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Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 422-427, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979525


@#Objective     To explore the effects of intravenous treprostinil in different doses on the hemodynamics and postoperative outcomes after high-risk total cavo-pulmonary connection (TCPC). Methods    From 2018 to 2021, among 189 patients who underwent TCPC in the Department of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery of Fuwai Hospital, 26 high-risk patients who received the intravenous treprostinil therapy were retrospectively analyzed. There were 12 males and 14 females, with an age of 4 (3, 6) years and a weight of 17.6±6.2 kg. The patients were divided into two groups: a high-dose group [15 patients, maintaining dose>10 ng/(kg·min)] and a low-dose group [11 patients, maintaining dose≤ 10 ng/(kg·min)]. The hemodynamics before treprostinil using and during the first 24 hours after reaching the maintaining dose of treprostinil, and postoperative outcomes of the two groups were investigated. Results    The incidence of heterotaxia was higher in the high-dose group (66.7% vs. 18.2%, P=0.021). During the observation period, the mean pulmonary artery pressure decreased from 11.9±3.6 mm Hg to 11.0±3.3 mm Hg in the low-dose group (P=0.013), and from 12.9±4.7 mm Hg to 10.2±3.4 mm Hg in the high-dose group (P=0.001). The decreasing effect in the high-dose group was better than that in the low-dose group (P=0.010). There was no statistical difference in the postoperative outcomes between the two groups (P>0.05). In terms of side effects, patients needed temporarily increased dosage of vasoactive drugs to maintain stable blood pressure during 6-12 h after treprostinil therapy in the high-dose group. Conclusion    In patients after high-risk TCPC, intravenous high-dose treprostinil has a better therapeutic effect on reducing pulmonary artery pressure. However, it should be noted that increased dosage of vasoactive agents may be required to maintain blood pressure stability in patients with high-dose treprostinil.

Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 41-44, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930366


Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of Treprostinil in the treatment of children with early decompensation after the Fontan procedure.Methods:A retrospectively analysis was performed on the clinical data of 16 children with early decompensation after the Fontan procedure treated with Treprostinil injection from December 2017 to June 2020 at Fuwai Central China Cardiovascular Hospital.A total of 16 patients were included, including 5 boys (31.2%) and 11 girls (68.8%). The age was (4.6 ±1.2) years, the weight was (16.0±2.1) kg.The changes of central venous pressure (CVP), heart rate (HR), systolic blood pressure (SBP), central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO 2), lactic acid (Lac), oxygenation index and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) were recorded at the infusion of Treprostinil and 3 hours, 24 hours, 48 hours and 72 hours after the infusion.The short-term efficacy of Treprostinil was observed[mortality, mechanical ventilation time, and length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay]; paired t-test was used to analyze the above indexes at different time points.The adverse reactions during the administration were also recorded. Results:Of the 16 children, the median mechanical ventilation time was 9 (5, 22) h, and the median ICU stay time was 2 (1, 12)days.After 72 hours of drug administration, CVP, Lac, BNP and HR decreased: CVP decreased from(16±5) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) to (11±2) mmHg ( P<0.001), Lac decreased from(6.8±3.2) mmol/L to (3.2±1.2) mmol/L ( P=0.002), BNP decreased from(980±223) ng/L to (250±120) ng/L( P<0.001), HR decreased from(150±20) times/min to (125±16) times/min( P=0.002); SBP, ScvO 2 and oxygenation index increased: SBP increased from(83±10) mmHg to (98±12) mmHg( P<0.001), ScvO 2 increased from 0.53±0.13 to 0.65±0.11 ( P=0.003), oxygenation index increased from (200±72) mmHg to (298±13) mmHg ( P<0.001), and the differences were statistically significant(all P< 0.05). One case died (6.3%), 2 cases (12.5%) had transient blood pressure drop and 1 case (6.3%) had nausea and vomiting.Besides, no other treatment-related complications were observed. Conclusions:As for children with early decompensation after the Fontan procedure, the intravenous application of Treprostinil can reduce pulmonary artery pressure rapidly, effectively improve circulatory status and oxygenation and ultimately improve the prognosis.

Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 36(1): 41-47, mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115461


En los pacientes con Hipertensión Arterial Pulmonar (HAP) de alto riesgo, en clase funcional (CF)IV, la terapia específica debe ser combinada y debe incluir una prostaciclina (PGI2) de uso sistémico en espera de trasplante bipulmonar (TBP). En el sistema público la única PGI2 disponible para asociar a Sildenafil y algún inhibidor de endotelina (Ambrisentan o Bosentan) es Iloprost nebulizado, que si bien es efectiva, no logra estabilizar los casos graves con severa disfunción del ventrículo derecho (VD). Se presenta el primer caso en el Instituto del Tórax, centro de referencia nacional de HAP, del uso de treprostinil en una paciente de 24 años con HAP grave e indicación de TBP. Treprostinil es un análogo sintético de PGI2 de uso subcutáneo en dosis desde 1 a 40 ng/kg/min. La paciente presentaba una situación de extrema gravedad: CF IV, distancia recorrida en el test de caminata de 6 min (DRTC 6 min) < 300 m,derrame pericárdico y severa disfunción del VD con TAPSE (índice de disfunción del VD) de 13 cm/s asociado a ProBNP >2.500 pg/ml. Luego de 6 meses de hospitalización en intermedio, terapia triple (Sildenafil, Ambrisentan e Iloprost nebulizado) asociado a O2,diuréticos y milrinona, logró ser dada de alta a las 3 semanas del inicio de treprostinil, regresando al trabajo a los 2 meses y estabilizando su condición en CF III, con DRTC 6 min > 440 m, mejoría de la función del VD(TAPSE 19). El ProBNP persistió elevado, 1.491 pg/ml, indicando que su enfermedad es grave y progresiva; sin embargo, ha logrado un nivel de estabilidad clínica que le permite una adecuada vida de relación familiar y laboral.

In high risk Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH) patients with functional class (FC) IV, specific therapy must be combined and must include systemic prostacyclin (PGI2), meanwhile they are enlisted for double lung transplant (DLT). In Chilean Public Health System, nebulized Iloprost is the only PGI2 available to combine with Sildenafil and either Ambrisentan or Bosentan as endothelin receptor antagonist. This association is not enough for severe cases with right ventricular (RV) dysfunction. The first case from the National Institute of Thorax as a referral center is presented now in a 24 years-old lady treated with treprostinil. She has severe PAH with DLT indication. Treprostinil is a PGI2 analog, for subcutaneous use in a dose from 1 to 40 ng/kg/min. She was extremely sick, with FC IV, she walked < 300 m at 6 min walking test (6 MWT), presented pericardial effusion and severe RV dysfunction, with TAPSE (echocardiography index for RV dysfunction)=13 cm/s, ProBNP > 2,500 pg/ml. Six months after being at intensive care unit with triple therapy (Sildenafil, ambrisentan and nebulized Iloprost) plus oxygen, diuretics and milrinone, she was finally discharged after receiving a 3 weeks treprostinil course. She came back to work two months later and her condition was more stable: FC III, she walked > 440 m at 6MWT, with a significant improvement in RV function with TAPSE = 19. Although ProBNP decreased to 1,491pg/ml, it was still high, pointing out the progressive nature of her disease. However, she met a better clinical condition which allows her to reach a much better quality of life from a personal, familial and social point of view.

Humans , Female , Young Adult , Epoprostenol/analogs & derivatives , Hypertension, Pulmonary/drug therapy , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use , Phenylpropionates/therapeutic use , Pyridazines/therapeutic use , Radiography, Thoracic , Epoprostenol/therapeutic use , Drug Combinations , Sildenafil Citrate/therapeutic use , Computed Tomography Angiography , Hypertension, Pulmonary/diagnostic imaging
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1762-1769, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823057


OBJECTIVE:To provide evidence-based reference for c linical drug selection and decision by rapidly evaluating the effectiveness,safety and economy of treprostinil in the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). METHODS :Retrieved from Chinese and English database such as PubMed ,Embase,Web of Science ,the Cochrane Library ,Epistemonikos,HTA database(University of York ),CNKI and Wanfang databases ,included the health technology assessment (HTA)report,systematic/ Meta-analysis and pharmacoeconomic evaluation of treprostinil compared with placebo or other drugs in the treatment of PAH. The search time limit is from the construction of the database to May 1st,2020. HTA checklist ,AMSTA and CHEERS were applied to evaluate the quali ty of the literatures about HTA ,systematic review/Meta-analysis analysis a nd pharmacoecono mic evaluation and the inclusion studies was analyazed by descriptive summary. RESULTS:A total of 18 literatures were included ,involving 1 HTA report ,12 systematic review/Meta-analysis ,5 pharma- coeconomic studies. The analysis results of effectiven- ess mail: showed that compared with placebo ,treprostinil could signifi- cantly increase 6-MWD while decrease Borg dyspnea score of PAH p atients(P<0.05),but had no significant effect on mortality,the rate of clinical deterioration ,WHO functional grading ,the rate of hospitalization ,mPAP,PVR,cardiac index and mRAP(P>0.05). In addition ,compared with placebo combined with endothelin receptor antagonist and/or phosphodiesterase inhibitors,oral administration of treprostinil combined with endothelin receptor antagonist and/or phosphodiesterase inhibitors could extend 6-MWD significantly. Compared with riociguat ,treprostinil could significantly reduce Borg dyspnea score of patients. The analysis results of safety displayed that ,although the incidence of drug withdrawal due to can ’t tolerate ADR increased in patients receiving treprostinil ,there was no significant difference in the incidence of serious adverse events compared with placebo or other treatments,and it was better tolerated when administered by inhalation or intravenous injection. The analysis results of pharmacoeconomic studies showed that ICER of treprostinil was higher than the willingness payment threshold ,although the willingness payment threshold was different in different countries and different payers. CONCLUSIONS :Treprostinil treatment is effective for PAH. Patients may stop taking it due to can ’t tolerate ADR ,but the risk of serious adverse events are not increase. Although the price is high ,it is still an important alternative for PAH patients with clinical progress or poor prognosis.

Arch. argent. pediatr ; 117(4): 413-415, ago. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1054947


La hipertensión pulmonar es una complicación frecuente de la displasia broncopulmonar. A pesar de su alta incidencia, existen pocos tratamientos disponibles. El epoprostenol y el treprostinil son análogos de las prostaglandinas I2, que activan la adenilato ciclasa e incrementan el adenosín monofosfato cíclico en las células de la musculatura lisa de la arteria pulmonar y pueden resultar eficaces en el tratamiento de estos pacientes. Se presenta el caso de un prematuro de extremado bajo peso con hipertensión pulmonar secundaria a displasia broncopulmonar grave, no respondedora a óxido nítrico inhalado y sildenafilo, que fue tratado con análogos de prostaglandinas I2. En nuestro paciente, este tratamiento evidenció mejoría clínica y ecocardiográfica significativa tras varias semanas de tratamiento.

Pulmonary hypertension is a common complication of bronchopulmonary dysplasia, with a high mortality rate. Despite the high incidence of pulmonary hypertension, there are few available treatments. Epoprostenol and treprostinil are prostaglandin I2 analogs that activate adenylate cyclase and increase cyclic adenosine monophosphate in the pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells. Therefore, they may be an effective treatment for these patients. We report the use of prostaglandin I2 analogs in an extremely low birth weight preterm baby with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia associated with pulmonary hypertension non-responding to inhaled nitric oxide and sildenafil. In our patient this treatment resulted in remarkable clinical and echocardiographic improvement, evident after a few weeks of treatment.

Humans , Male , Infant, Newborn , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/complications , Hypertension, Pulmonary/diagnosis , Tracheostomy , Epoprostenol/therapeutic use , Infant, Extremely Premature , Hypertension, Pulmonary/drug therapy
Gac. méd. Méx ; 142(1): 19-28, ene.-feb. 2006. tab, ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-571156


Introducción: La reducción en la variabilidad de la frecuencia cardiaca ha sido identificada como factor de riesgo en enfermedad cardiovascular, pero su descripción en hipertensión arterial pulmonar severa se desconoce. Material y métodos: Se estudiaron pacientes con hipertensión arterial pulmonar grave, 32 con hipertensión pulmonar primaria, 34 con hipertensión pulmonar secundaria a cardiopatía congénita (Eisenmenger) y 44 sujetos control sin evidencia de enfermedad. La evaluación del registro ambulatorio de la frecuencia cardiaca se realizó por métodos convencionales. El análisis espectral y la relación a baja y alta frecuencia se realizó utilizando el método de Fourier. Comparaciones entre día y noche se realizó entre los grupos. Después de conocer el perfil circadiano, 15 pacientes con hipertensión pulmonar fueron seleccionados para recibir tratamiento al azar con Treprostinil (Prostaglandina) o placebo por vía subcutánea. Posteriormente (3 meses) se analizaron nuevamente los parámetros de variabilidad de frecuencia cardiaca y de hemodinámica para conocer el impacto de dicha terapéutica. Resultados: Se detectó un estado franco de hipertonía simpática en el grupo de hipertensión pulmonar, sobre todo en los pacientes con hipertensión pulmonar primaria. El efecto de Treprostinil fue claramente asociado con disminución del tono simpático y un aumento de la capacidad física. Conclusiones: Los pacientes con hipertensión arterial pulmonar, cursan con equilibrio simpático-vagal alterado sobre todo durante el día. Hay pérdida del ritmo circadiano. Dichos trastornos pueden ser reversibles con la aplicación de treprostinil. El equilibrio simpáticovagal de la frecuencia cardiaca es un instrumento no invasivo que permite estratificar mejor al paciente con hipertensión arterial pulmonar grave.

BACKGROUND: A reduction of heart rate variability (HRV) is currently considered an independent risk factor for morbidity, mortality and severity of severalcardiac disease, however, the dynamic sympathovagal modulation on HRV during 24 hr in primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) had not been described. METHODS: 24 hr Holter monitoring (HA) were recorded in 32 patients (mean age 34, +/-12, 90% female) with severe primary pulmonary hypertension (mean pulmonary pressure, 90:t:12 mm Hg), and in 34 patients (mean age 36 +/-14, 60% female) with Eisenmenger syndrome (ES) secondary to septal ventricular defect or atent ductus arteriosus. A control group (n=44) paired for age, gender and arterial pulmonary pressure was included. HRV time and spectral parameters (mean, SDNN, SDANN, rMSSD, PNN50, LF, HF and LF/HF ratio) were analyzed during three periods: 24 hr; day (8-22:00), night (23-07:00) and also every hour of recording at 5 min-intervals). After detection of sympatho-vagal balance 15 patients were randomized, Treprostinil (prostaglandin) was administered to 6 patients and subcutaneous placebo to 9. RESULTS: HRV frequency parameters during 24 hr HM were significantly different among groups. LF/HF (day) 5.9:1:12.5:1:1P.001 and LF/HF night) 2.8:tlvs.1.5:l:.8.034. Sympathovagal modulation on 24 hr HRV showed that heart rate circadian rhythm is clearly altered in both PPH and ES, but the sympathetic tone in PPH is higher at l 24 hr. (p < .05), after administering treprostinil a recovery of sympathovagal balance was observed CONCLUSIONS: Autonomic cardiac disturbance is clearly present in PPH and ES. The circadian rhythm of HRV is first lost due to an increase of sympathetic tone. These changes may be markers of autonomic disbalance that favor the development of arrhythmias and sudden death. The sympathovagal balance in PPH could be considered an important risk marker.

Humans , Male , Female , Heart Rate/physiology , Hypertension, Pulmonary/physiopathology , Circadian Rhythm/physiology , Electrocardiography, Ambulatory , Epoprostenol/analogs & derivatives , Epoprostenol/pharmacology , Heart Rate/drug effects , Vagus Nerve/physiopathology , Prognosis , Circadian Rhythm/drug effects , Severity of Illness Index , Sympathetic Nervous System/physiopathology