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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 150-158, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970068

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Long-term remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) has been proven to be beneficial in multiple diseases, such as cerebral and cardiovascular diseases. However, the hyperacute and acute effects of a single RIC stimulus are still not clear. Quantitative proteomic analyses of plasma proteins following RIC application have been conducted in preclinical and clinical studies but exhibit high heterogeneity in results due to wide variations in experimental setups and sampling procedures. Hence, this study aimed to explore the immediate effects of RIC on plasma proteome in healthy young adults to exclude confounding factors of disease entity, such as medications and gender.@*METHODS@#Young healthy male participants were enrolled after a systematic physical examination and 6-month lifestyle observation. Individual RIC sessions included five cycles of alternative ischemia and reperfusion, each lasting for 5 min in bilateral forearms. Blood samples were collected at baseline, 5 min after RIC, and 2 h after RIC, and then samples were processed for proteomic analysis using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method.@*RESULTS@#Proteins related to lipid metabolism (e.g., Apolipoprotein F), coagulation factors (hepatocyte growth factor activator preproprotein), members of complement cascades (mannan-binding lectin serine protease 1 isoform 2 precursor), and inflammatory responses (carboxypeptidase N catalytic chain precursor) were differentially altered at their serum levels following the RIC intervention. The most enriched pathways were protein glycosylation and complement/coagulation cascades.@*CONCLUSIONS@#One-time RIC stimulus may induce instant cellular responses like anti-inflammation, coagulation, and fibrinolysis balancing, and lipid metabolism regulation which are protective in different perspectives. Protective effects of single RIC in hyperacute and acute phases may be exploited in clinical emergency settings due to apparently beneficial alterations in plasma proteome profile. Furthermore, the beneficial effects of long-term (repeated) RIC interventions in preventing chronic cardiovascular diseases among general populations can also be expected based on our study findings.


Subject(s)
Young Adult , Humans , Male , Proteome , Cardiovascular Diseases , Proteomics , Ischemia , Blood Coagulation
2.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 939-948, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007834

ABSTRACT

Hemorrhagic diseases are common clinical diseases characterized by abnormal hemostasis or coagulation mechanisms caused by various reasons, which seriously threaten the life safety of patients. Rapid and accurate diagnosis, as well as timely and appropriate treatment, are crucial for improving clinical outcomes. This consensus aims to comprehensively evaluate the critical state of patients with hemorrhagic disease from multiple perspectives, such as laboratory, radiographic, and ultrasound examinations. Through the compilation of relevant literature and wide-ranging expert opinions, a preliminary expert consensus on critical values of hemorrhagic diseases has been formulated to help optimize clinical care for these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Consensus , Hemostasis , Blood Coagulation
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2668-2676, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007699

ABSTRACT

Atrial fibrillation (AF), the most common sustained arrhythmia, is associated with a range of symptoms, including palpitations, cognitive impairment, systemic embolism, and increased mortality. It places a significant burden on healthcare systems worldwide. Despite decades of research, the precise mechanisms underlying AF remain elusive. Current understanding suggests that factors like stretch-induced fibrosis, epicardial adipose tissue (EAT), chronic inflammation, autonomic nervous system (ANS) imbalances, and genetic mutations all play significant roles in its development. In recent years, the advent of wearable devices has revolutionized AF diagnosis, enabling timely detection and monitoring. However, balancing early diagnosis with efficient resource utilization presents new challenges for healthcare providers. AF management primarily focuses on stroke prevention and symptom alleviation. Patients at high risk of thromboembolism require anticoagulation therapy, and emerging pipeline drugs, particularly factor XI inhibitors, hold promise for achieving effective anticoagulation with reduced bleeding risks. The scope of indications for catheter ablation in AF has expanded significantly. Pulsed field ablation, as a novel energy source, shows potential for improving success rates while ensuring safety. This review integrates existing knowledge and ongoing research on AF pathophysiology and clinical management, with emphasis on diagnostic devices, next-generation anticoagulants, drugs targeting underlying mechanisms, and interventional therapies. It offers a comprehensive mosaic of AF, providing insights into its complexities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Atrial Fibrillation/drug therapy , Stroke , Risk Factors , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Blood Coagulation , Catheter Ablation , Treatment Outcome
4.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 1086-1091, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013229

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics of children with multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS-C) associated with SARS-CoV-2 in China, and to improve the understanding of MIS-C among pediatricians. Methods: Case series study.Collect the clinical characteristics, auxiliary examinations, treatment decisions, and prognosis of 64 patients with MIS-C from 9 hospitals in China from December 2022 to June 2023. Results: Among the 64 MIS-C patients, 36 were boys and 28 were girls, with an onset age being 2.8 (0.3, 14.0) years. All patients suffered from fever, elevated inflammatory indicators, and multiple system involvement. Forty-three patients (67%) were involved in more than 3 systems simultaneously, including skin mucosa 60 cases (94%), blood system 52 cases (89%), circulatory system 54 cases (84%), digestive system 48 cases (75%), and nervous system 24 cases (37%). Common mucocutaneous lesions included rash 54 cases (84%) and conjunctival congestion and (or) lip flushing 45 cases (70%). Hematological abnormalities consisted of coagulation dysfunction 48 cases (75%), thrombocytopenia 9 cases (14%), and lymphopenia 8 cases (13%). Cardiovascular lesions mainly affected cardiac function, of which 11 patients (17%) were accompanied by hypotension or shock, and 7 patients (12%) had coronary artery dilatation.Thirty-six patients (56%) had gastrointestinal symptoms, 23 patients (36%) had neurological symptoms. Forty-five patients (70%) received the initial treatment of intravenous immunoglobulin in combination with glucocorticoids, 5 patients (8%) received the methylprednisolone pulse therapy and 2 patients (3%) treated with biological agents, 7 patients with coronary artery dilation all returned to normal within 6 months. Conclusions: MIS-C patients are mainly characterized by fever, high inflammatory response, and multiple organ damage. The preferred initial treatment is intravenous immunoglobulin combined with glucocorticoids. All patients have a good prognosis.


Subject(s)
Male , Child , Female , Humans , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous/therapeutic use , Blood Coagulation , COVID-19 , China/epidemiology , Connective Tissue Diseases , Coronary Aneurysm , Fever , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/therapy
5.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 963-967, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010892

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate and summarize the relevant evidence of anticoagulation and bleeding risk management in patients with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), and provide the evidence-based basis for the management of anticoagulation and bleeding during ECMO treatment.@*METHODS@#According to the evidence "6S" pyramid model, all evidence on ECMO anticoagulation management and bleeding risk was searched in relevant databases, organizations and guideline websites at home and abroad. Evidence types included guidelines, expert consensus, systematic evaluation, Meta-analysis and original study. The search time limit was from May 31, 2012 to May 31, 2022. Two researchers with evidence-based research background conducted independent literature quality evaluation of the retrieved evidence, and the evidence that met the quality standards was extracted and summarized based on the opinions of industry experts.@*RESULTS@#A total of 315 articles were retrieved, and 13 articles were included, including 3 guidelines, 6 expert consensus, and 4 Meta-analysis. A total of 27 best evidences were summarized from 7 aspects, including the selection of ECMO anticoagulation, anticoagulation in priming, anticoagulation in operation, anticoagulation monitoring, bleeding and treatment, thrombosis and treatment, and prevention and management of terminal limb ischemia.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This study provides evidence-based basis for bleeding prevention and anticoagulant management in ECMO patients. It is recommended to selectively apply the best evidence after evaluating the clinical environmental conditions of medical institutions, so as to improve the prognosis of ECMO patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation/adverse effects , Blood Coagulation , Hemorrhage/etiology , Anticoagulants/adverse effects , Thrombosis/prevention & control , Retrospective Studies
6.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 198-205, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971386

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The number of gestational women has been increased in recent years, resulting in more adverse pregnancy outcomes. It is crucial to assess the coagulation function of pregnant women and to intervene in a timely manner. This study aims to analyze the influencing factors on thrombelastography (TEG) and explore the evaluation of TEG for gestational women.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was conducted on 449 pregnant women who were hospitalized in the obstetrics department in Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from 2018 to 2020. We compared the changes on the TEG parameters among normal pregnant women between different age groups, different ingravidation groups, and different stages of pregnancy groups. The influence on TEG of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDP) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) as well as two diseases synchronization was explored.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the normal second trimester women, the R values and K values of TEG were increased, and α angle, CI values and LY30 values were decreased in third trimester women (all P<0.05). Compared with normal group, the R values and CI values of TEG of the HDP group have significant difference (both P<0.05). There were no significant difference of TEG between the GDM group, the HDP combined with GDM group and the normal group (all P>0.05). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that the influencing factors for R value in TEG were weeks of gestation (P<0.001) and mode of conception (P<0.05), for α angle was weeks of gestation (P<0.05), for MA value was mode of conception (P<0.05), and for CI value was weeks of gestation (P<0.05). The analysis of correlation between TEG with platelet (PLT) and coagulation routines represented that there was a correlation between TEG R values and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) (P<0.01), and negative correlation between TEG CI values and APTT (P<0.05). There was a negative correlation between TEG K values and FIB (P<0.05). The correlation of α angle (P<0.05), MA values (P<0.01) and CI values (P<0.05) with FIB were positive respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The TEG parameters of 3 stages of pregnancy were different. The different ingravidation approach has effect on TEG. The TEG parameters were consistent with conventional coagulation indicators. The TEG can be used to screen the coagulation status of gestational women, recognize the abnormalities of coagulation and prevent the severe complication timely.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Thrombelastography/methods , Blood Coagulation Tests/methods , Retrospective Studies , Blood Coagulation , Blood Platelets , Diabetes, Gestational/diagnosis
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 569-578, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970525

ABSTRACT

Circadian rhythm is an internal regulatory mechanism formed in organisms in response to the circadian periodicity in the environment, which modulates the pathophysiological events, occurrence and development of diseases, and the response to treatment in mammals. It significantly influences the susceptibility, injury, and recovery of ischemic stroke, and the response to therapy. Accumulating evidence indicates that circadian rhythms not only regulate the important physiological factors of ischemic stroke events, such as blood pressure and coagulation-fibrinolysis system, but also participate in the immuno-inflammatory reaction mediated by glial cells and peripheral immune cells after ischemic injury and the regulation of neurovascular unit(NVU). This article aims to link molecular, cellular, and physiological pathways in circadian biology to the clinical consequences of ischemic stroke and to illustrate the impact of circadian rhythms on ischemic stroke pathogenesis, the regulation of NVU, and the immuno-inflammatory responses. The regulation of circadian rhythm by traditional Chinese medicine is reviewed, and the research progress of traditional Chinese medicine intervention in circadian rhythm is summarized to provide a reasonable and valuable reference for the follow-up traditional Chinese medicine research and molecular mechanism research of circadian rhythm.


Subject(s)
Animals , Ischemic Stroke , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Circadian Rhythm , Blood Coagulation , Blood Pressure , Mammals
8.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 438-441, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982609

ABSTRACT

Sepsis-associated coagulopathy refers to extensive coagulation activation accompanied by a high risk of bleeding and organ failure. In severe cases, it is manifested as disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and leads to multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). Complement is an important component of the innate immune system and plays an important role in defending against invasion of pathogenic microorganisms. The early pathological process of sepsis involves excessive activation of the complement system, which forms an extremely complex network through interactions with the coagulation, kinin and fibrinolytic system, amplifying and exacerbating the systemic inflammatory response. In recent years, it has been suggested that uncontrolled complement activation system can exacerbate sepsis-associated coagulation dysfunction or even DIC, indicating the potential value of intervening in the complement system in the treatment of septic DIC, and related research progress is reviewed in this article in order to provide new ideas for the discovery of sepsis-associated coagulopathy therapy drugs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Coagulation Disorders , Complement Activation , Blood Coagulation , Multiple Organ Failure , Sepsis
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 911-915, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982150

ABSTRACT

Effective haemostatic materials can quickly control bleeding and achieve the purpose of saving patients' lives. In recent years, chitosan-based haemostatic materials have shown good haemostatic effects, but their application is limited because chitosan is almost insoluble in water. Carboxymethyl chitosan-based haemostatic materials can promote hemostasis by activating red blood cells and aggregating platelets. In addition, carboxymethyl chitosan can bind with Ca2+ to activate platelets and coagulation factors, and start endogenous coagulation pathways, which can adsorb fibrinogen in plasma to promote haemostasis. In this paper, the latest research progress of carboxymethyl chitosan-based haemostatic materials and their haemostatic mechanism were reviewed, in order to further strengthen the understanding of the haemostatic mechanism of carboxymethyl chitosan-based haemostatic materials, and provide new idea for the research and clinical application of carboxymethyl chitosan-based haemostatic materials.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hemostatics , Chitosan/pharmacology , Hemostasis , Blood Coagulation/physiology , Hemorrhage
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 411-419, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982074

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the role of ferroptosis-related genes in multiple myeloma(MM) through TCGA database and FerrDb, and build a prognostic model of ferroptosis-related genes for MM patients.@*METHODS@#Using the TCGA database containing clinical information and gene expression profile data of 764 patients with MM and the FerrDb database including ferroptosis-related genes, the differentially expressed ferroptosis-related genes were screened by wilcox.test function. The prognostic model of ferroptosis-related genes was established by Lasso regression, and the Kaplan-Meier survival curve was drawn. Then COX regression analysis was used to screen independent prognostic factors. Finally, the differential genes between high-risk and low-risk patients were screened, and enrichment analysis was used to explore the mechanism of the relationship between ferroptosis and prognosis in MM.@*RESULTS@#36 differential genes related to ferroptosis were screened out from bone marrow samples of 764 MM patients and 4 normal people, including 12 up-regulated genes and 24 down-regulated genes. Six prognosis-related genes (GCLM, GLS2, SLC7A11, AIFM2, ACO1, G6PD) were screened out by Lasso regression and the prognostic model with ferroptosis-related genes of MM was established. Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis showed that the survival rate between high risk group and low risk group was significantly different(P<0.01). Univariate COX regression analysis showed that age, sex, ISS stage and risk score were significantly correlated with overall survival of MM patients(P<0.05), while multivariate COX regression analysis showed that age, ISS stage and risk score were independent prognostic indicators for MM patients (P<0.05). GO and KEGG enrichment analysis showed that the ferroptosis-related genes was mainly related to neutrophil degranulation and migration, cytokine activity and regulation, cell component, antigen processing and presentation, complement and coagulation cascades, haematopoietic cell lineage and so on, which may affect the prognosis of patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Ferroptosis-related genes change significantly during the pathogenesis of MM. The prognostic model of ferroptosis-related genes can be used to predict the survival of MM patients, but the mechanism of the potential function of ferroptosis-related genes needs to be confirmed by further clinical studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Ferroptosis , Prognosis , Hematopoietic System , Blood Coagulation
11.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e21798, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439520

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the hematological and coagulation parameters according to the clinical outcomes of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). We analyzed the hematological and coagulation parameters of hospitalized patients with COVID-19 at admission, and two and three weeks during hospitalization. To assess the performance of these parameters in predicting poor outcomes, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were created. We studied 128 patients with COVID-19 (59.2±17.7 years, 56% male). Non-survivors (n=54, 42%) presented significant alterations in hematological and coagulation parameters at admission, such as increased in white blood cells (WBC), neutrophil, and band cell counts, as well as elevated prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time, and D-dimer levels. During follow-up, the same group presented a gradual increase in D-dimer and PT levels, accompanied by a reduction in PT activity, hemoglobin, and red blood cell count (RBC). ROC curves showed that WBC, neutrophil, and band cell counts presented the best area under the curve (AUC) values with sensitivity and specificity of >70%; however, a logistic regression model combining all the parameters, except for RBC, presented an AUC of 0.89, sensitivity of 84.84%, and specificity of 77.41%. Our study shows that significant alterations in hematological and coagulation tests at admission could be useful predictors of disease severity and mortality in COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Patients/classification , Blood Coagulation , Death , COVID-19/diagnosis , Hematology/instrumentation
12.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-6, 01/jan./2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411592

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar o perfil clínico-terapêutico e a resposta à profilaxia em pacientes hemofílicos A e B em um centro de referência no Ceará. Métodos: Estudo de coorte retrospectivo, com dados de 133 hemofílicos A e B, em profilaxia entre 2016 e 2021, por meio de prontuários médicos e sistema Web Coagulopatias. Resultados: Os pacientes todos do sexo masculino em sua maioria foram hemofílicos A (93,2%), na forma grave, residentes em Fortaleza, com maior prevalência do município de Guaiúba. A maioria fazia uso de Fator VIII recombinante e em profilaxia secundária, em relação ao comprometimento articular a maioria não apresentou relato de hemartroses (66,9%), articulação-alvo (87,9%) ou artropatia (54,9%), porém os hemofílicos em profilaxia terciária apresentaram um maior comprometimento articular em relação a profilaxia primária e secundária. Verificou-se uma correlação negativa entre o tempo de profilaxia e a dose de fator utilizada, demonstrando que quanto maior o tempo de profilaxia menor a dose do fator utilizada. Um total de 13 hemofílicos A grave desenvolveram inibidor de fator VIII realizando imunotolerância (ITI) com sucesso total em 84,6%. Por meio da curva ROC, foi verificado uma associação entre a necessidade de ITI e a dose de fator de coagulação, com acurácia de 67,7% de que o uso de doses maiores de fator predispõe ao desenvolvimento de inibidores. Conclusão: Os dados do estudo permitem inferir que quanto mais precoce o tratamento de profilaxia menor é comprometimento articular, dose do fator utilizada e menor predisposição de desenvolver inibidores dos fatores da coagulação.


Objective: to evaluate the clinical-therapeutic profile and response to prophylaxis in hemophiliac A and B patients at a referral center in Ceará. Methods: Retrospective cohort study, with data from 133 hemophiliacs A and B, undergoing prophylaxis between 2016 and 2021, using medical records and the Web Coagulopathies system. Results: Most of the patients were male patients with severe hemophilia A (93.2%), residing in Fortaleza, with a higher prevalence in the city of Guaiúba. Most made use of recombinant Factor VIII and in secondary prophylaxis, in relation to joint involvement, the majority did not report hemarthroses (66.9%), target joint (87.9%) or arthropathy (54.9%). however, hemophiliacs on tertiary prophylaxis showed greater joint impairment in relation to primary and secondary prophylaxis. There was a negative correlation between the prophylaxis time and the factor dose used, demonstrating that the longer the prophylaxis time, the lower the factor dose used. A total of 13 severe A hemophiliacs developed factor VIII inhibitor performing immunotolerance (ITI) with total success in 84.6%. Using the ROC curve, an association was verified between the need for ITI and the dose of coagulation factor, with an accuracy of 67.7% that the use of higher doses of factor predisposes to the development of inhibitors. Conclusion: The study data allow us to infer that the earlier the prophylaxis treatment, the less joint impairment, the dose of the factor used and the less predisposition to develop coagulation factor inhibitors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Young Adult , Hemophilia B/prevention & control , Hemophilia A/prevention & control , Blood Coagulation , Brazil/epidemiology , Blood Coagulation Factors/administration & dosage , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Hemophilia B/epidemiology , Disease Prevention , Evaluation of the Efficacy-Effectiveness of Interventions , Hemarthrosis/prevention & control , Hemophilia A/epidemiology , Joint Diseases/prevention & control
13.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 44(8): 771-775, Aug. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407579

ABSTRACT

Abstract Preeclampsia, a human pregnancy syndrome, is characterized by elevated blood pressure and proteinuria after the 20th week of gestation. Its etiology remains unknown, and its pathophysiological mechanisms are related to placental hypoperfusion, endothelial dysfunction, inflammation, and coagulation cascade activation. Recently, the role of the complement system has been considered. This syndrome is one of the main causes of maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity. This article discusses the hypothesis of preeclampsia being triggered by the occurrence of inadequate implantation of the syncytiotrophoblast, associated with bleeding during the first stage of pregnancy and with augmented thrombin generation. Thrombin activates platelets, increasing the release of antiangiogenic factors and activating the complement system, inducing the membrane attack complex (C5b9). Immature platelet fraction and thrombin generation may be possible blood biomarkers to help the early diagnosis of preeclampsia.


Resumo A pré-eclâmpsia, uma síndrome da gestação humana, é caracterizada por elevação da pressão arterial e proteinúria patológica após a 20ª semana de gestação. Sua etiologia permanece desconhecida, e seus mecanismos fisiopatológicos estão relacionados à hipoperfusão placentária, disfunção endotelial, inflamação, e ativação da cascata de coagulação. Recentemente, o papel do sistema do complemento foi considerado. Essa síndrome é uma das principais causas de morbidade e mortalidade materna e fetal. Este artigo discute a hipótese de a pré-eclâmpsia ser desencadeada pela ocorrência da implantação inadequada do sinciciotrofoblasto, associada ao sangramento durante o primeiro trimestre da gravidez com aumento da geração de trombina. A trombina ativa plaquetas, aumentando a liberação de fatores antiangiogênicos na circulação e ativando o sistema do complemento, especialmente o complexo de ataque de membrana (C5b9). Portanto, a fração de plaquetas imaturas e a geração de trombina podem ser possíveis biomarcadores sanguíneos para auxílio no diagnóstico precoce da pré-eclâmpsia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Blood Coagulation , Blood Platelets , Complement System Proteins , Platelet Activation , Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced
14.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 38(2): e1667, abr.-jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408454

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La hemofilia es una enfermedad hemorrágica caracterizada por la deficiencia de alguno de los factores de la coagulación VIII o IX. Actualmente el estándar de oro en el tratamiento consiste en la aplicación periódica del factor (profilaxis), por lo que se vuelve indispensable contar con instrumentos especializadas, estandarizados y válidos para evaluar el grado de adherencia a los tratamientos. Objetivo: Adaptar lingüística y culturalmente a población mexicana la escala de adherencia al tratamiento profiláctico (VERITAS-Pro). Métodos: La escala VERITAS-Pro fue traducida al castellano de México, adaptada y retraducida al idioma original. La equivalencia conceptual de las versiones fue comprada por la autora original, posteriormente se sometió a escrutinio de un grupo de expertos en el tratamiento de personas con hemofilia, la claridad y pertinencia de la versión adaptada, el grado de acuerdo entre los jueces se evalúo con el estadígrafo de Aiken. Resultados: Se encontró adecuada la equivalencia conceptual entre las versiones original y adaptada de la prueba. Los jueces calificaron como adecuada la claridad (V=0,93, IC10 por ciento=0,92-0,95) y pertinencia (V=0,89, IC10 por ciento=0,86-0,91) de los reactivos. Conclusiones: La escala VERITAS-Pro, versión al castellano de México, es una herramienta válida para evaluar los niveles de adherencia a la profilaxis en hemofilia(AU)


Introduction: Hemophilia is a hemorrhagic disease characterized by the deficiency of either coagulation factor VIII or IX. Nowadays, the gold standard in treatment is the periodic application of the factor (prophylaxis), so it is indispensable to have specialized, standardized and valid instruments to evaluate the degree of adherence to treatment. Objective: To adapt linguistically and culturally to the Mexican population the Validated Hemophilia Regimen Treatment Adherence Scale-Prophylaxis (VERITAS-Pro). Methods: The VERITAS-Pro scale was translated into Mexican Spanish, adapted, and re-translated into the original language. The conceptual equivalence of the versions was compared by the original author, subsequently, it was under scrutiny the clarity and relevance of the adapted version by a group of experts in the treatment of people with hemophilia, the degree of agreement between the judges was evaluated with the Aiken statistician. Results: The original and adapted versions of the test, show an adequate conceptual equivalence, judges were rated adequate clarity (V=0.93, IC10 percent=0.92-0.95) and relevance (V=0.89, CI10 percent=0.86-0.91) of the items. Conclusion: The scale Veritas-Pro, the Mexican Spanish version, is a valid tool to assess the levels of adherence to the prophylaxis in hemophilia(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Blood Coagulation , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Hemophilia A , Indicators and Reagents , Mexico
15.
Cambios rev. méd ; 21(1): 798, 30 Junio 2022. tabs, grafs.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400361

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. La hemofilia es una condición rara hereditaria, crónica, potencialmente discapacitante e incapacitante, caracterizada por frecuentes sangrados debidos al déficit del factor VIII coagulante, Hemofilia A o del factor IX Hemofilia B. Las evaluaciones de calidad de vida en personas con hemofilia, basadas principalmente en el aspecto biológico, llevaron a considerar un importante enfoque bioético que evalúe la afectación de la autonomía y dignidad debida a la enfermedad. OBJETIVO. Registrar la percepción de la autonomía y dignidad de personas que viven con hemofilia. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio descriptivo transversal. Población de 92 y muestra de 28 varones mayores de 18 años con diagnóstico de hemofilia, atendidos en la Clínica de Coagulopatías Congénitas del Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín en el periodo marzo 2021 a agosto del 2021. Se excluyó a varones menores de 18 años atendidos en otras instituciones del Sistema Nacional de Salud. Estudio basado en el desarrollo de las capacidades centrales descritas por Martha Nussbaum. Se aplicó el test The Hemophilia Well Being Index que evaluó calidad de vida con relación al bienestar personal asociado a salud, y la herramienta Body Mapping que analizó en base al interpretativismo fenomenológico. RESULTADOS. El 100% de personas presentaron afectación en algún área de la vida investigada por el Hemophilia Well Being Index, que se confirma con las expresiones escritas y gráficas recopiladas por el Body Mapping. CONCLUSIÓN. La autonomía y dignidad se encuentran afectadas en las personas que viven con hemofilia, al igual que las capacidades centrales; es importante valorar cómo estos parámetros afectan la consecución de logros, lo que se debe considerar en estudios futuros.


INTRODUCTION. Hemophilia is a rare hereditary, chronic, potentially disabling and incapacitating condition, characterized by frequent bleeds due to deficiency of clotting factor VIII, Hemophilia A or factor IX Hemophilia B. Quality of life assessments in people with hemophilia, mainly based on the biological aspect, led to consider an important bioethical approach that evaluates the impairment of autonomy and dignity due to the disease. OBJECTIVE. To record the perception of autonomy and dignity of people living with hemophilia. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Cross-sectional descriptive study. Population of 92 and sample of 28 males over 18 years of age with a diagnosis of hemophilia, attended at the Congenital Coagulopathy Clinic of the Carlos Andrade Marin Specialty Hospital in the period March 2021 to August 2021. Males under 18 years of age attended in other institutions of the National Health System were excluded. The study was based on the development of the central capabilities described by Martha Nussbaum. The test The Hemophilia Well Being Index was applied, which evaluated quality of life in relation to personal wellbeing associated with health, and the tool Body Mapping which analyzed based on phenomenological interpretivism. RESULTS. 100% of people presented affectation in some area of life investigated by the Hemophilia Well Being Index, which is confirmed by the written and graphic expressions collected by the Body Mapping. CONCLUSION. Autonomy and dignity are affected in people living with hemophilia, as are core capacities; it is important to assess how these parameters affect achievement, which should be considered in future studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Perception , Quality of Life , Hemophilia B , Personal Autonomy , Patient Care , Hemophilia A , Blood Coagulation , Blood Coagulation Factors , Factor IX , Factor XIII , Chronic Disease , Civil Rights , Chronic Disease Indicators
16.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(1): 54-58, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375761

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Tissue factor (TF) expression has been described in various neoplasms and was correlated with angiogenesis and metastases. Objectives: To describe TF expression in colorectal cancers, correlating it with microvessel density and clinical and pathological variables. Methods: Immunohistochemistry was used to determine TF expression and microvessel density. The Student t-test was used to compare high and low TF expression with microvessel density andwith age. The chi-squared test was used for other comparisons, and Kaplan-Meier curves were used for survival analyses. Results: Forty-three patients were operated with curative intent. Their mean age was 58.1±12.6 years old, and 62.8% were male. The rectum was the most common location (60,4%), and most tumors reached the serosa and peri-intestinal fat (72.1%). Lymph nodes were positive in 46.5%, and 72.1% of the tumors were moderately differentiated adenocarcinomas. Death occurred in 27.6±12.8months in 51.1% of the patients who had recurrence. Tissue factor expression was intense in 88.4%. There was a positive correlation between TF expression and microvessel density (p=0.02), and between TF and older age (p< 0.01). There was no correlation between TF expression and other variables (gender, histological type, penetration into the intestinal wall, and lymphatic and systemic metastases). Tissue factor expression did not correlate with survival. Conclusion: Tissue factor expression correlated with increased microvessel density and older age. Further studies are necessary to ascertain the clinical relevance of TF in colorectal cancer. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Rectal Neoplasms , Adenocarcinoma , Colonic Neoplasms , Blood Coagulation , Thromboplastin , Microvascular Density , Neovascularization, Pathologic
17.
Semina cienc. biol. saude ; 43(1): 101-118, jan./jun. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354575

ABSTRACT

Achyrocline satureioides is popularly known for its richness in phenolic compounds and medicinal properties (anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and hepatoprotective). The present study aimed at broadening the knowledge about the pharmacological potential exerted by the aqueous and ethanolic extracts of A. satureioides. These extracts were characterized by HPLC and tested for their modulatory action on phospholipases A2 and proteases of snake venoms. In addition, they were tested on the activities of digestive enzymes. Snake venoms were used as tools since they have enzymes with high functional and structural homology to human enzymes. The results demonstrate that the extracts of A. satureioides act as enzymatic inhibitors or potentiators, interfering in processes related to the hemostasis, such as coagulation and thrombus dissolution. In addition, the anti-genotoxic activity and inhibitions exerted on digestive enzymes suggests their potential use in the prevention and/or treatment of several pathologies. New studies could provide information on how the compounds present in the extracts and the different enzymes interact.


A Achyrocline satureioides é popularmente conhecida por sua riqueza em compostos fenólicos e por suas propriedades medicinais (anti-inflamatória, analgésica e hepatoprotetora). No presente estudo, com o objetivo de ampliar o conhecimento sobre o potencial farmacológico exercido por esses extratos, os extratos aquoso e etanólico de A. satureioides foram caracterizados por HPLC e testados quanto à sua ação modulatória sobre as fosfolipases A2 e proteases de peçonhas de serpentes. Além disso, também foram testados em atividades de enzimas digestivas. As peçonhas de serpentes foram usadas como ferramentas por apresentarem enzimas com alta homologia funcional e estrutural às humanas. Os resultados demonstram que os extratos de A. satureioides atuam como inibidores ou potencializadores enzimáticos, interferindo em processos relacionados à hemostasia, como coagulação e dissolução do trombo. Além do mais, destacam seu potencial antigenotóxico e as inibições exercidas sobre as enzimas digestivas direcionando seu potencial de uso na prevenção e/ou tratamento de diversas patologias. Novos estudos poderão fornecer informações sobre os mecanismos de interação entre os compostos presentes nos extratos e as diferentes enzimas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Snakes , Blood Coagulation , Achyrocline , Digestion , Enzymes , Dissolution , Phospholipases A2 , Hemostasis , Analgesics , Inflammation
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 856-860, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939700

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the age distribution of Mongolian patients with cerebral infarction caused by thrombosis and the correlation and consistency between thromboelastography (TEG) and four parameters of coagulation.@*METHODS@#The age distribution of 298 Mongolian patients with cerebral infarction treated in Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Minzu University from January 2020 to December 2021 and their TEG, four items of routin coagulation and platelet count were analyzed retrospectively. The correlation and consistency of above-mentioned two detection methods were statistically analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The onset age of 298 Mongolian patients with cerebral infarction was mainly 61-70 years old, accounting for 38.3%, followed by 51-60 years old, accounting for 26.8%. The R time detected by TEG was linearly correlated with PT and APTT(r=0.186,r=0.152). K value, MA value and α-Angle measured by TEG was linearly correlated with Fib (r=-0.364,r=0.616,r=0.359), K value, MA value and α-Angle measured by TEG was linearly correlated with Plt (r=0.318,r=0.519,r=0.301). The R time detected by TEG was consistent with PT and APTT, and the Kappa values were 0.252 (P<0.001), 0.336 (P<0.001). K, MA, and α-Angle measured by TEG was consistent with Fib, the Kappa values were 0.265 (P<0.001), 0.289 (P<0.001) and 0.290 (P<0.001), respectively; K、MA and α-Angle measured by TEG was consistent with Plt, the Kappa values were 0.276 (P<0.001), 0.285 (P<0.001) and 0.302 (P<0.001), respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The onset age of Mongolian patients with cerebral infarction caused by thrombosis is mainly 61-70 years old, followed by 51-60 years old. The onset age shows a younger trend. There is a significant correlation between TEG and coagulation, but the consistency is weak, therefore, the two methods can not be replaced each other.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Middle Aged , Blood Coagulation , Blood Coagulation Tests/methods , Cerebral Infarction , Retrospective Studies , Thrombelastography/methods , Thrombosis
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 361-366, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928721

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze and compare the effects of leukapheresis on hemostatic function in patients with hyperleukocytic leukemia.@*METHODS@#A total of 139 patients with AML, ALL and CML who underwent leukapheresis from June 2009 to February 2020 and did coagulation test before and after operation were included in this study. The clearance efficiency of each group and the difference among three groups were evaluated, as well as hemostatic function including platelet counts, coagulation indicators, CDSS score and incidence of adverse events. The difference of hemostatic function caused by leukapheresis in different leukemia patients were compared.@*RESULTS@#After leukapheresis, the WBC counts were decreased significantly in the three groups of patients (P<0.001), and the clearance efficiency was highest in ALL patients. However, the platelet counts also were decreased significantly (AML:P<0.001, ALL: P<0.001, CML: P<0.01) in the three groups of patients, particularly for acute leukemia patients with a positive correlation with WBC clearance efficiency(r=0.284). After leukapheresis, fibrinogen decreased, PT and APTT prolonged. For acute leukemia patients, higher CDSS score was related to an elevated incidence of bleeding events (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Leukapheresis is an effective method to decrease the leukemic burden, but it is necessary to monitor the impact on hemostatic function. It is recommended to assess the CDSS socre for acute leukemia patients, in order to identify the predictive value for bleedings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acute Disease , Blood Coagulation , Blood Coagulation Tests , Hemorrhage , Hemostatics , Leukapheresis/methods , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1942-1954, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928191

ABSTRACT

Angelicae Sinensis Radix excels in activating blood, but the scientific mechanism has not been systematically analyzed, thus limiting the development of the medicinal. This study employed the computer-aided drug design methods, such as structural similarity-based target reverse prediction, complex network analysis, molecular docking, binding free energy calculation, cluster analysis, and ADMET(absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion, toxicity) calculation, and enzyme activity assay in vitro, to explore the components and mechanism of Angelicae Sinensis Radix in activating blood. Target reverse prediction and complex network analysis yielded 40 potential anticoagulant targets of the medicinal. Gene Ontology(GO) term enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis indicated that the targets mainly acted on the complement and coagulation cascade signaling pathway to exert the anticoagulant function. Among them, the key enzymes thrombin(THR) and coagulation factor Xa(FXa) in coagulation cascade and thrombosis were the drug targets for thromboembolic diseases. At the same time, molecular docking and cluster analysis showed that the medicinal had high selectivity for FXa. According to binding free energy score, 8 potential active components were selected for enzyme activity assay in vitro. The results demonstrated that 8 components inhibited THR and FXa, and the inhibition was stronger on FXa than on THR. The pharmacophore model of 8 active compounds was constructed, which suggested that the components had the common pharmacophore AAHH. The ADMET calculation result indicated that they had good pharmacokinetic properties and were safe. Based on target reverse prediction, complex network analysis, molecular docking and binding free energy calculation, anticoagulant activity in vitro, spatial binding conformation of molecules and targets, pharmacophore model construction, and ADMET calculation, this study preliminarily clarified the material basis and molecular mechanism of Angelicae Sinensis Radix in activating blood from the perspective of big data, and calculated the pharmacology and toxicology parameters of the active components. Our study, for the first time, revealed that the medicinal had obvious selectivity and pertinence for different coagulation proteins, reflecting the unique effect of different Chinese medicinals and the biological basis. Therefore, this study can provide clues for precision application of Angelicae Sinensis Radix and the development of the blood-activating components with modern technology.


Subject(s)
Anticoagulants/pharmacology , Blood Coagulation , Drug Design , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Molecular Docking Simulation
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