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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2308-2314, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887041

ABSTRACT

With the development of antibody manufacturing technology and improvement of new drug research in domestic industry, more innovative monoclonal antibody products submitted investigational new drug (IND) application. At the same time, monoclonal antibody products from abroad which have been approved marketing authorization and/or conducted clinical trials submitted IND applications in China. The National Medical Products Administration (NMPA) issued the "Guideline of Investigational New Drug Application" (No. 16, 2018) which emphasized the chemical, manufacturing, and control (CMC) regulatory, and dossier requirements in IND application, greatly promoted the application quality of innovative biological products. However, compared to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and European Medicines Agency (EMA), our particular guidelines are insufficient, such as guideline on virus safety evaluation of biotechnological investigational medicinal products. This review investigated the questions raised by sponsors from 2018 to 2020, including the end of production cell (EOPC) and/or unprocessed bulk (UPB) testing and virus removal or inactivation validation. Meanwhile, sponsors submitted different dossiers due to differences in understanding of stage requirements of guidelines from domestic and abroad. Based on the guidelines of virus safety from NMPA, FDA, and EMA, and the technical considerations, this review puts forward personal suggestions on the adventitious agents testing and virus removal or inactivation validation in manufacturing process, aim to ensure virus safety of innovative monoclonal antibody products in clinical trials.

2.
World Science and Technology-Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 936-940, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695960

ABSTRACT

The definition of new drugs in China and the US has no major differences on chemical drugs and biologics.However,Chinese medicines,which are regulated as over-the-counter (OTC) or prescription drugs in China,are mostly regulated as food and/or dietary supplements without FDA approved medicinal use for marketing.The FDA Guidance for Industry-Botanical Drug Products (2004) and the recently revised Guidance for Botanical Drug Development (2016) paved the way for Chinese herbal medicine and other botanical mixtures to be further developed as new drugs through clinical trials and other nonclinical studies.FDA recognizes the value of traditional medicines as part of the previous human experiences to support the safety and speed up early phase clinical trials of botanical products under investigational new drug (INDs) applications.The revised Guidance included addition recommendations for late phase development,like phase 2 trials and new drug applications (NDA),to resolve some of the unique challenges on batch-tobatch consistency (e.g.,a totality of evidence approach,including raw material control,bioassays,multiple-batch and multiple-dose clinical trials,and etc.).The approval of Veregen and Fulyzaq (now Mytesi) are new molecular entity / new chemical entity type of new drugs,treasured fruits from several hundred INDs studying botanicals.With those NDA examples,it is expected that further study of Chinese herbal medicines as new botanical drugs through further clinical and nonclinical development will be fruitful.On the other hand,long-term commitments are universal for new drug development.And it will also be true for bringing Chinese herbal medicines as botanical new drugs to international markets.It still takes time to see whether artesunate tablets can be verified through further clinical trials and achieve the same level of Coartem.

3.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 787-792, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-858730

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the mechanism of clinical hold in USA and to provide reference and enlightenment for clinical trial review process reform in China. METHODS: Analyzed the regulation, review process, reasons and impacts of drug clinical hold in USA and compared with clinical trial system in China, then provided advice for our country. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: FDA review IND by implied license process within only 30 d, and may permit the clinical trials begin as early as possible, the clinical trial could be imposed on hold, and the hold could also be lifted or transfer into inactive status, thus protect the health and rights of subjects to the largest extent, and in the same time improved the review efficiency. It is necessary and feasible that clinical hold is introduced into clinical trial system in our country.

4.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 433-443, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-101304

ABSTRACT

Only 5th decade ago, chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) was only recognized as disease group of presenting features like peripheral lymphocytosis, organomegaly including of splenomegaly. As understanding of disease biology and molecular diagnostic tools are getting improved gradually, characterization of variation in CLL's clinical courses was facilitated, resulting in better risk stratification and targeted treatments. Consequently multiple new targeted agents have been used in treatment of CLL, it makes improved clinical outcome. Rituximab containing chemoimmunotherapy (combination of rituximab, fludarabine, and cyclophosphamide) have shown better overall response rate and progression-free survival on fit patients' group in front-line setting, result in standard first-line therapeutic option for CLL. Furthermore, after introducing that the B-cell receptor is crucial for the evolution and progression of CLL, emerging treatments targeting highly activated surface antigens and oncogenic signaling pathways have been associated with several successes in recent decades. These include new anti-CD 20 monoclonal antibody (obinutuzumab), the bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitor (ibrutinib), the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibitor (idelalisib), and B-cell CLL/lymphoma 2 inhibitor (ABT-199 and ABT-263). So, we discuss not only general pathophysiology of CLL, but also rapidly advancing treatment strategies that are being studied or approved for treatment of CLL.


Subject(s)
Antigens, Surface , B-Lymphocytes , Biology , Cohort Studies , Disease-Free Survival , Incidence , Investigational New Drug Application , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell , Lymphocytosis , Pathology, Molecular , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Splenomegaly
5.
General Medicine ; : 92-103, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-375244

ABSTRACT

<b>Background:</b> Re-revision of the Ethical Guidelines for Clinical Study (EGCS) in Japan is planned in 2013. It is important to ascertain the current situation of physicians' understanding to conduct clinical trials. It seems that the difference in regulatory processes between commercial and non-commercial clinical trials has caused significant confusion for physicians in conducting clinical trials in Japan.<br>This survey was undertaken in order to improve awareness of the differences between both types of clinical trials. Furthermore, this survey examined whether it was effective to promote about clinical trials under newly introduced regulatory guidelines and to examine the subsequent willingness of physicians to conduct such clinical trials.<br><b>Methods:</b> From 24<sup>th</sup> March to 24<sup>th</sup> April 2009 inclusive, a questionnaire survey was conducted targeting 286 physicians working at Shiga University of Medical Science Hospital. A follow-up survey was conducted among 109 participants at a lecture about clinical trials on 8<sup>th</sup> July 2009.<br><b>Results:</b> Physicians who had prior knowledge of the regulations, purposes, or support systems for commercial and non-commercial clinical trials responded positively that they were more likely to conduct clinical trials, while physicians who had no prior knowledge of them responded negatively. Both groups reported that their daily working pressures and cumbersome regulatory processes prevented them from conducting clinical trials.<br><b>Conclusion:</b> Japanese physicians lack knowledge and information about clinical trials, leading to negative perceptions and reduced willingness to conduct such studies. Thus, the introduction of any strict and complex regulations should be approached carefully when the environment for clinical trials has not yet been established.

6.
Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; : 525-529, 2007.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-44660

ABSTRACT

Regulation for the radiopharmaceuticals should be reasonably different from that of other drugs. Radiopharmaceuticals are always used by compounding based on the doctor's order, have short half life and very low administration dose. Its pharmacological effect is not from its chemical effect but from radiation. The background for exploratory IND (Investigational New Drug) explained by the FDA was to reduce the time and resources expended on candidate products that are unlikely to suceed, new tools are needed to distinguish earlier in the process those candidates that hold promise from those that do not. In this review, basic concept for exploratory IND and RDRC guideline is summarized and various suggestions for improving and expediting procedure for new radiopharmaceutical development would be described.


Subject(s)
Half-Life , Korea , Radiopharmaceuticals
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