Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 25
Filter
1.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 69(9): e20230325, set. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514741

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to reveal the learning curve of early apical release en bloc laser prostatectomy using a high-power thulium (200 W) laser device. METHODS: We obtained data on the initial 60 patients who had thulium laser enucleation of the prostate by a single surgeon between October 2021 and August 2022 to treat the signs and symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia at our clinic. The cases were split into three groups, each consisting of 20 patients. Prostate volumes, prostate-specific antigen and hemoglobin levels, the International Prostate Symptom Score, Quality of Life scores, the International Index of Erectile Function-5 scores, and uroflowmetry parameters were documented preoperatively. The enucleation weight, the enucleation and morcellation times, as well as the efficiency, hospitalization, and catheterization durations were calculated. The patients were re-evaluated at 6 months postoperatively, examined for functional results, and compared to baseline conditions. RESULTS: Enucleation times, morcellation times, enucleation weight, and enucleation efficiency were significantly different among the groups. However, there was no statistically significant difference in total operative time and morcellation efficiency. In terms of postoperative statistics, the reduction in hemoglobin was significantly greater in Group 1 compared to Group 2. Six months after surgery, all groups had comparable validated ratings (International Prostate Symptom Score, Quality of Life, and the International Index of Erectile Function-5) on postoperative examinations. There were no long-term complications in either group throughout the perioperative period. CONCLUSION: Completing 40 first cases would be sufficient for managing the learning curve for early apical release en bloc thulium laser enucleation of the prostate.

2.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 764-769, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005990

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To compare the efficacy and safety of thulium laser enucleation of the prostate (ThULEP) and holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). 【Methods】 Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and clinical controlled trials (CCTs) were searched in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, CNKI and Wanfang Database from Jan.1,2010 to May 30,2022. Two reviewers independently screened literature, extracted data, and assessed the risk of bias of included studies. All divergences were resolved by a third researcher. RevMan 5.4 software was used for Meta analysis. 【Results】 A total of 7 studies were included, involving 1 726 patients, 750 in the ThULEP group and 976 in the HoLEP group. Meta analysis showed that, compared with HoLEP group, the ThULEP group had shorter catheter indwelling time [MD=-0.10, 95%CI (-0.17--0.03), P=0.004] , shorter hospital stay [MD=-0.43, 95%CI (-0.60--0.25), P<0.000 01] , lower IPSS score 12 months after surgery [MD=-1.13, 95%CI (-1.95- -0.30), P=0.007] , lower QoL score 12 months after surgery [MD=-1.00, 95%CI (-1.19- -0.81), P<0.001] ,lower transfusion rate [OR=0.11, 95%CI (0.03-0.36), P=0.000 3] and lower incidence of urinary incontinence [OR=0.24, 95%CI (0.09-0.66), P=0.006] . 【Conclusion】 ThULEP may have similar efficacy and safety as HoLEP in the treatment of BPH, and has more advantages in some aspects.

3.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 993-997, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005963

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 The thermal effects of super-pulsed thulium fiber laser (TFL) at different powers,lithotripsy modes and irrigation rates were studied using a 3D kidney model to simulate ureteral lithotripsy in vivo. 【Methods】 A thermal effect model was established in vitro. Under the same conditions of laboratory temperature and equipment,the temperature around the optical fiber was measured and compared when different optical fiber diameters,powers,lithotripsy modes and irrigation rates were used to simulate lithotripsy by TFL. 【Results】 There was significant difference in the temperature around the optical fiber caused by two fibers with different diameters under the same conditions (P<0.05). Under the same conditions,different lithotripsic modes produced different temperatures,and the temperature of "high energy and low frequency" was lower than that of "low energy and high frequency" (P<0.05). When the power was 10 W and the minimum irrigation rate was 10 mL/min,the plateau temperature did not reach the safety threshold (43 ℃). When the power was 20 W and the minimum irrigation rate was 10 mL/min,the platform temperature exceeded the safety threshold. When the irrigation rate was 20 mL/min,the platform temperature did not reach the safety threshold. 【Conclusion】 In the study of ureteral lithotripsy in vitro,the power,mode,irrigation rate and optical fiber diameter are factors affecting the thermal effects of TFL. No matter what kind of lithotripsy mode and fiber diameter,the temperature around the fiber is safe when the lithotripsy power is ≤10 W and the irrigation rate is ≥10 mL/min;when the lithotripsy power is ≤20 W and the irrigation rate is ≥20 mL/min,the temperature around the fiber is safe.

4.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 1060-1064, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005941

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the causes of hypothermia in patients undergoing transurethral thulium laser prostatectomy. 【Methods】 A total of 170 patients who underwent transurethral thulium laser prostatectomy in our hospital during Sep.2020 and May 2021 were prospectively enrolled in the study. The patients were divided into normal body temperature group (n=143) and hypothermia group (n=27), based on whether perioperative hypothermia happened. The clinical data were analyzed to evaluate the risk factors of hypothermia. 【Results】 Univariate analysis showed that there were statistical differences in anesthesia time, operation time, prostate size and total amount of perfusion fluid between the two groups (P<0.05). Logistic analysis showed that the size of prostate was the independent risk factor of perioperative hypothermia (P<0.05). Patients were further divided according to prostate size. For patients with prostate < 80 g, the size of prostate was the independent risk factor of perioperative hypothermia (P<0.05), while for patients with prostate ≥ 80 g, the amount of perfusion fluid was the independent risk factor (P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 Perioperative hypothermia in patients undergoing transurethral thulium laser prostatectomy is related to the anesthesia time, operation time, prostate size and total amount of perfusion fluid. It is necessary to evaluate the risk factors before operation and take effective thermal insulation measures.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 533-537, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994076

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a C57BL/6 mouse model of simulating transurethral thulium laser vaporization prostatectomy.Methods:Twelve male C57BL/6 mice were selected to undergo transvesical vaporization resection of the urothelium covering the urethra of the prostate using thulium laser. The urethral tissue of the prostate was retrieved on the 1st, 3rd, 5th, and 7th days after the surgery. HE staining was used to observe the process of re-epithelialization of the urethral wound of the prostate. Immunohistochemical (IHC) staining was used to detect whether the re-epithelialized cells of the urethral wound of the prostate expressed urothelin Ⅲ (UPⅢ).Results:On the first day after surgery, HE staining showed complete destruction to the urothelium covering the urethra of the prostate, with a large amount of coagulative necrotic tissue on the wound surface, and IHC staining showed no expression of UPⅢ on the wound surface. On the 3rd day after surgery, HE staining showed that there were still no regenerated epithelial cells on the wound surface, with coagulation necrosis tissue significantly reduced, and the urethral cavity was clearly visible. And IHC staining showed no expression of UPⅢ on the wound surface. On the 5th day after surgery, HE staining showed 1-2 layers of regenerated epithelial cells lacking cell polarity on the wound surface, and IHC staining showed that the regenerated epithelial cells expressed UPⅢ. On the 7th day after surgery, HE staining showed 4-6 layers of polar regenerated epithelial cells on the wound surface, and IHC staining showed the multiple layers of regenerated epithelial cells expressing UPⅢ.Conclusions:Based on the simulation of transurethral thulium laser vaporization resection of the prostate, the thulium laser and ultra micro endoscope system were used to vaporize the urothelium covering the urethra of the prostate, and the process of urethral re-epithelialization of the prostate can be observed after surgery. The establishment of the C57BL/6 mouse model simulating thulium laser vaporization prostatectomy provides a new research platform for studying the mechanism of wound repair after prostatectomy.

6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 134-139, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993989

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the temperature rise curve and steady-state temperature of thulium and holmium laser in lithotripsy.Methods:This study was conducted from November to December 2021. Firstly, we designed an experimental water tank(10 cm×10 cm×10 cm) that can carry out constant temperature water bath, with a 8ml simulated renal pelvis, and can carry out constant velocity perfusion in the simulated renal pelvis. A 1 cm×1 cm×1 cm cubic artificial stone was placed in the simulated renal pelvis to perform 36.5℃-37.5 ℃ water bath. The simulated renal pelvis was closed with an oak plug, the temperature measuring probe and flexible ureteroscope were placed through the hole on the oak plug and entered into the simulated renal pelvis. Flexible ureteroscope was carried out by urologists. The lithotripsy lasted a total of 180 seconds for thulium and holmium laser respectively under different parameter settings (10 Hz×1.0 J, 10 Hz×2.0 J, 10 Hz×3.0 J, 20 Hz×0.5 J, 20 Hz×1.0 J, 20 Hz×1.5 J, the corresponding gravel power is 10 W, 20 W and 30 W respectively), the constant speed water pump flow rate was separate as the high flow rate group (35 ml/min) and low flow rate group (15ml/min), and leave a temperature probe 5mm around the optical fiber. Water temperature change during the lithotripsy was recorded by probes, the average of 10 temperature values of two probes measured every 5 seconds was taken as the water temperature value of this period, with a total of 216 time points in 6 parameter settings. Under the same parameter settings, the temperature of two lasers at each time point was plotted and compared to form the corresponding temperature rise curve. The average temperature in the last 30 seconds during lithotripsy in the record was used as the steady-state temperature, which of thulium and holmium laser lithotripsy was compared under the same parameter setting and the same water flow velocity. Finally, 43℃ was taken as the safety threshold temperature to evaluate whether the temperature of the two lasers during lithotripsy exceeds the safety threshold.Results:According to the temperature rise curve, the water temperature of thulium laser during lithotripsy was higher than that of holmium laser at 77.7% (168/216)of time points. At the flow rate of 15 ml/min, thulium laser was significantly higher than that of holmium laser at 10 Hz×1.0 J[(32.43±2.19℃)vs. (30.99±0.90)℃, P<0.01], 10 Hz×2.0 J[(41.21±3.30℃) vs. (38.13±1.26)℃, P<0.01], 10 Hz×3.0 J[(49.54±2.44)℃vs. (44.91±0.65)℃, P<0.01], 20 Hz×0.5 J[(32.75±1.41)℃vs. (30.84±1.16)℃, P<0.01], 20 Hz×1.0 J[(41.67±1.76)℃vs. (37.51±1.25)℃, P<0.01], 20 Hz×1.5 J [(47.54 ± 3.48)℃vs. (46.12±1.04)℃, P<0.01]. At the flow rate of 35 ml/min, the thulium laser was significantly higher than that of holmium laser at 10 Hz×1.0 J[(28.01±0.57)℃ vs. (26.84±0.97)℃, P<0.01], 10 Hz×2.0 J[(31.31±1.07)℃vs.(30.41±1.39)℃, P<0.01], 10 Hz×3.0 J[(33.29±0.70)℃vs.(32.25±2.55)℃, P<0.01], 20 Hz×0.5 J[(28.36±0.99)℃vs.(26.22±0.66)℃, P<0.01], 20 Hz×1.0 J [(30.80±2.06)℃vs.(30.08±0.78)℃, P=0.012], and the steady-state temperature was not significant different between two laser at 20 Hz×1.5 J [(34.54±3.08)℃ and(33.93±1.49)℃, P=0.163]. In the low flow rate group, thulium laser at 10 Hz×1.0 J, 10 Hz×2.0 J, 20 Hz×0.5 J and 20 Hz×1.0 J does not exceed the safety threshold temperature, while in the high flow rate group, any combination of laser parameters of the two lasers does not exceed the safety threshold temperature. Conclusion:Under the same laser parameter setting and flow rate, the thermal eff of thulium laser is more obvious. When using thulium laser for lithotripsy, the flow rate in the process of lithotripsy being faster than that of holmium laser with the same laser setting should be ensured to avoid tissue damage.

7.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(2): 328-335, March-Apr. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364937

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: To compare thulium laser enucleation of prostate (ThuLEP) versus laparoscopic trans-vesical simple prostatectomy (LSP) in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Materials and Methods: Data of patients who underwent surgery for "large" BPH (>80mL) at three Institutions were collected and analyzed. Two institutions performed ThuLEP only; the third institution performed LSP only. Preoperative (indwelling catheter status, prostate volume (PVol), hemoglobin (Hb), Qmax, post-voiding residual volume (PVR), IPSS, QoL, IIEF-5) and perioperative data (operative time, enucleated adenoma, catheterization time, length of stay, Hb-drop, complications) were compared. Functional (Qmax, PVR, %ΔQmax) and patient-reported outcomes (IPSS, QoL, IIEF-5, %ΔIPSS, %ΔQoL) were compared at last follow-up. Results: 80 and 115 patients underwent LSP and ThuLEP, respectively. At baseline, median PVol was 130 versus 120mL, p <0.001; Qmax 9.6 vs. 7.1mL/s, p=0.005; IPSS 21 versus 25, p <0.001. Groups were comparable in terms of intraoperative complications (1 during LSP vs. 3 during ThuLEP) and transfusions (1 per group). Differences in terms of operative time (156 vs. 92 minutes, p <0.001), Hb-drop (-2.5 vs. −0.9g/dL, p <0.001), catheterization time (5 vs. 2 days, p <0.001) and postoperative complications (13.8% vs. 0, p <0.001) favored ThuLEP. At median follow-up of 40 months after LSP versus 30 after ThuLEP (p <0.001), Qmax improved by 226% vs. 205% (p=0.5), IPSS decreased by 88% versus 85% (p=0.9), QoL decreased by 80% with IIEF-5 remaining almost unmodified for both the approaches. Conclusions: Our analysis showed that LSP and ThuLEP are comparable in relieving from BPO and improving the patient-reported outcomes. Invasiveness of LSP is more significant.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Prostatic Hyperplasia/complications , Laparoscopy , Laser Therapy , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Prostate/surgery , Prostatectomy , Quality of Life , Thulium/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
8.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 908-913, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993947

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of thulium laser enucleation of the prostate-pre-transection urethral mucosa at the apex of prostate and traditional three lobe enucleation of the prostate for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia patients.Methods:The data of 270 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia who were underwent ThuLEP-PAM or ThuLEP in our hospital from May 2020 to September 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. According to the operation methods, the patients were divided into two groups: ThuLEP-PAM group (120 cases) and ThuLEP group (150 cases). There was no significant difference comparing the age [(69.8±7.7) years vs. (71.4±8.0) years], prostate volume [55.5(41.0, 71.0)ml vs. 58.5(45.0, 80.3)ml], the serum PSA [3.0(1.8, 4.6) ng/ml vs. 3.3(2.1, 5.5)ng/ml], international prostate symptom scores (IPSS) [22(17, 28) vs. 22(17, 27)], the quality of life score (QOL)[5(4, 6) vs. 5(4, 6)], the maximum urinary flow rate (Q max)[5.6(3.5, 7.3)ml/s vs. 5.5(4.0, 7.1)ml/s], the residual urine volume [ 31(0, 81)ml vs. 31(0, 102)ml] between the ThuLEP-PAM group and the ThuLEP group. No significant difference was found between the two groups( P>0.05). In the ThuLEP-PAM group, the external sphincter ring was located firstly, and urethral mucosa at the apex of prostate was circumferentially incised at 5 mm proximal of the sphincter ring by laser. Then the urethral mucosa was incised at the left sulcus beside the verumontanum and the prostate surgical capsule gap was exposed. After the middle lobe was removed, the left and right lobes were removed along the urethral mucosa pre-incision line at the prostatic apex. The ThuLEP group was enucleated by traditional three lobes enucleation. Perioperative indicators and postoperative complications during short-term follow-up were compared between the two groups. Results:All patients successfully completed the operation and the symptoms of the lower urinary tract were significantly improved. Comparison the perioperative factors between ThuLEP-PAM group and ThuLEP group included the following: operative time 90(70, 103)min vs. 83(61, 102)min; enucleated tissue weight 27.0(19.3, 36.5)g vs. 27.0(19.0, 39.0)g; decrease of the hemoglobin 9.9(7.4, 12.4)g/L vs. 9.5(7.1, 12.7)g/L; catheterization time 3.5(3.0, 4.0)d vs. 3.5(3.0, 5.0)d; hospital stay 6.0(5.0, 6.0)d vs. 5.0(4.0, 6.0)d. NO significant difference in these parameters was found between the two groups( P>0.05). There also was no significant difference in PSA[1.1(0.8, 1.5) ng/ml vs. 1.0(0.8, 1.6) ng/ml], IPSS score [5(4, 6) min vs. 5(4, 6)min], QOL score [2(1, 3) vs. 2(1, 3)], Q max [20.9(17.5, 22.5) ml/s vs. 20.4(17.8, 22.7) ml/s] and PVR [0 ml vs. 0(0, 6)ml] between the two groups ( P>0.05) after more than 3 months of follow-up. The incidence of incontinence for ThuLEP-PAM(2 cases)were lower than that for ThuLEP(11 cases)( P=0.031), but there was no significant between the two groups in other complications such as blood transfusion, haematuria, post-voidalurinary retention and urethral stricture. Conclusions:ThuLEP-PAM and ThuLEP have similar effect on the improvement of lower urinary tract symptoms in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia, both of which have good efficacy and high safety. The biggest advantage of ThuLEP-PAM over ThuLEP is that it reduces the incidence of early postoperative stress urinary incontinence.

9.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 834-838, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911129

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the technical points and clinical effect of thulium fiber laser lobes-enucleation of the prostate (ThuLLEP).Methods:A total of 90 patients underwent ThuLLEP and plasmakinetic enucleation of prostate (PKEP) in our hospital from November 2018 to December 2020 were collected. The age of patients in the two groups was (67.7±6.8) years and (65.7±7.1) years, the prostate volume was 56.0 (46.0-83.5) ml and 61.0 (53.5-79.5) ml, the serum PSA was 3.6 (2.2-6.0) ng/ml and 4.4 (1.8-7.3) ng/ml, the international prostate symptom score (IPSS) was 27 (22-31) and 28 (23-30), the quality of life score (QOL) was 5 (5-6) and 5 (5-6), the maximum urinary flow rate (Q max) was (8.5±5.7) ml/s and (7.8±3.8) ml/s, the post-void residual volume (PVR) was 127 (47-250) ml and 100 (27-209) ml. The differences had no statistical significance ( P>0.05). The glands were bluntly dissected to establish the surgical capsule plane on both sides of the verumontanum after the verumontanum being located. And then the middle lobe was removed. The glands formed grooves at 12 o'clock after vaporization, which served as anatomical marker. The left and right lobes were removed step by step. Finally, tissue crushing was performed. The PKEP group was enucleated by three lobes enucleation. Perioperative indicators were compared between the two groups. Results:All the operations were completed successfully. The median operative time in ThuLLEP and PKEP groups was 60 (50-73) minutes and 75 (60-100) minutes, the postoperative bladder irrigation time was 2.8 (2.3-3.6) d and 3.8 (2.6-4.7) d, the catheter indwelling time was 4.1 (3.7-4.9) d and 4.9 (4.7-6.0) d, the postoperative hospital stay was 5 (4-6) d and 6 (5-7) d. The decreased hemoglobin was 8.0 (1.5-14.5) g/L and 15.0 (6.5-21.0) g/L. The differences had statistical significance ( P<0.05). Follow-up was performed for 6 months after surgery. The median IPSS score of the two groups was 5 (2-11) and 6 (3-9), the QOL score was 1 (1-2) and 1 (1-2) respectively, which had statistical significance compared with the preoperative parameters ( P<0.05), but no statistical significance between the two groups ( P>0.05). The ThuLLEP group had 1 case of postoperative blood transfusion, 1 case of transient urinary incontinence and 2 cases of urethral stricture. The PKEP group had 1 case of fever and blood transfusion, 3 cases of transient urinary incontinence and 3 cases of urethral stricture. Conclusions:ThuLLEP has definite clinical effect because of less bleeding, quicker recovery and fewer complications. The relatively simple operation steps are beneficial for beginners to master.

10.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 650-653, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797755

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To summarize the initial experience of flexible ureteroscopy combined with thulium laser for the treatment of high-risk upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) in patients with solitary kidney or renal insufficiency.@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis was performed in 5 cases of UTUC with solitary kidney or renal insufficiency treated via flexible ureteroscopy combined with thulium laser from May 2016 to November 2018. Patients consisted of 4 cases of left side tumor, 1 case of right side tumor, with median age of 73 years old(ranging 53-87 years old). Among the 5 cases, 3 were solitary kidney with renal pelvis tumors, 2 cases were renal insufficiency accompanied with proximal ureter or renal pelvis tumor. All the patients had tumors large than 2 cm in diameter. The creatine in 3 cases with solitary kidney was 102, 128, 143μmol/L, respectively. The creatine in 2 cases with renal insufficiency was 281, 179μmol/L, respectively. Variable hydronephrosis was noticed in all paients. The cytological examination could reveal tumor cells in all cases. During the operation, part of tumor tissues were resected for pathological examination and the remaining visible tumor tissue was all ablated and vaporized. As there was no obvious residual tumor tissue, double J stent was retained. Patients were regularly reexamined after surgery.@*Results@#Of the 5 cases, 4 patients were successfully performed, while intraoperative bleeding occurred in 1 case. The operation was suspended after indwelling double J stent. Then, the renal artery interventional embolism was performed after ineffective conservative treatment, and the bleeding was well controlled. One month later, the patient was treated with thulium laser tumor ablation and vaporizaiton under flexible ureteroscopy again. The pathology of all cases was high-grade invasive urinary epithelial carcinoma. Patients were followed up with regular imaging and endoscopic examination. The median follow-up period was 19 (4-26) months, during which 4 cases had local recurrence, one patient died of non-tumor factors. No recurrence of urothelial carcinoma occurred in the bladder during follow-up, the overall recurrence rate was 80%, and the median recurrence time was 6 (1-24) months. Patients with recurrence was treated with thulium laser tumor ablation and vaporizaiton under flexible ureteroscopy again.@*Conclusions@#Flexible ureteroscopy combined with thulium laser is an alternative treatment for high-risk upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma in patients with solitary kidney or renal insufficiency, while with high tumor recurrence rate. Therefore, a stringent imaging and endoscopic follow-up should carry out postoperatively.

11.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 650-653, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791666

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the initial experience of flexible ureteroscopy combined with thulium laser for the treatment of high-risk upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) in patients with solitary kidney or renal insufficiency.Methods A retrospective analysis was performed in 5 cases of UTUC with solitary kidney or renal insufficiency treated via flexible ureteroscopy combined with thulium laser from May 2016 to November 2018.Patients consisted of 4 cases of left side tumor,1 case of right side tumor,with median age of 73 years old(ranging 53-87 years old).Among the 5 cases,3 were solitary kidney with renal pelvis tumors,2 cases were renal insufficiency accompanied with proximal ureter or renal pelvis tumor.All the patients had tumors large than 2 cm in diameter.The creatine in 3 cases with solitary kidney was 102,128,143μmol/L,respectively.The creatine in 2 cases with reual insufficiency was 281,179μmol/L,respectively.Variable hydronephrosis was noticed in all paients.The cytological examination could reveal tumor cells in all cases.During the operation,part of tumor tissues were resected for pathological examination and the remaining visible tumor tissue was all ablated and vaporized.As there was no obvious residual tumor tissue,double J stent was retained.Patients were regularly reexamined after surgery.Results Of the 5 cases,4 patients were successfully performed,while intraoperative bleeding occurred in 1 case.The operation was suspended after indwelling double J stent.Then,the renal artery interventional embolism was performed after ineffective conservative treatment,and the bleeding was well controlled.One month later,the patient was treated with thulium laser tumor ablation and vaporizaiton under flexible ureteroscopy again.The pathology of all cases was high-grade invasive urinary epithelial carcinoma.Patients were followed up with regular imaging and endoscopic examination.The median follow-up period was 19 (4-26) months,during which 4 cases had local recurrence,one patient died of non-tumor factors.No recurrence of urothelial carcinoma occurred in the bladder during follow-up,the overall recurrence rate was 80%,and the median recurrence time was 6 (1-24) months.Patients with recurrence was treated with thulium laser tumor ablation and vaporizaiton under flexible ureteroscopy again.Conclusions Flexible ureteroscopy combined with thulium laser is an alternative treatment for high-risk upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma in patients with solitary kidney or renal insufficiency,while with high tumor recurrence rate.Therefore,a stringent imaging and endoscopic follow-up should carry out postoperatively.

12.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 988-991, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751024

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To explore the feasibility and safety of 2 μm thulium laser in thoracoscopic wedge resection.  Methods     The clinical data of 137 patients who underwent thoracoscopic wedge resection with thulium laser (as a thulium laser group, 64 patients, including 22 males, 42 females, average age of 58.39±10.40 years) and staplers (as a stapler group, 73 patients, including 33 males, 40 females, average age of 60.79±10.96 years) in thoracic Department of Xuanwu Hospital between April 2016 and August 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. In the study, the intraoperative blood loss, the operative time, chest tube duration, daily amount of fluid leak, hospital stay and hospitalization costs were compared between two groups.  Results     The intraoperative blood loss of the thulium laser group (16.05±23.67 mL) was significantly shorter or lower than that of the stapler group (28.56±32.09 mL) (P=0.011). Besides, the post operation hospital stay and hospitalization costs of the thulium laser group (4.72±2.49 d, 37 127.33±9 302.14 yuan) were also significantly shorter or lower than those of the stapler group (5.67±2.02 d, 49 545.76±13 831.93 yuan) (P=0.015, P=0.000). Furthermore, no statistical difference was found between the thulium laser group and the stapler group in the operative time (116.38±41.91 min vs. 108.36±47.25 min), total hospital stay (10.13±2.98 d vs. 11.05±3.26 d), daily amount of fluid leak (138.38±72.23 mL vs. 152.7±77.54 mL), chest tube duration (2.89±2.34 d vs. 3.52±1.48 d) and the frequency of postoperative fever (0.89±1.55 times vs. 1.23±1.70 times).  Conclusion     Applying 2 μm thulium laser to thorascopic wedge resection is safe and feasible. Besides, 2 μm thulium laser can achieve a similar result to that of the standard technique by using staplers.

13.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 244-247, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-842769

ABSTRACT

The 2-μm thulium laser resection of the prostate-tangerine technique (TmLRP-TT) has been introduced as a minimally invasive treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). This study was undertaken to assess the clinical efficacy and safety of TmLRP-TT for the treatment of BPH patients with previously negative transrectal prostate biopsy. A prospective analysis of 51 patients with previously negative transrectal prostate biopsy who underwent surgical treatment using TmLRP-TT was performed from December 2011 to December 2013. Preoperative status, surgical details, and perioperative complications were recorded. The follow-up outcome was evaluated with subjective and objective tests at 1 and 6 months. TmLRP-TT was successfully completed in all patients. Mean prostate volume, operative duration, and catheterization time were 93.3 ± 37.9 ml, 69.5 ± 39.5 min, and 6.5 ± 1.3 days, respectively. The mean International Prostate Symptom Score, quality of life score, maximum urinary flow rate, and post-void residual urine volume changed notably at 6-month follow-up (22.5 ± 6.9 vs 6.1 ± 3.2, 4.8 ± 1.3 vs 1.1 ± 0.9, 7.3 ± 4.5 vs 18.9 ± 7.1 ml s-1 , and 148.7 ± 168.7 vs 28.4 ± 17.9 ml). Two (3.9%) patients required blood transfusion perioperatively, while 3 (5.9%) patients experienced transient hematuria postoperatively, and 2 (3.9%) patients received 3 days recatheterization due to clot retention. TmLRP-TT is a safe and effective minimally invasive technique for patients with previously negative transrectal prostate biopsy during the 6-month follow-up. This promising technology may be a feasible surgical method for previously negative transrectal prostate biopsy in the future.

14.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 1085-1088, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812830

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare thulium laser vaporization of the prostate (TLVP) and transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) in the treatment of benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) analyze the risk factors for postoperative urethral stricture.@*METHODS@#From June 2015 to June 2016, 210 BPH patients in our hospital underwent TURP (n = 126) or TLVP (n = 84). We followed up the patients for 6 months, compared the effects of the two surgical strategies and analyzed the risk factors for postoperative urethral stricture by multivariate logistic regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#Compared with TURP, TLVP achieved significantly shorter time of operation ([78.6 ± 27.5] vs [53.2 ± 21.6] min, P <0.01), postoperative bladder irrigation ([31.5 ± 2.9] vs [26.1 ± 3.7] h, P <0.01), urethral catheterization ([5.3 ± 1.7] vs [3.7 ± 1.5] d, P <0.01) and postoperative hospitalization ([7.9 ± 2.1] vs [5.5 ± 1.4] d, P <0.01) as well as lower urinary leukocyte count at 6 months after surgery ([32.1 ± 12.6] vs [24.9 ± 11.7] /μl, P <0.01) and incidence rate of postoperative complications (11.9% [15/126] vs 3.6% [3/84], P <0.05), particularly that of urethral stricture (7.9% [10/126] vs 1.2% [1/84], P <0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that the preoperative urinary leukocyte count, postoperative urethral catheterization time, and surgical method were independent risk factors for postoperative urethral stricture.@*CONCLUSIONS@#TLVP, in comparison with TURP, has the advantages of definite effect, fast recovery, high safety and low incidence of postoperative urethral stricture. The main risk factors for postoperative urethral stricture include preoperative urinary tract infection, postoperative urethral catheterization time and surgical method.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Laser Therapy , Methods , Operative Time , Postoperative Complications , Prostatic Hyperplasia , General Surgery , Quality of Life , Regression Analysis , Risk Factors , Thulium , Therapeutic Uses , Transurethral Resection of Prostate , Treatment Outcome , Urethral Stricture , Urinary Catheterization , Urinary Tract Infections
15.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 41-45, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668105

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of 1.94 μm thulium laser enucleation of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) with volume >80 ml by morcellator. Methods From September 2014 to June 2016, there were 95 BPH patients with prostate volume over 80 ml treated by thulium laser were divided into two groups according to the surgical procedure: 45 cases in group A, prostate tissue were washed out of bladder after vapoenucleation by 1.94 μm thulium laser; 50 cases in group B, the enucleated prostate tissue were extracted by morcellator. The operation time, the decreasing level of hemoglobin on the first day after surgery, the hospitalization time, the gland tissue weight, catheterization duration, short-term incidence of complications, and the IPSS, PVP, Qmax, QOL in 3 months after surgeon of the two groups were observed and recorded. Results There was significant difference in operation time and gland tissue weight between the two groups. The group B have significantly short operation time compared with group A (P < 0.05), and obtained gland tissue remarkably exceed the group A (P < 0.05). No significant difference was found in hemoglobin level, hospitalization time, catheterization duration, and short-term complication between the two groups (P > 0.05). The IPSS, PVR, Qmax and QOL of 3 month, after operation were significantly improved but without any significant difference between the two groups (P < 0.05). Conclusion Vaporization cutting tissue or morcellating tissue after 1.94 μm thulium laser enucleation has high safety, good curative effect and low complication, while extraction prostate tissue by morcellator can shorten the operation time and get more tissues.

16.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 42(4): 757-765, July-Aug. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-794689

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Thulium laser VapoEnucleation of the prostate (ThuVEP) is an evolving surgical technique for BPH. Most studies have focused on outcomes in small to medium sized prostates and have originated from Europe and Asia. We sought to describe our experience with ThuVEP for very large prostates in a North American cohort. Materials and Methods: From December 2010 to October 2014, 25 men underwent ThuVEP using the CyberTM® (Quantastem, Italy) thulium laser, all with prostate volume >75mL. Data collected included patient demographics, comorbidities, intraoperative parameters, complications, and post-operative outcomes including maximum flow rate (Qmax), post-void residual (PVR), International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), and quality of life score (QoL) in one year of follow-up. Statistical analysis was done using Wilcoxon signed-rank test. Results: At baseline, mean age was 70±9 years and prostate size was 163±62g. Most patients (84%) were in retention and 10 (40%) patients were on anticoagulation. Seven (28%) patients went home the day of surgery (mean hospital stay: 1.2±1.2d). There were 2 intraoperative complications (8%), both cystotomies related to morcellation. Nine patients (36%) experienced a complication, all within 30 days. There were no Clavien ≥III complications. Significant improvements were seen in Qmax, PVR, IPSS, and QoL score at each time interval to 12-months following surgery (all p<0.05). Of 21 patients initially in retention, all were voiding at last follow-up. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that ThuVEP is an effective treatment for BPH in patients with large prostates with sustained results for one year.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Prostatectomy/methods , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Thulium/therapeutic use , Laser Therapy , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Organ Size , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Middle Aged
17.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 1131-1134, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-262253

ABSTRACT

In recent years, holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) and thulium laser enucleation of the prostate (ThuLEP) have been widely used in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) because of their significant clinical effects, high safety, and low incidence of complications. With the improvement of living standards, BPH patients care about not only the improvement of lower-urinary-tract symptoms (LUTS) secondary to BPH but also that of sexual function, especially erectile function, after treatment. However, there are comparatively few studies about the effects of HoLEP and ThuLEP on erectile function and relevant opinions are quite controversial. Most studies reported that HoLEP and ThuLEP did not impair erectile function, but some showed that a few patients experienced a decrease of erectile function after operation. Before surgery, urologists should explain clearly to the patients the potential impact on sexual function, as mental factors may also induce erectile dysfunction. This study presents an overview of recent studies about the infuence of HoLEP and ThuLEP on erectile function.

18.
Korean Journal of Urology ; : 769-774, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-198011

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The thulium laser is the most recently introduced technology for the surgical treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Until recently, most thulium laser enucleation of the prostate (ThuLEP) was performed by use of the three-lobe technique. We introduce a novel one-lobe enucleation technique for ThuLEP called the "All-in-One" technique. We report our initial experiences here. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From June 2013 to May 2014, a total of 47 patients underwent the All-in-One technique of ThuLEP for symptomatic BPH performed by a single surgeon. All patients were assessed with the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), transrectal ultrasonography, serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA), maximal urine flow rate (Qmax), and postvoid residual urine volume (PVR) before and 1 month after surgery. We reassessed IPSS, Qmax, and PVR 3 months after surgery. To assess the efficacy of the All-in-One technique, we checked the PSA reduction ratio, transitional zone volume reduction ratio, and enucleation failure rate. RESULTS: The mean operative time was 82.1+/-33.3 minutes. The mean enucleation time and morcellation time were 52.7+/-21.7 minutes and 8.2+/-7.0 minutes, respectively. The mean resected tissue weight and decrease in hemoglobin were 36.9+/-24.6 g and 0.4+/-0.8 g/dL, respectively. All perioperative parameters showed significant improvement (p<0.05). No major complications were observed. The PSA reduction ratio, transitional zone volume reduction ratio, and enucleation failure rate were 0.81, 0.92, and 4.3%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The All-in-One technique of ThuLEP showed efficacy and effectiveness comparable to that of other techniques. We expect that this new technique could reduce the operation time and the bleeding and improve the effectiveness of enucleation.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Lasers, Solid-State/adverse effects , Operative Time , Prostate-Specific Antigen/blood , Prostatic Hyperplasia/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Thulium , Transurethral Resection of Prostate/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome
19.
Korean Journal of Urology ; : 365-369, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-76181

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Various articles have previously addressed the introduction of new surgical laser therapies for an enlarged prostate gland causing obstructive symptoms. The objective of this study was to report the feasibility of performing the thulium laser vapo-enucleation of the prostate (ThuVEP) procedure for benign prostatic obstruction in a 1-day surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From September 2011 to September 2013, we conducted a prospective study on patients who underwent ThuVEP in a 1-day surgery. The primary outcomes measured perioperatively included operative time, resected tissue weight, hemoglobin decrease, transfusion rate, postoperative irrigation and catheterization time, and postoperative hospital stay. Also, the preoperative and postoperative International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and results of uroflowmetry performed on the 7th and 30th postoperative days were recorded. All perioperative and postoperative complications were monitored. RESULTS: A total of 53 patients underwent the surgical treatment in a 1-day surgery. Seven patients continued antiaggregant therapy with aspirin. Mean preoperative prostatic adenoma volume was 56.6 mL. Mean operative time was 71 minutes. The average catheter time was 14.8 hours. The peak urinary flow rate on day 7 improved from 9.3 to 17.42 mL/s (p<0.001) and the IPSS improved from 18 to 10.2 (p<0.01). Patients were routinely discharged on the day of catheter removal. No complications were recorded. CONCLUSIONS: ThuVEP can be safely conducted as a 1-day surgical procedure. This strategy results in cost savings. ThuVEP shows good standardized outcomes with respect to improvement in flow parameters and length of bladder catheterization.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Ambulatory Surgical Procedures , Laser Therapy/adverse effects , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Length of Stay , Operative Time , Prospective Studies , Prostate/surgery , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Thulium/therapeutic use , Transurethral Resection of Prostate , Treatment Outcome
20.
Tumor ; (12): 788-793, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-848675

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the feasibility and safety of en bloc transurethral resection with thulium (Tm):-Yag laser in the management of patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer. Methods: The data of 287 consecutive patents pathologically identified of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer, who underwent transurethral resection from January 2008 to December 2013, were retrospectively analyzed. Of these patients, 209 patients underwent the traditional transurethral resection of bladder cancer (TURBT), and the other 78 patients underwent the en bloc transurethral resection with Tm-Yag laser. The operative time, intraoperative blood loss, days for urethral catheterization, duration of hospitalization after surgery, incidence of postoperative complications, detection rate of muscle layer in postoperative pathologic examination, pathologic grade and stage, and recurrence between the two groups were compared. All the patients were followed-up, and the median follow-up time was 27 months. Results: The operative time in Tm-Yag laser group was significantly longer than that in TURBT group (75.77±52.19 min vs 47.18±35.77 min, P 0.05). The incidence of postoperative complications in Tm-Yag laser group was lower than that in TURBT group (6.4% vs 1 7.7%, P = 0.045). In Tm-Yag laser group, the number of stage Tl tumors and the detection rate of muscle layer in postoperative pathologic examination were both higher than those in TURBT group (P = 0.039; P = 0.001). The total rate of tumor recurrence and progression showed no differences between the two groups (35.9% vs 43.5%, P > 0.05; 11.5% vs 14.8%, P > 0.05). The Kaplan-Meier survival curves of recurrence-free survival and progression-free survival also showed no significant differences (both P > 0.05). Conclusion: The en bloc transurethral resection with Tm-Yag laser is feasible and safe in the management of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL