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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(2): e202310172, abr. 2024. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1551321

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La insuficiencia respiratoria es la causa más común de paro cardíaco en pediatría; su reconocimiento y el manejo adecuado son cruciales. La simulación se utiliza para mejorar las habilidades médicas. El objetivo del trabajo fue determinar la proporción de residentes de pediatría que reconocieron un paro respiratorio (PR) pediátrico en un centro de simulación. Métodos. Se realizó un estudio observacional con 77 médicos residentes. Se utilizó un caso simulado de un paciente con dificultad respiratoria que progresa a PR. Resultados. De los 77 participantes, 48 reconocieron el paro respiratorio (62,3 %). El tiempo medio para reconocer el PR fue de 34,43 segundos. Conclusión. El 62,3 % de los participantes logró reconocer el paro respiratorio. Entre aquellos que lo identificaron, el tiempo promedio fue de 34,43 segundos. Se observaron graves deficiencias en algunas de las intervenciones esperadas.


Introduction. Respiratory failure is the most common cause of cardiac arrest in pediatrics. Recognizing and managing it adequately is critical. Simulation is used to improve medical skills. The objective of this study was to establish the proportion of pediatric residents who recognized a respiratory arrest in a child at a simulation center. Methods. This was an observational study in 77 residents. A simulation of a patient with respiratory distress that progressed to respiratory arrest was used. Results. Among the 77 participants, 48 recognized respiratory arrest (62.3%). The mean time to recognize respiratory arrest was 34.43 seconds. Conclusion. Respiratory arrest was recognized by 62.3% of participants. Among those who did so, the average time was 34.43 seconds. Severe failures were noted in some of the expected interventions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Respiratory Insufficiency/etiology , Respiratory Insufficiency/therapy , Heart Arrest/therapy , Internship and Residency , Clinical Competence , Airway Management
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(6): 1587-1595, dic. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528805

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Anatomy and clinical skills are taught separately to physical and occupational therapy students. Formaldehyde is the primary chemical used to embalm donors which creates a challenge in integrating clinical skills into the anatomy curriculum. This study aimed to evaluate the integration of clinical skills into anatomical education using Imperial College London- Soft Preservation (ICL-SP) and formaldehyde embalming through the evaluation of student perceived learning and confidence. Students were invited to complete a survey after dissecting an ICL-SP and formaldehyde embalmed donors and perform clinical tests. It was easier to dissect and identify neurovascular structures on ICL-SP donors compared to formaldehyde. Clinical tests, like measuring range of motion and ligament tests were also more realistic on ICL-SP donors. The integration of clinical skills in the anatomical curriculum increased student perceived understanding of associated anatomy (p < 0.001), gave better understanding of how anatomy is important to their professions (p < 0.001) and increased motivation to learn anatomy (p < 0.001). The integration of clinical skills into anatomical education can facilitate student learning with higher confidence performing clinical skills and is complemented by the utilization of the new ICL-SP methodology instead of the traditional formaldehyde preservation.


Las habilidades anatómicas y clínicas se enseñan por separado a los estudiantes de terapia física y ocupacional. El formaldehído es el químico principal que se usa para embalsamar a los donantes, lo que crea un desafío para integrar las habilidades clínicas en el plan de estudios de anatomía. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar la integración de habilidades clínicas en la educación anatómica utilizando Imperial College London-Soft Preservation (ICL-SP) y embalsamamiento de formaldehído a través de la evaluación del aprendizaje y la confianza percibidos por los estudiantes. Se invitó a los estudiantes a completar una encuesta después de diseccionar un ICL-SP y donantes embalsamados formolizados y realizar pruebas clínicas. Fue más fácil diseccionar e identificar estructuras neurovasculares en donantes ICL-SP en comparación con los fijados en formaldehído. Las pruebas clínicas, como la medición del rango de movimiento y las pruebas de ligamentos, también fueron más realistas en los donantes de ICL-SP. La integración de habilidades clínicas en el plan de estudios anatómico aumentó la comprensión percibida por los estudiantes de anatomía asociada (p < 0,001), dio una mejor comprensión de cómo la anatomía es importante para sus profesiones (p < 0,001) y aumentó la motivación para aprender anatomía (p < 0,001). La integración de las habilidades clínicas en la educación anatómica puede facilitar el aprendizaje de los estudiantes con mayor confianza en el desempeño de las habilidades clínicas y se complementa con la utilización de la nueva metodología ICL-SP en lugar de la conservación tradicional con formaldehído.


Subject(s)
Humans , Students/psychology , Tissue Preservation/methods , Anatomy/education , Cadaver , Surveys and Questionnaires , Occupational Therapy , Physical Therapy Modalities , Clinical Competence , Curriculum , Dissection , Embalming , Formaldehyde
3.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3935, ene.-dic. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1441983

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: describir las competencias profesionales de los enfermeros que trabajan en urgencias y emergencias y comprender la percepción que tienen sobre las competencias esenciales para el desempeño y la actualización profesional. Método: estudio secuencial explicativo de métodos mixtos, realizado con enfermeros de urgencias y emergencias. Para obtener datos cuantitativos, se utilizó un cuestionario con 78 ítems, respondido por 39 enfermeros, que fueron analizados mediante estadística descriptiva y pruebas no paramétricas. Los datos cualitativos se obtuvieron a través de entrevistas semiestructuradas con 17 enfermeros, que fueron interpretados mediante el análisis temático de contenido inductivo. Los datos se combinaron por conexión. Resultados: se obtuvo un alto nivel de competencia en la autoevaluación de los enfermeros de urgencias y emergencias en el factor 2 - relaciones en el trabajo y un nivel más bajo en el factor 6 - excelencia profesional (p=0,036). Los datos cualitativos coincidieron positivamente con el factor relaciones en el trabajo, identificando la asociación entre conocimiento y experiencia práctica con las competencias, además de un escenario que carece de educación continua. Conclusión: a pesar de los altos niveles de competencia identificados en los enfermeros de urgencias y emergencias, el fortalecimiento de las estrategias educativas favorece el desarrollo y reconocimiento profesional.


Objective: to describe the professional competencies of nurses working in urgency and emergency services and to understand their perception of the essential competencies for professional performance and updating. Method: a sequential, mixed-methods and explanatory study, conducted with emergency nurses. To obtain the quantitative data, a questionnaire with 78 items was used, answered by 39 nurses and analyzed using descriptive statistics and non-parametric tests. In turn, the qualitative data were obtained through semi-structured interviews with 17 nurses, whose interpretation was based on inductive content thematic analysis. The data were combined by connection. Results: a high level of competence was obtained in the self-assessment of urgency and emergency nurses in Factor 2 - Relations at work and a lower level in Factor 6 - Professional excellence (p=0.036). The qualitative data corroborated positively with the "Relations at work" factor, identifying the association of knowledge and practical experience, with competencies beyond a scenario devoid of permanent education. Conclusion: despite the high levels of competence identified in emergency nurses, the strengthening of educational strategies favors professional development and recognition.


Objetivo: descrever as competências profissionais dos enfermeiros que atuam em urgência e emergência e compreender sua percepção a respeito das competências essenciais para a atuação e a atualização profissional. Método: estudo sequencial explanatório de métodos mistos, realizado com enfermeiros de urgência e emergência. Para a obtenção dos dados quantitativos, utilizou-se um questionário com 78 itens, respondidos por 39 enfermeiros, que foram analisados mediante estatística descritiva e testes não paramétricos. Já os dados qualitativos, foram obtidos por entrevista semiestruturada realizada com 17 enfermeiros, cuja interpretação deu-se pela análise temática de conteúdo indutiva. Os dados foram combinados por conexão. Resultados: obteve-se alto nível de competência na autoavaliação dos enfermeiros de urgência e emergência no fator 2 - relações no trabalho e menor nível no fator 6 - excelência profissional (p=0,036). Os dados qualitativos corroboraram de forma positiva com o fator relações no trabalho, identificando a associação do conhecimento e experiência prática com competências, além de um cenário desprovido de educação permanente. Conclusão: apesar de altos níveis de competência identificados nos enfermeiros de urgência e emergência, o fortalecimento de estratégias educacionais favorece o desenvolvimento e o reconhecimento profissional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Professional Competence , Surveys and Questionnaires , Clinical Competence , Qualitative Research , Emergency Service, Hospital , Nurses
4.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3950, ene.-dic. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1441986

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: evaluar la evidencia científica sobre las metodologías que utilizan los profesionales de enfermería para producir videos educativos. Método: revisión integradora. La búsqueda de estudios primarios se realizó en las bases de datos CINAHL, LILACS y MEDLINE/PubMed. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 19 investigaciones. La calidad metodológica de los estudios incluidos se evaluó usando una herramienta propuesta por la Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice y los resultados se analizaron de forma descriptiva. Resultados: las etapas metodológicas utilizadas para el proceso de elaboración y realización de los videos incluyen preproducción, producción y postproducción. Los estudios revelan que, en general, los autores aplicaron y/o describieron correctamente las etapas, además contemplaban el método adoptado. Sin embargo, en 14 estudios no se utilizó un marco metodológico para garantizar el rigor en su realización y en 11 presentaron validación por parte del público objetivo. Conclusión: la síntesis de conocimientos mostró que aún hay necesidad de atención en la construcción de videos educativos en cuanto al marco metodológico y la validación por la población objetivo. La ejecución rigurosa de los procedimientos metodológicos necesarios para el desarrollo de videos educativos, para fomentar la adquisición de habilidades esenciales para la creación de material didáctico de alta calidad.


Objective: to evaluate the diverse scientific evidence on the methodologies used by Nursing professionals in the production of educational videos. Method: an integrative review. The search for primary studies was carried out in the CINAHL, LILACS and MEDLINE/PubMed databases. The sample consisted of 19 research studies. The methodological quality of the studies included was assessed using a tool proposed by the Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice and the results were analyzed in a descriptive form. Results: the methodological stages used for the process to elaborate and make the videos include pre-production, production and post-production. The studies reveal that, for the most part, the stages were properly applied and/or described by the authors, in addition to contemplating the method adopted. However, in 14 studies there was no use of a methodological framework to ensure rigor in their conduction and in 11 presented validation by the target audience. Conclusion: the synthesis of knowledge showed that there is still a need for attention for the construction of educational videos regarding the methodological framework and validation by the target population. The rigorous execution of the methodological procedures necessary for the development of educational videos, aiming to encourage the acquisition of essential skills for the creation of high-quality teaching materials.


Objetivo: avaliar as evidências científicas sobre as metodologias utilizadas pelos profissionais de enfermagem na produção de vídeos educativos. Método: revisão integrativa. A busca dos estudos primários foi realizada nas bases de dados CINAHL, LILACS e MEDLINE/PubMed. A amostra foi composta por 19 pesquisas. A qualidade metodológica dos estudos incluídos foi avaliada por meio ferramenta proposta por Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice e os resultados foram analisados de forma descritiva. Resultados: as etapas metodológicas utilizadas para o processo de elaboração e construção dos vídeos compreendem a pré-produção, produção e pós-produção. Os estudos revelaram que, majoritariamente, as etapas foram aplicadas e/ou descritas corretamente pelos autores, além de contemplar o método adotado. No entanto, em 14 estudos não houve a utilização de referencial metodológico para assegurar o rigor em sua condução e em 11 apresentaram a validação pelo público-alvo. Conclusão: a síntese de conhecimento mostrou que ainda há necessidade de atenção para a construção de vídeos educativos quanto ao referencial metodológico e validação pela população-alvo. A execução rigorosa dos procedimentos metodológicos para o desenvolvimento de vídeos educacionais, permitem fomentar a aquisição de habilidades essenciais para a criação de materiais didáticos de elevada qualidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Competence , Educational Technology , Instructional Film and Video , Education, Nursing , Health Services Needs and Demand
5.
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 73(3): 250-257, May-June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439608

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: High-fidelity (HF) pediatric patient simulators are expensive. This randomized study aimed to compare the quality and educational impact of a full-scale simulation workshop with an HF infant simulator (SimBaby™, Laerdal) or with a low-cost (LC) simulator composed of an inert infant manikin with SimBaby™ software that displays respiratory/hemodynamic parameters on a monitor for medical education in pediatric difficult airway management. Methods: After written informed consent, anesthetists and emergency or ICU physicians participated in teams (4 to 6 participants) in a training session that included direct participation and observation of two difficult intubation scenarios. They were randomized into two groups (HF group, n = 65 and LC group, n = 63). They filled out a simulation quality score (SQS, 0 to 50), self-evaluated their anesthetists' non-technical skills (ANTS) score (15 to 60), and an educational quality score (EQS, 0 to 60) immediately (T0, main criteria), as well as 3 (T3) and 6 (T6) months after the training session. Results: We enrolled 128 physicians. Direct participation SQS (39 ± 5 HF group versus 38 ± 5 LC group), observation SQS (41 ± 4 H F group versus 39 ± 5 LC group), ANTS scores (38 ± 4 HF group versus 39 ± 6 LC group), T0 SQS (44 ± 5 HF group versus 43 ± 6 LC group), T3 and T6 SQS were not different between groups. Conclusion: Our low-cost simulator should be suggested as a less expensive alternative to an HF simulator for continuing medical education in pediatric difficult airway management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Education, Medical, Continuing , Simulation Training , Clinical Competence , Airway Management
6.
Gac. méd. espirit ; 25(1): [16], abr. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440167

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: El estudio teórico, el diagnóstico realizado y la experiencia de los investigadores, posibilitan formular como problema de la presente investigación: limitaciones en el desarrollo de la habilidad diagnosticar enfermedades dermatológicas en los residentes de la especialidad de Dermatología del Hospital General Provincial Docente "Dr. Antonio Luaces Iraola" de Ciego de Ávila. Objetivo: Elaborar una concepción didáctica del proceso de formación interdisciplinar de la habilidad diagnosticar enfermedades dermatológicas en los residentes de la especialidad de Dermatología, a partir de la caracterización del estado actual de esta habilidad. Metodología: Se realizó una investigación educativa con un componente descriptivo en el Hospital General Provincial Docente "Dr. Antonio Luaces Iraola" de Ciego de Ávila, en los cursos escolares desde 2016 al 2020. La población de estudio fueron los 16 residentes de 1.er año que matricularon la especialidad de Dermatología en el período de estudio. Se emplearon métodos del nivel teórico y empírico. Resultados: La caracterización realizada reveló limitaciones en el desarrollo de la habilidad diagnosticar enfermedades dermatológicas en los laboratorios de Anatomía Patológica, Microbiología y Parasitología Médica, por los residentes (100 %). La concepción didáctica del proceso de formación interdisciplinar de la habilidad diagnosticar orienta el proceso desde las actividades docentes-atencionales y prácticas de laboratorio en una consecutividad lógica y sistematización desde las diferentes formas de enseñanza y tipologías de clase. Integra la interdisciplinariedad y la utilización del método investigativo establecido en las ideas rectoras. Conclusiones: La concepción didáctica como aporte de la investigación resuelve la contradicción dialéctica entre la aplicación del método clínico y los procedimientos en la práctica de laboratorio que se da en ese proceso formativo y constituye un soporte didáctico que respalda las actividades prácticas en los laboratorios para cumplir con los objetivos del Plan de estudio de la especialidad.


Background: The theoretical study, the diagnosis conducted and the experience of the researchers make possible to formulate the problem of the present research: limitations in the development of the ability to diagnose dermatological diseases in residents of the Specialty of Dermatology of the General Provincial Teaching Hospital "Dr. Antonio Luaces Iraola" of Ciego de Avila. Objective: To elaborate a didactic conception of the interdisciplinary training process of the ability to diagnose dermatological diseases in residents of the specialty of Dermatology, based on the characterization of the current state of that ability. Methodology: An educational research with a descriptive component was conducted at the Provincial General Teaching Hospital "Dr. Antonio Luaces Iraola" of Ciego de Avila, in the 2016-2020 school years. The study population consisted of the 16 first-year dermatology residents who enrolled in the specialty during the study period. Results: The characterization conducted showed limitations in the development of the ability to diagnose dermatological diseases in anatomic pathology laboratories, Microbiology and Medical Parasitology, by residents (100%). The didactic conception of the interdisciplinary training process of diagnostic ability focuses on teaching and learning activities and laboratory practices in a logical consecutiveness and systematization from the different forms of teaching and class typologies. It integrates the interdisciplinary and the use of the research method that is established in the guiding ideas. Conclusions: The didactic conception, as a research contribution, resolves the dialectic contradiction between the application of the clinical method and the procedures in laboratory practice that occurs in this formative process which is a didactic support that backs up the practical activities in the laboratories in order to achieve the objectives of the study plan of the specialty.


Subject(s)
Clinical Competence , Dermatology/education , Education, Medical/methods , Interdisciplinary Placement/methods , Medical Staff
7.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 22: e20236641, 01 jan 2023. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1437872

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Mapear as competências do enfermeiro especialista em Dermatologia. MÉTODO: Trata-se de uma scoping review, desenvolvida conforme as recomendações do Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI). Para elaboração da questão de pesquisa utilizou-se a estratégia Population, Concept e Context. A busca por publicações, sem limitar idioma e recorte temporal, foi realizada nas fontes: The Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), National Library of Medicine (MEDLINE) via PubMed, Scopus, Embase e Cochrane Library, além de sites das associações de especialistas e no Google Acadêmico. RESULTADOS: Foram selecionadas 17 publicações, originando as categorias: avaliação integral do paciente dermatológico, prescrição de medicamentos, detecção precoce e prevenção do câncer de pele, tratamento de feridas e estética. CONCLUSÃO: Diante da vasta possibilidade de atuação do enfermeiro nesta área, constata-se a necessidade de ampliação da discussão e de pesquisas sobre o tema.


OBJECTIVE: To map the competencies of specialist nurses in Dermatology. METHOD: A scoping review was conducted according to the recommendations of the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI). The Population, Concept, and Context framework established the research question. The search for publications was carried out in different sources, including Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Latin America and the Caribbean Literature on Health Sciences (LILACS), National Library of Medicine (MEDLINE) via PubMed, Scopus, Embase, and the Cochrane Library. Additionally, expert association websites and Google Scholar were searched. No language or time restrictions were applied. RESULTS: Seventeen publications were selected, originating the categories: integral evaluation of the dermatological patient, drug prescription, early detection and prevention of skin cancer, wound care, and aesthetics. CONCLUSION: Faced with the vast possibilities for nurses to work in Dermatology, there is a need to expand the discussion and research on the subject.


Subject(s)
Professional Competence , Specialization , Clinical Competence , Delivery of Health Care , Dermatology , Nurses
8.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 22: e20236629, 01 jan 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1415536

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Avaliar o ensino baseado em simulação no desenvolvimento da competência clínica de estudantes. MÉTODO: Estudo quase experimental realizado em uma universidade pública que participaram 62 estudantes. Para coleta de dados utilizou-se um Teste de Conhecimento e um Checklist. Os dados foram apresentados em percentual e comparados com a ANOVA. RESULTADOS: A média do percentual do conhecimento, antes, durante e após as estratégias teóricas (estudo de caso e aula teórica dialogada), foi 67,6%, 76,7% e 88,1% respectivamente e 87,6% após 30 dias. Na simulação, a habilidade "comunicou-se com fala nítida e tom de voz controlado" obteve 93,5% de acertos; "acoplou oxímetro de pulso" e "administrou o antiagregante plaquetário" 100%; 75% dos estudantes classificaram o paciente em um dos três grupos de síndrome coronariana e 83,7% relacionaram com o melhor tratamento. CONCLUSÃO: O ensino baseado em simulação possibilitou o desenvolvimento da competência clínica dos estudantes no atendimento de síndrome coronariana.


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate simulation-based teaching in the development of students' clinical competence. METHOD: Quasi-experimental study carried out at a public university with the participation of 62 students. A Knowledge Test and a Checklist were used for data collection. Data were presented as percentages and compared using ANOVA. RESULTS: The average percentage of knowledge, before, during and after the theoretical strategies (case study and dialogued theoretical class), was 67.6%, 76.7% and 88.1% respectively and 87.6% after 30 days. In the simulation, the skill "communicated with clear speech and controlled tone of voice" obtained 93.5% of correct answers; "attached pulse oximeter" and "administered platelet antiaggregant" 100%; 75% of the students classified the patient in one of the three groups of coronary syndrome and 83.7% related it to the best treatment. CONCLUSION: Simulation-based teaching enabled the development of students' clinical competence in treating coronary syndromes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Students, Nursing , Clinical Competence , Acute Coronary Syndrome , Simulation Training , Patient Care , Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
9.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e278403, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529212

ABSTRACT

A Comissão Consultiva em Avaliação Psicológica (CCAP) do Conselho Federal de Psicologia (CFP), em seu 20º aniversário, vem discutir os possíveis efeitos, ainda efetivamente desconhecidos, da Ação Direta de Inconstitucionalidade (ADI) 3481, instruída no Supremo Tribunal Federal (STF), a qual desestruturou o modo como os testes psicológicos eram comercializados no Brasil. A livre comercialização de testes psicológicos coloca em risco a segurança de avaliações psicológicas e cabe à categoria profissional pensar estratégias de enfrentamento desses riscos. Neste artigo, são discutidos possíveis efeitos da ADI 3481 para a categoria profissional da psicologia, bem como para a sociedade em geral, e são também elencadas possíveis estratégias de enfrentamento desses riscos, sem desconsiderar aspectos éticos relacionados a eles. Dessa forma, busca-se neste manuscrito, além da problematização dos efeitos derivados da ADI 3481, pensar soluções ou alternativas que venham a redirecionar a trajetória da área da avaliação psicológica no Brasil. Com isso, abre-se um espaço de discussão e encaminhamentos que a categoria profissional precisará tomar nos próximos anos.(AU)


The Advisory Commission for Psychological Assessment of the Federal Council of Psychology discusses, on its 20th anniversary, the possible and still effectively unknown effects of the Direct Action of Unconstitutionality (DAU) 3481, following the Supreme Federal Court, which interrupted how psychological tests were marketed in Brazil. The free trade of psychological tests puts the safety of psychological assessments at risk, and this professional category must think of strategies to face these risks. This study discusses the possible effects of DAU 3481 for professional psychology and for society in general, listing possible strategies for coping with these risks without disregarding its ethical aspects. Thus, this study seeks to problematize the effects derived from DAU 3481 and think of solutions or alternatives that may redirect the trajectory of the field of psychological assessment in Brazil, thus opening a space for discussion and referrals professional psychology will require in the coming years.(AU)


La Comisión Consultiva en Evaluación Psicológica (CCEP) del Consejo Federal de Psicología (CFP), en su 20.º aniversario, propone discutir los posibles efectos aún efectivamente desconocidos de la Acción Directa de Inconstitucionalidad (ADI) 3481, determinada por el Supremo Tribunal Federal (STF), por la cual trastornó la forma de comercializar las pruebas psicológicas en Brasil. La comercialización sin restricciones de las pruebas psicológicas pone en riesgo la seguridad de las evaluaciones psicológicas, y le corresponde a la categoría profesional pensar estrategias para enfrentar estos riesgos. En este artículo se discuten los posibles efectos de la ADI 3481 para la categoría profesional de la Psicología, así como para la sociedad en general, pero también se enumeran posibles estrategias para el enfrentamiento de estos riesgos, sin descuidar los aspectos éticos relacionados con ellos. Así, este manuscrito busca, además de problematizar los efectos derivados de la ADI 3481, pensar en soluciones o alternativas que puedan reconducir la trayectoria del campo de la evaluación psicológica en Brasil. Esto abre un espacio de discusión y derivaciones que la categoría profesional deberá tomar en los próximos años.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Psychological Tests , Psychology , Social Justice , Aptitude Tests , Politics , Poverty , Problem Solving , Professional Practice , Quality of Health Care , Safety , Social Control, Formal , Social Sciences , Societies , Specialty Boards , Systems Analysis , Teaching , Therapeutics , Choice Behavior , Mental Health , Control Groups , Reproducibility of Results , Health Status Indicators , Databases, Bibliographic , Decision Support Techniques , Investigative Techniques , Health Strategies , Civil Rights , Negotiating , Mental Competency , Clinical Competence , Disabled Persons , Total Quality Management , Collective Bargaining , Commerce , Communication , Confidentiality , Impacts of Polution on Health , Knowledge , Behavioral Disciplines and Activities , Decision Support Systems, Clinical , Handbook , Credentialing , Health Risk , Access to Information , Decision Making , Uncertainty , Government Regulation , Law Enforcement , Diagnosis , Employee Discipline , Equipment and Supplies , Disease Prevention , Ethics , Ethics, Professional , Professional Training , Data Accuracy , Ecological Momentary Assessment , Mentoring , Access to Essential Medicines and Health Technologies , Freedom , Health Occupations , Health Services Accessibility , Jurisprudence , Licensure , Methods
10.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e256659, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529213

ABSTRACT

Em 2020, o mundo enfrentou uma grave emergência de saúde pública devido à pandemia de COVID-19, que impactou significativamente a mobilidade humana e a vida cotidiana de milhares de imigrantes ao redor do mundo. Este artigo fez uso de entrevistas online e por telefone com imigrantes que chegaram ao Brasil a partir de 2016, para identificar as estratégias de enfrentamento adotadas durante a pandemia. Foi realizada uma análise transversal das entrevistas com o auxílio do software Atlas.ti 9, usando a técnica sistemática de categorização iterativa. Com base em uma perspectiva sociocultural em psicologia, o artigo introduz os impactos iniciais da pandemia em diferentes esferas da vida cotidiana desses imigrantes e apresenta as estratégias mobilizadas para restaurar continuidades funcionais e relacionais em um momento no qual as rupturas provocadas pela migração e pela pandemia se sobrepõem. Entre outros, podese identificar como os entrevistados ativaram rapidamente as redes sociais locais e transnacionais virtualmente, mobilizando competências e habilidades aprendidas durante a migração.(AU)


In 2020, the world faced a serious public health emergency due to the COVID-19 pandemic, which has significantly impacted human mobility and the daily lives of thousands of immigrants around the world. This article uses online and telephone interviews conducted with migrants who arrived in Brazil in 2016, to identify coping strategies employed during the pandemic. A transversal analysis of all interviews was conducted with the aid of the software Atlas.ti 9, using a systematic approach of iterative categorization. From a sociocultural perspective in psychology, the article introduces the initial impacts of the pandemic in different spheres of everyday life of these immigrants. With this everyday context, we present the strategies mobilized by immigrants to restore functional and relational continuities at a moment in which the ruptures caused by migration and the pandemic overlap. In particular, we identify how interviewees rapidly activated local and transnational social networks virtually, mobilizing skills learnt during migration.(AU)


En 2020, el mundo se enfrentó a un grave estado de emergencia en salud pública debido a la pandemia del COVID-19, que impactó significativamente la movilidad humana y la vida cotidiana de miles de inmigrantes en todo el mundo. Este artículo realizó entrevistas en línea y por teléfono con inmigrantes quienes llegaron a Brasil a partir de 2016, con el fin de identificar sus estrategias de afrontamiento adoptadas durante la pandemia. Se realizó un análisis transversal de las entrevistas con la ayuda del software Atlas.ti 9, utilizando la técnica sistemática de categorización iterativa. Desde una perspectiva sociocultural en Psicología, este artículo expone los impactos iniciales de la pandemia en diferentes ámbitos de la vida cotidiana de estos inmigrantes y presenta las estrategias movilizadas para restaurar las continuidades funcionales y relacionales en un momento en que se superponen las rupturas causadas por la migración y la pandemia. Entre otros aspectos, se puede identificar cómo los entrevistados activaron virtualmente las redes sociales locales y transnacionales movilizando habilidades y destrezas aprendidas durante la migración.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Adaptation, Psychological , Cultural Characteristics , Emigration and Immigration , COVID-19 , Anxiety , Aptitude , Politics , Psychology , Psychology, Social , Public Policy , Quality of Life , Refugees , Safety , Salaries and Fringe Benefits , Social Change , Social Desirability , Social Isolation , Social Mobility , Social Problems , Social Sciences , Social Work , Socioeconomic Factors , Unemployment , Viruses , Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms , Brazil , Career Mobility , Economic Development , Quarantine , Communicable Disease Control , Family Characteristics , Adjustment Disorders , Hygiene , Mental Health , Disease Outbreaks , Mortality , Immunization , Population Growth , Universal Precautions , Clinical Competence , Workplace , Interview , Disease Transmission, Infectious , Disease Notification , Refugee Camps , Endemic Diseases , Credentialing , Crisis Intervention , Affective Symptoms , Culture , Terrorism , Capitalism , Internationality , Disasters , Economics , Employment , Environment and Public Health , Job Market , Ethics , Products Distribution , Cultural Competency , Resilience, Psychological , Fear , Economic Recession , Policy , Remuneration , Forecasting , Faith-Based Organizations , Expression of Concern , Right to seek Asylum , Respect , Psychological Distress , Transtheoretical Model , Physical Distancing , Food Insecurity , Social Vulnerability , Disaster Operations , Human Development , Human Rights , Income , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Learning , Leisure Activities , Life Change Events , Loneliness
11.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 27: e20220310, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1440104

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivos descrever estratégia de treinamento mediado pela prática supervisionada à beira-leito para enfermeiros na pandemia de COVID-19 e identificar a percepção dos enfermeiros quanto à contribuição do treinamento na aquisição de conhecimentos e habilidades para o atendimento ao paciente crítico. Método estudo observacional, longitudinal, retrospectivo, descritivo e quantitativo, realizado em hospital de grande porte (São Paulo). Dados foram coletados no primeiro semestre de 2021 após aprovação pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa do Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, sob Parecer 5.423.393. Foram selecionados dez procedimentos para supervisão, como aspiração traqueal, sondagem nasogástrica, punção venosa, paramentação, curativo e manuseio de equipamentos. Resultados dos 72 participantes, 87,5% eram mulheres, com idade e tempo médio de atuação de 33 anos a nove meses, respectivamente. Inicialmente, o profissional participou do treinamento institucional padrão de 26 horas e, posteriormente, ao mediado pela prática supervisionada. O tempo médio por procedimento foi de 45 minutos. A mediana de proficiência em oito dos procedimentos foi oito. A maioria dos profissionais se autoavaliou como confiante (98,9%) e satisfeitos com o treinamento (99,4%). Conclusão e implicações para a prática o treinamento possibilitou um processo estruturado de identificação e acompanhamento da prática assistencial, permitindo uma estratégia efetiva para prover profissionais preparados e atuando com segurança.


Resumen Objetivos describir estrategia de formación mediada por la práctica supervisada de cabecera para enfermeros durante la pandemia de COVID -19 y identificar la percepción de los enfermeros sobre la contribución de la formación de cabecera en la adquisición de conocimientos y habilidades para la práctica asistencial en la atención a pacientes críticos. Método estudio observacional de carácter longitudinal, retrospectivo y descriptivo, con enfoque cuantitativo, realizado en un hospital privado de gran porte en São Paulo. Los datos recopilados se refieren al período de abril a junio de 2021. La investigación fue aprobada por el por el Comité de Ética en Investigación del Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, bajo el Dictamen 5.423.393. Se seleccionaron diez procedimientos para supervisión, como aspiración traqueal, sonda nasogástrica, venopunción, batas, vendajes y manejo de equipos. El análisis de los datos se basó en estadística descriptiva y pruebas estadísticas. Resultado de los 72 participantes, el 87,5% era mujer, de 33 años de edad promedio y un tiempo promedio de nueve meses de trabajo (50%). Inicialmente, los profesionales participaron de la formación institucional estándar de 26 horas y, posteriormente, de la formación mediada por la práctica supervisada. El tiempo medio por procedimiento fue de 45 minutos. La mediana de competencia en ocho de los procedimientos fue ocho. La mayoría de los profesionales se calificaron como confiados (98,9%) y satisfechos con la formación (99,4%). Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica la capacitación posibilitó un proceso estructurado de identificación y seguimiento de la práctica asistencial, posibilitando una estrategia eficaz para brindar profesionales preparados que trabajen con seguridad.


Abstract Objective to describe a strategy of mediated training by bedside supervised practice for nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic and to determine nurses' perception about contribution of bedside training for the acquisition of knowledge and skills for healthcare practice in critical care settings. Methods this was an observational, longitudinal, retrospective and descriptive study that used a quantitative approach, conducted at a large private health care facility in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. The data collected refer to the period from April to June 2021. The research was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, under Protocol 5.423.393. Ten procedures were selected for supervision, such as tracheal aspiration, nasogastric tube, venipuncture, donning, dressing and equipment handling. Data obtained were analyzed using descriptive analyses and statistical tests. Results of the participants (72), 87.7% were women with mean age of 33 years and their mean work experience was 9 months (50%). Initially, professionals participated in the standard 26-hour institutional training and, later, in supervised practice-mediated training. The mean time per procedure was 45 minutes. The median proficiency in eight of the procedures was eight. Most professionals rated themselves as confident (98.9%) and satisfied with the training (99.4%). Conclusion and implications for practice the training enabled a structured process of identification and monitoring of care practice, allowing for an effective strategy to provide prepared professionals who work safely.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Clinical Competence , Education, Continuing/methods , COVID-19/nursing , Inservice Training/methods , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
12.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 125-129, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981592

ABSTRACT

Objectives To learn the echocardiography skills of intensivists after receiving a basic critical care echocardiography training course, and investigate factors that may influence their performance. Methods We completed a web-based questionnaire that assessed the skills in ultrasound scanning techniques of intensivists who took a training course on basic critical care echocardiography held in 2019 and 2020. Mann-Whitney test was used to analyze the factors which might affect their performance on image acquisition, recognizing clinical syndrome, and measuring the diameter of inferior vena cava, left ventricular ejection fraction and left ventricular outflow tract velocity-time integral.Results We enrolled 554 physicians from 412 intensive care units across China. Among them, 185 (33.4%) reported that they had 10%-30% chance of being misled by critical care echocardiography when making therapeutic decision, and 34 (6.1%) reported that the chance was greater than 30%. Intensivists who performed echocardiography under the guidance of a mentor and finished ultrasound scanning more than 10 times per week reported significant higher scores in image acquisition, clinical syndrome recognition, and quantitative measurement of inferior vena cava diameter, left ventricular ejection fraction and left ventricular outflow tract velocity-time integral than those without mentor and performing echocardiography 10 times or less per week respectively (all P < 0.05).Conclusion The skills in diagnostic medical echocardiography of Chinese intensivists after a basic echocardiographic training course remain low, and further quality assurance training program is clearly warranted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Competence , East Asian People , Echocardiography/standards , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left , Self-Assessment , Physicians/standards , Internal Medicine/standards
13.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1825-1837, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981173

ABSTRACT

Comprehensive experiments course is a bridge for higher vocational students to integrate theoretical knowledge with production practice. The article introduces that our biological pharmacy department is committed to the principles of "promotion of teaching, learning and construction through skills competition so as to integrate education and training". By taking penicillin fermentation process as an example, reform has been made in several aspects including teaching objectives, teaching content and teaching methods. We integrate the practical operation of fermentation equipment with virtual simulation software to develop a two-way interactive course. By reducing the subjective dependence, the quantitative management and evaluation of fermentation process parameter control were put into place, which efficiently integrated the skills competition with practical teaching. Improved teaching performance has been achieved over recent years, which may facilitate the reform and practice of similar courses based on skills competition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Competence , Learning , Students , Technology , Biological Products
14.
Health Sciences Journal ; : 85-94, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005092

ABSTRACT

Introduction@#During the COVID-19 pandemic, medical schools shifted to blended learning. This study aimed to determine the demographic and level of confidence of a private medical school’s clinical clerks of School Year 2021-2022 on general competencies and skills. @*Methods@#The study aimed to identify the skills that exhibited the highest and lowest levels of confidence among a group of 139 clinical clerks. Additionally, it sought to examine whether there were significant differences in confidence levels based on sex and prior clinical experience. An analytical cross-sectional study design was employed using a Google Form as the data collection tool.@*Results@#The clerks were most confident in handwashing, and least in NGT insertion, performing digital rectal examination (DRE), and suturing. Females were more confident in history taking of obstetric and gynecologic, surgical, and medical patients, physical examination of pediatric patients, and preparing a discharge summary, while males were more confident in performing digital rectal examination. Clerks with prior medical experience were significantly more confident in foley catheter insertion, intravenous insertion, blood extraction, suturing, and performing essential intrapartum and newborn care (EINC) than those without. The results aligned with previous studies since clerks with prior experience were able to practice the skills in a psychomotor sense.@*Conclusion@#The study revealed significant differences in the confidence level on the competencies and skills for medical practice between sex and prior medical experience.


Subject(s)
Clinical Competence
15.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 27: e20220372, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1440106

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo mapear evidências sobre a prática deliberada (PD) e a prática deliberada em ciclos rápidos (PDCR) no ensino do Suporte Básico de Vida (SBV) de estudantes de ciências da saúde. Método scoping review, conforme JBI Reviewer's Manual for Scoping Reviews e PRISMA-ScR. Buscas e seleções foram realizadas nas bases de dados estabelecidas por intermédio de descritores e sinônimos, analisando a relevância dos estudos, selecionando os que responderam à pergunta de investigação, no período de abril a novembro de 2021. Em dezembro de 2022 realizou-se atualização da busca e seleção dos estudos. Resultados dos 4.155 estudos encontrados, 116 foram analisados na íntegra, com 9 incluídos neste estudo. 44,4% são americanos e 66,6% foram realizados em cursos de medicina. 11,1% apresentaram cenários simulados no contexto intra e extra-hospitalar, e 11,1%, em cenários intra-hospitalares. Conclusão e implicações para a prática a PD e a PDCR no ensino em saúde vêm sendo consolidadas nos últimos anos, evidenciando melhorias de aprendizado e retenção de conhecimento ao longo do tempo. Foi identificado que a maioria dos estudos abordam o contexto hospitalar, demonstrando a lacuna de produção de conhecimento pré-hospitalar. Ademais, a maioria dos estudos se concentrou entre Europa e América do Norte, confirmando a necessidade de realização de estudos para aplicabilidade da PD e PDCR em SBV em diferentes públicos e contextos.


Resumen Objetivo mapear evidencias sobre Práctica Deliberada (PD) y Práctica Deliberada em Ciclos Rápidos (PDCR) em la enseñanza del Soporte Básico de Vida (SBV) a estudiantes del área de la salud. Método una scoping review según JBI Reviewer's Manual for Scoping Reviews y PRISMA-ScR. Se realizaron búsquedas y selecciones en las bases de datos establecidas a través de descriptores y sinónimos, analizando la pertinencia de los estudios, seleccionando aquellos que respondían a la pregunta de investigación, de abril a noviembre de 2021. En diciembre de 2022 se realizó la actualización de la búsqueda y selección de estudios. Resultados de los 4.155 estudios encontrados, 116 fueron analizados en su totalidad, siendo 9 incluidos en este estudio. El 44,4% son estadounidenses y el 66,6% se realizaron en cursos de medicina. El 11,1% presentó escenarios simulados en el contexto intra y extrahospitalario y el 11,1% en escenarios intrahospitalarios. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica PD y PDCR en educación para la salud se han consolidado en los últimos años, mostrando mejoras en el aprendizaje y la retención de conocimientos a lo largo del tiempo. Se identificó que la mayoría de los estudios abordan el contexto hospitalario, demostrando la brecha de producción de conocimiento prehospitalario. Además, la mayoría de los estudios se concentraron en Europa y América del Norte, lo que confirma la necesidad de realizar estudios sobre la aplicabilidad de PD y PDCR en SBV en diferentes audiencias y contextos.


Abstract Objective to map evidence on deliberate practice (DP) and rapid cycle deliberate practice (RCDP) in teaching Basic Life Support (BLS) to health occupations students. Method a scoping review according to JBI Reviewer's Manual for Scoping Reviews and PRISMA-ScR. Searches and selections were carried out in the databases through descriptors and synonyms, and it was analyzed the relevance of the studies, selecting those that answered the research question, from April to November 2021. In December 2022, study search and selection were updated. Results of the 4,155 studies found, 116 were analyzed in full, with 9 included in this study. 44.4% are Americans and 66.6% were accomplished in medical courses. 11.1% presented simulated scenarios in the intra- and extra-hospital context, and 11.1%, in intra-hospital scenarios. Conclusion and implications for practice DP and RCDP in health education have been consolidated in recent years, showing improvements in learning and knowledge retention over time. This scope identified that most studies address the hospital context, which demonstrates the knowledge production gap in the pre-hospital area. Furthermore, most of the studies focused on Europe and North America, confirming the need to carry out studies for the applicability of DP and RCDP in BLS in different audiences and contexts.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Competence , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/education , Simulation Training
16.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 82: e0039, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1507884

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To investigate if there is knowledge improvement over the Residency years, as well as students' satisfaction about progress test. Finally, to describe the implementation of the online progress test in some Ophthalmological Residency programs in Brazil. Methods It was an observational cross-section study. The participants were all Ophthalmology residents who accepted to join the study. They did an online test and answered demographic and satisfaction questionnaires. Results Two hundred and fifty-nine residents joined the study. 42,86% of the residents answered the demographic questionnaire and 6,95% answered the satisfaction questionnaire. In general, the residents approved the website as a tool for self-learning and to improve residency programs. Conclusion Over the years, the residents acquired knowledge during the residency program. In general, residents were satisfied with the test. The implementation of the online progress test system in the Ophthalmological Residency schools in Brazil was successful.


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar se ocorre melhora do desempenho na prova dos residentes ao longo dos anos de curso e o grau de satisfação dos residentes com o teste de progresso. Além disso, descrever a implementação do teste de progresso em alguns serviços de residência em oftalmologia no Brasil. Métodos Estudo observacional prospectivo. Os participantes foram todos os residentes de Oftalmologia que aceitaram participar do estudo. Eles fizeram um teste online e responderam a um questionário pessoal e um de satisfação. Resultados Duzentos e cinquenta e nove residentes participaram do estudo. 42,86% dos residentes responderam o questionário pessoal e 6,95% responderam o questionário de satisfação. Em geral, os residentes aprovaram o site como instrumento de autoaprendizado e como instrumento para melhoria dos programas de residência. Conclusão Houve aquisição de conhecimento dos residentes ao longo do curso. De um modo geral, os residentes ficaram satisfeitos com o teste. A implementação do teste de progresso nos serviços de residência de Oftalmologia foi bem-sucedida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Ophthalmology/education , Clinical Competence , Educational Measurement/methods , Internship and Residency , Personal Satisfaction , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Education, Distance/methods , Education, Medical
17.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 39: e39007, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1415874

ABSTRACT

To analyze the knowledge and safety of primary health care professionals in the management of chronic kidney disease in its early stages. Integrative literature review carried out in four steps. The search took place in the following databases: MEDLINE via PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus and BVS. The descriptors used were "Primary Health Care" AND "Kidney Diseases" AND "Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice" and the quality of the analysis was checked by means of the Hierarchy of Evidence for Intervention Studies". Fifteen articles were found, with a predominance of qualitative and descriptive method; the results showed insufficient knowledge of health professionals and interest in the best approach in the initial stage of the disease. Thus, it is inferred that the knowledge and security of primary health care professionals depend on individual factors and institutional initiative for the adoption of clinical guidelines and training. Therefore, prepared professionals and organized care, using protocols, would bring benefits both to patients as to the evolution and outcome of the disease and savings to health services.


Subject(s)
Primary Health Care , Clinical Competence , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
19.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 93(nspe2): e228, dic. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1403322

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la creación de sistemas de traslado neonatal marcó una inflexión en cuanto a la reducción de morbimortalidad de los recién nacidos (RN). La Organización Panamericana de la Salud estima que 1% de los RN requerirá ingreso a la unidad de cuidados intensivos. El traslado ideal es intraútero, pero muchas veces esto no es posible, requiriendo un traslado neonatal. La regionalización de los sistemas de traslado, la capacitación de recursos humanos y la adquisición de materiales son elementos que han mejorado su calidad y disminuido su indicación. Objetivos: describir a los RN que requirieron traslado y valorar el impacto sobre ellos al adquirir materiales y recursos humanos capacitados. Metodología: estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo y multicéntrico, incluyendo todos los RN que requirieron traslado en el período 2016-2019. Variables analizadas: número de nacimientos, número de traslados, edad gestacional (EG), edad al momento del traslado, peso al nacer, tiempo de estabilización, oxigenoterapia y métodos, medicación recibida, medio de transporte y recursos humanos. Resultados y discusión: se realizaron 101 traslados neonatales, 1,5% del total de nacimientos. Variación anual: 2% de los RN en el año 2016, 1,6% en el 2017, 1,4% en el 2018, 1.1% en el 2019. Sector público: 63,3%. La media de EG fue de 33 semanas (25-40), modo 31 semanas. Pretérminos extremos 4,17%, pretérminos severos 37,5%, pretérminos moderados 17,7%, pretérminos tardíos 15,6% y de término 25%. La media de peso al nacer fue de 2.102 gramos (710-4.160), modo 1.440 gramos. La media de días al momento del traslado fue de 2,1 (3 horas-26 días). Indicaciones de traslado: prematurez 39,6%, otros SDR 22,9%, patología quirúrgica 13,5%, shock séptico 10,4%, asfixia/convulsiones 8,3% y cardiopatías 3%. Tratamiento durante la estabilización: oxigenoterapia 87,1%. Intubación orotraqueal y asistencia ventilatoria mecánica 71%, CPAP 9,7%, catéter nasal 6,4%. Requirieron surfactante 58,5%, antibióticos 77,4%, inotrópicos 26,6%, prostaglandinas 3,3%, aminofilina 3,3%. La media de tiempo de estabilización fue de 10,5 horas (3-36 horas). Destino: 64,3% Montevideo, 30,6% Tacuarembó, 3% Salto, 1% Canelones y 1% Minas. Medio de transporte: terrestre 95% y aéreo 5%. Fallecidos 1%. Recursos humanos disponibles: en 2016 un neonatólogo y seis pediatras. En 2019 tres neonatólogos, dos posgrados en neonatología, un pediatra intensivista, nueve pediatras (que se capacitaron en la estabilización del RN) y un supervisor docente y referente. Concomitante creación de unidades neonatales de estabilización con capacitación continua del personal de enfermería. Conclusiones: la principal causa de traslado fue la prematurez severa. Con la adquisición de recursos materiales adecuados y humanos capacitados se logró un descenso de casi 50% de los traslados. La regionalización ha ido en aumento pero se debe enfatizar, sobre todo en los RN menores a 1.000 gramos.


Introduction: the creation of neonatal transport systems showed a landmark regarding reduced morbidity and mortality of newborns (NB). The Pan-American Health Organization estimates that 1% of NBs require admission to an Intensive Care Unit. The ideal transport system would be intrauterine; however, many times this is not possible and neonatal transport services are needed. The regionalization of transport services, the training of human resources and the acquisition of materials have improved and therefore the need for transport services has decreased. Objectives: to describe the situation of newborns who required transport services and assess the impact on these services when acquiring materials and skilled human resources. Methodology: descriptive, retrospective and multicenter study, including all newborns who required transport services in 2016-2019. Variables analyzed: number of births, number of transfers, gestational age (GA), age at the time of transfer, birth weight, stabilization time, oxygen therapy and methods, medication received, means of transport and human resources. Results and discussion: 101 neonatal transfers were carried out, 1.5% of all births. Annual variation: 2% of newborns in 2016, 1.6% in 2017, 1.4% in 2018, 1.1% in 2019. Public sector: 63.3%. The mean GA was 33 weeks (25-40), mode 31 weeks. Extreme pre-terms 4.17%, severe pre-terms 37.5%, moderate pre-terms 17.7%, late pre-terms 15.6% and term newborns 25%. The mean birth weight was 2102 grams (710-4160), mode 1440 grams. The mean number of days at the time of transfer was 2.1 (3 hours-26 days). Transport main indications: prematurity 39.6%, other RDS 22.9%, surgical pathology 13.5%, septic shock 10.4%, asphyxia/seizures 8.3%, and heart disease 3%. Treatment during stabilization: Oxygen therapy: 87.1%. Orotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation assistance 71%, CPAP 9.7%, nasal catheter 6.4%. 58.5% required surfactant, 77.4% antibiotics, 26.6% inotropes, 3.3% prostaglandins, 3.3% aminophylline. The mean stabilization time was 10.5 hours (3-36 hours). Destination: 64.3% Montevideo, 30.6% Tacuarembó, 3% Salto, 1% Canelones and 1% Minas. Means of transport: land 95% and air 5%. Deceased 1%. Available human resources: in 2016, 1 neonatologist and 6 pediatricians. In 2019, 3 neonatologists, 2 post graduated doctors in neonatology, 1 intensivist pediatrician, 9 pediatricians (who were trained in NB stabilization) and an academic supervisor and referent. Simultaneous neonatal stabilization units with continuous training of the nursing staff were created. Conclusions: the main cause of neonatal transport was severe prematurity. With the acquisition of adequate material and trained human resources, a decrease of almost 50% of these transfers was achieved. Regionalization has been rising even though it should be strengthened, especially in newborns weighing less than 1000 grams.


Introdução: a criação dos sistemas de transporte neonatal marcou uma virada na redução da morbimortalidade de recém-nascidos (RN). A Organização Pan-Americana da Saúde estima que 1% dos RNs necessitarão de internação em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva. O transporte ideal é intrauterino, más muitas vezes isso não é possível, sendo necessário o transporte neonatal. A regionalização do transporte neonatal, a formação de recursos humanos e a aquisição de materiais, tem melhorado a qualidade e diminuído a indicação do transporte neonatal. Objetivos: descrever a situação dos recém-nascidos que necessitaram de transporte e avaliar o impacto da aquisição de materiais e recursos humanos capacitados sobre os resultados. Metodologia: estudo descritivo, retrospectivo e multicêntrico, incluindo todos os recém-nascidos que necessitaram de transporte no período 2016-2019. Variáveis analisadas: número de partos, número de transportes, idade gestacional (IG), idade no momento do transporte, peso ao nascer, tempo de estabilização, oxigenoterapia e métodos, medicação recebida, meio de transporte e recursos humanos. Resultados e discussão: foram realizados 101 transportes neonatais, 1,5% de todos os nascimentos. Variação anual: 2% dos recém-nascidos em 2016, 1,6% em 2017, 1,4% em 2018, 1,1% em 2019. Setor público: 63,3%. A média de IG foi de 33 semanas (25-40), moda de 31 semanas. Pré-termos maduros extremos 4,17%, pré-termos graves 37,5%, pré-termos moderados 17,7%, pré-termos tardios 15,6% e recém-nascidos a termo 25%. O peso médio ao nascer foi de 2.102 gramas (710-4.160), moda 1.440 gramas. O número médio de dias no momento do traslado foi de 2,1 (3 horas-26 dias). Indicações de transporte: prematuridade 39,6%, outras SDR 22,9%, patologia cirúrgica 13,5%, choque séptico 10,4%, asfixia/convulsões 8,3% e cardiopatia 3%. Tratamento durante a estabilização: Oxigenoterapia: 87,1%. Intubação orotraqueal e assistência à ventilação mecânica 71%, CPAP 9,7%, cateter nasal 6,4%. 58,5% necessitaram de surfactante, 77,4% de antibióticos, 26,6% de inotrópicos, 3,3% de prostaglandinas, 3,3% de aminofilina. O tempo médio de estabilização foi de 10,5 horas (3-36 horas). Destino: 64,3% Montevidéu, 30,6% Tacuarembo, 3% Salto, 1% Canelones e 1% Minas. Meios de transporte: terrestre 95% e aéreo 5%. Falecidos 1%. Recursos humanos disponíveis: em 2016, 1 neonatologista e 6 pediatras. Em 2019, 3 neonatologistas, 2 pós-graduados em neonatologia,1 pediatra intensivista, 9 pediatras (treinados em estabilização de RN) e uma supervisora e referente académica. Simultaneamente se criaram unidades de estabilização neonatal com treinamento contínuo da equipe de enfermagem. Conclusões: a principal causa de transporte neonatal foi a prematuridade grave. Com a aquisição de material adequado e recursos humanos capacitados, conseguiu-se uma diminuição de quase 50% dos traslados. A regionalização vem aumentando, mas deve ser reforçada, principalmente para os casos de recém-nascidos com menos de 1.000 gramas de peso.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Health Evaluation/statistics & numerical data , Patient Transfer/statistics & numerical data , Clinical Competence , Health Personnel/education , Uruguay , Retrospective Studies , Public Sector , Private Sector , Observational Study
20.
Rev. med. Chile ; 150(10): 1325-1333, oct. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1431848

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The adoption of sanitary measures due to the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic hampered teaching and learning methods in medicine. AIM: To communicate the results of a wound suture training workshop, based on the Basic Procedural Skills Training methodology and adapted to the pandemic context. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred fourteen students were randomized in small groups due to sanitary measures and trained with a modification of the Basic Procedural Skills Training methodology. An informed consent was obtained from every student. The suturing skills were evaluated before and after the intervention with "The Objective Structured Assessment Of Technical Skills" (OSATS) instrument. The perception of the workshop and the implementation of the COVID-19 prevention measures were also evaluated. RESULTS: The students showed a statistically significant improvement after the intervention. In the OSATS verification list, the average score increased from 4.5 to 8.6 (p < 0.01). In the OSATS global scale, the average score increased from 13.0 to 25.3 (p < 0.01). The perception of the workshop and the prevention measures were well evaluated. CONCLUSIONS: Despite all the limitations of the pandemic context, we achieved a significant improvement after the intervention and a very good perception by the students.


Subject(s)
Humans , Students, Medical , COVID-19 , Clinical Competence , Educational Measurement/methods , Pandemics/prevention & control , SARS-CoV-2
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