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1.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud. Oficina General de Gestión de Recursos Humanos; 1 ed; Jul. 2022. 10 p. ilus.(Boletín Informativo, 2).
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS, MINSAPERU | ID: biblio-1380419

ABSTRACT

Habiendo culminado el 22/06/2022 la etapa de planificación con el establecimiento de metas y suscripción del formato de la Gestión del Rendimiento (GDR), se dio inicio a la etapa de seguimiento de metas (23/06/2022 al 22/12/2022), desarrollándose el pasado 7 y 8 de julio cuatro talleres virtuales, dónde se explicó temas como las reuniones de seguimiento, la documentación de evidencias, el cálculo del avance de las metas de desempeño y las oportunidades de mejora


Subject(s)
Organization and Administration , Personnel Management , Diagnosis-Related Groups , Aftercare , Employee Performance Appraisal
2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(3): 496-501, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388022

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the results obtained from the surgical treatment of malleolar ankle fractures associated with distal tibiofibular syndesmosis (DTFS) injury submitted to conventional surgical procedure for fracture fixation and DTFS fixation by suture button (SB). Methods Forty-nine patients were retrospectively evaluated, with a mean age of 45 years old and a mean follow-up of 34.1 months. Clinical and functional evaluation was based on the visual analogue scale (VAS) and on the American Foot and Ankle Society Score (AOFAS) for ankle and hindfoot, return to routine activities, and return to sport. Results The postoperative mean AOFAS and VAS were, respectively, 97.06 (confidence interval [CI 95%: 95.31-98.81] and 0.16 [CI 95% 0,04 - 0,29]. All patients returned to previous daily activities, and only 12 showed some residual symptom. There was no postoperative instability in any patient. Forty-six patients returned to sports activities and, of these, only 1 did not return to the level prior to the injury. Only two patients presented SB-related alterations. There was no report of dissatisfaction. Conclusion In malleolar fractures of the ankle with DTFS injury, the fixation of syndesmosis with SB demonstrated excellent postoperative results. Level of Evidence IV, retrospective case series.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os resultados obtidos do tratamento cirúrgico das fraturas maleolares do tornozelo associadas a lesão da sindesmose tibiofibular distal (STFD) submetidas a procedimento cirúrgico convencional de fixação da fratura e fixação da STFD pelo suture button (SB). Métodos Avaliou-se retrospectivamente 49 pacientes com uma média de idade de 45 anos e seguimento médio de 34,1 meses. A avaliação clínica e funcional foi baseada na escala visual analógica (EVA) e na escala American Foot and Ankle Society Score (AOFAS, na sigla em inglês) para tornozelo e retropé, retorno às atividades da rotina e retorno ao esporte. Resultados As médias pós-operatórias das escalas AOFAS e EVA foram, respectivamente, 97,06 (índice de confiança [IC 95%: 95,31 - 98,81] e 0,16 [IC 95% 0,04 - 0,29]. Todos os pacientes retornaram às atividades prévias do cotidiano, sendo que apenas 12 apresentaram algum sintoma residual. Não se verificou instabilidade pós-operatória em nenhum paciente. Ao todo, 46 pacientes retornaram às atividades desportivas e, destes, apenas 1 não retornou ao nível prévio à lesão. Apenas dois pacientes apresentaram alterações relacionadas ao SB. Não houve relato de insatisfação. Conclusão Em fraturas maleolares do tornozelo com lesão da STFD, a fixação da sindesmose com o SB demonstrou excelentes resultados pós-operatórios. Nível de Evidência IV, série de casos retrospectiva.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Aftercare , Ankle Fractures/surgery , Ankle Fractures/rehabilitation , Ankle Joint/surgery
3.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud. Centro Nacional de Epidemiología, Prevención y Control de Enfermedades; 1 ed; Jun. 2022. 1158-93 p. ilus.(Boletín Epidemiológico, 31, SE-24).
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS, MINSAPERU | ID: biblio-1379438

ABSTRACT

Luego del llamado realizado por la Asamblea Mundial de la Salud en el 2014, para que los países implementen medidas que garanticen y fortalezcan la vigilancia, la prevención, el acceso al tratamiento y el control de las hepatitis virales en todos los países, nos preguntamos ¿Qué avances hemos tenido? En el 2016, con la finalidad de fortalecer la atención del recién nacido y seguimiento del niño expuesto a madres con hepatitis B en el Perú, se aprobó el documento técnico "Plan Nacional para la Eliminación de la Transmisión Materno Infantil del VIH, Sífilis, y Hepatitis B, en el Perú 2017-2021", en la cual se establece como objetivos acciones para reducir la transmisión infantil de hepatitis B a un 5%. En referido documento se identifican limitantes como: el bajo porcentaje de niñas y niños expuestos tamizados, pérdida del seguimiento de gestantes y de niños y niñas expuestos, y la débil coordinación entre los servicios de la salud.


Subject(s)
Syphilis , Epidemiologic Studies , Epidemiologic Measurements , Aftercare , Epidemiological Monitoring , Health Services Accessibility , Hepatitis B
4.
Prensa méd. argent ; 108(3): 113-119, 20220000.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1372907

ABSTRACT

Las infecciones urinarias complicadas, dentro de las cuales se encuentran las asociadas a catéteres, son un hallazgo frecuente de la práctica clínica. Las complicaciones infecciosas después de los procedimientos urológicos son una fuente importante de morbimortalidad y consumen múltiples recursos sanitarios. La colonización bacteriana en el catéter ureteral juega un papel esencial en la patogénesis de la infección, y el uso de profilaxis antimicrobiana en urología es controvertido. El objetivo de nuestro trabajo fue evaluar la utilidad de la profilaxis antibiótica en la extracción del catéter doble J


Complicated urinary infections, among which are those associated with catheters, are a frequent finding in clinical practice. Infectious complications after urological procedures are an important source of morbidity and mortality and consume multiple healthcare resources. Bacterial colonization in the ureteral catheter plays an essential role in the pathogenesis of infection, and the use of antimicrobial prophylaxis in urology is controversial. Te objective of our work was to evaluate the usefulness of antibiotic prophylaxis in the extraction of the double J catheter


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Urinary Tract Infections/therapy , Chi-Square Distribution , Stents , Prospective Studies , Aftercare , Ureteroscopy , Antibiotic Prophylaxis , Cystoscopes , Nephrolithiasis/surgery , Urinary Catheters
5.
Prensa méd. argent ; 108(3): 120-125, 20220000. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1373050

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El manejo inmediato del dolor postoperatorio es esencial para una comodidad y rehabilitación temprana del paciente Este estudio busca evaluar el efecto analgésico postoperatorio inmediato en cirugías de columna lumbosacra por vía posterior, como los efectos adversos con la administración de analgesia intratecal, usando Clonidina contra Morfina. Material y métodos: Es un estudio analítico de intervención, cuasi experimental, prospectivo, longitudinal, comparativo, doble ciego. Para comparar la eficacia de la analgesia intratecal post operatoria inmediata en cirugías de columna lumbosacra primarias por vía posterior y los efectos adversos. Los pacientes se distribuyeron en dos grupos previamente designados, a un grupo se le administro Clonidina 0.5 microgramos/kg/peso y a otro grupo Morfina 5 microgramos/Kg/Peso. intratecal, intraoperatorio. Resultados: Existió diferencia estadísticamente significativa con mejor manejo del dolor postoperatorio en las primeras horas y menor presencia de vómitos en el grupo de pacientes que se utilizó Clonidina intratecal. No existió diferencia estadísticamente significativa de ambas medicaciones intratecales en la valoración de otros efectos adversos. Discusión: El uso de la analgesia intratecal ha ido ganando relevancia en el tiempo y se fueron sumando estudios para ver la eficacia de diferentes medicamentos, diferentes dosis, menor presencia de efectos adversos. El estudio analiza estas variables buscando una mejor opción terapéutica. Tenemos a favor una muestra representativa a pesar de no ser aleatoria, estricto seguimiento, y análisis estadístico adecuado. Conclusión: La Clonidina intratecal es más efectiva para manejo del dolor post operatorio inmediato de cirugías de columna lumbosacra por vía posterior y con menor presencia de efectos adversos


Introduction: Immediate postoperative pain management is essential for the patient's greater comfort and early rehabilitation. Te goal of this study is to evaluate the immediate analgesic postoperative effect in posterior lumbosacral spine surgery, as well as the adverse effects of the administration of intrathecal analgesia, using Clonidine versus Morphine. Material and methods: An analytical, quasi-experimental, prospective, longitudinal, comparative, double-blinded intervention study was conducted to compare the efficacy of immediate postoperative intrathecal analgesia in primary posterior lumbosacral spine surgery, and the adverse effects. Te patients were divided into two previously designated groups. One group received Clonidine 0.5 microgramos/kg and the other group received Morphine 5 microgramos/kg. Intrathecal, intraoperative. Results: Tere was a statistically significant difference with better postoperative pain management in the first hours and less vomiting in the group of patients who received intrathecal Clonidine. Tere was no statistically significant difference between both intrathecal medications in the evaluation of other adverse effects. Discussion: Te use of intrathecal analgesia, has been on the rise over time and more studies have been conducted to see the efficacy of different drugs, different doses, with fewer adverse effects. Tis study to analyze these variables with a view to finding a better therapeutic option. Te advantage is having a representative if not random sample, strict follow-up, and appropriate statistical analysis Conclusion: Intrathecal Clonidine proved to be more effective in immediate postoperative pain management after posterior lumbosacral spine surgery and with fewer adverse effects


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pain, Postoperative/therapy , Pain Measurement , Analgesia, Epidural/methods , Double-Blind Method , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Clonidine/administration & dosage , Aftercare , Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Lumbosacral Region/surgery , Morphine/administration & dosage
6.
Prensa méd. argent ; 108(2): 75-81, 20220000. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1368364

ABSTRACT

Introducción: A más de un año del inicio de la pandemia, el seguimiento y la atención presencial de pacientes con enfermedades desmielinizantes se ha visto modificado. Según la evidencia, pacientes con diagnóstico de esclerosis múltiple (EM), síndrome desmielinizante aislado (SDA), Síndrome Radiológico Aislado (SRA) o enfermedades del espectro de neuromielitis óptica (NMO) no parecen ser un grupo de riesgo para COVID19 por el hecho de tener la enfermedad. La presencia de ciertas condiciones puede hacerlos susceptibles de cursar infección severa. Se ha descripto una asociación de curso grave con drogas anti CD20, faltan datos sobre la respuesta a vacunas COVID19 en esta población. Objetivos: Establecer características clínico-epidemiológicas de pacientes con enfermedades desmielinizantes que han padecido COVID-19 y describir su evolución. Caracterizar población vacunada, evaluar acceso al seguimiento médico/ terapéutico durante la pandemia. Materiales y métodos: Estudio observacional descriptivo. Se revisaron las historias clínicas de 168 pacientes con EM, SDA y SRA y 33 pacientes con NMO correspondientes al Hospital de Clínicas José de San Martin. Mediante encuesta telefónica se evaluó adherencia al tratamiento, evolución clínica, infección COVID-19, vacunación y acceso durante la pandemia. Resultados: Se encontraron 49 pacientes que desarrollaron COVID-19 en el grupo de pacientes con EM, y 7 en el grupo de NMO. Del primer grupo ninguno requirió internación, mientras que en el segundo, 2 fueron hospitalizados y uno de ellos falleció. La complicación post-COVID más frecuente fue: astenia prolongada y 3 pacientes presentaron un brote de la enfermedad de base en los 3 meses posteriores. Cerca del 90% de nuestra población ya contaba con al menos 1 dosis de vacuna para SARS-CoV2. Se interrogó sobre el acceso a la consulta neurológica y casi el 70% de los pacientes otorgó máximo puntaje al acceso a consultas virtuales. Conclusión: Los pacientes con enfermedades desmielinizantes que cursaron COVID-19 no tuvieron complicaciones severas por la infección, con solamente 2 pacientes cursando un brote en los 3 meses posteriores. No observamos reacciones adversas severas post vaccinales, ni infección posterior, sólo 2 pacientes presentaron un brote en el período post aplicación. Gran cantidad de pacientes percibieron acceso fluido a sus neurólogos de manera virtual, lo que podría relacionarse con alta tasa de adherencia a sus tratamientos a pesar de la limitación a la consulta presencial.


Introduction: More than a year after the start of the pandemic, the follow-up and face-to-face care of patients with demyelinating diseases has been modified. According to the evidence, patients with a diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS), isolated demyelinating syndrome (ADS), Isolated Radiological Syndrome (RAS) or neuromyelitis optica (NMO) spectrum diseases do not seem to be a risk group for COVID19 due to the fact that they have the disease. The presence of certain conditions can make them susceptible to severe infection. A severe course association with anti-CD20 drugs has been described, data on the response to COVID19 vaccines in this population are lacking. Objectives: To establish clinical-epidemiological characteristics of patients with demyelinating diseases who have suffered from COVID-19 and describe their evolution. Characterize the vaccinated population, evaluate access to medical/therapeutic follow-up during the pandemic. Materials and methods: Descriptive observational study. The medical records of 168 patients with MS, ADS and ARS and 33 patients with NMO corresponding to the Hospital de Clínicas José de San Martin were reviewed. Through a telephone survey, adherence to treatment, clinical evolution, COVID-19 infection, vaccination, and access during the pandemic were evaluated. Results: 49 patients who developed COVID-19 were found in the MS patient group, and 7 in the NMO group. Of the first group, none required hospitalization, unlike in the second, 2 were hospitalized and one of them died. The most frequent post-COVID complication was: prolonged asthenia and 3 patients presented an outbreak of the underlying disease in the following 3 months. Close to 90% of our population already had at least 1 dose of SARS-CoV2 vaccine. Access to the neurological consultation was questioned and almost 70% of the patients gave the highest score to access to virtual consultations. Conclusion: Patients with demyelinating diseases who had COVID-19 did not have severe complications from the infection, with only 2 patients having an outbreak in the subsequent 3 months. We did not observe severe post-vaccinal adverse reactions, nor subsequent infection, only 2 patients presented an outbreak in the post-application period. A large number of patients perceived fluid access to their neurologists virtually, which could be related to a high rate of adherence to their treatments despite the limitation to face-to-face consultation


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Evolution , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Demyelinating Diseases/therapy , Aftercare , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19/therapy , Multiple Sclerosis/diagnosis
7.
Prensa méd. argent ; 108(2): 108-112, 20220000. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368488

ABSTRACT

Los pacientes con infección perioperatoria por COVID-19 tienen un alto riesgo de muerte y complicaciones posoperatorias. En la actualidad, la infección por COVID-19 en Irak representó 1.696.390 casos con 19.087 muertes. Un estudio nacional, único y observacional que incluyó pacientes con infección por COVID-19 que se sometieron a cualquier tipo de cirugía en el Hospital General de Abu-Graib, Bagdad, Irak, durante el período del 19 de marzo de 2020 al 30 de abril de 2021. Tiempo desde el diagnóstico de la infección por COVID-19 El día de la cirugía se recogió como factor categórico dividido en: (a) 0-3 semanas; (b) 4­6 semanas; (c) >6 semanas. Edad; sexo; estado físico de la Sociedad Americana de Anestesiólogos (ASA); comorbilidades cardíacas; comorbilidades respiratorias; indicación de cirugía; grado de cirugía; y se documentaron los tipos quirúrgicos. Se incluyeron un total de 378 pacientes con una edad media de 47,89±16,03 años. Las mujeres eran más que los hombres (65,87% > 34,13%). Aproximadamente, el 76,72% de los pacientes pertenecían a ASA I-II, mientras que el 23,28% eran ASA III-IV. Alrededor del 19,05% de los pacientes sufría de comorbilidades cardíacas. 266/378 de los pacientes se quejaron de comorbilidades respiratorias. Cirugía indicada en 35,45% condiciones benignas, 27,5% obstetricia, 7,65% cirugía oncológica y 29,4% operaciones traumáticas. Operaciones mayores documentadas en 205/378 pacientes. Las intervenciones quirúrgicas de urgencia realizadas en (176, 46,56%), mientras que los casos electivos fueron 202/378 (53,44%). En total, en el momento de la operación, 80 (21,16 %) pacientes tenían un diagnóstico preoperatorio de COVID-19. El tiempo desde el diagnóstico de COVID-19 hasta la cirugía fue de 0 a 3 semanas en 98 pacientes (25,93 %), de 4 a 6 semanas en 115 pacientes (30,42 %) y >6 semanas en 165 pacientes (43,65 %). La tasa de mortalidad postoperatoria global fue del 9,52% (36/378). Con respecto a la complicación cardiaca de la O.P., no hubo asociación significativa en relación al momento previo a la cirugía (p=0,08). Sin embargo, la complicación cardíaca global fue del 16,4%. En general, el 44,97 % (170/378) de los pacientes desarrollaron una complicación pulmonar por O.P. durante el período de seguimiento. Hasta donde sabemos, este es el primer estudio que proporciona datos sólidos sobre el momento óptimo para la cirugía después de la infección por COVID-19 en Irak. El momento óptimo de la cirugía después de la infección por COVID-19 fue de más de 6 semanas. Descubrimos que los riesgos de morbilidad y mortalidad por O.P. son mayores si los pacientes son operados dentro de las 6 semanas posteriores al diagnóstico de infección por COVID-19.


Patients with perioperative COVID-19 infection are at high risk of death and complications postoperatively. Nowadays, COVID-19 infection in Iraq accounted 1,696,390 cases with 19,087 deaths. A national, single, and observational study that included patients with COVID-19 infection undergoing any type of surgery in Abu-Graib General Hospital, Baghdad Iraq during period from 19 March 2020 to 30 April 2021. Time from the diagnosis of COVID-19 infection to day of surgery was collected as a categorical factor divided into: (a) 0­3 wks; (b) 4­6 wks; (c) >6 wks. Age; sex; American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status; cardiac comorbidities; respiratory comorbidities; indication for surgery; surgery grade; and surgical types were documented. A total of 378 patient were included with mean age was 47.89±16.03 years. Females were more than males (65.87% > 34.13%). Approximately, 76.72% of patients belonged within ASA I-II, whereas 23.28% were ASA III-IV. About 19.05% of patients suffered from cardiac comorbidities. 266/378 of patients complained from respiratory comorbidities. Surgery indicated in 35.45% benign conditions, 27.5% obstetrics, 7.65% oncological surgery, and 29.4% traumatic operations. Major operations documented in 205/378 patients. Emergencies surgical intervention done in (176, 46.56%), whereas elective cases were 202/378 (53.44%). In total at operation timing, 80(21.16%) patients had a preoperative COVID-19 diagnosis. The time from COVID-19 diagnosis to surgery was 0­3 weeks in 98 patients (25.93%), 4­6 weeks in 115 patients (30.42%), and >6 weeks in 165 patients (43.65%). The overall postoperative mortality rate was 9.52% (36/378). In regard to P. O. cardiac complication, there was no significant association in relation to timing before surgery (p=0.08). However, the overall cardiac complication was 16.4%. Overall, 44.97% (170/378) of patients developed a P. O. pulmonary complication within period of follow-up. To our knowledge this is the first study to provide strong data regarding the optimal timing for surgery following COVID-19 infection in Iraq. The optimal timing of surgery after COVID-19 infection was more than 6 wks. We found that risks of P. O. morbidity and mortality are greatest if patients are operated within 6 wks of diagnosis of COVID-19 infection


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Respiratory Tract Diseases/complications , Comorbidity , Aftercare , Emergencies , COVID-19/surgery , COVID-19/complications , Heart Diseases/complications , Time Factors
8.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 42(1): 147-158, ene.-mar. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374514

ABSTRACT

Introducción. En Perú, la microscopía óptica con gota gruesa continúa utilizándose en el seguimiento de los pacientes con malaria o paludismo. Esta prueba es sencilla, pero requiere de equipamiento microscópico y personal idóneo que realice la lectura de las muestras. Los estudios sugieren que la prueba rápida OptiMAL-IT™ es una opción para dicho seguimiento. Objetivo. Evaluar la efectividad de OptiMAL-IT™ como test de seguimiento en pacientes con malaria en áreas endémicas del Perú. Materiales y métodos. Se hizo un estudio observacional, transversal y analítico de pruebas diagnósticas en pacientes con malaria. Se seleccionó a todos los pacientes que cumplían con los criterios de inclusión, procedentes de diferentes establecimientos de salud de los departamentos peruanos de San Martín y Loreto. El diagnóstico se hizo mediante microscopía óptica con gota gruesa y la prueba rápida de diagnóstico inmunocromatográfico OptiMAL-IT™ en los días 2, 3, 7 y 14 para Plasmodium vivax y hasta el día 21 de seguimiento para Plasmodium falciparum. Se calculó el porcentaje de los correctamente clasificados y los valores predictivos, y se compararon los resultados de la selva occidental y la selva oriental mediante ji al cuadrado o prueba exacta de Fisher. Resultados. Se registraron 262 pacientes de San Martín y 302 de Loreto. Los porcentajes correctamente clasificados y el valor predictivo negativo fueron superiores a 92,0 y 93,0 %, respectivamente, a partir del tercer día de seguimiento; no se encontraron diferencias estadísticas en los resultados obtenidos en la Amazonía occidental y los de la oriental. Conclusiones. La prueba OptiMAL-IT™ sería efectiva como test de seguimiento en los pacientes con diagnóstico de malaria en áreas endémicas del Perú.


Introduction: In Peru, optical microscopy with the thick smear test continues to be performed for the follow-up of malaria patients. This test is simple but it requires microscopic equipment and suitable staff to perform the reading of the samples. Studies suggest that the rapid OptiMAL-IT™ test is an option for follow-up. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of OptiMAL-IT™ as a follow-up test in malaria patients in endemic areas of Perú. Materials and methods: We conducted an observational, analytical cross-sectional study of diagnostic tests performed in patients with malaria. We selected all the patients attending different health facilities in the Peruvian departments of San Martín and Loreto who met the inclusion criteria. Optical microscopy with thick smear and OptiMAL-IT™ was used on days 2, 3, 7, and 14 for Plasmodium vivax and until day 21 of follow-up for Plasmodium falciparum. Percentages of correctly classified samples and predictive values were calculated, and the results were compared between the western jungle and the eastern jungle using Chi2 or Fisher's exact tests. Results: We registered 262 patients from San Martín and 302 from Loreto. The percentage of correctly classified cases and the negative predictive value were higher than 92.0% and 93,0%, respectively, from the third day of follow-up; no statistical differences were found in the results obtained from the western jungle and those from the eastern jungle. Conclusions: The OptiMAL-IT™ test would be effective as a follow-up test in patients diagnosed with malaria in endemic areas of Perú.


Subject(s)
Malaria/diagnosis , Peru , Plasmodium , Effectiveness , Aftercare
9.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 22(1): 36-42, jan.-mar. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1392005

ABSTRACT

A Síndrome de Gorlin Goltz apresenta características com comprometimento craniofaciais que incluem carcinomas basocelulares, ceratocístos odontogênicos e fenda labial e/ou palatina. Ceratocísticos odontogênico aparecem durante as primeiras décadas de vida, mais comumente na mandíbula, associados a dentes impactados. O diagnóstico precoce possibilita a cura da lesão, minimiza as deformidades ósseas e pode ser concluído com exames como radiográfico e histopatológico. Relato de caso: Com o objetivo descrever o diagnóstico e analisar as possibilidades de tratamento das manifestações faciais da Síndrome de Gorlin Goltz será relatado um caso clínico de uma paciente infantil. A paciente tem um acompanhamento clínico multidisciplinar com geneticista, oncologista e cirurgião-dentista de 6 anos. Apresentou 5 ceratocisticos odontogênicos, carcinomas basocelulares na região do pescoço, calcificação da foice cerebral, ceratose palmo-plantar e macrocefalia. O tratamento para as lesões císticas foi a enucleação, seguida de osteotomia periférica. O defeito ósseo produzido pela enucleação de cisto mandibular foi enxertado com bloco de osso alógeno do banco de tecidos do INTO-RJ. Conclusão: Constata-se que o Cirurgião-dentista é capacitado para fazer o diagnóstico desta síndrome e encaminhar para o tratamento multidisciplinar. O enxerto alógeno é uma opção adequada de reconstrução de cavidades císticas, beneficiando pacientes do Sistema Único de Saúde... (AU)


Gorlin Goltz Syndrome has features with craniofacial involvement that include basal cell carcinomas, odontogenic keratocysts, and cleft lip and/or palate. Odontogenic keratocysts appear during the first decades of life, most commonly in the mandible, associated with impacted teeth. Early diagnosis enables healing of the lesion, minimizes bone deformities and can be completed with exams such as radiographic and histopathological exams. Case report: In order to describe the diagnosis and analyze the treatment possibilities of the facial manifestations of Gorlin Goltz Syndrome, a clinical case of a child patient will be reported.The patient has a multidisciplinary clinical follow-up with a 6-year geneticist, oncologist and dental surgeon. She had 5 odontogenic keratocystic keratocysts, basal cell carcinomas in the neck region, sickle cerebral calcification, palmoplantar keratosis and macrocephaly. The treatment for cystic lesions was enucleation, followed by peripheral osteotomy. The bone defect produced by the enucleation of a mandibular cyst was grafted with an allogeneic bone block from the tissue bank of INTO-RJ. Conclusion: It is concluded that the dentist is trained to make the diagnosis of this syndrome and refer to multidisciplinary treatment. Allogeneic graft is an appropriate option for the reconstruction of cystic cavities, benefiting patients from the Unified Health System... (AU)


El Síndrome de Gorlin Goltz tiene características con compromiso craneofacial que incluyen carcinomas de células basales, queratoquistes odontogénicos y labio leporino o paladar hendido. Los queratoquistes odontogénicos aparecen durante las primeras décadas de vida, más comúnmente en la mandíbula, asociados con dientes retenidos. El diagnóstico precoz permite la curación de la lesión, minimiza las deformidades óseas y se puede concluir con exámenes como exámenes radiográficos e histopatológicos. Reporte de caso: Con el fin de describir el diagnóstico y analizar las posibilidades de tratamiento de las manifestaciones faciales del Síndrome de Gorlin Goltz, se reportará un caso clínico de un paciente infantil. El paciente tiene un seguimiento clínico multidisciplinario con un genetista, oncólogo y cirujano dentista de 6 años. Presentó 5 queratocísticos odontogénicos, carcinomas basocelulares en la región del cuello, calcificación de la hoz cerebral, queratosis palmoplantar y macrocefalia. El tratamiento de las lesiones quísticas fue la enucleación, seguida de una osteotomía periférica. El defecto óseo producido por la enucleación de un quiste mandibular se injertó con un bloque óseo alogénico del banco de tejidos de INTO-RJ. Conclusión: Parece que el odontólogo está capacitado para realizar el diagnóstico de este síndrome y derivar al tratamiento multidisciplinario. El injerto alogénico es una opción adecuada para la reconstrucción de cavidades quísticas, beneficiando a los pacientes del Sistema Único de Salud... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Osteotomy , Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome , Odontogenic Cysts , Allografts , Congenital Abnormalities , Tooth, Impacted , Cleft Palate , Aftercare , Early Diagnosis
10.
Más Vita ; 4(1): 179-193, mar. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1372232

ABSTRACT

La telerehabilitación es una rama de la telemedicina que tiene como beneficio ofrecer servicios de salud a través del uso de los medios tecnológicos, este permite evaluar, monitorizar, prevenir y educar al paciente desde su domicilio. Objetivo: Determinar un programa de Telerehabilitación Respiratoria en pacientes post COVID-19 en el Centro General Prequirúrgico "Dos Hermanas" de la parroquia Santa María Manga del Cura Provincia de Manabí en el periodo 2021 ­ 2022. Materiales y métodos: Esta investigación tiene un enfoque cuantitativo con un diseño descriptivo y trasversal, la población fue de 75 pacientes, en donde se emplea una historia clínica exhaustiva a 40 pacientes que son obtenidos por medio de la muestra aplicando los criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Resultados: Se logró desarrollar una guía didáctica de ejercicios individualizados a través del uso de los medios de alta tecnología permitiendo que el paciente interactúe de una manera eficiente y eficaz con el terapeuta respiratorio. Conclusión: Se puede determinar que con el uso de la tecnología el profesional de salud puede ofrecer un seguimiento y control de la enfermedad aguda o crónica minimizando los riesgos de contagio y evitando los colapsos sanitarios(AU)


Telerehabilitation is a branch of telemedicine that has the benefit of offering health services through the use of technological means, this allows evaluating, monitoring, preventing and educating the patient from home. Objective: To determine a Respiratory Telerehabilitation program in post-COVID-19 patients at the "Dos Hermanas" General Pre-surgical Center of the Santa María Manga del Cura parish, Province of Manabí in the period 2021 - 2022. Materials and methods: This research has a quantitative approach with a descriptive and cross-sectional design, the population was 75 patients, where an exhaustive clinical history is used for 40 patients who are obtained through the sample applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results: It was possible to develop a didactic guide of individualized exercises through the use of high-tech means, allowing the patient to interact efficiently and effectively with the respiratory therapist. Conclusion: It can be determined that with the use of technology, the health professional can offer monitoring and control of acute or chronic disease, minimizing the risks of contagion and avoiding health collapses(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aftercare , Telerehabilitation , COVID-19 , Home Care Services , World Health Organization , Telemedicine , Access to Essential Medicines and Health Technologies
11.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 27: e2430, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355717

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo descrever o perfil de crianças pré-termo, segundo aspectos sociodemográficos, clínicos e assistenciais, e a associação com dados perinatais e pós-natais. Métodos estudo observacional descritivo transversal, aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais - CEP-UFMG, sob o Parecer 3.615.440, realizado por meio da análise de 749 prontuários de crianças pré-termo, atendidas no setor de Fonoaudiologia de ambulatório multidisciplinar de follow-up. Foram incluídos no estudo todos os prontuários do período de 2009 a 2019. Para as análises de associação foram utilizados os testes Qui-quadrado de Pearson e Kruskal-Wallis, sendo considerados como valores com significância estatística os que apresentaram valor de p≤0,05. Resultados verificou-se distribuição similar entre os sexos feminino e masculino e a maior parte das crianças com prematuridade moderada a tardia. A maioria dos pais apresentou ensino médio completo, com renda familiar de até dois salários mínimos (60,0%). Quanto aos aspectos clínicos, observou-se significância estatística (p≤0,001) na associação da idade gestacional com as seguintes variáveis: peso ao nascimento, estatura, perímetro cefálico, uso do Método Canguru, alimentação na alta, drogas ototóxicas, hemorragia intracraniana, sepse e icterícia. A maioria dos bebês (99,9%) realizou o Teste Guthrie com resultado adequado (95,3%). Da mesma forma, referente à realização da Triagem Auditiva Neonatal - (79,9%), com resultado adequado (89,4%). Conclusão a maioria das famílias era de baixa renda, com bebês apresentando prematuridade tardia. Observou-se significância estatística para as variáveis: tipo de parto, peso, estatura, perímetro cefálico, uso de drogas ototóxicas, hemorragia intracraniana, sepse e icterícia, com alterações predominantes em prematuros extremos.


ABSTRACT Purpose to describe the profile of preterm children based on sociodemographic, clinical, and assistance aspects, and their association with peri- and postnatal data. Methods observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study, approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG, Brazil), under evaluation report no. 3,615.440. It was based on the analysis of 749 medical records of preterm children attended at the speech-language-hearing department of a multidisciplinary follow-up outpatient center. All medical records from 2009 to 2019 were included in the study. The association analyses were made with the Pearson chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis tests, and the statistically significant values were set at p≤0.05. Results the sample was evenly distributed between females and males, and most of them were moderate-to-late premature children. Most parents had graduated from high school, earning up to two minimum wages (60.0%). As for the clinical aspects, there was a statistically significant association (p≤0.001) between gestational age and birth weight, length, head circumference, use of kangaroo care, feeding method at discharge, ototoxic drugs, intracranial hemorrhage, sepsis, and jaundice. Most babies (99.9%) were submitted to the Guthrie test, with normal results (95.3%). It was likewise with the Neonatal Hearing Screening (79.9%), with normal results (89.4%). Conclusion most of the sample were from low-income families, with late premature babies. There was a statistical significance for type of delivery, weight, length, head circumference, ototoxic drug use, intracranial hemorrhage, sepsis, and jaundice, with changes occurring predominantly in extremely premature infants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Postnatal Care , Infant, Premature , Aftercare/statistics & numerical data , Perinatal Care , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences , Ambulatory Care/statistics & numerical data , Patients , Socioeconomic Factors , Health Profile , Risk Factors
12.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1381861

ABSTRACT

En el mundo se reportan más de 600 millones de personas que experimentan tinnitus. Aproximadamente 20% de las personas con tinnitus subjetivo permanente presentan incomodidad significativa, interviniendo negativamente en su calidad de vida, con inducción de estados depresivos. Existen diferentes estrategias de intervención para el manejo del tinnitus, entre ellas la estimulación acústica. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el impacto de la estimulación acústica pasiva en la severidad del tinnitus y en la calidad de vida de los pacientes con tinnitus subjetivo crónico mediante la Escala Visual Análoga(VAS)y el Inventario de Discapacidad del Tinnitus(THI). Estudio descriptivo de cohorte histórico que incluyó a pacientes >18 años con tinnitus subjetivo crónico que recibieron manejo con estimulación acústica pasiva entre 2017-2018. A los pacientes se les aplicó la VAS y el THI antes, durante y después del tratamiento. Se evidenciaron cambios significativos (p<0,05) entre las medianas en dos de los tres dominios del VAS y en todos los dominios pre y post tratamiento del THI. En las pruebas post hoc se encontraron diferencias (p<0.05) entre las medianas de los puntajes al inicio y a los tres meses y entre los puntajes al inicio y a los seis meses en todos los dominios y en el puntaje total de la escala THI. La estimulación acústica pasiva generó cambios en la discapacidad generada por el tinnitus. Se sugiere complementar los abordajes de tratamiento con estrategias que favorezcan también los mecanismos de memoria, atención y conciencia para aumentar la efectividad de las intervenciones


More than 600 million people worldwide are reported to experience tinnitus. Approximately 20% of people with permanent subjective tinnitus present significant discomfort, interfering negatively in their quality of life, inducing depressive states. There are different intervention strategies for the management of tinnitus, including acoustic stimulation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of passive acoustic stimulation on tinnitus severity and quality of life in patients with chronic subjective tinnitus using the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and the Tinnitus Disability Inventory (THI). Descriptive historical cohort study including patients >18 years with chronic subjective tinnitus who received management with passive acoustic stimulation between 2017-2018. Patients were administered VAS and THI before, during and after treatment. Significant changes (p<0.05) between medians were evident in two of the three VAS domains and in all pre ­ and post-treatment domains of THI. In post hoc tests, differences (p<0.05) were found between the medians of scores at baseline and at three months and between scores at baseline and at six months in all of the domains and in the total THI scale score. Passive acoustic stimulation generated changes in tinnitus-generated disability. It is suggested to complement treatment approaches with strategies that also favor memory, attention and awareness mechanisms to increase the effectiveness of the inter ventions


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Tinnitus , Acoustic Stimulation , Patients , Attention , Therapeutics , Aftercare , Equipment and Supplies , Gender Identity
13.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 60(1): 52-58, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359848

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el conocimiento de la funcionalidad del injerto y la supervivencia del paciente es fundamental para valorar el éxito del trasplante renal. Objetivo: determinar la supervivencia de los pacientes trasplantados por tipo de donante y la funcionalidad de los injertos renales en una cohorte en México. Material y métodos: cohorte de trasplante renal de 2013 a 2017 en México. Se analizaron 790 pacientes seguidos por un año para valorar la supervivencia de los pacientes trasplantados por tipo de donante y la funcionalidad de los injertos renales. Para ello se usaron medidas de tendencia central y dispersión, así como tablas de supervivencia de Kaplan-Meier con SPSS, versión 25. Resultados: de los 790 pacientes, 518 fueron de donante vivo (65.56%) con supervivencia del paciente de 97.88% y de funcionalidad del injerto de 93.24% a 12 meses de seguimiento; 272 pacientes recibieron el injerto de donante fallecido con supervivencia del paciente de 91.18% y funcionalidad del injerto renal de 84.19%. Conclusiones: aún existe una diferencia de casi 5% en la supervivencia del paciente receptor de un donante vivo en referencia con un donante fallecido. Para la funcionalidad del injerto renal esta diferencia es > 7%. La donación cadavérica ha aumentado; sin embargo, incluso en cifras bajas es de aproximadamente el 35% en México


Background: Knowledge of the functionality of the graft and patient survival is essential to assess the success of kidney transplantation. Objective: To determine the survival of transplanted patients by type of donor and the functionality of kidney grafts in a cohort in Mexico. Material and methods: Kidney transplant cohort from 2013 to 2017 in Mexico. 790 patients followed up for one year were analyzed to assess the survival of transplanted patients by type of donor and the functionality of kidney grafts. For this, measures of central tendency and dispersion were used, as well as Kaplan-Meier survival tables with SPSS, version 25. Results: Out of the 790 patients, 518 were from living donors (65.56%) with patient survival of 97.88% and graft function of 93.24% at 12 months of follow-up; 272 patients received the graft from a deceased donor with patient survival of 91.18% and renal graft function of 84.19%. Conclusions: There is still a difference of almost 5% in the survival of the recipient patient from a living donor compared to a deceased donor. For the functionality of the kidney graft, this difference is > 7%. Cadaveric donation has increased; however, even at low figures is of approximately 35% in Mexico


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Middle Aged , Survival , Kidney Transplantation , Aftercare , Survivorship , Graft Survival , Cohort Studies , Mexico
14.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 60(1): 59-66, 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361376

ABSTRACT

Introducción: los pacientes con SARS-CoV-2 presentan signos y síntomas que involucran principalmente el sistema respiratorio. Las secuelas son consecuencia de un deterioro de la calidad de vida, neumonía, fatiga, disnea y dolor articular. Objetivo: tener el sustento científico que permita evidenciar la importancia de la fisioterapia respiratoria y sus efectos sobre los pacientes adultos post-COVID-19 de fase aguda. Material y métodos: se hizo una revisión sistemática de la literatura en cuatro bases de datos (Scopus, Web of Science, PubMed y ScienceDirect). La búsqueda fue realizada en febrero de 2021 con un total de 1229 estudios. Finalmente, se incluyeron cinco estudios que cumplieron con los criterios de elegibilidad: dos ensayos clínicos, dos reportes de caso y un estudio transversal. La calidad metodológica de las publicaciones fue evaluada. Resultados: el entrenamiento de la musculatura respiratoria, las respiraciones dirigidas y el fortalecimiento general dan datos significativos en la mejora de la funcionalidad. La evidencia demuestra que hay efectos positivos de la fisioterapia respiratoria en pacientes adultos post-COVID-19, pues aumenta la resistencia al ejercicio, disminuye la fatiga, se reduce la disnea, mejora la funcionalidad y la calidad de vida. Conclusiones: es necesario que se desarrollen más ensayos clínicos aleatorizados y estudios de grupos de menor rango de edad y con enfoques individualizados.


Background: Patients with SARS-CoV-2 present signs and symptoms that primarily involve the respiratory system. The sequelae result in impaired quality of life, pneumonia, dyspnea, fatigue, and joint pain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Breathing Exercises , Physical Therapy Modalities , COVID-19 , Lung Volume Measurements , Quality of Life , Aftercare , SARS-CoV-2/drug effects , Mexico
15.
Afr. j. lab. med. (Print) ; 11(1): 1-7, 2022. tables, figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1378853

ABSTRACT

Background: Early diagnosis and confirmation of HIV infection in newborns is crucial for expedited initiation of antiretroviral therapy. Confirmatory testing must be done for all children with a reactive HIV PCR result. There is no comprehensive data on confirmatory testing and HIV PCR test request rejections at National Health Laboratory Service laboratories in South Africa.Objective: This study assessed the metrics of routine infant HIV PCR testing at the Tygerberg Hospital Virology Laboratory, Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa, including the proportion of rejected test requests, turn-around time (TAT), and rate of confirmatory testing.Methods: We retrospectively reviewed laboratory-based data on all HIV PCR tests performed on children ≤ 24 months old (n = 43346) and data on rejected HIV PCR requests (n = 1479) at the Tygerberg virology laboratory over two years (2017­2019). Data from sample collection to release of results were analysed to assess the TAT and follow-up patterns.Results: The proportion of rejected HIV PCR requests was 3.3%; 83.9% of these were rejected for various pre-analytical reasons. Most of the test results (89.2%) met the required 96-h TAT. Of the reactive initial test results, 53.5% had a follow-up sample tested, of which 93.1% were positive. Of the initial indeterminate results, 74.7% were negative on follow-up testing.Conclusion: A high proportion of HIV PCR requests were rejected for pre-analytical reasons. The high number of initial reactive tests without evidence of follow-up suggests that a shorter TAT is required to allow confirmatory testing before children are discharged.


Subject(s)
Early Diagnosis , Infant , Polymerase Chain Reaction , HIV , Aftercare , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939557

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Hospital-at-home programmes are well described in the literature but not in Asia. We describe a home-based inpatient substitutive care programme in Singapore, with clinical and patient-reported outcomes.@*METHODS@#We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients admitted to a hospital-at-home programme from September 2020 to September 2021. Suitable patients, who otherwise required hospitalisation, were admitted to the programme. They were from inpatient wards, emergency department and community nursing teams in the western part of Singapore, where a multidisciplinary team provided hospital-level care at home. Electronic health record data were extracted from all patients admitted to the programme. Patient satisfaction surveys were conducted post-discharge.@*RESULTS@#A total of 108 patients enrolled. Mean age was 67.9 (standard deviation 16.7) years, and 46% were male. The main diagnoses were skin and soft tissue infections (35%), urinary tract infections (29%) and fluid overload (18%). Median length of stay was 4 (interquartile range 3-7) days. Seven patients were escalated back to the hospital, of whom 2 died after escalation. One patient died at home. There was 1 case of adverse drug reaction and 1 fall at home, and no cases of hospital-acquired infections. Patient satisfaction rates were high and 94% of contactable patients would choose to participate again.@*CONCLUSION@#Hospital-at-home programmes appear to be safe and feasible alternatives to inpatient care in Singapore. Further studies are warranted to compare clinical outcomes and cost to conventional inpatient care.


Subject(s)
Aftercare , Aged , Female , Hospitalization , Humans , Length of Stay , Male , Patient Discharge , Retrospective Studies , Singapore
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939548

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#There are limited studies exploring functional improvement in relation to characteristics of patients who, following acute hospital care, receive inpatient rehabilitation in community hospitals. We evaluated the association of acute hospital admission-related factors with functional improvement on community hospital discharge.@*METHODS@#We conducted a retrospective cohort study among patients who were transferred to community hospitals within 14-day post-discharge from acute hospital between 2016 and 2018. Modified Barthel Index (MBI) on a 100-point ordinal scale was used to assess functional status on admission to and discharge from the community hospital. We categorised MBI into 6 bands: 0-24, 25-49, 50-74, 75-90, 91-99 and 100. Multivariable logistic regression models were constructed to determine factors associated with categorical improvement in functional status, defined as an increase in at least one MBI band between admission and discharge.@*RESULTS@#A total of 5,641 patients (median age 77 years, interquartile range 69-84; 44.2% men) were included for analysis. After adjusting for potential confounders, factors associated with functional improvement were younger age, a higher MBI on admission, and musculoskeletal diagnosis for the acute hospital admission episode. In contrast, a history of dementia or stroke; lower estimated glomerular filtration rate; abnormal serum albumin or anaemia measured during the acute hospital episode; and diagnoses of stroke, cardiac disease, malignancy, falls or pneumonia; and other chronic respiratory diseases were associated with lower odds of functional improvement.@*CONCLUSION@#Clinicians may want to take into account the presence of these high-risk factors in their patients when planning rehabilitation programmes, in order to maximise the likelihood of functional improvement.


Subject(s)
Aftercare , Aged , Female , Hospitals, Community , Humans , Inpatients , Male , Patient Discharge , Retrospective Studies , Stroke/complications , Stroke Rehabilitation
18.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 101-107, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935651

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the composition of intestinal microflora prior to onset of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in very low birth weight preterm infants. Methods: This was a multicenter prospective nested case-control study. A total of 46 very low birth weight preterm infants (birth weight <1 500 g and gestional age <35 weeks) within 24 h of life admitted into Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of Children's Hospital of Soochow University and Suzhou Municipal Hospital from April 20 to November 20, 2018 were enrolled. Baseline clinical data and fecal samples of these infants were collected. The subsequent sampling time points were 1st, 4th and 7th day in the first week of life then once per week consecutively. The endpoint of sampling was NEC occurrence, patient discharge or the 8th week post-discharge, whichever came first. Fecal samples were analyzed by 16 S rDNA high-throughput nucleotide sequencing. The control cases were infants without NEC who were matched to the NEC cases with a ratio of 1∶1. The operational taxonomic units (OTU), sequence number and shannon diversity index of the fecal samples were analyzed. Continuous variables were compared with t-test or non-parametric test, and χ2 test or Fisher's exact test was used for categorical variables. Results: There were 23 patients in each group. The gestational age was (29.4±1.8) weeks in NEC group and (29.9±1.6) weeks in control group, including 13 males (57%) and 11 males (48%) in each group, respectively. Species abundance showed that the Firmicutes in both groups decreased temporarily at 7 days of age and then increased with age in control group, but not in NEC group, the Proteobacteria in both groups increased at 7 days of age and then decreased in control group, but kept increasing in NEC group. Regarding the other levels of taxonomy, compared with that of the control group, the NEC group had lower abundance of Proteobacteria, γ-proteobacteria and Enterobacteriaceae at 7 days of age, while higer abundance of Faecalibacterium at 14 days of age, meanwhile, lower Clostridium and Streptococcus at 21 days of age, lower Firmicutes, Clostridia and Clostridium perfringens and higher Proteobacteria and γ-proteobacteria at 28 days of age, these differences were all statistically significant (U=43.00, 43.00, 45.00, 80.00, 74.00, 76.00, 19.00, 8.00, 36.00, 25.00, 25.00,all P<0.05). The shannon index of NEC group was both lower than that of the controls at 21 days of age (2.4 (1.4, 3.0) vs. 3.1 (2.6, 4.0), U=67.00, P=0.027) and 28 days of age (2.4 (1.4, 2.8) vs. 3.9 (3.3, 4.2), U=12.00, P=0.001). Conclusions: The intestinal microflora profile of very low birth weight preterm infants has already changed prior to NEC development. The emergence of differential flora and the reduction of microflora diversity may facilitate early identification and prevention of NEC.


Subject(s)
Aftercare , Case-Control Studies , Child , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/epidemiology , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Male , Patient Discharge , Prospective Studies
19.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 263-269, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935138

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the long-term prognosis of fulminant myocarditis (FM) and non-fulminant myocarditis (NFM) patients who survived and discharged from hospital, and to explore the factors associated with the long-term prognosis and impaired cardiac function. Methods: This study was a retrospective study. Consecutive patients with acute myocarditis hospitalized in Tongji Hospital from January 2017 to December 2020 were enrolled and divided into FM group and NFM group according to the type of myocarditis. Then, patients in the FM group were further divided into normal cardiac function group and impaired cardiac function group according the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). All patients with acute myocarditis were treated with antiviral, immunomodulatory, immunosuppressive medications and symptomatic and supportive treatment, while FM patients were treated with comprehensive treatment plan. Clinical data at admission of enrolled patients were collected through the electronic medical record system. Patients were clinically followed-up at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months, then once a year after discharge by clinical visit. The primary endpoints included major cardiovascular events, impaired cardiac function was defined by LVEF<55%. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to analyze the occurrence of LVEF<55% and left ventricular enlargement during the follow-up of patients in FM group and NFM group, and Log-rank test was used for comparison between groups. Cox regression model was used to analyze the risk factors of impaired cardiac function in patients with FM during follow-up. Results: A total of 125 patients with acute myocarditis were enrolled (66 in FM group and 59 in NFM group). Compared with NFM group, the proportion of FM patients with the lowest LVEF<55% during hospitalization was higher (P<0.01), and the recovery time of normal LVEF during hospitalization was longer (P<0.01). The proportion of LVEF<55% at discharge was similar between the two groups (P=0.071). During the follow-up of 12 (6, 24) months, 1 patient (1.5%) died due to cardiac reasons in FM group after discharge, 16 patients (24.2%) had sustained LVEF<55% after discharge, and 8 patients (12.1%) had left ventricular enlargement. In NFM group, 3 patients (5.1%) had sustained LVEF<55%, and 1 patient (1.7%) had left ventricular enlargement. Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis showed that the incidence of sustained LVEF<55% in FM group was higher than that in NFM group (P=0.003), and the incidence of left ventricular enlargement was also higher than that in NFM group (P=0.024). Subgroup analysis of patients in the FM group showed that, compared with the normal cardiac function group, the time from onset to admission was shorter (P=0.011), the proportion of LVEF<55% at discharge was higher (P=0.039), the proportion of coronary angiography was higher (P=0.014), and the LVEF recovery time during hospitalization was longer (P=0.036) in FM patients with impaired cardiac function. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that longer LVEF recovery time during hospitalization was an independent risk factor for cardiac function impairment after discharge of FM patients (HR=1.199, 95%CI 1.023-1.406, P=0.025). Conclusions: The incidence of reduced LVEF is significantly higher in FM patients than that in NFM patients. Longer LVEF recovery time during hospitalization is an independent risk factor for cardiac function impairment in FM patients after discharge.


Subject(s)
Aftercare , Humans , Myocarditis , Patient Discharge , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left
20.
African Journal of Reproductive Health ; 26(5): 1-13, May 2022;. Tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1382238

ABSTRACT

Postabortion care services provide lifesaving treatment for abortion-related complications and addresses women's needs by offering family planning (FP) counseling and voluntary access to contraception. Between 2016 and 2020, the Government of Tanzania sought to strengthen its PAC program by enhancing FP counseling and clients' access to a wide range of contraceptive options.The project team conducted a pre-post evaluation in 17 public sector healthcare facilities in mainland Tanzania and 8 in Zanzibar. It comprised structured client exit interviews (CEIs), completed first in 2016 (n=412) and again in 2020 (n=484). These data complemented an evaluation that used routine service statistics to demonstrate the intervention's effects on client-reported outcomes. Primary outcomes of the CEIs reflected client experience and satisfaction with services, and researchers compared prepost differences using chi-square tests. There were improvements in numerous indicators, including client waiting times, recall of emergency procedure counseling, contraceptive uptake, and satisfaction with the quality of overall counseling and FP information and services; however, triangulation of CEI data with service statistics indicated that some outcomes, though still improved since baseline, attenuated. Strengthening the FP component of PAC is feasible in Tanzania and Zanzibar, but strategies to sustain quality improvements over time are needed. (Afr J Reprod Health 2022; 26[5]: 28-40)


Subject(s)
Intersectoral Collaboration , Aftercare , Abortion , Family Planning Services , Tanzania , Directive Counseling , Health Services Accessibility
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