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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(2): e202310094, abr. 2024. tab, fig
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1532934

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La asociación entre los marcadores lipídicos en la infancia/adolescencia y la incidencia de eventos clínicos cardiovasculares en la adultez está poco explorada en la literatura. El objetivo de esta revisión sistemática fue analizar la evidencia disponible sobre este tema. Población y métodos. Esta revisión sistemática se realizó de acuerdo con las guías PRISMA. Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica para detectar los estudios que evaluaron la asociación entre los niveles lipídicos en la edad pediátrica y la incidencia de eventos cardiovasculares en la edad adulta. No hubo restricciones idiomáticas ni geográficas en la búsqueda. Resultados. En total, cinco estudios observacionales (todas cohortes prospectivas) que incluyeron 43 540 pacientes fueron identificados y considerados elegibles para este estudio. Cuatro estudios evaluaron el nivel de triglicéridos; todos reportaron una asociación significativa entre este marcador en la edad pediátrica y los eventos cardiovasculares en la adultez. Un estudio reportó la misma asociación con el nivel de colesterol total, mientras que otro evidenció el valor predictivo de la lipoproteína (a) para el mismo desenlace clínico. Un solo estudio evaluó el colesterol asociado a lipoproteínas de alta densidad (C-HDL), sin encontrar una relación con el punto final de interés. El análisis del colesterol asociado a lipoproteínas de baja densidad (C-LDL) arrojó resultados contradictorios, aunque la asociación fue significativa en los estudios con un tamaño muestral más grande y con un mayor número de eventos durante el seguimiento. Conclusión. Los datos de esta revisión sugieren que las alteraciones de los marcadores lipídicos en la infancia y la adolescencia se asocian con un mayor riesgo cardiovascular en la adultez temprana y media.


Introduction. The association between lipid markers in childhood/adolescence and the incidence of clinical cardiovascular events in adulthood has been little explored in the bibliography. The objective of this systematic review was to analyze available evidence on this topic. Population and methods. This systematic review was conducted in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. A comprehensive bibliographic search was done to find studies assessing the association between lipid levels in childhood and the incidence of cardiovascular events in adulthood. There were no language or geographic restrictions. Results. A total of 5 observational studies (all prospective cohorts) including 43 540 patients were identified and considered eligible for this study. Four studies assessed triglyceride levels; all reported a significant association between this lipid marker in childhood and cardiovascular events in adulthood. A study reported the same association with total cholesterol level, while another showed the predictive value of lipoprotein (a) for the same clinical outcome. Only one study assessed high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), but it did not find an association with the endpoint of interest. The analysis of lowdensity lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) showed contradictory results, although the association was significant in the studies with a larger sample size and a higher number of events during follow-up. Conclusion. According to this review, alterations in lipid markers in childhood and adolescence are associated with a higher cardiovascular risk in early and middle adulthood.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Cholesterol , Triglycerides , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Observational Studies as Topic , Cholesterol, HDL , Cholesterol, LDL
3.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1554414

ABSTRACT

Objective: To perform a systematic review on using Cyanobacteria for protecting the cardiac tissue against damage caused by ischemia.Methods: this review encompasses in vitro and controlled animal experimental studies. Results: the results show that in general there are two types of interventions for treatment of ischemia and Ischemia/Reperfusion (IR) in cardiac tissue: (1) extracts treatments and (2) injection of Cyanobacteria in the damaged tissues. Extract treatments are based on the antioxidant potential of Cyanobacteria, and the studies focus mainly on Spirulina (Arthrospira platensis). The direct injection methods are based on the high capacity of these organisms to release oxygen during photosynthesis. Synechococcus elongatus is the Cyanobacteria species most commonly utilized in injections, either delivered independently or carried by hydrogels or nanoparticles. The direct Cyanobacteria injections are innovative techniques which can promote protection against apoptosis and have shown promising results, however, further research is necessary to refine the techniques and improve overall efficacy. Conclusion: the effects of these treatments were beneficial considering that the antioxidant effects of Cyanobacteria ameliorate blood biochemical markers and reduce damaged cardiac areas. The oxygen releasing of Cyanobacteria in the cardiac tissue also promoted recovery of cardiac tissue after ischemia or IR


Objetivo: realizar uma revisão sistemática sobre o uso de cianobactérias para proteção do tecido cardíaco contra danos causados pela isquemia. Métodos: esta revisão abrange estudos experimentais in vitro e estudos controlados em animais. Resultados: os resultados indicam que, em geral, existem dois tipos de intervenções para o tratamento de isquemia e isquemia/reperfusão (IR) no tecido cardíaco: (1) tratamentos com extratos e (2) injeção de cianobactérias nos tecidos danificados. Os tratamentos com extratos baseiam-se no potencial antioxidante das cianobactérias, e os estudos concentram-se principalmente em Spirulina (Arthrospira platensis). Os métodos de injeção direta são fundamentados na alta capacidade desses organismos de liberar oxigênio durante a fotossíntese. Synechococcus elongatus é a espécie de cianobactéria mais comumente utilizada em injeções, seja entregue de forma independente ou transportada por hidrogéis ou nanopartículas. As injeções diretas de cianobactérias são técnicas inovadoras que podem promover proteção contra a apoptose e mostraram resultados promissores, no entanto, mais pesquisas são necessárias para aprimorar as técnicas e melhorar a eficácia geral. Conclusão: os efeitos desses tratamentos foram benéficos, considerando que os efeitos antioxidantes das Cianobactérias melhoram os marcadores bioquímicos sanguíneos e reduzem as áreas cardíacas danificadas. A liberação de oxigênio pelas cianobactérias no tecido cardíaco também promoveu a recuperação do tecido após isquemia ou IR


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases
4.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1550910

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades cardiovasculares afectan el corazón y los vasos sanguíneos producto de la interacción combinada de factores de riesgos metabólicos, conductuales, socioeconómicos y ambientales como son: la presión arterial elevada, dieta no saludable, colesterol alto, diabetes, obesidad, hábito de fumar, enfermedad renal, estrés, consumo de alcohol y la poca actividad física entre otros. El número de muertes por enfermedades cardiovasculares en 2019 representó el 33 por ciento de las muertes globales, por la cardiopatía isquémica con 9,1 millones y el accidente vascular cerebral con 6,6 millones representaron el 85 por ciento de las muertes cardiovasculares mundialmente. A pesar de que las tasas estandarizadas de mortalidad ajustadas por edad se han reducido entre los años 2000-2019, el número total de fallecidos se ha incrementado en un 25 por ciento debido a el envejecimiento poblacional, el incremento de la población y la mayor incidencia de eventos fatales en pacientes con diabetes mellitus.1,2 Este envejecimiento poblacional es de particular importancia, la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) estima que para el 2030 el número de personas mayores de 60 años estará en un 34 por ciento mayor con 1,4 mil millones y para el 2050 se duplicaría a 2,2 mil millones.3 El Atlas de Obesidad Mundial del 2023 estima que para el 2035 los niveles de sobrepeso y obesidad alcanzarán los 4 mil millones de personas comparados con los 2,6 mil millones en el 2020. El Diabetes Collaborators 2021estima que el número de pacientes que viven con diabetes puede llegar a 1,3 mil millones de personas comparado con los 529 millones existentes en el 2021.4,5 Estos datos demuestran la necesidad de incrementar...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Cuba
5.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 1-10, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006391

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to evaluate the nutritional adequacy and compliance with cardiovascular disease (CVD) guidelines in therapeutic diets implemented in four hospitals in General Santos City, Philippines. @*Methods@#The study employed a cross-sectional study and analyzed the one-day therapeutic menus of four hospitals using the Philippine Food Composition Table and the United States Department of Agriculture nutrient database. The nutrient contents calculated in this study were compared among hospitals and benchmarked against the Philippine Dietary Reference Intakes (PDRI) and CVD-specific guidelines, the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), and Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes (TLC). The nutrient adequacy ratios (NARs) and the corresponding mean (SD) values were used to interpret the data.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases
6.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 28-34, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007841

ABSTRACT

Cardiovascular risk assessment is a basic tenet of the prevention of cardiovascular disease. Conventional risk assessment models require measurements of blood pressure, blood lipids, and other health-related information prior to assessment of risk via regression models. Compared with traditional approaches, fundus photograph-based cardiovascular risk assessment using artificial intelligence (AI) technology is novel, and has the advantages of immediacy, non-invasiveness, easy performance, and low cost. The Health Risk Assessment and Control Committee of the Chinese Preventive Medicine Association, in collaboration with the Chinese Society of Cardiology and the Society of Health Examination, invited multi-disciplinary experts to form a panel to develop the present consensus, which includes relevant theories, progress in research, and requirements for AI model development, as well as applicable scenarios, applicable subjects, assessment processes, and other issues associated with applying AI technology to assess cardiovascular risk based on fundus photographs. A consensus was reached after multiple careful discussions on the relevant research, and the needs of the health management industry in China and abroad, in order to guide the development and promotion of this new technology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Artificial Intelligence , Consensus , Risk Factors , Heart Disease Risk Factors
7.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 1-22, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010594

ABSTRACT

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a leading factor driving mortality worldwide. Iron, an essential trace mineral, is important in numerous biological processes, and its role in CVDs has raised broad discussion for decades. Iron-mediated cell death, namely ferroptosis, has attracted much attention due to its critical role in cardiomyocyte damage and CVDs. Furthermore, ferritinophagy is the upstream mechanism that induces ferroptosis, and is closely related to CVDs. This review aims to delineate the processes and mechanisms of ferroptosis and ferritinophagy, and the regulatory pathways and molecular targets involved in ferritinophagy, and to determine their roles in CVDs. Furthermore, we discuss the possibility of targeting ferritinophagy-induced ferroptosis modulators for treating CVDs. Collectively, this review offers some new insights into the pathology of CVDs and identifies possible therapeutic targets.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases , Ferroptosis , Iron , Trace Elements
8.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 31: e74392, jan. -dez. 2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1526780

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar a tendência de óbitos prematuros relacionados às doenças crônicas não transmissíveis e sua relação com o nível de escolaridade e renda da população do estado de São Paulo. Método: estudo ecológico, utilizando dados do Departamento de Informática do Sistema Único de Saúde (DATASUS), referentes aos óbitos registrados no período de 2012 a 2019, de pessoas na faixa etária de 30 a 69 anos em decorrência de doenças cardiovasculares e respiratórias; neoplasias e diabetes mellitus. Os dados foram analisados por meio de modelo linear generalizado de distribuição binomial-negativa com função de ligação logarítmica Resultados: o coeficiente de mortalidade prematura por doenças crônicas não transmissíveis apresentou aumento, passando de 313,16 óbitos/ 100.000 habitantes no ano de 2012 para 315,08/100.000 habitantes em 2019. Conclusão: há necessidade de uma atenção especial da gestão em saúde às doenças crônicas não transmissíveis, ações para a prevenção, promoção e diagnóstico precoce, destacando-se o papel relevante dos serviços da atenção primária à saúde(AU)


Objective: to analyze the trend of premature deaths related to chronic non-communicable diseases and their relationship with the level of education and income of the population in the state of São Paulo. Method: ecological study, using data from the Department of Informatics of the Unified Health System (DATASUS), referring to deaths registered between 2012 and 2019 of people aged 30 to 69 years due to cardiovascular and respiratory diseases; neoplasms and diabetes mellitus. The data were analyzed using a generalized linear model of negative binomial distribution with a logarithmic link function. Results: the premature mortality rate due to chronic non-communicable diseases increased, from 313.16 deaths/100,000 inhabitants in 2012 to 315 .08/100,000 inhabitants in 2019. Conclusion: there is a need for special attention from health management to chronic non-communicable diseases, actions for prevention, promotion and early diagnosis, highlighting the relevant role of primary health care services(AU)


Objetivo: analizar la tendencia de muertes prematuras relacionadas con enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles y su relación con el nivel de educación y de ingresos de la población en el estado de São Paulo. Método: estudio ecológico, utilizando datos del Departamento de Informática del Sistema Único de Salud (DATASUS), relativos a muertes registradas entre 2012 y 2019 de personas de 30 a 69 años, por enfermedades cardiovasculares y respiratorias, neoplasias y diabetes mellitus. Se analizaron los datos utilizando un modelo lineal generalizado de distribución binomial negativa con una función de enlace logarítmica. Resultados: la tasa de mortalidad prematura por enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles aumentó, de 313,16 muertes/100.000 habitantes en 2012 a 315,08/100.000 habitantes en 2019. Conclusión: es necesaria una atención especial desde la gestión sanitaria a las enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles, acciones de prevención, promoción y diagnóstico temprano, destacando el papel relevante de los servicios de atención primaria de salud(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Mortality, Premature/trends , Health Information Systems , Noncommunicable Diseases/mortality , Respiratory Tract Diseases/mortality , Brazil , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Longitudinal Studies , Diabetes Mellitus/mortality , Ecological Studies , Neoplasms/mortality
9.
Medicina (Ribeirao Preto, Online) ; 56(4)dez. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1538407

ABSTRACT

Background: Regular physical activity (PA) is essential for health maintenance and disease prevention. COV-ID-19 and its social isolation affected patients with cardiovascular (CV) disease. This is a scoping review aiming to map, analyze, and summarize the impacts caused by the isolation of the COVID-19 pandemic concerning PA and CV health in adults. Methods: The review was based on PRISMA-ScR. PubMed, PubMed Central, BVS/BIREME, Scopus, Web of Science, CINAHL, Brazilian Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations, and SciELO databases were selected to search. Two search phases were performed: May 2021 and March 2022. English-language full-text papers were included. Initially, the titles and abstracts of the retrieved documents were read and screened based on the research question. A third reviewer resolved disagreement through consensus meetings. An assessment form was adapted for data extraction. The study was registered in the Open Science Framework platform under the DOI https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/AH6P8. Results: 11 papers were included and demonstrated that regular PA could be challenging in social isolation environments. Most participants were moderately active and performed low-intensity PA. Confinement led to the limitation of everyday activities, nutritional disorders, and reduced PA, contributing to weight gain. Quarantine was associated with stress and depression, leading to an unhealthy diet (AU).


Introdução: A prática regular de atividade física (AF) é essencial para a manutenção da saúde e prevenção de doenças. A COVID-19 e seu isolamento social afetaram pacientes com doenças cardiovasculares (CV) na prática dessas atividades. Desta forma, realizou-se uma revisão de escopo com o objetivo de mapear, analisar e sintetizar os impactos causados pelo isolamento da pandemia de COVID-19 na realização de AF e na saúde CV em adultos. Métodos: A revisão foi baseada no PRISMA-ScR. Foram selecionadas para a pesquisa a PubMed, PubMed Central, BVS/BIREME, Scopus, Web of Science, CINAHL, Biblioteca Digital Brasileira de Teses e Dissertações e bases de dados SciELO. Duas fases de busca foram realizadas: maio de 2021 e março de 2022. Foram incluídos artigos que possuíam texto completo em inglês. Inicialmente, os títulos e resumos dos documentos recuperados foram lidos e triados com base na questão de pesquisa. Um terceiro revisor foi utilizado para avaliar os desacordos por meio de reuniões de consenso. Um formulário de avaliação foi adaptado para extração de dados. O estudo foi registrado na plataforma Open Science Framework sob o DOI https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/AH6P8. Resultados: 11 artigos foram incluídos neste estudo e demonstraram que a AF regular pode ser desafiadora em ambientes de isolamento social. A maioria dos participantes era moderadamente ativa e praticava AF de baixa intensidade. O confinamento levou à limitação das atividades cotidianas, distúrbios nutricionais e diminuição da AF, contribuindo para o ganho de peso. A quarentena foi associada ao estresse e à depressão, levando a uma dieta pouco saudável. Possíveis soluções apontam para a realização de AF domiciliar, considerando a saúde basal e o estado CV. Conclusão: A era pós-COVID-19 e suas consequências apontam para a necessidade de planejamento de estratégias que aumentem e mantenham a AF domiciliar como medida protetora para a população em geral, considerando saúde CV, recursos e espaço domiciliar (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Social Isolation , Cardiovascular Diseases , Sedentary Behavior , COVID-19
10.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 12(3): 379, dic. 2023. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1531863

ABSTRACT

los modelos público-sanitarios de caráctermonopólico como el venezolano, suelen asociarse a tendencias al racionamiento de los bienes y servicios que proveen a sus usuarios, así como a la merma de la calidad de estos. Por otro lado, la provisión de dichos bienes y servicios por la vía de mecanismos de mercado, tiene ante sí, el inconveniente que supone el ambiente inflacionario de su economía, cuyo impacto en los precios limita el acceso del paciente a su consumo. El caso de la enfermedad cardiovascular ofrece algunas claves para la comprensión de este fenómeno en el medio venezolano.


Public-health models of a monopolistic nature, suchas the Venezuelan, bring with them trends in the rationing ofthe goods and services they provide to their users, as well as inthe reduction of their quality. On the other hand, the provisionof these goods and services by means of market mechanisms hasbefore it, in our environment, the enormous impediment posedby the inflationary environment of its economy, whose impacton prices limits the patient's access to consumption. The case of cardiovascular disease offers some keys to understanding thisphenomenon in the Venezuelan environment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Food Insecurity/economics , Health Inequities , Inflation, Economic/statistics & numerical data , Medical Care , Health Services
11.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 73(4): 276-286, dic. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1537477

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La investigación sobre la pandemia de COVID-19, se ha estudiado en tiempo real, ha sido y sigue siendo reveladora. Objetivo. Analizar la morbilidad y la mortalidad por COVID-19, asociadas a factores de riesgo metabólicos en población no indígena e indígena de México. Materiales y métodos. Utilizamos la Base Nacional de Datos COVID-19, durante los años críticos 2020-2021- 2022. Se trabajó con 5.380.247 casos que representaron la población total de positivos al SARS-CoV-2. Se analizaron las discrepancias entre las prevalencias de población no indígena, población indígena, defunción y no defunción. Se definió población indígena, con la clasificación oficial de auto-identificación. Se aplicó el modelo de regresión logística para determinar el riesgo de morir para cada variable: enfermedades cardiovasculares, hipertensión, diabetes, obesidad, sexo, edad y condición indígena. El análisis de multicolinealidad se analizó a través de la prueba de asociación Phi para variables dicotómicas y a través del ajuste de Nagelkerke. Resultados. En los positivos totales 99,2% fue población no indígena y 0,8% indígenas, mientras su porcentaje de letalidad fue de 5,8% y 11,1% respectivamente. En ambos grupos, murieron más hombres (61,5%) que mujeres (38,5%) y las edades de mayor defunción fueron 60 a 79 años. La mortalidad por enfermedades cardiovasculares fue la de mayor incidencia, 26,6% en población general y 32,3% en indígena; por diabetes 22,1% y 27,9%; hipertensión 20,0% y 26,7%y la obesidad 11, 3% y 17,4% respectivamente. Los análisis de regresión logística se ajustaron por sexo, edad y condición indígena. El condicionante de mayor riesgo de muerte, fueron las comorbilidades metabólicas y el de menor riesgo, la condición indígena. Conclusiones. El impacto de la pandemia por COVID-19 fue más grave cuando hubo padecimientos metabólicos tanto en la población no indígena como en la indígena(AU)


Introduction. Research on the COVID-19 pandemic, studied in real time, has been and continues to be revealing. Objective. To analyze morbidity and mortality from COVID-19, associated with metabolic risk factors in non-indigenous and indigenous populations of Mexico. Materials and methods. We use the National COVID-19 Database, during the critical years 2020-2021-2022. We worked with 5,380,247 cases that represented the total population of SARS-CoV-2 positives. The discrepancies between the prevalence of non-indigenous population, indigenous population, death and non-death were analyzed. The indigenous population was defined, with the official self-identification classification. The logistic regression model was applied to determine the risk of dying for each variable: cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, diabetes, obesity, sex, age and indigenous status. The multicollinearity analysis was analyzed through the Phi association test for dichotomous variables and through the Nagelkerke adjustment. Results. Of the total positives, 99.2% were non-indigenous people and 0.8% were indigenous, while their fatality percentage was 5.8% and 11.1% respectively. In both groups, more men (61.5%) than women (38.5%) died and the ages of greatest death were 60 to 79 years. Mortality from cardiovascular diseases was the one with the highest incidence, 26.6% in the general population and 32.3% in the indigenous population; due to diabetes 22.1% and 27.9%; hypertension 20.0% and 26.7% and obesity 11.3% and 17.4% respectively. Logistic regression analyzes were adjusted for sex, age, and indigenous status. The condition with the highest risk of death was metabolic comorbidities and the lowest risk was indigenous status. Conclusions. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic was more serious when there were metabolic disorders in both the non-indigenous and indigenous populations(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Indigenous Peoples , COVID-19/mortality , Metabolic Diseases , Cardiovascular Diseases , Diabetes Mellitus , Sociodemographic Factors , Hypertension , Obesity
13.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(5): e202310070, oct. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1510096

ABSTRACT

Investigaciones de las últimas décadas revelaron que un ambiente adverso en la etapa de desarrollo puede producir una mayor susceptibilidad hacia fenotipos relacionados con enfermedad cardiovascular, diabetes, hipertensión, trastornos neuroconductuales y otras enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles. Estas enfermedades, cuyo aumento ocurre especialmente en países con alta vulnerabilidad social, provocan muertes prematuras y constituyen la primera causa de muerte en la vida adulta, además de un elevado costo para la salud pública. Consciente de la necesidad de prevenir estas enfermedades desde los primeros mil días de vida, la Sociedad Argentina de Pediatría creó la Subcomisión DOHaD y formuló una declaración para la prevención de enfermedades no transmisibles a la que adhirieron otros países de Latinoamérica. La aplicación de las estrategias declaradas con acciones interdisciplinarias e intersectoriales sostenidas en el tiempo contribuirá a construir salud, a disminuir la carga de enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles y al mayor bienestar y productividad para los pueblos.


Research in recent decades has revealed that an adverse environment in the developmental stage can produce a greater susceptibility to phenotypes related to cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension, or neurobehavioral disorders, among other chronic noncommunicable diseases. These diseases, whose tendency is increasing especially in countries with high social vulnerability, cause premature deaths and constitute the first cause of death in adult life as well as a great cost to public health. Aware of the need to prevent these diseases from the first thousand days of life, the Sociedad Argentina de Pediatría created the DOHaD Committee and formulated a statement for the prevention of NCDs, to which Latin American countries also adhered. We believe that the application of the declared strategies with interdisciplinary and intersectoral actions sustained over time will contribute to building health, reducing the burden of NCDs, and to greater wellbeing and productivity for the people


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Noncommunicable Diseases/prevention & control , Hypertension , Knowledge
14.
Rev. argent. reumatolg. (En línea) ; 34(2): 43-50, oct. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1521644

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: el progreso en los tratamientos para el lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES) resultó en una disminución de la mortalidad; sin embargo, la enfermedad cardiovascular y las complicaciones infecciosas aún son las principales causas de muerte. La evidencia apoya la participación del sistema inmunológico en la generación de la placa aterosclerótica, así como su conexión con las enfermedades autoinmunes. Objetivos: describir la frecuencia de eventos cardiovasculares (ECV) en el Registro de Lupus Eritematoso Sistémico de la Sociedad Argentina de Reumatología (RELESSAR) transversal, así como sus principales factores de riesgo asociados. Materiales y métodos: estudio descriptivo y transversal para el cual se tomaron los pacientes ingresados en el registro RELESSAR transversal. Se describieron las variables sociodemográficas y clínicas, las comorbilidades, score de actividad y daño. ECV se definió como la presencia de al menos una de las siguientes patologías: enfermedad arterial periférica, cardiopatía isquémica o accidente cerebrovascular. El evento clasificado para el análisis fue aquel posterior al diagnóstico del LES. Se conformaron dos grupos macheados por edad y sexo 1:2. Resultados: 1515 pacientes mayores de 18 años participaron del registro. Se describieron 80 pacientes con ECV (5,3%). En este análisis se incluyeron 240 pacientes conformando dos grupos. La edad media fue de 47,8 (14,4) y 47,6 (14,2) en el grupo con y sin ECV respectivamente. Los pacientes con ECV tuvieron mayor duración del LES en meses, mayor índice de Charlson, mayor SLICC (Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology), mayor frecuencia de manifestaciones neurológicas, síndrome antifosfolípido, hospitalizaciones y uso de ciclofosfamida. Las únicas variables asociadas en el análisis multivariado fueron el índice de Charlson (p=0,004) y el SLICC (p<0,001). Conclusiones: los ECV influyen significativamente en nuestros pacientes, y se asocian a mayor posibilidad de daño irreversible y comorbilidades.


Abstract Introduction: progress in treatments for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) has resulted in a decrease in mortality; however, cardiovascular and infectious diseases remain the leading causes of death. Evidence supports the involvement of the immune system in the generation of atherosclerotic plaque, as well as its connection to autoimmune diseases. Objectives: to describe the frequency of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the cross-sectional RELESSAR registry, as well as its associated variables. Materials and methods: a descriptive and cross-sectional study was performed using patients admitted to the cross-sectional RELESSAR registry. Sociodemographic variables, clinical variables, comorbidities, activity and damage scores were described. CVD was defined as at least one of the following: peripheral arterial disease, ischemic heart disease, or cerebrovascular accident. All patients with at least one CVD were included in our analysis (heart attack, central nervous system vascular disease, and peripheral arteries atherosclerotic disease). The event classified for the analysis was that after the diagnosis of SLE. SLE diagnosis was previous to CVD. Two groups matched by age and sex, 1:2 were formed. Results: a total of 1515 patients older than 18 years participated in the registry. Eighty patients with CVD (5.3%) were described in the registry. Two-hundred and forty patients were included, according to two groups. The mean age was 47.8 (SD 14.4) and 47.6 (SD 14.2) in patients with and without CVD, respectively. Patients with CVD had a longer duration of SLE in months, a higher Charlson index, a higher SLICC, increased frequency of neurological manifestations, antiphospholipid syndrome, hospitalizations, and use of cyclophosphamide. The associated variables in the multivariate were the Charlson Index (p=0.004) and the SLICC (p<0.001). Conclusions: CVDs have a significant influence on our patients, being associated with a greater possibility of damage and comorbidities.


Subject(s)
Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Cardiovascular Diseases , Mortality
15.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 73(3): 233-250, sept 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1518901

ABSTRACT

La región latinoamericana ha sido pionera en la implementación del etiquetado frontal de advertencia nutricional (EFAN), mismo que ha demostrado su eficacia y efectividad para identificar correctamente cuando un producto contiene cantidades excesivas de nutrientes asociados a Enfermedades no transmisibles (ENT). Sin embargo, ningún país del Sistema de la Integración Centroamericana (SICA); que incluye a Belice, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panamá y República Dominicana, lo ha adoptado. Por esta razón, el Instituto de Nutrición de Centro América y Panamá, convocó a un grupo de expertos de la academia y la sociedad civil con el objetivo de establecer una postura técnica, basada en la mejor evidencia científica, en relación al etiquetado frontal para los nutrientes críticos de alimentos y bebidas pre- envasados en la región centroamericana. Se presenta evidencia específica de la región del SICA que demuestran la superioridad del EFAN frente a otros etiquetados como las Guías Diarias de Alimentación (GDA), el semáforo y el Nutriscore para seleccionar opciones más saludables. Dentro del marco de los derechos de la niñez y de los consumidores, se brindan argumentos y se hace un llamado a los gobiernos para la pronta adopción del EFAN como una política costo-efectiva para la prevención de ENT. Además, se proveen recomendaciones para su monitoreo y evaluación, así como recomendaciones de otras políticas costo-efectivas como la regulación de la publicidad de alimentos no saludables dirigido a la niñez y adolescencia, entre otros, para la prevención de las ENT y la creación de ambientes y sistemas alimentarios más saludables y sostenibles(AU)


The Latin American region has been a pioneer in the implementation of a front- of-pack warning labeling system (FOPWL), which has demonstrated its efficacy and effectiveness in correctly identifying when a product contains excessive amounts of nutrients associated with Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs). However, countries of the Central American Integration System (SICA); which includes Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama and the Dominican Republic, have no adopted it. For this reason, the Institute of Nutrition of Central America and Panama convened a group of experts from academia and civil society with the aim of establishing an evidence-based technical position, in relation to front-of-pack labelling for critical nutrients of pre-packaged foods and beverages in the Central American region. Specific evidence from the SICA region demonstrating the superiority of FOPWL over other labels such as the Guideline Daily Amount (GDA), the traffic light and Nutriscore to select healthier choices is presented. Within the framework of children's and consumer rights, arguments are provided, and a call is made to governments for the prompt adoption of FOPWL as a cost-effective policy for the prevention of NCDs. In addition, recommendations for its monitoring and evaluation are provided, as well as recommendations for other cost-effective policies such as the regulation of unhealthy food advertising aimed at children and adolescents, among others, for the prevention of NCDs and the creation ofhealthier and more sustainable environments and food systems(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Eating , Food Labeling , Noncommunicable Diseases , Food, Processed , Cardiovascular Diseases , Overnutrition , Diabetes Mellitus , Hypertension , Obesity
16.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 73(supl. 2): 73-83, sept. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1532926

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La circunferencia de cintura (CC) es indicador de obesidad abdominal y riesgo cardiovascular en adultos. En Perú, la obesidad ha aumentado a diferente magnitud por área de residencia y poco se sabe de la influencia del consumo de alimentos ultraprocesados (AUP) sobre este fenómeno en población adulta. Objetivo. Evaluar la asociación entre ingesta de AUP y circunferencia de cintura en adultos peruanos por área de residencia. Materiales y métodos. Estudio transversal de datos secundarios de 745 adultos con información de ingesta dietaria (un recordatorio de 24 horas) de la Encuesta Nacional Vigilancia Alimentaria y Nutricional por Etapas de Vida 2017-2018. Los AUP fueron caracterizados según la clasificación NOVA. La ingesta AUP como el porcentaje relativo de la ingesta energética total (%), dividida en terciles. La CC medida como punto medio entre última costilla y cresta iliaca. Se usó regresión lineal múltiple ponderada y análisis estratificado según área de residencia. Resultados. La edad promedio fue 37,2 años. La ingesta de AUP promedio fue 14,7% (IC95%: 14,2 ­ 15,3). Comparado con adultos en el menor tercil de ingesta de AUP, aquellos en tercil medio tuvieron mayor CC ( 0,73; IC95%: 0,22 ­ 1,24; valor p= 0,007). Al estratificar por área de residencia, adultos rurales del tercil medio tuvieron mayor CC en comparación con primer tercil ( : 1,85; IC95%: 1,17 ­ 2,53, valor p < 0,001). Conclusiones. En adultos peruanos, la ingesta de AUP se asoció a CC en áreas rurales, aunque no de forma lineal. Más estudios son necesarios para entender la naturaleza de esta asociación(AU)


Introduction. Waist circumference (WC) is an abdominal obesity and cardiovascular risk indicator among adults. In Peru, obesity prevalence has been increasing unequally between residence areas, and the influence of ultra- processed food (UPF) consumption on WC in Peruvian adults remains unclear. Objective. Evaluate the association between UPF consumption and waist circumference by residence setting among Peruvian adults. Materials and methods. A cross-sectional secondary analysis of dietary intake data (single 24-hour recall) from 745 adults aged 18 and 59 years old from the "Vigilancia Alimentaria y Nutricional por Etapas de Vida 2017-2018" National Surveys was performed. The NOVA system was used to characterize the UPFs, and the exposure was the percentage of total energy consumed from UPF per day (%), in quantiles. WC (cm) was assessed at the middle point between the last rib and the iliac crest. Weighted linear regression analysis stratified by residence areas were conducted. Results. The mean age was 37.2 years. The mean percent of total energy consumed from UPF was 14.7% (95%CI: 14.2 ­ 15.3). Those in the middle tertile of UPF consumption, had higher WC ( 0.73; 95%CI: 0.22 ­ 1.24; p-value = 0.007) compared with those in the lower tertile. In the stratified analysis, those in the second tertile in rural areas have more WC compared with the first tertile ( 1.85; 95%CI: 1.17 ­ 2.53, p-value< 0.001). Conclusions. In rural areas, UPF consumption was associated with waist circumference, but it does not follow a linear association. Further studies are needed to understand the rationale behind these results(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Waist Circumference , Obesity, Abdominal , Food, Processed , Rural Population , Cardiovascular Diseases , Nutrition Surveys , Eating
17.
Rev. cuba. med ; 62(3)sept. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1530143

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las enfermedades cardiovasculares ateroescleróticas están en el nivel máximo de las enfermedades que afectan tanto a mujeres como a hombres adultos mayores en todo el mundo. Objetivo: Evaluar las posibles diferencias de sexo y tipo de enfermedad aterosclerótica, en pacientes mayores de 60 años, fallecidos por enfermedad cardiovascular. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal en 237 adultos mayores, fallecidos por enfermedad cardiovascular, perteneciente a tres áreas de salud del municipio Santiago de Cuba, en el período de enero a diciembre de 2021 Se analizaron variables socio-demográficas y clínicas. La información fue procesada y analizada mediante estadística descriptiva. Se sistematizó la información con el paquete estadístico versión 22 y Excel. Resultados: Existieron diferencias significativas en los factores de riesgos de tabaquismo y alcoholismo con una mayor frecuencia en la población masculina, la obesidad, el sedentarismo y la diabetes mellitus fue más relevante en las mujeres, con similar comportamiento en el infarto agudo de miocardio y la enfermedad cerebrovascular. Conclusiones: La mortalidad generada por las enfermedades cardiovasculares, en la población de adultos mayores, es similar para ambos sexos la presencia de factores de riesgo evidenciaron la misma frecuencia para la mortalidad por enfermedad del corazón y cerebrovascular(AU)


Introduction: Atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases are at the highest level of diseases that affect both older women and men worldwide. Objective: To evaluate the possible differences of sex and type of atherosclerotic disease in patients over 60 years of age who died of cardiovascular disease. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out in 237 older adults who died from cardiovascular disease, belonging to three health areas of Santiago de Cuba municipality, from January to December 2021. Sociodemographic and clinical variables were analyzed. The information was processed and analyzed using descriptive statistics. The information was systematized with the statistical package version 22 and Excel. Results: There were significant differences in the risk factors of smoking and alcoholism with a higher frequency in the male population, obesity, sedentary lifestyle. Diabetes mellitus was more relevant in females, with similar behavior for acute myocardial infarction and cerebrovascular disease. Conclusions: The mortality generated by cardiovascular diseases, in the population of older adults, is similar in both sexes. The presence of risk factors showed the same frequency for mortality from heart disease and cerebrovascular disease(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Risk Factors , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Aged , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
18.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 43(3): 128-133, sept. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1517860

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las mujeres con mutación BRCA1/2 (mBRCA) tienen un riesgo aumentado de desarrollar cáncer de mama (CM) y ovario (CO). La salpingo-oforectomía bilateral (SOB) se asocia con la reducción del riesgo del 80% para CO y un 50% para CM. Se recomienda realizarla entre los 35 y 40 años. Como consecuencia se produce una menopausia prematura, con un impacto negativo sobre la calidad de vida por la presencia de síntomas climatéricos, aumento del riesgo de enfermedad cardiovascular, osteoporosis y riesgo de alteración cognitiva. La terapia hormonal (THM) es el tratamiento más eficaz para la prevención de estos síntomas. Estado del arte: distintos estudios han demostrado un mayor riesgo de CM en mujeres posmenopáusicas que reciben THM en particular con terapia combinada, estrógeno + progesterona (E+P). Según el metanálisis de Marchetti y cols., en las mujeres portadoras de mBRCA que recibieron THM, no hubo diferencias en el riesgo de CM comparando E solo con E+P. En el estudio de Kotsopoulos, incluso se encontró un posible efecto protector en aquellas que usaron E solo. Otro estudio en portadoras sanas demostró que, en las mujeres menores de 45 años al momento de la SOB, la THM no afectó las tasas de CM. Sin embargo, en las mujeres mayores de 45 años, las tasas de CM fueron más altas. Como el esquema de E+P se asocia con un mayor riesgo relativo (RR) de CM, las dosis de progestágenos utilizados se deberían limitar, eligiendo derivados naturales de progesterona, de uso intermitente para disminuir la exposición sistémica. Según diferentes guías internacionales, a las portadoras de mBRCA sanas que se someten a una SOB se les debe ofrecer THM hasta la edad promedio de la menopausia. Conclusión: la menopausia prematura disminuye la expectativa de vida; es por ello que una de las herramientas para mejorar y prevenir el deterioro de la calidad de vida es la THM. El uso de THM a corto plazo parece seguro para las mujeres portadoras de mBRCA que se someten a una SOB antes de los 45 años, al no contrarrestar la reducción del riesgo de CM obtenida gracias a la cirugía. (AU)


Introduction: women with BRCA1/2 (mBRCA) mutation have an increased risk of developing breast (BC) and ovarian (OC) cancer. Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO) is associated with an 80% risk reduction for OC and 50% for BC. The recommended age for this procedure is 35 to 40 years. The consequence is premature menopause, which hurts the quality of life due to the presence of climacteric symptoms, increased risk of cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, and a higher risk of cognitive impairment. Hormone therapy (MHT) is the most effective treatment for preventing these symptoms. State of the art: different studies have shown an increased risk of BC in postmenopausal women receiving MHT, particularly with combined therapy, estrogen + progesterone (E+P). According to the meta-analysis by Marchetti et al., in women carrying mBRCA who received MHT, there was no difference in the risk of BC compared to E alone with E+P. In the Kostopoulos study, there was also a possible protective effect in those who used E alone. Another study in healthy carriers showed that in women younger than 45 years at the time of BSO, MHT did not affect BC rates. However, in women older than 45 years, BC rates were higher. As the E+P scheme is associated with a higher RR of BC, the doses of progestogens should be limited, choosing natural progesterone byproducts of intermittent use to decrease systemic exposure. According to various international guidelines, healthy mBRCA carriers undergoing BSO should be offered MHT until the average age of menopause. Conclusion: premature menopause decreases life expectancy, which is why one of the tools to improve and prevent deterioration of quality of life is MHT. Short-term use of MHT appears safe for women with mBRCA who undergo BSO before age 45 as it does not counteract the reduction in the risk of MC obtained by surgery. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Menopause, Premature , BRCA1 Protein/genetics , Hormone Replacement Therapy , BRCA2 Protein/genetics , Salpingo-oophorectomy/statistics & numerical data , Progesterone/adverse effects , Progesterone/therapeutic use , Breast Neoplasms/prevention & control , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Estrogens/adverse effects , Estrogens/therapeutic use
19.
Medisan ; 27(4)ago. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1514561

ABSTRACT

Introducción: En el contexto del envejecimiento saludable, la prevención de las enfermedades cardiovasculares es un desafío. Objetivo: Diseñar una escala, basada en factores de riesgo identificados, para la predicción de la mortalidad por afección cardiovascular en ancianos. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio analítico, observacional y retrospectivo, de tipo caso-control, que incluyó a 536 ancianos mayores de 60 años de edad pertenecientes a 3 áreas de salud (policlínicos Ramón López Peña, Municipal y 28 de Septiembre) del municipio de Santiago de Cuba, durante el 2021. La escala se derivó del análisis de regresión logística binaria de los factores de riesgo cardiovascular identificados. Resultados: En la medida que aumentó el puntaje de la escala, se incrementó el porcentaje de pacientes fallecidos. El área bajo la curva fue de 0,836 (p= 0,000) y en la prueba de bondad de ajuste de Hosmer-Lemeshow se obtuvo p= 1,000. Conclusiones: La escala propuesta permitió predecir la mortalidad por afección cardiovascular en adultos mayores, con muy buena capacidad de discriminación y calibración.


Introduction: In the context of healthy aging, the prevention of cardiovascular diseases is a challenge. Objective: To design a scale, based on identified risk factors, for predicting mortality due to cardiovascular affection in elderly. Methods: An analytic, observational and retrospective case-control study was carried out that included 536 elderly over 60 years, belonging to 3 health areas (Ramón López Peña, Municipal and 28 de Septiembre polyclinics) from Santiago de Cuba municipality, during 2021. The scale was derived from the analysis of binary logistical regression of the identified cardiovascular risk factors. Results: As the score of the scale increased, the percentage of dead patients increased. The area under the curve was of 0.836 (p = 0.000) and in the Hosmer-Lemeshow test was obtained p = 1.000. Conclusions: The proposed scale allowed predicting mortality due to cardiovascular affection in elderly, with very good discrimination capacity and calibration.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Aged
20.
Rev. Ciênc. Saúde ; 13(1): 22-25, Março 2023.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1444159

ABSTRACT

Introduction:Metabolic syndrome (MetS) predicts cardiovascular disease, and patients with this condition and type 2 diabetes have increased albuminuria, significantly impacting cardiovascular mortality and kidney disease progression. A considerable number of interventions to control MetS exist and are considered efficient, including the use of medication and changes in lifestyle. However, which approaches are effective in controlling albuminuria remains unclear. This systematic review protocol aims to map in the available literature whether lifestyle, medication, and surgical intervention for MetS have an impact on reducing albuminuria in adult patients. Methods: The Joanna Briggs Institute methodology for systematic reviews will be followed. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Scopus, Embase, and MEDLINE/PubMed databases will be used. For the Gray Literature, the DART-Europe E-theses Portal. There will be no language restriction. Studies written after 2009 will be included due to the consensus and definition of metabolic syndrome. This review will include studies considering pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments for controlling albuminuria in patients with MetS. Studies where MetS is described in children and adolescents, animals, pregnant women, and patients with type 1 diabetes will be excluded. First, the selection will be based on reading the title and summary of the texts retrieved in the search strategy, followed by reading the relevant texts in full by two reviewers. After the selection of the studies, the extraction of the data, analysis, and synthesis will be conducted according to the JBI methodology


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Proteinuria , Therapeutics , Metabolic Syndrome , Life Style , Cardiovascular Diseases/metabolism , Exercise , MEDLINE , PubMed , Diet
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