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1.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 23(3): 437-447, mayo 2024. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1538171

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to optimize by response surface design, the extraction of the leaf essential oil (EO) from Minthostachys mollis [HBK] Griseb., grown in Ecuador, using steam distillation. The factors used were extraction time (XTIE) of 60, 105 and 150 min and plant material/water ratio (XRMA) of 1:3, 1:4 and 1:5. The optimal combination was reached with XRMA 1:5 and XTIE 150 min, obtaining a process yield of 0.67%. The chemical composition of the EO analyzed by GC - MS was determined, where the main compounds were carvacryl acetate (44.01%), carvacrol (16.51%) and menthone (8.20%). The anti oxidant capacity of EO was evaluated using the FRAP and ABTS methodologies, with an IC 50 243.21 µmol Fe 2+ /g and 0.12 mg/mL, respectively. In addition, the antimicrobial activity of EO was found against Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Salmonella enterica , Escherich ia coli and Staphylococcus aureus .


El objetivo del estudio fue optimizar, mediante un diseño de superficie respuesta, la extracción d el aceite esencial (AE) de hojas de Minthostachys mollis [HBK] Griseb. del Ecuador, mediante destilación por arrastre de vapor. Los factores fueron el tiempo de extracción (XTIE) de 60, 105 y 150 min, y relación de material vegetal/ agua destilada (XRMA) d e 1:3, 1:4 y 1:5. La combinación óptima se logró con XTIE 150 min y XRMA 1:5 para un rendimiento de 0,67%. Se determinó la composición química del AE por GC - MS donde los compuestos mayoritarios fueron acetato de carvacrilo (44,01%), carvacrol (16,51%) y me ntona (8,20%). Se evaluó la capacidad antioxidante del AE por las metodologías FRAP y ABTS, con CI 50 de 243,21 µmol Fe 2+ /g y 0,12 mg/mL, respectivamente. Además, se demostró la actividad antimicrobiana contra Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Salmonella enterica , Es cherichia coli y Staphylococcus aureus .


Subject(s)
Oils, Volatile/pharmacology , Oils, Volatile/chemistry , Anti-Infective Agents/chemistry , Plant Leaves/chemistry , Lamiaceae/metabolism , Lamiaceae/chemistry , Ecuador
2.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 57: e13102, fev.2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1534066

ABSTRACT

The present study investigated the reliability and sensitivity of a wearable near-infrared spectroscopy (wNIRS) device in moderate and heavy exercise intensity domains. On three separate days, eleven males performed an incremental test to exhaustion, and in the following visits, four submaximal constant-load bouts (i.e., test and retest) were performed in the moderate-intensity domain (100 and 130 W) and heavy-intensity domain (160 and 190 W). The local tissue oxygen saturation index (SmO2) and pulmonary oxygen uptake (V̇O2) were measured continuously. The absolute SmO2 and V̇O2 values and the change (Δ) from the 3rd to 6th min of exercise were calculated. There was good reliability for SmO2 measurements, as indicated by the high intraclass correlation coefficient analysis (ICC ≥0.84 for all) and low coefficient of variation between the two trials (CV ≤4.1% for all). Steady-state responses were observed for SmO2 and V̇O2 from the 3rd to the 6th min in the two moderate-intensity bouts (P>0.05), whereas SmO2 decreased and V̇O2 increased from the 3rd to the 6th min in the two heavy-intensity bouts (P<0.05). Together, these findings suggested that the SmO2 measured with a wNIRS device is reliable and sensitive to track local metabolic changes provoked by slight increments in exercise intensity.

3.
Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 161-168, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006506

ABSTRACT

@#After tooth extraction, significant absorption occurs in the soft and hard tissues of the alveolar ridge. The goal of alveolar ridge preservation is to maintain the volume and shape of the alveolar ridge's soft and hard tissues as much as possible so as to provide suitable conditions for implant placement. Currently, there are challenges in classifying the socket for alveolar ridge preservation, such as the difficulty in directly guiding the selection of graft materials and clinical procedures and the insufficient space for particle xenograft maintenance, resulting in poor bone regeneration. Plasmatrix is an autologous blood derivative that effectively enhances tissue regeneration. This article introduced the characteristics of soft and hard tissue defects after tooth extraction and the primary applications of plasmatrix for alveolar ridge preservation (liquid plasmatrix, solid plasmatrix membrane/plug, and plasmatrix bone blocks) as well as the proposed methods for the reclassification of sockets for alveolar ridge preservation based on soft and hard tissue defects at the extraction site to facilitate the creation of clinical recommendations. The proposed classifications are as follows: Class I, extraction socket without bone defect, with or without soft tissue defect; Class Ⅱ, extraction socket with bone defect, both sides with bone wall defect less than 50%, with or without soft tissue defect; Class Ⅲ, extraction socket with bone tissue defect, at least one side with bone wall defect greater than 50%, with or without soft tissue defect. For the Class I socket, a solid plasmatrix membrane or plug is inserted, followed by injection of liquid plasmatrix, using a double-layer solid plasmatrix membrane for socket closure; for the ClassⅡ socket, plasmatrix bone blocks are inserted, followed by injection of liquid plasmatrix and secondary solidification, using absorbable collagen membrane and double-layer solid plasmatrix membrane for socket closure; for the ClassⅢ socket, tenting screws are used to maintain height, followed by implantation of plasmatrix bone blocks, injection of liquid plasmatrix and secondary solidification, using absorbable collagen membrane and double-layer solid plasmatrix membrane for socket closure. The aim of this article is to provide comprehensive knowledge of plasmatrix for oral clinicians to serve as a reference to simplify the clinical decision-making process and procedures for alveolar ridge preservation.

4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 301-306, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005399

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the clinical outcomes of using the cross-positioning method for correcting low and moderate astigmatism during small incision lenticule extraction(SMILE)surgery with Alpins vector analysis.METHODS: A total of 50 patients(81 eyes)with low and moderate astigmatism with the rule ≤1.50 D who underwent SMILE surgery at the laser myopia treatment center of Xi'an No.1 Hospital from May 2022 to November 2022 were included in the prospective randomized controlled study, and they were divided into two groups according to the random table, with 25 case(41 eyes)in cross-positioning group and 25 cases(40 eyes)in control group. In the cross-positioning group, the patients' head position was adjusted based on the cross intersection lines before the standard SMILE procedure, aligning the lateral canthi with the horizontal line and the midpoint of the eyebrows and the nose bridge with the vertical line. Postoperative visual acuity and refractive results at 3 mo were observed in both groups, and astigmatic changes were analyzed and evaluated using the Alpins vector analysis method.RESULTS: During the follow-up period, 6 cases(11 eyes)in the cross-positioning group were lost to follow-up, while in the control group, 8 cases(14 eyes)were lost to follow-up, with 19 cases(30 eyes)and 17 cases(26 eyes)finally included in the cross-positioning group and the control group, respectively. At 3 mo postoperatively, the uncorrected visual acuity(UCVA)of both groups' operated eyes was ≥1.0, and no serious complications occurred, with no significant differences in UCVA, best corrected visual acuity(BCVA), spherical power, and spherical equivalent between the cross-positioning group and the control group(all P&#x0026;#x003E;0.05). The cylindrical power in the cross-positioning group was 0.00(0.00, 0.00)D, which was lower than -0.13(-0.50, 0.00)D in the control group(P=0.01). The vector analysis results showed that the difference vector(DV)in the cross-positioning group was lower than that in the control group [0.00(0.00, 0.00)vs 0.13(0.00, 0.50), P=0.01], and the index of success(IOS)was better than that of the control group [0.00(0.00, 0.00)vs 0.18(0.00, 0.77), P&#x0026;#x003C;0.01]. At 3 mo postoperatively, 26(87%)and 15(58%)eyes in the cross-positioning group and control groups achieved an angle of error(AE)within ±5°, respectively.CONCLUSION: The cross positioning method was used to calibrate the patients' head position during SMILE surgery, which reduced the axial position error and improved the accuracy of SMILE in correcting low and moderate astigmatism.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 27-32, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005209

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE Optimizing the water extraction technology of Xiangqin jiere granules. METHODS The orthogonal test of 3 factors and 3 levels was designed, and comprehensive scoring was conducted for the above indexes by using G1-entropy weight to obtain the optimized water extraction technology of Xiangqin jiere granules with water addition ratio, extraction time and extraction times as factors, using the contents of forsythoside A, baicalin, phillyrin, oroxylin A-7-O-β-D-glycoside, wogonoside, baicalein and wogonin, and extraction rate as evaluation indexes. BP neural network modeling was used to optimize the network model and water extraction process using the results of 9 groups of orthogonal tests as test and training data, the water addition multiple, decocting time and extraction times as input nodes, and the comprehensive score as output nodes. Then the two analysis methods were compared by verification test to find the best water extraction process parameters. RESULTS The water extraction technology optimized by the orthogonal test was 8-fold water, extracting 3 times, extracting for 1 h each time. Comprehensive score was 96.84 (RSD=0.90%). The optimal water extraction technology obtained by BP neural network modeling included 12-fold water, extracting 4 times, extracting for 0.5 h each time. The comprehensive score was 92.72 (RSD=0.77%), which was slightly lower than that of the orthogonal test. CONCLUSIONS The water extraction technology of Xiangqin jiere granules is optimized successfully in the study, which includes adding 8-fold water, extracting 3 times, and extracting for 1 hour each time.

6.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 87(3): e2021, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520213

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the quality of life and stress level related to visual function following pediatric cataract surgery in a Brazilian public hospital. Methods: This prospective study analyzed children aged 6-14 years old who underwent cataract surgery. The Childhood Stress Scale and Children's Visual Function Questionnaire (CVFQ) were used to assess stress levels and quality of life, respectively. Both instruments were applied by two psychologists before and after the surgery. Eye examination was performed by two ophthalmologists. Preoperative and postoperative data were compared. Results: In total, 23 children (32 eyes) were enrolled in the study, of which 9 had bilateral cataracts. The average age group at the time of surgery was 9.65 ± 2.26 (6-14) years old. One month after the surgery, the spherical equivalent was -0.90 ± 1.66D, and the corrected distance visual acuity was 0.13 ± 0.10 (0-0.3) LogMAR in bilateral cases and 0.50 ± 0.39 (0-1.3) LogMAR in unilateral cases (p<0.01). According to the Childhood Stress Scale, 77.7% of the bilateral cases and 57.1% of the unilateral cases had stable stress levels, and 34.7% of the children improved their stress level. The analysis of the CVFQ was based on scores for general health, general vision health, competence, personality, and treatment. After cataract surgery, 78.2% of the patients had improved or maintained CVFQ scores in the general health domain; 82.6%, general vision health; 95.6%, competence; 56.5%, personality; and 78.2%, treatment. Conclusion: Pediatric cataract surgery improves the visual function and the quality of life even in patients undergoing surgical procedures, without increasing the stress levels.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a qualidade de vida e o nível de estresse relacionada à função visual após a cirurgia de catarata pediátrica em um hospital público brasileiro. Métodos: Estudo prospectivo em crianças de seis a 14 anos submetidas à cirurgia de catarata. A Escala de Stresse Infantil e o Questionário de Função Visual em Crianças foram usados para avaliar o nível de estresse e a qualidade de vida, respectivamente. Ambos os instrumentos foram aplicados por duas psicólogas antes e após a cirurgia. O exame oftalmológico foi realizado por dois oftalmologistas. Os dados coletados no pré e pós-operatório foram comparados. Resultados: Vinte e três crianças (32 olhos) foram incluídas no estudo, nove delas apresentavam catarata bilateral. A média de idade na cirurgia foi de 9,65±2,26 (6 a 14) anos. Um mês após a cirurgia, o equivalente esférico foi de -0,90 ± 1,66D e a acuidade visual corrigida a distância foi de 0,13 ± 0,10 (0-0,3) LogMAR em casos bilaterais e 0,50 ± 0,39 (0-1,3) LogMAR em casos unilaterais (p<0.01). De acordo com a Escala de Stresse Infantil, 77,7% dos casos de catarata bilaterais, e 57,1% dos casos unilaterais mantiveram o nível de estresse e 34,7% das crianças melhoraram o nível de estresse. A análise do Questionário de Função Visual em Crianças foi baseada em pontuações para saúde geral, saúde geral da visão, competência, personalidade e tratamento. Após a cirurgia de catarata, 78,2% dos pacientes melhoraram ou mantiveram o escore do Questionário de Função Visual em Crianças na saúde geral, 82,6% na saúde geral da visão, 95,6% na competência, 56,5% na personalidade e 78,2% no tratamento. Conclusão: A cirurgia de catarata pediátrica melhora a função visual e a qualidade de vida em pacientes submetidos a procedimento cirúrgico, sem aumentar o nível de estresse.

7.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 87(3): e2022, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520226

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purposes: This study aimed to determine the association of the long-term refractive outcomes of cataract surgery with self-reported visual function obtained using Catquest-9SF. Methods: Patients recruited from the cataract outpatient clinic of VER MAIS Oftalmologia underwent a complete ophthalmologic examination. Patients who were diagnosed with cataract with indications for phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation received the Catquest-9SF questionnaire before and after surgery at 30 days and 1 year. Results: A total of 133 patients were recruited, but 32 patients were lost to follow-up; finally, data from 101 patients (48 men, 53 women) were analyzed. The crude variance explained by the data was 69.9%, and the unexplained variance in the first contrast was 2.39 eigenvalues (>2); thus, these results are different from those expected from random data. The people separation index was 2.95 (>2), and the people trust value was 0.9 (>0.8). These indices were evaluated in the assessment of skill levels. Visual acuity was the main variable that correlated with the Catquest score. Conclusions: The Catquest-9SF translated into Portuguese proved to be a one-dimensional and psychometrically valid tool to assess visual dysfunction in patients with cataract, and it is successful in objectively quantifying improvements after surgery. The results of this tool could be predictive and concordant of visual acuity improvement.


RESUMO Objetivo: Associar os resultados refrativos a longo prazo da cirurgia de catarata e a função visual autorreferida pelo questionário Catquest-9SF. Métodos: Paciente recrutados no ambulatório de catarata da VER MAIS Oftalmologia, foram submetidos a exame oftalmológico completo. Após diagnóstico de catarata com indicação de tratamento cirúrgico com facoemulsificação e implante de lente intraocular, o questionário foi aplicado antes da intervenção, 30 dias após cirurgia e 1 ano após, novamente. Resultados: Foram recrutados 133 pacientes. No decorrer do seguimento, 32 pacientes foram perdidos e ao final foram analisados os dados de 101 pacientes, dos quais 48 foram homens e 53 foram mulheres. A variância bruta explicada por dados foi de 69,9% e a inexplicada em primeiro contraste por 2,39 eigenvalores, sendo maior que 2, o que nos mostra que são resultados differentes dos esperados de dados aleatórios. O índice de separação de pessoas foi de 2.95 (>2) e o valor de confiança de pessoas foi de 0,9 (>0,8). Estes índices são os valores mínimos aceitáveis na diferenciação de níveis de habilidade. Acuidade visual foi a principal variável correlacionada com o score do Catquest. Conclusões: O Catquest-9SF traduzido para o português se demonstrou unidimensional e uma ferramenta psicometricamente válida para avaliar disfunção visual em pacientes com catarata, além de ter tido sucesso para quantificar objetivamente melhoras após a intervenção cirúrgica. Essa ferramenta pode ser utilizada como preditiva e concordante da melhora da acuidade visual.

8.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 87(2): e2023, 2024. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533798

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To assess the effect of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on cataract surgery by residents who had mandatory surgical simulator training during residency. Methods: In this retrospective, observational analytical study, the total number of cataract surgeries and surgical complications by all senior residents of 2019 (2019 class; prepandemic) and 2020 (2020 class; affected by the reduced number of elective surgeries due to the COVID-19 pandemic) were collected and compared. All residents had routine mandatory cataract surgery training on a virtual surgical simulator during residency. The total score obtained by these residents on cataract challenges of the surgical simulator was also evaluated. Results: The 2020 and 2019 classes performed 1275 and 2561 cataract surgeries, respectively. This revealed a reduction of 50.2% in the total number of procedures performed by the 2020 class because of the pandemic. The incidence of surgical complications was not statistically different between the two groups (4.2% in the 2019 class and 4.9% in the 2020 class; p=0.314). Both groups also did not differ in their mean scores on the simulator's cataract challenges (p<0.696). Conclusion: Despite the reduction of 50.2% in the total number of cataract surgeries performed by senior residents of 2020 during the COVID-19 pandemic, the incidence of surgical complications did not increase. This suggests that surgical simulator training during residency mitigated the negative effects of the reduced surgical volume during the pandemic.

9.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 87(6): e2021, 2024. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1513691

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT This case report identified paracentral acute middle maculopathy as the cause of severe and irreversible vision loss after cataract surgery. Cataract surgeons should be aware of known risk factors for the development of paracentral acute middle maculopathy. In those patients, extra care regarding anesthesia, intraocular pressure, and some other aspects of cataract surgery must be taken. Paracentral acute middle maculopathy is currently understood as a clinical sign evident on spectral-domain optical coherence tomography, and it is probably evidence of deep ischemic insult to the retina. It should be a differential diagnosis in cases of marked low vision acuity associated with no fundus abnormalities in the immediate postoperative period, as demonstrated in the presented case.


RESUMO O presente relato de caso identificou a maculopatia média aguda paracentral como a causa de baixa de acuidade visual severa e irreversível após cirurgia de catarata. Existem fatores de risco bem estabelecidos para o desenvolvimento da maculopatia média aguda paracentral que devem ser conhecidos pelos cirurgiões de catarata. Nesse contexto cirúrgico, precauções extras no tocante a procedimentos anestésicos, pressão intraocular e alguns outros aspectos da cirurgia devem ser consideradas. A maculopatia média aguda paracentral é descrita como um sinal clínico observado no exame de tomografia de coerência óptica por domínio espectral e se trata, provavelmente, da evidência de um evento isquêmico no tecido vascular retiniano. Esse diagnóstico deve ser cogitado nos casos de perda de acuidade visual súbita no pós-operatório imediato associada com exame fundoscópico normal, como evidenciado no caso apresentado.

10.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528854

ABSTRACT

El objetivo del presente estudio fue el determinar la validez de un nuevo índice de dificultad para la exodoncia de terceros molares mandibulares impactados. El presente es un estudio descriptivo, comparativo y transversal. Se llevó a cabo en la Clínica Estomatológica de la Universidad Nacional de Trujillo-Perú, durante el año 2015. La muestra estuvo conformada por 42 pacientes ASA I, de 18 a 65 años, con indicación de extracción de tercera molar mandibular impactada asintomática, con corona clínica íntegra. Cada paciente firmó un consentimiento informado para así poder participar en el estudio. Antes de la realización de la exodoncia, a cada paciente, se le valoró su grado de dificultad quirúrgica según la clasificación de Winter-Pell y Gregory y el nuevo índice de dificultad propuesto. Para la comparación del grado de dificultad entre los índices con el número de complicaciones, la dificultad quirúrgica entre los índices con la dificultad quirúrgica real y el tiempo quirúrgico entre los índices; se utilizaron la prueba estadística de Chi cuadrado, el Test de Mc Nemar y la T de Student, respectivamente. La significación estadística fue del 5 %. Al comparar los índices con el grado de dificultad real, se obtuvo que existe una alta diferencia estadística significativa (p < 0.001). Al realizar las pruebas de sensibilidad y especificidad de ambos índices, se obtuvo que el nuevo índice y el índice de Winter-Pell y Gregory tuvieron una sensibilidad del 100 % y 55 % y una especificidad del 10 % y 100 %, respectivamente. Se concluye que el nuevo índice propuesto en este estudio pronostica de manera más exacta la dificultad quirúrgica de las exodoncias de terceros molares mandibulares impactados.


The aim of this study was to determine the validity of a new difficulty index for the extraction of impacted mandibular third molars. This is a descriptive, comparative and cross-sectional study. It was carried out at the Clinica Estomatológica of the Universidad Nacional de Trujillo - Peru, during the year 2015. The sample consisted of 42 ASA I patients, from 18 to 65 years old, with an indication for extraction of an asymptomatic impacted mandibular third molar, with complete clinical crown. Each patient signed an informed consent in order to participate in the study. Before performing the extraction, each patient was assessed their degree of surgical difficulty according to the Winter-Pell and Gregory classification and the new difficulty index proposed. For the comparison of the degree of difficulty between the indices with the number of complications, the surgical difficulty between the indices with the actual surgical difficulty and the surgical time between the indices; the Chi-square statistical test, the Mc Nemar Test and the Student's T test were used, respectively. Statistical significance was 5 %. When comparing the indices with the actual degree of difficulty, it was found that there is a highly significant statistical difference (p < 0.001). When carrying out the sensitivity and specificity tests of both indices, it was found that the new index and the Winter-Pell and Gregory index had a sensitivity of 100 % and 55 % and a specificity of 10 % and 100 %, respectively. It is concluded that the new index proposed in this study more accurately predicts the surgical difficulty of extractions of impacted mandibular third molars.

11.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 44(3): 74-80, set.-dez. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1553234

ABSTRACT

A extração do elemento dentário promove uma série de eventos biológicos que resultam no colapso da estrutura alveolar, ocasionando a perda óssea volumétrica na região de extração. Preservar esse alvéolo dentário é imprescindível para uma boa reabilitação dentária do paciente. Objetivo: Realizar uma revisão de literatura abordando os objetivos, opções técnicas, vantagens e desvantagens da preservação óssea alveolar pós extração. Materiais e métodos: Foi feita uma revisão de literatura utilizando as bases de dados Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS), PubMed e Google acadêmico, usando os descritores "extração dentária", "perda do osso alveolar", "regeneração óssea". Foram incluídos 34 artigos. Resultados: A preservação alveolar pós extração começa desde a realização de uma técnica cirúrgica menos invasiva até a colocação de enxertos do tipo autógenos, alógenos, xenógenos, aloplásticos e biomateriais promotores de cicatrização e reparação tecidual. Conclusão: Existe na literatura atual uma vasta gama de textos científicos que abordam técnicas de preservação alveolar pós exodontia, com distintas respostas teciduais. Todavia, nenhum biomaterial listado nesta revisão contém todas as características que proporcionam regeneração completa do osso alveolar após exodontia(AU)


The extraction of the dental element promotes a series of biological events that results in the collapse of the alveolar structure, causing volumetric bone loss in the region of extraction. Preserving this dental alveolus is essential for a good dental rehabilitation of the patient. Objective: To conduct a literature review addressing the objectives, technical options, advantages and disadvantages of post-extraction alveolar bone preservation. Materials and methods: A literature review was carried out using the Virtual Health Library (VHL), PubMed and academic Google databases, using the descriptors "tooth extraction", "alveolar bone loss", "bone regeneration". 34 articles were included. Results: Post-extraction alveolar preservation starts from the performance of a less invasive surgical technique to the placement of autogenous, allogeneic, xenogeneic, alloplastic and biomaterials that promote healing and tissue repair. Conclusion: There´s is a wide range of scientific texts in the current literature that address post-extraction alveolar preservation techniques with different tissue responses. However, none of the biomaterials listed in this review contain all the characteristics that provide complete regeneration of alveolar bone after extraction(AU)


Subject(s)
Oral Surgical Procedures , Tooth Socket
12.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447178

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Una de las complicaciones más temidas de la endocarditis infecciosa (EI) asociada a marcapasos es la embolia pulmonar. Presentamos el caso de una paciente con diagnóstico actual de EI asociada a marcapasos, que luego de la extracción del dispositivo por vía percutánea presentó síntomas de embolia pulmonar confirmada mediante estudios por imágenes. Objetivos: Conocer el manejo y la evolución intrahospitalarios y a los 18 meses de la embolia pulmonar en el contexto de una endocarditis infecciosa asociada a marcapasos. Materiales y métodos: Búsqueda bibliográfica efectuada en PubMed. Relato del caso clínico: evaluación clínica, presentación de los estudios complementarios y tratamiento. Seguimiento del caso. Resultados: Paciente de 68 años, sexo femenino, con antecedente de implantación de marcapaso definitivo bicameral hace 2 años. Síndrome febril prolongado sin foco aparente, con hemocultivos que fueron positivos para Staphylococcus aureus meticilino-resistente. En el ecocardiograma transesofágico presentaba múltiples vegetaciones en aurícula derecha asociadas con los catéteres. Con base en la anamnesis, el examen físico y los hallazgos en exámenes específicos, se pudo lograr el diagnóstico de EI asociada a marcapasos. Se indicó tratamiento antibiótico y la remoción completa percutánea del dispositivo. Luego del procedimiento presentó disnea súbita confirmándose mediante estudio de centellograma ventilación-perfusión el diagnóstico de embolia pulmonar. Completó el tratamiento antibiótico (vancomicina durante 6 semanas) y fue dada de alta. Durante el seguimiento no presentó nuevas infecciones u otras complicaciones. Conclusión: En nuestro caso, la embolia pulmonar no generó modificaciones en la morbimortalidad intrahospitalaria ni en el seguimiento a 18 meses.


Introduction: One of the most feared infective endocarditis (IE) complications associated with pacemaker is pulmonary embolism. We present the case of a patient with a current diagnosis of pacemaker-associated IE who presented symptoms of pulmonary embolism confirmed by imaging studies after percutaneous removal of the device. Objectives: to know the management and evolution, in-hospital and at 18 months of pulmonary embolism in the context of infective endocarditis associated with pacemaker. Materials and methods: Bibliographic search carried out in PubMed. Clinical case report: clinical evaluation, presentation of complementary studies, and treatment. Follow up on the case. Results: 68-year-old patient with a history of dual chamber permanent pacemaker implantation 2 years ago. Prolonged febrile syndrome with no apparent focus, with positive blood cultures for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. The transesophageal echocardiogram showed multiple vegetations associated in right atrial with the catheters. Based on the history, physical examination, and findings in specific tests, the diagnosis of IE associated with DEIP could be achieved. Antibiotic treatment and complete percutaneous removal of the device were indicated. After the procedure, he presented sudden dyspnea, confirming the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism in a ventilation-perfusion scintigram study. She completed the antibiotic treatment (vancomycin for 6 weeks) and was discharged. During follow-up, there were no new infections or other complications. Conclusion: in our patient pulmonary embolism did not generate changes in in-hospital morbidity and mortality or in the 18-month follow-up.

13.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 56(2): 102-108, 20230801.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1451544

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Una de las complicaciones más temidas de la endocarditis infecciosa (EI) asociada a marcapasos es la embolia pulmonar. Presentamos el caso de una paciente con diagnóstico actual de EI asociada a marcapasos, que luego de la extracción del dispositivo por vía percutánea presentó síntomas de embolia pulmonar confirmada mediante estudios por imágenes. Objetivos: Conocer el manejo y la evolución intrahospitalarios y a los 18 meses de la embolia pulmonar en el contexto de una endocarditis infecciosa asociada a marcapasos. Materiales y métodos: Búsqueda bibliográfica efectuada en PubMed. Relato del caso clínico: evaluación clínica, presentación de los estudios complementarios y tratamiento. Seguimiento del caso. Resultados: Paciente de 68 años, sexo femenino, con antecedente de implantación de marcapaso definitivo bicameral hace 2 años. Síndrome febril prolongado sin foco aparente, con hemocultivos que fueron positivos para Staphylococcus aureus meticilino-resistente. En el ecocardiograma transesofágico presentaba múltiples vegetaciones en aurícula derecha asociadas con los catéteres. Con base en la anamnesis, el examen físico y los hallazgos en exámenes específicos, se pudo lograr el diagnóstico de EI asociada a marcapasos. Se indicó tratamiento antibiótico y la remoción completa percutánea del dispositivo. Luego del procedimiento presentó disnea súbita confirmándose mediante estudio de centellograma ventilación-perfusión el diagnóstico de embolia pulmonar. Completó el tratamiento antibiótico (vancomicina durante 6 semanas) y fue dada de alta. Durante el seguimiento no presentó nuevas infecciones u otras complicaciones. Conclusión: En nuestro caso, la embolia pulmonar no generó modificaciones en la morbimortalidad intrahospitalaria ni en el seguimiento a 18 meses.


Introduction: One of the most feared infective endocarditis (IE) complications associated with pacemaker is pulmonary embolism. We present the case of a patient with a current diagnosis of pacemaker-associated IE who presented symptoms of pulmonary embolism confirmed by imaging studies after percutaneous removal of the device. Objectives: to know the management and evolution, in-hospital and at 18 months of pulmonary embolism in the context of infective endocarditis associated with pacemaker. Materials and methods: Bibliographic search carried out in PubMed. Clinical case report: clinical evaluation, presentation of complementary studies, and treatment. Follow up on the case. Results: 68-year-old patient with a history of dual chamber permanent pacemaker implantation 2 years ago. Prolonged febrile syndrome with no apparent focus, with positive blood cultures for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. The transesophageal echocardiogram showed multiple vegetations associated in right atrial with the catheters. Based on the history, physical examination, and findings in specific tests, the diagnosis of IE associated with DEIP could be achieved. Antibiotic treatment and complete percutaneous removal of the device were indicated. After the procedure, he presented sudden dyspnea, confirming the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism in a ventilation-perfusion scintigram study. She completed the antibiotic treatment (vancomycin for 6 weeks) and was discharged. During follow-up, there were no new infections or other complications. Conclusion: in our patient pulmonary embolism did not generate changes in in-hospital morbidity and mortality or in the 18-month follow-up.

14.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 75(4)ago. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515235

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Reporte de dos casos en que se extrajo por vía anal con colonoscopía, cuerpos extraños injeridos por vía oral. Material y Método: Discusión del cuadro clínico, imágenes, y manejo. En ambos casos luego de la confirmación imagenológica de la presencia de los cuerpos extraños en el tracto digestivo bajo se procedió a su extracción con colonoscopía. Resultados: Ambos casos se presentaron de forma inusual, se confirmo la presencia y ubicación de los cuerpos extraños con imagenología y colonoscopía. Se realizó la extracción por vía endoscópica sin incidentes. Discusión: Nuestros dos casos son inusuales, con escasa evidencia en la literatura internacional, en ambos casos se pudieron presentar complicaciones importantes y requerir cirugía. Afortunadamente se pudieron resolver por vía endoscópica. Conclusión: Los cuerpos extraños del tracto digestivo bajo, injeridos por vía oral son infrecuentes, la imagenología y la sospecha clínica son esenciales para su correcto diagnóstico y planificación terapéutica. Consideramos que la extracción con colonoscopía es una estrategia a considerar en estos casos.


Objective: Report of two cases in which foreign bodies ingested orally were extracted through the anal route with colonoscopy. Material and Method: Discussion of the clinical picture, images, and management. In both cases, after imaging confirmation of the presence of foreign bodies in the lower digestive tract, they were extracted with colonoscopy. Results: Both cases presented in an unusual way, the presence and location of the foreign bodies were confirmed with imaging and colonoscopy. Endoscopic removal was performed without incident. Discussion: Our two cases are unusual, with little evidence in the international literature, in both cases important complications could have occurred and surgery was required. Fortunately they could be resolved endoscopically. Conclusion: Orally ingested foreign bodies in the lower digestive tract are rare; imaging and clinical suspicion are essential for correct diagnosis and therapeutic planning. We believe that extraction with colonoscopy is a strategy to consider in these cases.

15.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 86(4): 308-313, July-Sep. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447368

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To present the results of a retrospective study regarding the clinical and economic impact of intracameral cefuroxime administration to prevent endophthalmitis during cataract surgery in a referral hospital. Methods: This study included 16,902 eyes from patients who had undergone cataract surgery between 2013 and 2017. From May 2014 onwards, all patients received routine intracameral injections of 1 mg cefuroxime (10 mg/1 mL) after phacoemulsification. The prophylactic efficacy was evaluated using the relative risk ratio, whereas the economic impact was evaluated using number needed to treat to avoid endophthalmitis. Results: Before introducing cefuroxime, 3,407 cataract surgeries were performed using the phacoemulsification technique, and 7 post-operatory cases of endophthalmitis occurred (0.2% incidence). After introducing the cefuroxime protocol, 13,495 surgeries were performed, and 4 endophthalmitis cases were registered (0.03% incidence). Cefuroxime was identified as a protective factor against the development of endophthalmitis [risk ratio = 14%, p=0.002, 95% confidence interval (CI) 95%, 4%-49%], with an economic impact of number needed to treat = 568. The potential savings with cefuroxime was approximately US $2,334.36 for every 568 patients treated. Conclusion: The incidence of endophthalmitis decreased by 86% (risk ratio = 14%, p=0.002, 95% CI, 4%-49%) after introducing intracameral cefuroxime prophylaxis at the study hospital. The results presented herein provide strong evidence for the use of cefuroxime in endophthalmitis prophylaxis after phacoemulsification surgeries, outperforming the alter­native by providing both economic and clinical benefits.


RESUMO Objetivo: Apresentar os resultados de um estudo retrospectivo sobre o impacto clínico e econômico da administração de cefuroxima intracameral para prevenir endoftalmite nas cirurgias de catarata em um hospital de referência. Métodos: Este estudo incluiu 16.902 olhos de pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de catarata entre 2013 e 2017. A partir de maio de 2014, todos os pacientes receberam rotineiramente uma injeção intracameral de 1mg de cefuroxima (10mg/1mL) ao final da cirurgia de facoemulsificação. A eficácia da profilaxia foi avaliada usando o risco relativo e o impacto econômico foi avaliado com o número necessário para tratar para se evitar um caso de endoftalmite. Resultados: Antes da introdução do protocolo da cefuroxima, foram realizadas 3.407 cirurgias de catarata por facoemulsificação e ocorreram 7 casos de endoftalmite pós-operatória (incidência de 0,2%). Após a introdução do protocolo da cefuroxima, foram realizadas 13.495 cirurgias e registrados 4 casos de endoftalmite (incidência de 0,03%). A cefuroxima foi um fator de proteção no desenvolvimento de endoftalmite (risco relativo = 14%, p=0,002, Intervalo de Confiança de 95% [IC 95%], 4% - 49%) e o impacto econômico do número necessário para tratar = 568. A economia potencial com a cefuroxima foi de aproximadamente US$ 2.334,36 para cada 568 pacientes tratados. Conclusão: A incidência de endoftalmite diminuiu 86% (risco relativo = 14%, p=0,002, IC 95% 4% - 49%) desde a introdução da profilaxia com cefuroxima intracameral no hospital do estudo. Os resultados apresentados mostram forte evidência para o uso da cefuroxima na profilaxia da endoftalmite após cirurgias de facoemulsificação, por proporcionar economia de custos e benefício clínico.

16.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2023 Jun; 71(6): 2469-2473
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-225082

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To compare the visual outcomes in patients undergoing small?incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) for correction of myopic astigmatism (??1.50 D) with or without manual cyclotorsion compensation. Methods: A prospective, double?blinded, randomized, contralateral study was conducted in the refractive services of a tertiary eye care center. Eligible patients with bilateral high myopic astigmatism (?1.5 D) and intraoperative cyclotorsion (?5°) undergoing SMILE between June 2018 and May 2019 were included. Cyclotorsion compensation was performed using triple centration method before femtosecond laser delivery. Uncorrected and corrected distance visual acuity (UDVA and CDVA, respectively) measurement, manifest refraction, slit?lamp biomicroscopy, and corneal tomography were performed preoperatively and at 1 and 3 months’ postoperative visit. Astigmatic outcomes were analyzed using Alpins criteria. Results: A total of 30 patients (60 eyes) were included in this study. The patients underwent bilateral SMILE surgery, with manual cyclotorsion compensation in one eye (CC group, n = 30 eyes) and no cyclotorsion compensation in the other eye (NCC group, n = 30 eyes). Preoperative astigmatism and intraoperative cyclotorsion were ?2.0 D and 7.03° ± 1.06° (CC) and ?1.75 D and 7.24° ± 0.98° (NCC) (P = 0.472 and 0.240, respectively). No significant differences were noted in mean refractive spherical equivalent (MRSE), UDVA, CDVA, and refractive error between the two groups at 3 months’ postoperative visit. Astigmatic outcomes measured using Alpins criteria demonstrated no significant difference between the two cohorts. Conclusion: The cyclotorsion compensation technique provided no additional advantage in terms of astigmatic outcomes or postoperative visual quality, in eyes with high preoperative astigmatism and intraoperative cyclotorsion.

17.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1551114

ABSTRACT

La obtención de ADN de moscas de interés médico-legal es de relevancia para una variedad de aplicaciones. Aunque existen métodos de extracción comerciales de ADN, su uso rutinario es limitado, en algunos escenarios. En este contexto, el uso de métodos no comerciales constituye una alternativa; sin embargo, su optimización es clave para mejorar el flujo de trabajo y los resultados. Este trabajo evaluó el impacto de variaciones a un método de precipitación salina sobre la concentración y la pureza del ADN recuperado. No se encontraron diferencias significativas en la concentración de ADN extraído entre los diferentes tiempos de incubación, probados durante la fase de extracción, mientras que el incremento en el volumen de etanol absoluto, en la fase de precipitación de ADN, mejoró significativamente la concentración de ADN obtenido. Las modificaciones propuestas reducen el tiempo de ejecución y la concentración de ADN obtenido comparado con el protocolo original.


Obtaining DNA from flies of medico-legal interest is relevant for a variety of applications. Although commercial extraction methods offer optimal DNA, their routine use is limited in some settings. In this context, the use of non-commercial methods constitutes an alternative in laboratories with limited resources however, its optimization is key to improving the workflow and the results. This work evaluated the impact of variations to a saline precipitation method on the concentration and purity of the recovered DNA. No significant differences were found in the concentration of extracted DNA between the different incubation times tested during the extraction phase. In contrast, the increased volume of absolute ethanol in the DNA precipitation phase significantly improved the concentration of DNA obtained. The proposed modifications reduce the runtime and DNA concentration obtained compared with the original protocol.

18.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 86(3): 240-247, May 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439375

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To assess the outcomes of the trabecular bypass as replacement therapy for medications in pharmacologically controlled vs. pharmacologically uncontrolled open-angle glaucoma patients. Methods: This was a retrospective study of eyes treated with first- (iStent) or second-generation (iStent inject) trabecular bypass. Group 1 consisted of eyes with pharmacologically controlled intraocular pressure <18 mmHg and Group 2 consisted of eyes with pharmacologically controlled intraocular pressure ≥18 mmHg. The main outcomes measured were qualified (with or without medications) and unqualified or complete (without medications) success rates at different target intraocular pressures, mean reduction (%) in medication use, and proportion of medication-free eyes. Results: The mean age was 70.4 years in Group 1 (n=105) and 68.1 years in Group 2 (n=65). Qualified success rates for intraocular pressure <18 mmHg, intraocular pressure <15 mmHg, and intraocular pressure <12 mmHg were similar between the groups (Group 1: 96.2%, 88.6%, and 32.4%, respectively; Group 2: 93.8%, 78.5%, and 21.5%, respectively; all p>0.05). Complete success rates were significantly higher in Group 1 than in Group 2: for intraocular pressure <18 mmHg (76.2% vs. 47.7%), intraocular pressure <15 mmHg (73.3% vs. 40.0%), and intraocular pressure <12 mmHg (14.3% vs. 4.6%). The mean reduction in medication use was higher in Group 1 than in Group 2. At the end of follow-up, 79.0% of eyes in Group 1 and 47.7% of eyes in Group 2 became medication-free. Conclusions: Both groups showed high qualified success rates, but eyes with baseline pharmacologically controlled intraocular pressure <18 mmHg showed higher complete success rates and greater chances of achieving no need for medications.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar os resultados dos implantes de by-pass trabecular como terapia de substituição aos colírios em pacientes com glaucoma de ângulo aberto controlados com medicação vs. não controlados com medicação. Métodos: Este foi um estudo retrospectivo de olhos submetidos a cirurgia de implante de by-pass trabecular de primeira (iStent) ou segunda geração (iStent inject). O Grupo 1 consistiu em olhos com pressão intraocular medicada <18 mmHg e o Grupo 2 consistiu em olhos com pressão intraocular medicada ≥18 mmHg. Os principais desfechos foram as taxas de sucesso relativo (com ou sem medicamentos) e completo (sem medicamentos) em diferentes pressões intraoculares-alvo, redução média (%) no uso de medicamentos e proporção de olhos sem medicamentos. Resultados: A média de idade foi de 70,4 anos no Grupo 1 (n=105) e 68,1 anos no Grupo 2 (n=65). As taxas de sucesso relativo para pressão intraocular <18 mmHg, pressão intraocular <15 mmHg e pressão intraocular <12 mmHg foram semelhantes entre os grupos (Grupo 1: 96,2%, 88,6% e 32,4%, respectivamente; Grupo 2: 93,8%, 78,5% e 21,5%, respectivamente; todos p>0,05). As taxas de sucesso completo foram significativa mente maiores no Grupo 1 do que no Grupo 2: pressão intraocular <18 mmHg (76,2% vs. 47,7%); pressão intraocular <15 mmHg (73,3% vs. 40%); pressão intraocular <12 mmHg (14,3% vs. 4,6%). A redução média no uso de medicamentos foi maior no Grupo 1 do que no Grupo 2. Ao final do acompanhamento, 79,0% dos olhos do Grupo 1 e 47,7% dos olhos do Grupo 2 estavam livres medicamentos. Conclusões: Ambos os grupos mostraram altas taxas de sucesso relativo, mas olhos com pressão intraocular medicada pré-operatória <18 mmHg apresentaram taxas de sucesso completo mais elevadas, bem como maiores chances de se tornarem livres de medicamentos para glaucoma.

19.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 86(3): 210-216, May 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439382

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate primary intraocular lens implantation in the treatment of children's aphakia in the Brazilian public health system and compare the outcomes among different age groups. Methods: Children aged 0-12 years old with unilateral or bilateral congenital/developmental cataracts and underwent primary intraocular lens implantation were included. Results: A total of 108 eyes from 68 children were evaluated, and the children were divided into four age groups (<7 months [mo]; 7 mo-2 years old [y/o]; 2-5 y/o, and >5 y/o) were evaluated. Nineteen eyes (17.59%) presented visual axis opacification as a postoperative complication, which was more frequently observed in the <7 mo age group (37.93%). The difference was significant between the <7 mo and >5 y/o age groups (p=0.002). Visual axis opacification was divided into two categories: pupillary membrane and lens cell proliferation. Eight eyes presented pupillary membrane, whereas 14 showed lens cell proliferation. Out of eight eyes with pupillary membrane, seven occurred in the <7 mo age group. The difference between the <7 mo age group and the 2-5 y/o or >5 y/o age group was significant (p=0.01). Lens cell proliferation was more frequent in the <7 mo and 2-5 y/o age groups, but the difference was significant only between the < 7 mo age group and >5 y/o age group (p=0.040). Glaucoma and glaucoma suspect cases were not observed during the follow-up period. Conclusions: The main complication found in the study was visual axis opacification, which had a higher incidence in children operated on or before the age of 7 months.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o implante de lente intraocular primária para tratamento da afacia pediátrica no Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) e comparar os resultados em diferentes faixas etárias. Métodos: Foram incluídas crianças com catarata congênita e do desenvolvimento unilateral ou bilateral de 0-12 anos de idade e submetidas a implante de lente intraocular primária. Resultados: Cento e oito olhos de 68 crianças divididas em quatro grupos de idade (<7m; 7m-2a; 2-5a e > 5a) foram avaliados. Dezenove olhos (17,59%) apresentaram opacificação do eixo visual como complicação pós-operatória. Essa complicação foi mais frequente na faixa etária <7 meses (37,93%). A diferença foi significativa entre os grupos de idade <7 meses e > 5 anos (p=0,002). A opacificação do eixo visual foi dividida em duas categorias: membrana pupilar e proliferação de células do cristalino. Oito olhos apresentaram membrana pupilar e 14 proliferação de células do cristalino. Dos oito olhos com membrana pupilar, sete ocorreram na faixa etária <7 meses. A diferença entre o grupo de idade <7 meses e os grupos de 2-5 anos e > 5 anos foi significativa (p=0,01). A proliferação de células do cristalino foi mais frequente nos grupos de idade <7 meses e 2-5 anos, mas significativa apenas quando comparados o grupo de idade <7 meses com o grupo> 5 anos de idade (p=0,040). Glaucoma e suspeitos de glaucoma não foram observados durante o acompanhamento. Conclusões: A principal complicação encontrada no estudo foi a opacificação do eixo visual. Sua incidência foi maior em crianças operadas antes dos 7 meses de idade.

20.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2023 May; 71(5): 1849-1854
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-225058

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To evaluate the postoperative visual outcomes, that is, corneal higher?order aberrations (HOAs) and visual quality, of patients with an angle kappa greater than 0.30 mm who underwent angle kappa adjustment during small?incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) 2 years after surgery compared to eyes with an angle kappa less than 0.30 mm. Methods: This was a retrospective study and included 12 patients from October 2019 to December 2019 who underwent the SMILE procedure for correction of myopia and myopic astigmatism and had one eye with a large kappa angle and another eye with a small kappa angle. Twenty?four months after surgery, an optical quality analysis system (OQAS II; Visiometrics, Terrassa, Spain) was used to measure the modulation transfer function cutoff frequency (MTFcutoff), Strehl2D ratio, and objective scatter index (OSI). HOAs were measured with a Tracey iTrace Visual Function Analyzer (Tracey version 6.1.0; Tracey Technologies, Houston, TX, USA). Assessment of subjective visual quality was achieved using the quality of vision (QOV) questionnaire. Results: At 24 months postoperatively, the mean spherical equivalent (SE) refraction was ? 0.32 ± 0.40 and ? 0.31 ± 0.35 in the S?kappa group (kappa <0.3 mm) and the L?kappa group (kappa ?0.3 mm), respectively (P > 0.05). The mean OSI was 0.73 ± 0.32 and 0.81 ± 0.47, respectively (P > 0.05). There was no significant difference in MTFcutoff and Strehl2D ratio between the two groups (P > 0.05). Total HOA, coma, spherical, trefoil, and secondary astigmatism were not significantly different (P > 0.05) between the two groups. Conclusion: Adjustment of angle kappa during SMILE helps reduce the decentration, results in less HOAs, and promotes visual quality. It provides a reliable method to optimize the treatment concentration in SMILE.

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