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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 35-43, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006507

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To evaluate the risk factors for postoperative in-hospital mortality in elderly patients receiving cardiac valvular surgery, and develop a new prediction models using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO)-logistic regression. Methods     The patients≥65 years who underwent cardiac valvular surgery from 2016 to 2018 were collected from the Chinese Cardiac Surgery Registry (CCSR). The patients who received the surgery from January 2016 to June 2018 were allocated to a training set, and the patients who received the surgery from July to December 2018 were allocated to a testing set. The risk factors for postoperative mortality were analyzed and a LASSO-logistic regression prediction model was developed and compared with the EuroSCOREⅡ. Results     A total of 7 163 patients were collected in this study, including 3 939 males and 3 224 females, with a mean age of 69.8±4.5 years. There were 5 774 patients in the training set and 1 389 patients in the testing set. Overall, the in-hospital mortality was 4.0% (290/7 163). The final LASSO-logistic regression model included 7 risk factors: age, preoperative left ventricular ejection fraction, combined coronary artery bypass grafting, creatinine clearance rate, cardiopulmonary bypass time, New York Heart Association cardiac classification. LASSO-logistic regression had a satisfying discrimination and calibration in both training [area under the curve (AUC)=0.785, 0.627] and testing cohorts (AUC=0.739, 0.642), which was superior to EuroSCOREⅡ. Conclusion     The mortality rate for elderly patients undergoing cardiac valvular surgery is relatively high. LASSO-logistic regression model can predict the risk of in-hospital mortality in elderly patients receiving cardiac valvular surgery.

2.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 38(1): 104-109, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423098

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: There are few circulating biomarkers for valvular heart disease. Angiopoietin (Ang) 1, Ang2, and vascular endothelial growth factor are important inflammation-associated cytokines. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical significance and association of Ang1, Ang2, and vascular endothelial growth factor in valvular heart disease. Methods: This is a retrospective study; a total of 62 individuals (valvular heart disease patients [n=42] and healthy controls [n=20]) were included. Plasma levels of Ang1, Ang2, and vascular endothelial growth factor were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. We retrospectively collected the baseline characteristics and short-term outcomes; logistic regression was performed to identify predictor for short-term mortality. Results: Ang2 was significantly decreased in the valvular heart disease group compared with the healthy control group (P=0.023), while no significant difference was observed in the Ang1 and vascular endothelial growth factor levels. The Ang2 level of New York Heart Association (NYHA) I/II patients — but not NYHA III/IV patients — was significantly decreased compared with that of healthy control individuals (NYHA I/II: P=0.017; NYHA III/IV: P=0.485). Univariable logistic regression analysis indicated that Ang2 was a significant independent predictor for short-term mortality (odds ratio 18.75, P=0.033, 95% confidence interval 8.08-102.33). Ang1 was negatively correlated with Ang2 (P=0.032, Pearson's correlation coefficient =-0.317) and was positively correlated with vascular endothelial growth factor (P=0.019, Pearson's correlation coefficient = 0.359). Conclusion: Ang2 might serve as a therapeutic and prognostic target for valvular heart disease.

3.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 120(5): e20220707, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439346

ABSTRACT

Resumo A doença valvar cardíaca é um problema de saúde crescente no mundo. Os pacientes com valvopatia podem apresentar diversas emergências cardiovasculares. O manejo desses pacientes é um desafio no departamento de emergência, principalmente quando a condição cardíaca prévia é desconhecida. Atualmente, recomendações específicas para o manejo inicial são limitadas. A presente revisão integrativa propõe uma abordagem baseada em evidência, de três etapas, desde a suspeita de valvopatia à beira do leito até o tratamento inicial das emergências. A primeira etapa é a suspeita de uma condição valvar subjacente com base nos sinais e sintomas. A segunda etapa consiste na tentativa de confirmação diagnóstica e avaliação da gravidade da valvopatia com exames complementares. Finalmente, a terceira etapa aborda as opções diagnósticas e terapêuticas para insuficiência cardíaca, fibrilação atrial, trombose valvar, febre reumática aguda, e endocardite infecciosa. Além disso, apresentamos imagens de exames complementares e tabelas para apoio aos médicos.


Abstract Valvular heart disease (VHD) is an increasing health problem worldwide. Patients with VHD may experience several cardiovascular-related emergencies. The management of these patients is a challenge in the emergency department, especially when the previous heart condition is unknown. Specific recommendations for the initial management are currently poor. This integrative review proposes an evidence-based three-step approach from bedside VHD suspicion to the initial treatment of the emergencies. The first step is the suspicion of underlying valvular condition based on signs and symptoms. The second step comprises the attempt to confirm the diagnosis and assessment of VHD severity with complementary tests. Finally, the third step addresses the diagnosis and treatment options for heart failure, atrial fibrillation, valvular thrombosis, acute rheumatic fever, and infective endocarditis. In addition, several images of complementary tests and summary tables are provided for physician support.

4.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 78-84, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992916

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics of infantile Takayasu Arteritis (TAK) complicated with cardiac involvements.Methods:The clinical data and cardiac lesions of infantile TAK were collected retrospectively, and the clinical characteristics of the disease were analyzed and summarized. Mainly using decriptive statistical methods.Results:In these 20 cases, 16 cases (80%) had cardiac involvements, only 2 cases had related symptoms. The common lesions were coronary artery lesion (CAL), valvular disease, and elevated myocardial enzymes, while the rare lesions were arrhythmia, pericardial effusion, hypertensive heart disease, and heart failure. One case had acute heart failure, which was systolic heart failure and was accompanied by hypertensive heart disease. All 14 patients with CAL were found by conventional coronary ultrasound screening. A total of 39 CAL were found, all of which were coronary artery dilation, and the left main coronary artery was involved. Five patients had heart valve disease, all of them were valve insufficiency. The involved valves were mitral and tricuspid valves, and one of them was severe insufficiency. Arrhythmias were found in 2 cases, of which P1 was found to have paroxysmal atrial tachycardia with high atrioventricular block at 3 months. All 20 children survived and were in stable condition after being treat with biological agents and/or glucocorticoids. A case of hypertensive heart disease complicated with heart failure was followed up for 4 years, and the cardiac function and blood pressure returned to normal. Fourteen children with CAL lesions were given oral aspirin disease, the CALs disappeared in 10 cases and retracted in 4 cases. During the follow-up of 5 children with heart valves, insufficiency disappeared in 4 cases and improved in 1. No child underwent valve replacement during the follow-up. One of the children with arrhythmia was treated with antiarrhythmic drugs. After treatment, the arrhythmia disappeared. Now they have been followed up for 5 years without recurrence.Conclusion:Infantile TAK has a high incidence of heart involvement, with extensive lesions but insidious clinical symptoms. CALs are common, and heart failure is rare. It should be evaluated and treated as early as possible.

5.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2022 Dec; 65(4): 766-771
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-223341

ABSTRACT

Aims: To study the clinical and pathological manifestations of missed cases of rheumatic heart disease (RHD) and postulate possible reasons behind a missed diagnosis. Materials and Methods: Retrospective 20-year (2000–2019) autopsy data of chronic RHD were reviewed and patients, in whom the valvular deformities had been incidental autopsy findings, were selected. The clinical details of these patients were correlated with the morphology of the affected valves. On this pathological analysis, the patients were assigned to a category of subtle or significant valvular deformity. By clinically correlating, the latter group was subdivided into clinically misdiagnosed, clinically undiagnosed, and sudden cardiac death. Statistical Analysis: Nil. Results: Among the 475 cases of chronic RHD identified at autopsy in the study period, the disease was diagnosed incidentally in 69 patients (14.5%). Significant valvular deformity was noted in 61 cases while the other 8 cases had subtle valvular deformity. The most common cause of death was cardiac failure in 39 out of 69 patients (56%). Eleven (16%) patients had experienced sudden cardiac death. Among the undiagnosed cases, 5 (7%) of them had a diagnosis of non-rheumatic cardiac disease, while the other 14 (20.5%) patients had overwhelming non-cardiac diseases. Conclusions: Our study indicates that mortality and morbidity due to RHD are underdetermined. The patients remain undiagnosed due to either insignificant valvular involvement, clinically silent in the presence of significant valvular deformity, presence of other overwhelming diseases or misdiagnosis partly due to the resemblance with the other pathologies.

6.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-222274

ABSTRACT

A rare case of hereditary spherocytosis (HS) and rheumatic mitral stenosis coexisting in a patient having severe stenosis, atrial fibrillation, and symptoms of the left ventricular dysfunction, along with hemolytic anemia attributed to HS. We present the case of a 58-year-old lady who presented to the emergency department with complaints of increasing shortness of breath for the past week. She was examined to have atrial fibrillation with a fast ventricular rate. On investigations, she was found to have severe rheumatic mitral stenosis with evidence of hemolytic anemia. Further, evaluation of the cause of her anemia revealed HS.This case highlights the importance of the evaluation of anemia in patients with valvular heart diseases. If a treatable cause is found, anemia can be treated to reduce the cardiac burden

7.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 29(4): 441-448, jul.-ago. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1408005

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La endocarditis infecciosa continúa siendo una condición amenazante para la vida, que puede afectar cualquier órgano y sistema, con alta mortalidad, atribuible principalmente a Staphylococcus aureus. Implica un reto diagnóstico y terapéutico, que requiere un cuidado multidisciplinario. Objetivo: Describir las características clínicas y microbiológicas en pacientes con endocarditis infecciosa. Materiales y método: Estudio observacional descriptivo basado en la revisión de historias clínicas en un centro médico de referencia en Medellín, Colombia, incluyendo pacientes mayores de 18 años hospitalizados durante el periodo de enero de 2011 a febrero de 2017. Resultados: 130 pacientes, con edad promedio de 53 años (± 16). La hipertensión arterial y la enfermedad renal crónica fueron la comorbilidad más frecuente (55% y 38%, respectivamente). La fiebre fue el síntoma cardinal (90%). Predominó la endocarditis infecciosa de válvula nativa (85.7%), afectando principalmente la mitral (40%). El agente etiológico más frecuente fue S. aureus (sensible a oxacilina 44%), y se complicaron con embolia el 52.5% y con falla cardiaca el 30.8%. La mortalidad intrahospitalaria fue del 39.2%. Conclusiones: La endocarditis infecciosa tiene variadas manifestaciones clínicas, entre las que destacan la embolia sistémica y la falla cardiaca aguda, que condicionan una mortalidad elevada (mayor que la reportada en otros estudios). El aislamiento microbiológico más frecuente es el bacteriano, principalmente S. aureus, como lo muestra la tendencia global.


Abstract Background: Infective endocarditis continues to be a life-threatening condition, can involve every organ system, with high mortality, attributable mainly to Staphylococcus aureus. It implies a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge, which requires multidisciplinary care. Objective: To describe the clinical and microbiological characteristics in patients with infectious endocarditis. Materials and method: Descriptive observational study, based on the review of medical records in a reference medical center in Medellín, Colombia. Including patients over 18 years hospitalized during the period from January 2011 to February 2017. Results: 130 patients, with an average age of 53 years (± 16). Hypertension and chronic kidney disease was the most common comorbidity (55% and 38%, respectively). Fever was the cardinal symptom (90%). Native valve infective endocarditis predominated (85.7%), mainly affecting the mitral valve (40%). The most frequent etiologic agent was Staphylococcus aureus (oxacillin sensitive 44%), embolism was the main complication by 52.5% followed by heart failure (30.8%). In-hospital mortality was 39.2%. Conclusions: Infective endocarditis has varied clinical manifestations, including systemic embolism and acute heart failure, which lead to high mortality (higher than that reported in other studies). The most frequent microbiological isolation is bacterial, mainly Staphylococcus aureus, as shown by the global trend.

8.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-220278

ABSTRACT

Mitral regurgitation in conduction disorders is a rare feature of functional valve regurgitation. In patients with high-grade atrioventricular block, the onset of ventricular ejection may shift with atrial telesystole; in this case, the rise in left ventricular filling pressure after atrial systole, especially in the case of complete atrioventricular block leading to an inversion of the LA-LV gradient during the supraventricular relaxation phase and diastolic mitral insufficiency can gradually set in , as well as secondary tricuspid regurgitation Here we report the observation of a patient admitted for a complete atrioventricular block, with reversible mitral and tricuspid regurgitation after implantation of a pace maker

9.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(1): 88-98, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365530

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is an important aetiology of aortic stenosis and the use of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has not been fully explored in this cohort. This systematic review and meta-analysis compared the outcomes of TAVI in stenotic BAV against tricuspid aortic valve (TAV). Methods: An electronic literature search was performed in PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Scopus to identify all studies comparing TAVI in stenotic BAV versus TAV. Only studies comparing TAVI in BAV versus TAV were included, without any limit on the study date. Primary endpoints were 30-day and 1-year mortality, while secondary endpoints were postoperative rates of stroke, acute kidney injury (AKI), and permanent pacemaker (PPM) requirement. A trial sequential analysis (TSA) was performed for all endpoints to understand their significance. Results: Thirteen studies met the inclusion criteria (917 BAV and 3079 TAV patients). The BAV cohort was younger (76.8±7.43 years vs. 78.5±7.12 years, P=0.02), had a higher trans-aortic valve gradient (P=0.02), and larger ascending aortic diameters (P<0.0001). No significant difference was shown for primary (30-day mortality [P=0.45] and 1-year mortality [P=0.41]) and secondary endpoints (postoperative stroke [P=0.49], AKI [P=0.14], and PPM requirement [P=0.86]). The BAV group had a higher rate of significant postoperative aortic regurgitation (P=0.002). TSA showed that there was sufficient evidence to conclude the lack of difference in PPM requirements, and 30-day and 1-year mortality between the two cohorts. Conclusion: TAVI gives satisfactory outcomes for treating stenotic BAV and should be considered clinically.

10.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1032-1036, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957333

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors for atrial fibrillation(AF)in elderly Chinese patients with severe valvular heart disease(VHD).Methods:This was a cross-sectional study and consecutively enrolled 978 elderly patients with severe VHD diagnosed in 18 Class A tertiary hospitals across the country from September 2021 to March 2022, including 322(32.9%)patients with concurrent AF.Clinical and echocardiographic data were collected to analyze the risk factors for AF.Results:Among VHD patients, compared with the non-AF group, the AF group was older, had a higher female ratio, higher diastolic blood pressure, higher proportions with cerebrovascular disease and chronic kidney disease, lower serum low density lipoprotein cholesterol and higher serum creatinine, amino-terminal A-type natriuretion peptide and glycosylated hemoglobin.As for echocardiographic parameters, the left atrial diameter was larger, the left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, interventricular septum thickness, and left ventricular posterior wall thickness were smaller in the AF group than in the non-AF group.All of the differences were statistically significant(all P<0.05). The results of multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the left atrial anteroposterior diameter increased( OR=1.166, P<0.01), the left ventricular end-diastolic diameter decreased( OR=0.929, P<0.01), and advanced age( OR=1.051, P<0.05)was an independent risk factor for elderly VHD patients with concurrent AF. Conclusions:In elderly patients with severe VHD, advanced age, an increased left atrial anteroposterior diameter, and a decreased left ventricular end-diastolic diameter were independently associated with AF.Therefore, evaluation of cardiac structure and regular follow-up should be performed in elderly patients with severe VHD for early intervention to reduce the incidence of AF.

11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1525-1529, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955705

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of self-made dynamic cardiovascular three-dimensional model combined with CBL (case-based learning) teaching method in the clerkship of valvular heart disease for medical students.Methods:Sixty five-year clinical medical undergraduates from Nanjing Medical University (Batch 2016) were randomly divided into experimental group and control group. The experimental group received dynamic cardiovascular 3D model combined with CBL teaching method, while the control group received traditional model combined with CBL teaching method. After the course, the teaching effect was evaluated by examination and questionnaire. SPSS 19.0 was used for independent sample t test and chi-square test. Results:Compared with the control group, the students in experimental group had higher scores of basic theoretical knowledge [(43.10±3.51) vs. (40.87±3.19)] and clinical thinking ability [(42.20±3.15) vs. (40.20±3.81)], with significant differences ( P<0.05). Furthermore, they showed higher evaluation and satisfaction to learning initiative and enthusiasm, mastery of theoretical knowledge, clinical thinking ability, classroom learning interest, classroom activity and clarity of knowledge teaching, with significant differences ( P<0.05). Conclusion:In the teaching of valvular heart disease clerkship, the application of self-made dynamic cardiovascular three-dimensional model combined with CBL teaching method, can cultivate students' clinical diagnostic thinking ability and improve teaching quality.

12.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 267-271, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920835

ABSTRACT

@#The incidence of valvular heart disease (VHD) increases with age, and its principal therapy is valve replacement. However, in recent years, the emergence of transcatheter interventions has changed the traditional therapy, making high-risk patients of surgery see dawn of hope. 3D printing technology has developed rapidly since it was applied to the medical field in 1990. Moreover, it has been widely applied in many surgical majors via refined reduction technology. However, the application of 3D printing technology in cardiovascular surgery is still in the preliminary stage, especially in the field of VHD. This article aims to review basic principles of 3D printing technology, its advantages in the therapy of VHD, and its current status of clinical application. Furthermore, this article elaborates current problems and looks forward to the future development direction.

13.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 414-417, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912297

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the long-term results of bipolar radiofrequency(BRF) ablation in restoring sinus rhythm in patients with permanent atrial fibrillation(AF) undergoing surgery for cardiac surgery.Methods:This retrospective study sample consisted of 268 patients with LSP-AF underwent cardiac operations concomitant BRF maze Ⅳ procedure. Data were collected prospectively on perioperative outcomes, rhythm status, survival, and clinical events.Results:15 patients died in the early postoperative period, perioperative mortality rate was 5.5%. The rate of stable sinus rhythm(sSR)was 86.6%, 75.4%, 67.7%, 57.8% in 1, 2, 5, 8 years after operation. Multivariate analysis proved the size of the left atrium( HR=1.073, P<0.001) and duration of AF( HR=1.070, P=0.025) to be an independent predictor of the radiofrequency ablation outcome. Conclusion:Bipolar radiofrequency maze procedure can effectively eliminate AF, maintain long-term of sinus rhythm. Bipolar radiofrequency maze procedure is a safe, easy and effective surgical option for the treatment of AF, with satisfactory long-term results, is worthy of promotion.

14.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1373-1377, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908085

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore and analyze the effect of therapeutic communication system (TCS) intervention mode on Therapeutic effect and quality of life in patients with cardiac valve replacement.Methods:A total of 103 patients with cardiac valve replacement admitted from February 2018 to February 2019 were selected and divided into observation group (51 cases) and control group (52 cases) according to the random number table method. Patients in the control group were treated with staged rehabilitation intervention, while patients in the observation group were treated with staged rehabilitation combined with TCS intervention mode. Patients' prognosis, the score of Short Form 36-item Health Survey (SF-36) before and after intervention, the changes in the score of the Morisky label Scale (MMAS-8) before and after intervention, and perioperative indicators were recorded and compared between the two groups.Results:The quality of life scores of the observation group at 1 month,3 months and 6 months after intervention were (64.42±9.51), (76.23±9.19), (87.24±9.21) points, which were significantly higher than (58.73±9.38), (61.23±9.29), (76.29±9.42) points of the control group ( t values were 3.057, 8.237, 5.964, P<0.05);and also higher than those before intervention (54.29±9.14, 54.45± 9.31), the difference was statistically significant ( F values were 11.358, 7.581, P<0.001); the ICU hospitalization time (43.25±1.72),bed rest time (42.13±8.32) and hospitalization time (16.32±4.20) days in the observation group were significantly lower than (54.34±1.93), (72.33±8.54), (21.24±4.36) days in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( t values were 30.766, 18.174, 5.831, P<0.001); the drug compliance (7.21±0.17) was significantly higher than that of the control group (6.01±0.34) ( t value was 22.588, P<0.001). Conclusion:Stage rehabilitation combined with TCS intervention mode can effectively improve the prognosis and perioperative indicators of patients with heart valve, and improve the quality of life of patients, which is worthy of clinical application.

15.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1400-1408, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923267

ABSTRACT

@#According to new clinical evidence, the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EACTS) updated and published 2021 ESC/EACTS guidelines for the management of valvular heart disease. This new guideline gives recommendation for clinical assessment, internal treatment and intervention for patients with valvular heart disease with/without comorbidities, which is a globally approbatory reference for clinical practice. This article summarized the updated contents of the new guideline in terms of transcatheter therapy for valvular heart disease.

16.
J Ayurveda Integr Med ; 2020 Jan; 11(1): 78-81
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-214115

ABSTRACT

Kabhatika Hridroga (valvular heart disease) embodies a significant part of cardiovascular disease. Thereare many causes for valvular heart disease of which, the rheumatic fever is an important one. This studyis a case report of a patient awaiting mitral valve transplant for valvular heart disease (i.e., mitral stenosisattributed to rheumatic fever), who responded well to Ayurvedic management. After 11 months oftreatment, 3D cardiovascular cartography showed increase in mitral valve area from 1.3 sq cm to 3.52 sqcm (normal size is 4e6 sq cm). The present case report showed that Ayurveda has a great potential forthe treatment of valvular heart disease and merits further research.© 2018 Transdisciplinary University, Bangalore and World Ayurveda Foundation. Publishing Services byElsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

17.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1045-1054, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829204

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the recovery rule of atrial contractility (AC) function after Maze Ⅳ procedure of valvular atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods    In our hospital from March 2016 to April 2018, 103 patients who underwent cryoablation Maze Ⅳ procedure due to mitral valve lesions associated with persistent or long-term persistent AF were enrolled. There were 42 males and 61 females, with an average age of 58.5±9.1 years. Electrocardiogram and echocardiography were followed up at discharge and 1, 3, 6, 12 months after procedure. A multivariate Cox analysis of predictive factors for AC recovery was applied. Results    All the 103 patients were followed up for 1 year. The recovery rate of AC increased gradually after operation. It was not until 3 months after procedure that most of the right atrial contractility (RAC) was accompanied by synchronous recovery of the corresponding left atrial contractility (LAC, Kappa coefficient≥0.40, P<0.05). However, the coexistence of sinus rhythm (SR) and bilateral AC was not consistent well until 1 year after operation (Kappa coefficient≥0.40, P<0.05). One year after procedure, the recovery rates of SR and bilateral AC were 86.4% (89/103) and 66.0% (68/103) respectively. By Cox multivariate regression analysis, longer preoperative AF duration (P=0.040), larger preoperative left atrial diameter (LAD, P=0.003), and AC deletion 3 months after surgery (P=0.037) were predictive factors for AF recurrence in the middle and advanced stages (>3 months) after Maze surgery. At the same time, longer preoperative AF duration and larger preoperative LAD were also negative predictors of middle and late recovery of LAC and bilateral AC (All P<0.05). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that the best critical value of preoperative AF time and preoperative LAD for prediction of AC recovery was 37 months (sensitivity 99.6%, specificity 76.3%) and 60.5 mm (sensitivity 98.5%, specificity 78.9%), respectively. Conclusion    The recovery of AC after Maze procedure is a dynamic improvement process. Early recovery of AC is beneficial to the stable maintenance of SR in the future. Prolonged duration of AF and enlarged LAD have adverse effects on the outcome of Maze Ⅳ procedure.

18.
Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 160-168, 2020.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825972

ABSTRACT

Objectives : We sought to present data relative to valvular heart surgeries from the Japan Cardiovascular Surgery Database in 2017 and 2018 to show current status and trend in Japan. Methods : We extracted data relative to cardiac valve surgeries performed in 2017 and 2018 from the Japan Cardiovascular Surgery Database. We obtained total number of aortic valve replacement procedures and showed trend for these 6 years from 2013 to 2018. The operative mortality rates were shown for representative valve procedures stratified by age group with the aim of showing a bench mark of Japan. Data regarding minimally invasive procedures and transcatheter aortic valve implantation which the Japan Cardiovascular Surgery Database can provide were also presented. Results : Despite dramatic increase of number of transcatheter aortic valve implantation in 2017 and 2018 compared to in 2015 and 2016, surgical aortic valve replacement also increased from 26,054 to 28,202. Regarding the operative mortality of first time valve procedures, it was 1.8% in isolated aortic valve replacement, 0.9% in isolated mitral valve repair, 8.2% in mitral valve replacement with biological prostheses, and 4.6% with mechanical prostheses. For first time valve procedures with concomitant coronary artery bypass, the operative mortality was 5.2% in aortic valve replacement, 4.9% in mitral valve repair. Regarding prosthetic valve selection, 72.6% of patients had biological prosthesis for aortic valve replacement procedures in their 60's, showing trend of increasing percentages of biological valve choice. Regarding minimally invasive procedure, 31.8% of first time isolated mitral valve plasty were performed via right thoracotomy. Though patients who underwent surgery via right thoracotomy had better clinical outcomes, it was also apparent that the patients who underwent surgery via right thoracotomy had lower operative risk profile. Aortic clamp time and cardiopulmonary bypass time were longer in the right thoracotomy patients. 6.3% of the patients who had isolated aortic valve replacement underwent surgery via right thoracotomy. The right thoracotomy aortic valve replacement patients had better clinical outcomes and had more percentage of lower risk profile. The overall mortality of transcatheter aortic valve implantation and surgical aortic valve replacement were 1.5% and 1.8%, respectively. Conclusion : We reported data related to heart valve surgery in 2017 and 2018 from the Japan Cardiovascular Surgery Database.

19.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 762-765, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823419

ABSTRACT

@#Objective 聽 聽To investigate the influence of mechanical and biological valves on clinical benefits of elderly patients with valvular heart disease. Methods 聽 聽We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 280 elderly patients with valvular heart disease treated by valve replacement between 2008 and 2014 year. The patients were divided into two groups by tendency score matching including a group A with biological valves and a group B with mechanical valves. Finally, there were 96 patients in each group. There were 43 males and 53 females at age of 64.41卤6.52 years in the group A, 44 males and 52 females at age of 64.07卤6.20 years in the group B. Results 聽 聽The bleeding rate of skin and mucosa of the group B was significantly higher than that of the group A (P<0.05). There was no statistical difference in mortality within 30 days after operation, all-cause mortality, re-hospitalization rate, re-valve replacement rate, combined atrial flutter/atrial fibrillation ratio, drug use, incidence of cerebral infarction, cerebral hemorrhage, new peripheral vascular embolism and visceral hemorrhage, heart function (NYHA) classification, the cumulative survival rate of all the patients during follow-up (P=0.63), or the cumulative survival rate of the patients with no thrombus/hemorrhage (P=0.75) between the two groups (P>0.05). Conclusion 聽 聽Mechanical valve replacement and bioprosthetic valve replacement in the treatment of valvular heart disease in the elderly can achieve similar clinical benefits and both have clinical application value.

20.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 4580-4587, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847301

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Patients with mitral valve disease have a higher incidence of atrial fibrillation after mitral valve replacement and mitral annuloplasty. Maze surgery is the gold standard for surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation. The effect of artificial valve and valve ring on maze surgery is not clear. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the changes of sinus rhythm-left atrial contractive function after surgical maze ablation of valvular atrial fibrillation and whether valve replacement or valve ring implantation affects the recovery of sinus rhythm-left atrial contractive function. METHODS: From October 2013 to October 2017, 324 patients who underwent surgical maze ablation due to mitral valve lesions associated with persistent or long-term persistent atrial fibrillation in the General Hospital of Northern Theater Command were enrolled. All patients were treated with artificial valve replacement or artificial valve ring implantation after maze operation. The patients were followed up by electrocardiogram and echocardiography at discharge and 1, 3, 6, 12 and 24 months after procedure. A multivariate Cox analysis of predictive factors for left atrial contractive function recuperation was applied. This study was approved by the Medical Ethics Committee of General Hospital of Northern Theater Command (original General Hospital of Shenyang Military Region of Chinese PLA). RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Two patients (0.6%) died during the perioperative period, and the remaining 322 patients were followed up for 2 years. There were no adverse events related to artificial materials during the follow-up. (2) The recovery rate of left atrial contractive function increased gradually after procedure. The coexistence consistency of left atrial contractive function and sinus rhythm was good until 1 year after surgery (Kappa coefficient = 0.75, P 3 months) after surgical maze ablation (all P values 0.05). (4) ROC curve analysis showed that the optimal critical value of preoperative atrial fibrillation time and preoperative left atrial diameter for prediction of left arterial contractive function recovery was 36.5 months (sensitivity 90.5%, specificity 93.7%) and 60.5 mm (sensitivity 93.8%, specificity 85.0%) respectively. (5) These results suggest that the recovery of left atrial contractive function after surgical maze ablation is a dynamic improvement process. Early recovery of left atrial contractive function is beneficial to maintaining stable sinus rhythm in the future. Prolonged duration of atrial fibrillation, enlarged left atrial diameter, and cryoablation mode may have adverse effects on surgical maze ablation. Valve ring implantation or valvular replacement does not affect the efficacy of surgical maze ablation.

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