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1.
Med. infant ; 31(1): 8-15, Marzo 2024. Ilus, Tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1552669

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La diarrea aguda es una entidad frecuente en pediatría, constituyendo una de las principales causas de mortalidad en países en desarrollo y en niños menores de cinco años. Si bien la alimentación representa uno de los pilares fundamentales en el tratamiento de la misma, no existe consenso entre los profesionales en cuanto a la indicación de leche deslactosada durante el curso del cuadro. Objetivos: Realizar una revisión sistemática para estudiar el impacto del consumo de leche deslactosada vs leche regular en la duración de la diarrea aguda infecciosa en niños. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó una revisión sistemática incluyendo artículos publicados desde el año 2008 al 2023, utilizando para la búsqueda las bases de datos PubMed, Lillacs, Cochrane Library y literatura gris. Se incluyeron estudios experimentales, observacionales, revisiones, guías de atención y metaanálisis, realizados en pacientes pediátricos sin patologías de base, cursando cuadro de diarrea aguda infecciosa, que compararan el uso de leche deslactosada frente a leche regular. Resultados: Se seleccionaron doce artículos. En 9 de ellos se constató una disminución en la duración de la diarrea en los pacientes que recibieron leche deslactosada con una diferencia de medias de 18 horas (en un rango entre 4 y 32.6 horas). No se reportaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la mortalidad entre el uso de una u otra fórmula láctea. En relación al uso de una u otra fórmula no se objetivaron variaciones en el peso estadísticamente significativas. La necesidad de hospitalización fue similar entre ambos grupos. Solo un artículo analizó la frecuencia o volumen de deposiciones sin encontrar diferencias significativas (AU)


Introduction:Acute diarrhea is frequent in pediatrics, and constitutes one of the main causes of mortality in developing countries and in children under five years of age. Although feeding is one of the fundamental pillars in the treatment of diarrhea, there is no consensus among professionals regarding the indication of lactose-free milk during the course of the symptoms. Objectives: To conduct a systematic review to study the impact of lactose-free milk vs. regular milk consumption on the duration of acute infectious diarrhea in children. Materials and methods: A systematic review was conducted including articles published between 2008 and 2023, using PubMed, Lillacs, Cochrane Library databases, and gray literature for the search. Experimental and observational studies, reviews, care guidelines and meta-analysis were included, conducted in pediatric patients without underlying diseases, with acute infectious diarrhea, comparing the use of lactose-free milk versus regular milk. Results: Twelve articles were selected. Nine of them showed a decrease in the duration of diarrhea in patients who received lactose-free milk with a mean difference of 18 hours (ranging from 4 to 32.6 hours). No statistically significant differences in mortality were reported between the use of one or the other milk formula. Regarding the use of one or the other formula, there were no statistically significant variations in weight. The need for hospital admission was similar between the two groups. Only one article analyzed stool frequency or volume with no significant differences (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Acute Disease , Treatment Outcome , Milk/chemistry , Diarrhea, Infantile/therapy , Lactose/administration & dosage , Lactose/adverse effects
2.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 23(1): 1-11, ene. 2024. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1552776

ABSTRACT

Löfgren syndrome (LS) is a unique acute manifestation of sarcoidosis and characterized by erythema nodosum, bilateral hilar lymphadenectasis, and/or bilateral ankle arthritis or periarthritis. A 37 - year - old female patient with LS presented with fever accompanied by multiple joint swelling and pain, nodular skin erythema, and bilateral hilar lymphadenectasis. The patient had received treatment involving non - steroidal anti - inflammatory drugs and glucocorticoids in other hospitals, but the effects were poor, and the conditions reemerged. The LS duration has lasted for more than 3 months. Following traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) treatment, syndrome differentiation as well as giving patients oral Chinese medicine decoction, the symptoms of the patient were rapidly relieved within one week and did not recur during a six - month follow - up period. This case is the first clinical report of acute sarcoidosis LS treated using T CM and reflects the significant advantages of this form of therapy in emergency treatment


El síndrome de Löfgren (LS) es una manifest ación única y aguda de sarcoidosis, caracterizada por eritrema nodoso, linfadenectasis hilar bilateral, y/o a r tritis de tobillo bilateral o periartritis. Una paciente de 37 años de sexo femenino con LS se presentó con fiebre, acompañada de inflamación y do lor múltiple de articulaciones, eritrema nodular cutáneo, y linfadenectasis hilar bilateral. La paciente recibió un tratamiento que consistió en antiinflamatorios no esteroidales y glucocorticoides en otros hospitales, pero los efectos fueron leves y las c ondiciones reemergieron. El LS ha durado más de tres meses. Siguiendo el tratamiento de medicina tradicional china (MTC), la diferenciación de síndrome, así como darles a los pacientes una decocción de medicina china por vía oral, los síntomas de la pacien te rápidamente fueron aliviados en el curso de una semana y no recidivaron durante los seis meses de un seguimiento. El caso es el primer reporte clínico de tratamiento de sarcoidosis aguda asociada a LS usando TCM y refleja las significativas ventajas de esta forma de terapia en el tratamiento de emergencia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Sarcoidosis/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods , Sarcoidosis/complications , Acute Disease
3.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 40(5): 555-558, oct. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521867

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 es una enfermedad viral principalmente respiratoria y/o gastrointestinal. Las manifestaciones neurológicas tienen una frecuencia variable en pediatría. Presentamos un varón de 10 años de edad, previamente sano, que presentó una ataxia cerebelosa durante un cuadro agudo de COVID-19. El SARS-CoV-2 fue detectado por hisopado nasofaríngeo por antígeno y RPC. El LCR fue normal y el cultivo bacteriológico y estudio viral fueron negativos. La TC y RM encefálica fueron normales. No requirió tratamiento específico y tuvo una evolución favorable, con resolución completa de los síntomas neurológicos al mes. Debe considerarse la infección por SARS-CoV-2 como un diagnóstico diferencial entre las causas de ataxia cerebelosa aguda, según la situación epidemiológica.


COVID-19 is a disease that mainly produces respiratory and/or gastrointestinal symptoms. Neurological manifestations occur with a variable frequency in children. We present a previously healthy 10-year-old boy who presented acute cerebellar ataxia during an acute COVID-19. SARS-CoV-2 was detected in a nasopharyngeal sample by antigen and PCR. The CSF was normal, the bacteriological culture and the viral PCR were negative. CT of the brain and gadolinium MRI of the brain were normal. He did not require specific treatment and had a favorable evolution, with complete resolution of neurological symptoms at one month. SARS-CoV-2 infection should be considered as a differential diagnosis between the causes of acute cerebellar ataxia, according to the epidemiological situation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Cerebellar Ataxia/etiology , COVID-19/complications , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Cerebellar Ataxia/diagnostic imaging , Acute Disease , SARS-CoV-2
4.
Med. infant ; 30(2): 114-121, Junio 2023. Ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1443459

ABSTRACT

Las Leucemias y linfomas constituyen las enfermedades oncológicas más frecuentes en pediatría y las bacteriemias representan infecciones graves en estos pacientes. Objetivos: describir los microorganismos aislados de sangre en pacientes con leucemia aguda o linfoma pediátrico; comparar la incidencia de aislamientos según enfermedad de base; detallar las variaciones en la incidencia de dichos aislamientos y la evolución de su resistencia antimicrobiana. Estudio retrospectivo, observacional. Se incluyeron 823 episodios de bacteriemia en 467 pacientes pediátricos, entre julio-2016 y junio-2022, dividido en tres períodos (período-1: años 2016- 2018, período-2: años 2018-2020, período-3: años 2020-2022). Se aislaron 880 microorganismos: 55,3% gram negativos (GN), 40% gram positivos (GP) y 4,7% levaduras. En GN predominaron: enterobacterias (72%) y en GP: estreptococos del grupo viridans (SGV) (34,1%). Se encontró asociación entre LLA-enterobacterias (p=0,009) y LMA-SGV (p<0,001). Hubo aumento de GN entre los períodos 1 y 3 (p=0,02) y 2 y 3 (p=0,002) y disminución de GP entre 2 y 3 (p=0,01). Se registraron los siguientes mecanismos de resistencia: BLEE (16,4%), carbapenemasas: KPC (2,5%); MBL (2,7%) y OXA (0,2%); meticilinorresistencia en Staphylococcus aureus (20%) y estafilococos coagulasa negativos (95%), vancomicina resistencia en Enterococcus spp. (39%), SGV no sensibles a penicilina (44%) y a cefotaxima (13%). Hubo aumento de MBL entre los períodos 1 y 2 (p=0,02) y una tendencia en disminución de sensibilidad a penicilina en SGV entre el 1 y 3 (p=0,058). El conocimiento dinámico y análisis de estos datos es esencial para generar estadísticas a nivel local, fundamentales para el diseño de guías de tratamientos empíricos (AU)


Leukemias and lymphomas are the most common cancers in children and bacteremia is a severe infection in these patients. Objectives: to describe the microorganisms isolated from blood in pediatric patients with acute leukemia or lymphoma; to compare the incidence of isolates according to the underlying disease; and to detail the variations in the incidence of these isolates and the evolution of their antimicrobial resistance. Retrospective, observational study. We included 823 episodes of bacteremia in 467 pediatric patients seen between July-2016 and June-2022, divided into three periods (period-1: 2016- 2018, period-2: 2018-2020, period-3: 2020-2022). A total of 880 microorganisms were isolated: 55.3% were gram-negative (GN), 40% gram-positive (GP) and 4.7% yeasts. In GN there was a predominance of: enterobacteria (72%) and in GP viridans group streptococci (VGS) (34.1%). An association was found between ALL-enterobacteria (p=0.009) and AML-VGS (p<0.001). There was an increase in GN between periods 1 and 3 (p=0.02) and 2 and 3 (p=0.002) and a decrease in GP between 2 and 3 (p=0.01). The following resistance mechanisms were recorded: BLEE (16.4%), carbapenemases: KPC (2.5%), MBL (2.7%), and OXA (0.2%); methicillin resistance in Staphylococcus aureus (20%) and coagulase negative staphylococci (95%), vancomycin resistance in Enterococcus spp. (39%), VGS resistant to penicillin (44%) and to cefotaxime (13%). There was an increase in MBL between periods 1 and 2 (p=0.02) and a decreasing trend in penicillin sensitivity in VGS between periods 1 and 3 (p=0.058). Dynamic knowledge and analysis of these data is essential to generate statistics at the local level, which is fundamental for the design of empirical treatment guidelines (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/complications , Leukemia, Lymphoid/complications , Follow-Up Studies , Bacteremia/microbiology , Febrile Neutropenia/etiology , Lymphoma/complications , Acute Disease , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Anti-Infective Agents/adverse effects
6.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(1): 79-84, feb. 2023. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430536

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Paracetamol (known as acetaminophen, or APAP) poisoning causes acute liver damage that can lead to organ failure and death. We sought to determine that APAP overdose can augment tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α)/ nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kB)/induced nitic oxide synthase (iNOS) axis-mediated hepatotoxicity in rats, and the anti-inflammatory polyphenolic compounds, quercetin (QUR) plus resveratrol (RES) can ameliorate these parameters. Therefore, we induced acute hepatotoxicity in rats using APAP overdose (2 g/kg, orally) and the protective group of rats were treated with 50 mg/kg QUR plus 30 mg/kg RES for one week before APAP ingestion. Animals were killed at day 8. APAP poisoning caused the induction of hepatic tissue levels of TNF-α, NF-kB, and iNOS, which were significantly (p<0.05) decreased by QUR+RES. QUR+RES, also inhibited liver injury biomarkers, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). Additionally, a link between liver injury and TNF-α /NF-kB / iNOS axis mediated hepatotoxicity was observed. Thus, the presented data backing the conclusion that intoxication by paracetamol increases TNF-α / NF-kB / iNOS axis -mediated hepatotoxicity, and is protected by a combination of quercetin and resveratrol.


El envenenamiento por paracetamol (conocido como acetaminofeno o APAP) causa daño hepático agudo que puede provocar una insuficiencia orgánica y la muerte. El objetivo de este trabajo fue determinar si la sobredosis de APAP puede aumentar la hepatotoxicidad mediada por el eje del factor de necrosis tumoral alfa (TNF-α)/factor nuclear kappa B (NF-kB)/óxido nítico sintasa inducida (iNOS) en ratas, y si el polifenólico antiinflamatorio compuesto por quercetina (QUR) más resveratrol (RES) pueden mejorar estos parámetros. Por lo tanto, inducimos hepatotoxicidad aguda en ratas usando una sobredosis de APAP (2 g/kg, por vía oral). El grupo protector de ratas se trató con 50 mg/ kg de QUR más 30 mg/kg de RES durante una semana antes de la ingestión de APAP. Los animales se sacrificaron el día 8. El envenenamiento con APAP en el tejido hepático provocó la inducción de niveles de TNF-α, NF-kB e iNOS, que se redujeron significativamente (p<0,05) con QUR+RES. QUR+RES, también inhibió los biomarcadores de daño hepático, la alanina aminotransferasa (ALT) y el aspartato aminotransferasa (AST). Además, se observó una relación entre la lesión hepática y la hepatotoxicidad mediada por el eje TNF-α /NF-kB/iNOS. Por lo tanto, los datos presentados respaldan la conclusión de que la intoxicación por paracetamol aumenta la hepatotoxicidad mediada por el eje TNF-α /NF-kB / iNOS, y está protegida por una combinación de quercetina y resveratrol.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Quercetin/administration & dosage , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury, Chronic/drug therapy , Resveratrol/administration & dosage , Acetaminophen/toxicity , Acute Disease , NF-kappa B/antagonists & inhibitors , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/antagonists & inhibitors , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Nitric Oxide Synthase/antagonists & inhibitors , Protective Agents , Drug Therapy, Combination , Drug Overdose
7.
Cir. Urug ; 7(1): e301, 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1447830

ABSTRACT

El intestino delgado es el sitio de asiento más frecuente del melanoma metastásico. Su diagnóstico es un desafío por cursar asintomático o con síntomas inespecíficos. Son pocos los casos que presentan complicaciones, siendo infrecuente la peritonitis por perforación. El objetivo del trabajo es comunicar el caso clínico de una peritonitis por perforación de una metástasis de melanoma en intestino delgado. Caso clínico: Paciente de sexo masculino de 66 años con diagnóstico de melanoma de cuello y secundario óseo, encefálico y pulmonar, fue intervenido de urgencia por peritonitis aguda por perforación de metástasis en intestino delgado. El estudio histológico confirmó secundarismo de melanoma cutáneo. Conclusión: Sabiendo que el yeyuno íleon es el sitio de asiento más frecuente de las metástasis de melanoma, ante la presencia de síntomas digestivos inespecíficos o anemia se debe sospechar su compromiso y evaluar posibles alternativas terapéuticas.


The small intestine is the most frequent site of metastatic melanoma. However, its diagnosis continues to be a challenge since it is usually asymptomatic or with non-specific symptoms. Few cases result in complications, peritonitis due to perforation being infrequent. The objective of the work is to report a clinical case of peritonitis due to perforation of a melanoma metastasis in the small intestine. Clinical case: A 66-year-old male patient diagnosed with melanoma of the neck and secondary bone, brain and lung melanoma, underwent emergency surgery for acute peritonitis due to perforation of metastasis in the small intestine, which was resected and anastomosed. The histology confirmed the secondary nature of the cutaneous melanoma. Conclusion: Knowing that the jejunum-ileum is the most frequent site of melanoma metastases, in the presence of non-specific digestive symptoms or anemia, its involvement should be suspected and possible therapeutic alternatives should be evaluated.


O intestino delgado é o local mais frequente de melanoma metastático. O diagnóstico é um desafio por ser assintomático ou apresentar sintomas inespecíficos. Há poucos casos que apresentam complicações, sendo pouco frequente a peritonite por perfuração. O objetivo deste trabalho é relatar um caso clínico de peritonite por perfuração de metástase de melanoma no intestino delgado. Caso clínico: Paciente do sexo masculino, 66 anos, diagnosticado com melanoma no pescoço com metástase óssea, cefálica e pulmonar. Foi submetido a cirurgia de emergência por peritonite aguda por perfuração de metástases do intestino delgado. O estudo histológico confirmou melanoma cutâneo. Conclusão: Sabendo que o jejuno e o íleo é o local mais frequente de metástase de melanoma, na presença de sintomas digestivos inespecíficos ou anemia deve-se suspeitar de seu acometimento e avaliar possíveis alternativas terapêuticas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Peritonitis/surgery , Peritonitis/diagnosis , Intestinal Perforation/surgery , Peritonitis/etiology , Skin Neoplasms/complications , Anastomosis, Surgical , Abdominal Pain , Acute Disease , Intestinal Neoplasms/secondary , Melanoma/complications
8.
São Paulo; s.n; 2023. 280 p.
Thesis in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1426284

ABSTRACT

Introduction - Ageing is characterised by changes associated with an increased risk of developing chronic diseases and syndromes, of which malnutrition is one of the most common in older adults. The gut microbiota has an important role in the hosts health and is determined by several factors, including nutritional status and diet. Therefore, the gut microbiota may be associated with malnutrition and dietary intake in acutely ill older adults. Objectives - to identify- 1) the prevalence of malnutrition; 2) the association of malnutrition with the composition and metabolic potential of the gut microbiota and its impact on clinical outcomes; 3) the effect of habitual diet on the gut microbiota of acutely ill hospitalised older adults according to the nutritional status. Methods - a longitudinal analysis secondary to a prospective cohort was performed on 108 participants aged 65+ years old admitted to the hospital due to acute conditions. Clinical, demographic, nutritional, and anthropometric data and rectal swab samples were collected at admission and after 72 hours of hospitalisation. The food intake was estimated using the dietary history and the nutritional status diagnosed using the Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition (GLIM) criteria, preceded by the Mini-Nutritional Assessment Short-form (MNA-SF). Rectal swab samples were obtained to analyse the gut microbiota via 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The microbiota diversity, overall composition and differential abundances were calculated and compared between well-nourished and malnourished groups. Microbiome features potentially associated with malnutrition were selected by penalised models and confirmed by additive models. The prediction of clinical outcomes was investigated from the "malnourished microbiota" using decision trees. The dietary intake was explored through multivariate methods and investigated with the microbiota using tests of association and mediation analysis. Results - Malnourished patients (51%) had a different overall microbiota composition compared to well-nourished during hospitalisation (R= 0.079, p= 0.003). Severely malnourished (32.4%) showed a poorer diversity at admission (Shannon p= 0.012, Simpson p= 0.018) and after 72 hours (Shannon p= 0.023, Chao1 p= 0.008). Subdoligranulum, Lachnospiraceae NK4A136 group and Faecalibacterium prausnitzii, short-chain fatty acids producers, had significantly lower abundance and negative association with malnutrition, while Fusobacterium, Corynebacterium and Ruminococcaceae Incertae Sedis were highly increased and positively associated with malnutrition. Corynebacterium, Ruminococcaceae Incertae Sedis and the overall composition were important predictors of critical care in malnourished during hospitalisation. Malnourished patients had a significantly lower intake of plant protein, carbohydrates, dietary fibre, Fe, Mn, folate, campesterol, beta-sitosterol, and -linolenic acid, and higher intake of Vitamin D. There were no significant correlations of nutrients, foods or food groups with the microbiota structure, but for individual taxa and -diversity metrics. Mediation analysis revealed a significant indirect effect of the nutritional status on the differential abundance of several bacterial taxa partially mediated in a positive direction by dietary fibre, plant-based protein, onions, and olive oil, and negative by vitamin D. Conclusion - Malnourished patients had a significantly lower intake of key dietary compounds and substantial gut microbial disturbances during hospitalisation, pronounced in the severe stage. Some plant-based compounds might confer beneficial effects on the gut microbiota profile. A "malnourished microbiota" may be able to predict critical illness in hospitalised malnourished older patients. Bench-to-bedside investigations are necessary to confirm these findings.


Introdução - O envelhecimento é caracterizado por mudanças associadas a uma maior chance de desenvolver síndromes e doenças crônicas, das quais a desnutrição é uma das mais comuns em idosos. A microbiota intestinal tem um papel importante na saúde e é determinada por vários fatores, incluindo o estado nutricional e a dieta. Portanto, a microbiota intestinal pode estar associada à desnutrição e à ingestão alimentar em idosos gravemente doentes. Objetivos - identificar- 1) a prevalência de desnutrição; 2) a associação da desnutrição com a composição e o potencial metabólico da microbiota intestinal e seu impacto nos desfechos clínicos; 3) o efeito da dieta habitual sobre a microbiota intestinal de idosos hospitalizados com doenças agudas de acordo com o estado nutricional. Métodos - uma análise longitudinal secundária a uma coorte prospectiva foi realizada em 108 participantes com mais de 65 anos de idade admitidos no hospital devido a condições agudas. Foram coletados dados clínicos, demográficos, nutricionais, antropométricos e swab retal na admissão e após 72 horas de internação. O consumo alimentar foi estimado por meio do histórico alimentar e o estado nutricional foi diagnosticado pelos critérios da Iniciativa de Liderança Global sobre Desnutrição (GLIM), precedido da triagem pela Mini-Avaliação Nutricional versão curta (MAN-SF). Amostras de swab retal foram obtidas para analisar a microbiota intestinal via sequenciamento do gene 16S rRNA. A diversidade da microbiota, composição geral e a abundâncias diferenciais foram calculadas e comparadas entre os grupos bem nutrido e desnutrido. Variáveis do microbioma potencialmente associadas à desnutrição foram selecionadas por modelos penalizados e confirmadas por modelos aditivos. A predição para os desfechos clínicos foi investigada a partir da "microbiota desnutrida" utilizando árvores de decisão. O consumo alimentar foi explorado por meio de métodos multivariados e investigado com a microbiota por meio de testes de associação e análise de mediação. Resultados - Os pacientes desnutridos (51%) apresentaram composição geral da microbiota diferente comparado com os bem nutridos durante a hospitalização (R= 0,079, p= 0,003). Os sevemente desnutridos (32,4%) apresentaram menor diversidade na admissão (Shannon p= 0,012, Simpson p= 0,018) e após 72 horas (Shannon p = 0,023, Chao1 p= 0,008). Subdoligranulum, Lachnospiraceae NK4A136 e Faecalibacterium prausnitzii, produtores de ácidos graxos de cadeia curta, tiveram abundância significativamente menor e associação negativa com a desnutrição, enquanto Fusobacterium, Corynebacterium e Ruminococcaceae Incertae Sedis tiveram maior abundância e associação positiva. Corynebacterium, Ruminococcaceae Incertae Sedis e a composição geral foram importantes preditores de cuidados intensivos em desnutridos durante a hospitalização. Pacientes desnutridos tiveram ingestão significativamente menor de proteína vegetal, carboidratos, fibra dietética, Fe, Mn, folato, campesterol, beta-sitosterol e ácido -linolênico, e maior de vitamina D. Não houve correlações significativas entre nutrientes, alimentos ou grupos de alimentos com a estrutura da microbiota, mas sim para táxons individuais e métricas da -diversidade. A análise de medição revelou um efeito indireto significativo do estado nutricional sobre a abundância diferencial de vários táxons bacterianos parcialmente mediada em uma direção positiva pela fibra alimentar, proteína vegetal, cebola, e azeite de oliva, e negativa pela vitamina D. Conclusão - Pacientes desnutridos tiveram menor ingestão de compostos dietéticos chaves e distúrbios microbianos intestinais substanciais durante a hospitalização, pronunciados no estágio grave. Alguns compostos de origem vegetal podem conferir efeitos benéficos no perfil da microbiota intestinal. A "microbiota desnutrida" pode ser capaz de predizer doenças críticas em idosos desnutridos hospitalizados. Investigações pré-clínicas e translacionais são necessárias para confirmar esses achados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Health of the Elderly , Acute Disease , Malnutrition , Diet , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Geriatrics
9.
Cir. Urug ; 7(1): e305, 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1505951

ABSTRACT

La esofagitis necrotizante aguda es un trastorno poco común que puede ser causa de hemorragia digestiva alta. Predomina en el sexo masculino en la sexta década de la vida. El diagnóstico es endoscópico y muestra una mucosa esofágica de apariencia negra que afecta al esófago distal en toda su circunferencia y se detiene abruptamente en la unión gastroesofágica. Clínicamente suele presentarse con hematemesis y melenas, shock hipovolémico por sangrado masivo, siendo otras manifestaciones el dolor epigástrico, molestia retroesternal y disfagia. Se vincula a pacientes con antecedentes de enfermedad cardiovascular, alcoholismo, diabetes mellitus, desnutrición, hernia hiatal, estenosis gastroduodenal, cáncer, así como pacientes en shock, traumatizados, sometidos a cirugía mayor e inmunosuprimidos. El tratamiento se basa en fluidoterapia, inhibidores de la bomba de protones y suspensión de la vía oral, siendo controvertido el uso de antibioticoterapia. Su pronóstico es malo y dependerá de la gravedad de la enfermedad esofágica y del terreno del paciente, con una mortalidad de hasta el 36 %. Presentamos el caso clínico de un paciente de 81 años, hipertenso, que presenta hematemesis, confirmándose en la endoscopía una esofagitis necrotizante aguda, que evoluciona favorablemente con tratamiento médico.


Acute necrotizing esophagitis is a rare disorder that can cause upper gastrointestinal bleeding. It predominates in males in the sixth decade of life. The diagnosis is endoscopic and shows a black-appearing esophageal mucosa that affects the entire circumference of the distal esophagus and stops abruptly at the gastroesophageal junction. Usually, patients present with hematemesis and melena, with other manifestations such as epigastric pain, retrosternal discomfort, dysphagia, and hypovolemic shock. Almost all patients reported comorbidities: cardiovascular disease, alcoholism, diabetes mellitus, malnutrition, hiatal hernia, gastroduodenal stenosis, and malignant neoplasia; is related as well to patients with shock, trauma, undergoing major surgery, and immunosuppression. The treatment is based on fluid reposition, proton pump inhibitors and suspension of the oral route, the use of antibiotic therapy being controversial. Its prognosis is poor and will depend on the severity of the esophageal disease and the patient comorbidities, with a mortality rate up to 36 %. Case: A 81-year-old male patient with hypertension, who presented hematemesis, confirmed by endoscopy as acute necrotizing esophagitis, whose evolution was favorable with medical treatment.


A esofagite necrosante aguda é uma doença rara que pode causar hemorragia digestiva alta. Predomina no sexo masculino na sexta década de vida. O diagnóstico é endoscópico e mostra uma mucosa esofágica circunferencial difusa com aspecto preto que envolve quase universalmente o esôfago distal e para abruptamente na junção gastroesofágica. Clinicamente, geralmente se apresenta com hematêmese e melena, com outras manifestações sendo dor epigástrica, desconforto retroesternal, disfagia e choque hipovolêmico. Está relacionado a pacientes com histórico de doenças cardiovasculares, alcoolismo, diabetes mellitus, desnutrição, hérnia hiatal, estenose gastroduodenal e neoplasia maligna, bem como pacientes em choque, trauma, cirurgia de grande porte e imunossupressão. O tratamento é a medicação dietética higiênica baseada em fluidoterapia, inibidores da bomba de prótons e suspensão da via oral, sendo o uso de antibioticoterapia controverso. Seu prognóstico é ruim e dependerá da gravidade da doença esofágica e do terreno do paciente, com mortalidade de até 36 %. Apresentamos o caso clínico de um paciente hipertenso de 81 anos que apresentou hematêmese, confirmada por endoscopia como esofagite necrosante aguda, que evoluiu favoravelmente com tratamento higiênico-dietético e medicamentoso.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Esophagitis/drug therapy , Esophagitis/diagnostic imaging , Proton Pump Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Fluid Therapy , Hematemesis/etiology , Acute Disease , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Treatment Outcome , Esophagitis/complications , Octogenarians , Necrosis/etiology
10.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 30(4): 149-155, 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1537102

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las roturas del tendón rotuliano son lesiones propias del paciente joven y deportista menor de cuarenta años. El objetivo de este trabajo es describir la técnica que utilizamos en nuestro centro y analizar los resultados funcionales del tratamiento de las roturas del tendón rotuliano empleando suturas transóseas como método de fijación. Materiales y métodos: se evaluó retrospectivamente a un grupo de diez pacientes con rotura aguda del tendón rotuliano, operados entre diciembre de 2014 y febrero de 2019. En todos se usaron suturas transóseas y en cuatro pacientes se realizó aumentación con cerclaje de alambre. El grupo de pacientes tenía una edad media de 36.4 años al momento de la cirugía. El tiempo promedio de seguimiento del grupo fue de doce meses. El protocolo de diagnóstico fue a través de la clínica e imágenes que comprendieron la radiografía y ecografía de partes blandas. Se documentó la evaluación funcional mediante la escala de Lysholm y los criterios del International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC). Resultados: el promedio postoperatorio en la escala de Lysholm fue de 90 puntos (84-100) y según criterios del International Knee Documentation Committee, para el total de pacientes fue considerado normal o casi normal. Un paciente requirió tratamiento antibiótico en el postoperatorio. Conclusiones: la técnica utilizada en nuestro centro ha resultado sencilla desde el punto de vista técnico y de bajo costo desde lo económico, demostrando resultados clínicos excelentes. Por esta razón, se considera una opción válida en el tratamiento de las roturas agudas del tendón rotuliano. Tipo de Estudio: Serie de Casos. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Patellar tendon ruptures are typical injuries in young patients and athletes under forty years of age. The objective of this work is to describe the technique we use in our center and to analyze the functional results of the treatment of patellar tendon ruptures using transosseous sutures as a fixation method. Materials and methods: a group of ten patients with acute patellar tendon rupture, operated between December 2014 and February 2019, was retrospectively evaluated. Transosseous sutures were used in all of them and augmentation with wire cerclage was performed in four patients. The group of patients has a mean age of 36.4 years at the time of surgery. The group's average follow-up time was twelve months. The diagnostic protocol was through the clinic and images that included radiography and soft tissue ultrasound. The functional evaluation was documented using the Lysholm scale and the criteria of the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC). Results: the postoperative average on the Lysholm scale was 90 points (84-100) and according to the International Knee Documentation Committee criteria, all patients were considered normal or almost normal. One patient required antibiotic treatment postoperatively. Conclusions: the technique used in our center has been simple from a technical point of view and low cost from an economic point of view, demonstrating excellent clinical results. For this reason, it is considered a valid option in the treatment of acute patellar tendon ruptures.Type of study: Case Series. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Acute Disease , Follow-Up Studies , Patellar Ligament , Knee Injuries , Knee Joint/surgery
11.
Health sci. dis ; 24(1): 56-60, 2023. tables, figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1411145

ABSTRACT

Introduction. COVID-19appears to have a vascular tropism responsible for diffuse vasculitis-like cell damage. The aim of our study was to evaluate the impact of Sars-Cov-2 infection on arterial stiffness.Material and methods. This was a cross-sectional analytical case-controlstudy with 1:1 matching (1 case to 1 control) over a six-month period from January 1, 2021 to June 30, 2021 at the medical-social centerof the autonomous port of Douala. We measured the pulse wave velocity (PWV) in two groups of patients (group 1: COVID-19and group 2: non-COVID-19) using a MOBIL-O-GRAPH 24h PWA MonitorTM. A p-value < 0.05 was considered significant.Result. A total of 122 patients (61 COVID-19and 61 non-covid) were included in this study, among which 68 (55.7%) male. The mean age was 41±11 years. PWV as well as POV adjusted for age and mean BP were similar in both groups. The mean 24-hour, diurnal and nocturnal PWV were slightly higher in COVID-19patients than in controls by 0.1 m/s (p=0.67), 0.2m/s (p=0.37) and 0.2m/s (p=0.25) respectively. COVID-19infection was not significantly associated with PWV (p=0.082).Conclusion. PWV were slightly higher in COVID-19patients and increased arterial stiffness was not significantly associated with COVID-19status in the acute phase of infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pulse Wave Analysis , COVID-19 , Acute Disease , Vascular Stiffness
13.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3594-3604, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007979

ABSTRACT

Acute mountain sickness (AMS) is a clinical syndrome of multi-system physiological disorder after acute exposure to low pressure and low oxygen at high altitude. Quantitative proteomics can systematically quantify and describe protein composition and dynamic changes. In recent years, quantitative proteomics has been widely used in the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and pathogenesis of many diseases. This review summarizes the progress of quantitative proteomics techniques and its application in the prevention, diagnosis, treatment of AMS and mechanisms of rapidly acclimatizing to plateau, in order to provide a reference for the pathogenesis, early intervention, clinical treatment and proteomic research of AMS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Altitude Sickness/prevention & control , Proteomics , Acute Disease , Oxygen/metabolism
14.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 755-761, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012225

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the efficacy of humanized anti-CD25 monoclonal antibody for steroid-refractory acute graft-versus-host disease (SR-aGVHD) in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) recipients. Methods: A total of 64 patients with SR-aGVHD between June 2019 and October 2020 in Suchow Hopes Hematology Hospital were enrolled in this study. Humanized anti-CD25 monoclonal antibodies 1 mg·kg(-1)·d(-1) were administered on days 1, 3, and 8, and then once per week according to the disease progression. Efficacy was assessed at days 7, 14, and 28 after humanized anti-CD 25 treatment. Results: Of the 64 patients with a median age of 31 (15-63) years, 38 (59.4%) were male and 26 (40.6%) were female. The overall response (OR) rate of the humanized CD25 monoclonal antibody in 64 patients with SR-aGVHD on days 7, 14, and 28 were 48.4% (31/64), 53.1% (34/64), and 79.7% (51/64), respectively. Liver involvement is an independent risk factor for poor efficacy of humanized CD25 monoclonal antibody for SR-aGVHD at day 28 (OR=9.588, 95% CI 0.004-0.291, P=0.002). The median follow-up time for all patients was 17.1 (0.2-50.8) months from the start of humanized CD25 monoclonal antibody therapy. The 1- and 2-year OS rates were 63.2% (95% CI 57.1% -69.3%) and 52.6% (95% CI 46.1% -59.1%), respectively. The 1- and 2-year DFS rates were 58.4% (95% CI 52.1% -64.7%) and 49.8% (95% CI 43.4% -56.2%), respectively. The 1- and 2-year NRM rates were 28.8% (95% CI 23.1% -34.5%) and 32.9% (95% CI 26.8% -39.0%), respectively. The results of the multifactorial analysis showed that liver involvement (OR=0.308, 95% CI 0.108-0.876, P=0.027) and GVHD grade Ⅲ/Ⅳ (OR=9.438, 95% CI 1.211-73.577, P=0.032) were independent risk factors for OS. Conclusion: Humanized CD25 monoclonal antibody has good efficacy and safety for SR-aGVHD. This study shows that SR-aGVHD with pretreatment grade Ⅲ/Ⅳ GVHD and GVHD involving the liver has poor efficacy and prognosis and requires early intervention.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adolescent , Young Adult , Acute Disease , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Graft vs Host Disease/therapy , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Salvage Therapy/methods , Steroids
15.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1207-1211, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010927

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the predictive value of pancreatitis activity scoring system (PASS) combined with Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) for infected pancreatic necrosis (IPN) in patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP).@*METHODS@#Clinical data of SAP patients admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2020 to January 2023 were retrospectively collected, including basic information, vital signs at admission, first laboratory indexes within 48 hours of admission. The PASS scores at admission and 24, 48 and 72 hours after admission were calculated. According to the diagnostic criteria of IPN, the patients were divided into the non-IPN group and the IPN group, and the independent risk factors of SAP complicating IPN were determined by using univariate analysis and multifactorial Logistic regression. The receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was drawn to evaluate the predictive value of NLR, CRP, and PASS score, alone and in combination for IPN in patients with SAP.@*RESULTS@#A total of 149 SAP patients were enrolled, including 102 in the non-IPN group and 47 in the IPN group. The differences in PASS score at each time point, NLR, CRP, procalcitonin (PCT), blood urea nitrogen, blood chloride, and days of hospitalization between the two groups were statistically significant. Multifactorial Logistic regression analysis showed that 72 hours admission PASS score [odds ratio (OR) = 1.034, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 1.005-1.065, P = 0.022], NLR (OR = 1.284, 95%CI was 1.139-1.447, P = 0.000), and CRP (OR = 1.015, 95%CI was 1.006-1.023, P = 0.001) were independent risk factors for IPN in patients with SAP. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the ROC curve (AUC) of the PASS score at 72 hours of admission, NLR, and CRP alone in predicting IPN in SAP patients were 0.828, 0.771, and 0.701, respectively. The AUC of NLR combined with CRP, PASS combined with NLR, and PASS combined with CRP were 0.818, 0.895, and 0.874, respectively. The combination of PASS score at 72 hours after admission, NLR, and CRP had a better predictive ability for IPN in patients with SAP (AUC = 0.922, 95%CI was 0.877-0.967), and the sensitivity was 72.3% when the cut-off value was 0.539.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The predictive value of the PASS score at 72 hours after admission, NLR and CRP in combination for IPN in SAP patients is better than that of the combination of each two and individual detection and has better test efficacy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/diagnosis , C-Reactive Protein/metabolism , Acute Disease , Neutrophils/metabolism , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Lymphocytes , Prognosis
16.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1058-1062, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010905

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of vitamin D binding protein (DBP) gene polymorphism on susceptibility and prognosis of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP).@*METHODS@#A prospective study was conducted. Eighty-three patients with SAP who were admitted to the department of general surgery of Tianjin Fifth Central Hospital from March 2018 to March 2021 were selected as the research objects, and 83 healthy people in the same period were selected as controls. Peripheral blood RNA was extracted and reverse transcribed into cDNA, and the genotype and allele frequency of DBP gene rs7041 locus were detected by fluorescence quantitative analyzer. Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium was used to test the genetic balance. On the day of admission, serum C-reactive protein (CRP) level was detected by scattering immunoturbidimetry, serum procalcitonin (PCT) level was detected by electrochemiluminescence, serum DBP level was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) was calculated automatically by the instrument. The length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay, the length of hospital stay and prognosis during hospitalization of patients were statistically analyzed. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to screen the influencing factors of SAP occurrence.@*RESULTS@#The results of Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium test showed that the distribution of gene polymorphisms in the two groups of subjects conformed to the law of genetic equilibrium. The frequencies of TT genotype and T allele of DBP gene rs7041 locus in the patients of SAP group were significantly higher than those in the healthy control group [TT genotype: 34.94% (29/83) vs. 9.64% (8/83), T allele: 55.42% (92/166) vs. 38.55% (64/166), both P < 0.01], and the frequency of GT genotype was significantly lower than that in the healthy control group [40.96% (34/83) vs. 57.83% (48/83), P < 0.05]. There was no significant difference in the frequency of GG genotype between the healthy control group and SAP group [32.53% (27/83) vs. 24.10% (20/83), P > 0.05]. Further multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that TT genotype [odds ratio (OR) = 2.831, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 1.582-5.067, P < 0.001] and T allele (OR = 2.533, 95%CI was 1.435-4.472, P < 0.001) of DBP gene rs7041 locus were independent risk factors for SAP in healthy people, while GT genotype was a protective factor for SAP (OR = 0.353, 95%CI was 0.143-0.868, P = 0.041). The levels of CRP, PCT, NLR and DBP in patients with TT genotype of DBP gene rs7041 locus were significantly higher than those in patients with GG/GT genotype on the day of admission in SAP group [CRP (mg/L): 43.25±13.25 vs. 31.86±12.83, PCT (μg/L): 1.53±0.24 vs. 1.21±0.20, NLR: 3.15±0.53 vs. 2.71±0.48, DBP (μg/L): 87.78±19.64 vs. 70.58±18.67, all P < 0.01]. The length of ICU stay in patients with TT genotype of DBP gene rs7041 locus in SAP group was significantly longer than that in patients with GG/GT genotype (days: 11.35±1.58 vs. 9.71±1.35, P < 0.01). The length of hospital stay of patients with TT genotype was longer than that of patients with GG/GT genotype (days: 23.41±3.64 vs. 23.17±3.57), and the in-hospital mortality was higher than that of patients with GG/GT genotype [34.48% (10/29) vs. 29.63% (16/54)], but the difference was not statistically significant (both P > 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The risk of SAP was significantly increased in patients with TT genotype of rs7041 locus of DBP gene, and the mechanism may be related to the increase of DBP expression. And carrying the TT genotype will prolong the ICU hospitalization time of SAP patients, but the effect on prognosis is not obvious.


Subject(s)
Humans , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Prospective Studies , Vitamin D-Binding Protein/genetics , Acute Disease , Pancreatitis/genetics , Genotype , Prognosis
17.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 317-322, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971531

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the relationship between serum lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) level and the risk of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) recurrence in hypertensive patients.@*METHODS@#This retrospective case-control study was conducted among 211 hypertensive patients with AIS treated in Foshan First People's Hospital, including 35 patients with recurrence of AIS during the 1-year follow-up as confirmed by head CT/MR. In the overall patients, 60 had grade 1 hypertension (including 5 recurrent cases), 76 had grade 2 hypertension (with 11 recurrent cases), and 75 had grade 3 hypertension (with 19 recurrent cases). Univariate analysis, multivariate logistic regression analysis, trend analysis, and smooth curve fitting analysis were performed to explore the correlation between serum Lp-PLA2 level within 24 h after admission and the risk of AIS recurrence. The predictive efficacy of serum Lp-PLA2 level for AIS recurrence in different hypertension grades was evaluated using ROC curve analysis.@*RESULTS@#Serum Lp-PLA2 level, age, NIHSS score at admission, mRS scores at 7 days, homocysteine level and smoking status differed significantly between patients with and without AIS recurrence (P < 0.05). After adjustment for confounding factors, multivariate regression analysis showed that the highest tertile of Lp-PLA2 level was associated with a 4.13-fold increase of AIS recurrence risk compared with the lowest tertile (OR=5.13, 95% CI: 1.35-19.40), and each 1 ng/mL increase of Lp-PLA2 level was associated with a 1% increase of AIS recurrence risk (OR= 1.01, 95% CI: 1.01-1.02). Serum Lp-PLA2 level was shown to positively correlate with AIS recurrence risk, and in patients with grade 3 hypertension, its areas under the ROC curve for predicting AIS recurrence was 0.869 with a specificity of 0.893 and a sensitivity of 0.737.@*CONCLUSION@#Serum Lp-PLA2 concentration is an independent risk factor and potentially an effective predictor for AIS recurrence in patients with grade 3 hypertension.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , 1-Alkyl-2-acetylglycerophosphocholine Esterase , Acute Disease , Biomarkers , Brain Ischemia/etiology , Case-Control Studies , Cerebral Infarction , Hypertension/complications , Ischemic Stroke/complications , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stroke
18.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 133-138, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971420

ABSTRACT

Objective: To review the clinical characteristics, to illustrate diagnosis and management experience of orbital and cranial complications of pediatric acute rhinosinusitis. Methods: The clinical data of 24 children with orbital and cranial complications of acute rhinosinusitis who received endoscopic sinus surgery combined with drug treatment in Beijing Children's Hospital from January 2017 to December 2021 were retrospectively reviewed. There were 19 boys and 5 girls. The age varied from 13 to 159 months, with a median 47.5 months. The following diagnoses were obtained: 12 isolated subperiosteal orbital abscess, 2 associated with preseptal abscess, 2 associated with intraorbital abscess, 7 associated with optic neuritis, and 1 associated with septic cavernous sinus thrombosis. Clinical characteristics, organism isolated and outcomes were analyzed through descriptive methods. Results: All 24 patients presented with fever; 9 presented with nasal congestion and purulent discharge. The clinical manifestations of orbital infection included orbital edema, pain, proptosis and displacement of globe in all patients, while visual impairment was recognized in 7 children. Purulent drainage was cultured in 17 patients, among which 12 were positive. All patients underwent nasal endoscopic surgical interventions uneventfully, excluding one patient who required a second surgical procedure. Follow-up period ranged from 5 to 64 months. All patients resolved fully, with the exception of 2 children who got permanent blindness with visual loss preoperative. There was no recurrence or death. Conclusions: Orbital and cranial complications of pediatric acute rhinosinusitis could be severe with an occult onset. For patients with vison impairment, any signs of intracranial complications and a lack of response to conservative management, an urgent endoscopic intervention is needed.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Child , Humans , Abscess/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Sinusitis/therapy , Orbital Cellulitis , Acute Disease , Exophthalmos , Orbital Diseases/therapy
19.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 120-125, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970831

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the causes, management and prevention of complications after micro-incision percutaneous repair of acute Achilles tendon rupture.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study indentyfied 279 patients with acute Achilles tendon rupture who underwent a mini-invasive procedure using the micro-incision percutaneous Achilles tendon suture system(MIPAS) from August 2008 to November 2019, including 269 males and 10 female;96 cases on the right side and 183 cases on the left side;aged from 18 to 64 years old with an average of (36.9±11.4 )years old. Surgery was performed 0.5 to 7 days with an average of(2.7±0.9 )days after injury. The incision-related complications, re-rupture, sural nerve injury, deep vein thrombosis, Achilles tendon adhesion, local pain, and ankle stiffness within 18 months after surgery were recorded, as well as the corresponding management and outcome, the causes and prevention measures were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#No superficial or deep infection was found in all patients, symptomatic Achilles tendon adhesion and ankle stiffness were not observed, delayed suture foreign-body reactions occurred in 2 cases (0.7%), re-rupture in 5 cases (1.8%), sural nerve injury in 3 cases (1.1%), 21 cases(7.5%) with skin invagination at puncture site, 2 cases (0.7%) with symptomatic vein thrombosis, and 45 cases (16.1%) of transient posterior medial malleolus pain. After individualized treatment, the function was good. American Orthopeadic Foot & Ankle Sciety(AOFAS) score was 93 to 100 with an average of(98.9±5.4) scores.@*CONCLUSION@#Despite the occurrence of unique complications with MIPAS, it shows low functionally-related complications rates, such as incision-related complications, re-rupture, sural nerve injury, deep vein thrombosis and ankle stiffness.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Achilles Tendon/injuries , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Tendon Injuries/surgery , Rupture/surgery , Sutures , Acute Disease , Suture Techniques
20.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 33-40, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970170

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics of various types of infected pancreatic necrosis(IPN) and the prognosis of different treatment methods in the imaging classification of IPN proposed. Methods: The clinical data of 126 patients with IPN admitted to the Department of Pancreatic and Biliary Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University from December 2018 to December 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 70 males(55.6%) and 56 females(44.4%), with age(M(IQR)) of 44(17)years (range: 12 to 87 years). There were 67 cases(53.2%) of severe acute pancreatitis and 59 cases (46.8%) of moderately severe acute pancreatitis. All cases were based on the diagnostic criteria of IPN. All cases were divided into Type Ⅰ(central IPN)(n=21), Type Ⅱ(peripheral IPN)(n=23), Type Ⅲ(mixed IPN)(n=74) and Type Ⅳ(isolated IPN)(n=8) according to the different sites of infection and necrosis on CT.According to different treatment strategies,they were divided into Step-up group(n=109) and Step-jump group(n=17). The clinical indicators and prognosis of each group were observed and analyzed by ANOVA,t-test,χ2 test or Fisher exact test,respectively. Results: There was no significant difference in mortality, complication rate and complication grade in each type of IPN(all P>0.05). Compared with other types of patients, the length of stay (69(40)days vs. 19(19)days) and hospitalization expenses(323 000(419 000)yuan vs. 60 000(78 000)yuan) were significantly increased in Type Ⅳ IPN(Z=-4.041, -3.972; both P<0.01). The incidence of postoperative residual infection of Type Ⅳ IPN was significantly higher than that of other types (χ2=16.350,P<0.01). There was no significant difference in the mortality of patients with different types of IPN between different treatment groups. The length of stay and hospitalization expenses of patients in the Step-up group were significantly less than those in the Step-jump group(19(20)days vs. 33(35)days, Z=-2.052, P=0.040;59 000(80 000)yuan vs. 122 000(109 000)yuan,Z=-2.317,P=0.020). Among the patients in Type Ⅳ IPN, the hospitalization expenses of Step-up group was significantly higher than that of Step-jump group(330 000(578 000)yuan vs. 141 000 yuan,Z=-2.000,P=0.046). The incidence of postoperative residual infection of Step-up group(17.4%(19/109)) was significantly lower than that of Step-jump group(10/17)(χ2=11.980, P=0.001). Conclusions: Type Ⅳ IPN is more serious than the other three types. It causes longer length of stay and more hospitalization expenses. The step-up approach is safe and effective in the treatment of IPN. However, for infected lesions which are deep in place,difficult to reach by conventional drainage methods, or mainly exhibit "dry necrosis", choosing the step-jump approach is a more positive choice.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/complications , Acute Disease , Intraabdominal Infections/complications , Necrosis/complications , Treatment Outcome
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