Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 565
Braz. dent. sci ; 27(1): 1-7, 2024. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1551411


Objective: The aim of the study was to report the aplicability of intraoral scanning while rubber dam isolation is in place. Material and Methods: Female patient, 50 years old, required restorative procedures on teeth 35 and 37. An intraoral scan was initially performed on both arches. Isolation was carried out from 33 to 37, tooth preparation and immediate dentin sealing were carried out. A new scan with the rubber dam in place was performed and a CAD/CAM lithium disilicate hybrid block was digitally designed, milled, crystallized and cemented under the tooth surface with the rubber dam still in position. After completing this stage, the rubber dam was removed, the occlusion was verified, presenting excellent aesthetic and functional results. Results: The absolute isolation process used in the present study works as an excellent device for gingival retraction. Conclusion: The absolute isolation can be recommended in clinical activities of intraoral scanning favoring the quality of the final result of treatments (AU)

Objetivo: O objetivo do estudo foi relatar a aplicabilidade do escaneamento intraoral sob isolamento absoluto. Material e Métodos: Paciente do sexo feminino, 50 anos, necessitou de procedimentos restauradores nos dentes 35 e 37. Uma varredura intraoral foi inicialmente realizada em ambos os arcos. O isolamento absoluto foi feito de 33 a 37, permitindo a realização do preparo dentário e selamento imediato da dentina. Um novo escaneamento com o dique de borracha colocado foi realizado e um bloco híbrido de dissilicato de lítio CAD/CAM foi projetado digitalmente, fresado, cristalizado e cimentado sob a superfície dentária ainda com o dique de borracha em posição. Após a finalização dessa etapa, o dique de borracha foi removido, a oclusão foi verificada apresentando ótimos resultados estéticos e funcionais. Resultados: O isolamento absoluto utilizado no presente estudo funciona como um excelente dispositivo para retração gengival. Conclusão: O isolamento absoluto pode ser recomendado em atividades clínicas de escaneamento intraoral favorecendo a qualidade do resultado final dos tratamentos (AU)

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Rubber Dams , Computer-Aided Design , Denture Precision Attachment , Digital Technology , Mouth Rehabilitation
Braz. dent. sci ; 27(1): 1-8, 2024. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1554218


Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the marginal gap of frameworks produced using the CAD-CAM system, from zirconia and lithium disilicate blocks, adapted to a tooth preparation and a gypsum die. Material and Methods: For this study, a human first molar tooth was used as a master model with a full crown preparation. It was molded 20 times to obtain the gypsum die and randomly divided into 2 groups (n=10) for the fabrication of zirconia and lithium disilicate frameworks. The frameworks were made using pre-sintered zirconia blocks and lithium disilicate blocks, both CAD-CAM systems. The marginal gap was measured in µm at four points (buccal, palatal, mesial, and distal) using a comparator microscope with 30x magnification, with the framework seated on the master model (tooth), and on the gypsum die. Marginal gap data (µm) were evaluated using two-way analysis of variance and Tukey's test with a significance level of 5%. Results: The results showed that there was no statistically significant interaction between the factors studied (p=0.223) or isolated factors (ceramic factor p=0.886 and die factor p=0.786). Conclusion: Both ceramics produced using the CAD-CAM technique did not exhibit statistical differences in marginal adaptation on the two types of substrates, both on tooth preparation and on the gypsum die (AU)

Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o espaço marginal de estruturas produzidas usando o sistema CAD-CAM, a partir de blocos de zircônia e dissilicato de lítio, adaptadas a um preparo sobre dente e a um troquel de gesso. Material e Métodos: Para este estudo, um dente molar humano foi utilizado como modelo mestre com preparo para coroa total. Este foi moldado 20 vezes para obter o troquel de gesso e dividido aleatoriamente em 2 grupos (n=10) para a fabricação de estruturas de zircônia e dissilicato de lítio. As estruturas foram feitas usando blocos de zircônia pré-sinterizados e blocos de dissilicato de lítio, ambos sistemas para CAD-CAM. O espaço marginal foi medido em µm, em quatro pontos (bucal, palatal, mesial e distal), utilizando um microscópio comparador com ×30 de ampliação e com a estrutura assentada no modelo mestre (dente) e no troquel de gesso. Os dados de espaço marginal (µm) foram avaliados usando análise de variância bidirecional e teste de Tukey com um nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Os resultados mostraram que não houve interação estatisticamente significativa entre os fatores estudados (p=0,223) ou isoladamente (fator cerâmica p=0,886 e fator troquel p=0,786). Conclusão: Ambas as cerâmicas produzidas usando a técnica CAD-CAM não apresentaram diferenças estatísticas em relação à adaptação marginal nos dois tipos de substratos, tanto na preparação dentária quanto no troquel de gesso(AU)

Dental Prosthesis , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Dental Porcelain
Braz. j. oral sci ; 23: e240950, 2024. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1527011


Aim: The aim of this in vitro study was to compare machine and manual cementation of prosthetic elements by measuring internal and marginal fits. Methods: Eighteen anatomic prefabricated abutments were used to manufacture zirconia copings in the Ceramill (n=9) and Lava systems (n=9). The copings were cemented with a fluid consistency addition silicone using a machine (n=18) and manually (n=18) according to the replica technique. They were then cut in the buccal-palatal and mesial-distal directions. The film thickness was photographed using an optical microscope and measured in the internal and marginal regions. The data collected were analyzed by repeated measures ANOVA and Bonferroni's multiple comparison test (∂=.05). The Bland-Altman test was performed to evaluate the agreement between the methods. Results: In the evaluation of the internal and marginal misfits, the mean values observed for the cementation performed with the aid of a machine and manually, were as follows: angular regions, 76.7 µm and 76.2 µm; linear regions, 60.6 µm and 60.7 µm; incisal region, 144.8 µm and 145.2 µm; marginal region, 40.1 µm and 40.2 µm; and overall mean, 80.4 µm and 80.6 µm, respectively. No significant differences were found between the 2 methods, for any of regions and systems (P>.05). The Bland-Altman test showed agreement between the methods (P>.05) and that the limits of agreement found were clinically acceptable. Conclusions: Within the limitations of this in vitro study, we can conclude that cementation using manual techniques or mechanical aid produces the same cement films

Cementation , Dental Prosthesis Design , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Marginal Adaptation
Braz. j. oral sci ; 23: e243158, 2024. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1527026


Aim: In recent years, great advances have been made in the use of CAD/CAM to prepare fixed restorations. The marginal and internal fit of these restorations is a principal determinant for their clinical success. In addition, the nature of the oral environment affects the mechanical properties of these restorations. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the effect of aging process under conditions that simulate the oral environment on the marginal adaptation, and, fracture resistance of crowns fabricated from polyether ether ketone (PEEK) using CAD/CAM methods. Methods: Twenty identical crown restorations were fabricated by using CAD/CAM methods to mill polyether ether ketone (PEEK) material. These crowns were produced by using a software design of an epoxy resin replica of the prepared maxillary first premolar tooth. All PEEK crowns were cemented and randomly divided into two equal groups (A, B). Each group was divided into subgroups (A1, A2 and B1, B2). Group A1 and A2 were used to measure marginal adaptation and fracture resistance, respectively, before aging, while group (B1 and B2) were measured after aging. The cemented crowns were mounted in resin molds to facilitate the sectioning process. The measurements of the marginal gap were performed after sectioning at four points using a stereomicroscope. The fracture resistance of the crowns was investigated using a universal testing machine. A statistical analysis was performed using the GraphPad Prism® software version and unpaired Student's t-test. Results: The results revealed that aging affected the marginal gap, and the fracture resistance of the PEEK crowns. While aging, negatively affected the conditions under investigation, however the least significant difference of marginal gap was found in the margin region. Conclusions: PEEK-CAD/CAM is considered as a good alternative prosthodontic material for fixed prostheses. The CAD/CAM technique used to make PEEK crown restorations in our study offers the advantages of high marginal accuracy and fracture resistance for long-term performance in the oral environment

Polymers , Aging , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Crowns , Flexural Strength , Ketones
Odovtos (En línea) ; 25(3): 82-98, Sep.-Dec. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1529071


Abstract To evaluate the microtensile bond strength (µTBS) of two resin cements to 3D printed and milled CAD/CAM resins used for provisional fixed partial dentures. Blocks (5 x 5 x 5 mm) of three 3D-printed resins (Cosmos3DTemp / Yller; Resilab3D Temp / Wilcos and SmartPrint BioTemp, / MMTech) were printed (Photon, Anycubic Technology Co.). A milled material (VitaCAD-Temp, VITA) was used as control. Half the specimens were sandblasted and the rest were untreated. Two blocks were bonded with the corresponding resin cement: PanaviaV5 (Kuraray Noritake) and RelyX Ultimate (3M Oral Care). After 24 hours, the bonded blocks were sectioned into 1 x 1 mm side sticks. Half the beams were tested for µTBS and the other half was thermocycled (5000 cycles, 30s dwell-time, 5s transfer time) before µTBS testing. A four way Generalized Linear Model (material*sandblasting*cement*aging) analysis was applied. VITA exhibited the lowest µTBS, regardless of the cement, sandblasting and thermocycling. Sandblasting significantly improved the µTBS of VIT, especially after aging, but did not improve the µTBS of 3D printed resins. Sandblasting was not beneficial for 3D printed resins, although is crucial for adhesive cementation of milled temporary resins. Airborne particle abrasion affects the integrity of 3D-printed resins, without producing a benefit on the microtensile bond strength of these materials. However, sandblasting is crucial to achieve a high bond strength on milled temporary resins.

Resumen Evaluar la resistencia adhesiva en microtracción (µTBS) de dos cementos resinosos a resinas CAD/CAM impresas y fresadas indicadas para restauraciones provisionales. Bloques (5 x 5 x 5mm) de tres resinas impresas (Cosmos3DTemp / Yller; Resilab3D Temp / Wilcos and SmartPrint BioTemp, / MMTech) y una resina fresada (VitaCAD-Temp, VITA) fueron fabricados. La mitad de los especímenes fueron arenados y el resto no recibió tratamiento mecánico. Dos bloques con condiciones de tratamiento iguales fueron cementados con cemento resinoso (PanaviaV5 / Kuraray Noritake y RelyX Ultimate / 3M Oral Care). Después de 24 horas los bloques fueron seccionados en palitos de 1 mm² de área. En la mitad de los especímenes se midió la TBS inmediatamente y el resto fue termociclado (5000 ciclos, 30s remojo, 5s transferencia) antes de la prueba de TBS. Se aplica un análisis estadístico por Modelo Linear General con 4 factores (material*arenado*cemento*termociclado). La resina VITA presentó la menor µTBS, independientemente del cemento usado, el arenado y el termociclado. Sin embargo, el arenado aumentó la µTBS de VIT, especialmente después del termociclado. Por otro lado, el arenado no resultó en un aumento significativo de la µTBS de las resinas impresas. El arenado no fue beneficiosos para las resinas impresas, aunque es un paso crucial para la cementación adhesive de las resinas fresadas. El arenado afecta la integridad de las capas de las resinas impresas, sin generar un beneficio en la TBS.

Computer-Aided Design/instrumentation , Resin Cements/therapeutic use , Dental Cementum , Printing, Three-Dimensional/instrumentation
Rev. ADM ; 80(4): 190-196, jul.-ago. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1525858


Introducción: la adaptación marginal e interna de nuestras restauraciones fabricadas por fundición sistemas de fresado y sinterización láser es uno de los factores clínicos más importantes para el éxito de las prótesis fijas, previniendo el riesgo de microfiltración y enfermedad periodontal. Objetivo: evaluar la adaptación marginal e interna de cofias metálicas en aleación Cr-Co confeccionadas por técnicas convencionales, CAD/ CAM de fresado y sinterizado por láser. Material y métodos: estudio de tipo experimental, comparativo e in vitro. Se imprimió un modelo maestro en Cr-Co, proveniente del escaneo de un premolar preparado para corona completa, sobre el cual se diseñaron 30 cofias divididas en tres grupos: el primero que corresponde al grupo cofias fundidas fresadas en disco de cera A (A = 10), el segundo grupo cofias fresadas en disco de metal presinterizado B (B = 10) y el tercer grupo cofias impresas por sinterización láser C (C = 10). Se empleó la réplica de silicona, colocando silicona al interior de cada cofia, sobre el modelo maestro, simulando al cemento, mediante una máquina de ensayo universal se realizó una compresión de 50 N. Luego de retirar cada cofia se rellenaron con silicona pesada de adición, obteniendo una réplica de silicona. Se efectuaron dos cortes transversales en sentido vestíbulolingual y mesiodistal. Se observó el espesor de silicona VPS (vinil poliéter silicona) mediante un estereomicroscopio (Nikon SMZ745T), obteniendo valores en micrómetros. Para el análisis estadístico se utilizó el software SPSS 25 con el fin de realizar la prueba de normalidad y ANOVA de dos vías bajo un nivel de confianza del 95%. Resultados: el menor gap lo obtuvo el grupo de fresadas, seguido de las impresas y por último las fundidas por métodos convencionales. ANOVA de dos vías reveló diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los tres grupos (p < 0.0001). Conclusiones: se encontró que el gap varía con cada método de fabricación, la técnica convencional de fundido mostró un mayor gap, ninguna excediendo el rango clínicamente aceptable (AU)

Introduction: the marginal and internal adaptation of our restorations manufactured by casting, milling systems and laser sintering is one of the most important clinical factors for the success of fixed prostheses, preventing the risk of microleakage and periodontal disease. Objective: evaluate the marginal and internal adaptation of metal copings in Cr-Co alloy made by conventional techniques, CAD/CAM milling and laser sintering. Material and methods: an experimental, comparative and in vitro study, a Cr-Co master model was printed from the scan of a premolar prepared for a full crown. An experimental, comparative and in vitro study, a Cr-Co master model was printed from the scan of a premolar prepared for a full crown, on which 30 caps divided into three groups were designed; the first group corresponds to the cast copings milled on a wax disc A (A = 10), the second group milled copings on a presintered metal disc B (B = 10) and the third group printed by laser sintering copings C (C = 10). The silicone replica was used, placing silicone inside each coping, on the master model, simulating cement, using a universal testing machine, a 50 N compression was performed. After removing each coping, they were filled with heavy addition silicone, obtaining a silicone replica. Two cross-sections were made in the buccolingual and mesiodistal direction., observing the thickness of the VPS (vinyl polyeter silicone) silicone using a stereomicroscope (Nikon SMZ745T), obtaining values in micrometers. For the statistical analysis, the SPSS 25 software was used in order to perform the normality and two-way ANOVA tests under a 95% confidence level. Results: the smallest gap was obtained by the milled group, followed by the printed ones and finally those cast by conventional methods. Two-way ANOVA revealed statistically significant differences between the three groups (p < 0.0001). Conclusions: the gap was found to vary with each fabrication method, the conventional casting technique showed a larger gap, none exceeding the clinically acceptable range (AU)

Chromium Alloys , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Crowns , Lasers , In Vitro Techniques , Analysis of Variance
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 9(1): 29634, 27 abr. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1428369


Introdução:O aprimoramento das resinas compostas nos últimosanos em associação com a difusão de informações nas redes sociais tornou as facetas diretas tratamentos populares na dentística restauradora. No entanto, são procedimentos que exigem ampla destreza manual e conhecimento técnico. O fluxo digital através doescaneamento, enceramento digital e prototipagem 3D para construção de guias tem se tornado uma excelente alternativa para aumentar a previsibilidade e aumentar a longevidade destes trabalhos. Objetivo:Descrever o protocolo de confecção de facetas diretas em resina composta, através de um relato de caso, utilizando como auxílio o planejamento digital para confecção de modelo 3D, guia de silicone e paredes palatinas. Descrição do Caso:Paciente do gênero masculino, 43 anos, queixava-se do formato dos seus dentes. Ao exame clínico percebeu-se desgaste dental nos incisivos centrais e linha do sorriso levemente invertida. Após duas sessões de clareamento de consultório com Peróxido de hidrogênio (35%) e mockup direto com resina composta, foi realizada a moldagem e escaneamento do modelo de gesso no laboratório. O enceramento digital foi aprovado, o modelo 3D foi impresso para confecção da guia de silicone. Com auxílio da guia foram executadas facetas diretas nos elementos 13, 12, 11, 21, 22 e 23. Conclusão:O fluxo digital pode ser uma alternativa viável para minimizar as falhas na confecção de facetas diretas em resina composta (AU).

Introduction:The improvement of composite resins in recent years, together with information disseminated on social media, has made direct veneers popular treatments in restorative dentistry. However, these procedures require significant manual dexterity and technical knowledge. Digital work flow using scanning, digital wax-up and 3D prototyping for the construction of guides has become an excellent alternative to increase predictability and the longevity of these procedures. Objective:Describe the manufacturing protocol for direct composite resin veneers, using a case report and digital to construct the 3D model, silicone guide and palatine walls. Case description:Male patient, 43 years old, complained of the shape of his teeth. Clinical examination revealed tooth wear on the central incisors and a slightly inverted smile line. After two whitening sessions with hydroigen peroxide (35%) and direct mockup with composite resin, the plaster model was molded and scanned in the laboratory. Digital wax-up was approved, and the 3D model was printed to manufacture the silicone guide. With the help of the guide, the direct veneers were applied to elements 13, 12, 11, 21, 22 and 23.Conclusions:Digital flow may be a feasible alternative to minimize manufacturing flaws in direct composite resin veneers (AU).

Introducción: La mejora de las resinas compuestas en los últimos años, y la difusión de información en las redes sociales, ha popularizado las facetas directas en los tratamientos en odontología restauradora. Sin embargo, son procedimientos que requieren demasiado destreza manual y conocimientos técnicos. El flujo digital usando escaneo, encerado digital y prototipado 3D para la construcción de guías se ha convertido en una excelente alternativa para aumentar la previsibilidad y la longevidad de estos procedimientos. Objetivo: Describir el protocolo para la realización de carillas directas en resina compuesta, a través de un reporte de caso, utilizando el planeo digital como ayuda para la realización de un modelo 3D, guía de silicona y paredes palatinas. Descripción del caso: Paciente masculino, 43 años, se quejó de la forma de sus dientes. El examen clínico reveló desgaste dental en los incisivos centrales y una línea de sonrisa levemente invertida. Después de dos sesiones de blanqueamiento en consultorio con peróxido de hidrógeno (35%) y maqueta directa con resina compuesta, el modelo de yeso fue moldeado y escaneado en el laboratorio. El encerado digital fue aprovado, el modelo 3D fue impreso para hacer la guía de silicona. Con la ayuda de la guía se realizaron carillas directas en los elementos 13, 12, 11, 21, 22 y 23. Conclusiones: El fluxo digital puede ser una alternativa viable para minimizar fallas en la fabricación de carillas directas en resina compuesta (AU).

Humans , Male , Adult , Computer-Aided Design/instrumentation , Composite Resins/chemistry , Dental Veneers , Esthetics, Dental , Photography, Dental/instrumentation , Hydrogen Peroxide/chemistry
Odovtos (En linea) ; 25(1)abr. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1422189


To evaluate the shear bond strength (SBS) of self-adhesive resin cement when used with two different computer-aided design (CAD)-computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) materials after various surface treatments. Nanoceramic resin Lava Ultimate (LU) and feldspathic ceramic Vita Mark II (VM) CAD-CAM block samples were prepared with 1.5-mm thickness, and a total of 90 samples were obtained (N=90), with five samples of each block. The samples were divided into the following five groups according to the surface treatments (n=9): group 1, untreated (control); group 2,5% hydrofluoric acid etching; group 3, Er: YAG laser irradiation; group 4, tribochemical silica coating (Cojet); and group 5, air-abrasion with Al2O3. After silane application, resin cement was applied on a transparent matrix (diameter, 3mm; height, 2mm) on the blocks. SBS was determined using a universal testing device at a crosshead speed of 1mm/min. Two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey's post hoc tests were used to analyze the SBS values. LU showed the highest SBS value in group 4. The average SBS values in groups 3 and were found to be lower than that in the control group (p<0.05). When VM was examined, while all surface treatments increased the SBS values significantly, the highest SBS value was observed in group 4 (p<0.05). This study revealed that all surface treatments used negatively affected the bond strength values of self-adhesive resin cement to LU, except for Cojet application. The SBS values of resin cement with VM increased in all surface treatment application groups.

Evaluar la resistencia de unión al corte (SBS) del cemento de resina autoadhesivo cuando se utiliza con dos materiales diferentes de diseño asistido por computadora (CAD) y fabricación asistida por computadora (CAM) después de varios tratamientos superficiales. Se prepararon muestras de bloques CAD-CAM de resina Lava Ultimate (LU) y cerámica feldespática Vita Mark II (VM) con un espesor de 1,5mm, y se obtuvieron un total de 90 muestras (N=90), con cinco muestras de cada bloque. Las muestras se dividieron en los siguientes cinco grupos según los tratamientos superficiales (n=9): grupo 1, sin tratar (control); grupo 2, grabado con ácido fluorhídrico al 5%; grupo 3, irradiación con láser Er: YAG; grupo 4, recubrimiento triboquímico de sílice (Cojet); y grupo 5, aire-abrasión con Al2O3. Después de la aplicación de silano, se aplicó cemento de resina sobre una matriz transparente (diámetro, 3mm; altura, 2mm) sobre los bloques. La SBS se determinó usando un dispositivo de prueba universal a una velocidad de cruceta de 1mm/min. Se utilizaron análisis de varianza bidireccional (ANOVA) y pruebas post hoc de Tukey para analizar los valores de SBS. LU mostró el valor más alto de SBS en el grupo 4. Los valores promedio de SBS en los grupos 3 y fueron más bajos que en el grupo de control (p<0,05). Cuando se examinó VM, mientras que todos los tratamientos superficiales aumentaron significativamente los valores de SBS, el valor más alto de SBS se observó en el grupo 4 (p<0,05). Este estudio reveló que todos los tratamientos de superficie utilizados afectaron negativamente los valores de resistencia de la unión del cemento de resina autoadhesivo a LU, a excepción de la aplicación Cojet. Los valores de SBS del cemento de resina con VM aumentaron en todos los grupos de aplicación de tratamiento de superficie.

Computer-Aided Design , Composite Resins , Dental Cementum
Rev. Flum. Odontol. (Online) ; 1(60): 112-126, jan.-abr. 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1411346


A descoloração ou perda de translucidez dos materiais cerâmicos usados em odontologia ainda hoje é um problema, especialmente pelo comprometimento estético. Com o objetivo de comparar a estabilidade de cor, blocos de dissilicato de lítio (IPS e.max CAD HT) e de silicato de lítio reforçado com zircônia (Vita Suprinity HT) fresados no desenho de um disco com dimensões de 1,5 × 7 × 12 mm3 (n = 120) foram preparados usando 3 procedimentos de acabamento de superfície: glaze, polimento mecânico e coloração externa e glaze. Em seguida, cada grupo foi dividido em 2 subgrupos de armazenamento, chá preto e café (n = 10/grupo). As mensurações de cor foram medidas com espectrofotômetro (VITA Easyshade) no estágio inicial e após 1 semana, 2 semanas, 1 mês, 2 meses de armazenamento. As alterações de cor (ΔE) foram calculadas e analisadas estatisticamente usando ANOVA (α < 0,05). Observamos que, para ambos os materiais cerâmicos, o procedimento de glaze apresentou valores de mudança de cor estatisticamente menores do que os outros grupos (p < 0,05) após o armazenamento em ambas as bebidas. Os grupos de dissilicato de lítio apresentaram valores de alteração de cor estatisticamente menores em relação aos grupos de silicato de lítio reforçados com zircônia. Conclui-se que, o glaze sozinho levou a uma maior estabilidade de cor em relação ao polimento mecânico e coloração externa o dissilicato de lítio apresentou maior estabilidade de cor em comparação com o silicato de lítio reforçada com zircônia.

The discoloration or loss of translucency of ceramic materials used in dentistry is still a problem today, especially due to aesthetic compromise. In order to compare color stability, lithium disilicate (IPS e.max CAD HT) and zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate (Vita Suprinity HT) blocks were milled into a disc design with dimensions of 1.5 × 7 × 12 mm3 (n = 120). The specimens were prepared using 3 surface finishing procedures: glaze, mechanical polishing and external staining and glaze. Then, each group was divided into 2 storage subgroups, black tea and coffee (n = 10/group). Color measurements were measured with a spectrophotometer (VITA Easyshade) at the initial stage and after 1 week, 2 weeks, 1 month, 2 months of storage. Color changes (ΔE) were calculated and statistically analyzed using ANOVA (α < 0.05). We observed that, for both ceramic materials, the glaze procedure presented statistically lower color change values ​​than the other groups (p < 0.05) after storage in both beverages. The lithium disilicate groups showed statistically lower color change values ​​than the zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate groups. It is concluded that, glaze alone led to greater color stability compared to mechanical polishing and external staining, lithium disilicate showed greater color stability compared to zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate.

Beverages , Ceramics , Computer-Aided Design , Color , Dental Polishing/methods , Lithium , Silicates
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 1105-1110, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010175


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the influence of 135° and 90° cavity design on quality of margin and marginal adaptation and microleakage of all-ceramic computer aided design/computer aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) inlays.@*METHODS@#One hundred extracted human molars were prepared by criteria of buccal occlusal (BO) inlay. On the buccal, the mesial margin was prepared as 135° bevel while the distal margin was prepared as butt-joint. All-ceramic restorations were made in the Sirona CEREC AC CAD/CAM system with VitaBlocs Mark Ⅱ, Upcera UP.CAD, IPS e.max CAD, Upcera Hyramic and Lava Ultimate. The gaps between each inlay's mesial margin-abutment and distal margin-abutment were recorded under an optical microscope. Each inlay was adhered to the abutment and aged by thermal cycling for 10 000 times. Each specimen was cut into 3 slices after staining. Dye penetration was evaluated under an optical microscope for mesial and distal margins.@*RESULTS@#Mean marginal integrity rate, mean marginal gap value and mean depth of microleakage of 135° margin of Group Upcera Hyramic and Lava Ultimate were significantly better than those of Group VitaBlocs Mark Ⅱ, Upcera UP.CAD and IPS e.max CAD(P < 0.05). Mean marginal gap value, mean depth of microleakage and scale of mean depth of microleakage of 90° margin of Group Upcera Hyramic and Lava Ultimate were significantly better than those of Group Upcera UP.CAD and IPS e.max CAD (P < 0.05) while mean marginal integrity rate was not significantly different (P>0.05). Mean marginal integrity rate of 90° margin was significantly better than that of 135° margin in each group (P < 0.05) while mean depth of microleakage between different margins was not significantly different in each group (P>0.05). Mean marginal gap value of 90° margin of Group VitaBlocs Mark Ⅱ and IPS e.max CAD was significantly better than that of 135° margin (P < 0.05) while there was not significant difference in other 3 groups between 90° and 135° margin (P>0.05). Scale of mean depth of microleakage of 135° margin of Group Upcera Hyramic and Lava Ultimate was significant better than that of 90° margin (P < 0.05) while there was not significantly different in other 3 groups between 90° and 135° margin (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The mesial and distal margins of abutement of all-ceramic inlay should be prepared as butt-joint.

Humans , Aged , Molar , Ceramics , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Porcelain , Materials Testing
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1521944


La técnica CAD/CAM es un sistema que ha facilitado los procesos de toma de impresiones totales e incorpora registros intraorales y requisitos apropiados para lograr bases protésicas adecuadas, lo cual permite óptimos resultados en clínica dental, como son el ahorro de tiempo y la comodidad para el especialista y el paciente, razones que llevan al profesional estomatológico a dar el paso hacia una odontología digital. El objetivo del estudio fue analizar el sistema CAD/CAM en la confección de prótesis totales dentales. La búsqueda se realizó en las bases de datos Google Scholar, Pubmed y Scopus, intentando responder a la pregunta orientadora: ¿Cuáles son los aspectos más significativos para el sistema CAD/CAM en la confección de prótesis totales dentales? Como resultados, se pudo interpretar que, consiguiendo registros tridimensionales producidos en un escáner, se proporciona una mejor adaptación de estructuras respecto a los métodos convencionales, por lo que induce estética y precisión, que son factores importantes en la odontología. Se concluyó que el sistema CAD/CAM disminuye el margen de error humano y conduce a mayores éxitos odontológicos, al brindar un mejor soporte para la toma decisiones y conseguir mejores resultados estéticos y funcionales en las prótesis totales de los pacientes(AU)

The CAD/CAM technique is a system that has facilitated the process of taking total impressions and incorporates intraoral records and appropriate requirements to achieve adequate prosthetic bases, which allows optimal results in the dental clinic, such as time savings and comfort for the specialist and the patient, reasons that lead the dental professional to take the step towards digital dentistry. The objective of the study was to analyze the CAD/CAM system in the fabrication of total dental prostheses. The search was carried out in Google Scholar, Pubmed and Scopus databases, trying to answer the guiding question: What are the most significant aspects for the CAD/CAM system in the manufacture of total dental prostheses? As results, it was possible to interpret that, by obtaining three-dimensional records produced in a scanner, it provides a better adaptation of structures compared to conventional methods, thus inducing esthetics and precision, which are important factors in dentistry. It was concluded that the CAD/CAM system reduces the margin of human error and leads to greater dental success by providing better support for decision making and achieving better esthetic and functional results in the total prostheses of patients(AU)

Humans , Computer-Aided Design
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e238439, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1512207


Various forms of temporary resins are offered on the market; however, the properties of temporary resins obtained by milling and 3D printing have not been fully examined. This study aimed to compare the flexural strength and Vickers hardness of milled and 3D-printed resins. Methods: Three resins were tested: Evolux PMMA (milled resin), Cosmos Temp (3D-printed resin), and Structur 2 SC (bis-acrylic resin, group control). Specimens were prepared with rectangular shapes (n = 12) for flexural strength measurements and disc shapes (n = 9) for Vickers hardness tests. Flexural strength tests were performed at a crosshead speed of 0.75 mm/min, and the Vickers hardness was measured under a load of 20 N for 10 s. The obtained data were subjected to the Kruskal­Wallis test. Results: A significant difference (p < 0.05) in flexural strength was observed among the three sample groups: Evolux PMMA (111.76 MPa), Structur 2 SC (87.34 MPa), and Cosmos Temp (56.83 MPa). No significant difference (p < 0.05) was observed between the Vickers hardness values of Structur 2 SC (33.37 VHN) and Evolux PMMA (29.11 VHN); however, both materials were statistically superior to Cosmos Temp (10.90 VHN). Conclusion: While the mechanical properties of the milled resin were superior or similar to those of the bisacrylic resin, the 3D-printed resin was statistically inferior to both the milled and bis-acrylic resins

Computer-Aided Design , Dental Restoration, Temporary , Resins , Flexural Strength , Hardness Tests
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2023. 74 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1452276


Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito da estrutura dentária remanescente e dois materiais diferentes de restauração CAD/CAM no desempenho à fadiga e no modo de falha de pré-molares tratados endodonticamente restaurados por endocrowns. Um total de 90 pré-molares superiores foram tratados endodonticamente e divididos aleatoriamente de acordo com o número de paredes axiais remanescentes, e os materiais restauradores foram divididos em 6 grupos (n = 15); quatro paredes restantes restauradas com zircônia ultratranslúcida 5Y-PSZ (grupo Fo-Z) e dissilicato de lítio (grupo Fo-L), três paredes restantes restauradas com 5Y-PSZ (grupo Th-Z) e dissilicato de lítio (grupo Th-L) e duas paredes restantes restauradas com 5YPSZ (grupo Tw-Z) e dissilicato de lítio (Tw-L). As restaurações foram cimentadas adesivamente e os espécimes foram submetidos a cargas de fadiga gradual em seu longo eixo (carga inicial: 200 N, frequência: 20 Hz). Uma carga incremental de 100 N por 10.000 ciclos foi aplicada com um pistão metálico de Ø 6 mm até a falha. A carga de falha por fadiga (FFL) e o número de ciclos de falha (CFF) no momento da falha foram registrados e analisados estatisticamente por ANOVA 2 fatores e teste de Kaplan-Meier (α = 0,05). Os espécimes fraturados foram examinados em estereomicroscópio em 8× e 25× e os modos de falha foram determinados como reparáveis ou catastróficos. FFL e CFF foram significativamente influenciados pelo material restaurador (p < 0,05). As restaurações de 5Y-PSZ apresentaram FFL (Fo-Z = 1487 N, Tw-Z = 1427 N, Tw-Z = 1533 N) e probabilidade de sobrevivência significativamente maiores quando comparadas com dissilicato de lítio (Fo-L = 1060 N, Th-L = 940 N, TwL = 1000 N). O número de paredes remanescentes não afetou o comportamento de fadiga ou modo de falha dos corpos de prova. Das restaurações de dissilicato de lítio, 51% tiveram falhas reparáveis, enquanto 95% das restaurações de zircônia ultratranslúcida 5Y-ZP tiveram falhas catastróficas. Endocrowns de zircônia apresentaram melhor desempenho em fadiga do que endocrowns de dissilicato de lítio, independentemente do número de paredes remanescentes do eixo. Endocrowns de pré-molares de dissilicato de lítio e 5Y-PSZ apresentaram maior FFL do que as cargas mastigatórias normais (AU)

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the remaining tooth structure and two different CAD/CAM restoration materials on the fatigue performance and failure mode of endodontically treated premolars restored with endocrowns. A total of 90 maxillary premolars were endodontically treated and divided randomly according to the number of remaining axial walls, and the restorative materials were divided into 6 groups (n = 15); four remaining walls restored with ultratranslucent zirconia 5Y-PSZ (group Fo-Z) and lithium disilicate (group Fo-L), three remaining walls restored with 5Y-PSZ (group Th-Z) and lithium disilicate (Group Th-L), and two remaining walls restored with 5Y-PSZ (group Tw-Z) and lithium disilicate (Tw-L). The restorations were cemented adhesively and the specimens were subjected to stepwise fatigue loading along the long axis (initial load: 200 N, frequency: 20 Hz). An incremental step load of 100 N per 10,000 cycles was applied with a Ø6-mm metallic piston until failure. The fatigue failure load (FFL) and number of failure cycles (CFF) at the time of failure were recorded and statistically analyzed with two-way ANOVA and the Kaplan-Meier test (α = 0.05). Fractured specimens were examined under a stereomicroscope at 8× and 25× and failure modes determined as reparable or catastrophic. FFL and CFF were significantly influenced by restorative material (p < 0.05). 5Y-PSZ endocrowns showed significantly higher FFL (Fo-Z = 1487 N, Th-Z = 1427 N, Tw-Z = 1533 N) and survival probability when compared with lithium disilicate (Fo-L = 1060 N, Th-L = 940 N, Tw-L = 1000 N). The number of remaining walls did not affect the fatigue behavior or failure mode of the specimens. Of the lithium disilicate restorations, 51% had repairable failures, while 95% of ultratranslucent zirconia 5Y-ZP restorations had catastrophic failures. Zirconia endocrowns showed better fatigue performance than lithium disilicate endocrowns, regardless of the number of remaining axis walls. Lithium disilicate and 5Y-PSZ premolar endocrowns showed higher FFL than the normal masticatory loads (AU)

Computer-Aided Design , Dental Restoration Failure , Finite Element Analysis , Fatigue
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(3): 1-12, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1511733


Objective:This study evaluated the effect of immediate dentin sealing on the marginal adaptation of lithium disilicate overlays with three different types of resin-luting agents: preheated composite, dual-cure adhesive resin, and flowable composite. Materials and Methods: Forty-eight maxillary first premolars of similar size were prepared with a butt joint preparation design. The teeth were separated into two primary groups, each with twenty-four teeth: Group DDS: Delay dentin sealing (non-IDS) teeth were not treated. Group IDS: dentin sealing was applied immediately after teeth preparation. Each group was subsequently separated into three separate subgroups. Subgroups (DDS+Phc, IDS+Phc): cemented with preheated composite (Enamel plus HRi, Micerium, Italy), Subgroups (DDS+Dcrs, IDS+Dcrs): cemented with dual-cured resin cement (RelyX Ultimate, 3M ESPE, Germany) and Subgroups (DDS+Fc, IDS+Fc): Cemented with flowable composite (Filtek supreme flowable, 3M ESPE, USA). Using a digital microscope with a magnification of 230x, the marginal gap was measured before and after cementation at four different locations from each surface of the tooth, and the mean of measurements was calculated and analyzed statistically using the independent t-test, one-way ANOVA test, Bonferroni correction at a significance level of 0.05. Results: The samples that were immediately sealed with dentin bonding agent showed lower marginal gaps than delayed dentin sealing, both pre-and post-cementation for all subgroups, with a statistically significant difference (p˂0.01). The marginal gap was significantly lower in the IDS+Fc (48.888 ±5.5 µm) followed by the IDS+Dcrs group (53.612 ±5.8 µm) and IDS+Phc (79.19 9±6.9 µm) respectively, while the largest marginal gaps were observed in the DDS+Phc group (86.505 ±5.4 µm). Conclusion: Generally, the teeth with IDS showed better marginal adaptation than teeth without IDS. The marginal gap was smaller with flowable composite and dual-cure resin cement than with preheated composite (AU)

Objetivo:Esse estudo avaliou o efeito do selamento imediato da dentina na adaptação marginal de overlays em dissilicato de lítio com três tipos diferentes de agentes de cimentação resinosos: resina composta pré-aquecida, adesivo resinoso dual e resina fluida. Materiais e métodos: Quarenta e oito primeiros pré-molares maxilares com tamanho similar foram preparados com término em ombro. O dente foi separado em dois grupos primários, cada um com vinte e quatro dentes: Grupo DDS: retardado selamento da dentina (non-IDS) dente não foi tratado. Grupo IDS: selamento dentinário foi aplicado imediatamente após a preparação do dente. Cada grupo foi separado de modo subsequente em três subgrupos. Subgrupo (DDS+Phc, IDS+Phc): cimentado com resina pré-aquecida (Enamel plus HRi, Micerium, Italy), Subgrupo (DDS+Dcrs, IDS+Dcrs): cimentado com cimento resinoso dual (RelyX Ultimate, 3M ESPE, Germany) e Subgrupo (DDS+Fc, IDS+Fc): cimentado com resina fluida (Filtek supreme flowable, 3M ESPE, USA). Usando um microscópio digital com magnificação de 230x, o gap marginal foi medido antes e após a cimentação em quatro diferentes localizações de cada superfície do dente e a média das medidas foi calculada e estatisticamente analisada através do uso do teste ANOVA um-fator e teste independente de Tukey e correção Bonferroni com nível de significância de 0,05. Resultado: As amostras que foram imediatamente seladas com agente adesivo dentinário apresentaram menores gaps marginais do que o selamento dentinário retardado, ambos pré e pós cimentação para todos os subgrupos apresentaram diferença estatística significante (p˂0.01). O gap marginal foi significativamente menor para IDS+Fc (48.888 ±5.5 µm) acompanhado do IDS+Dcrs group (53.612 ±5.8 µm) e IDS+Phc (79.19 9 ±6.9 µm) respectividamente, enquanto o maior gap marginal foi observado no grupo DDS+Phc (86.505 ±5.4 µm). Conclusão:Geralmente, o dente com IDS apresentou melhor adaptação marginal do que o dente sem IDS. O gap marginal foi menor com resina fluida e cimento resinoso dual do que com a resina composta pré-aquecida (AU)

Cementation , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Resin Cements , Dental Porcelain
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(4): 1-10, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1516481


Objective: This study was conducted to evaluate the influence of the G-CEM ONE adhesive enhancing primer on the shear bond strength of self-adhesive resin cement (G-CEM ONE) to both tooth structure and two different CAD/CAM blocks (GC Initial LiSi and Cerasmart 270). Material and Methods: Forty specimens (cylindrical-shaped, 5 mm in diameter and height) were milled from both CAD/CAM blocks (20 specimens from each block type). Forty sound upper premolars were sectioned to the level of peripheral dentin, then randomly divided into four groups (n = 10): A1: GC Initial LiSi without adhesive enhancing primer; B1: Cerasmart 270 without adhesive enhancing primer; A2: GC Initial LiSi with adhesive enhancing primer; B2: Cerasmart 270 group with adhesive enhancing primer application. The CAD/CAM blocks were cemented on teeth using a self-adhesive resin cement (G-cem one). The shear bond strength was assessed using a computerized universal testing machine. A digital microscope was used to study the mode of failure. The shear bond strength values data were analyzed statistically using paired t-test and independent t-test at the significance level of (0.05). Results: A significant difference was shown in the shear bond strength values among groups (P =0.000). The highest shear bond strength value was revealed in group A2, while group B1 exhibited the lowest shear bond strength value. Conclusion: Using the adhesive enhancing primer on the tooth's surface improved the resin cement's bond strength to CAD/CAM blocks. Additionally, GC Initial LiSi exhibited higher bond strength than Cerasmart 270, with or without the primer (AU)

Objetivo: Este estudo foi conduzido para avaliar a influência do primer adesivo G-CEM ONE na resistência ao cisalhamento do cimento resinoso autoadesivo (G-CEM ONE) tanto na estrutura dentária quanto em dois diferentes blocos CAD/CAM (GC Initial LiSi e Cerasmart 270). Material e Métodos: Quarenta corpos de prova (formato cilíndrico, 5 mm de diâmetro e altura) foram fresados em blocos CAD/CAM (20 corpos de prova de cada tipo de bloco). Quarenta pré-molares superiores sadios foram seccionados até o nível da dentina mais externa e, em seguida, divididos aleatoriamente em quatro grupos (n = 10): A1: GC Initial LiSi sem primer adesivo; B1: Cerasmart 270 sem primer adesivo; A2: GC Initial LiSi com primer adesivo; B2: Grupo Cerasmart 270 com aplicação de primer adesivo. Os blocos CAD/CAM foram cimentados nos dentes com cimento resinoso autoadesivo (G-CEM ONE). A resistência ao cisalhamento foi avaliada utilizando uma máquina de ensaios universal computadorizada. Um microscópio digital foi utilizado para estudar o modo de falha. Os dados dos valores de resistência ao cisalhamento foram analisados estatisticamente por meio do teste t pareado e teste t independente ao nível de significância de (0,05). Resultados: Foi demonstrada diferença significativa nos valores de resistência ao cisalhamento entre os grupos (P =0,000). O maior valor de resistência ao cisalhamento foi revelado no grupo A2, enquanto o grupo B1 exibiu o menor valor de resistência ao cisalhamento. Conclusão:A utilização do primer adesivo na superfície dentária melhorou a resistência de união do cimento resinoso aos blocos CAD/CAM. Além disso, o GC Initial LiSi apresentou maior resistência de união que o Cerasmart 270, com ou sem primer.(AU)

Dentin-Bonding Agents , Computer-Aided Design , Resin Cements , Shear Strength , Dentin
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 483-490, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007931


Using digital technologies in concurrently performing missing tooth implantation and preparation of remaining teeth is a solution to reduce the number of visits and improve efficiency. This paper proposes a digital process for simultaneously implanting and preparing teeth. It integrates implant surgical guide and 3D-printed tooth preparation guide into a single guide and completes guided implant placement and precise tooth preparation. Based on "repair-oriented" virtual implant planning, the implant surgical guide can improve the efficiency and predictability of implant placement, and its linear accuracy is about 1 mm. The tooth preparation guide precisely guides tooth preparation and restoration space visualization, ensuring the quality of the tooth preparation. The two guides have different design accuracy requirements, and thus their combination improves the overall guiding accuracy requirements. The concurrent application of the two guides minimizes the clinical operation time, number of visits, and economic burden of patients.

Humans , Surgery, Computer-Assisted , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Technology , Tooth Preparation , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Implants , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 158-164, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970769


Objective: To explore the effect of scanning methods on finish line trueness of the full crown preparation. Methods: The standard full crown preparation model of the right maxillary first molars was prepared by using the maxillary standard resin dentition model. The standard preparation was scanned by imetric scanner and data were used as the true value. CEREC Omnicam and 3Shape TRIOS were used to scan the standard preparation. According to the scanning methods, they were divided into parallel scanning group, occlusal wave scanning group and buccolingual wave scanning group. Each group was scanned repeatedly 6 times. The data were imported into Geomagic Studio 2013 software, and the local finish line image data of the mesial, distal, buccal and lingual regions of the full crown preparation were extracted respectively. Three-dimensional deviation analysis was performed with the reference true value, and the root- mean-square error (RMSE) was the evaluation index of scanning trueness. The statistical method was one-way ANOVA. Results: Parallel scanning group: in general, the RMSE value of complete finish lines of scanner B [(35±6) μm] was significantly lower than that of scanner A [(44±7) μm](P<0.05). After scanner A occlusal wave scanning, the RMSE values of the mesial and distal finish lines [(33±5) and (50±12) μm] were significantly lower than those of parallel scanning group (P<0.05). After buccal and lingual wave scanning, the RMSE values of local finish lines in the mesial, distal, buccal and lingual regions [(37±3), (50±6), (28±6) and (29±8) μm] were significantly lower than those in parallel scanning group [(45±9), (63±7), (38±3) and (40±3) μm] (P<0.05). No significant difference was found in the RMSE values of the mesial, distal, buccal and lingual regions of scanner B between parallel scanning group, occlusal wave scanning group and buccolingual scanning group (P>0.05). Conclusions: The scanning trueness of the full crown preparation finish line obtained by the active triangulation scanning equipment can be improved by changing the scanning method to wave scanning.

Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Dental Impression Technique , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Care , Crowns
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(3): 1-9, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1442905


Objetivo: Este estudo avaliou as propriedades de polimento dos materiais de splint oclusal obtidos usando métodos de fabricação subtrativos e aditivos com os procedimentos de polimento laboratorial (LP) e polimento em consultório (CP). Material e Métodos: As amostras (N=180, n=60 para cada grupo) foram fabricadas usando um dos seguintes métodos: método de fabricação subtrativo (SMM) (M-PM Disc, Merz Dental GmbH), método de fabricação aditivo (AMM) (Freeprint Splint 2.0, DETAX GmbH & Co. KG) e o método de fabricação convencional (CMM) (Promolux HC, Merz Dental GmbH). Seguindo os procedimentos de LP e CP, a rugosidade da superfície dos espécimes foi medida usando um perfilômetro de superfície digital. Um espécime representativo foi selecionado de cada grupo, e uma imagem de microscópio eletrônico de varredura (SEM) foi obtida. Resultados: Tanto o método de fabricação quanto os procedimentos de polimento afetaram significativamente os resultados (P<0,01). Os termos de interação também foram significativos (P<0,001). Conclusão: Com ambos os métodos de polimento, a rugosidade superficial do grupo AMM foi a maior e a do grupo CMM a menor. Embora o procedimento CP tenha sido mais eficaz do que LP com ambos os métodos, a rugosidade da superfície ficou abaixo do limite de 0,2 µm após ambos os procedimentos de polimento testados (AU)

Objective: This study evaluated the polishing properties of the occlusal splint materials obtained using subtractive and additive manufacturing methods with the laboratory-type polishing (LP) and chairside-type polishing (CP) procedures. Material and Methods: Specimens (N=180, n=60 each group) were manufactured using one of the following methods: subtractive manufacturing method (SMM) (M-PM Disc, Merz Dental GmbH), additive manufacturing method (AMM) (Freeprint Splint 2.0, DETAX GmbH & Co. KG), and the conventional manufacturing method (CMM) (Promolux HC, Merz Dental GmbH). Following LP and CP procedures, surface roughness of the specimens was measured using a digital surface profilometer. One representative specimen was selected from each group, and a scanning electron microscope (SEM) image was made. Results: Both the manufacturing method and the polishing procedures significantly affected the results (P<0.01). Interaction terms were also significant (P<0.001). Conclusion: With both polishing methods, surface roughness of the AMM group was the highest and the CMM group the least. Although the CP procedure was more effective than LP with both methods, surface roughness was below the 0.2 µm threshold after both polishing procedures tested. (AU)

Surface Properties , Occlusal Splints , Computer-Aided Design , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Dental Materials
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(2): 1-10, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1425780


Objective: To compare accuracy of selective laser sintered computer guided stents versus digital light processing stents in immediate implant placement in esthetic zone. Material and Methods: The patients were selected according to the eligibility criterias. The selected patients were randomly allocated to either digital light processing stents (test group) or selective laser sintered computer guided stents (control group). Proper examination and diagnostic records were done for each patient followed by triple scan protocol with cone beam computer tomography (CBCT). Planning and construction of tooth supported computer guided surgical stent was done by either digital light processing technique for test group or selective laser sintering for control group. Twenty implants were inserted following computer guided implant placement protocol. After post-operative CBCT pre and post images were merged using blue sky bio software. Linear and angular deviations between planned implant and actual implant positions were measured. Results: Tests were considered statistically significant if the p- value was less than 0.05. Difference in means were calculated for the analysis of continuous variables with corresponding 95% confidence intervals. There was no statistical difference between selective laser sintering and digital light processing groups in all measured terms. Conclusion : Within the limitations of this study, both techniques can be used for immediate implant placement with clinically satisfactory results decreasing the positional errors associated with immediate implant placement. (AU)

Objetivo: Comparar a acurácia de stents sinterizados por laser seletivo guiados por computador versus stents de processamento de luz digital na colocação imediata de implantes em região estética. Material e Métodos: Os pacientes foram selecionados de acordo com os critérios de elegibilidade. Os pacientes selecionados foram distribuídos aleatoriamente nos seguintes grupos: stents de processamento de luz digital (grupo experimental) ou stents sinterizados por laser seletivo guiados por computador (grupo controle). Os registros dos exames adequados e diagnósticos foram realizados para cada paciente seguido por um protocolo de varredura tripla com tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC).O planejamento e a construção do Stent cirúrgico guiado por computador com suporte dentário foram feitos pela técnica de processamento de luz digital para o grupo experimental ou sinterização a laser seletivo para o grupo controle. Vinte implantes foram inseridos seguindo o protocolo de colocação de implante guiado por computador. Após a TCFC pós-operatória, as imagens pré e pós foram mescladas usando o software blue sky bio. Foram medidos os desvios lineares e angulares entre o implante planejado e as posições reais do implante. Resultados: Os testes foram considerados estatisticamente significativos se o valor de p fosse menor que 0,05. A diferença nas médias foi calculada para a análise das variáveis contínuas com intervalos de confiança de 95%. Não houve diferença estatística entre os grupos de sinterização a laser seletivo e processamento digital de luz em todos as variáveis mensuradas. Conclusão: Dentro das limitações deste estudo, ambas as técnicas podem ser utilizadas para colocação imediata de implantes com resultados clinicamente satisfatórios diminuindo os erros posicionais associados colocação imediata de implantes. (AU)

Computer-Aided Design , Surgery, Computer-Assisted , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Drug-Eluting Stents , Immediate Dental Implant Loading
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(2): 1-9, 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1425975


Aim: The present split-mouth case report aims to describe the clinical and radiographic long-term outcomes of the implant rehabilitation of two mandibular premolars in which the digital workflow was used to apply different prosthetic protocols. Case description: A female 42-year-old patient with the absence of both mandibular second premolars was submitted to guided surgery for the placement of platform-switching Grand Morse connection implants. Digital workflow was used for implant and prosthetic planning, applying early loading protocol 21 days after surgery. The implant on the right side received the final abutment at the time of surgery (without loading), whereas the implant on the left side had a healing abutment placed, which was replaced by a temporary abutment and then by a final abutment. Two months after surgery, both implants had final ceramic restorations delivered. The patient was followed clinically and radiographically for 30 months, presenting excellent hard and soft tissue outcomes, with bone level changes lower than 2mm for both implants. Conclusion: The use of digital workflow and early loading, made the present implant-supported rehabilitation predictable, safe and time-efficient, resulting in total patient satisfaction. Peri-implant bone level was observed to be stable after early loading protocol for both platform-switching connection implants inserted, despite the prosthetic protocol applied.(AU)

Objetivo: O presente relato de caso de boca dividida tem como objetivo descrever os resultados clínicos e radiográficos a longo prazo da reabilitação com implante de dois pré-molares inferiores em que o fluxo de trabalho digital foi usado para aplicar os conceitos de "one abutment-one time" em uma das reabilitações e troca de componente no outro. Descrição do caso: Paciente do sexo feminino, 42 anos, com ausência de ambos os segundos pré-molares inferiores, foi submetida à cirurgia guiada para colocação de implantes de conexão Grand Morse plataforma-switching. Foi utilizado fluxo de trabalho digital para planejamento de implante e prótese, aplicando protocolo de carga antecipada 21 dias após a cirurgia. O implante do lado direito recebeu o componente protético definitivo no momento da cirurgia (sem carga), enquanto o implante do lado esquerdo recebeu um cicatrizador, que foi substituído por um pilar provisório e depois por um componente definitivo. Dois meses após a cirurgia, ambos os implantes tiveram restaurações cerâmicas finais entregues. A paciente foi acompanhada clínica e radiograficamente por 30 meses, apresentando excelentes resultados de tecidos duros emoles, com alterações do nível ósseo inferiores a 2mm para ambos os implantes. Conclusão: O fluxo de trabalho digital e carregamento precoce, tornou a presente reabilitação implantossuportada previsível, segura e eficiente em termos de tempo, resultando em total satisfação do paciente. O nível ósseo peri-implantar foi observado como estável após o protocolo de carregamento inicial para ambos os implantes de conexão plataforma-switching inseridos, independente do protocolo protético aplicado. (AU)

Humans , Female , Adult , Prostheses and Implants , Dental Implants , Alveolar Bone Loss , Patient Satisfaction , Computer-Aided Design