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1.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 62-66, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009894

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the risk factors for diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) in children/adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and to establish a model for predicting the risk of DKA.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 217 children/adolescents with T1DM who were admitted to General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University from January 2018 to December 2021. Among the 217 children/adolescents,169 cases with DKA were included as the DKA group and 48 cases without DKA were included as the non-DKA group. The risk factors for DKA in the children/adolescents with T1DM were analyzed, and a nomogram model was established for predicting the risk of DKA in children/adolescents with T1DM.@*RESULTS@#For the 217 children/adolescents with T1DM, the incidence rate of DKA was 77.9% (169/217). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that high levels of random blood glucose, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), blood ketone body, and triglyceride on admission were closely associated with the development of DKA in the children/adolescents with T1DM (OR=1.156, 3.2031015, 20.131, and 9.519 respectively; P<0.05). The nomogram prediction model had a C-statistic of 0.95, with a mean absolute error of 0.004 between the risk of DKA predicted by the nomogram model and the actual risk of DKA, indicating that the model had a good overall prediction ability.@*CONCLUSIONS@#High levels of random blood glucose, HbA1c, blood ketone body, and triglyceride on admission are closely associated with the development of DKA in children/adolescents with T1DM, and targeted intervention measures should be developed to reduce the risk of DKA.


Subject(s)
Child , Adolescent , Humans , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/complications , Blood Glucose , Glycated Hemoglobin , Retrospective Studies , Ketosis , Risk Factors , Ketone Bodies , Triglycerides
2.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e4088, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1530190

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analizar la correlación entre el tiempo en rango y la hemoglobina glicosilada de personas que viven con diabetes mellitus y realizan la monitorización continua de la glucemia o el automonitoreo de la glucemia capilar Método: revisión sistemática de etiología y riesgo basada en las directrices del JBI e informada según los Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses, abarcando seis bases de datos y la literatura gris. La muestra incluyó 16 estudios y la calidad metodológica fue evaluada utilizando las herramientas del JBI. Protocolo registrado en Open Science Framework, disponible en https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/NKMZB. Resultados: tiempo en rango (70-180 mg/dl) mostró una correlación negativa con la hemoglobina glicosilada, mientras que el tiempo por encima del rango (>180 mg/dl) mostró una correlación positiva. Los coeficientes de correlación variaron entre -0,310 y -0,869 para el tiempo en rango, y entre 0,66 y 0,934 para el tiempo por encima del rango. Un estudio se realizó en una población que hacía el automonitoreo. Conclusión: hay una correlación estadísticamente significativa entre el tiempo en rango y el tiempo por encima del rango con la hemoglobina glicosilada. Cuanto mayor sea la proporción en el rango glucémico adecuado, más cerca o por debajo del 7% estará la hemoglobina glicosilada. Se necesitan más estudios que evalúen esta métrica con datos del automonitoreo de la glucemia.


Objective: to analyze the correlation between time on target and glycated hemoglobin in people living with diabetes mellitus and carrying out continuous blood glucose monitoring or self-monitoring of capillary blood glucose. Method: systematic review of etiology and risk based on JBI guidelines and reported according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta- Analyses, covering six databases and grey literature. The sample included 16 studies and methodological quality was assessed using JBI tools. Protocol registered in the Open Science Framework, available at https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/NKMZB. Results: time on target (70-180 mg/dl) showed a negative correlation with glycated hemoglobin, while time above target (>180 mg/dl) showed a positive correlation. Correlation coefficients ranged between -0.310 and -0.869 for time on target, and between 0.66 and 0.934 for time above target. A study was carried out on a population that performed self-monitoring. Conclusion: there is a statistically significant correlation between time on target and time above target with glycated hemoglobin. The higher the proportion in the adequate glycemic range, the closer to or less than 7% the glycated hemoglobin will be. More studies are needed to evaluate this metric with data from self-monitoring of blood glucose.


Objetivo: analisar a correlação entre o tempo no alvo e a hemoglobina glicada de pessoas que vivem com diabetes mellitus e realizam a monitorização contínua da glicemia ou a automonitorização da glicemia capilar. Método: revisão sistemática de etiologia e de risco pautada nas diretrizes do JBI e reportada conforme Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses, abrangendo seis bases de dados e a literatura cinzenta. A amostra incluiu 16 estudos e a qualidade metodológica foi avaliada utilizando as ferramentas do JBI. Registrado protocolo no Open Science Framework, disponível em https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/NKMZB. Resultados: tempo no alvo (70-180 mg/dl) apresentou correlação negativa com a hemoglobina glicada, enquanto o tempo acima do alvo (>180 mg/dl) mostrou correlação positiva. Os coeficientes de correlação variaram entre -0,310 e -0,869 para o tempo no alvo, e entre 0,66 e 0,934 para o tempo acima do alvo. Um estudo foi efetuado com população que realizava a automonitorização. Conclusão: há correlação estatisticamente significativa entre o tempo no alvo e o tempo acima do alvo com a hemoglobina glicada. Quanto maior a proporção na faixa glicêmica adequada, mais próxima ou inferior a 7% estará a hemoglobina glicada. São necessários mais estudos que avaliem essa métrica com dados da automonitorização da glicemia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Glucose , Glycated Hemoglobin , Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
3.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 27(2)jun. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440526

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La enfermedad hepática grasa no alcohólica se caracteriza por: una acumulación de grasa en el hígado en forma de triacilglicéridos, ausencia de inflamación, fibrosis y un consumo de menos de 30 grados de alcohol al día. Esta afección se asocia a la diabetes mellitus (sobre todo tipo 2), y se observa un creciente aumento en el número de consultas hospitalarias por esta causa. Objetivo: Determinar la relación de los marcadores humorales y el estudio ultrasonográfico en pacientes diabéticos con enfermedad hepática grasa no alcohólica. Métodos: Se realizó una investigación descriptiva y transversal en la Consulta Provincial de Hepatología del Hospital Universitario Clínico-Quirúrgico «Arnaldo Milián Castro», en el período de marzo 2019 a diciembre 2020. El universo de estudio estuvo conformado por 89 pacientes (con edades mayores o iguales a 19 años, de ambos sexos); la muestra estuvo constituida por 66 pacientes que fueron seleccionados por muestreo no probabilístico. Resultados: Predominaron los pacientes con edades entre 40 y 59 años, masculinos, de piel blanca, y procedencia urbana. El grado de esteatosis predominante fue el grado 1 (leve). Los marcadores humorales (glicemia, gamma glutamil transpeptidasa, albúmina e índice de Ritis) fueron los más afectados patológicamente. Conclusiones: Los estudios ultrasonográficos mostraron una asociación estadísticamente significativa con alteración de los marcadores humorales de lesión hepática, lo cual puede alertar de una posible evolución desfavorable de esta enfermedad.


Introduction: non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is characterized by an accumulation of fat in the liver in the form of triacylglycerides, absence of inflammation, fibrosis and a consumption of less than 30 degrees of alcohol per day. This condition is associated with diabetes mellitus (especially type 2), and there is a growing increase in the number of hospital visits for this cause. Objective: to determine the relationship between humoral markers and ultrasonographic study in diabetic patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Methods: a descriptive and cross-sectional investigation was carried out in the provincial hepatology consultation at "Arnaldo Milián Castro" Clinical and Surgical University Hospital from March 2019 to December 2020. The study universe consisted of 89 patients (older than or equal to 19 years, of both genders); the sample consisted of 66 patients who were selected by non-probabilistic sampling. Results: white male patients aged between 40 and 59 years living in urban areas predominated. The predominant degree of steatosis was grade 1 (mild). Humoral markers (glycemia, gamma- glutamyl transpeptidase, albumin and De Ritis ratio) were the most pathologically affected. Conclusions: ultrasonographic studies showed a statistically significant association with changes in humoral markers of liver injury, which may alert to a possible unfavorable evolution of this disease.


Subject(s)
Blood Glucose , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Albumins , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Transaminases
4.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1513950

ABSTRACT

El presente artículo busca analizar las evidencias aportadas del entrenamiento de la fuerza comprobando su influencia en la Diabetes Mellitus tipo II utilizando la literatura existente sobre este objeto de estudio. Se realizo una revisión sistemática siguiendo las directrices PRISMA donde el principal contexto fue el entrenamiento de la fuerza en pacientes con Mellitus II, siendo buscados en bases de datos Pubmed, Embase y Scopus donde fueron seleccionados 7 artículos. Los hallazgos señalan consistentemente que el entrenamiento de la fuerza bien programado incide gradualmente en algunos marcadores que identifican la diabetes Mellitus II al realizar intervenciones con sistemas de entrenamiento de la fuerza de forma positiva. Los autores recomiendan estudios con muestras mayores en lo posible de tipo control para verificar la incidencia del entrenamiento en las variables mencionadas en este estudio.


This Article Seeks analyzes the evidence provided by strength training, verifying its influence on Type II Diabetes Mellitus by using the existing literature on this subject of study. A systematic review was carried out following the PRISMA guidelines, where the main context was strength training in patients with Mellitus II. The search was carried out in Pubmed, Embase, and Scopus databases where 7 articles were selected. The findings consistently indicated that a well-structured strength training program gradually affected some markers that identify diabetes Mellitus II when performing interventions with strength training systems in a positive way. The authors recommend control-type studies with larger samples, if possible, to verify the incidence of training in the variables mentioned in this study.


Este artigo procura analisar as evidências fornecidas pelo treinamento de força, verificando sua influência no Diabetes Mellitus tipo II utilizando a literatura existente sobre este objeto de estudo. Foi realizada uma revisão sistemática seguindo as diretrizes PRISMA onde o principal contexto foi o treinamento de força em pacientes com Mellitus II, sendo pesquisada nas bases de dados Pubmed, Embase e Scopus onde foram selecionados 7 artigos. Os achados indicam consistentemente que o treinamento de força bem programado afeta gradualmente alguns marcadores que identificam o diabetes Mellitus II ao realizar intervenções com sistemas de treinamento de força de forma positiva. Os autores recomendam estudos do tipo controle com amostras maiores, se possível, para verificar a incidência de treinamento nas variáveis mencionadas neste estudo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Resistance Training , Blood Glucose , Insulin Resistance
5.
Med. U.P.B ; 42(1): 2-9, ene.-jun. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1416060

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: determinar el efecto de dos tipos de ayuno sobre parámetros de satisfacción, náuseas, vómito, presión arterial y glucometría en pacientes sometidos a procedimientos de intervencionismo percutáneo bajo anestesia local en un servicio de hemodinámica en Medellín, 2019. Metodología: ensayo clínico aleatorizado abierto de dos brazos en pacientes sometidos a procedimientos de intervencionismo percutáneo bajo anestesia local durante tres meses. Cada brazo con 153 participantes; se asignó un ayuno de seis horas y al grupo de exposición un ayuno de dos horas para alimentos de fácil digestión; no hubo cega­miento, se realizó cálculo de muestra, y se hizo análisis univariado, bivariado y modelo de regresión logística con la variable satisfacción. Resultados: en el grupo de ayuno de seis horas el 2.6% presentó náuseas y en el grupo de exposición el 1.3%; se observó un caso de vómito. La presión arterial y glucometría mostraron diferencias estadísticas sin relevancia clínica. Se encontró significancia esta­dística para mareo, cefalea, hambre, sed y tipo de ayuno respecto con la satisfacción del paciente. Los pacientes con ayuno tuvieron un puntaje de satisfacción entre 60 y 100 y los de dieta ligera entre 82.5 y 100 puntos. Conclusiones: El ayuno de dos horas en dieta ligera mejora la satisfacción de los pa­cientes, disminuye la sensación de hambre, sed, presencia de cefalea y mareo, compa­rado con un ayuno de seis horas. Este estudio no encontró diferencias en las variables hemodinámicas ni en la frecuencia de náuseas y vómito.


Objective: to determine the effect of two types of fasting on parameters of satisfaction, nausea, vomiting, blood pressure and glucose measurement in patients undergoing percutaneous intervention procedures under local anesthesia in a hemodynamic service in Medellín, 2019. Methodology: Two-arm open-label randomized clinical trial in patients undergoing percutaneous interventional procedures under local anesthesia for three months, each arm with 153 participants, who were assigned a six-hour fast and the exposure group a two-hour fast for easily digestible foods. There was no blinding, sample calculation was performed, and univariate and bivariate analysis and logistic regression model were performed with the satisfaction variable. Results: in the six-hour fasting group, 2.6% presented nausea and in the exposure group, 1.3%; one case of vomiting was observed. Blood pressure and blood glucose showed statistical differences without clinical relevance. Statistical significance was found for dizziness, headache, hunger, thirst, and type of fasting with respect to patient satisfaction. Fasting patients had a satisfaction score between 60 and 100 and those on a light diet between 82.5 and 100 points. Conclusions: Fasting for two hours on a light diet improves patient satisfaction, decreases the sensation of hunger, thirst, headache and dizziness, compared to a six-hour fast. This study found no differences in the hemodynamic variables, nor in the frequency of nausea and vomiting.


Objetivo: determinaro efeito de dois tipos de jejum nos parâmetros de satisfação, náuseas, vômitos, pressão arterial e glicemia em pacientes submetidos a procedimentos de intervenção percutânea sob anestesia local em um serviço de hemodinâmica em Medellín, 2019. Metodologia: Ensaio clínico randomizado aberto de dois braços em pacientes submetidos a procedimentos intervencionistas percutâneos sob anestesia local por três meses. Cada braço com 153 participantes; um jejum de seis horas foi designado e o grupo de desafio um jejum de duas horas para alimentos facilmente digeríveis; não houve cegamento, foi realizado cálculo amostral, análise univariada, bivariada e modelo de regressão logística com a variável satisfação. Resultados: no grupo de jejum de seis horas, 2,6% apresentaram náuseas e no grupo de exposição, 1,3%; foi observado um caso de vômito. A pressão arterial e a glicemia apresentaram diferenças estatísticas sem relevância clínica. Foi encontrada significância estatística para tontura, dor de cabeça, fome, sede e tipo de jejum em relação à satisfação do paciente. Os pacientes em jejum tiveram um escore de satisfação entre 60 e 100 e os em dieta light entre 82,5 e 100 pontos. Conclusões: O jejum de duas horas com dieta leve melhora a satisfação do paciente, diminui a sensação de fome, sede, dor de cabeça e tontura, em comparação com o jejum de seis horas. Este estudo não encontrou diferenças nas variáveis hemodinâmicas ou na frequência de náuseas e vômitos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fasting , Vomiting , Blood Glucose , Patient Satisfaction , Hemodynamics , Anesthesia, Local
6.
Ann. Health Res. (Onabanjo Univ. Teach. Hosp.) ; 9(3): 179-189, 2023. tables, figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1512873

ABSTRACT

Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a chronic metabolic disease with various complications throughout its course. The presence of emotional burden in diabetes disease, which is referred to as diabetes-related distress (DRD) is common among such patients and may affect their response to treatment. Objectives: To assess the relationship of diabetes-related distress and glycaemic control among patients with Type 2 Diabetes mellitus. Methods: This hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted at the Family Medicine Department of LASUTH, Ikeja, Lagos. A total of 317 patients with Type 2 Diabetes mellitus were systematically recruited. The data were collected over a four-month period. Important clinical information including clinical characteristics and diabetes-related distress using the diabetes distress scale (DDS-17) was collected. Glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) was also assessed. Results: The degrees of DRD were as follows: 54.9% (None/little), 40.1% (moderate) and 5.0% (severe). The mean HbA1c estimate for all participants was 7.83±1.8%. Among the 317 study participants, 67.2% had poor glycaemic control while 32.8% had good glycaemic control. There was a statistically significant association between DRD and glycaemic control (p< 0.001). Likewise, the various domains of DRD had statistically significant associations with glycaemic control with the exception of physician-related domain. Participants with better glycaemic control reported lower levels of DRD than participants with poorer glycaemic control. Conclusion: There is a high level of diabetes-related distress patients with diabetes mellitus. Good glycaemic control is important in improving or preventing DRD. Therefore, T2DM patients should be screened for DRD during their treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Patient Care , Blood Glucose , Cross-Sectional Studies , Polyendocrinopathies, Autoimmune , Noncommunicable Diseases , Chronic Disease Indicators
7.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1512895

ABSTRACT

Contrary to the old dictum that central obesity is more common among men than women, recent reports have shown a gradual reversal of this trend, as suggested by some studies. Objective: To compare the prevalence of central obesity among men and women with Diabetes mellitus in NorthCentral Nigeria. Methods: This multi-centred, cross-sectional study was conducted across 20 hospitals in Abuja, Nasarawa State, and Niger State, involving 1040 participants. Some obesity indices (body mass index, waist circumference and waist-toheight ratio) were measured. Results: The prevalence of central obesity (waist circumference criterion) was significantly higher in the females compared to male participants (89.6% vs 51.6%, χ2 = 1231.37, p<0.001), similar to the prevalence determined by waistheight ratio criterion (female vs male, 88.8% vs 71.5%, χ2 = 58.83, p<0.001). Following correction for age, duration of diabetes mellitus, blood pressure, blood glucose, and glycated haemoglobin using logistic regression, female gender remained a significant determinant of central obesity (OR = 2.76, 95% CI 1.81-3.83, p = 0.004). Conclusion: The prevalence of central obesity was higher among women than men in a cross-section of patients with diabetes mellitus in North-Central Nigeria


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Pressure , Diabetes Mellitus , Obesity, Abdominal , Blood Glucose , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Waist Circumference , Waist-Height Ratio , Gender Diversity
8.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 209-212, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970739

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the serum carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125) level and its influencing factors in male silicosis patients with pulmonary heart disease. Methods: In October 2021, data of 38 male patients with simple silicosis (silicosis group), 28 cases of silicosis with pulmonary heart disease (pulmonary heart disease group), and 27 healthy controls (control group) in the same age group were collected in inpatient and outpatient of Nanjing Occupational Disease Prevention and Control Hospital from January 2017 to December 2020. The serum CA125 levels of the three groups were compared, and the correlation between disease-related indexes and serum CA125 in silicosis patients with pulmonary heart disease was analyzed, as well as the influencing factors of pulmonary heart disease and serum CA125 levels in silicosis patients. Results: The serum CA125 level[ (19.95±7.52) IU/ml] in pulmonary heart disease group was higher than that in silicosis group[ (12.98±6.35) IU/ml] and control group[ (9.17±5.32) IU/ml] (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in serum CA125 level between the silicosis group and the control group (P>0.05). Serum CA125 levels were positively correlated with blood uric acid and fasting blood glucose in silicosis patients with pulmonary heart disease (r=0.39, 0.46, P<0.05). Serum CA125 level was a risk factor for silicosis patients with pulmonary heart disease (OR=1.13, 95%CI: 1.02-1.24, P<0.05). Dust exposure time, lactate dehydrogenase and smoking history were positively correlated with serum CA125 level in silicosis patients (P<0.05) . Conclusion: The serum CA125 level of male silicosis patients with pulmonary heart disease is significantly increased, and the level of CA125 is correlated with the level of fasting blood glucose and blood uric acid.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Pulmonary Heart Disease , Blood Glucose , Uric Acid , Silicosis/complications , Risk Factors
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4693-4701, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008636

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to examine the effect and underlying mechanism of Puerariae Lobatae Radix on insulin resistance in db/db mice with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM) based on the analysis of intestinal flora. Fifty db/db mice were randomly divided into a model group(M group), a metformin group(YX group), a high-dose Puerariae Lobatae Radix group(YGG group), a medium-dose Puerariae Lobatae Radix group(YGZ group), and a low-dose Puerariae Lobatae Radix group(YGD group). Another 10 db/m mice were assigned to the normal group(K group). After continuous administration for eight weeks, body weight and blood sugar of mice were measured. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was used to detect glycosylated serum protein(GSP) and fasting serum insulin(FINS), and insulin resistance index(HOMA-IR) was calculated. The histopathological changes in the pancreas were observed by HE staining. Tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-α expression in the pancreas was detected using immunohistochemistry. The structural changes in fecal intestinal flora in the K, M, and YGZ groups were detected by 16S rRNA. Western blot was used to detect the expression of farnesoid X receptor(FXR) and takeda G protein-coupled receptor 5(TGR5) in the ileum, cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase(CYP7A1) and sterol 27α-hydroxylase(CYP27A1) in the liver, and G protein-coupled receptors 41(GPR41) and 43(GPR43) in the colon. Compared with the K group, the M group showed increased body weight, blood sugar, serum GSP, fasting blood glucose(FBG), and FINS, increased HOMA-IR, inflammatory infiltration of islet cells, necrosis and degeneration of massive acinar cells, unclear boundary between islet cells and acinar cells, disturbed intestinal flora, and down-regulated FXR, TGR5, CYP7A1, CYP27A1, GPR41, and GPR43. Compared with the M group, the YX, YGG, YGZ, and YGD groups showed decreased body weight, blood sugar, serum GSP, FBG, and FINS, islet cells with intact and clumpy morphology and clear boundary, necrosis of a few acinar cells, and more visible islet cells. The intestinal flora in the YGZ group changed from phylum to genus levels, and the relative abundance of intestinal flora affecting the metabolites of intestinal flora increased. The protein expression of FXR, TGR5, CYP7A1, CYP27A1, GPR41, and GPR43 increased. The results show that Puerariae Lobatae Radix can improve the inflammatory damage of pancreatic islet cells and reduce insulin resistance in db/db mice with T2DM. The mechanism of action may be related to the increase in the abundance of Actinobacteria, Bifidobacterium, and Bacteroides in the intestinal tract and the protein expression related to metabolites of intestinal flora.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Insulin Resistance , Blood Glucose/metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/genetics , Pueraria/chemistry , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S , Body Weight , Necrosis
10.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1262-1267, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010937

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the association between the glucose-to-lymphocyte ratio (GLR) and prognosis of patients with sepsis-associated acute kidney injury (SA-AKI).@*METHODS@#Based on the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care-IV (MIMIC-IV), SA-AKI patients aged ≥ 18 years were selected. According to the tertiles of GLR, the patients were divided into GLR1 group (GLR ≤ 4.97×10-9 mmol), GLR2 group (4.97×10-9 mmol < GLR < 9.75×10-9 mmol) and GLR3 group (GLR ≥ 9.75×10-9 mmol). Patients with SA-AKI were divided into survival group and death group according to whether they survived 28 days after admission. The patient's gender, age, vital signs, laboratory test results, comorbidities, sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA), acute physiology score III (APS III) score and treatment measures were extracted from the database. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to make the survival curves of patients with SA-AKI at 28 days, 90 days, 180 days and 1 year. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis model was used to explore the independent risk factors of 28-day mortality in patients with SA-AKI. Receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was used to analyze the predictive efficacy of GLR for the prognosis of patients with SA-AKI.@*RESULTS@#A total of 1 524 patients with SA-AKI were included, with a median age of 68.28 (58.96, 77.24) years old, including 612 females (40.16%) and 912 males (59.84%). There were 507 patients in the GLR1 group, 509 patients in the GLR2 group and 508 patients in the GLR3 group. There were 1 181 patients in the 28-day survival group and 343 patients in the death group. Grouping according to GLR tertiles showed that with the increase of GLR, the 28-day, 90-day, 180-day and 1-year mortality of SA-AKI patients gradually increased (28-day mortality were 11.64%, 22.00%, 33.86%, respectively; 90-day mortality were 15.98%, 26.72%, 40.55%, respectively; 180-day mortality were 17.16%, 28.29% and 41.73%, and the 1-year mortality were 17.95%, 29.27% and 42.72%, respectively, all P < 0.01). According to 28-day survival status, the GLR of the death group was significantly higher than that of the survival group [×10-9 mmol: 9.81 (5.75, 20.01) vs. 6.44 (3.64, 10.78), P < 0.01]. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that GLR was an independent risk factor for 28-day mortality in patients with SA-AKI [when GLR was used as a continuous variable: odds ratio (OR) = 1.065, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 1.045-1.085, P < 0.001; when GLR was used as a categorical variable, compared with GLR1 group: GLR2 group OR = 1.782, 95%CI was 1.200-2.647, P = 0.004; GLR3 group OR = 2.727, 95%CI was 1.857-4.005, P < 0.001]. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the ROC curve (AUC) of GLR for predicting 28-day mortality in patients with SA-AKI was 0.674, when the optimal cut-off value was 8.769×10-9 mmol, the sensitivity was 57.1% and the specificity was 67.1%. The predictive performance was improved when GLR was combined with APS III score and SOFA score, and the AUC was 0.806, the sensitivity was 74.6% and the specificity was 71.4%.@*CONCLUSIONS@#GLR is an independent risk factor of 28-day mortality in patients with SA-AKI, and high GLR is associated with poor prognosis in patients with SA-AKI.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Blood Glucose , Glucose , ROC Curve , Prognosis , Sepsis/diagnosis , Acute Kidney Injury , Retrospective Studies , Intensive Care Units
11.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1147-1149, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010917

ABSTRACT

Stress induced hyperglycemia is the body's protect response against strong (patho-physiological and/or psychological) stress, sometimes the blood glucose level is too high due to out of the body's adjustment. Renal glucose threshold (about 9 mmol/L) is a window of glucose leak from capillary to interstitial tissue. It is important to keep blood glucose level < 9 mmol/L, for reducing vascular sclerosis as well as organs hypoperfusion, meanwhile pay attention to preventing more dangerous hypoglycemia. Glucose, as the main energy substrate, should be daily supply and its metabolism should be monitored. We used to talk "nutritional support". Support is conform the physiological ability of host, but therapy is to coordinate and change pathophysiology. So, nutritional support is not equal to nutritional therapy. For critical ill patients, we need to emphasize "nutritional therapy", i.e, do not give nutritional treatment without metabolic monitoring, make up for deficiencies and avoid metabolites overloading, rational adjustment to protect and coordinate organs function.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Glucose/metabolism , Critical Illness/therapy , Hyperglycemia/therapy , Nutritional Support , Glucose
12.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 68-74, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971628

ABSTRACT

Most information used to evaluate diabetic statuses is collected at a special time-point, such as taking fasting plasma glucose test and providing a limited view of individual's health and disease risk. As a new parameter for continuously evaluating personal clinical statuses, the newly developed technique "continuous glucose monitoring" (CGM) can characterize glucose dynamics. By calculating the complexity of glucose time series index (CGI) with refined composite multi-scale entropy analysis of the CGM data, the study showed for the first time that the complexity of glucose time series in subjects decreased gradually from normal glucose tolerance to impaired glucose regulation and then to type 2 diabetes (P for trend < 0.01). Furthermore, CGI was significantly associated with various parameters such as insulin sensitivity/secretion (all P < 0.01), and multiple linear stepwise regression showed that the disposition index, which reflects β-cell function after adjusting for insulin sensitivity, was the only independent factor correlated with CGI (P < 0.01). Our findings indicate that the CGI derived from the CGM data may serve as a novel marker to evaluate glucose homeostasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Glucose , Blood Glucose , Insulin Resistance/physiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/diagnosis , Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring , Time Factors , Insulin
13.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 78-88, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971470

ABSTRACT

Melatonin receptor 1B (MT2, encoded by the MTNR1B gene), a high-affinity receptor for melatonin, is associated with glucose homeostasis including glucose uptake and transport. The rs10830963 variant in the MTNR1B gene is linked to glucose metabolism disorders including gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM); however, the relationship between MT2-mediated melatonin signaling and a high birth weight of GDM infants from maternal glucose abnormality remains poorly understood. This article aims to investigate the relationship between rs10830963 variants and GDM development, as well as the effects of MT2 receptor on glucose uptake and transport in trophoblasts. TaqMan-MGB (minor groove binder) probe quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assays were used for rs10930963 genotyping. MT2 expression in the placenta of GDM and normal pregnant women was detected by immunofluorescence, western blot, and qPCR. The relationship between MT2 and glucose transporters (GLUTs) or peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) was established by western blot, and glucose consumption of trophoblasts was measured by a glucose assay kit. The results showed that the genotype and allele frequencies of rs10830963 were significantly different between GDM and normal pregnant women (P<0.05). The fasting, 1-h and 2-h plasma glucose levels of G-allele carriers were significantly higher than those of C-allele carriers (P<0.05). Besides, the protein and messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of MT2 in the placenta of GDM was significantly higher than that of normal pregnant women (P<0.05). Melatonin could stimulate glucose uptake and GLUT4 and PPARγ protein expression in trophoblasts, which could be attenuated by MT2 receptor knockdown. In conclusion, the rs10830963 variant was associated with an increased risk of GDM. The MT2 receptor is essential for melatonin to raise glucose uptake and transport, which may be mediated by PPARγ.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Blood Glucose/metabolism , Diabetes, Gestational/metabolism , Glucose/metabolism , Melatonin/metabolism , Polymorphism, Genetic , PPAR gamma , Receptor, Melatonin, MT2/genetics
14.
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine ; : 20-20, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971210

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Alcohol consumption is a prevalent behavior that is bi-directionally related to the risk of type 2 diabetes. However, the effect of daily alcohol consumption on glucose levels in real-world situations in the general population has not been well elucidated. This study aimed to clarify the relationship between alcohol consumption and all-day and time-specific glucose levels among non-diabetic individuals.@*METHODS@#We investigated 913 non-diabetic males and females, aged 40-69 years, during 2018-2020 from four communities across Japan. The daily alcohol consumption was assessed using a self-report questionnaire. All-day and time-specific average glucose levels were estimated from the interstitial glucose concentrations measured using the Flash glucose monitoring system for a median duration of 13 days. Furthermore, we investigated the association between all-day and time-specific average glucose levels and habitual daily alcohol consumption levels, using never drinkers as the reference, and performed multiple linear regression analyses after adjusting for age, community, and other diabetes risk factors for males and females separately.@*RESULTS@#All-day average glucose levels did not vary according to alcohol consumption categories in both males and females. However, for males, the average glucose levels between 5:00 and 11:00 h and between 11:00 and 17:00 h were higher in moderate and heavy drinkers than in never drinkers, with the difference values of 4.6 and 4.7 mg/dL for moderate drinkers, and 5.7 and 6.8 mg/dL for heavy drinkers. Conversely, the average glucose levels between 17:00 and 24:00 h were lower in male moderate and heavy drinkers and female current drinkers than in never drinkers; the difference values of mean glucose levels were -5.8 for moderate drinkers, and -6.1 mg/dL for heavy drinkers in males and -2.7 mg/dL for female current drinkers.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Alcohol consumption was associated with glucose levels in a time-dependent biphasic pattern.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring , Blood Glucose , Alcohol Drinking/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Alcoholic Intoxication
15.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3747-3756, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007990

ABSTRACT

To develop a novel glucose-lowering biomedicine with potential benefits in the treatment of type 2 diabetes, we used the 10rolGLP-1 gene previously constructed in our laboratory and the CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing technique to create an engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain. The gRNA expression vector pYES2-gRNA, the donor vector pNK1-L-PGK-10rolGLP-1-R and the Cas9 expression vector pGADT7-Cas9 were constructed and co-transformed into S. cerevisiae INVSc1 strain, with the PGK-10rolGLP-1 expressing unit specifically knocked in through homologous recombination. Finally, an S. cerevisiae strain highly expressing the 10rolGLP-1 with glucose-lowering activity was obtained. SDS-PAGE and Western blotting results confirmed that two recombinant strains of S. cerevisiae stably expressed the 10rolGLP-1 and exhibited the desired glucose-lowering property when orally administered to mice. Hypoglycemic experiment results showed that the recombinant hypoglycemic S. cerevisiae strain offered a highly hypoglycemic effect on the diabetic mouse model, and the blood glucose decline was adagio, which can avoid the dangerous consequences caused by rapid decline in blood glucose. Moreover, the body weight and other symptoms such as polyuria also improved significantly, indicating that the orally hypoglycemic S. cerevisiae strain that we constructed may develop into an effective, safe, economic, practical and ideal functional food for type 2 diabetes mellitus treatment.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolism , CRISPR-Cas Systems , Glucose/metabolism , Blood Glucose/metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/therapy , Hypoglycemic Agents/metabolism
16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 542-554, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970491

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the efficacy and safety of Tangmaikang Granules in the treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathy(DPN). PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMbase, SinoMed, CNKI, Wanfang and VIP were retrieved for randomized controlled trial(RCT) of Tangmaikang Granules in the treatment of DPN. Cochrane handbook 5.3 was used to evaluate the quality of the inclu-ded studies, and RevMan 5.4.1 and Stata 15.1 were employed to analyze data and test heterogeneity. GRADEpro was used to assess the quality of each outcome index. Clinical effective rate was the major outcome index, while the improvement in numbness of hands and feet, pain of extremities, sluggishness or regression of sensation, sensory conduction velocity(SCV) and motor conduction velocity(MCV) of median nerve and peroneal nerve, fasting blood glucose(FBG), 2 h postprandial blood glucose(2hPBG), and glycated hemoglobin(HbA1c) and incidence of adverse reactions were considered as the minor outcome indexes. A total of 19 RCTs with 1 602 patients were eventually included. The Meta-analysis showed that the improvements in clinical effective rate(RR=1.45, 95%CI[1.32, 1.61], P<0.000 01), pain of extremities(RR=1.70, 95%CI[1.27, 2.27], P=0.000 3), MCV of peroneal nerve(MD=4.08, 95%CI[3.29, 4.86], P<0.000 01) and HbA1c(SMD=-1.23, 95%CI[-1.80,-0.66], P<0.000 1) of Tangmaikang Granules alone or in combination in the experimental group were better than those in the control group. Compared with the conditions in the control group, numbness of hands and feet(RR=1.42, 95%CI[1.12, 1.80], P=0.003), sluggishness or regression of sensation(RR=1.41, 95%CI[1.05, 1.91], P=0.02), SCV of median nerve(MD=4.59, 95%CI[0.92, 8.27], P=0.01), SCV of peroneal nerve(MD=4.68, 95%CI[3.76, 5.60], P<0.000 01) and MCV of median nerve(MD=5.58, 95%CI[4.05, 7.11], P<0.000 01) of Tangmaikang Granules in combination in the experimental group were improved by subgroup analysis. The levels of FBG(MD=-0.57, 95%CI[-1.27, 0.12], P=0.11) and 2hPBG(MD=-0.69, 95%CI[-1.70, 0.33], P=0.18) in the experimental group were similar to those in the control group after treatment with Tangmaikang Granules alone or in combination. There was no difference in the safety(RR=1.28, 95%CI[0.58, 2.82], P=0.54) of Tangmaikang Granules in the treatment of DPN between the experimental group and the control group. Tangmaikang Granules could significantly increase clinical effective rate and nerve conduction velocity as well as improve symptoms of peripheral nerve and blood glucose level, and no serious adverse reactions were identified yet. Further validation was needed in future in large-sample, multicenter, high-quality RCTs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Glucose , Diabetic Neuropathies/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Glycated Hemoglobin , Hypesthesia/drug therapy , Multicenter Studies as Topic , Pain/etiology , Treatment Outcome , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases/etiology
17.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 129-133, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970457

ABSTRACT

Acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) has complicated clinical manifestations and is often accompanied by hypertension.AIP may cause hypertension through adrenergic effect,heme deficiency,inflammation,inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone,toxicity of delta-aminolevulinic acid(ALA,aporphyrin precursor),and elevated serum glucose level.The prevention and treatment strategies for AIP accompanied with hypertension mainly include the controlling of porphyria attacks,application of antihypertensive drugs,lifestyle intervention,and management of latent AIP patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Porphyria, Acute Intermittent , Blood Glucose , Hypertension/etiology , Inflammation , Life Style
18.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 53-59, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969947

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the hypoglycemic effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at "Tianshu" (ST 25) combined with metformin on rats with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) as well as its effect on expression of adenosine monophosphate activated protein kinase (AMPK) in liver and pancreas.@*METHODS@#Thirty-six male SD rats were randomly divided into a blank group (6 rats) and a model establishing group (30 rats). The rats in the model establishing group were fed with high-fat diet and treated with intraperitoneal injection of low-dose streptozotocin (STZ) to establish T2DM model. The rats with successful model establishment were randomly divided into a model group, a control group, a metformin group, an EA group and a combination group, 6 rats in each group. The rats in the EA group were treated with EA at "Tianshu" (ST 25), dense-disperse wave, 2 Hz/15 Hz in frequency and 2 mA in current intensity, 20 min each time. The rats in the metformin group were treated with intragastric administration of metformin (190 mg/kg) dissolved in 0.9% sodium chloride solution (2 mL/kg). The rats in the combination group were treated with EA at "Tianshu" (ST 25) and intragastric administration of metformin. The rats in the control group were treated with intragastric administration of 0.9% sodium chloride solution with the same dose. All the treatments were given once a day for 5 weeks. After the intervention, the body mass and random blood glucose were detected; the serum insulin level was detected by ELISA; the expression of AMPK and phosphorylated adenosine monophosphate activated protein kinase (p-AMPK) in liver and pancreas was detected by Western blot method; the expression of protein gene product 9.5 (PGP9.5) was detected by immunofluorescence.@*RESULTS@#①Compared with the blank group, the body mass in the model group was decreased (P<0.05); compared with the model group, the body mass in the EA group and the combination group was decreased (P<0.05); the body mass in the EA group and the combination group was lower than the metformin group (P<0.05). Compared with the blank group, the random blood glucose in the model group was increased (P<0.01); compared with the model group, the random blood glucose in the metformin group, the EA group and the combination group was decreased (P<0.01). The random blood glucose in the combination group was lower than the metformin group and the EA group (P<0.05). ②Compared with the blank group, the insulin level in the model group was decreased (P<0.05); compared with the model group, the insulin level in the metformin group, the EA group and the combination group was all increased (P<0.05). The insulin level in the combination group was higher than the metformin group and the EA group (P<0.05). ③Compared with the blank group, the protein expression of AMPK and p-AMPK in liver tissue was decreased (P<0.05), and the protein expression of AMPK and p-AMPK in pancreatic tissue was increased (P<0.05) in the model group. Compared with the model group, the protein expression of AMPK and p-AMPK in liver tissue in the metformin group, the EA group and the combination group was increased (P<0.05, P<0.01); the protein expression of AMPK in pancreatic tissue in the metformin group was increased (P<0.05); the protein expression of AMPK in pancreatic tissue in the EA group and the combination group was decreased (P<0.05); the protein expression of p-AMPK in pancreatic tissue in the metformin group, the EA group and the combination group was decreased (P<0.05). The protein expression of AMPK and p-AMPK in liver tissue in the combination group was higher than that in the metformin group and the EA group (P<0.05); the protein expression of AMPK in pancreatic tissue in the EA group and the combination group was less than that in the metformin group (P<0.05), and the expression of p-AMPK protein in pancreatic tissue in the combination group was less than that in the metformin group and the EA group (P<0.05). ④Compared with the blank group, the expression of PGP9.5 in pancreatic tissue in the model group was increased (P<0.01); compared with the model group, the expression of PGP9.5 in pancreatic tissue in the metformin group, the EA group and the combination group was decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01). The expression of PGP9.5 in pancreatic tissue in the EA group was lower than the metformin group and the combination group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Electroacupuncture at "Tianshu" (ST 25) could promote the effect of metformin on activating AMPK in liver tissue of T2DM rats, improve the negative effect of metformin on AMPK in pancreatic tissue, and enhance the hypoglycemic effect of metformin. The mechanism may be related to the inhibition of pancreatic intrinsic nervous system.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Acupuncture Points , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases/genetics , Blood Glucose , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Electroacupuncture , Hypoglycemic Agents , Insulins , Metformin , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
19.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 401-407, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969920

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the associations of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) with FPG and oral glucose tolerance test 2-hour (OGTT-2 h) in areas at different altitude in China. Methods: Subjects who participated in 2018-2019 China Chronic Disease and Risk Factor Surveillance and had no prior type 2 diabetes diagnosis were included. Subsequently, they were categorized into three groups based on altitude of living area (<2 000, 2 000- and ≥3 000 m). With adjustment for intracluster correlation, multivariable linear regression analysis was performed to evaluate the associations of HbA1c with FPG and OGTT-2 h in the context of HbA1c was normal (<5.7%) or abnormal (≥5.7%). Furthermore, the shape of relationships between HbA1c and glucose indicators was examined using restricted cubic spline. Finally, receiver operating characteristic curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic performance of HbA1c for diabetes. Results: A total of 157 277 subjects were included in the analysis. While FPG and OGTT-2 h levels gradually decreased with increase of altitude, HbA1c level was similar among the three groups. When HbA1c was <5.7%, its association with FPG and OGTT-2 h was weak and no obvious difference was observed among the three groups. When HbA1c was ≥5.7%, the FPG and OGTT-2 h increased by 15.45% (95%CI:14.71%- 16.18%) and 24.54% (95%CI:23.18%-25.91%) respectively per one standard deviation increase in HbA1c in group in area at altitude <2 000 m. However, the FPG and OGTT-2 h increased by 13.08% (95%CI:10.46%-15.76%) and 21.72% (95%CI:16.39%-27.31%), respectively, in group in area at altitude 2 000- m, and increased by 11.41% (95%CI:9.32%-13.53%) and 20.03% (95%CI:15.38%- 24.86%), respectively, in group of altitude ≥3 000 m. The restricted cubic spline indicated that the curve showing the association of HbA1c with FPG and OGTT-2 h was flat when HbA1c was <5.7%, but showed a positive linear relationship when HbA1c was ≥5.7%. The area under curve for detecting diabetes was 0.808 (95%CI:0.803-0.812) in group of altitude <2 000 m and 0.728 (95%CI:0.660-0.796, P=0.022) in group of altitude ≥3 000 m. The relevant optimal cutoff value of HbA1c was 5.7%, with a sensitivity of 65.4% and a specificity of 83.0%, and 6.0%, with a sensitivity of 48.3% and a specificity of 93.7%, respectively. Conclusions: When HbA1c was ≥5.7%, the association between HbA1c and glucose indicators became weaker as the increase of altitude. In the area at altitude ≥3 000 m, it may not be appropriate to use HbA1c in the diagnosis of diabetes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Glycated Hemoglobin , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/diagnosis , Blood Glucose/analysis , Glucose , Altitude , Fasting , China/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology
20.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 424-427, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982257

ABSTRACT

Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) technology developed rapidly in recent years, and new products came out all the time. Nowadays, CGM plays an important role in diabetes management and has been recommended by various guideline all over the world. CGM equipment classification, progress on glucose sensor technology, and the new application and expansion of CGM technology in the field of diabetes and non-diabetes were briefly introduced in the study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 , Blood Glucose , Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring , Technology
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