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1.
J. bras. nefrol ; 46(2): e20230014, Apr.-June 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550499

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Anemia is frequent in patients undergoing replacement therapy for kidney failure. Anemia in the pre- and post-transplantation period might be related to kidney transplant outcomes. The current study therefore sought to assess the relationship between anemia, delayed allograft function (DGF), chronic kidney allograft dysfunction (CAD), and death from any cause following kidney transplantation from a deceased donor. Methods: This was a retrospective study with 206 kidney transplant patients of deceased donors. We analyzed deceased donors' and kidney transplant patients' demographic data. Moreover, we compared biochemical parameters, anemia status, and medicines between DGF and non-DGF groups. Afterward, we performed a multivariate analysis. We also evaluated outcomes, such as CAD within one year and death in ten years. Results: We observed a lower frequency of pre-transplant hemoglobin concentration (Hb) but higher frequency of donor-serum creatinine and red blood transfusion within one week after transplantation in the group with DGF. In addition, there was an independent association between Hb concentration before transplantation and DGF [OR 0.252, 95%CI: 0.159-0.401; p < 0.001]. There was also an association between Hb concentration after six months of kidney transplantation and both CAD [OR 0.798, 95% CI: 0.687-0.926; p = 0.003] and death from any cause. Conclusion: An association was found between pre-transplantation anemia and DGF and between anemia six months after transplantation and both CAD and death by any cause. Thus, anemia before or after transplantation affects the outcomes for patients who have undergone kidney transplantation from a deceased donor.


RESUMO Introdução: A anemia é frequente em pacientes submetidos à terapia substitutiva para insuficiência renal. A anemia nos períodos pré e pós-transplante pode estar relacionada aos desfechos do transplante renal. Portanto, o presente estudo buscou avaliar a relação entre anemia, função retardada do enxerto (FRE), disfunção crônica do enxerto renal (DCE) e óbito por qualquer causa após transplante renal de doador falecido. Métodos: Este foi um estudo retrospectivo com 206 pacientes transplantados renais de doadores falecidos. Analisamos dados demográficos de doadores falecidos e pacientes transplantados renais. Além disso, comparamos parâmetros bioquímicos, status de anemia e medicamentos entre os grupos FRE e não-FRE. Posteriormente, realizamos uma análise multivariada. Também avaliamos desfechos, como DCE em um ano e óbito em dez anos. Resultados: Observamos menor frequência de concentração de hemoglobina (Hb) pré-transplante, mas maior frequência de creatinina sérica do doador e transfusão de hemácias no período de uma semana após o transplante no grupo FRE. Além disso, houve associação independente entre a concentração de Hb antes do transplante e a FRE [OR 0,252; IC 95%: 0,159-0,401; p < 0,001]. Houve também associação entre a concentração de Hb após seis meses de transplante renal e ambos, DCE [OR 0,798; IC95%: 0,687-0,926; p = 0,003] e óbito por qualquer causa. Conclusão: Encontrou-se uma associação entre anemia pré-transplante e FRE e entre anemia seis meses após o transplante e ambos, DCE e óbito por qualquer causa. Assim, a anemia antes ou após o transplante afeta os desfechos de pacientes que foram submetidos a transplante renal de doador falecido.

2.
Int. j. morphol ; 42(1): 1-8, feb. 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528813

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Temporomandibular joint dysfunction interferes with the quality of life and activities of daily living among patients. The symptoms of temporomandibular dysfunction, including pain and clicking and popping sounds, are worsened during stressful events, and patients report increased pain around the temporomandibular joint. Stress-related behaviors, such as teeth clenching and teeth grinding, are commonly reported as increasing during stress. The prevalence of temporomandibular dysfunction and stress-related behaviors is reported differently in the literature. Stress in higher education is common. The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate the prevalence of temporomandibular joint dysfunction and stress-related behaviors among staff members at a local University. The study also sought to explore pain patterns described by people experiencing temporomandibular joint dysfunction and the relationship between stress-related behaviors and pain symptoms experienced. Further, the impact of stress on symptoms experienced by people with temporomandibular dysfunction was investigated in this pilot study.


La disfunción de la articulación temporomandibular interfiere con la calidad de vida y las actividades de la vida diaria entre los pacientes. Los síntomas de la disfunción temporomandibular, incluidos el dolor y los chasquidos, empeoran durante los eventos estresantes, y los pacientes informan un aumento del dolor alrededor de la articulación temporomandibular. Los comportamientos relacionados con el estrés, como apretar y rechinar los dientes, suelen aumentar durante el estrés. La prevalencia de la disfunción temporomandibular y los comportamientos relacionados con el estrés se informa de manera diferente en la literatura. El estrés en la educación superior es común. El propósito de este estudio piloto fue investigar la prevalencia de la disfunción de la articulación temporomandibular y los comportamientos relacionados con el estrés entre los miembros del personal de una universidad local. El objetivo del estudio además fue explorar los patrones de dolor descritos por personas que experimentan disfunción de la articulación temporomandibular y la relación entre los comportamientos relacionados con el estrés y los síntomas de dolor experimentados. Además, en este estudio piloto se investigó el impacto del estrés en los síntomas que experimentan las personas con disfunción temporomandibular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Stress, Psychological/epidemiology , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/psychology , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/epidemiology , Pain/psychology , Pain/epidemiology , Universities , Pilot Projects , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires
3.
Med. U.P.B ; 43(1): 84-93, ene.-jun. 2024. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1531514

ABSTRACT

El diagnóstico de enfermedad de Parkinson (ED) se basa en las principales manifestaciones motoras: bradicinesia en combinación con temblor en reposo, rigidez o ambos. Cuando se realiza el diagnóstico basado en la sintomatología motora clínica típica ya se han perdido hasta el 60 % de las neuronas dopaminérgicas de la sustancia negra pars compacta mesencefálica. La identificación de los síntomas premotores son un marcador temprano para sospechar la aparición futura de la enfermedad, así como su progresión y gravedad. La hipótesis sobre la patogénesis que mejor expone la progresión de la enfermedad es la teoría de Braak. Esta se basa en la aparición y presencia de cuerpos de Lewy en diferentes estructuras anatómicas, las cuales representadas en cada uno de sus seis estadios y podrían ser la explicación biológica de los síntomas premotores, motores y no motores. La detección temprana de los síntomas premotores puede tener repercusiones positivas en el enfoque, seguimiento, diagnóstico y tratamiento de la EP. El propósito de este artículo es identificar las aproximaciones neurológicas descritas por la teoría de Braak para los síntomas premotores de la enfermedad de Parkinson de acuerdo con la literatura publicada en los últimos 20 años.


The diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD) is based on the main motor manifestations: bradykinesia in combination with tremor at rest, rigidity, or both. When the diagnosis is made based on typical clinical motor symptoms, up to 60 % of the dopaminergic neurons of the mesencephalic substantia nigra pars compacta have already been lost. The identification of premotor symptoms is an early marker to suspect the future appearance of the disease, as well as its progression and severity. The hypothesis about the pathogenesis that best exposes the progression of the disease is Braak's theory. It is based on the appearance and presence of Lewy bodies in different anatomical structures, which are represented in each of its six stages and could be the biological explanation biological of premotor, motor, and non-motor symptoms. Early detection of premotor symptoms can have positive repercussions in the approach, follow-up, diagnosis and treatment of PD. The purpose of this article is to identify the neurological approaches described by Braak's theory for the premotor symptoms of Parkinson's disease according to the literature published in the last 20 years.


O diagnóstico da doença de Parkinson (DP) baseia-se nas principais manifestações motoras: bradicinesia combinada com tremor de repouso, rigidez ou ambos. Quando o diagnóstico é feito com base em sintomas clínicos motores típicos, até 60% dos neurônios dopaminérgicos da substância negra pars compacta mesencefálica já foram perdidos. A identificação de sintomas pré-motores é um marcador precoce para suspeitar do futuro aparecimento da doença, bem como da sua progressão e gravidade. A hipótese sobre a patogênese que melhor expõe a progressão da doença é a teoria de Braak. Isto se baseia no aparecimento e presença de corpos de Lewy em diferentes estruturas anatômicas, que estão representados em cada uma de suas seis etapas e podem ser a explicação biológica dos sintomas pré-motores, motores e não motores. A detecção precoce de sintomas pré-motores pode repercutir positivamente na abordagem, acompanhamento, diagnóstico e tratamento da DP. O objetivo deste artigo é identificar as abordagens neurológicas descritas pela teoria de Braak para os sintomas pré-motores da doença de Parkinson de acordo com a literatura publicada nos últimos 20 anos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over
4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 312-314, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005401

ABSTRACT

AIM: To analyze the correlation between ocular surface status and serum lipids in patients with meibomian gland dysfunction(MGD)during pregnancy, and to provide new ideas for the management and treatment of MGD during pregnancy.METHODS: Totally 120 pregnant women(240 eyes)treated in our hospital from May 2021 to May 2022 were selected and they were divided into MGD group(60 cases, 120 eyes)and control group(60 cases, 120 eyes)according to the presence or absence of MGD. All subjects received the ocular surface disease index scores(OSDI)and underwent examinations of meibomian gland morphology and function, tear film and blood lipid.RESULTS: The scores of OSDI, the related indexes of meibomian gland, corneal fluorescein staining(FL)scores, total cholesterol(TC), triglyceride(TG)and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol(LDL-C)in the MGD group were significantly higher than those in the control group(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). The scores of fluorescein breakup time(FBUT), Schirmer Ⅰ test(SIt)and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-C)in the MGD group were significantly lower than those in the control group(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). Correlation analysis showed that the scores of TG, TC, LDL-C were negatively correlated with the values of FBUT(rs =-0.702, -0.647, -0.710, all P&#x0026;#x003C;0.001).CONCLUSION: The level of blood lipids in pregnant patients with MGD is significantly increased, and the levels of TC, TG and LDL-C may be related to the stability of tear film.

5.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 128-133, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005359

ABSTRACT

The key pathogenesis of coronary heart disease (CHD) is spleen deficiency and phlegm stasis, and dysfunctional high-density lipoprotein (dys-HDL) may be the biological basis for the occurrence of CHD due to spleen deficiency and phlegm stasis. Considering the biological properties and effects of high-density lipoprotein (HDL), it is believed that the structure and components of HDL are abnormal in the state of spleen deficiency which led to dys-HDL; and dys-HDL contributes to the formation of atherosclerotic plaques through two major pathways, namely, mediating the dysfunction of endothelial cells and mediating the foaminess of macrophages and smooth muscle cells, thus triggering the development of CHD. It is also believed that dys-HDL is a microcosmic manifestation and a pathological product of spleen deficiency, and spleen deficiency makes foundation for the production of dys-HDL; dys-HDL is also an important biological basis for the phlegm-stasis interactions in CHD. The method of fortifying spleen, resolving phlegm, and dispelling stasis, is proposed as an important principle in the treatment of CHD by traditional Chinese medicine, which can achieve the therapeutic purpose by affecting the changes in the structure and components of dys-HDL, thus revealing the scientific connotation of this method, and providing ideas for the diagnosis and treatment of CHD by traditional Chinese medicine.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 10-17, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003761

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the therapeutic effect of Qiwei Baizhusan(QWBZS) on diabetic encephalopathy(DE) rat model, and to explore the possible mechanism of QWBZS in the treatment of DE based on phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(PI3K)/protein kinase B(Akt)/glycogen synthase kinase-3β(GSK-3β) signaling pathway. MethodForty-eight SPF male Wistar rats were randomly divided into blank group(8 rats) and high-fat diet group(40 rats). After 12 weeks of feeding, rats in the high-fat diet group were intraperitoneally injected with 35 mg·kg-1 of 1% streptozotocin(STZ) for 2 consecutive days to construct a DE model, and rats in the blank group were injected with the same amount of sodium citrate buffer. After successful modeling, according to blood glucose and body weight, model rats were randomly divided into model group, low, medium and high dose groups of QWBZS(3.15, 6.3, 12.6 g·kg-1), combined western medicine group(metformin+rosiglitazone, 0.21 g·kg-1), with 6 rats in each group. The administration group was given the corresponding dose of drug by gavage, and the blank group and the model group were given an equal volume of 0.9% sodium chloride solution by gavage, 1 time/day for 6 weeks. Morris water maze was used to detect the spatial memory ability of DE rats. Fasting insulin (FINS) level was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) and insulin resistance index(HOMA-IR) was calculated. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used to observe the morphological changes of hippocampus in rats, ELISA was used to detect the indexes of oxidative stress in hippocampal tissues, real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR) was used to detect mRNA expression levels of PI3K, Akt, nuclear transcription factor-κB(NF-κB), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and interleukin-1β(IL-1β) in hippocampus, and Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of PI3K, Akt, phosphorylated(p)-Akt, GSK-3β and p-GSK-3β in hippocampus of rats. ResultCompared with the blank group, FINS and HOMA-IR values of the model group were significantly increased(P<0.01), the path of finding the original position of the platform was significantly increased, and the escape latency was significantly prolonged(P<0.01), the morphology of neuronal cells in hippocampal tissues was disrupted, the levels of reactive oxygen species(ROS) and malondialdehyde(MDA) in hippocampus of rats were increased, and the activity of superoxide dismutase(SOD) was decreased(P<0.05, P<0.01), mRNA expression levels of PI3K and Akt were decreased(P<0.01), mRNA expression levels of NF-κB, TNF-α and IL-1β were increased(P<0.05, P<0.01), the protein expression levels of PI3K, p-Akt and p-GSK-3β were significantly decreased, and the protein expression of GSK-3β was significantly increased(P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the FINS and HOMA-IR values of the medium dose group of QWBZS and the combined western medicine group were significantly decreased(P<0.01), the path of finding the original position of the platform and the escape latency were significantly shortened(P<0.01), the hippocampal tissue structure of rats was gradually recovered, and the morphological damage of nerve cells was significantly improved, the contents of ROS and MDA in hippocampus of rats decreased and the level of SOD increased(P<0.01), the mRNA expression levels of PI3K and Akt were increased(P<0.01), and the mRNA expression levels of NF-κB, TNF-α and IL-1β were decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01), the protein expression levels of PI3K, p-Akt and p-GSK-3β were significantly increased(P<0.01), and the expression of GSK-3β was significantly decreased(P<0.01). ConclusionQWBZS can alleviate insulin resistance in DE rats, it may repair hippocampal neuronal damage and improve learning and cognitive ability of DE rats by activating PI3K/Akt/GSK-3β signaling pathway.

7.
International Eye Science ; (12): 131-135, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003521

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the preoperative ocular symptoms and the characteristics of asymptomatic ocular surface abnormalities in hospitalized patients with primary pterygium.METHODS: Cross-sectional study. Hospitalized patients diagnosed with primary pterygium and scheduled to receive pterygium excision surgery at the Xiamen Eye Center of Xiamen University from August 2022 to October 2022 were enrolled. Ocular surface disease index questionnaire(OSDI), six examinations including non-invasive tear film break-up time, Schirmer I test, tear meniscus height, lid margin abnormality, meibomian gland dropout and tear film lipid layer thickness, and anterior segment optical coherence tomography(AS-OCT)were performed and statistically analyzed.RESULTS: A total of 178 cases(178 eyes), with a mean age of 54.39±10.75 years old, were recruited, including 75 males(42.1%)and 103 females(57.9%). The average values of ocular surface parameters in these patients included OSDI: 11.47±9.69, tear film break-up time: 7.10±3.86 s; tear meniscus height: 0.16±0.07 mm, Schirmer I test values: 14.39±7.29 mm/5 min, and pterygium thickness: 504.74±175.87 μm. Totally 161 eyes(90.4%)presented with abnormal lid margin, 44 eyes(24.7%)presented with meibomian gland dropout score ≥4, 52 eyes(29.2%)presented with low lipid layer thickness. In the 6 objective examinations, abnormalities in at least 4 of these tests were found in 85.4% of eyes. Pterygium morphology was classified into four grades: 10 eyes(5.6%)of grade Ⅰ, 93 eyes(52.2%)of grade Ⅱ, 60 eyes(33.7%)of grade Ⅲ, and 15 eyes(8.4%)of grade Ⅳ. In patients with a higher grade of pterygium, the tear film break-up time was lower, and the proportion of abnormal lid margin was also significantly higher(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). The patients were further divided into two subgroups, including 121 eyes(68.0%)with normal OSDI &#x0026;#x003C;13 in the normal group and 57 eyes(32.0%)with OSDI ≥13 in the abnormal group. No significant difference was found in the proportion of meibomian gland dysfunction between the two groups of patients(71.9% vs. 71.9%, P=0.872). In addition, there were differences in the number of abnormal objective examinations(4.11±0.85 vs. 4.91±0.99, P&#x0026;#x003C;0.001).CONCLUSIONS: Asymptomatic ocular surface abnormalities were present preoperatively in patients hospitalized for primary pterygium. A comparable high incidence of structural or functional meibomian gland dysfunction existed in pterygium patients with or without apparent ocular discomfort. More attention should be paid to the ocular surface abnormalities in those asymptomatic patients before primary pterygium surgery.

8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 118-126, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003415

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effect of earthworm protein on the expression of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B/nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (PI3K/Akt/Nrf2) pathway in the aorta of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and explore mechanism of earthworm protein in treating hypertensive vascular endothelial dysfunction (VED). MethodTen 10-week-old Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats and fifty SHR rats were selected for a week of adaptive feeding. WKY rats were selected as the normal group, and fifty SHR rats were randomized according to body weight into model, valsartan (8×10-3 g·kg-1·d-1), and high-, medium-, and low-dose (0.2, 0.1, 0.05 g·kg-1·d-1, respectively) earthworm protein groups. The normal and model groups were administrated with equal volume of double distilled water by gavage. During the drug intervention period, the general situations of rats in each group were observed and their blood pressure was monitored at specific time points every other week before and after administration. After 8 weeks of drug intervention, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was employed to measure the levels of angiotensin-Ⅱ (Ang-Ⅱ) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) in the serum of rats in each group. The corresponding kits were used to determine the levels of nitric oxide (NO), malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione peroxidase (GPX), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and ferrous ion (Fe2+). Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was employed to observe the changes in the intima of the aorta. Fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) was employed to measure the mRNA levels of PI3K, Akt, Nrf2, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), and glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) in the aortic tissue. Western blotting was used to determine the protein levels of p-PI3K (Tyr467/199), PI3K, p-Akt (Ser473), Akt, Nrf2, HO-1, and GPX4 in the thoracic aorta. ResultCompared with the normal group, the model group had decreased body mass, increased irritability, severe endothelial damage, elevated blood pressure and serum levels of Ang-Ⅱ, ET1, MDA, and Fe2+ (P<0.01), lowered NO level (P<0.01), and down-regulated mRNA and protein levels of p-PI3K (Tyr467/199), PI3K, p-Akt (Ser473), Akt, Nrf2, HO-1, and GPX4 in the aortic tissue (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, drug intervention caused no significant change in the body mass, calmed the rats, alleviated the endothelial damage, lowered blood pressure and serum levels of Ang-Ⅱ, ET1, MDA, and Fe2+ (P<0.01), elevated the NO level (P<0.05), and up-regulated the mRNA and protein levels of p-PI3K (Tyr467/199), PI3K, p-Akt (Ser473), Akt, Nrf2, HO-1, and GPX4 (P<0.05). ConclusionThe earthworm protein can exert antihypertensive effects by ameliorating VED in SHR. Specifically, it may regulate the PI3K/Akt/Nrf2 signaling pathway to inhibit oxidative stress and ferroptosis.

9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 176-185, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999174

ABSTRACT

Coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) is one of the important causes of myocardial ischemia and non-obstructive coronary artery ischemic symptoms. However, effective diagnostic methods and targeted treatment strategies for CMD are currently lacking. According to traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), the comorbidity theory of "blood-vessel-cardiac collaterals" plays a central role throughout the entire development process of CMD. It suggests that in the clinical diagnosis and treatment of CMD, the treatment of blood, vessels, and cardiac collaterals should not be neglected. In light of this, insect medicines, known for their efficacy in promoting blood circulation, resolving stasis, and alleviating spasms, hold promise as a potential treatment for CMD. However, there is currently no research or summary on the use of insect medicines for the treatment of CMD. Therefore, this article took the comorbidity theory of "blood-vessel-cardiac collaterals" as the starting point and divided the pathogenesis of CMD into five evolution stages: Beginning in the blood (changes in blood components and hemorheology), progressing in the vessels (atheromatous plaque formation and unstable plaques), occurring in the cardiac collaterals (microvascular endothelial damage and microvascular constriction and spasms), ending in the cardiac collaterals (microvascular remodeling), and resulting in energy metabolism disorders throughout the process, so as to explore the pathogenesis and evolution of CMD. In addition, based on the modern pharmacological research on insect medicines, this article discussed the clinical application of insect medicines in the treatment of CMD from four aspects: Promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis to relieve vessels' obstruction, relieving spasms to alleviate pain, combating poison with poison to disperse stagnation, and tonifying cardiac collaterals to nourish the heart, which aims to provide a theoretical basis for the use of TCM in treating CMD, broaden the scope of medication, and improve clinical efficacy.

10.
São Paulo med. j ; 142(4): e20230142, 2024. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1551077

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT CONTEXT: Scrub typhus, caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi, has a wide range of clinical manifestations, including meningoencephalitis, acute renal failure, pneumonitis, myocarditis, and septic shock. However, there are no documented cases of scrub typhus with hypokalemia. In this report, we present a case of scrub typhus with hypokalemia and multiple organ failure syndrome, highlighting the importance of electrolyte imbalance in patients with scrub typhus. CASE REPORT: A 59-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with abdominal pain that had been present for 1 day. On admission, the physical examination and laboratory test results indicated that the patient had renal, liver, and circulatory failure, and hypokalemia. She developed meningitis and disseminated intravascular coagulation during hospitalization. She recovered with appropriate management, and was discharged on day 17. CONCLUSION: This report highlights the potential for atypical presentations of scrub typhus, including a previously undocumented association with hypokalemia. Although the contribution of hypokalemia to the patient's clinical course remains uncertain, this case underscores the importance of considering electrolyte imbalance in the management of patients with scrub typhus. Further research is warranted to better understand the relationship between scrub typhus and electrolyte imbalance.

11.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 29(2): e17702022, 2024.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528356

ABSTRACT

Resumo Trata-se de um artigo embasado em opinião que procura refletir sobre o antagonismo estabelecido entre a Política Nacional de Atenção Integral à Saúde do Homem (PNAISH) com o recorte específico para DE (Disfunção Erétil) direcionado ao acesso de medicamentos. É notório que a PNAISH apresenta objetivos que vão além da saúde sexual e reprodutiva, sobretudo, mesmo após 13 anos de sua publicação, não houve incorporação de medicamentos para tratar DE no âmbito SUS. O artigo foi desenvolvido com base no cenário observado no dia a dia de atendimento aos pacientes que recebem cuidados no Serviço Ambulatorial da Saúde Masculina de um Hospital de Alta Complexidade. Isto por constatar a dificuldade dos médicos em prescreverem medicamentos para DE, por ausência de padronização no contexto SUS. Importante ressaltar, nesta perspectiva, que a prescrição de medicamentos no âmbito SUS deve seguir fidedignamente a Rename; conforme preconiza o Decreto 7.508 e, se atentar à Resolução SS-83 de 2015, vigente no estado de São Paulo. Ela estabelece que o custo da dispensação de medicamentos não contemplados na Rename, por meio da judicialização, prescritos por médico da rede estadual de saúde, poderá ser custeado pela instituição ao qual este esteja vinculado.


Abstract This is an opinion-based article that aims to reflect on the antagonism established between the National Policy of Integral Attention to Men's Health (PNAISH) with specific focus on ED (Erectile Dysfunction), directed to access to medication. It is well-known that PNAISH presents objectives that go beyond sexual and reproductive health, especially, even after 13 years of its publication, since there was no incorporation of medications to treat ED within the SUS. This article was developed based on the scenario observed in the daily care of patients who undergo treatment in the Men's Health Outpatient Service of a High-Complexity Hospital. According to this perspective, it is important to emphasize, that the prescription of medications within the SUS should faithfully follow the Rename; as recommended by Decree 7,508, observing the Resolution SS-83 of 2015, in the state of São Paulo. This establishes that the cost of dispensing medications not included in the SUS pharmaceutical assistance protocols, through judicialization, prescribed by a physician in the state health network, may be funded by the institution to which this physician is affiliated.

12.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 30: e2022_0414, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529915

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Cognitive losses are among the most prevalent events in the elderly population and can cause functional deficits. Among the available non-drug prevention and treatment alternatives, the increase in functional fitness levels is presented as an important strategy suggesting improvements in the physical and cognitive function of the elderly triggered by exercise. Objective: To determine the predictive power of functional fitness indicators and establish their cutoff points as discriminators of cognitive impairment in the elderly. Methods: The sample comprised 310 elderly people who answered a questionnaire comprising sociodemographic information, lifestyle habits, hospitalization in the last 12 months, presence of comorbidity, and the Mini-Mental State Examination. Functional fitness was assessed using the Hand Grip Strength (HGS) and sitting and rising from a chair tests. To identify predictors of cognitive impairment, analysis of Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curves was adopted, with a confidence interval of 95% (95%CI). Subsequently, the cut-off points with their respective sensitivities and specificities were identified. The analyses were performed respecting the significance level of 5%. Results: It was observed that some functional fitness indicators showed significant Area Under the Curve (AUC), and the sit-and-stand test (AUC=0.72; 95%CI: 0.64-0.77) showed the best results. The best cut-off points for the HGS and sit-and-stand tests were 18,8 kgf and eight repetitions, respectively. Conclusion: The results of the present study allow us to conclude that the sit-to-stand test is moderately efficient in discriminating the presence of cognitive impairment in the elderly. Level of Evidence III; Study Cross-sectional.


RESUMEN Introducción: Las pérdidas cognitivas se encuentran entre los eventos más prevalentes en la población anciana y pueden causar déficits funcionales. Entre las alternativas de prevención y tratamiento no farmacológico disponibles, el aumento de los niveles de condición física funcional se presenta como una estrategia importante que sugiere mejoras en la función física y cognitiva de los ancianos, desencadenada por la práctica de ejercicios. Objetivo: Determinar el poder predictivo de los indicadores de aptitud funcional y establecer sus puntos de corte como discriminadores del deterioro cognitivo en adultos mayores. Métodos: La muestra estuvo compuesta por 310 ancianos que respondieron un cuestionario que comprendía información sociodemográfica, hábitos de vida, hospitalización en los últimos 12 meses, presencia de comorbilidad y el Mini-Examen del Estado Mental. La condición física funcional se evaluó utilizando la fuerza de agarre manual (FAM) y las pruebas de sentarse y levantarse de una silla. Para identificar predictores de deterioro cognitivo, se adoptó el análisis de curvas Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC), con intervalo de confianza del 95% (IC95%). Posteriormente se identificaron los puntos de corte con sus respectivas sensibilidades y especificidades. Los análisis se realizaron respetando el nivel de significancia del 5%. Resultados: Se observó que algunos indicadores de aptitud funcional mostraron un Área Bajo la Curva (ABC) significativa, y la prueba de sentarse y pararse (ABC=0,72; 95%IC: 0,64-0,77) mostró los mejores resultados. Los mejores puntos de corte para el test FAM y el sit-and-stand test fueron 18,8 kgf y 8 repeticiones, respectivamente. Conclusión: Los resultados del presente estudio permiten concluir que el test sit-to-stand es moderadamente eficiente para discriminar la presencia de deterioro cognitivo en adultos mayores. Nivel de Evidencia III; Estudio Transversal.


RESUMO Introdução: As perdas cognitivas estão entre os eventos mais prevalentes na população idosa, podendo causar déficits funcionais. Dentre as alternativas de prevenção e tratamento não medicamentosos disponíveis, o aumento dos níveis de aptidão funcional apresenta-se como uma estratégia importante sugerindo melhorias na função física e na função cognitiva de idosos, desencadeadas através da prática de exercícios. Objetivo: Determinar o poder preditivo dos indicadores de aptidão funcional e estabelecer seus pontos de corte como discriminadores do comprometimento cognitivo em idosos. Métodos: A amostra compreendeu 310 idosos que responderam a um questionário composto por informações sociodemográficas, hábitos de vida, hospitalização nos últimos 12 meses, presença de comorbidade e o Mini-Exame do Estado Mental. A aptidão funcional foi avaliada por meio dos testes de Força de Preensão Manual (FPM) e o de sentar e levantar da cadeira. Para identificação dos preditores do comprometimento cognitivo, foi adotada a análise das curvas Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC), com intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC95%). Posteriormente, identificaram-se os pontos de corte com as respectivas sensibilidades e especificidades. As análises foram efetuadas respeitando-se o nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Observou-se que alguns indicadores de aptidão funcional apresentaram Área Sob a Curva (ASC) significativas, sendo que o teste de sentar e levantar da cadeira (ASC=0,72; IC95%= 0,64-0,77) apresentou os melhores resultados. Os melhores pontos de corte para o teste de FPM e o teste de sentar e levantar da cadeira foram de 18,8 kgf e 8 repetições respectivamente. Conclusão: Os resultados do presente estudo permitem concluir que o teste de sentar e levantar da cadeira apresenta moderada eficiência para discriminar a presença de comprometimento cognitivo em idosos. Nível de Evidência III; Estudo Transversal.

13.
São Paulo med. j ; 142(3): e2022401, 2024. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1530519

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) is a neurologic emergency potentially fatal. This rare side effect is most commonly associated with first-generation antipsychotics and less frequently with atypical or second-generation antipsychotics. The diagnosis relies on both clinical and laboratory criteria, with other organic and psychiatric conditions being ruled out. CASE REPORT: A 39-year-old female patient, who is institutionalized and completely dependent, has a medical history of recurrent urinary infections and colonization by carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae. Her regular medication regimen included sertraline, valproic acid, quetiapine, risperidone, lorazepam, diazepam, haloperidol, baclofen, and fentanyl. The patient began experiencing dyspnea. Upon physical examination, she exhibited hypotension and a diminished vesicular murmur at the right base during pulmonary auscultation. Initially, after hospitalization, she developed high febrile peaks associated with hemodynamic instability, prompting the initiation of antibiotic treatment. Despite this, her fever persisted without an increase in blood inflammatory parameters, and she developed purulent sputum, necessitating antibiotherapy escalation. The seventh day of hospitalization showed no improvement in symptoms, suggesting NNMS as a differential diagnosis. All antipsychotic and sedative drugs, as well as antibiotherapy, were discontinued, after which the patient showed significant clinical improvement. CONCLUSION: Antipsychotic agents are commonly employed to manage behavioral changes linked to various disorders. However, their severe side effects necessitate a high degree of vigilance, the cessation of all medications, and the implementation of supportive care measures. A prompt and accurate diagnosis of NMS is crucial to alleviating the severe, prolonged morbidity and potential mortality associated with this syndrome.

14.
BrJP ; 7: e20240003, 2024. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533971

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Health literacy is a topic that has been gaining traction in recent years, both on the policy and research agendas of many countries, however there is no evidence about temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and this topic. The objective was to evaluate the association between the level of functional literacy and the understanding of the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD) through self-report and to associate the time of TMD complaint with the levels of functional literacy. METHODS: This is an observational, cross-sectional study, comprising 56 patients from the Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) clinic at São Leopoldo Mandic College. The DC/TMD questionnaire - axis I, a sociodemographic questionnaire, and tests of the Indicador de Alfabetismo Funcional (Functional Literacy Indicator - INAF) were applied. RESULTS: The outcomes showed that 85.7% of the sample were females and 14.3% males, mainly white (60.7%), with a schooling degree, predominantly from the 3rd grade of high school and professionally active. It was found that 22.5% of the sample were functionally illiterate and 77.5% were functionally literate, 30.6% of whom had elementary level schooling. There was a significant association between the schooling level and combined INAF (p=0.005), as well as between combined INAF and duration of complaint in intervals for jaw pain (p=0.037) when Chi-square tests were used. There is evidence to establish that the mean duration of headache complaints (in months) between literacy groups are different (p=0.001) when using the Student´s t-test. With these results, it is possible to suggest that lower levels of functional literacy are related to a poorly detailed perception of TMD complaints regarding the duration of the complaint and, mainly, to the association of headache with a complaint of TMD. CONCLUSION: Lower levels of functional literacy are related to a poorly detailed perception of TMD complaints regarding the duration of the complaint and, mainly, to the association of headache with a complaint of temporomandibular disorders.


RESUMO JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: O letramento em saúde é um tema que vem ganhando força nos últimos anos, tanto nas agendas políticas como de investigação de muitos países, no entanto não existem evidências sobre as disfunções temporomandibulares e este tema. O objetivo foi avaliar a associação entre o nível de alfabetismo funcional e a compreensão dos Critérios Diagnósticos para Disfunção Temporomandibular (DC/DTM) por meio do autorrelato e associar o tempo de queixa de DTM com os níveis de letramento funcional. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo observacional, transversal, realizado com 56 pacientes do ambulatório de Disfunções Temporomandibulares (DTM) da Faculdade São Leopoldo Mandic. Para isso foram aplicados o questionário DC/DTM - eixo I, questionário sociodemográfico e testes do Indicador de Alfabetismo Funcional (INAF). RESULTADOS: Mostraram que 85,7% da amostra era do sexo feminino e 14,3% do sexo masculino, predominantemente brancos (60,7%), com escolaridade superior, predominantemente do 3º ano do ensino médio e profissionalmente ativos (57,1%). Verificou-se que 22,5% da amostra eram analfabetos funcionais e 77,5% eram alfabetizados funcionalmente, sendo que 30,6% possuíam nível fundamental. Houve associação significativa entre escolaridade e INAF combinado (p=0,005), bem como entre INAF combinado e tempo de queixa nos intervalos de dor mandibular (p=0,037) quando foram utilizados testes Qui-quadrado. Há evidências que estabelecem que a duração média das queixas de cefaleia (em meses) entre os grupos de alfabetismo é diferente (p=0,001) quando utilizado o teste t de Student. Com base nesses resultados, é possível sugerir que níveis mais baixos de alfabetismo funcional estariam relacionados a uma percepção pouco detalhada das queixas de DTM quanto à duração da queixa e à associação de cefaleia com queixa de DTM. CONCLUSÃO: Níveis mais baixos de alfabetismo funcional foram relacionados à percepção pouco detalhada das queixas de DTM quanto à duração e, principalmente, à associação de cefaleia com queixa de disfunção temporomandibular.

15.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 90(1): 101356, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1534079

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives Olfactory loss is a recognized long-term dysfunction after Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection. This investigation aimed to assess the effect of alpha-lipoic acid as an adjuvant treatment of olfactory training on the improvement of smell loss in post-COVID-19 patients. Methods This randomized controlled trial included 128 adult outpatients who had persistent smell loss for more than 3-months after COVID-19 infection. The participants were randomly allocated into two groups: the intervention treatment group, which received alpha-lipoic acid associated to olfactory training, and comparison treatment group, which received placebo pills associated to olfactory training. The participants were followed-up for 12-weeks. Olfactory dysfunction was assessed in terms of Visual Analog Scale (VAS), and the Connecticut Chemosensory Clinical Research Center (CCCRC) test for the Brazilian population. Results A total of 100 participants completed the follow-up period and were analyzed in this study. Both groups have improved CCCRC score (p= 0.000), olfactory threshold (p= 0.000), identification score (p= 0.000) and VAS score (p= 0.000) after 12-weeks follow-up. No significant differences were determined between the intervention and comparison treatment groups in CCCRC score (p= 0.63), olfactory threshold (p= 0.50), identification score (p= 0.96) and VAS score (p= 0.97). In all these criteria, comparison treatment group went slightly worse. At the endpoint of the study, the frequency of anosmia reduced to 2% in the intervention treatment group and to 7.8% in the comparison treatment group. Also, 16.8% of the intervention group' subjects, and 15.7% of comparison treatment group's patients reached normosmia. Conclusions Overall, there was a strongly significant difference in olfactory function between baseline and endpoint for both groups. However, based on the lack of significant difference between the intervention treatment and the comparison treatment groups in terms of olfactory changes, our study appoints that the alpha-lipoic acid is not better than olfactory training alone to treat olfactory loss after COVID-19. Level of evidence Level 2.

16.
Dement. neuropsychol ; 18: e20230053, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1534304

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT. COVID-19 is a multisystem disease caused by the RNA virus (coronavirus 2 or SARS-CoV-2) that can impact cognitive measures. Objective: To identify the main cognitive and neuropsychiatric symptoms in adults who had no cognitive complaints prior to the infection. Specifically, to observe the trajectory of cognitive and neuropsychiatric performance after 6 months. Methods: This is a retrospective longitudinal study. Forty-nine patients (29 reassessed after 6 months), with a positive PCR test, with no prior cognitive complaints that only presented after the infection and without a history of structural, neurodegenerative or psychiatric neurological diseases. A brief cognitive assessment battery (MoCA), the Trail Making Test (TMT-A, B, ∆), and the Verbal Fluency Test were used, as well as the scales (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale-HADS, Fatigue Severity Scale-FSS). Correlation tests and group comparison were used for descriptive and inferential statistics. Level of significance of α=5%. Results: Mean age of 50.4 (11.3), 12.7 (2.8) years of education, higher percentage of women (69.8%). No psycho-emotional improvement (depression and anxiety) was observed between the evaluations, and patients maintained the subjective complaint of cognitive changes. The HAD-Anxiety scale showed a significant correlation with TMT-B errors. The subgroup participating in cognitive stimulation and psychoeducation showed improvement in the global cognition measure and the executive attention test. Conclusion: Our results corroborate other studies that found that cognitive dysfunctions in post-COVID-19 patients can persist for months after disease remission, as well as psycho-emotional symptoms, even in individuals with mild infection. Future studies, with an increase in casuistry and control samples, are necessary for greater evidence of these results.


RESUMO. A COVID-19 é uma doença multissistêmica causada pelo vírus RNA (coronavírus 2 ou SARS-CoV-2) que pode ocasionar repercussão em medidas cognitivas. Objetivo: Identificar os principais sintomas cognitivos e neuropsiquiátricos em adultos sem queixas cognitivas anteriores à infecção. Especificamente, verificar a trajetória do desempenho cognitivo e neuropsiquiátrico após 6 meses. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo retrospectivo e longitudinal. Foram incluídos 49 pacientes (29 reavaliados após 6 meses), com exame de PCR positivo, sem queixas cognitivas prévias que só se apresentaram após a infecção ou histórico de doenças neurológicas estruturais ou neurodegenerativas. Foram utilizados a bateria de avaliação cognitiva breve (MoCA), o Teste de Trilhas (TMT-A, B e ∆) e o Teste de Fluência Verbal; assim como a Escala Hospitalar de Ansiedade e Depressão (HADS), e a escala de Severidade da Fadiga (ESF/BR). Testes de correlação e comparação de grupos foram utilizados para estatística descritiva e inferencial. Esta ocorreu através de. Nível de significância de α=5%. Resultados: idade média de 50,4 anos (11,3), anos de escolaridade 12,7 (2,8), maior proporção de mulheres (69,8%). Não foi observada melhora psicoemocional (depressão e ansiedade) entre as avaliações, assim como os pacientes mantiveram a queixa subjetiva de alteração cognitiva. A escala HAD-Ansiedade apresentou correlação significativa com os erros do TMT-B. O subgrupo que participou da estimulação cognitiva e psicoeducação apresentou melhora na medida de cognição global e no teste de atenção executiva. Conclusão: Nossos resultados corroboram com os demais estudos que constataram que a disfunção cognitiva em pacientes pós-COVID-19 pode persistir por meses após a remissão da doença, assim como sintomas psicoemocionais, mesmo em indivíduos com quadros leves da infecção. Estudos futuros, com aumento de casuística e amostras de controle, são necessários para maior evidência desses resultados.

17.
Dement. neuropsychol ; 18: e20230076, 2024. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1534305

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT. Infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus can lead to neurological symptoms in the acute phase and in the Long COVID phase. These symptoms usually involve cognition, sleep, smell disorders, psychiatric manifestations, headache and others. This condition is more commonly described in young adults and women. This symptomatology can follow severe or mild cases of the disease. The importance of this issue resides in the high prevalence of neurological symptoms in the Long COVID phase, which entails significant morbidity in this population. In addition, such a condition is associated with high health care costs, with some estimates hovering around 3.7 trillion US dollars. In this review, we will sequentially describe the current knowledge about the most prevalent neurological symptoms in Long COVID, as well as their pathophysiology and possible biomarkers.


RESUMO. A infecção pelo vírus SARS-CoV-2 pode levar a sintomas neurológicos na fase aguda e na fase de COVID longa. Esses sintomas geralmente envolvem cognição, sono, distúrbios do olfato, manifestações psiquiátricas, dor de cabeça e outros. Esta condição é mais comumente descrita em adultos jovens e mulheres. A sintomatologia pode acompanhar casos graves ou leves da doença. A importância desta questão reside na elevada prevalência de sintomas neurológicos na fase de COVID longa, o que acarreta morbilidade significativa nesta população. Além disso, tal condição está associada a elevados custos de cuidados de saúde, com algumas estimativas em torno de 3,7 trilhões de dólares americanos. Nesta revisão, descrevemos sequencialmente o conhecimento atual sobre os sintomas neurológicos mais prevalentes na COVID longa, bem como sua fisiopatologia e possíveis biomarcadores.

18.
J. vasc. bras ; 23: e20230135, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1534794

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Open abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair can lead to sexual dysfunction (SD) in men. Objectives To determine the prevalence of SD following open AAA repair, explore whether surgical techniques for aortic reconstruction can have a differential impact on the occurrence of SD, and summarize current knowledge in this field. Methods Retrospective review of 100 patients submitted to open AAA repair between 1995 and 2010 in a quaternary center. Sexual dysfunction was assessed according to questions from the modified International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF), considering the condition before surgical repair and 3 months after surgery. The chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, and Student's t test were used for statistical analyses. Results 100 patients were included (mean age = 66.4 years old). Normal sexual activity, no sexual activity, erectile dysfunction, and retrograde ejaculation with preserved erectile function were found in 36%, 21%, 18%, and 24% of patients, respectively. The group of patients with no sexual activity was older (mean age = 72.3 years old vs 64.5 years old, p < 0.001). Erectile dysfunction prevalence was higher in patients submitted to an aorto-bifemoral bypass (p = 0.032). Retrograde ejaculation was more frequent in patients submitted to an aorto-aortic bypass (p = 0.007). Conclusions Sexual function is a frequent condition intimately associated with the aortic reconstruction technique. The literature review found contradictory results regarding whether the endovascular approach is protective compared with open repair, but clearly demonstrated the importance of techniques targeting preservation of the internal iliac artery and the superior hypogastric plexus.


Resumo Contexto A correção aberta de aneurisma da aorta abdominal (AAA) pode causar disfunção sexual (DS) em homens. Objetivos Determinar a prevalência de DS após correção aberta de AAA, determinar se a técnica de reconstrução aórtica pode estar correlacionada com o surgimento de DS e resumir os achados mais relevantes da literatura relacionados a esse tema. Métodos Estudo retrospectivo de todos os pacientes submetidos a correção aberta de AAA entre 1995 e 2010 num centro quaternário. A DS foi avaliada por meio de questões baseadas no escore International Index of Erection Function no pré-operatório e 3 meses após a cirurgia. A análise estatística foi realizada com os testes do qui-quadrado, exato de Fisher e t de Student. Resultados Cem pacientes foram incluídos (idade média = 66.4 anos). Atividade sexual normal, atividade sexual ausente, disfunção erétil (DE) e ejaculação retrógrada (ER) com função erétil preservada foram observadas em 36%, 21%, 18% e 24% dos pacientes, respectivamente. O grupo de pacientes com atividade sexual ausente foi significativamente mais velho (idade média = 72.3 anos vs. 64.5 anos, p < 0.001). A DE foi mais prevalente em pacientes submetidos a enxerto aorto-bifemoral (p = 0.032), enquanto a ER foi mais prevalente em pacientes submetidos a enxerto aorto-aórtico (p = 0.007). Conclusões A DS é uma condição frequente e intimamente associada à reconstrução aórtica empregada. A literatura apresenta resultados contraditórios sobre qual correção de AAA (aberta ou endovascular) resulta em mais DS, mas demonstra a importância de técnicas com preservação das artérias hipogástricas e do plexo hipogástrico superior.

19.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. Porto Alegre ; 64(1): e132759, dez 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526298

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar a condição miofuncional orofacial de indivíduos com disfunção temporomandibular, caracterizar o padrão de mastigação e investigar a relação entre a condição miofuncional orofacial e o desempenho nas funções de mastigação e deglutição. Materiais e métodos: foram analisados prontuários de participantes de um projeto de extensão interdisciplinar de odontologia e fonoaudiologia. A idade mínima para compor a amostra foi 18 anos. Os participantes haviam realizado exame odontológico e avaliação fonoaudiológica, com o protocolo de Avaliação Miofuncional Orofacial com Escores. Os resultados foram apresentados por distribuição absoluta,relativa e medidas de tendência central.Foram aplicados o teste t-student para amostras independentes e correlação de Pearson para avaliar associação. O nível de significância adotado foi 5%. As análises foram realizadas no IBM SPSS Statistics 21. Resultados: Dezessete prontuários integraram a amostra. A média de idade dos participantes foi 41,2 anos (±12,2),76,5% eram do sexo feminino. A média do escore total (AMIOFE) indicou condição miofuncional normal (92,5±5,14), porém da mastigação (7,94±1,60) e deglutição (13,1±1,17) revelam prejuízos funcionais. Não houve diferença significativa entre homens e mulheres no escore total (p=0,687), tampouco nas diferentes categorias avaliadas. Discussão:Os escores totais encontrados neste estudo, na mastigação e deglutição, estão de acordo com outras pesquisas realizadas e revelam alteração na função. Conclusão: as alterações funcionais orofaciais encontradas nos indivíduos com disfunção temporomandibular crônica deste estudo estão relacionadas com a condição miofuncional orofacial de uma maneira geral, e devem ser consideradas na elaboração de planos de tratamento, com o objetivo de proporcionar maior estabilidade aos resultados.


Aim: to evaluate the orofacial myofunctional condition of individuals with temporomandibular disorders, to characterize the mastication pattern and to investigate the relationship between the orofacial myofunctional condition and performance in mastication and swallowing functions. Materials and methods: medical records of participants in an interdisciplinary extension project in dentistry and speech therapy were analyzed. The minimum age to compose the sample was 18 years old. The participants had undergone a dental examination and speech-language pathology assessment, using the Orofacial Myofunctional Evaluation Protocol With Score protocol. Results were presented by absolute and relative distribution and measures of central tendency. Student's t-test for independent samples and Pearson's correlation were applied to assess association. The significance level adopted was 5%. Analyzes were performed using IBM SPSS Statistics 21. Results: seventeen medical records were part of the sample. The participants' mean age was 41.2 years (±12.2), 76.5% were female. The mean total score (OMES) indicated normal myofunctional condition (92.5±5.14), but mastication (7.94±1.60) and swallowing (13.1±1.17) revealed functional impairments. There was no significant difference between men and women in the total score (p=0.687), nor in the different categories evaluated. Discussion: The total scores found in this study, in mastication and swallowing, are in agreement with other studies carried out and reveal changes in function. Conclusion: functional variations found in subjects with chronic temporomandibular joint dysfunction in this study are related to general myofunctional orofacial disorder, and must be taken into consideration in treatment plans, with the aim of granting stability to the results.

20.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. Porto Alegre ; 64(1): e133407, dez 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526569

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate the impact of the social distancing imposed by COVID-19 in the socioeconomic, familiar and health scope of the participants, as well as the relation of the gravity of the sign and symptoms of Temporomandibular disorder. Materials and methods: Two questionnaires were applied, one by telephone interview and the other virtual. The first asked about signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorder and the second about behavior during the pandemic. Results: The sample was composed by 15 patients, mostly women who lived in Porto Alegre. 64,3% of the subjects declared there was a decrease in household income during this period. Concerning to difficulties found to access health service, make an appointment, and get health care, were the most cited, each pointed to 61,5% of the sample. The presence of anxiety and depression feelings were cited 64,3%. There was an increase in alcohol consumption during the pandemic as a decrease in the frequency of physical activity. Discussion: Several studies that were conducted during and after the pandemic, corroborate the findings that the social distancing cause negative repercussions in the mental health, socioeconomics situations and in the daily habits in the population from all over the world. Conclusion: With this study we could observed and analyzed how the patients who suffered with TMD faced the challenges proposed by the social distancing, due to COVID-19. We can conclude that the pandemic causes several negatives effects in most of the group.


Objetivo: Avaliar os impactos das medidas de distanciamento social impostas pelaCOVID-19 nas esferas socioeconômicas, familiar e de saúde dos participantes, bem como a relação com a gravidade dos sinais e sintomas de disfunção temporomandibular. Materiais e Métodos: Foram aplicados dois questionários sendo um por entrevista telefônica e outro virtual. O primeiro perguntava sobre sinais e sintomas da disfunção temporomandibular e o segundo sobre comportamento durante a pandemia. Resultados: A amostra foi composta por 15 pacientes, em sua maioria do sexo feminino e que residia na cidade de Porto Alegre. Desses, 64,3% dos entrevistados declararam que houve diminuição na renda familiar durante este período. Com relação às dificuldades encontradas para acesso aos serviços de saúde, a marcação de consultas e conseguir atendimento de saúde, foram as mais citadas, cada uma das dificuldades apontada por 61,5%. A presença de sentimentos de ansiedade e depressão foi citada por 64,3%. Houve aumento na ingestão de bebidas alcoólicas durante a pandemia, bem como diminuição da frequência de atividade física. Discussão: Diversos estudos realizados durante e após a pandemia, corroboram os achados de que o isolamento social causou repercussões negativas na saúde mental, nas situações socioeconômicas e nos hábitos diários da população em todo o mundo. Conclusão: Com este estudo conseguimos observar e analisar como os pacientes que sofrem com a disfunção temporomandibular enfrentaram os desafios propostos pelo isolamento social, decorrente da covid-19. Podemos concluir que a pandemia e o isolamento social causaram impactos negativos em grande parte do grupo em questão.

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