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1.
RECIIS (Online) ; 18(1)jan.-mar. 2024.
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1553578

ABSTRACT

The aim of this article was to analyze the literature on technological development in telemedicine through bibliometrics, by identifying the state of the art, research gaps, and trends in the literature. The analysis covers a total of 67 articles related to the field of study, published between 2010-2020 in the Springer Link, Science Direct, Wiley Online Library, Web of Science, and Scopus databases. The data was processed using the software StArt, Excel, IBM SPSS Statistics, and Iramuteq. The results presented bibliometric analysis of the articles, classified into the areas of Management (52.2%), IT (25.4%), and Medicine (22.4%), along with a Table of 34 suggestions for future research. Literature trends encompassed six study clusters (health, study, service, technology, patient, and telemedicine), which further subdivided into nine research themes (digital platform, telemedicine service management, telemedicine service operation, end-user perception, business opportunities, healthcare professional perception, covid-19, regulation, and robotics). An observed outcome was a significant increase in the number of publications in the area due to covid-19.


O objetivo deste artigo foi analisar a literatura acerca do desenvolvimento tecnológico na telemedicina, por meio da bibliometria, ao identificar o estado da arte, lacunas de pesquisa e tendências na literatura. Analisou-se 67 artigos relacionados ao campo de estudo, publicados entre 2010-2020 nas bases de dados Springer Link, Science Direct, Wiley Online Library, Web of Science e Scopus. O tratamento dos dados se deu por meio dos softwares StArt, Excel, IBM SPSS Statistics e Iramuteq. Os resultados apresentaram a análise bibliométrica dos artigos, classificados nas áreas de Gestão (52,2%), TI (25,4%) e Medicina (22,4%), e uma tabela com 34 sugestões para pesquisas futuras. As tendências da literatura envolveram seis classes de estudo (saúde, estudo, serviço, tecnologia, paciente e telemedicina), que se subdividiram em nove temas de pesquisa (plataforma digital, gestão do serviço de telemedicina, operação do serviço de telemedicina, percepção do usuário final, oportunidades de negócios, percepção de profissionais de saúde, covid-19, regulamentação e robótica). Observou-se aumento significativo no número de publicações na área devido à covid-19.


El objetivo de este artículo fue analizar la literatura sobre el desarrollo tecnológico en la telemedicina me-diante bibliometría, identificando el estado del arte, las lagunas de investigación y las tendencias en la literatura. Se analizaron un total de 67 artículos relacionados con el campo de estudio, publicados entre 2010-2020 en las bases de datos de Springer Link, Science Direct, Wiley Online Library, Web of Science y Scopus. Los datos fueron procesados utilizando los programas StArt, Excel, IBM SPSS Statistics e Iramuteq. Los resultados presentaron un análisis bibliométrico de los artículos, clasificados en las áreas de Gestión (52,2%), TI (25,4%) y Medicina (22,4%), junto con una tabla de 34 sugerencias para futuras investiga-ciones. Las tendencias en la literatura abarcaron seis clases de estudio (salud, estudio, servicio, tecnología, paciente y telemedicina), que se subdividieron en nueve temas de investigación (plataforma digital, gestión del servicio de telemedicina, operación del servicio de telemedicina, percepción del usuario final, oportuni-dades de negocio, percepción de los profesionales de la salud, covid-19, regulación y robótica). Un resultado observado fue un aumento significativo en el número de publicaciones en el área debido al covid-19.


Subject(s)
Bibliometrics , Databases, Bibliographic , Telemedicine , COVID-19 , Technological Development , Health Personnel
2.
Med. U.P.B ; 43(1): 65-74, ene.-jun. 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1531505

ABSTRACT

Durante el embarazo la mujer experimenta muchos cambios, no solo físicos, también mentales, por eso la salud mental perinatal es de gran importancia en esta etapa. La mayoría de las mujeres en embarazo que desarrollan alguna enfermedad mental durante la gestación, como depresión o ansiedad, no son diagnosticadas, lo que puede generar efectos adversos para la madre y el bebé. En ese sentido, es de gran importancia el tamizaje, diagnóstico, manejo y seguimiento de este grupo. Gracias a los avances tecnológicos podemos contar con las tecnologías de la Información y la comunicación (TIC) para buscar maneras cómo aproximarse a las mujeres en etapa perinatal para el tamizaje y hacer el seguimiento de su salud mental. Así que este artículo de revisión se enfoca en ver su aceptabilidad, la percepción, las barreras al acceso y nuevos desarrollos enfocados en mejorar la salud mental en las mujeres en etapa perinatal.


During pregnancy, a woman experiences many changes, not only physical, but also mental, which is why perinatal mental health is of great importance at this stage. The majority of pregnant women who develop a mental illness during pregnancy, such as depression or anxiety, are not diagnosed, which can cause adverse effects for the mother and baby. In this sense, the screening, diagnosis, management and follow-up of this group is of great importance. Thanks to technological advances, we can count on the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) to find ways to approach women in the perinatal stage for screening and monitoring their mental health. So this review article focuses on seeing its acceptability, perception, barriers to access and new developments focused on improving mental health in perinatal women.


Durante el embarazo la mujer experimenta muchos cambios, no solo físicos, también mentales, por eso la salud mental perinatal es de gran importancia en esta etapa. La mayoría de las mujeres en embarazo que desarrollan alguna enfermedad mental durante la gestación, como depresión o ansiedad, no son diagnosticadas, lo que puede generar efectos adversos para la madre y el bebé. En ese sentido, es de gran importancia el tamizaje, diagnóstico, manejo y seguimiento de este grupo. Gracias a los avances tecnológicos podemos contar con las tecnologías de la Información y la comunicación (TIC) para buscar maneras cómo aproximarse a las mujeres en etapa perinatal para el tamizaje y hacer el seguimiento de su salud mental. Así que este artículo de revisión se enfoca en ver su aceptabilidad, la percepción, las barreras al acceso y nuevos desarrollos enfocados en mejorar la salud mental en las mujeres en etapa perinatal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy
3.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 29(1): e19882022, 2024. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528337

ABSTRACT

Resumo As Tecnologias da Informação e Comunicação em Saúde permitem o armazenamento e processamento de dados digitais, acesso a informações e comunicações à distância. O objetivo deste artigo foi descrever a utilização destas tecnologias para o apoio à prática clínica e educação permanente pelas equipes de saúde da atenção primária à saúde do Brasil no período de 2014 a 2018, no âmbito do Programa de Melhoria do Acesso e da Qualidade na Atenção Básica, segundo características do contexto geopolítico. É um estudo transversal que analisou os dados coletados junto às equipes das Unidades Básicas de Saúde. Foi observada uma crescente utilização pelas equipes dos recursos da Telessaúde, Rede Universitária de Telemedicina e Universidade Aberta do Sistema Único de Saúde para auxílio à prática clínica e educação permanente em saúde. Nas regiões Norte e Nordeste o uso destas tecnologias dobrou, do ciclo II ao ciclo III. A necessidade de investimentos em infraestrutura, recursos humanos na Atenção Primária à Saúde, qualificação e formação profissional é um caminho para o fortalecimento do Sistema Único de Saúde e sua Rede de Atenção em Saúde, contribuindo para um fluxo de atendimento contínuo, com qualidade e acesso universal.


Abstract Information and Communication Technologies in Health allow the storage and processing of digital data, access to information and remote communications. The objective of this article was to describe the use of these Technologies to support clinical practice and continuing education by primary health care teams in Brazil the period of 2014 to 2018, within the scope of the Access and Quality Improvement Program Basic, according to characteristics of the geopolitical context. It's a cross-sectional study that analyzed the data collected from the teams of the Basic Health Units. A growing use by the teams of Telehealth resources, the Telemedicine University Network and the Open University of the Unified Health System was observed to aid clinical practice and permanent health education. In the North and Northeast regions, the use of these Technologies doubled, from cycle II to cycle III. The need for investments in infrastructure, human resources in Primary Health Care, qualification and professional training is a way to strengthen the Unified Health System and its Health Care Network, contributing to a continuous flow of care, with quality and access universal.

4.
Journal of Rural Medicine ; : 40-43, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007137

ABSTRACT

Objective: General practitioners in rural clinics are required to deal with musculoskeletal problems, but they often lack the confidence. We aim to confirm changes in their confidence in orthopedic practices after using tele-education.Materials and Methods: We conducted tele-education in orthopedic practices from June 1, 2022, to November 30, 2022. Using a teleconference system, the first author, an orthopedic specialist, provided tele-education training to an independent general practitioner in a rural clinic. We adopted a 7-point Likert scale to assess the general practitioner’s confidence levels. In pre- and post-research, the counts and confidence levels in the scale were assessed for 18 types of orthopedic practices each month. Furthermore, we interviewed the general practitioner to examine the factors influencing their confidence.Results: The confidence levels increased for all measurement items. The most experienced orthopedic practice was “Advising on daily care for musculoskeletal problems”, with confidence levels increasing from 3 to 6. The least experienced orthopedic practice was “Manipulative reduction of radial head subluxation”, with confidence levels increasing from 4 to 5. The factors that influenced the change in confidence levels were regular feedback and unrestricted availability of consultations.Conclusion: Tele-education in orthopedics may enhance general practitioners’ confidence in orthopedic practices.

5.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e4049, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1530185

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: evaluar las evidencias sobre estrategias de telesalud en la atención de personas con enfermedad renal crónica. Método: revisión integradora de la literatura. La búsqueda de estudios primarios se realizó en seis bases de datos: PubMed/MEDLINE, Web of Science, EMBASE, CINAHL, LILACS y Scopus. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 48 artículos publicados entre 2000 y 2021, la estrategia de telesalud fue aplicada mediante equipo multidisciplinario, médico, enfermero, farmacéutico, nutricionista y trabajador social. De los artículos se extrajo el tipo de estudio, país, estrategia aplicada, escenario, población y profesional. Los estudios fueron seleccionados mediante la lectura de título y resumen (fase 1) y, posteriormente, mediante la lectura completa (fase 2), se los categorizó por estrategia de telesalud. El resumen de resultados se presentó de forma descriptiva y los estudios se clasificaron según el nivel de evidencia. Resultados: el domicilio fue el más representativo en las terapias de diálisis y tratamiento conservador. Se identificaron seis categorías de estrategias de telesalud: dispositivos de monitoreo remoto, teleconsulta, plataforma digital, aplicaciones, estrategias multimodales y contacto telefónico. Conclusión: el uso de esas estrategias para la atención de personas con enfermedad renal crónica tiene diferentes formatos e implementaciones, las mismas son factibles para dicha población en cualquier etapa de la enfermedad y pueden ser aplicadas por diferentes profesionales de la salud especialmente en el ámbito domiciliario. La evidencia ha demostrado que la telesalud favorece la reducción de costos, la accesibilidad a ubicaciones remotas, un mejor seguimiento de la diálisis con resultados positivos sobre el control de los síntomas, la reducción de riesgos y capacitación del paciente.


Objective: to evaluate the evidence about telehealth strategies in caring for people with chronic kidney disease. Method: integrative literature review. The search for primary studies was carried out in six databases: PubMed/MEDLINE, Web of Science, EMBASE, CINAHL, LILACS, and Scopus. The sample consisted of 48 articles published between 2000 and 2021. The telehealth strategy was applied by a multidisciplinary team of doctors, nurses, pharmacists, nutritionis, and social workers. The type of study, country, strategy applied, setting, population, and professional were extracted from the articles. The studies were selected by reading the title and abstract (phase 1) and then reading them in full (phase 2), categorizing them by telehealth strategy. The results were summarized descriptively and the studies were classified according to their level of evidence. Results: the home was the most representative in dialysis and conservative treatment. Six categories of telehealth strategies were identified: remote monitoring devices, teleconsultation, digital platforms, apps, multimodality strategies, and telephone contact. Conclusion: using these strategies for the care of people with chronic kidney disease presents different forms and implementations, being feasible for the renal population at any stage of the disease and applicable by different health professionals with an emphasis on the home environment. The evidence shows that telehealth favors lower cost, accessibility to remote locations, and better monitoring of dialysis with positive resul in symptom control, risk reduction, and patient training.


Objetivo: analisar as evidências sobre as estratégias de telessaúde no atendimento às pessoas com doença renal crônica. Método: revisão integrativa da literatura. A busca pelos estudos primários foi realizada em seis bases de dados: PubMed/MEDLINE, Web of Science, EMBASE, CINAHL, LILACS e Scopus. A amostra foi composta por 48 artigos publicados entre 2000 e 2021, a estratégia de telessaúde foi aplicada por equipe multidisciplinar, médico, enfermeiro, farmacêutico, nutricionista e assistente social. Foram extraídos dos artigos o tipo de estudo, país, estratégia aplicada, cenário, população e profissional. Os estudos foram selecionados por leitura de título e resumo (fase 1) e, após, por leitura completa (fase 2), com sua categorização por estratégia de telessaúde. A síntese dos resultados foi apresentada de forma descritiva e os estudos classificados de acordo com o nível de evidência. Resultados: o domicílio foi o de maior representatividade nas terapias dialíticas e tratamento conservador. Foram identificadas seis categorias de estratégias de telessaúde: dispositivos de monitoramento remoto, teleconsulta, plataforma digital, aplicativos, estratégias multimodalidades e contato telefônico. Conclusão: a utilização dessas estratégias para o atendimento de pessoas com doença renal crônica apresenta diferentes formatos e implementações, sendo viável à população renal em quaisquer fases da doença e aplicável por diferentes profissionais de saúde com ênfase no ambiente domiciliar. As evidências apontaram que a telessaúde favorece a diminuição de custos, acessibilidade aos locais afastados, melhor monitoramento da diálise com resultados positivos no controle dos sintomas, redução dos riscos e treinamento do paciente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Renal Dialysis , Telemedicine , Remote Consultation , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Ambulatory Care Facilities
6.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2023 Aug; 71(8): 2995-3000
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-225169

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Early detection of sight?threatening disorders by technological applications like teleophthalmology and prompt treatment can help decrease visual impairment. This study evaluated the role of teleophthalmology in underserved rural areas along with cost?saving estimates for the end user. Methods: A prospective, observational, cross?sectional hospital?based study was conducted over 3 months. First 1000 teleconsultations were included. None of the patients denied providing informed consent. The patients were consulted at the eight vision centers and three satellite centers of the hospital in the nearby rural and tribal regions closer to their residential places. These vision and satellite centers were connected to the base hospital like a hub and spoke model with a teleophthalmology network. Results: Cataract (n = 301, 30.1%) and refractive error (n = 290, 29%) were the most common diagnosis. 42.1% of patients were referred to base hospital for further evaluation. Thus, a total of 57.9% of patients were not required to visit the base hospital for initial consultation, saving time and money. Furthermore, 15.1% of patients were provided medical treatment at the vision center and satellite center, which helped in making teleophthalmology cost?saving for the patients. An average of Rs. 621/? were saved per patient for the community in our study. Conclusion: Networked teleophthalmology model can be an affordable and feasible tool for providing eye care delivery services in rural and tribal regions of Gujarat and the whole country, especially for the end user. Thus, it may be a workable model in ophthalmology practice with substantial cost saving to the community.

7.
Ter. psicol ; 41(1): 87-109, abr. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515604

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: La violencia contra la mujer (VCM) y la pandemia por COVID-19 son problemáticas que han afectado la salud mental de las mujeres, con secuelas como la depresión. Objetivo: Comparar la eficacia del tratamiento breve de activación conductual (BATD) y la terapia cognitiva conductual (TCC) con adaptaciones culturales administradas online (telesalud) para la depresión en víctimas de VCM durante la COVID-19 en México. Método: Se realizó un ensayo clínico aleatorizado con 20 mujeres mexicanas de 18-60 años con depresión que experimentaron VCM en los últimos seis meses durante la COVID-19. Las participantes fueron asignadas de manera aleatorizada 1:1 a los grupos BATD y TCC. Para el análisis de datos se aplicaron las pruebas Friedman y U de Mann-Whitney, y se estimó el Índice de Cambio Confiable. Resultados: Se encontró una disminución en síntomas depresivos (p < .001) e incremento en los niveles de activación (p < .001) a favor del grupo BATD, al término de la intervención y en el seguimiento en contraste con la TCC. Conclusiones: La BATD mostró ser eficaz en crisis de emergencia sanitaria en contextos de VCM. Aunar evidencia de intervenciones eficientes para esta población contribuye a mitigar las afecciones de salud mental.


Background: Violence against women (VAW) and the COVID-19 pandemic are issues that have affected women's mental health, with sequela such as depression. Objective: To compare the efficacy of brief behavioral activation therapy (BATD) and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) with cultural adaptations administered online by telehealth for depression in victims of VAW during COVID-19 in Mexico. Method: A randomized clinical trial was conducted with 20 Mexican women aged 18-60 years with depression who experienced VAW in the last six months during COVID-19. Participants were randomized 1:1 to the BATD and CBT groups. For data analysis, Friedman and Mann-Whitney U tests were applied, and the Reliable Change Index was estimated. Results: A decrease in depressive symptoms (p < .001) and an increase in activation levels (p < .001) were found in favor of the BATD group at the end of the intervention and at follow-up, in contrast to CBT. Conclusions: BATD was shown to be effective in health emergency crises in VAW contexts. Gathering evidence of efficient interventions for this population contributes to mitigating mental health conditions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Psychotherapy/methods , Depression/therapy , Violence Against Women , Behavior Therapy , Cognitive Behavioral Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Depression/diagnosis , Pandemics , Mexico
8.
RECIIS (Online) ; 17(1): 162-174, jan.-marc. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1419248

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar o uso e os impactos da telessaúde em um Centro Especializado em Reabilitação (CER), sob a perspectiva dos profissionais de saúde, durante a pandemia da covid-19. Trata-se de um estudo transversal analítico realizado com profissionais da saúde de um CER. Utilizou-se questionário desenvolvido pelos pesquisadores sobre o perfil sociodemográfico e a percepção do profissional em relação aos atendimentos realizados à distância. Os dados foram analisados com pacote estatístico SPSS (26,0). Foi adotado nível de significância de 5% (p < 0,05).Amostra composta por 79 profissionais, a maioria formados há mais de dez anos, sem experiências com telessaúde. Houve relação significativa entre quantidade de ferramentas utilizadas com grau de dificuldade, e presença de treinamento com a autossatisfação sobre o atendimento. A escolha da ferramenta está intrinsecamente ligada à disponibilidade, à habilidade e à tarefa a ser realizada. O treinamento prévio demonstrou redução de barreiras e satisfação profissional


The objective of this study was to analyze the use and impacts of telehealth in a Specialized Rehabilitation Center (SRC), from the perspective of health professionals, during the covid-19 pandemic. This is an analytical cross-sectional study carried out with health professionals from a SRC. A questionnaire developed by the researchers was used on the sociodemographic profile and perception of the professional in relation to the consultations performed at a distance. Data were analyzed using the SPSS statistical package (26.0). A significance level of 5% (p < 0.05) was adopted. Sample composed of 79 professionals, most of them graduated for more than ten years, with no experience with telehealth. There was a significant relationship between the number of tools used and the degree of difficulty, and the presence of training, with self-satisfaction with the service. The choice of tool is intrinsically linked to availability, skill and task to be performed. Previous training demonstrated a reduction in barriers and job satisfaction.


El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar el uso y los impactos de la telesalud en un Centro Especializado de Rehabilitación (CER), desde la perspectiva de los profesionales de la salud, durante la pandemia del covid-19. Se trata de un estudio transversal analítico realizado con profesionales de la salud de un CER. Se utilizó un cuestionario elaborado por los investigadores sobre el perfil sociodemográfico y de percepción del profesional en relación a las consultas realizadas a distancia. Los datos se analizaron utilizando el paquete estadístico SPSS (26,0). Se adoptó un nivel de significancia del 5% (p < 0,05). Muestra compuesta por 79 profesionales, la mayoría graduados hace más de diez años, sin experiencia en telesalud. Hubo una relación significativa entre el número de herramientas utilizadas y el grado de dificultad, y la presencia de formación, con la autosatisfacción con el servicio. La elección de la herramienta está intrínsecamente ligada a la disponibilidad, habilidad y tarea a realizar. La formación previa demostró una reducción de las barreras y la satisfacción laboral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Health Personnel , Telemedicine , Patients , Primary Health Care , Research , Medical Care , Telediagnostics , COVID-19
9.
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 13(1)fev., 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1427916

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A telerreabilitação é uma modalidade de atendimento realizado à distância que foi considerada um recurso fundamental durante a pandemia da COVID-19. Entretanto, era uma modalidade ainda não vivenciada por muitos profissionais e familiares. OBJETIVO: Descrever a percepção dos pais ou responsáveis por crianças em tratamento fisioterapêutico, sobre os desafios e as contribuições da experiência com a telerreabilitação realizada em serviço ambulatorial durante a pandemia de COVID-19. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Estudo observacional transversal exploratório, realizado com pais ou responsáveis por crianças, com idade entre 0 a 12 anos, com qualquer condição de saúde neurológica ou musculoesquelética em acompanhamento fisioterapêutico por telerreabilitação, no período de junho a agosto de 2021. Um questionário elaborado pelas autoras com perguntas sobre a percepção dos responsáveis, desafios e contribuições da telerreabilitação foi encaminhado para os responsáveis por meio de um link do Google Forms, via e-mail ou aplicativo de mensagem no celular, e foi auto aplicado. Realizaramse análises descritivas dos dados coletados por meio da frequência de respostas dos pais ou responsáveis nas questões específicas. As variáveis numéricas foram apresentadas como média ± desvio-padrão e as variáveis categóricas, como frequências absolutas e relativas. RESULTADOS: Dezoito responsáveis receberam e responderam o questionário completamente. A mãe foi a responsável mais citada, a maioria das crianças recebeu atendimento duas vezes na semana e o diagnóstico mais prevalente foi paralisia cerebral. Setenta e três por cento dos responsáveis avaliaram a telerreabilitação como acima do nível esperado e com contribuição além de suas expectativas. CONCLUSÃO: De acordo com a percepção dos pais, sobre os desafios e as contribuições da experiência com a telerreabilitação realizada em serviço ambulatorial, os benefícios parecem superar os desafios.


INTRODUCTION: Telerehabilitation is a modality of care provided remotely that was considered a fundamental resource during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, it was a modality not yet experienced by many professionals and family members. OBJECTIVE: To describe the perception of parents or guardians of children undergoing physical therapy, about the challenges and contributions of the experience with telerehabilitation performed in an outpatient service during the COVID-19 pandemics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An exploratory crosssectional observational study carried out with parents or guardians of children, aged between 0 and 12 years old, with any neurological or musculoskeletal health condition in physiotherapeutic treatment by telerehabilitation, from June to August 2021. A questionnaire prepared by the authors with questions about the perception of those responsible, challenges and contributions of telerehabilitation was sent to those responsible through a Google Forms link, by email or mobile messaging app and was self-applied. Descriptive analysis of the data collected was carried out through the frequency of responses from parents or guardians on specific questions. Numerical variables were presented as mean ± standard deviation and categorical variables as absolute and relative frequencies. RESULTS: Eighteen guardians received and answered the questionnaire completely. The mother was the most cited guardian, most children received care twice a week and the most prevalent diagnosis was cerebral palsy. Seventythree percent of those responsible rated telerehabilitation as above the expected level and with a contribution beyond their expectations. According to them, the greatest contribution of telerehabilitation was the satisfactory motor development presented by the children during the period of social isolation. CONCLUSION: According to the parents' perception of the challenges and contributions of the experience with telerehabilitation performed in outpatient service, the benefits seem to outweigh the challenges.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pediatrics , Telerehabilitation
10.
DST j. bras. doenças sex. transm ; 35jan. 31, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1429001

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Telemedicine was leveraged for its contribution to mitigate the impact of COVID-19 in Brazil and worldwide. Objective: We aim to evaluate the acceptability of incorporating teleconsultation through synchronized videoconference by users and professionals in a service specialized in the prevention and treatment of the human immunodeficiency virus and other sexually transmitted infections, and to identify associated factors. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with 410 users and 57 professionals who answered a category-standardized questionnaire. Predictors of acceptability were assessed using logistic regression model. Results: A total of 364 (88.8%) users said they would accept the modality. The factors positively associated with the odds of acceptance were the self-assessment of having favorable conditions to participate in a teleconsultation (aOR 54.8; 95%CI 12.4­242.1; p<0.001), the perception of saving money (aOR 5.2; 95%CI 1.9­14.0; p=0.001), and perceived convenience of the modality (aOR 6.7; 95%CI 2.9­15.9; p<0.001). Factors associated with reduced odds of acceptance were the fear of not being evaluated well (aOR 0.2; 95%CI 0.1­0.4; p<0.001), or remaining long without seeing the professional (aOR 0.2; 95%CI 0.1­0.5; p<0.001). The acceptance of the modality among professionals was 75.4% and the perception of its convenience (aOR 16.8; 95%CI 2.6­108.4; p=0.003) and that the institution has appropriated conditions (aOR 7.7; 95%CI 1.5­40.6; p=0.016) were associated with increased odds of accepting its incorporation in their routine. Conclusion: Governance should invest in infrastructure and support, secure protocols, digital literacy, and training of its users and employees for video teleconsultation. (AU)


Introdução: A telemedicina foi alavancada por sua contribuição para mitigar o impacto da COVID-19 no Brasil e no mundo. Objetivo: Pretendemos avaliar a aceitabilidade da incorporação da teleconsulta por videoconferência síncrona por usuários e profissionais de um serviço especializado na prevenção e tratamento da infecção pelo vírus da imunodeficiência humana (HIV) e outras infecções sexualmente transmissíveis, bem como identificar fatores associados. Métodos: Estudo transversal com 410 usuários e 57 profissionais, que responderam a um questionário padronizado por categoria. Os preditores de aceitabilidade foram avaliados utilizando-se um modelo de regressão logística. Resultados: O total de 364 (88,8%) usuários disseram que aceitariam a modalidade. Os fatores positivamente associados à probabilidade de aceitação foram a autoavaliação quanto a ter condições favoráveis para participar de uma teleconsulta (razão de chances ajustada ­ aOR 54,8; intervalo de confiança de 95% ­ IC95% 12,4­242,1; p<0,001), a percepção de poupar dinheiro (aOR 5,2; IC95% 1,9­14,0; p=0,001) e a percepção de conveniência da modalidade (aOR 6,7; IC95% 2,9­15,9; p<0,001). As menores probabilidades de aceitação foram o medo de não ser bem avaliado (aOR 0,2; IC95% 0,1­0,4; p<0,001) e de permanecer muito tempo sem ver o profissional (aOR 0,2; IC95% 0,1­0,5; p<0,001). A aceitação da modalidade pelos profissionais foi de 75,4% e a percepção de sua conveniência (aOR 16,8; IC95% 2,6­108,4; p=0,003) e a de que a instituição possui condições favoráveis (aOR 7,7; IC95% 1,5­40,6; p=0,016) foram associadas com a maior probabilidade de aceitar a incorporação da modalidade em sua rotina. Conclusão: A governança deve investir em infraestrutura e apoio, protocolos seguros, literacia digital e treinamento de seus usuários e funcionários para a videoconsulta. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/therapy , HIV Infections/therapy , Public Sector , Remote Consultation , Socioeconomic Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
11.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 42: e2024111, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1441062

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To revise the impact of telehealth on the quality of life, reduction in pulmonary exacerbations, number of days using antibiotics, adherence to treatment, pulmonary function, emergency visits, hospitalizations, and the nutritional status of individuals with asthma and cystic fibrosis. Data source: Four databases were used, MEDLINE, LILACS, Web of Science and Cochrane, as well as manual searches in English, Portuguese and Spanish. Randomized clinical trials, published between January 2010 and December 2020, with participants aged 0 to 20 years, were included. Data synthesis: Seventy-one records were identified after the removal of duplicates; however, twelve trials were eligible for synthesis. Included trials utilized: mobile phone applications (n=5), web platforms (n= 4), mobile telemedicine unit (n=1), software with an electronic record (n=1), remote spirometer (n=1), and active video games platform (n=1). Three trials used two tools, including telephone calls. Among the different types of interventions, improvement in adherence, quality of life, and physiologic variables were observed for mobile application interventions and game platforms compared to usual care. Visits to the emergency department, unscheduled medical appointments, and hospitalizations were not reduced. There was considerable heterogeneity among studies. Conclusions: The findings suggest that better control of symptoms, quality of life, and adherence to treatment can be attributed to the technological interventions used. Nevertheless, further research is needed to compare telehealth with face-to-face care and to indicate the most effective tools in the routine care of children with chronic lung diseases.


RESUMO Objetivo: Revisar o impacto da telessaúde na qualidade de vida, redução das exacerbações pulmonares, número de dias em uso de antibióticos, adesão ao tratamento, função pulmonar, visitas à emergência, hospitalizações e estado nutricional de indivíduos com asma e fibrose cística. Fontes de dados: Foram utilizadas quatro base de dados, sendo, MEDLINE, LILACS, Web of Science e Cochrane, além de pesquisas manuais nos idiomas inglês, português e espanhol. Foram incluídos ensaios clínicos randomizados, publicados no período de janeiro de 2010 a dezembro de 2020, com participantes de 0 a 20 anos. Síntese dos dados: Setenta e um registros foram identificados após a remoção das duplicatas e doze estudos foram elegíveis para síntese. Os ensaios utilizaram aplicativos para celular (n=5), plataformas da web (n= 4), unidade de telemedicina móvel (n=1), software com registro eletrônico (n=1), espirômetro remoto (n=1) e plataforma ativa de videogames (n=1). Três ensaios utilizaram duas ferramentas, incluindo chamadas telefônicas. Entre os diferentes tipos de intervenções, observou-se melhora na adesão, qualidade de vida e de variáveis fisiológicas para intervenções de aplicativos móveis e plataformas de jogos em comparação com os cuidados habituais. Visitas ao pronto-socorro, consultas médicas não agendadas e internações não foram reduzidas. Houve considerável heterogeneidade entre os estudos. Conclusões: Os achados sugerem que a melhora do controle dos sintomas, da qualidade de vida e da adesão ao tratamento podem ser atribuídos às intervenções tecnológicas utilizadas. No entanto, mais pesquisas são necessárias para comparar a telessaúde com o atendimento presencial e indicar as ferramentas mais efetivas na rotina de cuidados à população infantil com doenças crônicas pulmonares.

12.
Fisioter. Pesqui. (Online) ; 30: e22009023en, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520915

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Stroke is a chronic health condition that requires monitoring. In this sense, telehealth emerges as a tool to enable better access. However, since it is related to use of technology, this modality might face new barriers. Our goal was to identify, with a systematic literature review, the perceived barriers to telehealth access by stroke patients and conceptualize them within the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) model. The systematic review was carried out in the following electronic databases: PubMed, MEDLINE, SciELO, LILACS, and PEDro; and the combination of descriptors were: "Barriers to Access to Health Care," "Telerehabilitation," "Telehealth," "Stroke," and "Physical Therapy Modalities." The included studies focused on telehealth barriers perceived by stroke patients. Initially, 298 articles were found, 295 via databases search, and three via active search; of these, only six articles were included in this review. Overall, the articles revealed the perception of more than 220 stroke patients, with barriers categorized into eight types, most of them related to the dimensions of Effort Expectancy and Facilitating Conditions of the UTAUT model. The barriers of the Effort Expectation dimension that are related to the knowledge in the use of technologies are likely to be overcome since training can be carried out before the telehealth service. However, the barriers related to the Facilitating Conditions dimension regarding financial aspects, the internet, and home context are difficult to overcome, possibly interfering with user's acceptance of telehealth.


RESUMEN El accidente cerebrovascular (ACV) como una condición de salud requiere de monitoreo. En este contexto, la telesalud emerge como una posibilidad que permite un mejor acceso a los servicios de salud. Sin embargo, dado que esta modalidad está relacionada con el uso de la tecnología, se pueden surgir nuevas barreras. El objetivo de esta investigación fue identificar, mediante una revisión sistemática de la literatura, las barreras percibidas por los pacientes con ACV con respecto al acceso a la telesalud y conceptualizarlas dentro del modelo de la Teoría Unificada de Aceptación y Uso de la Tecnología (UTAUT). La revisión sistemática se realizó en las siguientes bases de datos electrónicas: PubMed, MEDLINE, SciELO, LILACS y PEDro; a partir de la combinación de los descriptores "barreras de acceso a la atención médica", "telerrehabilitación", "telesalud", "accidente cerebrovascular" y "modalidades de fisioterapia". Inicialmente, se encontraron 298 artículos, de los cuales se obtuvieron 295 mediante la búsqueda en la base de datos y tres por la búsqueda activa; de estos, solo seis artículos se incluyeron en la revisión. Los artículos revelaron la percepción de más de 220 sujetos que sufrieron ACV y ocho tipos de barreras; la mayoría de ellas relacionadas con las dimensiones Expectativa de Esfuerzo y Condiciones Facilitadoras del modelo UTAUT. Las barreras de la dimensión Expectativa de Esfuerzo, relacionadas con el conocimiento en el uso de tecnologías, se pueden superar mediante una capacitación previa antes de utilizar la telesalud. Sin embargo, las barreras asociadas con la dimensión de las Condiciones Facilitadoras respecto a los aspectos financieros, de Internet y el contexto del hogar son difíciles de superar y, por lo tanto, pueden interferir en la aceptación del uso de la telesalud por parte del usuario.


RESUMO O acidente vascular cerebral (AVC), como condição crônica de saúde, requer monitoramento. Nesse sentido, a telessaúde surge com o objetivo de possibilitar um melhor acesso aos serviços de saúde. Porém, por estar relacionada ao uso de tecnologia, essa modalidade pode enfrentar novas barreiras. O objetivo desta pesquisa foi identificar, por meio de uma revisão sistemática da literatura, as barreiras percebidas por pacientes com AVC quanto ao acesso à telessaúde e conceituá-las dentro do modelo da Teoria Unificada de Aceitação e Uso de Tecnologia (UTAUT). A revisão sistemática foi realizada nas seguintes bases de dados eletrônicas: PubMed, MEDLINE, SciELO, LILACS e PEDro; por meio da combinação dos descritores "barreiras de acesso aos cuidados de saúde", "telerreabilitação", "telessaúde", "acidente vascular cerebral" e "modalidades de fisioterapia". Inicialmente, foram encontrados 298 artigos, sendo 295 por meio da busca em bases de dados e três por meio de busca ativa, e, destes, apenas seis artigos foram incluídos na revisão. Somados, os artigos revelaram a percepção de mais de 220 indivíduos que sofreram AVC e oito tipos de barreiras, a maioria delas relacionadas às dimensões de Expectativa de Esforço e Condições Facilitadoras do modelo UTAUT. As barreiras da dimensão Expectativa de Esforço relacionadas ao conhecimento no uso de tecnologias são passíveis de serem superadas, pois treinamentos podem ser realizados previamente ao serviço de telessaúde. No entanto, as barreiras relacionadas à dimensão das Condições Facilitadoras no que se refere a aspectos financeiros, internet e contexto domiciliar são difíceis de superar, podendo, portanto, interferir na aceitação do usuário quanto ao uso da telessaúde.

13.
CoDAS ; 35(6): e20220162, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528435

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Desenvolver e verificar a usabilidade de um sistema baseado na internet para telemonitoramento e orientação do usuário de prótese auditiva bem como monitorar o desempenho de longo prazo em um grupo piloto. Método O sistema Escuto, mas não entendo foi desenvolvido baseado em recomendações de literatura para layout, design e conteúdo de orientação e aconselhamento. Seguimos três etapas: planejamento, elaboração do design e conteúdo e teste piloto. A amostra foi formada por 43 adultos e idosos, com perda auditiva, de qualquer tipo e grau, uso regular de prótese auditiva de no mínimo 30 dias e no máximo 24 meses; com habilidade de leitura e sem evidências de comprometimentos cognitivos. Os indivíduos foram acompanhados por um período de oito a 12 meses. O desempenho dos usuários foi monitorado por meio do questionário Speech Spatial and Qualities of Hearing Scale. A usabilidade deste material foi avaliada com o questionário System Usability Scale. Resultados Foi observada melhora de desempenho e aumento de uso diário autorrelatado das próteses auditivas após o período de orientação e telemonitoramento via sistema para todos os participantes da pesquisa. Em todas as análises da escala SUS foi possível observar o desempenho superior a 70 pontos, demonstrando a boa usabilidade do sistema. Na análise do desempenho do SSQ, nos três momentos da pesquisa, observou-se resposta positiva em todos os domínios, mostrando assim uma evolução com o uso das próteses auditivas, com dados significantes para o domínio Audição para a fala. Conclusão A usabilidade do sistema foi considerada adequada pelos indivíduos participantes do estudo.


ABSTRACT Purpose To develop and verify the usability of an internet-based system for telemonitoring and guidance of the hearing aid user as well as monitoring the long-term performance in a pilot group. Methods The system "I can hear, but I can't understand" was developed based on recommendations in the literature regarding layout, design, and content for guidance and advice. Three stages were followed: planning, design and content development, and pilot testing. The sample consisted of 43 adults and older adults with any type and degree of hearing loss, who had been regularly using a hearing aid for at least 30 days and at most 24 months, with reading skills and no evidence of cognitive impairments. The individuals were followed up for 8 to 12 months. The users' performance was monitored with the Speech, Spatial and Qualities of Hearing Scale. The usability of this material was assessed with the System Usability Scale. Results Improved performance and increased self-reported daily use of the hearing aid were observed after the period of guidance and telemonitoring via the system for all research participants. In all analyzes of the SUS scale, it was possible to observe a performance superior to 70 points, demonstrating good usability of the system. In the analysis of the performance of the SSQ, in the three moments of the research, a positive response was observed in all domains, thus showing progress in the use of hearing aids, with significant data for the domain of Hearing Speech. Conclusion The system "I can hear, but I can't understand" proved to be an easy-to-use and effective tool to telemonitor hearing aid users.

14.
Journal of Rural Medicine ; : 233-240, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007004

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The purpose of this research is to describe the social demographics and chief complaints of users of a free medical consultation application in Ibaraki Prefecture, where a free medical consultation application was released.Methods: The present study included users of a telehealth application in Ibaraki Prefecture between April 9 and May 17, 2020, during the state of emergency. User background characteristics were descriptively analyzed to clarify individual factors with the potential to act as barriers to equally using innovative solutions. Additionally, the age and consultation time distribution by sex were examined for those who used the application for COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 issues.Results: Most of the participants were in their thirties. Moreover, 72% were female, with most being in their thirties (86%) and the least being in their sixties (45%). The number of consultations was concentrated between 6 p.m. and 10 p.m., with the least between 1 a.m. and 5 a.m. The telehealth application users were mainly females in their thirties and forties.Conclusions: To prevent the widening of health disparities due to the rapid introduction of telehealth, further research is required to identify why the use of the application did not spread beyond the aforementioned user groups.

15.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1417-1420, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980527

ABSTRACT

Artificial Intelligence(AI)refers to computer simulation of human mental reasoning, decision making, and behavior. AI has been implemented in various medical fields. AI application has shown tremendous potentials in ophthalmology, as it relies heavily on ocular imaging and visual data. The overall potential of AI includes screening, diagnostic grading, automated detection of disease activity, recurrences, quantification of therapeutic effects, and identification of relevant targets for novel therapeutic approaches, enabling personalized health care and large-scale management. This review briefly introduces and comments the main AI applications in ophthalmology, including diabetic retinopathy, age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma, cataract, telehealth, and related topics. The review also points out the opportunities and challenges in AI implement in clinical practice, including clinical and technical challenges, data quality, explainability of the algorithm results, medicolegal and ethical issues.

16.
Fisioter. Mov. (Online) ; 36: e36301, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430327

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The actions and measures taken to mitigate the coronavirus pandemic significantly affected physio-therapy practice. Several initiatives were undertaken after the Federal Council of Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy approved remote care. Thus, we aimed to identify, analyze, and discuss barriers, facilitators, and perceived challenges of telehealth physical therapy during the pandemic by describing an experience. Report description: The interruption of weekly face-to-face consultations led to remote care strategies using asynchronous methods, in the form of phone calls (health education), and a synchronous approach via video calls formats (mind-body practices without a pre-established frequency in the public service and twice weekly in the private sector). The type of personal device determined the health care delivery. The facilitators were interpersonal relationships, patient profile, type of personal device and previous experience with mind-body practices. The barriers were low education level, access to internet and type of connection. Challenges were restriction or absence of therapeutic touch and eye gaze, which are characteristic of the profession. Conclusion Despite its significant potential for the continuity and longitudinality of health care and development of social networks, telehealth depends on technological resources and, as such, tends to be exclusive due to the inequities in Brazil. Additionally, telehealth has relevant repercussions for physical therapy practice, especially therapeutic touch and eye gaze, which are soft skills inherent to the profession.


Resumo Introdução As ações e medidas tomadas para mitigação da pandemia por coronavírus afetaram expressivamente a atuação do profissional fisioterapeuta. A partir da resolução do Conselho Federal de Fisioterapia e Terapia Ocupacional, que aprovou o atendimento remoto, inúmeras iniciativas foram empreendidas. Objetivo Identificar, analisar e discutir barreiras, facilitadores e desafios da telessaúde na atenção fisioterapêutica durante a pandemia. Descrição do relato: A interrupção dos atendimentos presenciais levou ao desenvolvimento de estratégias de telessaúde através de chamada telefônica ou videochamada, em ações assíncronas (educação em saúde) e síncronas (práticas corporais sem frequência pré-estabelecida no setor público e duas vezes por semana no privado). O tipo de dispositivo determinou a modalidade de atendimento. Os facilitadores foram: relações interpessoais, perfil do paciente, tipo de dispositivo e experiência anterior de práticas corporais. As barreiras foram: baixa escolaridade, tipo e qualidade do acesso à internet. Os desafios foram a restrição de olhar e toque característicos da profissão. Conclusão Embora com potencial expressivo de longitudinalidade do cuidado e formação de redes de apoio, o teleatendimento é dependente de recursos tecnológicos, sendo excludente diante das iniquidades do país. O teleatendimento traz relevantes repercussões na atenção fisioterapêutica ao interferir diretamente nas tecnologias leves da profissão.


Subject(s)
Humans , Telemedicine , Pandemics , Physical Therapists , COVID-19 , Primary Health Care , Physical Therapy Modalities , Continuity of Patient Care
17.
São Paulo med. j ; 141(4): e202278, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1432447

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Smartphone and application use can improve communication and monitoring of chronic diseases, including chronic kidney disease, through self-management and increased adherence to treatment. OBJECTIVE: To assess smartphone use in patients with chronic kidney disease on dialysis and their willingness to use mobile applications as a disease self-management strategy. DESIGN AND SETTING: This was a cross-sectional study of chronic kidney disease patients on hemodialysis in the São Francisco Valley in the Northeast Region, Brazil. METHODS: The questionnaire developed by the authors was administered between April and June 2021. Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the construct was 0.69. Associations between the dependent and independent variables were determined using univariate analysis. Multivariate analysis with logistic regression analysis was also performed. RESULTS: A total of 381 patients were included, of whom 64% had a smartphone, although only 3.1% knew of a kidney disease-related application. However, 59.3% believed that using an application could help them manage their disease. Having a smartphone was associated with treatment adherence, higher educational attainment, and higher per capita income. Educational attainment remained an independent factor in multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: More than 64% of patients had a smartphone, although few knew of applications developed for kidney disease. More than half of the population believed that technology use could benefit chronic kidney disease treatment. Smartphone ownership was more common among the younger population, with higher educational attainment and income, and was associated with greater adherence to hemodialysis sessions.

18.
Demetra (Rio J.) ; 18: 67192, 2023. ^etab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1442901

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Frente às recomendações de distanciamento social adotadas durante a pandemia de Covid-19, a assistência nutricional passou a incluir a modalidade de telenutrição na rotina da Atenção Primária à Saúde. Objetivo: Avaliar o teleatendimento de nutrição realizado na Atenção Primária à Saúde durante a pandemia de Covid-19, nas dimensões das orientações de cuidado e manejo de tecnologias. Métodos: Estudo descritivo com usuários adultos e idosos em teleatendimento nutricional de uma Unidade Básica de Saúde no Sul do Brasil, no período entre março de 2020 e março de 2021. Os dados foram coletados dos registros de prontuários eletrônicos e de entrevistas por chamada telefônica. Foram analisadas as características socioeconômicas dos participantes, bem como a avaliação da teleconsulta de nutrição e mudanças alimentares e de estilo de vida resultantes do acompanhamento nutricional, sendo os dados antropométricos obtidos por autorrelato. Utilizou-se estatística descritiva com cálculo de frequência absoluta e relativa, média e desvio padrão. Resultados: Total de 100 usuários entrevistados, sendo 53,0% adultos, a maioria mulheres (72,0%), de cor da pele branca (85,9%) e ensino médio completo (44,0%). O excesso de peso atingiu 78,6% das pessoas. A maioria negou dificuldades para compreender as orientações nutricionais (91,0%) ou necessitar de ajuda para utilizar as tecnologias (81,0%). A avaliação do usuário acerca do atendimento por meio remoto foi positiva, apontando melhora da qualidade da alimentação (79,7%), nos aspectos comportamentais (46,8%) e na prática de atividade física (53,2%). Conclusão: Usuários apresentaram avaliação positiva e boa adaptação ao método de atendimento remoto.


Introduction: Faced with the social distancing recommendations adopted during the Covid-19 pandemic, nutritional assistance began to include telenutrition in the Primary Health Care routine. Objective: To evaluate nutrition telecare in Primary Health Care during the Covid-19 pandemic in the dimensions of care guidelines and technology management. Methods: This is a descriptive study with adult and elderly users in nutritional telecare at a Primary Health Care Unit in Southern Brazil between March 2020 and March 2021. Data were collected from electronic medical records and telephone interviews. The socioeconomic characteristics of the participants were analyzed, as well as the assessment of nutrition teleconsultation and dietary and lifestyle changes resulting from nutritional monitoring, with anthropometric data obtained by self-report. Descriptive statistics were used to calculate absolute and relative frequency, mean, and standard deviation. Results: A total of 100 users were interviewed, 53.0% of whom were adults, most of whom were women (72.0%) with white skin color (85.9%), and completed secondary education (44.0%). Excess weight reached 78.6% of people. The majority denied difficulties in understanding nutritional guidelines (91.0%) or needing help to use technologies (81.0%). The user's assessment of the remote service was positive, pointing to an improvement in the quality of food (79.7%), in behavioral aspects (46.8%), and in the practice of physical activity (53.2%). Conclusion: Users presented a positive evaluation and good adaptation to the remote care method.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Aged , Primary Health Care , Telenutrition , COVID-19
19.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-219147

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Challenges faced by the primary caregivers during the COVID‑19 pandemic help to identify their needs and health seeking behavior during pandemic. Objectives: (1) To describe the factors associated with periodic follow‑up at the hospital which posed as difficulties to their primary caregivers during the COVID‑19 pandemic. (2) To identify the measures adopted by these primary caregivers to overcome those difficulties. MaterialsandMethods: This hospital‑based cross‑sectional observational study was conducted from May to August 2021 among 57 primary caregivers of children with chronic diseases registered before March 1, 2020, who were under periodic follow‑up in our pediatrics department. Data were collected by direct or telephonic interview using a predesigned semi‑structured questionnaire and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics like mean, standard deviation, proportions and paired “t”‑test using Epi info and IBM SPSS trial version 28.0. Results: Frequency of hospital visits of 14 (24.6%) subjects were reduced during the COVID pandemic compared to the prepandemic period. During the COVID pandemic, 42 (73.7%) subjects had faced transportation difficulties, 23 (40.3%) had faced financial difficulties, 22 (38.6%) had skipped their scheduled follow‑up visits and around 31.6% of them have feared of contracting COVID. None had availed telemedicine consultation for their children either before or during the pandemic. Conclusions: Difficulties faced in transportation, fear of contracting COVID, financial difficulties, and lack of awareness of teleconsultation services were identified as their major obstacles.

20.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 29(4)oct.-dic. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1536220

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation, causing pain and stiffness in the joints. SARS-CoV-2 increases the clinical vulnerability of the population with RA and has led to the implementation and/or development of telemedicine. Objective: To describe changes in level of therapeutic adherence, quality of life and capacity for self-care agency, during the follow-up period of a group of patients linked to a non-face-to-face multidisciplinary consultation model during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Methodology: Descriptive cohort study (July to October 2020). Description of the level of therapeutic adherence (Morisky Green Test), quality of life (EuroQOL-5-Dimensions-3-Level-version) and self-care capacity (ASA-R Scale) in the context of a telehealth model. A univariate and bivariate analysis was performed (Stata Software, Considered p-value <0.05). Results: Of 71 patients treated under the telehealth model, 85.9% were women, the age range was between 33 and 86 years with a median of 63. The most prevalent comorbidity was arterial hypertension (35.2%). Quality of life did not change during follow-up nor did adherence to treatment, apart from in one item [the patients did not stop taking the medication when they were well (p = 0.029)]. In self-care capacity, there were significant improvements in five dimensions (p < 0.05), without significant differences in the global score. Conclusion: Patients with RA evaluated in the context of telehealth in a period of pandemic did not present significant changes in quality of life, adherence to treatment, or capacity for self-care, and remained close to baseline values when they attended a traditional face-to-face assessment.


INTRODUCCIÓN: La artritis reumatoide (AR) es una enfermedad autoinmune caracterizada por una inflamación crónica que produce dolor y rigidez articular. El SARS-CoV-2 aumenta la vulnerabilidad clínica en pacientes con AR, lo que ha conllevado la implementación o el desarrollo de la telesalud. OBJETIVO: Describir los cambios en el nivel de adherencia terapéutica, la calidad de vida y la capacidad de autocuidado durante el periodo de seguimiento, en un grupo de pacientes con AR vinculados con un modelo de consulta multidisciplinar no presencial, en el curso de la pandemia por SARS-CoV-2. METODOLOGÍA: Estudio de cohorte descriptiva (julio a octubre del 2020). Descripción del nivel de adherencia terapéutica (TEST MORISKY GREEN), calidad de vida (EUROQOL-5-DIMENSIONS-3-LEVEL-VERSION) y capacidad de autocuidado (Escala ASA-R) en el contexto de un modelo de telesalud. Se realizó análisis univariado y bivariado (SOFTWARE Stata®, valor de p considerado <0,05). RESULTADOS: De 71 pacientes atendidos en modalidad de telesalud, el 85,9% fueron mujeres, la mediana de la edad fue de 63 (33-86) anos. La comorbilidad más prevalente fue la hipertensión (35,2%). La calidad de vida no tuvo cambios durante el seguimiento, al igual que la adherencia al tratamiento, excepto en uno de los ítems (los pacientes no dejaron de tomar la medicación cuando se encontraban bien; p = 0,029). En la capacidad de autocuidado hubo mejoras significativas en 5 dimensiones (p < 0,05), sin diferencias significativas en el puntaje global. CONCLUSIÓN: Los pacientes con AR evaluados en el contexto de la telesalud, en un periodo de pandemia, no presentaron cambios significativos en la calidad de vida, la adherencia al tratamiento y la capacidad de autocuidado; se mantuvieron en niveles similares a los valores basales cuando asistían a valoración tradicional presencial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Musculoskeletal Diseases , Telemedicine , Health Occupations , Joint Diseases , Medicine
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