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Int. j. morphol ; 42(1): 173-184, feb. 2024.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528836


SUMMARY: Calcium-activated chloride channel regulator 1 (CLCA1) is associated with cancer progression. The expression and immunologic function of CLCA1 in stomach adenocarcinoma (STAD) remain unclear. In this investigation, the expression of CLCA1 in STAD tissues and its involvement in the progression and immune response of STAD were examined using databases such as cBioPortal, TISIDB, and UALCAN. In order to validate the expression level of CLCA1 protein in gastric adenocarcinoma, thirty clinical tissue specimens were gathered for immunohistochemical staining. The findings indicated a downregulation of CLCA1 in STAD patients, which was correlated with race, age, cancer grade, Helicobacter pylori infection, and molecular subtype. Through the examination of survival analysis, it was identified that diminished levels of CLCA1 within gastric cancer cases were linked to decreased periods of post-progression survival (PPS), overall survival (OS), and first progression (FP) (P<0.05). The CLCA1 mutation rate was lower in STAD, but the survival rate was higher in the variant group. The correlation between the expression level of CLCA1 and the levels of immune infiltrating cells in STAD, as well as the immune activating molecules, immunosuppressive molecules, MHC molecules, chemokines, and their receptor molecules, was observed. Gene enrichment analysis revealed that CLCA1 may be involved in STAD progression through systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), proteasome, cell cycle, pancreatic secretion, and PPAR signaling pathways. In summary, CLCA1 is anticipated to function as a prognostic marker for patients with STAD and is linked to the immunization of STAD.

El regulador 1 del canal de cloruro activado por calcio (CLCA1) está asociado con la progresión del cáncer. La expresión y la función inmunológica de CLCA1 en el adenocarcinoma de estómago (STAD) aún no están claras. En esta investigación, se examinó la expresión de CLCA1 en tejidos STAD y su participación en la progresión y respuesta inmune de STAD utilizando bases de datos como cBioPortal, TISIDB y UALCAN. Para validar el nivel de expresión de la proteína CLCA1 en el adenocarcinoma gástrico, se recolectaron treinta muestras de tejido clínico para tinción inmunohistoquímica. Los hallazgos indicaron una regulación negativa de CLCA1 en pacientes con STAD, que se correlacionó con la raza, la edad, el grado del cáncer, la infección por Helicobacter pylori y el subtipo molecular. Mediante el examen del análisis de supervivencia, se identificó que los niveles reducidos de CLCA1 en los casos de cáncer gástrico estaban relacionados con períodos reducidos de supervivencia posterior a la progresión (PPS), supervivencia general (OS) y primera progresión (FP) (P <0,05). La tasa de mutación CLCA1 fue menor en STAD, pero la tasa de supervivencia fue mayor en el grupo variante. Se observó la correlación entre el nivel de expresión de CLCA1 y los niveles de células inmunes infiltrantes en STAD, así como las moléculas activadoras inmunes, moléculas inmunosupresoras, moléculas MHC, quimiocinas y sus moléculas receptoras. El análisis de enriquecimiento genético reveló que CLCA1 puede estar involucrado en la progresión de STAD a través del lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES), el proteasoma, el ciclo celular, la secreción pancreática y las vías de señalización de PPAR. En resumen, se prevé que CLCA1 funcione como un marcador de pronóstico para pacientes con STAD y está vinculado a la inmunización de STAD.

Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Chloride Channels/metabolism , Prognosis , Stomach Neoplasms/immunology , Immunohistochemistry , Adenocarcinoma/immunology , Biomarkers, Tumor , Survival Analysis , Chloride Channels/genetics , Chloride Channels/immunology , Computational Biology , Mutation
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 104-121, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008083


YABBY proteins are important transcription factors that regulate morphogenesis and organ development in plants. In order to study the YABBY of strawberry, bioinformatic technique were used to identify the YABBY gene families in Fragaria vesca (diploid) and Fragaria×ananassa (octoploid), and then analyze the sequence characters, phylogeny and collinearity of the family members. The RNA-seq data and the quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) technique were used to assay the expression patterns of the family members. A green fluorescent protein (GFP) was fused with FvYABBYs and transiently expressed in tobacco leaf cells for the subcellular localization. As the results, six FvYABBY genes and 26 FxaYABBY genes were identified from F. vesca and F.×ananassa, respectively. The FvYABBY genes were grouped into five clades, and five family members were orthologous with AtYABBY genes of Arabidopsis. In F. vesca, all of the FvYABBYs were basically not expressed not expressed in root and receptacle, while FvYABBY1, FvYABBY2, FvYABBY5 and FvYABBY6 were highly expressed in leaf, shoot, flower and achene. In F.×ananassa, FxaYABBY1, FxaYABBY2, FxaYABBY5 and FxaYABBY6 were expressed in achene, and all FxaYABBY were poorly or not expressed in receptacle. Additionally, under the abiotic stresses of low temperature, high salt and drought, the expression of FvYABBY1, FvYABBY3, FvYABBY4 and FvYABBY6 were down-regulated, FvYABBY5 was up-regulated, and FvYABBY2 was up-regulated and then down-regulated. In tobacco leaf cells, the subcellular localization of FvYABBY proteins were in the nucleus. These results provides a foundation for the functional researches of YABBY gene in strawberry.

Fragaria/genetics , Arabidopsis , Biological Assay , Cold Temperature , Computational Biology
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 82-86, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007663


INTRODUCTION@#Observational studies have revealed an association between waist circumference (WC) and atrial fibrillation (AF). However, it is difficult to infer a causal relationship from observational studies because the observed associations could be confounded by unknown risk factors. Therefore, the causal role of WC in AF is unclear. This study was designed to investigate the causal association between WC and AF using a two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis.@*METHODS@#In our two-sample MR analysis, the genetic variation used as an instrumental variable for MR was acquired from a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of WC (42 single nucleotide polymorphisms with a genetic significance of P <5 × 10 -8 ). The data of WC (from the Genetic Investigation of ANthropometric Traits consortium, containing 232,101 participants) and the data of AF (from the European Bioinformatics Institute database, containing 55,114 AF cases and 482,295 controls) were used to assess the causal role of WC on AF. Three different approaches (inverse variance weighted [IVW], MR-Egger, and weighted median regression) were used to ensure that our results more reliable.@*RESULTS@#All three MR analyses provided evidence of a positive causal association between high WC and AF. High WC was suggested to increase the risk of AF based on the IVW method (odds ratio [OR] = 1.43, 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.30-1.58, P = 2.51 × 10 -13 ). The results of MR-Egger and weighted median regression exhibited similar trends (MR-Egger OR = 1.40 [95% CI, 1.08-1.81], P = 1.61 × 10 -2 ; weighted median OR = 1.39 [95% CI, 1.21-1.61], P = 1.62 × 10 -6 ). MR-Egger intercepts and funnel plots showed no directional pleiotropic effects between high WC and AF.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our findings suggest that greater WC is associated with an increased risk of AF. Taking measures to reduce WC may help prevent the occurrence of AF.

Humans , Atrial Fibrillation/genetics , Genome-Wide Association Study , Waist Circumference/genetics , Computational Biology , Databases, Factual
Int. j. morphol ; 41(6): 1764-1774, dic. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528797


SUMMARY: Colon adenocarcinoma (COAD) is a prevalent disease worldwide, known for its high mortality and morbidity rates. Despite this, the extent of investigation concerning the correlation between COAD's CLCA1 expression and immune cell infiltration remains insufficient. This study seeks to examine the expression and prognosis of CLCA1 in COAD, along with its relationship to the tumor immune microenvironment. These findings will offer valuable insights for clinical practitioners and contribute to the existing knowledge in the field. In order to evaluate the prognostic significance of CLCA1 in individuals diagnosed with colorectal cancers, we conducted a comprehensive analysis using univariate and multivariate Cox regression models along with receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis. This study was performed on the patient data of COAD obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Nomograms were developed to anticipate CLCA1 prognostic influence. Furthermore, the CLCA1 association with tumor immune infiltration, immune checkpoints, immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) response, interaction network, and functional analysis of CLCA1-related genes was analyzed. We found that Colon adenocarcinoma tissues significantly had decreased CLCA1 expression compared to healthy tissues. Furthermore, the study revealed that the group with high expression of CLCA1 demonstrated a significantly higher overall survival rate (OS) as compared to the group with low expression. Multivariate and Univariate Cox regression analysis revealed the potential of CLCA1 as a standalone risk factor for COAD. These results were confirmed using nomograms and ROC curves. In addition, protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analysis and functional gene enrichment showed that CLCA1 may be associated with functional activities such as pancreatic secretion, estrogen signaling and cAMP signaling, as well as with specific immune cell infiltration. Therefor, as a new independent predictor and potential biomarker of COAD, CLCA1 plays a crucial role in the advancement of colon cancer.

El adenocarcinoma de colon (COAD) es una enfermedad prevalente a nivel mundial, conocida por sus altas tasas de mortalidad y morbilidad. Sin embargo, el alcance de la investigación sobre la correlación entre la expresión de CLCA1 de COAD y la infiltración de células inmunes sigue siendo insuficiente. Este estudio busca examinar la expresión y el pronóstico de CLCA1 en COAD, junto con su relación con el microambiente inmunológico del tumor. Estos hallazgos ofrecerán conocimientos valiosos para los profesionales clínicos y contribuirán al conocimiento existente en el campo. Para evaluar la importancia de pronóstico de CLCA1 en personas diagnosticadas con cáncer colorrectal, realizamos un análisis exhaustivo utilizando modelos de regresión de Cox univariados y multivariados junto con un análisis de la curva característica operativa del receptor (ROC). Este estudio se realizó con los datos de pacientes de COAD obtenidos de la base de datos The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Se desarrollaron nomogramas para anticipar la influencia pronóstica de CLCA1. Además, se analizó la asociación de CLCA1 con la infiltración inmunitaria tumoral, los puntos de control inmunitarios, la respuesta de bloqueo de los puntos de control inmunitarios (ICB), la red de interacción y el análisis funcional de genes relacionados con CLCA1. Descubrimos que los tejidos de adenocarcinoma de colon tenían una expresión significativamente menor de CLCA1 en comparación con los tejidos sanos. Además, el estudio reveló que el grupo con alta expresión de CLCA1 demostró una tasa de supervivencia general (SG) significativamente mayor en comparación con el grupo con baja expresión. El análisis de regresión de Cox multivariado y univariado reveló el potencial de CLCA1 como factor de riesgo independiente de COAD. Estos resultados se confirmaron mediante nomogramas y curvas ROC. Además, el análisis de la red de interacción proteína- proteína (PPI) y el enriquecimiento de genes funcionales mostraron que CLCA1 puede estar asociado con actividades funcionales como la secreción pancreática, la señalización de estrógenos y la señalización de AMPc, así como con la infiltración de células inmunes específicas. Por lo tanto, como nuevo predictor independiente y biomarcador potencial de COAD, CLCA1 desempeña un papel crucial en el avance del cáncer de colon.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Adenocarcinoma/immunology , Colonic Neoplasms/immunology , Chloride Channels/immunology , Prognosis , Immunohistochemistry , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Survival Analysis , Multivariate Analysis , Regression Analysis , Colonic Neoplasms/metabolism , Chloride Channels/metabolism , Computational Biology
Int. j. morphol ; 41(6): 1789-1801, dic. 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528808


SUMMARY: We investigated the expression and clinical significance of miR-15b-5p in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC) through bioinformatics analysis and experimental verification. The differentially expressed miRNAs were screened in the GEO database. Venn diagram showed that there were 5 up-regulated miRNAs (has-miR-210, has-miR-142-3p, has-miR-142-5p, has-miR-15b-5p, and has-miR-193a-3p) and only 1 down-regulated miRNA (has-miR-532-3p) that were commonly expressed between GSE189331 and GSE16441 datasets. This was further confirmed in TCGA. Further analysis showed that the has-miR-193a-3p, has-miR-142-3p, has- miR-142-5p, and has-miR-15b-5p were closely related to tumor invasion, distant metastasis and survival probability. The expression of miR-15b-5p in ccRCC tissues was significantly higher than that in adjacent normal kidney tissues (P0.05). Following inhibition of miR-15b-5p expression, RCC cells had attenuated proliferation, increased apoptosis, and attenuated migration and invasion. has-miR-15b-5p-WEE1, has-miR-15b-5p-EIF4E, has-miR-15b-5p-PPP2R1B may be three potential regulatory pathways in ccRCC. miR-15b-5p is highly expressed in cancer tissues of ccRCC patients. It may promote proliferation, inhibit apoptosis and enhance cell migration and invasion of RCC cells. The has-miR-15b-5p-WEE1, has-miR-15b-5p-EIF4E, and has-miR-15b-5p-PPP2R1B may be three potential regulatory pathways in ccRCC.

Investigamos la expresión y la importancia clínica de miR-15b-5p en el carcinoma de células renales (CCR) de células claras mediante análisis bioinformático y verificación experimental. Los miARN expresados diferencialmente se examinaron en la base de datos GEO. El diagrama de Venn mostró que había 5 miARN regulados positivamente (has-miR-210, has-miR-142-3p, has-miR-142-5p, has-miR-15b-5p y has-miR-193a-3p). ) y solo 1 miARN regulado negativamente (has-miR-532-3p) que se expresaron comúnmente entre los conjuntos de datos GSE189331 y GSE16441. Esto fue confirmado aún más en TCGA. Un análisis más detallado mostró que has-miR-193a-3p, has-miR-142-3p, has- miR-142-5p y has-miR-15b-5p estaban estrechamente relacionados con la invasión tumoral, la metástasis a distancia y la probabilidad de supervivencia. La expresión de miR-15b-5p en tejidos ccRCC fue significativamente mayor que la de los tejidos renales normales adyacentes (P 0,05). Tras la inhibición de la expresión de miR-15b-5p, las células RCC tuvieron una proliferación atenuada, un aumento de la apoptosis y una migración e invasión atenuadas. has-miR-15b-5p-WEE1, has- miR-15b-5p-EIF4E, has-miR-15b-5p-PPP2R1B pueden ser tres posibles vías reguladoras en ccRCC. miR-15b-5p se expresa altamente en tejidos cancerosos de pacientes con ccRCC. Puede promover la proliferación, inhibir la apoptosis y mejorar la migración celular y la invasión de células RCC. has-miR-15b-5p-WEE1, has- miR-15b-5p-EIF4E y has-miR-15b-5p-PPP2R1B pueden ser tres posibles vías reguladoras en ccRCC.

Humans , Male , Female , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/pathology , MicroRNAs , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/genetics , Survival Analysis , Cell Movement , Computational Biology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Kidney Neoplasms/genetics , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Metastasis
ABCS health sci ; 48: e023227, 14 fev. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1518568


INTRODUCTION: Gastric cancer (GC) is the fifth most diagnosed neoplasia and the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths. A substantial number of patients exhibit an advanced GC stage once diagnosed. Therefore, the search for biomarkers contributes to the improvement and development of therapies. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify potential GC biomarkers making use of in silico tools. METHODS: Gastric tissue microarray data available in Gene Expression Omnibus and The Cancer Genome Atlas Program was extracted. We applied statistical tests in the search for differentially expressed genes between tumoral and non-tumoral adjacent tissue samples. The selected genes were submitted to an in-house tool for analyses of functional enrichment, survival rate, histological and molecular classifications, and clinical follow-up data. A decision tree analysis was performed to evaluate the predictive power of the potential biomarkers. RESULTS: In total, 39 differentially expressed genes were found, mostly involved in extracellular structure organization, extracellular matrix organization, and angiogenesis. The genes SLC7A8, LY6E, and SIDT2 showed potential as diagnostic biomarkers considering the differential expression results coupled with the high predictive power of the decision tree models. Moreover, GC samples showed lower SLC7A8 and SIDT2 expression, whereas LY6E was higher. SIDT2 demonstrated a potential prognostic role for the diffuse type of GC, given the higher patient survival rate for lower gene expression. CONCLUSION: Our study outlines novel biomarkers for GC that may have a key role in tumor progression. Nevertheless, complementary in vitro analyses are still needed to further support their potential.

Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Biomarkers, Tumor , Computational Biology , Prognosis , Computer Simulation , Gene Expression , Tissue Array Analysis
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2023. 124 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1444992


As leishmanioses são doenças tropicais negligenciadas com alta endemicidade e que afetam milhares de pessoas no mundo. Sua infecção é causada por parasitos protozoários do gênero Leishmania. A diversidade biológica entre as espécies é quem permite determinar as manifestações clínicas, sendo elas na forma de leishmaniose visceral (LV) ou leishmaniose tegumentar (LT). Dentre estas manifestações, a LV é considerada a mais grave, devido sua alta letalidade e grande emergência em indivíduos com a infecção provocada pelo vírus da imunodeficiência humana (HIV). Atualmente, as medidas de controle e prevenção adotadas pela Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS), baseiam-se em uma combinação de estratégias de intervenção contra a infecção, uma vez que o diagnóstico eficaz e precoce é indispensável para que se possa intervir com o tratamento adequado, diminuindo índices de mortalidade e a evolução de complicações clínicas. Entretanto, os testes sorológicos utilizados apresentam sensibilidade e especificidade prejudicadas em pacientes com leishmanioses e/ou coinfectados LV/HIV, devido a baixos ní-veis de anticorpos antileishmanial ou pela presença de doenças que causem reação cruzada, levando a resultados falso-positivos. A sensibilidade torna-se também variável em pacientes tratados, uma vez que a sorologia pode manter-se positiva por meses ou anos após o fim do tratamento e cura da doença. Buscando resolver tal problemática, a identificação de novos antígenos, por meio de análises de bioinformática associadas à imunoproteômica, tem permitido a detecção de novas proteínas com potencial aplicação diagnóstica. Em estudos anteriores, as proteínas hipotéticas LiHyT, LiHyD, LiHyV e LiHyP foram encontradas em espécies de Leishmania spp, e avaliadas em suas versões recombinantes por meio de ensaios de ELISA, obtendo resultados satisfatórios para a detecção da LV humana e canina. Com base nessas informações, o presente trabalho teve como objetivo desenvolver uma proteína quimera recombinante base-ada na predição de epítopos lineares específicos de células B das quatro proteínas antigênicas de L. infantum citadas e avaliar o potencial diagnóstico, assim como dos peptídeos individuais que a constituíram, frente à leishmaniose humana, bem como com a coinfecção com HIV, além de testar os antígenos como marcadores prognóstico após o tratamento da LV e LT. As sequências de aminoácidos das proteínas foram avaliadas e oito epítopos de células B foram preditos e utilizados na construção de uma nova proteína quimérica. A proteína foi expressa, purificada e avaliada como antígeno recombinante em ELISA para o diagnóstico de LV, LT, coinfecção LV/HIV e prognóstico em amostras de pacientes tratados de LV e LT. Os epítopos de células B usados na construção da quimera foram sintetizados e também testados em ELISA frente às mesmas amostras, assim como um extrato antigênico solúvel de Leishmania braziliensis (SLA). Os resultados mostraram que a proteína quimera apresentou sensibilidade e especificidade de 100% para diagnosticar a LV, LT e LV/HIV, enquanto os peptídeos sintéticos apresentaram sensibilidade variando entre eles de 9,1% a 90,9% para amostras de LT e 76,8% a 99,2% para amostras de LV e LV/HIV, já os valores de especificidade atingiram 98,3% a 99,1% para LT e 67,1% a 95,7% para LV e LV/HIV. O SLA apresentou sensibilidade e especificidade de 18,2% e 98,3% para LT, e 56,8% a 69,5% para amostras de LV e LV/HIV, respectivamente. Uma avaliação prognóstica preliminar mostrou ainda que os anticorpos anti-quimera diminuíram em níveis significativos, quando comparada a reatividade sorológica antes e seis meses após o tratamento, sugerindo um possível papel prognóstico da quimera para as leishmanioses. O presente estudo, mostrou-se eficaz na construção e avaliação de novos candidatos, que demonstram ter um bom desempenho na detecção diagnóstica e prognóstica para as leishmanioses e dos casos de coinfecção LV/HIV.

Leishmaniasis are neglected tropical diseases with high endemicity that affect thousands of people in the world. Infection is caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Leishmania. The biological diversity between species is what allows determining the clinical manifestations, either in the form of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) or tegumentary leishmaniasis (TL). Among these clinical manifestations, VL is considered the most serious, due to its high lethality and great emergence in individuals with infection caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Currently, the control and prevention measures adopted by the World Health Organiza-tion (WHO) are based on a combination of intervention strategies against the infection, since an effective and early diagnosis is essential to intervene with the appropriate treatment, decrea-sing mortality rates and evolution of clinical complications. However, the serological tests used show impaired sensitivity and specificity in patients with leishmaniasis and/or coinfected with VL/HIV, due to low levels of anti-leishmanial antibodies or the presence of diseases that cause cross-reaction, leading to false-positive results. The sensitivity also becomes variable in treated patients, since the serology can remain positive for months or years after the end of the trea-tment and cure of the disease. Seeking to solve this problem, the identification of new antigens, through bioinformatic analysis associated with immunoproteomic, has allowed the detection of new proteins with potential diagnostic application. In previous studies, the hypothetical proteins LiHyT, LiHyD, LiHyV and LiHyP were found in species of Leishmania spp, and evaluated in their recombinant versions through ELISA assays, and satisfactory results were obtained for the detection of human and canine VL. Based on this information, the present work aimed to develop a recombinant chimera protein through on the prediction of specific linear epitopes of B cells derived from these four antigenic proteins of L. infantum and to evaluate its diagnostic potential, as well as the individual peptides that constitute it, against human leishmaniasis, as well as co-infection with HIV, in addition to testing them as possible prognostic markers of patients after VL and TL treatment. The amino acid sequences of the proteins were evaluated and eight B cell epitopes were predicted and used in the construction of a new chimeric protein. The protein was expressed, purified and evaluated as a recombinant antigen in ELISA for the diagnosis of VL, TL, VL/HIV co-infection and prognosis in samples from patients treated for VL and TL. The B cell epitopes used in the construction of the chimera were synthesized and also tested in ELISA against the same samples, as well as a soluble Leishmania braziliensis antigenic extract (SLA). The results showed that the chimera protein apresented sensitivity and specificity of 100% for diagnosing VL, TL and VL/HIV, while the synthetic peptides showed sensitivity ranging from 9.1% to 90.9% for TL samples and 76.8 % to 99.2% for VL and VL/HIV samples, while the specificity values reached from 98.3% to 99.1% for TL and 67.1% to 95.7% for VL and VL/HIV. The SLA showed sensitivity and specificity of 18.2% and 98.3% for TL, and 56.8% to 69.5% for VL and VL/HIV samples, respectively. A preliminary prog-nostic evaluation also showed that anti-chimera antibodies significantly decreased when com-pared to serological reactivity before and six months after treatment, suggesting a possible prognostic role of the antigen for leishmaniasis. The present study proved to be effective in the construction and evaluation of new candidates, who demonstrate good performance in diagnos-tic and prognostic detection for leishmaniasis and VL/HIV co-infection.

Leishmania braziliensis , Leishmania infantum , Neglected Diseases , Epitopes, B-Lymphocyte , Computational Biology , Academic Dissertation
Dement. neuropsychol ; 17: e20220025, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1448107


ABSTRACT Clinical diagnosis of several neurodegenerative disorders based on clinical phenotype is challenging due to its heterogeneous nature and overlapping disease manifestations. Therefore, the identification of underlying genetic mechanisms is of paramount importance for better diagnosis and therapeutic regimens. With the emergence of next-generation sequencing, it becomes easier to identify all gene variants in the genome simultaneously, with a system-wide and unbiased approach. Presently various bioinformatics databases are maintained on discovered gene variants and phenotypic indications are available online. Since individuals are unique in their genome, evaluation based on their genetic makeup helps evolve the diagnosis, counselling, and treatment process at the personal level. This article aims to briefly summarize the utilization of next-generation sequencing in deciphering the genetic causes of Alzheimer's disease and address the limitations of whole genome and exome sequencing.

RESUMO O diagnóstico clínico de vários distúrbios neurodegenerativos com base no fenótipo clínico é difícil devido à sua natureza heterogênea e às manifestações da doença que se sobrepõem. Portanto, a identificação dos mecanismos genéticos subjacentes é de suma importância para um melhor diagnóstico e regimes terapêuticos. Com o surgimento do sequenciamento de próxima geração, o diagnóstico se tornou mais acessível com uma abordagem imparcial em todo o sistema para identificar simultaneamente todas as variantes de genes no genoma. Atualmente, vários bancos de dados de bioinformática sobre variantes genéticas descobertas e indicações fenotípicas estão disponíveis online. Uma vez que os indivíduos são únicos em seu genoma, a avaliação com base em sua composição genética ajudou na evolução do processo de diagnóstico, aconselhamento e tratamento em nível pessoal. Este artigo teve como objetivo resumir brevemente a utilização do sequenciamento de próxima geração para decifrar as causas genéticas da doença de Alzheimer (DA) e abordar as limitações do sequenciamento completo do genoma e do exoma.

Computational Biology , Alzheimer Disease , Forecasting
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29(spe1): e2022_0197, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394845


ABSTRACT Introduction The recent development of the deep learning algorithm as a new multilayer network machine learning algorithm has reduced the problem of traditional training algorithms easily falling into minimal places, becoming a recent direction in the learning field. Objective Design and validate an artificial intelligence model for deep learning of the resulting impacts of weekly load training on students' biological system. Methods According to the physiological and biochemical indices of athletes in the training process, this paper analyzes the actual data of athletes' training load in the annual preparation period. The characteristics of athletes' training load in the preparation period were discussed. The value, significance, composition factors, arrangement principle and method of calculation, and determination of weekly load density using the deep learning algorithm are discussed. Results The results showed that the daily 24-hour random sampling load was moderate intensity, low and high-intensity training, and enhanced the physical-motor system and neural reactivity. Conclusion The research shows that there can be two activities of "teaching" and "training" in physical education and sports training. The sports biology monitoring research proves to be a growth point of sports training research with great potential for expansion for future research. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.

RESUMO Introdução O recente desenvolvimento do algoritmo de aprendizado profundo como um novo algoritmo de aprendizado de máquina de rede multicamadas reduziu o problema dos algoritmos de treinamento tradicionais, que facilmente caiam em locais mínimos, tornando-se uma direção recente no campo do aprendizado. Objetivo Desenvolver e validar um modelo de inteligência artificial para aprendizado profundo dos impactos resultantes dos treinos semanais de carga sobre o sistema biológico dos estudantes. Métodos De acordo com os índices fisiológicos e bioquímicos dos atletas no processo de treinamento, este artigo analisa os dados reais da carga de treinamento dos atletas no período anual de preparação. As características da carga de treinamento dos atletas no período de preparação foram discutidas. O valor, significância, fatores de composição, princípio de arranjo e método de cálculo e determinação da densidade de carga semanal usando o algoritmo de aprendizado profundo são discutidos. Resultados Os resultados mostraram que a carga diária de 24 horas de amostragem aleatória foi de intensidade moderada, treinamento de baixa densidade e alta intensidade, e o sistema físico-motor e a reatividade neural foram aprimorados. Conclusão A pesquisa mostra que pode haver duas atividades de "ensino" e "treinamento" na área de educação física e no treinamento esportivo. A pesquisa de monitoramento da biologia esportiva revela-se um ponto de crescimento da pesquisa de treinamento esportivo com grande potencial de expansão para pesquisas futuras. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.

RESUMEN Introducción El reciente desarrollo del algoritmo de aprendizaje profundo como un nuevo algoritmo de aprendizaje automático de red multicapa ha reducido el problema de los algoritmos de entrenamiento tradicionales, que caen fácilmente en lugares mínimos, convirtiéndose en una dirección reciente en el campo del aprendizaje. Objetivo Desarrollar y validar un modelo de inteligencia artificial para el aprendizaje profundo de los impactos resultantes del entrenamiento de la carga semanal en el sistema biológico de los estudiantes. Métodos De acuerdo con los índices fisiológicos y bioquímicos de los atletas en el proceso de entrenamiento, este artículo analiza los datos reales de la carga de entrenamiento de los atletas en el período de preparación anual. Se analizaron las características de la carga de entrenamiento de los atletas en el periodo de preparación. Se analizan el valor, el significado, los factores de composición, el principio de disposición y el método de cálculo y determinación de la densidad de carga semanal mediante el algoritmo de aprendizaje profundo. Resultados Los resultados mostraron que la carga diaria de 24 horas de muestreo aleatorio era de intensidad moderada, de baja densidad y de alta intensidad de entrenamiento, y que el sistema físico-motor y la reactividad neural mejoraban. Conclusión La investigación muestra que puede haber dos actividades de "enseñanza" y "formación" en la educación física y el entrenamiento deportivo. La investigación sobre el seguimiento de la biología del deporte demuestra ser un punto de crecimiento de la investigación sobre el entrenamiento deportivo con un gran potencial de expansión para futuras investigaciones. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

Humans , Algorithms , Computational Biology/methods , Athletic Performance/physiology , Deep Learning , Physical Education and Training/methods
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 32(2): e2022614, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1506220


O relato descreveu o primeiro curso presencial visando capacitar profissionais de saúde pública na realização de vigilância genômica em tempo real, durante períodos pandêmicos. Relato de experiência sobre um curso teórico-prático com foco em pesquisa e vigilância genômica, incluindo tecnologias de sequenciamento móvel, bioinformática, filogenética e modelagem epidemiológica. O evento contou com 162 participantes e foi o primeiro grande treinamento presencial realizado durante a epidemia de covid-19 no Brasil. Não foi detectada infecção pelo SARS-CoV-2 ao final do evento em nenhum participante, sugerindo a segurança e efetividade de todas as medidas de segurança adotadas. Os resultados do evento sugerem que é possível executar capacitação profissional com segurança durante pandemias, desde que seguidos todos os protocolos de segurança.

The objective of this report was to describe the first face-to-face course aimed at training public health professionals in performing real-time genomic surveillance during the pandemic period. Experience report on a theoretical-practical course focusing on genomic research and surveillance, including mobile sequencing technologies, bioinformatics, phylogenetics and epidemiological modeling. There were 162 participants in the event and it was the first major face-to-face training course conducted during the COVID-19 epidemic in Brazil. No cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection was detected among the participants at the end of the event, suggesting the safety and effectiveness of all safety measures adopted. The results of this experience suggest that it is possible to conduct professional training safely during pandemics, as long as all safety protocols are followed.

Este estudio tuvo como objetivo describir el primer curso presencial para capacitar a los profesionales de la salud pública para llevar a cabo la vigilancia genómica en tiempo real durante los períodos de pandemia. Este es un informe de experiencia en un curso teórico-práctico centrado en la investigación y vigilancia genómica, que incluye secuenciación móvil, bioinformática, filogenética y tecnologías de modelado epidemiológico. Este evento contó con la asistencia de 162 participantes y fue la primera gran capacitación presencial realizada durante la epidemia de COVID-19 en Brasil. No se detectó infección por SARS-CoV-2 al final del evento en ningún participante, lo que sugiere la seguridad y efectividad de todas las medidas de seguridad adoptadas. Por lo tanto, los resultados del evento sugieren que es posible realizar entrenamientos profesionales de manera segura durante pandemias, siempre y cuando se sigan todos los protocolos de seguridad.

Humans , Male , Female , Technology Transfer , Computational Biology/education , Health Human Resource Training , Professional Training , COVID-19/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Public Health , Health Personnel/education , Genomics/education , Epidemics , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , COVID-19/genetics
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e243910, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278525


Abstract Nucleotide excision repair (NER) acts repairing damages in DNA, such as lesions caused by cisplatin. Xeroderma Pigmentosum complementation group C (XPC) protein is involved in recognition of global genome DNA damages during NER (GG-NER) and it has been studied in different organisms due to its importance in other cellular processes. In this work, we studied NER proteins in Trypanosoma cruzi and Trypanosoma evansi, parasites of humans and animals respectively. We performed three-dimensional models of XPC proteins from T. cruzi and T. evansi and observed few structural differences between these proteins. In our tests, insertion of XPC gene from T. evansi (TevXPC) in T. cruzi resulted in slower cell growth under normal conditions. After cisplatin treatment, T. cruzi overexpressing its own XPC gene (TcXPC) was able to recover cell division rates faster than T. cruzi expressing TevXPC gene. Based on these tests, it is suggested that TevXPC (being an exogenous protein in T. cruzi) interferes negatively in cellular processes where TcXPC (the endogenous protein) is involved. This probably occurred due interaction of TevXPC with some endogenous molecules or proteins from T.cruzi but incapacity of interaction with others. This reinforces the importance of correctly XPC functioning within the cell.

Resumo O reparo por excisão de nucleotídeos (NER) atua reparando danos no DNA, como lesões causadas por cisplatina. A proteína Xeroderma Pigmentosum complementation group C (XPC) está envolvida no reconhecimento de danos pela via de reparação global do genoma pelo NER (GG-NER) e tem sido estudada em diferentes organismos devido à sua importância em outros processos celulares. Neste trabalho, estudamos proteínas do NER em Trypanosoma cruzi e Trypanosoma evansi, parasitos de humanos e animais, respectivamente. Modelos tridimensionais das proteínas XPC de T. cruzi e T. evansi foram feitos e observou-se poucas diferenças estruturais entre estas proteínas. Durante testes, a inserção do gene XPC de T. evansi (TevXPC) em T. cruzi resultou em crescimento celular mais lento em condições normais. Após o tratamento com cisplatina, T. cruzi superexpressando seu próprio gene XPC (TcXPC) foi capaz de recuperar as taxas de divisão celular mais rapidamente do que T. cruzi expressando o gene TevXPC. Com base nesses testes, sugere-se que TevXPC (sendo uma proteína exógena em T. cruzi) interfere negativamente nos processos celulares em que TcXPC (a proteína endógena) está envolvida. Isso provavelmente ocorreu pois TevXPC é capaz de interagir com algumas moléculas ou proteínas endógenas de T.cruzi, mas é incapaz de interagir com outras. Isso reforça a importância do correto funcionamento de XPC dentro da célula.

Humans , Animals , Trypanosoma cruzi/genetics , Xeroderma Pigmentosum , DNA Damage/genetics , Computational Biology , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , DNA Repair/genetics
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1179-1193, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987035


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation of stress-inducible phosphoprotein 1 (STIP1) expression level with prognosis of different cancers and its potential role in immunotherapy.@*METHODS@#TCGA, TARGET and GTEx databases were used for bioinformatic analysis of STIP1 expression level and its prognostic value in different cancers. We also detected STIP1 expression immunohistochemically in 10 pairs of colorectal cancer and adjacent tissues. We further analyzed the correlation of STIP1 expression level with tumor mutational burden, microsatellite instability, immune cell infiltration, immune regulators and outcomes of different cancers. STIP1- related proteins were identified using protein- protein interaction (PPI) network analysis, and functional enrichment analysis was performed to analyze the regulatory pathways involving STIP1.@*RESULTS@#Bioinformatics analysis showed that STIP1 was highly expressed in most tumors compared with the normal tissues (P < 0.05), which was confirmed by immunohistochemistry of the 10 pairs of colorectal cancer tissues. STIP1 expression level was correlated with clinical stages of multiple cancers (P < 0.05), and in some cancer types, an upregulated STIP1 expression was correlated with a poor prognosis of the patients in terms of overall survival, disease-specific survival, disease-free survival and progression-free survival (P < 0.05). STIP1 expression was significantly correlated with tumor mutational burden, microsatellite instability, immune cell infiltration and immunomodulatory factors in most tumors (P < 0.05). PPI network analysis indicated that STIP1-related proteins included HSPA4, HSPA8, and HSP90AA1. KEGG enrichment analysis suggested that the high expression of STIP1 in liver cancer was related mainly with valerate metabolism, tryptophan metabolism, and butyrate metabolism pathways; HALLMARK enrichment analysis suggested high STIP1 expression in liver cancer was involved in bile acid and fatty acid metabolism.@*CONCLUSION@#STIP1 is up-regulated in multiple cancer types and its expression level is correlated with clinical tumor stage, tumor mutational burden, microsatellite instability, immune cell infiltration and immunomodulatory factors.

Humans , Microsatellite Instability , Liver Neoplasms , Immunotherapy , Prognosis , Computational Biology , Heat-Shock Proteins , Colorectal Neoplasms
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 597-607, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008107


Objective To screen out the potential prediction genes for nasopharyngeal carcinoma(NPC)from the gene microarray data of NPC samples and then verify the genes by cell experiments.Methods The NPC dataset was downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus,and limma package was employed to screen out the differentially expressed genes.Weighted correlation network analysis package was used for weighted gene co-expression network analysis,and Venn diagram was drawn to find the common genes.The gene ontology annotation and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes pathway enrichment were then performed for the common genes.The biomarkers for NPC were further explored by protein-protein interaction network,LASSO regression,and non-parametric tests.Real-time quantitative PCR and Western blotting were employed to determine the mRNA and protein levels of key predictors of NPC,so as to verify the screening results.Results There were 622 up-regulated genes and 351 down-regulated genes in the GSE12452 dataset.A total of 116 common genes were obtained by limma analysis and weighted gene co-expression network analysis.The common genes were mainly involved in the biological processes of cell proliferation and regulation and regulation of intercellular adhesion.They were mainly enriched in Rap1,Ras,and tumor necrosis factor signaling pathways.Six key genes were screened out,encoding angiopoietin-2(ANGPT2),dual oxidase 2(DUOX2),coagulation factor Ⅲ(F3),interleukin-15(IL-15),lipocalin-2,and retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptor B(RORB).Real-time quantitative PCR and Western blotting showed that the NPC cells had up-regulated mRNA and protein levels of ANGPT2 and IL-15 and down-regulated mRNA and protein levels of DUOX2,F3,and RORB,which was consistent with the results predicted by bioinformatics.Conclusion ANGPT2,DUOX2,F3,IL-15 and RORB are potential predictive molecular markers and therapeutic targets for NPC,which may be involved in Rap1,Ras,tumor necrosis factor and other signaling pathways.

Humans , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/genetics , Interleukin-15 , Dual Oxidases , Computational Biology , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/genetics
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2931-2939, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981425


The U6 promoter is an important element driving sgRNA transcription in the CRISPR/Cas9 system. Seven PqU6 promo-ter sequences were cloned from the gDNA of Panax quinquefolium, and the transcriptional activation ability of the seven promoters was studied. In this study, seven PqU6 promoter sequences with a length of about 1 300 bp were cloned from the adventitious roots of P. quinquefolium cultivated for 5 weeks. Bioinformatics tools were used to analyze the sequence characteristics of PqU6 promoters, and the fusion expression vectors of GUS gene driven by PqU6-P were constructed. Tobacco leaves were transformed by Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated method for activity detection. The seven PqU6 promoters were truncated from the 5'-end to reach 283, 287, 279, 289, 295, 289, and 283 bp, respectively. The vectors for detection of promoter activity were constructed with GUS as a reported gene and used to transform P. quinquefolium callus and tobacco leaves. The results showed that seven PqU6 promoter sequences(PqU6-1P to PqU6-7P) were cloned from the gDNA of P. quinquefolium, with the length ranged from 1 246 bp to 1 308 bp. Sequence comparison results showed that the seven PqU6 promoter sequences and the AtU6-P promoter all had USE and TATA boxes, which are essential elements affecting the transcriptional activity of the U6 promoter. The results of GUS staining and enzyme activity test showed that all the seven PqU6 promoters had transcriptional activity. The PqU6-7P with a length of 1 269 bp had the highest transcriptional activity, 1.31 times that of the positive control P-35S. When the seven PqU6 promoters were truncated from the 5'-end(PqU6-1PA to PqU6-7PA), their transcriptional activities were different in tobacco leaves and P. quinquefolium callus. The transcriptional activity of PqU6-7PA promoter(283 bp) was 1.59 times that of AtU6-P promoter(292 bp) when the recipient material was P. quinquefolium callus. The findings provide more ideal endogenous U6 promoters for CRISPR/Cas9 technology in ginseng and other medicinal plants.

Panax/genetics , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Agrobacterium tumefaciens/genetics , Computational Biology , Cloning, Molecular
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2368-2378, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981313


This study aims to investigate the expression, prognosis, and clinical significance of C5orf46 in gastric cancer and to study the interaction between the active components of C5orf46 and tarditional Chinese medicine. The ggplot2 package was utilized for differential expression analysis of C5orf46 in gastric cancer tissues and normal tissues. The survival package was used for survival analysis, univariate regression analysis, and multivariate regression analysis. Nomogram analysis was used to assess the connection between C5orf46 expression in gastric cancer and overall survival. The abundance of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes was calculated by GSVA package. Coremine database, Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP) database, and PubChem database were used to search the potential components corresponding to C5orf46 gene and tarditional Chinese medicine. Molecular docking was performed to explore the binding affinity of potential components to C5orf46. Cell experiments were performed to explore the expression of C5orf46 gene in cells of the blank group, model group, and drug administration groups. As compared with normal tissues, C5orf46 expression was higher in gastric cancer tissues, which had more significant predictive effects in the early stages(T2, N0, and M0). The more advanced the tumor node metastasis(TNM) stage, the higher the C5orf46 expression and the lower the probability of survival of patients with gastric cancer. The expression of C5orf46 positively correlated with the helper T cells1 in gastric cancer and the macrophage infiltration level in gastric cancer, and negatively correlated with B cells, central memory T cells, helper T cells 17, and follicular helper T cells. Seven potential components of C5orf46 were obtained, and three active components were obtained after the screening, which matched five tarditional Chinese medicines, namely, Sojae Semen Nigrum, Jujubae Fructus, Trichosanthis Fructus, Silybi Fructus, and Bambusae Concretio Silicea. Molecular docking revealed that sialic acid and adeno-sine monophosphate(AMP) had a good binding ability to C5orf46. The results of real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction(RT-qPCR) and Western blot showed that, as compared with the model group, the mRNA and protein expression levels of C5orf46 were significantly lower in the drug administration groups. The lowest expression level was found at the concentration of 40 μmol·L~(-1). The results of this study provide ideas for the clinical development of traditional Chinese medicine compounds for the treatment of gastric cancer as well as other cancers.

Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation , Prognosis , Computational Biology
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2141-2157, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981195


Proteins play a variety of functional roles in cellular activities and are indispensable for life. Understanding the functions of proteins is crucial in many fields such as medicine and drug development. In addition, the application of enzymes in green synthesis has been of great interest, but the high cost of obtaining specific functional enzymes as well as the variety of enzyme types and functions hamper their application. At present, the specific functions of proteins are mainly determined through tedious and time-consuming experimental characterization. With the rapid development of bioinformatics and sequencing technologies, the number of protein sequences that have been sequenced is much larger than those can be annotated, thus developing efficient methods for predicting protein functions becomes crucial. With the rapid development of computer technology, data-driven machine learning methods have become a promising solution to these challenges. This review provides an overview of protein function and its annotation methods as well as the development history and operation process of machine learning. In combination with the application of machine learning in the field of enzyme function prediction, we present an outlook on the future direction of efficient artificial intelligence-assisted protein function research.

Artificial Intelligence , Machine Learning , Proteins/genetics , Computational Biology/methods , Drug Development
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 8-16, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971489


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation of the potential functional microRNA (miRNA)-mRNA regulatory network with recurrence of high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (HGSOC) and its biological significance.@*METHODS@#This study was performed based on the data of 354 patients with HGSOC from the Cancer Genome Atlas database. In these patients, HGSOC was divided into different subtypes based on the pathways identified by GO analysis, and the correlations of the subtypes with HGSOC recurrence and differentially expressed miRNAs and mRNAs were assessed. Two relapse-related datasets were identified using the Gene Set Enrichment (GSE) database, from which the differentially expressed miRNAs were identified by intersection with the TCGA data. The target genes of these miRNAs were predicted using miRWalk 2.0 database, and these common differentially expressed miRNAs and mRNAs were used to construct the key miRNA-mRNA network associated with HGSOC recurrence. The expression of miR-506-3p and SNAI2 in two ovarian cancer cell lines was detected using RT-qPCR and Western blotting, and their targeted binding was verified using a double luciferase assay. The effect of miR-506-3p expression modulation on ovarian cancer cell migration was detected using scratch assay and Transwell assay.@*RESULTS@#We screened 303 GO terms of HGSOC-related pathways and identified two HGSOC subtypes (C1 and C2). The subtype C1 was associated with a significantly higher recurrence rate than C2. The differentially expressed genes between C1 and C2 subtypes were mainly enriched in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Five miRNAs were identified as potential regulators of EMT, and a total of 41 target genes were found to be involved in the differential expressions of EMT pathway between C1 and C2 subtypes. The key miRNA-mRNA network associated with HGSOC recurrence was constructed based on these 5 miRNAs and 41 mRNAs. MiR-506-3p was confirmed to bind to SNAI2, and up-regulation of miR-506-3p significantly inhibited SNAI2 expression and reduced migration and invasion of SKOV3 and CAOV3 cells (P < 0.05), while miR-506-3p knockdown produced the opposite effects (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#MiR-506-3p and SNAI2 are the key molecules associated with HGSOC recurrence. MiR-506-3p may affect EMT of ovarian cancer cells by regulating cell migration and invasion via SNAI2, and its expression level has predictive value for HGSOC recurrence.

Humans , Female , MicroRNAs/genetics , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/genetics , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , Computational Biology
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 360-363, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970933


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical characteristics and genetic etiology of a child with Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RSTS).@*METHODS@#A child who was admitted to the Children's Hospital of Soochow University on October 3, 2021 was selected as the study subject. Clinical data of the child was collected. Peripheral blood samples of the child and his parents were collected. The child was subjected to whole exome sequencing (WES), and candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing of his family members and bioinformatic analysis.@*RESULTS@#The patient, a 9-year-and-4-month-old boy, had manifested unique facies, microcephaly, broad toes, growth retardation, and intellectual impairment. WES revealed that he has harbored a heterozygous c.3604G>T (p.E1202*) variant in exon 20 of the EP300 gene. Sanger sequencing confirmed that neither of his parents has carried the same variant. The variant was not found in the Shenzhou Genome data Cloud, ExAC, 1000 Genomes and gnomAD databases.Analysis with SIFT, PolyPhen-2 and CADD online software has predicted the variant to be harmful. Based on the guidelines formulated by the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics, the variant was rated as pathogenic (PVS1+PS2+PM2_Supporting) .@*CONCLUSION@#The heterozygous c.3604G>T variant of the EP300 gene probably underlay the RSTS type 2 in this child. Above finding has also expanded the variation spectrum of the EP300 gene.

Child , Humans , Male , Computational Biology , E1A-Associated p300 Protein/genetics , Exons , Face , Facies , Rubinstein-Taybi Syndrome/genetics
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 328-331, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970927


OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical manifestation and genetic basis for four children with delayed onset Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency (OTCD).@*METHODS@#Clinical data of four children with OTCD admitted to the Children's Hospital of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2020 to April 2021 were reviewed. Peripheral blood samples of the children and their parents were collected and subjected to whole exome sequencing (WES). Bioinformatic analysis and Sanger sequencing verification were carried out to verify the candidate variants. Impact of the candidate variants on the protein structure was also predicted.@*RESULTS@#The clinical manifestations of the four children included vomiting, convulsion and disturbance of consciousness. WES revealed that the child 1 was heterozygous for a c.421C>T (p.R141X) variant in exon 5, children 2 and 3 were hemizygous for a c.119G>A (p.R40H) variant in exon 2, and child 4 was hemizygous for a c.607T>A (p.S203T) variant in exon 5 of the OTC gene. Among these, the c.607T>A variant was unreported previously and predicted to be pathogenic (PM1+PM2_Supporting+PP3+PP4). Bioinformatic analysis has predicted that the variant may result in breakage of hydrogen bonds and alter the protein structure and function. Sanger sequencing confirmed that the variants in children 2 to 4 have derived from their mothers.@*CONCLUSION@#The pathogenic variants of the OTC gene probably underlay the delayed OTCD in 4 children. The discovery of the c.607T>A variant has enriched the mutational spectrum of the OTC gene.

Child , Humans , Ornithine Carbamoyltransferase Deficiency Disease/genetics , Exons , Seizures , Computational Biology , Heterozygote
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 269-275, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970917


OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical characteristics and spectrum of SPTB gene variants among 16 Chinese children with Hereditary spherocytosis (HS) and explore their genotype-phenotype correlation.@*METHODS@#Sixteen children who were diagnosed with HS at the Affiliated Hospital of Capital Institute of Pediatrics from November 2018 to July 2022 were selected as the research subjects. Genetic testing was carried out by whole exome sequencing. Candidate variants were verified by Sanger sequencing and subjected to bioinformatic analysis and prediction of 3D structure of the protein. Correlation between the SPTB genotypes and clinical phenotypes was analyzed using Chi-squared test.@*RESULTS@#The male-to-female ratio of the HS patients was 6 : 10, with the median age being 7-year-and-10-month. Clinical features of the patients have included anemia, reticulocytosis and gradual onset of splenomegaly. Mild, moderate and severe anemia have respectively occurred in 56.25% (9/16), 31.25% (5/16) and 12.50% (2/16) of the patients. SPTB gene variants were detected in all patients, among which 10 were unreported previously and 7 were de novo in origin. Loss of function (LOF) variants accounted for 93.75% (15/16). Only one missense variant was detected. Eleven, 4 and 1 of the variants had occurred in the repeat domain, CH1 domain, and dimerization domain, respectively. There was no significant correlation between the type or domain of the SPTB gene variants with the clinical features such as severity of anemia (x² = 3.345, P > 0.05). All of the variants were predicted to be pathogenic or likely pathogenic based on the guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics.@*CONCLUSION@#Mild to moderate anemia are predominant clinical features of the HS children harboring a SPTB gene variant, for which LOF variants are the main mutational type. The clinical feature of HS is unaffected by the type of the variants.

Child , Female , Humans , Male , Computational Biology , Genetic Testing , Genomics , Genotype , Spherocytosis, Hereditary/genetics , East Asian People/genetics , Spectrin/genetics