Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 10.846
Filter
1.
Rev. enferm. Cent.-Oeste Min ; 12: 4503, nov. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1402131

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: relacionar o escore de risco de lesões por posicionamento cirúrgico decorrentes da posição supina com aspectos sociodemográficos, clínicos, cirúrgicos e ocorrência de complicações. Método: estudo observacional longitudinal realizado com 89 pacientes em decúbito dorsal. Aplicadas variáveis ​​sociodemográficas e clínicas e a Escala de Risco para Desenvolvimento de Lesões por Posicionamento Cirúrgico. Adotadas análises descritivas, bivariadas e de regressão logística, considerando-se um nível de significância de α=0,05. Resultados: a idade aumentou em 1,11 vezes (p<0,001) e a obesidade em 13,77 vezes (p=0,01) a chance de aumento do risco de lesões. A proporção de dor (34,1%) e lesão por pressão na região sacrococcígea (91,7%) destacou-se nos pacientes de maior risco (p=0,05). Conclusão: obesos e idosos apresentaram maior risco de lesões. Dor e ocorrência de lesão por pressão na região sacrococcígea foram as complicações predominantes nos pacientes de maior risco (AU)


Objective:to relate the risk score for injuries due to surgical positioning resulting from the supine position with sociodemographic, clinical, surgical aspects and the occurrence of complications. Method: longitudinal observational study carried out with 89 patientsin the supine position. Sociodemographic and clinical variables and the Risk Scale for the Development of Surgical Positioning Injuries were applied. Descriptive, bivariate and logistic regression analyzes were adopted, considering a significance level ofα=0.05. Results: age increased by 1.11 times (p<0.001) and obesity by 13.77 times (p=0.01) the chance of increased risk of injury. The proportion of pain (34.1%) and pressure injury in the sacrococcygeal region (91.7%) stood out in patients at higher risk(p=0.05). Conclusion:obese and elderly people had a higher risk of injury. Pain and occurrence of pressure injury in the sacrococcygeal region were the predominant complications in patients at higher risk (AU)


Objetivo:relacionar el puntaje de riesgo de lesiones por posicionamiento quirúrgico derivado de la posición supina con aspectos sociodemográficos, clínicos, quirúrgicos y la ocurrencia de complicaciones. Método:estudio observacional longitudinal realizado con 89 pacientes en decúbito supino. Se aplicaron variables sociodemográficas, clínicas y la Escala de Riesgo para el Desarrollo de Lesiones de Posicionamiento Quirúrgico. Fueron adoptados análisis descriptivos, bivariados y de regresión logística, considerando un nivel de significancia de α=0,05. Resultados:La edad aumentó en 1,11 veces (p<0,001) y la obesidad en 13,77 veces (p=0,01) la probabilidad de mayor riesgo de lesión. La proporción de dolor (34,1%) y lesión por presión en la región sacrococcígea (91,7%) sedestacó en los pacientes de mayor riesgo (p=0,05).Conclusión:Las personas obesas y ancianas tenían mayor riesgo de lesiones. El dolor y la aparición de lesión por presión en la región sacrococcígea fueron las complicaciones predominantes en los pacientes de mayor riesgo (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Supine Position , Pressure Ulcer , Patient Positioning/adverse effects , Intraoperative Complications/etiology , Body Mass Index , Risk Factors , Longitudinal Studies , Age Factors , Perioperative Care , Sociodemographic Factors
2.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 7(1): 49-58, Jan-Apr 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1382189

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar a frequência de hipertensão arterial sistêmica e sua associação com parâmetros periodontais e do índice de dentes cariados, perdidos, obturados (CPOD) em indivíduos atendidos na clínica do Curso de Odontologia da Unigranrio. Materiais e métodos: Noventa e cinco indivíduos de ambos os sexos foram incluídos no estudo entre março e maio de 2021. Os participantes responderam a questionários anamnésicos, tiveram sua pressão arterial sistêmica aferida e foram examinados para obtenção do índice CPOD e de parâmetros periodontais. Resultados: A frequência de hipertensão arterial sistêmica na população estudada foi 23,15%. Em pacientes com periodontite, essa prevalência foi 27%, e, em pacientes com gengivite, 19%. Pacientes com periodontite tiveram médias superiores de pressão arterial sistólica (PAS) e diastólica (PAD) comparado ao grupo com gengivite (p<0,0001). Foram identificadas correlações significativas positivas entre PAS e bolsas periodontais moderadas (rho=0,356) e profundas (rho=0,342), perda de inserção avançada (rho=0,538), CPOD (rho=0,365) e quantidade de dentes ausentes (rho=0,477), p < 0,001. A PAD apresentou correlações significativas (p < 0,001) positivas com bolsas periodontais moderadas (rho=0,331) e profundas (rho=0,283), perda de inserção avançada (rho=0,465), CPOD (rho=0,361) e dentes ausentes (rho=0,348). Conclusões: A frequência de hipertensão arterial sistêmica autorrelatada é relativamente alta na população estudada e, em especialmente, dentre as pessoas com periodontite. Pressão arterial sistólica e diastólica são correlacionadas positivamente com parâmetros periodontais indicadores de severidade de doença, assim como piores escores do CPOD.


Aim: The study evaluated the prevalence of systemic arterial hypertension and its association with periodontal parameters and decayed-missing-filled teeth (DMFT) index in individuals treated in a Dental School clinic. Material and methods: Ninety-five individuals of both genders were included in the study in the period between March and May 2021. All participants answered anamnestic questionaries, had their systemic blood pressure measured, and were examined to obtain the DMFT and periodontal parameters. Results: The prevalence of systemic arterial hypertension in the study population was 23.15%. In periodontitis individuals, that prevalence was 27%, and, in gingivitis patients, 19%. Patients with periodontitis have higher mean systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure compared with gingivitis individuals (p<0.0001). Significant positive correlations were found between SBP and moderate (rho=0.356) and deep (rho=0.342) periodontal pockets, severe attachment loss (rho=0.538), DMFT (rho=0.365), and amount of missing teeth (rho=0.477), p ? 0.001. The DBP showed significant (p?0.001) positive correlations with moderate (rho=0.331) and (rho=0.283) deep periodontal pockets, severe attachment loss (rho=0.465), DMFT (rho=0.361), and missing teeth (rho=0.348). Conclusions: The prevalence of systemic arterial hypertension is relatively high in the study population and, in particular, among individuals with periodontitis. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure are positively correlated with periodontal parameters that indicate the severity of disease, as well as with worse DMFT scores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Periodontitis/complications , DMF Index , Gingivitis/complications , Hypertension/complications , Periodontitis/diagnosis , Periodontitis/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Age and Sex Distribution , Gingivitis/diagnosis , Gingivitis/epidemiology
3.
Rev. APS ; 25(Supl. 2): 121-138, 16/08/2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1393147

ABSTRACT

A informatização da medicina busca potencializar o sistema de saúde, mas diversas dificuldades são encontradas na usabilidade dos sistemas pelos profissionais. No Brasil, sabe-se muito pouco sobre a percepção dos médicos sobre o uso de prontuários eletrônicos. O objetivo desta pesquisa foi identificaro nível de satisfação dos médicos de família com o uso de prontuários eletrônicos. Trata-se de pesquisa observacional transversal, com aplicação de questionário para a avaliação do grau de satisfação dos usuários de prontuários eletrônicos. Para a análise, foi utilizada a metodologia de mineração de dados com ferramentas específicas. O alto nível de satisfação esteve relacionado à capacidade de o prontuário prevenir erros, prover prescrição rápida e fácil, ajudar a atender mais pacientes, facilitar a discussão de casos e realizar tarefas. Jáa insatisfação esteve relacionada a suporte técnico ruim, falta de ferramentas de suporte à decisão clínica, ser empecilho à relação médico paciente e alertas ruins. Apesar do nível de satisfação geral ser baixo, os médicos demonstraram gostar de usar o prontuário eletrônico. Este estudo é uma oportunidade para reflexão sobre as demandas mais urgentes no aprimoramento desses sistemas e para planejamento de ações futuras.


The informatization of medicine aims to improve the health system. Professionals encounter several difficulties with the usability of systems. In Brazil, very little is known about physicians' perceptions of the use of electronic medical records. The objective of this research is to identify the level of satisfaction of family doctors with the use of electronic medical records. This is a cross-sectional observational study, with the application of a questionnaire to assess the degree of the user's satisfaction with electronic medical records. For analysis, the data mining methodology with specific tools was used. A high level of satisfaction was related to several factors: the ability of the medical record to prevent errors, quick and easy prescriptions, support in seeing more patients, facilitating case discussions, and task performance. On the other hand, dissatisfaction was related to poor technical support, lack of clinical decision support tools, obstructing the doctor-patient relationship, and deficient alerts. Despite the low level of overall satisfaction, physicians demonstrated that they enjoyed using the electronic medical record. This study is an opportunity to reflect on the most urgent demands for improving these systems and plan future actions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Physicians, Family , Primary Health Care , Consumer Behavior , Electronic Health Records , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Age Factors , Decision Support Systems, Clinical
4.
Rev. urug. enferm ; 17(1): 1-20, jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, BNUY | ID: biblio-1369095

ABSTRACT

La anemia constituye un problema mayor de salud pública debido a sus múltiples consecuencias biológicas, económicas y sociales. La anemia por deficiencia de hierro es común en niños pequeños, debido a los altos requerimientos de hierro necesarios para su rápido crecimiento y desarrollo, particularmente durante los primeros dos años de vida. Con el objetivo de sintetizar el conocimiento actual sobre los determinantes sociales de la anemia ferropénica en niños, se realizó una revisión sistemática de los artículos originales sobre estudios cuantitativos publicados en las bases de datos PubMed Central (PMC), SCOPUS Elsevier y la Biblioteca Virtual en Salud (BVS) en el mes de febrero del año 2021, en la que fueron seleccionados 43 artículos. Se observa que los estudios abordan desde causas estructurales como el nivel socioeconómico, como aquellas subyacentes: saneamiento, condiciones habitacionales, hacinamiento, conocimiento materno, estado nutricional del niño, lactancia materna y alimentación complementaria, entre otras. Se advierte que hay escasez de estudios en América Latina que aborden la problemática desde la perspectiva de los determinantes sociales, resulta fundamental el profundizar en el estudio de la determinación de las causas para contar con información válida que permita tomar acciones tendientes a contribuir en la resolución de la problemática en Uruguay.


Anemia is a major public health problem due to its multiple biological, economic and social con-sequences. Iron deficiency anemia is common in young children, due to the high iron requirements necessary for their rapid growth and development, particularly during the first two years of life. With the aim of synthesizing the current knowledge on the social determinants of iron deficiency anemia in children, a systematic review of the original articles on quantitative studies published in the PubMed Central (PMC), SCOPUS Elsevier and the Virtual Library in Health (VHL) in the month of February of the year 2021, in which 43 articles were selected. It is observed that the studies address from structural causes such as socioeconomic level, as well as those underlying: sanitation, housing conditions, overcrowding, maternal knowledge, nutritional status of the child, breastfeeding and complementary feeding, among others. It is noted that there is a lack of studies in Latin America that address the problem from the perspective of social determinants, it is essential to deepen the study of the determination of the causes to have valid information that allows taking actions aimed at contributing to the resolution of the problem in Uruguay.


A anemia é um importante problema de saúde pública devido às suas múltiplas consequências biológicas, econômicas e sociais. A anemia por deficiência de ferro é comum em crianças pequenas, devido às altas necessidades de ferro necessárias para seu rápido crescimento e desenvolvimento, principalmente durante os dois primeiros anos de vida. Com o objetivo de sintetizar o conhecimento atual sobre os determinantes sociais da anemia ferropriva em crianças, uma revisão sistemática dos artigos originais sobre estudos quantitativos publicados no PubMed Central (PMC), SCOPUS Elsevier e na Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS) em o mês de fevereiro do ano de 2021, no qual foram selecionados 43 artigos. Observa-se que os estudos abordam desde causas estruturais como nível socioeconômico, como também as subjacentes: saneamento básico, condições de moradia, superlotação, conhecimento materno, estado nutricional da criança, aleitamento materno e alimentação complementar, entre outras. Nota-se que há carência de estudos na América Latina que abordem o problema sob a ótica dos determinantes sociais, é imprescindível aprofundar o estudo da determinação das causas para ter informações válidas que permitam tomar ações que visem contribuir para a resolução do problema no Uruguai.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/epidemiology , Social Determinants of Health , Socioeconomic Factors , Family , Age Factors , Caregivers , Housing Sanitation , Child Nutrition , Infant Nutrition , Health Services Accessibility
5.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 87(2): 90-96, abr. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388724

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Describir las tasas de recién nacidos vivos (RNV) y embarazo de la terapia de reproducción médicamente asistida de baja complejidad del Centro de Reproducción Humana de la Universidad de Valparaíso, Chile. MÉTODO: Estudio retrospectivo de todos los ciclos de estimulación ovárica controlada con inseminación intrauterina (IIU) completados, entre los años 2011 y 2019. Se evaluaron las características clínicas basales y los resultados en IIU homólogas y heterólogas según el ciclo inseminado, la causa de infertilidad, el rango etario y el índice de masa corporal (IMC). El desenlace principal fue la tasa de RNV por ciclo inseminado. RESULTADOS: Se estudiaron 1415 ciclos en 700 parejas. La tasa acumulativa de RNV fue del 19,6%, un 18,3% en IIU homóloga y un 39,0% en IIU heteróloga. La tasa de RNV fue del 10,0% al primer ciclo, del 5,8% al segundo ciclo y del 3,7% al tercer o más ciclos. Al separar por IIU heteróloga, esta aumenta al 24,4% al primer ciclo y al 14,6% al segundo ciclo. La tasa de RNV es significativamente mejor en pacientes menores de 35 años (23,7%) y con IMC < 29 (20,8%). CONCLUSIONES: El tratamiento de baja complejidad en pacientes infértiles es una opción terapéutica vigente con una aceptable tasa de RNV por ciclo inseminado. Los resultados están influenciados por la edad y por el IMC.


OBJECTIVE: To describe the rates of live newborns (LNB) and pregnancy of the low complexity therapy of the Centre for Human Reproduction of Universidad de Valparaíso, Chile. METHOD: Retrospective study of all cycles of controlled ovarian stimulation with intrauterine insemination (IUI) completed between 2011-2019. The baseline clinical characteristics and results in homologous and heterologous IUI were evaluated according to inseminated cycle, cause of infertility, age range and body mass index (BMI). The main outcome was rate of LNB per inseminated cycle. RESULTS: 1415 cycles were studied in 700 couples. The cumulative rate of LNB was 19.6%, 18.3% in homologous IUI and 39.0% in heterologous IUI. The LNB rate was 10.0% at the first cycle, 5.8% at the second cycle, 3.7% at the third or more cycles. When separating by heterologous IUI, it increases to 24.4% in the first cycle and 14.6% in the second cycle. The LNB rate is significantly better in patients under 35 years of age (23.7%) and with a BMI less than 29 (20.8%). CONCLUSIONS: Treatment of low complexity in selected infertile patients is a current therapeutic option with an acceptable rate of LNB per inseminated cycle. The results are influenced by age and BMI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Birth Rate , Reproductive Techniques, Assisted , Infertility/therapy , Ovulation Induction , Insemination, Artificial , Body Mass Index , Retrospective Studies , Age Factors , Pregnancy Rate , Live Birth
6.
Distúrb. comun ; 34(1): e53050, mar. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396344

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A mastigação tem uma importância significativa para o desenvolvimento das estruturas do Sistema Estomatognático (SE), sendo esta aperfeiçoada no decorrer da vida. A eletromiografia de superfície destaca-se como uma importante ferramenta de avaliação capaz de quantificar a atividade elétrica dos músculos mastigatórios, sendo uma forma de caracterizar o comportamento dessa função estomatognática. Observando a complexidade e importância da mastigação, torna-se importante conhecer melhor as modificações desta função no decorrer dos ciclos de vida. Objetivo: O objetivo do estudo foi realizar análise eletromiográfica dos músculos da mastigação em indivíduos sem queixas orofaciais representantes dos ciclos da infância, adolescência, fase adulta e senescência. Método: A amostra foi composta por 120 voluntários de ambos os sexos, distribuídos em quatro grupos de acordo com a faixa de idade. Os voluntários foram submetidos à avaliação da mastigação por meio da eletromiografia de superfície durante o repouso, contração voluntária máxima, mastigações unilaterais direita e esquerda e mastigação habitual; bem como a verificação da força de mordida entre os dentes incisivos centrais, molares do lado direito e molares do lado esquerdo. Realizou-se, ainda, a tomada de medidas antropométricas faciais das hemifaces direta e esquerda dos voluntários. Resultados: Os resultados apontaram comportamentos morfológicos e funcionais distintos entre os grupos estudados, bem como a influência da variável sexo nas respostas eletrofisiológicas da função mastigatória. Conclusão: foi verificado que o comportamento mastigatório variou segundo a idade e o sexo, apontando uma tendência de correlação entre os componetes anatômicos e funcionais envolvidos nessa função estomatognática.


Introduction: Chewing is of significant importance for the development of the structures of the Stomatognathic System (SE), which is improved throughout life. Surface electromyography stands out as an important assessment tool capable of quantifying the electrical activity of the masticatory muscles, being a way to characterize the behavior of this stomatognathic function. Observing the complexity and importance of chewing, it is important to better understand the changes in this function during the life cycles. Objective: The objective of the study was to perform an electromyographic analysis of the muscles of mastication in individuals without orofacial complaints representing the cycles of childhood, adolescence, adulthood and senescence. Method: The sample consisted of 120 volunteers of both sexes, distributed in four groups according to the age group. The volunteers underwent chewing assessment by means of surface electromyography during rest, maximum voluntary contraction, unilateral right and left chewing and habitual chewing; as well as the verification of the bite force between the central incisor teeth, molars on the right side and molars on the left side. Facial anthropometric measurements of the direct and left hemifaces of the volunteers were also taken. Results: The results showed distinct morphological and functional behaviors between the groups studied, as well as the influence of the gender variable on the electrophysiological responses of the masticatory function. Conclusion: it was found that the masticatory behavior varied according to age and sex, pointing to a trend of correlation between the anatomical and functional components involved in this stomatognathic function.


Introducción: La masticación es de gran importancia para el desarrollo de las estructuras del Sistema Estomatognático (SE), que se mejora a lo largo de la vida. La electromiografía de superficie se destaca como una importante herramienta de evaluación capaz de cuantificar la actividad eléctrica de los músculos masticatorios, siendo una forma de caracterizar el comportamiento de esta función estomatognática. Observando la complejidad de esta función, es importante conocer mejor los cambios de esta función durante los ciclos de vida. Objetivo: El objetivo del estudio fue realizar un análisis electromiográfico de los músculos de la masticación en individuos sin quejas orofaciales representando los ciclos de niñez, adolescencia, adultez y senescencia. Método: La muestra estuvo formada por 120 voluntarios de ambos sexos, distribuidos en cuatro grupos según el grupo de edad. Los voluntarios fueron sometidos a valoración masticatoria mediante electromiografía de superficie en reposo, máxima contracción voluntaria, masticación unilateral derecha e izquierda y masticación habitual; así como la verificación de la fuerza de mordida entre los incisivos centrales, molares del lado derecho y molares del lado izquierdo. También se tomaron medidas antropométricas faciales de los hemifaces directo e izquierdo de los voluntarios. Resultados: Los resultados mostraron distintos comportamientos morfológicos y funcionales entre los grupos estudiados, así como la influencia de la variable género en las respuestas electrofisiológicas de la función masticatoria. Conclusión: se encontró que el comportamiento masticatorio varió según la edad y el sexo, apuntando a una tendencia de correlación entre los componentes anatómicos y funcionales involucrados en esta función estomatognática.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Age Factors , Electromyography , Masticatory Muscles/physiology , Bite Force , Cross-Sectional Studies
7.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(2): 191-201, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364978

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Physical Fitness Tests (PFTs) are part of military routines and are usually administered to applicants for the Brazilian corps member, including the civil police. Objective To identify in the literature, scientific articles aimed at assessing physical fitness of police and military personnel in Brazil, using PFTs. Methods This was a systematic review, using the PRISMA systematization, using the following search keywords "police", "military", "physical fitness test" and " PFT", in English and Portuguese. The databases used were ScienceDirect, PubMed, BVS (Lilacs) and Scielo. Only original works performed with police and military personnel in Brazil were selected, through the application of inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results After the screening process, 11 articles were selected from a total of 1,487. Conclusions The data collected from the selected articles suggest that older age is related to a decrease in physical fitness, and better performance in the tests is related to a lower risk of comorbidities. Although high-intensity training improves physical fitness and anthropometric data, it is associated with injury rates; physically active lifestyle is associated with better flexibility.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Physical Fitness , Police , Exercise Test/methods , Military Personnel , Body Weights and Measures , Brazil , Exercise , Comorbidity , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Military Health , Life Style
8.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(2): 230-242, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364972

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the main cause of morbidity and mortality in Brazil. Objective To provide population-based data on prevalence and factors associated with CVD risk factors. Methods Individuals aged ≥20 years from two editions of the cross-sectional Health Survey of São Paulo focusing on Nutrition (ISA-Nutrition), performed in Sao Paulo city in 2008 (n=590) and 2015 (n=610), were evaluated for: obesity, central obesity, waist/height ratio, high blood pressure (HBP), dyslipidemia, diabetes, and number of CVD risk factors ≥3. Prevalence was estimated according to complex survey procedures. Factors associated with cardiovascular risk factors were assessed using logistic regression, with statistical significance of p<0.05. Results Obesity and older age were associated with higher odds of all cardiovascular risk factors investigated, except for dyslipidemia. HBP was positively associated with being Black/Brown and negatively associated with being physicaly active in leisure time. Women were more likely to have increased adiposity indicators and three or more cardiovascular risk factors than men. Those with higher education had lower chances of having diabetes, HBP and dyslipidemia, and those with higher income had higher chances of having three or more risk factors. Former smokers had higher odds of diabetes, obesity, and high waist/height ratio, and smokers had higher odds of high non-HDL cholesterol levels. From 2008 to 2015, there was an increase (p<0.001) in the prevalence of diabetes (6.9% to 17.3%), HBP (31.9% to 41.8%), dyslipidemia (51.3% to 67.6%), and number of CVD risk factors ≥3 (18.9% to 34.1%). Conclusion This study shows increasing prevalence of CVD risk factors in adult population in Sao Paulo and may support the definition of target groups and priority actions on CVD prevention and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Cardiometabolic Risk Factors , Brazil , Logistic Models , Odds Ratio , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Health Surveys , Morbidity , Age Factors , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Age and Sex Distribution , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , Waist-Height Ratio , Hypertension/epidemiology , Obesity/epidemiology
9.
Psico USF ; 27(1): 169-179, jan.-mar. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1376038

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo visou adicionar evidências de validade à Escala de Potencial Criativo no Trabalho, por meio da investigação da influência de variáveis relacionadas ao sujeito (gênero, idade e nível de escolaridade) e ao ambiente organizacional (tempo de empresa) nos resultados do teste e investigar a precisão do instrumento por meio do método de teste e reteste. A amostra foi composta por 371 participantes, com idade média de 33,1 anos, funcionários de empresas de pequeno a grande porte. Nenhuma das variáveis se mostrou significativa nos dois fatores do instrumento (bloqueios e barreiras à criatividade; atributos e características que favorecem a criatividade). Somente três interações se mostraram significativas (sexo x idade no Fator 1; escolaridade x idade no Fator 1; idade x tempo no Fator 2). A precisão se mostrou adequada (r = 0,650 no Fator 1 e r = 0,729 no Fator 2). Estudos voltados à investigação de outras qualidades psicométricas do instrumento são recomendados (AU).


The goal of this study was to add evidence of validity for the Creative Potential at Work Scale, by investigating the influences of variables related to the subject (sex, age, level of education) and the organizational environment (length of time in the company) on test results. The reliability of the instrument was also examined using the test and retest method. Participants in the study were 371 employees employed in small to large companies with a mean age of 33.1 years. There was no significant relationship between any of the variables and the two factors of the instrument (blocks and barriers to creativity; attributes and characteristics that promote creativity). There were only three significant interactions in the study (sex x age for Factor 1; education x age for Factor 1; age x time for Factor 2). In this study, reliability was found to be adequate (r=.650 for Factor 1 and r=.729 for Factor 2). The instrument should be investigated further to determine its other psychometric properties (AU).


El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo agregar evidencias de validez a la Escala de Potencial Creativo en el Trabajo, investigando la influencia de las variables relacionadas con el tema (género, edad y nivel de educación) y el entorno organizacional (tiempo en la empresa) en los resultados a través del método de test-retest. La muestra consistió en 371 participantes, con una edad media de 33.1 años, empleados de pequeñas y grandes empresas. Ninguna de las variables resultó significativa en los dos factores del instrumento (bloqueos y barreras a la creatividad; atributos y características que favorecen la creatividad). Solo tres interacciones fueron significativas (sexo x edad en el Factor 1; educación x edad en el Factor 1; edad x tiempo en el Factor 2). La precisión demostró ser adecuada (r = 0.650 en el Factor 1 y r = 0.729 en el Factor 2). Se recomienda la realización de estudios para investigar otras cualidades psicométricas del instrumento (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Work/psychology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Creativity , Psychometrics , Sex Factors , Reproducibility of Results , Age Factors , Educational Status
10.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369046

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Cervical cancer is the third most common malignant tumor in the female population and the fourth cause of death from cancer in women in Brazil. The squamocolumnar junction and the transformation zone concentrate 90% of pre-invasive and invasive cervical lesions. Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of cytology without cells of the squamocolumnar junction and feasibility of active search. Methods: Cross-sectional study at a university hospital between 2017 and 2018. The prevalence of cytology without squamocolumnar junction cells was calculated. A convenience sample was obtained and mean age and relationship with presence of transformation zone cells were calculated. An active search was performed and cytology collected, with estrogen preparation if indicated. Medical records of the other women were analyzed. Results: Squamocolumnar junction cells were not found in 28.84% of samples. Mean age was 53 years, without association with presence of squamocolumnar junction cells (p=0.409). Seventy-six women returned, 36 of which (47.37%) used estrogen. Level 2 or 3 cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, microinvasive carcinoma or cancer was not identified. A total of 134 medical records were analyzed; only 36 women (26.87%) completed screening. Conclusions: The presence of squamocolumnar junction cells indicates quality of cytology; the use of estrogen in postmenopausal women favors its collection. There were difficulties in active search. An immediate repetition of cytology should be considered.


Introdução: O câncer de colo uterino é o terceiro tumor maligno mais frequente na população feminina e a quarta causa de morte de mulheres por câncer no Brasil. A junção escamo-colunar e a zona de transformação concentram 90% das lesões pré-invasoras e invasoras cervicais. Objetivo: Avaliar prevalência de colpocitologias sem células da junção escamo-colunar e a viabilidade de busca ativa. Métodos: Estudo transversal em hospital universitário entre 2017 e 2018. Calculada prevalência de citologias sem células da junção escamo-colunar. Obtida amostra por conveniência, calculada média de idade e relação com a presença da junção escamo-colunar. Realizada busca ativa e colhidas citologias com preparo estrogênico, se indicado. Analisados os prontuários das demais mulheres. Resultados: A prevalência de ausência de células da junção escamo-colunar foi de 28,84%. A média de idade foi 53 anos, sem associação com presença da junção escamo-colunar (p=0,409). Retornaram 76 mulheres e 36 (47,37%) usaram estrogênio. Não identificamos neoplasia intraepitelial cervical graus 2 ou 3, carcinoma microinvasor e câncer. Analisados 134 prontuários, dos quais apenas 36 mulheres (26,87%) concluíram o rastreio. Conclusões: A presença de células da junção escamo-colunar indica qualidade da coleta, e o uso de estrogênio na pós-menopausa favorece sua obtenção. Houve dificuldade de busca ativa. A repetição imediata da citologia deve ser considerada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/diagnosis , Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia/diagnosis , Papanicolaou Test/methods , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Age Factors , Hospitals, University
11.
Ciênc. rural (Online) ; 52(10): e20210543, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1375117

ABSTRACT

Prothrombin time (PT) and the activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) are useful tools for the diagnosis and monitoring of coagulation disorders in Veterinary Medicine. Our objectives were: to establish reference intervals (RI) for PT and a PTT for the dog using the Start®4 (Stago), to compare the obtained RI with literature; to evaluate the effects of gender and age on the coagulation profile. Plasma samples of 122 healthy dogs (57 males; 65 females) aged between 4 months and 18 years, divided into three age groups (0-2 years old; 3-10 years old; > 10 years old) and grouped in to males and females were analysed. The RI were estimated following the ASVCP guidelines with the Reference Value Advisor software. The RI were: PT 6.7'' to 10.8''; aPTT 9.0'' to 14.8''. PT was significantly higher in females than in males. Dogs aged 10 years or older have significantly higher mean aPTT times than younger dogs. RI comparison showed a considerable percentage of cases outside the reference RI of the literature (PT - 79.3%; aPTT - 77.1%), demonstrating the need of each laboratory to calculate its own RI. The RI established in this study are applicable for the coagulation profile assessment in dogs.


O tempo de protrombina (TP) e o tempo de tromboplastina parcial ativada (TTPa) são ferramentas úteis para o diagnóstico e monitorização das alterações da coagulação em Medicina Veterinária. Os objetivos deste estudo foram: estabelecer intervalos de referência (IR) para TP e TTPa para o cão utilizando o Start®4 (Stago), de modo a comparar os IR obtidos com a literatura; avaliar os efeitos do sexo e da idade no perfil da coagulação. Foram usadas amostras de plasma de 122 cães saudáveis (57 machos; 65 fêmeas) com idades entre quatro meses e 18 anos, divididos em três grupos (0-2 anos; 3-10 anos; > 10 anos) e agrupados em machos e fêmeas. Os IR foram calculados seguindo as diretrizes da ASVCP com o software Reference Value Advisor. Os IR obtidos foram: PT 6,7 '' a 10,8 ''; TTPa 9,0 '' a 14,8 ''. O TP foi significativamente maior nas fêmeas do que nos machos. Os cães com 10 anos ou mais apresentaram tempos médios de TTPa significativamente maiores do que cães mais jovens. A comparação de IR mostrou uma percentagem considerável de casos fora do IR de referência da literatura (TP - 79,3%; TTPa - 77,1%), confirmando a necessidade de cada laboratório calcular seu próprio IR. Os IR estabelecidos neste estudo são aplicáveis na avaliação do perfil hemostático em cães.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Partial Thromboplastin Time/veterinary , Prothrombin Time/veterinary , Hemostatics/analysis , Reference Values , Sex Factors , Age Factors
13.
Evid. actual. práct. ambul ; 25(1): e2087, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1367592

ABSTRACT

Un estudio mostró que el aumento de valores de la hormona estimulante de la tiroides se asoció a un aumento de mortalidad por todas las causas, estimando que las enfermedades cardiovasculares mediaban dicha asociación en aproximada-mente el 14 % de los casos. Asimismo se observó que el reemplazo con levotiroxina disminuiría los niveles de colesterol, lo cual podría tener un efecto en la reducción de enfermedades cardiovasculares. Partiendo de una viñeta clínica la autora intenta, a través de una búsqueda bibliográfica y análisis de la evidencia, determinar si el tratamiento del hipotiroidismo subclínico en adultos mayores reduciría la morbimortalidad por eventos cardiovasculares. (AU)


A study showed that increased thyroid-stimulating hormone levels were associated with increased all-cause mortality, with cardiovascular disease estimated to mediate this association in approximately 14 % of cases. Additionally, levothyroxine replacement was found to lower cholesterol levels, which could have an effect in reducing cardiovascular diseases. Basedon a clinical vignette, the author attempts, through a literature search and an analysis of the evidence, to determine whether treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism in older adults would reduce morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular events. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Thyroxine/therapeutic use , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Hypothyroidism/drug therapy , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Age Factors , Hypothyroidism/blood
14.
Motriz (Online) ; 28: e10220011521, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351124

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The relative age effect is prevalent in different elite team sports. However, little is known about this phenomenon in high-level adult male futsal players. Aim: The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence of relative age effect in Brazilian male elite futsal players, and its relationship with playing position and goals scored on Brazil National Futsal Leagues (BNFL) from 2016 to 2020. Methods: The distribution of birth dates, playing positions, and goals scored by male participants of the Brazil National Futsal Leagues were analyzed. Chi-squared tests were used to analyze the birth dates distribution based on quarters and semesters of the year, according to playing position (defender, winger, pivot, and goalkeeper) and scoring performance (high and low). Results: The overall analysis indicated that the relative age effect is prevalent on the pool of athletes analyzed. However, this effect was position-dependent, since relatively older athletes were overrepresented only in wingers and defenders playing positions. On the other hand, scoring performance was not associated with the relative age effect, since this effect was found in both performance levels. Conclusion: Relative age effects are prevalent in Brazilian male elite futsal athletes, especially for defenders and wingers. Considering the high level of competitiveness for spots in elite futsal teams, coaches and sports administrators must be educated about the prevalence of the relative age effect in this sporting context. This is necessary in order to reduce the inequalities generated by age categories based on arbitrary cut-off dates, which may reduce potential talent loss.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aptitude , Soccer , Age Factors , Athletes , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies
15.
African Health Sciences ; 22(1): 41-50, March 2022. Figures, Tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1400310

ABSTRACT

Background: Risky sexual behavior (RSB) is common among youths which predispose them to sexually transmitted infections. This study sets out to identify the factors associated with RSB among undergraduates in Osun state. Methods: The study design was descriptive cross sectional and a total of 550 respondents from two universities in Osun state were sampled using a multistage sampling technique, out of which data from 266 sexually experienced respondents was further analyzed. Data collected via a semi­structured self-administered questionnaire and analyzed using univariate, bivariate and multivariate analyses. Results: The 266 respondents consisted of 54.5% males and 45.5% females and larger percentage of them were in the age group 15-24years. Seven out of ten respondents (69.9%) were sexually active while 65.8% were involved in at least one RSB. Of the 266 respondents, 28.6% ever had concurrent multiple sexual partners, 15.8% used alcohol/drugs at last sex while 48.1% did not use condom at last sex. More males (71.7%), alcohol users (76.8%), drug users (78.0%), pornography watchers (82.7%), internet users (71.2%) respondents "not in good terms with mum" (86.7%) and "those whose mum doesn't instruct them morally" (84.2%) were involved in RSB compared to their respective counterparts (p<0.05). However, there were no identifiable predictors of RSB on regression analysis. Conclusion: Risky Sexual Behavior is prevalent among undergraduates with males being more involved, among other associated factors. Concerned stakeholders should engage youths via behavioral change communication strategies so as to significantly reduce their involvement in RSB


Subject(s)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases , Age Factors , Education, Medical, Undergraduate , Health Risk Behaviors , Adolescent
16.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 66(1): 34-46, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1380253

ABSTRACT

La población mayor de 60 años es el grupo etario de mayor crecimiento en el mundo. Debido a que la depresión es una patología frecuente en la persona adulta mayor y anciana, los inhibidores de la recap- tación de la serotonina (ISRS) son el tratamiento de primera línea de elección. Este trabajo referencia la asociación del consumo de estos fármacos con la disminución de la densidad ósea mineral (DMO), el riesgo de fracturas y su repercusión en la atención odontológica. Además, incluye una breve descripción de la homeostasis ósea y la relación depresión-carga alostática. El trabajo interdisciplinario y una correcta anamnesis pueden detectar posibles complicaciones y riesgos vinculados con este tipo de medicamen- tos. Ello facilitaría un mejor manejo, más aún en el adulto mayor, donde una pequeña variable puede repercutir en su integridad (AU)


The population over 60 is the fastest growing age group in the world. Depression is a frequent pathology in the elderly and the elderly, with serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) being the 1st line treatment of choice. The association of the consumption of this drug with a decrease in bone mineral density (BMD), risk of fractures and its impact on dental care are referenced in this work. In addition, it includes a brief description of bone homeostasis and the depression-allostatic load relationship. Interdisciplinary work and a correct anamnesis can detect possible complications and risks linked to this type of medication, facilitating better management and even more so in the elderly, where a small variable can affect their integrity (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Dental Care for Aged/methods , Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors/adverse effects , Depression/complications , Antidepressive Agents/adverse effects , Bone Density/drug effects , Dental Implants/adverse effects , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Bone Remodeling/physiology , Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Dental Restoration Failure , Fractures, Bone/prevention & control , Allostasis , Homeostasis
17.
Repert. med. cir ; 31(2): 149-154, 2022. tab.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1382158

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: evaluar los factores que afectan la suficiencia e interpretación de la citología de cuello uterino. Materiales y métodos: estudio transversal y retrospectivo en el Hospital Central "Dr. Urquinaona", Maracaibo, Venezuela con la revisión de las historias clínicas e informes de las citologías de cuello uterino de la consulta de ginecología y obstetricia de enero a diciembre 2019. Se analizan las características generales y la clasificación de los informes (satisfactorios para la evaluación, satisfactorios pero limitados por y no satisfactorios). Resultados: se seleccionaron 581 informes de los cuales 329 (56,6%) eran muestras satisfactorias, 233 (40,1%) satisfactorias pero limitadas y 19 (3,3%) insatisfactorios. El análisis univariante demostró que la muestra insatisfactoria, la presencia síntomas al momento de la toma y el tipo de método anticonceptivo fueron factores que se asociaron significativamente (p < 0,0001). Los que influyeron para un resultado anormal de la citología cervical fueron frotis satisfactorio (razón de probabilidad, 4,78; intervalo de confianza del 95%, 3,127-8,136) y presencia de síntomas (razón de probabilidad, 11,652; intervalo de confianza del 95%, 2,992-38,55). Esta asociación continuó siendo significativa luego de ajustarlos a los factores de edad, paridad, edad al momento de la toma de la primera citología y método de anticoncepción (p < 0,0001). Conclusión: la suficiencia de la muestra de citología es un factor importante para la detección de anomalías celulares de cuello uterino y evitar resultados falsos negativos, retrasando la detección del cáncer.


Objective: to evaluate factors that affect cervical cytological sample adequacy and interpretation. Materials and methods: a retrospective cross-sectional study conducted at Hospital Central "Dr. Urquinaona", Maracaibo, Venezuela by a review of the gynecology and obstetrics outpatient clinic medical records and cervical smear reports from January to December 2019. The general characteristics and classification of the reports (as, satisfactory, satisfactory but limited by and not satisfactory for cytological evaluation), were analyzed. Results: out of 581 reports selected, 329 (56.6%) were satisfactory, 233 (40.1%) satisfactory but limited and 19 (3.3%) not satisfactory. A univariate analysis showed that not satisfactory samples, presence of symptoms at the time of collection and type of contraceptive method were significantly associated factors (p < 0.0001). Those influencing an abnormal result were satisfactory smears (odds ratio, 4.78; confidence interval 95%, 3.127-8.136) and the presence of symptoms (odds ratio, 11.652; confidence interval 95%, 2.992-38.55). This association remained significant after considering other variables such as age, parity, age at first Pap smear and contraceptive method (p < 0.0001). Conclusion: cytological sample adequacy is an important factor for identifying cell abnormalities and avoiding false negative results which delay cancer detection.


Subject(s)
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Cervix Uteri/cytology , Probability , Age Factors , Research Report
18.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(5): 1349-1353, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405283

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The application of stereology in hepatobiliary conditions is essential in liver volume estimation. Computerized topographic scan with contrast is a reliable method in liver scanning for precise boundaries demarcation. Liver volumetry varies in relation to different factors. Reports showed a correlation of liver volume with sex and body mass index. Steady relation between age and ethnicity is not established. This study aimed to design a protocol for liver volume measurement and apply it in the estimation of volume among the Sudanese population use stereology. Recruitment of the study population was obtained in the royal scan clinic in Khartoum by making an announcement for participation in the study. Patients with a history of hepatobiliary diseases were excluded. CT abdomen with contrast was obtained in DICOM format and transferred to computer-based software for image analysis. A protocol was designed and validated and then applied in volume estimation using software MRIcro for image display, ImageJ for volume estimation, and Onis 2.6 as image viewer. 300 apparently healthy volunteers were recruited. The protocol reliability result was 0.805. Absolute mean liver volume was 3261.32 ± 1365.313 cm3. High liver volume among females was detected than among males. A positive correlation was detected between volume and body mass index (p-value 0.001) regardless of sex. Relation with age showed a rough steady rise till the age of 50 years then it started to decline steadily. The relationship was detected in liver volume with sex and body mass index. More studies are needed to investigate the relationship between ethnicity and age groups.


RESUMEN: La aplicación de la estereología en condiciones hepatobiliares es fundamental en la estimación del volumen hepático. El escaneo topográfico computarizado con contraste es un método confiable en el escaneo del hígado para la demarcación precisa de sus límites. La volumetría hepática varía en función de diferentes factores. Los informes mostraron una correlación del volumen del hígado con el sexo y el índice de masa corporal. No se establece una relación estable entre la edad y la etnia. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo diseñar un protocolo para la medición del volumen hepático de la población sudanesa usando la estereología. El reclutamiento de la población de estudio fue realizado en la clínica de exploración real en Jartum mediante un anuncio de participación. Se excluyeron los pacientes con antecedentes de enfermedades hepatobiliares. Se obtuvo TC de abdomen con contraste en formato DICOM y se transfirió a un software informático para el análisis de imágenes. Se diseñó y validó un protocolo y luego se aplicó en la estimación de volumen utilizando el software MRIcro para la visualización de imágenes, ImageJ para la estimación de volumen y Onis 2.6 como visor de imágenes. Se reclutaron 300 voluntarios sanos. El resultado de la fiabilidad del protocolo fue 0,805. El volumen hepático medio absoluto fue 3261,32 ± 1365,313 cm3. Se detectó un volumen más elevado de hígado en las mujeres que en los hombres. Se detectó una correlación positiva entre el volumen y el índice de masa corporal (valor de p 0,001) independientemente del sexo. La relación con la edad mostró un aumento continuo y brusco hasta los 50 años, luego comenzó a disminuir de manera constante. Se detectó la relación del volumen hepático con el sexo y el índice de masa corporal. Se necesitan más estudios para investigar la relación entre la etnia y los grupos etarios.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Liver/anatomy & histology , Liver/diagnostic imaging , Organ Size , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Body Mass Index , Sex Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Age Factors , Liver Transplantation , Contrast Media , Imaging, Three-Dimensional
19.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(5): 1181-1185, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405296

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Anatomic variations in hip joint are one of the risk factors for the occurrence of osteoarthritis of that part of locomotor system. Due to different age structure and a special way of conducting physical activity in the army, it is justified to presume the presence of even other risk factors which relate to the aging process, carrying of oversize weight and performing higher amplitudes of movement under load. The objective of the study related to determining the existence of eventual anatomic variations in the hip joint in soldiers of different age. This cross-sectional study covers 240 soldiers of Montenegro Army, divided into 8 age groups. Gathered data for morphological measures hip width and hip circumference were processed using the basic statistics, multivariate and univariate of variance and Tukey's Honestly Significant Difference test-HSD. The differences were considered statistically significant for p≤0.05. It was determined that for both morphological measures there are differences between soldiers of certain age. This is confirmed also by drastic deviations between certain age groups obtained for the defined level of statistical significance. The most pronounced is the detection of the annual increase of hip width of soldiers which is higher for 0.38 mm compared to general population. Based on the obtained results the existence of anatomic variations in soldiers' hip joints is stated. The confirmed anatomic changes in conjunction with other risk factors may lead to hip osteoarthritis, i.e to soldiers' health condition impairment. It is necessary to conduct longitudinal studies on the same examinees with precise diagnostics.


RESUMEN: Las variaciones anatómicas en la articulación coxal son uno de los factores de riesgo de la osteoartritis de esa zona del sistema locomotor. Debido a la diferente estructura respecto a la de edad y una forma especial de realizar la actividad física en el ejército, se justifica presumir la presencia de otros factores de riesgo que se relacionan con el proceso de envejecimiento, el transporte de peso sobredimensionado y la realización de mayores amplitudes de movimiento bajo carga. El objetivo del estudio fue determinar la existencia de eventuales variaciones anatómicas en la articulación coxal en soldados de diferentes edades. Este estudio transversal incluyó 240 soldados del Ejército de Montenegro, divididos en 8 grupos de edad. Los datos recopilados para las medidas morfológicas del ancho y la circunferencia de la articulación coxal se procesaron utilizando las estadísticas básicas, la varianza multivariada y univariada y la prueba HSD de diferencia significativa de Tukey. Las diferencias fueron consideradas estadísticamente significativas para p≤0,05. Se determinó que para ambas medidas morfológicas existen diferencias entre soldados de cierta edad. Esto fue confirmado también por las desviaciones drásticas entre ciertos grupos de edad obtenidos para el nivel definido de significación estadística. El más pronunciado es la detección del aumento anual del ancho de cadera de los soldados, que es superior en 0,38 mm en comparación con la población general. En base a los resultados obtenidos se afirma la existencia de variaciones anatómicas en las articulaciones coxales de los soldados. Los cambios anatómicos confirmados junto con otros factores de riesgo pueden conducir a la osteoartritis de cadera, es decir, al deterioro del estado de salud de los soldados. Es necesario realizar estudios longitudinales en los mismos examinados con diagnósticos precisos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Anatomic Variation , Hip Joint/anatomy & histology , Military Personnel , Cross-Sectional Studies , Age Factors , Age Distribution
20.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(5): 1289-1293, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405300

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Prevention and correction of overweight in children and adolescents is also very important for many reasons. According to previous research, the problem tends to vary according to sex, and different ages and the lifestyle in rural and urban areas has changed drastically in recent years and decades. Regarding the above-mentioned, the main goal of this research was to determine the nutritional status of young school children in urban and rural areas of Montenegro in relation to sex and age. The sample in this research has consisted of children aged 6 and 9 (younger school age). The total sample in this research is 800 male and female children who belong to the urban and rural areas of Montenegro. The sample of variables used in this study was: body mass index-percentile values (BMI), and waist circumference and body height ratio (WHtR) which were used as indicators to assess nutritional status. Based on obtained results it could be generally concluded that there are no statistically significant differences in nutritional status between primary school children from urban and rural areas of Montenegro, which is the opposite of what was expected based on previous research, but also which is very important since all subjects in the future can be treated as homogeneous groups when it comes to the impact of environment and lifestyle on the nutrition status of younger school children. On the other hand, it is important to emphasize that the main limitation of this research is that measurements were carried out in the middle of the COVID-19 pandemic, and the recommendation could be that after the end of the pandemic, special "COVID teams" should be formed, which would consist of experts from various fields of physical culture, sports, and medicine, all with the aim of influencing possible problems with nutritional status and physical activity of young school children caused by a pandemic.


RESUMEN: La prevención y corrección del sobrepeso en niños y adolescentes es muy importante por muchas razones. Según investigaciones previas, el problema tiende a variar según el sexo, las diferentes edades y el estilo de vida en las zonas rurales y urbanas ha cambiado drásticamente en los últimos años y décadas. Con respecto a lo mencionado anteriormente, el objetivo principal de esta investigación fue determinar el estado nutricional de los niños pequeños en edad escolar en áreas urbanas y rurales de Montenegro en relación con el sexo y la edad. La muestra en esta investigación ha estado compuesta por niños de 6 y 9 años (menor edad escolar). La muestra total en esta investigación fue de 800 niños y niñas que pertenecían a las zonas urbanas y rurales de Montenegro. La muestra de variables utilizadas en este estudio fue: índice de masa corporal-valores percentiles (IMC), circunferencia de la cintura y relación talla corporal (RCCE), los cuales se utilizaron como indicadores para evaluar el estado nutricional. Sobre la base de los resultados obtenidos, se pudo concluir en general que no existen diferencias estadísticamente significativas en el estado nutricional entre los niños de primaria de las zonas urbanas y rurales de Montenegro, que es lo contrario de lo que se esperaba en base a investigaciones anteriores, pero que también es muy importante, ya que todos los temas en el futuro pueden ser tratados como grupos homogéneos en lo que respecta al impacto del medio ambiente y el estilo de vida en el estado nutricional de los niños en edad escolar más pequeños. Por otro lado, es importante recalcar que la principal limitación de esta investigación fue que las mediciones se realizaron en plena pandemia de COVID-19, y la recomendación podría ser que luego de finalizada la pandemia, equipos especiales "COVID", que estaría integrado por expertos de diversas áreas de la cultura física, el deporte y la medicina, todo ello con el objetivo de incidir en los posibles problemas del estado nutricional y de actividad física de los jóvenes escolares provocados por una pandemia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Nutritional Status , COVID-19 , Rural Areas , Sex Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Age Factors , Urban Area , Montenegro , Pandemics
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL