Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 8.448
Filter
1.
Enferm. actual Costa Rica (Online) ; (46): 54740, Jan.-Jun. 2024. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1550249

ABSTRACT

Resumo Introdução: As ações desenvolvidas na Atenção Primária à Saúde são um dos pontos fortes de combate à tuberculose. Nesse nível de atenção, o contato contínuo do enfermeiro por meio da consulta de enfermagem permite manter relação com a população adoecida. Diante da relação enfermeiro-pessoa cuidada para o estabelecimento do vínculo e adesão ao tratamento contra tuberculose, compreende-se a importância do referencial teórico de Imogene King para estruturar a interação enfermeiro-pessoa cuidada e oferecer uma dinâmica para esse processo. Objetivo: Analisar a relação enfermeiro-pessoa afetada pela tuberculose fundamentada na Teoria do Alcance de Metas de Imogene King. Método: Estudo descritivo com abordagem qualitativa, com 14 enfermeiros da APS, selecionadas por conveniência. A coleta de dados ocorreu de agosto a novembro de 2018, por meio de entrevista semiestruturada, elaborada com base no Registro Meta-Orientado de Enfermagem de Imogene King. Os dados foram analisados de forme qualitativa pelo Software IRAMUTEQ. A pesquisa foi aprovada pelo Comitê de Ética. Resultados: Após a análise, emergiram quatro classes: 1) relação estabelecida com base no acolhimento; 2) relação enfermeiro-pessoa com tuberculose e o apoio de outros profissionais e familiares; 3) relação estabelecida com vistas ao cumprimento do tratamento; e 4) relação estabelecida para enfrentamento do preconceito diante da tuberculose. Conclusão: O acolhimento, a família e o vínculo entre profissional, paciente e equipe da Atenção Primária à Saúde fortalecem o enfrentamento da doença e reforçam a adesão ao tratamento medicamentoso.


Resumen Introducción: Uno de los puntos fuertes de la lucha contra la tuberculosis son las acciones desarrolladas en la atención primaria de salud. En este nivel asistencial, el contacto continuo de las enfermerías a través de la consulta de enfermería permite mantener una relación con la población enferma. Frente a la relación enfermería-persona para el establecimiento del vínculo y la adherencia al tratamiento contra la tuberculosis, se entiende la importancia del referente teórico de Imogene King para estructurar la interacción enfermería-persona y ofrecer una dinámica para este proceso. Objetivo: Análisis de la relación entre el personal de enfermería y las personas afectadas por la tuberculosis, a partir de la teoría del logro de objetivos de Imogene King. Método: Estudio descriptivo con abordaje cualitativo, con 14 enfermeras de atención primaria de salud, seleccionadas por conveniencia. La recolección de datos ocurrió de agosto a noviembre de 2018, a través de una entrevista semiestructurada, elaborada con base en el registro meta-orientado de enfermería de Imogene King. Los datos fueron analizados cualitativamente utilizando el software IRAMUTEQ. La investigación fue aprobada por el Comité de Ética. Resultados: Después del análisis, surgieron cuatro clases: 1) relación establecida con base en la recepción, 2) relación enfermería-persona con tuberculosis y apoyo de otras personas profesionales y familiares, 3) relación establecida con miras al cumplimiento del tratamiento y 4) relación establecida para combatir los prejuicios contra la tuberculosis. Conclusión: La acogida, la familia y el vínculo entre profesional, paciente y equipo de atención primaria de salud fortalecen el afrontamiento de la enfermedad y refuerzan la adherencia al tratamiento farmacológico.


Abstract Introduction: One of the main aspects in the fight against tuberculosis are the actions developed in Primary Health Care (PHC). At this level of care, the nurse's continuous contact through the nursing consultation allows them to maintain a relationship with the sick population. Regarding the nurse-patient relationship for establishing a bond and the compliance with tuberculosis treatment, we understand the importance of Imogene King's theoretical framework for structuring the nurse-patient interaction and offering a dynamic for this process. Objective: To analyze the nurse-tuberculosis patient relationship based on Imogene King's Theory of Goal Achievement. Method: A descriptive study with a qualitative approach, with 14 PHC nurses, selected by convenience. Data were collected from August to November 2018 through semi-structured interviews based on Imogene King's Meta-Oriented Nursing Record. The data were analyzed qualitatively using the IRAMUTEQ software. The research was approved by the Ethics Committee. Results: After the analysis, four classes emerged: 1) relationship established on the basis of welcoming; 2) nurse-tuberculosis patient relationship and the support of other professionals and family members; 3) relationship established towards treatment compliance; and 4) relationship established to confront prejudice associated with tuberculosis. Conclusion: The welcoming, the family, and the bond between the professional, the patient and Primary Health Care team strengthen the coping with the disease and reinforce the compliance with the pharmacological treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Primary Health Care , Tuberculosis/nursing , Nurse-Patient Relations , Brazil
2.
San Salvador; MINSAL; abr. 3, 2024. 18 p.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1553572

ABSTRACT

Los presentes lineamientos técnicos orientarán a los referentes en cuanto a las responsabilidades y actividades a ejecutarse en la red Nacional de Enfermería en el Control de la Tuberculosis y Enfermedades Respiratorias, (RENACE TB)


These technical guidelines will guide the referents regarding the responsibilities and activities to be carried out in the National Nursing Network for the Control of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases


Subject(s)
Nursing , El Salvador
3.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(2): e202310049, abr. 2024. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1537747

ABSTRACT

La tuberculosis es una enfermedad infectocontagiosa cuya forma de presentación más frecuente es la pulmonar; la afectación abdominal es poco frecuente, por lo que su diagnóstico continúa siendo un desafío. Las manifestaciones clínicas de la tuberculosis abdominal así como sus hallazgos en el examen físico suelen ser inespecíficos y, en muchas ocasiones, similares a los de otras patologías, por lo que es fundamental considerarla entre los diagnósticos diferenciales. Se presenta el caso clínico de un paciente de sexo masculino, de 15 años de edad, hospitalizado por un síndrome febril prolongado asociado a dolor abdominal, diarrea, sudoración nocturna y pérdida de peso


Tuberculosis is an infectious disease which most commonly compromises the respiratory system, whereas abdominal involvement is rare, thus its diagnosis is a challenge. The clinical manifestations of abdominal tuberculosis as well as its physical examination findings are usually non-specific and, frequently, similar to those of other diseases, so it is critical to consider abdominal tuberculosis among the differential diagnoses. Here we report the clinical case of a 15-year-old male patient hospitalized for a prolonged febrile syndrome associated with abdominal pain, diarrhea, night sweats, and weight loss.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Tuberculosis, Lymph Node/diagnosis , Abdomen , Abdominal Pain/etiology , Diagnosis, Differential , Diarrhea
4.
San Salvador; MINSAL; feb. 27, 2024. 32 p. ilus, graf.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1551499

ABSTRACT

La tuberculosis en la edad pediátrica está íntimamente ligada a la enfermedad del adulto y se considera que los casos pediátricos son centinelas de lo que sucede en la comunidad en que la niña y el niño vive. Por lo antes expuesto, el Sistema Nacional Integrado de Salud (SNIS) debe sumar esfuerzos bajo el enfoque de la Ley Crecer Juntos, para garantizar el bienestar de la niñez y adolescencia, y alcanzar el Objetivo de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS) "Salud y Bienestar", ya que considera fundamental crear un "Plan de implementación de la red nacional de apoyo para el diagnóstico 10 y tratamiento de la tuberculosis pediátrica en El Salvador: RedNaTBPediátrica-ES", que contribuya a cumplir con los documentos regulatorios como la "Guía clínica para la atención pediátrica de la Tuberculosis y la coinfección TB/VIH" y demás normativas relacionadas al control de la tuberculosis en esta edad


Tuberculosis in paediatric age is closely linked to adult disease and paediatric cases are considered to be sentinels of what happens in the community in which the child lives. In view of the foregoing, the National Integrated Health System (NIS) must join forces under the Grow Together Act to guarantee the well-being of children and adolescents and achieve the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) "Health and Well-being"considers it essential to create a "Plan for the implementation of the national network of support for the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric tuberculosis in El Salvador: RedNaTBPediátrica-ES", which contributes to comply with regulatory documents such as the Clinical Guide for Pediatric Care of TB and TB/HIV Co-infection" and other regulations related to tuberculosis control at this age


Subject(s)
Child , El Salvador
5.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 23(supl.1): e20246669, 08 jan 2024. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1531093

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Mapear as tecnologias educacionais sobre tuberculose direcionadas a médicos, enfermeiros, técnicos em enfermagem e agentes comunitários de saúde. MÉTODO: Protocolo de revisão de escopo elaborado conforme a abordagem do Instituto Joanna Briggs (JBI). A questão de pesquisa elencada foi: quais são as tecnologias educacionais sobre tuberculose para profissionais da saúde? Dois revisores independentes participarão da seleção dos estudos, cuja avaliação ocorrerá com a leitura dos títulos e resumos, seguindo os critérios de elegibilidade estabelecidos. Os resultados da busca e do processo de seleção de estudos serão exibidos no fluxograma Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR). Será utilizada uma ferramenta de extração de dados desenvolvida pelos revisores, em forma de planilha no Microsoft Excel. Os dados serão analisados e apresentados em tabelas, quadros e fluxogramas, facilitando a visualização dos resultados. Protocolo registrado na plataforma Open Science Framework (OSF): https://osf.io/va8pz/.


OBJECTIVE: To map educational technologies on tuberculosis targeted at physicians, nurses, nursing technicians, and community health agents. METHOD: A scoping review protocol was developed following the approach of the Joanna Briggs Institute. The research question posed was: what are the educational technologies on tuberculosis for health professionals? Two independent reviewers will participate in the study selection process, which will involve assessing titles and abstracts based on established eligibility criteria. The search results and study selection process will be displayed using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR) flowchart. The reviewers will utilize a data extraction tool in the form of a spreadsheet in Microsoft Excel. Data will be analyzed and presented in tables, charts, and flowcharts to facilitate result visualization. The protocol has been registered on the Open Science Framework (OSF): https://osf.io/va8pz/.

6.
Med. U.P.B ; 43(1): 107-112, ene.-jun. 2024. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1531524

ABSTRACT

La tuberculosis aún es un problema de salud pública mundial. La infección causada por Mycobacterium tuberculosis se manifiesta de forma principal a nivel pulmonar. Sin embargo, alrededor del 20 % de los casos se presentan en otras localizaciones anatómicas y solo el 2 % tiene afectación del tracto respiratorio superior. Se presenta el caso de una mujer de 75 años, reconsultante al servicio de otorrinolaringología por epistaxis, lesiones postillosas en cavidad nasal y hallazgo de masa nasal. Posterior a la resección quirúrgica de la lesión, se logró la comprobación microbiológica de infección por M. tuberculosis. Se realizan estudios para descartar compromiso pulmonar y de otras localizaciones. Posterior al inicio de tratamiento antituberculoso se logró resolución completa de la lesión y no recurrencia de los síntomas. Las formas extrapulmonares de la infección por M. tuberculosis y, en especial las que afectan la región de la cabeza y el cuello, requieren un alto índice de sospecha para su diagnóstico. Los métodos de diagnóstico como la prueba de PCR y los cultivos de tejidos permiten un óptimo inicio del manejo médico de acuerdo con la epidemiología local y las condiciones del paciente.


Tuberculosis is still a global public health burden. Infection caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. Tuberculosis) manifests mainly in the lungs. However, around 20 % of cases occur in other anatomical locations and only 2 % have upper respiratory tract involvement. We present the case of a 75-year-old female patient, who returned to the otorhinolaryngology service due to epistaxis and postillomous lesions in the nasal cavity with a finding of a nasal mass. After surgical resection of the lesion, microbiological confirmation of M. tuberculosis infection is achieved. Studies are performed to rule-out lung involvement, as well as other locations. After the initiation of tuberculosis treatment, complete resolution of the lesion and no recurrence of symptoms is documented. Extrapulmonary forms of M. tuberculosis infection, and especially those involving the head and neck region, require a high index of suspicion for their diagnosis. Diagnostic methods such as PCR testing and tissue cultures allow optimal initiation of medical management according to local epidemiology and patient conditions.


A tuberculose ainda é um problema de saúde pública global. A infecção causada pelo Mycobacterium tuberculoses manifesta-se principalmente nos pulmões. Entretanto, cerca de 20% dos casos ocorrem em outras localizações anatômicas e apenas 2% apresentam comprometimento do trato respiratório superior. É apresentado o caso de uma mulher de 75 anos que retornou ao serviço de otorrinolaringologia por quadro de epistaxe, lesões com crostas em cavidade nasal e descoberta de massa nasal. Após ressecção cirúrgica da lesão, foi realizada verificação microbiológica de infecção por M. tuberculoses. Estudos são realizados para descartar envolvimento pulmonar e otras localizações. Após início do tratamento antituberculoso, houve resolução completa dalesão e não houve recidiva dos sintomas. As formas extrapulmonares da infecção por M. tuberculoses, especialmente aquelas que acometem a região de cabeça e pescoço, requerem alto índice de suspeita para diagnóstico. Métodos de diagnóstico, como testes de PCR e culturas de tecidos, permitem o início ideal do tratamento médico de acordó com a epidemiologia local e as condições do paciente.


Subject(s)
Humans
7.
Health sci. dis ; 25(2 suppl 1): 48-52, 2024. tables, figures
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1526746

ABSTRACT

Introduction. La tuberculose est dite multifocale (TMF) lorsqu ́il y a l ́atteinte d ́au moins deux sites extra pulmonaires non contigus associée ou non à une atteinte pulmonaire. Cette étude avait pour but d'étudier les aspects épidémiologiques, diagnostics et évolutifs de la TMF au service de pneumo-phtisiologie du CHU-RN de N'Djamena. Matériels et méthode. Il s'agissait d'une étude rétrospective à visée descriptive de 5 ans allant de janvier 2018 à décembre 2022. Les variables étudiées étaient, épidémiologiques, cliniques et évolutives. Résultats. Au total, 185 patients étaient inclus sur 2001 cas de tuberculose, soit une fréquence de 9,24%. L'âge moyen était de 34,1 ans avec des extrêmes de 16 ans et 75 ans. Le sex-ratio était de 1,28. Les patients sans-emploi étaient majoritaire soit 47% des cas. La notion de contage tuberculeux représentait 13,5% des cas, et 66,5% des patients étaient vaccinés au BCG avec une séroprévalence VIH de 54,6%. Tous les signes habituels de la tuberculose étaient présents. La localisation pulmonaire était la plus représentée (66,2%) suivie de la localisation ganglionnaire (48,6%). Dans 80% des cas, la localisationétait bifocale. La mortalité était de 21,6% pour un séjour moyen d'hospitalisation de 20,26 jours. Conclusion. La tuberculose multifocale est une forme rare et grave, qui survient généralement chez les patients infectés par le VIH, mais le sujet immunocompétent peut être aussi touché. Un traitement antituberculeux doit être instauré le plus rapidement possible afind'éviter les complications


Introduction. Tuberculosisis called multifocal (TMF) when there is involvement of at least two non-contiguous extrapulmonary sites, whether or notassociated with pulmonary involvement. This study aimed to study the epidemiological, diagnostic and evolutionary aspects of FMT in the pneumo-phthisiology department of the CHU-RN of N'Djamena. Materials and method. This was a 5-year retrospective study with a descriptive aim from January 2018 to December 2022. The variables studied were epidemiological, clinical and progressive. Results. In total, 185 patients were included out of 2001 cases of tuberculosis, i.e. a frequency of 9.24%. The average age was 34.1 years with extremes of 16 and 75 years. The sex ratio was 1.28. Unemployed patients were the majority, i.e. 47% of cases. The notion of tuberculosis contagion represented 13.5% of cases, and 66.5% of patients were vaccinated with BCG with an HIV seroprevalence of 54.6%. All the usual signs of tuberculosis were present. The pulmonary location was the most represented (66.2%) followed by the lymph node location (48.6%). In 80% of cases, bifocal localization. Mortality was 21.6% for an average hospital stay of 20.26 days. Conclusion.Multifocal tuberculosis is a rare and serious form, which generally occurs in patients infected with HIV, but immunocompetent subjects can also be affected. Anti-tuberculosis treatment must be started as quickly as possible to avoid complications.


Subject(s)
Tuberculosis , Disease Progression , Tuberculosis, Extrapulmonary , Epidemiology , Diagnosis
8.
Bénin Médical ; 69: 52-55, 2024. figures, tables
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1554720

ABSTRACT

La neurofibromatose de type 1 ou maladie de Von Recklinghausen, maladie héréditaire la plus fréquente parmi les phacomatoses, caractérisée par la présence d'au moins deux critères diagnostiques, dont le neurofibrome. Nous rapportons le cas d'un patient de 37 ans, contact direct d'un patient tuberculeux, atteint de neurofibromatose dont la radiographie pulmonaire mimait des images en « lâcher de ballon ¼ coexistant avec une tuberculose pulmonaire. Nous insistons à travers ce cas et à la lumière d'une revue de la littérature sur l'importance d'avoir un esprit critique et un raisonnement diagnostic médical devant toute image ne correspondant pas à l'indication clinique.


Neurofibromatosis type 1 or Von Recklinghausen disease, most common hereditary disease of phacomatosis, which is characterized by the presence of at least two diagnostic criteria, including neurofibroma. We report the case of a 37-year-old patient, direct contact of a tuberculosis patient, suffering from neurofibromatosis whose chest X-ray mimicked images of "balloon release" coexisting with pulmonary TBC. We insist through this observation and in the light of a literature review on the importance of having a critical mind and medical diagnostic reasoning in front of any image that does not match the clinical indication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult
9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 503-510, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016630

ABSTRACT

italic>Mycobacterium tuberculosis, responsible for tuberculosis (TB), remains a major health problem worldwide and is one of the infectious diseases causing increased morbidity and mortality worldwide. Biotin, namely vitamin H, is an important cofactor necessary for fatty acid biosynthesis, gluconeogenesis and amino acid metabolism in organisms including Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Due to its inability to ingestion biotin from outside, Mycobacterium tuberculosis can only obtain biotin through biotin biosynthesis. Different from the classical BioC-BioH, BioI-BioW and non-classical BioZ pathways, Mycobacterium tuberculosis synthesized biotin by "BioC-BioH(2)" pathway in the early stage. This review focuses on the unique biotin synthesis pathway of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and its key genes, especially the response of this pathway and biotin-dependent carboxylase to tuberculosis first-and second-line drugs, as well as inhibitors and natural products targeting biotin synthesis.

10.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 30-33, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016498

ABSTRACT

@#School is a densely populated place, which can easily lead to tuberculosis clusters, then affect the physical and mental health of students and the normal teaching order of school. Tuberculosis latent infection (LTBI) screening for new students and close contacts of tuberculosis patients has become important parts of school tuberculosis prevention and control strategies. Previous studies have shown that the LTBI rate of Chinese in-school students is about 5.74% to 11.67%, and there are differences in gender, studying phase and urban-rural distributions. Preventive treatment is an effective measure to prevent LTBI from developing into active tuberculosis, but the proportion of LTBI preventive treatment for students in most areas is low. The difficulties in implementing preventive treatment may be attributed to concerns about adverse reactions to medication and sense of shame towards illness among students, and lack of awareness about preventive treatment among medical staff. This review searches the research literature published from 2016 to 2023, and summarizes the prevalence of LTBI in Chinese students and progress on preventive treatment, so as to provide insights into prevention and control of tuberculosis among students.

11.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 137-140, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016431

ABSTRACT

Objective To conduct a retrospective cohort study on the influencing factors of poor prognosis of young and middle-aged patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. Methods Selecting 426 young and middle-aged patients who were diagnosed with pulmonary tuberculosis in our hospital from January to December 2018 as the research subjects. Collecting the social demography information of all patients and the information of potential factors affecting the prognosis (allergy history, smoking history, drinking history, BMI level, disease information, treatment information, etc.) and discussing the factors affecting the prognosis of young and middle-aged pulmonary tuberculosis patients and their effects. Results The average age of 426 patients was (41.93±5.17) years old, the average BMI of them was (21.97±3.15) kg/m2, and an average course of disease of them was (2.76±0.99) years. There was no significant difference in the basic sexual information between men and women. In this study, a total of 128 patients with poor prognosis were retrospectively followed up, including 90 males and 38 females. The detection rate of males was significantly higher than that of females (χ2=16.976, P2=18.850, P2=38.924, P2=127.207, P2=32.566, P2=16.715, P2=17.315, P2=16.976,P1 and P1 and P<0.05; Regular treatment still showed potential protective factors, with an HR of 0.408, P<0.05. Conclusion: Male, emaciated body type, disease course ≥ 5 years, smoking history, number of lung field lesions ≥ 3, presence of pulmonary cavities and comorbidities are potential risk factors, while regular treatment suggests potential protective factors. Conclusion More targeted disease control and management should be implemented for middle-aged and young patients with pulmonary tuberculosis based on the aforementioned influencing factors to improve their prognosis.

12.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 44-47, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016410

ABSTRACT

Objective To retrospectively analyze the prevention and control effect and epidemic characteristics of elderly tuberculosis in Hubei Province from 2016 to 2020, and to provide a scientific basis for the prevention and treatment of elderly tuberculosis in Hubei Province. Methods The data on tuberculosis patients aged 60 and above who registered their current address in Hubei Province from 2016 to 2020 were collected and analyzed. The registration rates and composition ratios were analyzed using χ2 test and χ2 test for trend. Results A total of 135 976 tuberculosis patients were reported in Hubei from 2016 to 2020. The annual average registration rate of elderly tuberculosis among the elderly registered residence population (referring to the registration rate of elderly registered residence population aged 60 and above as the denominator, and tuberculosis patients aged 60 and above as the numerator) was 263.51/100 000. The highest rate was 300.02/100,000 in 2017, and the lowest was 188.19/100,000 in 2020 (χ2=70,227.603, P2trend=40.448,P2trend=740.911, P2trend=380.557, P2trend=323.764, P<0.001). Conclusion The elderly population with pulmonary tuberculosis in Hubei Province shows a downward trend. It is necessary to focus on the efforts of designated hospitals to proactively identify cases, increase the proportion of confirmed cases, maintain a high tracking in place, reduce medical delays, and ensure the effectiveness of tuberculosis prevention and treatment for the elderly.

13.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 17-20, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016404

ABSTRACT

Objectives To analyze the spatial and temporal aggregation of multidrug resistant pulmonary tuberculosis (MDR-TB) incidence in Nanning at the township / street scale from 2017 to 2021, to explore the spatial and temporal characteristics of the spread of MDR-TB in Nanning, and to provide a scientific reference basis for the health administrative departments to achieve the precise implementation of MDR-TB prevention and control. Methods Based on the data of MDR-TB cases in Nanning from 2017 to 2021, the spatial-temporal scanning analysis software SaTScan v9.7 was used to retrospectively detect and analyze the areas where MDR-TB cases gathered. Results Through simple spatial scanning analysis, it was found that there were three first-class aggregation areas (the aggregation center was Fujiayuan Street, Jiangnan District, 2017, Xinyang Street, Xixiangtang District, 2019, and Zhonghe Town, Yongning District, 2020), and one second-class aggregation area (the aggregation center was Jinchai Town, Mashan County, 2020). Simple time scanning showed that the clustering occurred from May 2019 to December 2020. Temporal and spatial aggregation analysis showed that Xinyang Street in Xixiangtang District was the center of the first-class aggregation area, Zhonghe Town in Yongning District was the center of the second-class aggregation area, and Jinchai Town in Mashan County was the center of the third-class aggregation area. Conclusion The multidrug resistant pulmonary tuberculosis epidemic in Nanning is distributed in an aggregated manner, especially in Xinyang Street, Xixiangtang District, which has the highest spatial and temporal aggregation. It is necessary to focus on and take regional prevention and control measures to control the epidemic.

14.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 419-423, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014514

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the current status of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) among freshmen in boarding middle schools in Longgang District, Shenzhen, so as to provide reference for formulating tuberculosis prevention and control strategies in the next stage.@*Methods@#Data for tuberculosis health examination conducted among primary and secondary school students in Longgang District of Shenzhen in September 2022 to May 2023 were utilized to analyze the latent tuberculosis infection rate, and to explore the differences in latent tuberculosis infection rate among different grades, school nature, school categories and school levels.@*Results@#The latent tuberculosis infection rate among freshmen in boarding secondary schools in Longgang District, Shenzhen in 2022 was 2.45%. The infection rate among full middle school (6.45%) and high school (3.37%) were higher than that in boarding junior high school (0.28%), nine year education school (0) and twelve year education school (1.00%) ( P <0.01). Moreover, the infection rate of high school freshmen (2.68%) was higher than that of bording junior high school (0.33%), and the rate of public schools (2.87%) and municipal schools (3.24%) were higher than those of private schools (1.78%) and distric-level schools (2.13%) respectively, with statistical significance observed for all differences( χ 2=43.58, 25.15, 22.69, P <0.01).@*Conclusions@#The latent tuberculosis infection rate among new boarding secondary students is relatively low in Longgang District of Shenzhen. However, the infection rate is higher in high school, public and municipal school. School should fully guarantee sports participation of students, enhance students awareness of tuberculosis through health knowledge lectures, and reduce the incidence of tuberculosis among students.

15.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 139-145, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012471

ABSTRACT

Background Tuberculosis is the most common complication of pneumoconiosis, which accelerates the progression of pneumoconiosis. Pneumoconiosis combined with tuberculosis is a major health risk. Objective To understand the outpatient health service utilization for patients of pneumoconiosis combined with tuberculosis and its main influencing factors. Methods A stratified random sampling combined with non-random sampling was used to select 11181 pneumoconiosis patients in 27 provincial administrative regions (excluding Shanghai, Tianjin, Hainan, Tibet Autonomous Region, Taiwan, Hongkong and Macao Special Administrative Regions) from December 2017 to June 2021. A self-constructed questionnaire, i.e. Health Seeking Behaviors of Pneumoconiosis Patients and Their Influencing Factors, was used, which included basic information, outpatient and inpatient service utilization, and influencing factors of medical treatment behaviors of pneumoconiosis patients. The effective recovery rate of the questionnaire was 90.7%. All patients of pneumoconiosis combined with tuberculosis (n=762) were included as the study subjects. The difference of outpatient utilization in the past two weeks, choosing medical institutions, and the reasons of not seeking medical treatment between urban and rural areas, and the influencing factors of outpatient service utilization were analyzed. Results The study subjects were mainly silicosis combined with tuberculosis (502 cases, 65.9%) and coal workers' pneumoconiosis combined with tuberculosis (232 cases, 30.5%), aged (58.6±12.5) years old. The main region was Western China (45.1%), followed by Eastern China (22.1%), Centeral China (20.2%), and Northeastern China (12.6%). The outpatient utilization rate in the past two weeks was 38.5% (293/762), and the main medical institutions consulted were municipal or provincial hospitals (32.0%), district or county hospitals (28.6%), and township hospitals or health service centers (17.5%). Short distance (20.7%), the availability of specialist outpatient services (16.7%), high level of medical care (14.8%), and low medical cost (12.3%) were the main reasons in choosing medical institutions. Higher proportion of patients seeking medical services due to acute exacerbation in rural areas was reported than in urban areas in the past two weeks (P<0.01). In addition to being hospitalized (113 cases, 41.4%) and self-purchasing medicine (46 cases, 16.8%), the reasons for not seeking medical treatment were self-perceived mild symptoms (15.0%) and high medical cost without reimbursement (9.5%). The multiple regression results showed that outpatient rate for patients of pneumoconiosis combined with tuberculosis in the western region was higher than that in the eastern region (OR=1.66, 95%CI: 1.03, 2.68); patients with an annual personal income of 10000-35500 yuan had a higher outpatient rate than the > 35500 yuan income group (OR=2.54, 95%CI: 1.49, 4.36); the outpatient rate of silicosis patients was higher than that of coal workers' pneumoconiosis (OR=1.83, 95%CI: 1.23, 2.72); the outpatient rate of patients with clinically diagnosed cases (no classified stage of pneumoconiosis) was higher than that of patients with stage I pneumoconiosis (OR=2.32, 95%CI: 1.24, 4.31). Exacerbation of pneumoconiosis-related symptoms in past two weeks (OR=4.26, 95%CI: 2.89, 6.28), occupational injury insurance (OR=0.49, 95%CI: 0.30, 0.80), and hospitalization in past one year (OR=2.37, 95%CI: 1.41, 3.97) were the main factors influencing the outpatient health service utilization among patients of pneumoconiosis combined with tuberculosis. Conclusion The outpatient rate of patients of pneumoconiosis combined with tuberculosis is higher than that of patients of pneumoconiosis without tuberculosis. The utilization of outpatient services is related with disease factors and socio-economic security factors.

16.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 138-141, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011409

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the relationship between the risk of tuberculosis outbreaks in schools and the visit interval of index cases, so as to provide a scientific reference for predicting the risks of tuberculosis outbreak and making preventive measures.@*Methods@#A total of 630 index cases from school tuberculosis outbreaks were studied during January, 2015 to December, 2022. Data on demographics, consultation history, etiological diagnosis, and methods of detection were collected. Restricted Cubic Splines (RCS), unconditional Logistic regression, and the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve) were used for analysis.@*Results@#The RCS fitted curve showed that the risk of a tuberculosis outbreak linearly increased when the consultation interval for etiologically negative patients exceeded 5.79 days, or for etiologically positive patients exceeded 8.37 days. After multi factor adjustment, for every additional day in the visit interval of the index case, the odds ratio ( OR ) value for a high risk outbreak was 1.10 (95% CI =1.07-1.13)( P <0.05). When analyzed by tertiles of visit intervals, compared to an interval of <14 days, the OR values (95% CI ) for high risk outbreaks in schools with intervals of 14-<28 days and ≥28 days were 10.32(3.04-35.10) and 82.58( 28.42 -239.95), respectively( P <0.01), indicating a trend of increasing outbreak risk with longer visit intervals. Based on the ROC curve analysis, the optimal threshold for predicting a high risk school tuberculosis outbreak was 23.5 days, with an area under the curve ( AUC ) of 0.93 (95% CI =0.89-0.98).@*Conclusion@#An extended visit interval of index cases is a good early warning indicator for high risk tuberculosis outbreaks in schools and could be considered a key factor in early intervention and risk control strategies.

17.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 86-91, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006205

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To develop and verify a reversed phase high-performance liquid chromatography method for the determination of the purity of recombinant Mycobacterium tuberculosis(Mtb)Ag85b protein stock solution.Methods Fourfactor,three-level orthogonal test was designed,with the area,trailing factor,peak area and peak area RSD as the evaluation indexes to explore the optimal detection conditions. The methodology verification of specificity,linear range,precision and durability was conducted in accordance with the general principles of Chinese Pharmacopoeia(Volume Ⅳ,2020 edition)9101.Results The results of all the evaluation indexes were good when the elution ratio of organic phase was30% ~ 95%,the detection temperature was 35 ℃,the sample volume was 3 μg,and the elution time of 95% organic phase was 15 min. The method had the linear correlation coefficient(R2)of 0. 998 5,the linear range of 1. 8 ~ 4. 2 μg,the reproducibility RSD of 0. 01%,and the intermediate precision RSD of 0. 16%,with good durability under slight changes of column temperature and flow rate.Conclusion The reversed phase high-performance liquid chromatography method for the purity determination of recombinant Mtb Ag85b protein stock solution was developed,which has good specificity,precision and durability,and can be used for the quality control of recombinant Mtb Ag85b protein stock solution.

18.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 37-42, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006194

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To express the molecular chaperone Acr2 protein of Mycobacterium tuberculosis(Mtb)in E.coli and analyze the function. Methods The recombinant plasmid pET-28a-Acr2 was transformed into competent E. coli BL21(DE3),and induced by IPTG. The expressed His-Acr2 protein was purified by Ni-NTA chromatography and SuperdexTM200 10/300 GL gel filtration chromatography to obtain Acr2 protein. The Acr2 protein was refolded by spontaneous refolding and reassembly after thermal denaturation(100 ℃ for 15 min)and chemical denaturation(8 mol/L urea,37 ℃ for 4 h).The secondary structure of Acr2 protein before and after denaturation-renaturation was detected by circular dichroism spectroscopy and non-denaturing SDS-PAGE,and the molecular chaperone function of Acr2 protein in vitro was detected by substrate binding assay. Results The purified Acr2 protein had the relative molecular mass of about 232 000,the purity of over 90%,and the concentration of about 2 mg/mL,which recovered its natural secondary structure after denaturationrenaturation,and formed stable complexes with the denatured malate dehydrogenase(MDH)at 48 ℃. Conclusion The Acr2protein can restore its natural molecular conformation with molecular chaperone activity in vitro after denaturation-renaturation treatment,providing a new strategy for the preparation of Mtb protein antigen with natural activity.

19.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 51-56, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009222

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy of lesion removal, bone grafting, fusion, and external fixation in the treatment of late-stage wrist tuberculosis.@*METHODS@#From October 2015 to May 2019, 25 patients with late-stage wrist tuberculosis were treated using lesion removal, bone grafting, fusion, and external fixation. Among these patients, there were 14 males and 11 females, aged from 40 to 74 years old, with an average age of (60.72±8.45) years old. The duration of the disease ranged from 5 to 24 months, with an average of (11.52±7.61) months. There were 11 cases of left wrist tuberculosis and 14 cases of right wrist tuberculosis, with 5 cases accompanied by sinus formation. Postoperative regular anti-tuberculosis treatment was continued. Visual analogue score (VAS), inflammatory indicators, Gartland-Werley wrist function score, and upper limb function score were observed before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#All 25 patients were followed up for ranging from 12 to 36 months with an average of (19.7±6.3) months. At the latest follow-up, all wounds were healed satisfactorily, and there was no recurrence of tuberculosis or infection. VAS at one week before operation and three months after operation were (5.16±1.14) score and (1.68±0.80) score respectively. One week before operation and three months after operation, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) was (44.20±20.56) mm·h-1 and (14.44±1.14) mm·h-1, and C-reactive protein (CRP) was (12.37±7.95) mg·L-1 and (4.3±3.37) mg·L-1. The differences in all three data sets were statistically significant (P<0.01). According to Gartland-Werley wrist function scoring, the scores at one week before operation and one year after operation were (21.32±3.44) and (14.96±1.37) respectively, showed a statistically significant difference (P<0.01). According to the upper limb function score (disabilities of the arm, shoulder, and hand, DASH), the score was (70.52±7.95) at one week before operation and(28.84±2.30) at one year after operation. The difference was statistically significant (P<0.01). At the latest follow-up, no patient had a recurrence of tuberculosis.@*CONCLUSION@#The short-term clinical efficacy of treating wrist tuberculosis with lesion removal, bone grafting, fusion, and external fixation is satisfactory.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Adult , Tuberculosis, Spinal/surgery , Wrist/surgery , Bone Transplantation , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome , Upper Extremity , Retrospective Studies
20.
Interface (Botucatu, Online) ; 28: e230182, 2024.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528864

ABSTRACT

Vivenciamos a trajetória de uma usuária-guia no tratamento para tuberculose multidroga resistente (TB-MDR). As narrativas das redes vivas na produção de cuidado apontam para os seguintes itens: 1) cuidar no ato de viver: suplantar os estigmas e cultivar vínculos que ajudem a superar os discursos fomentados pelo medo, preconceitos, exclusão e invisibilidade dos sujeitos; 2) redes vivas de cuidado: os entremeios da norma; e 3) as interfaces de atenção usuário-trabalhador da saúde: como desmistificar o julgamento dos trabalhadores da saúde, que, subordinados a protocolos limitantes, muitas vezes estigmatizam o usuário como "abandonador de tratamento"?. A usuária-guia vislumbrou que cuidar é se desterritorializar, é colocar os desejos como potência para transformação, saindo do modus operandi rumo à criatividade, tendo o usuário no centro do processo. (AU)


Presenciamos la trayectoria de una usuaria-guía en el tratamiento para tuberculosis multidrogo resistente (TB-MDR). Las narrativas de las Redes Vivas en la producción de cuidado señalan: 1) cuidar en el acto de vivir: suplantar los estigmas y cultivar vínculos que ayuden a superar los discursos fomentados por el miedo, prejuicios, exclusión e invisibilidad de los sujetos. 2) Redes Vivas de cuidado: los entresijos de la norma y 3) las interfaces de atención usuario-trabajador de la salud: ¿cómo desmistificar el juicio de los trabajadores de la salud quienes, subordinados a protocolos limitantes, muchas veces estigmatizan al usuario como "abandonador de tratamiento"? La usuaria-guía vislumbró que cuidar es desterritorializarse, es colocar los deseos como potencia para trasformación, saliendo del modus operandi rumbo a la creatividad, colocando al usuario en el centro del proceso. (AU)


We followed the trajectory of a guiding user undergoing treatment for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). The narratives of Live Networks in care production showed: 1) Caring in the act of living: Overcoming stigmas and cultivating bonds that help overcome discourses fostered by fear, prejudice, exclusion and invisibility of subjects; 2) Live Networks of care: The in-betweens of the norm; and 3) Interfaces of user-health worker care: How can we demystify the judgment of health workers who, subordinated to limiting protocols, often stigmatize the user as someone who "abandons the treatment"? The guiding user perceived that caring means deterritorializing oneself, expressing one's desires as power for transformation, and leaving the modus operandi towards creativity, with the user at the center of the process. (AU)

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL