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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(4): 1077-1082, ago. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514358

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Refixation of the damaged acetabular labrum is a method of surgical treatment of the hip joint that can promote the repair of joint function after injury and prevent premature osteoarthritis. We sought to determine the condition of the hip joint in rabbits 4 months after excision of the acetabular labrum and the condition of the joint after labral refixation. The articular cartilage of the femoral head and acetabulum was examined by histological methods, multipoint measurement of cartilage thickness, and the ratio between cartilage matrix and chondrocytes lacunae, and the condition of cartilage according to the OARSI grading scale was carried out. On this model, a correlation analysis was performed between the results of the OARSI grading scale and the data of linear morphometry. All these parameters made it possible to better assess changes in articular cartilage. The ratio between matrix and chondrocyte lacunae turned out to be a method that allows establishing early cartilage damage when erosion, fibrosis or deformation did not occur. We found significant differences between the condition of the cartilage after exicion of acetabular labrum and after labral refixation, which give hope to confirm that this surgical technique can delay or prevent progressive changes in the cartilage of the damaged hip joint.


La refijación del labrum acetabular dañado es un método de tratamiento quirúrgico de la articulación coxal, que puede promover la reparación de la función articular después de una lesión y prevenir la osteoartritis prematura. Intentamos determinar el estado de la articulación coxal en conejos de 4 meses después de la escisión del labrum acetabular y observar el estado de la articulación después de la refijación del labrum. El cartílago articular de la cabeza femoral y el acetábulo se examinó por métodos histológicos, se midió a través de multipunto el grosor del cartílago y se realizó la relación entre la matriz del cartílago y las lagunas de condrocitos, y se llevó a cabo la condición del cartílago según la escala de clasificación OARSI. Sobre este modelo se realizó un análisis de correlación entre los resultados de la escala de calificación OARSI y los datos de la morfometría lineal. Todos estos parámetros permitieron evaluar mejor los cambios en el cartílago articular. La relación entre la matriz y las lagunas de condrocitos resultó ser un método que permite establecer temprano el daño del cartílago cuando no se presentó erosión, fibrosis o deformación. Encontramos diferencias significativas entre la condición del cartílago después de la extirpación del labrum acetabular y después de la refijación del labrum, lo que da la esperanza de confirmar que esta técnica quirúrgica puede retrasar o prevenir cambios progresivos en el cartílago de la articulación coxal dañada.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Cartilage, Articular , Femur Head , Hip Joint , Acetabulum/surgery
2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(4): 551-556, July-Aug. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521800

ABSTRACT

Abstract Articular cartilage injuries are common and lead to early joint deterioration and osteoarthritis. Articular cartilage repair techniques aim at forming a cartilaginous neo-tissue to support the articular load and prevent progressive degeneration. Several techniques are available for this purpose, such as microfracture and chondrocyte transplantation. However, the procedural outcome is often fibrocartilage, which does not have the same mechanical resistance as cartilaginous tissue. Procedures with autologous osteochondral graft have a morbidity risk, and tissue availability limits their use. As such, larger lesions undergo osteochondral transplantation using fresh or frozen grafts. New techniques using minced or particulate cartilage fragments or mesenchymal stem cells are promising. This paper aims to update the procedures for treating chondral lesions of the knee.


Resumo As lesões da cartilagem articular são comuns e levam à deterioração precoce da articulação e ao desenvolvimento da osteoartrite. As técnicas de reparo da cartilagem articular visam a formação de um neo-tecido cartilaginoso capaz de suportar carga articular e evitar a progressão da degeneração. Há várias técnicas disponíveis para esse fim, como a microfratura e o transplante de condrócitos. Entretanto muitas vezes o desfecho do procedimento é a formação de fibrocartilagem, que não possui a mesma resistência mecânica do tecido cartilaginoso. Em outros procedimentos, nos quais é realizado enxerto osteocondral autólogo, há risco de morbidade associada ao procedimento, além da disponibilidade limitada de tecido. Por esse motivo, o transplante osteocondral, utilizando enxertos a fresco ou congelados tem sido utilizado para lesões de maior volume. Por fim, novas técnicas utilizando fragmentos de cartilagem picada ou particulada, assim como o uso de células tronco mesenquimais se apresentam como promissores. O objetivo desse artigo é realizar uma atualização dos procedimentos para tratamento das lesões condrais do joelho.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cartilage, Articular/injuries , Fractures, Stress/therapy , Chondrocytes , Transplants , Knee Injuries/therapy
3.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 590-596, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986966

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of electroacupuncture on osteoarthritis in rats and explore the possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#Thirty SD rats were randomly divided into osteoarthritis model group, electro-acupuncture group and control group (n=10), and in the former two groups, early osteoarthritis was induced using a modified DMM surgical modeling method. After successful modeling, the rats in the electro-acupuncture group were treated with electro-acupuncture at bilateral "Housanli" and "Anterior knee point". Behavioral tests of the rats were performed and scored using the LequesneMG scale. Subchondral bone degeneration was observed in each group, and serum levels of IL-1β, ADAMTS-7, MMP-3 and COMP were measured using ELISA. The mRNA and protein expressions of IL-1β, Wnt-7B, β-catenin, ADAMTS-7, and MMP-3 in the cartilage tissue of the knee joints were detected using RT-PCR and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#In behavioral tests, the rats in the model and electroacupuncture groups had significantly higher LequesneMG scores after modeling than those in the control group (P < 0.05). After 20 days of treatment, LequesneMG scores were significantly lowered in rats in the electroacupuncture as compared with the model rats (P < 0.05). Imaging examination revealed obvious subchondral bone damage in both the electroacupuncture group and the model group, but the damages were significantly milder with former group. Compared with the model rats, the rats receiving electroacupuncture had significantly lower serum levels of IL-1β, ADAMTS-7, MMP-3 and COMP (P < 0.05) with also lower expressions of IL-1β, Wnt-7B, β-catenin, ADAMTS-7 and MMP-3 in the cartilage tissues at both the mRNA and protein levels (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Electroacupuncture can alleviate joint pain and improve subchondral bone damage in rats with osteoarthritis by reducing IL-1β levels in the joint cartilage tissue and serum to alleviate joint inflammation and by reducing such cytokines as ADAMTS-7 and MMP-3 via regulating the Wnt-7B/β-catenin signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Electroacupuncture , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , beta Catenin/metabolism , Osteoarthritis/metabolism , Wnt Signaling Pathway , Cartilage, Articular , Inflammation/metabolism
4.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1065-1069, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009186

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore 3.0T MRI accurate measurement of knee cartilage thickness in healthy youth provides reliable anatomical parameters for quantitative diagnosis of osteoarthritis and accurate osteotomy of joint replacement.@*METHODS@#From January 2013 to December 2013, 30 healthy young volunteers including 14 males and 16 females with an average age of (25.8±2.4) years old ranging from 22 to 33 years were recruited in Changchun, Jilin Province, and a 3.0T MRI scan was performed on the bilateral knee joints of each volunteer. The cartilage thickness was measured on the lateral femoral condyle (LFC), medial femoral condyle (MFC), lateral tibial plateau (LTP) and medial tibial plateau (MTP).@*RESULTS@#In four regions of the knee joint:LFC, MFC, LTP and MTP, whether young men or women, there was no significant difference in cartilage thickness between the left and right knee joints (P>0.05). There were significant differences in knee cartilage thickness between healthy young men and women (P<0.05). In the same sex group, LFC cartilage thickness was thinner in the middle, thicker in front and rear;MFC cartilage thickness was the thinnest in front and gradually thickening from the front to the rear; LTP cartilage thickness was thickest in the middle, second in the rear and thinnest in the front;MTP cartilage thickness was the thinnest in the front, was relatively uniform in the middle and rear and thicker than that in the front.@*CONCLUSION@#In Northeast China, among healthy adults aged 22 to 33, gender difference may be an important factor in the difference of cartilage thickness in various regions of the knee joint. Regardless of whether male or female healthy young people, the cartilage thickness of the entire knee joint is unevenly distributed, but there is no significant difference in cartilage thickness in the same area between the left and right knee joints.


Subject(s)
Adult , Adolescent , Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Cartilage, Articular/diagnostic imaging , Knee Joint/surgery , Osteoarthritis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Femur
5.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 990-995, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009173

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore and verify that transient receptor potential vanilloid 4(TRPV4) affects chondrocyte degeneration.@*METHODS@#Neonatal SD rats were selected, primary chondrocytes were extracted, and identified by toluidine blue staining and alcian blue staining;an in vitro chondrocyte inflammation model was constructed by IL-1β, and TRPV4 inhibitor was used to treat chondrocytes under inflammatory conditions, and the chondrocytes were treated by RT-PCR method was used to detect matrix metallopeptidase 13(MMP-13), a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin 5, (ADAMTS-5)、nitric oxide synthase 2(NOS2)、Collagen, type II alpha 1(Col2α1)and aggrecan (Acan) mRNA in chondrocytes; primary chondrocytes were treated with different concentrations of TRPV4 overexpression plasmid, and the optimal overexpression dose was screened. The mRNA expressions of TRPV4, MMP-13, ADAMTS-5, NOS2, Col2α1 and Acan in chondrocytes under the optimal TRPV4 overexpression dose were detected.@*RESULTS@#Toluidine blue staining and Alcian blue staining identified the extracted cells as primary chondrocytes;RT-PCR showed that TRPV4, MMP-13, ADAMTS-5, NOS2 mRNA in chondrocytes treated with TRPV4 inhibitor under inflammatory conditions. The expression of Col2α1 mRNA was significantly decreased (P<0.05), and the expression of Col2α1 mRNA was increased (P<0.05). Although there was no significant difference in the expression of Acan mRNA, the overall trend was also increasing. The expression of Col2α1 and Acan mRNA in chondrocytes was significantly decreased (P<0.05), and the expression of NOS2 mRNA was increased(P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in MMP-13 and ADAMTS-5 (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Inhibiting the expression of TRPV4 can down-regulate the expression of genes related to chondrocyte degeneration.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Aggrecans/metabolism , Cartilage, Articular , Cells, Cultured , Chondrocytes , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 13/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , TRPV Cation Channels/metabolism
6.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 965-969, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009169

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation between the medial meniscal indentation index (MDI) and medial tibiofemoral articular cartilage damage more than 3 degrees in patients aged 40 to 60 years old with suspected or complicated knee osteoarthritis at non-weight-bearing position, and to determine the predictive threshold.@*METHODS@#From June 2016 to June 2020, a total of 308 patients who underwent initial knee arthroscopic exploration for chronic knee pain were collected. The age ranged from 36 to 71 years old with an average of(56.40±1.82) years old, including 105 males and 203 females. And patients with extra-articular malformations (abnormal force lines), a history of trauma, inflammatory arthritis and other specific arthritis were excluded. Finally, 89 eligible cases were obtained, aged from 42 to 60 years old with an average of (59.50±0.71) years old, including 45 males and 44 females. The degree of cartilage damage in the medial compartment of the knee joint was recorded, which was divided into two groups(≥degree 3 and<degree 3) according to Outer-Bridge classification system. The possible risk factors were determined by univariate analysis in the age, gender, affected sides, body mass index (BMI), synovial thickening grade, meniscus injury and MDI of 2 groups. Then, the independent risk factors for cartilage injury of more than grade 3 were determined by further binary Logistic regression analysis. If MDI was taken as an independent risk factor, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed to confirm whether it had diagnostic value for cartilage damage of above degree 3 and calculate the critical value of MDI.@*RESULTS@#A total of 89 eligible patients were obtained. Univariate analysis showed age, BMI, MDI and meniscus injury may be the independent risk factors for cartilage damage of more than 3 degrees, further binary Logistic regression analysis confirmed that MDI[OR=1.66, 95%CI(1.64, 1.69), P=0.01]and BMI [OR=1.58, 95%CI(1.17, 2.15), P=0.03] were independent risk factors for cartilage injury of more than degree 3 in enrolled patients. ROC analysis showed that MDI had more diagnostic value than BMI, and the critical value was 0.355 with a sensitivity of 89.1% and a specificity of 88.2%.@*CONCLUSION@#In doubt or accompanied by 40 to 60 years old patients with knee osteoarthritis, the MDI measured by non-weight-bearing knee MRI has predictive value for cartilage injury of more than degree 3 in medial tibiofemoral joint, and the critical value for diagnosis of cartilage injury of more than degree 3 is 0.355.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Cartilage, Articular/surgery , Knee Joint/surgery , Meniscus , Menisci, Tibial/surgery , Cartilage Diseases , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/adverse effects
7.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 638-644, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008883

ABSTRACT

Mechanical signal transduction are crucial for chondrocyte in response to mechanical cues during the growth, development and osteoarthritis (OA) of articular cartilage. Extracellular matrix (ECM) turnover regulates the matrix mechanical microenvironment of chondrocytes. Thus, understanding the mechanotransduction mechanisms during chondrocyte sensing the matrix mechanical microenvironment can develop effective targeted therapy for OA. In recent decades, growing evidences are rapidly advancing our understanding of the mechanical force-dependent cartilage remodeling and injury responses mediated by TRPV4 and PIEZOs. In this review, we highlighted the mechanosensing mechanism mediated by TRPV4 and PIEZOs during chondrocytes sensing mechanical microenvironment of the ECM. Additionally, the latest progress in the regulation of OA by inflammatory signals mediated by TRPV4 and PIEZOs was also introduced. These recent insights provide the potential mechanotheraputic strategies to target these channels and prevent cartilage degeneration associated with OA. This review will shed light on the pathogenesis of articular cartilage, searching clinical targeted therapies, and designing cell-induced biomaterials.


Subject(s)
Chondrocytes , TRPV Cation Channels , Mechanotransduction, Cellular , Biocompatible Materials , Cartilage, Articular
8.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 579-585, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981736

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To provide an overview of the incidence of knee donor -site morbidity after autologous osteochondral mosaicplasty.@*METHODS@#A comprehensive search was conducted in PubMed, EMbase, Wanfang Medical Network, and CNKI databases from January 2010 to April 20, 2021. Relevant literature was selected based on predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria, and data were evaluated and extracted. The correlation between the number and size of transplanted osteochondral columns and donor-site morbidity was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 13 literatures were included, comprising a total of 661 patients. Statistical analysis revealed an incidence of knee donor-site morbidity at 8.6% (57/661), with knee pain being the most common complaint, accounting for 4.2%(28/661). There was no significant correlation between the number of osteochondral columns and postoperative donor-site incidence (P=0.424, N=10), nor between the diameter size of osteochondral columns and postoperative donor-site incidence(P=0.699, N=7).@*CONCLUSION@#Autologous osteochondral mosaicplasty is associated with a considerable incidence of knee donor-site morbidity, with knee pain being the most frequent complaint. There is no apparent correlation between donor-site incidence and the number and size of transplanted osteochondral columns. Donors should be informed about the potential risks.


Subject(s)
Humans , Incidence , Cartilage/transplantation , Knee , Knee Joint/surgery , Pain , Cartilage, Articular , Transplantation, Autologous , Bone Transplantation
9.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 748-757, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981664

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the role of chondrocyte mitochondrial homeostasis imbalance in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis (OA) and analyze its application prospects.@*METHODS@#The recent literature at home and abroad was reviewed to summarize the mechanism of mitochondrial homeostasis imbalance, the relationship between mitochondrial homeostasis imbalance and the pathogenesis of OA, and the application prospect in the treatment of OA.@*RESULTS@#Recent studies have shown that mitochondrial homeostasis imbalance, which is caused by abnormal mitochondrial biogenesis, the imbalance of mitochondrial redox, the imbalance of mitochondrial dynamics, and damaged mitochondrial autophagy of chondrocytes, plays an important role in the pathogenesis of OA. Abnormal mitochondrial biogenesis can accelerate the catabolic reaction of OA chondrocytes and aggravate cartilage damage. The imbalance of mitochondrial redox can lead to the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), inhibit the synthesis of extracellular matrix, induce ferroptosis and eventually leads to cartilage degradation. The imbalance of mitochondrial dynamics can lead to mitochondrial DNA mutation, decreased adenosine triphosphate production, ROS accumulation, and accelerated apoptosis of chondrocytes. When mitochondrial autophagy is damaged, dysfunctional mitochondria cannot be cleared in time, leading to ROS accumulation, which leads to chondrocyte apoptosis. It has been found that substances such as puerarin, safflower yellow, and astaxanthin can inhibit the development of OA by regulating mitochondrial homeostasis, which proves the potential to be used in the treatment of OA.@*CONCLUSION@#The mitochondrial homeostasis imbalance in chondrocytes is one of the most important pathogeneses of OA, and further exploration of the mechanisms of mitochondrial homeostasis imbalance is of great significance for the prevention and treatment of OA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Chondrocytes/metabolism , Osteoarthritis/metabolism , Homeostasis , Mitochondria/metabolism , Cartilage, Articular/metabolism
10.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 584-588, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981636

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between trace elements in synovial fluid and cartilage and severity of knee osteoarthritis (KOA).@*METHODS@#Patients with KOA who underwent knee arthrocentesis or total knee arthroplasty (TKA) were recruited based on inclusion criteria between June 2021 and December 2021. Synovial fluid samples were obtained during knee arthrocentesis and TKA, and participants were divided into the mild group (grading Ⅰ/Ⅱ) and the severe group (grading Ⅲ/Ⅳ) according to the Kellgren-Lawrence grading (K-L grading). Cartilage samples with different degrees of wear were collected during the TKA from the same patient and were divided into mild wear (0-1 point) and severe wear (2-4 points) groups based on the Pelletier score. The contents of copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), and manganese (Mn) in synovial fluid and cartilage were evaluated by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, and the differences between groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#A total of 33 synovial fluid samples were collected, including 19 specimens from 14 patients who underwent knee arthrocentesis of mild group, with 5 bilateral sides knee arthrocentesis in them, and 14 specimens from 14 TKA patients of severe group. The patients were significantly younger in the mild group than in the severe group ( P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in gender or body mass index between the two groups ( P>0.05). Nineteen pairs of cartilage samples with mild and severe wear were collected from severe KOA patients (K-L grading Ⅲ and Ⅳ), including 9 males and 10 females, with an average age of 70.4 years (range, 58-80 years). The body mass index ranged from 21.2 to 30.7 kg/m 2, with an average of 25.6 kg/m 2. The content of Zn in synovial fluid and cartilage from KOA patients was the highest, followed by Cu, and Mn was the lowest. The Cu content in synovial fluid was significantly higher in the severe group than in the mild group ( P<0.05), and in the severe wear group than in the mild wear group ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in Zn and Mn content between the two groups ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The Cu content increases with the severity of cartilage wear in patients with KOA.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Synovial Fluid , Trace Elements , Knee Joint/surgery , Cartilage, Articular , Zinc
11.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 30(1): 41-52, 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1427241

ABSTRACT

La patología ósea subcondral incluye una amplia gama de patologías, como la artrosis, las fracturas por insuficiencia espontánea, la osteonecrosis y los traumatismos articulares. Todas muestran hallazgos típicos de imágenes de resonancia magnética (RM) denominados lesiones de la médula ósea (LMO). Sin embargo, la etiología y la evolución de las LMO en múltiples afecciones aún no están claras. Además, todavía no existe un protocolo de tratamiento estándar de oro para las LMO, es por esto que se están probando una variedad de modalidades de tratamiento con la esperanza de que puedan reducir el dolor y detener la progresión de la enfermedad. Nuestro propósito es presentar una revisión sobre los conceptos actuales para el diagnóstico y tratamiento de las LMO. Se realizó una revisión de la literatura que incluyó búsquedas en las bases de datos PubMed, Cochrane y Medline utilizando las siguientes palabras clave: lesiones de médula ósea subcondral, hueso subcondral, subcondroplastia, concentrado de médula ósea, plasma rico en plaquetas (PRP) y aumento óseo subcondral. Podemos concluir que el uso de nuevas técnicas biológicas para tratar las LMO, como el PRP y las células de la médula ósea, ha mostrado resultados clínicos prometedores. La investigación futura de las LMO será necesaria para abordar mejor las diferentes patologías y determinar las estrategias terapéuticas adecuadas. Todavía se necesitan estudios randomizados y controlados de alta calidad junto a revisiones sistemáticas para generar guías y recomendaciones para el tratamiento de las LMO.


Subchondral bone pathology includes a wide range of pathologies, such as osteoarthritis, spontaneous insufficiency fractures, osteonecrosis, and trauma. They show typical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings termed bone marrow lesions (BMLs). However, the etiology and evolution of BMLs in multiple conditions remains unclear. There is still no gold standard treatment protocol in treating BML, and a variety of treatment modalities have been tested in the hope that they might reduce pain and stop disease progression.Our purpose was to write a current concepts review about diagnosis and treatment options for BMLs. A literature review was performed that included searches of PubMed, Cochrane, and Medline databases using the following keywords: Bone marrow lesions, subchondral bone, subchondroplasty, bone marrow concentrate, platelet-rich plasma (PRP), subchondral bone augmentation.The use of novel biologic techniques to treat BMLs, such as PRP and Bone Marrow Cells, has yielded promising clinical outcomes. Future research of BMLs will be mandatory to address the different pathologies better and determining appropriate treatment strategies. There is still a need for high-quality RCTs studies and systematic reviews in the future to enhance further treatment strategy in preventing or treating BMLs of the knee.


Subject(s)
Osteochondritis , Bone and Bones , Bone Marrow , Cartilage, Articular , Knee Joint
12.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(6): 1022-1029, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423636

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate in vitro the viability of mesenchymal stem cells derived from adipose tissue (AD-MSCs) in different commercial solutions of hyaluronic acid (HA) before and after being sowed in collagen I/III membrane. Methods In the first stage, the interaction between AD-MSCs was analyzed with seven different commercial products of HA, phosphate buffered saline (PBS), and bovine fetal serum (BFS), performed by counting living and dead cells after 24, 48 and 72 hours. Five products with a higher number of living cells were selected and the interaction between HA with AD-MSCs and type I/III collagen membrane was evaluated by counting living and dead cells in the same time interval (24, 48 and 72 hours). Results In both situations analyzed (HA + AD-MSCs and HA + AD-MSCs + membrane), BFS presented the highest percentage of living cells after 24, 48 and 72 hours, a result higher than that of HA. Conclusion The association of HA with AD-MSCs, with or without membrane, showed no superiority in cell viability when compared with BFS.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar in vitro a viabilidade das células-tronco mesenquimais derivadas do tecido adiposo (AD-CTMs) em diferentes soluções comerciais de ácido hialurônico (AH) antes e após serem semeadas em membrana de colágeno I/III. Métodos Na primeira etapa, analisou-se a interação entre AD-CTMs com sete diferentes produtos comerciais de AH, salina tamponada com fosfato (PBS, na sigla em inglês) e soro fetal bovino (SFB), realizada pela contagem das células vivas e mortas após 24, 48 e 72 horas. Foram selecionados cinco produtos com maior número de células vivas e avaliou-se a interação entre o AH com AD-CTMs e a membrana de colágeno tipo I/III pela contagem de células vivas e mortas no mesmo intervalo de tempo (24, 48 e 72 horas). Resultados Em ambas as situações analisadas (AH + AD-CTM e AH + AD-CTM + membrana), o SFB apresentou a maior porcentagem de células vivas após 24, 48 e 72 horas, resultado superior ao do AH. Conclusão A associação do AH com as AD-CTMs, com ou sem a membrana, não demonstrou superioridade na viabilidade celular quando comparado com SFB.


Subject(s)
In Vitro Techniques , Cartilage, Articular , Collagen Type I , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Hyaluronic Acid
13.
ABCS health sci ; 47: e022223, 06 abr. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1398278

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is classified as an autoimmune, chronic disease affecting diarthrodial joints and periarticular structures. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether low-intensity laser treatment (LLLT) and/or exercise reduce the deleterious effects of tissue in a rheumatoid arthritis model. METHODS: 128 rats were divided into two inflammatory periods: acute (7 days) and chronic (28 days) and subdivided into control, injury and treatment. The protocol with Freund's Complete Adjuvant was used in two inoculations, one intradermal and one intraarticular in the tibiofemoral joint, the control animals received saline solution. For treatment, LLLT 660 nm, 5 J/cm² was used in the sensitized joint and climbing exercise in stairways with an overload of 100 grams. After the experimental period, the animals were euthanized and the joints were prepared for morphometric analysis of the total thickness, superficial, deep, and cellular density of the articular cartilage. Generalized Linear Models with Sidak post-test were chosen. RESULTS: The control group was found to be different from the lesion group with greater joint cartilage thickness, andthe animals treated with exercise alone increased the joint cartilage compared to thecontrol group. CONCLUSION: The animals treated with laser association and exercise showed improvement in the morphometric aspects of the articular cartilage.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/radiotherapy , Rats/anatomy & histology , Exercise , Cartilage, Articular/anatomy & histology , Freund's Adjuvant , Low-Level Light Therapy , Random Allocation , Models, Animal
14.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 641-646, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939508

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of Buyi Pishen acupuncture (acupuncture for invigorating spleen and kidney) on inflammatory factor and synovial cartilage matrix in adjuvant arthritis (AA) rats, and to explore the mechanism of acupuncture for rheumatoid arthritis (RA).@*METHODS@#A total of 60 clean male Wistar rats were randomized into a normal group, a model group, a tripterygium wilfordii polyglycoside tablet (TWP) group and an acupuncture group, 15 rats in each group. Rats in the model group, the TWP group and the acupuncture group received intradermal injection of Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA) at right hind foot pad to induce the AA model. TWP suspension of 8 mg/kg was given by gavage in the TWP group. Acupuncture was applied at "Shenshu" (BL 23), "Pishu" (BL 20) and right "Housanli" (ST 36), "Sanyinjiao" (SP 6), "Yanglingquan" (GB 34) in the acupuncture group, 15 min a time, once a day. The intervention was given 15 days in both TWP group and acupuncture group. The foot-pad swelling degree before modeling, before and after intervention and the arthritis index (AI) score before and after intervention were calculated; the serum levels of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-4, IL-10 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were detected by ELISA method; the ultrastructure and histomorphological changes of synovium issue were observed by transmission electron microscope and HE staining; the positive expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3 and MMP-9 in synovium issue was detected by immunohistochemistry method.@*RESULTS@#Before intervention, foot-pad swelling degree of the model group, the TWP group and the acupuncture group was increased compared with the normal group (P<0.01). After intervention, foot-pad swelling degree and AI score were increased compared with the normal group (P<0.01), foot-pad swelling degree and AI scores in the TWP group and the acupuncture group were lower than the model group (P<0.05), and those in the acupuncture group were decreased compared with the TWP group (P<0.05). The model group exhibited unclear nuclear membrane of synovial cells, chromatin pyknosis, massive inflammatory cell infiltration and hyperplasia in synovial tissue; the TWP group and the acupuncture group exhibited clear and smooth nuclear membrane of synovial cells, inapparent chromatin pyknosis, less inflammatory cell infiltration and hyperplasia in synovial tissue, the acupuncture group exhibited less matrix destruction as well. Compared with the normal group, serum levels of IL-1β and TNF-α and positive expression of MMP-3 and MMP-9 in synovium issue were increased (P<0.01), while serum levels of IL-4 and IL-10 were decreased (P<0.01) in the model group. Compared with the model group, serum levels of IL-1β and TNF-α and positive expression of MMP-3 and MMP-9 in synovium issue were decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01), while serum levels of IL-4 and IL-10 were increased (P<0.05) in the TWP group and the acupuncture group; compared with the TWP group, serum level of TNF-α and positive expression of MMP-3 and MMP-9 in synovium issue were decreased (P<0.05), while serum levels of IL-4 and IL-10 were increased (P<0.05) in the acupuncture group.@*CONCLUSION@#Buyi Pishen acupuncture can effectively improve the injury of articular cartilage in AA rats, its mechanism maybe related to reducing the inflammatory reaction in synovium and inhibiting the degradation of articular cartilage matrix.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Acupuncture Therapy , Arthritis, Experimental/therapy , Cartilage, Articular , Chromatin , Hyperplasia , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-4 , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3 , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Rats, Wistar , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics
15.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 347-352, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928231

ABSTRACT

Cartilage surface fibrosis is an early sign of osteoarthritis and cartilage surface damage is closely related to load. The purpose of this study was to study the relationship between cartilage surface roughness and load. By applying impact, compression and fatigue loads on fresh porcine articular cartilage, the rough value of cartilage surface was measured at an interval of 10 min each time and the change rule of roughness before and after loading was obtained. It was found that the load increased the roughness of cartilage surface and the increased value was related to the load size. The time of roughness returning to the initial condition was related to the load type and the load size. The impact load had the greatest influence on the roughness of cartilage surface, followed by the severe fatigue load, compression load and mild fatigue load. This article provides reference data for revealing the pathogenesis of early osteoarthritis and preventing and treating articular cartilage diseases.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cartilage, Articular , Fatigue , Osteoarthritis/pathology , Pressure , Swine
16.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 41-46, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927895

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the repair effect and JNK/NF-κB,SOX9 mechanisms of vibration exercise with different frequencies on articular cartilage in rats with early knee osteoarthritis. Methods: Forty-eight adult male SD rats were randomly divided into six groups(n=8):model control group(MC),high frequency vibration group 1 (GP1,60 Hz),high frequency vibration 2 group (GP2,40 Hz),medium frequency vibration group (ZP,20 Hz),minor frequency group(DP,10 Hz)and normal control group(NC). Except for NC group,the rats in each group were made into early knee osteoarthritis model after six weeks of knee joint cavity injection of papain solution and 2% mixture l-cysteine on the 1st,4 th and 7th day. Each exercise group was subjected vibration to 40 minutes a day with amplitude of 2~5 mm and 5 days a week. Four weeks later, the articular cartilage of the lateral femoral condyle of the both back leg knee joints were detected by HE staining,serine O staining and Mankin scores for morphological observation. The expression levels of JNK,NF-κB p65 and Sox9 mRNA in articular cartilage of the medial femoral condyle were detected by RT-qPCR,and the protein expressions of JNK,NF-κB p65 and Sox9 were detected by Western blot. Results: Compared with the NC group,the Mankin score in other groups was significantly higher (P<0.01). Compared with the MC group,the Mankin score of each vibration group was significantly lower(P<0.05),the mRNA and protein expressions of JNK and NF-κB p65 in each vibration training group were significantly lower (P<0.01),the expressions of Sox9 mRNA and protein in vibration training group were increased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with the higher frequency group,the Mankin score,the mRNA and protein expressions of JNK and NF-κB p65 of lower frequency group were significantly lower (P<0.05 or P<0.01). But the expressions of Sox9 mRNA and protein were significantly higher (P< 0.05 or P<0.01). Conclusion: Vibration exercise of different frequencies may present varying degrees of cartilage repair impact in rats with early knee osteoarthritis,and the cartilage repair by low-frequency vibration training is better than that by high-frequency vibration. This can be one of the mechanisms on controlling collagen synthesis by down-regulating JNK/NF-κB expression and increasing SOX9 activity of OA articular cartilage.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Cartilage, Articular/metabolism , MAP Kinase Kinase 4 , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Osteoarthritis, Knee/therapy , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , SOX9 Transcription Factor , Vibration
17.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 34-34, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939853

ABSTRACT

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a prevalent joint disease with no effective treatment strategies. Aberrant mechanical stimuli was demonstrated to be an essential factor for OA pathogenesis. Although multiple studies have detected potential regulatory mechanisms underlying OA and have concentrated on developing novel treatment strategies, the epigenetic control of OA remains unclear. Histone demethylase JMJD3 has been reported to mediate multiple physiological and pathological processes, including cell differentiation, proliferation, autophagy, and apoptosis. However, the regulation of JMJD3 in aberrant force-related OA and its mediatory effect on disease progression are still unknown. In this work, we confirmed the upregulation of JMJD3 in aberrant force-induced cartilage injury in vitro and in vivo. Functionally, inhibition of JMJD3 by its inhibitor, GSK-J4, or downregulation of JMJD3 by adenovirus infection of sh-JMJD3 could alleviate the aberrant force-induced chondrocyte injury. Mechanistic investigation illustrated that aberrant force induces JMJD3 expression and then demethylates H3K27me3 at the NR4A1 promoter to promote its expression. Further experiments indicated that NR4A1 can regulate chondrocyte apoptosis, cartilage degeneration, extracellular matrix degradation, and inflammatory responses. In vivo, anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT) was performed to construct an OA model, and the therapeutic effect of GSK-J4 was validated. More importantly, we adopted a peptide-siRNA nanoplatform to deliver si-JMJD3 into articular cartilage, and the severity of joint degeneration was remarkably mitigated. Taken together, our findings demonstrated that JMJD3 is flow-responsive and epigenetically regulates OA progression. Our work provides evidences for JMJD3 inhibition as an innovative epigenetic therapy approach for joint diseases by utilizing p5RHH-siRNA nanocomplexes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cartilage, Articular/pathology , Chondrocytes/metabolism , Down-Regulation , Epigenesis, Genetic , Jumonji Domain-Containing Histone Demethylases/metabolism , Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 4, Group A, Member 1/metabolism , Osteoarthritis/pathology , RNA, Small Interfering/pharmacology
18.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 33-33, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939852

ABSTRACT

The progressive destruction of condylar cartilage is a hallmark of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) osteoarthritis (OA); however, its mechanism is incompletely understood. Here, we show that Kindlin-2, a key focal adhesion protein, is strongly detected in cells of mandibular condylar cartilage in mice. We find that genetic ablation of Kindlin-2 in aggrecan-expressing condylar chondrocytes induces multiple spontaneous osteoarthritic lesions, including progressive cartilage loss and deformation, surface fissures, and ectopic cartilage and bone formation in TMJ. Kindlin-2 loss significantly downregulates the expression of aggrecan, Col2a1 and Proteoglycan 4 (Prg4), all anabolic extracellular matrix proteins, and promotes catabolic metabolism in TMJ cartilage by inducing expression of Runx2 and Mmp13 in condylar chondrocytes. Kindlin-2 loss decreases TMJ chondrocyte proliferation in condylar cartilages. Furthermore, Kindlin-2 loss promotes the release of cytochrome c as well as caspase 3 activation, and accelerates chondrocyte apoptosis in vitro and TMJ. Collectively, these findings reveal a crucial role of Kindlin-2 in condylar chondrocytes to maintain TMJ homeostasis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Aggrecans/metabolism , Cartilage, Articular/metabolism , Chondrocytes/pathology , Cytoskeletal Proteins/metabolism , Muscle Proteins/metabolism , Osteoarthritis/pathology , Temporomandibular Joint/pathology
19.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1200-1206, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970809

ABSTRACT

Knee joint distraction is a new technology for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis in recent years. It could reduce knee pain and improve knee function, which is inseparable from the role of cartilage repair. The mechanism and influencing factors of knee joint distraction in repairing cartilage are the focus of current research. In this paper, the author reviewed literature and found that knee joint distraction could reduce knee joint load and provide a appropriate mechanical environment for cartilage repair, and it is resulting hydrostatic pressure fluctuation in the knee joint not only helps cartilage to absorb nutrients, but also promotes cartilage formation genes and inhibits cartilage matrix degrading enzyme gene expression. In addition, knee joint distraction creates conditions for synovial mesenchymal stem cells to be collected to cartilage injury, and improves ability of synovial mesenchymal stem cells to proliferate and differentiate into a chondrogenic lineage. Knee joint distraction could reduce inflammatory reaction and cartilage injury of knee joint by reducing content of inflammatory factors and inhibiting expression of inflammatory genes. At present, it is known that the factors affect repair of cartilage by knee joint distraction include, increasing weight-bearing activity and height and time of distraction is helpful for cartilage repair, male patients and patients with higher severity of knee osteoarthritis have better cartilage repair effect after knee joint distraction.The better efficacy of cartilage repair on the first year after knee joint distraction predicts a higher long-term survival rate of knee joint distraction with knee preservation. However, the research on the above hot spots is only at the initial stage and further exploration is still needed, in order to better guide clinical application of knee joint distraction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Osteoarthritis, Knee , External Fixators , Knee Joint/surgery , Osteogenesis, Distraction/methods , Cartilage , Cartilage, Articular/surgery
20.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1149-1157, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970653

ABSTRACT

The small molecule nutrients and cell growth factors required for the normal metabolism of chondrocyte mainly transport into the cartilage through free diffusion. However, the specific mass transfer law in the cartilage remains to be studied. In this study, using small molecule rhodamine B as tracer, the mass transfer models of cartilage were built under different pathways including surface pathway, lateral pathway and composite pathway. Sections of cartilage at different mass transfer times were observed by using laser confocal microscopy and the transport law of small molecules within different layers of cartilage was studied. The results showed that rhodamine B diffused into the whole cartilage layer through surface pathway within 2 h. The fluorescence intensity in the whole cartilage layer increased with the increase of mass transfer time. Compared to mass transfer of 2 h, the mean fluorescence intensity in the superficial, middle, and deep layers of cartilage increased by 1.83, 1.95, and 3.64 times, respectively, after 24 h of mass transfer. Under lateral path condition, rhodamine B was transported along the cartilage width, and the molecular transport distance increased with increasing mass transfer time. It is noted that rhodamine B could be transported to 2 mm away from cartilage side after 24 h of mass transfer. The effect of mass transfer under the composite path was better than those under the surface path and the lateral path, and especially the mass transfer in the deep layer of cartilage was improved. This study may provide a reference for the treatment and repair of cartilage injury.


Subject(s)
Cartilage, Articular , Rhodamines/pharmacology , Chondrocytes
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