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1.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 39(2): e20220436, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535538

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of aortic angulation (AA) on periprocedural and in-hospital complications as well as mortality of patients undergoing Evolut™ R valve implantation. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on 264 patients who underwent transfemoral-approach transcatheter aortic valve replacement with self-expandable valve at our hospital between August 2015 and August 2022. These patients underwent multislice computer tomography scans to evaluate AA. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement endpoints, device success, and clinical events were assessed according to the definitions provided by the Valve Academic Research Consortium-3. Cumulative events included paravalvular leak, permanent pacemaker implantation, new-onset stroke, and in-hospital mortality. Patients were divided into two groups, AA ≤ 48° and AA > 48°, based on the mean AA measurement (48.3±8.8) on multislice computer tomography. Results: Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to identify predictors of cumulative events, utilizing variables with a P-value < 0.2 obtained from univariable logistic regression analysis, including AA, age, hypertension, chronic renal failure, and heart failure. AA (odds ratio [OR]: 1.73, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.89-3.38, P=0.104), age (OR: 1.04, 95% CI: 0.99-1.10, P=0.099), hypertension (OR: 1.66, 95% CI: 0.82-3.33, P=0.155), chronic renal failure (OR: 1.82, 95% CI: 0.92-3.61, P=0.084), and heart failure (OR: 0.57, 95% CI: 0.27-1.21, P=0.145) were not found to be significantly associated with cumulative events in the multivariable logistic regression analysis. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that increased AA does not have a significant impact on intraprocedural and periprocedural complications of patients with new generation self-expandable valves implanted.

2.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 39(2): e20230221, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535544

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Aortic valve replacement (AVR) is often recommended for patients with severe aortic stenosis or chronic aortic regurgitation. These conditions result in remodeling of the left ventricle, including increased interstitial fibrosis that may persist even after AVR. These structural changes impact left ventricular (LV) mechanics, causing compromised LV diameter to occur earlier than reduced LV ejection fraction (LVEF). The aim of this study was to examine the effect of left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD) and its role in aortic expansion one year after AVR. Methods: Sixty-three patients who underwent AVR were evaluated. All patients underwent standard transthoracic echocardiography, which included measurements of the ascending aorta, aortic root, LVEF, and LVEDD before the surgery and one year postoperatively. Correlations between these variables were calculated. Results: All patients underwent AVR with either a mechanical or biological prosthetic aortic valve. Following AVR, there was a significant decrease in the dimensions of the ascending aorta and aortic root (both P=0.001). However, no significant changes were observed in LVEDD and LVEF. Correlations were found between the preoperative ascending aortic size and the preoperative and one-year postoperative LVEDD (r=0.419, P=0.001 and r=0.320, P=0.314, respectively). Additionally, there was a correlation between the postoperative ascending aortic size and the preoperative and one-year postoperative LVEDD (r=0.320, P=0.003 and r=0.136, P=0.335, respectively). Conclusion: The study findings demonstrate a significant correlation between the size of the aortic root and ascending aorta, before and after AVR. Additionally, a notable correlation was observed between postoperative LVEDD and the size of the aortic root.

3.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 83(1): 126-128, abr. 2023. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430781

ABSTRACT

Resumen Un varón de 49 años ingresó en la unidad de cuidados coronarios, con antecedentes de miocardiopatía dilatada, con función sistólica del ventrículo izquierdo gravemente deteriorada y estenosis aórtica grave de origen bicúspide, sintomático para síncope, ángor y disnea de reciente diagnóstico. Durante la internación evolucionó con shock cardiogénico que requirió doble soporte inotrópico. Por presentar alto riesgo quirúrgico y elevada probabilidad de rechazo ante un eventual trasplante cardiaco, según sus estudios de histocompatibilidad, se procedió al reemplazo transcatéter de la válvula aortica, con evolución favorable.


Abstract A 49-year-old male with a history of left ventricular systolic function dilated cardiomyopathy and severe symptomatic bicuspid aortic stenosis recently diagnosed (syncope, chest pain and dyspnea) was admitted to the coronary care unit. During hospitalization, he developed cardiogenic shock requiring double inotropic support. High surgical risk and an elevated chance of graft rejection contraindicated surgical replacement or heart transplant. We performed a transcatheter aortic valve replacement with a favorable evolution.

4.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 42(1): 23-30, abr. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1441373

ABSTRACT

Introducción: En nuestro medio, el implante percutáneo de prótesis aórtica (TAVI) se encuentra limitado a pacientes más añosos o de mayor riesgo quirúrgico, en quienes frecuentemente se retarda la intervención hasta que presenten signos avanzados de enfermedad. Objetivo: Evaluar el grado de compromiso miocárdico en pacientes sometidos a TAVI y determinar si la magnitud de este compromiso predice los resultados alejados del procedimiento. Métodos: Registro de pacientes sometidos a TAVI en 2 instituciones de Chile. Según la clasificación propuesta por Genereux el año 2017, se clasificaron desde el punto de vista ecocardiográfico como: 1) compromiso de ventrículo izquierdo; 2) compromiso de aurícula izquierda; 3) hipertensión pulmonar / insuficiencia tricuspídea significativa y 4) disfunción de ventrículo derecho. Resultados: Se incluyeron 209 pacientes. Se logró un procedimiento exitoso en 98,6%, registrándose una mortalidad intrahospitalaria de 2,9%. El compromiso cardíaco se extendió más allá de las cavidades izquierdas en 24,7% de los casos (estadíos 3 y 4). A una mediana de seguimiento de 650 días se registró una mortalidad de 26,8%. El compromiso de cavidades derechas (estadíos 3 y 4) se asoció a una mayor mortalidad (39,6% vs 22,1%, log rank p=0,015). En análisis multivariado, este compromiso fue el único factor que de forma independiente predijo mortalidad (HR 1,87, IC 1,01-3,44, p=0,044). Conclusiones: El compromiso de cavidades derechas se asocia a una mayor mortalidad alejada en pacientes sometidos a TAVI. Estos resultados debiesen estimular una derivación precoz de estos pacientes que, aunque añosos y de alto riesgo, tienen buenos resultados intervenidos precozmente.


Background: Locally, Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) is limited to very old or high-risk patients, whose intervention is frequently delayed until they develop signs of advanced disease. Aim: To evaluate the degree of myocardial compromise in patients undergoing TAVI and to determine whether the level of this compromise can predict results during follow-up. Methods: Registry of TAVI patients from 2 institutions in Chile. According to the classification proposed by Genereux in 2017, patients were classified based on the echocardiogram as 1) left ventricular compromise; 2) left atrial compromise; 3) pulmonary hypertension / severe tricuspid regurgitation; 4) right ventricular dysfunction. Results: The study included 209 patients. A successful procedure was achieved in 98.6% of cases, with an in-hospital mortality of 2.9%. Cardiac compromise extended beyond left chambers in 24.7% of cases (stages 3 and 4). During follow-up (median of 650 days) mortality was 26.8%. Right chambers involvement (stages 3 and 4) was associated with increased mortality (39.6% vs 22.1%, log rank p=0.015). In multivariate analysis, this compromise was the only factor that independently predicted mortality (HR 1.87, IC 1.01-3.44, p=0,044). Conclusions: Right chambers involvement was associated to increased mortality during follow-up of patients undergoing TAVI. These results should stimulate earlier referral of these high risk and older patients in order to obtain better results following the intervention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/methods , Aortic Valve Stenosis/complications , Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency/complications , Echocardiography/methods , Chile , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right/complications
5.
Rev. argent. cardiol ; 91(1): 20-26, abr. 2023. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529566

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo : Analizar si la estrategia del implante alto usando superposición de las cúspides derechas e izquierdas (Cusp Overlap, COVL) en el implante percutáneo de la válvula aórtica (TAVI) se relaciona con menor incidencia de regurgitación paravalvular (RPV) moderada o grave, comparada con la estrategia convencional (CON). Material y métodos : Se analizaron 206 pacientes consecutivos que recibieron TAVI con válvulas autoexpandidles entre agosto de 2019 y mayo de 2022. Se utilizó una estrategia CON en 101 pacientes (49%) y COVL en 105 (51%). El Punto Final Primario (PFP) fue la presencia de regurgitación paravalvular moderada y grave a 30 días. Resultados : No hubo diferencia clínica entre los grupos en cuanto a la edad media, sexo ni comorbilidades; excepto una tendencia a más diabetes y angioplastia coronaria previa en el grupo COVL. El STS score fue mayor en el grupo de COVL (6,9 ± 2,2 vs. 5,8 ± 2,4 en CON, p = 0,01). A 30 días no hubo diferencia en el PFP (RPV moderada en 2% en CON, y 0,9% en COVL; ninguno presentó RPV grave). Tampoco hubo diferencia en mortalidad, infarto, oclusión coronaria, accidente cerebrovascular, sangrado mayor y complicación vascular. La necesidad de marcapasos definitivo fue menor con la estrategia de COVL (6,7% vs. 17,8%, p = 0,01) y un nuevo bloqueo de rama izquierda ocurrió en 5,7% vs. 12,9% (p = 0,07). Conclusiones : En esta serie de un solo centro, la estrategia del implante alto de la válvula aórtica percutánea usando la técnica de COVL no demostró diferencia en la presencia de regurgitaciones moderadas o graves comparada con la estrategia convencional, sin presentar diferencia en las complicaciones, y se asoció a una menor necesidad de marcapasos definitivo y a una tendencia de menos bloqueos de rama izquierda a 30 días.


ABSTRACT Objective : The aim of this study is to whether higher transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with self-expandable valves using the right and left cusp overlap strategy (Cusp Overlap, COVL) is associated with a lower incidence of moderate or severe paravalvular regurgitation, compared with the conventional strategy (CON). Methods : A total of 206 consecutive patients undergoing TAVI with self-expandable valves between August 2019 and May 2022 were analyzed. The CON technique was used in the first 101 patients (49%) and COVL was used in 105 (51%). The primary endpoint (PEP) was the presence of moderate or severe paravalvular regurgitation at 30 days. Results : There were no clinical differences between the groups in terms of mean age, sex or comorbidities, except for a trend towards more patients with diabetes and previous percutaneous coronary intervention in the COVL group. The STS score was greater in the COVL group (6.9 ± 2.2 vs. 5.8 ± 2.4 in the CON group; p = 0.01). There was no difference in the PEP at 30 days with 2% incidence of moderate PVR in the CON group and 0.9% in the COVL group, and none of them presented severe PVR. There were no differences in mortality, myocardial infarction, coronary artery obstruction, stroke, major bleeding or vascular complications. The need for permanent pacemaker was lower with the COVL strategy (6.7% vs. 17.8%, p = 0.01) and a new left bundle branch block occurred in 5.7% vs. 12.9% (p = 0.07). Conclusions : In this single-center series, the strategy of high transcatheter aortic valve implantation using the COVL strategy showed no difference in the presence of moderate or severe regurgitation compared with the conventional strategy, with no differences in complications, and was associated with a lower need for definitive pacemaker and with a trend towards lower incidence of left bundle branch block at 30 days.

7.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-219307

ABSTRACT

Background: General anesthesia has traditionally been used in transcatheter aortic valve replacement; however, there has been increasing interest and momentum in alternative anesthetic techniques. Aims: To perform a descriptive study of anesthetic management options in transcatheter aortic valve replacements in the United States, comparing trends in use of monitored anesthesia care versus general anesthesia. Settings and Design: Data evaluated from the American Society of Anesthesiologists� (ASA) Anesthesia Quality Institute抯 National Anesthesia Clinical Outcomes Registry. Materials and Methods: Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify predictors associated with use of monitored anesthesia care compared to general anesthesia. Results: The use of monitored anesthesia care has increased from 1.8% of cases in 2013 to 25.2% in 2017 (p = 0.0001). Patients were more likely ages 80+ (66% vs. 61%; p = 0.0001), male (54% vs. 52%; p = 0.0001), ASA physical status > III (86% vs. 80%; p = 0.0001), cared for in the Northeast (38% vs. 22%; p = 0.0001), and residents in zip codes with higher median income ($63,382 vs. $55,311; p = 0.0001). Multivariable analysis revealed each one-year increase in age, every 50 procedures performed annually at a practice, and being male were associated with 3% (p = 0.0001), 33% (p = 0.012), and 16% (p = 0.026) increased odds of monitored anesthesia care, respectively. Centers in the Northeast were more likely to use monitored anesthesia care (all p < 0.005). Patients who underwent approaches other than percutaneous femoral arterial were less likely to receive monitored anesthesia care (adjusted odds ratios all < 0.51; all p = 0.0001). Conclusion: Anesthetic type for transcatheter aortic valve replacements in the United States varies with age, sex, geography, volume of cases performed at a center, and procedural approach.

8.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-219278

ABSTRACT

Thrombocytopenia is a common condition that recognizes an infinite number of possible causes, especially in specific settings like the one covered in this case report: the postoperative period of cardiac surgery. We report a case of an old male with multiple comorbidities who underwent a coronary angioplasty procedure and aortic valve replacement. He showed severe thrombocytopenia in the postoperative days. Differential diagnosis required a big effort, also for the experts in the field. Our goal was to aggressively treat the patient with prednisolone, platelets, and intravenous immunoglobulins to maximize the prognosis. Our patient developed no complications and was discharged successfully

9.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-219274

ABSTRACT

Background: As visceral protein expression may influence outcomes in patients with cardiovascular disease, we investigated whether pre-procedural albumin concentration is associated with length of stay (LOS) and 90-day mortality after transcatheter aortic valve repair (TAVR). Methods: We retrospectively analyzed data from TAVR patients at our institution between January 2013 and December 2017. For all patients, baseline albumin concentration was assessed between one and four weeks before the procedure. To investigate the association between albumin concentration and outcomes, we performed regression analyses, controlling for Society of Thoracic Surgeons, New York Heart Association classification, and Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire 12 scores. Results: Three hundred eighty patients were included in the analyses. Cox-proportional hazards regression showed that patients with albumin concentrations <3.5 g/dL were 80% more likely to have prolonged ICU LOS (HR 1.79; 95%CI 1.04�57, P = 0.03) and 70% more likely to have prolonged hospital LOS (HR 1.68; 95%CI 1.01?2.46, P = 0.04) compared to patients with albumin concentrations >3.5 g/dL. Logistic regression showed that patients with albumin concentrations <3.5 g/dL were four times more likely to not survive to 90 days (OR 3.94; 1.13�.63, P = 0.03) after their TAVR compared to patients with albumin concentrations >3.5 g/dL. Conclusion: Our data suggest that patients with pre?procedural albumin concentrations <3.5 g/dL are at an increased risk of adverse outcomes after TAVR compared to patients with albumin concentrations ?3.5 g/dL. Prospective studies are needed to determine whether risk stratification based on pre-procedural albumin can improve outcomes and whether targeted interventions can improve pre-procedural albumin concentrations in potential TAVR candidates.

10.
Indian Heart J ; 2023 Feb; 75(1): 59-67
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-220960

ABSTRACT

Objective: A recently published randomized control trial showed different results with suture-based vascular closure device (VCD) than plug-based VCD in patients undergoing transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). The learning curve for MANTA device is steep, while the learning curve for suture based VCD is shallow as the devices are quite different. In this meta-analysis, we have compared suture-based (ProGlide and Prostar XL) vs plug-based VCDs (MANTA). Methods: We performed a meta-analysis of all published studies (using PubMed/Medline and Cochrane databases) reporting the clinical outcome of plug-based vs suture-based VCDs in transfemoral TAVR patients. Results: We included nine studies with a total of 2865 patients (plug-based n ¼ 1631, suture-based n ¼ 1234). There was no significant difference in primary outcome of all bleeding when using plugbased as opposed to suture-based VCDs (RR 1.14 [0.62e2.06] I2 ¼ 72%). There was no significant difference in the incidence of secondary outcomes between two groups including major life threatening bleeding (RR 1.16 [0.38e3.58] I2 ¼ 65%), major vascular complications (RR 0.84 [0.35e2.00] I2 ¼ 55%), minor vascular complications (RR 1.05 [0.56e1.95] I2 ¼ 42%), pseudo aneurysm (RR 1.84 [0.11e29.98] I 2 ¼ 44%), stenosis-dissection (RR 0.98 [0.66e1.47] I2 ¼ 0%), VCD failure (RR 1.71 [0.96e3.04] I2 ¼ 0%), and blood transfusion (RR 1.01 [0.38e2.71], I2 ¼ 61%). Conclusion: Large bore arteriotomy closure with plug-based VCD was not superior to suture-based VCDs in this transfemoral TAVR population. There was very frequent use of secondary VCDs in suture-based VCD group which is not practical when using MANTA. Additional high-powered studies are required to determine the safety and efficacy of MANTA device.

11.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 38(1): 37-42, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423067

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Bleeding after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is associated with increased mortality. The predictive value of the HAS-BLED score in TAVR patients is still to be evaluated. We assessed the value of the HAS-BLED score to predict in-hospital bleeding and mortality after TAVR and the impact of diferent renal impairment definitions on the predictive value of the score system. Methods: We retrospectively included 574 patients who underwent TAVR at a single center. Study outcomes were 30-day mortality and the composite endpoint of major and life-threatening bleeding as defined by The Valve Academic Research Consortium-2. The predictive value of the HAS-BLED score was calculated and compared to a modified model. The performance of the score was compared using two definitions of renal impairment. Model discrimination was tested using C-statistic and the Net Reclassification Index. Results: Bleeding occurred in 78 patients (13.59%). HAS-BLED category 3 was a significant predictor of bleeding (OR: 1.99 ]1.18- 3.37], C-index: 0.56, P=0.01). C-index increased to 0.64 after adding body surface area and extracardiac arteriopathy to the model. The Net Reclassification Index showed an increase in the predic tive value of the model by 11.4% (P=0.002). The C-index increased to 0.61 using renal impairment definition based on creatinine clearance. Operative mortality was significantly associated with the HAS-BLED score (OR: 7.54 [95% CI: 2.73- 20.82], C-index: 0.73, P<0.001). Conclusion: The HAS-BLED score could be a good predictor of in-hospital mortality after TAVR. Its predictive value for bleeding was poor but improved by adding procedure-specific factors and using creatinine clearance to define renal impairment.

12.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 38(1): 52-61, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423075

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Repeat transcatheter mitral valve replacement (rTMVR) has emerged as a new option for the management of high-risk patients unsuitable for repeat surgical mitral valve replacement (rSMVR). The aim of this study was to compare hospital outcomes, survival, and reoperations after rTMVR versus surgical mitral valve replacement. Methods: We compared patients who underwent rTMVR (n=22) from 2017 to 2019 (Group 1) to patients who underwent rSMVR (n=98) with or without tricuspid valve surgery from 2009 to 2019 (Group 2). We excluded patients who underwent a concomitant transcatheter aortic valve replacement or other concomitant surgery. Results: Patients in Group 1 were significantly older (72.5 [67-78] vs. 57 [52-64] years, P<0.001). There was no diference in EuroSCORE II between groups (6.56 [5.47-8.04] vs. 6.74 [4.28-11.84], P=0.86). Implanted valve size was 26 (26-29) mm in Group 1 and 25 (25-27) mm in Group 2 (P=0.106). There was no diference in operative mortality between groups (P=0.46). However, intensive care unit (ICU) and hospital stays were shorter in Group 1 (P=0.03 and <0.001, respectively). NYHA class improved significantly in both groups at one year (P<0.001 for both groups). There was no group effect on survival (P=0.84) or cardiac readmission (P=0.26). However, reoperations were more frequent in Group 1 (P=0.01). Conclusion: Transcatheter mitral valve-in-valve could shorten ICU and hospital stay compared to rSMVR with a comparable mortality rate. rTMVR is a safe procedure; however, it has a higher risk of reoperation. rTMVR can be an option in selected high-risk patients.

13.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 151(2): 250-254, feb. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1522074

ABSTRACT

The microbiology of infective endocarditis (IE) varies in different populations and depends on public health conditions and socioeconomic status. In low-income countries, oral Streptococci affect hearts with rheumatic valve disease in patients with poor dentition. In high-income countries, Staphylococci are the most common cause, affecting elderly and immunocompromised patients, or those with invasive devices. Gram - positive bacili as IE pathogens are unusual. Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae is a Gram positive bacili. It causes skin diseases in domestic and farm animals, but in humans, is a very unusual pathogen. This infection is considered a zoonosis, since most cases are linked to direct contact with vector animals. We report a 62 year-old male patient with a history of exposure to animals, who developed an infective endocarditis with severe bivalve regurgitation and septic shock, requiring antimicrobials and surgical resolution. Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae was isolated from blood and valve vegetation cultures. The patient had a successful evolution and was discharged from the hospital.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Endocarditis , Endocarditis, Bacterial/microbiology , Erysipelothrix , Erysipelothrix Infections/diagnosis , Erysipelothrix Infections/microbiology , Zoonoses
14.
Acta méd. peru ; 40(1)ene. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439122

ABSTRACT

Objetivo : Describir el seguimiento de los resultados de la cirugía de reemplazo valvular aórtico en un hospital de referencia nacional en Lima Perú, periodo 2016- 2019. Materiales y métodos : Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo de pacientes intervenidos quirúrgicamente de reemplazo valvular aórtico entre 2016 y 2019. Se determinaron las características pre, intra y postoperatorias, así como el seguimiento clínico y ecocardiográfico. Resultados : Se incluyeron 110 pacientes (59,1% varones), la edad media fue de 65,2 ± 11,3 años, la mayoría con hipertensión arterial (47,3%). La etiología más frecuente fue la degenerativa (47,3%). Se implantó prótesis mecánica en el 59,1%. En el postoperatorio se observó una mediana de tiempo de ventilación mecánica de 8 horas, con una estancia media en UCI de 5,8 ± 6,7 días. Las complicaciones más frecuentes fueron atelectasias (21,8%), fibrilación auricular (19,1%), síndrome de bajo gasto, neumonía y daño renal agudo (7,3% cada una). La mortalidad hospitalaria fue del 5,5% (shock cardiogénico como causa frecuente). Durante el seguimiento a un año el 41,2% de pacientes estaban asintomáticos y el 57,7% fueron clasificados como NYHA II, se encontró disfunción de la prótesis en el 13,3% (la mayoría por fuga paravalvular). Conclusiones : La cirugía de reemplazo valvular aórtico en nuestro medio implica una mejora en la calidad de vida con buenos resultados funcionales, tasa de complicaciones y morbimortalidad comparable con la literatura mundial.


Objective : To describe the follow-up of the results of aortic valve replacement surgery in a national reference hospital in Lima, Peru, period 2016-2019. Materials and methods : A retrospective study of patients who underwent aortic valve replacement surgery between 2016 and 2019 was carried out. Pre, intra, and postoperative characteristics were determined, as well as clinical and echocardiographic follow-up. Results :110 patients were included (59.1% male), the mean age was 65.2 ± 11.3 years, the majority with arterial hypertension (47.3%). The most frequent etiology was degenerative (47.3%). A mechanical prosthesis was implanted in 59.1%. In the postoperative period, a median mechanical ventilation time of 8 hours was observed, with an average stay in the ICU of 5.8 ± 6.7 days. The most frequent complications were atelectasis (21.8%), atrial fibrillation (19.1%), low output syndrome, pneumonia, and acute kidney injury (7.3% each). Hospital mortality was 5.5% (cardiogenic shock as the frequent cause). During follow-up at one year, 41.2% of the patients were asymptomatic and 57.7% were classified as NYHA II, prosthesis dysfunction was found in 13.3% (the majority due to paravalvular leak). Conclusions : Aortic valve replacement surgery in our setting implies an improvement in quality of life with good functional results, complication rate, and morbidity and mortality comparable with the world literature.

15.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1199-1203, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996946

ABSTRACT

@#Patients with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) are characterized by asymmetric anatomy, severe calcification and combined aortic dilatation. Compared with tricuspid aortic valve stenosis patients, patients with BAV stenosis confront with greater surgical risks in transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), including paravalvular leak, aortic valve rupture, coronary artery obstruction, atrioventricular block and so on. However, with the advent of new generation of prosthetic valves and optimization of surgical strategies, several studies have shown that TAVR is safe and effective in the treatment of BAV stenosis. Therefore, we aim to provide an overview of the use of TAVR in patients with BAV stenosis.

16.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1193-1198, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996877

ABSTRACT

@#As the indications for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) expand, multi-valve lesions are becoming more common in clinical practice. Moderate to severe atrioventricular regurgitation, particularly when persistent after TAVR, significantly increases the risk of adverse events. Therefore, many studies have evaluated factors that contribute to the improvement of atrioventricular regurgitation. However, this field remains controversial due to the heterogeneity of retrospective studies and the lack of randomized controlled trials. Despite advances in atrioventricular valve intervention techniques, evidence for atrioventricular regurgitation intervention after TAVR is still scarce. The management decision for atrioventricular regurgitation in patients who underwent TAVR is complex and must take into account the severity of valve disease, anatomical characteristics, quality of life, and procedural complexity. We conducted a review of atrioventricular regurgitation in patients who have received TAVR in hope that it will help decision-making in clinical practice.

17.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1128-1136, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996867

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To compare the in-hospital outcomes of transapical transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TA-TAVR) for bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) patients and tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) patients. Methods    Patients (including BAV and TAV patients) who underwent TA-TAVR with the J-ValveTM in West China Hospital from July 2014 to July 2020 were included consecutively. The clinical outcomes of the patients were analyzed. Results    A total of 354 patients were included in the study, 75 in the BAV group and 279 in the TAV group. There were 229 males and 125 females with a mean age of 72.2±6.0 years. No death occurred during the procedure, and the overall technical success rate was 97.7%. The all-cause in-hospital mortality rate was 1.4%. Twenty (26.7%) patients with BAV and 46 (16.5%) patients with TAV had mild or higher perivalvular leaks immediately after the procedure. No patients with BAV required permanent pacemaker implantation postoperatively, while 13 (4.7%) TAV patients required permanent pacemaker implantation, with an overall pacemaker implantation rate of 3.7%. One (1.3%) BAV patient and 7 (2.5%) TAV patients developed acute kidney injury postoperatively. One (1.3%) BAV patient and 1 (0.4%) TAV patient developed peri-operative myocardial infarction. The average postoperative hospital stay was 7.6±3.6 d for BAV patients and 8.6±6.1 d for TAV patients. There was no statistical difference in primary or secondary in-hospital outcomes between BAV and TAV patients (P>0.05). Conclusion    Compared to TAV patients, BAV patients have similar in-hospital outcomes, with a low incidence of adverse clinical outcomes, which provides preliminary evidence for its implementation in Chinese patients with a high proportion of BAV.

18.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1121-1127, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996866

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To investigate the left ventricular reverse remodeling (LVRR) in patients with aortic valve insufficiency with reduced ejection fraction (AIrEF) and aortic valve insufficiency with preserved ejection fraction (AIpEF) after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Methods    The clinical and follow-up data of patients who underwent TAVR in the Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from 2018 to 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the guideline, the patients with left ventricular ejection fraction<55% were allocated to an AIrEF group, and the patients with left ventricular ejection fraction≥55% were allocated to an AIpEF group. Results    A total of 50 patients were enrolled. There were 19 patients in the AIrEF group, including 15 males and 4 females with a mean age of 74.5±7.1 years. There were 31 patients in the AIpEF group, including 19 males and 12 females with a mean age of 72.0±4.8 years. All patients underwent TAVR successfully. Echocardiographic results showed that TAVR significantly promoted LVRR in the patients. Significant LVRR occurred in the early postoperative period (the first day after the surgery) in both groups. It remained relatively stable after the LVRR in the early postoperative period (the first day after surgery) in the AIpEF patients, while it continued to occur in the early postoperative period (the first day after surgery) to three months after the surgery in the AIrEF patients, and then remained relatively stable. Compared to preoperative values, AIrEF patients had a reduction in the average left ventricular end-diastolic volume index and left ventricular end-systolic volume index by 16.8 mL/m2 (P=0.003) and 8.6 mL/m2 (P=0.005), respectively, and the average left ventricular end-diastolic diameter index and end-systolic diameter index decreased by 2.5 mm/m2 (P=0.003) and 1.9 mm/m2 (P=0.003), respectively on the first day after the surgery. In comparison to the first day after the surgery, AIrEF patients experienced an average increase of 12.1% in the left ventricular ejection fraction three months after the surgery (P<0.001). Conclusion    TAVR has achieved good therapeutic effects in patients with aortic valve insufficiency, significantly promoting the LVRR in patients, and has better curative effects in AIrEF patients.

19.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1116-1120, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996865

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To assess the early outcome of transapical transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) for patients with aortic insufficiency. Methods    The patients with aortic valvular disease who underwent transapical TAVR from October 2020 to October 2022 in the Department of Cardiac and Vascular Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University were enrolled in the current retrospective study. The patients with aortic stenosis were assembled in a group A, and the patients with aortic insufficiency were assembled in a group B. The improvements of heart function and complications were assessed for the two groups. Results    A total of 56 patients were enrolled, including 32 males and 24 females with an average age of 73.34±5.10 years. There were 31 patients in the group A and 25 patients in the group B. There was no statistical difference between the two groups in the age, gender, height, weight, hypertension, coronary artery disease, peripheral vascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, renal disorder or classification of heart function (P>0.05). Also, there was still no statistical difference in the rate of permanent peacemaker implants, emergent open surgery, valve re-implants, or perivalvular leakage (P>0.05). After TAVR, the left ventricular diastolic diameter, left ventricular ejection fraction, complicated moderated mitral and tricuspid regurgitation were significantly improved in both groups compared with preoperative findings (P<0.05); however, there was no statistical difference in these parameters between groups (P>0.05). Conclusion    Interventional valve (J-Valve) in the treatment of patients with aortic insufficiency through transapical TAVR significantly improves cardiac function and reduces functional valve regurgitation.

20.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1075-1082, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996859

ABSTRACT

@#Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has entered a new and critical stage after nearly 20 years of rapid development in China. There are various types of TAVR valves with different advantages. TAVR can be performed through various approaches such as transfemoral artery, transapical, trans-carotid artery, or trans-ascending aorta. The first two are more common. Echocardiography plays an important role in the perioperative period of TAVR. Compared to transfemoral approach, transapical TAVR has different key points in perioperative echocardiography which is lack of unified and accurate standards. This standard is specially formulated to focus on the key points of echocardio-graphy in preoperative screening, intraoperative monitoring and postoperative follow-up in order to promote the safe and effective application of transapical TAVR in the clinic.

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