Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 12 de 12
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5014-5023, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008671


The chemical constituents from the stems and leaves of Cratoxylum cochinchinense were isolated and purified using silica gel, ODS gel, and Sephadex LH-20 gel column chromatography, as well as preparative HPLC. The chemical structures of all isolated compounds were identified on the basis of their physicochemical properties, spectroscopic analyses, and the comparison of their physicochemical and spectroscopic data with the reported data in literature. As a result, 21 compounds were isolated from the 90% ethanol extract of the stems and leaves of C. cochinchinense, which were identified as cratocochine(1), 1-hydroxy-3,7-dimethoxyxanthone(2), 1-hydroxy-5,6,7-trimethoxyxanthone(3), ferrxanthone(4), 3,6-dihydroxy-1,5-dimethoxyxanthone(5), 3,6-dihydroxy-1,7-dimethoxyxanthone(6), 1,2,5-trihydroxy-6,8-dimethoxyxanthone(7), securixanthone G(8), gentisein(9), 3,7-dihydroxy-1-methoxyxanthone(10), pancixanthone B(11), garcimangosxanthone A(12), pruniflorone L(13), 9-hydroxy alabaxanthone(14), cochinchinone A(15), luteolin(16), 3,5'-dimethoxy-4',7-epoxy-8,3'-neolignane-5,9,9'-triol(17), N-benzyl-9-oxo-10E,12E-octadecadienamide(18), 15-hydroxy-7,13E-labdadiene(19), stigmasta-4,22-dien-3-one(20), and stigmast-5-en-3β-ol(21). Among these isolates, compound 1 was a new xanthone, compounds 2-5, 7, 8, 12, and 16-21 were isolated from the Cratoxylum plant for the first time, and compounds 11 and 13 were obtained from C. cochinchinense for the first time. Furthermore, all isolated compounds 1-21 were appraised for their anti-rheumatoid arthritis activities by MTS method through measuring their anti-proliferative effect on synoviocytes in vitro. As a result, xanthones 1-15 displayed notable anti-rheumatoid arthritis activities, which showed inhibitory effects on the proliferation of MH7A synoviocytes with the IC_(50) values ranging from(8.98±0.12) to(228.68±0.32) μmol·L~(-1).

Synoviocytes , Clusiaceae/chemistry , Xanthones/analysis , Plant Leaves/chemistry , Cell Proliferation , Arthritis
Braz. j. biol ; 82: 1-7, 2022. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1468482


Plants that produce secondary metabolites with allelopathic activity or phytotoxicity can be biotechnologically important, serving as sources of allelochemicals, and thus contributing to the agroindustrial sector. Vismia japurensis (Hypericaceae) is an Amazonian species that grows in clumps called vismiais, from which most other plants are absent. Accordingly, the objective of this study was to identify possible phytotoxicity effects of hexane and methanol extracts of Vismia japurensis leaves and branches in vivo and from seedlings grown in vitro on Lactuca sativa. In addition, fresh and dry leaves were assayed by the sandwich method in order to determine their ability to release allelochemicals. The hexanic extract from in vitro seedlings reduced germination by 10%, while the methanol extract produced a 16% reduction in germination speed. Root growth of Lactuca sativa was inhibited by 64.7% when subjected to hexane leaf extract, by 39.3% under the influence of hexane branch extract, and by 96.09% for in vitro seedling hexanic extract. When analysed by thin layer chromatography and 1H nuclear magnetic resonance, extracts showed evidence of terpenes, anthraquinones and flavonoids, with greater intensity of signals in the aromatic region of in vitro seedling hexanic extract. Clearly, Vismia japurensis has a high biotechnological potential in terms of the production of substances of low polarity with capacity to interfere in plant development.

Plantas que produzem metabólitos secundários com atividade alelopática ou fitotóxica podem ser biotecnologicamente importantes, servindo como fontes de aleloquímicos e, assim, contribuindo para o setor agroindustrial. Vismia japurensis (Hypericaceae) é uma espécie amazônica que cresce em grupos, formando vismiais. Assim, o objetivo deste estudo foi identificar possíveis efeitos fitotóxicos de extratos hexânicos e metanólicos de folhas e ramos de Vismia japurensis in vivo e de plântulas cultivadas in vitro sobre Lactuca sativa. Além disso, folhas frescas e secas foram analisadas pelo método sanduíche, a fim de determinar sua capacidade de liberação de aleloquímicos. O extrato hexânico de plântulas in vitro reduziu a germinação em 10% e o extrato metanólico promoveu uma redução de 16% na velocidade de germinação. O crescimento radicular de Lactuca sativa foi inibido em 64,7% quando submetido ao extrato hexânico das folhas, em 39,3% sob influência do extrato hexânico dos galhos e em 96,09% para o extrato de hexânico das plântulas in vitro. Quando analisados por cromatografia em camada delgada e ressonância magnética nuclear de 1H, os extratos mostraram evidências de terpenos, antraquinonas e flavonoides, com maior intensidade de sinais na região aromática do extrato hexânico das plântulas in vitro. Assim, Vismia japurensis possui elevado potencial biotecnológico em termos de produção de substâncias de baixa polaridade com capacidade de interferência no desenvolvimento de plantas.

Lactuca/drug effects , Anthraquinones , Clusiaceae/chemistry , Clusiaceae/toxicity , Terpenes , In Vitro Techniques
Braz. j. biol ; 78(1): 41-46, Feb. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888848


Abstract In this study was evaluated the influence of glutamine supplementation on the endogenous content of amino acids, proteins, total phenolics, flavonoids and proanthocyanidins in Bacupari callus. The explants were inoculated in MS medium, MS with half concentration of the nitrogen salts (MS½) and nitrogen-free MS, supplemented with glutamine (5, 10, 30 and 60mM) named as Gln5, Gln10, Gln30 and Gln60. Amino acids and proteins were analyzed after 20, 80 and 140 days and the secondary metabolites on the 140th day. There was no difference in the amino acids on the 20th day. On the 80th day the treatments MS and MS½ presented the lowest levels. On the 140th day MS and MS½ presented the lowest amino acid concentration and Gln10 the highest. Concerning proteins, there was difference only on the 140th day, being the highest concentrations observed in Gln5, and the lowest in MS½ treatment. Total phenolics content was higher in the treatment Gln60 and lowest in MS. Treatments Gln5, Gln10, Gln30 and MS½ were statistically equal. For flavonoids, the highest values occurred in the treatments Gln30, Gln60 and MS½ and the lowest in Gln5, Gln10 and MS. Similarly, for the proanthocyanidins the highest concentrations were observed in treatment Gln60 and the lowest in Gln5 and MS. In conclusion, the treatment with 60mM of glutamine favors the protein accumulation and production of secondary metabolites in Bacupari callus.

Resumo Nesse estudo foi avaliado o efeito da suplementação com glutamina no conteúdo endógeno de aminoácidos, proteínas, fenólicos totais, flavonoides e proantocianidinas em calos de Bacupari. Os explantes foram inoculados em meio MS, meio MS com metade da concentração de dos sais de nitrogênio (MS½) e meio MS sem nitrogênio suplementado com glutamina (5, 10, 30 e 60mM) denominados como Gln5, Gln10, Gln30 e Gln60. Os aminoácidos e as proteínas foram analisados após 20, 80 e 140 dias e os metabólitos secundários no 140° dia. Não houve diferença nos aminoácidos no 20° dia. No 80° dia os tratamentos MS e MS½ apresentaram os menores níveis. No 140° dia, MS e MS½ apresentaram as menores concentrações de aminoácidos e o Gln10 as maiores. A respeito das proteínas, houve diferença apenas no 140° dia, sendo as maiores concentrações observadas nos tratamentos Gln, e as menores no MS½. O conteúdo de fenólicos totais foi maior no tratamento Gln60 e menor no MS. Os tratamentos Gln5, Gln10, Gln30 e MS½ foram estatisticamente iguais. Para os flavonóides, os maiores valores ocorreram nos tratamentos Gln30, Gln60 e MS½ e os menores no Gln5, Gln10 e MS. Da mesma forma, para as proantocianidinas, as maiores concentrações foram observadas no tratamento Gln60 os menores no Gln5 e MS. Em conclusão, o tratamento com 60 mM de glutamina favorece o acúmulo de proteínas e a produção de metabólitos secundários em calos de Bacupari.

Phenols/analysis , Clusiaceae/metabolism , Clusiaceae/chemistry , Glutamine/metabolism , Glutamine/chemistry , Nitrogen/metabolism , Nitrogen/chemistry , Phenols/chemistry , Plant Proteins/analysis , Plant Proteins/chemistry , Flavonoids/metabolism , Flavonoids/chemistry , Proanthocyanidins/chemistry , Tissue Culture Techniques
Rev. biol. trop ; 64(4): 1431-1439, oct.-dic. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-958224


Abstract:Vismia genus is distributed mainly in tropical and subtropical regions of Central, South America and some areas of Africa. According to previous investigations, antioxidant potential of Vismia species might be related to anthrones, anthraquinones, flavonoids and phenol derivatives biosynthesized by these plants. In this investigation, phytochemical screening of Vismia baccifera (VB) from Mérida-Venezuela and Vismia macrophylla (VM) from Táchira-Venezuela methanolic extracts, carried out using various chemical assays, revealed an abundant presence of anthraquinones in both species analyzed. Glycosides were also present while flavones and dehydroflavones were observed abundantly in VB but moderated in VM. Triterpenes were also detected and steroids showed to be abundant in VM but moderate in VB. On the other hand, antioxidant capacity measured by the DPPH assay showed that VM possesses a stronger antioxidant activity than VB with IC50 5.50 µg mL-1. Phenol and flavonoid assays carried out by Folin-Ciocalteu and colorimetric test also revealed that methanol extracts of both species contain high concentrations of these metabolites. A relationship between the antioxidant activity, total phenol and flavonoids content of the extracts analyzed was demonstrated in this investigation since those samples with higher phenolic concentrations showed likewise higher antioxidant activity. Rev. Biol. Trop. 64 (4): 1431-1439. Epub 2016 December 01.

Resumen:El género Vismia esta distribuido principalmente en las regiones tropicales y subtropicales de Centro, Sur América y algunas zonas de África. De acuerdo a reportes previos, el potencial antioxidante de las especies de Vismia puede estar relacionado con antronas, antraquinonas, flavonoides y derivados fenólicos biosintetizados por estas plantas. En la presente investigación, el tamizaje fitoquímico de los extractos metanólicos de Vismia baccifera (VB) de Mérida-Venezuela y Vismia macrophylla (VM) de Táchira-Venezuela realizado con diferentes ensayos químicos reveló abundante presencia de antraquinonas en ambas especies analizadas. Glucósidos también estuvieron presentes mientras que flavonas y dehidroflavonas fueron observados abundantemente en VB pero con presencia moderada en VM. Triterpenos y esteroides también fueron detectados mostrando ser abundantes en VM y moderados en VB. Por otro lado, la actividad antioxidante determinada por el método DPPH reveló que VM posee actividad antioxidante más fuerte que VB con un IC50 de 5.50 µg mL-1. El ensayo del contenido de fenoles y flavonoides realizado con los métodos de Folin-Ciocalteu y test colorimétrico también demostró que los extractos metanólicos de ambas especies contienen altas concentraciones de estos metabolitos. En este estudio se observó una relación entre la actividad antioxidante, el contenido de fenoles y de flavonoides en los extractos analizados ya que las muestras que presentaron concentraciones más altas de fenoles y flavonoides también mostraron una mayor actividad antioxidante.

Flavonoids/analysis , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Phenol/analysis , Clusiaceae/chemistry , Phytochemicals/analysis , Antioxidants/analysis , Picrates , Reference Values , Venezuela , Biphenyl Compounds , Analysis of Variance , Free Radical Scavengers/analysis , Methanol/chemistry , Indicators and Reagents
Conscientiae saúde (Impr.) ; 14(4): 555-567, 30 dez. 2015.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-2192


Introdução: Avaliou-se a toxicidade aguda de 1,3-diestearil-2-oleil-glicerol (TG1), composto obtido de Platonia insignis Mart. (bacurizeiro), após administração oral em ratos Wistar. Métodos: A toxicidade aguda foi analisada através dos parâmetros hematológicos e bioquímicos. A análise de citotoxicidade in vitro foi feita pelo método do sal 3-(4,5-dimetil-2-tiazol)-2,5-difenil-2-H-brometo de tetrazolium (MTT). Os tecidos cerebrais e hepáticos foram avaliados histopatologicamente. Resultados: O tratamento agudo com TG1(dose de 30 mg kg -1) não produziu alterações hematológicas e histopatológicas nas áreas cerebrais e hepáticas. A redução dos níveis das enzimas transaminase (AST) e fosfatase alcalina (ALKP) pode sugerir proteção hepática. As análises bioquímicas da aspartato aminotransferase, ALKP e do ácido úrico apresentaram seus níveis reduzidos, conferindo preservação dos rins e fígado dos animais (p<0,05). TG1 não revelou potencial citotóxico pelo método MTT. Conclusão: O tratamento com TG1 não produz alterações hematológicas, bioquímicas, histopatológicas cerebrais e hepáticas em ratos o que caracteriza uma baixa toxicidade.

Introduction: The aim of this study was to assess the acute toxicity of 1,3-distearoyl-2-oleoylglycerol (TG1), a compound isolated from Platonia insignis Mart. (bacurizeiro). Methods: The acute toxicity was analyzed by biochemical and hematological parameters. The cytotoxic study was conducted by the MTT method. The histopathological study was conducted in brain and liver tissues. Results: Acute treatment with TG1 (dose of 30 mg. kg -1) did not change the general behavior pattern of rats and not result in hematological and histological changes in the liver. The reduced levels of transaminase and alkaline phosphatase (ALKP) enzymes may suggest even certain liver protection. The biochemical analyzes demonstrated low levels of aspartate aminotransferase, ALKP and uric acid, providing preservation of kidneys and livers of animals (p<0.05). TG1 this study did not reveal cytotoxic potential by MTT method. Conclusion: These results indicate that treatment with TG1 not produce hematological, biochemical and histopathological alterations in rats suggesting low toxicity

Animals , Male , Rats , Plants, Medicinal/toxicity , Toxicity Tests, Acute , Clusiaceae/toxicity , Plants, Medicinal/adverse effects , Plants, Medicinal/chemistry , Rats, Wistar , Clusiaceae/chemistry , Phytotherapeutic Drugs
Rev. cuba. plantas med ; 18(3): 361-367, jul.-set. 2013.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-683109


Introducción: tradicionalmente, los campesinos han empleado la resina del fuste de Rheedia aristata Griseb. para extraer espinas encarnadas y en la cura de enfermedades respiratorias como el asma y la pulmonitis. Objetivo: identificar los metabolitos secundarios presentes en la decocción, tintura 20 por ciento y el extracto fluido de hojas de Rheedia aristata Griseb., y establecer la estabilidad de la tintura 20 por ciento y del extracto fluido. Métodos: se recolectaron partes aéreas, se lavaron, desinfectaron, secaron, y pulverizaron. De estas se obtuvieron la decocción, tintura 20 por ciento y el extracto fluido, los cuales se filtraron. Finalmente, se realizaron ensayos fitoquímicos y control de calidad.Resultados: el tamizaje fitoquímico confirma la existencia de varias familias de metabolitos secundarios de interés biológico y farmacológico; entre otras, saponinas, quinonas, coumarinas y alcaloides. Los ensayos del control de calidad mostraron que son estables la tintura 20 por ciento y el extracto fluido bajo las condiciones aplicadas. Conclusiones: la tintura 20 por ciento y el extracto fluido de las hojas de Rheedia aristata son formulados ricos en metabolitos secundarios, que pudieran ser los principios activos responsables del uso como medicamento, reportado en estudios etnobotánicos. Esto, unido a la gran estabilidad que muestran y a la no existencia de reportes de toxicidad, convierten a esta planta en fuente potencial de fitomedicamentos

Introduction: traditionally, farmers have used the resin of the shaft of Rheedia aristata Griseb. to remove penetrated thorns in the body and cure respiratory diseases such as asthma and lung inflammatory process. Objective: to identify the secondary metabolites in the decoction, tincture at 20 percent and fluid extract of the leaves of Rheedia aristata Griseb. and to establish the tincture and the fluid extract stability at a 20 percent. Methods: air parts of the plant were collected; they were washed, disinfected, dried and pulverized. The decoction, tincture at 20 percent, and extract were obtained and they were filtered. Finally, phytochemical screenings and quality control tests were performed. Results: phytochemical screening confirms the existence of several families of secondary metabolites of biological and pharmacological interest; among others, saponins, quinones, coumarins and alkaloids. The quality control tests carried out to the tincture at 20 percent and flowing extract indicated that, under the conditions applied, the elaborated products are stable. Conclusions: the 20 percent tincture and the fluid extract of the leaves of Rheedia aristata are rich formulations in secondary metabolites that could be the active principles responsible for the use of the plant as medicine, as reported in ethnobotanical studies. This fact, together with the great stability and absence of toxicity reports, converts this plant in a potential source of phytomedicines

Clusiaceae/chemistry , Plant Extracts
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 11(1): 12-34, ene. 2012. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-654799


Vismia genus is an important source of natural medicinal products, thus, information collected in this review is an attempt to cover the most recent developments in the ethnopharmacology, pharmacology and phytochemistry of this genus. Anthraquinones and other quinonoid derivates, terpenoids and volatile constituents have been reported as the major constituents isolated from different Vismia species. On the other hand, pharmacological studies carried out to date have revealed the variety of anti-plasmodium, antioxidant, antimicrobial and antifungical properties of extracts and pure isolated compounds of the different species tested. The information summarized in this paper intends to serve as a reference tool to practitioners in the fields of etnopharmacology and chemistry of natural products.

El género Vismia es una fuente importante de productos naturales medicinales, es por esto que la información reunida en la presente revisión cubre los estudios más recientes en la etnofarmacología, farmacología y fitoquímica de este género. Antraquinonas y otros derivados quinoides, terpenos y constituyentes volátiles han sido reportados como los compuestos mayormente aislados de las diferentes especies de Vismia. Por otro lado, los estudios farmacológicos realizados hasta los momentos muestran las diversas propiedades antiplasmodicas, antioxidantes, antimicrobianas y antifúngicas que presentan tanto los extractos como los compuestos puros aislados de las diferentes especies ensayadas. La información resumida en este documento intenta servir de material de apoyo para investigadores en los campos de la etnofarmacologia y la química de productos naturales.

Anthraquinones/chemistry , Clusiaceae/chemistry , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Terpenes/chemistry , Xanthones/chemistry , Anthraquinones/pharmacology , Ethnopharmacology , Plant Extracts/analysis , Terpenes/pharmacology , Xanthones/pharmacology
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 9(6): 470-474, nov. 2010. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-644986


In the present investigation the structural analysis of 1-hydroxy-3,6-dimethoxy-8-methyl-9h-xanthen-9-one (lichexanthone) isolated from Vismia baccifera var. dealbata collected in Mérida-Venezuela, was established by NMR (1H and 13C), mass spectrometry and single crystal X-ray diffraction. Lichexanthone crystallizes in the monoclinic system, space group P21/c (No 14) with unit cell parameters a = 11.6405(5) Å; b = 7.5444(3) Å; c = 15.2341(6) Å; = 102.280(1)°; V = 1307.26(9) Å3; Z = 4. The structure refinement converged to R = 0.0397, wR2 = 0.1076, S = 1.04. Lichexanthone had been isolated before from Parmotrema sp and Ruprechtia tangarana (Polygonaceae). However, to the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of this compound obtained from V. baccifera var. dealbata (Guttiferae).

En la presente investigación el análisis estructural de 1-hidroxi-3,6-dimetoxi-8-metil-9h-xanten-9-ona (lichexanthone) aislada de Vismia baccifera var. dealbata colectada en Mérida-Venezuela, fue determinado por RMN (1H y 13C), espectrometría de masas y difracción de rayos X. La lichexanthona cristaliza en un sistema monoclínico con un grupo espacial P21/c (No 14) y parámetros de celda de a = 11.6405 (5) Å; b = 7.5444 (3) Å; c = 15.2341 (6) Å; = 102.280(1)°; V = 1307.26(9) Å3; Z = 4. El refinamiento de la estructura convergió a los valores de R = 0.0397, wR2 = 0.1076, S = 1.04. La lichexanthona ha sido aislada de Parmotrema sp y Ruprechtia tangarana (Polygonaceae). Sin embargo, para nuestro conocimiento, esta es la primera vez que se reporta el aislamiento de este compuesto en la especie V. baccifera var. dealbata (Guttiferae).

Clusiaceae/chemistry , Xanthones/isolation & purification , Chromatography, Thin Layer , Crystallography, X-Ray , Mass Spectrometry
Rev. bras. farmacogn ; 18(1): 6-10, jan.-mar. 2008. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-480830


The polyisoprenylated benzophenones machuone and clusiachromene A have been isolated from the fruits of Clusia columnaris. The hexane extract of the young branches with leaves afforded a new euphane derivative, whose structure was elucidated by spectroscopic methods. On the contrary, the most polar EtOAc and ButOH extracts were constituted of flavonoid C-glucosides (isovitexin, vitexin and vitexin-2"-xyloside) and seven biflavonoids of the so-called Garcinia group.

Dos frutos de Clusia columnaris foram isoladas as benzofenonas poliisopreniladas machuona e clusiacromeno A. Do extrato em hexano obtido de galhos e folhas novas, um novo triterpeno do tipo eufano foi isolado. Sua estrutura foi elucidada através de métodos espectroscópicos. Por outro lado, dos extratos mais polares - em acetato de etila e em butanol, foram isolados os flavonóides C-glicosilados isovitexina, vitexina e vitexina-2"-xilosídeo, além de sete bisflavonóides conhecidos como bisflavonóides do grupo da Garcinia.

Benzophenones/isolation & purification , Benzophenones/chemistry , Clusia/chemistry , Clusiaceae/chemistry , Flavonoids/isolation & purification , Flavonoids/chemistry
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 102(1): 91-96, Feb. 2007. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-440643


Rheedia longifolia Planch et Triana belongs to the Clusiaceae family. This plant is widely distributed in Brazil, but its chemical and pharmacological properties have not yet been studied. We report here that leaves aqueous extract of R. longifolia (LAE) shows analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects. Oral or intraperitoneal administration of this extract dose-dependently inhibited the abdominal constrictions induced by acetic acid in mice. The analgesic effect and the duration of action were similar to those observed with sodium diclofenac, a classical non-steroidal analgesic. In addition to the effect seen in the abdominal constriction model, LAE was also able to inhibit the hyperalgesia induced by lipopolysaccharide from gram-negative bacteria (LPS) in rats. We also found that R. longifolia LAE inhibited an inflammatory reaction induced by LPS in the pleural cavity of mice. Acute toxicity was evaluated in mice treated with the extract for seven days with 50 mg/kg/day. Neither death, nor alterations in weight, blood leukocyte counts or hematocrit were noted. Our results suggest that aqueous extract from R. longifolia leaves has analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity with minimal toxicity and are therefore endowed with a potential for pharmacological control of pain and inflammation.

Animals , Mice , Rats , Abdominal Pain/drug therapy , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Clusiaceae/chemistry , Pleurisy/drug therapy , Acetic Acid , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Pain Measurement , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Plant Leaves/chemistry , Rats, Wistar
Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health ; 2006 Nov; 37(6): 1156-9
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-30875


The gum of Cratoxylum formosum, commonly known as mempat, is a natural agent that has been used extensively for caries prevention by hill tribe people residing in Thailand. The objective of this study was to investigate the antimicrobial activity of Cratoxylum formosum gum on Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) in vitro. The gum extracted from stem bark of Cratoxylum formosum was investigated for antimicrobial activity against different strains of S. mutans, including S. mutans KPSK2 and 2 clinical isolates. Inhibition of growth was primarily tested by agar diffusion method. A two-fold broth dilution method was then used to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the extract. The extract of Cratoxylum formosum was effective against S. mutans with the inhibition zones ranging from 9.5 to 11.5 mm and MIC values between 48 microg/ml and 97 microg/ml. The gum of Cratoxylum formosum has high antimicrobial activity against S. mutans and may become a promising herbal varnish against caries.

Biological Assay , Clusiaceae/chemistry , Colony Count, Microbial , Dental Caries/microbiology , Dental Cavity Lining , Humans , Phytotherapy , Plant Extracts/administration & dosage , Streptococcal Infections/drug therapy , Streptococcus mutans/drug effects , Thailand
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 101(3): 287-290, May 2006. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-431728


Twelve extracts obtained from nine plants belonging to six different genera of Clusiaceae were analyzed against Gram-negative (Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus faecalis) bacteria using the microdilution broth assay. Tovomita aff. longifolia, T. brasiliensis, Clusia columnaris, Garcinia madruno, Haploclathra paniculata, and Caraipa grandifolia extracts showed significant results against the bacteria. The organic extract obtained from the leaves of T. aff. longifolia showed minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) = 70 µg/ml and minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC) = 90 µg/ml against E. faecalis and the organic extract made with the stem of C. columnaris showed MIC = 180 µg/ml and MBC = 270 µg/ml against P. aeruginosa. None of the antibacterial extracts showed lethal activity against brine shrimp nauplii. On the other hand, both aqueous and organic extracts obtained from the aerial organs of Vismia guianensis that were cytotoxic to brine shrimp nauplii did not show a significant antibacterial activity in the assay.

Animals , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Gram-Negative Bacteria/drug effects , Gram-Positive Bacteria/drug effects , Clusiaceae/chemistry , Anti-Bacterial Agents/toxicity , Artemia/drug effects , Clusiaceae/classification , Enterococcus faecalis/drug effects , Escherichia coli/drug effects , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Plant Extracts/toxicity , Lethal Dose 50 , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/drug effects , Staphylococcus aureus/drug effects