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1.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 60: e23542, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533991

ABSTRACT

Abstract The goal of this work is to identify new fatty acid-mimetic 99mTc-complexes to be used as myocardial imaging agents that allow studying heart abnormalities in high-risk patients. In this sense, we designed a fatty acid-mimetic substructure including an amide moiety that, among other properties, could improve myocardial residence time. A diamide with a chain length of 15 atoms and porting a 6-hydrazinonicotinyl (HYNIC) chelator, and an analog with a short carbon-chain, were prepared with convergent organic synthetic procedures and radiolabeled with 99mTc using tricine as the sole coligand. The in vivo proofs of concept were performed using healthy mice. The new 99mTc-complexes were obtained with adequate radiochemical purity. The lipophilicities were in agreement with the length of the chains. While both 99mTc-complexes showed uptake in the myocardial muscle, the designed radiopharmaceutical with the longest chain length had preferential target-uptake and target-retention compared to other complexes described in the bibliography. Further studies, involving imaging assays, synthetic modifications, and assay of new coligands for 99mTc-HYNIC complexes, are currently ongoing.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Radiopharmaceuticals/adverse effects , Fatty Acids/agonists , Amides/adverse effects , Heart Defects, Congenital/classification
2.
Vive (El Alto) ; 6(18): 948-960, dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1530585

ABSTRACT

La medicina nuclear utiliza radiofármacos, conocidos como radiotrazadores, para evaluar la función y el metabolismo de órganos y sistemas del cuerpo. Objetivo. Examinar la relevancia de los radiotrazadores MDP, DTPA y MIBI, marcados con tecnecio-99m (Tc99m), en el diagnóstico en medicina nuclear. Metodología. Se siguió el método PRISMA para identificar estudios publicados entre 2010 y 2022. Las bases de datos consultadas incluyeron Dialnet, Elsevier, Research, Redalyc, PubMed, Google Académico y Scielo. Se utilizaron descriptores específicos como "radiotrazadores Tc99m", "MDP", "DTPA", "MIBI", y "medicina nuclear", centrando la búsqueda en diagnóstico y excluyendo propósitos terapéuticos. Resultados. De 14 estudios analizados, se observó una predominancia en investigaciones sobre radiotrazadores MDP y MIBI marcados con Tc99m, enfocándose en diagnósticos relacionados con lesiones paratiroideas, hiperparatiroidismo, enfermedades esqueléticas, enfermedad arterial coronaria y perfusión miocárdica. Conclusiones. Los radiotrazadores MDP, DTPA y MIBI marcados con Tc99m demuestran eficacia en diversas aplicaciones diagnósticas, incluyendo la localización de adenomas paratiroideos y la detección de condiciones como el mieloma múltiple. A pesar de sus beneficios, es crucial continuar investigando y desarrollando nuevos radiofármacos para expandir su utilidad clínica y mejorar aún más la atención médica en el campo de la medicina nuclear.


Nuclear medicine uses radiopharmaceuticals, known as radiotracers, to assess the function and metabolism of organs and body systems. Objective. To examine the relevance of technetium-99m (Tc99m)-labeled MDP, DTPA, and MIBI radiotracers in nuclear medicine diagnostics. Methodology. The PRISMA method was followed to identify studies published between 2010 and 2022. The databases consulted included Dialnet, Elsevier, Research, Redalyc, PubMed, Google Scholar and Scielo. Specific descriptors such as "Tc99m radiotracers", "MDP", "DTPA", "MIBI", and "nuclear medicine" were used, focusing the search on diagnosis and excluding therapeutic purposes. Results. Of 14 studies analyzed, there was a predominance of research on Tc99m-labeled MDP and MIBI radiotracers, focusing on diagnoses related to parathyroid lesions, hyperparathyroidism, skeletal diseases, coronary artery disease, and myocardial perfusion. Conclusions. Tc99m-labeled MDP, DTPA, and MIBI radiotracers demonstrate efficacy in a variety of diagnostic applications, including localization of parathyroid adenomas and detection of conditions such as multiple myeloma. Despite their benefits, it is crucial to continue researching and developing new radiopharmaceuticals to expand their clinical utility and further improve medical care in the field of nuclear medicine.


A medicina nuclear utiliza radiofármacos, conhecidos como radiotraçadores, para avaliar a função e o metabolismo de órgãos e sistemas corporais. Objetivo. Examinar a importância dos radiotraçadores MDP, DTPA e MIBI, marcados com tecnécio-99m (Tc99m), em diagnósticos de medicina nuclear. Metodologia. O método PRISMA foi usado para identificar estudos publicados entre 2010 e 2022. Os bancos de dados consultados incluíram Dialnet, Elsevier, Research, Redalyc, PubMed, Google Scholar e Scielo. Foram utilizados descritores específicos como "radiotraçadores Tc99m", "MDP", "DTPA", "MIBI" e "medicina nuclear", concentrando a busca em fins diagnósticos e excluindo fins terapêuticos. Resultados. Dos 14 estudos analisados, houve predomínio de pesquisas com os radiotraçadores MDP e MIBI marcados com Tc99m, com foco em diagnósticos relacionados a lesões da paratireoide, hiperparatireoidismo, doenças esqueléticas, doença arterial coronariana e perfusão miocárdica. Conclusões. Os radiotraçadores MDP, DTPA e MIBI marcados com Tc99m demonstram eficácia em uma variedade de aplicações diagnósticas, incluindo a localização de adenomas de paratireoide e a detecção de doenças como o mieloma múltiplo. Apesar de seus benefícios, é fundamental continuar a pesquisa e o desenvolvimento de novos radiofármacos para expandir sua utilidade clínica e melhorar ainda mais o atendimento médico no campo da medicina nuclear.

3.
J. bras. nefrol ; 45(3): 344-349, Sept. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521102

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Accurate determination of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is crucial for selection of kidney donors. Nuclear medicine methods are considered accurate in measuring GFR but are not always easily available. The four-variable Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD4), Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI), and Full Age Spectrum (FAS) formulas are common equations for estimating GFR and are recommended for initial assessment of kidney donors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of these GFR estimation equations compared with technetium-99m diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid ([99mTc]Tc-DTPA) clearance. Methods: We compared GFR estimation by [99mTc]Tc-DTPA clearance using a two-blood sample method with estimation by MDRD4, CKD-EPI, and FAS creatinine-based equations in a population of healthy potential kidney donors. Results: A total of 195 potential kidney donors (68.2% female; mean age 49 years, range 21-75 years) were included in this study. Mean [99mTc]Tc-DTPA measured GFR (mGFR) was 101.5 ± 19.1 mL/min/1.73 m2. All three equations underestimated the GFR value measured by [99mTc]Tc-DTPA (MDRD4: -11.5 ± 18.8 mL/min/1.73 m2; CKD-EPI: -5.0 ± 17.4 mL/min/1.73 m2; FAS: -8.3 ± 17.4 mL/min/1.73 m2). Accuracy within 30% and 10% of the measured GFR value was highest for CKD-EPI. Conclusion: The CKD-EPI equation showed better performance in estimating GFR in healthy potential kidney donors, proving to be a more accurate tool in the initial assessment of kidney donors. However, creatinine-based equations tended to underestimate kidney function. Therefore, GFR should be confirmed by another method in potential kidney donors.


RESUMO Introdução: Determinar precisamente a taxa de filtração glomerular (TFG) é crucial para seleção de doadores de rim. Métodos de medicina nuclear são considerados precisos na medição da TFG, mas nem sempre estão facilmente disponíveis. As fórmulas Modification of Diet in Renal Disease de 4 variáveis (MDRD4), Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI), e Full Age Spectrum (FAS) são equações comuns para estimar a TFG, sendo recomendadas para avaliação inicial dos doadores. Este estudo visou avaliar o desempenho destas equações de estimativa da TFG em comparação com o clearance do tecnécio-99m-ácido dietilenotriaminopentacético ([99mTc]Tc-DTPA). Métodos: Comparamos a TFG por clearance de [99mTc]Tc-DTPA usando um método com duas amostras de sangue com estimativa da TFG pelas equações MDRD4, CKD-EPI e FAS baseadas em creatinina em uma população de potenciais doadores saudáveis. Resultados: Incluiu-se 195 potenciais doadores de rim (68,2% mulheres; idade média de 49 anos, intervalo 21-75 anos). A TFG média medida por [99mTc]Tc-DTPA foi 101,5 ± 19,1 mL/min/1,73m2. As três equações subestimaram o valor da TFG medida por [99mTc]Tc-DTPA (MDRD4: -11,5 ± 18,8 mL/min/1,73 m2; CKD-EPI: -5,0 ± 17,4 mL/min/1,73 m2; FAS: -8,3 ± 17,4 mL/min/1,73 m2). A precisão dentro de 30% e 10% do valor da TFG medida foi maior para CKD-EPI. Conclusão: A equação CKD-EPI mostrou melhor desempenho na estimativa da TFG em potenciais doadores de rim saudáveis, revelando-se uma ferramenta mais precisa na avaliação inicial dos doadores. Entretanto, equações baseadas em creatinina tendem a subestimar a função renal. Portanto, a TFG deve ser confirmada por outro método em potenciais doadores.

4.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 281-285, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993592

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the differences of renal dynamic imaging parameters between operation group and non-operation group in infants with severe hydronephrosis, so as to accumulate theoretical basis for diuretic renal scintigraphy to help the treatment decision making.Methods:A total of 107 infants (age: 3(2, 6) months; 90 males and 17 females) with severe hydronephrosis, who underwent diuretic renal scintigraphy between March 2018 and October 2021 in Shanxi Children′s Hospital were retrospectively reviewed. All patients were diagnosed with ureteropelvic junction obstruction and divided into operation group ( n=87) and no-operation group ( n=20). The differences of differential renal function (DRF), peak time, half-time and drainage curve between the two groups were compared with the independent-sample t test or χ2 test, and the correlation between the renal function of the affected side and the anteroposterior pelvic diameter (APD) was analyzed with Pearson correlation analysis. Results:The operation group included 17 patients with DRF<40%, 60 patients with DRF between 40%-55%, and 10 patients with DRF>55%(supernormal renal function). The 40%-55% was considered as normal DBF, and the rest were abnormal. Infants with abnormal renal function in the operation group ( n=27) were more than those in the non-operation group ( n=3), but there was no statistical difference ( χ2=2.07, P=0.150). The proportion of obstruction curve in the operation group (85.1%, 74/87) was significantly higher than that in the non-operation group (55.0%, 11/20; χ2=7.24, P=0.007). Compared with the non-operation group, the peak time of affected kidney in the operation group was significantly longer ((22.77±7.52) vs (15.26±10.29) min; t=3.78, P<0.001), as well as the peak time of contralateral kidney ((11.25±8.47) vs (6.65±5.75) min; t=2.30, P=0.023). There was a negative correlation between the DRF of the affected side and the APD ( r=-0.48, P<0.001). Conclusions:The DBF is mostly in the normal range in infants with severe hydronephrosis, and supernormal renal function is common. The previous operation indication (DRF<40%) is not suitable for the infants, and it needs to be analyzed combined with the type of curve and the APD determined by color Doppler ultrasound. The prolongation of contralateral renal peak time may be an important parameter for the surgical evaluation of severe hydronephrosis in infants.

5.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 277-280, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993591

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of 99Tc m-methoxyisobutylisonitrile(MIBI) SPECT/CT imaging for the identification of dystonic muscles in patients with primary cervical dystonia (PCD). Methods:A total of 10 patients with PCD (3 males, 7 females, age (47.3±9.9) years) and 10 healthy subjects (4 males, 6 females, age (43.5±9.4) years; control group) between August 2019 and October 2021 in China-Japan Friendship Hospital were enrolled prospectively. All subjects underwent 99Tc m-MIBI SPECT/CT scan. The SUV max of 8 bilateral representative muscles, including rectus capitis posterior major, obliquus capitis inferior, splenius capitis, semispinalis, sternocleidomastoid, trapezius, musculus scalenus muscle and levator scapulae were evaluated in control group. In PCD group, muscles with abnormal uptake were determined. ROI was drawn and SUV max was measured. Independent-sample t test was used to analyze the differences of SUV max between normal and abnormal muscles. The detecting rates of neck MRI and SPECT/CT for abnormal muscles were analyzed by χ2 test. Results:Normal muscles of healthy subjects showed mild symmetrical radioactivity distribution, with the SUV max of 1.10±0.19. A total of 60 muscles with abnormal uptake in 10 patients were found, including 7 rectus capitis posterior major, 10 obliquus capitis inferior, 8 splenius capitis, 8 semispinalis, 10 sternocleidomastoid, 5 trapezius, 3 musculus scalenus muscle and 9 levator scapulae. The SUV max of muscles with abnormal uptake was 1.81±0.43, which was higher than that of normal muscles ( t=17.05, P<0.001). Only 30 pieces abnormal hypertrophy muscle were found by neck MRI, and the detecting rate was much lower than that of SPECT/CT (18.75%(30/160) vs 37.50%(60/160); χ2=28.03, P<0.001). Conclusion:99Tc m-MIBI SPECT/CT may be a useful method for identifying dystonic muscles and a guide to precision therapy in patients with PCD.

6.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 248-251, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993586

ABSTRACT

The liver reserve function refers to the compensatory ability to maintain liver function after damage, providing implication for the resection of hepatic malignant tumor. Hepatobiliary scintigraphy imaging can provide quantitative evaluation of liver blood perfusion, and has advantages on the evaluation of liver reserve function and the prediction of postoperative complications. 99Tc m-galactosyl serum albumin (GSA) and 99Tc m-mebrofenin are commonly used imaging agents for hepatobiliary scintigraphy imaging assessment of liver reserve function. This article reviews the application and progress of hepatobiliary scintigraphy in liver reserve function assessment.

7.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 1-5, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993548

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA) in chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) using 99Tc m-macroaggregated albumin (MAA) pulmonary perfusion tomography imaging. Methods:Twenty-five patients (4 males, 21 females; age (56.5±12.3) years) with CTEPH who underwent BPA from January 2017 to April 2020 in Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University were enrolled retrospectively. Effect of BPA on the improvement of pulmonary lobe/pulmonary segment perfusion was analyzed, and the proportions of improved and unimproved pulmonary lobe/pulmonary segment perfusion by BPA were calculated. The percentages of perfusion defect scores (PPDs%) of lung perfusion tomography imaging before BPA and after 4-6 times BPA were compared and analyzed (paired t test). The correlations between PPDs% and mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) before BPA and after BPA were analyzed respectively, and the correlation between decreased percentage of PPDs% and decreased percentage of mPAP after BPA were also analyzed (Pearson correlation analysis). Results:Among 150 lobes of 25 patients, 96.00%(144/150) lobes showed perfusion abnormalities before BPA. After BPA, 11.11%(16/144) showed complete improvement, 57.64%(83/144) showed partial improvement, and 31.25%(45/144) showed no improvement. Among 450 pulmonary segments of 25 patients, 62.44%(281/450) showed perfusion abnormalities before BPA. After BPA, 30.60%(86/281), 37.37%(105/281), 32.03%(90/281) showed complete, partial and no improvement, respectively. The post-BPA PPDs% was significantly lower than that of pre-BPA ((39.08±10.88)% vs (57.88±10.46)%; t=10.40, P<0.001). The post-BPA mPAP was significantly lower than that of pre-BPA ((32.36±10.57) vs (49.08±10.23) mmHg; 1 mmHg=0.133 kPa; t=10.25, P<0.001). There was no significant correlation between PPDs% and mPAP either before BPA ( r=0.01, P=0.953) or after BPA ( r=0.27, P=0.199), but there was a positive correlation between the changes of PPDs% and mPAP ( r=0.40, P=0.045). Conclusions:BPA can significantly improve the pulmonary perfusion and reduce mPAP in CTEPH patients. Pulmonary perfusion tomography imaging can be used to evaluate the efficacy of BPA in CTEPH.

8.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 89(1): 66-72, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420913

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of Necrotizing Otitis Externa (NOE) based on radiologic studies. Methods: The PubMed, Cochrane, Embase, Web of Science, SCOPUS, and Google Scholar databases were searched. True-positive and false-negative results were extracted for each study. Methodological quality was evaluated using the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies 2 (QUADAS-2) tool. Results: The included studies contained data on 37 studies diagnosed with NOE. The sensitivity of gallium-67, technetium-99m, and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) was 0.9378 (0.7688-0.9856), 0.9699 (0.8839-0.9927), and 0.9417 (0.6968-0.9913), respectively. For Computed Tomography (CT), the positive criteria consisted of bony erosion alone and bony erosion plus any soft tissue abnormality. The sensitivity of CT based only on bony erosion was 0.7062 (0.5954-0.7971); it was higher 0.9572 (0.9000-0.9823) when based on bony erosion plus any soft tissue abnormality. Conclusion: The diagnostic sensitivity of technetium-99m, gallium-67, and MRI was favorable. On CT, the presence of bony erosion may be a useful diagnostic marker of NOE, but the diagnostic sensitivity will be even higher if the criterion of any soft tissue abnormality is also included; however, care should be taken when interpreting the results. Our study demonstrates the potential utility of radiology studies for diagnosing NOE, but their lack of specificity must be considered, and standardized anatomic criteria are still needed. Level of evidence: 2A.

9.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 88(5): 740-744, Sept.-Oct. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403929

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Surgical treatment of hyperparathyroidism related to chronic kidney disease is a real challenge for Brazilian public health care. High cost medications and long waiting lines to perform preoperative exams, especially technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi (MIBI) are some of the reasons. Despite the reality that the aid of localization exams are questionable in this scenario, doctors are too apprehensive in performing surgery without it. Objective The study aimed at evaluating the efficacy of surgery for renal hyperparathyroidism without preoperative MIBI. Methods A total of 114 patients were surgically treated. Total parathyroidectomy with autotransplantation and subtotal parathyroidectomy were carried out without preoperative MIBI. Results and conclusion Among the 114 patients undergoing surgery, 37 had secondary hyperparathyroidism in dialysis replacement, and 77 patients had post-renal transplant persistent disease. We were successful in 107 cases with only 7 failures (93.8% of success rate). Among these failures, only one parathyroid gland was not found in 4 cases, 2 parathyroid glands were not found in 2 cases and in 1 patient the 4 glands were found but this patient remained hypercalcemic and a postoperative diagnosis of supernumerary parathyroid gland was made. Surgery for treatment of renal hyperparathyroidism proved to be an effective (93.8%) and reproductible procedure, even without MIBI.


Resumo Introdução O tratamento cirúrgico do hiperparatireoidismo relacionado à doença renal crônica é um verdadeiro desafio para a saúde pública brasileira. Medicamentos de alto custo e longas filas de espera para exames pré‐operatórios, principalmente a cintilografia com tecnécio Tc‐99m Sestamibi, MIBI, são alguns dos motivos. Apesar da contribuição de exames de localização ser questionável nesse cenário, os médicos ficam muito apreensivos por fazer uma cirurgia sem ele. Objetivo Avaliar a eficácia da cirurgia para hiperparatireoidismo renal sem o MIBI pré‐operatório. Método Foram tratados cirurgicamente 114 pacientes. A paratireoidectomia total com autotransplante e a paratireoidectomia subtotal foram feitas sem MIBI pré‐operatório. Resultados e conclusão Entre os 114 pacientes submetidos à cirurgia, 37 apresentavam hiperparatireoidismo secundário em reposição dialítica e 77 doença persistente pós‐transplante renal. Tivemos sucesso em 107 casos, com apenas 7 falhas (93,8% de taxa de sucesso). Entre essas falhas, uma glândula paratireoide não foi encontrada em 4 casos, 2 glândulas paratireoides não foram encontradas em 2 casos e em um paciente as 4 glândulas foram encontradas, mas ele permaneceu hipercalcêmico com diagnóstico pós‐operatório de glândula paratireoide supranumerária. A cirurgia para tratamento do hiperparatireoidismo renal mostrou‐se um procedimento eficaz (93,8%) e reprodutível mesmo sem MIBI.

10.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 166-170, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934650

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the significance of 99Tc m-sulfur colloid lymphoscintigraphy in the diagnosis of lower limb lymphedema after gynecological tumor surgery. Methods:The clinical data of patients with lower limb lymphedema after gynecological tumor surgery in Union Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology from May 2015 to October 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. 99Tc m-sulfur colloid lymphoscintigraphy was performed in all patients. The results of lymphatic vessel imaging, lymph node imaging and their combination in the diagnosis of lower limb lymphedema were analyzed. The diagnostic efficacy of lymphatic vessel imaging alone, lymph node imaging alone and their combination was evaluated by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and the area under the curve (AUC), and the Youden index, sensitivity and specificity were calculated. Results:Among the 100 lower limbs of 50 patients, 56 limbs had lymphedema and 44 limbs had no obvious edema. When diagnosis was based on abnormal lymphatic vessel imaging alone, among 56 lower limbs with lymphedema, lower limbs lymphatic vessel imaging was positive in 38 (67.9%) and negative in 18 (32.1%); among 44 lower limbs without obvious edema, lower limbs lymphatic vessel imaging was positive in 6 (13.6%) and negative in 38 (86.4%); the sensitivity was 67.9%, the specificity was 86.4%, and the Youden index was 0.543. When diagnosis was based on abnormal lymph node imaging alone, among 56 lower limbs with lymphedema, lower limbs lymph node imaging was positive in 42 (75.0%) and negative in 14 (25.0%); among 44 lower limbs without obvious edema, lower limbs lymph node imaging was positive in 13 (29.5%) and negative in 31 (70.5%); the sensitivity was 75.0%, the specificity was 70.5%, and the Youden index was 0.455. When diagnosis was based on the combination of lymphatic vessel imaging and lymph node imaging, among 56 lower limbs with lymphedema, lymphatic vessel imaging and lymph node imaging were positive in 48 (85.7%) and negative in 8 (14.3%); among 44 lower limbs without obvious edema, lymphatic vessel imaging and lymph node imaging were positive in 14 (31.8%) and negative in 30 (68.2%); the sensitivity was 85.7%, the specificity was 68.2%, and the Youden index was 0.539. The AUC for the combined diagnosis of lymphatic vessel imaging and lymph node imaging was 0.781, the AUC for the diagnosis of abnormal lymphatic vessel imaging was 0.771, and the AUC for the diagnosis of abnormal lymph node imaging was 0.739 (all P < 0.01). Conclusions:99Tc m-sulfur colloid lymphoscintigraphy is of great help in the diagnosis of lower limb lymphedema after operation of gynecological tumors. The combination of lymph node imaging and lymphatic vessel imaging is more effective in the diagnosis of lower limb lymphedema.

11.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 473-477, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957162

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of 99Tc m-diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA) renal dynamic imaging combined with double plasma glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in the evaluation of split renal function in adult patients undergoing interventional therapy for unilateral hydronephrosis. Methods:Retrospective analysis of 79 patients (39 males, 40 females, age (41.4±16.3) years) with unilateral hydronephrosis in First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from January 2015 to December 2019 were performed. All patients underwent surgery to relive obstruction. 99Tc m-DTPA renal dynamic imaging was performed before and after surgery to obtain bilateral renogram and GFR was measured by Gates method (marked as gGFR). Meanwhile, the corrected double plasma method was used to measure the GFR of both kidneys (marked as dGFR all). Double plasma GFR of the affected kidney (marked as dGFR) was obtained according to the ratio of renogram and dGFR all. Patients were divided into mild to moderate group (dGFR≥20 and <40 ml·min -1·1.73 m -2 ), severe group (dGFR≥10 and <20 ml·min -1·1.73 m -2) and extremely severe group (dGFR<10 ml·min -1·1.73 m -2) according to dGFR before surgery. Postoperative renal dynamic imaging and dGFR were reexamined to analyze the GFR recovery values (ΔgGFR, ΔdGFR). Data were analyzed by χ2 test, paired t test, one-way analysis of variance, Pearson correlation analysis and Bland-Altman consistency test. Results:There were 34 patients in mild to moderate group, 24 patients in severe group, 21 patients in extremely severe group. Significant differences were found in both gGFR and dGFR before and after surgery in mild to moderate group, as well as those in the extremely severe group ( t values: 2.42-3.34, all P<0.05 ), but there was no significant difference in severe group ( t values: 1.24, 1.27, both P>0.05). The ΔgGFR and ΔdGFR were not significantly different among three groups ( F values: 0.45, 0.34, both P>0.05). GFR mesured by the 2 methods (gGFR, dGFR) before and after operation correlated well in each group (before surgery, r values: 0.68-0.82; after surgery, r values: 0.80-0.91, all P<0.001). GFR measured by the two methods showed poor consistency in the mild to moderate and severe groups (>5%(5.88%, 2/34; 8.33%, 2/24) values before and after surgery exceeding 95% consistency limit), while good consistency was demonstrated in the extremely severe group (<5%(4.76%, 1/21) values before and after surgery exceeding 95% consistency limit). Conclusions:Preoperative GFR in patients with unilateral hydronephrosis cannot predict the recovery of renal function after interventional treatment. For the evaluation of split renal GFR in patients with unilateral upper urinary tract obstructive hydronephrosis, corrected dual plasma method combined with kidney ratio of renogram is more appropriate for the determination of GFR. Gates method has some limitations, however, it can be recommended for the evaluation of GFR in patients with extremely severe renal impairment before and after interventional surgery.

12.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 406-411, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957153

ABSTRACT

Objective:Apt-A10-3.2 (aptamer of prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA)) can be used as a specific ligand for early diagnosis and targeted treatment of prostate cancer. Mouse double minute 2 homolog (MDM2) is closely related to the malignancy of prostate cancer, and MDM2 small interfering RNA (siRNA) can silence MDM2 gene through RNA interference. To design a novel chimera of PSMA Apt-MDM2 siRNA and combine it with docetaxel (DTX) to explore a new diagnosis and treatment model combining targeted therapy of PSMA-positive prostate cancer with 99Tc m-chimera imaging monitoring. Methods:Apt-siRNA were obtained by covalent connection of PSMA Apt-A10-3.2 and MDM2 siRNA, which was combined with DTX to treat PSMA-positive prostate cancer cell lines (22RV1 and LNCaP). Cell lines were treated with Apt-siRNA alone or in combination with DTX. The levels of MDM2 and apoptosis-related proteins (B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated X (Bax), poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP), caspase-3) were detected by Western blot, which were used to evaluate the therapeutic effect. Fifteen BALB/c mice bearing 22RV1 xenografts were treated with PBS, DTX+ Apt-siRNA (200 pmol) and DTX+ Apt-siRNA (400 pmol), respectively. Tumor volume and MDM2 level were observed, and 99Tc m-Apt-siRNA SPECT imaging was performed to obtain the tumor/muscle (T/M) ratio. One-way analysis of variance, Tukey′s test and linear regression analysis were used for data analysis. Results:The levels of MDM2 protein were significantly decreased by Apt-siRNA (0.25±0.02, F=183.40, P<0.001; 0.56±0.03, F=37.15, P<0.001) in 22RV1 and LNCaP cells. After the treatment of Apt-siRNA+ DTX, the levels of Bcl-2 were significantly decreased, and the levels of Bax, PARP and caspase-3 were significantly increased. MDM2 protein level (400 pmol: 0.59±0.12; F=49.99, P=0.023) and tumor volume (400 pmol: (0.22±0.07) cm 3;F=71.30, P=0.039) were significantly inhibited by Apt-siRNA+ DTX in mice bearing 22RV1 xenografts. As for 99Tc m-Apt-siRNA SPECT imaging in vivo, T/M ratio of treatment group was significantly decreased (400 pmol: 2.07±0.22; F=34.99, P=0.022), and there was a linear regression relationship between T/M ratio and the expression level of MDM2 ( R2=0.875, P<0.001). Conclusion:Apt-siRNA combined with DTX can effectively inhibit the progression of prostate cancer, and realize visual targeted diagnosis and treatment of PSMA-positive prostate cancer by coupling radionuclide technetium.

13.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 357-362, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932938

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate differences in cardiac function and perfusion parameters measured by IQ-SPECT and low energy high-resolution (LEHR)-SPECT, as well as effects of scattering correction (SC) and CT attenuation correction (AC) on myocardial perfusion imaging.Methods:From May 2020 to September 2020, 80 patients (58 males, 22 females, age (57±10) years) who underwent SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging were retrospectively enrolled in Fuwai Hospital. According to the standardized left ventricular end-diastolic diameter of body surface measured by two-dimensional echocardiography, patients were divided into 2 groups: A group ( n=34) with significantly enlarged left ventricle and B group ( n=46) with no significant enlargement of left ventricle. LEHR-SPECT and IQ-SPECT gated myocardial perfusion imaging were performed in all patients. Left ventricular end-diastolic volume (EDV), end-systolic volume (ESV), ejection fraction (EF), summed rest score (SRS) and total perfusion defect (TPD) were measured. Parameters measured by two methods and differences before and after SC and AC were compared by using paired t test and Wilcoxon signed rank test. The correlation was analyzed by Pearson correlation or Spearman rank correlation analyses, and the consistency was analyzed by Bland-Altman analysis. Results:In A group, EDV, EF and SRS measured by IQ-SPECT were significantly lower than those assessed by LEHR-SPECT after SC and AC (EDV: (257±137) vs (276±154) ml, EF: (21±11)% vs (26±13)%, SRS: 17(6, 25) vs 18(8, 28); t values: -2.63, -7.46, z=-2.14, all P<0.05); all parameters measured by LEHR-SPECT and IQ-SPECT had well correlation ( r values: 0.965, 0.969, 0.967, rs values: 0.920, 0.960, all P<0.001) and consistency. In B group, EDV and EF measured by IQ-SPECT were significantly lower than those assessed by LEHR-SPECT after SC and AC (EDV: (96±40) vs (107±39) ml, EF: (46±15)% vs (54±16)%; t values: -6.23, -10.71, both P=0.001); SRS and TPD measured by IQ-SPECT after SC and AC were significantly lower than non-SC and non-AC (SRS: 2(1, 4) vs 5(3, 11), TPD: (3%(1%, 5%) vs 7%(3%, 12%); z values: -4.11, -4.16, both P<0.001); all parameters measured by LEHR-SPECT and IQ-SPECT had well correlation ( r values: 0.956, 0.978, 0.958, rs values: 0.926, 0.944, all P<0.001) and consistency. Conclusions:There are good correlation and consistency of left ventricular function and myocardial perfusion parameters acquired by IQ-SPECT and LEHR-SPECT. Moreover, IQ-SPECT is able to shorten acquisition time, resulting in great potential in clinical application.

14.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 289-293, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932929

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the therapeutic mechanism of Mongolian medicine Sendeng-4 decoction for rheumatoid arthritis by 99Tc m-hydrazinonicotinamide-(polyethylene glycol) 4-E[(polyethylene glycol) 4-c((Arg-Gly-Asp)fk)] 2 (3PRGD 2) imaging. Methods:A total of 200 female SD rats (age: 6-7 weeks) were divided into collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) group ( n=176) and blank control group ( n=24). Rats in the CIA group were divided into Sendeng-4 decoction treatment group ( n=24), etanercept treatment group ( n=24), and negative control group ( n=24) by simple random sampling method. 99Tc m-3PRGD 2 SPECT/CT imaging was performed before and after modeling and treatment. The differences of target/non-target (T/NT) ratio and serological, pathological, and immunohistochemical results among groups were compared by one-way analysis of variance or Kruskal-Wallis rank sum test. The correlation was analyzed by Pearson correlation or Spearman correlation analysis. Results:There were 95 (95/176) CIA models successfully established. The T/NT ratios of Sendeng-4 decoction treatment group and etanercept treatment group were lower than that of negative control group (0.260± 0.094, 0.238±0.099, 0.766±0.144 ; F=163.00, P<0.001), while there was no significant difference between the two drug treatment groups ( P>0.05). After drug treatment, serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and α vβ 3 were significantly lower than those of negative control group ( F values: 49.43-92.36, all P<0.001), pathological score was also lower than that of negative control group ( H=34.25, P<0.001), and levels of immunohistochemical makers (VEGF, TNF-α, α vβ 3, CD31, CD34) were also lower than those of negative control group ( H values: 13.51-26.84, all P<0.001), while there were no significant differences between the two drug treatment groups (all P>0.05). The T/NT ratios were positively correlated with above indictors in Sendeng-4 decoction treatment group ( r values: 0.56-0.59, rs values: 0.49-0.69), etanercept treatment group ( r values: 0.50-0.55, rs values: 0.46-0.70) and negative control group ( r values: 0.55-0.80, rs values: 0.58-0.86, P<0.001 or P<0.05). Conclusion:Verified by 99Tc m-3PRGD 2 SPECT/CT imaging and molecular pathology, Mongolian medicine Sendeng-4 decoction can inhibit neovascularization by down-regulating vascular factors such as VEGF, resulting in delaying the progression of the disease and improving clinical symptoms.

15.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 284-288, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932928

ABSTRACT

Objective:To serially characterize the myocardial perfusion, myocardial hibernation and left ventricular (LV) function as well as LV remodeling in progressive coronary artery stenosis in Chinese mini-pigs.Methods:In 8 Chinese mini-pigs (5 males, 3 females; age: 10 months), chronic progression of coronary stenosis and finally occlusion was established using Ameroid constrictor implantation at the 1 cm below the bifurcation of the first diagonal branch of the left anterior descending (LAD) artery. Serial gated 99Tc m-methoxyisobutylisonitrile(MIBI) SPECT/CT, gated 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging and coronary angiography (CAG) were performed before surgery and at the 1st, 4th and 8th week after surgery. Longitudinally, total perfusion defect (TPD), LV ejection fraction (LVEF), LV end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), LV end-systolic volume (LVESV), summed motion score (SMS), summed thickening score (STS) and hibernating myocardium (HM) were analyzed. Repeated measures analysis of variance, Kruskal-Wallis rank sum test and Bonferroni correction method were used to analyze data. Results:One mini-pig died of infection after the Ameroid constrictor implantation. In the remaining 7 mini-pigs, TPD was progressively increased with time prolonged (0, 12.0%(0, 33.0%), (41.1±23.7)% and (49.3±24.5)%; H=17.03, P=0.001); Compared with HM before the surgery (100%), HM was gradually reduced from the 1st (21.0%(6.0%, 100%)) to the 4th (18.0%(3.0%, 33.0%)) week after surgery, and then increased to the 8th week after surgery ((23.0±15.4)%; H=13.09, P=0.004), but there was no significant difference between the 1st and 4th week, or between the 4th and 8th week after surgery (both P>0.05 (Bonferroni correction method)). Accordingly, LVEF gradually decreased ((73.7±8.4)%, (63.7±19.1)%, (53.7±14.6)% and (49.9±15.4)%; F=6.22, P=0.004). LVEDV (9.0(6.0, 21.0), (31.4±16.3), (32.9±17.4) and (36.4±17.5) ml; H=8.58, P=0.035)and LVESV ((3.8±3.2), (15.9±15.3), 12.0(10.0, 17.0)and (19.3±10.9) ml; H=10.51, P=0.015) gradually increased. SMS and STS continuously increased as well ( H values: 16.49, 13.33, P values: 0.001, 0.004). Conclusions:With the progression of coronary artery stenosis to occlusion, myocardial perfusion is gradually decreased, while the global and regional LV function, LV remodeling are gradually aggravated, and HM is gradually reduced. After the chronic coronary artery occlusion, myocardial perfusion has a trend to be improved and HM is gradually recovered.

16.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 274-278, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932926

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the 99Tc m-dextran(DX) lymphoscitigraphy and direct lymphography (DLG), in order to investigate the imaging features and clinical significance of 99Tc m-DX lymphoscitigraphy in patients with thoracic duct exports (TDE)obstruction. Methods:A total of 304 patients (140 males, 164 females, median age: 32 years) with TDE obstruction confirmed by thoracic duct exploration between 2017-01-01 and 2019-01-01 in Beijing Shijitan Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Based on the different imaging characteristics of TDE, the reluts of 99Tc m-DX lymphoscitigraphy were divided into five groups (Ⅰ: no TDE presenting; Ⅱ: TDE presenting temporarily; Ⅲ: TDE presenting constantly or extensively; Ⅳ: abnormal reflux of imaging agents; Ⅴ: bilateral venous angle presenting). Ⅰ/Ⅱ groups were regarded as negative and Ⅲ-Ⅴ groups as positive. The consistency of 99Tc m-DX lymphoscitigraphy with DLG was evaluated with Kappa test, and the positive rates of the two methods were compared by McNemar test. Results:In the detection of TDE, the positive rate of 99Tc m-DX lymphoscintigraphy was 70.1% (213/304), which was significantly lower than that of DLG (97.4%, 296/304; χ2=4.16, P<0.001). The group Ⅲ has the largest number of cases (54.9%, 167/304), and there was a low consistency with DLG ( Kappa=0.08, P=0.005). However, there was a higher consistency between 99Tc m-DX lymphoscintigraphy results and the corresponding DLG results in the groups Ⅳ/Ⅴ ( Kappa values: 0.48, 0.86, both P<0.001). Furthermore, the diagnostic accordance rates of lower extremity lymphedema and chylous effusion were 96.1%(98/102) and 83.6%(127/152), respectively, compared with the clinical diagnosis. Conclusions:TDE obstruction of 99Tc m-DX lymphoscitigraphy presents in the majority with Ⅲ type. 99Tc m-DX lymphoscitigraphy results in patients with type Ⅳ and Ⅴ have a better consistency with those of DLG. 99Tc m-DX lymphoscitigraphy can be used as a screening tool of TDE obstruction, and play a role in the diagnosis of lower limb lymphedema and chylous effusion caused by TDE obstruction.

17.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 154-159, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932910

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the left ventricular diastolic dyssynchrony (LVDD) and its influencing factors early after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) using phase analysis of SPECT gated myocardial perfusion imaging (GMPI).Methods:Bama miniature swines ( n=16) were subjected to establish AMI models. GMPI was performed before and 1 d after AMI to obtain the extent of myocardial perfusion defect (Extent, %) and left ventricular systolic dyssynchrony (LVSD)/LVDD parameters, namely the phase histogram bandwidth (PBW) and phase standard deviation (PSD). Meanwhile, left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESV), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and the ratio of early to late peak mitral diastolic flow (E/A) were obtained by echocardiography. Independent-sample t test, paired t test and Pearson correlation analysis were used to analyze the data. Results:Sixteen AMI swines were successfully created. Compared to baseline, Extent, LVEDV and LVESV significantly increased on 1 d after AMI ( t values: -11.14, -4.55, -6.12, all P<0.001), while LVEF and E/A significantly decreased ( t values: 10.16, 2.18, P<0.001, P=0.046). GMPI showed that the LVDD parameters PBW and PSD increased significantly on 1 d after AMI when compared to those at baseline((142.25±72.06)° vs (33.06±8.98)°, (56.15±26.71)° vs (12.51±5.13)°; t values: -6.11, -6.60, both P<0.001). There were significant differences between LVSD parameters and LVDD parameters (PBW: (109.06±62.40)° vs (142.25±72.06)°, PSD: (44.40±25.61)° vs (56.15±26.71)°; t values: -2.73, -2.20, P values: 0.016, 0.044). LVDD parameters PBW, PSD were negatively correlated with E/A after AMI ( r values: -0.569, -0.566, P values: 0.021, 0.022), and positively correlated with the Extent ( r values: 0.717, 0.634, P values: 0.002, 0.008). The phase analysis of SPECT GMPI to evaluate LVDD showed good intra-observer and inter-observe reproducibility (intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC): 0.953-0.984, all P<0.001). Conclusions:LVDD occurs early on 1 d after AMI, and can reflect left ventricular diastolic dysfunction. The Extent is correlated with LVDD significantly. Phase analysis of SPECT GMPI is an accurate method to evaluate LVDD and left ventricular diastolic function.

18.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 149-153, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932909

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the diagnostic value of quantitative 99Tc m-hydrazinonicotinamide(HYNIC)-prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) SPECT/CT in patients with prostate cancer. Methods:From November 2018 to March 2021, the data of 56 patients ((69.8±8.0) years) with clinically suspected prostate cancer, who had elevated radioactive uptake in prostate on 99Tc m-HYNIC-PSMA SPECT/CT images in Henan Provincial People′s Hospital, were retrospectively analyzed. According to the pathological results, patients were divided into prostate cancer group ( n=45) and non-prostate cancer group ( n=11). The xSPECT-QUANT software was used to quantitatively analyze the high uptake area of the prostate, and SUV max was measured. The independent-sample t test, Mann-Whitney U test, ROC curve and Spearman correlation analysis were used for data analysis. Results:The prostate cancer group had higher SUV max than non-prostate cancer group (10.79±5.96 vs 3.60±1.27; t=7.43, P<0.001). When SUV max≥6.46, the AUC of prostate cancer was 0.887, with the diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV) and accuracy of 73.3%(33/45), 11/11, 100%(33/33), 47.8%(11/23), 78.6%(44/56), respectively. The SUV max of prostate cancer group was positively correlated with Gleason score ( rs=0.632, P<0.001). The SUV max of 29 patients with Gleason score≥8 was higher than that of 16 patients with Gleason score≤7 ( z=-3.89, P<0.001). There was no statistical difference in PSA level between patients with Gleason score≤ 7 and patients with non-prostate cancer ( z=-1.63, P=0.110), but the SUV max was significantly different ( z=-2.22, P=0.026). The SUV max of 23 patients with metastases was higher than that of 22 patients without metastasis (12.99±5.85 vs 8.50±5.28; t=2.69, P=0.010). ROC analysis showed that the AUC was 0.709; with SUV max≥13.02 as the threshold, the sensitivity for diagnosing prostate cancer metastases was 56.5%(13/23), the specificity was 86.4%(19/22), and the accuracy was 71.1%(32/45). Conclusions:The 99Tc m-HYNIC-PSMA SPECT/CT quantitative analysis is feasible in patients with prostate cancer. SUV max of 99Tc m-HYNIC-PSMA can be used in the diagnosis of prostate cancer, assessment of the malignancy and prediction of metastasis.

19.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 96-103, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932902

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of 99Tc m-hydrazinonicotinamide-(poly-(ethylene glycol)) 4-E((poly-(ethylene glycol)) 4-c((Arg-Gly-Asp)fK)) 2 (3PRGD 2) imaging on predicting pathological complete response (pCR) outcomes to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) in patients with breast cancer and to compare it with 18F-FDG imaging. Methods:From October 2017 to October 2019, 41 patients (age: (61.5±7.8) years) who were diagnosed with stage Ⅱ and Ⅲ breast cancer and planned to receive preoperative NAC in the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University and Xiehe Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University were prospectively enrolled. All patients underwent both 99Tc m-3PRGD 2 and 18F-FDG imaging before NAC (baseline), and after the first and the fourth NAC cycle. The tumor/background ratio (T/B; 99Tc m-3PRGD 2) and SUV max ( 18F-FDG) in breast tumors and axillary lymph node (ALN) metastases were separately calculated. The relative T/B changes (ΔT/B 1, ΔT/B 2) and SUV max changes (ΔSUV max1, ΔSUV max2) after the first and the fourth NAC cycle compared to baseline were obtained. Patients underwent surgery after NAC and the pathology was used as the gold standard to determine whether patient achieved pCR. The predictive performance of ΔT/B and ΔSUV max regarding the identification of pCR or non-pCR was evaluated by using ROC analysis and the AUCs were compared by Delong test. Results:Of 41 patients, 13 (31.7%) were achieved pCR after NAC. For breast tumors, the AUCs of ΔT/B 1, ΔT/B 2, ΔSUV max1 and ΔSUV max2 were 0.827 ( P=0.001), 0.687 ( P=0.057), 0.859 ( P<0.001) and 0.713 ( P=0.030) respectively, and the AUCs of ΔT/B 1 and ΔSUV max1 had no significant difference ( z=0.33, P=0.740). For ALN metastases, the AUCs of ΔT/B 1, ΔT/B 2, ΔSUV max1 and ΔSUV max2 were 0.859 ( P=0.002), 0.778 ( P=0.014), 0.572 ( P=0.523) and 0.802 ( P=0.007) respectively, and the AUC of ΔT/B 1 was significantly higher than that of ΔSUV max1 ( z=2.10, P=0.035). Conclusion:The early relative changes of breast tumors and ALN metastases in 99Tc m-3PRGD 2 imaging during NAC can offer predictive information for pCR to NAC in patients with breast cancer, and early relative changes of ALN metastases in 99Tc m-3PRGD 2 imaging may have a higher predictive value for pCR than 18F-FDG imaging.

20.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 80-83, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932899

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of SPECT/CT imaging on programmed death receptor 1 ligand (PD-L1) expression in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) based on 99Tc m labeled anti-PD-L1 nanoantibodies (NM-01). Methods:From January 2019 to March 2020, a total of 14 patients (11 males, 3 females; age: (61.9±11.0) years) with pathologically confirmed NSCLC in Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine were prospectively enrolled. NM-01 were labeled with 99Tc m, and patients were recruited for SPECT/CT imaging 2 h after injection with 99Tc m-NM-01((359.1±68.0) MBq). The differences of SUV max in primary and metastatic lesions between PD-L1 positive and negative patients were compared by independent sample t test. The correlation between the SUV max and PD-L1 expression of primary lesions was analyzed by Pearson correlation analysis. Results:Of 14 patients, 6 were PD-L1 positive and 8 were PD-L1 negative. 99Tc m-NM-01 showed obviously increased uptake in kidneys and liver, while mildly increased uptake in spleen and bone marrow. The SUV max of primary lesions was 4.69±1.88 and the SUV max of metastatic lesions was 2.04±1.32. The SUV max of primary lesions in PD-L1 positive patients was significantly higher than that of PD-L1 negative patients (5.99±1.99 vs 3.72±1.10; t=5.98, P=0.039). There was no significant difference in the SUV max of metastatic lesions between PD-L1 positive and negative patients (1.66±1.03 vs 2.35±1.46; t=-1.77, P=0.084). The SUV max of primary lesions was positively correlated with PD-L1 expression ( r=0.648, P=0.042). Conclusion:99Tc m-NM-01 can demonstrate the expression of PD-L1 in primary and metastatic lesions in NSCLC.

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