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1.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 29: e54288, jan.-dez. 2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224586

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: investigar a associação entre ideação suicida e violência por parceiro íntimo em mulheres. Método: estudo analítico e transversal, desenvolvido em Unidades Básicas de Saúde do Piauí-Brasil, com 369 mulheres adultas e com histórico de relacionamento. Os dados foram coletados de agosto de 2015 a março de 2016, por meio do Revised Conflict Tactics Scales e Self-Reporting Questionnaire, e analisados no software Statistical Package for the Social Science, versão 20.0. Resultados: verificou-se que 65,3% das mulheres sofreram violência por parceiro íntimo, 61,0% foi vítima de violência psicológica, 32,2% física, 18,7% moral e 17,1% sexual. Identificou-se associação entre ideação suicida e violência por parceiro íntimo (p=0,000), violência psicológica (p=0,001) e moral (p=0,000). Ser vítima de violência por parceiro íntimo aumenta 4,35 vezes as chances de as mulheres pensarem em cometer atos contra a própria vida. Conclusão: a ideação suicida está associada a violência por parceiro íntimo, violência psicológica e moral.


Objective: to investigate the association between suicidal ideation and intimate partner violence in women. Method: analytical and cross-sectional study carried out in Basic Health Units in Piauí, Brazil, with 369 adult women and with a relationship history. Data were collected from August 2015 to March 2016 using the Revised Conflict Tactics Scales and Self-Reporting Questionnaire, and analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Science software, version 20.0. Results: 65.3% of the women were found to have suffered intimate partner violence; 61.0%, psychological violence, 32.2%, physical violence, 18.7%, moral violence, and 17.1%, sexual violence. An association was identified between suicidal ideation and intimate partner violence (p = 0.000), psychological violence (p = 0.001), and moral violence (p = 0.000). Victims of intimate partner violence were 4.35 times more likely to think of committing acts against their own lives. Conclusion: suicidal ideation is associated with intimate partner violence, psychological and moral violence.


Objetivo: investigar la asociación entre ideación suicida y violencia de pareja en mujeres. Método: estudio analítico y transversal, realizado en Unidades Básicas de Salud de Piauí-Brasil, con 369 mujeres adultas y con antecedentes de parentesco. Los datos se recopilaron desde agosto de 2015 hasta marzo de 2016, utilizando el Revised Conflict Tactics Scales y Self-Reporting Questionnaire, y se analizaron utilizando el software Statistical Package for the Social Science, versión 20.0. Resultados: se encontró que el 65,3% de las mujeres sufrió violencia de pareja íntima, el 61,0% fue víctima de violencia psicológica, 32,2% física, 18,7% moral y 17,1% sexual. Se identificó asociación entre ideación suicida y violencia de pareja íntima (p = 0,000), violencia psicológica (p = 0,001) y violencia moral (p = 0,000). Ser víctima de violencia de pareja aumenta 4,35 veces las posibilidades de que las mujeres piensen en cometer actos contra su propia vida. Conclusión: la ideación suicida está asociada con la violencia de pareja, violencia psicológica y moral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Suicidal Ideation , Intimate Partner Violence , Brazil/epidemiology , Mental Health , Cross-Sectional Studies , Women's Health
2.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 29: e56924, jan.-dez. 2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224444

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: descrever a incidência de complicações em feridas operatórias de mastectomia e identificar fatores associados. Método: estudo retrospectivo desenvolvido em uma coorte hospitalar de 545 mulheres mastectomizadas por câncer de mama no ano 2018 em um centro de assistência de alta complexidade em oncologia da cidade do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil, após aprovação por Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa. Os dados foram coletados a partir dos prontuários, permitindo cálculos da taxa de incidência e da razão da taxa de incidência para cada complicação. Resultados: a complicação que apresentou maior taxa de incidência foi o sangramento (57,14/100 mastectomias-dia), tendo como fatores associados a raça/cor da pele não branca (Razão da Taxa de Incidência: 3,11) e a diabetes mellitus (Razão da Taxa de Incidência: 0,48). Conclusão: os fatores associados ao sangramento da ferida operatória apontam para a necessidade de novas práticas no cuidado ao pós-operatório de mulheres mastectomizadas.


Objective: to describe the incidence of complications in mastectomy surgical wounds and to identify associated factors. Method: this retrospective study was conducted in a hospital cohort of 545 women mastectomized for breast cancer in 2018 at a high-complexity cancer care center Rio de Janeiro City, Brazil, after approval by the research ethics committee. Data were collected from medical records, allowing incidence rate and incidence rate ratio to be calculated for each complication. Results: the complication with the highest incidence rate was bleeding (57.14/100 mastectomies-day), associated factors being non-white race/skin color (incidence rate ratio 3.11) and diabetes mellitus (incidence rate ratio 0.48). Conclusion: the factors associated with bleeding from the surgical wound point to the need for new practices in post-operative care for women with mastectomies.


Objetivo: describir la incidencia de complicaciones en heridas quirúrgicas de mastectomía e identificar factores asociados. Método: estudio retrospectivo desarrollado en una cohorte hospitalaria de 545 mujeres mastectomizadas por cáncer de mama en 2018 en un centro de atención de alta complejidad en oncología de la ciudad de Río de Janeiro, Brasil, previa aprobación del Comité de Ética en Investigación. Los datos se obtuvieron de las historias clínicas, lo que permitió calcular la tasa de incidencia y el cociente de la tasa de incidencia para cada complicación. Resultados: la complicación que presentó mayor tasa de incidencia fue el sangrado (57,14 / 100 mastectomías-día), con factores asociados a la raza / color de piel no blanca (índice de tasa de incidencia: 3,11) y diabetes mellitus (índice de tasa de incidencia: 0,48). Conclusión: los factores asociados al sangrado de la herida quirúrgica apuntan a la necesidad de nuevas prácticas en el cuidado al postoperatorio de las mujeres con mastectomía.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Surgical Wound/complications , Mastectomy/adverse effects , Brazil/epidemiology , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Postoperative Hemorrhage/epidemiology
4.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(3): 377-383, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345300

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), two of the main inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), have been increasingly diagnosed in South America. Although IBD have been intensively studied in the last years, epidemiologic data in Brazil are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical and epidemiologic profile of IBD patients treated in the Clinical Hospital of the Federal University of Uberlândia from 1999 to 2014. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of the medical records of patients diagnosed with IBD, according to the international classification of diseases (ICD) - ICD K50 for CD and ICD K51 for UC - confirmed by endoscopic examination in the case of both diseases. We analyzed the following variables: age; sex; ethnicity; smoking habit; primary diagnosis; site of disease manifestation; main clinical manifestations; IBD-related complications; extraintestinal manifestations; and established drug and/or surgical treatment. RESULTS: We evaluated 183 IBD cases (91 UC and 92 CD cases). The estimated prevalence rate of UC was 15.06/100.000 inhabitants and of CD was 15.23/100.000. The CU and CD female to male incidence ratios were 1.7 and 1.8, respectively. The average age of patients diagnosed with UC was 39.4 years and of those diagnosed with CD was 31.1 years. White-skinned people were the most affected by UC (66.0%) and CD (69.0%). Few patients were submitted to surgical procedures as treatment alternative. CONCLUSION: The estimated prevalence of IBD in this population was low compared to that of populations of North America, but high compared to that of other regions considered to present low incidence, such as some Asian and Latin American countries.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A doença de Crohn (DC) e a retocolite ulcerativa (RCU), duas das principais doenças inflamatórias intestinais (DIIs), têm sido cada vez mais diagnosticadas na América do Sul. Embora a DII tenha sido intensamente estudada nos últimos anos, os dados epidemiológicos no Brasil são escassos. OBJETIVO: Estudar o perfil clínico e epidemiológico dos pacientes com DII atendidos no Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Uberlândia de 1999 a 2014. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado um estudo retrospectivo dos prontuários de pacientes com diagnóstico de DII, de acordo com a classificação internacional de doenças (CID) - CID K50 para DC e CID K51 para RCU - confirmado por exame endoscópico para ambas as doenças. Analisamos as seguintes variáveis: idade; sexo; etnia; hábito tabágico; diagnóstico primário; local de manifestação da doença; principais manifestações clínicas; complicações relacionadas a DII; manifestações extraintestinais; tratamentos medicamentoso e/ou cirúrgico instituídos. RESULTADOS: Foram avaliados 183 casos de DII (91 casos de RCU e 92 casos de DC). A prevalência estimada de RCU foi de 15,06/100.000 habitantes e de DC foi de 15,23/100.000. As taxas de incidência entre pacientes do sexo feminino e masculino foram de 1,7 para RCU e 1,8 para DC. A idade média dos pacientes com diagnóstico de RCU foi de 39,4 anos e daqueles com DC foi de 31,1 anos. A raça branca foi o grupo étnico mais afetado por RCU (66,0%) e DC (69,0%). Poucos pacientes foram submetidos a procedimentos cirúrgicos como alternativas de tratamento. CONCLUSÃO: A prevalência estimada de DII nesta população foi baixa em comparação com populações da América do Norte, mas elevada em comparação com outras regiões consideradas de baixa incidência, como alguns países da Ásia e da América Latina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/epidemiology , Colitis, Ulcerative/epidemiology , Crohn Disease/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Incidence , Retrospective Studies
5.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(3): 364-369, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345292

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Dyspeptic symptoms are among the eight symptoms that most lead to the use of self-medication globally. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the frequency of use and profile of the population doing self-medication to control dyspeptic symptoms in a capital from South Brazil. METHODS: Application of a survey consisting of topics regarding individual's socio-cultural data, self-reported comorbidities, use of self-medication in the 15 days prior to the interview and information on the use of this medication. Statistical analysis was performed on the data collected to determine the prevalence of self-medication for dyspeptic symptoms (SMDS) and to establish correlations with independent factors, such as gender, age, body mass index (BMI), education, family income and self-reported comorbidities. RESULTS: A total of 719 individuals from the public health system were interviewed. Overall, 67.7% were female, 65.3% had a BMI greater than 25; 28.4% presented with self-reported hypertension, 21.4% with depression and 13.8% with diabetes. The prevalence of self-medication to control digestive symptoms in this population was 28.7% (95%CI: 25.3-32), 91.8% (n=189) due to complaints of dyspeptic origin. Proton pump inhibitors were the most used class of medication (67%), followed by antacids (15%). There was a relationship between SMDS and age >38 years (OR=1.734, 95%CI: 1.177-2.580, P=0.001), BMI >26 (OR=1.660, 95%CI: 1.166-2.362, P<0.001) and self-reported depression (OR=1.471, 95%CI: 0.983-2.201, P=0.04). CONCLUSION: There was a higher prevalence of the use of self-medication to control dyspeptic symptoms in relation to previous data from the literature. Age >38 years, BMI >26 and self-reported depression were associated with SMDS.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Os sintomas dispépticos estão entre os oito sintomas que mais levam uso de automedicação. OBJETIVO: O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a prevalência e o perfil da população que utiliza automedicação para controle dos sintomas dispépticos em uma capital do Sul do Brasil. MÉTODOS: Aplicação de inquérito composto por tópicos relativos aos dados socioculturais do indivíduo, comorbidades autorreferidas, uso de automedicação nos 15 dias anteriores à entrevista e informações sobre o uso deste medicamento. Foi realizada a análise estatística dos dados coletados para determinar a prevalência de automedicação para controle dos sintomas dispépticos e estabelecer correlações com fatores independentes, como sexo, idade, índice de massa corporal (IMC), escolaridade, renda familiar e comorbidades autorrelatadas. RESULTADOS: Foram entrevistados 719 indivíduos atendidos pela atenção primária. Destes, 67,7% de indivíduos do sexo feminino, 65,3% apresentavam IMC maior que 25 kg/m², 28,4% autorrelataram apresentar hipertensão arterial sistêmica, 21,4% depressão e 13,8% diabetes. A prevalência de uso de automedicação para controle de sintomas digestivos nesta população foi de 28,7% (n=206, IC95% 25,3-32), 91,8% (n=189) por queixas de origem dispéptica. A classe de medicação mais utilizada foi a dos inibidores de bomba de prótons (67%), seguidos dos antiácidos (15%). Houve relação entre o uso deste tipo de automedicação e idade maior de 38 anos (OR=1,734, IC95% 1,177-2,580, P=0,001), IMC acima de 26 kg/m² (OR=1,660, IC95% 1,166-2,362, P<0,001) e presença de autorrelato de depressão (OR= 1,471, IC95% 0,983-2,201, P=0,04). CONCLUSÃO: O presente estudo revelou uma alta prevalência do uso de automedicação para controle dos sintomas dispépticos em comparação com dados da literatura, sendo os inibidores de bomba de prótons a classe de droga mais utilizada. Idade maior que 38 anos, índice de massa corporal maior 26 kg/m² e autorrelato de depressão foram associados ao uso de automedicação para sintomas dispépticos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Primary Health Care , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires , Self Report
6.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(3): 276-280, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345295

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Hepatoportal sclerosis HPS or obliterative portal venopathy (OPV), one of the differential diagnoses for non-cirrohtic portal hypertension, is characterized by the disappearance of the portal branches, portal and septal fibrosis, perisinusoidal fibrosis and regenerative nodular hyperplasia (RNH). It is a spectral disease that may progress to severe portal hypertension. Its etiopathogenesis is still little understood, especially in Brazil, it has been probably misdiagnosed due to its histopatological similarities with the hepatosplenic form of schistosomiasis. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the profile of patients with HPS in Northeastern Brazil and to demonstrate the pathological characteristics of HPS. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed cases of OPV in liver biopsies and explants from a referral center for liver in Bahia - Brazil. The qualitative and quantitative analysis of the portal tracts and liver parenchyma was made so that comparisons could be done among the HPS findings of our population and the findings described by other authors. RESULTS: From the 62 patients identified with HPS, 42% were male, while 58% were female. The average age at diagnosis was 48.3 years. From this group, we analyzed the liver biopsy of 10 patients whose diagnosis of schistosomiasis could be ruled out. From these 100% (10/10) presented dense portal fibrosis and portal venous obliteration. Liver parenchymal atrophy was present in 60% (6/10) of the patients, sinusoidal dilation was present in 30% (3/10), the presence of portal septa occurred in 50% (5/10) and dense portal fibrosis in all patients analyzed. Nodular regenerative hyperplasia was found in 30% (3/10) of the patients. CONCLUSION: HPS seems to be neglected and misdiagnosed in Brazil, due to its similarities with schistossomiasis. In our study dense portal fibrosis, obliteration of the portal vein branches, parenchymal atrophy, sinusoidal dilatation and parenchymal nodular hyperplasia were the main histopathological findings and were similar to that described in other countries.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Esclerose hepatoportal EHP ou venopatia portal obliterativa VPO, um dos diagnósticos diferenciais para a hipertensão portal não cirrótica, é caracterizada pelo desaparecimento dos ramos portais, fibrose portal e septal, fibrose sinusoidal e hiperplasia nodular regenerativa HNR. A EHP é um doença espectral, que pode progredir para hipertensão portal severa. Sua etiopatologia é ainda pouco compreendida, especialmente no Brasil, onde ela é provavelmente subdiagnoticada devido as suas similaridades com a forma hepatoesplênica da esquistossomose. OBJETIVO: Analizar o perfil dos pacientes com EHP no Nordeste do Brasil, e demontrar as características patológicas da EHP. MÉTODOS: Analisamos restrospectivamente os casos de VPO em biópsias hepáticas e explantes de um centro de referência em fígado na Bahia, Brasil. A análise qualiquantitativa dos tratos portais e parênquima hepático foi realizada, permitindo a comparação entre os nossos paciente e os achados descritos por outros autores. RESULTADOS: Entre os 62 paciente identificados com EHP, 42% era do sexo masculino, 58% era do sexo feminino. A média de idade no diagnótico foi 48,3 anos. Desse grupo, analizamos a biópsia hepática de 10 pacientes nos quais o diagnóstico de esquistossomose pode ser excluído. Desses pacientes, 100% 10/10 se apresentou com fibrose portal densa e obliteração venosa portal. Atrofia do perênquima hepático estava presente em 60% 6/10 dos pacientes, dilatação sinusiodal em 30% 3/10 a presença de septos portais ocorreu em 50% 5/10 e fibrose portal densa foi achada em todos os pacientes. Hiperplasia nodular regenerativa foi encontrada em 30% dos pacientes. CONCLUSÃO: A EHP parece ser negligenciada e subdiagnosticada no Brasil, devido as suas similaridades com esquistossomose. Em nosso estudo, fibrose portal densa, obliteração dos ramos da veia porta, atrofia do parênquima, dilatação sinusoidal e hiperplasia nodular do parênquima foram os principais achados histopatológicos e foram semelhantes aos descritos em outros países.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Hypertension, Portal/etiology , Hypertension, Portal/epidemiology , Referral and Consultation , Sclerosis/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies
7.
Hist. ciênc. saúde-Manguinhos ; 28(3): 875-878, jul.-set. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339975

ABSTRACT

Resumo A partir de contribuições teóricas do campo da história das ciências, o presente texto debate aspectos das etapas das pandemias entendidas como fenômeno social e como tem ocorrido o processo de interiorização da covid-19 na Amazônia. A chegada da doença aos vastos territórios da floresta tem deixado mais evidente o processo de acesso diferenciado à saúde pública, com concentração de serviços e profissionais nas maiores cidades da região Norte. O crescimento dos índices do coronavírus na floresta evidencia, portanto, as desigualdades sociais históricas da região e os problemas no acesso à cidadania na sociedade brasileira.


Abstract This text uses theoretical contributions from the history of science to discuss aspects of the stages of pandemics understood as social phenomena and how covid-19 moved into the interior of the Amazon region. The arrival of this disease in the vast forest territory made differentiated access to public health more evident, with services and professionals concentrated in the larger cities in the north of Brazil. The rise in coronavirus rates within the forest consequently highlights the history of social inequalities in the region and problems accessing citizenship in Brazilian society.


Subject(s)
Humans , History, 18th Century , History, 19th Century , History, 20th Century , History, 21st Century , Forests , Pandemics/history , Pandemics/prevention & control , COVID-19/epidemiology , Health Services Accessibility , Poverty , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Indians, South American , Public Health/history , Cities , Influenza, Human/etiology , Influenza, Human/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19/transmission
8.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(4): 325-330, Jul.-Aug. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290250

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic may be having many psychological impacts on people, at both an individual and a community level. OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the relationship between the weekly frequency of physical activity and levels of stress among Brazilian adults during social distancing due to the coronavirus (COVID-19), and the interaction of sex in this association. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study with a descriptive approach conducted at a public university in Curitiba (PR), Brazil. METHODS: 2,000 Brazilian adults (average age 36.4 years; 59.6% women) were recruited according to convenience through digital media. They filled out a questionnaire in electronic format that asked for sociodemographic information, health data, food consumption data, weekly frequency of physical activity and stress levels on the 10-item Kessler psychological distress scale. Descriptive statistics and regression analyses were used to evaluate the data. RESULTS: Associations were observed for the following correlations: male sex * no physical activity (odds ratio (OR): 4.35; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.14-16.67); female sex * physical activity 4 or 5 times a week (OR: 7.86; 95% CI: 2.28-27.05); female sex * physical activity 3 times a week (OR: 7.32; 95% CI: 2.09-25.58); female sex * physical activity 1 or 2 times a week (OR: 14.57; 95% CI: 4.28-49.57); and female sex * no physical activity (OR: 24.17; 95% CI: 7.21-80.97). CONCLUSION: The lower the weekly frequency of physical activity during the period of social distancing was, the greater the chances of having stress levels were, especially for women.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Pandemics , COVID-19 , Brazil/epidemiology , Exercise , Cross-Sectional Studies , Internet , Physical Distancing , SARS-CoV-2
9.
Femina ; 49(8): 488-493, 20210831. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342419

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Calcular taxa de parto vaginal e cesárea em pacientes com uma cesárea anterior e gestação a termo, bem como fatores associados à recorrência de cesaria- na. Métodos: Estudo caso-controle, por meio de dados de prontuário de gestantes a termo com uma cesárea prévia admitidas para parto na Maternidade Darcy Vargas do município de Joinville (SC), em 2019. Resultados: Foram analisadas 788 pacientes, das quais 331 (42,00%) tiveram parto normal (PN) e 457 (58,00%), cesárea (CS). O grupo PN foi composto por mulheres mais velhas (29; 28) e com mais gestações que o grupo CS, possuindo pelo menos um parto normal prévio (171; 57; p < 0,001). Como fator de risco para recorrência de cesárea, destacou-se a presença de colo desfavorável no momento do parto (47; 356; p < 0,001). Internação por trabalho de parto (284; 92; p < 0,001) e ruptura prematura de membranas (RUPREME) (33; 79; p = 0,030) estão entre os fatores de proteção para ocorrência de uma nova cesariana. Conclusão: A taxa de parto vaginal pós-cesariana (VBAC) foi de 42% e a de parto cesáreo foi de 58%, condi- zente com valores de referência mundiais. O fato de ter um ou mais partos normais anteriores e internar-se em trabalho de parto ou com RUPREME foi fator protetor contra a repetição da cesárea, enquanto o colo desfavorável no momento da inter- nação foi fator de risco. Há grande divergência na literatura, sendo necessários mais estudos para elaborar estratégias que auxiliem profissionais e pacientes a decidirem pela melhor via de parto após cesariana anterior.(AU)


Objective: To calculate the rate of vaginal and cesarean delivery in patients with pre- vious cesarean section and pregnancy to term, as well as factors associated with recur- rent abdominal delivery. Methods: Case-control study, by medical records of pregnant women to term with a previous cesarean section admitted for delivery at Maternity Dar- cy Vargas in the city of Joinville (SC) in 2019. Results: 788 patients, of which 331 (42,00%) had a normal delivery (PN) and 457 (58,00%) cesarean section (CS). The PN group was composed of older women (29;28), and who had more pregnancies than the CS group, having at least 1 previous vaginal birth (171; 57; p < 0,001). As a risk factor for cesarean recurrence, the presence of an unfavorable cervix at the time of delivery was highlighted (47; 356; p < 0,001). Hospitalization for labor (284; 92; p < 0,001) and premature rupture of membranes (33; 79; p = 0,030) are among the protective factors for the occurrence of a new cesarean section. Conclusion: The post-cesarean vaginal birth (VBAC) rate was 42% and the cesarean delivery rate was 58%, consistent with world reference values. The fact of having one or more previous normal bir- ths, hospitalization in labor or with premature rupture of fetal membranes were protective factors against the repetition of cesarean section, while the unfavorable cervix at the time of hospitalization was a risk factor. There is divergence in litera- ture, therefore more studies are needed to develop strategies that help professionals and patients to decide on the best way of delivery after a previous cesarean section.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Cesarean Section/statistics & numerical data , Cesarean Section, Repeat/statistics & numerical data , Natural Childbirth/statistics & numerical data , Brazil/epidemiology , Case-Control Studies , Medical Records , Risk Factors , Rates, Ratios and Proportions
11.
Femina ; 49(7): 414-420, 20210731. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290589

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comparar a taxa de cesarianas em duas maternidades públicas no estado do Rio de Janeiro, denominadas Maternidades A e B. Métodos: Foram extraídos das Declarações de Nascido Vivo (DNVs) dados sobre partos ocorridos no período de agosto a outubro de 2018, sendo realizada a classificação deles nos grupos de Robson. Foi possível identificar as características da população atendida e os grupos de maior representatividade que contribuíram para a taxa de cesarianas. Resultados: A idade média geral das puérperas em estudo foi de 25,7 anos. Verificou-se que ambas as maternidades apresentam taxas de cesarianas elevadas (a Maternidade A apresentou 46,4% e a Maternidade B, 34,4%), sendo a taxa geral do estudo de 40,1%. Analisando as características da população de ambas as maternidades, a maioria atendida na Maternidade A é representada por nulíparas com feto único e a termo (grupo 2 = 21,1%), e a Maternidade B é representada, em sua maioria, por multíparas, sem cesárea prévia, com feto único e a termo (grupo 3 = 22,9%). O grupo 2 foi o que mais contribuiu para a taxa geral de cesariana em ambas as maternidades, após o grupo de pacientes com pelo menos uma cesárea prévia (grupo 5), sendo 26% na Maternidade A e 33,1% na Maternidade B. Conclusão: Foi possível concluir que ambas as maternidades em estudo apresentaram taxas de cesarianas menores que a nacional, porém muito acima do recomendado pela Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS). Ambas apresentaram valores consideráveis de preenchimento inadequado das DNVs.(AU)


Objective: To compare the cesarean section rate in two public maternity hospitals in the state of Rio de Janeiro, called maternity hospitals A and B. Methods: Data from Certificates of Live Births (DNVs) occurred during the period from August to October 2018 were extracted and their classification was performed in Robson's groups. Through this classification it was possible to identify the characteristics of the population served and the most representative groups that contributed to the cesarean section rate. Results: The overall average age of the puerperal women under study was 25.7 years. Both maternities showed higher caesarean section rates (Maternity A had a rate of 46.4% and Maternity B 34.4%), with the overall study rate of 40.1%. Analyzing the characteristics of the population of both maternities, the majority attended at Maternity A is represented by nulliparous women with single and full-term fetuses (group 2 = 21.1%), and Maternity B is mostly represented by multiparous women, without previous cesarean section, with single and full-term fetus (group 3 = 22.9%). It was group 2 that most contributed to the overall cesarean section rate after the group of patients with at least one previous cesarean section (group 5), being 26% in Maternity A and 33.1% in Maternity B. Conclusion: It was concluded that both maternity hospitals under study had caesarean section rates lower than the national rate, but much higher than recommended by World Health Organization (WHO). In addition, both presented considerable values of inadequate filling of DNVs.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Cesarean Section/statistics & numerical data , Hospitals, Maternity/statistics & numerical data , Brazil/epidemiology , Comparative Study , Cross-Sectional Studies , Live Birth/epidemiology
12.
Femina ; 49(7): 421-424, 20210731. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290591

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo avaliar o impacto da gestação sobre a função sexual feminina, comparando se houve diferença significativa entre os dois últimos trimestres gestacionais. Métodos: Foi realizada no serviço de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia do Hospital Universitário Evangélico Mackenzie, por meio do questionário Female Sexual Function Index (IFSF). Cento e quinze pacientes foram divididas em dois grupos (T2, correspondente ao segundo trimestre gestacional; T3, correspondente ao terceiro trimestre gestacional), apresentando taxa de disfunção sexual de 47,8%, prevalente em gestantes do grupo T3. Resultados: Houve diferen- ça significativa, entre o segundo e o terceiro trimestre, nas médias do IFSF e nas variáveis excitação, orgasmo e dor, resultando em disfunção sexual prevalente em gestantes do terceiro trimestre gestacional. Conclusão: Não houve diferença significativa nas variáveis desejo, lubrificação e satisfação.(AU)


Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of pregnancy on female sexual function, comparing if there was significant difference between the last two gestational trimester. Methods: The research was accomplished in the Gynecology and Obstetrics of Mackenzie Evangelical University Hospital, applying the Female Sexual Function Index (IFSF). One hundred and fifteen patients were combined in two groups (T2 corresponding the second gestational trimester; T3 corresponding the third one), with sexual dysfunction rate of 47.8%, mainly the T3 group. Results: The IFSF's average between the second and the third gestational trimester was significantly different, also the sexual arouse, orgasm and pain variables are higher in the second trimester resulting in sexual dysfunction mostly of pregnant women in the third gestational trimester. Conclusion: The desire, lubrication and satisfaction variables did not have significant difference.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Sexual Behavior/statistics & numerical data , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological/epidemiology , Pregnancy, High-Risk/physiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Women's Health , Sexuality
13.
Femina ; 49(7): 444-448, 20210731. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290595

ABSTRACT

A exenteração pélvica pode curar pacientes com câncer de colo do útero com recorrência central após radioterapia e quimioterapia. A avaliação pré-operatória é essencial para excluir doença metastática e evitar cirurgias desnecessárias nesse cenário. O objetivo do presente estudo é avaliar a sobrevida de uma série de casos de pacientes submetidas à exenteração pélvica em clínica privada de Teresina. Este é o resultado parcial de um estudo observacional, retrospectivo, transversal e descritivo, realizado em uma clínica privada especializada no tratamento do câncer em Teresina, PI, Brasil, de junho de 2002 a fevereiro de 2020. Cinco pacientes foram incluídas no estudo, com idades entre 29 e 62 anos. No presente estudo, a sobrevida mediana foi de 44,8 meses. Duas pacientes estão vivas e sem doença com seguimento de 201 e 5 meses, respectivamente.(AU)


Pelvic exenteration can heal patients with cervical cancer with central recurrence after radiotherapy and / or chemotherapy. Preoperative evaluation is essential to exclude metastatic disease and to avoid unnecessary surgery in this scenario. The objective of the present study is to evaluate the survival of a series of cases of patients submitted to pelvic exenteration in a private clinic in Teresina. This is the partial result of an observational, retrospective, cross-sectional and descriptive study, conducted at a private clinic specialized in cancer treatment in Teresina, Brazil, from June 2002 to February 2020. Five patients were included in the study, aged between 29 and 62 years. In the present study, the median survival was 44,8 months. Two patients are alive and without disease with a follow-up of 201 and 5 months, respectively.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pelvic Exenteration/statistics & numerical data , Survival Analysis , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/surgery , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/epidemiology , Survival , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies
14.
Femina ; 49(6): 373-378, 20210630. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290582

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O presente estudo tem como objetivo avaliar o perfil de sensibilidade antimicrobiana do patógeno mais comum causador da infecção do trato urinário (ITU) de gestantes que foram internadas em um hospital de ensino do município de São Paulo em determinado período. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo, transversal, quantitativo, realizado avaliando as uroculturas positivas e o perfil de sensibilidade antimicrobiana dos agentes mais comuns encontrados em ITUs das gestantes de hospital e maternidade-escola do município de São Paulo de janeiro de 2019 até janeiro de 2020. Resultados: A partir da análise de uroculturas positivas e antibiograma de 149 gestantes admitidas com quadro de infecção urinária no referido hospital no intervalo de tempo analisado, constatou-se que 83,89% dos casos apresentaram como patógeno a bactéria Escherichia coli. No âmbito da resistência bacteriana, percebeu-se que o maior índice foi encontrado no que tange a cefalotina (65%), ampicilina (58%) e ampicilina/sulbactam (45%). Ademais, a partir das análises individuais, 20 pacientes, ou seja, aproximadamente 13,42% apresentaram cepas sensíveis a todas as medicações apontadas, e as demais apresentaram resistência a, pelo menos, uma delas. Conclusão: A partir da premissa de eficácia desempenhada pelo protocolo de medicação empírica estabelecido pela instituição no tocante ao tratamento de infecção do trato urinário em gestantes, a cefalotina certamente não deveria compor o rol de drogas ofertadas às pacientes. Isso se dá, pois a sensibilidade apresentada pela Escherichia coli, patógeno que mais comumente está associado aos quadros de ITU do serviço, a essa droga é muito baixa. Já a nitrofurantoína apresentou um satisfatório espectro de cobertura, sendo a resistência à droga inferior a 10%. Com isso, conclui-se que ela deve permanecer como droga inicial para as ITUs das gestantes que chegam a essa instituição.(AU)


Objective: The present study aims to evaluate the antimicrobial sensitivity profile of the most common pathogen that causes urinary tract infection (ITU) in pregnant women who were admitted to a Teaching Hospital in the city of São Paulo in a specific period. Methods: Retrospective, cross-sectional, quantitative study carried out evaluating positive urine cultures and the antimicrobial sensitivity profile of the most common agents found in ITU of pregnant women at Teaching Maternity hospital in the city of São Paulo from January 2019 to January 2020. Results: From the of positive urine culture and antibiogram of 149 pregnant women admitted with a urinary tract infection in the referred hospital in the analyzed period of time, it was found that 83.89% of the cases presented the bacterium Escherichia coli as a pathogen. In the scope of bacterial resistance, it was noticed that the highest index was found with respect to Cephalothin (65%), ampicillin (58%) and ampicillin/sulbactam (45%). Furthermore, from the individual analyzes, 20 patients, that is, approximately 13.42% had strains sensitive to all the medications indicated, with the others showing resistance to at least one of them. Conclusion: Based on the premise of efficacy performed by the empirical medication protocol established by the institution regarding the treatment of urinary tract infection in pregnant women, Cephalothin should certainly not be included in the list of drugs offered to patients. This happens because the sensitivity presented by Escherichia coli, the most commonly pathogen associated with the UTI pathogen of the service, to this drug is very low. Nitrofurantoin, on the other hand, presented a satisfactory coverage spectrum, with drug resistance below 10%. Thus, it is concluded that this should remain as an initial drug for ITUs of pregnant women who arrive at this institution.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Urinary Tract Infections/diagnosis , Urinary Tract Infections/microbiology , Urinary Tract Infections/drug therapy , Drug Resistance, Microbial/drug effects , Pregnancy Complications/microbiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies
15.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(2): 189-194, Apr.-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280051

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Although the positive effects of physical activity on global health are well documented, sports practice is associated with a greater risk of injury; in professional soccer in particular, the risk is substantial. Objective: The primary objective of this study was to investigate the incidence of injuries among male athletes competing in the regional soccer championship. The secondary objective was to determine the prevalence of injuries. Methods: In this prospective cohort study, level of evidence II, the incidence and prevalence of injuries were assessed using an adapted version of the UEFA Champions League Study questionnaire. Results: This study included 310 male athletes from ten teams, aged 26.53±4.75 years, height 180.93±6.49 cm, and weight 79.32±8.29 kg, with a 4-month follow-up. Ninety-two injuries were recorded, representing a prevalence of 29.68% injuries. The body part most frequently injured was the lower limbs (86.9%). The main types of injuries were muscle tear/strain (37.0%), sprain/ligament (19.6%), and other injuries (14.1%). The injuries were mainly caused during run/sprint (33.7%), kick (12.0%) and jumping/landing (6.5%). The incidences of injuries were 15.88±8.57, 2.04±1.09, and 3.65±1.50 injuries/1000h of exposure during matches, training, and matches/training, respectively. Time-loss over the season was between 1 and 50 days, and the severity of the injuries was as follows: light (25%), minor (22.8%), moderate (43.5%) and severe (8.7%). Conclusion: This study suggests that there is a higher incidence of injuries during matches compared to training, among male regional soccer championship players. The lower limbs are the body part most affected, with a higher prevalence of rupture/strain in the thigh region, during running/sprinting. Level of evidence II; Prospective Cohort Study .


RESUMEN Introducción: Aunque los efectos positivos de la actividad física en la salud global estén bien documentados, la práctica deportiva está asociada a un riesgo mayor de lesiones; especialmente en el fútbol profesional, el riesgo es sustancial. Objetivo: El objetivo primario de este estudio fue investigar la incidencia de lesiones en atletas del sexo masculino que compiten en campeonatos regionales de fútbol. El resultado secundario fue determinar la prevalencia de lesiones. Métodos: En este estudio de cohorte prospectivo, nivel de evidencia II, la incidencia y la prevalencia de lesiones fueron evaluadas usando una versión adaptada del cuestionario de estudio de la Liga de Campeones de la UEFA. Resultados: Este estudio incluyó a 310 atletas del sexo masculino de 10 equipos, edad 26,53 ± 4,75 años, estatura 180,93 ± 6,49 cm y peso 79,32 ± 8,29 kg, durante 4 meses de acompañamiento. Se registraron 92 lesiones, lo que representa una prevalencia de 29,68%. La parte del cuerpo que tuvo lesiones más frecuentes fueron los miembros inferiores (86,9%). Los principales tipos de lesión fueron rotura/distensión muscular (37,0%), esguince/ligamento (19,6%) y otras lesiones (14,1%). Las lesiones fueron causadas principalmente durante carrera/sprint (33,7%), puntapié (12,0%) y salto/aterrizaje (6,5%). La incidencia de lesiones fue de 15,88 ± 8,57, 2,04 ± 1,09 y 3,65 ± 1,50 lesiones/1000 horas de exposición durante partidos, entrenamientos y partidos/entrenamientos, respectivamente. El tiempo de alejamiento en la temporada varió de 1 a 50 días, y la gravedad de las lesiones fue la siguiente: leve (25%), menor (22,8%), moderada (43,5%) y grave (8,7%). Conclusión: El presente estudio sugiere que existe mayor incidencia de lesiones durante los partidos en comparación con los entrenamientos entre jugadores del sexo masculino en campeonatos regionales de fútbol. Los miembros inferiores son la región más acometida, con mayor prevalencia de rotura/distensión en la región del muslo durante la carrera/sprint. Nivel de evidencia II, Estudio de cohorte prospectivo .


RESUMO Introdução: Embora os efeitos positivos da atividade física na saúde global sejam bem documentados, a prática esportiva está associada a um risco maior de lesões; especialmente no futebol profissional, o risco é substancial. Objetivo: O objetivo primário deste estudo foi investigar a incidência de lesões em atletas do sexo masculino que competem em campeonatos regionais de futebol. O objetivo secundário foi determinar a prevalência de lesões. Métodos: Neste estudo de coorte prospectivo, nível de evidência II, a incidência e a prevalência de lesões foram avaliados usando uma versão adaptada do questionário de estudo da Liga dos Campeões da UEFA. Resultados: Este estudo incluiu 310 atletas do sexo masculino de 10 equipes, com idade 26,53 ± 4,75 anos, estatura 180,93 ± 6,49 cm e peso 79,32 ± 8,29 kg, durante 4 meses de acompanhamento. Foram registradas 92 lesões, o que representa uma prevalência de 29,68%. A parte do corpo que teve lesões mais frequentes foram os membros inferiores (86,9%). Os principais tipos de lesão foram ruptura/distensão muscular (37,0%), entorse/ligamento (19,6%) e outras lesões (14,1%). As lesões foram causadas principalmente durante corrida/sprint (33,7%), chute (12,0%) e salto/aterrissagem (6,5%). A incidência de lesões foi de 15,88 ± 8,57, 2,04 ± 1,09 e 3,65 ± 1,50 lesões/1.000 horas de exposição durante jogos, treinamento e jogos/treinamento, respectivamente. O tempo de afastamento na temporada variou de 1 a 50 dias e a gravidade das lesões foi a seguinte: leve (25%), menor (22,8%), moderada (43,5%) e grave (8,7%). Conclusão: O presente estudo sugere que existe maior incidência de lesões durante os jogos em comparação com os treinos entre jogadores do sexo masculino em campeonatos regionais de futebol. Os membros inferiores são a região mais acometida, com maior prevalência de ruptura/distensão na região da coxa durante a corrida/sprint. Nível de evidência II; Estudo de coorte prospectivo .


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Young Adult , Athletic Injuries/epidemiology , Soccer/injuries , Brazil/epidemiology , Incidence , Prevalence , Prospective Studies
16.
Hist. ciênc. saúde-Manguinhos ; 28(2): 593-598, abr.-jun. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279140

ABSTRACT

Resumo As dificuldades existentes com o enfrentamento da pandemia em Santa Catarina seguem a mesma trajetória dramática do Brasil, com número crescente de casos e mortes diárias. O estado conta com várias regiões consideradas em risco gravíssimo ou grave. A gestão inicialmente bem-sucedida da pandemia, referenciada como um modelo a ser seguido, pouco a pouco foi perdendo coerência e efetividade, cedendo a pressões advindas de poderes políticos e econômicos, em especial de grandes empresários do estado.


Abstract Difficulties related to the coronavirus pandemic in the state of Santa Catarina reflect the same dramatic trajectory seen in Brazil as a whole, with increasing numbers of cases and daily fatalities. Several regions of this state are considered to be at very serious or severe risk. The initially successful management of the pandemic was cited as a model to be followed, but gradually lost coherence and effectiveness as it yielded to pressure from political and economic powers, particularly large employers in the state.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Government
17.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(3): 210-217, May-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252248

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: In a literate society, linguistic/arithmetic performance is highly valued. Based on defined risk factors, strategies for promotion of better performance can be developed. OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the risk and protective factors relating to development of language and arithmetic. DESIGN AND SETTING: Observational comparative cross-sectional study at a public elementary school in Ribeirão Preto (SP), Brazil. METHODS: A total of 66 children (41% females) attending first to fifth grades participated in this study. They were divided into two groups: G1, children classified as presenting language or arithmetic deficits; G2, average performance. Language (oral and written) and arithmetic skills were assessed through standardized tests. Variables relating to social skills, home environment resources and behavioral problems were assessed through standardized scales. Data on other variables (pre, peri and postnatal complications, maternal variables and others) were collected through interviews. The logistic regression technique with LASSO was used (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Teenage pregnancy and consumption of psychoactive substances during pregnancy or complications during pregnancy were risk factors for performance regarding arithmetic and language. Higher schooling level for the mother was a protective factor in the development of arithmetic and language. Being female and having a history of otitis were risk factors for language. Altered social skills (responsibility and civility) and complaints of inattention were risk factor for arithmetic. Adequate linguistic development was a protective factor for the development of arithmetic. CONCLUSION: The risk/protective factors included variables relating to the gestational period, mother's age when pregnant, mother's schooling, social skills, behavior and development issues.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Language , Language Development , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Protective Factors , Mathematics
18.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(3): 226-233, May-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252245

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Existence of an association between sedentary behavior and frailty among older adults has been suggested. However, there is a lack of studies conducted in Brazil, especially in areas of the Amazon region. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association between frailty syndrome and sedentary behavior among community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study carried out in Macapá, state of Amapá, Brazil. METHODS: Frailty status was assessed using Fried's frailty phenotype, and sedentary behavior was evaluated using two questions concerning time spent in a seated position, from the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). A multinomial logistic regression model was used to verify the association between frailty syndrome and sedentary behavior. RESULTS: The final study sample was made up of 411 older adults with a mean age of 70.14 ± 7.25 years and an average daily duration of sedentary behavior of 2.86 ± 2.53 hours. The prevalence of non-frailty was 28.7%, prevalence of pre-frailty was 58.4% and prevalence of frailty was 12.9%. The adjusted analysis showed that there were independent associations between sedentary behavior and pre-frailty (odds ratio, OR = 1.18; 95% confidence interval, CI: 1.03-1.34) and between sedentary behavior and frailty (OR = 1.20; 95% CI: 1.02-1.40). CONCLUSION: Frailty and pre-frailty status were associated with sedentary behavior among community-dwelling older adults.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Frailty/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Geriatric Assessment , Cross-Sectional Studies , Frail Elderly , Sedentary Behavior , Independent Living
19.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(3): 558-565, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154500

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Incidence and mortality of prostate cancer (PCa) are still increasing in developing countries. Limited access to the health system or more aggressive disease are potential reasons for this. Ethnic and social differences in developed countries seem to make inappropriate to extrapolate data from other centers. We aim to report the epidemiological profile of a PSA-screened population from a cancer center in Brazil. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively selected 9.692 men enrolled in a PCa prevention program, comprising total PSA level and digital rectal examination at the first appointment, associated with complementary tests when necessary. Men aged over 40 years-old were included after shared decision-making process. Prostate biopsy (TRUS) was performed when clinically suspected for PCa. After the diagnosis, patients underwent appropriate treatment. Results: TRUS was performed in 5.5% of men and PCa incidence was 2.6%. Overall ratio between number of patients who needed to be screened in order to diagnose one cancer was 38.9 patients, with 2.1 biopsies performed to diagnose a cancer. Positive predictive value (PPV) of TRUS biopsy in this strategy was 47.2%, varying from 38.5% (<50 years-old) to 60% (>80 years-old). We evidenced 70 patients (27.9%) classified as low risk tumors, 74 (29.5%) as intermediate risk, and 107 (42.6%) as high-risk disease. Conclusions: PSA-screening remains controversial in literature. In front of a huge miscegenated people and considering the big proportion of high-risk PCa, even in young men diagnosed with the disease, it is imperative to inform patients and health providers about these data particularities in Brazil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Prostatic Neoplasms/diagnosis , Prostatic Neoplasms/epidemiology , Prostate-Specific Antigen/analysis , Biopsy , Brazil/epidemiology , Public Health , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Early Detection of Cancer , Middle Aged
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