Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 3 de 3
Add filters

Year range
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 880-885, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750316


@#Objective    To investigate the effect and mechanism of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) on the prevention and treatment of transplant vein graft disease. Methods    The 25 New Zealand white rabbits were divided into three groups: an experimental group [n=8, the rabbit jugular veins transfected with adeno-associated virus vector tipe 2/1 containing CGRP gene (AAV2/1-CGRP)], a carrier group [n=9, transfected with mosaic adeno-associated virus vector tipe 2/1 containing LacZ gene (AAV2/1-LacZ)] and a control group (n=8, saline) and then the cervical veins were implantated into the ipsilateral carotid artery by reverse end-side anastomosis. At 4 weeks after surgery, the pathology of the specimens, CD68 immunohistochemistry, in situ β-galactosidase staining were obtained. The expression of CGRP gene was detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1(MCP- 1), tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) were detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction (real-time PCR). Results    The CGRP and LacZ gene expression was positive at postoperative 4 weeks. The intima/media ratio was significantly inhibited in the experimental group. Macrophage infiltration and expression of inflammatory mediators including MCP-1, TNF-α, iNOS and MMP-9 were also significantly inhibited in the experimental group. Conclusion    Transfection of AAV2/1-CGRP inhibits inflammatory mediator expression, macrophage infiltration and neointimal hyperplasia in experimental vein graft disease.

Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 191-196, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507262


Objective To investigate the correlation between blood routine test indicators and advanced saphenous vein graft disease (SVGD) in patients with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods By defining SVGD as an occlusion of 50% or more of the saphenous vein graft (SVG) excluding distal anastomotic occlusion, patients were divided into SVGD group and non-SVGD group, who suffered CABG over 1 year with recurrent angina and underwent coronary angiography (CAG) operation from March 2015 to January 2016 in Tianjin Chest Hospital. Results of blood routine test data were compared between two groups. The multivariable Logistic regression was analyzed for the relationship between blood routine test indicators and advanced SVGD. Results There were 148 patients in the study, 109 patients in SVGD group and 39 patients in non-SVGD group. There were significant differences in level of red blood cell distribution width (RDW:0.123 2 ± 0.008 9 vs. 0.120 2 ± 0.005 2, P0.127 5[OR (95%CI):4.905 (1.058-22.747), P=0.042], NLR>3.34[OR(95%CI):4.013(1.466-10.987), P=0.007]were independent risk factors for advanced SVGD, as well as PCT>0.185 [OR(95%CI):2.636(1.098-6.324), P=0.030]might be risk factor for advanced SVGD. Conclusion RDW>0.127 5, NLR>3.34 could indicate advanced SVGD. We need more samples to support that PCT>0.185 is used to be risk indicators for advanced SVGD.

Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 295-298, 2000.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366600


This study was designed to assess the role of macrophages in saphenous vein graft disease after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Three newly harvested saphenous vein grafts (SVGs) and 6 SVGs removed from patients 8 to 15 years after CABG (3 were occluded soon after the operation and 3 became diseased after a long period) were immunostained for macrophages and investigated microscopically. No macrophages were detected in the newly harvested SVGs. In the grafts with early occlusion, macrophages were detected only in the superficial layer of the intima. In the grafts that became diseased after a long period, macrophage accumulation was detected at the site of atherosclerotic lesions. In the pathogenesis of arterial atherosclerotic lesions, vascular endothelial cell damage and subsequent subendothelial migration of monocytes/macrophages in the early phase are thought to be very important. This study revealed that macrophage migration into the intima of SVGs occurs soon after surgery and suggested it could be the basis of saphenous vein graft disease occurring long after CABG.