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1.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1552240

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O câncer de pulmão é uma doença grave, sendo a segunda maior causa de morte em todo o mundo, entretanto, em alguns países desenvolvidos, tornou-se já a primeira causa de morte. Cerca de 90% dos casos de neoplasia pulmonares são causados pela inalação da fumaça do cigarro. Objetivo: Correlacionar a prevalência de tabagismo e morbimortalidade por câncer de pulmão nos estados brasileiros, além de demonstrar a associação destes com sexo e faixa etária. Métodos: Estudo de caráter ecológico acerca da prevalência de tabagismo e morbimortalidade por câncer de pulmão nos estados brasileiros, nos períodos de 2013 e 2019, dividida por sexo e faixa etária. Foram utilizados bancos de coleta de dados como o Tabnet e Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde. Resultados: As maiores taxas de mortalidade e internações hospitalares foram do público masculino, em 2013, com taxa de 2,7 e 10, respectivamente, e em 2019 com 3,3 e 11,9, respectivamente. Ademais, a maior prevalência de tabagismo foi encontrada nos homens; entretanto seu índice tem caído, enquanto a quantidade de mulheres tabagistas tem aumentado. A Região Sul demonstrou maiores números de mortalidade em ambos os períodos estudados, com taxas de 4,9 e 5,8 por 100 mil habitantes, e morbidade hospitalar com 19,9 e 23,5 por 100 mil habitantes. Já a Região Norte se configurou com as menores prevalências: em 2013 apresentou taxa de óbito por câncer de pulmão de 1,0 e morbidade hospitalar de 3,5/100 mil habitantes, em 2019 apresentou taxa de mortalidade de 4,6 e internações de 1,6/100 mil habitantes. Os coeficientes de correlação de morbidade hospitalar e prevalência de tabagismo foram R2=0,0628, r=0,251 e p=0,042, enquanto os de mortalidade e prevalência de tabagismo foram R2=0,0337, r=0,183 e p=0,140. Conclusões: Na presente pesquisa, pode-se inferir que houve associação positiva na comparação entre taxa de morbidade hospitalar e prevalência de tabagismo; em contrapartida, não foi possível observar associação positiva na correlação da taxa de mortalidade por câncer de pulmão e prevalência de tabagismo.


Introduction: Lung cancer is a serious disease, being the second leading cause of death worldwide. Moreover, in some developed countries, it has already become the leading cause of death. About 90% of lung cancer cases are caused by cigarette smoking. Objective: To correlate the prevalence of smoking and lung cancer morbidity and mortality in Brazilian states, and to demonstrate their association with sex and age group as well. Methods: An ecological study on the prevalence of smoking and lung cancer morbidity and mortality in Brazilian states between 2013 and 2019, divided by sex and age group. The data collection databases Tabnet and National Health Survey were used. Results: The highest rates of mortality and hospital admissions were among men, in 2013 with a rate of 2.7 and 10, respectively, and in 2019 with 3.3 and 11.9, respectively. In addition, the highest prevalence of smoking was found in men, but this rate has fallen, while the number of women smokers has increased. The South region showed higher mortality rates in both periods studied, with rates of 4.9 and 5.8 per 100,000 inhabitants, and hospital morbidity with 19.9 and 23.5 per 100,000 inhabitants. The North region had the lowest prevalence, where in 2013, it had a death rate from lung cancer of 1.0 and hospital morbidity of 3.5/100 thousand inhabitants, and where in 2019, it had a mortality rate of 4.6 and hospitalizations of 1.6/100 thousand inhabitants. The correlation coefficients for hospital morbidity and smoking prevalence were R2=0.0628, r=0.251 and p=0.042, while for mortality and smoking prevalence, these were R2=0.0337, r=0.183 and p=0.140. Conclusions: In the present study, it can be inferred that there was a positive association between hospital morbidity rate and prevalence of smoking, while it was not possible to observe a correlation between lung cancer mortality rate and prevalence of smoking.


Introducción: El cáncer de pulmón es una enfermedad grave, siendo la segunda causa de muerte en todo el mundo, sin embargo, en algunos países desarrollados, ya se ha convertido en la primera causa de muerte. Alrededor del 90% de los casos de neoplasias pulmonares están causados por la inhalación del humo del cigarrillo. Objetivo: Correlacionar la prevalencia de tabaquismo y la morbimortalidad por cáncer de pulmón en los estados brasileños, además de demostrar la asociación de estos con el género y el grupo de edad. Métodos: estudio ecológico sobre la prevalencia de tabaquismo y morbimortalidad por cáncer de pulmón en los estados brasileños, dentro de los períodos 2013 y 2019, divididos por sexo y grupo de edad. Se utilizaron bancos de recogida de datos como Tabnet y la Encuesta Nacional de Salud. Resultados: las mayores tasas de mortalidad e ingresos hospitalarios se dieron en el público masculino, en 2013 con una tasa de 2,7 y 10, respectivamente, y en 2019 con 3,3 y 11,9, respectivamente. Además, la mayor prevalencia del tabaquismo se encontró en los hombres, sin embargo, su tasa ha disminuido, mientras que la cantidad de mujeres fumadoras ha aumentado. La región Sur presentó cifras más altas de mortalidad en ambos periodos estudiados, con tasas de 4,9 y 5,8 por 100.000 habitantes, y de morbilidad hospitalaria con 19,9 y 23,5 por 100.000 habitantes. Mientras que la región Norte se configuró con las prevalencias más bajas, en 2013 presentó una tasa de mortalidad por cáncer de pulmón de 1,0 y una morbilidad hospitalaria de 3,5/100.000 habitantes, en 2019 presentó una tasa de mortalidad de 4,6 y hospitalizaciones de 1,6/100.000 habitantes. Los coeficientes de correlación para la morbilidad hospitalaria y la prevalencia del tabaquismo fueron R2=0,0628, r=0,251 y p=0,042, mientras que para la mortalidad y la prevalencia del tabaquismo fueron R2=0,0337, r=0,183 y p=0,140. Conclusiones: En la presente investigación se puede inferir que existe una asociación positiva en la comparación entre la tasa de morbilidad hospitalaria y la prevalencia de tabagismo, en contrapartida, no fue posible observar una asociación positiva en la correlación de la tasa de mortalidad por cáncer de pulmón y la prevalencia de tabagismo.

2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(3): e202310214, jun. 2024. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1554936

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Los niños con enfermedad neuromuscular (ENM) requieren cuidados crónicos de salud (CCS) y podrían presentar COVID-19 grave. Objetivos. Describir CCS para niños con ENM durante la pandemia y evolución del COVID-19 en este grupo. Población y métodos. Cohorte prospectiva unicéntrica. Se incluyeron pacientes de 2-18 años, con ≥ 1 año de seguimiento previo a la pandemia. Se recolectaron variables demográficas, relativas a los CCS y al COVID-19 mediante historias clínicas y encuestas telefónicas. Resultados. Se incluyeron 226 pacientes; el 71 % varones, mediana de edad 11,3 años. Presentaban distrofias musculares (55,7 %) y atrofia muscular espinal (23 %). Comparando el primer año de pandemia con el previo, el 30 % no realizó controles médicos y el 25 % no realizó kinesioterapia. Otros disminuyeron la frecuencia. Hubo 52 casos de COVID-19. Fueron sintomáticos el 82 %: el 88,4 % leves/moderados y el 11,6 % graves. No hubo fallecidos. Conclusiones. La pandemia impactó negativamente en los CCS y los casos de COVID-19 fueron mayormente leves.


Introduction. Children with neuromuscular disease (NMD) require chronic health care (CHC) and may develop severe COVID-19. Objectives. To describe CHC for children with NMD during the pandemic and the course of COVID-19 in this group. Population and methods. Prospective, single-center cohort. Patients aged 2 to 18 years with ≥ 1 year of follow-up prior to the pandemic were included. Demographic variables in relation to CHC and COVID-19 were collected from medical records and via telephone surveys. Results. A total of 226 patients with a median age of 11.3 years were included; 71% were males. They had muscular dystrophy (55.7%) and spinal muscular atrophy (23%). When comparing the first year of the pandemic with the previous year, 30% did not have a health checkup and 25% did not receive kinesiotherapy. Others did, but with a lower frequency. A total of 52 COVID-19 cases were reported; 82% were symptomatic: 88.4% were mild/moderate and 11.6%, severe. No patient died. Conclusions. The pandemic had a negative impact on CHC, and COVID-19 cases were mostly mild.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Muscular Atrophy, Spinal/epidemiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Neuromuscular Diseases/epidemiology , Prospective Studies , Pandemics
3.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(3): e202310084, jun. 2024. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1554954

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades pulmonares intersticiales son patologías poco frecuentes en pediatría. Dentro de ellas, se incluyen las disfunciones del metabolismo del surfactante pulmonar, molécula anfipática cuya función es disminuir la tensión superficial y evitar el colapso alveolar. Se presenta el caso de un lactante de 6 meses, en seguimiento por bajo peso, que presentó dificultad respiratoria aguda y cianosis; la radiografía de tórax evidenció infiltrado intersticial, neumomediastino y neumotórax bilateral. Al interrogatorio, surgió antecedente materno de internación al año de vida, con requerimiento de oxigenoterapia prolongada y diagnóstico desconocido; presenta signos de hipoxia crónica. El paciente cursó internación con requerimiento de oxigenoterapia. Se realizaron estudios complementarios en búsqueda de etiología, sin resultados positivos. La tomografía de tórax evidenció opacidades en vidrio esmerilado, engrosamiento del intersticio septal y áreas de atrapamiento aéreo; con resultado de biopsia pulmonar y estudio genético se llegó al diagnóstico de disfunción del metabolismo del surfactante pulmonar.


Interstitial lung diseases are rare in pediatrics. They include dysfunctions in the metabolism of pulmonary surfactant, an amphipathic molecule that reduces surface tension and prevents alveolar collapse. Here we describe the case of a 6-month-old infant controlled for low weight, who presented with acute respiratory distress and cyanosis; his chest X-ray showed interstitial infiltrate, pneumomediastinum, and bilateral pneumothorax. During history-taking, it was noted that his mother had a history of hospitalization at 1 year old with unknown diagnosis, requiring prolonged oxygen therapy; she now shows signs of chronic hypoxia. The patient was hospitalized and required oxygen therapy. Ancillary tests were done to look for the etiology of the condition, with no positive results. A chest computed tomography showed groundglass opacities, thickening of the septal interstitium, and areas of air trapping; based on the results of a lung biopsy and a genetic study, pulmonary surfactant metabolism dysfunction was diagnosed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Pulmonary Surfactants , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/diagnosis , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/etiology , Oxygen , Radiography
4.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 121(4): e20230565, abr.2024. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1557048

ABSTRACT

Resumo A doença veno-oclusiva pulmonar (DVOP) e a hemangiomatose capilar pulmonar são tipos raros de substratos histopatológicos dentro do espectro da hipertensão arterial pulmonar (HAP) com prognóstico muito ruim. Caracterizam-se por um processo fibroproliferativo generalizado das veias e/ou capilares de pequeno calibre com preservação das veias maiores, resultando em um fenótipo de hipertensão pulmonar pré-capilar. A apresentação clínica é inespecífica e semelhante a outras etiologias de HAP. O diagnóstico definitivo é obtido por meio de análise histológica, embora a biópsia pulmonar não seja aconselhada devido ao maior risco de complicações. No entanto, alguns achados adicionais podem permitir um diagnóstico clínico presuntivo de DVOP, especialmente história de tabagismo, uso de drogas quimioterápicas, exposição a solventes orgânicos (particularmente tricloroetileno), baixa capacidade de difusão do monóxido de carbono (DLCO), dessaturação ao esforço e evidências de doença venosa sem doença cardíaca esquerda no exame de imagem, manifestada por uma tríade clássica de opacidades em vidro fosco, linhas septais, e linfadenopatias. O transplante pulmonar é o único tratamento eficaz e os pacientes devem ser encaminhados no momento do diagnóstico, devido à rápida progressão da doença e ao prognóstico ruim. Apresentamos o caso de um homem de 58 anos com HAP com características de envolvimento venoso/capilar em que a suspeita clínica, o pronto diagnóstico e o encaminhamento precoce para transplante pulmonar foram determinantes para um bom desfecho.


Abstract Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD) and pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis are rare types of histopathological substrates within the spectrum of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) with a very poor prognosis. They are characterized by a widespread fibroproliferative process of the small caliber veins and/or capillaries with sparing of the larger veins, resulting in a pre-capillary pulmonary hypertension phenotype. Clinical presentation is unspecific and similar to other PAH etiologies. Definitive diagnosis is obtained through histological analysis, although lung biopsy is not advised due to a higher risk of complications. However, some additional findings may allow a presumptive clinical diagnosis of PVOD, particularly a history of smoking, chemotherapy drug use, exposure to organic solvents (particularly trichloroethylene), low diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO), exercise induced desaturation, and evidence of venous congestion without left heart disease on imaging, manifested by a classical triad of ground glass opacities, septal lines, and lymphadenopathies. Lung transplant is the only effective treatment, and patients should be referred at the time of diagnosis due to the rapid progression of the disease and associated poor prognosis. We present a case of a 58-year-old man with PAH with features of venous/capillary involvement in which clinical suspicion, prompt diagnosis, and early referral for lung transplantation were determinant factors for the successful outcome.

5.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(2): 319-325, 20240220. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532716

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El edema pulmonar por reexpansión es una complicación poco frecuente, secundaria a una rápida reexpansión pulmonar posterior al drenaje por toracentesis o toracostomía cerrada. Al día de hoy, se ha descrito una incidencia menor al 1 % tras toracostomía cerrada, con mayor prevalencia en la segunda y tercera década de la vida. Su mecanismo fisiopatológico exacto es desconocido; se ha planteado un proceso multifactorial de daño intersticial pulmonar asociado con un desequilibrio de las fuerzas hidrostáticas. Caso clínico. Presentamos el caso de un paciente que desarrolló edema pulmonar por reexpansión posterior a toracostomía cerrada. Se hizo una revisión de la literatura sobre esta complicación. Resultados. Aunque la clínica sugiere el diagnóstico, la secuencia de imágenes desempeña un papel fundamental. En la mayoría de los casos suele ser autolimitado, por lo que su manejo es principalmente de soporte; sin embargo, se han reportado tasas de mortalidad que alcanzan hasta el 20 %, por tanto, es importante conocer los factores de riesgo y las medidas preventivas. Conclusión. El edema pulmonar de reexpansión posterior a toracostomía es una complicación rara en los casos con neumotórax, aunque es una complicación que se puede presentar en la práctica diaria, por lo cual debe tenerse en mente para poder hacer el diagnóstico y un manejo adecuado.


Introduction. Re-expansion pulmonary edema is a rare complication secondary to rapid pulmonary re-expansion after drainage by thoracentesis and/or closed thoracostomy. As of today, an incidence of less than 1% has been described after closed thoracostomy, with a higher prevalence in the second and third decades of life. Its exact pathophysiological mechanism is unknown; a multifactorial process of lung interstitial damage associated with an imbalance of hydrostatic forces has been proposed. Clinical case. We present the case of a patient who developed pulmonary edema due to re-expansion after closed thoracostomy, conducting a review of the literature on this complication. Results. Although the clinic suggests the diagnosis, the sequence of images plays a fundamental role. In most cases, it tends to be a self-limited disease, so its management is mainly supportive. However, mortality rates of up to 20% have been recorded. Therefore, it is important to identify patients with major risk factors and initiate preventive measures in these patients. Conclusions. Re-expansion pulmonary edema after thoracostomy is a rare complication in cases with pneumothorax; however, it is a complication that can occur in daily practice. Therefore, it must be kept in mind to be able to make the diagnosis and an adequate management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumothorax , Pulmonary Edema , Iatrogenic Disease , Postoperative Complications , Thoracostomy , Acute Lung Injury
6.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 57: e13235, fev.2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550145

ABSTRACT

Abstract The imbalance between pro-inflammatory M1 and anti-inflammatory M2 macrophages plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of sepsis-induced acute lung injury (ALI). Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha (PGC-1α) may modulate macrophage polarization toward the M2 phenotype by altering mitochondrial activity. This study aimed to investigate the role of the PGC-1α agonist pioglitazone (PGZ) in modulating sepsis-induced ALI. A mouse model of sepsis-induced ALI was established using cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). An in vitro model was created by stimulating MH-S cells with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). qRT-PCR was used to measure mRNA levels of M1 markers iNOS and MHC-II and M2 markers Arg1 and CD206 to evaluate macrophage polarization. Western blotting detected expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) PGC-1α, and mitochondrial biogenesis proteins NRF1, NRF2, and mtTFA. To assess mitochondrial content and function, reactive oxygen species levels were detected by dihydroethidium staining, and mitochondrial DNA copy number was measured by qRT-PCR. In the CLP-induced ALI mouse model, lung tissues exhibited reduced PGC-1α expression. PGZ treatment rescued PGC-1α expression and alleviated lung injury, as evidenced by decreased lung wet-to-dry weight ratio, pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion (tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1β, interleukin-6), and enhanced M2 macrophage polarization. Mechanistic investigations revealed that PGZ activated the PPARγ/PGC-1α/mitochondrial protection pathway to prevent sepsis-induced ALI by inhibiting M1 macrophage polarization. These results may provide new insights and evidence for developing PGZ as a potential ALI therapy.

7.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 912-917, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016711

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect and mechanism of gracillin from Reineckia carnea on autophagy in non- small cell lung cancer A549 cells. METHODS Using A549 cells as subjects, the effects of different concentrations of gracillin (0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4 μmol/L) on the proliferation of cells were detected by CCK-8 after being treated for different time (12, 24, 48 h). Compared with the control group without medication, the effect of gracillin (2 μmol/L) on the formation of autophagosomes in cells was observed by transmission electron microscope after 24 h of exposure. The aggregation of GFP-LC3 on autophagosome membrane was detected by GFP-LC3 plasmid transfection after being treated with gracillin (0.25, 0.5, 1, 2 μmol/L) for 24 h. Quantitative real-time PCR and Western blot assay were used to detect the mRNA and protein expressions of family with sequence similarity 102 member A(FAM102A), the expressions of autophagy-related proteins [p62, Beclin-1, microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3B (LC3B)], and the expressions of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) signaling pathway-related proteins in A549 cells after being treated with gracillin (0.25, 0.5, 1 and 2 μmol/L) for 24 h. RESULTS Gracillin significantly inhibited the proliferation of A549 cells in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. The IC50 was 2.55 μmol/L at 24 h. After 24 h of gracillin treatment, autophagosomes with bilayer membrane structure were found in the cell cytoplasm, and GFP-LC3 green fluorescent spots on autophagosome membrane were obvious, representing an increasing trend as drug concentration. Compared with the control group, mRNA and protein expressions of FAM102A (0.5, 1, 2 μmol/L groups), protein expression of Beclin-1 (1, 2 μmol/L groups) and LC3B-Ⅱ/LC3B-Ⅰ ratio (2 μmol/L group) were significantly increased in different concentrations of gracillin groups, while the protein expression of p62 (1, 2 μmol/L groups), and the protein phosphorylations of Akt (1, 2 μmol/L groups) and PI3K (2 μmol/L group) were all decreased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS Gracillin can promote excessive autophagy in A549 cells by up-regulating mRNA and protein expressions of FAM102A and inhibiting PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, thus inhibiting cell proliferation.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 713-723, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016614

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the effect of Flos Farfarae (FF) fumigation on cigarette smoke-induced lung injury mice, and analyze the metabolic profile of lung tissue by metabolomics. All animal experiments were conducted under the guidance and approval of the Animal Ethics Review Committee of Shanxi University (Approval number: SXULL2019014). By using HS-GC-MS to analyze volatile components of Flos Farfarae, 23 compounds were identified. The results showed that FF fumigation improved the lung tissue morphology of cigarette smoke-induced lung injury mice, lowered the levels of interleukin 6 (IL-6) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β). The lung tissue samples were applied for metabolomic analysis based on UHPLC-QTOF MS, the results showed that 70 metabolites were changed in the lung tissue of mice after cigarette exposure, and 35 of them could be regulated, including lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC), 12-HETE, adenosine, and xanthine. These metabolites, such as LPC, 12-HETE, adenosine, and xanthine were mainly associated with the body's inflammatory response. It was observed that these metabolites are primarily involved in purine metabolism, arachidonic acid metabolism, phospholipid metabolism, and pyruvate metabolism pathways. These findings suggest that the volatile terpenoids in the FF may regulate the metabolites associated with the inflammatory response in the lung tissue, such as lysophosphatidylcholine, 12-HETE, and adenosine, which could further alleviate lung inflammation induced by cigarette smoke through the metabolic pathways of purine metabolism and others. This study proved the scientific basis of the traditional application of FF fumigation, and provided a theoretical basis for the further product development.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016552

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the relationship between plasma surfactant protein⁃A (SP⁃A) expression level and silicosis progression, and to provide early evidence for exploring whether SP⁃A can be used as a biomarker for clinical monitoring of silicosis disease progression. MethodsWe recruited 187 silicosis patients in Guangdong Province hospital for occupational disease prevention and treatment between November, 2019 and November,2020. Their peripheral venous blood samples were collected for the plasma isolation. The level of pulmonary SP⁃A was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. ResultsThere was a statistically significant difference in the level of SP⁃A among the silicosis groups (P<0.05), and the plasma SP-A level of the silicosis patients in stage Ⅲ was higher than that in stage Ⅰ and stage Ⅱ (P<0.05). Smoking had effect on plasma SP⁃A levels, Age, working years and drinking had no effect on plasma SP⁃A levels. ConclusionThe expression level of SP⁃A in the plasma of silicosis patients is increased, which has a certain correlation with the disease stage, and plays a certain early warning role in the occurrence and development of silicosis, and may be a potential biomarker for the diagnosis and prognosis of silicosis.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016437

ABSTRACT

The interaction between microbes and the human immune system has long been a focus in biomedical research. Next-generation sequencing has revealed that in addition to gut microbiota, the respiratory tract also harbors microbial communities, forming an interconnected network with the gut microbiota through immune cells and active factors. This review aims to explore how the gut and lung microbiota regulate immune responses, including their roles in local and systemic immune modulation. It also delineates the immunological connections along the gut-lung axis. Further elucidating the influence of microbes on the immune system holds important clinical significance for understanding diseases and exploring novel diagnostic and therapeutic strategies.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016398

ABSTRACT

Liver is the common site for metastasis and spread of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Lung cancer patients with liver metastasis have poor prognosis, which may be related to liver-specific microenvironment composition. The metastasis of lung cancer to the liver is regulated by various pathophysiological factors, including the liver immune microenvironment, related cells, proteins, signaling molecules, and gene changes. These factors will affect the consistent disease process and subsequent treatment strategies. Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have made breakthroughs in treatment of patients with advanced NSCLC. However, NSCLC patients with liver metastasis, a unique population of advanced lung cancer, are characterized by poor immunotherapeutic effect. This paper reviews the related mechanisms of the immune microenvironment in affecting the occurrence and development of liver metastases and summarizes the achievements and prospects of anti-tumor immunotherapy in liver metastases of NSCLC.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016396

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze therapeutic effect of savolitinib in patients with stage Ⅲ/Ⅳ non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods A total of 95 patients with MET 14 exon (METex14) jumping mutation in stage Ⅲ/Ⅳ NSCLC were divided into a control group (47 cases) and an observation group (48 cases) through a random-number table method. The patients in the control group were treated with crizotinib, whereas those in the observation group were treated with savolitinib. The clinical efficacy and incidence of toxic side effects in both groups were evaluated through a chi-square test, and survival was evaluated through Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. Results Compared with control group (31.91% and 70.21%), the objective response rate and disease control rate of the observation group were 52.08% and 87.50%, respectively (P<0.05). According to Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, the overall survival and progression free survival rates in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (Log rank χ2=8.003, 4.528; P=0.005, 0.033). No statistically significant difference in the degree of toxic side effects was found between the groups (P>0.05). Conclusion Savolitinib can improve the efficacy of treatment for stage Ⅲ/Ⅳ METex14 skip mutation NSCLC patients, prolong survival, enhance the tolerance of patients to savolitinib, and facilitate the management of adverse reactions.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016395

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets and prognosis of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who received treatment with camrelizumab. Methods We retrospectively collected data from 88 patients with advanced NSCLC who underwent camrelizumab treatment. Peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets were collected from patients before and two months after treatment. Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox regression analysis were employed to investigate the relationship between peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets and PFS and OS. Results Compared with non-responder group, the baseline peripheral blood CD4+/CD8+ ratio was higher (P=0.038), while the CD8+T lymphocyte percentage was lower (P=0.036) in the responder group. Kaplan-Meier curves showed that a high baseline CD4+/CD8+ ratio was associated with long PFS and OS (P=0.001, P=0.023). Multivariate Cox analysis revealed that the baseline CD4+/CD8+ ratio was a significant predictor for PFS and OS. Additionally, a high post-treatment CD4+/CD8+ ratio and high CD4+T lymphocyte percentage were associated with long PFS (P=0.005, P=0.015), whereas a low post-treatment CD8+T lymphocyte percentage was associated with long PFS and OS (P=0.001, P=0.016). Conclusion The peripheral blood CD4+/CD8+ ratio can serve as a predictive factor for survival of patients with NSCLC treated with camrelizumab.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016370

ABSTRACT

@#Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Despite growing efforts for its early detection by screening populations at risk, the majority of lung cancer patients are still diagnosed in an advanced stage. In the last decade, the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has been improved significantly. Emerging options of targeted therapies and immunotherapies have shifted the management of lung cancer to a more personalized treatment approach, significantly influencing the clinical course and outcome of the disease. At present, molecular biomarkers are becoming a powerful tool for diagnosing cancer, predicting treatment response outcomes, and assessing prognosis. In this review, we summarized the biomarkers relevant to the diagnosis, prediction, and prognosis of NSCLC as well as promising novel predictive biomarkers in the future.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014568

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of interventional therapy combined with tumor drug injection under bronchoscope for central non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: Sixty-four patients who met the test admission criteria were randomly assigned to the experimental group and the control group according to the ratio of 1:1, and were given bronchoscopic interventional therapy combined with local drug injection of recombinant human endostatin combined with platinum-containing dual-drug chemotherapy and platinum-containing dual-drug alone, respectively. The curative efficiency and safety of the two groups were compared. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the KPS score, dyspnea grading were significantly improved (P<0.05). The effective rate of the test group was 78.12%, which was higher than 37.5% in the control group, the difference between the two groups was significant (P<0.05). Moreover, there was also a significant difference in the 1-year survival rate between the experimental group and the control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The treatment of central NSCLC by interventional therapy combined with tumor drug injection through fiberoptic bronchoscope has obvious clinical efficacy, which can effectively alleviate the clinical symptoms and improve the quality of life of patients. There is no significant difference in adverse reactions between the two groups, and is worthy of popularization and application.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014517

ABSTRACT

AIM: To observe the effect of fudosteine on induced sputum cell components and lung function in patients with stable neutrophil-dominated COPD. METHODS: From October 2019 to October 2022, 53 patients with stable COPD were selected and divided into fudosteine group and placebo group. The placebo group was treated with routine treatment, and the fudosteine group was treated with fudosteine on the basis of routine treatment. The two groups were treated for 6 months. The clinical symptoms [Saint George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), COPD Assessment Test (CAT) and Modified British Medical Research Council Dyspnea scale (MMRC), Breathlessness, Cough, and Sputum Scale (BCSS)], lung function index, induced sputum cytology analysis and other related examination results were recorded in detail before and after treatment. RESULTS: (1) Compared with the baseline, the forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), and the ratio of FEV1 to FVC (FEV1/FVC) of the two groups were improved after treatment, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). However, after treatment, there was no significant difference in pulmonary function between the two groups except for the percentage of carbon monoxide diffusion in the predicted value (DLCO%pre) (DLCO%pre in the fudosteine group was higher than that in the placebo group). (2) After treatment, the total number of induced sputum cells and neutrophil counts in the fudosteine group were lower than those in the placebo group. Compared with the number of cells in each component at baseline, the total number of induced sputum cells and neutrophil count in the fudosteine group were significantly lower (P< 0.05). CONCLUSION: Fudosteine treatment in patients with stable neutrophil-dominated COPD can improve lung function, reduce the total number of induced sputum cells and the total number of neutrophils, thereby improving airway inflammation.

17.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 592-598, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013658

ABSTRACT

Aim To analyze the anti-A549 and HI299 lung ade-nocarcinoma activities via using examples of baicalin, astragalo-side, hesperidin and cisplatin based on real time cellular analysis (RTCA) technology, and to build a new strategy for EC50 e-valuation reflecting the time-dimensional characteristic. Methods Using RTCA Software Pro for data analysis and GraphPad Prism and Origin Pro plotting, the in vitro anti-A549 and H1299 lung adenocarcinoma activities of baicalin, astragaloside, hesperidin, and cisplatin were characterized using the endpoint method and time dimension, respectively. Results (X) There were significant differences in EC50 values of A549 and H1299 cells at 24 h and 48 h endpoint methods. (2) The correlation coefficient of the curve fitted with the four-parameter equation was > 0. 9, and the dynamic change of EC50 remained relatively stable (the linear fitting of EC50 at adjacent 4 points I slope 1

18.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 242-278, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013631

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the effect of oxaliplatin combined with epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor AG1478 on autophagy in non-small cell lung cancer H1975 cells. Methods H1975 cells were cultured in vitro using gradient concentrations of AG1478 (0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40 jjimol • IT

19.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 279-284, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013628

ABSTRACT

Aim To establish NCI-H446/EP for small cell lung cancer resistant cells resistant to cisplatin and etoposide, and to evaluate their biological characteristics and multidrug resistance. Methods Nude mice were subcutaneously inoculated with NCI-H446 cells of SCLC to construct an in vivo model of xenograft tumor, and were given first-line EP regimen treatment for SCLC, inducing drug resistance in vivo, and stripping tumor tissue in vitro culture to obtain drug-resistant cells. The resistance coefficient, cell doubling time, cell cycle distribution, expression of multidrug resistance gene (MDR1), and drug resistance-related protein were detected in vitro, and the drug resistance to cisplatin and etoposide in vivo were verified. Results Mice with NCI-H446 tumors acquired resistance after eight weeks' EP regimen treatment, and the drug-resistant cell line NCI-H446/EP was obtained by isolation and culture in vitro. The resistance factors of this cell line to cisplatin, etoposide, SN38 and doxorubicin were 12.01, 18.36, 65.4 and 10.12, respectively. Compared with parental cells, the proportion of NCIH446/EP cells in Q

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013600

ABSTRACT

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ( COPD ) major chronic disease threatening public health with complex pathological mechanisms. The change of the cell microenvironment of the lung is an important part of the pathophysiology of COPD. Cell culture technology is an important method to investigate the pathological mechanism of COPD and evaluate the pharmacological effect of medicine. Here we introduce the composition of the cell microenvironment of the lung, the change of the cell microenvironment in the pathological process of COPD, and summarize the application of in vitro model mimics cell microenvironment of COPD in the study of mechanism. In addition, we aim to put forward the ideas of the in vitro model establishment of cell microenvironment of COPD.

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