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1.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 29(1): 59-63, 20230000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1428914

ABSTRACT

La ptosis palpebral es una de las patologías más frecuentes en la consulta de oftalmología, tanto en urgencias como en el ámbito ambulatorio. El trauma del párpado superior puede provocar ptosis o retracción o una combinación de ambos. En este tipo de ptosis palpebral, su resolución mediante tratamiento quirúrgico, existiendo múltiples alternativas de procedimientos que se decidirá de acuerdo con la causas que las originan, así como la severidad de la ptosis. En este trabajo es a propósito de un caso clínico en el cual nos encontramos una paciente con ptosis palpebral traumática recidivante, utilizándose suspensión frontal con aponeurosis de músculo temporal, realizándose una variación de la técnica de Crawford disminuyendo la probabilidad de nueva recidiva


Palpebral ptosis is one of the most frequent pathologies in the ophthalmology consultation, both in the emergency room and in the outpatient setting Trauma to the upper eyelid can cause ptosis or retraction or a combination of both. In this type of eyelid ptosis its resolution by surgical treatment, there are multiple alternatives of procedures that will be decided according to the causes that originate them, as well as the severity of the ptosis, in this work is about a clinical case in which we find a patient with Recurrent Traumatic Palpebral Ptosis, using frontal suspension with aponeurosis of temporal muscle, performing a variation of the Crawford Technique decreasing the probability of recurrence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Blepharoptosis/surgery , Blepharoptosis/pathology , Recurrence
2.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 732-735, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981661

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the etiology mechanism and treatment of iatrogenic blepharoptosis after double eyelid surgery in Asia.@*METHODS@#To extensively review the literature related to iatrogenic blepharoptosis after double eyelid surgery, and to summarize and analyze the related anatomical mechanism, existing treatment options, and indications.@*RESULTS@#Iatrogenic blepharoptosis is a relatively common complication after double eyelid surgery, sometimes it is combined with other eyelid deformities such as sunken upper eyelid and wide double eyelid, which makes it difficult to repair. The etiology is mainly caused by improper adhesion of tissues and scars, improper removal of upper eyelid tissue, and injury of a link of levator muscle power system. Whether blepharoptosis occurs after double eyelid surgery by incision or suture, it should be repaired by incision. The principles of repair include surgical loosening of tissue adhesion, anatomical reduction, and repair of damaged tissues. The key is to use surrounding tissues or transplanted fat to prevent adhesion.@*CONCLUSION@#When repairing iatrogenic blepharoptosis clinically, appropriate surgical methods should be selected based on the causes and severity of the blepharoptosis, combined with treatment principles, in order to achieve better repair results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blepharoptosis/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Retrospective Studies , Blepharoplasty/methods , Eyelids/surgery , Iatrogenic Disease , Oculomotor Muscles/surgery
3.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0005, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360915

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the upper and lower blepharoplasty technique associated with canthopexy with double pre septal orbicularis muscle elevation with a single suture in order to evaluate the efficacy of the technique. Methods: This is a retrospective study in which the medical records of 5,882 patients who underwent this technique between January 1999 and July 2015 were evaluated. The frequency and main causes of clinical complications and surgical reoperation were analyzed. Results: The incidence of complications found was 12.7% (n=750), being 0.8% (n=47) due to persistent chemosis, 3% (n=176) due to poor lower eyelid positioning, 4.17% (n=245) due to mild eyelid retraction and 4.8% (n=282) because of mild to moderate chemosis. Conclusion: The technique appears to be effective as it is simple and practical, and capable of resulting in positive functional and aesthetic outcomes with low rates of complications.


RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever a técnica de blefaroplastia superior e inferior associada à cantopexia associada à dupla elevação do músculo orbicular pré-septal em uma única sutura e avaliar sua eficácia. Métodos: Trata-se de estudo retrospectivo, no qual foram avaliados 5.882 prontuários de pacientes submetidos à blefaroplastia superior e inferior com a utilização da cantopexia, entre janeiro de 1999 e julho de 2015. Taxas e principais causas de complicações clínicas e reintervenção cirúrgica foram analisadas. Resultados: A incidência de complicações encontradas foi de 12,7% (n=750), sendo 0,8% (n=47) de caso de quemose persistente, 3% (n=176) de mau posicionamento palpebral inferior (ectrópio), 4,17% (n=245) de leve retração pálpebra e 4,8% (n=282) de quemose leve a moderada. Conclusão: A técnica mostra-se eficaz por ser simples e prática, podendo ter resultados funcionais e estéticos positivos e com baixo índice de complicações.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Blepharoptosis/surgery , Suture Techniques , Blepharoplasty/adverse effects , Blepharoplasty/methods , Eyelid Diseases/surgery , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Skin Aging , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Conjunctival Diseases/etiology , Edema/etiology , Eyelids/surgery , Facial Muscles/surgery
4.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(4): e0023, 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288635

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O presente trabalho objetivou relatar um caso de tarsal buckling associado a prolapso conjuntival e à inversão de pálpebra superior como complicação da correção cirúrgica de ptose residual. Paciente do sexo feminino, 15 anos, portadora de ptose palpebral residual unilateral em olho direito, secundária à correção parcial da ptose palpebral congênita operada na infância. A segunda abordagem cirúrgica foi realizada com ressecção da aponeurose do músculo levantador da pálpebra superior, que evoluiu com inversão conjuntival da pálpebra superior. A fragilidade estrutural do tarso é a principal hipótese para justificar o tarsal buckling subsequente à cirurgia. Houve resolução completa do tarsal buckling, porém houve também persistência da ptose palpebral. O tarsal buckling é, portanto, uma complicação cirúrgica incomum, que pode ocorrer na correção da ptose palpebral, em que há rotação posterior da metade superior do tarso, fazendo com que este se curve verticalmente sobre seu eixo, favorecendo o prolapso conjuntival. A suspeição diagnóstica e a reabordagem cirúrgica precoce favorecem a resolução da condição e previnem possíveis complicações visuais.


ABSTRACT This paper aimed to report a case of tarsal buckling associated with conjunctival prolapse and upper eyelid inversion as a complication of surgical correction of residual ptosis. A 15-year-old female patient with unilateral residual eyelid ptosis in the right eye, secondary to partial correction of congenital blepharoptosis operated in childhood. The second surgery was performed with resection of the upper eyelid levator muscle aponeurosis, which progressed to conjunctival inversion of the upper eyelid. The structural fragility of the tarsus is the main hypothesis to justify tarsal buckling after surgery. There was complete resolution of tarsal buckling, but persistence of blepharoptosis. Tarsal buckling is an infrequent surgical complication that can occur in correction of blepharoptosis, when there is posterior rotation of the upper half of the tarsus, causing it to curve vertically on its axis and favoring conjunctival prolapse. Establishing diagnosis and early reoperation favor resolution of the condition and avoid possible visual complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Blepharoptosis/surgery , Blepharoptosis/congenital , Eyelid Diseases/etiology , Oculomotor Muscles/surgery
5.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(1): 39-42, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088957

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To review the outcomes of frontalis suspension surgeries with the use of polytetrafluoroethylene in patients with blepharoptosis. Methods: A retrospective observational study analyzed the outcomes of frontalis suspension surgeries performed in a single institution from 2003 to 2018. All procedures were performed with closed incision and single pentagon techniques. Outcomes were classified as satisfactory or unsatisfactory, with satisfactory defined as a margin reflex distance of >3 mm and <1 mm between eyelids and unsatisfactory as hypocorrection, surgical complications, and asymmetry. Results: We included a total of 76 eyelids from 52 patients in our study. Within a mean postoperative follow-up of 16.8 ± 18.5 months (range, 3-95), 59 (77.6%) eyelids had a satisfactory outcome, and 17 (22.4%) were unsatisfactory (8 cases of asymmetry, 3 granulomas, 3 suture extrusions, 2 abscesses, and 1 case of cellulitis). Nine eyelids from the unsatisfactory group required reoperation. Among the patients with a follow-up of ³12 months (38 surgeries), lasting results were observed in most eyelids, except for 2 late-onset suture extrusions. Conclusion: The use of polytetrafluoroethylene in frontalis suspension surgery was shown to be predictable, safe, and lasting. Our findings support previous studies that have shown adequate functional results and low complication rates.


RESUMO Objetivo: Revisar os resultados de cirurgias de sus pensão ao músculo frontal com o uso de fio de politetrafluoretileno em pacientes com blefaroptose. Métodos: Em um estudo observacional retrospectivo, foram analisados os resultados das cirurgias de músculo frontal de uma instituição, realizadas entre 2003 e 2018. Todos os procedimentos foram realizados com incisão fechada e técnica de pentágono. Os desfechos foram classificados como satisfatórios ou insatisfatórios com definição satisfatória definida como distância margem-reflexo >3mm e <1mm entre as pálpebras e insatisfatória como hipocorreção, complicações cirúrgicas e assimetria. Resultados: Incluímos um total de 76 pálpebras de 52 pacientes em nosso estudo. Com um tempo médio de seguimento pós-operatório de 16,8 ± 18,5 meses (intervalo 3-95), 59 (77,6%) pálpebras apresentaram desfecho satisfatório e 17 (22,4%) insatisfatórios (8 casos de assimetria, 3 granulomas, 3 extrusões de sutura, 2 abscessos e 1 caso de celulite). Nove pálpebras do grupo insatisfatório necessitaram de reoperação. Entre os pacientes com seguimento ³12 meses (38 cirurgias), resultados duradouros foram observados na maioria dos casos, exceto por 2 extrusões de sutura de surgimento tardio. Conclusão: O uso de politetrafluoretileno na cirurgia de músculo frontal mostrou ser previsível, seguro e duradouro, Nossos achados corroboram com estudos prévios que mostraram resultados funcionais adequados e baixos índices de complicação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Polytetrafluoroethylene/therapeutic use , Blepharoptosis/surgery , Blepharoplasty/methods , Eyelids/surgery , Oculomotor Muscles/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Suture Techniques , Treatment Outcome
6.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 79(1): 56-58, Jan.-Feb. 2020. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092651

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fogo em campo cirúrgico durante cirurgia palpebral é uma complicação intra-operatória que é dramática tanto para o paciente quanto para a equipe médica. Relatamos um caso de acidente cirúrgico durante cirurgia palpebral onde o paciente sofreu queimadura de supercílio. Houve interação entre o oxigênio usado para sedação (máscara aberta) e uma fonte de ignição representada pelo cautério monopolar. Embora o paciente tenha apresentado boa evolução clínica com recuperação total da lesão cutânea, este caso é um alerta para se evitar tais tipo de ocorrência. Ressaltamos neste trabalho quais as condições implicadas e o modo de prevenção.


Abstract Fire in the surgical field during eyelid surgery is an intra-operative complication that is dramatic for both the patient and the medical staff. It's being reported a case of surgical accident during eyelid surgery where the patient suffered a brow burn. There was interaction between the oxygen used for sedation (open mask) and a source of ignition represented by monopolar cautery. Although the patient presented good clinical evolution with complete recovery of the cutaneous lesion, this case is an alert to avoid such type of occurrence. This work highlights the conditions involved and the way of prevention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Operating Rooms , Electrocoagulation/adverse effects , Electrosurgery/adverse effects , Eyelids/surgery , Patient Safety , Fires/prevention & control , Blepharoptosis/surgery , Burns/etiology , Risk Factors , Blepharoplasty/methods , Electricity/adverse effects , Electrocoagulation/instrumentation , Electrosurgery/instrumentation , Intraoperative Complications
7.
Rev. Soc. Colomb. Oftalmol ; 53(1): 8-16, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1128015

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las malposiciones palpebrales (ptosis, dermatochalasis superior y ectropión) son de los principales motivos de consulta en el área de cirugía plástica ocular. Aún no hay información concluyente en la literatura sobre los cambios corneales topográficos que se generan con las malposiciones palpebrales y si hay cambios en la topografía corneal posterior a la corrección quirúrgica de estas. Objetivo: determinar los cambios corneales topográficos de los pacientes con malposiciones palpebrales sometidos a corrección quirúrgica. Diseño del estudio: estudio observacional prospectivo longitudinal. Método: pacientes seleccionados por conveniencia a quienes se les realizó corrección quirúrgica de afecciones palpebrales (ptosis, ectropión y dermatochalasis superior) en el Hospital Militar Central de Bogotá entre abril y septiembre de 2019. Se describieron los datos de la topografía corneal previa a la corrección y al mes y tres meses después de esta y la agudeza visual mejor corregida preoperatoria y en la última evaluación postoperatoria realizada. Resultados: se realizó corrección quirúrgica de malposiciones palpebrales a 106 ojos de 54 pacientes. El cilindro medio tuvo un cambio de 0,13 D y el desplazamiento de su eje de 1, 49º. El cambio global en la queratometría media fue de 0,01 D y el grosor corneal central disminuyó 1,5 mcs. En cuanto la agudeza visual mejor corregida hubo un aumento de 0,0415 por escala LogMAR. Conclusión: la cirugía de las malposiciones palpebrales genera cambios topográficos corneales, donde la corrección de ptosis es la que más cambios ocasiona, con persistencia de los cambios a los 3 meses postoperatorio.


Background: palpebral malpositions (ptosis, upper dermatochalasis and ectropion) are the main reasons for consultation in the area of eye plastic surgery. There is still no conclusive information in the literature on the topographic corneal changes that are generated with palpebral malpositions and if there are changes in the corneal topography after surgical correction. Objective: to determine the topographic corneal changes of patients with palpebral malpositions submitted to surgical correction. Study design: longitudinal prospective observational study. Method: patients selected for convenience who underwent surgical correction of palpebral conditions (ptosis, ectropion and upper dermatochalasis) at the Central Militar Hospital of Bogotá between April and September 2019. Corneal topography data prior to correction were described and one month and three months after this and the visual acuity better corrected preoperatively and in the last postoperative evaluation performed. Results: surgical correction of palpebral malpositions was performed in 106 eyes of 54 patients. The middle cylinder had a change of 0,13 D and the displacement of the cylinder axis of 1,49 °. The average global change in mean keratometry was 0,01 D and the central corneal thickness decreased 1,5 mcs. With the best corrected visual acuity there was an increase of 0,0415 per LogMAR scale. Conclusion: palpebral malpositions surgery generates corneal topographic changes, where the correction of ptosis is the one that causes the most changes, with persistence of the changes at 3 months postoperatively.


Subject(s)
Blepharoptosis/surgery , Surgery, Plastic , Corneal Topography , Ectropion , Ectropion/surgery , Eye
8.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 32(4): e731, oct.-dic. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1099098

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: Evaluar los resultados quirúrgicos de la técnica de elevación de la ceja transblefaroplastia y las complicaciones presentadas. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, de corte longitudinal, de 12 pacientes (24 párpados) con ptosis de la ceja asociada a dermatochalasis del párpado superior desde mayo a septiembre del año 2018, en la consulta de Cirugía Plástica Ocular del Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología "Ramón Pando Ferrer". Fueron excluidos los que ya tenían una cirugía anterior del tercio facial superior. Resultados: El 83,3 por ciento de los pacientes fueron del sexo femenino. En cuanto a los grupos de edades resultó más frecuente el grupo de mayores de 62 años de edad. Hubo un predominio de la raza blanca, para un 58,3 por ciento. En el 60 por ciento de los casos del sexo femenino (6 pacientes), la dermatochalasis del párpado superior, asociada a la ptosis de la ceja, fue moderada. La ptosis de la ceja resultó corregida en 18 párpados, para el 75 por ciento. Se presentó el 25 por ciento de complicaciones (3 pacientes). Conclusiones: La técnica de elevación de la ceja transblefaroplastia logra la corrección de la ceja en el mayor número de pacientes con un bajo porcentaje de complicaciones, y constituye una buena opción quirúrgica para este tipo de afección palpebral(AU)


ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the surgical outcomes of the eyebrow lift technique of transblepharoplasty and the complications presented. Methods: A descriptive, retrospective, longitudinal study was carried out with 12 patients (24 eyelids) with eyebrow ptosis associated with upper eyelid dermatochalasis, from May to September 2018, in the Ocular Plastic Surgery office of Ramón Pando Ferrer Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology. Those who already had a previous surgery of the upper facial third were excluded. Results: 83.3 percent of the patients were female. Regarding the age groups, the group of people over 62 years of age was more frequent. There was a predominance of the white race, accounting for 58.3 percent. In 60 percent of female cases (6 patients), dermatochalasis of the upper eyelid, associated with eyebrow ptosis, was moderate. Eyebrow ptosis was corrected in 18 eyelids, for 75 percent. 25 percent of complications were presented (3 patients). Conclusions: The eyebrow lift technique of transblepharoplasty achieves eyebrow correction in the greatest number of patients with a low percentage of complications, and constitutes a good surgical option for this type of eyelid condition(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Blepharoptosis/surgery , Blepharoplasty/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
9.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 32(2): e656, abr.-jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093687

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: Evaluar la eficacia de la técnica quirúrgica Supramáxima en la corrección de la ptosis palpebral superior moderada y grave. Métodos: Se realizó un ensayo clínico aleatorizado a simple ciega, en 95 pacientes (119 ojos), provenientes de la Consulta de Oftalmología del Hospital Hermanos Ameijeiras, desde febrero del año 2016 a noviembre de 2017, los cuales recibieron tratamiento quirúrgico con la técnica Supramáxima o la técnica Suspensión al frontal. La eficacia del tratamiento se evaluó en cuanto a: caída del párpado, altura del pliegue palpebral, distancia margen reflejo y satisfacción del paciente. Resultados: El promedio de edad fue de 59,35 años, con leve predominio del sexo femenino (56,8 por ciento) y de la ptosis palpebral grave (51,6 por ciento). La diabetes mellitus fue la enfermedad sistémica más frecuente (56,8 por ciento). La eficacia terapéutica de la TSM fue superior (96,7 por ciento) a la TSF (86,2 por ciento). Se constató una mayor satisfacción del paciente con la TSM (97,9 por ciento). Conclusiones: La técnica quirúrgica Supramáxima es más eficaz que la suspensión al frontal en la corrección de la ptosis palpebral superior moderada y grave(AU)


ABSTRACT Objective: Evaluate the efficacy of the Supramaximal surgical technique for correction of moderate and severe upper eyelid ptosis. Methods: A randomized single-blind trial was conducted with 95 patients (119 eyes) from the Ophthalmology Service of Hermanos Ameijeiras Hospital from February 2016 to November 2017. These patients had undergone surgery by either Supramaximal technique or frontal suspension technique. Efficacy of the treatment was evaluated in terms of eyelid ptosis, eyelid crease height, margin-reflex distance and patient satisfaction. Results: Mean age was 59.35 years, with a slight predominance of the female sex (56.8 percent) and of severe eyelid ptosis (51.6 percent). Diabetes mellitus was the most common systemic condition (56.8 percent). The therapeutic efficacy of SMT was higher (96.7 percent) than that of FST (86.2 percent). Patient satisfaction was higher with SMT (97.9 percent). Conclusions: The Supramaximal surgical technique is more effective than frontal suspension for correction of moderate and severe upper eyelid ptosis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Blepharoptosis/surgery , Clinical Trial
10.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 78(2): 141-143, mar.-abr. 2019. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003573

ABSTRACT

Resumo Paciente de 69 anos evoluiu com entrópio palpebral severo após cirurgia de correção de ptose palpebral pela técnica de reinserção da aponeurose do músculo levantador da pálpebra superior. Realizada reintervenção onde foi diagnosticado uma fixação da aponeurose em uma posição muito inferior e feita uma refixacação no 1/3 superior do tarso, com melhora do quadro funcional e estético com boa satisfação da paciente. Devido às suturas em topografia mais inferior, o tarso adquire forma de U em decorrência do dobramento no centro da placa tarsal e da rotação inferior da sua metade superior resultando no entrópio. Este caso ressalta a importância do cuidado quanto a localização da inserção da aponeurose do MLPS, principalmente nos paciente idosos, como forma de evitar o encurvamento vertical do tarso.


Abstract Sixty-nine (69) year old patient with severe upper eyelid entropion following surgical correction of ptosis through levator muscle aponeurosis advancement and reinsertion. The aponeurosis advancement appeared to be much lower than typically intended, and surgical repair was performed via aponeurosis re-fixation into the superior 1/3 of the tarsal plate, with subsequent improvement in the aesthetic and functional outcome, and a satisfied patient. Due to the inferiorly located tarsal sutures, the tarsal plate acquires a U-shape due to a central fold and an inferior rotation of its upper half, resulting in entropion formation. This case highlights the importance of taking great care when advancing the levator muscle in ptosis due to levator aponeurosis dehiscence, particularly in elderly patients, so as to avoid vertically folding the superior tarsal plate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Blepharoplasty/adverse effects , Entropion/etiology , Reoperation , Blepharoptosis/surgery , Blepharoplasty/methods , Entropion/surgery , Oculomotor Muscles/surgery
11.
Rev. medica electron ; 40(6): 2108-2119, nov.-dic. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-978721

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Se presentó un caso operado de ptosis palpebral severa del ojo izquierdo, en un paciente de 83 años de edad, chofer profesional. el mismo fue corregido mediante la técnica de Fox, fijando el párpado superior al músculo frontal con una banda de silicona de 1 mm de ancho. Se presentaron los buenos resultados de esta cirugía correctiva en el trans-operatorio y post-operatorio de 7 días y al mes. Se mostraron resultados satisfactorios visual y estético con el uso de la misma. No se reportó reacción adversa a la banda de silicona. Se recomienda extender el uso de esta técnica a todos los servicios de la provincia. Continuar el perfeccionamiento de la misma en el servicio (AU).


ABSTRACT An 83 years old patient, professional driver, operated of a severe ptosis in the left eye, is corrected by Fox procedure, fixating the upper eyelid to the frontal muscle with a silicone band of 1 mm. The good corrective results, during surgery, after that, at 7 days and at a month, are showed as a great achievement in visual and aesthetic fields. There was not allergic reaction to the silicone material. We recommend to extend the use of this procedure to all provinces services and to continue the improvement of the procedure in our service (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Blepharoptosis/surgery , Cataract Extraction/adverse effects , Lens Implantation, Intraocular/adverse effects , Eyelid Diseases/diagnosis , Rehabilitation , Blepharoptosis/diagnosis
12.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 77(5): 286-288, set.-out. 2018. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-977860

ABSTRACT

Resumo A doença relacionada ao IgG4 é uma condição imunomediada caracterizada pela presença de lesões com reação inflamatória associada à fibrose e à infiltração linfoplasmocitária rica em plasmócitos tissulares IgG4 positivos, compondo um espectro de doenças fibroproliferativas. A patogênese da DRIgG4 ainda é pouco compreendida e o tratamento é empírico. Relatamos o caso de um homem de 50 anos com lesões amareladas palpebrais associadas a edema local, diagnosticadas previamente como processo alérgico, até que biópsia com estudo imuno-histoquímico e dosagem de IgG4 sérico aventaram a hipótese de doença relacionada ao IgG4. Foi iniciado tratamento com corticoide e rituximabe, observando-se estabilização do quadro e sem apresentação de outras formas clínicas da doença.


Abstract IgG4-Related Disease is an immunomediated condition that is characterized by the presence of inflammatory lesions associated with fibrosis and lymphoplasmacytic infiltration rich in positive IgG4 tissue plasmocytes, forming a spectrum of fibroproliferative diseases. The pathogenesis of IgG4-RD is still poorly understood and the treatment is empirical. We report the case of a 50-year-old man with yellow eyelid lesions associated with local edema, previously diagnosed as an allergic process, until biopsy with immunohistochemical study and serum IgG4 dosage revealed the hypothesis of IgG4 related disease. Treatment with corticoid and rituximab was initiated, showing stabilization of the condition, without presenting other clinical forms of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Edema/etiology , Eyelid Diseases/etiology , Immunoglobulin G4-Related Disease/complications , Orbit/diagnostic imaging , Biopsy , Blepharoptosis/surgery , Fibrosis/pathology , Immunoglobulin G/immunology , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Prednisone/administration & dosage , Immunohistochemistry , Tomography , Eyelids/pathology , Rituximab/administration & dosage , Immunoglobulin G4-Related Disease/diagnosis , Immunoglobulin G4-Related Disease/drug therapy
13.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 31(2): 1-7, abr.-jun. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-985564

ABSTRACT

El lagoftalmo secundario a daño del nervio facial trae como consecuencia alteraciones funcionales y estéticas que pueden tributar a serias complicaciones corneales y eventualmente a la ceguera. El correcto manejo depende de su severidad y del tiempo de recuperación. El implante de pesas de oro en el párpado superior juega un importante papel en el tratamiento a mediano y largo plazo de esta afección. Se presenta un paciente masculino de 74 años con síntomas y signos de parálisis facial periférica derecha, incluyendo lagoftalmo ipsilateral con gran deterioro corneal. Se le implantó una pesa de oro pretarsal en el párpado superior para corregir el lagoftalmo paralítico y se obtuvieron excelentes resultados funcionales y estéticos. Mientras novedosas modalidades de tratamiento se encuentran en el horizonte con gran potencial para alterar el algoritmo de tratamiento actual, este proceder continúa siendo una técnica confiable, segura y efectiva para la rehabilitación permanente del párpado superior(AU)


Lagophthalmos secondary to facial nerve damage brings about functional and esthetic alterations which may result in serious corneal complications and eventual blindness. Appropriate management depends on severity and recovery time. Gold weight implantation in the upper eyelid plays an important role in the medium- and long-term treatment of this condition. A male 74-year-old patient presents with signs and symptoms of right-side peripheral facial paralysis, including ipsilateral lagophthalmos with great corneal deterioration. A pretarsal gold weight was implanted in the upper eyelid to correct the paralytic lagophthalmos, and excellent functional and esthetic results were obtained. While novel treatment modes lie in the horizon with great potential to alter the algorithm of current treatment, this procedure continues to be a reliable, safe and effective technique for the permanent rehabilitation of the upper eyelid(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Prostheses and Implants/statistics & numerical data , Blepharoptosis/surgery , Eyelid Diseases/surgery , Oculomotor Muscles/physiopathology
14.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 31(2): 1-9, abr.-jun. 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-985561

ABSTRACT

Las cejas y el párpado superior están íntimamente relacionados, por lo que se recomienda realizar un plan quirúrgico basado en la evaluación de las cejas y del área periorbitaria para lograr los resultados deseados de una apariencia descansada y natural. Para el levantamiento de las cejas se han realizado diferentes técnicas. Cada técnica tiene sus ventajas, desventajas e indicaciones. Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en bases de datos que ofrece Infomed, como Ebsco, Hinari, Pubmed, Google académico y textos básicos de Oftalmología y Cirugía Estética. La elevación de la ceja mediante la blefaroplastia produce beneficios, tales como un abordaje menos invasivo, cicatrices posteriores menos evidentes, un plano de disección más fácil que disminuye el sangrado transquirúrgico, la disminución del tiempo de cirugía y por consiguiente menores complicaciones posoperatorias. Además, permite que los resultados sean duraderos, al igual que los obtenidos en la cirugía de elevación de las cejas mediante técnicas endoscópicas, con una marcada disminución en los costos al no utilizar el endoscopio. La presente revisión se realizó con el objetivo de ampliar los conocimientos sobre el envejecimiento del tercio superior facial, así como el empleo de la blefaroplastia ampliada como una alternativa quirúrgica de rejuvenecimiento periocular(AU)


The eyebrows and upper eyelids are closely related structures. It is therefore recommended to develop a surgical plan based on evaluation of the eyebrows and the periorbital area in order to achieve the desired result of a rested, natural appearance. Different techniques have been used for eyebrow lifting. Each technique has advantages, disadvantages and indications. A bibliographic search was conducted in the databases offered by Infomed, such as Ebsco, Hinari, Pubmed, Google Scholar, as well as ophthalmology and aesthetic surgery basic textbooks. Eyebrow lift by transblepharoplasty has benefits such as a less invasive approach, less visible scars after surgery, an easier dissection plane reducing intraoperative bleeding, reduced surgery time and therefore fewer postoperative complications. On the other hand, results are as lasting as those obtained by eyebrow lift surgery by endoscopic techniques, but costs are markedly lower due to the non-use of an endoscope. The present review was conducted with the purpose of broadening our knowledge about aging of the facial upper third, as well as about the use of extended blepharoplasty as a surgical alternative for periocular rejuvenation(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Blepharoptosis/surgery , Blepharoplasty/methods , Rejuvenation , Review Literature as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic/statistics & numerical data
15.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 33(2): 222-228, abr.-jun. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-909417

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A ptose palpebral é uma afecção comum na prática clínica na qual uma perfeita avaliação torna-se mandatória. Definimos ptose quando a margem palpebral encontra-se abaixo de 2 mm da junção córneo escleral e pode ser classificada em leve, moderada e grave. Existem inúmeras técnicas de reparo e a escolha dependerá da classificação da função do músculo levantador. Métodos: Foram analisados de forma prospectiva, no período de março de 2013 a maio de 2015, quatorze (n = 14) pacientes submetidos ao tratamento cirúrgico de ptose palpebral moderada e grave (n = 21). Inúmeros fatores foram estudados, tais como grau de ptose e função do músculo elevador da pálpebra, tipo de técnica de reparo, complicações imediatas e tardias, etc. Resultados: Quatorze pacientes foram opera-dos, totalizando 21 pálpebras, sendo que, 85% foram de etiologia adquirida e 15% congênita. Com relação ao grau de ptose, 64,3% (n = 9) foram moderadas e 35,7% (n = 5) graves. No que tange à função do músculo levantador, encontramos função boa 28,5% (n = 4), moderada 28,5% (n = 4) e pobre 43% (n = 6). Em relação às com-plicações, 2 casos de hiperemia conjutival e um caso de edema. Obtivemos um alto índice de satisfação com 85,7% (n = 12), com baixas taxas de complicações. Conclusão: A ptose palpebral é uma enfermidade comum na prática clínica e exige por parte do cirurgião um perfeito conhecimento anatômico da delicada estrutura palpebral e também de sua fisiopatologia. Uma perfeita avaliação desse paciente torna-se mandatória para o emprego do tratamento mais adequado.


Introduction: Eyelid ptosis is a common condition in clinical practice for which a complete evaluation is mandatory. Ptosis is defined when the eyelid margin is 2 mm below the corneoscleral junction and can be classified as mild, moderate, and severe. There are numerous repair techniques, and the choice will depend on the classification of the function of the levator muscle. Methods: We evaluated prospectively, from March 2013 to May 2015, 14 patients who underwent surgical treatment of moderate and severe ptosis (n = 21). Several factors were studied, such as degree of ptosis and function of the eyelid levator muscle, type of repair technique, and immediate and late complications. Results: Fourteen patients (21 eyelids) underwent operation. The etiology was acquired in 85% of the cases and congenital in 15%. With respect to the degree of ptosis, 64.3% (n = 9) of the cases were moderate and 35.7% (n = 5) were severe. With respect to the muscle function of the levator, good, moderate, and poor functions were observed in 28.5% (n = 4), 28.5% (n = 4), and 43% (n = 6) of the cases, respectively. With regard to complications, 2 cases of conjunctival hyperemia and one case of edema were observed. We obtained a high satisfaction rate of 85.7% (n = 12), with low complication rates. Conclusion: Eyelid ptosis is a common presentation in clinical practice and requires on the part of the surgeon a detailed anatomical knowledge of the delicate structure of the eyelid and its pathophysiology. A complete evaluation of these patients is mandatory for the employment of the most appropriate treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , History, 21st Century , Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures , Blepharoptosis , Prospective Studies , Blepharophimosis , Eyelid Diseases , Fascia Lata , Myasthenia Gravis , Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures/rehabilitation , Blepharoptosis/surgery , Blepharoptosis/rehabilitation , Blepharophimosis/surgery , Blepharophimosis/rehabilitation , Eyelid Diseases/surgery , Eyelid Diseases/rehabilitation , Fascia Lata/anatomy & histology , Fascia Lata/abnormalities , Fascia Lata/surgery , Myasthenia Gravis/surgery , Myasthenia Gravis/therapy
16.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 30(2): 1-8, abr.-jun. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-901371

ABSTRACT

Se presenta a una paciente con antecedentes de tratamiento quirúrgico hace dos años para la elevación del párpado superior por ptosis palpebral derecha, quien exhibía retracción palpebral izquierda, aparentemente secundaria a la cirugía de ptosis, que dejaba expuesta ampolla de filtración por trabeculectomía previa, la cual le causaba molestias permanentes y la limitaba a realizar sus actividades diarias, cuadro clínico que se constató a las 24 horas en el posoperatorio. Se remitió a nuestro Centro y se discutió en colectivo. Se decidió realizar nueva cirugía de la ptosis derecha y tarsorrafia izquierda, con lo que se logró corrección de la ptosis derecha y recubrimiento de la bula de filtración del ojo izquierdo. Se mantuvo asintomática hasta los 3 meses del posoperatorio en que apareció con retracción palpebral izquierda recurrente. Se evaluó nuevamente y se decidió, por la edad de la paciente y los antecedentes de reintervenciones en ambos ojos así como el riesgo de complicación de cirugía filtrante, aplicar toxina botulínica en el párpado superior, 3 cc equivalente a 7 U. Con la aplicación de la toxina botulínica se logró la caída del párpado superior izquierdo, lo que permitió cubrir la bula de filtración, y desapareció la sintomatología. La toxina botulínica, a pesar de tener un efecto transitorio, constituye una buena opción en los pacientes con retracción palpebral en quienes otros tratamientos no han sido satisfactorios(AU)


A female patient with a history of surgical treatment for eyelid ptosis is reported. Two years before, she was operated on for correction of upper eyelid due to right eyelid ptosis, but now she presented left eyelid retraction, apparently secondary to ptosis surgery, which exposed a filtering bleb caused by previous traveculectomy. This condition caused permanent disturbances and restricted her daily activities, a clinical picture that was confirmed 24 hours after the surgery. She was sent to our center and the case was collectively discussed. It was decided to perform a new surgery to correct right ptosis and left tarsoraphy. The result was correction of right ptosis and coating of the filtering bleb in the left eye. She remained asymptomatic for three months in the postoperative period, but recurrent left eyelid retraction occurred. She was re-evaluated and it was decided, due to the patient´s age and the history of resurgeries in both eyes in addition to the risk of filtering surgery complications, to apply botulinum toxin in the upper eyelid at a dose of 3cc equal to 7 U. The administration of botulinum toxin allows fall of the left upper eyelid and covering of the filtering bleb, thus symptoms disappeared. Despite its transient effect, botulinum toxic is a good option for patients with eyelid retraction who had not achieved satisfactory results with other types of treatment(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Blepharoptosis/surgery , Botulinum Toxins, Type A/therapeutic use , Conditioning, Eyelid , Trabeculectomy/adverse effects
17.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 79(4): 226-228, July-Aug. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-794573

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the Abbreviated National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (NEI VFQ 9), which is shorter than those previously published, as a tool for assessing vision-related quality of life in patients with ptosis and dermatochalasis. Methods: This is a cohort study of 46 patients who underwent blepharoptosis and/or upper eyelid blepharoplasty surgery by a single surgeon (CN) in 2013 in a public, academic, ambulatory care referral center. Patients included 29 who underwent blepharoplasty, 11 who underwent ptosis surgery, and 6 who underwent combined surgery. The NEI-VFQ 9 was administered pre- and postoperatively, and the composite scores were compared using Student's t-test. Survey duration was timed in a subset of patients. The hypothesis was that the NEI VFQ 9 could detect a statistically significant improvement in composite score after surgical intervention. Results: The mean pre- and postoperative NEI VFQ 9 composite scores were 74.9 and 86.8, respectively, in the blepharoplasty-only group (P<0.0001), 72.07 and 86.41, respectively, in the ptosis-only group (P=0.004), and 75.8 and 87.2, respectively, in the combined group (P=0.022). There was no correlation between the gain in composite score and the change in upper eyelid margin to reflex distance. Twenty-five patients were timed filling out the survey, and the mean was 2.3 min. Conclusions: The NEI VFQ 9 consistently demonstrates a significant increase in visual function for blepharoptosis and dermatochalasis patients. Thus, it may be a useful tool for assessing vision-related quality of life in patients with ptosis and dermatochalasis.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o Questionário Abreviado de Função Visual do National Eye Institute (NEI VFQ 9) como uma ferramenta para avaliar a visão relacionada com a qualidade de vida (QoL) em pacientes com blefaroptose e dermatocálase. Método: Estudo de coorte de blefaroptose e dermatocálase pacientes tratados por um único cirurgião (CN) em 2013. O acompanhamento foi de 2-3 meses. Pacientes em um centro de referência acadêmico para a atenção pública ambulatorial com ptose funcional e/ou dermatocálase de pálpebra superior foram avaliados prospectivamente utilizando o NEI-VFQ 9. Quarenta e seis pacientes completaram o estudo: 29 pacientes se submeteram somente à blefaroplastia, 11 apenas à cirurgia de ptose, e 6 pacientes à cirurgia combinada. Foram excluídos pacientes com outra cirurgia simultânea da pálpebra. O teste foi repetido em uma visita pós-operatória. A duração teste foi cronometrada em um subgrupo de pacientes. Escores compostos pré e pós-operatórios foram comparados com o teste T de Student. O desfecho principal foi a pontuação composta. Os autores propõem que a NEI VFQ 9 seria capaz de detectar uma melhora estatisticamente significativa na pontuação composta após a intervenção cirúrgica. Resultados: No grupo de blefaroplastia apenas, o NEI VFQ 9 apresentou a média composta de 74,9 e 86,8 no pré e pós-operatório, respectivamente (p<0,0001). Para os pacientes submetidos apenas à cirurgia de ptose, a pontuação média composta foi 72,07 e 86,41, no pré e pós-operatório, respectivamente (p=0,004). No grupo de cirurgias combinadas combinação, a pontuação composta média pré-operatória foi de 75,8, e a pós-operatória foi de 87,2 (p=0,022). Não houve correlação entre o ganho de pontuação composta e a mudança no MRD1. Vinte e cinco pacientes foram cronometrados ao preencher o teste, a média foi de 2,3 minutos. Conclusões: O NEI VFQ 9 demonstra consistentemente um aumento na função visual para pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de blefaroptose e dermatocálase, sendo um instrumento de pesquisa mais curto do que daqueles publicados anteriormente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Quality of Life , Blepharoptosis/surgery , Eyelid Diseases/surgery , Eyelids/surgery , Time Factors , United States , Visual Acuity , Surveys and Questionnaires/standards , Reproducibility of Results , Cohort Studies , Treatment Outcome , Patient Satisfaction , Blepharoplasty/methods , Cutis Laxa/surgery , National Eye Institute (U.S.)
18.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 75(2): 89-93, Mar.-Apr. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-779960

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: The aim of this study is to describe a variation in technique of the frontalis sling surgery with silicone rods and its results, using an alternative needle with similar effectiveness to the Wright needle at a reduced cost. Methods: This was a prospective, interventional, noncomparative study of patients with severe ptosis who underwent surgical correction using a simple and modified frontalis sling surgery technique. Patients were included in this study from January 2012 to January 2014. 23 surgeries were performed on 15 patients. The minimum "follow-up" was 12 months. Results: Most patients had congenital ptosis (86%) and the average preoperative margin reflex distance 1 (MRD1) was -1.1 mm (range -3 to 0 mm). 1 week post-operation, this was 2.7 mm ( 1.8 to 3.8 mm), 1.8 mm after 1 month and 1.7 mm (1 to 2.5 mm) after one year. The satisfaction rate was 80% (12 patients). Among the dissatisfied patients, one had extrusion and infection with subsequent explantation of the wire, one had asymmetry greater than 2 mm and one had persistent lagophthalmos and punctate keratitis, with subsequent explantation of silicone. Conclusion: The use of silicone rods with tarsal fixation using an alternative needle was effective in the treatment of severe ptosis with few complication rates, a low rate of dissatisfaction and good stability of the results in the follow-up period.


RESUMO Objetivos: O objetivo deste estudo é descrever uma variação da técnica cirúrgica da suspensão ao músculo frontal com fio de silicone e seus resultados, utilizando uma agulha alternativa à agulha de Wright, com a mesma eficácia e melhor razão custo-benefício. Métodos: Foram analisados prospectivamente todos os casos de blefaroptose severa submetidos à correção cirúrgica, utilizando a técnica de suspensão ao músculo frontal modificada, no período de janeiro de 2012 à janeiro de 2014. Foram realizadas 23 cirurgias em 15 pacientes. O "follow-up" mínimo foi de 12 meses. Resultados: A grande maioria dos pacientes apresentavam blefaroptose congênita (86%), a média da distância margem reflexo pré-operatória foi de -1,1mm (-3 a 0 mm), no pós-operatório de 1 semana foi de 2,7 mm (1,8 a 3,8 mm), após 1 mês foi de 1,8 mm e após 1 ano, de 1,7mm (1 a 2,5 mm). O índice de satisfação foi de 80% (12 pacientes). Dos 3 pacientes insatisfeitos, 1 teve extrusão e infecção com posterior explante do fio, 1 apresentou assimetria maior que 2mm e 1 evoluiu com lagoftalmo persistente e ceratite puntacta, com posterior explante do silicone. Conclusão: O uso do fio de silicone com fixação tarsal usando uma agulha alternativa, se mostrou eficaz no tratamento da blefaroptose severa, com poucas complicações, baixo índice de insatisfação e boa estabilidade dos resultados no período de seguimento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Silicones , Suture Techniques/instrumentation , Blepharoplasty/instrumentation , Blepharoplasty/methods , Needles , Oculomotor Muscles/surgery , Blepharoptosis/surgery , Blepharoptosis/congenital , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Patient Satisfaction , Eyelids/surgery , Facial Muscles/surgery
19.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 20(1): 18-26, ene.-mar. 2016.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-770956

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: caracterizar la evolución clínica y quirúrgica de la ptosis palpebral. Métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional analítico de 95 párpados afectados en 67 pacientes. Se consideraron las variables, sexo, edad, ojo afectado, etiología, grado de la ptosis, apertura palpebral pre- y postoperatoria, cirugía realizada y complicaciones. Resultados: hubo 40 pacientes masculinos y 27 femeninos. La edad promedio fue de 60 ± 22 años. En 39 pacientes se presentó el tipo unilateral (58,2 %) y el 32,8 % tenía afectado el ojo izquierdo; el 71,6 % presentaron ptosis aponeurótica. El grado moderado afectó al 56,7 %. Se practicó reforzamiento de la aponeurosis a 48 pacientes, con apertura palpebral preoperatoria promedio de 6,25 ± 0,6 cm y postoperatoria de 10,9 ± 0,6 cm; resección supramáxima en 10 pacientes, con apertura palpebral preoperatoria media de 5,3 ± 0,7 cm y postoperatoria de 9,7 ± 2,1 cm; suspensión frontal a 9 pacientes, con apertura palpebral preoperatoria de 4,6 ± 0,7 cm y una media de 9,4 ± 1,4 cm postoperatoria; en cada técnica hubo una diferencia de la apertura palpebral pre- y postoperatoria estadísticamente significativa. El 89,6 % de los pacientes no tuvieron complicaciones. Conclusiones: la ptosis palpebral predominó en pacientes masculinos de la tercera edad, y fue más frecuente en el ojo izquierdo. La causa aponeurótica representó el porciento mayor. El reforzamiento de la aponeurosis fue la técnica más realizada; el valor medio de la hendidura palpebral resultó significativamente mayor luego de aplicadas las tres técnicas quirúrgicas. El resultado estético funcional fue valorado de muy bueno.


Objective: to characterize clinico -surgical behavior of blepharoptosis. Methods: an analytical observational study of 95 affected eyelids was carried out in 67 patients. Gender, age, affected eye, etiology, ptosis grade, pre and postoperative palpebral aperture, surgery performed and complications were regarded. Results: there were 40 male patients and 27 female. The mean age was 60 ± 22 years. In 39 patients it was presented unilateral type (58,2 %), 32,8 % had affectation in the left eye; 71,6 % presented aponeurotic ptosis. The moderate degree affected the 56,7 %. Aponeurotic repair was practiced in 48 patients, with mean preoperative palpebral aperture of 6,25 ± 0,6 mm and postoperative of 10,9 ± 0,6 mm; levator resection in 10 patients, with mean preoperative palpebral aperture of 5,3 ± 0,7 mm and postoperative of 9,7 ± 2,1 mm; frontalis suspension in 9 patients, with mean preoperative palpebral aperture of 4,6 ± 0,7 mm and postoperative of 9,4 ± 1,4 mm; there was a statistically significant difference of the pre and postoperative palpebral aperture in each technique. There were no complications in the 89,6 %. Conclusion: blepharoptosis prevailed in male of the third age, being more frequent in left eye. Aponeurotic etiology represented the highest percent. Aponeurosis repair was the main technique performed; average palpebral aperture value was significantly higher after applying the three surgical techniques. Functional and esthetic result was evaluated as good.


Subject(s)
Blepharoptosis/surgery
20.
Int. j. morphol ; 34(1): 197-204, Mar. 2016. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-780494

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the course of the supraorbital nerve and temporal branch of the facial nerve, and to verify the clinical security of cutting the frontalis muscle flap to treat blepharoptosis in one-third of the eyebrow. Twenty cadavers were dissected. The relationship of the supraorbital nerve and the course of the frontotemporal branch of the facial nerve with the head and neck muscles was evaluated. Forty patients underwent clinical frontal muscular flap suspension surgery for the treatment of blepharoptosis. The postoperative curative and complication rates were determined. The courses of the supraorbital nerve and frontotemporal branch of the facial nerve were observed to determine a relatively safe area in one-third of the eyebrow. The average width of the zone was 25.0±3.5 mm. In forty cases, satisfactory results were achieved in correcting blepharoptosis by cutting the frontal muscular flap in the middle of eyebrow within the wide range of 17±2.1 mm. No secondary sensory and motor dysfunctions occurred. One-third of the eyebrow (eyebrow center, within 17±2.1 mm) was a relatively safe area and allowed for the prevention of damage to the temporal branch of the facial nerve inside the supraorbital nerve and supraorbital artery and the outer frontotemporal branch of the facial nerve.


El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar el curso del nervio supraorbital y la rama temporal del nervio facial, para verificar la seguridad clínica de cortar el vientre frontal del músculo occipitofrontal (colgajo de músculo frontal) para tratar la blefaroptosis en un tercio de la ceja. Veinte cadáveres fueron disecados. Se evaluó la relación del nervio supraorbital y el curso de la rama temporal del nervio facial con los músculos de la cabeza y cuello. Cuarenta pacientes fueron sometidos a la cirugía de confección del colgajo del músculo frontal para el tratamiento de la ptosis palpebral. Se determinaron las tasas de curación y de complicaciones postoperatorias. Se observaron los cursos del nervio supraorbital y la rama temporal del nervio facial para determinar un área relativamente segura en un tercio de la ceja. El ancho medio de la zona fue 25,0±3,5 mm. En cuarenta casos, se lograron resultados satisfactorios en la corrección de la blefaroptosis con el colgajo del músculo frontal en la mitad de la ceja en un rango de 17±2,1 mm. No se produjeron disfunciones sensoriales o motoras secundarias. El tercio de la ceja (centro del entrecejo, dentro de 17±2,1 mm) es una zona relativamente segura y permite la prevención de daños al ramo temporal del nervio facial ubicada medial al nervio supraorbitario y a la arteria supraorbitaria, además del ramo temporal lateral del nervio facial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Blepharoptosis/pathology , Blepharoptosis/surgery , Facial Nerve/pathology , Surgical Flaps , Blepharoplasty/methods , Cadaver , Eyebrows , Facial Nerve/surgery , Muscle, Skeletal/innervation
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