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1.
Rev. venez. cir. ortop. traumatol ; 55(1): 3-11, jun. 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1511215

ABSTRACT

Se deben tener consideraciones especiales cuando se realizan reparaciones quirúrgicas del tendón de Aquiles. Su anatomía e irrigación particular plantean desafíos únicos para el manejo, y tener comprensión profunda de estas características es crucial para escoger el tratamiento adecuado y lograr resultados exitosos. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la eficiencia de la reparación quirúrgica de la rotura aguda del tendón de Aquiles con técnica de Dresden, entre el 2015 y el 2021. Se realizó un estudio de tipo analítico, observacional, longitudinal y prospectiva. El análisis del aspecto estadístico fue a través de estadística descriptiva y asociación de las variables. Se incluyeron 34 pacientes con un promedio de 42 años, la mayoría de sexo masculino. Al aplicar las escalas VISA-A se obtuvo un promedio de 12 puntos, 67,5 puntos a los 6 meses y 80,5 puntos a los 12 meses. En la encuesta SF-12 a los 6 meses se obtuvo un promedio de 68,5 puntos y 80 puntos a los 12 meses; un paciente presentó rechazo de la sutura y 6 afirmaron algún grado de edema residual aun al año de la cirugía. La reparación quirúrgica con técnica de Dresden mejora la funcionabilidad del tendón de malos resultados a regulares y buenos resultados al año de seguimiento. El 68% de la población estudiada afirmó que se encuentran satisfechos con la cirugía(AU)


Special considerations must be made when performing surgical repairs of the Achilles tendon. Its particular anatomy and blood supply pose unique management challenges, and a thorough understanding of these characteristics is crucial to choosing the right treatment and achieving successful results. The objective of this work is to analyze the efficiency of the surgical repair of the acute rupture of the Achilles tendon with the Dresden technique, between 2015 and 2021. An analytical, observational, longitudinal and prospective study was carried out. The analysis of the statistical aspect was through descriptive statistics and association of the variables. 34 patients with an average age of 42 years were included, most of them male. When applying the VISA-A scales, an average of 12 points was obtained, 67,5 points at 6 months and 80,5 points at 12 months. In the SF-12 survey at 6 months an average of 68,5 points and 80 points at 12 months were obtained; One patient presented rejection of the suture and 6 reported some degree of residual edema even one year after surgery. Surgical repair with the Dresden technique improves the functionality of the tendon from poor to regular results and good results after a year of follow-up. 68% of the population studied stated that they are satisfied with the surgery(AU)


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Achilles Tendon/surgery , Surgical Procedures, Operative , General Surgery , Sutures
2.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1378017

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las técnicas mínimamente invasivas son las preferidas para tratar las roturas agudas del tendón de Aquiles. Representan una opción para evitar las complicaciones tegumentarias, y la lesión del nervio sural es uno de sus principales problemas. El objetivo de este estudio fue comprobar la utilidad de la ecografía para prevenir la lesión del nervio sural durante la reparación del tendón de Aquiles con técnicas percutáneas. materiales y métodos: Estudio en 12 piezas cadavéricas. Se recreó una lesión en el tendón de Aquiles 5 cm proximales de su inserción distal. En uno de los miembros del cadáver, se identificó el nervio sural o su vena satélite mediante ecografía. Se reparó el nervio sural por vía percutánea con dos agujas proximales y dos agujas distales a la lesión, y se representó el recorrido del nervio sural. En el miembro contralateral, no se identificó el nervio sural mediante ecografía. Se efectuó la reparación percutánea de las lesiones mediante la técnica de Ma y Griffith. Resultados: En el grupo ecográfico, no se identificaron lesiones del nervio sural. En el grupo de control, se observaron dos lesiones del nervio sural (p = 0,6). En todos los casos, la identificación del nervio sural mediante ecografía fue correcta. Conclusión: La asistencia ecográfica en el tratamiento percutáneo de las lesiones del tendón de Aquiles es un método eficaz y confiable para evitar las lesiones del nervio sural. Nivel de Evidencia: III


Introduction: Minimally invasive techniques are preferred to treat acute Achilles tendon ruptures. They represent an option to avoid integumentary complications, and sural nerve injury is one of its main problems. This study aims to verify the usefulness of ultrasound in preventing sural nerve injury during Achilles repair with percutaneous techniques. materials and methods: Study in 12 cadaveric pieces. We recreated an injury at the level of the Achilles tendon, 5 cm proximally to its distal insertion. In one of the cadaver limbs, the sural nerve and/or its satellite vein were identified by ultrasonography. We repaired the sural nerve percutaneously with two needles at the proximal level and two needles at the distal level of the lesion and represented the path of the sural nerve. In the contralateral limb, the sural nerve was not identified by ultrasound. We performed the percutaneous repair of the injuries using the Ma & Griffith technique. Results: In the ultrasound group, no sural nerve injuries were identified. In the control group, two sural nerve injuries were observed (p=0.6). In all cases, the identification of the sural nerve by ultrasound was correct. Conclusion: Ultrasound assistance in the percutaneous treatment of Achilles tendon injuries is an effective and reliable method to prevent sural nerve injuries. Level of Evidence: III


Subject(s)
Achilles Tendon/surgery , Achilles Tendon/injuries , Sural Nerve/injuries , Ultrasonography , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Ankle Joint/surgery
3.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 15-19, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928259

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of scar tissue suture at the broken end of Achilles tendon after gastrocnemius aponeurosis release in the treatment of chronic Achilles tendon rupture.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 17 patients with old achilles tendon rupture treated from January 2017 to December 2019 were analyzed retrospectively, including 15 males and 2 females, aged 26 to 53 years with an average of (35.2±11.6) years old, and the time from injury to operation was 37 to 92 days with an average of (49.3±13.3) days. Myerson's classification included 6 cases of typeⅡ and 11 cases of typeⅢ. The defect of the broken end of Achilles tendon was 2 to 5 cm with an average of(4.1±1.5) cm after partial scar tissue was removed. All patients were treated with gastrocnemius aponeurosis, appropriate excision of scar tissue at the broken end of Achilles tendon and direct suture. The continuity and healing of Achilles tendon were evaluated by color Doppler ultrasound 3 months after operation. The ankle plantar flexor strength was measured by ankle plantar flexor strength tester before operation and 1 year after operation. American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society ankle hindfoot score (AOFAS) and Achilles tendon rupture score were used before operation and 1 year after operation Achilles tendon total fracture score (ATRS) was used to evaluate the clinical rehabilitation of Achilles tendon rupture.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12 to 18 months with an average of(13.6±1.8) months. The surgical incision healed in stageⅠ. Color Doppler ultrasound showed good continuity of Achilles tendon, local Achilles tendon slightly thickened and irregular fiber direction. The ankle plantar flexor force (92.2±3.9) N at 1 year after operation was significantly higher than that before operation (29.5±4.2) N (P<0.05);One year after operation, the AOFAS(91.20±3.30) was significantly higher than that before operation (42.20±4.40)(P<0.05);the ATRS (90.70±3.00) was significantly higher than that before operation(40.00±2.90)(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The gastrocnemius aponeurosis release combined with scar suture of Achilles tendon end is an effective technique for the treatment of chronic Achilles tendon rupture, avoid injury to hallux flexor longus or flexor digitorum longus, with the plantar flexor muscle strength of the ankle was recovered well, is an effective method to treat chronic Achilles tendon rupture.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Achilles Tendon/surgery , Aponeurosis , Cicatrix , Retrospective Studies , Rupture/surgery , Sutures , Treatment Outcome
4.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 11-14, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928258

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of modified medial J-shaped incision of Achilles tendon combined with fascia lata transplantation in the treatment of Kuwada typeⅡand Ⅲ Achilles tendon defects.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to August 2018, the clinical data of 15 patients with KuwadaⅡand Ⅲ Achilles tendon defects treated with modified J-shaped approach with autologous fascia lata transplantation were retrospectively analyzed, including 14 males and 1 female, with an average age of 31.7 years old ranging from 24 to 43. There were 9 cases of KuwadaⅡdefect and 6 cases of KuwadaⅢ defect. Postoperative observations were made for incision complications, and the Arner-Lindholm scoring standard was used to evaluate the function of the affected foot at the last follow-up.@*RESULTS@#All 15 cases were followed up from 3 to 16 months with an average of 9.2 months. No skin necrosis or infection occurred after operation, and no Achilles tendon rupture occurred again. According to the Arner-Lindholm scoring standard, 13 cases were excellent, 2 cases were good.@*CONCLUSION@#Modified medial J-shaped incision is a satisfactory approach for repairing Achilles tendon defects. It is helpful to prevent postoperative incision complications, which double-strengthen the Achilles tendon strength, so that patients can perform early rehabilitation and functional exercises with satisfactory clinical results.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Achilles Tendon/surgery , Fascia Lata , Retrospective Studies , Rupture , Treatment Outcome
5.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 5-10, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928257

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the morphological, histological and ultrastructural changes of acute closed rupture of Achilles tendon, in order to clarify the pathological basis of the injury and to explore the significance.@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to January 2019, 35 patients with acute Achilles tendon rupture who underwent the minimally invasive Achilles tendon suture technique were retrospectively analyzed. Among these patients, 12 cases in acute open Achilles tendon rupture group included 10 males and 2 females, with an average age of (35.1±9.7) years old ranging from 19 to 50, and the time from injury to operation was 2 to 8 hours with an average of(5.6±1.8);23 cases in acute closed Achilles tendon rupture group included 21 males and 2 females, with an average age of (35.5±6.6) years old ranging from 18 to 50, and the time from injury to operation was 3 to 15 hours with an average of (7.5±3.1). The gross appearance and imaging findings of the broken end of Achilles tendon tissue in the two groups were compared by naked eye observation and foot and ankle MRI at 4 to 6 hours before operation. HE staining, scanning and fluoroscopic electron microscopy, immunohistochemistry(Sirius red staining) were performed on the intraoperative Achilles tendon tissue specimens at 1 to 2 days after operation, the collagen fiber degeneration and local fat infiltration, collagen fiber shape, cell morphology and function, and the distribution of typeⅠand type Ⅲ collagen fibers in Achilles tendon were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the acute open Achilles tendon rupture group, the acute closed Achilles tendon rupture group had poor elasticity, hard texture, moderate edema, irregular shape of Achilles tendon broken end, horsetail shape, and more calcification around the broken end. HE staining results:the collagen fibers in the Achilles tendon of the acute open Achilles tendon rupture group were arranged irregularly, with hyaline degeneration and fat infiltration;The results of electron microscopy showed that collagen arranged disorderly and fibroblasts atrophied in the acute closed Achilles tendon rupture group. Immunohistochemical(Sirius staining) results:the proportion of collagenⅠin the acute open Achilles tendon rupture group and the acute closed Achilles tendon rupture group was(91.12±4.34)% and(54.71±17.78)% respectively, and the proportion of collagen Ⅲ was (8.88±4.34)% and (45.29±17.78)% respectively. The content of collagenⅠin the acute closed Achilles tendon rupture group was lower than that in the acute open Achilles tendon rupture group, and the content of collagen Ⅲ in the acute closed Achilles tendon rupture group was higher than that in the acute open Achilles tendon rupture group(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The morphology, histology and ultrastructure of the acute closed ruptured Achilles tendon are significantly altered compared with the normal Achilles tendon. The original fine and orderly spatial structure cannot be maintained, part of collagen Ⅰ is replaced by collagen Ⅲ, and the toughness and strength of the tendon tissue decreased, which may be the feature of degeneration of the Achilles tendon and an important pathological basis for closed Achilles tendon rupture.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Achilles Tendon/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Rupture/surgery , Suture Techniques , Tendon Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1435469

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El tendón de Aquiles es el tendón más grande y fuerte del organismo. Es también de los más frecuentes en sufrir rotura. Tradicionalmente se ha realizado cirugía convencional de sutura de los cabos. En la actualidad crecieron en popularidad las técnicas de mini abordaje y percutáneas. Todas con riesgos y beneficios. El objetivo de la presentación en analizar resultados funcionales en la reparación de Aquiles con técnica mini invasiva de diseño propio. Material y Métodos: Se revisaron retrospectivamente 23 cirugías de reparación del tendón de Aquiles agudas con técnica propio mini invasiva. Resultados: Los resultados funcionales según es Score ATRS fueron de 87 puntos promedio. Discusión: Existe en la literatura médica buenos resultados en la reparación del tendón de Aquiles con distintas técnicas. Conclusión: Los beneficios de la técnica es que la misma es segura, reproducible, reduce complicaciones y permite movilización precoz


Introduction: The Achilles tendon is the largest and strongest tendon in the body. It is also one of the most frequent to suffer rupture. Traditionally, conventional suture surgery has been performed on the ends. At present, the mini-approach and percutaneous techniques have grown in popularity. All with risks and benefits. The objective of the presentation is to analyze functional results in Achilles repair with a mini-invasive technique of our own design. Material and Methods: Twenty-three acute Achilles tendon repair surgeries with their own mini-invasive technique were retrospectively reviewed. Results: The functional results according to the ATRS Score were 87 average points. Discussion: There are good results in the medical literature in the repair of the Achilles tendon with different techniques. Conclusion: The benefits of the technique is that it is safe, reproducible, reduces complications and allows early mobilization.


Subject(s)
Rupture , Achilles Tendon/surgery , Ankle Injuries
7.
Acta cir. bras ; 36(4): e360407, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248542

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose The aim of this work was to analyze the effect of fibrin biopolymer sealant (FS) associated or not to aquatic exercise (AE) on the calcaneal tendon repair. Methods Forty-four female Wistar rats were randomly divided into four experimental groups: Lesion control (L), Lesion and FS (LS), Lesion and AE (LE) and Lesion and FS associated to AE (LSE). The edema volume (EV), collagen ratio, and histopathological analysis were evaluated after 7, 14, and 21 days of partial tendon transection. Results The EV was statistically reduced for all treatment groups after 7 and 21 days when compared to L group. The LS and LSE had the highest EV reduction after 21 days of treatment. The FS group didn't induce tissue necrosis or infections on the histopathological analysis. It was observed tenocytes proliferation, granulation tissue and collagen formation in the tendon partial transection area in the FS group. The LSE demonstrated higher amount of granulation tissue and increased the collagen deposition at the injury site. Conclusions Our data suggests that the therapeutic potential of the association of heterologous fibrin biopolymer sealant with aquatic exercise program should be further explored as it may stimulate the regeneration phase and optimize calcaneal tendon recovery.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Achilles Tendon/surgery , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Fibrin Tissue Adhesive , Collagen , Rats, Wistar
8.
Acta cir. bras ; 36(1): e360103, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152692

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Histologically evaluate the effects of low frequency electrical stimulation in the treatment of Achilles tendon injuries in rats. Methods: Thirty-four rats underwent Achilles tendon tenotomy and tenorrhaphy. They were randomly allocated in two groups. Half of the sample constituted the experiment group, whose lesions were stimulated with 2 Hz, nonpolarized current and 1 mA, for 14 days. The other animals formed the control group. They were evaluated at 2, 4 and 6 weeks. The histological study was carried out, the collagen density and the wound maturity index were measured. Results: The healing score was higher in the group stimulated at the 6th week (p = 0.018). The density collagen 1 was higher in the group treated at the three times (p = 0.004) and that collagen 3 was higher in the group treated at 6 weeks (p = 0.004). Together, collagen 1 and 3 were higher in the group stimulated at 4 and 6 weeks (p = 0.009, p = 0.004). The maturity index was higher in this group at the three moments (p = 0.017 p = 0.004 and p = 0.009). Conclusion: Low frequency electric stimulation improved healing and increased the quantity of collagen.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Achilles Tendon/surgery , Tendon Injuries/therapy , Tenotomy , Wound Healing , Biomechanical Phenomena , Electric Stimulation
9.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353932

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las técnicas quirúrgicas modernas buscan rehabilitar en forma temprana para una recuperación en menor tiempo. Las técnicas mínimamente invasivas son una opción para lograrlo. Objetivo: Evaluar la capacidad de comenzar una rehabilitación y la carga de peso en el posoperatorio inmediato utilizando una técnica mínimamente invasiva sin nudos y la evolución a los 6 meses de la cirugía. materiales y métodos: Se realizaron 10 reparaciones quirúrgicas de lesiones agudas del tendón de Aquiles con una técnica mínimamente invasiva sin nudo. Se utilizó el sistema combinado (PARS ­ SpeedBridgeTM original. A las 48 h se permitió la carga completa de forma progresiva, según tolerancia. Se evaluó el resultado final a los 6 meses utilizando el puntaje ATRS. Resultados: En promedio los pacientes tardaron 14 días en deambular sin muletas. Todos comenzaron la rehabilitación con movilidad activa y pasiva del tobillo durante la primera semana posoperatoria. El puntaje ATRS promedio fue de 79 (rango 60-90). Conclusión: Esta técnica ha demostrado ser una excelente opción quirúrgica en las lesiones agudas del tendón de Aquiles de media sustancia, pero no fue posible comenzar con la carga de peso inmediata debido al dolor o temor del paciente, pero sí con la rehabilitación dentro de la primera semana posquirúrgica. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Modern surgical techniques seek to rehabilitate early for recovery in less time. Minimally invasive techniques are one option to accomplish this. Objective: To evaluate the ability to start rehabilitation and weight bearing in the immediate post-operative period and the evolution at 6 months postoperative using a minimally invasive knotless technique. materials and methods: 10 surgical repairs of acute Achilles tendon injuries were performed with a minimally invasive technique. The original Arthrex combination system (PARS - SpeedBridgeTM) was used. After 48 hours, weight bearing was progressively allowed according to tolerance. The final outcome at 6 months was evaluated using the ATRS score. Results: On average, patients took 14 days to walk without crutches. All began rehabilitation with active and passive ankle range of motion during the first postoperative week. The average ATRS score was 79 points (between 60 and 90 points). Conclusion: This technique has proven to be an excellent surgical option in acute midsubstance Achilles tendon injuries. The patients were able to start rehabilitation within the first postoperative week, whereas immediate weight bearing was not possible, due to the patients ́ pain or fear. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Rehabilitation , Achilles Tendon/surgery , Acute Disease , Ankle Injuries , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
10.
Acta ortop. mex ; 34(1): 43-46, ene.-feb. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345084

ABSTRACT

Resumen: El pie equinovaro aducto congénito (PEVAC) es uno de los padecimientos más comunes en Ortopedia Pediátrica, el cual se compone del equino del retropié, el varo subastragalino, el aducto del antepié y el cavo del mediopié. El método de Ponseti es el tratamiento universalmente aceptado para el PEVAC; éste consta de tres fases: manipulación y enyesado, tenotomía del tendón de Aquiles y una fase de mantenimiento. El mayor porcentaje de las recaídas se presenta en la fase de mantenimiento; en la mayoría de los casos, está asociado el apego familiar deficiente. Presentamos el caso clínico de un paciente con PEVAC típico, tratado en cuatro ocasiones con el método de Ponseti y que no requirió tratamiento quirúrgico.


Abstract: The clubfoot is one of the most common conditions in Pediatric Orthopedics, may affect each part of the foot and ankle, equinus, varus, and internal rotation of the calcaneum, and true equinus of the ankle are common. The Ponseti method is an universally accepted treatment, consisting of three phases: manipulation and plaster, Achilles tendon tenotomy and maintenance phase. The highest percentage of relapses occurs in the maintenance phase and the deficient family member is associated in most cases. We present a clinical case of a patient with typical clubfoot treated with the Ponseti method on four occasions without the need of surgical treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Child , Achilles Tendon/surgery , Clubfoot/surgery , Tenotomy , Casts, Surgical , Treatment Outcome , Ankle Joint
11.
Acta cir. bras ; 35(11): e351103, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1141936

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the effects of low-frequency electric stimulation on biomechanics following surgical treatment of the Achilles tendon in rats. Methods: Forty-two rats were divided into two groups. One was given electric stimulation and the other was not. All were submitted to Achilles tenotomy and tenorrhaphy performed with a modified Kessler stitch. The experiment group underwent electric stimulation with 2 Hz, a nonpolarized current of 1 mA intensity for 14 days. The animals were euthanized at 2, 4 and 6 weeks for the biomechanical study. Results: The work performed, that is, the tendon's capacity to absorb energy until rupture, was greater in the electrically stimulated group in the 2nd (p = 0.032) and in the 6th week (p = 0.010). The maximum tension, which is the capacity to support a load, was higher in the treated group in the 2nd (p = 0.030) and the 6th week (p = 024). These results indicate greater resistance of the electrically stimulated tendons. An analysis of the elastic module showed no differences. Conclusion: Low-frequency electric stimulation increased the resistance of the tendons at 2 and 6 weeks of evolution in rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Achilles Tendon/surgery , Tenotomy , Rupture , Wound Healing , Biomechanical Phenomena , Electric Stimulation
12.
Acta cir. bras ; 35(3): e202000303, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130621

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the in vivo response of photobiomodulation therapy associated with norbixin-based poly(hydroxybutyrate) membrane (PHB) in tenotomized calcaneal tendon. Methods: Thirty rats were randomly allocated to six groups (n=5 each): LED groups (L1, L2 and L3) and membrane + LED groups (ML1, ML2 and ML3). The right calcaneal tendons of all animals were sectioned transversely and were irradiated with LED daily, one hour after surgery every 24 hours, until the day of euthanasia. At the end of the experiments the tendons were removed for histological analysis. Results: The histological analysis showed a significant reduction in inflammatory cells in the ML1, ML2 and ML3 groups (p=0.0056, p=0.0018 and p<0.0001, respectively) compared to those in the LED group. There was greater proliferation of fibroblasts in the ML1 (p<0.0001) and L3 (p<0.0001) groups. A higher concentration of type I collagen was also observed in the ML1 group (p=0.0043) replacing type III collagen. Conclusion: Photobiomodulation in association with norbixin-based PHB membrane led to control of the inflammatory process. However, it did not favor fibroblast proliferation and did not optimize type I collagen formation in the expected stage of the repair process.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Achilles Tendon/radiation effects , Carotenoids/pharmacology , Low-Level Light Therapy/methods , Tendinopathy/radiotherapy , Tenotomy/methods , Hydroxybutyrates/pharmacology , Achilles Tendon/surgery , Achilles Tendon/drug effects , Wound Healing/drug effects , Wound Healing/radiation effects , Random Allocation , Collagen/pharmacology , Rats, Wistar , Collagen Type I/analysis , Collagen Type I/drug effects , Collagen Type III/analysis , Collagen Type III/drug effects , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Fibroblasts/chemistry , Prohibitins
13.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(11): e201901101, Nov. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054681

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To determine the efficacy of norbixin-based poly(hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) membranes for Achilles tendon repair. Methods: Thirty rats were submitted to total tenotomy surgery of the right Achilles tendon and divided into two groups (control and membrane; n = 15 each), which were further subdivided into three subgroups (days 7, 14, and 21; n = 5 each). Samples were analyzed histologically. Results: Histological analysis showed a significant reduction in inflammatory infiltrates on days 7, 14 (p < 0.0001 for both), and 21 (p = 0.0004) in the membrane group compared to that in the control group. There was also a significant decrease in the number of fibroblasts in the control group on days 7, 14 (p < 0.0001), and 21 (p = 0.0032). Further, an increase in type I collagen deposition was observed in the membrane group compared to that in the control group on days 7 (p = 0.0133) and 14 (p = 0.0107). Conclusion: Treatment with norbixin-based PHB membranes reduces the inflammatory response, increases fibroblast proliferation, and improves collagen production in the tendon repair region, especially between days 7 and 14.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Polyesters/pharmacology , Achilles Tendon/surgery , Achilles Tendon/drug effects , Carotenoids/pharmacology , Tenotomy/methods , Hydroxybutyrates/pharmacology , Reference Values , Regeneration/drug effects , Achilles Tendon/pathology , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Wistar , Collagen Type I/analysis , Collagen Type I/drug effects , Collagen Type III/analysis , Collagen Type III/drug effects , Fibroblasts/drug effects
14.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 46(1): e2054, 2019. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003081

ABSTRACT

RESUMO A deformidade em equino leva a diversos transtornos da marcha, ao causar alterações no apoio do pé e afetar regiões anatômicas mais distantes, como o joelho, quadril e tronco. Geralmente é secundária à retração, encurtamento ou espasticidade do tríceps sural, de modo que algumas intervenções cirúrgicas podem ser necessárias para corrigi-la. Trata-se de um dos procedimentos mais antigos da Ortopedia, antes realizado apenas no tendão calcâneo e que, ao longo do tempo, evoluiu com técnicas diferentes de acordo com o grau de deformidade, doença de base e perfil do paciente. Busca-se corrigir a deformidade, com a menor interferência possível na força muscular e, com isso, diminuir a incidência de complicações, como marcha agachada, arrastada e pé calcâneo. Do ponto de vista anatômico, o tríceps sural apresenta cinco regiões que podem ser abordadas cirurgicamente para correção do equino. Em virtude da complexidade do paciente com equino, os ortopedistas devem ter experiência com ao menos uma técnica em cada zona. Neste texto são abordadas e analisadas criticamente as técnicas mais importantes para correção do equino, principalmente de modo a evitar complicações. Foi realizada uma busca sobre técnicas cirúrgicas mais comuns de correção do equino em livros clássicos e identificação e consulta aos artigos originais. Em seguida, fez-se uma busca em bases de dados nos últimos dez anos.


ABSTRACT The equinus deformity causes changes in the foot contact and may affect more proximal anatomical regions, such as the knee, hip and trunk, potentially leading to gait disorders. The equinus is usually secondary to retraction, shortening and/or spasticity of the triceps surae, and it may require surgical correction. Surgery for the correction of equinus is one of the oldest procedures in Orthopedics, and it was initially performed only at the calcaneus tendon. The technique has evolved, so that it could be customized for each patient, depending on the degree of deformity, the underlying disease, and patient´s profile. The aim is to correct the deformity, with minimal interference in muscle strength, thus reducing the incidence of disabling complications such as crouch gait and calcaneus foot. We conducted a literature search for the most common surgical techniques to correct the equinus deformity using classic books and original articles. Further, we performed a database search for articles published in the last ten years. From the anatomical perspective, the triceps surae presents five anatomical regions that can be approached surgically for the equinus correction. Due to the complexity of the equinus, orthopedic surgeons should be experienced with at least one procedure at each region. In this text, we critically approach and analyze the most important techniques for correction of the equinus, mainly to avoid complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sural Nerve/surgery , Equinus Deformity/surgery , Muscle, Skeletal/surgery , Achilles Tendon/surgery , Achilles Tendon/pathology , Sural Nerve/pathology , Tenotomy/methods , Foot/surgery
15.
Zagazig univ. med. j ; 25(3): 278-284, 2019. ilus
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1273848

ABSTRACT

Background: Tenotomy of tendon Achilles is one of the major components of Ponseti method and necessary to complete correction in about 80 to 90 % of patients, it is safely procedure can be done in outpatient office as percutaneous technique under local anesthesia or in operative room under general anesthesia as mini-open technique. This study was designed to evaluate effect of tendoachillis tenotomy either percutaneous or open on continuity of tendoachillis by open evaluation in relapsed club foot. Patient & method: This study was conducted on 18 individuals. They were divided into 2 equal groups: Group I: containing 9 patients both sex had previously percutaneous tenotomy is done and Group II: 9 patients both sex had previously open tenotomy is done. Results: percutaneous technique found easy dissection in 6 patients (66.7%) and difficult dissection in 3 patients (33.3%) and continuity found central and regular contour in 7 patients (77.8%) and fibrotic mass in 2 patients (22.2%), open technique found easy dissection in 5 patients (55.6%) and difficult dissection in 4 patients (44.4%) and continuity found central and regular contour in 5 patients (55.6%) and fibrotic mass in 4 patients (44.4%), Conclusion: the techniques tenotomy of tendoachillis had no effect on continuity of tendoachillis either open or closed techniques in management of club foot


Subject(s)
Achilles Tendon/surgery , Clubfoot/surgery , Egypt , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Tenotomy/methods
16.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 33(3): 428-432, jul.-set. 2018. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-965636

ABSTRACT

Introdução: As perdas de substância no terço inferior da perna costumam exigir elaboradas estratégias cirúrgicas para sua reconstrução. Dentre as opções existentes, o uso do retalho sural reverso de pedículo fasciossubcutâneo ou adipofascial reverso, citado na literatura como interessante alternativa, é pouco relatado, se comparado às outras técnicas mais utilizadas. O objetivo deste estudo é apresentar o resultado do tratamento de uma lesão exposta do tendão de Aquiles, realizado com retalho sural reverso de pedículo fasciossubcutâneo, associado à enxertia de pele total no mesmo tempo cirúrgico, discutindo as alternativas técnicas e as vantagens do procedimento. Relato de caso: A.D., 28 anos, portador de lesão complexa em terço distal da perna, decorrente de evolução desfavorável de procedimento ortopédico de reconstrução do tendão de Aquiles rompido em acidente automobilístico, ocorrido há mais de 30 dias, foi submetido à reconstrução da ferida por meio do retalho sural reverso de pedículo fasciossubcutâneo. A evolução pós-operatória foi favorável, não havendo complicações ou intercorrências. Conclusão: A técnica relatada apresentou uma boa opção com resultado satisfatório para a cobertura de lesão de terço inferior da perna com exposição do tendão de Aquiles.


Introduction: Loss of substance in the lower third of the leg usually requires complex surgical procedures for tissue reconstruction. Among the existing options for tissue reconstruction, reverse sural flap of the fasciosubcutaneous pedicle or reverse adipofascial flap, described in the literature as a viable option, has been little studied compared with other techniques. The objectives of this study were to present the results of surgical treatment of a complex injury due to Achilles tendon rupture using the reverse sural flap of the fasciosubcutaneous pedicle concomitantly with total skin grafting and to discuss the advantages of the procedure as well as other surgical alternatives. Case report: A.D., a 28-year-old male patient, presented with a complex injury in the lower third of the leg because of a poor outcome of surgical repair of Achilles tendon rupture that had occurred during an automobile accident more than 30 days previously. The patient underwent injury reconstruction with the reverse sural flap of the fasciosubcutaneous pedicle. The postoperative result was favorable, without complications. Conclusion: The surgical technique described here is satisfactory for treating lesions in the lower third of the leg due to Achilles tendon rupture.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Achilles Tendon/surgery , Achilles Tendon/injuries , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Plastic Surgery Procedures/methods , Leg/surgery , Leg Injuries/surgery , Leg Injuries/complications , Postoperative Complications , Surgical Flaps , Necrosis
17.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 83(2): 113-117, jun. 2018. []
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-956426

ABSTRACT

Las roturas del tendón de Aquiles han aumentado considerablemente en los últimos años. El tratamiento de estas lesiones puede ser conservador o quirúrgico. Pese a la vasta literatura, no existe un "patrón de referencia" para el tratamiento de estas lesiones. Las opciones quirúrgicas incluyen la cirugía abierta, mini-invasiva y técnica percutánea. El objetivo de este estudio fue caracterizar la presentación clínica y mostrar los resultados quirúrgicos y las complicaciones en pacientes con rotura del tendón de Aquiles tratados con técnica percutánea. Materiales y Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo retrospectivo. Se incluyeron pacientes adultos y se obtuvieron datos clínicos y epidemiológicos. Todos fueron operados con técnica percutánea con raquetas de Dresden. Resultados: Se incluyó a 60 pacientes. Todos tenían dolor y el 92% presentaba también signo de Thompson y brecha palpable. A 7 pacientes (12%) se les solicitaron imágenes complementarias. El tiempo promedio hasta la cirugía fue de 4.28 días. Siete pacientes sufrieron complicaciones posoperatorias menores. Conclusiones: Las roturas del tendón de Aquiles son una patología prevalente en la población activa de mayor edad y en deportistas de fin de semana. El diagnóstico es clínico; sin embargo, algunos pacientes pueden requerir imágenes complementarias para el diagnóstico. La evidencia nos demuestra que el tratamiento quirúrgico es superior al tratamiento conservador clásico. En comparación con la técnica abierta, la técnica percutánea logra mejores resultados estéticos y menos complicaciones. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Achilles tendon ruptures have increased considerably in recent years. Treatment of these lesions can be either conservative or surgical. Despite extensive literature, no gold standard exists. Surgical options include open surgery, mini-open surgery and percutaneous technique. The objective of this study was to characterize the clinical presentation and to report surgical results and complications in patients with ruptured Achilles tendon treated surgically with percutaneous technique. Methods: A retrospective descriptive study was carried out. Adult patients were included, and clinical and epidemiological data were obtained. All patients were operated on with percutaneous technique using the Dresden Instrument. Results: Sixty patients were enrolled. All presented pain, and 92% had also associated Thompson's sign and palpable gap. Complementary images were requested in 7 patients (12%). Average time until surgery was 4.28 days. Seven patients presented minor post-operative complications. Conclusions: Achilles tendon ruptures are a prevalent pathology in older active population and weekend athletes. Diagnosis is mostly clinical; however, some patients may require complementary images for diagnosis. Strong evidence in the literature suggests that surgical treatment is superior to the classic conservative treatment. In comparison with open surgery, percutaneous technique has shown better aesthetic results and fewer complications. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Postoperative Complications , Achilles Tendon/surgery , Achilles Tendon/injuries , Ankle Injuries/surgery , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
18.
Acta cir. bras ; 32(6): 449-458, June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886204

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the cellular response to injury, analyzing histopathologic changes associated with increased cellularity, degeneration and disorganization of collagen fibers. Methods: Thirty wistar rats were divided in two groups after partial Achilles tenotomy: the right hind paw were treated with the essential oil of Alpinia zerumbet (EOAz), diluted to 33% (0.3 mL kg-1), and the left hind paw received sunflower oil for 3, 14, 30 and 90 days. Statistical significance was determined using a Chi-square and Pearson Correlation qualitative variables test. Moreover, Mann-Whitney U-test test for comparison between different groups of the same cell, one-way ANOVA, and Tukey's test of quantitative measurement. Results: A decrease hyperemia (p < 0.001) was observed in the acute phase of inflammatory cell number (p < 0.001), whereas sub-acute phase was marked by significant correlation with macrophages in fibroblasts (r = 0.17, p = 0.03), with probable induction a dense and modeled tissue. At chronic phase, it was found an increase in the number of fibroblasts and a higher percentage of type I collagen fibers (78%) compared with control collagen fibers (55%). Conclusion: Oil of Alpinia zerumbet stimulated the process of maturation, organization and tissue repair which gave it greater resistance.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Achilles Tendon/surgery , Wound Healing/drug effects , Oils, Volatile/therapeutic use , Alpinia/chemistry , Achilles Tendon/pathology , Collagen/drug effects , Rats, Wistar , Tenotomy
19.
Acta ortop. mex ; 31(3): 123-127, may.-jun. 2017. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-886550

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Objetivo: Determinar el tiempo de curación del tendón de Aquiles en pacientes pediátricos tratados mediante tenotomía de Aquiles con método Ponseti en el Hospital Shriners para Niños de México, AC. Material y métodos: Estudio experimental, analítico, prospectivo, longitudinal de pacientes con diagnóstico de pie equino varo aducto congénito idiopático en tratamiento con método Ponseti con evaluación estática y dinámica mediante ecógrafo en tiempo real Siemens Diagnostic Ultrasound System Sonoline 650 con transductor lineal de 10.5 mHz seriada del tendón de Aquiles previa a la tenotomía y a las tres, seis, nueve y 12 semanas tras el tratamiento quirúrgico. Resultados: Se obtuvo una muestra de 23 pacientes, 16 masculinos y siete femeninos, 16 con patología bilateral y siete unilateral, para un total de 39 pies, 18 derechos y 21 izquierdos, con una media de edad de 8.3 ± 2.3 meses. Previamente a la tenotomía, la anchura en corte longitudinal ultrasonográfico media fue de 2.7 ± 0.42 mm; en la semana tres, la media fue 3 ± 0.39 mm; a las seis semanas, 2.92 ± 0.36 mm; el ultrasonido de las nueve semanas reportó media de 2.84 ± 0.38 mm y a las 12 semanas, 2.82 ± 0.39 mm. Se compararon mediante t de Student el ancho prequirúrgico y a las 12 semanas, sin encontrarse diferencia p > 0.03. Conclusiones: La valoración ecográfica muestra integridad a las tres semanas posteriores a la tenotomía de Aquiles. Sin embargo, la reparación completa se logra a las 12 semanas.


Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the healing time of Achilles tendon in pediatric patients treated with Achilles tenotomy with the Ponseti method in Shriners Children's Hospital of Mexico, AC. Material and methods: Experimental, analytical, prospective, longitudinal study of patients with a diagnosis of idiopathic congenital clubfoot treated with the Ponseti method with serial static and dynamic evaluation by ultrasound in real time with a Siemens Diagnostic Ultrasound System Sonoline 650, linear transducer 10.5 MHz of Achilles tendon before tenotomy and at three, six, nine and 12 weeks after the surgical treatment. Results: A sample of 23 patients, 16 male and seven female, 16 with unilateral and seven with bilateral pathology was obtained, for a total of 39 feet, 18 right and 21 left, with a mean age of 8.3 ± 2.3 months. Before tenotomy, the width was 2.7 ± 0.42 mm; in week three, the average was 3 ± 0.39 mm; at six weeks, 2.92 ± 0.36 mm; ultrasound at nine weeks reported an average of 0.38 ± 2.84 mm, and 2.82 ± 0.39 mm at twelve weeks. They were compared using Student's t presurgical width and at twelve weeks, without finding difference p > 0.03. Conclusions: Although there is integrity at three weeks after Achilles tenotomy, complete repair is achieved at 12 weeks.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child , Achilles Tendon/surgery , Achilles Tendon/diagnostic imaging , Clubfoot/surgery , Clubfoot/diagnostic imaging , Casts, Surgical , Tenotomy , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Ultrasonography , Treatment Outcome
20.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 82(1): 48-53, mar. 2017. []
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-842509

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las roturas del tendón de Aquiles son lesiones traumáticas frecuentes. El tratamiento generalmente es quirúrgico. La cirugía puede ser abierta o percutánea. El objetivo de este estudio es evaluar los resultados clínico-funcionales en pacientes con roturas agudas del tendón de Aquiles tratados por técnica mínimamente invasiva de Dresden. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio prospectivo comparativo de 15 casos con roturas agudas del tendón de Aquiles. Se analizaron características del intraoperatorio, la hospitalización, los resultados funcionales y la evaluación de acuerdo con el puntaje de la AOFAS. El seguimiento promedio fue de 18 meses. Resultados: Se mencionan los resultados sobre la base del tiempo quirúrgico, la estadía hospitalaria, el tiempo hasta la cirugía, la carga del peso y el protocolo posoperatorio. El puntaje de la AOFAS a los 5 meses fue 94,66. El retorno a la actividad laboral fue, en promedio, a los 3.53 meses y el retorno a la actividad deportiva, a los 6.53 meses. Conclusiones: La técnica percutánea para la reparación de roturas agudas del tendón de Aquiles es una buena opción, los pacientes tienen una buena evolución y el índice de complicaciones es bajo. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: The Achilles tendon ruptures are common traumatic injuries. Treatment is usually surgical. Surgery may be open or percutaneous. The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical and functional outcomes in patients with acute Achilles ruptures treated by minimally invasive Dresden technique. Methods: Prospective study of 15 patients with acute Achilles tendon ruptures. Intraoperative characteristics, hospitalization, functional outcomes and evaluation according to AOFAS score were evaluated. The average follow-up was 18 months. Results: Results are listed based on the surgical time, hospital stay, time to surgery, weight load and postoperative protocol. The AOFAS score at five months was 94.66 points. Patients returned to work at 3.53 months on average and to their sport activities at 6.53 months Conclusions: The percutaneous technique for the repair of acute Achilles tendon rupture is a good choice. Patients have a good outcome and the rate of complications is low. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Achilles Tendon/surgery , Achilles Tendon/injuries , Ankle Injuries/surgery , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Ankle Joint/surgery , Rupture , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome
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