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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934075

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the adjuvant role of the eCura scoring system in selecting appropriate treatment strategies after non-curative endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) of early gastric cancer (EGC) patients.Methods:The clinicopathological data of 110 EGC patients who underwent non-curative ESD at Fujian Provincial Hospital from January 2015 to June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the eCura score, patients were divided into three lymph node metastasis (LNM) risk groups: low-risk group (79 cases), middle-risk group (22 cases), and high-risk group (9 cases). The receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to test the diagnostic efficacy of eCura scoring system in predicting LNM. Logistic regression analysis was used to explore the influence of risk stratification of eCura scoring system on LNM. Kaplan-Meier method was used to evaluate cancer survival rate, which was then compared with log-rank test.Results:Thirty-five patients underwent additional standard surgery after ESD, including 22 in the low-risk group, 8 in the middle-risk group, and 5 in the high-risk group. Among them, 5 cases had LNM, including 1 case in the low-risk group and the middle-risk group respectively and 3 cases in the high-risk group. The area under the ROC curve was 0.857 (95% CI: 0.697-0.952, P=0.001), and when the cut-off value of the eCura score was set at 3, the Yuden index reached the maximum value of 0.7, with the corresponding sensitivity and specificity of 80% and 90%, respectively. Logistic regression analysis showed that the probability of LNM in the middle-risk group was about 3.00 times (95% CI: 0.17-54.57, P=0.458) as high as that in the low-risk group, and the probability of LNM in the high-risk group was about 31.50 times (95% CI: 2.14-463.14, P=0.012) of that in the low-risk group. The follow-up time was 12 to 58 months, and the median follow-up time was 40 months. There were 10 cases of recurrence, including 4 cases in the low-risk group, 3 cases in the middle-risk group and 3 cases in the high-risk group, of which 2 cases in the low-risk group were from those of additional standard surgery after ESD, and the remaining 8 cases were from those who did not receive additional standard surgery after ESD. Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis showed that the survival rate of patients with additional surgery in the low-risk group was similar to that of patients without ( P=0.319), and the survival rate of patients with additional surgery in the middle-risk group was also similar to that of patients without ( P=0.296). The survival rate of patients with additional surgery in the high-risk group was significantly higher than that of those without ( P=0.013). Conclusion:The eCura scoring system can assist the selection of treatment strategies after non-curative resection of EGC, and can accurately predict the risk of subsequent LNM and recurrence. Close follow-up may be an acceptable option for patients with low risk of LNM, and additional standard surgical treatment may be more conducive to improving the prognosis in patients with high risk of LNM.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912177

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the endoscopic features of early gastric cancer (EGC) related to non-curative endoscopic resection, and to construct an assessment model to quantify the risk of non-curative resection.Methods:From August 2006 to October 2019, 378 lesions that underwent endoscopic resection and were diagnosed pathological as EGC in the Department of Gastroenterology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital were included in this case-control study.Seventy-eight (20.6%) non-curative resection lesions were included in the observation group, and 234 lesions which selected from 300 lesions of curative resection were included in the control group according to the difference of operation year ±1 with the observation group, and the ratio of 1∶3 of the observation group to the control group. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed to explore the risk factors for non-curative resection. The independent risk factor with the minimum β coefficient was assigned 1 point, and the remaining factors were scored according to the ratio of their β coefficient to the minimum. A predictive model was established to analyze the 378 lesions.The non-curative resection rates of lesions of different scores were calculated. Results:Univariate analysis showed that the lesion diameter, the location, redness, ulcer or ulcer scar, fold interruption, fold entanglement, and invasion depth observed with endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) were associated with non-curative resection of EGC lesions ( P<0.05), and contact or spontaneous bleeding may be associated with non-curative resection ( P=0.068). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that submucosal involvement (VS confined to the mucosa: β=0.901, P=0.011, OR=2.46, 95% CI: 1.23-4.92), lesion diameter of 3-<5 cm (VS <3 cm: β=0.723, P=0.038, OR=2.06, 95% CI: 1.04-4.09), lesion diameter of ≥5 cm (VS <3 cm: β=2.078, P=0.003, OR=7.99, 95% CI: 2.02-31.66), location in the upper 1/3 of the stomach (VS lower 1/3: β=1.540, P<0.001, OR=4.66, 95% CI: 2.30-9.45), and fold interruption ( β=2.287, P=0.008, OR=1.93, 95% CI: 0.95-3.93) were independent risk factors for non-curative resection of EGC lesions. The factor of lesion diameter of 3-<5 cm and submucosal involvement were assigned 1 point respectively, location in the upper 1/3 of the stomach was assigned 2 points, diameter of ≥5 cm and fold interruption were assigned 3 points respectively, and other factors were assigned 0 point. Then the analysis of 378 lesions showed that the probability of non-curative resection at ≥2 points was 41.9% (37/93), 4 times as much as that at 0 [11.5% (25/217)]. Conclusion:EGC lesions with diameter ≥3 cm, located in the upper 1/3 of the stomach, interrupted folds or submucosal involvement are highly related to non-curative resection. The predictive model based on these factors achieves satisfactory efficacy, but it still needs further validation in larger cohorts.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816412

ABSTRACT

Endoscopic resection(ER) is playing an increasingly important role in treatment of gastric cancer. However,many patients received endoscopic resection turned out to be non-curative. Thus, the following treatment after ER is worthy of discussion. Reviewing the recomandations of guidelines published by European Society for Medical Oncology(ESMO), National Comprehensive Cancer Network(NCCN) and Japanese Gastric Cancer Association(JGCA) and relevant articles, and also retrospectively analysis of cases in our center. In conclusion, for patients of eCura-C, surgery is recommended after considering relevant risks. Gastrectomy type and lymph node dissection range may refer to those for early gastric cancer.Further research is needed to predict lymph node metastasis more accurately. With the development of minimal invasive surgery, sentinel node navigation surgery and laparoscopic and endoscopic cooperative surgery will gain more and more attention.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 379-383, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756296

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors for non-curative resection after endoscopic submucosal dissection ( ESD ) for early esophageal cancer and high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia .Methods The clinicopathological data of 427 cases of early esophageal cancer and high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia who underwent ESD was performed from January 2013 to December 2016 in the Department of Gastroenterology , First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University were retrospectively analyzed .According to the results of postoperative pathology and immunohistochemistry ,339 patients were defined as curative resection group and 88 patients were defined as non-curative resection group .Chi-square test , univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used for statistical analysis .Results A total of 427 patients were enrolled in this study, with an average age of (63.2 ±7.7) years, including 96 cases of early esophageal cancer and 331 cases of high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia .The enbloc resection rate of ESD was 94.8%(405/427), 88 of them were non-curative resected, and the non-curative resection rate was 20.6%.Univariate analysis showed that early esophageal cancer (odds ratio (OR)=3.682, 95%confidence interval (CI) 2.216 to 6.118, P<0.01), submucosal infiltration (OR=10.220, 95%CI 4.861 to 21.481, P<0.01), ESD indications (OR=6.005, 95%CI 3.545 to 10.172, P<0.01) and lifting sign after injecting at the base of lesions (OR=2.508, 95%CI 1.005 to 6.255, P=0.042) were statistically significant between non-curative resection group and curative resection group . Multivariate unconditional logistic regression analysis revealed that submucosal infiltration (OR =4.329, 95%CI 1.758 to 10.661,P =0.001), not absolute indications of ESD (OR =6.484, 95%CI 2.205 to 19.068, P=0.001) and negative lifting sign (OR=3.182, 95%CI 1.171 to 8.651, P=0.023) were independent risk factors for non-curative resection.Conclusions Patients with early esophageal cancer , submucosal infiltration , not absolute indications for ESD and negative lifting signs are prone to non-curative resection .Moreover , submucosal infiltration , not absolute indications for ESD , and negative lifting signs are the independent risk factors for non-curative resection .

5.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 183-186, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804902

ABSTRACT

Multidisciplinary therapy is considered as an acceptable option for gastric cancer patients with liver metastases currently, while the effectiveness of surgery is still controversial. Although there was no improved survival for cytoreductive surgery, some evidences showed that some selected patients with the combination surgery of gastric cancer and liver metastases could benefit from curative resection. Compared to cytoreductive surgery for gastric cancer patients with liver metastasis, curative resection did not increase the incidence of complications or mortality. Therefore, surgery-based multidisciplinary therapy would be appropriate for some seleted gastric cancer patients with liver metastasis. In highly selected patients with neoadjuvant chemotherapy, curative resection with both primary and metastatic tumor could improve long-term survival benefits. Furthermore, the long-term survival and quality of life should be considered of equal importance in future studies.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711508

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy, safety and risk factors of endoscopic treatment for patients with early gastric cancer. Methods A retrospective study was conducted in a single center and data was collected from 186 early gastric cancers in 168 pathologically confirmed patients who received endoscopic treatment in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2006 to December 2015. The cases were divided into different groups according to indications of endoscopic treatment. The curative resection rate and complication rate were analyzed. Post-resection outcomes were evaluated by long-term surveillance. Results The curative resection rate was 86. 9%( 73/84) in the group with absolute indications, 61. 7%(50/81)in the group with expanded indications, and 33. 3%(7/21) in the group beyond indications (P<0. 01). Multivariate analysis revealed that the significant independent predictors for curative resection included lower third location of stomach, no ulceration,≤2 cm at diameter, no adhesion, and well-differentiation in histopathology. In the expanded indications group, discordance of differentiation type and deeper invasion mainly resulted in non-curative resection in en bloc lesions. The rate of bleeding and perforation was 4. 8%( 9/186) and 3. 8%( 7/186), respectively. The perforation rate was significantly lower in the lesions located in the lower third of stomach, without adhesion or performed by en bloc resection. During a median follow-up period of 22. 3 months, 154 patients were followed successfully. The incidence of synchronous and metachronous gastric cancers in curative resected lesions was 7. 5%( 8/106) and 0. 9%(1/106), respectively. Conclusion Endoscopic resection is an optimal treatment with high curative resection rate for early gastric cancer patients with absolute indications. Patients with expanded indications should take precise preoperative evaluation to avoid higher risk of non-curative resection endoscopically. Close follow-up is necessary for synchronous and metachronous gastric cancers after endoscopic resection.

7.
Ann. hepatol ; 16(3): 412-420, May.-Jun. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887253

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background. A retrospective cohort study was conducted to investigate the effect of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) level on prognosis in low viral load (< 2000 lU/mL) patients with hepatitis B-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after curative resection. Material and methods. A total of 192 patients with low viral load who had received curative resection of pathologically confirmed HCC were analyzed to determine the factors affecting prognosis. The risk factors for survival, early and late recurrence (2 years as a cut-off) were studied. Results. The median follow-up time was 38.5 months. The overall survival rates at 1-, 3-, and 5-year after curative resection were 94.2%, 64.0%, and 45.2%, respectively. The cumulative recurrence rates at 1-, 3-, and 5-year after curative resection were 22.4%, 46.5%, and 67.0%, respectively. Patients with high serum HBsAg levels (> 250 lU/mL) had significantly lower survival rates than those with low HBsAg levels (HR: 1.517,95% Cl: 1.005-2.292, P = 0.047). Stratified analysis showed that patients with high HBsAg levels had a significantly higher late recurrence incidence than those with low HBsAg levels (HR: 2.155, 95% Cl: 1.094-4.248, P = 0.026), but did not have a significantly higher risk of early recurrence postoperatively (HR: 1.320,95% Cl: 0. 837-2.082, P = 0.233). Multivariate analysis revealed that HBsAg > 250 lU/mL was an independent risk factor associated with late recurrence (HR: 2.109, 95% Cl: 1.068-4.165, P = 0.032). Conclusions. HBsAg > 250 lU/mL at the time of tumor resection was an independent risk factor for late recurrence in low viral load HCC patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/surgery , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/virology , Hepatectomy/adverse effects , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens/blood , Time Factors , Biomarkers/blood , Proportional Hazards Models , Hepatitis B virus/immunology , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Disease-Free Survival , Disease Progression , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Hepatitis B/complications , Hepatitis B/diagnosis , Hepatitis B/virology , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
8.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 178-183, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808384

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the associations between various blood test parameters including MLR (monocyte-lymphocyte ratio) and prognosis in post-operative esophagogastric junction cancer patients.@*Methods@#We retrospectively studied the preoperative and postoperative data of 309 patients who underwent radical surgery for esophagogastric junction cancer. The relationship between MLR, neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and overall survival (OS) was analyzed.@*Results@#The cutoff values of MLR、NLR and PLR were 0.201, 1.697 and 96.960, respectively. The median OS was 51.4 months for all the patients in the study group (n=309). MLR in patients with esophagogastric junction carcinoma was associated with gender, depth of invasion, histological grade, TNM stage, NLR and PLR (P<0.05). PLR was associated with tumor size, TNM stage, NLR and MLR (P<0.05). NLR was associated with gender, tumor size, TNM stage, PLR and MLR (both P<0.05). Univariate analysis showed that tumor size, depth of tumor invasion, metastasis of lymph nodes, pathological grading, nerve infiltration, lymphovascular invasion, TNM staging, PLR and MLR were associated with the median overall survival time (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that TNM stage, nerve infiltration and MLR were independent prognostic predictors for patients with esophagogastric junction cancer (P<0.05), but not PLR or NLR. Setting the optimal cut-off value of the MLR in 0.201, the area under the curve was 0.603, significantly larger than that of PLR and NLR (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Preoperative MLR is a very useful predictor of patients with esophagogastric junction cancer who underwent radical rescetion. Preoperative MLR> 0.201 is an independent risk factor for postoperative survival in patients with esophagogastric cancer, and PLR> 96.960 may predict a poor prognosis risk.

9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-23585

ABSTRACT

Combined hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma (HCC-CC) is a primary liver cancer with histopathologic features of both hepatocelluar carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma. As combined HCC-CC has been associated with poor outcomes, accurate diagnosis and proper treatment planning for patients are considered to be important for improving survival. Currently, surgery is known as the only treatment modality offering potential cure for localized disease. However, there are little published treatment options for advanced or recurrent disease. Furthermore, no published reports exist in respect to the applying successful curative resection after neoadjuvant therapy for advanced combined HCC-CC. Here, we report a case of combined HCC-CC subtype with stem cell feature, intermediate type who underwent curative surgical resection after neoadjuvant chemotherapy consisting of cisplatin and gemcitabine. Pathologic report revealed negative resection margin and follow-up imaging study shows no evidence of tumor recurrence.


Subject(s)
Cholangiocarcinoma , Cisplatin , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Recurrence , Stem Cells
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-46914

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUNDS/AIMS: Gallbladder carcinoma is usually associated with an unfavorable prognosis, and the clinical outcome has not improved much. This study was conducted to evaluate outcomes with gallbladder carcinoma according to the type of surgery performed, and the prognostic factors for survival. METHODS: One hundred and six patients with gallbladder carcinoma, who underwent surgery for the purpose of curative resection between January 1999 and June 2012 were reviewed retrospectively. RESULTS: Out of 106 patients, curative resection was achieved in 75 (70.8%). The cumulative 1-, 2- and 5-year survival rates of the gallbladder carcinoma patients were 93.4%, 80.9% and 63.0%, respectively. Radical resections, including extended cholecystectomy, were more beneficial for long term survival of patients. The 5-year survival rate in patients who underwent curative resection (56.9%) was significantly higher than in those who underwent palliative resection (0%, p=0.000). Multivariate analysis revealed that curative resection, preoperative CA19-9, T-stage, N-stage and differentiation of histology were independently significant prognostic factors. CONCLUSIONS: Curative resection and early detection of patients with gallbladder carcinoma were the most important factors for long term survival. Radical resection improves survival for patients with localized gallbladder carcinoma and can help to access exact prognosis and treatments.


Subject(s)
Cholecystectomy , Gallbladder , Humans , Multivariate Analysis , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-439803

ABSTRACT

Regarding the prevention and treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence after curative resection,surgeons do not have a clear consensus to evaluate the risk factors of recurrence and effectiveness of surgical resection.Therefore,postoperative HCC recurrence patterns were reviewed in this article,including differentiating intrahepatic metastasis (IM) and multicentric occurrence (MO),which play a key role in manifesting recurrence and patient prognosis.Additionally,the definitions of small HCC and curative resection,and the prophylactic and therapeutic values of anatomic resection and repeated hepatectomy in patients with recurrent HCC were reviewed.Fully understanding these issues might allow for a more objective,precise,and consistent clinical assessment of HCC.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-437337

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effect of the frequency of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) on preventing tumor recurrence after hepatectomy. Methods:A total of 45 post-operative patients who had received prophylactic TACE once or thrice were retrospectively examined between January 2008 and June 2009. Of the 45 patients, 23 underwent TACE once, and the others un-derwent it thrice. TACE was administered to all patients via the hepatic artery one to two months after operation and was repeated every two to four months with patients who underwent TACE three times. All cases were followed up for 36 to 40 months after surgery. The rates of cumulative recurrence between the two groups were compared. Results:In the group that underwent TACE once, the 1-, 2-and 3-year cumulative recurrence rates were 30.43%, 47.83%, and 47.83%, respectively. In the group that underwent TACE thrice, the 1-, 2-and 3-year cumulative recurrence rates were 4.55%, 27.27%, and 36.36%, respectively. Statistical analysis showed that the relapse rate within one year was lower in the group that underwent TACE thrice than in the group that underwent TACE only once (P=0.022). How-ever, no significant difference in the cumulative recurrence rate was found between the two groups in two and three years (P=0.086, 0.225). Conclusion:Hepatocellular carcinoma patients who undergo preventive TACE three times after hepatectomy exhibit reduced re-currence rates during the peak time of tumor recurrence and extended disease-free survival intervals.

13.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1377-1383, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-26579

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We evaluated the prognostic value of 18F-2-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG PET) in patients with resectable pancreatic cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of pancreatic cancer patients who underwent curative resection, which included 64 consecutive patients who had preoperative FDG PET scans. For statistical analysis, the maximal standardized uptake value (SUVmax) of primary pancreatic cancer was measured. Survival time was estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method, and Cox's proportional hazard model was used to determine whether SUVmax added new predictive information concerning survival together with known prognostic factors. p3.5) showed significantly shorter OS and DFS than the low SUVmax group. Multivariate analysis of OS and DFS showed that both high SUVmax and poor tumor differentiation were independent poor prognostic factors. CONCLUSION: Our study showed that degree of FDG uptake was an independent prognostic factor in pancreatic cancer patients who underwent curative resection.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pancreatic Neoplasms/diagnosis , Positron-Emission Tomography/methods , Retrospective Studies
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-103773

ABSTRACT

We herein present a case of spontaneous rupture of intrahepatic bile duct in a patient with perihilar cholangiocarcinoma, which were successfully treated by curative resection. A 60-year-old male patient with perihilar cholangiocarcinoma was decompressed with single percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage. Two days after right portal vein embolization, the patient suffered from paralytic ileus with marked abdominal distension. Imaging study revealed that marked fluid collection around the liver and whole abdomen, suggesting intrahepatic bile duct rupture. With abdominal drainage and biliary decompression for 2 weeks, the biliary rupture was controlled. To enhance the safety of right hepatectomy, additional right hepatic vein embolization was performed. The patient underwent routine surgical procedures for right hepatectomy, caudate lobectomy and bile duct resection, and recovered uneventfully and discharged 18 days after surgery. This is the first report of a case of spontaneous rupture of intrahepatic bile duct in a patient with perihilar cholangiocarcinoma.


Subject(s)
Abdomen , Bile Ducts , Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic , Cholangiocarcinoma , Decompression , Drainage , Hepatectomy , Hepatic Veins , Humans , Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction , Liver , Male , Portal Vein , Rupture , Rupture, Spontaneous
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-416640

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prognostic value of vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGF-C) and clinicopathologic indexes in predicting recurrence following curative resection of pancreatic cancer. Methods The expressions of VEGF-C of 47 patients who underwent curative resection for curative pancreatic cancer resection were detected by Envision immunohistochemical methods. The effects of VEGF-C and clinicopathologic indexes on recurrence were assessed by the Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazards model. Results The positive rates of VEGF-C were 61. 7% in = 29) and 14. 9%(n = 7), respectively, in pancreatic cancer and normal pancreatic tissues. The positive expression of VEGF-C in pancreatic carcinoma was obviously higher than the normal pancreatic tissues (P = 0. 018). The median disease-free survival time was 11. 9 months, the average disease-free survival time was 18. 4 + 2. 4 months, and the cumulative 1-year, 2-year and 3-year actuarial recurrence free survival rates were 46. 8%, 23. 4%, 14. 4%, respectively. There was a significant correlation between the VEGF-C expression and lymph node metastasis in pancreatic cancer (P = 0. 036). On Kaplan-Meier analysis, VEGF-C (P = 0. 020), tumor diameter (P = 0. 013), age (P = 0. 057) and adjuvant chemotherapy (P=0. 017) were associated with disease-free survival time. Multivariate analysis showed VEGF-C (P = 0. 009), tumor diameter (P = 0. 010) and adjuvant chemotherapy (P = 0. 017)were independent prognostic factors of disease-free survival after surgery for pancreatic cancer.Conclusion The expression of VEGF-C was higher in pancreatic cancer, and VEGF-C was correlated with lymph node metastasis. VEGF-C was the biomarker that independently predicted disease-free survival after surgery for pancreatic cancer.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-416051

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the treatment of local recurrence after sphincter preserving surgery for low rectal cancer. Methods Fifty-six patients with local recurrence after sphincter preserving surgery for low rectal cancer were divided into three groups, 20 cases underwent radical resection (group A), 21 cases underwent palliative resection combined with 3 dimensional conformal radiation therapy (group B), and 15 cases only received 3 dimensional conformal radiation therapy (group C). Results All the patients were followed up from 6 months to 3 years. The 1-year,2-year and 3-year survival rates were 100.0%(20/20),80.0% (16/20),65.0% (13/20) in group A,90.5% (19/21),52.4% (11/21),33.3% (7/21) in group B and 80.0%(12/15),40.0%(6/15),20.0%(3/15) in group C respectively. Both 2-year and 3-year survival rates in group A were significantly higher than those in group B and group C (P <0.05). Conclusions The first choice of patients with local recurrence after sphincter preserving surgery for low rectal cancer is radical resection. Palliative resection combined with 3 dimensional conformal radiation therapy is the second choice.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349789

ABSTRACT

The factors influencing the long-term survival of patients with proximal gastric cancer(PGC)after curative resection were investigated.Data from 171 patients who underwent curative resection for PGC were retrospectively analyzed.The patients were grouped according to the clinicopathological factors and operative procedures.The tumor depth(T stage)and lymph node metastasis(pN stage)were graded according to the fifth edition of TNM Staging System published by UICC in1997.The metastatic lymph node ratio(MLR)was divided into four levels: 0%,<10%,10%-30%and >30%.The data of survival rate were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method(log-rank test)and Cox regression model.The 5-year overall survival rate of 171 patients was 37.32%.The univariate analysis demonstrated that the survival time of the postoperative patients with PGC was related to tumor size(;(2=4.57,P=-0.0325),gross type(χ2=21.38,P<0.001),T stage(χ2=27.91,P<0.001),pN stage(χ2=44.72,P<0.001),MLR(χ2=61.12,P<0.001),TNM stage(χ2=44.91,P<0.001),and range of gastrectomy (χ2=4.36,P=0.0368).Multivariate analysis showed that MLR(χ2=10.972,P=0.001),pN stage(χ2=6.640,P=0.010),TNM stage(χ2=7.081,P=0.007),T stage(χ2=7.687,P=0.006)and gross type(χ2=6.252,P=0.012)were the independent prognostic factors.In addition,the prognosis of patients who underwent total gastrectomy(TG)was superior to that of patients who underwent proximal gastrectomy(PG)for the cases of tumor ≥5 cm(χ2=6.31,P=0.0120),Borrmann Ⅲ/Ⅳ(χ2=7.96,P=0.0050),T4(χ2=4.57,P=0.0325),pN2(χ2=5.52,P=0.0188),MLR 10%-30%(χ2=4.46,P=0.0347),MLR >30%(χ2=13.34,P=0.0003),TNM Ⅲ(χ2=14.05,P=0.0002)or TNM Ⅳ stage(χ2=4.37,P=0.0366);and combining splenectomy was beneficial to the cases of T3(χ2=5.68,P=0.0171)or MLR >30%(χ2=6.11,P=0.0134).It was concluded that MLR,pN stage,TNM stage,T stage,and gross type had advantages in providing a precise prognostic evaluation for patients undergoing curative resection for PGC,in which MLR was the most valuable index.TG and combining splenectomy were useful to improve the prognosis to patients with PGC of TNM Ⅲ/Ⅳ stage,serosa invasion,or extensive regional lymph node metastasis.

18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-8321

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: A few studies have been reported on extrahepatic metastasis after curative resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We investigated the patterns of extrahepatic recurrence and we identified the risk factors for extrahepatic recurrence after curative resection for HCC. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 587 patients who underwent surgical resection with a curative aim from January 1998 to December 2007 in the Yonsei University Health Care System. Among the 571 patients, 291 (51.0%) patients developed recurrence. Sixty five patients initially presented with extrahaptic recurrence. The patients with extrahepatic recurrence were divided into Group A (peritoneal recurrence) and Group B (non-peritoneal extrahepatic recurrence). RESULTS: Group A had higher rates of intraoperative bleeding>1,500 ml and perioperative transfusion too. On the multivariate analysis, perioperative transfusion, satellite nodule and the tumor size were the independent risk factors for Group A. The Edmondson-Steiner grade, satellite nodule and the tumor size were the independent risk factors for Group B. The 1, 3 and 5-year overall survival rates after curative resection for the patients with extrahepatic recurence were 83.1%, 48.9% and 27.4%, respectively. The recurrence patterns and treatment modalities did not affect the overall survival after treatment for extrahepatic recurrence. CONCLUSION: A perioperative transfusion was found to be a different risk factor for peritoneal recurrence, as compared to those risk factors for non-peritoneal extrahepatic recurrence. Therefore, efforts by physicians to decrease intraoperative bleeding may prevent peritoneal recurrence after performing curative resection for HCC.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Delivery of Health Care , Hemorrhage , Humans , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Survival Rate
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-94128

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Efforts must be made to clarify the contribution of lymph node metastasis (NM) to adjuvant (chemo) radiotherapy following a curative resection for rectal cancer as the circumferential resection margin (CRM) has increasingly become a more reliable prognosticator for rectal cancer. This study examined the prognostic impact of NM on local recurrence, disease-free survival. and overall survival rates in curatively resected patients with locally advanced rectal cancer. METHODS: Two hundred two patients with locally advanced rectal cancer curatively resected in Pusan Paik Hospital from January 1995 to December 2003 were enrolled. These patients were divided into three groups according to lymph node (N) disease (N0: node negative, n=79; N1: 1-3 nodes positive, n=70; N2: > or =4 nodes positive, n=53). The potential prognostic factors, for example, T and N stage, preoperative carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), postoperative (chemo) radiotherapy, operative methods, and several pathologic variables, were assessed among the three groups. The potential clinicopathologic factors were analyzed by using the Kaplan-Meier method, and the prognostic factors were compared in a Cox regression model. Also, we compared the oncologic results of 26 patients with a positive CRM (CMI) with those of the N1 and the N2 subgroups. RESULTS: N2 patients had an impaired 5-yr local control rate (19.1%) compared with N0 (6.8%) and N1 (11.6%, P=0.029) patients after a median follow up of 60 months (range, 6 to 156 mo). Differences in disease-free and overall survival were also significantly different statistically among the three groups (84.0% and 85.2% for N0; 54.9% and 65.1% for N1; 37.3% and 49.8% for N2; P<0.001 both). The impact of NM on the local recurrence, disease-free survival and overall survival was confirmed in the regression model for the curatively resected patients. There were no significant differences in the recurrence and the survival rates between CMI and N2 stage. CONCLUSION: NM has an independent prognostic impact on local failure and on disease-free survival and overall survival. Based on these findings, NM should be considered as an indicatior for adjuvant therapy. Although the prognostic impact of CMI is similar to that of N2, a larger prospective study is needed to clarify the prognostic association of CMI and N2.


Subject(s)
Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Neoplasm Metastasis , Rectal Neoplasms , Recurrence , Survival Rate
20.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 789-795, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-43531

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence must be considered ahead of surgery. This study was undertaken to identify pre-operative risk factors for early intrahepatic recurrence of HCC after curative resection in a large-scale. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the preoperative three-phase multi-detector CT (MDCT) and laboratory data for 240 HCC patients who underwent curative resection; tumor size, number, gross shape, capsule integrity, distinctiveness of tumor margin, portal vein thrombosis (PVT), alpha-fetoprotein level (AFP), and protein induced by vitamin K absence-II (PIVKA-II) levels were assessed. Surgical pathology was reviewed; tumor differentiation, capsule, necrosis, and micro-vessel invasion were recorded. RESULTS: HCC recurred in 61 patients within six months (early recurrence group), but not in 179 patients (control group). In univariate analysis, large tumor size (p = 0.018), shape (p = 0.028), poor capsule integrity (p = 0.046), elevated AFP (p = 0.015), and PIVKA-II (p = 0.008) were significant preoperative risk factors. Among the pathologic features, PVT (p = 0.023), Glisson's capsule penetration (p = 0.033), microvascular invasion (p < 0.001), and poor differentiation (p = 0.001) showed statistical significance. In multivariate analysis, only the histopathologic parameters of microvascular invasion and poor differentiation achieved statistical significance. CONCLUSION: Preoperative CT and laboratory parameters showed limited value, while the presence of microscopic vascular tumor invasion and poorly differentiated HCC correlated with higher risk of early recurrence after curative resection.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/metabolism , Female , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/metabolism , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/metabolism , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , alpha-Fetoproteins/metabolism
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