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1.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 79-83, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006406

ABSTRACT

@#Looking along the physiological and physical changes in aging, in the light of a major burn, co-morbidities, surgical intervention and precaution, a geriatric burn patient requires a delicate balance of ideal burn care and rehabilitation to achieve functional independence. A 70-year-old patient, with 30% total body surface area flame burn injury, underwent bilateral partial calcanectomy secondary to calcaneus osteomyelitis, and Meek micrograft technique for burn injury on bilateral lower extremities, is presented in this case report. In order to ensure good graft take, her knees were immobilized causing bilateral soft tissue contractures. Subsequently, upon initiation of ambulation, gait abnormalities observed include absence of heel off and toe off, with heel walking. The patient was admitted for intensive inpatient rehabilitation, where significant improvement in the knee range of motion and ambulation were achieved. The patient was eventually discharged ambulatory with walker. Despite expected complications, rehabilitation management proved to be beneficial in improving function and ambulation in geriatric burn patient.

2.
RGO (Porto Alegre) ; 72: e20240003, 2024. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1558802

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Burns are identified as a trauma that has a high degree of mortality and disability, both functionally and aesthetically. In the head and neck region, burn injuries can evolve mainly due to hypertrophic scars and contractures This study aimed to observe the progression and outcome of healing in face burns with the use of a low-power laser and oral splint. A descriptive and observational study was carried out, which corresponds to the case report of a severely burned patient with burns in the orofacial region. Early odontologic treatment care during hospitalization is essential to reduce hypertrophic scars and contractures in a severely burned patient with burns in the orofacial region.


RESUMO As queimaduras são identificadas como um trauma que possui alto grau de mortalidade e incapacidade, tanto no aspecto funcional quanto na estética. Em região de cabeça e pescoço, as lesões por queimadura podem evoluir principalmente com cicatrizes hipertróficas e contraturas. O Objetivo foi avaliar a progressão e o desfecho do reparo tecidual em queimadura de face com o uso do laser de baixa potência e splint oral. Trata-se de um estudo observacional descritivo, que corresponde ao relato de caso de um paciente grande queimado. A intervenção odontológica é fundamental para que se diminua cicatrizes hipertróficas e contraturas, restabelecendo da melhor forma possível a função do sistema estomatognático.

3.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 41(3): 65-76, 20231103. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1518273

ABSTRACT

Objective. The study objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of Resiliency and Recovery Program on Compassion Fatigue level of Nursing Officer from selected hospitals of Pune City (India). Methods. The study used a quasi-experimental approach involving single group pre-test and post-test design. 100 nursing officers, working in selected hospitals of Pune city, who were willing to participate were selected using non probability convenience sampling. The data was collected using The Professional Quality of Life Scale: Compassion Satisfaction and Fatigue (ProQoL) Version 5 of Stamm. The study included pre-test, resiliency and recovery program and post-test. Resiliency and Recovery Program is an intervention aiming to develop five resiliency skills or antibodies including (a) self-regulation, (b) perceptual maturation, (c) intentionality, (d) self-care and (e) connection and support. Results. Statistically significant difference was revealed between the pre-test and post-test score means: Compassion Satisfaction (pre-test = 28.50 to post-test = 31.0; t-18.6671, p<0.001), Burn-out (pre-test = 35.2 to post-test = 31.7; t-15.00, p<0.001), and Secondary Traumatic Stress (pre-test = 37.4 to post-test = 33.07; t-14.8996, p<0.001). Conclusion. Resiliency and Recovery Program had a significant impact on Compassion Fatigue, leading to an increase in Compassion Satisfaction, and a reduction in Burnout and Secondary Traumatic Stress. Inculcating Resiliency skills in nursing officers can help them in reducing compassion fatigue and thus aids in health promotion.


Objetivo. El objetivo del estudio era evaluar la eficacia del Programa de Resiliencia y Recuperación en el nivel de Fatiga por Compasión de los profesionales de enfermería de los hospitales seleccionados de la ciudad de Pune (India). Métodos. El estudio cuasi-experimental con evaluación pre y post-intervención en un solo grupo. Se seleccionaron 100 profesionales de enfermería que trabajaban en hospitales seleccionados de la ciudad de Pune mediante un muestreo no probabilístico por conveniencia. Los datos se recogieron utilizando la Escala de calidad de vida profesional: Compassion Satisfaction and Fatigue ((ProQOL) Version 5 de Stamm. El estudio incluyó una prueba previa, un programa de resiliencia y recuperación y una prueba posterior. El Programa de Resiliencia y Recuperación es una intervención cuyo objetivo es desarrollar cinco habilidades o anticuerpos de resiliencia que incluyen (a) autorregulación, (b) maduración perceptiva, (c) intencionalidad, (d) autocuidado y (e) conexión y apoyo. Resultados. Se observaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre las puntuaciones promedio obtenidas antes y después de la intervención en la satisfacción con la compasión (antes = 28.5 a después = 31; t-18.6671, p<0.0001), el agotamiento (antes = 35.2 a después = a 31.7; t-15,00, p<0.001) y el estrés traumático secundario (antes = 37.4 a después 33.1; t-14.8996, p<0.001). Conclusiones. El Programa de Resiliencia y Recuperación tuvo un impacto significativo en la Fatiga por Compasión, lo que condujo a un aumento de la Satisfacción por Compasión y a una reducción del Burnout y del Estrés Traumático Secundario. Inculcar habilidades de resiliencia a los profesionales de enfermería puede ayudarles a reducir la fatiga por compasión y, por tanto, a promover la salud.


Objetivo. O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a eficácia do Programa de Resiliência e Recuperação no nível de Fadiga por Compaixão em profissionais de enfermagem em hospitais selecionados na cidade de Pune (Índia). Métodos. Foi realizado um estudo quase experimental com avaliação pré e pós-intervenção em grupo único. Foram selecionados 100 profissionais de enfermagem que trabalham em hospitais da cidade de Pune por meio de amostragem não probabilística de conveniência. Os dados foram coletados por meio da versão 5 da Escala de Qualidade de Vida Profissional: Compaixão, Satisfação e Fadiga (ProQoL) de Stamm. O estudo incluiu um pré-teste, um programa de resiliência e recuperação e um pós-teste. O Programa de Resiliência e Recuperação consistiu em uma intervenção cujo objetivo é desenvolver cinco habilidades de resiliência ou anticorpos que incluem (a) autorregulação, (b) maturação perceptual, (c) intencionalidade, (d) autocuidado e (e) conexão e suporte. Resultados. Foram observadas diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre as pontuações médias obtidas antes e depois da intervenção em satisfação por compaixão (antes = 28.5 a depois = 31; t-18.6671, p<0.0001), burnout (antes = 35.2 a depois = a 31.7; t-15.00), p<0.001) e estresse traumático secundário (antes = 37,4 a depois 33.1; t-14.8996, p<0.001). Conclusões. O Programa de Resiliência e Recuperação teve um impacto significativo na Fadiga por Compaixão, levando a um aumento na Satisfação por Compaixão e a uma redução no Burnout e no Estresse Traumático Secundário. Incutir competências de resiliência nos enfermeiros pode ajudá-los a reduzir a fadiga da compaixão e, portanto, promover a saúde.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Burnout, Professional , Compassion Fatigue , Nurses
4.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 38(3): 1-7, jul.set.2023. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512679

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Embora prevalente, a epidemiologia das queimaduras possui lacunas. Simultaneamente, a COVID-19 estabeleceu um cenário desafiador e com novos comportamentos humanos, que poderiam impactar nas características e na incidência de queimaduras. O objetivo geral do projeto foi descrever o perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes de uma Unidade de Tratamento de Queimados. Método: O estudo foi uma revisão prontuários de janeiro de 2018 até maio de 2022, incluindo uma amostra de 1164 admissões do Hospital Padre Albino (Catanduva-SP). A análise estatística foi realizada através do Google Sheets e JAMOVI, sendo aplicado o Teste U de Mann-Whitney para comparação de períodos de tempo antes e durante a pandemia. Antes da coleta de dados, o mesmo foi submetido e aprovado pelo Conselho de Ética em Pesquisa da instituição (parecer número 5.616.556, CAAE: 62621822.50000.5430). Resultados: As admissões apresentaram idade média de 31,38 anos e 17,88% de Superfície Corporal Queimada (SCQ), sendo 452 mulheres e 712 homens; a média de SCQ foi de 17 para mulheres e 18,6 para homens. O principal agente causador foi a escaldadura. No que tange à comparação por períodos, durante a pandemia a chama direta teve um aumento de 8% em relação ao período anterior (35%). A escaldadura ainda permaneceu com prevalência elevada, no entanto, apresentou queda de 2%, assim como as queimaduras por dermoabrasão, com queda de 10%. Conclusão: Os achados dos estudos possuem limites em termos de generalização e novos estudos precisam ser desenvolvidos. As mudanças observadas no período não foram significativas e sem relevância clínica.


Introduction: Although prevalent, the epidemiology of burns has gaps. At the same time, Covid-19 established a new scenario with new human behaviors, which could equally impact the characteristics and incidence of burns. The overall objective of the project was to describe the epidemiological profile of patients in a Burn Treatment Unit. Methods: The study was a chart review from January 2018 to May 2022, including a sample of 1164 admissions from Hospital Padre Albino (Catanduva, São Paulo, Brazil). Statistical analysis was performed using Google Sheets and JAMOVI, and Mann-Whitney U-test was applied for comparison of time periods before and during the pandemic. Before data collection, the study was submitted and approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the institution (document number 5.616.556, CAAE: 62621822.50000.5430). Results: The admissions presented a mean age of 31.38 years and 17.88% of body surface area burned, 452 women and 712 men, the mean age was 17 for women and 18.6 for men. The main agent was scalding. When it comes to period comparison, during the pandemic direct flaming had an 8% increase over the previous period (35%). The scalds still remained with high prevalence, however it presented a decrease of 2%, as well as the burns by dermabrasion, which had a decrease of 10%. Conclusion: The findings of the studies have limits in terms of generalization, and new studies need to be developed. The changes observed in the period were not significant and without clinical relevance.

5.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 38(3): 1-6, jul.set.2023. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1525366

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O uso da corrente elétrica é imprescindível nas nossas atividades do cotidiano, porém, seu contato com tecidos vivos pode provocar queimaduras desde leves até graves ou fatais. Por se tratar de um problema de saúde pública, o conhecimento de sua epidemiologia é essencial para o desenvolvimento de programas em saúde. Método: Estudo transversal de dados registrados nos prontuários dos pacientes atendidos por queimadura elétrica na Unidade de Queimados do Hospital de Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Uberlândia entre os anos de 2013 e 2019. Resultados: Foram admitidos 26 pacientes, a maioria de sexo masculino (76,9%) e adultos (30,7%), vítimas de corrente de alta voltagem (65,4%) no trabalho (57,7%), que mais afetou as extremidades superiores (80,7%), sendo as crianças todas do sexo feminino (15,3%). O percentual médio de área queimada foi de 14,5% e o percentual de tratados com autoenxerto de pele foi de 53,8%. A média de permanência hospitalar foi de 40 dias e 3,8% deles foram para a Unidade de Terapia Intensiva. Não se registraram óbitos durante o período. Conclusão: A incidência de pacientes atendidos por queimadura elétrica é baixa, acometendo vítimas em todas as faixas etárias e com predomínio em indivíduos adultos do sexo masculino em seu local de trabalho. O tratamento cirúrgico mais realizado foi o autoenxerto de pele. As políticas de promoção, prevenção e proteção em saúde no que diz respeito aos perigos da corrente elétricas não estariam sendo praticadas e difundidas em nossa população doméstica, laboral ou empregadora, diferentemente como ocorre em grande parte dos países desenvolvidos.


Introduction: Using electric current is essential in our daily activities; however, its contact with living tissue can cause mild to severe or fatal burns. As it is a public health problem, knowledge of its epidemiology is essential for the development of health programs. Method: Cross-sectional study of data recorded in the medical records of patients treated for electrical burns at the Burns Unit of the Hospital de Clínicas of the Universidade Federal de Uberlândia between 2013 and 2019. Results: 26 patients were admitted, the majority of whom were male (76 .9%) and adults (30.7%), victims of high voltage current (65.4%) at work (57.7%), which most affected the upper extremities (80.7%), with children all female (15.3%). The average percentage of burned area was 14. 5% and the % of those treated with skin autograft was 53.8%. The average hospital stay was 40 days, and 3.8% went to the Intensive Care Unit. No deaths were recorded during the period. Conclusion: The incidence of patients treated for electrical burns is low, affecting victims in all age groups and with a predominance of adult males in their workplace. The most common surgical treatment was skin autograft. Health promotion, prevention, and protection policies regarding the dangers of electrical currents would not be practiced and disseminated among our domestic, working, or employing population, unlike what occurs in most developed countries.

6.
São Paulo med. j ; 141(1): 4-11, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1424652

ABSTRACT

Abstract BACKGROUND: Due to "stay at home" restrictions during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, people spent more time at home leading to an increase in home accidents, including burns. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the epidemiology of burns that occurred within homes during the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil. DESIGN AND SETTINGS: This was a quantitative, descriptive, and cross-sectional study with a non-probabilistic sample. METHODS: Data were collected through the distribution of survey links on social networking sites and websites, and through email between December 2020 and February 2021. Participants were over 18 years of age, living in Brazil. Data analysis was performed using descriptive and dispersion statistics. RESULTS: A total of 939 adults (aged > 18 years) participated in this study. The mean age was 37.2 years (standard deviation [SD] = 12.5), 75.6% were female, 70.0% self-reported white skin color, 74% had completed higher education, and 28.1% had an income of 3 to 6 times the monthly minimum wage. A total of 21.6% suffered burns during the pandemic, 44.3% from a hot object. Approximately 49.3% never had access to a burn prevention campaign. CONCLUSION: It is necessary to develop burn prevention strategies that reach a wider population and to strengthen public policies to reduce the prevalence of domestic burns, especially during the pandemic.

7.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535127

ABSTRACT

Objetivo : Comparar las características clínicoepidemiológicas de pacientes pediátricos con quemaduras antes y durante la pandemia por COVID-19, en el Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño San Borja. El estudio : Estudio analítico, retrospectivo. Se evaluó pacientes atendidos en el INSNSB, durante los períodos de marzo a diciembre 2019 y 2020. Se obtuvieron datos de las historias clínicas. Para la estadística se empleó el programa SPSS v25 (IC 95%). Hallazgos : Se analizaron 139 pacientes en cada periodo. El 60.4% y el 76.3% procedía de Lima, antes y durante la pandemia respectivamente. El grado de instrucción más frecuente del familiar responsable fue el de secundaria (42.3% y 58.2%). Además, las quemaduras menores mostraron un aumento antes y durante la pandemia (49.9% y 61%). Conclusiones: Se observó cambios significativos en la procedencia, grado de instrucción del familiar responsable y severidad de quemadura en ambos períodos


Objective: To compare the clinical-epidemiological characteristics of patients with burns before and during the COVID-19 pandemic treated at the "Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño San Borja" . The study: Analytical, retrospective study. Patients treated at the INSNSB, during the periods from March to December 2019 and 2020. Data were collected from medical records. For statistical, the SPSS v25 program (95% CI) was used. Findings: 139 patients were analyzed in each period. 60.4% and 76.3% of patients came from Lima, before and during the pandemic, respectively; The most frequent level of education of the responsible family member was high school (42.3% and 58.2%). Also, minor burns showed an increase before and during the pandemic (49.9% and 61%). Conclusions: Significant changes were observed in the origin, degree of the responsible family member and the severity of burn between both periods.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996924

ABSTRACT

@#Introduction: Humans have learned to recognize and process plants into medicinal forms through centuries. Burns can spread to other tissues, especially when infected with bacteria such as Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The study aimed to assess the in vivo antibacterial and wound healing activity of 2% formulation of 2-Medpy-3-CN on infected burn wounded animal model. Methods: In vitro antibacterial activity of the Alsti was done by broth dilution and disc diffusion methods. Alsti 2% ointment was prepared for the infected burn wound treatment. A total of 18 rats are grouped into A, B, C, and D, the first three groups (A-C) were injured thermally, and Group D was used as healthy controls. The three test Groups were exposed to MRSA ATCC 43300 at 105 CFU/mL. Group A was treated with 2% Alsti, Group B with Silver sulfadiazine 1% (SSD), and Group C was untreated. Wounds healing was assessed by the healed area and microscopic identification of hematoxylin and eosin (H&E)-stained skin tissue. Results: Wound healing progresses with application of Alsti 2% ointment as observed through wound diameter and histopathological changes of the skin. Wound diameter decreases with treatments, while the contrary was observed in the non-treated group. Microscopic observation of the stained skin showed that epidermal development, and collagen formation progress with treatment days. Untreated wounds showed marked inflammation, progressive ulceration, and necrosis. Conclusion: Alsti 2% formulation showed antibacterial and wound healing activities, hence, can be used as alternative in burn wound infections.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990834

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of microRNA (miR)-497 in the formation of corneal neovascularization (CNV) induced by alkali burn and its mechanism.Methods:Forty-two wild type (WT) C57BL/6 mice aged 6 to 8 weeks, 42 CRISPR/Cas9 mediated miR-497 knockout (KO) and 42 CRISPR/Cas9 mediated overexpression transgenic (TG) C57BL/6 mice were selected and assigned as WT group, KO group and TG group, respectively.The corneal alkali burn model was established.At 3, 7, 14 and 21 days after modeling, corneal epithelium damage and stromal turbidity were scored according to slit lamp microscopy.The area of neovascularization was measured.Corneal structural changes and expression of inflammatory cells were observed by histopathological staining.The expression of CD31 in corneal tissues was detected by immunohistochemistry staining.The targeted binding relationship between miR-497 and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) was detected by luciferase reporter assay.The relative expressions of miR-497, vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1β and macrophage inflammatory protein (MCP)-1 mRNA were detected by real-time quantitative PCR.At 14 days following modeling, the expression of STAT3 and p-STAT3 proteins in mice corneal tissues was detected by Western blot.The use and care of animals complied with the ARVO statement.The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University (No.2019K-K010).Results:Corneal injury, inflammatory cell infiltration and CNV occurred in mice cornea after alkali burn.Corneal epithelial injury score, corneal stromal turbidity score and CNV area increased first and reached the peak on the 14th day after modeling, and then decreased.There were significant differences in corneal epithelial injury score, corneal stromal turbidity score, CNV area and number of CD31-positive cells among various time points after alkali burn ( Fgroup=49.19, 34.56, 44.56, 77.56; all at P<0.01; Ftime=51.62, 65.62, 71.32, 46.12; all at P<0.01). Corneal epithelial injury score, corneal stromal turbidity score, CNV area and the number of CD31-positive cells were greater in KO group at various time points than in WT and TG groups, and those in WT group were greater than in TG group (all at P<0.05). In WT STAT3 co-transfected cells, the luciferase activity of the miR-497 group was significantly lower than that of the miR-negative control group and normal control group (both at P<0.05). In mutant STAT3-transfected cells, there was no significant difference in luciferase activity among all groups ( F=0.69, P=0.56). On the 14th day after modeling, the relative expression levels of miR-497 in corneal tissue of WT, KO and TG groups were 0.68±0.11, 0.41±0.06 and 1.05±0.14, respectively, which were significantly lower than 1.00±0.04, 0.56±0.07 and 1.34±0.11 before modeling (all at P<0.01). The relative expressions of STAT3 and p-STAT3 were higher in KO group than in WT and TG groups, and were lower in TG group than in WT group, and the differences were statistically significant (all at P<0.05). The expressions of VEGFA, TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β and MCP-1 mRNA at various time points after modeling in various groups were significantly higher than before modeling, which were higher in KO group than in WT and TG groups and were lower in TG group than in WT group, and the differences were statistically significant (all at P<0.01). Conclusions:MiR-497 inhibits corneal inflammation and CNV formation induced by alkali burn.It might inhibit the activation of the inflammation signal pathway via targeting STAT3.

10.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1320-1325, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-974678

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the repair effect and mechanism of Zhixu burn ointment on deep second-degree burned model rats. METHODS The deep second-degree burned model was established with a temperature-controlled apparatus. The model rats were randomly divided into model group, Jingwanhong ointment group and Zhixu burn ointment high-dose, medium-dose and low-dose groups (specifications were 20 g core+20 mL wetting agent, 10 g core+20 mL wetting agent, 5 g core+20 mL wetting agent, respectively). Another blank control group (only dehairing treatment, no modeling) was set up, with 10 rats in each group. The rats in each administration group were given corresponding drugs, the rats in the blank control group were not treated, and the rats in the model group were given normal saline once a day for 21 d. The healing of burn wounds and histomorphological changes of burned skin in each group of rats were observed, and the healing rate of wounds was calculated; the levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) in the wound skin tissue of rats were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; immunohistochemical method was used to detect the expression levels of VEGF and platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (CD31) protein in burned skin tissue. RESULTS Compared with model group, the wound area of the rats in the Jingwanhong ointment and Zhixu burn ointment groups gradually decreased and healed significantly by day 21, and the wound healing rate was significantly higher (P<0.05 or P<0.01); thicker new epidermal layer was seen in the skin tissue, and connective tissue and new blood vessels were significantly increased in the dermis; the expression levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α were significantly decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01), and the expression levels of VEGF and CD31 protein were significantly increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01) in the burned skin tissue. CONCLUSIONS Zhixu burn ointment can repair the skin of deep second-degree burned model rats, and the mechanism may be related to reducing the inflammatory response of burn wound and promoting the angiogenesis.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970976

ABSTRACT

Post-burn contractures are common entities seen in developing countries. There are multiple reasons for the development of contractures, most are preventable. In extensive contractures, a strategic plan is necessary to release all contractures and yet not antagonize post-operative positions. It is also necessary to be cost-effective and minimize the number of surgeries needed. Conventionally the release sequence in extensive burn contractures is proximal to distal. In this case report, we discuss an unusual sequence where we released distal contractures before the proximal to achieve optimum results. A 3-year-old child with post-burn contracture of hand, wrist, elbow, and axilla was treated in 2 stages, with the release of wrist contracture and cover with pedicled abdominal flap in the first stage and division of pedicled flap with the release of axilla and elbow contracture in the second stage. Thus, the release of all contractures was achieved without antagonizing post-operative positions and minimized the number of surgeries. A case-based approach may be crucial in making a strategic surgical plan to minimize the rehabilitation phase, rather than following known dictums.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Surgical Flaps/surgery , Upper Extremity , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Skin Transplantation , Contracture/surgery
12.
Ginecol. obstet. Méx ; 91(9): 706-710, ene. 2023. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520962

ABSTRACT

Resumen ANTECEDENTES: Las quemaduras son la forma más severa de estrés que el cuerpo puede sufrir; pueden generarse por diferentes agentes térmicos y químicos. CASO CLÍNICO: Paciente de 25 años, con dolor intenso en la región genital de 12 horas de evolución, secundario a la introducción en la vagina de una piedra de alumbre. Se le hicieron múltiples irrigaciones con solución salina al 0.9% sin obtener el resto de la piedra de alumbre. Se le aplicó sulfadiazina de plata en la cavidad vaginal cada 12 horas, óvulos vaginales de ketanserina, miconazol y metronidazol cada 8 horas, ketorolaco por vía oral 10 mg cada 8 horas. Durante su estancia hospitalaria tuvo buena evolución, con disminución de la inflamación en la zona genital, epitelización adecuada. Al tercer día se dio de alta del hospital con cita para valoración a los siete días. CONCLUSIÓN: El tratamiento de las quemaduras en el área genital, por agentes químicos, tiene como piedra angular la identificación del agente causante de la lesión que permita actuar de forma inmediata y evitar las secuelas físicas, sexuales y psicológicas mediante el lavado exhaustivo con solución o agua estéril para remover el agente causal y disminuir que continúe actuando en el sitio afectado.


Abstract BACKGROUND: Burns are the most severe form of stress that the body can suffer; they can be caused by various thermal and chemical agents. CLINICAL CASE: A 25-year-old female patient presented with severe genital pain of 12 hours' duration, secondary to the introduction of an alum stone into the vagina. She underwent several irrigations with 0.9% saline without obtaining the rest of the alum stone. She was given vaginal silver sulfadiazine every 12 hours, vaginal ketanserin, miconazole and metronidazole every 8 hours and oral ketorolac 10 mg every 8 hours. During her stay in hospital, she progressed well, with a decrease in genital inflammation and adequate epithelialisation. She was discharged on the third day with an appointment for a seven-day follow-up. CONCLUSION: The management of genital burns caused by chemical agents is based on the identification of the agent causing the lesion, which allows immediate action and prevents physical, sexual and psychological sequelae by thorough washing with sterile solution or water to remove the causative agent and reduce its continued action in the affected area.

13.
Med. crít. (Col. Mex. Med. Crít.) ; 37(1): 17-20, Feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521184

ABSTRACT

resumen está disponible en el texto completo


Abstract: Introduction: burns are a serious public health problem, with several studies estimating that more than 11 million people were affected by burn injuries with approximately 300,000 deaths worldwide. Studies showed that the main causes of death were inhalation injuries, infection, and metabolic and hemodynamic complications ending in multi-organ failure. It has been shown that the increase in the systemic inflammatory response, whose parameters can be easily obtained, can be useful and directly related to poor prognosis. Several clinical studies indicate that the ratio of neutrophils to lymphocytes, an indicator of systemic inflammatory response, can signify the presence of inflammation in some diseases such as diabetes, coronary artery disease, cholangitis, rheumatoid arthritis, and recently COVID-19. Objective: to know the association between the neutrophil lymphocyte index as a biomarker of mortality in patients with major burns. Material and methods: an observational, retrospective, descriptive, longitudinal study will be carried out: with a user population of the National Center for Research and Attention to Burned Patients (CENIAQ) of the Luis Guillermo Ibarra Ibarra National Rehabilitation Institute. A review of the clinical records of the patients treated in the period will be carried out during the period from February 1, 2020 to February 28, 2022, the data of admission and discharge will be taken into account, as well as initial laboratory studies. The information will be recorded in an Excel spreadsheet to be later analyzed in the SPSS software, the results will be obtained and finally their analysis will be carried out. Results: in the analyzed population we found that the average age is 40 years, it was also found that the most affected gender in this population corresponds to the male gender with 81.2%. It was also found that, within the diagnoses of the population studied, fire burn was the one that most affected the population, this being 67.1% of all diagnoses. However, in this study no significant difference was found in the neutrophil lymphocyte index with respect to the type of burn. In our analysis, the neutrophil lymphocyte index was included as a biochemical predictor of mortality, since high levels of this index at admission are associated with increased mortality. In our population, a significant difference was found between the groups with a fatal clinical outcome and those who recovered, which is why it can be considered as a predictor of mortality in these patients since they presented a p value < 0.023, data that is consistent with what is reported in the international literature where the Neutrophil lymphocyte index value can be used as a predictor of mortality. Conclusions: an association was found between the elevation of the neutrophil/lynphocyte ratio and mortality in patients with severe burns.


Resumo: Introdução: as queimaduras são um grave problema de saúde pública, onde estima-se em diversos estudos que mais de 11 milhões de pessoas foram acometidas por queimaduras com aproximadamente 300.000 mortes em todo o mundo. Estudos mostraram que as principais causas de morte foram lesões inalatórias, infecções e complicações metabólicas e hemodinâmicas que culminaram em falência de múltiplos órgãos. Tem sido demonstrado que o aumento da resposta inflamatória sistêmica, cujos parâmetros podem ser facilmente obtidos, pode ser útil e estar diretamente relacionado ao mau prognóstico. Vários estudos clínicos indicam que a proporção de neutrófilos para linfócitos, um indicador de resposta inflamatória sistêmica, pode significar a presença de inflamação em algumas doenças como diabetes, doença arterial coronariana, colangite, artrite reumatóide e recentemente COVID-19. Objetivo: conhecer a associação entre o índice neutrófilo-linfócito como biomarcador de mortalidade em pacientes com grandes queimaduras. Material e métodos: será realizado um estudo observacional, descritivo, retrospectivo, longitudinal: com a população usuária do Centro Nacional de Pesquisa e Atenção ao Paciente Queimado (CENIAQ), do Instituto Nacional de Reabilitação Luis Guillermo Ibarra Ibarra. Realizaremos uma revisão dos prontuários clínicos dos pacientes atendidos no período de 1º de fevereiro de 2020 a 28 de fevereiro de 2022, serão levados em consideração os dados de admissão e alta, bem como os estudos laboratoriais iniciais. As informações serão registradas em planilha Excel para posteriormente serem analisadas no software SPSS, serão obtidos os resultados e por fim será realizada a análise. Resultados: na população analisada verificamos que a média de idade é de 40 anos, constatou-se também que o gênero mais acometido nesta população corresponde ao gênero masculino com 81.2%. Constatou-se também que, dentro dos diagnósticos da população estudada, a queimadura por fogo foi o que mais afetou a população, sendo este 67.1% do total de diagnósticos. No entanto, neste estudo não foi encontrada diferença significativa no índice neutrófilo-linfócito em relação ao tipo de queimadura. Em nossa análise, foram incluídos o índice neutrófilo-linfócito como preditor bioquímico de mortalidade, uma vez que altos níveis desse índice na admissão estão associados a aumento da mortalidade. Em nossa população, foi encontrada diferença significativa entre os grupos com desfecho clínico fatal e os recuperados, motivo pelo qual pode ser considerado como preditor de mortalidade nesses pacientes, pois apresentaram valor de p < 0.023, dado compatível com o relatado em a literatura internacional onde o valor do índice neutrófilo-linfócito pode ser utilizado como preditor de mortalidade. Conclusões: encontrou-se associação entre a elevação do índice neutrófilo/linfócito e mortalidade em pacientes com queimaduras graves.

14.
Med. crít. (Col. Mex. Med. Crít.) ; 37(1): 40-46, Feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521189

ABSTRACT

Resumen: La nutrición es uno de los pilares clave en el tratamiento de los pacientes con quemaduras severas, ya que a consecuencia de las quemaduras se desarrolla una de las respuestas fisiopatológicas caracterizadas por un estado de hipercatabolismo e hipermetabolismo con una pérdida secundaria de masa magra, tejido adiposo, vitaminas y oligoelementos condicionando alteraciones en el funcionamiento orgánico. Por lo tanto, es de extrema importancia dar el aporte nutricional de manera adecuada, sin caer en una infraalimentación o sobrealimentación, para lo que se requieren diversos métodos matemáticos para poder calcular el gasto calórico perdido, y de esta manera evitar complicaciones secundarias. En el presente trabajo se abarcan estos mecanismos fisiopatológicos, así como las técnicas y los requerimientos necesarios para alcanzar una nutrición adecuada en los pacientes con quemaduras severas.


Abstract: Nutrition is one of the key pillars in the treatment of patients with severe burns, since as a consequence of the burns, one of the pathophysiological responses is developed characterized by a state of hypercatabolism and hypermetabolism with a secondary loss of lean mass, adipose tissue, vitamins and trace elements conditioning alterations in organic functioning. Therefore, it is extremely important to give the nutritional contribution in an adequate way, without falling into an infra or supra feeding, for which various mathematical methods are required to be able to calculate the lost caloric expenditure, and in this way avoid secondary complications. This work covers these pathophysiological mechanisms, as well as the techniques and requirements necessary to achieve adequate nutrition in patients with severe burns.


Resumo: A nutrição é um dos pilares fundamentais no tratamento de pacientes com queimaduras graves, pois uma das respostas fisiopatológicas desenvolvidas em decorrência das queimaduras é caracterizada por um estado de hipercatabolismo e hipermetabolismo com perda secundária de massa magra, tecido adiposo, vitaminas e oligoelementos condicionando alterações no funcionamento orgânico. Portanto, é de extrema importância brindar o aporte nutricional de forma adequada, sem cair em uma sub ou superalimentação, para a qual são necessários vários métodos matemáticos para poder calcular o gasto calórico perdido e, assim, evitar complicações secundárias. Este artigo aborda esses mecanismos fisiopatológicos, bem como as técnicas e os requisitos necessários para alcançar uma nutrição adequada em pacientes com queimaduras graves.

15.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e248738, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1431135

ABSTRACT

A recuperação de vítimas de queimaduras é longa e dolorosa e afeta diversas esferas da vida do paciente. A resiliência, que se refere à capacidade humana de enfrentar e se adaptar a eventos adversos, exerce grande importância no processo de recuperação da queimadura. Logo, este trabalho objetiva avaliar a capacidade de resiliência de pacientes queimados, no momento da admissão e da alta hospitalar, em um hospital de emergência e urgência de Goiânia. Trata-se de um estudo descritivo, quantitativo e transversal que utiliza a Escala de Resiliência de Connor-Davidson (CD-RISC) como instrumento de mensuração. Na admissão hospitalar, a média da resiliência foi de 71,35, tendo sido observada uma relação significativa entre o fator Amparo da escala CD-RISC e a presença do(a) companheiro(a). O escore de resiliência encontrado nesta pesquisa é consistente com outros achados da literatura científica internacional e nacional referente à expressão da resiliência em vítimas de queimaduras e outros adoecimentos. A relação entre o fator Amparo e a presença de um(a) companheiro(a) enfatiza a importância da rede de apoio familiar na reabilitação do paciente queimado.(AU)


The recovery of burned patients is long and painful and impacts on different areas of people's lives. Resilience, which refers to the human capacity to face and adapt to adverse events, plays a major role in the process of recovery from burns. Therefore, the present study aims to assess the resilience of burned patients, on admission and hospital discharge, in an emergency and urgency hospital in Goiânia. This is a descriptive, quantitative and cross-sectional study that uses the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD RISC) as a measuring instrument. At hospital admission, the mean resilience was 71.35, with a significant association between the Support factor on the CD RISC scale and the presence of a partner. The resilience score found in the present study is consistent with other findings in the international and national scientific literature regarding the expression of resilience in victims of burns and other illnesses. The relationship between the Support factor and the presence of a partner emphasizes the importance of the family support network in the rehabilitation of the burned patient.(AU)


La recuperación de los pacientes quemados es larga y dolorosa e impacta en diferentes esferas de la vida de las personas. La resiliencia, que se refiere a la capacidad humana para enfrentar y adaptarse a eventos adversos, juega un papel importante en el proceso de recuperación de las quemaduras. Por tanto, el presente estudio tiene como objetivo evaluar la resiliencia de los pacientes quemados, en el momento del ingreso y el alta, en un hospital de emergencia y urgencia en Goiânia. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo, cuantitativo y transversal que utiliza la Escala de Resiliencia Connor-Davidson (CD RISC) como instrumento de medida. Al ingreso hospitalario, la resiliencia media fue de 71,35, con associación significativa entre el factor Amparo de la escala CD RISC y la presencia de pareja. El puntaje de resiliencia encontrado en el presente estudio es consistente con otros hallazgos en la literatura científica nacional e internacional sobre la expresión de resiliencia en víctimas de quemaduras y otras enfermedades. La relación entre el factor Amparo y la presencia de pareja enfatiza la importancia de la red de apoyo familiar en la rehabilitación del paciente quemado.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Social Support , Burns , Resilience, Psychological , Anxiety Disorders , Pain , Preceptorship , Prejudice , Psychological Phenomena , Psychology , Recovery Room , Rehabilitation Centers , Safety , Self Concept , Skin , Social Perception , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic , Suicide , General Surgery , Surgery, Plastic , Tissues , Baths , Wounds and Injuries , Behavior , Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms , Technical Cooperation , Unified Health System , Body Image , Traumatology , Burn Units , Burns, Chemical , Burns, Electric , Accidents, Home , Accidents, Occupational , Accidents, Traffic , Explosive Wastes , Inflammable Wastes , Mental Health , Morbidity , Cicatrix , Nursing , Panic Disorder , Employment, Supported , Statistics, Nonparametric , Human Body , Intuition , Wit and Humor , Hydrogels , Counseling , Critical Care , Disaster Vulnerability , Personal Autonomy , Death , Stress Disorders, Traumatic, Acute , Depression , Discrimination, Psychological , Education , Empathy , Humanization of Assistance , User Embracement , Ethics , Breakthrough Pain , Activation, Metabolic , Physical Appearance, Body , Trauma and Stressor Related Disorders , Psychological Trauma , Accidental Injuries , Psychological Distress , Social Comparison , Functional Status , Self-Compassion , Accident Prevention , Health Services Accessibility , Helping Behavior , Homicide , Amputation, Traumatic , Hospitalization , Individuality , Intensive Care Units , Interpersonal Relations , Life Change Events , Mental Disorders , Negativism , Nursing Assistants , Nursing Care
16.
Rev. bras. queimaduras ; 22(1): 9-16, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512435

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Avaliar o custo operacional do Centro de Tratamento de Queimados (CTQ) e calcular o custo paciente-dia. MÉTODO: Estudo transversal, com análise retrospectiva, quantitativa. Optou-se pelo sistema de microcusteio por absorção como método de apuração de custos através do sistema de informação de Compras Gerenciamento de Recursos Materiais e Serviço de Arquivo Médico no CTQ nos anos de 2019 e 2020. RESULTADOS: 824 internações incluindo enfermaria e Unidade Terapia Intensiva, com uma média de taxa de ocupação 73,4% e 91,4%, respectivamente. O perfil predominante foi do sexo masculino, de 0-9 anos, a maior taxa de mortalidade foi entre 60-80 anos, custo operacional R$15.547.698,81 e R$ 15.114.274,03, que gera um custo operacional mensal da unidade de R$ 1.277.582,21; os custos diretos representaram 58% e 54% nos anos de 2019 e 2020, respectivamente. Sendo assim, em média, o paciente-dia custou R$ 3.274,46 e uma taxa média de permanência de 13 dias de internação, portanto, pode-se fazer uma projeção de custos do tratamento de R$ 42.567,98, incluindo os custos indiretos e diretos. CONCLUSÕES: O custo operacional médio mensal foi de R$ 1.277.582,21 e paciente-dia teve um custo médio de R$ 3.274,46 para 13 dias de internação, projeta-se o custo total do tratamento R$ 42.567,98, incluindo os custos diretos e indiretos.


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the operating cost of the Burn Treatment Center (CTQ) and to calculate the patient-day cost. METHODS: Cross-sectional study, with retrospective, quantitative analysis. The micro absorption costing system was chosen as a method of calculating costs through the Purchasing information system Material Resource Management and Medical Archive Service at the CTQ in 2019 and 2020. RESULTS: 824 hospitalizations including ward and Therapy Unit Intensive, with an average occupancy rate of 73.4% and 91.4%, respectively. The predominant profile was male, aged 0-9 years, the highest mortality rate was between 60-80 years, operating cost R$15,547,698.81 and R$15,114,274.03, which generates a monthly operating cost of unit of BRL 1,277,582.21, direct costs represented 58% and 54% in 2019 and 2020, respectively. Therefore, on average, the patient-day cost BRL 3,274.46 and an average hospital stay of 13 days, therefore, a treatment cost projection of BRL 42,567.98, including indirect and direct costs. CONCLUSIONS: The average monthly operating cost was R$ 1,277,582.21 and patient-day had an average cost of R$ 3,274.46 for 13 days of hospitalization, the total cost of treatment is projected to be R$ 42,567.98 including direct and indirect costs.

17.
Clinics ; 78: 100295, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528423

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to study the curative effect and the relative mechanism of modified photodynamic therapy combined with Taohong Siwu Decoction in the treatment of hyperplastic scar after severe burn, in order to provide a stable, safe and satisfactory scheme for scar repair. Methods: Forty cases with hyperplastic scars after severe burns admitted to the plastic surgery department from May 2021 to May 2022 were divided into a control group and an observation group by means of the random number table method. The control group was treated with ordinary laser therapy combined with Taohong Siwu Decoction, while the observation group was treated with modified photodynamic therapy combined with Taohong Siwu Decoction. The Vancouver Scar Scale (VSS) was assessed in both groups, and the clinical effectiveness of both groups was compared. HE-staining was performed on the scar tissue of the same patient before and after treatment to observe the changes in the arrangement of fibroblasts. The Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF), β-Transforming Growth Factor (TGF-β), and Platelet-Derived Growth Factor (PDGF) in the tissue samples of both groups were detected by quantitative real-time PCR. The patients were followed up for 6 months, and their satisfaction, side effects, and scar recurrence were observed. Results: Compared with the control group, the VSS score in the observation group was lower (p < 0.05). The therapeutic effect of the observation group was superior to the control group after 3 months (p < 0.05). After 3-months of therapy, the arrangement of fibroblasts in the scar became looser in two groups, and the observation group was more looser. The VEGF, TGF-β and PDGF levels in tissue samples of the observation group were lower than those in the control group after 3 months of treatment (p < 0.05). The satisfaction of the observation group was higher than that of the control group (p < 0.05). The adverse reactions between the two groups showed no difference (p > 0.05), while the recurrence rate was lower in the observation group (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Modified photodynamic therapy combined with Taohong Siwu Decoction shows remarkable efficacy in patients with hyperplastic scars after severe burns. It can improve the color, thickness, vascular distribution, and softness of the scar, and reduce the level of cytokines related to tissue repair. At the same time, it can improve patients' satisfaction with the aesthetic appearance and reduce the recurrence rate, providing a new comprehensive therapy that is safer and more effective, simple and quick, and easy to promote in the clinic.

18.
Rev. bras. queimaduras ; 22(2): 61-67, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1552887

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Descrever o perfil de pacientes adultos internados por queimaduras que passaram por contrafluxo, retorno do paciente para uma unidade de maior complexidade assistencial por complicações ou deterioração clínica, durante a internação hospitalar e avaliar a relação existente entre a sua ocorrência, o Abbreviated Burn Severity Index (ABSI) e óbito. MÉTODO: Estudo retrospectivo de coorte aberta com dados secundários de um Centro de Tratamento de Queimados (CTQ) na Bahia, de janeiro de 2022 a junho de 2023. Os dados foram organizados no Excel, exportados e analisados no Stata. A significância estatística foi avaliada pelo teste Qui-quadrado ou exato de Fisher para variáveis categóricas. Este estudo foi aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa. RESULTADOS: Das 658 internações no CTQ, 72 (10,9%) tiveram contrafluxo. Destas, 51,4% foram do sexo masculino, 68% estavam na faixa etária de 18 a 59 anos, predominando as queimaduras por calor/fogo. As unidades que mais receberam o contrafluxo foram a Unidade de Terapia Intensiva (UTI) para queimados (UAC), com 48 (66,7%), e UTIs Gerais, com 21 eventos (29,2%). Na população estudada, houve significância estatística na taxa de mortalidade, na taxa de contrafluxo segundo as faixas de gravidade e no contrafluxo e mortalidade segundo procedência, no qual foi identificado que os pacientes vindos da emergência sofreram contrafluxo e tiveram maior taxa de mortalidade. CONCLUSÕES: O contrafluxo representa um importante indicador a ser monitorado no CTQ em estudo, pois esteve relacionado com pior prognóstico em adultos grandes queimados, procedentes da emergência e vítimas de queimaduras térmicas.


OBJECTIVE: To describe the profile of adult patients hospitalized for burns that underwent contraflow, return the patient to a more complex care unit due to complications or clinical complications, during hospital stay and evaluate the relationship between their occurrence, the Abbreviated Burn Severity Index (ABSI) and death. METHODS: Retrospective open cohort study with secondary data from a Burn Treatment Center (BTC) in Bahia, from January 2022 to June 2023. Data were organized in Excel, exported and applied to Stata. Statistical significance was assessed using the Chi-square or Fisher's exact test for categorical variations. This study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee. RESULTS: Of the 658 admissions to the BTC, 72 (10.9%) had contraflow. Of these, 51.4% were male, 68% were aged between 18 and 59 years, with heat/fire burns predominating. The units that received the most contraflow were the burn ICU (UAC) with 48 (66.7%), and General ICUs with 21 events (29.2%). In the studied population, there was statistical significance in the mortality rate, in the contraflow rate according to the severity ranges and in the contraflow and mortality according to origin, where it was identified that patients coming from the emergency suffered contraflow and had higher mortality rates. CONCLUSIONS: Contraflow represents an important indicator to be monitored in the BTC under study, as it was related to worse prognoses in severely burned adults, those coming to emergencies and victims of thermal burns.

20.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 37(4): 445-450, out.dez.2022. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1413195

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Substâncias químicas apresentam uma prevalência relativamente baixa dentre as causas de queimaduras. Porém, têm importância, pois a maioria dos acidentes ocorrem no âmbito do trabalho e em população economicamente ativa. O objetivo é realizar uma análise do perfil dos pacientes internados por queimaduras químicas em uma Unidade de Queimados. Métodos: Análise retrospectiva de pacientes internados na Unidade de Queimados do Hospital Estadual de Bauru, Bauru, SP, Brasil, entre os anos de 2008 e 2018. Múltiplas variáveis foram analisadas, como idade, sexo, agente químico, local onde ocorreu o acidente, necessidade de internação em UTI e dias de hospitalização. Resultados: No total, 40 (1,7%) pacientes foram internados devido a queimadura química. A média de idade foi de 35 anos, com predominância do sexo masculino, com 30 (75%) indivíduos. O principal local do trauma foi no ambiente de trabalho, em 20 casos (50%). Acidentes com base foram responsáveis por 20 (50%) internações. A superfície corporal queimada média foi de 7,5%. Queimadura ocular ocorreu em 11 (27,5%) pacientes. Leito de terapia intensiva foi necessário para 10 (25%) casos. Quando comparados os acidentes entre substâncias ácidas e bases, evidenciamos diferença no número de pacientes internados em UTI, com oito pacientes em lesões envolvendo bases e dois com ácidos (p=0,04). Conclusão: A casuística e resultados apresentados neste artigo são semelhantes à literatura mundial sobre o assunto. Evidenciamos a importância dessa queimadura no ambiente de trabalho e o acometimento de indivíduos em idade ativa, assim como a maior gravidade de acidentes com substância química.


Introduction: Chemicals have a relatively low prevalence among the causes of burns. However, they are important because most accidents occur in the scope of work and in an economically active population. The objective is to perform an analysis of the profile of patients hospitalized for chemical burns in a Burn Unit. Methods: Retrospective analysis of patients hospitalized in the Burn Unit of the State Hospital of Bauru, Bauru, SP, Brazil, between 2008 and 2018. Multiple variables were analyzed, such as age, gender, chemical agent, place where the accident occurred, need for ICU stay and days of hospitalization. Results: In total, 40 (1.7%) patients were hospitalized due to chemical burn. The mean age was 35 years, with predominance of males, with 30 (75%) individuals. The main site of trauma was in the workplace, in 20 cases (50%). Based accidents were responsible for 20 (50%) admissions. The mean burned body surface was 7.5%. Eye burn occurred in 11 (27.5%) patients. Intensive care bed was required for 10 (25%) cases. When comparing accidents between acid iced substances and bases, we noted a difference in the number of ICU patients, with eight patients in lesions involving bases and two with acids (p=0.04). Conclusion: The sample and results presented in this article are similar to the world literature on the subject. We evidenced the importance of this burn in the work environment and the involvement of individuals of active age, as well as the greater severity of accidents with chemical substance.

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