulder anterior dislocation combined with joint laxity, improving the shoulder function and reducing complications, wihch is associated with decreased joint capsule laxity and length of capsular redundancy.

11.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 254-257, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991738

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical advantages of absorbable barbed wires in laparoscopy combined with choledochoscopy treatment of gallbladder polyps.Methods:The clinical data of 103 patients with gallbladder polyps who received laparoscopy combined with choledochoscopy treatment in The First People's Hospital of Lianyungang from February 2016 to March 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Sixty-five patients in the observation group underwent gallbladder wall sutures with absorbable barbed wires, and thirty-eight patients in the control group underwent gallbladder wall sutures with common absorbable wires. The operative time, gallbladder wall suture time, intraoperative blood loss, average hospitalization time, and postoperative bile leakage were compared between the two groups.Results:There were no significant differences in intraoperative blood loss and average hospitalization time between the two groups ( P = 0.312, P = 0.114). In the observation group, gallbladder wall suture time and operative time were (5.58 ± 1.14) minutes and (60.71 ± 11.03) minutes, respectively, which were shorter than (6.32 ± 1.04) minutes and (68.24 ± 9.61) minutes in the control group ( t = 3.23, 3.50, P = 0.002, 0.001). No bile leakage occurred in the observation group and bile leakage occurred in four (10.5%) patients in the control group. There was a significant difference in bile leakage between the observation and control groups ( χ2 = 4.57, P = 0.032). Conclusion:Absorbable barbed wires for gallbladder wall sutures during operation in laparoscopy combined with choledochoscopy treatment of gallbladder polyps is safe and feasible. It can markedly shorten gallbladder wall suture time and operative time, decrease the incidence of bile leakage, and has a clinical advantage over common absorbable wires.

12.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 385-390,F2, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989467

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects and advantages of parachute technique in arterial anastomosis of living-donor renal transplantation with anatomical variations of renal artery.Methods:A total of 79 pairs of donors and recipients who received living-donor renal transplantation at the Department of Urology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2020 to November 2022 were retrospectively collected. 11 pairs with completeness data and multiple donor renal arteries were selected. According to the different techniques, the cases using parachute technique were classified as experimental group and other cases as control group using traditional two-three-point fixation technique. There were 5 pairs in the experimental group and 6 pairs in the control group. The medical records of the two groups were collected, containing general data, the state of donated kidney, the arterial reonstruction method, the condition of perioperation and recovery of recipients. Measurement data were expressed as mean ± standard deviation ( ± s). Student- t test was used for inter-group comparison. The Chi-square test or Fisher exact probability method were used to compare the count data of groups. Results:The donations of experimental group and control group were left-sided kidney. There were no statistical difference in age, gender, body mass index and estimated glomerular filtration rate of donors and recipients. The average number of renal arteries in the experimental group was 2.2, and that in the control group was 2.0. There were no statistical difference between the two groups in the mean time of transplantation surgery[(152.0±23.9) min vs (148.3±24.0) min], estimated blood loss [(90.0±41.8) mL vs (91.7±58.5) mL] and mean arterial anastomosis time [(21.0±5.4) min vs (20.8 ± 4.7) min]. At the end of arterial anastomosis, no case in the experimental group need acupuncture or secondary anastomosis, while the control group had 3 cases, the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.002). There was no statistical difference in the recovery of renal function and complications related to renal arteries between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Parachute suture technique can more accurately achieve the purpose of layer-to-layer eversion suture of vascular wall under the condition of narrow arterial lumen, and will not significantly prolong the operation time. It may have a good application value in living kidney transplantation with renal artery variation.

13.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 50: e20233476, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1422729

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: in videolaparoscopic surgery, movements are conducted from a twenty times magnified image of an indirect operative field. The video interface used assumes the need for depth perception using two dimensions instead of three. Objective: to evaluate the effectiveness of training to perform the laparoscopic knot in a silicone model, in 8-hour courses, and to analyze the correlation of learning outcomes with factors such as: sex, age, laterality, previous knowledge in endosuture and medical specialty. Material and Methods: in this prospective and randomized study, 56 students were evaluated, who took 8-hour courses, with groups of up to ten students. We used: a white box with camera, LCD screen and silicone piece. Four exercises were performed on the silicone mold: right hand, left hand, needle at 45° and back hand. Results: 56 students (mean age = 33.28 years). The female group, n=18, mean age 29.61 years, 17 right-handed and 1 left-handed. The male group, n=38, mean age 34.57 years, 35 right-handers, 1 left-handed and 2 ambidextrous. In both groups, no correlation was observed between the analyzes of well performed knots when correlated with the age or sex of the participants. Conclusion: laparoscopic knot training, in silicone molds, in 8 h courses, proved to be effective. Factors such as gender, age, laterality, previous knowledge in endosuture and medical specialty do not interfere with the learning results.


RESUMO Introdução: na cirurgia videolaparoscópica os movimentos são conduzidos a partir de uma imagem magnificada de vinte vezes de um campo operatório indireto. A interface de vídeo utilizada pressupõe a necessidade de percepção de profundidade utilizando duas dimensões ao invés de três. Objetivo: avaliar a eficácia do treinamento de execução do nó laparoscópico em modelo de silicone, em cursos de 8h, e analisar a correlação dos resultados de aprendizagem com fatores como: sexo, idade, lateralidade, conhecimentos prévios em endosutura e especialidade médica. Material e Métodos: Neste estudo, prospectivo e randomizado, foram avaliados 56 alunos, que realizaram cursos de 8h de duração, com turmas de até dez alunos. Foram utilizados: uma caixa branca com câmera, tela de LCD e peça de silicone. No molde de silicone foram executados quatro exercícios: mão direita, mão esquerda, agulha a 45° e back hand. Resultados: 56 alunos (média de idade = 33,28 anos). O grupo feminino, n=18, média de idade 29,61 anos, 17 destras e 1 canhota. O grupo masculino, n=38, média de idade 34,57 anos, 35 destros, 1 canhoto e 2 ambidestros. Em ambos grupos não foram observados nenhuma correlação entre as análises de nós bem executados quando correlacionados com a idade ou sexo dos participantes. Conclusão: o treinamento de nó laparoscópico, em moldes de silicone, em cursos de 8h de duração, mostrou-se eficaz. Fatores como sexo, idade, lateralidade, conhecimentos prévios em endosutura e especialidade médica, não interferem nos resultados do aprendizado.

14.
Acta ortop. bras ; 31(spe1): e250368, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1429577

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Good wound closure is an important step in management of distal femur fracture to prevent infection and faster rehabilitation. Knotless barbed sutures can save time and distribute wound tension evenly. However, its role in terms of functional outcome, closure time, and postoperative complications has not been studied in a distal femur fracture. Material and methods: A total of 47 patients aged more than 18 years of distal femur fracture treated with distal femur locking plate were randomized either into either barbed or traditional suture groups. in the barbed group, capsular wound closure was carried out with 2-0 bidirectional barbed knotless sutures (Quill SRS® PDO, Angiotech, Vancouver, BC, Canada). In patients assigned to group B, capsular closure was done with 1-0 Vicryl® (Ethicon inc. Somerville, NJ) and 5-0 Ethibond® alternatively. Results: The mean flexion at the knee joint was 105.7±15.6 degrees in the study group while it was 110.4±13.7 in the control group (p= 0.2133). Mean estimated closure time was significantly shorter in the study group as compared to the control group (p<0.05). Cases of needle prick injury were higher in traditional suture group. Patients developed stitch abscess and superficial infection in both groups. However, the difference in incidence between the two was not statistically significant Conclusion: Barbed suture is an efficient method of wound closure. It reduces wound closure time with similar complication rate as with use of conventional sutures. Evidence Level II; Randomized Clinical Trial.


RESUMO Introdução: O fechamento adequado da ferida é um passo importante no manejo da fratura distal do fêmur a fim de evitar infecção e permitir uma rápida reabilitação. Suturas farpadas sem nós podem poupar tempo e distribuir uniformemente a tensão da ferida. Entretanto, seu papel em termos de resultado funcional, tempo de fechamento e complicações pós-operatórias não tem sido analisado em casos de fratura distal do fêmur. Material e métodos: Um total de 47 pacientes com mais de 18 anos de idade com fratura distal do fêmur tratados com placa de fixação distal do fêmur foram aleatorizados em grupos de sutura farpada ou tradicional. No grupo de farpados, o fechamento da ferida capsular foi feito com suturas sem nós farpados bidirecionais 2-0 (Quill SRS® PDO, Angiotech, Vancouver, BC, Canadá). Em pacientes designados para o grupo B, o fechamento capsular foi feito com Vicryl®1-0 (Ethicon inc. Somerville, NJ) e Ethibond® 5-0 respectivamente. Resultados: A flexão média na articulação do joelho foi de 105,7±15,6 graus no grupo de estudo e 110,4±13,7 no grupo controle (p= 0,2133). O tempo médio estimado de fechamento foi significativamente menor no grupo de estudo em comparação com o grupo controle (p<0,05). Os casos de ferimento por perfuração da agulha foram maiores no grupo de sutura tradicional. Os pacientes desenvolveram abscesso de pontos e infecção superficial em ambos os grupos. Entretanto, a diferença na incidência entre os dois não foi estatisticamente significative Conclusão: A sutura farpada é um método eficiente para o fechamento de feridas. Ele reduz o tempo de fechamento das feridas com uma taxa de complicação semelhante à utilização de suturas convencionais. Evidência Nível II; Ensaio Clínico Randomizado.

15.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 37(4): 463-466, out.dez.2022. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1413213

ABSTRACT

O tratamento das feridas complexas com grande perda de partes moles é um desafio para a cirurgia plástica, principalmente quando a ferida encontra-se infectada. Várias opções são consideradas para o tratamento, como sutura, enxertos, retalhos, expansores. Devido à complexidade dos casos, frequente associação de morbidades, necessidade de intervenções multidisciplinar e longos internamentos, os custos do tratamento são frequentemente elevados. Este trabalho vem demonstrar a técnica de sutura elástica empregada em um caso clínico, utilizando tração contínua da pele em associação ao curativo a vácuo, que possibilitou reabilitação do paciente sem a necessidade de intervenções mais agressivas para o fechamento da ferida traumática extensa.


Treating complex wounds with great loss of soft tissues is a challenge for plastic surgery, especially when the wound is infected. Several options are considered for treatment, such as sutures, grafts, flaps, and expanders. Due to the complexity of the cases, the frequent association of morbidities, the need for multidisciplinary interventions, and long hospital stays, treatment costs are often high. This work demonstrates the elastic suture technique used in a clinical case, using continuous skin traction in association with a vacuum dressing, which enabled patient rehabilitation without the need for more aggressive interventions to close the extensive traumatic wound.

16.
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 73(4): 378-387, Oct.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1423868

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: presentar un caso de necrosis uterina tras técnica de sutura hemostática por hemorragia posparto y hacer una revisión de la literatura para determinar la técnica de sutura utilizada, los hallazgos clínicos, la técnica diagnóstica y el tratamiento realizado en los casos clínicos descritos. Materiales y métodos: se presenta el caso de una mujer de 34 años que consultó por dolor abdominal al octavo día tras cesárea por placenta previa, que precisó sutura de B-Lynch por atonía uterina y cuyo diagnóstico fue necrosis uterina. La paciente requirió histerectomía abdominal total, con evolución satisfactoria. Se realizó una búsqueda sistemática de la literatura en las bases de datos Medline vía Pubmed, Embase y Web of Science. Se buscaron series y reportes de casos y cohortes de mujeres con necrosis uterina posterior al uso de suturas de compresión uterina para control de hemorragia posparto. Se analizaron variables sociodemográficas y clínicas al diagnóstico, técnica de sutura, pruebas diagnósticas y tratamiento. Resultados: se incluyeron 23 estudios con 24 pacientes. El 83 % de las necrosis ocurrieron tras cesárea. La técnica más utilizada fue B-Lynch (66 %), seguida de Cho (25 %). Los síntomas más frecuentes fueron fiebre y dolor abdominal. La prueba diagnóstica más utilizada fue la tomografía computarizada (9 de 24 casos). En la mayoría de casos se realizó histerectomía (75 %). Conclusiones: la necrosis de la pared uterina es una complicación infrecuente pero grave. Sería recomendable el diseño de cohortes de seguimiento de mujeres sometidas a estos procedimientos para determinar la incidencia de complicaciones asociadas.


Objectives: To present a case of uterine necrosis following hemostatic suturing to control postpartum bleeding, and to review the literature in order to identify the suture techniques employed, clinical findings, diagnostics and treatment in the clinical cases described. Materials and Methods: A 34-year-old woman presenting with abdominal pain eight days after cesarean delivery due to placenta previa who required B-Lynch compression suture due to uterine atony, and who was diagnosed with uterine necrosis. The patient underwent total abdominal hysterectomy with a satisfactory recovery. A systematic literature search was conducted in the Medline vía Pubmed, Embase and Web of Science databases. The search included case series and reports, and cohorts of women with uterine necrosis following the use of uterine compression sutures for postpartum bleeding. The analysis included sociodemographic and clinical variables at the time of diagnosis, suturing technique, diagnostic tests and treatment. Results: Overall, 23 studies with 24 patients were included. Of all necrosis cases, 83% occurred following cesarean section. B-Lynch was the suturing technique most frequently used (66 %), followed by the Cho suture (25 %). The most frequent symptoms were fever and abdominal pain. The most commonly used diagnostic test was computed tomography (9/24 cases). Hysterectomy was performed in the majority of cases (75 %). Conclusions: Although rare, uterine wall necrosis is a serious complication. It would be advisable to design follow-up cohort studies of women undergoing these procedures in order to determine the incidence of associated complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Uterus , Hemostatic Techniques , Necrosis , Cesarean Section , Suture Techniques , Aftercare , Postpartum Hemorrhage
17.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(6): 984-991, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423626

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the postoperative clinical outcomes of the arthroscopic repair of rotator cuff injuries using a suture configuration we have developed based on a modification of the Suture Bridge (Arthrex, Naples, FL, United States). Methods A retrospective study with 28 male (41.2%) and 40 female (58.8%) subjects with a mean age of 60 years. All patients underwent rotator cuff repair with the modified Suture Bridge technique and follow-up for a minimum period of 18 months. The clinical assessment was performed using the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Shoulder Score. Results The mean postoperative range of motion was of 134° (range: 110° to 140°) for elevation, 58° (range: 40° to 70°) for lateral rotation, and T10 (range: L4 to T7) for medial rotation. The mean increase was of 15° for elevation, 14° for lateral rotation, and 2 vertebral levels for medial rotation. The outcomes were excellent in 61 (83.6%) cases, good in 8 (10.9%), and regular in 4 cases (5.5%). Conclusion The modified Suture Bridge technique for the arthroscopic repair of rotator cuff injuries led to excellent or good postoperative clinical outcomes in most cases (69; 94.5%).


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os resultados clínicos pós-operatórios do reparo artroscópico de lesões do manguito rotador com uma configuração de sutura desenvolvida por nós a partir de modificação do Suture Bridge (Arthrex, Naples, FL, Estados Unidos). Métodos Estudo retrospectivo de 28 pacientes do gênero masculino (41,2%) e 40 do gênero feminino (58,8%), com média de idade de 60 anos. Todos foram submetidos a reparo do manguito rotador com a técnica Suture Bridge modificada e acompanhados por um período mínimo de 18 meses. Os pacientes foram avaliados clinicamente através da Escala de Ombro da University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). Resultados A amplitude de movimento média no pós-operatório foi elevação de 134 ° (variação: 110° a 140°), rotação lateral de 58° (variação: 40° a 70°), e rotação medial de T10 (variação: L4 a T7). O aumento médio de elevação foi de 15°, o de rotação lateral, de 14°, e o de rotação medial, de 2 níveis vertebrais. Os resultados foram considerados excelentes em 61 casos (83,6%) e bons, em 8 (10,9%). Em 4 casos (5,5%), o resultado foi regular. Conclusão Os resultados clínicos pós-operatórios do reparo artroscópico de lesões do manguito rotador, pela técnica Suture Bridge modificada, foram excelentes e bons na maioria dos casos (69; 94,5%).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care , Wound Healing , Retrospective Studies , Suture Techniques , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery
18.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(3): 524-528, May-June 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388021

ABSTRACT

Abstract The first meniscal suture was performed in 1885 and took about a century to become popular. Currently, all-inside meniscal repair devices are widely used. However, this technique presents the disadvantage of being a method dependent on specific devices, presenting a higher cost than other techniques. This high cost limits the use of such a technique in many locations. The objective of the present technical note is to describe a microinvasive meniscal suture technique as a modification of the all-inside technique, using a disposable 40 x 12 mm procedure needle. The authors believe that the proposed modification to the technique can make it more popular, enabling the use of the microinvasive technique in places with limited resources.


Resumo A primeira sutura meniscal foi realizada em 1885 e levou cerca de um século para tornar-se popular. Atualmente, os dispositivos de reparo meniscal all-inside são amplamente utilizados. Contudo, esta técnica apresenta a desvantagem de ser um método dependente de dispositivos específicos, apresentando um custo superior aos de outras técnicas. Este valor elevado limita o uso de tal técnica em muitos locais. O objetivo da presente nota técnica é descrever uma técnica de sutura meniscal microinvasiva, como uma modificação da técnica all-inside, utilizando uma agulha descartável de procedimento de 40 x 12 mm. Os autores acreditam que a modificação proposta para a técnica pode torná-la mais popular, possibilitando o uso da técnica microinvasiva em locais com recursos limitados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroscopy , Suture Techniques , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Tibial Meniscus Injuries/surgery
19.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(3): 496-501, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388022

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the results obtained from the surgical treatment of malleolar ankle fractures associated with distal tibiofibular syndesmosis (DTFS) injury submitted to conventional surgical procedure for fracture fixation and DTFS fixation by suture button (SB). Methods Forty-nine patients were retrospectively evaluated, with a mean age of 45 years old and a mean follow-up of 34.1 months. Clinical and functional evaluation was based on the visual analogue scale (VAS) and on the American Foot and Ankle Society Score (AOFAS) for ankle and hindfoot, return to routine activities, and return to sport. Results The postoperative mean AOFAS and VAS were, respectively, 97.06 (confidence interval [CI 95%: 95.31-98.81] and 0.16 [CI 95% 0,04 - 0,29]. All patients returned to previous daily activities, and only 12 showed some residual symptom. There was no postoperative instability in any patient. Forty-six patients returned to sports activities and, of these, only 1 did not return to the level prior to the injury. Only two patients presented SB-related alterations. There was no report of dissatisfaction. Conclusion In malleolar fractures of the ankle with DTFS injury, the fixation of syndesmosis with SB demonstrated excellent postoperative results. Level of Evidence IV, retrospective case series.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os resultados obtidos do tratamento cirúrgico das fraturas maleolares do tornozelo associadas a lesão da sindesmose tibiofibular distal (STFD) submetidas a procedimento cirúrgico convencional de fixação da fratura e fixação da STFD pelo suture button (SB). Métodos Avaliou-se retrospectivamente 49 pacientes com uma média de idade de 45 anos e seguimento médio de 34,1 meses. A avaliação clínica e funcional foi baseada na escala visual analógica (EVA) e na escala American Foot and Ankle Society Score (AOFAS, na sigla em inglês) para tornozelo e retropé, retorno às atividades da rotina e retorno ao esporte. Resultados As médias pós-operatórias das escalas AOFAS e EVA foram, respectivamente, 97,06 (índice de confiança [IC 95%: 95,31 - 98,81] e 0,16 [IC 95% 0,04 - 0,29]. Todos os pacientes retornaram às atividades prévias do cotidiano, sendo que apenas 12 apresentaram algum sintoma residual. Não se verificou instabilidade pós-operatória em nenhum paciente. Ao todo, 46 pacientes retornaram às atividades desportivas e, destes, apenas 1 não retornou ao nível prévio à lesão. Apenas dois pacientes apresentaram alterações relacionadas ao SB. Não houve relato de insatisfação. Conclusão Em fraturas maleolares do tornozelo com lesão da STFD, a fixação da sindesmose com o SB demonstrou excelentes resultados pós-operatórios. Nível de Evidência IV, série de casos retrospectiva.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Aftercare , Ankle Fractures/surgery , Ankle Fractures/rehabilitation , Ankle Joint/surgery
20.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 528-532, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954245

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of laparoscopic common bile duct exploration through Micro-incision of cystic duct and its junction in for choledocholithiasis.Methods:The clinical data of 62 patients with cholecystolithiasis complicated with choledocholithiasis treated in the Department of hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery of Huangshi Central Hospital, Edong Healthcare Group from January 2017 to December 2021 were analyzed retrospectively, and were divided into two groups according to different treatment schemes. Among them, 32 cases underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy, common bile duct exploration and lithotomy (primary suture group), Laparoscopic choledocholithotomy and exploration + T-tube drainage (T-tube Drainage Group) 30 cases. The general data, operation time, intraoperative bleeding, postoperative exhaust time, first time out of bed, postoperative hospital stay, 24-hour postoperative pain score and the incidence of total complications were compared between the two groups.Results:The operation was successfully performed in both groups, there was no perioperative death.There was no significant difference in general data, operation time, intraoperative bleeding and the incidence of total complications between the two groups ( P> 0.05), the postoperative anal exhaust time, the first time out of bed and the postoperative hospital stay in the primary suture group were (20.3±5.8) h, (15.5±4.3) h and (4.5±1.7) d, respectively, which were significantly shorter than those in the T-tube drainage group (28.3±7.9) h, (22.8±6.7) h and (7.0±2.8) d( P<0.05); The hospitalization cost in the primary suture group was (18 725.9±855.8) yuan, which was significantly lower than that in the T-tube drainage group (23 450.7±975.4) yuan ( P< 0.05). The 24-hour pain score (2.7±0.9) scores in the primary suture group was significantly lower than that in the T-tube drainage group (3.8±1.2) scores ( P< 0.05). Conclusion:Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration through micro-incision of cystic duct and its junction is safe and effective, which can accelerate the rehabilitation of patients and reduce the cost of hospitalization, which is more in line with the concept of ERAS.

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