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1.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(3): 382-390, May-June 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375647

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: A family history of arterial hypertension (AH), combined with environmental risk factors, is directly related to the development of AH. Objectives: To evaluate the frequency of AH, anthropometric indicators and level of physical activity and their association with a family history (FH) of AH in school children. Methods: Cross-sectional study with 118 students, aged between 11 and 17 years, of both sexes. Waist circumference (WC), weight, height, level of physical activity and FH of HA were collected. Body mass index z score (BMI-z) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) were calculated. Binary logistic regression model was used to verify the chance risk, with significance p <0.05. Results: Of the 118 parents who answered the questionnaire, 34.7% had a positive FH of AH. Girls with a positive FH had higher means of WC (p= 0,004), BMI (p=0,020), and systolic blood pressure (SBP) (p=0,006) than boys, and a higher risk of being overweight (OR=4,48; 95%CI:1,55-12,94), and having elevated WHtR (OR=5.98; 95%CI:1.66- 21.47) and SBP (OR=3,07; 95%CI:1,03-9,13) than girls without a FH, but they practice more vigorours moderate physical activity (MVPA) (p=0,039). On the other hand, no differences in these parameters were observed between boys with and without a FM of AH. Conclusion: Overweight and a FH of hypertension were associated with an increased risk for AH in girls. This was not observed among boys, perhaps due to more active lifestyle.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Exercise , Anthropometry , Heredity , Arterial Pressure , Hypertension/genetics , Cross-Sectional Studies , Abdominal Fat , Obesity
2.
ABCS health sci ; 47: e022212, 06 abr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1372690

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The anthropometric indicators of obesity may be important in predicting metabolic syndrome (MS). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the anthropometric indicators as predictors of MS and verify the association of these indicators with MS in older adult individuals of both sexes. METHODS: Cross-sectional epidemiological study was carried out with 222 individuals aged 60 years or older residents in the urban area of Aiquara, Bahia state, Brazil. Older adults were measured for anthropometric indicators: body mass index (BMI), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), waist circumference, conicity index, the sum of skinfolds; blood pressure; biochemical variables: fasting glucose, triglycerides, total cholesterol, and fractions. For the diagnosis of MS, the definition of the International Diabetes Federation was used. Descriptive and inferential data analysis was tested using correlation, the Poisson regression technique, and the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve. RESULTS: The prevalence of MS was 62.3%. There was a correlation of all anthropometric indicators with MS in both sexes. The indicators of visceral fat had a strong association in that these indicators had an area under the ROC curve higher than 0.76 (CI95% 0.66­0.85). Thus, most results showed a weak correlation. CONCLUSION: All anthropometric indicators can be used to predict MS in older adults for both sexes, however, BMI and WHtR showed the best predictions.


INTRODUÇÃO: Os indicadores antropométricos de obesidade podem ser importantes na predição da síndrome metabólica (SM). OBJETIVO: Avaliar os indicadores antropométricos como preditores da SM, bem como verificar a associação desses indicadores com a SM em idosos de ambos os sexos. MÉTODOS: Estudo epidemiológico transversal realizado com 222 indivíduos com 60 anos ou mais residentes na zona urbana de Aiquara-BA, Brasil. Os idosos foram avaliados quanto aos indicadores antropométricos: índice de massa corporal (IMC), razão cintura-estatura (RCEst), circunferência da cintura, índice de conicidade, soma de dobras cutâneas; pressão sanguínea; bioquímicos: glicemia em jejum, triglicérides, colesterol total e frações. Foram classificados quanto à presença de SM de acordo com a Federação Internacional de Diabetes. A análise descritiva e inferencial dos dados foi testada utilizando correlação, a técnica de regressão de Poisson e a curva Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC). RESULTADOS: A prevalência de SM foi de 62,3%. Houve correlação de todos os indicadores antropométricos com a SM em ambos os sexos. Os indicadores de gordura visceral apresentaram forte associação, pois possuem área abaixo da curva ROC superior a 0,76 (IC95% 0,66-0,85). Assim, a maioria dos resultados apresentou correlação fraca. CONCLUSÃO: Todos os indicadores antropométricos podem ser usados para rastrear a SM em idosos de ambos os sexos, no entanto, o IMC e a RCEst apresentaram as melhores previsões.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anthropometry , Health of the Elderly , Metabolic Syndrome , Obesity , Cross-Sectional Studies , ROC Curve
3.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 40(1): 53-66, 01/03/2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1367716

ABSTRACT

Objective. The study aimed to measure the effect of auditory, tactile, visual, and vestibular (ATVV) stimulation therapy on sucking effectiveness (SE), infant-feeding mode, weight, height, and head circumference (HC) of full-term infants. Methods. A single-blinded randomized trial with a sample of 107 mother-child dyads. Inclusion criteria were healthy first-time mothers and full-term infants with no known pathological conditions, weighing between 2500 and 4000 grams, and recommendation of exclusive or predominant breastfeeding. The mothers in the experimental group (EG) received training in ATVV stimulation therapy and provided it from birth (first 24 hours of life) until the end of the follow-ups at week 5. The control group (CG) received only standard care that included education on warning signs and basic guidance on breastfeeding. SE, infant-feeding mode, and neonatal growth were measured at weeks 2 and 5. Results. In contrast to CG infants, the EG infants drank 2.02 cc more human milk in one minute of effective breastfeeding (p=0.002) at week 2 and 5.51 cc more at week 5 (p<0.0001). They showed greater adherence to breastfeeding at week 5 (p=0.025) and gained more weight: 8.35 grams/day (p=0.009) and 4.19 grams/day (p=0.008). HC did not differ between groups, and height difference was statistically significant at week 5 (p=0.025). Conclusion: ATVV stimulation therapy has a positive effect on neonatal health as it promotes effective sucking and exclusive breastfeeding, reduces weight loss, and improves neonatal growth.


Objetivos. Medir el efecto de la terapia de estimulación auditiva, táctil, visual y vestibular en la succión eficaz, el modo de alimentación, el peso, talla y perímetro cefálico de los neonatos a término. Métodos. Ensayo aleatorizado ciego, con una muestra de 107 díadas madre-hijo. Los criterios de inclusión fueron madres primerizas sanas y bebés a término sin condiciones patológicas conocidas, con peso entre 2500 y 4000 gramos e indicación de lactancia materna exclusiva o predominante. En el grupo experimental las madres recibieron entrenamiento en la terapia de estimulación auditiva, táctil, visual y vestibular y lo aplicaron desde el nacimiento (primeras 24 horas de vida) hasta el final del seguimiento. El grupo control recibió solamente la atención estándar que incluyó la educación sobre los signos de alarma y las indicaciones básicas sobre la lactancia materna. Se midió la eficacia de la succión, el tipo de alimentación y el crecimiento neonatal en la semana 2 y la semana 5. Resultados. Los bebés del grupo experimental comparados con el grupo control bebieron 2.02 cc más leche humana en un minuto de lactancia efectiva (p=0.002) en la segunda semana y 5.51 cc más en la quinta semana (p<0.0001); las madres registraron una mayor adherencia a la lactancia a las 5 semanas (p=0.025) y los bebés ganaron más peso: 8.35 gramos/día (p=0.009) y 4.19 gramos/día (p=0.008). El perímetro cefálico no presentó diferencias entre grupos, mientras que la diferencia en la talla fue estadísticamente significativa en la semana 5 (p=0.025). Conclusión. La terapia de estimulación auditiva, táctil, visual y vestibular tiene un efecto positivo en la salud neonatal, promueve la succión eficaz, la lactancia materna exclusiva, atenúa la pérdida de peso y mejora el crecimiento neonatal.


Objetivos. Medir o efeito da terapia de estimulação auditiva, táctil, visual e vestibular na sucção eficaz, o modo de alimentação, o peso, tamanho e perímetro cefálico dos neonatos a término. Métodos. Ensaio aleatório cego, com uma mostra de 107 díade mãe-filho. Os critérios de inclusão foram mães de primeira viagem saudáveis e bebês a término sem condições patológicas conhecidas, com peso entre 2500 e 4000 gramas e indicação de lactância materna exclusiva ou predominante. No grupo experimental as mães receberam treinamento na terapia de estimulação auditiva, táctil, visual e vestibular e a aplicaram desde o nascimento (primeiras 24 horas de vida) até o final do seguimento; o grupo de controle recebeu somente a atenção padrão que incluiu a educação sobre os sinais de alarme e as indicações básicas sobre a lactância materna. Se mediu a eficácia da sucção, o tipo de alimentação e o crescimento neonatal na 2ª semana e na 5ª semana. Resultados. Os bebês do grupo experimental comparados com o grupo de controle beberam 2.02 cc mais leite humana num minuto de lactância efetiva (p=0.002) na segunda semana e 5.51 cc mais na quinta semana (p<0.0001); as mães registraram uma maior aderência à lactância às 5 semanas (p=0.025) e os bebês ganharam mais peso: 8.35 gramas/dia (p=0.009) e 4.19 gramas/dia (p=0.008). O perímetro cefálico não apresentou diferenças entre grupos, enquanto a diferença no tamanho foi estatisticamente significativa na 5ª semana (p=0.025). Conclusão. A terapia de estimulação auditiva, táctil, visual e vestibular tem um efeito positivo na saúde neonatal, promove a sucção eficaz, a lactância materna exclusiva, atenua a perda de peso e melhora o crescimento neonatal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Physical Stimulation , Breast Feeding , Infant, Newborn , Anthropometry , Neonatal Nursing , Mother-Child Relations/psychology
4.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 72(1): 23-30, mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1368353

ABSTRACT

La obesidad se define por un exceso de masa grasa, sin embargo, hay otros indicadores antropométricos que pueden ser útiles para el diagnóstico de sobrepeso u obesidad; Objetivo. Determinar la exactitud diagnóstica del índice de masa corporal (IMC), circunferencia de la cintura (CC) e índice de forma corporal (ABSI) para el diagnóstico de sobrepeso u obesidad en una población adulta del Ecuador. Materiales y métodos. Se desarrolló un estudio observacional de corte transversal en el que participaron 253 sujetos con edades entre 20 y 60 años. Se midió peso, estatura, circunferencia de la cintura y porcentaje de grasa corporal (PGC). Se correlacionó el PGC con IMC, CC y ABSI y se estableció la sensibilidad y especificidad de estos indicadores para el diagnóstico de sobrepeso u obesidad con curvas ROC. Resultados. El PGC fue menor en hombres que en mujeres (30,9 vs 41,87), ABSI y CC fue mayor en hombres que en mujeres (0,079 vs 0,075) y (99,76 vs 91,25) respectivamente. Se encontró una correlación positiva fuerte (≥0,75) entre el PGC e IMC y CC. En la curva ROC, el área bajo la curva más alta se observa para el IMC (0,949), mientras que el área más baja se observa para ABSI (0,395). Conclusión. El IMC es el indicador con mayor precisión diagnóstica de sobrepeso u obesidad. ABSI no sería un indicador útil en el diagnóstico de sobrepeso u obesidad(AU)


Obesity is defined by an excess of fat mass, however, there are other anthropometric indicators that can be useful for the diagnosis of overweight or obesity; Objetive. To determine the diagnostic accuracy of the body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and body shape index (ABSI) for the diagnosis of overweight or obesity in an adult population of Ecuador. Materials and methods. An observational cross-sectional study was carried out in which 253 subjects aged between 20 and 60 years participated. Weight, height, waist circumference and percentage body fat (PBF) were measured. The PBF was correlated with BMI, WC and ABSI and the sensitivity and specificity of these indicators were established for the diagnosis of overweight or obesity with ROC curves. Results. The PBF was lower in men than in women (30.09 vs 41.87), ABSI and CC were higher in men than in women (0.079 vs 0.075) and (99.76 vs 91.25) respectively. A strong positive correlation (≥0.75) was found between % body fat and BMI and WC. On the ROC curve, the area under the highest curve is observed for BMI (0.949), while the lowest area is observed for ABSI (0.395). Conclusion. The BMI is the indicator with the highest diagnostic precision of overweight or obesity. ABSI would not be a useful indicator in the diagnosis of overweight or obesity(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Body Mass Index , Adipose Tissue , Overweight , Body Fat Distribution , Obesity , Anthropometry , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diagnosis , Ecuador , Waist Circumference
5.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 72(1): 1-10, mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1368331

ABSTRACT

Sugar-sweetened beverages and fast-food consumption have been associated with non-communicable diseases. Objective. Was to analyze consumption of non-alcoholic beverage and fast-food consumption among first- and fourth-year nursing students. Materials and methods. A questionnaire-based survey was conducted among first-and fourth-year nursing students in Madrid, Spain. Anthropometric data (weight and height) and demographic data were collected, as were data on consumption of specific foods and beverages. Results. The survey was completed by 436 students. Mean (SD) age was 22.0 (6.8) years, 84.1 % of were women.26.2 % of the students were underweight; 6.3 % were overweight. Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and diet drinks was moderate. Slightly more than three-quarters of the students (75.5 %) purchased fast food in the previous month. Burger bars were the most frequently visited fast-food outlet (77.2 %). A direct relationship was observed between BMI and fast-food consumption (rho = 0.099; p = 0.042) and between BMI and consumption of diet cola or carbonated drinks (rho = 0.120; p = 0.013). Conclusion. We provide new epidemiological data from a specific university population that could be useful to promote more studies that help design appropriate strategies to increase a healthy lifestyle(AU)


Las bebidas azucaradas y el consumo de comida rápida se han asociado con enfermedades no transmisibles. Objetivo. Analizar el consumo de bebidas no alcohólicas y el consumo de comida rápida entre estudiantes universitarios de primer y cuarto curso de enfermería. Materiales y métodos. Cuestionario validado entre estudiantes de enfermería de primer y cuarto año en Madrid, España. Se recopilaron datos antropométricos (peso y altura) y demográficos, así como datos sobre consumo de alimentos y bebidas específicos. Resultados. La encuesta fue completada por 436 estudiantes. La edad media (DE) fue de 22,0 (6,8) años, el 84,1 % eran mujeres; el 26,2 % de los estudiantes tenían bajo peso y el 6,3% mostraban sobrepeso. El consumo de bebidas azucaradas y bebidas dietéticas fue moderado. Más de tres cuartas partes de estudiantes (75,5%) compraron comida rápida en el mes anterior. Las hamburgueserías fueron el restaurante de comida rápida más visitado (77,2%). Se observó una relación directa entre el IMC y el consumo de comida rápida (rho = 0,099; p = 0,042) y entre el IMC y el consumo de refrescos dietéticos o bebidas gaseosas (rho = 0,120; p = 0,013). Conclusión. Aportamos nuevos datos epidemiológicos de una población universitaria concreta, que podrían ser de utilidad para promover más estudios que ayuden a diseñar estrategias adecuadas para incrementar un estilo de vida saludable(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Students, Nursing , Fast Foods , Sugar-Sweetened Beverages , Spain , Universities , Weight by Height , Body Mass Index , Anthropometry , Surveys and Questionnaires , Overweight
6.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(1): 94-100, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357456

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Studies that test associations between anthropometric indicators and insulin resistance (IR) need to provide better evidence in the context of the pediatric population (children and adolescents) with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), as anthropometric indicators present a better explanation of the distribution of body fat. OBJECTIVE: To test the associations between anthropometric indicators and insulin resistance (IR) among children and adolescents diagnosed with HIV. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study on 65 children and adolescents (8-15 years) infected with HIV through vertical transmission conducted at the Joana de Gusmão Children's Hospital, Florianópolis, Brazil. METHODS: The anthropometric indicators measured were the abdominal (ASF), triceps (TSF), subscapular (SSF) and calf (CSF) skinfolds. The relaxed arm (RAC), waist (WC) and neck (NC) circumferences were also measured. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated from the relationship between body mass and height. IR was calculated through the Homeostasis Model Assessment for Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR). Simple and multiple linear regression analyses were used. RESULTS: After adjustment for covariates (sex, bone age, CD4+ T lymphocytes, CD8+ T lymphocytes, viral load, and physical activity), associations between IR and models with SSF and CSF remained. Each of these explained 20% of IR variability. For females, in the adjusted analyses, direct associations between IR and models with ASF (R² = 0.26) and TSF (R² = 0.31) were observed. CONCLUSIONS: SSF and CSF in males and ASF and TSF in females were associated with IR in HIV-infected children and adolescents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Insulin Resistance , HIV Infections , Body Mass Index , Anthropometry , Cross-Sectional Studies , HIV , Waist Circumference
7.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 68(1)jan./fev./mar. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369854

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Pacientes oncológicos apresentam alto risco de desnutrição, em razão das desordens metabólicas da doença e de tratamentos necessários. A espessura do músculo adutor do polegar (EMAP) avalia o compartimento muscular, podendo ser útil para detectar a desnutrição precoce. Objetivo: Verificar a frequência de desnutrição em pacientes oncológicos conforme a EMAP e correlacionar com o índice de massa corporal (IMC), circunferência do braço (CB) e avaliação subjetiva global produzida pelo próprio paciente (ASG-PPP). Método: Estudo transversal, com indivíduos com idade maior ou igual a 20 anos, internados para administração de quimioterapia, em um hospital do Vale do Taquari-RS. Foram coletados dados antropométricos: peso, altura, CB e EMAP durante a triagem nutricional. A ASG-PPP foi aplicada para avaliação do estado nutricional. Os dados foram analisados por meio do software SPSS versão 26.0, e as variáveis relacionadas por meio do teste qui-quadrado de Pearson e correlacionadas pelo teste de Spearman. Resultados: Foram avaliados 41 pacientes. Destes, 68,3% foram classificados com algum grau de redução pela EMAP. A ASG-PPP classificou 78% em risco nutricional/ desnutrição moderada e desnutrição grave. Houve correlação significativa entre a EMAP e a ASG-PPP. Foi observada correlação inversa entre a EMAP e o IMC. A EMAP teve associação significativa com o IMC, a CB e a ASG-PPP. Conclusão: A EMAP é um método eficaz, utilizado para diagnosticar desnutrição, podendo ser associado a outros métodos de avaliação para o diagnóstico nutricional de pacientes oncológicos


Introduction: Cancer patients are at high risk of malnutrition due to the metabolic disorders of the disease and the required treatments. The adductor pollicis muscle thickness (APMT) evaluates the muscular compartment and can be useful to detect early malnutrition. Objective: To verify the frequency of malnutrition in cancer patients according to APMT and correlate with the body mass index (BMI), mid arm circumference (MAC) and patient generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA). Method: Cross-sectional study, with individuals aged 20 years or older, admitted for chemotherapy treatment, in a hospital in Vale do Taquari-RS. Anthropometric data were collected: weight, height, MAC and APMT during nutritional screening. PG-SGA was applied to assess nutritional status. Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 26.0 and the variables were related using Pearson's Chi-square test and correlated by Spearman's test. Results: 41 patients were evaluated. Of these, 68.3% were classified with some degree of reduction by APMT. The PG-SGA classified 78% in nutritional risk/moderate malnutrition and severe malnutrition. There was a significant correlation between APMT and PG-SGA. An inverse correlation was observed between APMT and BMI. APMT had a significant association with BMI, MAC and PG-SGA. Conclusion: APMT is an effective method utilized to diagnose malnutrition and can be associated with other assessment methods for the nutritional diagnosis of cancer patients


Introducción: Los pacientes con cáncer tienen un alto riesgo de desnutrición, debido a los trastornos metabólicos de la enfermedad y los tratamientos necesarios. El grosor del músculo aductor del pulgar (EMAP) evalúa el compartimento muscular y puede ser útil para detectar la desnutrición precoz. Objetivo: Verificar la frecuencia de desnutrición en pacientes oncológicos según la EMAP y correlacionar con el índice de masa corporal (IMC), circunferencia del brazo (CB) y evaluación global subjetiva producida por el paciente (EGS-PPP). Método: Estudio transversal, con individuos de 20 años o más, ingresados para administración de quimioterapia, en un hospital de Vale do Taquari-RS. Se recogieron datos antropométricos: peso, talla, CB y EMAP durante el cribado nutricional. Se aplicó EGS-PPP para evaluar el estado nutricional. Los datos se analizaron mediante el software SPSS versión 26.0 y las variables se relacionaron mediante la prueba de chi-cuadrado de Pearson y se correlacionaron mediante la prueba de Spearman. Resultados: Se evaluaron 41 pacientes. De estos, el 68,3% fueron clasificados con algún grado de reducción por EMAP. La EGS-PPP clasificó al 78% en riesgo nutricional/desnutrición moderada y desnutrición severa. Hubo una correlación significativa entre EMAP y EGS-PPP. Se observó una correlación inversa entre EMAP e IMC. EMAP tuvo una asociación significativa con IMC, CB y EGS-PPP. Conclusión: EMAP es un método eficaz para diagnosticar la desnutrición y puede utilizarse junto con otros métodos de evaluación para el diagnóstico nutricional de pacientes con cáncer


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Nutrition Assessment , Anthropometry , Cross-Sectional Studies , Malnutrition/diagnosis , Neoplasms/diagnosis
8.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0048, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387969

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar um novo tipo de gancho muscular (gancho milimetrado de Felício) e sua eficácia em cirurgias de estrabismo. Métodos: Buscando uma abordagem independente, com a mínima participação do auxiliar, o novo instrumento foi usado em cirurgias de retrocesso e ressecção, para comparar sua eficácia e segurança com a técnica tradicional. Participaram do estudo 14 pacientes divididos em dois grupos. Resultados: O grupo operado por meio da técnica tradicional teve média de idade foi de 14,7 anos, e o grupo que usou o novo gancho teve média de 17 anos. Ambos os grupos obtiveram redução semelhante do estrabismo inicial, sendo, em média, de 87,84% no grupo tradicional e de 93,04% com o novo gancho, porém sem relevância estatística (p=0,274). Conclusão: O gancho milimetrado de Felício mostrou-se opção útil ao cirurgião na realização da cirurgia de estrabismo com redução da importância do auxiliar, de forma segura e reprodutível.


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate a new type of muscle hook (Felício's millimeter hook) and its effectiveness in strabismus surgeries. Methods: Seeking an independent approach, with minimal assistance from the assistant, the new instrument was used in retrocession and resection surgeries, to compare its efficacy and safety with the traditional technique. Results: 14 patients participated in the study, divided into two groups. The group who underwent surgery with the traditional technique had a mean age of 14.7 years and the group using the new hook, 17 years. Both groups obtained a similar reduction in initial strabismus, with an average of 87.84% in the traditional group and 93.04% with the new hook, but without statistically significant difference (p=0.274). Conclusion: Felicio's millimeter hook proved to be a useful option for the surgeon in performing strabismus surgery with a reduction in the importance of the assistant, in a safe and reproducible way.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures/instrumentation , Strabismus/surgery , Oculomotor Muscles/surgery , Anthropometry , Esotropia/surgery , Prospective Studies
9.
Afr. j. health sci ; 35(3): 123-143, 2022. tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1380565

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND :Approximately 200 million children globally fail to fulfil their development potential due to malnutrition, poor health, and unstimulating environments. Children in Kabale, Uganda, may be at particularly high risk as the rate of malnutrition in the region is likely to impact development. The study aimed to identify possible determinants influencing developmental milestones of breastfed and non-breastfed children aged 0-23 months. MATERIALS AND METHODSThe study was conducted at the young child clinic of Kabale hospital, among 250 children aged 0-23 months and their caregivers, for two months. The study adopted a comparative cross-sectional design, and systematic random sampling was used to select the respondents for the study. The socio-demographic characteristics, nutritional status, and feeding practices were assessed using structured pretested questionnaires. Developmental milestones of the children (communication, motor, fine motor, problem-solving, and social skills) were assessed using the modified ages and stages questionnaires. The data collected was tabulated, analysed statistically, and the results interpreted. RESULTS :Developmental scores were not associated with breastfeeding and minimum meal frequency. A milestone achievement of communication skills was associated with caregiver's education, caregiver's age and length-for-age. Gross motor scores were associated with the caregiver's age, weight-for-age, and length for age. Achievement of fine motor skills was associated with caregiver's education, caregiver's age, child's age, length for age, and children who met the minimum dietary diversity score. Problem-solving scores were associated with child's age, weight for age, length for age, and children who met the minimum dietary diversity. Personal social scores were associated with lower caregiver's age and normal weight for age Conclusion: Developmental scores were not associated with breastfeeding and minimum meal frequency. Development in early childhood was mainly associated with caregiver's age, caregiver's education, child's age, weight for age, length for age, and minimum dietary diversity score. Children under the care of younger caregivers and those who attained normal nutrition status had significantly more developed motor and social skills compared to children with older caregivers and undernourished children, respectively.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child Nutrition Disorders , Child Development , Anthropometry , Nutritional Status , Breast Feeding
10.
Ciênc. cogn ; 26(2): 233-243, 31 dez. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353090

ABSTRACT

A aptidão física e parâmetros antropométricos têm sido associados ao aproveitamento acadêmico e melhoria da função cognitiva. Neste sentido, o objetivo do presente estudo foi de associar a função executiva, antropometria e aptidão física de escolares com idades entre 11 e 15 anos. Para tanto, 179 estudantes (85 meninas e 94 meninos) (13,18 ± 1,26 anos; 49,73 ± 12,30 kg; 159,21 ± 9,40 cm; 19,46 ± 3,79 kg/m²) foram submetidos a mensurações antropométricas (massa corporal, estatura e circunferência da cintura, com posterior cálculo de índice de massa corporal e relação cintura-estatura), realizaram dois testes cognitivos (Teste de Stroop e Teste de Trilhas) e realizaram uma bateria de testes físicos (PROESP-BR). Os dados foram analisados no SPSS versão 22.0 por meio de estatística descritiva e Correlação de Spearman. O nível de significância adotado foi de p<0,05. Os resultados indicaram que a maior parte dos escolares apresentou baixo desempenho nos testes de aptidão física. Nenhuma associação significativa foi encontrada entre as variáveis antropométricas e o tempo para completar os testes cognitivos. Por outro lado, correlações significativas negativas foram observadas na associação entre os testes de aptidão física e os testes cognitivos, indicando que participantes com melhor aptidão física necessitam de menos tempo para completar os testes cognitivos. Conclui-se que escolares com idades entre 11 e 15 anos apresentam baixa aptidão física. Ademais, foram observadas correlações negativas significativas entre a aptidão física e o tempo para completar os testes cognitivos.


Physical fitness and body composition parameters have been associated with academic performance and improved cognitive function. Thus, the aim of the present study was to associate executive function, anthropometry and physical fitness of students aged 11 to 15 years. In order to do so, 179 participants (85 girls and 94 boys) (13.18 ± 1.26 years; 49.76 ± 12.30 kg; 159.21 ± 9.40 cm; 19.46 ± 3.79 kg/m²) underwent anthropometric measurements (body mass, stature and waist circumference. Body mass index and waist-to-height ratio were also calculated), performed two cognitive tests (Stroop test and Trail making test) and performed physical fitness tests (PROESP-BR). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Spearman's Correlation. The level of significance adopted was p<0.05. Results showed that the majority of the participants presented a weak performance in the physical fitness tests. No statistically significant associations were found between anthropometric indicators and time to complete the cognitive tests. However, significantly negative correlations occurred when associating the physical tests with the cognitive tests, indicating that students with better physical fitness need less time to complete the cognitive tests. School students aged 11 to 15 years presented low physical fitness. Moreover, negatively statistically significant correlations were found between the physical fitness tests and time to complete the cognitive tests.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Child , Anthropometry , Adolescent , Exercise Test , Stroop Test
11.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(3): 394-399, dez 20, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354226

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a Doença Inflamatória Intestinal (DII) é decorrente de vários fatores que provocam alteração na homeostase do microbioma na resposta imune e no aumento da permeabilidade intestinal. O estado nutricional inadequado, principalmente em pacientes pediátricos com DII, representa prognóstico ruim e pode influenciar na resposta ao tratamento, à morbidade e à mortalidade. Objetivo: esse estudo teve objetivo de caracterizar o estado antropométrico de pacientes pediátricos atendidos em um ambulatório referência para DII. Metodologia: a amostra foi constituída por pacientes atendidos em primeira consulta no ambulatório, de junho de 2020 até fevereiro de 2021. Foram incluídos pacientes com diagnóstico clínico de Doença de Cronh e Colite Ulcerativa, de ambos sexos, com idade entre 2 a 19 anos. Resultados: dos pacientes com CU, 54,7% apresentaram adequado estado nutricional e 45,3% dos pacientes com DC. O percentual de déficit de massa muscular foi de 47,6% dos pacientes com CU e 52,4% dos pacientes com DC. A baixa estatura foi de 37,5% nos pacientes com CU e 62,5% com DC. Conclusão: a avaliação nutricional de crianças e adolescentes portadores de doenças inflamatórias intestinais deve fazer parte da rotina de atendimento, para que sejam promovidas práticas alimentares saudáveis que favoreçam o crescimento, recuperação ponderal e manutenção de massa muscular.


Background: Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) is due to several factors that cause changes in microbiome homeostasis, immune response and increased intestinal permeability. Inadequate nutritional status, especially in pediatric patients with IBD, represents a poor prognosis and can influence treatment response, morbidity and mortality. Objective: the aim of this study was to characterize the anthropometric status of pediatric patients seen at the reference outpatient clinic for IBD. Methods: the sample consisted of patients seen in the first consultation at the clinic, from June 2020 to February 2021. Patients with a clinical diagnosis of Cronh's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis, of both genders, aged between 2 and 19 years were included. Results: of patients with UC 54.7% had an adequate nutritional status and 45.3% of patients with CD. The percentage of muscle mass deficit was 47.6% of patients with UC and 52.4% of patients with CD. Short stature was 37.5% in patients with UC and 62.5% with CD. Conclusion: nutritional assessment of children and adolescents with inflammatory bowel diseases should be part of the routine of care, so that healthy eating practices that favor growth, weight recovery and maintenance of muscle mass are promoted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Pediatrics , Colitis, Ulcerative , Crohn Disease , Anthropometry
12.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(12): 6141-6152, Dez. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350501

ABSTRACT

Resumo Nas últimas décadas aconteceram várias alterações no padrão de organização das famílias, como mudanças no tamanho, estrutura e composição. Dentre os novos arranjos familiares, destaca-se o crescimento de famílias monoparentais femininas. Este arranjo tende a se encontrar em situação de maior vulnerabilidade social em relação a outros arranjos. Diante disso, este estudo buscou analisar a relação entre o arranjo monoparental feminino e o estado nutricional de crianças menores de cinco anos, com dados da Pesquisa de Orçamentos Familiares (POF/IBGE) de 2008-2009. Para isso, estimaram-se duas equações para análise de índices antropométricos, tendo como variáveis dependentes o escore z da "altura para idade" e o escore z do "peso para altura". Os resultados mostraram que, controlando para outras variáveis importantes como renda, escolaridade e características domiciliares, pertencer ao arranjo "monoparental feminino" teve efeito positivo sobre o escore z da "altura para idade" quando comparado ao arranjo "casal com filhos", indicando que a presença da mãe, sem o cônjuge, contribui para melhorar esse indicador de saúde de longo prazo.


Abstract In the last decades several alterations have occurred in the dynamics of the organization of families, including changes in size, structure, and composition. Among new family arrangements, the increase in female single-parent families stands out. This structure tends to be in a situation of greater social vulnerability in relation to other arrangements. With this in mind, the scope of this study sought to analyze the relationship between the female single-parent family arrangement and anthropometric measurements of under five-year-old offspring, with data from the 2008-2009 Brazilian household budget survey (POF/IBGE). Two equations for the analysis of anthropometric measurements, with the z-score of "height-for-age" and the z-score of "weight-for-height" as dependent variables, were estimated. The results revealed that, taking other important variables into consideration, such as income, education and domestic characteristics pertaining to the "female single-parent" arrangement, had a positive effect on anthropometric measurements when compared with the "couple with children" arrangement, indicating that in households in which the mother does not have a spouse in residence, children had better long-term health indicators than in households in which the spouse was present.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Single-Parent Family , Social Vulnerability , Anthropometry , Family Characteristics , Income
13.
Rev. costarric. cardiol ; 23(2)dic. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1389041

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción y objetivos: Los programas de rehabilitación cardiaca (RHC) son considerados como los más eficaces entre las intervenciones de prevención secundaria. El cual su función es mejorar la sobrevida como así también, la calidad de vida de estos enfermos. El objetivo fundamental de este trabajo es analizar el impacto de un Programa de Rehabilitación Cardiaca en pacientes portadores de cardiopatía isquémica con respecto a parámetros bioquímicos, antropométricos y funcionales. Pacientes y métodos: Fue un estudio observacional retrospectivo, unicéntrico, con seguimiento de 3 años. Se incluyo un total de 228 pacientes. Con criterios de inclusión: >18 años, con EAC y al menos una comorbilidad de riesgo cardiovascular que completaran el PRC. Se excluyó enfermedad valvular sin cardiopatía isquémica preexistente, infarto agudo al miocardio reciente, ángor inestable, obstrucción del tracto de salida del ventrículo izquierdo, y los que no cumplieron el PRC. Resultados: De los 228 pacientes que se incluyeron el PRC del HSVP el 70,7% eran hombres y el 29,3% eran mujeres con diagnóstico de cardiopatía isquémica. El promedio de edad era de 60.2 +- 11.4 años en total entre hombres y mujeres. El peso de los pacientes masculinos previo al ingreso del PRC fue de 77,7 kg +-13,2 kg, y las mujeres 69,7 kg +- 13,1 kg. Al final del fue de 75,5 kg +-13,1 kg y el de las mujeres era de 68,3 +- 13,1 kg. En la caminata de 6 minutos el promedio de mujeres al inicio fue de 390,0 mts y el de los hombres de 386,6, y la segunda vez posterior a la rehabilitación en hombres fue de 595,8 +- 107,2 y el de las mujeres fue de 549+-102,4. Los niveles de PCR de los hombres al inicio del programa fue de 1,2 +-2,4 mg/dL y el de las mujeres fue de 1,5 +- 1,9 mg/dL al finalizar los hombres tuvieron un promedio de 1,8+-3,0 Conclusiones: Los PRC dependen de la participación de profesionales de la salud que trabajen en equipo para alcanzar resultados finales, los cuales están basados no solo en el ejercicio sino también en el cambio de estilo de vida del paciente, por lo tanto, necesita de servicios asociados como fisioterapia, nutrición, psicología.


Abstract Effect of the Cardiac Rehabilitation Program of the Hospital San Vicente Paúl on biochemical, anthropometric and functional parameters in patients with ischemic heart disease from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2015 Introduction and objectives: Cardiac Rehabilitation Programs, are considered the most effective programs among secondary prevention interventions. The function is to improve survival as well as the quality of life of these patients. The main objective of this work is to analyze the impact of Cardiac Rehabilitation Program in patients with ischemic heart disease with the respect biochemical, anthropometric and functional parameters. Patients and method: A observational, retrospective single-center, study with a 3-year-follow up. A total of 228 patients were included, witch 70.7% were men with an average of 60.2+-11.4 years. The inclusion criteria were: > 18 years with CAD and at least one cardiovascular risk comorbidity and completed the Cardiac Rehabilitation Program. Valvular disease without pre-existing ischemic heart disease, recent acute myocardial infarction, unstable angina, left ventricular outflow tract obstruction, and those who did not went to the Program. Results: The 228 patients who were included in the HSVP CRP, 70.7% were men and 29.3% were women with a diagnosis of ischemic heart disease. The average age was 60.2 + - 11.4 years in total between men and women. The weight of male patients prior to admission to the CRP was 77.7 kg + -13.2 kg, and women 69.7 kg + -13.1 kg. At the end of the program, the weight of the men was 75.5 kg + -13.1 kg and that of the women was 68.3 + - 13.1 kg. The total waist circumference at the start of the program was 100.1 ± 11.4 cm. In women the average was 98.4 + - 12.7cm, that of men was 101.1 + - 10.8 cm. At the end of the program, the total average of men and women was 96.7 + - 11.0, the average of women at the end of the program was 96.2 + - 12.6 cm and of men was 96. 9 + - 10. In the 6-minute walk, the average of women at the beginning was 390.0 meters and that of men was 386.6, and the second time after rehabilitation in men was 595.8 + - 107.2 and the of women it was 549 + -102.4. In men, the previous total cholesterol was 154.8 + -39.7 mg / dL and that of women was 162.0 + -40.2 mg / dL and at the end of the program the value of men was 161 .6 + -46.0 mg / dL and 170.8 + -41.8 mg / dL for women. The CRP levels of the men at the beginning of the program was 1.2 + -2.4 mg / dL and that of the women was 1.5 + - 1.9 mg / dL at the end of the program, the men had an average of 1.8 + -3.0. Conclusion: The Cardiac Rehabilitation Program depends on the partipation of health professionals care who work as a team to achieve final results, witch are based not only on exercise but also on the change in the patient's lifestyle, therefore, they need associated services such as physiotherapy, nutrition, psychology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Myocardial Ischemia/rehabilitation , Cardiac Rehabilitation/statistics & numerical data , Biomarkers , Anthropometry , Costa Rica , Life Style
14.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211883, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253946

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate perceived family cohesion and adaptability and its association with trauma, malocclusion and anthropometry in school adolescents. Methods: Cross-sectional study with a representative sample of 921 adolescents from 13 to 19 years old of both sexes, enrolled in state public schools of a northeastern Brazilian municipality. A questionnaire with sociodemographic questions, the FACES III scale was applied and a clinical oral examination (dental trauma and malocclusion) and anthropometric (BMI by age) were performed. For statistical analysis, was evaluated by the Chi-square test. The variables that presented significance in the bivariate analysis of up to 25% were taken to the multivariate analysis (multinomial logistic regression), variables that presented significance in bivariate analysis of up to 25% were taken to multivariate analysis and all conclusions were drawn considering the significance level of 5%. Results: As a result, it was identified that displaced families were associated with low maternal education, agglutinated families associated with the absence of caries. Rigid families were associated with marked overjet and caries. The prevalence of dental trauma (37.5%) was considered high. Conclusion: It was concluded that family cohesion and adaptability were associated with oral health and socioeconomic factors


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Anthropometry , Oral Health , Adolescent , Tooth Injuries/epidemiology , Holistic Health , Malocclusion/epidemiology
15.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(6): 386-393, dic. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1342806

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El mobiliario escolar influye en la postura sedente que adopta el alumnado en el aula, con efectos en su salud y aprendizaje. Por ello, es preciso determinar la existencia de un posible desajuste entre las dimensiones del mobiliario escolar y la antropometría del alumnado, así como realizar una propuesta de tallas en base a la realidad del aula y las normativas de Galicia y la Unión Europea. Población y métodos. Un evaluador experto en antropometría realizó las mediciones de peso, talla, altura poplítea, hombro y codo sentado, con un antropómetro, comparándolas posteriormente con las sillas y mesas utilizadas actualmente. Las técnicas de análisis empleadas fueron: descriptivo (medidas de tendencia central), análisis de la varianza de un factor, prueba t, prueba de chi cuadrado (en software SPSS®) y tamaño del efecto (d de Cohen). El nivel de significación establecido fue de p ≤ 0,05. Resultados. La muestra se compuso de 108 estudiantes españoles de educación primaria (de entre 6 y 12 años). El 91,7 % y el 97,2 % del alumnado emplea, respectivamente, una silla y una mesa que no se ajusta a sus características antropométricas, y utiliza mobiliario con un tamaño superior al que le corresponde. La normativa de tallas de mobiliario que rige actualmente en la población estudiada no es apropiada, al no tener sillas y mesas adecuadas a los primeros cursos de primaria. Conclusiones. Existe un alto grado de desajuste entre el mobiliario y la antropometría del alumnado. Se propone seguir las tallas de la normativa europea, utilizando varias tallas por curso o mobiliario regulable, para adaptarse a las características antropométricas de todo el alumnado.


Introduction. School furniture affects the sitting position of students in the classroom, as well as their health and learning. Therefore, it is necessary to determine the existence of a potential mismatch between school furniture dimensions and students' anthropometric characteristics, as well as to propose dimensions based on classroom actuality and the regulations in place in both Galicia and the European Union. Population and methods. An evaluator with experience in anthropometry measured weight, height, popliteal height, sitting shoulder height, and sitting elbow height using an anthropometer and then compared values with the chairs and desks currently used. Analysis techniques were descriptive (measures of central tendency), single-factor analysis of variance, t test, χ² test (using the SPSS® software), and effect size (Cohen's d test). The significance level was established at p ≤ 0.05.Results. The sample was made up of 108 Spanish children in primary school (aged 6-12 years). Of them, 91.7 % and 97.2 % use, respectively, a chair and a desk that do not adjust to their anthropometric characteristics and use furniture that is larger than what they need. The regulations for furniture dimensions currently in place for the studied population are not adequate because the chairs and desks included are not adequate for the first grades of primary school. Conclusions. There is a high mismatch level between school furniture and students' anthropometric characteristics. We propose the use of the European regulations for furniture dimensions, with varying heights per grade or adjustable furniture that can be adapted to the anthropometric characteristics of all students.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Schools , Interior Design and Furnishings , Spain , Students , Pilot Projects , Anthropometry
16.
Fisioter. Bras ; 22(5): 724-732, Nov 11, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353559

ABSTRACT

O Método Pilates (MP) se desenvolveu muito nos últimos anos, fazendo-se necessário compreender seus efeitos na composição corporal de seus praticantes. Objetivo: Avaliar e comparar o Índice de Massa Corporal (IMC) e a composição corporal de mulheres praticantes do MP de duas cidades do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul. Métodos: Foram avaliadas 30 mulheres praticantes do MP contemporâneo há pelo menos três meses, com frequência de uma ou duas vezes por semana, com idade média 40,50 ± 10,94 anos, sendo 15 delas em Encruzilhada do Sul (GE), e as outras 15, em Viamão (GV). Foram aferidas seis dobras cutâneas, seis perímetros, nove diâmetros e nove comprimentos, além de peso e altura para obter o IMC. Foi realizada estatística descritiva e teste t para amostras independentes, adotando nível de significância de p < 0,05. Resultados: Não foram encontradas diferenças estatísticas significativa entre os grupos na composição corporal e no IMC. Ocorreu diferença estatística significativa entre os dois grupos com relação ao tempo de prática (p = 0,01). Conclusão: Conclui-se que os grupos apresentam composição corporal e IMC semelhantes. Porém, evidencia-se uma tendência a maiores níveis de gordura corporal e índices de obesidade no GV, devido ao menor tempo de prática do MP. (AU)


Subject(s)
Female , Body Composition , Body Mass Index , Exercise , Anthropometry , Exercise Movement Techniques
18.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(8): 423-429, 20210000. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358770

ABSTRACT

El propósito del estudio fue analizar la dinámica de los cambios relacionados con la edad de las estructuras craneofaciales de acuerdo con los parámetros antropométricos en hombres y mujeres de 17 a 24 años, y determinar la correlación, definida por análisis antropométrico, entre las formas de morfología craneofacial y los tipos de anomalías dento-maxilares. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un examen antropométrico de 851 individuos (418 hombres y 433 mujeres) de 17 a 24 años y la evaluación de 45 mediciones entre puntos de referencia de tejidos blandos. Además, se realizó una valoración odontológica general, que incluyó la clasificación de las anomalías dentomaxilares. Resultados: Se detectó que el ancho de la cabeza, el largo de la cabeza, así como el ancho de la mandíbula y el ancho morfológico facial en las hembras alcanzan valores máximos de crecimiento a la edad de 20 años. Además, se obtuvieron datos que indicaron la continuación del crecimiento de los parámetros antropométricos craneofaciales mencionados anteriormente en los hombres durante el período de transición de la adolescencia a la edad adulta. Conclusión: la mordida profunda distal es la anomalía dento-maxilar (DMAn) más común en hombres y mujeres bielorrusos de 17 a 24 años. Junto con esto, la frecuencia de ocurrencia de maloclusión de mordida profunda distal en individuos con morfología craneofacial dolicocefálica es mayor en hombres y mujeres en comparación con otras formas de morfología craneofacial. La mordida profunda distal se acompaña de la disminución de los parámetros antropométricos de la altura facial, en comparación con la mordida mesial y abierta en la que hay un aumento estadístico. Además, se observa una disminución estadística en el valor de la profundidad facial inferior en individuos diagnosticados con mordida distal, en comparación con individuos con mordida mesial y normal. Estos resultados obtenidos del análisis antropométrico podrían ser útiles en el diagnóstico de anomalías dentofaciales y dento-maxilares, y en la simulación de resultados de tratamiento estéticamente estables.


The purpose of the study was to analyze the dynamics of age-related changes of craniofacial structures according to anthropometric parameters in males and females aged 17­24 years, and to determine the correlation, defined by anthropometric analysis, between forms of craniofacial morphology and the type of dento-maxillary anomalies. Materials and Methods: An anthropometric examination of 851 individuals (418 males and 433 females) aged 17­24 years and the evaluation of 45 measurements between soft tissue landmarks was performed. In addition, general dental assessment was conducted, which included the classification of the dento-maxillary anomalies. Results: It was detected that the head width, head length, as well as the mandible width, and the morphological facial width in females reach growth peak values at the age of 20 years. Furthermore, data was obtained which indicated growth continuation of the stated above craniofacial anthropometric parameters in males during the transitional period from adolescence to adulthood. Conclusion: Distal deep bite is the most commonly prevailed dento-maxillary anomalies (DMAn) in Belarusian men and women aged 17­24 years. Along with this, the frequency of distal deep bite malocclusion occurrence in individuals with dolichocephalic craniofacial morphology is higher in men and women when compared to other forms of craniofacial morphology. Distal deep bite is accompanied by the decrease of facial height anthropometric parameters, when compared to mesial and open bite in which there is a statistical increase. Moreover, a statistical decrease in the value of the inferior facial depth is observed in individuals diagnosed with distal bite, when compared to individuals with mesial and normal bite. These obtained results from anthropometric analysis could be useful in diagnosis of dentofacial and dento-maxillary anomalies, and in the simulation of aesthetically stable treatment results


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Body Weights and Measures , Anthropometry , Cephalometry , Maxillofacial Abnormalities , Open Bite/physiopathology , Head/growth & development , Age Factors
19.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 29(1): [1-23], nov. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344082

ABSTRACT

: Este estudo investigou o impacto de 5 semanas de treinamento pliométrico em membros superiores e inferiores sobre o desempenho físico em estudantes de Educação Física. Foram recrutados 16 estudantes do sexo masculino de 18 a 23 anos divididos em 2 grupos (Controle e Treino). O grupo Treino foi submetido ao treinamento pliométrico de membros superiores e inferiores por 5 semanas com 3 sessões/semana de 30-40 minutos/sessão, composta de 10 exercícios de braço e perna (10-20 repetições/exercício). Antes e imediatamente após o programa de treinamento pliométrico, os indivíduos foram avaliados por parâmetros antropométricos (peso, estatura, índice de massa corporal e percentual de gordura), nível de flexibilidade e desempenho físico (forças de toque e de ataque, salto vertical, sprint de 20 m e agilidade). Dados de flexibilidade e desempenho físico foram avaliados por análise de covariância (ANCOVA), além da correlação de Pearson entre as variáveis de desempenho físico após 5 semanas de treinamento. O grupo Treino exibiu maior ganho de desempenho no salto vertical quando comparado ao grupo Controle (p< 0,05). Todavia, não foi observada diferença significativa entre os grupos Treino e Controle nos ganhos de força de toque e de ataque, no desempenho do teste de sprint de 20 m, no teste de agilidade e de flexibilidade (p> 0,05). Houve correlação positiva entre os testes de forças de toque e de ataque com o salto vertical (p< 0,001, r= 0,633; e p< 0,001, r= 0,639; respectivamente), como também correlação dos testes salto vertical com os testes de velocidade (p< 0,001, r= -0,768) e agilidade (p< 0,002, r= -0,537) após o treinamento. Conclui-se que 5 semanas de treinamento pliométrico de membros superiores e inferiores exibiram melhora no desempenho do salto vertical de estudantes de Educação Física, bem como observou-se correlação entre os parâmetros neuromusculares anaeróbicos de membros inferiores e superiores após o período de treinamento.(AU)


This study investigated the impact of 5 weeks of plyometric training on upper and lower limbs on physical performance parameters in Physical Education students. Sixteen male college students aged 18 to 23 years were divided into 2 groups (Control and Training). The Training group was submitted to 5 weeks of plyometric training for upper and lower limbs, with 3 sessions per week for 30-40 minutes per session. Training sessions consisted of 10 arm and leg exercises (10-20 repetitions per exercise). Anthropometric parameters (weight, height, body mass index and body fat percentage), level of flexibility and physical performance (touch and attack strength, vertical jump, 20m sprint, agility) were assessed before and immediately after the plyometric training program. Flexibility and physical performance data were assessed by covariance analysis (ANCOVA), in addition to Pearson's correlation among physical performance parameters after 5 weeks of training. The Training group showed a greater gain in the vertical jump performance when compared to the Control group. However, no significant difference was observed between the Training and Control groups for touch and attack strength gains, for 20 m sprint performance gains, and for agility and flexibility test gains. There was a positive correlation between the tests of touch and attack strengths with vertical jump performance. There was also positive correlation between touch and attack strength with vertical jump (p< 0.001, r= 0.633; e p< 0,001, r= 0.639; respectively), and between vertical jump performance and 20m sprint performance (p< 0.001, r= -0,768) and agility test after training (p< 0.002, r= -0,537). It is concluded that 5 weeks of plyometric training for upper and lower limbs showed improvement in the vertical jump performance in Physical Education students. There was also a correlation between the anaerobic neuromuscular parameters of lower and upper limbs after the training period.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Reaction Time , Athletic Performance , Resistance Training , Plyometric Exercise , Physical Education and Training , Students , Anthropometry , Lower Extremity , Upper Extremity , Mentoring
20.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 97(5): 559-563, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340157

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To estimate the accuracy of neck circumference measurement as a method of diagnosing excess weight of six and seven-year-old children. Methods: 1026 six and seven-year-old children were included and anthropometric data were collected using cut-off points for the Body Mass Index (BMI) Z-score, in addition to the measurement of their neck circumference in centimeters. Pearson's correlation coefficient was used to assess the correlation between neck circumference and BMI. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values were calculated. The Receiver Operating Characteristic curve was used to measure the accuracy of neck circumference as a diagnostic method for excess weight. Results: A positive linear correlation value was observed between neck circumference and BMI 0.572 (p < 0.001). The accuracy value of the global ROC curve was 0.772 (p < 0.001). Sensitivity and specificity showed low values, but high positive predictive values were observed, especially between measures of 30 and 31 cm. Conclusion: Neck circumference showed accuracy of 77.2% as a diagnostic method for overweightness in six and seven-year-old children.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Overweight/diagnosis , Neck , Body Mass Index , Anthropometry , Cross-Sectional Studies , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Waist Circumference
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