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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 87-96, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007669

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#With an increasing proportion of multiparas, proper interpregnancy intervals (IPIs) are urgently needed. However, the association between IPIs and adverse perinatal outcomes has always been debated. This study aimed to explore the association between IPIs and adverse outcomes in different fertility policy periods and for different previous gestational ages.@*METHODS@#We used individual data from China's National Maternal Near Miss Surveillance System between 2014 and 2019. Multivariable Poisson models with restricted cubic splines were used. Each adverse outcome was analyzed separately in the overall model and stratified models. The stratified models included different categories of fertility policy periods (2014-2015, 2016-2017, and 2018-2019) and infant gestational age in previous pregnancy (<28 weeks, 28-36 weeks, and ≥37 weeks).@*RESULTS@#There were 781,731 pregnancies enrolled in this study. A short IPI (≤6 months) was associated with an increased risk of preterm birth (OR [95% CI]: 1.63 [1.55, 1.71] for vaginal delivery [VD] and 1.10 [1.03, 1.19] for cesarean section [CS]), low Apgar scores and small for gestational age (SGA), and a decreased risk of diabetes mellitus in pregnancy, preeclampsia or eclampsia, and gestational hypertension. A long IPI (≥60 months) was associated with an increased risk of preterm birth (OR [95% CI]: 1.18 [1.11, 1.26] for VD and 1.39 [1.32, 1.47] for CS), placenta previa, postpartum hemorrhage, diabetes mellitus in pregnancy, preeclampsia or eclampsia, and gestational hypertension. Fertility policy changes had little effect on the association of IPIs and adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. The estimated risk of preterm birth, low Apgar scores, SGA, diabetes mellitus in pregnancy, and gestational hypertension was more profound among women with previous term births than among those with preterm births or pregnancy loss.@*CONCLUSION@#For pregnant women with shorter or longer IPIs, more targeted health care measures during pregnancy should be formulated according to infant gestational age in previous pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Infant , Pregnancy , Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy Outcome/epidemiology , Premature Birth/epidemiology , Gestational Age , Pre-Eclampsia , Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced , Eclampsia , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Birth Intervals , Risk Factors , Diabetes Mellitus
2.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 49-55, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012303

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics, treatments and fertility recovery of rudimentary horn pregnancy (RHP). Methods: The clinical data of 12 cases with RHP diagnosed and treated in Peking University Third Hospital from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical informations, diagnosis and treatments of RHP and the pregnancy status after surgery were analyzed. Results: The median age of 12 RHP patients was 29 years (range: 24-37 years). Eight cases of pregnancy in residual horn of uterus occurred in type Ⅰ residual horn of uterus, 4 cases occurred in type Ⅱ residual horn of uterus; among which 5 cases were misdiagnosed by ultrasound before surgery. All patients underwent excision of residual horn of uterus and affected salpingectomy. After surgery, 9 patients expected future pregnancy, and 3 cases of natural pregnancy, 2 cases of successful pregnancy through assisted reproductive technology. Four pregnancies resulted in live birth with cesarean section, and 1 case resulted in spontaneous abortion during the first trimester of pregnancy. No uterine rupture or ectopic pregnancy occurred in subsequent pregnancies. Conclusions: Ultrasonography could aid early diagnosis of RHP while misdiagnosis occurred in certain cases. Thus, a comprehensive judgment and decision ought to be made based on medical history, physical examination and assisted examination. Surgical exploration is necessary for diagnosis and treatment of RHP. For infertile patients, assisted reproductive technology should be applied when necessary. Caution to prevent the occurrence of pregnancy complications such as uterine rupture, and application of cesarean section to terminate pregnancy are recommended.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Humans , Female , Young Adult , Adult , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Pregnancy, Ectopic/surgery , Pregnancy, Cornual/surgery , Uterus/surgery , Uterine Rupture/etiology , Abortion, Spontaneous
4.
Cambios rev. méd ; 22 (2), 2023;22(2): 928, 16 octubre 2023. ilus, tabs
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1516529

ABSTRACT

El procedimiento quirúrgico cesárea con miras a la historia es considerada como un avance de suma importancia en la dismi-nución del riesgo de mortalidad materna y perinatal1.Es la intervención más realizada a nivel de especialidad lo que conlleva riesgos inherentes, quirúrgicos y anestésicos2,3.En el año 2015 la incidencia en el Ecuador de terminación del embarazo por cesárea es del 29,3% en el sector público, 49,9% en Seguridad Social y 69,9% en clínicas privadas4. Para la Or-ganización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) en el mismo año refiere que "En ninguna región del mundo se justifica la incidencia de cesárea superior al 10- 15%"5. La variabilidad de indicación de cesárea, hace que sea necesaria la creación de guías y protocolos, para de esta manera unificar los criterios médicos, de acuerdo a la mejor evidencia científica disponible.


The cesarean section surgical procedure is historically considered a very important advance in reducing the risk of maternal and perinatal mortality1.It is the most frequently performed intervention at the specialty level, which entails inherent surgical and anesthetic risks2,3.In 2015, the incidence in Ecuador of termination of pregnancy by cesarean section is 29,3% in the public sector, 49,9% in Social Security and 69,9% in private clinics4. For the World Health Or-ganization (WHO) in the same year, it states that "In no region of the world is the incidence of cesarean section higher than 10-15% justified" 5.The variability of the indication for cesarean section makes it ne-cessary to create guidelines and protocols, in order to unify me-dical criteria, according to the best scientific evidence available.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications , Obstetric Surgical Procedures , Pregnancy , Cesarean Section , Parturition , Emergencies , Risk Management , Maternal Mortality , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Ecuador , Perinatal Mortality , Obstetric Labor Complications
5.
Actual. osteol ; 19(3): 181-189, Sept - Dic 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1554586

ABSTRACT

La insuficiencia de vitamina D (VD) en el embarazo se relaciona con una mayor incidencia de cesáreas, preeclampsia y partos prematuros. Objetivo: evaluar si el grado de insuficiencia de VD se asocia a mayor número de cesáreas y evaluar la correlación entre la 25 hidroxivitamina D (25OHD) materna y en sangre del cordón del recién nacido. Las mujeres (n=127) se dividieron según sus niveles de 25OHD (ng/mL):G1:<20 (deficiencia), G2:20-30 (insuficiencia), G3:>30 (suficiencia). Se registraron edad; edad gestacional (EG); índice de masa corporal (IMC); tensión arterial sistólica y diastólica; tipo de parto y la estación del año en que se tomó la muestra. Se determinaron calcemia (ng/mL); 25OHD; parathormona intacta (pg/mL); fosfatasa alcalina ósea (UI/L) y crosslaps (pg/mL). La edad media fue de 26±6 años y la EG de 35,8±2,7 semanas, sin diferencias entre grupos. El porcentaje de cesáreas fue mayor en G1 que en G2 y G3 (31,3%, 21,4% y 25%, respectivamente; p<0,05). El mayor porcentaje de muestras se tomó en primavera (p<0,05). No se observaron diferencias en las demás variables maternas estudiadas. La 25OHD materna correlacionó positivamente con los valores de la sangre de cordón de sus respectivos recién nacidos (r= 0,67; p<0,0001). Independientemente de la época del año y del IMC, se observó que un porcentaje significativo de las mujeres embarazadas estudiadas tenía niveles de 25OHD inferiores a 30 ng/mL. Conclusión: evidenciamos que la deficiencia de VD materna se asoció al número de cesáreas. Asimismo, los niveles séricos de 25OHD en sangre de cordón umbilical correlacionaron significativamente con los maternos. (AU)


Vitamin D (VD) insufficiency in pregnancy is associated with a higher incidence of cesarean section, preeclampsia, and preterm delivery. Objective: to evaluate if the degree of VD insufficiency is associated with the incidence of cesarean section and to determine the correlation between maternal and newborn cord blood 25-hydroxy VS (25OHD). Women (n=127) were divided according to their 25OHD levels (ng/mL): G1:<20 (deficiency), G2:20-30 (insufficiency), G3:>30 (sufficiency). Age; gestational age (GA); body mass index (BMI); systolic and diastolic blood pressure (mmHg); type of delivery and the season of the year in which the sample was taken were recorded. Calcemia (ng/mL); 25OHD; intact parathormone (pg/mL); bone alkaline phosphatase (IU/L) and Crosslaps (pg/mL) levels were determined. Mean age was 26±6 years and GA was 35.8±2.7 weeks with no differences among groups. The % of cesarean sections was higher in G1 than in G2 and G3 (31.3%, 21.4% and 25%; p<0.05). The highest % of samples were taken in spring (p<0.05). No differences were observed in the other maternal variables studied. Maternal serum 25OHD levels correlated positively with those of cord blood from their respective newborns (r=0.67; p<0.0001). Regardless the season of the year and BMI, a high % of the studied pregnant women presented 25OHD levels lower than 30 ng/ml. Conclusion: we found that maternal VD deficiency is associated with the number of cesarean sections. In addition, 25OHD levels in the newborn significantly correlate with maternal serum levels. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Young Adult , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Pregnancy/statistics & numerical data , Cesarean Section/statistics & numerical data , Pregnancy Trimester, Third , Seasons , Vitamin D , Calcium, Dietary/administration & dosage , 25-Hydroxyvitamin D 2/blood , Incidence , Gestational Age , Fetal Blood , Obstetric Labor, Premature/epidemiology
6.
Femina ; 51(7): 423-435, 20230730. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512450

ABSTRACT

PONTOS-CHAVE Quando utilizados na técnica correta, fórcipes e vácuo-extratores apresentam baixos índices de complicações. Para o feto com sinais de hipóxia no período expulsivo, o parto vaginal operatório tem potencial para reduzir a exposição aos fatores intraparto que promovem a encefalopatia hipóxico-isquêmica. Fórcipes médios e/ou rotacionais são opções apropriadas em circunstâncias selecionadas e exigem habilidade e experiência. Os fórcipes são mais resolutivos do que os vácuo-extratores para o parto vaginal operatório, porém são mais associados a lacerações perineais graves. Céfalo-hematoma é mais provável de ocorrer com o aumento na duração da vácuo-extração. Os vácuo-extratores de campânulas flexíveis apresentam taxas maiores de falha, porém apresentam menores incidências de trauma no couro cabeludo do neonato. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Labor, Obstetric , Extraction, Obstetrical/methods , Vacuum Extraction, Obstetrical/adverse effects , Infant, Newborn/cerebrospinal fluid , Cesarean Section , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Ischemia , Hypoxia , Obstetrical Forceps/adverse effects
8.
Femina ; 51(6): 326-332, 20230630. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512417

ABSTRACT

O parto cesáreo (PC) é o procedimento cirúrgico mais comumente realizado nos Estados Unidos (mais de 1 milhão de cirurgias por ano) e um dos procedimentos mais realizados em todo o mundo.(1) Embora o PC seja um procedimento potencialmente salvador de vidas, quando corretamente indicado, sua frequência aumentou constantemente nas últimas décadas (atualmente 21,1% globalmente, variando de 5%, na África Subsaariana, a 42,8%, na América Latina e no Caribe). Além disso, estudos demonstram tendência continuada de aumento (projeção para 2030: 28,5% globalmente, variando de 7,1%, na África Subsaariana, a 63,4%, no leste da Ásia).(2) República Dominicana, Brasil, Chipre, Egito e Turquia são os líderes mundiais, com taxas de PC variando de 58,1% a 50,8%, respectivamente, o que aponta para uma tendência preocupante de medicalização do parto e indicação excessiva do PC.(2) Outros procedimentos cirúrgicos como dilatação, curetagem, miomectomia e histeroscopia cirúrgica são menos frequentes que o PC. Ainda assim, devido à tendência de maior idade materna, o número de gestantes previamente submetidas a esses procedimentos também tende a aumentar. Esses dados apontam para um número crescente de gestações em úteros manipulados cirurgicamente Gestantes com cicatrizes uterinas prévias correm risco de aumento da morbimortalidade. Complicações como placenta prévia, rotura uterina espontânea, deiscência uterina (com ou sem intrusão placentária), gestação em cicatriz de cesariana (GCC) e distúrbios do espectro do acretismo placentário (EAP) estão associadas a sangramento uterino potencialmente fatal, lesões extrauterinas e parto pré-termo


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Placenta Accreta/diagnostic imaging , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Uterus/injuries , Cicatrix/complications , Maternal Health , Obstetrics
9.
Rev. argent. salud publica ; 15: 106-106, jun. 2023. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BRISA | ID: biblio-1449454

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN INTRODUCCIÓN: El nacimiento por cesárea se encuentra en aumento en todo el mundo, con diferencias significativas entre regiones. El objetivo fue determinar la situación del porcentaje de cesárea en mujeres con parto en la provincia del Neuquén en 2000-2020, buscando diferencias entre subsectores, zonas sanitarias, localidades e instituciones de salud . MÉTODOS: Se analizaron las estadísticas del Sistema Informático Perinatal referentes a vía de parto, recién nacidos y mujeres con partos entre 2000 y 2020. Se realizó un análisis estratificado del porcentaje de cesáreas, describiendo medidas de tendencia central, de dispersión y velocidad promedio de incremento anual . RESULTADOS: Las características sociodemográficas de madres gestantes se han modificado, con un descenso del embarazo adolescente y un aumento de madres de más de 35 años. Se observó un mayor porcentaje de bajo peso al nacer en el subsector privado y una importante disminución de la tasa bruta de natalidad, con mayor descenso en el interior provincial. Se encontró un aumento sostenido, así como diferencias crecientes y muy significativas entre subsectores (y dentro de estos entre las distintas instituciones) . DISCUSIÓN: Existen diferencias muy significativas en los resultados si se comparan los diferentes subsectores e instituciones respecto al nacimiento por cesárea. Estos resultados son un aporte para la construcción de políticas acordes a la realidad epidemiológica de la provincia y de cada institución de salud.


ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Cesarean delivery is increasing all over the world, with significant differences between regions. The aim was to determine the cesarean section rate in women giving birth between 2000 and 2020 in Neuquén province, seeking for differences between sub-sectors, health zones, cities and health institutions . METHODS: Statistics from the Perinatal Information System were analyzed regarding type of delivery, newborns and women delivering between 2000 and 2020. A stratified analysis of the cesarean section rate was conducted, describing central tendency and dispersion measures, and the average annual rate of increase . RESULTS: Maternal sociodemographic characteristics have changed, with adolescent pregnancy decrease and a higher number of mothers older than 35 years of age. The percentage of low birth weight was higher in the private sub-sector, with a significant decrease of gross birth rate, mainly inside the province. There was a steady increase as well as growing and very significant differences between sub-sectors (and within them between the different institutions) . DISCUSSION: The results show very significant differences when comparing sub-sectors and institutions regarding cesarean birth, and contribute to building policies tailored to the epidemiological situation of the province and each health institution.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Cesarean Section/statistics & numerical data , Argentina , Information Systems/instrumentation , Prevalence
11.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 88(2): 110-115, abr. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1441417

ABSTRACT

La circular N.º 10 de la Subsecretaría de la Salud busca aclarar y dar precisión a la Norma Técnica y Administrativa del Ministerio de Salud de Chile del año 2021, sobre vigilancia de la operación cesárea, específicamente sobre la llamada cesárea a requerimiento materno. Esta se define en ambos documentos como «aquella que se realiza sin inicio de trabajo de parto y en ausencia de indicaciones maternas o fetales tradicionales». Esta normativa ha causado preocupación en los servicios de obstetricia por una fundamentación insuficiente y errada, la incoherencia de sus planteamientos, el eventual riesgo para los pacientes y para la profesión médica. Intenta fijar una pequeña «ventana» de total autonomía para la persona gestante, que le permitiría decidir que un médico le realice una operación quirúrgica, en este caso una cesárea. Esta «ventana» sería en la semana 40 de gestación. No se entiende la razón para que esa prerrogativa sea solo en ese momento de la gestación, ni tampoco la razón de que no sea indispensable el juicio clínico del médico tratante para la decisión de una intervención quirúrgica. Finalmente, se propone una alternativa que asegura una relación médica-paciente armónica, respetando todas las autonomías y preservando el acto médico adecuado.


Circular No. 10 of the Health secretary seeks to clarify and give precision to the Technical and Administrative Regulation of the Chilean Ministry of Health for the year 2021, on surveillance of the cesarean section, specifically on the so-called cesarean section at maternal request. This is defined in both documents as "that which is performed without the onset of labor and in the absence of traditional maternal or fetal indications". This regulation has caused concern in obstetrics units due to an insufficient and erroneous foundation, the incoherence of its approaches, the eventual risk for patients and for the medical profession. It tries to set a small "window" of total autonomy for the pregnant person, which would allow to decide that a doctor performs her a surgical operation, in this case a caesarean section. This "window" would be in the 40th week of gestation. The reason why this prerogative is only at that moment of gestation is not understood, nor is the reason why the clinical judgement of the attending physician is not indispensable for the decision of a surgical intervention. Finally, an alternative is proposed that ensures a harmonious medical-patient relationship, respecting all autonomies and preserving the appropriated medical act.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Cesarean Section , Decision Making , Reproductive Rights , Ethics, Medical , Personal Autonomy
13.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 27(1)mar. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440514

ABSTRACT

El embrión, en condiciones normales, es concebido en la trompa y migra al útero. Un pequeño porcentaje que no llega a completar esta migración, se convierte en embarazo ectópico. Se presentó el caso de un embarazo ectópico abdominal con feto vivo; paciente femenina de 32 años de edad, multigesta con 4 partos eutócicos a término. A las 37 semanas de edad gestacional se remitió al Hospital Provincial de Bié por presentar dolor abdominal difuso, de moderada intensidad, que se exacerbaba con los movimientos fetales. Se realizó la cesárea, se encontró un embarazo ectópico abdominal con feto vivo y placenta implantada en fondo uterino, epiplón y colon transverso. Se dejó placenta in situ para un posterior seguimiento.


The embryo, under normal conditions, is conceived into the fallopian tube and migrates to the uterus. A small percentage of the embryos that do not complete this migration become an ectopic pregnancy. We present a 32-year-old female patient with multiple gestation pregnancies and 4 normal term deliveries who had an abdominal ectopic pregnancy with a live fetus. She was referred to Bié Provincial Hospital at 37 weeks' gestation due to diffuse abdominal pain of moderate intensity, which was exacerbated by fetal movements. A cesarean section was performed; an abdominal ectopic pregnancy with a live fetus and the placenta implanted in the uterine fundus, omentum, and transverse colon was found. The placenta was left in situ for further follow-up.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy, Abdominal , Pregnancy, Ectopic , Cesarean Section
14.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 45(3): 121-126, Mar. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449716

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate and compare peripheral, pelvic floor, respiratory muscle strength, and functionality in the immediate puerperium of normal delivery and cesarean section. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study that verified respiratory, pelvic floor, peripheral, and functional muscle strength through manovacuometry, pelvic floor functional assessment (PFF), dynamometry, and the Time Up and Go (TUG) test, respectively. The groups were divided according to the type of delivery, into a cesarean section group and a normal parturition group. Results: The sample was composed of 72 postpartum puerperae, 36 of normal parturition, and 36 of cesarean section, evaluated before hospital discharge, mean age ranged from 25.56 ± 6.28 and 28.57 ± 6.47 years in puerperae of normal parturition and cesarean section respectively. Cesarean showed higher pelvic floor strength (PFF) compared to normal parturition (p < 0.002), but puerperae from normal delivery showed better functionality (p < 0.001). As for peripheral muscle strength and respiratory muscle strength, there was no significance when comparing the types of parturirion. Conclusion: There is a reduction in pelvic muscle strength in puerperae of normal delivery and a decrease in functionality in puerperae of cesarean section.


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar e comparar o pavimento pélvico periférico, a força muscular respiratória e a funcionalidade no puerpério imediato do parto normal e da cesariana. Métodos: Este é um estudo transversal que verificou a força muscular respiratória, pavimento pélvico, periférico e funcional através da manovacuometria, avaliação funcional do pavimento pélvico (PFF), dinamometria, e o teste Time Up e Go (TUG), respectivamente. Os grupos foram divididos de acordo com o tipo de parto, num grupo de cesariana e num grupo de parto normal. Resultados: A amostra foi composta por 72 puérperas pós-parto, 36 de parto normal e 36 de cesariana, avaliados antes da alta hospitalar, a idade média variou entre 25,56 ± 6,28 e 28,57 ± 6,47 anos em puérperas de parto normal e cesariana, respectivamente. A cesariana mostrou maior resistência do pavimento pélvico (TFP) em comparação com o parto normal (p < 0,002), mas as puérperas de parto normal mostraram melhor funcionalidade (p < 0,001). Quanto à força muscular periférica e à força muscular respiratória, não houve significado ao comparar os tipos de parto. Conclusão: Há uma redução da força muscular pélvica em puérperas de parto normal e uma diminuição da funcionalidade em puérperas de cesarianas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Cesarean Section , Pelvic Floor , Postpartum Period , Physical Functional Performance , Natural Childbirth
17.
Femina ; 51(3): 161-166, 20230331.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1428726

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar o conhecimento das puérperas em relação ao parto humanizado e às vias de parto. Métodos: Estudo observacional transversal com 369 puérperas que realizaram seu parto em um hospital público de Curitiba, Paraná, Brasil. Aplicação de dois questionários que avaliaram características demográficas e socioeconômicas, informações sobre a gestação e o pré-natal, conhecimento de humanização e vias de parto, e atitude em relação às vias de parto. Resultados: Entre as puérperas, 72% afirmaram já terem ouvido falar no termo "parto humanizado", porém, dessas, 52,6% deram uma definição inadequada. E 48,2% obtiveram baixo conhecimento acerca das vias de parto, e 58,2% expressaram atitude positiva em relação à cesárea. Houve associação entre conhecimento prévio sobre parto humanizado e renda (p = 0,001), escolaridade (p < 0,0001), número de consultas de pré-natal (p = 0,023), busca de informações sobre as vias de parto (p < 0,0001) e preferência de parto (p = 0,011). Houve correlação do conhecimento acerca das vias de parto com renda (p = 0,044), escolaridade (p = 0,003), busca de informações sobre as vias de parto (p = 0,007) e atitude em relação à cesárea (p < 0,0001). Conclusão: Observou-se baixo conhecimento acerca das vias de parto e parto humanizado, e características como renda, escolaridade, busca por informações de forma independente e número de consultas de pré-natal possuem associação com esses conhecimentos. Um pré-natal com adequada transmissão de conhecimento relaciona-se à preferência pelo parto normal, sendo essa uma estratégia para a redução das taxas de cesárea e, consequentemente, da morbimortalidade materno-fetal.


Objective: To evaluate the knowledge of postpartum women in relation to humanized del ivery and delivery methods. Methods: Cross-sectional observational study with 369 postpartum women who delivered in a public hospital in Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil. Application of two questionnaires, which evaluated demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, information about pregnancy and prenatal care, knowledge of humanization and delivery methods, attitude towards delivery methods. Results: 72% of postpartum women said they had already heard the term "humanized childbirth", however, of these 52.6% gave an inadequate definition. 48.2% had low knowledge about delivery methods. 58.2% expressed a positive attitude towards cesarean section. There was an association between prior knowledge about humanized childbirth and income (p = 0.001), schooling (p < 0.0001), number of prenatal consultations (p = 0.023), search for information about delivery methods (p < 0 .0001), birth preference (p = 0.011). There was a correlation between knowledge about the modes of delivery with income (p = 0.044), education (p = 0.003), search for information about the modes of delivery (p = 0.007), attitude towards cesarean section (p < 0.0001). Conclusion: There was a low knowledge about the ways of delivery and humanized delivery, and characteristics such as income, education, search for information independently and the number of prenatal consultations have an association with this knowledge. A prenatal care with adequate transmission of knowledge is related to the preference for normal delivery, which is a strategy for reducing cesarean rates and, consequently, maternal-fetal morbidity and mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Humanizing Delivery , Postpartum Period , Natural Childbirth , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Reproductive Rights , Maternal-Child Health Services/ethics
18.
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 74(1): 3901, ene.-mar. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1431783

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivos: Describir la evolución de la frecuencia de la cesárea en Colombia a partir de 1998, tanto global como discriminada según la naturaleza jurídica de las instituciones prestadoras de salud (IPS) donde se atienden los partos, y calcular la magnitud de la asociación entre la naturaleza jurídica de la IPS y la realización de cesáreas entre 2015 y 2017. Materiales y métodos: Estudio de corte transversal que describe la frecuencia de partos por cesárea entre los años 1998 y 2020, y un componente analítico para estimar la asociación entre la naturaleza jurídica y la vía del parto entre los años 2015 y 2017, a partir de las bases de registros de nacimientos del Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística (DANE) de Colombia. Se presentan las proporciones de cesárea por año y el incremento en la proporción de cesárea por tipo de institución; como estimador de esta asociación se utilizó la razón de prevalencia. Resultados: En 1998, la proporción de cesárea fue 25,7 %, incrementó hasta 46,4 % en 2015 y descendió a 44,6 % para 2020. A partir de 1998, la proporción de cesárea en las IPS públicas pasó de 26,2 a 42,9 % para el año 2014 y en las privadas de 45,0 a 57,7 % para el año 2013. La razón de prevalencia de la cesárea de las instituciones privadas con respecto a las públicas fue 1,57 (IC 95 %: 1,56-1,57). Conclusiones: Después de un periodo largo de incremento sostenido, se está presentando una disminución en la proporción de cesáreas en el país; las IPS públicas incrementaron estos procedimientos en mayor proporción durante la mayor parte del tiempo estudiado y en las IPS privadas se realizan con mayor frecuencia a todos los subgrupos de mujeres. Se deberá evaluar en el futuro, mediante metodologías más robustas, si el descenso en la frecuencia de cesárea es una tendencia real o secular.


ABSTRACT Objectives: To describe how the frequency of cesarean section has evolved in Colombia since 1998, both in overall terms as well as discriminated according to the legal standing of the healthcare providers (IPSs) where delivery takes place, and to estimate the size of the association between the legal standing of the institutions and the performance of cesarean sections between 2015 and 2017. Material and methods: A cross-sectional cohort study that describes the frequency of cesarean deliveries between 1998 and 2020, plus an analytical component to estimate the association between the legal nature and the route of delivery between 2015 and 2017, based on the birth records of the Colombian National Statistics Administrative Department (DANE). Proportions of cesarean sections and their increase by institution type are presented. The prevalence ratio was used as an estimator of this association. Results: In 1998, the proportion of cesarean deliveries was 25.7 %; it increased to 46.4 % by 2015 and then dropped to 44.6 % by 2020. After 1998, the proportion of cesarean sections in public hospitals increased from 26.2 % to 42.9 % by 2014, while in private providers it increased from 45.0 % to 57.7 % by 2013. The prevalence ratio of cesarean sections in private versus public institutions was 1.57 (95 % CI: 1.56-1.57). Conclusions: After a long period of sustained growth, there is now a reduction in the proportion of cesarean sections in the country. In public health care institutions, these procedures increased in greater proportion during most of the study period, while in private healthcare providers they are carried out at a higher frequency in all subgroups of women. It will be necessary to evaluate in the future, using more robust methodologies, whether the decrease in the frequency of cesarean section is a real or secular trend.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Cesarean Section , Colombia , Natural Childbirth , Health Systems , Private Sector , Hospitals
20.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 14: 1-7, mar. 20, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1435132

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Delimitar o perfil de atendimento prestado às parturientes, bem como as práticas obstétricas desenvolvidas no Centro Obstétrico do Hospital da Região Leste no período de janeiro a dezembro do ano de 2019. Métodos: Consiste em uma pesquisa de método quantitativo, transversal, retrospectivo, de caráter observacional e descritivo. Resultados: Observados altos índices de cesarianas no serviço (40%). Baixo índice de uso do partograma nos atendimentos. De acordo com a Classificação de Robson, a maioria das parturientes (88%) se encaixa entre os grupos de um a cinco, e 12% entre os grupos de seis à dez. Conclusão: Taxas de cesariana acima do recomendado pela Organização Mundial de Saúde devido à um conjunto de fatores. O baixo índice de uso do partograma pode indicar insegurança ou desconhecimento do profissional, falta de protocolos, objeções ao seu uso, ou desatualização e falta de credibilidade do instrumento. Estudos nacionais e internacionais têm mostrado um alto índice de mulheres entre os grupos um à cinco sendo encaminhadas para cesariana devido à falta de incentivo às boas práticas e ao uso de métodos não farmacológicos e à falha no uso dos instrumentos recomendados (partograma). (AU)


Objective: Delimit parturient service profile and the OBGYN practices developed in the West Region Hospital between January and December of 2019. Methods: Consists of a quantitative transversal, retrospective, observational and descriptive research. Results: High rates of cesarean sections in the service (40%). Low rate of use of the partograph in care. According to the Robson Classification, most parturients (88%) fit between groups one to five, and 12% between groups six to ten. Conclusion: Cesarean rates higher than recommended by the World Health Organization due to a number of factors. The low rate of use of the partograph may indicate insecurity or lack of knowledge by professionals, lack of protocols, objections to its use, or outdated and lack of credibility of the instrument. National and international studies have shown a high rate of women between groups one to five being referred for cesarean section due to the lack of encouragement to good practices and the use of non-pharmacological methods and the failure to use the recommended instruments (partograph). (AU)


Objetivo: Delimitar el perfil de la atención brindada a las parturientas, así como las prácticas obstétricas desarrolladas en el Centro de Obstetricia del Hospital da Região Leste de enero a diciembre de 2019. Métodos: Consiste en una investigación cuantitativa, transversal, retrospectiva, observacional y descriptiva. Resultados: Se observaron altas tasas de cesáreas en el servicio (40%). Baja tasa de uso del partograma en el cuidado. Según la Clasificación de Robson, la mayoría de las parturientas (88%) encajan entre los grupos del uno al cinco y 12% entre los grupos del seis al diez. Conclusión: Tasas de cesáreas superiores a las recomendadas por la Organización Mundial de la Salud debido a una serie de factores. La baja tasa de uso del partograma puede indicar inseguridad o desconocimiento del profesional, falta de protocolos, objeciones a su uso o desactualización y falta de credibilidad del instrumento. Estudios nacionales e internacionales han demostrado una alta tasa de mujeres entre los grupos uno a cinco que son derivadas para cesárea debido a la falta de estímulo a las buenas prácticas y al uso de métodos no farmacológicos y al no uso de los instrumentos recomendados (partograma). (AU)


Subject(s)
Obstetrics , Cesarean Section , Parturition , Midwifery
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