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1.
Estima (Online) ; 21(1): e1260, jan-dez. 2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1510119

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:Investigar estudos que apresentem sistemas computacionais de auxílio à cicatrização de feridas e quais sistemas se referem ao uso de laser de baixa intensidade. Método: Revisão de escopo que visou responder à questão de pesquisa: Quais sistemas computacionais auxiliam na cicatrização de feridas? Uma subquestão foi: quais sistemas computacionais se referem ao uso do laser de baixa intensidade? Resultados: A partir da busca, aplicando os critérios de elegibilidade, 49 artigos compuseram a amostra final. Os sistemas apresentaram várias finalidades de apoio à cicatrização de feridas, em que a maioria apresentou como usuário do sistema o profissional de saúde, sendo a medicina a área profissional mais mencionada, embora a enfermagem esteja envolvida com o manejo do cuidado às pessoas com feridas. Foi relatada com frequência a inovação na assistência a partir do uso do sistema computacional, o que demonstra a importância desse tipo de ferramenta para a prática clínica. Verificou-se com frequência o uso de plataforma mobile, como tendência da atualidade. Conclusão: Os sistemas computacionais têm sido utilizados como ferramentas para apoiar pacientes e principalmente profissionais na cicatrização de feridas. Quanto ao laser de baixa intensidade, houve escassez de sistemas computacionais com essa finalidade, com apenas um estudo.


Objective:To investigate studies that present computational systems to aid healing and systems which refer to the use of low-level laser. Method: Scope review that aimed to answer the question: Which computer systems help in wound healing? A subquestion was: Which of the computer systems refer to the use of low-level laser? Results: From the search, applying the eligibility criteria, 49 articles made up the final sample. The systems served multiple purposes in support of wound healing; the majority presented the health professional as a user of the system; medicine was the most mentioned professional area despite nursing being involved in the management of care for people with wounds. Innovation in care using the computer system was frequently reported, demonstrating the importance of this type of tool for clinical practice. There was a high frequency of the mobile platform, showing that this is a current trend. Conclusion: Computer systems have been used as tools to support patients and especially professionals in wound healing. Regarding the systems aimed at the low intensity laser, there was a shortage of computer systems for this purpose, with a study.


Objetivo:Investigar estudios que presenten sistemas computacionales de ayuda a la cicatrización y sistemas que se refieran al uso de láser de bajo nivel. Método: Revisión de alcance que tuvo como objetivo responder a la pregunta: ¿Qué sistemas informáticos ayudan en la cicatrización de heridas? Una subpregunta fue: ¿Cuál de los sistemas informáticos se refieren al uso de láser de bajo nivel? Resultados: A partir de la búsqueda, aplicando los criterios de elegibilidad, 49 artículos conformaron la muestra final. Los sistemas sirvieron para múltiples propósitos en apoyo de la cicatrización de heridas; la mayoría presentó al profesional de la salud como usuario del sistema; la medicina fue el área profesional más mencionadas, a pesar de que la enfermería está involucrada en la gestión del cuidado de las personas con heridas. La innovación en la atención basada en el uso del sistema informático fue relatada con frecuencia, demostrando la importancia de este tipo de herramienta para la práctica clínica. Hubo una alta frecuencia de la plataforma móvil, lo que demuestra que esta es una tendencia actual. Conclusión: Los sistemas informáticos se han utilizado como herramientas de apoyo a los pacientes y especialmente a los profesionales en la cicatrización de heridas. En cuanto a los sistemas dirigidos al láser de baja intensidad, hubo escasez de sistemas informáticos para este fin, con un estudio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Wound Healing , Software , Low-Level Light Therapy , Systems Biology/methods , Computer Simulation
2.
RECIIS (Online) ; 17(3): 633-649, jul.-set. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1517704

ABSTRACT

O uso da Tecnologia da Informação está presente nos mais diversos domínios, inclusive no da saúde, ao utilizar várias metodologias e ferramentas computacionais. O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar o modelo conceitual baseado em ontologia sobre o domínio HIV/aids denominado OntoHI. No processo para desenvol-ver a OntoHI adotam-se a metodologia SABiO e a ontologia de fundamentação UFO, além do conhecimento de especialistas da área da saúde, o que garante a representação da realidade. Artefatos da ontologia aqui apresentados: representação gráfica, glossário de termos, questões de competência. O controle de qualidade se dá através dos processos de validação e verificação das questões de competências. A OntoHI possibilita a integração com representações de outros domínios. Pode ser utilizado como artefato para a construção de ferramentas computacionais, principalmente sistemas de informações e aplicativos móveis para acompanhar o tratamento de pacientes, além de poder ser expandida para se adaptar a novas situações


The use of Information Technology is present in the most diverse domains, including health care, using various methodologies and computational tools. The goal of this work is to present an ontology-driven con-ceptual model on the HIV/AIDS domain called OntoHI. In the process of developing OntoHI, the SABiO methodology and the UFO foundational ontology are adopted, in addition to the specialist's knowledge in the field of health care, which guarantees a consistent representation of reality. Ontology artifacts that are presented here: graphical representation, glossary of terms, validation of competence questions. Quality control happens in the process of validation and verification of competency questions. OntoHI enables in-tegration with representations from other domains. It can be used as an artifact for building computational tools, mainly information systems and mobile applications to monitor patient treatment, in addition to being able to be expanded to adapt to new situations


El uso de las Tecnologías de la Información ocurre en los más diversos dominios, incluido el de la salud, uti-lizando diversas metodologías y herramientas computacionales. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar el modelo conceptual basado en ontologías sobre el dominio del VIH/sida denominado OntoHI. En el proceso de desarrollo de OntoHI se adoptan la metodología SABiO y la ontología de fundamentos OVNI, además del conocimiento de especialistas en el campo de la salud, lo que garantiza la representación de la realidad. Artefactos ontológicos presentados: representación gráfica, glosario, temas competenciales. El control de calidad se lleva a cabo a través del proceso de validación y verificación de problemas de competencia. Onto-HI permite la integración con representaciones de otros dominios. Puede usarse como artefacto para cons-truir herramientas computacionales, principalmente sistemas de información y aplicaciones móviles para monitorear el tratamiento del paciente, además de poder expandirse para adaptarse a nuevas situaciones


Subject(s)
Humans , Computer Simulation , HIV , Information Technology , Therapeutics , Biological Ontologies , Mobile Applications
3.
ABCS health sci ; 48: e023227, 14 fev. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1518568

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Gastric cancer (GC) is the fifth most diagnosed neoplasia and the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths. A substantial number of patients exhibit an advanced GC stage once diagnosed. Therefore, the search for biomarkers contributes to the improvement and development of therapies. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify potential GC biomarkers making use of in silico tools. METHODS: Gastric tissue microarray data available in Gene Expression Omnibus and The Cancer Genome Atlas Program was extracted. We applied statistical tests in the search for differentially expressed genes between tumoral and non-tumoral adjacent tissue samples. The selected genes were submitted to an in-house tool for analyses of functional enrichment, survival rate, histological and molecular classifications, and clinical follow-up data. A decision tree analysis was performed to evaluate the predictive power of the potential biomarkers. RESULTS: In total, 39 differentially expressed genes were found, mostly involved in extracellular structure organization, extracellular matrix organization, and angiogenesis. The genes SLC7A8, LY6E, and SIDT2 showed potential as diagnostic biomarkers considering the differential expression results coupled with the high predictive power of the decision tree models. Moreover, GC samples showed lower SLC7A8 and SIDT2 expression, whereas LY6E was higher. SIDT2 demonstrated a potential prognostic role for the diffuse type of GC, given the higher patient survival rate for lower gene expression. CONCLUSION: Our study outlines novel biomarkers for GC that may have a key role in tumor progression. Nevertheless, complementary in vitro analyses are still needed to further support their potential.


Subject(s)
Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Biomarkers, Tumor , Computational Biology , Prognosis , Computer Simulation , Gene Expression , Tissue Array Analysis
4.
Rev. ADM ; 80(1): 18-23, ene.-feb. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1510578

ABSTRACT

Los modelos de estudio son un registro fundamental para el diagnóstico, el plan de tratamiento, la presentación de caso y la evaluación del progreso del tratamiento dental; son registros anatomofisiológicos de las arcadas dentarias que sirven para evaluar la dentición en los tres planos del espacio y la oclusión en la relación cúspide-fosa, en una dimensión estática y dinámica. Para obtener los modelos de estudio es imprescindible obtener impresiones totales con diversos materiales de impresión de los arcos dentarios, que reproduzcan fielmente todos los detalles anatómicos, para posteriormente obtener un modelo en yeso piedra. Los modelos obtenidos a partir de una impresión generalmente son a base de yeso odontológico, los cuales a pesar de sus mejoras aún conservan algunas características negativas como: baja resistencia a la fractura por impacto, baja resistencia al desgaste por abrasión, inestabilidad dimensional y radiopacidad que impide la simulación de procedimientos endodóncicos. Con la finalidad de mejorar la simulación en la práctica odontológica, se usa la resina epóxica que puede emplearse en la obtención de modelos, este material es más resistente y presenta una mayor resistencia a la abrasión; además es radiolúcido, por lo que es útil para la réplica de preparaciones y procedimientos de simulación endodóntica. Los detalles de la superficie obtenidos con resina epóxica son superiores a los obtenidos con yeso. El uso de simuladores es una herramienta educativa con la que se favorece la adquisición de ciertas habilidades, destrezas, técnicas y competencias necesarias para la formación de estudiantes o profesionales de odontología. En el presente trabajo se describe la técnica para la elaboración de modelos dentales didácticos en resina epóxica para utilizarlos en la enseñanza de la práctica odontológica (AU)


Study studies are a fundamental record for diagnosis, treatment plan, case presentation and evaluation of the progress of dental treatment. They are anatomo-physiological records of the dental arches to evaluate the dentition in the three planes of space and the occlusion in the cusp-fossa relationships, in a static and dynamic dimension. To obtain the study models, it is essential to obtain total impressions with various impression materials of the dental arches, which faithfully reproduce all the anatomical details, in order to later obtain a stone plaster model. Those obtained from an impression are generally based on dental plaster, which despite its improvements still retain some negative characteristics such as: low resistance to fracture by impact, low resistance to wear by abrasion, dimensional instability and radio opacity that prevents the simulation of endodontic procedures. In order to improve simulation in dental practice, the use of epoxy resin can be used to obtain models, this material is more resistant and has greater resistance to abrasion, it is radiolucent, which makes them Useful for replicating preparations and endodontic simulation procedures, the surface details obtained with epoxy resin are superior to those obtained with plaster. The use of simulators is an educational tool that favors the acquisition of certain abilities, skills, techniques and competencies necessary for the training of the student or professional in dentistry. In the present work, the technique for the elaboration of didactic dental models in epoxy resin to be used in the teaching of dental practice is described.(AU)


Subject(s)
Computer Simulation , Models, Educational
5.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 149-154, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970685

ABSTRACT

For the detection and identification of abnormal nodular tissues on the body surface, a microwave sensor structure loaded with a spiral resonator is proposed in this paper, a sensor simulation model is established using HFSS software, the structural parameters are optimized, and the actual sensor is fabricated. The S21 parameters of the tissue were obtained when nodules appeared by simulation, and the characteristic relationship between the difference of S21 parameters with position was analyzed and tested experimentally. The results showed that when nodules were present in normal tissues, the curve of S21 parameter difference with position change had obvious inverted bimodal characteristics, and the extreme value of S21 parameter difference appeared when the sensor was directly above the nodules, which was easy to identify the position of nodules. It provides an objective detection tool for the identification of abnormal nodular tissues on the body surface.


Subject(s)
Microwaves , Recognition, Psychology , Computer Simulation , Software
6.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 118-124, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970681

ABSTRACT

In order to improve the wearing comfort and bearing effectiveness of the exoskeleton, based on the prototype and working mechanism analysis of a relaxation wearable system for knee exoskeleton robot, the static optimization synthesis and its method are studied. Firstly, based on the construction of the virtual prototype model of the system, a comprehensive wearable comfort evaluation index considering the factors such as stress, deformation and the proportion of stress nodes was constructed. Secondly, based on the static simulation and evaluation index of system virtual prototype, multi-objective genetic optimization and local optimization synthesis of armor layer topology were carried out. Finally, the model reconstruction simulation data confirmed that the system had good wearing comfort. Our study provides a theoretical basis for the bearing performance and prototype construction of the subsequent wearable system.


Subject(s)
Humans , Exoskeleton Device , Computer Simulation , Emotions , Knee Joint
7.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1-7, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970667

ABSTRACT

Existing neuroregulatory techniques can achieve precise stimulation of the whole brain or cortex, but high-focus deep brain stimulation has been a technical bottleneck in this field. In this paper, based on the theory of negative permeability emerged in recent years, a simulation model of magnetic replicator is established to study the distribution of the induced electric field in the deep brain and explore the possibility of deep focusing, which is compared with the traditional magnetic stimulation method. Simulation results show that a single magnetic replicator realized remote magnetic source. Under the condition of the same position and compared with the traditional method of stimulating, the former generated smaller induced electric field which sharply reduced with distance. By superposition of the magnetic field replicator, the induced electric field intensity could be increased and the focus could be improved, reducing the number of peripheral wires while guaranteeing good focus. The magnetic replicator model established in this paper provides a new idea for precise deep brain stimulation, which can be combined with neuroregulatory techniques in the future to lay a foundation for clinical application.


Subject(s)
Brain , Cerebral Cortex , Computer Simulation , Electricity , Magnetic Fields
8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 612-616, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010249

ABSTRACT

At present, most of the research on hip exoskeleton robots adopts the method of decoupling analysis of hip joint motion, decoupling the ball pair motion of hip joint into rotational motion on sagittal plane, coronal plane and cross section, and designing it into series mechanism. Aiming at the problems of error accumulation and man-machine coupling in series mechanism, a parallel hip rehabilitation exoskeleton structure is proposed based on the bionic analysis of human hip joint. The structure model is established and the kinematics analysis is carried out. Through the OpenSim software, the curve of hip flexion and extension, adduction and abduction angle in a gait cycle is obtained. The inverse solution of the structure is obtained by the D-H coordinate system method. The gait data points are selected and compared with the inverse solution obtained by ADAMS software simulation. The results show that the inverse solution expression is correct. The parallel hip exoskeleton structure can meet the requirements of the rotation angle of the hip joint of the human body, and can basically achieve the movement of the hip joint, which is helpful to improve the human-computer interaction performance of the exoskeleton.


Subject(s)
Humans , Exoskeleton Device , Hip Joint , Gait , Biomechanical Phenomena , Computer Simulation
9.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 518-522, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010231

ABSTRACT

Ventilator is an important medical instrument which can replace the function of autonomous ventilation artificially. Its safety and reliability are related to the health and even life safety of patients. With the publishing of the new national standard and international standard for ventilators, higher requirements are put forward for the detection and evaluation. This study mainly introduces an automatic test system for ventilator performance. The test system is based on PF-300 air-flow analyzer of Imtmedical and standard simulation lung. The automatic switch module of simulation lung is developed, and the automatic test system of ventilator is designed using the software development platform based on Python. It can not only automatically test all ventilation control parameters and monitoring parameters of the ventilator, but also realize automatic data recording, form reports and data analysis, and improve the efficiency and quality of inspection, detection and quality control.


Subject(s)
Humans , Reproducibility of Results , Ventilators, Mechanical , Computer Simulation , Data Analysis , Quality Control
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3977-3987, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008593

ABSTRACT

In the context of Pharma 4.0, the design tools that support the pharmaceutical Quality by Design(QbD) are iterating fast toward intelligent or smart design. The conventional development methods for traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) preparations have the limitations such as over dependence on experience, low dimensions for the designed experiment parameters, poor compatibility between the process and equipment, and high trial-and-error cost during process scale-up. Therefore, this paper innovatively proposed the intelligent co-design involving material, process, and equipment for manufacturing high-quality TCM preparations, and introduced the design philosophy, targets, tools, and applications with TCM oral solid dosage(OSD) as an example. In terms of design philosophy, the pharmaceutical design tetrahedron composed of critical material attributes, critical process parameters, critical equipment attributes, and critical quality attributes was developed. The design targets were put forward based on the product performance classification system. The design tools involve a design platform that contains several modules, such a as the iTCM material database, the processing route classification system, the system modeling and simulation, and reliability-based optimization. The roles of different modules in obtaining essential and universal design knowledge of the key common manufacturing units were introduced. At last, the applications of the co-design methodology involving material, process, and equipment in the high shear wet granulation process development and the improvement of the dissolving or dispersion capability of TCM formula granules are illustrated. The research on advanced pharmaceutical design theory and methodology will help enhance the efficiency and reliability of drug development, improve the product quality, and promote the innovation of high-end TCM products across the industry.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Reproducibility of Results , Quality Control , Computer Simulation , Commerce , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal
11.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 105-110, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971501

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare different methods for calculating sample size based on confidence interval estimation for a single proportion with different event incidences and precisions.@*METHODS@#We compared 7 methods, namely Wald, AgrestiCoull add z2, Agresti-Coull add 4, Wilson Score, Clopper-Pearson, Mid-p, and Jefferys, for confidence interval estimation for a single proportion. The sample size was calculated using the search method with different parameter settings (proportion of specified events and half width of the confidence interval [ω=0.05, 0.1]). With Monte Carlo simulation, the estimated sample size was used to simulate and compare the width of the confidence interval, the coverage of the confidence interval and the ratio of the noncoverage probability.@*RESULTS@#For a high accuracy requirement (ω =0.05), the Mid-p method and Clopper Pearson method performed better when the incidence of events was low (P < 0.15). In other settings, the performance of the 7 methods did not differ significantly except for a poor symmetry of the Wald method. In the setting of ω=0.1 with a very low p (0.01-0.05), failure of iteration occurred with nearly all the methods except for the Clopper-Pearson method.@*CONCLUSION@#Different sample size determination methods based on confidence interval estimation should be selected for single proportions with different parameter settings.


Subject(s)
Confidence Intervals , Sample Size , Computer Simulation , Monte Carlo Method , Probability
12.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 76-84, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971497

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the predictive ability of two extended Cox models in nonlinear survival data analysis.@*METHODS@#Through Monte Carlo simulation and empirical study and with the conventional Cox Proportional Hazards model and Random Survival Forests as the reference models, we compared restricted cubic spline Cox model (Cox_RCS) and DeepSurv neural network Cox model (Cox_DNN) for their prediction ability in nonlinear survival data analysis. Concordance index was used to evaluate the differentiation of the prediction results (a larger concordance index indicates a better prediction ability of the model). Integrated Brier Score was used to evaluate the calibration degree of the prediction (a smaller index indicates a better prediction ability).@*RESULTS@#For data that met requirement of the proportion risk, the Cox_RCS model had the best prediction ability regardless of the sample size or deletion rate. For data that failed to meet the proportion risk, the prediction ability of Cox_DNN was optimal for a large sample size (≥500) with a low deletion (< 40%); the prediction ability of Cox_RCS was superior to those of other models in all other scenarios. For example data, the Cox_RCS model showed the best performance.@*CONCLUSION@#In analysis of nonlinear low maintenance data, Cox_RCS and Cox_DNN have their respective advantages and disadvantages in prediction. The conventional survival analysis methods are not inferior to machine learning or deep learning methods under certain conditions.


Subject(s)
Proportional Hazards Models , Survival Analysis , Calibration , Computer Simulation , Data Analysis
13.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 108-118, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971333

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether Suxiao Jiuxin Pills (SJP), a Chinese herbal remedy, is an anti-ventricular fibrillation (VF) agent.@*METHODS@#VF was induced by isoproterenolol (ISO) intraperitoneal injection followed by electrical pacing in mice and rabbits. The effects of SJP on the L-type calcium channel current (CaV1.2), voltage-dependent sodium channel current (INa), rapid and slow delayed rectifier potassium channel current (IKr and IKs, respectively) were studied by whole-cell patch-clamp method. Computer simulation was implemented to incorporate the experimental data of SJP effects on the CaV1.2 current into the action potential (AP) and pseudo-electrocardiography (pseudo-ECG) models.@*RESULTS@#SJP prevented VF induction and reduced VF durations significantly in mice and rabbits. Patch-clamp experiments revealed that SJP decreased the peak amplitude of the CaV1.2 current with a half maximal concentration (IC50) value of 16.9 mg/L (SJP-30 mg/L, -32.8 ± 6.1 pA; Verapamil, -16.2 ±1.8 pA; vs. control, -234.5 ±16.7 pA, P<0.01, respectively). The steady-state activation curve, inactivation curve, and the recovery from inactivation of the CaV1.2 current were not shifted significantly. Specifically, SJP did not altered INa, IKr, and IKs currents significantly (SJP vs. control, P>0.05). Computer simulation showed that SJP-reduced CaV1.2 current shortened the AP duration, transiting VF into sinus rhythm in pseudo-ECG.@*CONCLUSION@#SJP reduced VF via inhibiting the CaV1.2 current with in vivo, in vitro, and in silico studies, which provide experimental basis for SJP anti-VF clinical application.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Mice , Calcium , Computer Simulation , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Electrocardiography
14.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 47-53, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971302

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Current mainstream PET scattering correction methods are introduced and evaluated horizontally, and finally, the existing problems and development direction of scattering correction are discussed.@*METHODS@#Based on NeuWise Pro PET/CT products of Neusoft Medical System Co. Ltd. , the simulation experiment is carried out to evaluate the influence of radionuclide distribution out of FOV (field of view) on the scattering estimation accuracy of each method.@*RESULTS@#The scattering events produced by radionuclide out of FOV have an obvious impact on the spatial distribution of scattering, which should be considered in the model. The scattering estimation accuracy of Monte Carlo method is higher than single scatter simulation (SSS).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Clinically, if the activity of the adjacent parts out of the FOV is high, such as brain, liver, kidney and bladder, it is likely to lead to the deviation of scattering estimation. Considering the Monte Carlo scattering estimation of the distribution of radionuclide out of FOV, it's helpful to improve the accuracy of scattering distribution estimation.


Subject(s)
Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Scattering, Radiation , Computer Simulation , Brain , Monte Carlo Method , Phantoms, Imaging , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
15.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 262-270, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981859

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To compare the application value of the likelihood ratio (LR) method and identity by state (IBS) method in the identification involving half sibling relationships, and to provide a reference for the setting of relevant standards for identification of half sibling relationship.@*METHODS@#(1) Based on the same genetic marker combinations, the reliability of computer simulation method was verified by comparing the distributions of cumulated identity by state score (CIBS) and combined full sibling index in actual cases with the distributions in simulated cases. (2) In different numbers of three genetic marker combinations, the simulation of full sibling, half sibling and unrelated individual pairs, each 1 million pairs, was obtained; the CIBS, as well as the corresponding types of cumulative LR parameters, were calculated. (3) The application value of LR method was compared with that of IBS method, by comparing the best system efficiency provided by LR method and IBS method when genetic markers in different amounts and of different types and accuracy were applied to distinguish the above three relational individual pairs. (4) According to the existing simulation data, the minimum number of genetic markers required to distinguish half siblings from the other two relationships using different types of genetic markers was estimated by curve fitting.@*RESULTS@#(1) After the rank sum test, under the premise that the real relationship and the genetic marker combination tested were the same, there was no significant difference between the simulation method and the results obtained in the actual case. (2) In most cases, under the same conditions, the system effectiveness obtained by LR method was greater than that by IBS method. (3) According to the existing data, the number of genetic markers required for full-half siblings and half sibling identification could be obtained by curve fitting when the system effectiveness reached 0.95 or 0.99.@*CONCLUSIONS@#When distinguishing half sibling from full sibling pairs or unrelated pairs, it is recommended to give preference to the LR method, and estimate the required number of markers according to the identification types and the population data, to ensure the identification effect.


Subject(s)
Humans , Siblings , Genetic Markers , Computer Simulation , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/genetics , Reproducibility of Results , Genotype
16.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 234-243, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981534

ABSTRACT

In order to address the issues of spatial induction bias and lack of effective representation of global contextual information in colon polyp image segmentation, which lead to the loss of edge details and mis-segmentation of lesion areas, a colon polyp segmentation method that combines Transformer and cross-level phase-awareness is proposed. The method started from the perspective of global feature transformation, and used a hierarchical Transformer encoder to extract semantic information and spatial details of lesion areas layer by layer. Secondly, a phase-aware fusion module (PAFM) was designed to capture cross-level interaction information and effectively aggregate multi-scale contextual information. Thirdly, a position oriented functional module (POF) was designed to effectively integrate global and local feature information, fill in semantic gaps, and suppress background noise. Fourthly, a residual axis reverse attention module (RA-IA) was used to improve the network's ability to recognize edge pixels. The proposed method was experimentally tested on public datasets CVC-ClinicDB, Kvasir, CVC-ColonDB, and EITS, with Dice similarity coefficients of 94.04%, 92.04%, 80.78%, and 76.80%, respectively, and mean intersection over union of 89.31%, 86.81%, 73.55%, and 69.10%, respectively. The simulation experimental results show that the proposed method can effectively segment colon polyp images, providing a new window for the diagnosis of colon polyps.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colonic Polyps/diagnostic imaging , Computer Simulation , Electric Power Supplies , Semantics , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2273-2283, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981303

ABSTRACT

The active ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)are the foundation for the efficiency of TCM and the key to the formation of Dao-di herbs. It is of great significance to study the biosynthesis and regulation mechanisms of these active ingredients for analyzing the formation mechanism of Daodi herbs and providing components for the production of active ingredients in TCM by synthetic biology. With the advancements in omics technology, molecular biology, synthetic biology, artificial intelligence, etc., the analysis of biosynthetic pathways for active ingredients in TCM is rapidly progressing. New methods and technologies have promoted the analysis of the synthetic pathways of active ingredients in TCM and have also made this area a hot topic in molecular pharmacognosy. Many researchers have made significant progress in analyzing the biosynthetic pathways of active ingredients in TCM such as Panax ginseng, Salvia miltiorrhiza, Glycyrrhiza uralensis, and Tripterygium wilfordii. This paper systematically reviewed current research me-thods for analyzing the biosynthetic functional genes of active ingredients in TCM, elaborated the mining of gene elements based on multiomics technology and the verification of gene functions in plants in vitro and in vivo with candidate genes as objects. Additionally, the paper summarized new technologies and methods that have emerged in recent years, such as high-throughput screening, molecular probes, genome-wide association studies, cell-free systems, and computer simulation screening to provide a comprehensive reference for the analysis of the biosynthetic pathways of active ingredients in TCM.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Artificial Intelligence , Biosynthetic Pathways , Computer Simulation , Genome-Wide Association Study
18.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1214-1223, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987038

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To propose a framework that combines sinogram interpolation with unsupervised image-to-image translation (UNIT) network to correct metal artifacts in CT images.@*METHODS@#The initially corrected CT image and the prior image without artifacts, which were considered as different elements in two different domains, were input into the image transformation network to obtain the corrected image. Verification experiments were carried out to assess the effectiveness of the proposed method using the simulation data, and PSNR and SSIM were calculated for quantitative evaluation of the performance of the method.@*RESULTS@#The experiment using the simulation data showed that the proposed method achieved better results for improving image quality as compared with other methods, and the corrected images preserved more details and structures. Compared with ADN algorithm, the proposed algorithm improved the PSNR and SSIM by 2.4449 and 0.0023 when the metal was small, by 5.9942 and 8.8388 for images with large metals, and by 8.8388 and 0.0130 when both small and large metals were present, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The proposed method for metal artifact correction can effectively remove metal artifacts, improve image quality, and preserve more details and structures on CT images.


Subject(s)
Artifacts , Algorithms , Computer Simulation , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
19.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 650-656, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985541

ABSTRACT

Objective: based on summarizing the simulation and prediction of tobacco control measures across the globe and sorting out the various scenarios of tobacco control measures, the potential short-term effects of seven tobacco control measures in different scenarios were systematically analyzed. Methods: Until April 2022, PubMed, Embase, EconLit, PsychINFO, and CINAHL databases were used to retrieve literature about tobacco control measures simulation and prediction models across the globe. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were strictly followed. Meta-analysis for the potential short-term effects of seven tobacco control measures in different scenarios was performed using the R software. Results: A total of 22 papers covering 16 countries were selected. Five studies were conducted in the United States, three in Mexico, and two in Italy. There were all papers with the measures to tax increases, smoke-free air laws, and mass media campaigns, 21 papers with youth access restrictions, 20 with marketing restrictions, and 19 with cessation treatment programs and health warnings. The tax increases had diverse influences on the price elasticity of different age groups. The price elasticity in the age group 15-17 years was the highest, which was 0.044 (95%CI: 0.038-0.051). The potential short-term effects of smoke-free air laws in workplaces were higher than in restaurants and other indoor public places. The effects of youth access restrictions were greater in the age group <16 years than in the age group 16-17. The stronger the implementation of other measures, the greater the potential short-term effects. A comparison of seven tobacco control measures showed that the cessation treatment programs increase in cessation rate was the highest, 0.404 (95%CI: 0.357-0.456). The reduction in smoking rate and reduction in initiation rate of youth access restrictions strongly enforced and publicized was the highest in the age group <16 years, 0.292 (95%CI: 0.269-0.315), and 0.292 (95%CI: 0.270-0.316). Conclusions: The potential short-term effects of seven tobacco control measures in different scenarios were evaluated more accurately and objectively through Meta-analysis. In the short term, cessation treatment programs will substantially increase smoking cessation rates, and strong youth access enforcement will sharply reduce smoking and initiation rates among adolescents under 16. These results also offer strong data-related support for the simulation and prediction of tobacco control measures in China and other countries.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , United States , Tobacco Control , Prevalence , Computer Simulation , Smoking Cessation , Health Behavior , Smoking Prevention
20.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e244127, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278526

ABSTRACT

Abstract Tiliroside is a glycosidic flavonoid present in many plants species including Helicteres velutina K. Schum (Malvaceae sensu lato), commonly known in Brazil as "pitó". This molecule has been shown to have many biological activities, however no study has been carried out to investigate the toxicity of this substance. The present work aimed to evaluate the possible cellular toxicity in silico, in vitro and ex-vivo of the kaempferol-3-O-β-D-(6"-E-p-coumaroyl) glucopyranoside (tiliroside), through chemical structure analysis, toxicity assessment and predictive bioactive properties, using human samples for in vitro and ex-vivo tests. The in silico analysis suggests that tiliroside exhibited great absorption index when penetrating biological membranes. In addition, it also displayed considerable potential for cellular protection against free radicals, and anticarcinogenic, antioxidant, antineoplastic, anti-inflammatory, anti-hemorrhagic and antithrombotic activities. The assessment of the hemolytic and genotoxic effects of tiliroside showed low hemolysis rates in red blood cells and absence of cellular toxicity in the oral mucosa cells. The data obtained indicate that this molecule could be a promising therapeutic approach as a possible new drug with biotechnological potential.


Resumo O tilirosídeo é um flavonóide glicosídico presente em muitas espécies de plantas, incluindo Helicteres velutina K. Schum (Malvaceae sensu lato), conhecida no Brasil como "pitó". Esta molécula mostrou ter muitas atividades biológicas, porém nenhum estudo foi realizado para investigar a toxicidade dessa substância. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar a possível toxicidade celular in silico, in vitro e ex-vivo do kaempferol-3-O-β-D- (6 "-Ep-coumaroil) glucopiranosídeo (tilirosídeo), por meio de análises de estrutura química, toxicidade avaliação e propriedades bioativas preditivas, utilizando amostras humanas para testes in vitro e ex-vivo. A análise in silico sugere que o tilirosídeo exibe bom índice de absorção para penetrar nas membranas biológicas. Além disso, apresentou considerável potencial de proteção celular contra os radicais livres e com atividades anticarcinogênica, antioxidante, antineoplásica, antiinflamatória, anti-hemorrágica e antitrombótica. A avaliação dos efeitos hemolíticos e genotóxicos do tilirosídeo mostrou baixas taxas de hemólise nas hemácias e ausência de toxicidade em células da mucosa oral. Os dados obtidos indicam que esta molécula pode possuir uma abordagem terapêutica promissora como uma possível nova droga com potencial biotecnológico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Plant Extracts , Kaempferols/toxicity , Flavonoids , Computer Simulation , Brazil
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