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1.
Pensar Prát. (Online) ; 27abr.2024. Tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1560926

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to evaluate and compare exercise addiction (EA) between runners, cyclists, swimmers, and triathletes. Took part in this study 39 runners, 32 cyclists, 30 swimmers and 38 triathletes. Exercise Dependence Scale (EDS), and the Exercise Addiction Inventory (EAI) was used to evaluate the EA and classified the participants into: at-risk for EA, nondependent-symptomatic, and nondependent-asymptomatic. Most participants were classified as nondependent symptomatic for EA. The EDS total score was significantly lower in the swimmers compared to the cyclists and triathletes and the EAI total score was significantly higher for cyclists compared to runners. Therefore, in both instruments, the majority of participants was nondependent symptomatic for EA (AU).


O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar e comparar a dependência ao exercício (DE) entre corredores, ciclistas, nadadores e triatletas. Participaram do estudo 39 corredores, 32 ciclistas, 30 nadadores e 38 triatletas. As escalas Exercise Dependence Scale (EDS) e Exercise Addiction Inventory (EAI) foram usadas para a avaliação da DE e classificaram os participantes em três categorias: em risco de DE, não dependente sintomático e não dependente assintomático. A maioria dos participantes foram classificadas como não dependentes sintomáticos para DE. O escore da EDS foi significativamente menor nos nadadores comparado aos ciclistas e triatletas e o escore total da EAI foi significantemente maior nos ciclistas comparado aos corredores. Portanto, em ambos os instrumentos, a maioria dos participantes foi não dependente sintomático para DE (AU).


El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar y comparar la adicción al ejercicio (AE) entre corredores, ciclistas, nadadores y triatletas. Participaron de este estudio 39 corredores, 32 ciclistas, 30 nadadores y 38 triatletas. La Escala de Dependencia al Ejercicio (EDS) y el Inventario de Adicción al Ejercicio (EAI) fueron utilizados para evaluar la AE y clasificaron a los participantes en tres categorías: en riesgo de AE, no dependiente-sintomático y no dependiente-asintomático. La mayoría de los participantes se clasificaron como no dependiente-sintomático para AE. La puntuación EDS fue significativamente menor en nadadores en comparación con ciclistas y triatletas y la puntuación EAI total fue significativamente mayor en ciclistas en comparación con corredores. Por lo tanto, en ambos instrumentos, la mayoría de los participantes eran sintomáticos no dependientes para AE


Subject(s)
Humans , Physical Endurance , Sports , Athletes , Endurance Training
2.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1531586

ABSTRACT

Background: Injuries are a common occurrence in sports participation; however, they have the potential to be accompanied by negative thoughts and feelings, which may play a part in the athletes' state of mind when they return to their sport. Assessing the degree to which this occurs provides an opportunity to evaluate and address athletes' state of mind before their return to play. Objectives: To determine if athletes are psychologically ready to return to play after an injury and if there are differences in fear avoidance behaviour between those who were and were not ready to return. Methods: Eighty-eight athletes participated in this descriptive survey. Athletes' confidence to return to play was measured by the Injury-Psychological Readiness to Return to Play (I-PRRS) questionnaire and their fear avoidance was measured by the Athlete Fear Avoidance Questionnaire (AFAQ). Results: Fifty injured athletes with a mean age of 23.3±4.0 years old responded to the I-PRRS and the AFAQ questionnaires. The average I-PRRS score was 46.5±9.1 AU. The evidence suggests that 60% of the athletes were not ready to return to sport (41.0±7.5 AU), whereas 40% were ready to return (54.8±3.1 AU). The difference in scores was not significant. The relationship between the AFAQ scores and the I-PRRS score for the 'ready' and 'not ready' groups was not significant (p=0.066). The mean AFAQ score (26.1±8.6 AU) for the 'not ready' group is marginally greater than the mean AFAQ score (21.6±7.5 AU) for the 'ready' group. There was a negative correlation between psychological readiness to return to sport and athletic fear avoidance (r =-0.508, p<0.001). Conclusion: There needs to be a greater utilisation of psychological assessment tools like the Injury-Psychological Readiness to Return to Play (I-PRRS) questionnaire, which can assist the athlete's support team, who can help identify athletes who are apprehensive about returning to sport after injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Surveys and Questionnaires , Athletes
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006830

ABSTRACT

Background@#The COVID-19 pandemic has greatly affected the sports industry, postponing events worldwide. To adapt to the situation, athletes have been forced to train at home. Bubble training was introduced to provide a safe and conducive training environment while adhering to government health protocols. However, concerns have emerged regarding the set-up’s implementation.@*Objective@#The study aims to explore the lived experiences of UAAP Season 84 and NCAA Season 97 student-athletes who underwent bubble training.@*Methods@#The study will employ a qualitative phenomenological approach based on Seligman's Well-Being Theory. A purposive sampling technique will be used to recruit at least seven eligible student-athletes. Data will be collected through on-site or online interviews using a semi-structured interview guide to reveal a narrative of the student-athletes' bubble training experiences, common themes, and patterns. Deductive thematic analysis approach will be used with the help of the NVivo software program.@*Expected Results@#This study is expected to develop themes from the daily bubble training routines, habits, coping strategies, and perceived thoughts and feelings of Filipino collegiate student-athletes, regarding their emotions, engagement, relationships, meaning, and achievement in bubble training. This may provide insights to the government, educational institutions, and athletic associations on possible comprehensive guidelines if they plan to implement bubble training when the need arises.


Subject(s)
Athletes , Students
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006826

ABSTRACT

Background@#Hamstring strain injury (HSI) is the most common cause of missing practices and sporting events among running-related athletes. The incidence rate of recurrence in individuals with HSI ranges from 12% to 63%. While various risk factors for HSI have been identified, the alterations and role of biomechanical factors as potential causes of injury have been largely overlooked. @*Objectives@#To report the critical biomechanical parameters assessed among running-related athletes with a recurrent HSI and to present common testing protocols in assessing the biomechanical parameters among running-related athletes with a recurrent HSI. @*Methods@#Eligibility Criteria: Included studies investigated biomechanical parameters assessed among collegiate or elite running-related athletes with recurrent HSI. Sources of Evidence: This scoping review was registered in OSF and was conducted based on PRISMA-ScR. Six electronic databases were systematically searched from 1993 to May 2022. Charting Methods: The reviewers created a data charting tool for the scoping review.@*Results@#Out of 874 articles, a total of 10 articles were included in the scoping review. The critical biomechanical parameters assessed include trunk flexion, hip flexion, and knee extension angles (kinematic variables), flight and stance times and velocity (spatiotemporal variables), and EMG activity of biceps femoris, semitendinosus, semimembranosus, vastus lateralis, and rectus femoris, knee flexion and extension angle peak joint torque (kinetic variables). The most common running test protocols used were the 30-meter overground repeated sprint test, a percentage of maximum running velocity (treadmill), and repeated sprints on a non-motorized treadmill. The most common protocols for isokinetic muscle testing were 60 degrees (concentric), 300 degrees (concentric), and 180 degrees (eccentric) per second angular velocities.@*Conclusion@#The review demonstrated a need for more research on this topic, leading to only limited biomechanical parameters being discussed in the literature. This underscores the need for more rigorous research that could have practical applications for athletes and coaches.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Athletes
5.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(6): 1653-1659, dic. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528793

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Monitoring of body composition and cardiophysiological parameters are main part of the general health status of handball players and significant indicators of their physical fitness. The assessment of body components, especially skeletal muscle mass and body fat mass are important because of their influence on sport performance. The aim of this study is to determine the body composition and cardiophysiological characteristics of elite handball players from Republic of North Macedonia. 27 male HB players from two top ranking teams from RNM were tested ergometrically with Bruce protocol for determination of maximal oxygen consumption; body analysis was made with bioelectrical impedance analyzer, InBody 720. Anthropometric parameters were as follows: mean height was 190.4±7.8 cm and weight 96.3±15.5 kg, skeletal muscle mass (SMM)=47.11±6.69 kg; BMI=26.38±3.1; BF%=15.04±6.01 and WHR=0.9±1.8. The result of ergometrical test produce mean VO2 max=43.92 ml/kg/min which is 100.46 % of reference value. The body composition of elite international handball players from the top handball teams in Republic of North Macedonia showed similar body components as other European handball players. The obesity diagnose parameters were negatively associated with exercise time and maximal oxygen consumption.


El seguimiento de la composición corporal y los parámetros cardiofisiológicos son una parte principal del estado de salud general de los jugadores de balonmano y son indicadores importantes de su condición física. La evaluación de los componentes corporales, especialmente la masa muscular esquelética y la masa grasa corporal, son importantes debido a su influencia en el rendimiento deportivo. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la composición corporal y las características cardiofisiológicas de jugadores de balonmano de élite de la República de Macedonia del Norte. Se evaluaron 27 jugadores masculinos de HB de dos equipos de primer nivel de RNM ergométricamente con el protocolo de Bruce para determinar el consumo máximo de oxígeno; el análisis corporal se realizó con el analizador de impedancia bioeléctrica InBody 720. Los parámetros antropométricos fueron los siguientes: talla media 190,4±7,8 cm y peso 96,3±15,5 kg, masa músculo esquelética (SMM)=47,11±6,69 kg; IMC=26,38±3,1; %GC=15,04±6,01 y RCC=0,9±1,8. El resultado de la prueba ergométrica produce un VO2 máximo medio = 43,92 ml/kg/ min, que es el 100,46 % del valor de referencia. La composición corporal de los jugadores de balonmano internacionales de élite de los mejores equipos de balonmano de la República de Macedonia del Norte mostró componentes corporales similares a los de otros jugadores de balonmano europeos. Los parámetros diagnósticos de obesidad se asociaron negativamente con el tiempo de ejercicio y el consumo máximo de oxígeno.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Body Composition , Athletes , Cardiorespiratory Fitness , Oxygen Consumption , Anthropometry , Cross-Sectional Studies , Republic of North Macedonia
6.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(6): 1673-1678, dic. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528800

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: In the sports field, sports are usually classified according to the predominance of the energy system used during the competition; sports like Crossfit and ultra-marathon could be totally opposite due to the needs of athletes to achieve good places. Due to the above, the objective was established to compare the dermatoglyphic profiles of CrossFit and Ultra-marathon athletes according to the predisposition of the energy systems, aerobic and anaerobic, used in the competitions. Cross-sectional descriptive study, where the dermatoglyphic profile of 21 athletes of national presence (10 crossfit and 11 ultra-marathon runners) was determined, through the Computerized Dermatoglyphic System, brand Salus Dermatoglifia, according to the Cummins and Midlo protocol, which consists of taking the fingerprints of the 10 fingers of the hands. The fingerprint designs of the human being (arch, loop and whorl) and the elements contained in them (nucleus and delta) were analyzed, differences were established through the Analysis of Variance test in the SPSS V.25 statistical package. The results show significant differences between the average scores of the line count of both disciplines (108 and 165), being higher in ultra-marathon runners, associated with greater aerobic resistance. Another significant and relevant finding was the presence of arch-type fingerprints only in CrossFit athletes associated, along with low line count, with strength and power. It is concluded that Crossfit and Ultra-marathon athletes have dissimilar natural physical characteristics, which is why they participate and excel in different sports where they have enhanced their natural physical abilities through training.


En el ámbito deportivo, los deportes suelen clasificarse según el predominio del sistema energético utilizado durante la competición; Deportes como el Crossfit y la ultramaratón podrían ser totalmente opuestos debido a las necesidades de los deportistas de conseguir buenos lugares. Debido a lo anterior, se estableció como objetivo comparar los perfiles dermatoglíficos de atletas de CrossFit y Ultramaratón según la predisposición de los sistemas energéticos, aeróbico y anaeróbico, utilizados en las competencias. Estudio descriptivo transversal, donde se determinó el perfil dermatoglífico de 21 deportistas de presencia nacional (10 crossfit y 11 ultramaratonistas), a través del Sistema Dermatoglífico Computarizado, marca Salus Dermatoglifia, según el protocolo Cummins y Midlo, el cual consta de tomando las huellas dactilares de los 10 dedos de las manos. Se analizaron los diseños dactilares del ser humano (arco, asa y verticilo) y los elementos contenidos en ellos (núcleo y delta), se establecieron diferencias mediante la prueba de Análisis de Varianza en el paquete estadístico SPSS V.25. Los resultados muestran diferencias significativas entre las puntuaciones medias del recuento de líneas de ambas disciplinas (108 y 165), siendo superiores en los corredores de ultramaratón, asociado a una mayor resistencia aeróbica. Otro hallazgo significativo y relevante fue la presencia de huellas dactilares tipo arco sólo en atletas de CrossFit asociadas, junto con un bajo número de líneas, con fuerza y potencia. Se concluye que los atletas de Crossfit y Ultramaratón tienen características físicas naturales disímiles, por lo que participan y destacan en diferentes deportes donde han potenciado sus capacidades físicas naturales a través del entrenamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Dermatoglyphics , Athletes , Marathon Running , Cross-Sectional Studies
7.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 42(2): 90-101, ago. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515100

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: El ejercicio de alta intensidad induce hipertrofia miocárdica necesaria para adaptar al corazón a la mayor demanda de trabajo. Se desconoce si correr una maratón induce de forma aguda factores humorales asociados al desarrollo de hipertrofia miocárdica en atletas. Objetivo: Evaluar cardiotrofina-1 (CT1) y el factor de crecimiento análogo a insulina-1 (IGF-1), conocidos inductores de hipertrofia, en maratonistas previo y justo después de correr una maratón y su relación con hipertrofia cardíaca. Métodos: Estudio prospectivo ciego simple de atletas hombres que corrieron la maratón de Santiago. Se incluyó un grupo control sedentario. En todos los sujetos se realizó un ecocardiograma transtorácico estándar. Los niveles de CT1 e IGF-1 se determinaron en plasma obtenidos antes (basal) y justo después de haber terminado (antes de 15 minutos) la maratón, usando test de ELISA. Resultados: Los atletas tenían frecuencias cardíacas menores que los controles, asociado con una mayor hipertrofia miocárdica, determinado por el grosor del septo y pared posterior del corazón, y volúmenes del ventrículo y aurícula izquierda. Los niveles basales de CT1 e IGF-1 fueron similares entre atletas y controles sedentarios. El correr la maratón aumentó los niveles de estas dos hormonas en un subgrupo de atletas. Solo los atletas que incrementaron los niveles de IGF-1, pero no de CT1, tenían volúmenes de ventrículo izquierdo y derecho más grandes que los otros atletas. Conclusiones: IGF-1 que se incrementa de forma aguda por el ejercicio, pero no CT1, estaría asociado con el aumento de los volúmenes ventriculares observado en los atletas.


Background: High intensity exercise induces the development of myocardial hypertrophy necessary to adapt the heart to the increased work demand. Whether running a marathon is associated with acutely induced humoral factors responsible for the development of myocardial hypertrophy observed in athletes is not known. Objective: To evaluate the levels of cardiotrophin-1 (CT1) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), known hypertrophy inducers, in marathon runners before and just after running a marathon and their relationship with cardiac hypertrophy. Methodology: Single-blind prospective study of male athletes who ran the Santiago's marathon. A sedentary control group was included. All subjects underwent a standard transthoracic echocardiogram. CT1 and IGF-1 levels were determined in plasma obtained before (basal) and just after finishing (within 15 min) the marathon using ELISA assays. Results: Athletes had lower heart rates than controls, associated with greater myocardial hypertrophy, as determined by thickness of the heart's septum and posterior wall, and left atrial and ventricular volumes. Basal CT1 and IGF-1 levels were similar between athletes and sedentary controls. Marathon running increased the levels of these two hormones in a subgroup of athletes. Only the athletes who increased IGF-1 levels, but not CT1, had larger left and right ventricular volumes. Conclusion: IGF-1 acutely increased by exercise, but not CT1, was associated with the augmented ventricular volumes observed in athletes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Athletes/statistics & numerical data , Insulin-Like Peptides/immunology , Insulin/immunology , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I , Prospective Studies , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/immunology , Cardiomegaly, Exercise-Induced
8.
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 23(2): 566-585, julho 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1532680

ABSTRACT

A prática de esportes é associada à formação acadêmica em diversos países, como forma de promover saúde e desenvolver competências pessoais e sociais. Este estudo buscou compreender como os universitários brasileiros percebem a influência das práticas esportivas no seu processo de integração à universidade e em seu desempenho acadêmico. Participaram 260 universitários, provenientes de um grupo maior de participantes de um estudo quantitativo, realizado online, que também apresentava perguntas abertas. As respostas a essas perguntas foram submetidas a uma análise temática. Os estudantes descrevem diferentes formas como a prática de esportes pode contribuir para a obtenção de uma melhor adaptação e desempenho acadêmico (integração e reconhecimento social, manejo do estresse e aprendizagem de competências transversais). Também foram enumeradas dificuldades para conciliar as atividades acadêmicas e esportivas (falta de tempo, incompatibilidade de calendários, cansaço associado à prática esportiva). A partir desses relatos, conclui-se que ainda são necessárias maiores medidas institucionais que estimulem a prática de esportes no ensino superior e que facilitem a sua conciliação com as atividades acadêmicas.


The practice of sports is associated with academic studies in several countries, as a way to promote health and develop personal and social skills. This study aimed to comprehend how brazilian college students perceive the influence of sports practices on their integration process at university and on their academic performance. Participants were 260 college students, from a larger group of participants in a quantitative online study, which also had open-ended questions. The answers to these questions were subjected to a thematic analysis. Students describe different ways in which sports can contribute to a better academic performance and integration (social integration and recognition, stress management and learning soft skills). Difficulties to concile academic and sports activities (lack of time, schedule incompatibility, fatigue associated with sports practice) were also listed. Based on these reports, it is concluded that greater institutional measures are still needed to encourage the practice of sports in higher education and to facilitate its conciliation with academic activities.


La práctica del deporte está asociada a la formación académica en varios países, como una forma de promover la salud y desarrollar habilidades personales y sociales. Este estudio buscó comprender cómo los universitarios brasileños perciben la influencia de las prácticas deportivas en su proceso de integración universitaria y en su rendimiento académico. Participaron 260 universitarios, provenientes de un grupo más amplio de participantes en un estudio cuantitativo, realizado online, que también tenía preguntas abiertas. Las respuestas a estas preguntas fueron sometidas a un análisis temático. Los estudiantes describen diferentes formas en las que el deporte puede contribuir a una mejor adaptación y rendimiento académico (integración y reconocimiento social, manejo del estrés y aprendizaje de habilidades transversales). También se enumeraron las dificultades para conciliar las actividades académicas y deportivas (falta de tiempo, incompatibilidad de horarios, cansancio asociado al deporte). De estos informes se concluye que aún son necesarias mayores medidas institucionales para fomentar la práctica del deporte en la educación superior y facilitar su conciliación con las actividades académicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Sports , Students , Universities , Mental Health , Athletes , Brazil , Qualitative Research
9.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 22(1): 146-152, jun 22, 2023. fig, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1451565

ABSTRACT

Introdução: o ombro do jogador de voleibol é suscetível a lesões resultantes de sobrecargas biomecânicas e movimentos repetitivos. As frequentes queixas de dor nessa articulação evidenciam o elevado volume de ações motoras unilaterais em alta velocidade acima da cabeça, atingindo o manguito rotador (MR) e gerando limitação funcional na prática desportiva. As tendinopatias do MR, formado pelos músculos subescapular, redondo menor, infraespinhal e supraespinhal, atingem comumente os tendões do supraespinhal e do infraespinhal. Objetivo: descrever as condutas cinesioterapêuticas utilizadas no tratamento das tendinopatias do MR em atletas de voleibol de quadra. Metodologia: pesquisaram-se as bases de dados MEDLINE, SciELO e BVS. Descritores: lesões do ombro, manguito rotador, atletas, voleibol e Terapia por Exercício (pesquisados em inglês), associados dois a dois ou três a três, dentre os quais o termo atletas ou voleibol sempre foi mantido. Foram incluídos artigos de revisão, artigos originais, ensaios clínicos e estudos de coorte publicados em português e inglês, entre os anos de 2009 e 2019. Resultados: inicialmente a busca resultou em 480 artigos. Após o processo de seleção, seis estudos foram revisados na íntegra e incluídos na síntese qualitativa. Conclusão: as principais condutas cinesioterapêuticas descritas foram: fortalecimento dos rotadores externos, dos músculos do tronco, da coluna e periescapulares, alongamento da região posterior do ombro e mobilizações articulares.


Introduction: the volleyball player's shoulder is susceptible to injuries resulting from biomechanical overloads and repetitive movements. The frequent complaints of pain in this joint highlight the high volume of unilateral motor actions at high speed above the head, reaching the rotator cuff (RC) and generating functional limitation in sports. RC tendinopathies, formed by the subscapularis, teres minor, infraspinatus and supraspinatus muscles, commonly affect the supraspinatus and infraspinatus tendons. Objective: to describe the kinesiotherapeutic conducts used in the treatment of RC tendinopathies in indoor volleyball athletes. Methodology: MEDLINE, SciELO and VHL databases were searched. Descriptors: shoulder injuries, rotator cuff, athletes, volleyball and Exercise Therapy (searched in English), associated two by two or three by three, among which the term athletes or volleyball was always maintained. Review articles, original articles, clinical trials and cohort studies published in Portuguese and English between 2009 and 2019 were included. Results: initially the search resulted in 480 articles. After the selection process, six studies were fully reviewed and included in the qualitative synthesis. Conclusion: the main kinesiotherapeutic procedures described were strengthening of the external rotators, trunk, spine and periscapular muscles, stretching of the posterior region of the shoulder and joint mobilizations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Rotator Cuff , Volleyball , Athletes , Shoulder Injuries
10.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 43(2): 72-78, jun. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1510623

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el judo es un deporte de combate cuya clasificación competitiva depende del peso corporal, lo cual está destinado a promover competencias parejas y equitativas en cuanto a capacidades físicas se refiere. El avance de las ciencias del entrenamiento y de la nutrición deportiva generó una mejora de la composición corporal en los deportistas, redundando en un aumento de los valores de masa muscular y en una disminución de la masa adiposa. El objetivo del estudio fue estimar la composición corporal de las personas que practican Judo participantes del campeonato nacional argentino del año 2021. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio transversal descriptivo a los/as participantes del campeonato nacional de judo del año 2021. Fueron evaluados un total de 183 judocas (51 mujeres y 132 varones), según el protocolo de medición de la ISAK. Para la determinación de la composición corporal se utilizó el método de fraccionamiento anatómico de cinco componentes de Kerry Ross. Resultados: el promedio de las judocas fue de 30,5% para la masa adiposa y de 44,5% para la masa muscular; no se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en los distintos grupos de edad. Los varones obtuvieron un valor promedio de 22,4% para la masa adiposa y 49,1%para la masa muscular; en este caso se encontraron diferencias significativas entre los distintos grupos de edad, tanto para la masa adiposa como para la muscular y la masa ósea. Discusión: se necesitan más estudios con grupos estratificados en función de la división de peso corporal para poder establecer patrones de referencia específicos para el trabajo en ciencias del ejercicio y la nutrición. Conclusión: la optimización de la composición corporal de las personas que practican Judo redunda positivamente en la mejora de las capacidades físicas específicas. Los datos presentados constituyen una referencia específica de utilidad para la evaluación y seguimiento de las personas que practican Judo. La estratificación por grupos etarios y división de peso corporal permitirá delimitar mejor aún los valores de cada categoría de edad. Se considera relevante vincular la composición corporal con las pruebas físicas y los resultados deportivos, a fin de establecer un mejor perfil del judoca argentino. (AU)


Introduction: judo is a combat sport whose competitive classification depends on body weight, intended to promote even and equitable compe-titions in terms of physical abilities. Advances in the sciences of training and sports nutrition have led to an improvement in the body composition of athletes, resulting in an increase in muscle mass and a decrease in adipose mass. This study aimed to estimate the body composition of judo fighters participating in the 2021 Argentine National Championship. Materials and methods: we conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study of participants of the 2021 national judo championship. We evaluated 183 judokas (51 women and 132 men) applying the ISAK measurement protocol. We used the Kerry Ross five-component fractional anatomic method to determine body composition. Results: the average for female judo players was 30.5% for adipose mass and 44.5% for muscle mass; we found no statistically significant diffe-rences in the different age groups. The average value for males was 22.4% for adipose mass and 49.1% for muscle mass; in this case, we found significant differences between the different age groups for adipose mass and muscle and bone mass. Discussion: there is a need for more studies with stratified groups according to body weight division to establish specific reference standards for the work in exercise science and nutrition. Conclusion: the optimization of the body composition of female and male judo players has a positive effect on the improvement of specific physical capacities. The data presented constitute a relevant reference for the evaluation and follow-up of judokas. The stratification by age groups and body weight division will allow a better delimitation of the values of each age category. Linking body composition with physical tests and results is considered relevant to obtain a better profile of the Argentinian judo player. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Body Composition , Anthropometry , Martial Arts/statistics & numerical data , Athletes/statistics & numerical data , Argentina , Body Weight , Adipose Tissue , Age Factors , Muscles
11.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(3): 717-724, jun. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514288

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Athletes differ among themselves and one of the main differences is observed in relation to body shape and composition. Achieving top sports performance requires more standardization in the processes of training and development of a unique methodology for individualizing the control specific adaptation of athletes. The aim of this study is to establish reference data for the most sensitive variables to define the amount and structure of body fat in female athletes in individual sports. The sample included 895 females, divided in: a control group (Cont) of young females (N = 688); International (N = 113), and National level female athletes (N = 94) in 13 individual sports. Four variables described the structureof of body fat: Percentage of body fat (PBF), Body Fat Mass Index (BFMI), Protein Fat Index (PFI) and Index of Body Composition (IBC). Results showed that considering the control group, female athletes have all examined Body Fat variables statistically significantly different (BFMI and PBF are lower, p = 0.011 and p = 0.000, while PFI and IBC are higher, p = 0.000, respectively). Female athletes are also statistically significantly different in relation to the level of competition (p = 0.000), and the investigated variables are responsible for 17.7 % of the variability of the difference between the groups. Competitively more successful female athletes have higher IBC (lower percentage of fat per overall body volume, p = 0.013), as well as, a statistically significantly higher protein mass in relation to body fat mass (PFI, p = 0.018). The most sensitive variables for defining body fat differences between the examined individual sports were IBC, with an influence of 37.9 %, then PFI (32.4 %), then PBF (22.8 %), and finally BFMI, with an influence of 11.4 % on the differences. Based on the results of this study, IBC and PFI are variables that have shown useful scientific-methodological potential for research in the future.


Los deportistas difieren entre sí y una de las principales diferencias se observa en relación a la forma y composición corporal. Alcanzar el máximo rendimiento deportivo requiere una mayor estandarización en los procesos de entrenamiento y en el desarrollo de una metodología única para individualizar el control de adaptación específico de los atletas. El objetivo de este estudio fue establecer datos de referencia de las variables más sensibles para definir la cantidad y estructura de la grasa corporal en mujeres deportistas en deportes individuales. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 895 mujeres, divididas en: un grupo control (Cont) de mujeres jóvenes (N = 688); Atletas femeninas de nivel internacional (N = 113) y nacional (N = 94) en 13 deportes individuales. Cuatro variables describieron la estructura de la grasa corporal: Porcentaje de grasa corporal (PBF), Índice de Masa Grasa Corporal (BFMI), Índice de Proteína Grasa (PFI) e Índice de Composición Corporal (IBC). Los resultados mostraron que, considerando el grupo control, todas las atletas tuvieron diferecias estadísticamente significativas respecto a las variables de grasa corporal (BFMI y PBF son más bajos, p = 0,011 y p = 0,000, mientras que PFI e IBC son más altos, p = 0,000, respectivamente). En relación al nivel de competencia, las atletas femeninas presentan diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p = 0,000), y las variables investigadas son responsables por el 17,7 % de la variabilidad de la diferencia entre los grupos. Las atletas femeninas competitivamente más exitosas tienen un IBC más alto (menor porcentaje de grasa por volumen corporal total, p = 0,013), así como una masa proteica estadísticamente más alta en relación con la masa de grasa corporal (PFI, p = 0,018). Las variables más sensibles para definir las diferencias de grasa corporal entre los deportes individuales examinados fueron IBC, con una influencia del 37,9 %, luego PFI (32,4 %), a seguir PBF (22,8 %) y finalmente BFMI, con una influencia del 11,4 % en las diferencias. En base a los resultados de este estudio, IBC y PFI son las variables que han mostrado un potencial científico-metodológico útil para la investigación en el futuro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Sports , Body Composition , Athletes , Reference Values , Discriminant Analysis , Adipose Tissue , Multivariate Analysis , Electric Impedance
12.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1513952

ABSTRACT

El objetivo del estudio fue determinar la condición física, composición corporal y el somatotipo en deportistas colombianos. Participaron 618 deportistas (Mujeres 25,89%), con edad de 14 a 22 años. Se tomaron medidas cinantropométricas y se realizaron pruebas de resistencia cardiovascular en tapiz rodante, salto squat jump y contramovimiento, flexibilidad sit and reach y abdominales en 1min. Los deportistas del grupo de deportes de marca y precisión obtuvieron el porcentaje de grasa y porcentaje de masa ósea más altos, mientras el grupo de deportes de combate fue el índice de masa corporal, la capacidad aeróbica, la fuerza de resistencia abdominal y los saltos; en el grupo de deportes de pelota fue el porcentaje de recuperación, y en el grupo de tiempo y marca, sobresalió el porcentaje de masa muscular y la flexibilidad. El somatotipo predominante fue mesomórfico. Los resultados más altos en cada variable dependieron de la disciplina deportiva practicada.


The objective of this study was to determine the physical condition, body composition, and somatotype in Colombian athletes. 618 athletes participated (Women 25.89%), from 14 to 22 years old. Cynanthropometric measurements were taken, and cardiovascular endurance tests were performed on treadmill, as well as squat jumps and counter movements, the sit and reach flexibility test and the amount of sit ups in 1 min. The athletes in the brand and precision sports group had the highest percentage of fat and bone mass, while the combat sports group had the highest body mass index, aerobic capacity, abdominal resistance strength, and jumping; in the ball sports group the highest percentage was the recovery time; and in the time and brand group, the percentage of muscle mass and flexibility stood out. The predominant somatotype was mesomorphic. The highest results in each variable depended on the sports discipline they practiced.


O objetivo do estudo foi determinar a condição física, composição corporal e somatotipo em atletas colombianos. Participaram 618 atletas (Mulheres 25,89%), com idades entre 14 e 22 anos. Vinte medidas cineantropométricas foram realizadas e testes de resistência cardiovascular foram realizados em esteira, agachamento salto e contramovimento, sentar e alcançar flexibilidade e abdominais em 1 min. Atletas do grupo de esportes de marca e de precisão tiveram o maior percentual de gordura e massa óssea, enquanto o grupo de esportes de combate apresentou o maior índice de massa corporal, capacidade aeróbica, força de resistência abdominal e saltos; no grupo de esportes com bola foi o percentual de recuperação, e no grupo tempo e marca, o percentual de massa muscular e flexibilidade se destacaram. O somatotipo predominante foi o mesomórfico. Os maiores resultados em cada variável dependeram do esporte praticado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Body Composition , Physical Fitness , Athletes , Body Mass Index , Anthropometry , Cross-Sectional Studies , Colombia , Sociodemographic Factors
13.
Cienc. act. fís. (Talca, En línea) ; 24(1)jun. 2023. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1513947

ABSTRACT

Los efectos relativos de la edad (RAE) se refieren a aquellas (des)ventajas y resultados que proceden fundamentalmente de una interacción entre la fecha de nacimiento y las fechas utilizadas para organizar logísticamente a los participantes. Los RAE prevalecen constantemente en contextos deportivos femeninos, con un 25 % más de participantes relativamente mayores (Q1) que participantes relativamente más jóvenes (Q4). Nuestro objetivo fue identificar los RAE en las selecciones Colombia femeninas participantes en los últimos juegos Bolivarianos [JB] (Organización Deportiva Bolivariana [ODEBO], 2022). Se analizaron un total n = 87 fechas de nacimiento, utilizando la prueba estadística de chi-cuadrada. El análisis nos permitió establecer que no existen los RAE en las selecciones femeninas participantes en los JB (X2 = 12,2; p = 0,836). Estos hallazgos son importantes para el contexto del deporte femenino colombiano y pueden ser tenidos en cuenta por organizaciones, clubes deportivos, así como en lineamientos para la identificación y selección de talentos deportivos.


Relative Age Effects (RAE) refer to those (dis)advantages and outcomes that stem primarily from an interaction between the date of birth and the dates used to logistically organize the participants. RAE is consistently prevalent in female sports contexts, with 25% more relatively older participants (Q1) than relatively younger participants (Q4). Our objective was to identify the RAE in the Colombian women's teams participating in the last Bolivarian Games (JB) (ODEBO, 2022). A total of n = 87 dates of birth were analyzed using the chi-square statistical test. The analysis allowed us to establish that there are no RAE in the female teams participating in JB (X2 = 12,2; p = 0,836). These findings are important in the context of Colombian women's sports and can be considered by organizations, and sports clubs, as well as in guidelines for the identification and Selection of sports talents.


Os Efeitos da Idade Relativa (RAE) referem-se àquelas (des)vantagens e resultados que decorrem principalmente de uma interação entre a data de nascimento e as datas utilizadas para organizar logisticamente os participantes. O EIR é consistentemente prevalente em contextos esportivos femininos, com 25% mais participantes relativamente mais velhos (Q1) do que participantes relativamente mais jovens (Q4). Nosso objetivo foi identificar o RAE nas equipes femininas colombianas participantes dos últimos Jogos Bolivarianos (JB) (ODEBO, 2022). Um total de n = 87 datas de nascimento foram analisadas pelo teste estatístico do qui-quadrado. A análise permitiu estabelecer que não há EIR nas equipes femininas participantes do JB (X2 = 12,2; p = 0,836). Esses achados são importantes para o contexto do esporte feminino colombiano e podem ser levados em consideração pelas organizações e clubes esportivos, bem como nas diretrizes para a identificação e seleção de talentos esportivos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Age Factors , Athletes , Colombia , Athletic Performance
14.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(3): 478-486, May-June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449824

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the influence of polymorphisms on genes encoding type I collagen and the genetic susceptibility of tendinopathy. Methodology Case-control study involving 242 Brazilian athletes from different sports modalities (55 cases of tendinopathy and 187 controls). The polymorphisms COLIAI (rs1107946) and COLIA2 (rs412777, rs42524, and rs2621215) were analyzed by theTaqMansystem. Odds ratio(OR)withtheir 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using a nonconditional logistic regression model. Results The mean age was 24.0 ± 5.6 years old and 65.3% were men. Of the 55 cases of tendinopathy, 25.4% had > 1 affected tendon, the most frequent being patellar (56.3%), rotator cuff (30.9%) and elbow or hand flexors (30.9%). Age and amount of time of sports practice were associated with a higher chance of presenting tendinopathy (5 and 8 times, respectively). The frequency of variant alleles in control and case patients, respectively, was: COLIAI rs1107946 24.0 and 29.6%; COLIA2 rs412777 36.1 and 27.8%; rs42524 17.5 and 25.9%; and rs2621215 21.3 and 27.8%. After adjusting for confounding factors (age and years of sports practice), COLIA2 rs42524and rs2621215 polymorphisms were associated with increased risk of tendinopathy (OR = 5.5; 95% CI = 1.2-24.6 and OR = 3.9; IC95% = 1.1-13.5, respectively). The haplotype COLIA2 CGT was associated with low risk for disease development (OR = 0.5; 95%CI = 0.3-0.9). Conclusion Age (≥ 25 years old), time of sports practice (≥ 6years) and polymorphisms in the COLIA2 gene increased the risk of developing tendinopathy.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a influência de polimorfismos nos genes que codificam o colágeno tipo I e a suscetibilidade genética da tendinopatia. Metodologia Estudo caso-controle envolvendo 242 atletas brasileiros de diferentes modalidades esportivas (55 casos de tendinopatia e 187 controles). Os polimorfismos COL1A1 (rs1107946) e COL1A2 (rs412777, rs42524 e rs2621215) foram analisados pelo sistema TaqMan. As razões de chance (OR) com seus intervalos de confiança (IC) de 95% foram calculadas usando um modelo de regressão logística não-condicional. Resultados A média de idade foi de 24,0 ± 5,6 anos e 65,3% eram homens. Dos 55 casos de tendinopatia, 25,4% apresentaram mais de um tendão acometido, sendo os maisfrequentesopatelar(56,3%),omanguitorotador(30,9%)eodocotoveloou flexores das mãos (30,9%). A idade e o tempo de prática esportiva foram associados a uma maior chance de apresentar tendinopatia (5 e 8 vezes, respectivamente). A frequência dos alelos variantes nos controles e casos, respectivamente, foi: COL1A1 rs1107946 24,0 e 29,6%; COL1A2 rs412777 36,1 e 27,8%; rs42524 17,5 e 25,9%; e rs2621215 21,3 e 27,8%. Após ajuste pelos fatores de confundimento (idade e anos de práticas esportiva), os polimorfismos COL1A2 rs42524 e rs2621215 foram associados a um risco aumentado de tendinopatia (OR = 5,5; IC95% = 1,2-24,6 e OR = 3,9; IC95% = 1,1-13,5, respectivamente). O haplótipo COL1A2 CGT foi associado a um baixo risco para desenvolvimento da doença (OR = 0,5; IC95% = 0,3-0,9). Conclusão Aidade (> 25 anos), o tempo de prática esportiva (> 6 anos) e polimorfismos no gene COL1A2 aumentaram o risco de desenvolvimento da tendino-patia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Polymorphism, Genetic , Collagen Type I , Tendinopathy , Athletes
15.
Licere (Online) ; 26(1): 207-238, abril2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1437741

ABSTRACT

Esta pesquisa se pautou em analisar o esporte, a partir do campo do esporte performance, e o lazer, a partir da compreensão dos estudos contemporâneos. O objetivo geral consistiu em analisar em medida as competições esportivas se constituem em um momento para a diversificação das práticas de lazer do atleta olímpico de taekwondo. Foi utilizada a abordagem qualitativa, tendo como técnica de coleta a entrevista semiestruturada, seguida da análise de conteúdo de Bardin (2016). A pesquisa constatou que os atletas olímpicos compreendem o lazer como uma atividade desvinculada ao trabalho, o que torna as práticas de lazer raras ou nulas durante o período da competição. As características e os fundamentos olímpicos do taekwondo foram descritos como fatores de influência das práticas de lazer dos atletas, fosse na preparação para as competições ou no período de ocorrência das mesmas.


This research was based on analyzing sport, from the field of sport performance, and leisure, from the understanding of contemporary studies. The general objective was to analyze in measure the sports competitions that constitute a moment for the diversification of the leisure practices of the Olympic taekwondo athlete. A qualitative approach was used, using the semi-structured interview as a collection technique, followed by Bardin's (2016) content analysis. The survey found that Olympic athletes understand leisure as an activity unrelated to work, which makes leisure practices rare or null during the competition period. The characteristics as well as the Olympic fundamentals of taekwondo, were described as factors influencing the athletes' leisure practices, whether in preparation for competitions or during the period of their occurrence.


Subject(s)
Martial Arts , Athletes , Tourism
16.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 36(1): e372, abr. 2023. tab.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1451685

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: O exercício intenso e continuado em atletas provoca fenótipos de remodelamento adaptativo, cujos parâmetros podem ser avaliados pela ecocardiografia convencional, e de deformação miocárdica. Assim, foi comparado o remodelamento miocárdico em atletas do sexo feminino (grupo atletas) com mulheres sedentárias da mesma faixa etária (grupo-controle) e entre atletas com maior e menor tempo de treinamento. Métodos: Foram selecionadas 57 futebolistas femininas (grupo atletas) e 25 mulheres sadias sedentárias (grupocontrole). As atletas foram divididas em dois grupos: grupo principal, com 32 atletas, e grupo sub-17, com 25 atletas. Foram determinadas, através de ecocardiografia, as dimensões, a função sistólica e diastólica das câmaras cardíacas e a deformação miocárdica (strain longitudinal, circunferencial, radial e mecânica rotacional), utilizando a estatística Z com significância de p < 0,05. Resultados: A idade dos grupos atletas, controle, principal e sub-17 foi de 22,1±6,3; 21,2±5,0; 26,5±5,1; e 16,5±0,6, respectivamente. O peso, o índice de massa corporal e a frequência cardíaca foram menores no grupo atletas. A espessura das paredes, o índice de massa do ventrículo esquerdo (VE), o volume do átrio esquerdo (AE), a fração de ejeção e as dimensões do ventrículo direito (VD) foram maiores no grupo atletas, mas dentro de valores normais. A deformação miocárdica mostrou diminuição do strain radial, da rotação basal, da rotação apical e do twist, sugerindo mecanismo de reserva contrátil. Esses parâmetros foram menores no grupo principal, que também apresentava maior espessura das paredes, maior volume do AE e maior tamanho do VD, sugerindo que o aumento da reserva contrátil se relaciona com maior tempo de treinamento. Conclusões: As atletas do sexo feminino com treinamento intenso de longa duração apresentam remodelamento adaptativo das câmaras cardíacas e aumento da reserva contrátil observada em repouso, com esses parâmetros mais acentuados nas atletas com maior tempo de treinamento.(AU)


Background: Intense continuous exercise provokes adaptive remodeling phenotypes in athletes, the parameters of which can be evaluated through conventional echocardiography and myocardial deformation. We compared myocardial remodeling in female athletes (athlete group) with sedentary women of the same age range (control group) and between older and younger athletes. Methods: A total of 57 female soccer players and 25 healthy sedentary women were selected. The athlete group was subdivided into a main group and those under 17 years of age (< 17 group). The dimensions and systolic and diastolic function of the cardiac chambers and myocardial deformation (longitudinal and circumferential, as well as radial strain and rotational mechanics) was determined through echocardiography, using the Z statistic with a significance level of p< 0.05. Results: The mean age of the athlete, control, main, and < 17 groups was 22.1 (SD, 6.3); 21.2 (SD, 5.0); 26.5 (SD, 5.1); 16.5 (SD, 0.6) years, respectively. Weight, body mass index and heart rate were lower in the athlete group. Wall thickness, left ventricular mass index, left atrial (LA) volume, ejection fraction, and right ventricular dimensions were higher in athlete group, but remained within normal ranges. Regarding myocardial deformation, there was decreased radial strain, basal rotation, apical rotation, and twisting in the athlete group, suggesting a contractile reserve mechanism. These parameters were lesser in the main athlete group, who also had greater wall thickness, greater volume in the left atrium (LA) and larger size in the right ventricle (RV), suggesting that increased contractile reserve is related to longer time spent in the sport. Conclusions: In female athletes who had undergone intense long-term training, we observed adaptive remodeling of the cardiac chambers and increased contractile reserve (at rest), and these changes were more pronounced in those with longer involvement in the sport.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Athletes , Atrial Remodeling/physiology , Heart/physiopathology , Heart/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography/methods , Sedentary Behavior , High-Intensity Interval Training/adverse effects , Global Longitudinal Strain/radiation effects
17.
Med. U.P.B ; 42(1): 20-29, ene.-jun. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1416078

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar el impacto de la medida de confinamiento social, decretada por el gobierno colombiano ante el covid-19, sobre los niveles de ansiedad y los comporta­mientos alimentarios de los deportistas adscritos a selecciones Antioquia. Metodología: estudio observacional descriptivo de corte transversal en deportistas de altos logros deportivos de Indeportes Antioquia que fueron atendidos en el área de medicina, entre enero y agosto 2020. Se indagó sobre aspectos de ansiedad y compor­tamientos alimentarios, ocasionados durante la medida de aislamiento social derivada de la pandemia por covid-19. Resultados: la encuesta fue respondida por 150 deportistas. En hombres, la ansiedad aumenta a medida que se incrementa el grupo de edad. En las mujeres, el fenómeno es opuesto. Para la misma calificación de ansiedad alta, el porcentaje va disminuyendo con la edad. Con referencia a los comportamientos relacionados con la alimentación, analizados bajo una circunstancia tan compleja, como es la pandemia por covid-19, permitió a los profesionales del deporte y la salud direccionar recomendaciones efectivas para los deportistas que asesoran, frente al manejo de la ansiedad y el control de ciertos comportamientos negativos que pueden afectar la salud y el rendimiento deportivo. Conclusiones: los resultados con respecto a la ansiedad coinciden con estudios actua­les, en los que, en términos generales, las poblaciones evaluadas muestran niveles de ansiedad baja y esto se relaciona con una escasa tendencia a alteraciones en la conducta alimentaria en la población estudiada.


Objective: to identify the impact of the social confinement measure decreed by the Colombian government in the face of Covid-19 on anxiety levels and eating behaviors in athletes attached to different teams in the department of Antioquia. Methodology: cross-sectional descriptive observational study in athletes with high sports achievements from Indeportes Antioquia, who were treated in the medical area between January and August 2020. Aspects of anxiety and eating behaviors, caused during the social isolation measure derived of the Covid-19 pandemic were studied. Results: the survey was answered by 150 athletes. In men, anxiety increases as the age group increases. In women, the phenomenon is opposite. For the same high anxiety rating, the percentage decreases with age. With reference to behaviors related to eating, analyzed under such a complex circumstance, such as the Covid-19 pandemic, allowed sports and health professionals to direct effective recommendations for the athletes they advise, regarding anxiety management and the control of certain negative behaviors that can affect their health and their performance. Conclusions: the results regarding anxiety coincide with current studies, in which, in general terms, the assessed populations show low levels of anxiety; this is related to a low tendency to alterations in eating behavior in the studied population.


Objetivo: identificar o impacto da medida de confinamento social, decretada pelo governo colombiano diante da covid-19, nos níveis de ansiedade e comportamentos alimentares de atletas lotados nas equipes de Antioquia. Metodologia:estudo observacional descritivo transversal em atletas com altas conquistas esportivas do Indeportes Antioquia que foram atendidos na área médica, entre janeiro e agosto de 2020. Aspectos de ansiedade e comportamentos alimentares, causados durante a medida de isolamento social derivada do covid-19 pandemia. Resultados: a pesquisa foi respondida por 150 atletas. Nos homens, a ansiedade aumenta à medida que a faixa etária aumenta. Nas mulheres, o fenômeno é oposto. Para a mesma alta taxa de ansiedade, a porcentagem diminui com a idade. No que se refere aos comportamentos relacionados com a alimentação, analisados numa circunstância tão complexa, como é a pandemia de covid-19, permitiu aos profissionais do desporto e da saúde direcionar recomendações eficazes aos atletas que aconselham, no que diz respeito à gestão da ansiedade e ao controlo de determinados comportamentos negativos. que podem afetar a saúde e o desempenho esportivo.Conclusões:os resultados relativos à ansiedade coincidem com os estudos atuais, nos quais, em termos gerais, as populações avaliadas apresentam baixos níveis de ansiedade e isto está relacionado com uma baixa propensão a alterações do comportamento alimentar na população estudada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Athletes , Anxiety , Social Isolation , Feeding Behavior , COVID-19
18.
Pensar Prát. (Online) ; 26Fev. 2023. Tab, Ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1433785

ABSTRACT

Este estudo visou entender como foi a inserção e a manutenção, em clubes brasileiros de futebol, de treinadores que não foram jogadores profissionais. Foram realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas com três treinadores, analisadas via Análise Temática, que possibilitou a emersão de seis temas: a influência da universidade; a formação continuada dos treinadores; a dificuldade do acadêmico; como foi a inserção; tornando-se treinador; sugestões para aqueles que almejam serem treinadores e não são ex-atletas. Conclui-se que não há um caminho único e melhor a ser seguido, mas que há cada vez mais espaço para a inserção do treinador que não foi jogador profissional de futebol, nos clubes brasileiros (AU).


This study aimed to understand how was the insertion and maintenance, in Brazilian soccer clubs, of coaches who were not professional players. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with three coaches, analyzed through Thematic Analysis, which allowed the emergence of five themes: the influence of the university on the training of coaches; continuing training of coaches; difficulty of academics in joining soccer clubs; how academics became coaches; suggestions for those who aspire to be coaches and are not ex-athletes. It is concluded that there is not a single and better way to be followed, but that there is more and more space for the insertion of the coach who was not a professional football player, in Brazilian clubs (AU).


Este estudio tuvo como objetivo comprender cómo fue la inserción y el mantenimiento, en los clubes de fútbol brasileños, de entrenadores que no eran jugadores profesionales. Se realizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas con tres entrenadores, analizadas a través del Análisis Temático, lo que permitió el surgimiento de cinco temas: la influencia de la universidad en la formación de entrenadores; formación continua de entrenadores; dificultad de los académicos para unirse a clubes de fútbol; cómo los académicos se convirtieron en entrenadores; sugerencias para los que aspiran a ser entrenadores y no son ex deportistas. Se concluye que no hay un único y mejor camino a seguir, pero que cada vez hay más espacio para la inserción del entrenador que no fue futbolista profesional, en los clubes brasileños (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Physical Education and Training , Soccer , Education, Continuing , Athletes , Mentoring , Societies , Universities , Brazil
19.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1434186

ABSTRACT

Este artigo objetivou analisar campanhas e ações em prol do futebol de mulheres desencadeadas durante a pandemia da covid-19. As análises apresentadas são fruto de um recorte de pesquisa que tomou os sites de notícias como local de produção de dados. Utilizando o buscador do Google, produzimos um levantamento de notícias a partir do termo "futebol feminino" no período entre fevereiro a dezembro de 2020 e realizamos a categorização temática para proceder com as análises. A partir dos conceitos de acontecimento (FOUCAULT, 2014) e bio(necro)política (GALLO, 2021), analisamos a emergência de uma rede de solidariedade como estratégia de apoio ao futebol praticado por mulheres através de campanhas e ações que visaram auxiliar a modalidade a mitigar os efeitos da pandemia da covid-19 (AU).


This article aimed to analyze social enterprises and ac-tions that were triggered by the covid-19 pandemic, and supported women's football during the health crisis. The analyses discussed here are the outcome of a data analysis that considered relevant news websites as a place of data production. Using the Google sear-ch engine, we produced a news survey based on the term "futebol feminino" in the period between February and December 2020 and carried out the thematic categorization to proceed with the analyses. We employed the concepts of event (FOUCAULT, 2014) and bio(necro)politics (GALLO, 2021) to discuss the emergence of these networks, in order to help the sport to mitigate the effects of the covid-19 pandemic (AU).


Este artículo tuvo como objetivo analizar las campañas y acciones de apoyo al fútbol femenino desencadenadas durante la pandemia del covid-19. Los análisis presentados son el resul-tado de un recorte de investigación que tuvo como lugar de pro-ducción de datos los sitios web de noticias. Utilizando el busca-dor de Google, elaboramos una encuesta de noticias en base al término "futebol feminino" en el período comprendido entre fe-brero y diciembre de 2020 y realizamos la categorización temática para proceder con los análisis. A partir de los conceptos de evento (FOUCAULT, 2014) y bio(necro)política (GALLO, 2021) analizamos el surgimiento de una red solidaria como estrategia de apoyo al fútbol practicado por mujeres a través de campañas y acciones que pretendían ayudar a la modalidad a mitigar los efectos de la pandemia del covid-19. La movilización y el compromiso alrededor a estas campañas contribuyeron a mantener el deporte visible y vivo en la escena brasileña en medio de la crisis (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Soccer , Social Support , Athletes , Solidarity , COVID-19 , Women , Health Strategies
20.
Pensar Prát. (Online) ; 26Fev. 2023. Tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1434795

ABSTRACT

A arbitragem no campo esportivo define o campeão, e sua atuação vem sendo cada vez mais valorizada e, paradoxalmente, questionada. Esta pesquisa objetiva identificar se há ou não diferenças entre a compreensão que árbitros(as) brasileiros(as) de Ginástica Artística possuem sobre as regras e como elas são aplicadas. A amostra foi de 58 árbitros(as), de nível nacional e internacional, atuantes no período de 2017-2020. O instrumento foi o questionário, com análise quantitativa dos dados. Identificou-se que há diferenças entre a compreensão e a aplicação das regras estabelecidas pelo Código de Pontuação (CP), gerando reflexões sobre a melhor estruturação do CP e do processo de formação dos(das) árbitros(as) para sanar as lacunas causadas por essas diferenças (AU).


Judging in the sports field defines the champion, and its performance has been increasingly valued and, paradoxically, questioned. This research aims to identify whether or not there are differences between the understanding that Brazilian Artistic Gymnastics judges have about the rules and how they are applied. The sample consisted of 58 judges, national and international level, working in the period 2017-2020. The instrument was a question-naire, with quali-quantitative analysis of the data. It was identified that there are differences between the understanding and applica-tion of the rules established by the Code of Points (CoP), generat-ing reflections on the better structuring of the CoP and the judges' training process to solve the gaps caused by these differences (AU).


El arbitraje en el ámbito deportivo define al campeón, y su actuación ha sido cada vez más valorada y cuestionada. Esta investigación tiene como objetivo identificar si existen o no dife-rencias entre la comprensión que los árbitros de gimnasia artística brasileña tienen sobre las reglas y cómo se aplican. La muestra fue de 58 árbitros, de ámbito nacional e internacional, que trabajaron en el periodo 2017-2020. El instrumento fue el cuestionario, con análisis cuali-cuantitativo de los datos. Se identificó que existen di-ferencias entre la comprensión y la aplicación de las reglas estable-cidas por el Código de Puntuación (CP), generando reflexiones sobre la mejor estructuración del CP y el proceso de formación de los árbitros para remediar las lagunas causadas por estas diferencias (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Sports , Comprehension , Athletes , Mentoring , Gymnastics , Brazil , Evaluation Studies as Topic
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