Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 3.804
Filter
1.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 949-963, set-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399512

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O intestino é um órgão vital, entretanto, seu mau funcionamento pode gerar alguns distúrbios como por exemplo, "A síndrome do intestino irritável". O quadro desses pacientes são dores na barriga, inchaço abdominal e alteração na frequência das evacuações e na consistência das fezes. A fisioterapia tem apresentado meios que favorecem analgesia. Objetivo: Verificar os efeitos da Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea (TENS) e do Ultrassom (US) nos sintomas da síndrome do intestino irritável. Método: Foi utilizado o TENS na região abdominal, durante 15 minutos. O Ultrassom foi usado durante 3 minutos em cada região abdominal, somando 12 minutos ao total. O tratamento foi realizado durante um mês, com 9 sessões. Utilizou-se a Escala Visual Analógica (EVA) e o questionário Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (IBDQ). Resultados: Nos sintomas intestinais obteve-se progresso de 5 pontos no questionário IBDQ e nos sintomas emocionais houve uma evolução de 9 pontos, sendo este, estatisticamente significante. Na escala EVA a média de escore diminui de 5,6 para 3,6 ao final da intervenção. Conclusão: A intervenção fisioterapêutica surtiu efeitos positivos e contribuiu para a diminuição da dor e os outros sintomas como: inchaço abdominal e diminuição na quantidade de evacuações e essa evolução auxiliou na qualidade de vida do voluntário.


Introduction: The intestine is a vital organ, however, due to its malfunction, some disorders appear, for example, "The irritable bowel syndrome", patients with this syndrome experience pain in the belly, abdominal swelling, changes in the frequency of bowel movements and stool consistency. Physiotherapy uses means that help to cause analgesia. Objective: To verify the effects of TENS and Ultrasound on the symptoms of the individual with irritable bowel syndrome, contributing to the quality of life. Method: TENS was used in the abdominal region in Burst mode with a frequency of 150Hz with amplitude until it caused a slight contraction, for 15 minutes. Ultrasound was used in continuous mode with a frequency of 1MHZ, with a dose of 0.5w / cm2, for 3 minutes in each abdominal region, adding 12 minutes to the total. The treatment was carried out for one month, with 9 sessions. The EVA scale and the IBDQ questionnaire were used. Results: In the intestinal symptoms there was an improvement of 5 points in the IBDQ questionnaire and in the emotional aspect there was an improvement of 9 points and in the emotional aspect it was statistically significant, passing through the Wilcoxon test, P (est.) = 0.031 P (exact) ) = 0.031. On the EVA scale, the mean score before the intervention was 5.6 and at the end 3.6. Conclusion: The physical therapy intervention had positive effects, helping to reduce pain and other symptoms such as:abdominal swelling, decrease in the amount of bowel movements and this improvement helped the individual's emotional state, however a study on the subject is still necessary.


Introducción: El intestino es un órgano vital, sin embargo, su mal funcionamiento puede generar algunos trastornos como el "síndrome del intestino irritable". Los síntomas de estos pacientes son dolor de estómago, hinchazón abdominal y alteración de la frecuencia de las deposiciones y de la consistencia de las heces. La fisioterapia ha presentado medios que favorecen la analgesia. Objetivo: Verificar los efectos de la Estimulación Nerviosa Eléctrica Transcutánea (TENS) y el Ultrasonido (US) en los síntomas del síndrome del intestino irritable. Método: Se utilizó TENS en la región abdominal durante 15 minutos. Los ultrasonidos se utilizaron durante 3 minutos en cada región abdominal, sumando 12 minutos en total. El tratamiento se llevó a cabo durante un mes, con 9 sesiones. Se utilizaron la Escala Visual Analógica (EVA) y el Cuestionario de Enfermedad Inflamatoria Intestinal (IBDQ). Resultados: En los síntomas intestinales hubo una progresión de 5 puntos en el cuestionario IBDQ y en los síntomas emocionales hubo una evolución de 9 puntos, siendo esto, estadísticamente significativo. En la escala VAS, la puntuación media disminuyó de 5,6 a 3,6 al final de la intervención. Conclusión: La intervención fisioterapéutica tuvo efectos positivos y contribuyó a la reducción del dolor y de otros síntomas como: hinchazón abdominal y disminución de la cantidad de deposiciones y esta evolución ayudó a la calidad de vida del voluntario.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Ultrasonics/instrumentation , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation/instrumentation , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/diagnosis , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/therapy , Quality of Life/psychology , Physical Therapy Modalities/instrumentation , Abdomen , Feces , Analgesia/instrumentation
2.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 748-763, set-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399462

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Pacientes submetidos a grandes cirurgias abdominais apresentam riscos de complicações pós-operatórias. A mobilização precoce vem sendo implementada e cada vez mais aplicada, no intuito de prevenir esses eventos. Objetivo: Demonstrar se a mobilização precoce está associada à melhor funcionalidade no pós-operatório de cirurgias abdominais. Métodos: Revisão integrativa de literatura realizada por meio de uma busca bibliográfica junto aos bancos de dados: BVS, Scielo, PedRO e Pubmed por meio dos descritores: mobilização precoce, deambulação precoce, cuidados pós-operatórios, período pós-operatório, estado funcional, exercício físico, reabilitação, funcionalidade e cirurgia abdominal, nos idiomas inglês, português e espanhol. Resultados: A amostra final foi constituída por 08 artigos científicos, que foram estruturados em forma de quadro para apresentação de suas principais características, dos métodos e os principais resultados. Conclusão: A mobilização precoce está associada ao retorno rápido à funcionalidade da linha de base pré- operatória, as atividades de vida diária, independência funcional, além do tempo de internação mais curto e menor duração dos desagradáveis sintomas pós-operatórios.


Introduction: Patients undergoing major abdominal surgery are at risk of postoperative complications. Early mobilization has been implemented and increasingly applied in order to prevent these events. Objective: to demonstrate whether early mobilization is associated with better functionality in the postoperative period of abdominal surgeries. Methods: an integrative literature review carried out through a literature search in the following databases: BVS, Scielo, PedRO and Pubmed using the descriptors: early mobilization, early ambulation, postoperative care, postoperative period, functional status, physical exercise, rehabilitation, functionality and abdominal surgery, in English, Portuguese and Spanish. Results: The final sample consisted of 08 scientific articles, which were structured in the form of a table to present their main characteristics, methods and main results. Conclusion: Early mobilization interferes with the rapid return to preoperative baseline functionality, activities of daily living, functional independence, in addition to a shorter hospital stay and shorter duration of unpleasant postoperative symptoms.


Introducción: Los pacientes sometidos a cirugías abdominales mayores corren el riesgo de sufrir complicaciones postoperatorias. La movilización temprana se ha implementado y aplicado cada vez más para prevenir estos eventos. Objetivo: Demostrar si la movilización temprana se asocia con una mejor funcionalidad después de la cirugía abdominal. Métodos: Revisión bibliográfica integrativa realizada a través de una búsqueda bibliográfica en las siguientes bases de datos: BVS, Scielo, PedRO y Pubmed utilizando los descriptores: early mobilisation, early ambulation, postoperative care, postoperative period, functional status, physical exercise, rehabilitation, functionality and abdominal surgery, en inglés, portugués y español. Resultados: La muestra final consistió en 08 artículos científicos, que se estructuraron en forma de tabla para presentar sus principales características, los métodos y los principales resultados. Conclusión: La movilización temprana se asocia con un rápido retorno a la funcionalidad de base preoperatoria, a las actividades de la vida diaria, a la independencia funcional, así como a una estancia hospitalaria más corta y a una menor duración de los síntomas postoperatorios desagradables.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Postoperative Care , Thoracic Surgery , Early Ambulation , Postoperative Complications , Postoperative Period , Rehabilitation , Exercise , Libraries, Digital , Abdomen , Functional Status
4.
Medwave ; 22(2): e005919, mar.2022. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366389

ABSTRACT

La transformación nodular angiomatoide esclerosante es una patología vascular benigna del bazo, desarrollada a partir de la pulpa roja, de etiología desconocida. Se postula que puede estar relacionada con la enfermedad por inmunoglobulina 4 y la infección por el virus de Epstein-Barr. La mayoría de los casos son asintomáticos, constituyendo hallazgos incidentales en estudios por imágenes. Presentamos el caso de un paciente masculino de 41 años con antecedentes de tiroidectomía por carcinoma papilar que consulta por fiebre. Recibió tratamiento sintomático y se realizó tomografía computarizada de abdomen por síntomas abdominales inespecíficos. La tomografía evidenció una imagen de aspecto sólido, con tenue realce periférico con el contraste que mide 62 por 52 por 51 milímetros en el polo inferior del bazo. Se realizó esplenectomía que midió 14 por 11 por 4 centímetros y pesó 284 gramos. Se identificó una formación nodular sólida, bien delimitada, con área central de aspecto fibroso, con tractos blanquecinos que delimitan áreas violáceas. La microscopía presentó nódulos coalescentes redondeados de aspecto angiomatoide, con proliferación vascular revestida por células endoteliales sin atipia, entremezclados con células ahusadas, infiltrado de linfocitos y macrófagos. El estroma entre los nódulos mostró proliferación miofibroblástica con linfocitos, plasmocitos y siderófagos. Inmunohistoquímica tuvo marcación positiva en los vasos para CD34 y CD31, sectores positivos para CD8 y negativos para CD34. Una célula positiva para inmunoglobulina 4 (IgG4) por campo de gran aumento. El estudio para Epstein-Barr por reacción en cadena de la polimerasa fue negativo. Para el diagnóstico los estudios de imagen son inespecíficos, por lo que la confirmación diagnóstica la da el estudio histopatológico. La esplenectomía es curativa sin casos reportados hasta la actualidad de transformación maligna o recidiva. No se conocen factores de riesgo y no se han comprobado factores desencadenantes, excepto la asociación de casos con IgG4 y virus de Ebstein-Barr. Por ser una entidad patológica recientemente descrita es necesario recopilar series grandes y revisar nuestros archivos, reevaluando algunos de sus diagnósticos diferenciales para lograr una mejor comprensión de la misma.


Sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation is a benign vascular pathology of the spleen, developed from the red pulp, of unknown etiology; it is postulated that it may be related to IgG4 disease and Epstein-Barr virus infection. Most cases are asymptomatic, constituting incidental findings in imaging studies. We present a 41-year-old male patient with a history of thyroidectomy for papillary carcinoma who consulted for fever, received symptomatic treatment and performed a computed tomography of the abdomen for nonspecific abdominal symptoms, the same evidence in the lower pole of the spleen a solid-looking image with faint Peripheral enhancement with contrast, measures 62x 52x51 mm. A splenectomy measuring 14x 11x4 cm and weighing 284 grams was performed, identifying a solid, well-defined nodular formation, with a central fibrous-looking area, with whitish tracts that delimited purplish areas. Microscopy: rounded angiomatoid-like coalescing nodules, with vascular proliferation lined by endothelial cells without atypia, interspersed with spindle cells, infiltrated by lymphocytes and macrophages. The stroma between the nodules shows myofibroblastic proliferation with lymphocytes, plasma cells, and siderophages. Immunohistochemistry: positive labeling in vessels for CD34 and CD31, positive sectors for CD8 and negative for CD34. One IgG4 positive cell per high power field. The study for Epstein-Barr by Polymesara Chain Reaction was negative. For the diagnosis, the imaging studies are nonspecific, so the diagnostic confirmation is given by the histopathological study. Splenectomy is curative with no reported cases of malignant transformation or recurrence to date. There are no known risk factors and no triggering factors have been proven, except the association of cases with IgG4 and Ebstein-Barr virus. As it is a recently described pathological entity, it is necessary to collect large series and review our files, reevaluating some of its differential diagnoses to achieve a better understanding of it


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous/diagnosis , Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous/pathology , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/pathology , Spleen/pathology , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Endothelial Cells/pathology , Abdomen/pathology
5.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(1): 112-119, feb. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388911

ABSTRACT

Resumen El trasplante hepático con donante vivo (THDV) es un procedimiento complejo y desafiante para el cirujano, ya que exige garantizar tanto la máxima seguridad para el donante, así como también, la mejor calidad del injerto para el receptor. Debido a lo anterior, la implementación de la cirugía mini-invasiva ha sido lenta en esta área. Sin embargo, en los últimos 10 años, gracias a los avances que ha experimentado la cirugía hepática laparoscópica, ha aumentado el interés de algunos grupos altamente especializados por incorporar la cirugía mini-invasiva a la cirugía del donante, principalmente en trasplante hepático donante vivo adulto-pediátrico (THDVA-P). Los favorables resultados obtenidos en esta área incluso han llevado a los expertos en el tema, a categorizar el abordaje laparoscópico para la cirugía del donante como el procedimiento estándar en THDVA-P. Contrario a lo anterior, la implementación de la laparoscopía para trasplante hepático donante vivo adulto-adulto (THDVA-A), es más compleja y requiere en su mayoría, una hepatectomía de lóbulo derecho o izquierdo para cumplir con las necesidades volumétricas del receptor. Esta cirugía es de mayor dificultad y riesgo para el donante, por lo que su indicación por vía mini-invasiva está limitada a centros de alto volumen y preparación, tanto en laparoscopía, como en trasplante hepático. En este trabajo, se busca dar a conocer la técnica quirúrgica y nuestra experiencia inicial con la primera hepatectomía derecha totalmente laparoscópica (HDTL) para THDVA-A realizada en Chile.


Living donor liver transplantation is a complex and challenging procedure. The surgeon needs to guarantee maximum safety for the donor, as well as the best quality of the graft for the recipient. For this reason, the implementation of mini-invasive surgery has been slow in this area. However, in the last 10 years, due to the advances in laparoscopic liver surgery, the interest of some highly specialized groups has increased in incorporating mini-invasive surgery into donor surgery, mainly in pediatric living donor liver transplantation. The favorable results obtained in this field, have even led to turn this procedure, into the technique of choice for pediatric living donor liver transplantation. Nevertheless, this procedure is even more challenging for adult-to-adult living donor transplantation. To meet the volumetric criteria of an adult, a complete hepatectomy of right or left lobe is mostly required. This surgery is of greater complexity and risk for the donor, so its indication by minimally invasive approach is limited to high-volume centers with preparation, both in laparoscopy and liver transplants. In this report we seek to present our surgical technique and initial experience with the first pure laparoscopic right hepatectomy for adult-to-adult living donor liver transplantation carried out in Chile.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Laparoscopy , Living Donors , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Chile , Liver Transplantation/methods , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Abdomen/diagnostic imaging , Hepatectomy
6.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 555-557, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940959

ABSTRACT

A 59-year-old male patient with local sinus tract formation due to residual foreign body was admitted to the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University College of Medicine on December 17, 2018. The examination showed that the residual foreign body was the component of a sticky cloth implanted when the patient underwent appendectomy 27 years ago. Hypertrophic scar developed at the right-lower abdominal incision for appendectomy 23 years ago and the secondary infection after cicatrectomy resulted in non-healing of the wound. The chronic refractory wound healed completely after surgical treatment in our hospital after this admission. The postoperative pathological examination revealed local inflammatory granuloma. This case suggests that chronic refractory wound is likely to form when secondary infection occurs following the surgical procedure near the implant, and aggressive surgery is an effective way to solve this problem.


Subject(s)
Abdomen , Abdominal Cavity , Cicatrix, Hypertrophic , Coinfection , Foreign Bodies/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939667

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effect of somatostatin on postoperative gastrointestinal function and stress level in children with acute abdomen.@*METHODS@#A total of 102 children with acute abdomen who underwent surgery in Xuzhou Children's Hospital from August 2019 to June 2021 were enrolled as subjects and were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, with 51 children in each group. The children in the control group were given conventional treatment such as hemostasis and anti-infective therapy after surgery, and those in the observation group were given somatostatin in addition to conventional treatment. Peripheral blood samples were collected from both groups before surgery and on days 1 and 5 after surgery. The two groups were compared in terms of the serum levels of endothelin-1 (ET-1), adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), cortisol, gastrin, and motilin, postoperative recovery, and the incidence rate of complications.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in the serum levels of ET-1, ACTH, cortisol, gastrin, and motilin between the two groups before surgery (P>0.05). Compared with the control group, the observation group had significantly lower serum levels of ET-1, ACTH, and cortisol on days 1 and 5 after surgery (P<0.05) and significantly higher levels of motilin and gastrin on day 5 after surgery (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the observation group had significantly shorter time to first passage of flatus, first bowel sounds, and first defecation after surgery, as well as a significantly shorter length of hospital stay (P<0.05). The incidence rate of complications in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group (6% vs 24%, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In children with acute abdomen, somatostatin can significantly reduce postoperative stress response, improve gastrointestinal function, and reduce the incidence rate of complications, thereby helping to achieve a good prognosis.


Subject(s)
Abdomen , Abdomen, Acute , Adrenocorticotropic Hormone , Child , Gastrins , Humans , Hydrocortisone , Motilin , Postoperative Complications , Prospective Studies , Somatostatin/therapeutic use
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927375

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To examine the bone proportional measurement standard on the chest and abdomen of modern women.@*METHODS@#The height, weight and distances of bone proportional measurement chest and abdomen of 101 young females were measured. The height was divided by 75 to calculate the data of bone proportional measurement, and compared with the national standard published in 2006 and the ancient literature of Miraculous Pivot: Gudu.@*RESULTS@#The bone proportional distances between two nipples and two coracoid processes of women were 8 cun and 12 cun respectively, which were in line with the 2006 national standard. The bone proportional distance from navel to superior margin of pubic symphysis (Qugu) was 6.5 cun, which was consistent with the ancient literature of Miraculous Pivot: Gudu. The bone proportional distance from suprasternal fossa to the middle point of xiphisternal synchondrosis (Qigu) was less than 9 cun, while the bone proportional distance from Qigu to navel was more than 8 cun, resulting in the ratio less than 9︰8. The bone proportional distance from suprasternal fossa to the middle point of xiphoid process was 9 cun, corresponding to the ratio of 9︰8 when comparing with the measurement from the middle point of xiphoid process to navel.@*CONCLUSION@#The bone proportional distance measurement between two nipples and two coracoid processes of women should follow the 2006 national standard, and the bone proportional distance measurement from navel to superior margin of pubic symphysis should follow the standard of Miraculous Pivot: Gudu. The middle point of xiphisternal synchondrosis should be replaced by the middle point of xiphoid process.


Subject(s)
Abdomen , Abdominal Cavity , Acupuncture Points , Bone and Bones , Female , Humans , Umbilicus
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927328

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effect of SUN 's abdominal acupuncture and conventional acupuncture in the treatment of depression after methamphetamine withdrawal.@*METHODS@#A total of 80 female patients with depression after methamphetamine withdrawal were randomly divided into an observation group (40 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a control group (40 cases, 2 cases dropped off). The control group was treated with conventional acupuncture at Baihui (GV 20), Yintang (GV 29), Taichong (LR 3), Shenmen (HT 7), Neiguan (PC 6), Danzhong (GV 17), and the observation group was treated with SUN 's abdominal acupuncture at area 1 of the abdomen and area 8 of the abdomen. Both groups were treated once a day, 30 min each time, 6 days as a course of treatment, 1 day rest between treatment courses, a total of 4 courses of treatment. The scores of withdrawal symptoms, Hamilton depression scale (HAMD), Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) scale and serum serotonin (5-HT) level were compared between the two groups before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the scores of withdrawal symptoms, HAMD and the various scores and total score of PSQI scale in the two groups were all lower than before treatment (P<0.01), and the scores of withdrawal symptoms, HAMD and the sleep quality, time to fall asleep, sleep time scores and total score of PSQI in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.05, P<0.01). After treatment, the serum 5-HT level of the two groups was increased (P<0.01), and that in the observation group was higher than the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#SUN 's abdominal acupuncture can improve withdrawal symptom, depression and sleep quality, increase serum 5-HT content in treatment of depression after methamphetamine withdrawal, and has better effect than conventional acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Abdomen , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Depression/therapy , Female , Humans , Methamphetamine/adverse effects , Sleep Quality , Substance Withdrawal Syndrome/therapy , Treatment Outcome
10.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(4): 482-486, dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1356959

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Los quistes hepáticos simples (QHS) son las lesiones hepáticas más frecuentes. Cursan habitualmente asintomáticas, aunque cuando alcanzan gran tamaño pueden causar síntomas. El objetivo del presente artículo es presentar una complicación excepcional de los QHS. Presentamos a una mujer de 61 años con historia de QHS múltiples que acude a Urgencias por dolor abdominal brusco sin antecedente traumático. Ante la sospecha de rotura quística espontánea, se realiza tomografía computarizada (TC) abdominal que confirma el diagnóstico. Se decide tratamiento conservador con buena evolución. Tras el episodio agudo es intervenida quirúrgicamente realizándose destechamiento de los quistes. a rotura de los QHS es una complicación excepcional que habitualmente cursa con dolor abdominal. Debido a su baja frecuencia no existe un tratamiento estándar. Se acepta que el tratamiento conservador es una buena opción en pacientes sin signos de peritonitis, mientras que la cirugía urgente está indicada en pacientes con abdomen agudo.


ABSTRACT Simple liver cysts (SLC) are the most common liver tumors. They are usually asymptomatic but large cysts may produce symptoms. The aim of this article is to report a rare complication of SLC. We report the case of a 61-year-old woman with a history of multiple SLCs who sought medical care due to sudden abdominal pain not associated with trauma. A probable diagnosis of spontaneous rupture was made, and the patient underwent computed tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen which confirmed the suspicion. Conservative treatment was decided, with favorable outcome. After the acute episode the patient underwent surgery and the cysts were unroofed. Rupture of SLC is a rare complication that usually presents with abdominal pain. There is no standard of care due to the low incidence of this complication. The conservative approach is a good option in patients without signs of peritonitis, while emergency surgery is indicated in patients with acute abdomen.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Rupture, Spontaneous , Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Conservative Treatment , Abdomen, Acute/surgery , Liver , Women , Wounds and Injuries , Cysts , Diagnosis , Abdomen , Abdomen, Acute
11.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(4): 536-538, oct.-dic. 2021. graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360981

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los tumores del estroma gastrointestinal (GIST) son tumores infrecuentes del tracto digestivo. Sus localizaciones más frecuentes son el estómago, intestino delgado, colon y recto; su aparición en otros lugares fuera del trato gastrointestinal como el mesenterio, epiplón o retroperitoneo es infrecuente. La tomografía axial computarizada (TAC) y la resonancia magnética (RM) son los estudios de imágenes de primera elección. La recesión quirúrgica es el estándar de oro para los tumores localizados y en los tumores avanzados o metastásicos son tratados con imatinib. A continuación, se presenta el caso de un paciente masculino de 53 años de edad sin antecedentes de patologías previos con cuadro clínico de dolor abdominal generalizado, pérdida de peso de 20 kg aproximadamente, distención abdominal, melena, hematemesis y astenia; en el examen físico presentó abdomen distendido y en la palpación se encontró endurecimiento epigástrico y mesogástrico, y marco colónico izquierdo. En la tomografía de abdomen se observó una masa tumoral de aspecto infiltrativo de aparente origen gástrico, con crecimiento extragástrico e infiltración del bazo, páncreas, raíz mesentérica, epiplón mayor, colon transverso, asas intestinales delgadas e infiltración en el hilio hepático, y metástasis hepática. Además, el cuadro se asoció con enfermedad respiratoria por coronavirus del síndrome respiratorio agudo grave de tipo 2 (SARS-CoV-2; neumonía por coronavirus de 2019 [COVID-19]). Se realizó una biopsia percutánea ecodirigida en el hipocondrio izquierdo y la histología reportó un GIST. En este artículo se revisa la clínica, diagnóstico y tratamiento del GIST gigante extradigestivo.


Abstract Giant extraintestinal gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) are rare tumors of the digestive tract. Its most frequent locations are the stomach, small intestine, colon, and rectum. Its appearance in other places outside the gastrointestinal tract such as the mesentery, omentum, or retroperitoneum is infrequent. Computerized axial tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are the imaging studies of the first choice. Surgical recession is the gold standard for localized tumors and advanced or metastatic tumors are treated with imatinib. This study presents the case of a male patient of 53 years with no history of previous pathologies. The patient was admitted with a clinical condition of generalized abdominal pain, weight loss of approximately 20 kg, abdominal distention, melena, hematemesis, and asthenia. Physical examination revealed a distended abdomen and palpation revealed epigastric and mesogastric hardening and left colonic frame. The abdominal tomography revealed a tumor mass with an infiltrative appearance of apparent gastric origin, with extragastric growth and infiltration of the spleen, pancreas, mesenteric root, greater omentum, transverse colon, thin intestinal loops, and infiltration in the hepatic hilum, and liver metastases. Moreover, the condition was related to the severe acute respiratory syndrome type 2 coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2). An ultrasound-guided percutaneous biopsy was performed in the left upper quadrant and histology reported a GIST. In this article medical condition, diagnosis, and treatment of the Giant extraintestinal gastrointestinal stromal, is reviewed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Gastrointestinal Tract , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , SARS-CoV-2 , Neoplasms , Pathology , Rectum , Stomach , Tomography , Abdominal Pain , Colon , Diagnosis , Abdomen
12.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 28(2): 86-91, abr./jun. 2021. il.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1367378

ABSTRACT

O conhecimento da localização dos órgãos nas diferentes regiões do corpo do animal é essencial para a prática clínica, cirúrgica e para o diagnóstico por imagem. O objetivo do estudo foi descrever a anatomia topográfica abdominal do Didelphisalbiventris. Foram utilizados quatro cadáveres (animais jovens), dois destes destinados para o estudo macroscópico em peças a fresco e os outros fixados em solução aquosa de formaldeído a 10%. Os cadáveres foram dissecados e as estruturas anatômicas identificadas, analisadas e fotografadas. A maioria dos órgãos localizados na região abdominal dos cadáveres da espécie D. albiventris apresentou posição similar aos dos caninos, porém, alguns órgãos e a localização de determinadas estruturas apresentaram particularidades importantes, como a presença dos ossos epipúbicos, a ausência do lobo hepático quadrado, a presença de um ceco desenvolvido e o cólon dividido em três segmentos.


The knowledge about localization of organs in different regions of the animal's body is essential for clinical, surgical and diagnostic imaging practice. The purpose of this study was to describe the abdominal topographic anatomy of Didelphis albiventris. Was used four dead bodys (young animals), two of these was intended for the macroscopic study of fresh pieces and the others fixed in 10% aqueous formaldehyde solution. The corpses was dissected and the anatomic structures was identified, analyzed and photographed. Most of the organs located in the abdominal region of cadavers from species D. albiventris presented structure and position similar to canines, however some of these organs and localization of structures presented important particularities, like the presence of epipubic bones, absence of square hepatic lobe, presence of an developed cecum and colon divided into three segments.


Subject(s)
Animals , Opossums/anatomy & histology , Anatomy, Veterinary , Abdominal Muscles/anatomy & histology , Abdomen/anatomy & histology
13.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 97(2): 219-224, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287027

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: To summarize and differentiate abdominal ultrasound findings of necrotizing enterocolitis and food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome. Methods: From January 2017 to December 2018, the abdominal ultrasound results of 304 cases diagnosed necrotizing enterocolitis or food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome were retrospectively analyzed. The presence of pneumatosis intestinalis, portal venous gas, bowel wall thickening, intestinal motility, focal fluid collections and hypoechoic change of gallbladder wall were calculated, and the results were compared and analyzed. Results: Pneumatosis intestinalis, portal venous gas, bowel wall thickening, intestinal motility weakened/absent, focal fluid collections and hypoechoic change of gallbladder wall can be found in both necrotizing enterocolitis and food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome infants. However, in infants with necrotizing enterocolitis, intestinal motility was weakened/absent in whole abdomen, and in food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome, it only involved isolated segment of bowel. The positive rates of above signs in necrotizing enterocolitis infants were significantly higher than those in food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (p < 0.01). Moreover, it was observed that the rate of weakened intestinal motility besides the lesion segment of bowel in necrotizing enterocolitis infants was 100%, and in food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome infants, it was 0%, which is supposed to be a main sign for identification. Conclusion: In the early stage, abdominal ultrasound can be used to differentiate necrotizing enterocolitis and food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/diagnostic imaging , Infant, Newborn, Diseases , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography , Abdomen/diagnostic imaging
14.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(2): 383-394, Mar.-Apr. 2021. graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1248923

ABSTRACT

This study used B-mode and Doppler ultrasonography to characterize the abdominal structures of healthy peccaries raised in captivity. Fifteen peccaries were used for this study. The urinary vesicle appeared as an ovoid structure, located in the abdominal and pelvic transition, with a hyperechogenic, thin, smooth, and regular wall. The kidneys presented retroperitoneal topography and had similar sizes. The kidney/aorta ratio had an average value of 10.53±15cm (right) and 10.23±0.12 (left). The right adrenal gland had a length of 1.93±0.34cm and diameter of 0.56±0.16cm. The left adrenal gland had a length of 1.85±0.42cm and diameter of 0.52±0.11cm. The spleen had a diameter of 1.13±0.18cm. The hepatic vein demonstrated polyphasic flow in pulsed Doppler, with two retrograde peaks and an anterograde peak with a flow velocity of 25.7±0.83cm/s. The abdominal aorta had a diameter of 0.58±0.05cm and a flow velocity of 115.17±5.32cm/s. The morphological and hemodynamic study of the abdominal structures of the peccary, observed through B-mode and Doppler ultrasonography, aided in identifying the size, shape, position, echogenicity, and echotexture of the abdominal organs and in making inferences about the normal parameters for these structures in this species.(AU)


Este estudo teve como objetivo utilizar as ultrassonografias de modo-B e Doppler para caracterizar as estruturas abdominais de um cateto sadio criado em cativeiro. Quinze catetos foram utilizados para este estudo. A vesícula urinária apareceu como uma estrutura ovoide, localizada na transição entre as partes abdominal e pélvica, com uma parede hiperecogênica, fina, lisa e regular. Os rins apresentaram topografia retroperitoneal e tamanhos semelhantes. A relação rim/aorta teve um valor médio de 10,53 ± 15cm (direita) e 10,23 ± 0,12cm (esquerda). A glândula adrenal direita tinha um comprimento de 1,93 ± 0,34cm e um diâmetro de 0,56 ± 0,16cm. A glândula suprarrenal esquerda tinha um comprimento de 1,85 ± 0,42cm e um diâmetro de 0,52 ± 0,11cm. O baço tinha um diâmetro de 1,13 ± 0,18cm. A veia hepática demonstrou fluxo polifásico no Doppler pulsátil, com dois picos retrógrados e um pico anterógrado com velocidade de fluxo de 25,7±0,83cm/s. A aorta abdominal tinha um diâmetro de 0,58 ± 0,05cm e uma velocidade de fluxo de 115,17±5,32cm/s. Os estudos morfológico e hemodinâmico das estruturas abdominais do queixada, observadas por meio das ultrassonografias modo-B e Doppler, auxiliaram na identificação do tamanho, da forma, da posição, da ecogenicidade e da ecotextura dos órgãos abdominais e na realização de inferências sobre os parâmetros de normalidade para as estruturas nas espécies.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Artiodactyla/anatomy & histology , Abdomen/diagnostic imaging , Hemodynamics , Echocardiography, Doppler/veterinary , Ultrasonography, Doppler/veterinary
15.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 86(1): 42-51, feb. 2021. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388629

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Identificar la presencia de infección de sitio quirúrgico y factores de riesgo en pacientes sometidas a cirugías Gineco-Obstétricas de forma programada o de urgencia en un hospital de II nivel de atención en Honduras. METODOLOGÍA: Estudio observacional, descriptivo, retrospectivo; recopilando 226 fichas del registro de infección de sitio quirúrgico recuperadas de los expedientes clínicos brindados por el servicio de estadística del Hospital Mario Catarino Rivas. Captando pacientes sometidas a cirugías Gineco-Obstétricas, durante el 2017 y 2018. RESULTADOS: 99 fichas cumplieron los criterios de inclusión, reportando una edad de 24 años [RIQ, 19,0 - 30,0], peso 82,0 kg [RIQ, 51,7 - 98,25], talla 154 cm [150,0 - 158,0] y el IMC de 25,8 ± 3,6 kg/m2. Un 9,1% presento antecedentes de inmunosupresión. 5,1% presento ISQ. El 55.6% de las cirugías se realizó el mismo día de ingreso del paciente. El tiempo entre la profilaxis antibiótica y el comienzo de la intervención quirúrgica es de 60 minutos [RIQ, 40,0 - 160,0]. La duración de los procedimientos quirúrgicos son de 45 minutos [RIQ, 35,0 - 55,0]. Los microrganismos aislados en los cultivos fueron Cocos gram positivos (2/5), Enterococcus faecalis (1/5), Klebsiella pneumoniae (2/5). CONCLUSIÓN: La presencia de ISQ en cirugías Gineco-Obstétricas del HMCR es del 5.1%, identificando los siguientes factores de riesgo: edad extrema, obesidad, diabetes mellitus, estado inmunitario (VIH), profilaxis antibiótica (temprana); por último, la técnica y el tiempo quirúrgico.


OBJECTIVE: To identify the presence of surgical site infection and risk factors in patients undergoing Gynecological-Obstetric surgeries on a scheduled or emergency basis in a 2nd level of care hospital in Honduras. METHODOLOGY: Observational, descriptive, retrospective study, compiling 226 data sheets of the surgical site infection record recovered from the clinical records provided by the statistics service of the "Hospital Mario Catarino Rivas". Recruiting patients undergoing Gynecological-Obstetric surgeries, during 2017 and 2018. RESULTS: 99 tabs met the inclusion criteria, reporting an age of 24 [RIQ, 19.0 - 30.0], weight 82.0 kg [RIQ, 51.7 - 98.25], size 154 cm [150.0 - 158.0] and BMI of 25.8 ± 3.6 kg/m2. 9.1% have a history of immunosuppression. 5.1% present ISQ. 55.6% of surgeries were performed on the same day as the patient's admission. The time between antibiotic prophylaxis and the onset of surgery 60 minutes [RIQ, 40.0 - 160.0]. Duration of surgical procedures 45 minutes [RIQ, 35.0 - 55.0]. Isolated micro-morphisms in crops were Cocos gram positives (2/5), Enterococcus faecalis (1/5), Klebsiella pneumoniae (2/5). CONCLUSION: The presence of ISQ in HMCR Gynecological-Obstetric surgeries is 5.1%, identifying the following risk factors: extreme age, obesity, diabetes mellitus, immune status (HIV), early antibiotic prophylaxis; finally, technique and surgical time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Obstetric Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Surgical Wound Infection/epidemiology , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Cross Infection/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Gram-Positive Cocci/isolation & purification , Enterococcus faecalis/isolation & purification , Surgical Wound/microbiology , Abdomen/surgery , Honduras , Hospitals, Public/statistics & numerical data , Klebsiella pneumoniae/isolation & purification , Laparotomy/adverse effects
16.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(3): e1622, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355516

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The incidence of abdominal hernia in cirrhotic patients is as higher as 20%; in cases of major ascites the incidence may increase up to 40%. One of the main and most serious complications in cirrhotic postoperative period (PO) is acute kidney injury (AKI). Aim: To analyze the renal function of cirrhotic patients undergoing to hernia surgery and evaluate the factors related to AKI. Methods: Follow-up of 174 cirrhotic patients who underwent hernia surgery. Laboratory tests including the renal function were collected in the PO.AKI was defined based on the consensus of the ascite´s club. They were divided into two groups: with (AKI PO) and without AKI . Results: All 174 patients were enrolled and AKI occurred in 58 (34.9%). In the AKI PO group, 74.1% had emergency surgery, whereas in the group without AKI PO it was only 34.6%.In the group with AKI PO, 90.4% presented complications, whereas in the group without AKI PO they occurred only in 29.9%. Variables age, baseline MELD, baseline creatinine, creatinine in immediate postoperative (POI), AKI and the presence of ascites were statistically significant for survival. Conclusions: There is association between AKI PO and emergency surgery and, also, between AKI PO and complications after surgery. The factors related to higher occurrence were initial MELD, basal Cr, Cr POI. The patients with postoperative AKI had a higher rate of complications and higher mortality.


RESUMO Racional: A incidência de hérnia abdominal em pacientes cirróticos é elevada, em torno de 20%. Em casos de ascite volumosa, a incidência atinge valores até 40%. Uma das principais e mais graves complicações no pós-operatório de correção de hérnias de pacientes cirróticos é a insuficiência renal aguda (IRA). Objetivo: Analisar a função renal de pacientes cirróticos submetidos a herniorrafias, comparando aqueles que apresentavam IRA pós-operatório com os demais, para determinar os fatores relacionados à sua ocorrência. Método: Seguimento de pacientes cirróticos submetidos à cirurgia de hérnia entre 2001 e 2014 no Serviço de Transplante de Fígado. Foram coletados exames laboratoriais para avaliar a função renal no pós-operatório rotineiramente. A IRA foi definida com base no consenso do clube da ascite em 2015. Resultados: Dos 174 pacientes incluídos, ocorreu IRA em 58 pacientes (34,9%). Houve diferença entre grupos para as seguintes variáveis: MELD inicial, creatinina basal e creatinina, o grupo com IRA apresentou medias superiores ao grupo que não apresentou IRA. No grupo IRA PO, 74,1% das cirurgias, foram realizadas em caráter de emergência, enquanto que no grupo sem IRA no pós-operatório, 34,6%. No grupo IRA, 90,4% dos indivíduos apresentaram complicações no pós-operatório, enquanto no grupo sem IRA, 29,9%. As variáveis idade, MELD inicial, creatinina basal e creatinina no pós-operatório inicial foram estatisticamente significantes na análise de sobrevida. Conclusões: Existe uma associação entre IRA pós-operatória e cirurgia de emergência e IRA pós-operatóri e complicações pós-operatórias. Os fatores relacionados à maior ocorrência de IRA em pacientes cirróticos submetidos à cirurgia de hérnia são o MELD inicial, creatinina basal, creatinina pós-operatória inicial. O preparo de pacientes cirróticos com hérnia abdominal antes de procedimentos cirúrgicos deve ocorrer sistematicamente, pois apresentam alta incidência de IRA pós-operatória.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hernia, Abdominal , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Acute Kidney Injury/epidemiology , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Abdomen , Liver Cirrhosis/complications
17.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2021329, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339248

ABSTRACT

Primary hepatic gas gangrene is a form of primary abdominal gas gangrene. The condition is caused by Clostridium perfringens, other clostridia, and non-clostridia bacterial species producing gas. Unlike classical gas gangrene or myonecrosis, the disease develops without a wound or a port of entry. Instead, gas-producing bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract colonize an underlying pathological process with foci of necrosis, producing excessive gas and spreading hematogenously to other organs. Herein we present two autopsy cases of primary hepatic gas gangrene diagnosed on autopsy, with the gross and histological changes that can be considered specific for this rare condition. Both patients had severe underlying liver disease-prone for this entity development. The gross changes in the cases are postmortem subcutaneous emphysema, skin bullae with pooled blood, pneumothorax, pneumoabdomen, abundant gas in the circulatory system, porous structure of the internal organs (tissue gas bubbles), and advanced tissue lysis, not corresponding to the post mortem time. Histology showed optically empty areas of varying size in the internal organs, which weave the structure of the organs and rod-shaped bacteria with scarcity or complete absence of inflammatory reaction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Gas Gangrene/pathology , Abdomen/abnormalities , Autopsy , Clostridium perfringens , Liver Diseases
18.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 54(2): 151-156, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1281113

ABSTRACT

La Colitis Ulcerativa (CU) es una enfermedad crónica multifactorial de etiología desconocida caracterizada por la presencia de inflamación difusa en la mucosa colónica en presencia de diarrea sanguinolenta asociada con urgencia y tenesmo rectal. Una mujer de 51 años, acudió al Servicio de Urgencias por rectorragia con molestias en hipogastrio y tenesmo, además un mes y medio de deposiciones liquidas, sensación febril intermitente, anorexia, nauseas sin vómitos y pérdida de peso de aprox. 10 kilos en 1 mes, con un abdomen distendido, levemente depresible, doloroso en hipogastrio. La colonoscopía y anatomía patológica informan una Rectocolitis Ulcerativa Pancolónica. La paciente continua con mala evolución a pesar de tratamiento médico, por lo que se decide el manejo quirúrgico con una colectomía subtotal con confección de ileostomía y fístula mucosa de sigmoides por colitis aguda grave refractaria al tratamiento. El manejo médico previo al manejo quirúrgico en este caso se vio limitado por la disponibilidad de fármacos. Esto resalta la necesidad del conocimiento del manejo multidisciplinario de las patologías colorectales.


Ulcerative Colitis (UC) is a multifactorial chronic disease of unknown etiology characterized by the presence of diffuse inflammation in the colonic mucosa and often the presence of bloody diarrhea associated with rectal urgency. A 51-year-old woman came to the emergency room due to rectal bleeding with hypogastric pain and tenesmus, in addition to a month and a half of diarrhea, intermittent fever, anorexia, nausea without vomiting and weight loss of approx. 10 kilos in 1 month, with a distended abdomen, slightly depressible, painful in the hypogastrium. Colonoscopy and pathological anatomy report a Pancolonic Ulcerative Rectocolitis. The patient continues with poor evolution despite medical treatment, so a surgical approach is decided with a subtotal colectomy, terminal ileostomy and sigmoid fistula due to severe acute colitis refractory to treatment. Medical treatment prior to a surgical approach in this case was limited by the availability of drugs. This highlights the need for a multidisciplinary management of colorectal pathologies.


Subject(s)
Anorexia , Colitis, Ulcerative , Chronic Disease , Colectomy , Diarrhea , Colon, Sigmoid , Abdomen
19.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 13: 1161-1166, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1255129

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Investigar o jejum prolongado em pacientes que submeteram-se a procedimentos cirúrgicos abdominais e do trato gastrointestinal com uso de anestesia geral, e as possíveis complicações no pré, intra e pós-operatório. Método: um estudo exploratório-descritivo, com recorte transversal retrospectivo-documental e abordagem quali-quantitativa, realizado num Hospital Federal do Rio de Janeiro, com análise documental referente ao período de janeiro de 2013 a abril de 2018. Resultado: houve uma grande variação no tempo de jejum pré-operatório, 0,3% dos pacientes fizeram jejum até 8 horas e 11,3% até 12 horas, alguns casos chegaram a fazer mais de 24 horas de jejum. Conclusão: foi perceptível que dentre prontuários analisados, os pacientes permaneceram em jejum perioperatório muito superiores fora dos padrões de segurança estipulados, gerando intercorrências que causam desconforto ao paciente, prejudicam a reabilitação, aumentam o tempo de internação e oneram o sistema


Objective:To investigate prolonged fasting in patients who underwent abdominal and gastrointestinal surgical procedures with general anesthesia, and possible complications in the pre, intra and postoperative periods. Method: an exploratory-descriptive study, with retrospective-documental cross-section and qualitative-quantitative approach, performed at a Federal Hospital of Rio de Janeiro, with documentary analysis from January 2013 to April 2018. Result: there was a great variation in time of preoperative fasting, with 0.3% of patients fasted for up to 8 hours and 11.3% for up to 12 hours, some cases reaching more than 24 hours fasting. Conclusion: Patients were found to be in perioperative fasting far beyond the stipulated safety standards, generating complications that cause discomfort to the patient, impair rehabilitation, increase length of hospital stay, and burden the system


Objetivo: Investigar el ayuno prolongado en pacientes que se sometieron a procedimientos quirúrgicos abdominales y del tracto gastrointestinal con uso de anestesia general, y las posibles complicaciones en el pre, intra y postoperatorio. Metodo: un estudio exploratório y descriptivo, con recorte transversal retrospectivo y documental con el abordaje cuali y cuantitativo, realizado en un Hospital Federal de Rio de Janeiro, con análisis documental referente al período de enero de 2013 a abril de 2018. Resultado:ocorrió una gran variación en el tiempo de ayuno preoperatorio, 0,3% de los pacientes hicieron ayuno hasta 8 horas y 11,3% hasta 12 horas, algunos casos llegaron a hacer más de 24 horas de ayuno. Conclusión: fue notable que entre los prontuarios analizados, los pacientes permanecieron en ayuno perioperatorio muy superiores fuera de los estándares de seguridad estipulados, generando intercurrencias que causan incomodidad al paciente, perjudican la rehabilitación, aumentan el tiempo de internación y el sistema


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Middle Aged , Aged , Fasting , Perioperative Care/methods , Gastrointestinal Tract/surgery , Abdomen/surgery , Time Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies
20.
Gac. méd. boliv ; 43(2): 223-227, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249988

ABSTRACT

El adenocarcinoma de uraco es una enfermedad neoplásica rara, con una incidencia de 1 por 5 millones de habitantes. Clínicamente se manifiesta con hematuria (73%), dolor abdominal (14%), disuria (13%), mucosuria (10%), síntomas irritativos (40%), masa palpable en la parte baja del abdomen (17%), bacteriuria (8%), flujo mucoso umbilical (2%). Presentamos el caso de paciente de 45 años, con diagnóstico de adenocarcinoma de uraco, que recibió múltiples tratamientos sin respuesta, realizándose, cirugía radical con resección en bloque de ombligo, uraco, peritoneo, fascia posterior del musculo recto del abdomen y cistectomía parcial, por abordaje laparoscópico, con excelentes resultados oncológicos y estéticos, con recuperación rápida, y sin complicaciones. El papel de la quimioterapia y radioterapia y su beneficio para el paciente aún no está claro. Con este caso queremos aportar con un nuevo caso a la literatura, además de poder mostrar que el manejo con mínima invasión puede ser adecuada en manos expertas, con resultados iguales a la cirugía abierta, con el beneficio ya conocido del abordaje laparoscópico.


Urachal adenocarcinoma is a rare tumor entity, an average incidence of 1 case per 5 million inhabitants is described. Clinically it manifests with hematuria (73%), abdominal pain (14%), dysuria (13%), mucosuria (10%), irritative symptoms (40%), palpable mass in the lower abdomen (17% ), bacteriuria (8%), umbilical mucosal flow (2%). We present the case of a 45-year-old patient with a diagnosis of urachal adenocarcinoma, who received multiple treatments without response, performing radical surgery with en bloc resection of the umbilicus, urachus, peritoneum, posterior fascia of the rectus abdominis muscle and partial cystectomy. by laparoscopic approach, with excellent oncological and aesthetic results, with fast recovery, and without complications. The role of chemotherapy and radiation therapy and their benefit to the patient is still unclear. With this case we want to contribute a new case to the literature, in addition to being able to show that minimally invasive management can be adequate in expert hands, with results equal to open surgery, with the already known benefit of the laparoscopic approach.


Subject(s)
Female , Middle Aged , Urachus , Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasms , Abdominal Pain , Abdomen
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL