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2.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 35(1): 24-28, mar. 2024. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1551657

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el cáncer colorrectal (CCR) es la segunda causa de muerte dentro de las enfermedades neoplásicas. El pronóstico individual está signado por el estadio de la enfermedad al momento del diagnóstico y la posibilidad de realizar un tratamiento curativo. Este también depende de la estratificación post quirúrgica y de la aparición de complicaciones ulteriores. El objetivo del seguimiento es diagnosticar la recidiva en un estadio potencialmente curable y detectar otros cánceres primarios. Objetivo: realizar una valoración de la calidad de la cirugía colorrectal y el seguimiento de los pacientes operados de CCR en nuestro hospital. Diseño: estudio descriptivo, observacional, retrospectivo. Material y métodos: se analizaron todos los pacientes con CCR operados en el servicio de cirugía del Hospital de Paysandú entre enero de 2017 y diciembre de 2020. Se describen diversas variables que influyen en la calidad quirúrgica y se analizan las relacionadas al seguimiento post operatorio dividiendo a los pacientes en 3 grupos, seguimiento completo, perdidos y sin datos de seguimiento. Resultados: se incluyeron 39 pacientes, con una edad media de 68 años. El 28% se diagnosticaron en estadio IV, con porcentajes bajos en estadios tempranos. Hubo 57% de cirugías de urgencia y 43% electivas. La causa más frecuente de urgencia fue la oclusión intestinal (36,6%). La tasa de dehiscencia anastomótica fue 16,6% y la de mortalidad 15,3%. Solo el 33% de los pacientes tuvieron seguimiento completo. Conclusión: existe un déficit en la atención y el seguimiento de los pacientes operados por CCR en nuestro hospital. Se impone la creación de un equipo específico en el área de coloproctología, así como un protocolo de seguimiento unificado para mejorar estos resultados. (AU)


Introduction: colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second cause of death among neoplastic diseases. The individual prognosis is determined by the stage of the disease at the time of diagnosis and the possibility of curative treatment. This also depends on the postsurgical stratification and the appearance of subsequent complications. The goal of follow-up is to diagnose recurrence at a potentially curable stage and detect other primary cancers. Objective: to carry out an evaluation of the quality of colorectal surgery and the follow-up of patients operated on for CRC in our hospital. Design: descriptive, retrospective observational study. Material and methods: all patients with CRC operated on in the surgery service of the Paysandú Hospital between January 2017 and December 2020 were analyzed. Variables that influence surgical quality are described and those related to postoperative follow-up are analyzed by dividing patients in 3 groups, complete follow-up, lost to follow-up and without follow-up data. Results: Thirty-nine patients were included, with a mean age of 68 years. Twenty-eight percent were diagnosed in stage IV, with low percentages in early stages. There were 57% emergency procedures and 43% elective proceduress. The most common cause of emergency was intestinal obstruction (36.6%). The anastomotic dehiscence rate was 16.6% and the mortality rate was 15.3%. Only 33% of patients had complete follow-up. Conclusion: there is a deficit in the care and follow-up of patients undergoing CRC surgery in our hospital. The creation of a specific team in the area of coloproctology is required, as well as a unified monitoring protocol to improve these results. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Quality of Health Care , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Uruguay , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Follow-Up Studies
3.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(2): 218-230, 20240220. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532578

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El conjunto de estrategias de recuperación mejorada después de la cirugía (ERAS, por sus siglas en inglés) constituye un enfoque de atención multimodal y multidisciplinario, cuyo propósito es reducir el estrés perioperatorio de la cirugía, disminuir la morbilidad y acortar la estancia hospitalaria. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo describir los resultados clínicos de pacientes sometidos a cirugía por cáncer colorrectal, identificando las complicaciones principales y los factores perioperatorios relacionados con el alta temprana. Métodos. Se analizaron los pacientes consecutivos sometidos a cirugía colorrectal entre los años 2020 y 2023, todos los cuales siguieron el protocolo ERAS institucional. Se evaluaron las características clínicas, los factores perioperatorios, los desenlaces postoperatorios y la tasa global de adherencia al protocolo. Resultados. Un total de 456 pacientes fueron sometidos a cirugía colorrectal, 51% de sexo masculino, con edad media de 60 años. La mayoría de las intervenciones se realizaron por laparoscopia (78 %), con una tasa de conversión del 14,5 %. Las complicaciones postoperatorias incluyeron fuga anastomótica (4,6 %), sangrado, infección intraabdominal y obstrucción intestinal. La estancia hospitalaria promedio fue de 4 días y la mortalidad del 2,8 %. La tasa global de adherencia al protocolo ERAS fue del 84,7 %. Conclusiones. El enfoque combinado de cirugía laparoscópica y protocolo ERAS es factible, seguro y se asocia con una estancia hospitalaria más corta. La implementación y adherencia al protocolo ERAS no solo mejora los resultados postoperatorios, sino que también resalta la importancia de acceder a datos sólidos, permitiendo mejorar la atención perioperatoria local.


Introduction. The Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocol is a multimodal, multidisciplinary approach to care, the purpose of which is to reduce the perioperative stress of surgery, decrease morbidity, and shorten hospital stay. This study aimed to describe the clinical outcomes of patients undergoing surgery for colorectal cancer, identifying the main complications and perioperative factors related to early discharge. Methods. Consecutive patients undergoing colorectal surgery between 2020 and 2023 were analyzed, who followed the institutional ERAS protocol. Clinical characteristics, perioperative factors, postoperative outcomes, and overall protocol adherence rate were evaluated. Results. A total of 456 patients underwent colorectal surgery, 51% male, with a mean age of 60 years. Most interventions were performed laparoscopically (78%), with a conversion rate of 14.5%. Postoperative complications included anastomotic leak (4.6%), followed by bleeding, intra-abdominal infection, and intestinal obstruction. The average hospital stay was 4 days and mortality was 2.8%. The overall adherence rate to the ERAS protocol was 84.7%. Conclusions. The combined approach of laparoscopic surgery and ERAS protocol is feasible, safe, and associated with a shorter hospital stay. Implementation and adherence to the ERAS protocol not only improves postoperative outcomes, but also highlights the importance of accessing solid data, allowing for improved local perioperative care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Length of Stay , Laparoscopy , Colorectal Surgery , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
4.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 70(1)Jan-Mar. 2024.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1537385

ABSTRACT

No Brasil, estima-se a ocorrência de 704 mil casos novos de câncer para cada ano do triênio 2023-2025, sendo o câncer de cólon e reto (CCR) o tipo de neoplasia responsável pela terceira maior taxa de mortalidade para ambos os sexos. Objetivo: Analisar a tendência temporal de mortalidade prematura por CCR de 2006 a 2020, em ambos os sexos, no Brasil e em suas cinco Macrorregiões, e avaliar o alcance da meta proposta pelo Plano de Ações Estratégicas para o Enfrentamento das Doenças Crônicas não Transmissíveis no Brasil 2011-2022 do Ministério da Saúde (MS) em relação ao CCR. Método: Estudo de séries temporais das taxas de mortalidade prematura e padronizada de CCR (CID-10: C18-21) tendo como população de estudo a do Brasil, com dados obtidos a partir do Sistema de Informação sobre Mortalidade do DATASUS de 2006 a 2020. Resultados: As taxas de mortalidade prematura por CCR apresentaram aumento linear ao longo do período observado, porém com importantes diferenças regionais. Em relação ao CCR, a meta proposta pelo plano do MS não foi alcançada. Conclusão: Houve um aumento das taxas de mortalidade prematura por CCR no Brasil, tendência esperada em países em desenvolvimento. Por ser um câncer que envolve fatores de risco modificáveis, são importantes ações contínuas voltadas para o manejo desses fatores, tais como políticas nacionais de promoção de saúde. Além disso, são necessários estudos que subsidiem políticas preventivas de programas de rastreamento e diagnóstico precoce.


In Brazil, 704 thousand new cases of cancer were estimated for each year of the triennium 2023-2025, and colon and rectal cancer (CRC) is the type of neoplasm responsible for the third highest mortality rate for both sexes in the country. Objective: To analyze the temporal trend of premature mortality by CRC from 2006 to 2020, for both sexes, in Brazil and its five macroregions, and to evaluate whether the goal proposed by the Strategic Action Plan for Tackling Chronic non Communicable Diseases in Brazil 2011-2022 of the Ministry of Health (MH) in relation to CCR has been met. Method: Time series study of standardized premature mortality rates by CRC (ICD-10: C18-21); the study population is Brazil's population obtained from DATASUS' Mortality Information System from 2006 to 2020. Results: Premature mortality rates by CRC in Brazil and in all five macroregions increased linearly over the period investigated, but with important regional differences. The target proposed by the MH's Plan for CRC was not met. Conclusion: There was an increase in premature mortality rates by CRC in Brazil, a trend expected for developing countries. As it is a type of cancer that involves modifiable risk factors, continuous actions to manage these factors are important, such as national health promotion policies. Furthermore, studies are needed to support preventive policies for screening and early diagnosis programs


En el Brasil, se estimó la aparición de 704 000 nuevos casos de cáncer para cada año del período 2023-2025, siendo el cáncer de colorrectal (CCR) el tipo de neoplasia responsable de la tercera mayor tasa de mortalidad para ambos sexos en el país. Objetivo: Analizar la tendencia en el tiempo de la mortalidad prematura por CCR en el período de 2006 a 2020, en ambos sexos, en el Brasil y sus 5 macrorregiones, y evaluar si fue alcanzada la meta propuesta por el Plan de Acción Estratégica para el Enfrentamiento de las Enfermedades Crónicas no Transmisibles en el Brasil 2011-2022 del Ministerio de Salud (MS) con relación a la CCR. Método: Estudio de series de tiempo de tasas de mortalidad prematura estandarizadas por CCR (CIE-10: C18-21) utilizando como población de estudio toda la población del Brasil, con datos obtenidos del Sistema de Información sobre Mortalidad del DATASUS de 2006 a 2020. Resultados: Las tasas de mortalidad prematura por CCR en el Brasil y en las cinco regiones mostraron un aumento lineal durante el período observado, pero con importantes diferencias regionales. Con relación al CCR, la meta propuesta por el Plan del MS no fue alcanzada. Conclusión: Hubo un aumento de las tasas de mortalidad prematura por CCR en el Brasil, tendencia esperada en países en desarrollo. Al tratarse de un tipo de cáncer que involucra factores de riesgo modificables, son importantes las acciones continuas encaminadas a gestionar estos factores, como las políticas nacionales de promoción de la salud del CCR. Además, se necesitan estudios que respalden las políticas preventivas para los programas de detección y diagnóstico temprano


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Statistics , Brazil , Colorectal Neoplasms , Time Series Studies
5.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(4): 300-309, Oct.-Dec. 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528946

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Chemotherapy response in early age-onset colorectal cancer patients is still controversial, and the results of chemotherapy response are unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between the age of colorectal cancer patients and histopathological features and chemotherapy response. Methods: This is a prospective observational study. The subjects in this study were colorectal cancer patients in the Digestive Surgery division at Tertiary Hospital in West Java from September 2021 to September 2022. Results: There were 86 subjects who underwent chemotherapy in accordance with the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Consisting of 39 patients of early age onset and 44 female patients. The most common histopathological feature in early age onset (EAO) and late age onset (LAO) was adenocarcinoma (25% and 46%, respectively). Stage III colorectal cancer affected 38 patients, while stage IV affected 48 patients. There was a significant relationship between early age onset and late age onset with histological features (p < 0.001). The patients with the highest chemotherapy response had stable diseases in EAO (17 patients) and LAO (20 patients). There was no statistically significant relationship between age, histological features, and stage of colorectal cancer and chemotherapy response (p > 0.05). The results of the ordinal logistic regression test showed no systematic relationship between chemotherapy response and age, histopathological features, gender, or cancer stage (p > 0.05). Conclusion: There was no association between age and histopathologic features with chemotherapy response and there is no difference in chemotherapy response between early and late age onset. (AU)


Subject(s)
Colorectal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Colorectal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Neoplasm Staging
6.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(6): 1816-1823, dic. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528777

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: To evaluate the anti-cancer effects of yeast extract on resistant cells, autophagy and necroptosis were investigated in 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-resistant colorectal cancer cells. Further underlying characteristics on drug resistance were evaluated, focused on ERK-RSK-ABCG2 linkage. SNU-C5 and 5-FU resistant SNU-C5 (SNU-C5/5-FUR) colorectal cancer cells were adopted for cell viability assay and Western blotting to examine the anti-cancer effects of yeast extract. Yeast extract induced autophagy in SNU-C5 cells with increased Atg7, Atg12-5 complex, Atg16L1, and LC3 activation (LC3-II/LC3-I), but little effects in SNU-C5/5-FUR cells with increased Atg12-5 complex and Atg16L1. Both colorectal cancer cells did not show necroptosis after yeast extract treatment. Based on increased ABCG2 and RSK expression after yeast extract treatment, drug resistance mechanisms were further evaluated. As compared to wild type, SNU-C5/5-FUR cells showed more ABCG2 expression, less RSK expression, and less phosphorylation of ERK. ABCG2 inhibitor, Ko143, treatment induces following changes: 1) more sensitivity at 500 mM 5-FU, 2) augmented proliferation, and 3) less phosphorylation of ERK. These results suggest that protective autophagy in SNU-C5/5-FUR cells with increased ABCG2 expression might be candidate mechanisms for drug resistance. As the ERK responses were different from each stimulus, the feasible mechanisms among ERK-RSK-ABCG2 should be further investigated in 5-FU-resistant CRC cells.


Para evaluar los efectos anticancerígenos del extracto de levadura en células resistentes, se investigaron la autofagia y la necroptosis en células de cáncer colorrectal resistentes al 5-fluorouracilo (5-FU). Además se evaluaron otras características subyacentes de la resistencia a los medicamentos centrándose en el enlace ERK-RSK-ABCG2. Se usaron células de cáncer colorrectal SNU-C5 (SNU-C5/5-FUR) resistentes a SNU-C5 y 5- FU para el ensayo de viabilidad celular y la transferencia Western para examinar los efectos anticancerígenos del extracto de levadura. El extracto de levadura indujo autofagia en células SNU-C5 con mayor activación de Atg7, complejo Atg12-5, Atg16L1 y LC3 (LC3-II/LC3-I), pero pocos efectos en células SNU-C5/5-FUR con aumento de Atg12-5 complejo y Atg16L1. Ambas células de cáncer colorrectal no mostraron necroptosis después del tratamiento con extracto de levadura. Se evaluaron los mecanismos de resistencia a los medicamentos. en base al aumento de la expresión de ABCG2 y RSK después del tratamiento con extracto de levadura.En comparación con las de tipo salvaje, las células SNU-C5/5-FUR mostraron más expresión de ABCG2, menos expresión de RSK y menos fosforilación de ERK. El tratamiento con inhibidor de ABCG2, Ko143, induce los siguientes cambios: 1) más sensibilidad a 5-FU 500 mM, 2) proliferación aumentada y 3) menos fosforilación de ERK. Estos resultados sugieren que la autofagia protectora en células SNU-C5/5-FUR con mayor expresión de ABCG2 podría ser un mecanismo candidato para la resistencia a los medicamentos. Como las respuestas de ERK fueron diferentes de cada estímulo, los mecanismos factibles entre ERK-RSK- ABCG2 deberían investigarse más a fondo en células CCR resistentes a 5-FU.


Subject(s)
Autophagy , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Colorectal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Yeasts , Tumor Cells, Cultured , Cell Survival/drug effects , Blotting, Western , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Ribosomal Protein S6 Kinases, 90-kDa , Electrophoresis , Fluorouracil , ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily G, Member 2 , Necroptosis
7.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 62(4)dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1550838

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El cáncer colorrectal es la neoplasia más frecuente del sistema digestivo en los adultos mayores. En Cuba es un problema de salud de primer orden por su elevada incidencia y mortalidad, que constituye la tercera causa de muerte. Objetivo: Caracterizar a los adultos mayores con cáncer colorrectal en el Policlínico Sur de Sancti Spíritus. Métodos: Investigación de tipo descriptiva en el Policlínico Sur del municipio y la provincia de Sancti Spíritus de enero a marzo del 2019. Muestra intencional de 127 adultos mayores, pertenecientes a consultorios urbanos. Las variables: edad, sexo, escolaridad, estadio del cáncer colorrectal al diagnóstico, estado de salud, comorbilidades, capacidad y percepción del autocuidado y supervivencia. Para determinar el estadio al diagnóstico se utilizó la clasificación anatomoclínica. La comorbilidad se midió mediante el índice de Chalson mientras que para medir la capacidad y percepción del autocuidado se empleó el Test de CYPAC-AM. Resultados: En la caracterización de la muestra predominaron las mujeres, el grupo de edad entre 70 y 79 años y la escolaridad de secundaria básica. El estadio II, con un mal estado de salud y la inadecuada percepción de autocuidado, fue mayoritario. La comorbilidad fue moderada con una supervivencia entre 40 a 60 meses. Conclusiones: La adecuada caracterización de los adultos mayores con cáncer colorrectal en la comunidad posibilita trazar estrategias dirigidas a la mejora del autocuidado y el estado de salud de los gerontes desde el primer nivel de atención(AU)


Introduction: Colorectal cancer is the most frequent neoplasm of the digestive system in older adults. In Cuba, it is a highly significant health problem due to its high incidence and mortality, also being the third cause of death. Objective: To characterize older adults with colorectal cancer at Policlínico Sur of Sancti Spíritus. Methods: A descriptive research was carried out in Policlínico Sur of Sancti Spíritus Municipality and Province from January to March 2019. The intentional sample was made up of 127 older adults, belonging to urban family medical offices. The variables were age, sex, school level, stage of colorectal cancer at diagnosis, health status, comorbidities, selfcare capacity and perception, and survival. The anatomoclinical classification was used to determine the stage at diagnosis. Comorbidity was measured using the Chalson index, while the CYPAC-AM (older adult selfcare capacity and perception) test was used to measure selfcare capacity and perception. Results: In the characterization of the sample, there was a predominance of women, the age group between 70 and 79 years, and the junior high school level. Stage II prevailed, together with poor health status and inadequate selfcare perception. Comorbidity was moderate, with survival between 40 to 60 months. Conclusions: The adequate characterization of older adults with colorectal cancer in the community makes it possible to outline strategies aimed at improving selfcare and their health status from the first level of care(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Primary Health Care , Colorectal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive
8.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(4): 677-688, 20230906. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1511117

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La neoplasia colorrectal es una patología oncológica muy frecuente a nivel mundial y una de las causas más comunes de mortalidad por cáncer. La epidemiologia, diagnóstico y tratamiento han sido ampliamente estudiadas, mientras que los datos sobre la enfermedad metastásica siguen siendo escasos. El hígado es el órgano más comúnmente afectado y algunos estudios sugieren diferencias en sobrevida y resecabilidad según la localización del tumor primario. El objetivo de este estudio fue establecer el comportamiento y resecabilidad de neoplasias avanzadas colorrectales en dos hospitales de la ciudad de Medellín, Colombia. Métodos. Estudio analítico retrospectivo para identificar los patrones de las metástasis hepáticas y sus características en función de las diferencias clínicas, histológicas y endoscópicas del tumor colorrectal primario entre 2015 y 2020. Resultados. Se recolectaron 54 pacientes con neoplasia colorrectal y metástasis hepáticas, 21 (39 %) derechas y 33 (61 %) izquierdas. El número de metástasis promedio fue de 3,1 en tumores del lado derecho y de 2,4 del izquierdo y el tamaño promedio de cada lesión fue de 4,9 y 4,2 cm, respectivamente. La tasa de resecabilidad fue del 42 % en los tumores derechos y del 82 % en los izquierdos. Las lesiones metacrónicas presentaron una tasa de resecabilidad del 90 % y las sincrónicas del 61 %. Conclusión. En este estudio, las lesiones originadas en neoplasias primarias del colon izquierdo y las lesiones metacrónicas fueron factores pronósticos favorables para la resecabilidad, un factor que impacta en la sobrevida y el tiempo libre de enfermedad de estos pacientes.


Introduction. Colorectal tumor is the most frequent pathology worldwide and one of the most common causes of mortality attributed to cancer. Epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment have been extensively studied, while information on metastatic disease remains scarce, despite being the main cause of death. Some studies suggest differences in terms of survival and resectability according to the anatomical location of the primary tumor. The aim is to establish the behavior and resectability of advanced cancers in two high-complex hospitals in the city of Medellín, Colombia. Methods. Cross-sectional observational study from secondary sources of information based on a retrospective cohort, using available data from adult patients with colorectal cancer and liver metastases between 2015 and 2020. Results. Fifty-four patients with colorectal neoplasms and liver metastases were collected, of which 21 (39%) were on the right side. The average number of liver metastases was 3.1 on the right side and 2.4 on the left, and the average size of each metastatic lesion was 4.9 cm and 4.2 cm, respectively. The resectability rate was 42% in the right tumors and 82% in the left ones. Metachronous lesions had a resectability rate of 90% and synchronous ones 61%. Conclusion. The complete resectability of liver metastatic lesions is the only therapeutic alternative with impact, in terms of survival and disease-free time in these patients. The favorable prognostic factors for the resectability of these lesions in our study were those originating from left primary tumors and metachronous lesions, where less liver tumor involvement was evidenced


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms , Neoplasm Metastasis , Metastasectomy , Hepatectomy , Liver Neoplasms
9.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(3): 191-198, July-sept. 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521143

ABSTRACT

Stomas are essential for colorectal surgery and are widely used not only for selected cases for bowel obstructions but also in rectal cancer operations to divert stool away from low rectal anastomosis. On the other hand, complications with stomas/ stomas reversal are not uncommon. In this study, we aimed at studying the frequency and the predictors of temporary stomas being permanent, and the contributing factors of surgical stoma/stoma closure related complications. In our cohort, only about 40% of the patient closed their initially planned temporary stomas. The occurrence of intestinal leak, wound sepsis, or any type of morbidity with 30 days of operation were significant predictors of permanent stomas. In addition, alarmingly although Hartmann's procedure was uncommon in our practice, only 9% of those who underwent Hartmann's have had it reversed. Moreover, the only factor that significantly increased stoma related complications was having an end colostomy. There was a tendency toward late closure of stomas with median 8.2 months, however early closure did not correlate to complications. In conclusion, further studies are needed to delineate the low rate of stoma closure. Patients who develop postoperative complications, even wound sepsis, would be at a higher risk of living with permanent stomas. Hartmann's procedures are commonly associated with stoma problems, and reluctance to reverse the stomas. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Rectum/surgery , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Surgical Stomas/adverse effects , Health Profile , Retrospective Studies
10.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(3): 166-170, July-sept. 2023. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521148

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most fatal tumors worldwide. In Egypt, most CRC cases occur in individuals > 40 years old. TUG1 has been proved to be disrupted in different malignancies and may have a critical role in tumor progression, invasion, and metastasis. However, its role in CRC has not been adequately studied. Materials / Methods: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to evaluate the expression levels of long non-coding RNA (LncRNA) taurine upregulated gene 1 (TUG1), in nonmetastatic and metastatic CRC tissues and adjacent noncancerous tissues as control. Results: LncRNA TUG1 expression was significantly upregulated in both nonmetastatic and metastatic CRC tissues, in comparison with the adjacent noncancerous tissue. It was found that TUG1 could have a possible prognostic role in CRC, by comparing the sensitivity and specificity of TUG1 with those of CEA and CA19-9. Conclusion: The results of the current study suggest that the LncRNA TUG1 participates in the malignant behaviors of CRC cells. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Adenocarcinoma , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Long Noncoding , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology
11.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(3): 235-242, July-sept. 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521151

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The introduction of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery led to increasing twenty-four hours discharge pathways, for example in laparoscopic cholecystectomy and bariatric surgery. However, implementation in colorectal surgery still must set off. This systematic review assesses safety and feasibility of twenty-four hours discharge in colorectal surgery in terms of readmission and complications in current literature. Secondary outcome was identification of factors associated with success of twenty-four hours discharge. Methods: Pubmed and EMBASE databases were searched to identify studies investigating twenty-four hours discharge in colorectal surgery, without restriction of study type. Search strategy included keywords relating to ambulatory management and colorectal surgery. Studies were scored according to MINORS score. Results: Thirteen studies were included in this systematic review, consisting of six prospective and seven retrospective studies. Number of participants of the included prospective studies ranged from 5 to 157. Median success of discharge was 96% in the twenty-four hours discharge group. All prospective studies showed similar readmission and complication rates between twenty-four hours discharge and conventional postoperative management. Factors associated with success of twenty-four hours discharge were low ASA classification, younger age, minimally invasive approach, and relatively shorter operation time. Conclusions: Twenty-four hours discharge in colorectal surgery seems feasible and safe, based on retro- and prospective studies. Careful selection of patients and establishment of a clear and adequate protocol are key items to assure safety and feasibility. Results should be interpreted with caution, due to heterogeneity. To confirm results, an adequately powered prospective randomized study is needed. (AU)


Subject(s)
Patient Discharge , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Length of Stay , Postoperative Complications , Postoperative Period
12.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(2): 289-299, 20230303. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1425202

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La fuga anastomótica es la complicación más grave del tratamiento quirúrgico del cáncer de colon por su alta morbimortalidad. El diagnóstico evidente, manifestado por la salida de contenido intestinal por drenajes o la herida quirúrgica, ocurre tardíamente (entre el 6º y 8º día). El objetivo de este trabajo fue estudiar la variación de los valores de la proteína C reactiva postoperatoria para hacer un diagnóstico precoz. Métodos. Estudio observacional, analítico, retrospectivo, de una cohorte de pacientes con neoplasia, en quienes se realizó cirugía oncológica con anastomosis intestinal, entre enero de 2019 y diciembre de 2021. Se midieron los valores en sangre de proteína C reactiva postoperatoria (1°, 3° y 5° días). Resultados. Se compararon 225 casos operados que no presentaron fuga con 45 casos con fuga. En los casos sin fuga, el valor de proteína C reactiva al 3º día fue de 148 mg/l y al 5º día de 71 mg/l, mientras en los casos con fuga, los valores fueron de 228,24 mg/l y 228,04 mg/l, respectivamente (p<0,05). Para un valor de 197 mg/l al 3º día la sensibilidad fue de 77 % y para un valor de 120 mg/l al 5º día la sensibilidad fue de 84 %. Conclusión. El mejor resultado de proteína C reactiva postoperatoria para detectar precozmente la fuga anastomótica se observó al 5º día. El valor de 127 mg/l tuvo la mejor sensibilidad, especificidad y valor predictivo negativo, lo cual permitiría el diagnóstico temprano y manejo oportuno de esta complicación


Introduction. Anastomotic leak is the most serious complication of surgical treatment of colon cancer due to its high morbidity and mortality. The obvious diagnosis manifested by the exit of intestinal content through drains or the operative wound, occurs late (between the 6th and 8th day). The objective of this work was to study the postoperative C-reactive protein values to make an early diagnosis. Methods. Observational, analytical, retrospective study of a cohort of patients undergoing colorectal surgery for neoplasia, between January 2019 and December 2021, who underwent oncological surgery with intestinal anastomosis and measured CRP blood values on 1st, 3rd and 5th post-operative days. Results. Two-hundred-twenty-five operated cases that did not present leaks were compared with 45 cases with leaks, with CRP values on the 3rd and 5th day of 148mg/l and 71mg/l in cases without leakage and CRP values of 228.24mg/l and 228.04 mg/l in cases with leakage on the 3rd and 5th day, respectively (p<0.05), CRP value of 197mg/l on the 3rd day has a sensitivity of 77%; CRP value of 120mg/l on the 5th day, has a sensitivity of 84%. Conclusions. The best result for CPR to early diagnosis of anastomotic leak was observed on the 5th day, having the value of 127 mg/l the best sensitivity, specificity and NPV, which would allow early diagnosis and timely management


Subject(s)
Humans , C-Reactive Protein , Early Diagnosis , Anastomotic Leak , Postoperative Complications , Anastomosis, Surgical , Colorectal Neoplasms
13.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 14: 1-7, mar. 20, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1525356

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Identificar como é o cuidado oferecido às pessoas que vivem com estomias na rede de atenção à saúde na ótica dos enfermeiros. Métodos: Estudo qualitativo, descritivo, desenvolvido com 29 enfermeiros que atuavam na Rede de Atenção à Saúde que dispensam cuidados ao paciente com estomia. O referencial teórico metodológico utilizado foi a pesquisa social de Minayo, a qual apoia-se no materialismo histórico e dialético. Coleta de dados realizada nos meses de março e abril de 2018, por meio de uma entrevista semiestruturada. Realizada análise temática dos dados. Resultados: Foram identificadas fragilidades na comunicação na rede de atenção à saúde, bem como nas ações de cuidado efetivadas pelos enfermeiros às pessoas que vivem com estomas, demonstrou-se um cuidado centralizado e falha na atenção devido a falta de educação continuada. Conclusão: O cuidado aos estomizados possui pontos a serem melhorados como à definição de itinerário para este paciente, centralização do cuidado, garantia da continuidade do cuidado e integralidade, referência e contrarreferência, necessidade de uma comunicação efetiva entre as equipes de saúde que assistem estes pacientes bem como falta de educação continuada. (AU)


Objective: To identify how care is provided to people living with ostomy in the health care network from the perspective of nurses. Methods: Qualitative, descriptive study, developed with 29 nurses who worked in the Health Care Network who provide care to patients with ostomy. The methodological theoretical framework used was Minayo's social research, which is based on historical and dialectical materialism.Data collection carried out in March and April 2018, through a semi-structured interview. Thematic analysis of the data was carried out. Results: Weaknesses were identified in communication in the health care network, as well as in the care actions carried out by nurses to people living with stomas, demonstrating a centralized care and failure in care due to the lack of continuing education. Conclusion: The care of ostomy patients has points to be improved, such as defining an itinerary for this patient, centralization of care, ensuring continuity of care and completeness, referral and counter-referral, need for effective communication between the health teams that care for these patients as well as lack of continuing education. (AU)


Objetivo: Identificar cómo se atiende a las personas que viven con ostomía en la red asistencial desde la perspectiva del enfermero. Métodos: Estudio cualitativo, descriptivo, desarrollado con 29 enfermeras que laboraban en la Red de Atención de Salud que brinda atención a pacientes con ostomía. El marco teórico metodológico utilizado fue la investigación social de Minayo, que se basa en el materialismo histórico y dialéctico. Recolección de datos realizada en marzo y abril de 2018, mediante entrevista semiestructurada. Se realizó un análisis temático de los datos. Resultados: Se identificaron debilidades en la comunicación en la red de atención de salud, así como en las acciones de atención que realizan las enfermeras a las personas que viven con estoma, ubicando la atención centralizada y falla en la atención por falta de educación continua. Conclusión: La atención al paciente con ostomía tiene puntos a mejorar, como la definición de un itinerario para este paciente, la centralización de la atención, asegurar la continuidad y la integralidad de la atención, la derivación y contrarreferencia, la necesidad de una comunicación efectiva entre los equipos de salud que atienden. estos pacientes, así como la falta de educación continua. (AU)


Subject(s)
Delivery of Health Care , Ostomy , Colorectal Neoplasms , Nursing , Basic Health Services
14.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(1): 286-296, feb. 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430539

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the world and colorectal cancer is the only cancer that has shown a sustained increase in mortality in the last decade. In the search for new chemotherapeutic agents against cancer, extremophilic microorganisms have shown to be a potential source to obtain molecules of natural origin and with selective cytotoxic action towards cancer cells. In this work we analyzed the ability of a collection of Antarctic soil bacteria, isolated on Collins Glacier from the rhizosphere of Deschampsia antarctica Desv plant, to secrete molecules capable of inhibiting cell proliferation of a colorectal cancer tumor line. Our results demonstrated that culture supernatants from the Antarctic bacteria K2I17 and MI12 decreased the viability of LoVo cells, a colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line. Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of the Antarctic bacteria showed that they were taxonomically related and nucleotide identity analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence identified the bacterium K2I17 as a species belonging to the genus Bacillus.


El cáncer es la segunda causa de muerte en el mundo y el cáncer colorrectal es el único que presenta un aumento sostenido de la mortalidad en la última década. En la búsqueda de nuevos agentes quimioterapeúticos contra el cáncer, se ha propuesto a los microorganismos extremófilos como una fuente potencial para obtener moléculas de origen natural y con acción citotóxica selectiva hacia las células cancerígenas. En este trabajo analizamos la capacidad de una colección de bacterias de suelo antártico, aisladas en el glaciar Collins desde rizosfera de la planta de Deschampsia antarctica Desv, de secretar moléculas capaces de inhibir la proliferación celular de una línea tumoral de cáncer colorrectal. Nuestros resultados demostraron que los sobrenadantes de cultivo de las bacterias antárticas K2I17 y MI12 disminuyeron la viabilidad de la línea celular de adenocarcinoma colorrectal LoVo, en un ensayo de reducción metabólica de MTT. La caracterización fenotípica y genotípica de las bacterias antárticas, demostró que estaban relacionadas taxonómicamente y el análisis de la identidad nucleotídica en base a la secuencia del gen ARNr 16S identificó a la bacteria K2I17 como una especie perteneciente al género Bacillus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Soil Microbiology , Bacillus/physiology , Colorectal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Phenotype , Bacillus/isolation & purification , Bacillus/genetics , In Vitro Techniques , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S , Adenocarcinoma/drug therapy , Cell Survival/drug effects , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Cell Line, Tumor/drug effects , Genotype , Antarctic Regions
15.
Rev. argent. salud publica ; 15: 1-7, 16 Febrero 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, ARGMSAL, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1511547

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El cáncer colorrectal (CCR) es la segunda causa de mortalidad por cáncer en Argentina. Su diagnóstico tardío reduce sustancialmente las posibilidades de sobrevida. El objetivo fue describir el estudio de implementación de prevención del CCR realizado en el departamento cordobés de Pocho y analizar factores de riesgo y vulnerabilidad según condiciones de riesgo promedio (RP) o elevado (RE). MÉTODOS: Se incluyó a 265 adultos de 50-75 años residentes en Pocho. Se diseñó un dispositivo de intervención territorial; se construyeron y analizaron indicadores de cobertura, salud, referencia y contrarreferencia. RESULTADOS: Hubo 19,6% de participantes con RE y 80,4% con RP. La cobertura por invitación fue de 36,6% de la población objetivo, con una tasa de aceptación del 84,2%, una positividad del test de sangre oculta en materia fecal inmunoquímico (TSOMFi) del 19,3% y un índice de cumplimiento de videocolonoscopia del 81,8%. El consumo inadecuado de frutas, verduras y carnes asadas fue mayor en el grupo de RP (p≤0,05); 17,4% había consumido al menos un cigarrillo en los últimos 30 días; 77,6% había realizado al menos 30 minutos diarios de actividad física; 52% reportó al menos una vez presión elevada, 21,7% glucemia elevada y 21,8% colesterol elevado; 29,5% presentó obesidad. DISCUSIÓN: La adherencia al test y al circuito de atención fue alta. Se sentaron las bases para el escalamiento provincial de la estrategia preventiva del CCR mediante tamizaje con TSOMFi.


Subject(s)
Colorectal Neoplasms , Mass Screening , Epidemiological Monitoring
16.
Med. U.P.B ; 42(1): 49-56, ene.-jun. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1416179

ABSTRACT

Los alimentos de origen animal como la carne de pollo, res, pescado y cerdo poseen una amplia demanda en todo el mundo debido, entre otros aspectos, a su valor nutricional, asociado al alto contenido proteico. No obstante, este tipo de proteínas son susceptibles de sufrir reacciones de oxidación, las cuales pueden mediar procesos de fragmentación, agregación, pérdida de solubilidad, funcionalidad y digestibilidad proteica; eventos implicados en la pérdida de su valor nutricional. En este sentido, las proteínas agrega­das tienden a no ser digeridas en el tracto gastrointestinal y acumularse en el intestino (colon), donde la microbiota colónica las degrada a productos mutagénicos como fenol y p-cresol, lo que incrementa el riesgo de cáncer colorrectal. Por otra parte, los ami­noácidos o péptidos oxidados liberados en la digestión podrían incorporarse en las vías de señalización celular intestinal y favorecer o exacerbar procesos intestinales crónicos como colon irritable o enfermedad de Crohn. Debido al gran interés de esta temática en los últimos años, el objetivo de esta revisión es realizar una descripción general del impacto de proteínas oxidadas de origen animal sobre la salud intestinal.


Animal foods such as chicken, beef, fish and pork are in wide demand throughout the world due, among other things, to their nutritional value, associated with their high protein content. However, this type of protein is susceptible to oxidation reactions, which can mediate processes of fragmentation, aggregation, loss of solubility, functionality, and protein digestibility, which are events involved in the loss of their nutritional value. In this sense, aggregated proteins tend not to be digested in the gastrointestinal tract and accumulate in the intestine (colon), where the colonic microbiota degrades them into mutagenic products such as phenol and p-cresol, which increases the risk of colorectal cancer. On the other hand, the oxidized amino acids or peptides released in digestion could be incorporated into intestinal cell signaling pathways and favor or exacerbate chronic intestinal processes such as irritable bowel syndrome or Crohn's disease. Due to the great interest in this topic in recent years, the objective of this review is to provide a general overview of the impact of oxidized proteins of animal origin on intestinal health.


Alimentos de origem animal como frango, carne bovina, peixe e carne suína são muito procurados em todo o mundo devido, entre outros fatores, ao seu valor nutricional, associado ao seu alto teor de proteínas. No entanto, esse tipo de proteína é suscetível a reações de oxidação, que podem mediar processos de fragmentação, agregação, perda de solubilidade, funcionalidade e digestibilidade da proteína; eventos envolvidos na perda de seu valor nutritivo. Nesse sentido, as proteínas agregadas tendem a não ser digeridas no trato gastrointestinal e se acumulam no intestino (cólon), onde a microbiota colônica as degrada em produtos mutagênicos como fenol e p - cresol, aumentando o risco de câncer colorretal. Por outro lado, os aminoácidos ou peptídeos oxidados liberados na digestão poderiam ser incorporados às vias de sinalização das células intestinais e favorecer ou exacerbar processos intestinais crônicos, como a síndrome do intestino irritável ou a doença de Crohn. Devido ao grande interesse neste tema nos últimos anos, o objetivo desta revisão é fornecer uma descrição geral do impacto das proteínas oxidadas de origem animal na saúde intestinal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Food , Colorectal Neoplasms , Proteins , Colon , Phenol , Digestion , Foods of Animal Origin , Microbiota , Red Meat
17.
Cogitare Enferm. (Online) ; 28: e86116, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1439948

ABSTRACT

RESUMO: Objetivo: descrever a construção da tecnologia educativa para mediar o autocuidado do paciente oncológico com estomia de eliminação intestinal. Método: pesquisa metodológica, realizada em duas etapas - diagnóstico situacional e revisão integrativa da literatura, realizada no hospital referência em oncologia na cidade de Belém-Pará, Brasil. A coleta foi realizada no período de janeiro a novembro de 2021, por meio de entrevistas semi-estruturada, com 10 pacientes oncológicos estomizados e em bases de dados eletrônicos. Foram analisados na perspectiva da análise de conteúdo do tipo temática e apoiado pelo software Iramuteq. Resultados: do corpus emergiu a árvore de similitude, no qual a palavra "Bolsa" possui maior centralidade e forte conexidade com as palavras, "Cuidado", "Trocar", "Placa", "Colostomia" e "Estoma". Fundamentada nesse contexto, foi produzida uma tecnologia educacional do tipo vídeo educativo. Conclusão: a produção de tecnologia com base no contexto favorece o levantamento de evidências sociais para o autocuidado com pele periestoma.


ABSTRACT Objective: to describe the construction of an educational technology to mediate the self-care of cancer patients with intestinal elimination stoma. Method: methodological research, conducted in two stages - situational diagnosis and integrative literature review, carried out in the oncology reference hospital in the city of Belém-Pará, Brazil. The collection was carried out in the period from January to November 2021, through semi-structured interviews, with 10 oncology patients with stomas and in electronic databases. They were analyzed from the perspective of content analysis of the thematic type and supported by the Iramuteq software. Results: from the corpus a tree of similarity emerged, in which the word "Bag" has greater centrality and strong connection with the words, "Care", "Change", "Plaque", "Colostomy" and "Stoma". Based on this context, an educational video technology was produced. Conclusion: the production of context-based technology favors the collection of social evidence for self-care with the peristomal skin.


RESUMEN Objetivo: describir la construcción de una tecnología educativa para mediar en el autocuidado de pacientes con cáncer con ostomía de eliminación intestinal. Método: investigación metodológica, realizada en dos etapas - diagnóstico situacional y revisión bibliográfica integradora, llevada a cabo en el hospital oncológico de referencia de la ciudad de Belém-Pará, Brasil. La recolección se realizó en el período de enero a noviembre de 2021, a través de entrevistas semiestructuradas con 10 pacientes oncológicos estomizados y en bases de datos electrónicas. Fueron analizados desde la perspectiva del análisis de contenido de tipo temático y apoyados por el software Iramuteq. Resultados: del corpus surgió el árbol de similitud, en el que la palabra "Bolsa" tiene mayor centralidad y fuerte conexión con las palabras, "Cuidado", "Cambiar", "Placa", "Colostomía" y "Estoma". A partir de este contexto, se produjo una tecnología educativa del tipo vídeo educativo. Conclusión: la producción de tecnología basada en el contexto favorece la recopilación de pruebas sociales para el autocuidado de la piel periestomal.


Subject(s)
Colorectal Neoplasms , Technology
18.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1439185

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Según el Ministerio de Salud las muertes por cáncer constituyen un cuarto del total de las defunciones registradas en Uruguay cada año. Objetivo: Conocer el perfíl epidemiológico de los pacientes diagnosticados de cáncer asistidos en el Hospital Departamental de Soriano. Material y métodos: Estudio observacional, retrospectivo y descriptivo que incluyó a los pacientes diagnosticados de cáncer asistidos en el Hospital Departamental de Soriano durante el 2022. Se mantuvo el anonimato de los pacientes en el análisis estadístico y se contó con la aprobación del Comité de Ética del Hospital de Clínicas. Resultados: Se incluyeron 113 pacientes nuevos; 53.1% fueron hombres, siendo la mediana de edad al diagnóstico de 69 años. Los 4 tumores más frecuentes para ambos sexos reunidos fueron: mama, próstata, pulmón y colo-recto; la distribución por estadio fue la siguiente: E IV 48.6% pacientes; EIII 22.5%; EII 26.5%; y EI 2.6%. En el 79.6% de las pacientes se contaba con la confirmación del diagnóstico mediante anatomía patológica. El tiempo entre el diagnóstico y el primer tratamiento oncológico fue ≤ 3 meses para el 88.2% de los pacientes. El total de los pacientes con EIV fueron contactados con la Unidad de Cuidados Paliativos. Únicamente el 15% de los casos fueron discutidos en Comité de Tumores. Conclusiones: Los datos analizados permitieron caracterizar el perfil epidemiológico del cáncer de los pacientes procedente de Soriano asistidos en el ámbito público y pueden contribuir a la implementación de políticas públicas orientadas a la prevención y por ende a la mejora en la asistencia pacientes asistidos.


Introduction: According to the Ministry of Health, cancer deaths constitute a quarter of the total deaths registered in Uruguay each year. Objective: To identify the epidemiological profile of patients diagnosed with cancer treated at the Departmental Hospital of Soriano. Materials and Methods: An observational, retrospective and descriptive study that included patients diagnosed with cancer attended at the Departmental Hospital of Soriano during 2022. The anonymity of the patients was maintained in the statistical analysis and approval was obtained from the Ethics Committee of the Hospital de Clínicas. Results: A total of 113 new patients were included; 53.1% were men, with a median age at diagnosis of 69 years old. The four most frequent tumors for both sexes were: breast, prostate, lung and colorectal; the distribution by stage was as follows: Stage IV 48.6% patients; Stage III 22.5%; Stage II 26.5%; and Stage I 2.6%. In 79.6% of the patients the diagnosis was confirmed by pathological anatomy. The time between diagnosis and first oncological treatment was ≤ 3 months for 88.2% of patients. The total number of patients with Stage IV were contacted by the Palliative Care Unit. Only 15% of the cases were discussed in the Tumor Committee. Conclusions: The data analyzed made it possible to characterize the epidemiological profile of cancer in patients from Soriano assisted in the public sector and may contribute to the implementation of public policies aimed at prevention and, therefore, at improving patient care.


Introdução: Segundo o Ministério da Saúde, as mortes por câncer constituem um quarto de todas as mortes registradas no Uruguai a cada ano. Objetivos: Conhecer o perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes diagnosticados com câncer atendidos no Hospital Departamental de Soriano. Material e Métodos: Estudo observacional, retrospectivo e descritivo que incluiu pacientes diagnosticados com câncer atendidos no Hospital Departamental de Soriano durante o ano de 2022. O anonimato dos pacientes foi mantido na análise estatística e foi aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética do Hospital de Clínicas. Resultados: foram incluídos 113 novos pacientes; 53,1% eram homens, com mediana de idade ao diagnóstico de 69 anos. Os 4 tumores mais frequentes para ambos os sexos combinados foram: mama, próstata, pulmão e colorretal; a distribuição por estágio foi a seguinte: E IV 48,6% pacientes; EIII 22,5%; EII 26,5%; EI 2,6%. Em 79,6% dos pacientes houve confirmação do diagnóstico pela patologia. O tempo entre o diagnóstico e o primeiro tratamento oncológico foi ≤ 3 meses para 88,2% dos pacientes. Todos os doentes com DIV foram contactados com a Unidade de Cuidados Paliativos. Apenas 15% dos casos foram discutidos no Comitê de Tumores. Conclusões: Os dados analisados ​​permitiram caracterizar o perfil epidemiológico do câncer em pacientes de Soriano atendidos na esfera pública e podem contribuir para a implementação de políticas públicas voltadas para a prevenção e, consequentemente, para a melhoria na assistência aos pacientes atendidos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Neoplasms/epidemiology , Prostatic Neoplasms/epidemiology , Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology , Colorectal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sex Distribution , Octogenarians , Sociodemographic Factors , Nonagenarians , Lung Neoplasms/epidemiology
19.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 613-620, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984757

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the risk factors for the development of deep infiltration in early colorectal tumors (ECT) and to construct a prediction model to predict the development of deep infiltration in patients with ECT. Methods: The clinicopathological data of ECT patients who underwent endoscopic treatment or surgical treatment at the Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from August 2010 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The independent risk factors were analyzed by multifactorial regression analysis, and the prediction models were constructed and validated by nomogram. Results: Among the 717 ECT patients, 590 patients were divided in the within superficial infiltration 1 (SM1) group (infiltration depth within SM1) and 127 patients in the exceeding SM1 group (infiltration depth more than SM1). There were no statistically significant differences in gender, age, and lesion location between the two groups (P>0.05). The statistically significant differences were observed in tumor morphological staging, preoperative endoscopic assessment performance, vascular tumor emboli and nerve infiltration, and degree of tumor differentiation (P<0.05). Multivariate regression analysis showed that only erosion or rupture (OR=4.028, 95% CI: 1.468, 11.050, P=0.007), localized depression (OR=3.105, 95% CI: 1.584, 6.088, P=0.001), infiltrative JNET staging (OR=5.622, 95% CI: 3.029, 10.434, P<0.001), and infiltrative Pit pattern (OR=2.722, 95% CI: 1.347, 5.702, P=0.006) were independent risk factors for the development of deep submucosal infiltration in ECT. Nomogram was constructed with the included independent risk factors, and the nomogram was well distinguished and calibrated in predicting the occurrence of deep submucosal infiltration in ECT, with a C-index and area under the curve of 0.920 (95% CI: 0.811, 0.929). Conclusion: The nomogram prediction model constructed based on only erosion or rupture, local depression, infiltrative JNET typing, and infiltrative Pit pattern has a good predictive efficacy in the occurrence of deep submucosal infiltration in ECT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Nomograms , Neoplasm Staging , Risk Factors
20.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 464-470, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984745

ABSTRACT

Conventional tumor culture models include two-dimensional tumor cell cultures and xenograft models. The former has disadvantages including lack of tumor heterogeneity and poor clinical relevance, while the latter are limited by the slow growth, low engraftment successful rate, and high cost. In recent years, in vitro three-dimensional (3D) tumor models have emerged as the tool to better recapitulate the spatial structure and the in vivo environment of tumors. In addition, they preserve the pathological and genetic features of tumor cells and reflect the complex intracellular and extracellular interactions of tumors, which have become a powerful tool for investigating the tumor mechanism, drug screening, and personalized cancer treatment. 3D tumor model technologies such as spheroids, organoids, and microfluidic devices are maturing. Application of new technologies such as co-culture, 3D bioprinting, and air-liquid interface has further improved the clinical relevance of the models. Some models recapitulate the tumor microenvironment, and some can even reconstitute endogenous immune components and microvasculature. In recent years, some scholars have combined xenograft models with organoid technology to develop matched in vivo/in vitro model biobanks, giving full play to the advantages of the two technologies, and providing an ideal research platform for individualized precision therapy for specific molecular targets in certain subtypes of tumors. So far, the above technologies have been widely applied in the field of colorectal cancer research. Our research team is currently studying upon the application of patient-derived tumor cell-like clusters, a self-assembly 3D tumor model, in guiding the selection of postoperative chemotherapy regimens for colorectal cancer. A high modeling success rate and satisfactory results in the drug screening experiments have been achieved. There is no doubt that with the advancement of related technologies, 3D tumor models will play an increasingly important role in the research and clinical practice of colorectal cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Organoids/pathology , Cell Culture Techniques , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Tumor Microenvironment
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