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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 286-298, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999186

ABSTRACT

Gout is a metabolic disease closely associated with hyperuricemia and urate deposition. Because of the complex pathogenesis, high morbidity, multiple complications, and increasingly young patients, gout has received worldwide attention. Currently, western medicine mainly treats gout by lowering the uric acid level and reducing inflammation, which, however, causes serious adverse reactions and has contraindications. Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex (PCC) is the dried bark of Phellodendron chinense, with the effects of clearing heat, drying dampness, purging fire, detoxifying, and treating sores. Studies have shown that PCC and its active components have anti-inflammatory, pain-relieving, uric acid-lowering, and anti-gout activities, with extensive sources and high safety. PCC and its active components could prevent and treat gout through multi-targets and multi-pathways, whereas the systematic review remains to be carried out. Therefore, this paper summarized the pharmacological activities and mechanisms of PCC and its active components in the treatment of gout. The available studies have shown that PCC and its active components exert the anti-gout effect by lowering the uric acid level, reducing inflammation, alleviating oxidative stress, and regulationg intestinal flora, and protecting the kidneys. Particularly, the active components represented by alkaloids contribute obviously to the therapeutic effect of of PCC. Herein, we analyzed the problems and future development of the research on PCC, aiming to provide theoretical support and a scientific basis for the research and development of new drugs against gout.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 543-553, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016618

ABSTRACT

Currently, clinically used drugs for the treatment of gout inflammation, such as colchicine, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and glucocorticoids, can only relieve the pain of joint inflammation and have severe hepatorenal toxicity and multiple organ adverse reactions. The NOD-like receptor thermal protein domain associated protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is a key complex that induces the onset of gout inflammation and has become a crucial target in the development of anti-gout drugs. This article reviews the research progress of anti-gout small molecules targeting the NLRP3 inflammasome and their bioactivity evaluation methods in the past five years, in order to provide information for the development of specific drugs for the treatment of gout inflammation.

3.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 298-305+315, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013392

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To investigate the mechanism of anti-IL-17A monoclonal antibody(secukinumab) regulating autophagy and inflammation in gout.Methods The peripheral venous blood samples from 57 patients with acute gout(AG),57patients with intermittent gout(IG) and 82 healthy volunteers were collected and measured for the mRNA transcription levels of autophagy-related genes(ATGs) ATG4B,ATG7, A TG16L1,Beclin-1 and LC3B by RT-qPCR.The model of AG inflammation was established by adding monosodium urate(MSU) crystals into the peripheral venous blood samples of healthy volunteers,and the transcription and protein expression of IL-1β were detected by RT-qPCR and ELISA at 0,1,2,4,6 and8 h and different concentrations(0,100,200 and 400 μmol/L) of secukinumab.The peripheral blood samples of healthy volunteers were divided into control(without MSU treatment),MSU(100 μg/mL),MSU+colchicine(100 μg/mL+30 μg/mL) and MSU+secukinumab(100 μg/mL+400 μmol/L) groups,which were detected for the mRNA transcription and protein expression of IL-1 β and ATGs by RT-qPCR and Western blot,and for the expression of IL-1β,IL-12 and IL-35 by ELISA.Results The mRNA expression levels of ATG4B, Beclin-1 and LC3B in AG,IG and healthy control groups were significantly different(F=3.896,11.78 and 3.856,respectively,each P <0.05),among which the mRNA levels in AG were lower than those in IG and HC groups(t=2.692,3.234,2.231 and 2.085,4.795,2.748,respectively,each P <0.05);the expression levels of ATG16L1 mRNA were significantly different in the three groups(F=7.949,P <0.001),and was significantly lower in AG group than HC group(t=3.860,P <0.001).In AG inflammation model,the mRNA and protein expression of IL-1 β reached their peak in 2—4 h,and the anti-inflammation effect of secukinumab was the strongest at the concentration of 400 μmol/L.Compared with MSU group,the mRNA levels of ATG16L1 and LC3B(t=2.343 and 2.916,respectively,each P <0.05) as well as the expression levels of ATG4B,ATG7,Beclin-1,ATG16L1 and LC3B-Ⅱ proteins(t=28.84,11.6,8.402,4.124 and 2.458,respectively,each P <0.05) in MSU+secukinumab group decreased significantly.The expression levels of IL-12 and IL-35 in the control,MSU,MSU+colchicine and MSU+secukinumab groups showed significant difference(F=7.009 and 6.518,respectively,each P <0.01).Compared with MSU group,the expression level of IL-12 significantly decreased(t=2.604,P <0.05)in MSU+secukinumab group,and the expression level of IL-35 also decreased,while with no significant difference(t=1.928,P> 0.05).Conclusion Secukinumab can regulate the mRNA and protein expression of ATGs,reduce the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines,and inhibit gout inflammation,which provides a reference for the treatment of gout.

4.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 60(3): 339-344, July-Sept. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1513698

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Colorectal cancer is the third most common type of cancer in both men and women and ranks second as the most common cause of cancer death in the United States. Classic risk factors include tobacco smoking, high alcohol consumption, physical inactivity and excess body weight. A prospective study found that an elevated serum uric acid was associated with higher rates of cancer-associated polyps. Interestingly, other studies found an association between elevated levels of serum uric acid and other types of cancer including colorectal cancer. Objective: Our study aimed to evaluate whether patients with chronic tophaceous gout had an increased risk of developing colorectal cancer. Methods: A validated multicenter and research platform database of more than 360 hospitals from 26 different healthcare systems across the United States was utilized to construct this study. Patients aged 18 years and above were included. Individuals who have had a history of familial adenomatous polyposis, a family history of colon cancer, and those diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease were excluded from the analysis. The risk of developing colon cancer was calculated using a multivariate regression analysis to account for potential confounders. Results: 80,927,194 individuals were screened in the database and 70,177,200 were selected in the final analysis after accounting for inclusion and exclusion criteria. Type 2 diabetics (28.57%), smokers (10.98%), obese individuals (18.71%), alcoholics (3.13%), and patients who have had a diagnosis of chronic tophaceous gout were more common in the colon cancer group compared to those without the malignancy. Using multivariate regression analysis, risk of colon cancer was calculated for male gender (OR: 1.02; 95%CI: 1.01-1.03), smokers (OR: 1.54; 95%CI: 1.52-1.56), alcoholics (OR: 1.40; 95%CI: 1.37-1.43), obese patients (OR: 1.52; 95%CI: 1.50-1.54), type 2 diabetic individuals (OR: 3.53; 95%CI: 3.50-3.57), and those who have had a diagnosis of chronic tophaceous gout (OR: 1.40; 95%CI: 2.48-3.23). Conclusion: As expected, patients with colon cancer were found to have a higher prevalence in males, obese, tobacco and alcohol users. We also demonstrated that patients with gout have a significantly higher prevalence of CRC than those who do not before and after adjusting for metabolic risk factors. In fact, uric acid was found to induce production of reactive oxygen species, thus potentially promoting tumorigenesis. It would be interesting to assess the prevalence of colon cancer in patients with gout who have a serum uric acid that is less than 7 mg/dL. This might promote a tighter control of serum uric acid levels in this population in order to decrease the risk of colon cancer.


RESUMO Contexto: O câncer colorretal é o terceiro tipo mais comum de câncer em homens e mulheres e ocupa o segundo lugar como a causa mais comum de morte por câncer nos EUA. Os fatores de risco clássicos incluem tabagismo, alto consumo de álcool, inatividade física e excesso de peso corporal. Um estudo prospectivo descobriu que um ácido úrico sérico elevado estava associado a taxas mais altas de pólipos associados ao câncer. Curiosamente, outros estudos encontraram uma associação entre níveis elevados de ácido úrico sérico e outros tipos de câncer, incluindo o câncer colorretal. Objetivo: Nosso estudo teve como objetivo avaliar se os pacientes com gota tofácea crônica tinham um risco aumentado de desenvolver câncer colorretal. Métodos: Utilizou-se um banco de dados validado multicêntrico e de plataforma de pesquisa de mais de 360 hospitais de 26 diferentes sistemas de saúde nos Estados Unidos para a construção deste estudo. Foram incluídos pacientes com 18 anos ou mais. Indivíduos com histórico de polipose adenomatosa familiar, histórico familiar de câncer de cólon e aqueles diagnosticados com doença inflamatória intestinal foram excluídos da análise. O risco de desenvolver câncer de cólon foi calculado usando uma análise de regressão multivariada para contabilizar possíveis confusões. Resultados: 80.927.194 indivíduos foram rastreados no banco de dados e 70.177.200 foram selecionados na análise final após considerar critérios de inclusão e exclusão. Diabéticos tipo 2 (28,57%), fumantes (10,98%), indivíduos obesos (18,71%), alcoólatras (3,13%) e pacientes que tiveram diagnóstico de gota tofácea crônica foram mais comuns no grupo de câncer de cólon em comparação com aqueles sem a malignidade. Usando a análise de regressão multivariada, o risco de câncer de cólon foi calculado para o sexo masculino (OR: 1,02; IC95%: 1,01-1,03), fumantes (OR: 1,54; IC95%: 1,52-1,56), alcoólatras (OR: 1,40; IC95%: 1,37-1,43), pacientes obesos (OR: 1,52; IC95%: 1,50-1,54), indivíduos diabéticos tipo 2 (OR: 3,53; IC95%: 3,50-3,57), e aqueles que tiveram diagnóstico de gota tofácea crônica (OR: 1,40; IC95%: 2,48-3,23). Conclusão: Como esperado, os pacientes com câncer de cólon foram encontrados com maior prevalência em homens, obesos, usuários de tabaco e álcool. Demonstramos também que os pacientes com gota têm uma prevalência significativamente maior de câncer colorretal do que aqueles que não a têm, antes e após o ajuste para fatores de risco metabólicos. De fato, descobriu-se que o ácido úrico induz a produção de espécies reativas de oxigênio, promovendo assim potencialmente a tumorigênese. Seria interessante avaliar a prevalência de câncer de cólon em pacientes com gota que têm um ácido úrico sérico inferior a 7 mg/dL. Isso poderia promover um controle mais rígido dos níveis de ácido úrico sérico nesta população para diminuir o risco de câncer de cólon.

5.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 915-922, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010149

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the diurnal difference of acute gout attacks in men, and provide reference for accurate clinical prevention and treatment.@*METHODS@#Using a single-center, cross-sectional study design, the patients diagnosed with gout in the outpatient department of Rheumatology and Immuno-logy of PLA Joint Logistic Support Force No.980 Hospital from October 2021 to April 2022 were selected. The information about the patient's current/last acute gout attacks (less than 2 weeks from visit), date and time of attacks, joint symptoms and signs, medication use, and relevant biochemical tests on the day of visit was recorded. The diurnal time difference of acute gout attacks in male patients was analyzed, and univariate comparison and multivariate Logistic regression analyses were conducted to compare the diurnal difference of acute gout attacks with clinical characteristics and biochemical indicators.@*RESULTS@#A total of 100 male gout patients were included, and 100 acute attacks were recorded. Diurnal distribution of acute gout attacks: morning (6:00~11:59, 18, 18%), afternoon (12:00~17:59, 11, 11%), the first half of the night (18:00~23:59, 22, 22%), the second half of the night (0:00~05:59, 49, 49%); During the day (included morning and afternoon, 29, 29%) and at night (included the first half of the night and the second half of the night, 71, 71%). The rate of acute gout attack was significantly higher at night than in the day (about 2.5 ∶1). No matter the first or recurrent gout, no matter the duration of the disease, the number of acute gout attacks had the difference of less in the day and more in the night. Serum urate (SU) level was higher in the patients with nocturnal attack than in those with daytime attack (P=0.044). Comorbidities were significantly different in the day-night ratio of the number of acute gout attack (P=0.028). Multiple Logistic regression analysis showed that SU level (OR=1.005, 95%CI: 1.001-1.009) and comorbidities (OR=3.812, 95%CI: 1.443-10.144) were the correlative factors of nocturnal acute gout attacks.@*CONCLUSION@#No matter the first or recurrent gout, no matter the duration of the disease, it has a diurnal variation characterized by multiple attacks at night, increased SU level and comorbidities are correlative factors for nocturnal acute attack of gout.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Cross-Sectional Studies , Gout/drug therapy , Arthritis, Gouty , Gout Suppressants/therapeutic use , Comorbidity
6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 72-80, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997659

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the anti-gout effect and mechanism of Derris eriocarpa extract by network pharmacological analysis combined with in vivo and in vitro experimental verification. MethodThe chemical components and candidate targets of D. eriocarpa were obtained from the database. The key targets and potential active components of D. eriocarpa in the treatment of gout were screened by the protein-protein interaction analysis, and then the Gene Ontology (GO) functional annotation and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment were performed for the key targets. A mouse model of hyperuricemia was established by intraperitoneal injection of hypoxanthine to observe the effect of D. eriocarpa alcohol extract on hyperuricemia. A rat model of gouty inflammation induced by the injection of microcrystalline sodium urate crystals into the foot and plantar was used to observe the effect of D. eriocarpa alcohol extract on gouty inflammation. A xylene-induced acute inflammation model was established to observe the anti-inflammatory effect of D. eriocarpa alcohol extract. The hot plate test and twisting test were performed to observe the pain-relieving effect of D. eriocarpa. The lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW264.7 cells were used to study the anti-gout effect and mechanism of D. eriocarpa alcohol extract. ResultA total of 12 key targets and 15 potential active components were obtained from the D. eriocarpa-component-gout target network. The emodin, betulinic acid, and medicarpin endowed D. eriocarpa with anti-hyperuricemia, anti-inflammatory, and pain-relieving effects by acting on Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), NOD-like reception protein 3 (NLRP3), and nuclear factor (NF)-κB. Compared with the control group, the model groups showed elevated serum uric acid level in mice (P<0.01), increased swelling degree of rats (P<0.05, P<0.01), alleviated the auricular swelling of mice (P<0.05), reduced the twisting times of mice (P<0.05, P<0.01), and increased the hot plate pain threshold (P<0.05). Moreover, the model group showed up-regulated mRNA level of TLR4 and protein levels of TLR4, NF-κB, and NLRP3 in cells (P<0.01), and elevated levels of TLR4 and NF-κB in the cell supernatant (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the alcoholic extracts (20, 10, 5 g·kg-1) of D. eriocarpa lowered the serum uric acid level in hyperuricemic mice (P<0.01), inhibited foot and plantar swelling in rats (P<0.05, P<0.01), down-regulated the mRNA level of TLR4 and the protein levels of TLR4, NF-κB, NLRP3 in cells, and lowered the levels of TLR4, TNF-α, NF-κB, and IL-6 in cell supernatants (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionD. eriocarpa alcohol extract may exert the anti-gout, anti-inflammatory, and pain-relieving effects by regulating the TLR4/NF-κB/NLRP3 signaling pathway.

7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 220-227, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996524

ABSTRACT

Gout is a metabolic disorder characterized by elevated uric acid levels, often caused by purine metabolism disturbances or abnormalities in uric acid (UA) excretion. Currently, western medicine is the primary treatment approach for gout, but it often comes with significant side effects. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has gained significant development in the field of gout treatment due to its safety and effectiveness. This article aimed to explore TCM strategies in the management of gout, providing insights for the development and application of TCM in the field of gout treatment. Relevant literature retrieved from PubMed, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang Data, and VIP databases was systematically analyzed with such keywords as "Chinese herbal medicine", "traditional Chinese medicine", "TCM", and "gout". The findings suggest that TCM can treat gout through a syndrome differentiation approach that encompasses four pathological mechanisms: phlegm, blood stasis, dampness, and deficiency, simultaneously addressing both excess and deficiency syndromes in gout. Based on the pathological characteristics of four syndromes, namely dampness-heat retention, blood stasis-heat obstruction, phlegm-turbidity obstruction, and liver and kidney Yin deficiency, TCM adopts specific treatment approaches including clearing heat and promoting diuresis, activating blood and resolving stasis, resolving phlegm and reducing turbidity, and nourishing the liver and kidneys. These targeted approaches have proven to be effective in gout management. The main mechanisms of TCM in gout management include inflammation resistance [regulating inflammatory pathways such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-8 (IL-8), and other chemokines, as well as inflammatory signaling pathways like nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) and NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3)], uric acid reduction (modulating uric acid transporters and inhibiting xanthine oxidase (XOD) activation), antioxidant stress mitigation (suppressing reactive oxygen species and regulating nitric oxide, malondialdehyde, and other oxidative markers), and immune system regulation.

8.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 1102-1113, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994427

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics of patients with rheumatic diseases and abnormal liver function, as well as determine the proportion and severity of liver function abnormalities.Methods:Cross-sectional study. Data were collected from patients registered in the Chinese Rheumatism Date Center from 2011 to 2021. The rheumatic diseases analyzed in this study were rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), Sjogren syndrome (SS), ankylosing spondylitis (AS), and gout. Patient data, including demographic characteristics [ such as age, sex, body mass index,(BMI), and smoking history], liver function test results [including alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase(ALP), and total bilirubin], and use of anti-rheumatic immune drugs and liver-protective drugs, were collected and compared between groups with normal and abnormal liver functions. In addition, the proportions of abnormal liver function were compared between sex and age groups.Results:A total of 116 308 patients were included in this study, including 49 659 with RA, 17 597 with SLE, 9 039 with SS, 11 321 with AS, and 28 692 with gout. The lowest proportion of liver function abnormalities was observed in patients with RA[11.02% (5 470/49 659)], followed by those with SS[17.97% (1 624/9 039)] and AS [18.22% (2 063/11 321) ], whereas patients with SLE [21.14% (3 720/17 597) ] and gout [28.73% (8 242/28 692)] exhibited the highest proportion of these abnormalities. Elevated ALT, mostly classified as grade 1, was the most commonly noted liver function abnormality, whereas elevated ALP was the least common. Some patients who took liver-protective drugs had normal liver function, with the lowest percentage observed in patients with gout [7.45% (36/483) ] and ranging from 21.7% to 30.34% in patients with RA, SLE, SS, and AS. The proportion of liver function abnormalities was higher in males than in females for all disease types [RA: 13.8%(1 368/9 906) vs. 10.3%(4 102/39 753); SLE: 33.6% (479/1 424) vs. 20.0% (3 241/16 173); SS: 25.4%(111/437) vs. 17.6%(1 513/8 602); AS: 20.1%(1 629/8 119) vs. 13.6% (434/3 202); and gout: 29.3% (8 033/27 394) vs. 16.1% (209/1 298)]. In RA, SLE, and AS, the proportions of liver function abnormalities were similar across all age groups. In SS, the proportion of liver function abnormalities increased with age [<40 years: 14.9%(294/1 979); 40-59 years: 18.1%(858/4 741); ≥60 years: 20.4%(472/2 319)], whereas a reversal of this trend was observed in gout [<40 years: 34.9%(4 294/12 320); 40-59 years: 25.5%(2 905/11 398);≥60 years: 21.0%(1 042/4 971)].Conclusions:The proportions of combined liver function abnormalities in patients with rheumatologic diseases were high, and the utilization rates of liver-protective drugs were low. It is necessary to pay more attention to monitoring patients′ liver function, timely administer liver-protective drugs, and optimize liver-protective regimens during the treatment of rheumatic diseases.

9.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 1068-1076, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994423

ABSTRACT

Gout is a metabolic disease resulting from the accumulation of monosodium urate (MSU) in joints, leading to crystal-induced arthritis. In China, gout is common, but there is insufficient knowledge regarding standardized criteria for the diagnosis and treatment of this condition. Based on evidence and guidelines from China and other countries, the Chinese Rheumatology Association developed standardized criteria for the diagnosis and treatment of gout in China. The purpose was to standardize gout diagnosis methods as well as treatment opportunities and strategies in order to reduce misdiagnosis, missed diagnosis, and irreversible damage.

10.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 315-319, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994328

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of triglyceride glucose(TyG) index, single nucleotide polymorphism of Toll-like receptor 4(TLR4) and NOD-like receptor thermal protein domain associated protein 3(NLRP3) genes, and its interaction on the risk of gout.Methods:A total of 315 male patients with gout and 499 men for health checkup at the same period were selected. General data were collected through questionnaires, and peripheral venous blood was collected for biochemical test. Three single nucleotide polymorphisms(SNPs) of NLRP3 and TLR4 were detected with multiplex ligase assay reaction, and logistic regression analysis was applied to compare the correlation between NLRP3 and TLR4 alleles and gout risk. The interaction of SNP and TyG index with gout was analyzed by generalized multi-factor dimensionality reduction(GMDR) model and logistic regression.Results:After adjusting for smoking, drinking, and other factors, the risk of gout increased by 61.1% for each standard deviation increase in TyG index. CC genotypes of rs10754558, rs10759932, and rs7525979 were high risk genotypes of gout in Han ethnicity. GMDR results showed significant differences in the interaction models of rs10754558-TyG index, rs7525979-TyG index, and rs10759932-TyG index between control group and gout group( P<0.05), suggesting an interaction between the three genotypes of SNPs selected and TyG index. Stratified analysis of the three selected SNPs and TyG index showed that after adjusting for age, smoking, and other factors, the high TyG index patients carrying C/C or C/G genotype at rs10754558 displayed an increased risk of gout compared with those carrying GG genotype and low TyG index( OR=2.127, P<0.05). Conclusion:The CC genotypes of rs10754558, rs10759932, and rs7525979 are high risk genotypes for gout in Han ethnicity. The interaction between rs10754558 and TyG index may increase the risk of gout development.

11.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 310-314, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994327

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors of gout and establish a columnar graph model to predict the risk of gout development.Methods:A total of 1 032 Han Chinese men attending the Affiliated Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine of Xinjiang Medical University, People′s Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, and the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University from 2018 to 2020 were selected as study subjects and divided into training set(722 cases)and validation set(310 cases)by simple random sampling method in the ratio of 7∶3. General information and biochemical indices of the subjects were collected. The collected information was used to assess the risk of gout prevalence. LASSO regression analysis of R Studio software was used to screen the best predictors, and was introduced to construct a column line graph model for predicting gout risk using receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curves, and the Hosmer-Lemeshow test was used to assess the discrimination and calibration of the column line graph model. Finally, decision curve analysis(DCA)was performed using the rmda program package to assess the clinical utility of the model in validation data.Results:Age, uric acid, body mass index, total cholesterol, and waist-to-hip ratio were risk factors for gout( P<0.05). The column line graph prediction model based on the above five independent risk factors had good discrimination(AUC value: 0.923 for training set validation and 0.922 for validation set validation)and accuracy(Hosmer-Lemeshow test: P>0.05 for validation set validation); decision curve analysis showed that the prediction model curve had clinical practical value. Conclusion:The nomogram model established by combining age, uric acid, body mass index, total cholesterol, and waist-to-hip ratio indicators can predict the risk of gout more accurately.

12.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 201-206, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013843

ABSTRACT

Hyperuricemia is a chronic metabolic disease caused by purine metabolism disorder or uric acid excretion disorder. The experimental animal model of hyperuricemia is the basis for studying the pathological mechanism and drug treatment of hyperuricemia. This paper reviews the experimental animal models of hyperuricemia commonly used in drug research, and introduces the modeling principle, preparation methods, species selection and related detection techniques of the models, so as to provide reference for the application of such models in research.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3454-3470, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011117

ABSTRACT

Despite growing prevalence and incidence, the management of gout remains suboptimal. The intermittent nature of the gout makes the long-term urate-lowering therapy (ULT) particularly important for gout management. However, patients are reluctant to take medication day after day to manage incurable occasional gout flares, and suffer from possible long-term toxicity. Therefore, a safe and easy-to-operate drug delivery system with simple preparation for the long-term management of gout is very necessary. Here, a chitosan-containing sustained-release microneedle system co-loaded with colchicine and uricase liposomes were fabricated to achieve this goal. This microneedle system was confirmed to successfully deliver the drug to the skin and maintain a one-week drug retention. Furthermore, its powerful therapeutic potency to manage gout was investigated in both acute gouty and chronic gouty models. Besides, the drug co-delivery system could help avoid long-term daily oral colchicine, a drug with a narrow therapeutic index. This system also avoids mass injection of uricase by improving its stability, enhancing the clinical application value of uricase. In general, this two-drug system reduces the dosage of uricase and colchicine and improves the patient's compliance, which has a strong clinical translation.

14.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 230-236, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982039

ABSTRACT

A 24-year-old male was admitted due to recurrent redness, swelling, fever and pain in the ankle, frequently accompanied by hungry feeling. Dual energy CT scans showed multiple small gouty stones in the posterior edge of the bilateral calcaneus and in the space between the bilateral metatarsophalangeal joints. The laboratory examination results indicated hyperlipidemia, high lactate lipids, and low fasting blood glucose. Histopathology of liver biopsy showed significant glycogen accumulation. The results of gene sequencing revealed the compound heterozygous mutations of the G6PC gene c.248G>A (p.Arg83His) and c.238T>A (p.Phe80Ile) in the proband. The c.248G>A mutation was from mother and the c.238T>A mutation was from father. The diagnosis of glycogen storage disease type Ⅰa was confirmed. After giving a high starch diet and limiting monosaccharide intake, as well as receiving uric acid and blood lipids lowering therapy, the condition of the patient was gradually stabilized. After a one-year follow-up, there were no acute episodes of gout and a significant improvement in hungry feeling in the patient.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Glycogen Storage Disease Type I/genetics , Gout/genetics , Mutation , Lipids
15.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 362-365, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986862

ABSTRACT

Periprosthetic gout flare is a rare arthritic condition after total knee arthroplasty, but the symptoms of gout may have often been mistaken as acute periprosthetic infection given their similarity. Misdiagnosis as periprosthetic infection can lead to unnecessary surgery, long-term dependence on anti-biotics, and even malfunction of the involved knee joint. Here, we report a case study of a patient with immunodeficiency condition of long-term oral glucocorticoid and diabetes mellitus, who had undergone a knee replacement 8 weeks before. The initial symptoms of fever and joint pain together with the dysfunction of her right knee with elevated inflammatory markers, such as increased serum leukocytes, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, and synovial cell counts led to a diagnosis of acute periprosthetic infection. Arthrocentesis and bacterial culture were performed preoperatively. According to the current Musculoskeletal Infection Society (MSIS) criteria for diagnosis of periprosthetic infection, the case was classified as periprosthetic infection and a prosthesis retained debridement surgery was performed. However we got negative culture results in all the pre-operative and intro-operative samples. The symptoms as well as the laboratory inflammatory markers improved shortly after the debridement surgery until the 11th day when all the similar systemic and local symptoms recurred. With a remedial crystal analysis of synovial fluid from the patient, gouty flare was found to be the cause of acute arthritis finally. Accor-dingly, after anti-gout medications were administrated, the symptoms associated with acute arthritis gra- dually subsided, and there was no recurrence during a 24-month follow-up. This article described the cli-nical manifestation, diagnosis and differential diagnosis, treatment of a case of periprosthetic gout. Although relatively rare, gout should be considered as a differential diagnosis in suspected periprosthetic infection. Current criteria for periprosthetic infection can not exclude the diagnosis of periprosthetic gout flare, it is therefore imperative that the analysis of joint aspirate for crystals be conducted to determine the correct course of treatment, or unnecessary surgical procedure may be performed in periprosthetic gout case.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/methods , Gout/complications , Prosthesis-Related Infections/surgery , Symptom Flare Up , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Biomarkers/analysis
16.
Adv Rheumatol ; 63: 39, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1513560

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives The deposition of monosodium urate (MSU) crystals within synovial joints and tissues is the initiating factor for gout arthritis. Thus, MSU crystals are a vital tool for studying gout's molecular mechanism in animal and cellular models. This study mainly compared the excellence and worseness of MSU crystals prepared by different processes and the degree of inflammation induced by MSU crystals. Methods MSU crystals were prepared using neutralization, alkali titration, and acid titration methods. The crystals' shape, length, quality, and uniformity were observed by polarized light microscopy and calculated by the software Image J. The foot pad and air pouch models were used to assess the different degrees of inflammation induced by the MSU crystals prepared by the three different methods at different time points. Paw swelling was evaluated by caliper. In air pouch lavage fluid, inflammatory cell recruitment was measured by hemocytometer, and the level of IL-1β TNF- α, and IL-18 by ELISA. Inflammatory cell infiltration was assayed by immunohistochemistry of air pouch synovial slices. Results For the preparation of MSU crystals with the same uric acid, the quantity acquired by the alkalization method was highest, followed by neutralization, with the acid titration method being the lowest. The crystals prepared by neutralization were the longest. The swelling index of the foot pad induced by MSU crystals prepared by acid titration was significantly lower than that of the other methods at 24 h. The inflammatory cell recruitment and level of 1-1β, TNF-α, and IL-18 in air pouch lavage fluid were lowest in animals with crystals prepared by acid titration. IL-1β secretion induced by MSU crystals prepared by acid titration was significantly lower than that of the other two groups, but there was no significant difference in IL-18 secretion between the three groups in THP-1 macrophages and BMDMs. Conclusions All three methods can successfully prepare MSU crystals, but the levels of inflammation induced by the crystals prepared by the three methods were not identical. The degree of inflammation induced by MSU crystals prepared by neutralization and alkalization is greater than by acid titration, but the quantity of MSU crystals obtained by the alkalization method is higher and less time-consuming. Apparently, the window of inflammation triggered by acid titration preparation is shorter compared to other forms of crystal preparation. Overall, MSU crystals prepared by the alkaline method should be recommended for studying the molecular mechanisms of gout in animal and cellular models.

17.
Adv Rheumatol ; 63: 32, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447141

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Gout is a common inflammatory arthritis caused by increased serum uric acid levels. Untreated or insufficiently treated gout can lead to deposition of monosodium urate crystals in joints, cartilage, and kidneys. Although Tongfengding capsules, a Chinese patent medicine, have long been used to treat gout, their effects and safety have not been reviewed systematically. This study evaluated its efficacy and safety for gout in adults. Methods Randomized controlled trials involving Tongfengding capsule for gout in adults were searched from PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CBM, CNKI, and VIP databases, and analyzed using the Cochrane Handbook criteria. The primary outcome measures were the total effective rate. The secondary outcome measures including the blood uric acid (BUA), 24-h urinary total protein (24-h UTP), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and adverse effects. The risk of bias was evaluated in all included studies. RevMan ver. 5.3.5 and GRADE profiler was used for data analysis and assessing the quality of evidence, respectively. Results Six studies (n = 607 Chinese participants) were included. Tongfengding capsules plus conventional treatment significantly increased the total effective rate (RR 1.21, 95% CI 1.11-1.33), while reducing the BUA (MD − 66.05 μmol/L, 95% CI − 81.26 to − 50.84), 24-h UTP (MD − 0.83 g/24 h, 95% CI − 0.96 to − 0.70), BUN (MD − 0.90 mmol/L, 95% CI − 1.60 to − 0.20), IL-6 (MD − 6.99 ng/L, 95% CI − 13.22 to − 0.75), IL-8 (MD − 12.17 ng/L, 95% CI − 18.07 to − 6.27), TNF-α (MD − 8.50 ng/L, 95% CI − 15.50 to − 1.51), and adverse effects (RR 0.21, 95% CI 0.04-0.95). Conclusion Tongfengding capsules plus conventional treatment is safe and beneficial for adults with gout compared with conventional treatment.

18.
Rev. cient. (Guatem.) ; 31(1)20220908.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1392528

ABSTRACT

La gota es el trastorno del metabolismo de las purinas que se caracteriza por acumulación de ácido úrico por aumento de su producción o por disminución de su excreción. Con el paso del tiempo, el exceso de urato monosódico permite que se deposite en diferentes tejidos del organismo; siendo particularmente infrecuente la presentación de tofos a nivel facial. Paciente masculino adulto de 56 años, con antecedente de gota hace 38 años y presencia de tofos gotosos a nivel de miembros superiores e inferiores que acude por cuadro de 4 años de evolución de lesión indurada, levemente dolorosa a nivel de tercio medio de dorso nasal que ha ido aumentando de tamaño, que causa deformidad de pirámide nasal y leve sensación de obstrucción nasal bilateral por lo que se planifica resolución quirúrgica. El análisis histopatológico de las muestras enviadas bajo exéresis quirúrgica confirma que tejido enviado corresponde a tofo gotoso. Los tofos gotosos pueden aparecer en diferentes tejidos, como cartílagos, membranas y líquido sinovial, superficies articulares, siendo excepcionalmente raro, en el miocardio, válvulas mitral y aórtica, ojos, nariz y médula espinal. El lugar de presentación puede ser muy variable, al igual que su tamaño


Gout is a purine metabolism disorder characterized by accumulation of uric acid due to increased production or decreased excretion. Over time, excess monosodium urate allows it to be accumulated in different body tissues, although the occurrence in the facial area is particularly infrequent. A 56- year-old male patient with a gout antecedent from 38 years ago that presented gouty tophi at the level of the upper and lower limbs seek medical advice due to an indurated slightly painful lesion at the level of the middle third of the nasal dorsum that started 4 years before and has been increasing in size. The lesion was causing nasal pyramid deformity and a slight sensation of bilateral nasal obstruction, for which surgical resolution is planned. The histopathological analysis of the samples sent under surgical exeresis confirms that the tissue sample corresponds to gouty tophi. Gouty tophi can appear in different tissues, such as cartilage, membranes and synovial fluid, joint surfaces, being exceptionally rare in the myocardium, mitral and aortic valves, eyes, nose and spinal cord. The place of presentation can be very variable, as well as its size

19.
Rev. invest. clín ; 74(3): 147-155, May.-Jun. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1409573

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The inflammatory response in gout disease is induced by the activation of NLR family pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLPR3) signaling pathway mediated by IL-1β release. Objective: The objective of the study was to determine the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within NLRP3 inflammasome genes and gout susceptibility. Methods: Mexican patients with gout from the National Rehabilitation Institute and General Hospital of Mexico were enrolled. A healthy control group was also included. We analyzed the frequency and allelic distribution of eight SNPs from seven different genes within the NLRP3 inflammasome signaling pathway: TLR4 rs2149356, CD14 rs2569190, NLRP3 rs3806268, NLRP3 rs10754558, CARD8 rs2043211, IL-1β rs1143623, P2RX7 rs3751142, and PPARGC1B rs45520937 SNPs. Results: We found that the SNP rs45520937 of PPARGC1B was associated with the risk of developing gout when it was analyzed using the dominant model (Odds ratio [OR] = 2.30; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.09-4.86; p = 0.030), and it is proposed that the adaptor molecule CD14 rs2569190 polymorphism could be associated with a lower risk of gout under an additive model (OR= 0.41;95% CI: 0.16-1.05; p = 0.064). No significant associations were identified for the remaining SNPs. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that the PPARGC1B rs45520937 SNP is associated with gout susceptibility.

20.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1390289

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Se presenta caso de varón con poliartritis crónica por depósito de uratos


ABSTRACT We presents a case of a man with chronic polyarthritis due to urate deposition.

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