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1.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535336

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The purpose of this article is to discuss in-office laryngeal procedures as an alternative to surgical intervention under general anesthesia. In-office procedures have become more common due to technological advancements. As a result, these approaches are less invasive and more patient-friendly, with increased pain tolerance and reduced procedure time and cost. Methods: We conducted a thematic analysis of published reports regarding the best known and performed in-office laryngeal interventions. Three questions guided our analysis: What laryngological procedures can be performed in the office setting? What are the advantages of in-office laryngology procedures compared to operating room surgical procedures? Why aren't more in-office procedures performed in some Latin American countries? Discussion: Despite being performed more frequently, there is still controversy whether in-office procedures should be performed as often due to the risk of complications. Furthermore, procedures that are done in the office setting are more popular in some countries than in others, even though their benefit has been well demonstrated. This article describes various in-office procedures, including biopsy, vocal fold injections, and laser surgery. We also discuss what factors might contribute to having office-procedures being performed more frequently in some countries than others. Conclusion: Awake interventions offer numerous benefits, including shorter procedure time, reduced costs, and lower patient morbidity. These advantages have significantly transformed the treatment of laryngeal diseases in modern laryngology practice in a global manner.


Introducción: El propósito de este artículo es discutir los procedimientos laríngeos en el consultorio como una alternativa a la intervención quirúrgica bajo anestesia general. Los procedimientos en consultorio se han vuelto más comunes debido a los avances tecnológicos. Como resultado, estos enfoques son menos invasivos y más amigables para el paciente, con mayor tolerancia al dolor y reducción del tiempo y costo del procedimiento. Métodos: Realizamos un análisis temático de los informes publicados sobre las intervenciones laríngeas más conocidas y realizadas. Tres preguntas guiaron nuestro análisis: ¿Qué procedimientos laringológicos se pueden realizar en el consultorio y cuales sin los más frecuentes?, ¿cuáles son las ventajas de los procedimientos laringológicos fuera del quirófano frente a los que se realizan bajo anestesia general?, ¿por qué no se realizan más procedimientos laringológicos en el consultorio en la mayoría de los países en Latinoamérica? Discusión: A pesar de que se realizan con mayor frecuencia, aún existe controversia sobre si los procedimientos en consultorio deben realizarse con tanta frecuencia debido al riesgo de complicaciones. Además, los procedimientos que se realizan en el consultorio son más populares en algunos países que en otros, aunque sus beneficios han sido bien demostrados. Este artículo describe varios procedimientos en el consultorio, incluida la biopsia, las inyecciones de cuerdas vocales y la cirugía con láser. También se discutieron los factores que podrían contribuir a que los procedimientos en el consultorio se realicen con más frecuencia en algunos países que en otros. Conclusión: Las intervenciones con pacientes despiertos ofrecen numerosos beneficios, incluido un tiempo de procedimiento más corto, costos reducidos y una menor morbilidad para el paciente. Estas ventajas han transformado significativamente el tratamiento de las enfermedades laríngeas en la práctica de la laringología moderna a nivel mundial.

2.
ABCS health sci ; 49: [1-6], 11 jun. 2024.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1555490

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Cardiac surgery (CS) may be associated with several organic repercussions responsible for the appearance of cardiac risk factors during the postoperative period. These, associated with prolonged hospital length of stay (LoS), may trigger critical manifestations in individuals undergoing this surgical procedure. Objective: To investigate the relationships between postoperative cardiac risk factors, LoS, and changes in functioning state. Methods: Patients undergoing reconstructive, substitutive, or corrective cardiac surgeries were evaluated. The presence of postoperative cardiovascular risks was assessed using the InsCor score, while LoS and functionality were collected from medical records. Results: One-hundred patients with a mean age of 59.2±12.3 years were included. Significant correlations between functionality and both the hospital and Intensive Care Unit (ICU) LoS (p<0.0001, ρ=0.56; p=0.002, ρ=0.29, respectively), as well as between hospital LoS and the number of comorbidities (p=0.003, ρ=0.28) were found. No significant relationships were observed between the number of postoperative risk factors and LoS. Conclusion: Functionality and comorbidities are associated with increased hospital and ICU LoS in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.

3.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(2): e202310146, abr. 2024. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1537953

ABSTRACT

Los tumores de músculo liso que no pueden ser clasificados según su histología como leiomiomas o leiomiosarcomas se denominan tumores de músculo liso de comportamiento maligno incierto. La localización nasal de estos tumores es muy infrecuente y la extensión adecuada de la cirugía para tratar estas neoplasias no está bien definida. Se describe el caso clínico de una adolescente de 16 años, que consultó por padecer un tumor de aspecto vascular en la cavidad nasal derecha y que fue tratada con éxito mediante cirugía intranasal. El diagnóstico histológico fue tumor de músculo liso de comportamiento maligno incierto. Por la rareza de estas neoplasias, su infrecuente localización nasal y la falta de evidencia que soporte cuál debe ser la extensión de la cirugía, es relevante la descripción y discusión del caso clínico.


Smooth muscle tumors that cannot be histologically classified as leiomyomas or leiomyosarcomas are defined as smooth muscle tumors of uncertain malignant potential. The location of these tumors in the nose is very rare, and the appropriate surgical extent to manage these neoplasms has not been adequately defined. Here we describe the case of a 16-year-old female adolescent who consulted due to a vascular-like tumor in the right nasal cavity who was successfully treated with intranasal surgery. The histological diagnosis was smooth muscle tumor of uncertain malignant potential. Given that these neoplasms are rare, the uncommon location in the nose, and the lack of evidence indicating the extent of surgery, it is relevant to describe and discuss this clinical case.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Smooth Muscle Tumor/surgery , Smooth Muscle Tumor/diagnosis , Smooth Muscle Tumor/pathology , Leiomyoma/pathology , Leiomyosarcoma/diagnosis , Leiomyosarcoma/pathology
4.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 45(1): 33-37, jan.-abr. 2024. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1553262

ABSTRACT

O anseio por um sorriso harmônico tem se tornado cada vez maior, uma vez que muitos pacientes relatam desconforto ao sorrir, pois correlacionam a estética do sorriso a problemas de baixa autoestima e em alguns casos suscetibilidade a alterações psicossociais decorrente aos padrões estéticos impostos pela sociedade. O sorriso gengival é uma das grandes queixas relatadas por pacientes. A exposição excessiva de gengiva maxilar pode ser decorrente a fatores gengivais, ósseos, dentários e musculares. Dentre os tratamentos disponíveis para diminuir essa exposição, contamos com cirurgias periodontais, aplicação de toxina botulínica, tratamentos ortodônticos, cirurgia ortognática e reposicionamento labial. O tratamento adequado será definido de acordo com o fator etiológico de cada caso. Diante disso o objetivo do trabalho é realizar um relato de caso sobre aumento de coroa clínica estética. A paciente estava descontente com a exibição de uma grande quantidade gengival ao sorrir. Após estudos clínicos e de imagem o diagnóstico foi de erupção passiva alterada, tipo IB. O tratamento de escolha foi a gengivoplastia associada a remodelação óssea osteotomia e osteoplastia. O tratamento estético vai além de uma boa aparência, através deste trabalho, foi possível evidenciar impactos benéficos que o sorriso harmônico pode acarretar na vida do indivíduo, atendendo suas expectativas e a do cirurgião-dentista(AU)


The desire for a harmonic smile has become increasing, since many patients report discomfort when smiling, as they correlate smile aesthetics to problems of low self-esteem and in some cases susceptibility to psychosocial changes due to aesthetic standards imposed by society. Gummy smile is one of the major complaints reported by patients. Excessive exposure of the maxillary gingiva may be due to gingival, bone, dental and muscular factors. Among the treatments available to reduce this exposure, we have periodontal surgeries, botulinum toxin application, orthodontic treatments, orthognathic surgery and lip repositioning. The appropriate treatment will be defined according to the etiological factor of each case. Therefore, the objective of this work is to carry out a case report on aesthetic clinical crown augmentation. Patient discount with the display of a large amount of gingival when smiling. After clinical and imaging studies, the diagnosis was an altered passive eruption, type IB. The treatment of choice was gingivoplasty associated with bone remodeling, osteotomy and osteoplasty. Final comments and conclusions: The aesthetic treatment goes beyond a good appearance, through this work, it was possible to evidence beneficial impacts that the harmonic smile can have on the individual's life, meeting their expectations and that of the dentist(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Crown Lengthening , Esthetics, Dental , Bone Remodeling , Dentistry, Operative
5.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(3): 371-385, 2024-04-24. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1553765

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El efecto de las políticas para el mejoramiento del bienestar de los residentes, en términos de desgaste profesional y compromiso laboral, es controversial y su resultado tras la implementación de la "ley de residentes" (1917/2018) en Colombia es desconocido. Este estudio explora el efecto de esta ley en médicos residentes de cirugía colombianos. Métodos. Estudio de métodos mixtos secuencial explicativo. Inicialmente, se invitó a todos los residentes de cirugía del país a autodiligenciar los cuestionarios UWES-17 y MBI-HSS para evaluar el compromiso laboral (vigor, dedicación y absorción) y desgaste profesional (agotamiento emocional, despersonalización y baja realización personal) antes (2019) y después (2022) de la implementación de la ley. Se probaron diferentes hipótesis mediante modelos de ecuaciones estructurales. Los resultados fueron explorados con cirujanos mediante grupos focales. La información cualitativa fue analizada manualmente y por inteligencia artificial, y reportada en temas principales. Resultados. Participaron en el estudio 400 residentes. La tasa de desgaste profesional fue de 24,8 % antes y 15,8 % después (p=0,032). El análisis de ecuaciones estructurales confirmó que el agotamiento emocional sobre el desgaste profesional fue menor en 2022 (p=0,022). No se identificaron cambios significativos en el compromiso laboral. La principal explicación fue atribuida a los beneficios económicos de la ley. Conclusión. La tasa de desgaste profesional en médicos residentes de cirugía colombianos se redujo significativamente tras la implementación de la "ley de residentes". Estos hallazgos tienen implicaciones para la practica y el mejoramiento de la calidad de la educación.


Introduction. The effect of policies to improve residents' well-being, in terms of professional burnout and work commitment is controversial, and its result after the implementation of the "residents' law" (1917/2018) in Colombia is unknown. This study explores the effect of this law on Colombian surgical residents. Methods. Explanatory sequential mixed methods study. Initially, all surgical residents in the country were invited to self-complete the UWES-17 and MBI-HSS questionnaires to evaluate work commitment (vigor, dedication, and absorption) and professional burnout (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and low personal accomplishment) before (2019) and after (2022) the implementation of the law. Different hypotheses were tested using structural equation models. The results were explored with surgeons through focus groups. Qualitative information was analyzed manually and by artificial intelligence, and reported into main themes. Results. 400 residents participated in the study. Burnout rates were 24.8% before and 15.8% after (p=0.032). The structural equations analysis confirmed that emotional exhaustion over professional burnout was lower in 2022 (p=0.022). No significant changes in work commitment were identified. The main explanation was attributed to the economic benefits of the law. Conclusion. The burnout rate in Colombian surgical residents was significantly reduced after the implementation of the "residents' law". These findings have implications for practice and improving the quality of education


Subject(s)
Humans , Burnout, Professional , Legislation , Internship and Residency , General Surgery , Education, Medical, Graduate , Work Engagement
6.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(3): 396-406, 2024-04-24. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1553804

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La cirugía bariátrica y metabólica (CBM) es efectiva en lograr pérdida de peso a corto plazo. Sin embargo, existe evidencia limitada en desenlaces clínicos y metabólicos a largo plazo. Métodos. Estudio longitudinal retrospectivo con pacientes llevados a baipás gástrico en Y de Roux (BGYR) o gastrectomía en manga (MG) por laparoscopia en Bogotá, D.C., Colombia, entre 2013 y 2021. El cambio de peso, control de comorbilidades y resultados metabólicos se recopilaron al inicio del estudio, 3, 6 y 12 meses después de cirugía, y anualmente hasta el quinto año. Las tasas de control de comorbilidades se evaluaron mediante la prueba Kaplan-Meier. Se utilizó un modelo de riesgos proporcionales de Cox para evaluar el efecto de covariables en la reganancia de peso. Resultados. De 1092 pacientes con CBM (71,4 % MG y 28,6 % BGYR), 67 % eran mujeres, con mediana de edad 48 años e índice de masa corporal de 35,5 Kg/m2. Después de cinco años de seguimiento, la tasa de control en diabetes mellitus fue 65,5 %, en hipertensión 56,6 % y en dislipidemia 43,6 %. La tasa de reganancia de peso fue 28 %, sin diferencias entre MG vs BGYR (p=0,482). El tiempo promedio hasta peso nadir fue 14 meses. La edad al momento de CBM fue el mejor predictor independiente de reganancia (HR=1,02, IC95% 1,01-1,04), pero con efecto clínico modesto. Conclusión. La CBM es segura y muestra beneficios a largo plazo en la pérdida de peso y control de comorbilidades en población colombiana.


Introduction. Bariatric and metabolic surgery (BMS) has shown its efficacy in achieving short-term weight loss. However, there is limited evidence regarding long-term clinical and metabolic outcomes. Methods. Retrospective longitudinal study with patients who underwent laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) interventions in Bogotá, Colombia, between 2013 and 2021. Weight change, comorbidity control, and metabolic outcomes were collected at the onset, 3-, 6-, and 12-month post-surgery, and annually up to the fifth year. Comorbidity control rates were assessed using the Kaplan-Meier test. A Cox proportional hazards model was used to evaluate the effect of covariates on weight regain. Results. Of 1092 patients with BMS (71.4% SG and 28.6% RYGB), 67% were women, with a median age of 48 years, BMI 35.5 kg/m2. After five years of follow-up, the control rate in diabetes mellitus was 65.5%, in hypertension 56.6%, and dyslipidemia 43.6%. The weight regain rate was 28% with no differences between SG vs RYGB (p=0.482). The mean time to nadir weight was 14 months. Age at the time of BMS was the best independent predictor of weight regain (HR=1.02, 95%CI: 1.01-1.04), but with a modest clinical effect. Conclusion. BMS is safe and shows long-term benefits in weight loss and control of comorbidities in Colombian population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Obesity, Morbid , Gastroplasty , Comorbidity , Gastric Bypass , Weight Loss , Bariatric Surgery
7.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 10 (1) 2024;10(1): 31496, 2024 abr. 30. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1553549

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O período de internação os pacientes passam por um longo período de imobilização no leito, acompanhada de complicações e comorbidades que podem ocorrer no período pós-operatório. A fisioterapia aturará prevenindo os efeitos da imobilidade no leito, além de melhorar a independência funcional do paciente. Objetivo: Diante o exposto, o objetivo desse estudo é analisar as repercussões clínicas e funcionais da reabilitação precoce em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia torácica. Metodologia: Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa. Critérios de inclusão: ensaios clínicos randomizados, artigos completos, dos idiomas português, inglês e espanhol, publicados entre 2012 e 2022. Critérios de exclusão: protocolos de ensaios, ensaios não finalizados, estudos inferiores ao ano de 2012 e outras línguas. Descritores: Cirurgia torácica; Deambulação precoce; Modalidades de Fisioterapia. Com seus respectivos termos na língua inglesa. Resultados: Foram encontrados 51 artigos. Com os critérios estabelecidos foram selecionados 06 artigos. Os estudos dos autores avaliados se mostraram benéficos para a terapia de deambulação precoce combinada e exercícios. Conclusões: Os achados resultam na minimização das alterações de fluxo e volume pulmonar, otimização da mecânica do movimento tóraco-abdominal e aumento da amplitude do movimento dos músculos respiratórios, facilitando a reexpansão pulmonar e melhorando osparâmetros de função pulmonar (AU)>


Introduction: During hospitalization, patients go through a long period of immobilization in bed, accompanied by complications and comorbidities that may occur in the postoperative period. Physical therapy will help prevent the effects of immobility in bed, in addition to improving the patient's functional independence. Objective:Given the above, the objective of this study is to analyze the clinical and functional repercussions of early rehabilitation in patients undergoing thoracic surgery. Methodology:It is a systematic review. Inclusion criteria: randomized clinical trials, complete articles, in Portuguese, English and Spanish, published between 2012 and 2022. Exclusion criteria: trial protocols, unfinished trials, studies smaller than 2012 in other languages. Descriptors: Thoracic surgery; Early ambulation; Physiotherapy modalities. Results:51 articles were found. With the established criteria, 06 articles were selected. The evaluated authors' studies have shown benefit for combined early ambulation therapy and exercise. Conclusions:The findings result in the minimization of changes in lung flow and volume, optimization of the mechanics of thoracoabdominal movement and increased range of motion of the respiratory muscles, facilitating lung re-expansion and improving lung function parameters (AU).


Introducción: A lo largo de la hospitalización, los pacientes pasan por un largo período de inmovilización en cama, acompañado de complicacionesy comorbilidades que pueden presentarse en el postoperatorio. La fisioterapia ayudará a prevenir los efectos de la inmovilidad en cama, además de mejorar la independencia funcional del paciente. Objetivo:Teniendo en cuenta lo anterior, el objetivo de este estudio es analizar las repercusiones clínicas y funcionales de la rehabilitación temprana en pacientes sometidos a cirugía torácica.Metodología: Esta es una revisión sistemática. Criterios de inclusión: ensayos clínicos aleatorizados, artículos completos, en portugués, inglés y español, publicados entre 2012 y 2022. Criterios de exclusión: protocolos de ensayos, ensayos inconclusos, estudios menores a 2012 y otros idiomas. Descriptores: Cirugía torácica; Deambulación temprana; Modalidades de fisioterapia. Con sus respectivos términosen inglés.Resultados: Se encontraron 51 artículos. Fueron seleccionados 06 artículos, con los criterios establecidos. Los estudios de los autores evaluados han demostrado beneficios para la combinación de terapia de deambulación temprana y ejercicio.Conclusiones: Los hallazgos resultan en la minimización de alteraciones en el flujo y volumen pulmonar, optimización de la mecánica del movimiento toracoabdominal y aumento en el rango de movimiento de los músculos respiratorios, facilitando la reexpansión pulmonar y mejorando los parámetrosde la función pulmonar (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Thoracic Surgery , Physical Therapy Modalities , Early Ambulation , Social Change
8.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 13(1): 383, abr. 2024. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1554965

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Caracterizar a pacientes con diagnóstico de neoplasias en glándula parótida, según el procedimiento quirúrgico efectuado, la técnica de identificación del nervio facial, y la relación de los hallazgos patológicos definitivos con los estudios de muestreo histológico preoperatorio. Métodos: Estudio multidisciplinario, multiinstitucional, descriptivo, cuantitativo y retrospectivo de 26 pacientes con diagnóstico de neoplasias en glándula parótida entre el año 2018 al 2023. Se dividieron de acuerdo a la histología en benignas y malignas. Las distintas frecuencias fueron expresadas en número y porcentaje. Se calculó la sensibilidad y especificidad de la punción con aguja fina como prueba de muestreo histológico. Resultados: Categoría benigna: 16 pacientes (61,5% %). El resto de la serie, diez pacientes, de la categoría de tumores malignos (38,5%). La lobectomía superficial parotídea fue el procedimiento más frecuente en las neoplasias benignas (75%) y malignas (60%). La técnica anterógrada de identificación del nervio facial fue la más común. Entre 25% a 30% de parálisis temporales en ambos grupos. La sensibilidad y especificidad de la punción con aguja fina para el diagnóstico de neoplasias benignas fue de 92,3% y 50%, el porcentaje de falsos negativos de 5,8%. Conclusión: La lobectomía superficial de la glándula parótida y la técnica anterógrada representaron el procedimiento quirúrgico y la técnica de identificación del nervio facial más frecuentemente realizado en ambas categorías. La baja especificidad de la punción con aguja fina y el porcentaje de falsos negativos representaron algunas de las dificultades a afrontar para decidir la extensión del tratamiento quirúrgico(AU)


Objective: To evaluate the surgical procedure, technique identification of nerve facial and correlate the pathological findings withthe preoperative histological sampling studies, in patients with neoplasms parotid underwent surgery. Methods: Study multi-institutiona, multi-disciplinary, descriptive y quantitative of 26 patients with neoplasm parotid between the years 2018 to 2023. We divided in two categories benign and malignant. The frequency was expressed in number and percentage. It was calculated the sensibility and specificity of the fine needle puncture. Results: Category benign: 16 patients (61,5% %). Malignant, ten patients (38,5%). The lobectomy superficial was the surgical procedure more frequent in the neoplasm benign (75%) and malignant (60%). The anterograde technique of identification of nerve facial was the more common. Between 25% and 30% presents facial palsytemporal. The sensibility and specificity of the fine needle puncture were 92,3% y 50%, the percentage of false negatives was 5,8%. Conclusion: In this study the lobectomy superficial and anterograde technique were the surgical procedure and technique of identification of nerve facial more frequent in both categories. The low specificity of fine needle puncture and the percentage of false negatives were some of the difficulties to affront in the decision of the surgery exten(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Parotid Gland/pathology , Biopsy, Fine-Needle
9.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 13(1): 388, abr. 2024. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1554963

ABSTRACT

La escoliosis idiopática del Adolescente (EIA) es una deformidad tridimensional de la columna vertebral que aqueja de diversas formas la condición de vida de quien la padece, afectando el desarrollo físico y psicológico del paciente. Proponemos evaluar el resultado clínico, radiológico y el componente de calidad de vida de pacientes tratados quirúrgicamente con EIA, en el servicio de Neurocirugía, Hospital Jesús Yerena del Lídice. Se evaluó patrón de la curva, clasificación según Lenke, ángulo de Cobb pre y postquirúrgico, edad de tratamiento quirúrgico, gradode corrección, calidad de vida según cuestionario SRS-22 pre y postquirúrgica, valoración funcional mediante la escala de discapacidad de Oswestry (ODI) y complicaciones postoperatorias. Se estudiaron 22 casos (95 % femenino), el principal grupo etario fue de 11-14 años (55 %), la escoliosis tipo 1 fue la predominante (60 %), el ángulo de Cobb inicial fue mayor a 50° (50 %) y la madurez esquelética principal fue Risser 3 (55 %). La edad de resolución quirúrgica predominante fue entre 15-18 años (60 %), el grado de corrección postoperatorio fue de 75-100 % (73 %) y la densidad de los tornillos pediculares fue de 1.4-1.7 (64 %). En el cuestionario SRS-22, hubo mayor afectación en las dimensiones de autoimagen con una media de 1.8 y la valoración por ODI mostró un índice de incapacidad mínima, que fue mejorando en los controles sucesivos. Nuestra principal complicación fueron las infecciones (36 %). Concluimos que la cirugía correctiva temprana en la EIA ofrece a una mejoría clínica, radiológica y de la calidadde vida de estos paciente(AU)


Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a three-dimensional deformity of the spine that affects the living condition of those who suffer from it in various ways, affecting the physical and psychological development of the patient. We propose to evaluate the clinical and radiological outcome and the quality-of-life component of patients treated surgically with EIA, in the Neurosurgery Service, Hospital Jesús Yerena del Lídice. Curve pattern, Lenke classification, pre-and post-surgical Cobb angle, age at surgical treatment, degree of correction, quality of life according to pre-and post-surgical SRS-22 questionnaire, functional assessment using the Oswestry Disability Scale (ODI) and postoperative complications were evaluated. 22 cases were studied (95% female), the main age group was 11-14 years (55%), type 1 scoliosis was predominant (60%), the initial Cobb angle was greater than 50° (50%) and the main skeletal maturity was Risser 3 (55%). The predominant age of surgical resolution was between 15-18 years (60%), the degree of postoperative correction was 75-100% (73%) and the density of pedicle screws was 1.4-1.7 (64%). In the SRS-22 questionnaire, there was greater impairment in the self-image dimensions with a mean of 1.8 and the ODI assessment showed aminimal disability index, which improved in successive controls. Our main complication was infections (36%). We conclude that early corrective surgery in AIS offers clinical, radiological and quality of life improvement for these patient(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Scoliosis
10.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 57(1): 67-76, 20240401.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1554219

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La herida es una pérdida de continuidad de la piel o mucosa producida por algún agente físico o químico. Una herida es "compleja" cuando por su extensión, localización, profundidad o exposición de elementos nobles, necesita para su curación una terapéutica especial. Este es el caso de heridas con compromiso tisular que afecta a estructuras como músculos, fascias, tendones, huesos, vasos sanguíneos, nervios o las lesiones de lenta evolución como úlceras o escaras. Objetivos: Determinar el método de reconstrucción más utilizado en el manejo terapéutico de las heridas complejas del tercio distal de la pierna en los pacientes atendidos en el Hospital de Trauma y en la Unidad de Cirugía Plástica de la FCM - UNA. Materiales y métodos: Estudio de diseño observacional, tipo de estudio descriptivo y retrospectivo. Fueron incluidos pacientes de ambos sexos, mayores de edad, con heridas complejas en el tercio distal de la pierna, atendidos en el Hospital de Trauma y en la Unidad de Cirugía Plástica de la FCM - UNA, durante el periodo 2010 al 2019. Resultados: Se incluyó a 112 pacientes de los cuales el 80,36 % fue hombres y el 19,64 % mujeres. Las edades estaban comprendidas entre los 18 y los 73 años y una media de 33,8 ± 14 años. La edad más frecuente fue 18 años. La mediana de edad es de 30 años, lo que implica que la mitad de la muestra tuvo por lo menos dicha edad. En cuanto a la procedencia, el 41,07 % era del interior, el 30,36 % del departamento Central y el 28,57 % restante de Asunción. En cuanto al mecanismo de la lesión, se puede observar que el mecanismo más frecuente fue el accidente de tráfico, seguido por caída de altura, en un gran porcentaje. En cuanto a la evolución y complicaciones se puede ver que 92 individuos, o sea 82 % de los pacientes no tuvo ninguna evolución negativa o complicaciones. Lo más común fue la infección con 1,9% de prevalencia, la pérdida parcial del colgajo o piel representan el 2,4%, dehiscencia de la sutura el 0,9 %, hematoma 0,6 % y pérdida total del colgajo 0,54 %. En cuanto al tratamiento aplicado, se debe tener en cuenta que los pacientes pudieron haber recibido más de un tratamiento por lo que el tamaño de la muestra se refiere a las visitas. El tratamiento más frecuente fue el colgajo sural con 28,57%, tutor externo con el 20,19%, injerto de piel 16,46%, toillete 12,73% y colgajo fascio - cutáneo en 6,21%. Conclusión: La gran mayoría de los casos tratados corresponde a algún tipo de accidente de tránsito. Se necesita de un equipo multidisciplinario: ortopedistas, cirujanos plásticos, cirujanos vasculares, fisioterapeutas, etc. en trabajo coordinado para tratar estas graves lesiones de forma a obtener resultados favorables. Para la cobertura de la pierna traumatizada, con exposición ósea, recurrimos a los colgajos musculares, en el 1/3 proximal el gemelo, en el 1/3 medio el sóleo. Para la cobertura del 1/3 distal de la pierna utilizamos el colgajo neuro-veno-fascio-cutáneo (sural) a pedículo distal.


Introduction: The wound is a loss of continuity of the skin or mucosa produced by some physical or chemical agent. A wound is "complex" when due to its extension, location, depth, exposure of noble elements, it requires special therapy to heal. This is the case of wounds with tissue involvement that affects structures such as muscles, fascia, tendons, bones, blood vessels, nerves, or slowly evolving lesions such as ulcers or bedsores. Objectives: Determine the reconstruction method most used in the therapeutic management of complex wounds of the distal third of the leg in patients treated at the Trauma Hospital and the Plastic Surgery Unit of the FCM - UNA. Materials and methods: Observational, descriptive, and temporally retrospective study. Patients of both sexes, of legal age, with complex wounds in the distal third of the leg, treated at the Trauma Hospital and in the Plastic Surgery Unit of the FCM - UNA, during the period 2010 to 2019, were included. Results: 112 patients were included, of which 80.36% are men and 19.64% are women. The ages range from 18 to 73 years and an average of 33.8 ± 14 years. The most common age was 18 years. The median age is 30 years, which implies that half of the sample is at least that age. Regarding origin, 41.07% are from the interior, 30.36% from the Central department and the remaining 28.57% from Asunción. Regarding the mechanism of injury, the most frequent mechanism was a traffic accident, followed by a fall from a height, in a large percentage. Regarding the evolution and complications, 92, that is, 82% of the patients do not have any negative evolution or complications. The most common was infection with 1.9%, partial loss of the flap or skin represented 2.4%, suture dehiscence with 0.9%, hematoma 0.6%, and total loss of the flap 0.54. %. Regarding the treatment applied, it must be considered that patients may have received more than one treatment, so the sample size refers to visits. The most frequent treatment was the sural flap with 28.57%, external tutor with 20.19%, skin graft 16.46%, toilette 12.73% and fasciocutaneous flap in 6.21%. Conclusion: Most cases treated correspond to some type of traffic accident. A multidisciplinary team is needed: orthopedists, plastic surgeons, vascular surgeons, physiotherapists, etc. in coordinated work to treat these serious injuries to obtain favorable results. To cover the traumatized leg, with bone exposure, we resort to muscle flaps. In the proximal 1/3, the gastrocnemius. In the middle 1/3, the soleus. To cover the distal 1/3 of the leg we used the neuro-veno-fascio-cutaneous (sural) flap to the distal pedicle.


Subject(s)
Salvage Therapy , Plastic Surgery Procedures
12.
Rev. méd. Urug ; 40(1)mar. 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BIBSMU | ID: biblio-1536658

ABSTRACT

Los tumores cutáneos presentan una alta prevalencia en dermatología en el mundo, siendo los benignos más frecuentes que los malignos; sin embargo, estos últimos son más estudiados debido a su morbimortalidad. El objetivo principal de este estudio fue conocer los principales diagnósticos y técnicas quirúrgicas correspondientes desarrolladas en el Centro de Tratamiento de Enfermedades de la Piel (CETEP) entre 1996 y 2019, evaluando aspectos clínicos y demográficos. Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo y observacional que incluyó todo paciente con lesión cutánea y posterior resolución quirúrgica de la misma. En la muestra analizada (N 6.659) hubo un predominio del sexo femenino (68%) y la media de edad fue 53 ± 21 años. Los pacientes residían mayoritariamente en Montevideo (58%). Los tumores benignos fueron los más frecuentes (41%), seguidos de los malignos (28%), dentro de éstos: carcinoma basocelular (CBC) 66%, carcinoma espinocelular (CEC) 21% y melanoma (MM) 5%. Las técnicas quirúrgicas realizadas fueron cirugías convencionales (57%), principalmente losange (93%), seguidas de procedimientos de cirugía dermatológica (42%), predominando biopsias (52%) y afeitado con electrocoagulación (23%). Se destaca que el CETEP resolvió un número mayor de pacientes de centros externos que del propio Centro Hospitalario Pereira Rossell (CHPR): 59% no CHPR vs 41% CHPR. En conclusión, este trabajo proporcionó información nacional sobre la epidemiología de distintos tumores cutáneos, así como las técnicas quirúrgicas más utilizadas en su resolución. Además, estableció la importancia de la cirugía dermatológica y la capacidad del CETEP en dar respuesta a pacientes propios tanto como referenciados desde otros centros del sistema público.


Cutaneous tumors have a high prevalence in dermatology worldwide, with benign tumors being more common than malignant ones. Nevertheless, the latter are more extensively studied due to their associated morbidity and mortality. The main objective of this study was to identify the primary diagnoses and corresponding surgical techniques developed at the Center for the Treatment of Skin Diseases (CETEP) between 1996 and 2019, while assessing clinical and demographic aspects. A retrospective, observational study was conducted, including all patients with cutaneous lesions and subsequent surgical resolution of the same. In the analyzed sample (N 6659), there was a predominance of females (68%), and the mean age was 53 ± 21 years. The majority of patients resided in Montevideo (58%). Benign tumors were the most prevalent (41%), followed by malignant tumors (28%), with the latter comprising basal cell carcinoma (BCC) at 66%, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) at 21%, and melanoma (MM) at 5%. The performed surgical techniques included conventional surgeries (57%), primarily using the lozenge method (93%), followed by dermatologic surgery procedures (42%), with a predominance of biopsies (52%) and shave excision with electrocoagulation (23%). It is noteworthy that CETEP resolved a greater number of patients from external centers than from its own hospital, Pereira Rossell Hospital Center (CHPR). 59% non-CHPR vs. 41% CHPR. In conclusion, this study provided national information on the epidemiology of various cutaneous tumors, as well as the most commonly employed surgical techniques in their resolution Furthermore, it emphasized the importance of dermatologic surgery and highlighted the capacity of CETEP to respond to both its own patients and those referred from other centers within the public healthcare system.


Os tumores da pele apresentam alta prevalência na dermatologia em todo mundo, sendo os tumores benignos mais frequentes que os malignos, porém estes últimos são mais estudados devido à sua morbidade e mortalidade. O objetivo principal deste estudo foi conhecer os principais diagnósticos e correspondentes técnicas cirúrgicas desenvolvidas no Centro de Tratamento de Doenças da Pele (CETEP) no período 1996-2019, avaliando aspectos clínicos e demográficos. Foi realizado um estudo retrospectivo e observacional, que incluiu todos os pacientes com lesões cutâneas e com posterior tratamento cirúrgico. Foram estudados 659 pacientes com predomínio do sexo feminino (68%) e média de idade de 53 ± 21 anos. A maioria dos pacientes residiam em Montevidéu (58%). Os tumores benignos foram os mais frequentes (41%), seguidos dos tumores malignos (28%), entre estes: carcinoma basocelular (CBC) 66%, carcinoma espinocelular (CEC) 21% e melanoma (MM) 5%. As técnicas cirúrgicas realizadas foram cirurgias convencionais (57%), principalmente em forma de cunha (93%), seguidas de procedimentos cirúrgicos dermatológicos (42%), predominando biópsias (52%) e shaving com eletrocoagulação (23%). Destaca-se que o CETEP atendeu um número maior de pacientes de centros externos do que do próprio Centro Hospitalar Pereira Rossell (CHPR): 59% não-CHPR vs. 41% CHPR. Concluindo, este trabalho forneceu informações sobre a epidemiologia dos diferentes tumores de pele no país, bem como as técnicas cirúrgicas mais utilizadas no seu tratamento. Além disso, estabeleceu a importância da cirurgia dermatológica e a capacidade do CETEP de atender os pacientes do hospital e também os que foram encaminhados de outros centros da rede pública.

13.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 39(1): 1-5, jan.mar.2024. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1552841

ABSTRACT

A neurofibromatose tipo 1 (NF1) é um distúrbio neurocutâneo hereditário no qual se formam tumores no sistema nervoso (neurofibromas). Os neurofibromas são os tumores benignos mais comuns na NF1. O tipo, o tamanho, o número e a localização dos neurofibromas devem ser considerados para a escolha do tratamento. Apresentamos um caso de NF1, no qual foi realizada uma ampla ressecção do couro cabeludo devido à presença de múltiplos neurofibromas. Associado a isso, a reconstrução foi realizada com retalhos de avanço mais autoenxerto de pele parcial, com resultados favoráveis e boa cobertura das áreas onde os tumores foram removidos.


Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is an inherited neurocutaneous disorder in which tumors form in the nervous system (neurofibromas). Neurofibromas are the most common benign tumors in NF1. The type, size, number, and location of the neurofibromas should be considered for the choice of treatment. We present a case of NF1, in which a wide scalp resection was performed due to the presence of multiple neurofibromas. Associated with this, reconstruction was performed with advancement flaps plus partial skin autograft with favorable results and good coverage of the areas where the tumors were removed.

14.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 39(1): 1-4, jan.mar.2024. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1525801

ABSTRACT

Cútis laxa é uma rara doença do tecido conectivo caracterizada pela disfunção das fibras elásticas. Indivíduos acometidos por essa enfermidade queixam-se de sua aparência envelhecida. Os tratamentos se baseiam no uso de cosméticos ou em técnicas cirúrgicas, sendo a cirurgia plástica uma ferramenta de extrema relevância. A blefaroplastia tem o objetivo de melhorar a aparência senil e proporcionar rejuvenescimento na área ao redor dos olhos, fazendo com que o olhar pareça mais descansado e alerta. Trata-se de um estudo observacional retrospectivo utilizando os dados do prontuário. Relato do Caso: Paciente do sexo feminino, 17 anos, encaminhada ao serviço de Cirurgia Plástica do Hospital Universitário Walter Cantídio, Fortaleza- CE, para tratamento devido à insatisfação com a sua aparência. Submetida a uma blefaroplastia superior e inferior associada a cantopexia sem cantotomia. No período pós-operatório, foi observado resultado satisfatório para a cirurgia proposta e adequada correção das alterações existentes. Conclusão: Observa-se a importância da correção cirúrgica facial nos casos de cútis laxa, ressaltando a relevância da aplicação de técnicas cirúrgicas adequadas e o aprimoramento das mesmas nesse perfil de paciente.


Cutis laxa is a rare connective tissue disease characterized by dysfunction of elastic fibers. Individuals affected by this disease complain about their aged appearance. Treatments are based on the use of cosmetics or surgical techniques, with plastic surgery being an extremely relevant tool. Blepharoplasty aims to improve the senile appearance and provide rejuvenation in the area around the eyes, making the look appear more rested and alert. This is a retrospective observational study using medical record data. Case Report: A female patient, 17 years old, was referred to the Plastic Surgery Service of the Walter Cantídio University Hospital, Fortaleza-CE, for treatment due to dissatisfaction with her appearance. She underwent upper and lower blepharoplasty associated with canthopexy without canthotomy. In the postoperative period, a satisfactory result was observed for the proposed surgery and adequate correction of existing changes. Conclusion: The importance of facial surgical correction in cases of lax skin is observed, highlighting the relevance of applying appropriate surgical techniques and improving them in this patient profile.

15.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 39(1): 1-7, jan.mar.2024. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1525807

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O mercado de procedimento estéticos cresce exponencialmente no Brasil. Tal crescimento tem despertado o interesse de várias categorias profissionais. A decisão de praticar no setor deve considerar as oportunidades de mercado da localidade na qual se pretende atuar. Entretanto, a área carece de análises comparativas documentando prováveis diferenças regionais no país. O objetivo do estudo é descrever as diferenças de mercado em procedimentos estéticos entre os estados e regiões brasileiras. Um índice de potencial consumo de cosmiatria (IPCC) é calculado para tal análise comparativa. Método: Estudo transversal envolvendo prestadores de procedimentos estéticos não cirúrgicos no Brasil. Buscas no Google®-Google Maps® foram conduzidas usando termoschave e entrevistas telefônicas realizadas para obter informações sobre categorias profissionais, tipo de provedores e serviços oferecidos. Valores preditivos positivos foram obtidos para todas as estratégias de busca e usados para estimar o número total de provedores. O tamanho da população e a renda per capita foram considerados para o cálculo dos IPCCs para os estados brasileiros. Resultados: São Paulo, Minas Gerais e Rio de Janeiro apresentaram os maiores IPCCs, sendo 524, 210 e 180, respectivamente. Roraima teve um IPCC de 14, o mais baixo do país. A Região Sudeste apresentou, em média, o maior IPCC (242) entre todas as regiões brasileiras. Conclusão: Considerando o tamanho da população e a renda, a Região Sudeste apresenta as maiores oportunidades de mercado em procedimentos estéticos não cirúrgicos no Brasil. Nossos achados podem ser de interesse para profissionais de saúde e investidores que atuam ou pretendem atuar no setor.


Introduction: The aesthetic procedure market is growing exponentially in Brazil. This growth has aroused the interest of several professional categories. The decision to practice in the sector must consider the market opportunities in the location in which you intend to operate. However, the area lacks comparative analyses documenting probable regional differences in the country. The objective of the study is to describe market differences in aesthetic procedures between Brazilian states and regions. An index of potential cosmetic consumption (IPCC) is calculated for such a comparative analysis. Method: Cross-sectional study involving providers of nonsurgical aesthetic procedures in Brazil. Searches on Google Maps® were conducted using key terms, and telephone interviews were conducted to obtain information on professional categories, types of providers, and services offered. Positive predictive values were obtained for all search strategies and used to estimate the total number of providers. Population size and per capita income were considered to calculate the IPCCs for Brazilian states. Results: São Paulo, Minas Gerais, and Rio de Janeiro presented the highest IPCCs, being 524, 210, and 180, respectively. Roraima had an IPCC of 14, the lowest in the country. The Southeast Region presented, on average, the highest IPCC (242) among all Brazilian regions. Conclusion: Considering population size and income, the Southeast Region presents the greatest market opportunities for nonsurgical aesthetic procedures in Brazil. Our findings may be of interest to healthcare professionals and investors who work or intend to work in the sector.

16.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 39(1): 1-11, jan.mar.2024. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1525813

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O envelhecimento facial é um processo gradual, complexo e multifatorial. É o resultado de mudanças na qualidade, volume e posicionamento dos tecidos. Cirurgiões plásticos têm modificado sua abordagem na cirurgia do rejuvenescimento facial optando pelo plano subaponeurótico (SMAS). O objetivo deste estudo é analisar 100 casos de pacientes operados pela técnica de SMAS profundo, avaliando sua aplicabilidade e eficácia. Método: Foram avaliados 100 pacientes, submetidos a cirurgia plástica facial pela técnica de SMAS profundo - "Deep Smas", e acompanhados por 6 meses. Observou-se a satisfação dos pacientes, número de complicações, número de reoperações, riscos e vantagens da técnica. Resultados: Foram operados 100 pacientes, num período de 3 anos. A idade variou de 41 a 79 anos, sendo 95% sexo feminino. As complicações foram 8 casos (8%) de lesões de ramos do nervo facial, sendo: 4 casos lesão do zigomático, 3 casos de lesão do mandibular e 1 caso de lesão do bucal; houve 1 caso (1%) de queloide retroauricular; 1 caso (1%) de hematoma. Em relação às revisões cirúrgicas, houve 8 casos (8%) de complementação cirúrgica por insatisfação das pacientes. Houve 15% de lesões nervosas entre a 1ª e a 40ª cirurgia, 5% entre a 41ª e a 80ª, e nenhuma lesão entre o 81º e o 100º paciente. Conclusão: O lifting facial profundo ou subSMAS mostrou ser efetivo, proporcionando bons resultados estéticos. Apresenta baixa taxa de recidiva e baixa taxa de morbidade, porém, necessita de uma longa curva de aprendizagem.


Introduction: Facial aging is a gradual, complex, and multifactorial process. It is the result of changes in the quality, volume, and positioning of tissues. Plastic surgeons have modified their approach to facial rejuvenation surgery, opting for the subaponeurotic plane (SMAS). The objective of this study is to analyze 100 cases of patients operated on using the deep SMAS technique, evaluating its applicability and effectiveness. Method: 100 patients were evaluated, undergoing facial plastic surgery using the deep SMAS technique - "Deep Smas", and followed up for 6 months. Patient satisfaction, number of complications, number of reoperations, risks, and advantages of the technique were observed. Results: 100 patients were operated on over 3 years. Age ranged from 41 to 79 years, with 95% being female. The complications were 8 cases (8%) of injuries to branches of the facial nerve, of which 4 cases of zygomatic injury, 3 cases of mandibular injury, and 1 case of buccal injury; there was 1 case (1%) of post-auricular keloid; 1 case (1%) of hematoma. Regarding surgical revisions, there were 8 cases (8%) of surgical completion due to patient dissatisfaction. There were 15% of nerve injuries between the 1st and 40th surgery, 5% between the 41st and 80th, and no injuries between the 81st and 100th patient. Conclusion: Deep facial lifting or subSMAS has proven to be effective, providing good aesthetic results. It has a low recurrence rate and low morbidity rate; however, it requires a long learning curve.

17.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 39(1): 1-5, jan.mar.2024. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1525831

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O trauma de face representa significativa incapacitação para a vítima, além de um desafio para as equipes de saúde devido a sua complexidade e envolvimento de estruturas nobres. Analisar a sua epidemiologia permite coordenar medidas em saúde pública para melhorar o atendimento e a prevenção. Método: Estudo observacional, descritivo, longitudinal, com abordagem retrospectiva a partir dos prontuários dos pacientes vítimas de trauma de face atendidos pela clínica cirúrgica no período entre 2010 e 2019. Resultados: Dentre os 529 prontuários incluídos no estudo e analisados, 71,08% tratava-se de cirurgias eletivas e o restante, 28,92%, de cirurgias de urgência. O trauma foi mais frequente em indivíduos de 20 a 29 anos, o que corresponde a 31,76% do total de casos. Também foi mais frequente em indivíduos do sexo masculino, correspondendo a 78,45% do total de casos. Acidentes automobilísticos foram a causa mais comum, descrita em 22,31% dos prontuários, e a principal fratura, presente em 85,83% dos casos, foi dos ossos próprios do nariz. Conclusão: As vítimas de traumatismo bucomaxilofacial atendidas no Hospital de Clínicas da Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro são predominantemente homens na terceira década de vida, envolvidos em acidentes automobilísticos, com lesões em ossos do nariz que foram abordadas de forma eletiva.


Introduction: Facial trauma represents significant incapacitation for the victim, as well as a challenge for healthcare teams due to its complexity and involvement of important structures. Analyzing its epidemiology allows us to coordinate public health measures to improve care and prevention. Method: Observational, descriptive, longitudinal study with a retrospective approach based on the medical records of patients who suffered facial trauma treated by the surgical clinic between 2010 and 2019. Results: Among in individuals aged 20 to 29 years, which corresponds to 31.76% of total cases. It was also more common in males, corresponding to 78.45% of total cases. Car accidents were the most common cause, described in 22.31% of medical records, and the main fracture, present in 85.83% of cases, was of the bones of the nose. Conclusion: Victims of oral and maxillofacial trauma treated at the Hospital de Clínicas da Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro are predominantly men in their third decade of life, involved in automobile accidents, with injuries to the bones of the nose that were treated electively.

18.
Kinesiologia ; 43(1)20240315.
Article in Spanish, English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1552600

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Las cardiopatías congénitas (CC) en Chile corresponden a la segunda causa de muerte en menores de 1 año, requiriendo cirugías paliativas y/o correctivas el 65% de estas. En el post operatorio frecuentemente se utiliza ventilación mecánica invasiva (VM) y succión endotraqueal (SET) para remover secreciones. Sin embargo, la kinesiología respiratoria (KTR) ha mostrado mejoras significativas en la distensibilidad toracopulmonar (Cest) y resistencia de vía aérea (Rva) en otros grupos de usuarios pediátricos y adultos en VM. Objetivo. Comparar los cambios en la Cest y Rva en usuarios pediátricos en VM post cirugía de cardiopatía congénita (CCC) sometidos a KTR versus SET exclusiva. Métodos. Revisión sistemática de estudios publicados en bases de datos PUBMED, PeDro, Scielo y Google Scholar que comparan el uso de KTR ó SET sobre los cambios en mecánica ventilatoria en usuarios pediátricos en VM post cirugía de cardiopatía congénita, limitados a inglés, español y portugués, excluyendo a sujetos con traqueostomía o con oxigenación por membrana extracorpórea. Se utilizó guía PRISMA para la selección de artículos. Se revisaron 397 artículos y se seleccionó 1 artículo extra de los artículos sugeridos. Se eliminó 1 artículo por duplicidad. Por títulos y resúmenes se seleccionaron 2 artículos, los cuales al leer el texto completo fueron retirados debido a que la población no correspondía a cardiópatas. Resultados. El final de artículos seleccionados fue de 0 artículos, debido a lo cual se removió el operador Booleano "NOT", y se removió la población de cardiopatías. De este modo quedaron 2 artículos seleccionados para la revisión cualitativa final donde se compara KTR versus SET, y KTR en kinesiólogos especialistas y no especialistas, mostrando ambos aumento en la Cest y disminución de la Rva a favor de la KTR, hasta los 30 minutos post intervención. Conclusiones. No se encontraron artículos que demuestren cambios en Cest y Rva con el uso de KTR + SET versus SET exclusiva, en usuarios pediátricos ventilados posterior a CCC. Con la remoción de filtros seleccionamos 2 artículos que demuestran aumento de Cest y disminución de Rva en sujetos pediátricos en VM, uno comparando con SET, y por grupos de especialistas y no especialistas en respiratorio. Se sugieren estudios primarios para evaluar los efectos de esta intervención en esta población.


Introduction. Congenital heart diseases (CHD) are the second general cause for children death under 1 year. In Chile, approximately 65% CHD need surgery, could was palliative or corrective. In the postoperative period, invasive mechanical ventilation (MV) is frequently used as a life support method, but it is associated with complications. Tracheal suction (SET) is regularly used to remove secretions; however, respiratory chest physiotherapy (KTR) has shown significant improvements in thoraco-pulmonary compliance and airway resistance in other groups of pediatrics and adult's users in MV. Objetive. to compare changes in thoraco-pulmonary compliance and airway resistance in pediatric subjects under mechanical ventilation after congenital heart disease surgery comparing chest physiotherapy and exclusive tracheal suction. Methods. systematic review of studies published in PUBMED, PeDro, Scielo and Google Scholar databases who compares KTR or SET use on changes in ventilatory mechanics in pediatric users under MV after congenital heart disease surgery, limited to English, Spanish and Portuguese languages, excluding user with tracheostomy or extracorporeal membrane of oxygenation. It was use the PRISMA guide to articles selection. A search was carried out, with a total of 397 articles reviewed (English: PubMed = 3, PeDro = 8, Scholar = 383; Spanish: Scholar = 3, Scielo = 0; and Portuguese: Scielo = 0). One extra article was selected from the suggested articles, and 1 article was eliminated due to duplication. By titles and abstracts, 2 articles were selected, but the population did not correspond to heart disease. Results. the final selected articles were 0 articles. By this reason, it were removed: Boolean operator "NOT", and congenital heart disease population. Thus, 2 articles were selected for the final qualitative review where it was compares KTR versus SET, and KTR by specialist and non-specialist. Both articles shown improvement in compliance and resistance until 30 minutes post intervention. The CC population was in a 40 to 60% range in both studies. Conclusions. it was no found articles that demonstrate changes in compliance and resistance in the airway with the use of KTR + SET versus exclusive SET in pediatric users after CCC connected to MV. After filter remotion, we found 2 studies shown improves in increase compliance and reduce resistance in pediatric user in MV, ones comparing with SET, and the other one comparing between specialists in respiratory pediatric physiotherapy and not specialists. It suggests to made primary clinical studies about this intervention in CC population.

19.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(2): 196-208, 20240220. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532575

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La deuda económica durante la residencia en cirugía general puede afectar el desempeño profesional, las decisiones de vida y el bienestar psicológico. La información disponible en Colombia es limitada. El objetivo de este estudio fue cuantificar la deuda económica del residente de cirugía general, identificar los factores asociados y evaluar su efecto en el bienestar psicológico. Métodos. Estudio de corte transversal analítico. Se invitó a 380 residentes a diligenciar una encuesta sobre los aspectos relacionados con su deuda económica y se utilizó el WHO-index para evaluar su bienestar psicológico. Resultados. Un total de 259 residentes participaron en el estudio (67,6 %). El 56 % posee una deuda económica promedio de COP $88.000.000 ((US$21.826)). Un alto nivel de endeudamiento se relacionó con el año de residencia, el tipo de institución (privada) y la solicitud de préstamos. Se identificó algún trastorno mental en 14,7 % y un bajo nivel de bienestar psicológico en 56,4 % de los participantes. No se identificó ninguna asociación entre una elevada deuda económica y el bajo bienestar psicológico. Conclusiones. La deuda económica tiene un efecto sobre los residentes. El endeudamiento de los residentes de cirugía en Colombia es altamente prevalente, y no se correlaciona con un pobre bienestar psicológico. La autodeterminación favorece el bienestar psicológico en el posgrado en cirugía general. Existe la necesidad de educación financiera en los residentes. Se requieren nuevos estudios que evalúen las causas del pobre bienestar psicológico.


Introduction. Financial debt during surgery residency can affect professional performance, life decisions, and psychological well-being. The information available in Colombia is limited. The objective of this study is to quantify the financial debt of the general surgery resident, identify the associated factors and evaluate their effect on psychological well-being. Methods. A cross-sectional study was carried out. A total of 380 residents were invited to complete a survey on aspects related to their financial debt, and the WHO-index to evaluate their psychological well-being. Results. A total of 259 residents participated in the study (67.6%). 56% have an average economic debt of $88,000,000 COP (US$21,826). High debt was related to level of residence, type of institution (private), and loan application. Some mental disorder was identified in 14.7% and a low level of psychological well-being in 56.4% of the participants. No association was identified between high financial debt and low psychological well-being. Conclusions. Economic debt has an effect on residents. Financial debt among surgical residents in Colombia is highly prevalent; however, it does not correlate with poor psychological well-being. Self-determination favors psychological well-being in the postgraduate course in general surgery. Likewise, the need for financial education in residents is imminent. New studies are required that thoroughly evaluate the causes of poor well-being.


Subject(s)
Humans , General Surgery , Economics , Psychological Well-Being , Training Support , Education, Medical, Graduate
20.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(2): 209-217, 20240220. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532576

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Los cuidados paliativos responden al sufrimiento de pacientes terminales y requieren personal entrenado para la intervención. Forman parte de la actividad en cirugía, sin embargo, no encontramos información sobre la educación de postgrado en cirugía en Colombia. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el nivel de conocimientos en cuidados paliativos, la calidad de la formación y las estrategias pedagógicas en los residentes. Métodos. Estudio observacional con recolección de la información autodiligenciada por medio electrónico. Resultados. Participaron 228 residentes, 7,8 % mencionaron asistir a rotación en cuidado paliativo y 66,6 % tener contacto con especialistas en cuidados paliativos. El 30,7 % no identificó una estrategia pedagógica clara. El 29,3 % tuvo alto nivel de conocimiento y 21,1 % adecuada calidad de formación. El 83,8 % tuvo un alto nivel en el manejo de obstrucción intestinal. No hubo asociación entre el nivel de conocimiento y las variables evaluadas (p>0,05). Conclusiones. Ni el aprendizaje recibido, ni el año de entrenamiento tuvieron efecto en el nivel percibido de conocimiento. Las competencias en cuidados paliativos, sus métodos y la calidad del aprendizaje son deficientes a nivel de postgrado en cirugía en Colombia. Probablemente está en un currículo oculto. Es necesario implementar estrategias pedagógicas en los currículos de estudios de los programas de formación de cirujanos.


Introduction. Palliative care responds to the suffering of terminal patients and requires trained personnel for intervention. They are part of the activity in surgery; however, we did not find information about postgraduate education in surgery in Colombia. The objective of this study was to evaluate the level of knowledge in palliative care, the quality of training and pedagogical strategies in residents. Methods. Observational study with self-completed information collection by electronic means. Results. A total of 228 residents participated, 7.8% mentioned a palliative care rotation and 66.6% mentioned having contact with palliative care specialists; 30.7% did not identify a clear pedagogical strategy; 29.3% had a high level of knowledge and 21.1% had adequate quality of training; 83.8% had a high level in the management of intestinal obstruction. There was no association between the level of knowledge and the variables evaluated (p>0.05). Conclusions. Neither the learning received nor the year of training had an effect on the perceived level of knowledge. Competencies in palliative care, its methods and the quality of learning are deficient at the postgraduate level in surgery in Colombia. It is probably on a hidden resume. It is necessary to implement pedagogical strategies in the study curricula of surgeon training programs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Palliative Care , General Surgery , Education, Medical, Graduate , Competency-Based Education , Palliative Medicine , Surgical Oncology
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