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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226611, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1393384

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between clinical findings and some factors such as age, gender, and remaining teeth on the anatomy of the temporomandibular joint in order to diagnose normal variations from abnormal cases. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images of 144 patients referring to Tabriz Dental School for various reasons were selected and evaluated. The different aspects of the clinical parameters and the morphology of the condyle were evaluated on coronal, axial, and sagittal views. The CBCT prepared using the axial cross-sections had been 0.5 mm in thickness. The sagittal cross-sections had been evaluated perpendicular to the lengthy axis of the condyle at a thickness of 1 mm and the coronal cross-sections had been evaluated parallel to the lengthy axis of the condyle at a thickness of 1 mm. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistical methods and t-test, chi-squared test, using SPSS 20. The significance level of the study was p < 0.05. Results: There was a significant relationship between the condyle morphology, number of the teeth, and mastication side (p = 0.040). There were significant relationships between the condyle morphology, age between 20-40, and occlusion class I on the all the three views (coronal, axial, sagittal) (p = 0.04), (p = 0.006), (p = 0.006). Also, significant relationships were found in the condyle morphology and location of pain according to age, the number of remaining teeth, and gender. (p = 0.046) (p = 0.027) (p = 0.035). Conclusion:There are significant relationships between the clinical symptoms and condyle morphology based on age, gender, and the number of remaining teeth. The clinical finding that has the most significant relationship between the condyle morphology, remaining teeth (9-16 teeth), all of the age range (20-80 year), and gender was mastication side


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Temporomandibular Joint/anatomy & histology , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Mandibular Condyle/anatomy & histology
2.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354779

ABSTRACT

Aim: To describe cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) features in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMDs), in terms of degenerative changes, condylar excursions and positioning as well as their possible correlations with signs and symptoms. Methods: Clinical records of patients diagnosed with TMD who were seen between January 2018 and December 2019 were retrospectively evaluated. These patients were divided into the following groups based on the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD): arthralgia, myalgia, and arthralgia and myalgia groups. The CBCT examination findings of the patients were evaluated in relation to degenerative changes, estimates of condylar excursion, and condylar positioning. The likelihood ratio test was used to verify the possible differences among the three groups, whereas the chi-square test was used to verify the possible differences among the signs and symptoms for the tomographic findings (p ≤ 0.050). Results: In this study, 65 patients with TMD were included. These patients were predominantly female (84.6%) with a mean age of 40.6 years. Tomographic findings of flattening, hyperexcursion and posterior condylar positioning were frequent. A significant correlation was noted between osteophyte and lateral capsule pain (p = 0.027), erosion and posterior capsule pain (p = 0.026), and flattening, pseudocysts (p < 0.050) and condylar excursion (p < 0.001) with mouth opening. Conclusion: Few correlations were noted between degenerative changes and signs of joint pain as well as degenerative changes and condylar hypoexcursion with mouth opening. These correlations were likely associated with division by diagnosis, whereas condylar positioning did not correlate with signs and symptoms


Subject(s)
Signs and Symptoms , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Mandibular Condyle
3.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 7(1): 67-75, Jan-Apr 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1382196

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Verificar a eficácia da intervenção educacional por videoconferência, para dentistas de um serviço público de saúde, sobre aquisição de conhecimentos em tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico. Materiais e Métodos: Trata-se de um ensaio clínico controlado, com aplicação de questionários estruturados sobre uso criterioso da tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico, antes e depois da intervenção educacional. Os participantes do estudo foram divididos em grupos controle (aula presencial) e experimental (aula por videoconferência). Participaram desta pesquisa 133 dentistas no pré-teste (questionário aplicado antes da intervenção) e 129 no pós-teste (questionário aplicado após a intervenção). As análises foram executadas para avaliar as variáveis da metodologia de ensino e comparar a proporção das respostas corretas e "não sei" entre os tempos, discriminadas pela especialidade odontológica dos participantes. O nível de significância adotado foi de 0,05. Foram utilizados os testes de qui-quadrado e o modelo de regressão logística binária e, quando significativo, foi aplicado o teste post-hoc de Bonferroni. Resultados: A análise das respostas "não sei" e respostas corretas entre as modalidades de ensino presencial e por videoconferência demonstrou que não houve mudança significativa dos resultados. O resultado das respostas "não sei" evidenciou uma grande diferença entre os tempos, onde o percentual dessas respostas, após a intervenção, variou de 23,6% para 4,7% (p<0,001). Em todas as especialidades, essa redução foi significativa nas questões referentes ao conhecimento sobre radioproteção. O aumento de respostas corretas foi de quase 10% (p<0,001). Conclusão: A capacitação profissional através do método de videoconferência mostrou-se eficaz e comparável ao método presencial para a aquisição de conhecimentos em tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico.


Objective: To verify the effectiveness of an educational intervention by videoconference, for dentists of a public health service, on acquiring knowledge in cone-beam computed tomography. Materials and Methods: This is a controlled clinical trial with structured questionnaires on the judicious use of cone-beam computed tomography, before and after the educational intervention. Study participants were divided into control (faceto-face class) and experimental (videoconference class) groups. A total of 133 dentists participated in the pre-test (questionnaire applied before the intervention) and 129 in the post-test (questionnaire applied after the intervention). The analyzes were performed to evaluate the variables of the teaching methodology and to compare the proportion of correct and "I do not know" answers between times, broken down by the dental specialty of the participants. The level of significance adopted was 0.05. The chi-square tests and the binary logistic regression model were used and, when significant, the Bonferroni post-hoc test was applied. Results: The analysis of the answers "I don't know" and correct answers between the teaching modalities showed no significant change in the results. The result of the "I don't know" answers showed a significant difference between the times, where the percentage of these answers, after the intervention, varied from 23.6% to 4.7% (p<0.001). In all specialties, this reduction was significant in questions related to knowledge about radioprotection. The increase incorrect answers were almost 10% (p<0.001). Conclusion: Professional training through the videoconference method proved effective and comparable to the face-to-face method for acquiring knowledge in cone-beam computed tomography.


Subject(s)
Education , Public Health , Education, Distance , Dentists , Education, Continuing , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
4.
Rev. ADM ; 79(1): 12-19, ene.-feb. 2022. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361307

ABSTRACT

El objetivo del presente estudio fue medir la curvatura vestíbulo-lingual de los conductos de las raíces mesiales de primeros molares inferiores en personas adultas del estado de Chihuahua, por medio de la técnica de tomografía computarizada de haz cónico (CBCT, por sus siglas en inglés) y usando el software de análisis 3D EndoTM (Dentsply/Sirona USA). Se llevó a cabo la medición por dos observadoras, empleando dos métodos diferentes, Schneider y 3D EndoTM (Dentsply/Sirona USA). Los resultados obtenidos tuvieron valores mayores a los 100 grados con la técnica 3D EndoTM y a los 20 grados con la técnica de Schneider. No se detectó una diferencia estadística significativa al comparar los diferentes conductos entre sí (AU)


The objective of the present study was to measure the vestibule-lingual curvature of the ducts of the mesial roots of lower first molars, of adults from the state of Chihuahua. Using the cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) technique and using the 3D analysis software EndoTM (Dentsply/Sirona USA). The measurement was carried out by two observers using two different methods, Schneider and 3D EndoTM (Dentsply/Sirona USA). The results obtained had values greater than 100 degrees with the 3D EndoTM technique and at 20 degrees with the Schneider technique. No statistically significant difference was detected when comparing the different ducts with each other (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Pulp Cavity , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Molar , Software , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Mexico
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928871

ABSTRACT

Clinical applications of cone-beam breast CT(CBBCT) are hindered by relatively higher radiation dose and longer scan time. This study proposes sparse-view CBBCT, i.e. with a small number of projections, to overcome the above bottlenecks. A deep learning method - conditional generative adversarial network constrained by image edges (ECGAN) - is proposed to suppress artifacts on sparse-view CBBCT images reconstructed by filtered backprojection (FBP). The discriminator of the ECGAN is the combination of patchGAN and LSGAN for preserving high frequency information, with a modified U-net as the generator. To further preserve subtle structures and micro calcifications which are particularly important for breast cancer screening and diagnosis, edge images of CBBCT are added to both the generator and the discriminator to guide the learning. The proposed algorithm has been evaluated on 20 clinical raw datasets of CBBCT. ECGAN substantially improves the image qualities of sparse-view CBBCT, with a performance superior to those of total variation (TV) based iterative reconstruction and FBPConvNet based post-processing. On one CBBCT case with the projection number reduced from 300 to 100, ECGAN enhances peak-signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) and structural similarity (SSIM) on FBP reconstruction from 24.26 and 0.812 to 37.78 and 0.963, respectively. These results indicate that ECGAN successfully reduces radiation dose and scan time of CBBCT by 1/3 with only small image degradations.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Breast , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Humans , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Phantoms, Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
6.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-10, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1363729

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of root fusion and the incidence of C-shaped canals in maxillary first molar (MFM) and maxillary second molar (MSM) teeth using cone-beam computed tomography. Material and Methods: In this study, a total of 1233 MFMs and 1406 MSMs from 802 patients were analyzed. First, the number of fused rooted teeth and the type of root fusion were determined. Subsequently, incidence and number of C-shaped canals were ascertained according to the type of fusion, location, position, and level of canal merging in teeth with fused roots. Six types were established according to the C-shape configurations observed. Presence of root fusion and the C-shaped canal according to gender, age, and tooth position were evaluated by chi-square test. Values with p< 0.05 were considered significant in statistical tests. Results: The incidence of fusion in the MFM and MSM teeth was 6.16% and 22.40%, respectively. Only three MFMs (0.24%) and 3.77% of the MSMs had C-shaped canals. While the incidence of fusion was higher in women (p< 0.05), the C shaped morphology was not affected by sex (p> 0.05). Individuals over the age of 50 years had a lower incidence of C-shaped canals (p< 0.05). Conclusion: C-shaped canal morphology was more commonly associated with complex types of root fusion involving three roots; 16.83% of MSMs with fused roots had C-shaped canals (AU).


Objetivo: o objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a prevalência de fusão radicular e a incidência de canais em C nos dentes do primeiro molar superior (MFM) e do segundo molar superior (MSM) por meio da tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico. Material e Métodos: Neste estudo, um total de 1233 MFMs e 1406 MSMs de 802 pacientes foram analisados. Primeiro, o número de dentes com raízes fundidas e o tipo de fusão radicular foram determinados. Posteriormente, a incidência e o número de canais em forma de C foram verificados de acordo com o tipo de fusão, localização, posição e nível de fusão do canal nos dentes com raízes fundidas. Seis tipos foram estabelecidos de acordo com as configurações em forma de C observadas. A presença de fusão radicular e do canal em C de acordo com sexo, idade e posição dentária foram avaliadas pelo teste do qui-quadrado. Valores com p <0,05 foram considerados significativos nos testes estatísticos. Resultados: A incidência de fusão nos dentes MFM e MSM foi de 6,16% e 22,40%, respectivamente. Apenas três MFMs (0,24%) e 3,77% dos MSMs tinham canais em forma de C. Enquanto a incidência de fusão foi maior em mulheres (p <0,05), a morfologia em forma de C não foi afetada pelo sexo (p> 0,05). Indivíduos com mais de 50 anos apresentaram menor incidência de canais em C (p <0,05). Conclusão: a morfologia do canal em forma de C foi mais comumente associada a tipos complexos de fusão radicular envolvendo três raízes; 16,83% dos HSH com raízes fundidas tinham canais em forma de C (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Root , Dental Pulp Cavity , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Molar
7.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(3): 1-8, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1378405

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the bone density of the mandible in adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) treated with antiepileptic drugs using one beam computed tomography (CBCT). Methods: The study was carried out with 18 adolescents aged 12­18 years, undergoing routine dental treatment at the dental clinic of APCD-São Caetano do Sul. CBCT scans were of divided into two groups: G1 adolescents with CP using antiepileptic drugs and G2 normoactive adolescents. A single dentomaxillofacial radiologist assessed and evaluated the images using Dental Slice software and Image J. Fisher's exact tests as well as paired and unpaired Student's t-tests were performed. Results: Groups differed significantly with regard in the values of density (p < 0.001), with G1 presenting lower values compare to G2. G1 showed significantly lower density means on the right side, left side, and right/left sides of the mandible edge than G2 (p < 0.001). Conclusion: CP patients using antiepileptic drugs show evidence of bone mineral density loss of the mandible.(AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a densidade ótica óssea da mandíbula em adolescentes com paralisia cerebral (PC) tratados com drogas antiepilépticas por meio de tomográfica computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC). Métodos: O estudo foi realizado com 18 adolescentes de 12 a 18 anos, em tratamento odontológico de rotina na clínica odontológica da APCD-São Caetano do Sul. As TCFC foram divididas em dois grupos: G1 adolescentes com PC em uso de antiepilépticos e G2 adolescentes normoativos. Um único radiologista dentomaxilofacial assessou e avaliou as imagens usando usando os softwares Dental Slice e Image J. Os testes exatos de Fisher, bem como os testes t de Student pareados e não pareados foram realizados. Resultados: Os grupos diferiram significativamente quanto aos valores de densidade óptica (p <0,001), com o grupo G1 apresentando valores menores em relação ao G2. O grupo G1 apresentou médias de densidade óptica significativamente menores nos lados direito, esquerdo e direito / esquerdo da borda da mandíbula do que o G2 (p <0,001). Conclusão: Pacientes com PC em uso de drogas antiepilépticas apresentam evidências de perda de densidade óssea da mandíbula (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Osteoporosis , Bone Density , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Anticonvulsants
8.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 27(1): e222098, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1364784

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Orthodontic mini-implants (MI) are a reliable alternative to provide temporary orthodontic anchorage. Prior to miniscrew insertion, the best approach would be to evaluate each possible insertion site and measure the cortical bone thickness, and verify whether it would provide adequate primary stability. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the difference in cortical bone thickness in areas of mini-implants insertion in patients of different ages, by means of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Methods: The sample of this retrospective study was composed of 123 CBCT scans, which were used to measure cortical bone thickness in the buccal and palatal inter-radicular space in the mesial region of the first permanent molars. These measures were compared by using the Student's t-test, ANOVA/Tukey tests, and Linear regression between male and female subjects, from 12 to 30 years old. Results: No significant difference was found in cortical bone thickness between sex, race and sagittal facial patterns. Significantly higher measurement values were observed in patients older than 12 years of age at all sites evaluated. The coefficient β at the adjusted linear regression analysis showed that at each increment in age, mean cortical thickness values increased by 0.06mm in the mandible, 0.03mm in the buccal region and 0.02mm in the palatal region of the maxilla. Conclusions: The increase in cortical bone thickness was positively associated with age; that is, the more advanced the patient's age was, the less chance there was of failure due to primary stability.


RESUMO Introdução: Os mini-implantes ortodônticos (MI) são uma alternativa confiável para fornecer ancoragem esquelética temporária. Antes da inserção do mini-implante, a melhor abordagem seria avaliar cada local de inserção possível, medir a espessura do osso cortical e verificar se proporcionaria uma adequada estabilidade primária. Objetivo: O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a diferença na espessura do osso cortical em áreas de inserção dos mini-implantes em pacientes de diferentes idades, por meio da tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico. Métodos: A amostra desse estudo retrospectivo foi composta por 123 tomografias computadorizadas de feixe cônico, que foram utilizadas para medir a espessura do osso cortical nos espaços inter-radiculares vestibular e palatino na região mesial dos primeiros molares permanentes. Essas medidas foram comparadas por meio dos testes t de Student, ANOVA/Tukey e regressão linear entre os sexos masculino e feminino, de 12 a 30 anos. Resultados: Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa na espessura cortical, quando comparados sexo, cor da pele e padrão facial sagital. Foram verificadas medidas significativamente maiores em pacientes com idade superior a 12 anos em todos os sítios avaliados. O coeficiente β da análise de regressão linear ajustada mostrou que, a cada incremento da idade, os valores médios da espessura cortical aumentaram 0,06 mm na mandíbula, 0,03 mm na região vestibular e 0,02 mm na região palatina da maxila. Conclusão: O aumento da espessura do osso cortical teve associação positiva com a idade, ou seja, quanto mais avançada a idade do paciente, menor a chance de falha, devido à estabilidade primária.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Dental Implants , Orthodontic Anchorage Procedures/methods , Retrospective Studies , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods , Cortical Bone/diagnostic imaging , Mandible/surgery , Mandible/diagnostic imaging , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging
9.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210163, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1386815

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To compare the accuracy of periapical radiography (PR) and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) for the detection of external apical root resorption (EARR) due to root canal contamination. Material and Methods: Dog's teeth with experimentally induced root resorption due to root canal contamination underwent or not root canal treatment (n=62). True positives (TP), false positives (FP), true negatives (TN), and false negatives (FN) in PR and CBCT diagnoses were determined using histopathologic findings as the gold standard. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and diagnostic accuracy (TP + TN) in the diagnosis of EARR were calculated. Data were compared using chi-squared test (α=0.05). Results: EARR was detected in 35% of roots by PR, in 47% by CBCT, and in 50% of the roots by microscopy (p=0.03 PR versus microscopy; p=0.67 CBCT versus microscopy). Overall, CBCT produced more accurate diagnoses than PR (p=0.008). PR and CBCT allowed the identification of large resorption in 100% of the cases and showed the same accuracy. However, for small resorptions, PR showed an accuracy of 0.83, whereas CBCT showed an accuracy of 0.96 (p=0.003). Conclusion: Cone-beam computed tomography showed higher accuracy in detecting external apical root resorption of endodontic origin.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Periapical Periodontitis/diagnostic imaging , Root Resorption/diagnostic imaging , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/instrumentation , Dimensional Measurement Accuracy , Chi-Square Distribution , Dental Pulp Cavity
10.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2022. 78 p. tab, ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1380340

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o perfil microbiológico e identificar padrões de agregação bacteriana, avaliar a associação desses padrões com os níveis de mediadores inflamatórios, MMPs e sinais e sintomas clínicos e ainda correlacionar os mediadores inflamatórios entre si e com os sinais e sintomas clínicos em dentes com infecção endodôntica primária e periodontite apical (PA). Para isso, 40 dentes uniradiculares, de pacientes com infecção endodôntica primária e PA, foram submetidos à avaliação clínica, com registro de sinais e sintomas, e tomográfica através do cálculo de volumetria das lesões periapicais com o software ITK Snap. Em seguida os dentes foram submetidos ao tratamento endodôntico. Logo após a abertura coronária, amostras foram coletadas de cada canal radicular utilizando cones de papel (S1) e submetidas ao método Checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridization para investigação de espécies bacterianas presentes. Foi realizado o preparo biomecânico (PBM) e em seguida o fluído intersticial da PA foi coletado (SF1) para a quantificação dos mediadores inflamatórios (IL1-ß, IL-6, TNF-α, IL-10, MMPs -2 e -9) através do ensaio multiplex e a quantificação de RvD2 através de ensaio imunoenzimático ELISA. Para a análise de correlação o teste de correlação de Spearman foi utilizado. A análise fatorial foi usada para identificar padrões de agregação bacteriana e regressão linear foi realizada para associar os escores fatoriais, mediadores e características clínicas dos pacientes (P=0,05). Correlação positiva foi encontrada entre MMP-2, -9, IL-10, IL-1ß, IL-6 e TNF-α, e entre RvD2, MMP-9, IL-10, IL-1ß, IL-6 e TNF-α (P<0,05), e correlação negativa foi encontrada entre IL-1ß e sensibilidade a percussão (P<0,05). A análise microbiológica revelou presença de DNA bacteriano em 100% das amostras analisadas com presença de pelo menos 2 das 40 espécies bacterianas investigadas (média = 24,62) por canal. As espécies mais frequentemente detectadas foram P. gingivalis, E. nodatum, F. nucleatum spp. vicentii, S. mitis, L. bucallis e A. actinomycetemcomitans. Das 6 espécies mais detectadas, 4 delas eram gram negativas, destacando o predomínio de gram-negativos das infecções endodônticas primárias com PA. A análise fatorial determinou 2 padrões de associação bacteriana e os resultados de regressão para o fator 1 revelaram uma associação com aumento de dor a percussão (coeficiente (coef) ß=0,788) e redução de dor a palpação (coefß=-0,753) e exsudato (coefß=- 0,479). Níveis mais altos de exsudato e menores de dor a palpação foram associados a bactérias do fator 2 (coefß=0,460 e -0,546, respectivamente). Concluímos que os mediadores inflamatórios formam uma rede inter-relacionada e que as periodontites apicais assintomáticas e sintomáticas tem uma etiologia bacteriana heterogênea e com combinações de espécies diferentes (AU)


The aim of this study was to evaluate the microbiological profile and identify patterns of bacterial aggregation, evaluate the association of these patterns with the levels of inflammatory mediators, MMPs and clinical signs and symptoms, and also correlate the inflammatory mediators with each other and with the clinical signs and symptoms in teeth with primary endodontic infection and apical periodontitis (AP). For this, 40 single-rooted teeth, from patients with primary endodontic infection and PA, were submitted to clinical evaluation, with registration of signs and symptoms, and tomography through the calculation of volumetry of periapical lesions with the ITK Snap software. Then the teeth were submitted to endodontic treatment. Immediately after the coronal opening, samples were collected from each root canal using paper cones (S1) and submitted to the Checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridization method to investigate bacterial species present. Biomechanical preparation (BMP) was performed and then the AP interstitial fluid was collected (SF1) for the quantification of inflammatory mediators (IL1-ß, IL-6, TNF-α, IL-10, MMPs -2 and -9) by the multiplex assay and the quantification of RvD2 by enzyme immunoassay ELISA. For correlation analysis, Spearman's correlation test was used. Factor analysis was used to identify bacterial aggregation patterns and linear regression was performed to associate factor scores, mediators and patients' clinical characteristics (P=0.05). Positive correlation was found between MMP-2, -9, IL-10, IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α, and between RvD2, MMP-9, IL-10, IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF- α (P<0.05), and a negative correlation was found between IL-1ß and sensitivity to percussion (P<0.05). The microbiological analysis revealed the presence of bacterial DNA in 100% of the samples analyzed with the presence of at least 2 of the 40 bacterial species investigated (mean = 24.62) per root canal. The most frequently detected species were P. gingivalis, E. nodatum, F. nucleatum spp. vicentii, S. mitis, L. buccallis and A. actinomycetemcomitans. Of the 6 most detected species, 4 of them were gram negative, highlighting the predominance of gram-negative primary endodontic infections with AP. Factor analysis determined 2 patterns of bacterial association and regression results for factor 1 revealed an association with increased pain on percussion (coefficient (coef) ß=0.788) and reduced pain on palpation (coefß=-0.753) and exudate (coefß=-0.479). Higher levels of exudate and lower levels of pain on palpation were associated with factor 2 bacteria (coefß=0.460 and -0.546, respectively). We conclude that inflammatory mediators form an interrelated network and that asymptomatic and symptomatic apical periodontitis has a heterogeneous bacterial etiology and combinations of different species (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Periapical Periodontitis , Bacteria , Cytokines , Matrix Metalloproteinases , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
11.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(3): 1-11, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1391172

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study evaluated the effect of leucocyte and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF) techniques used in alveolar ridge preservation on dimensional hard tissue changes of the alveolar ridge assessed using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans. Material and Methods: Elective alveolar ridge preservation surgeries were performed on seven systemically healthy patients who underwent single posterior tooth extraction. Patients were randomly treated with PRF mixed with a commercial bone xenograft (n = 3) or PRF plug (n = 4). CBCT scans were taken immediately after tooth extraction and then four months later, just before implant surgery. Dimensional alterations in socket height (SH), socket area (SA) and socket volume (SV) were evaluated on CBCT scans by percentage differences before and after treatments. Results: Sockets treated with PRF plus bone xenograft had a tendency to maintain alveolar bone dimensions over time (SH= 11.22% to 82.74%, SA= 1.84% to 48.91% and SV= 9.11% to 203.62%), while sockets treated only with PRF plug technique presented only a modest increase in height (SH= 1.47% to 11.11%) but greater alveolar ridge resorption confirmed by a decrease in socket area and volume dimensions (SA= 0.21% to -24.09% SV= 8.53% to -54.12%). Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, the maintenance of alveolar socket dimensions was observed when PRF was associated with a xenograft. However, the loss of alveolar ridge dimensions was not entirely prevented by PRF treatment alone.(AU)


Objetivo: Este estudo avaliou o efeito das técnicas de fibrina rica em leucócitos e plaquetas (L-PRF) usadas na preservação da crista alveolar em alterações dimensionais de tecido duro da crista alveolar avaliadas por tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (CBCT). Material e Métodos: Foram realizadas cirurgias eletivas de preservação da crista alveolar em sete pacientes sistemicamente saudáveis que foram submetidos a uma única extração dentária posterior. Os doentes foram tratados aleatoriamente com PRF misturado com um xenoenxerto ósseo comercial (n = 3) ou com PRF plug (n = 4). CBCT foi realizada imediatamente após a extração dentária e quatro meses depois, imediatamente antes da cirurgia de implante. Alterações dimensionais na altura do alvéolo (SH), área do alvéolo (SA) e volume do alvéolo (SV) foram avaliadas em exames CBCT por diferenças percentuais antes e depois dos tratamentos. Resultados: Os alvéolos tratados com PRF mais xenoenxerto ósseo apresentaram tendência a manter as dimensões ósseas alveolares ao longo do tempo (SH= 11.22% a 82.74%, SA= 1.84% a 48.91% e SV= 9.11% a 203.62%), enquanto alvéolos tratados apenas com a técnica de PRF plug apresentaram apenas um aumento modesto na altura (SH= 1.47% a 11.11%), mas uma maior reabsorção alveolar confirmada pela redução das dimensões de área e volume do alvéolo (SA= 0.21% a -24.09% SV= 8.53% a -54.12%). Conclusão: Dentro das limitações deste estudo, a manutenção das dimensões alveolares foi observada quando o PRF foi associado ao xenoenxerto. No entanto, a perda das dimensões alveolares não foi totalmente evitada pelo tratamento apenas com PRF. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Alveolar Bone Loss , Bone Substitutes , Tooth Socket , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Platelet-Rich Fibrin
12.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 66(1): 21-25, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1380065

ABSTRACT

Se presenta un caso clínico de quiste dentígero, asociado a un tercer molar inferior izquierdo retenido, que concurre a la Cátedra de Diagnóstico por Imáge- nes de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires. El paciente, de 53 años de edad, es de sexo femenino. Se utiliza la tomografía de haz cónico para diagnosticar presuntivamente dicha patolo- gía. Posteriormente, se realiza biopsia para obtener una muestra y ser enviada para realizar los estudios anatomopatológicos, que corroboran el presuntivo diagnóstico. Basado en lo expuesto, se analiza al quis- te dentígero según ubicación, sexo, edad y maxilar; habiendo realizado una revisión de la literatura (AU)


A clinical case of a dentigerous cyst associated with a retained lower left third molar is presented. The 53-year-old patient is female. Cone beam tomography is used to presumptively diagnose said pathology. Subsequently, a biopsy is performed to obtain a sample and be sent to perform pathological studies that corroborate the presumptive diagnosis. Based on the above, the dentigerous cyst is analyzed according to location, sex, age and maxilla; having carried out a review of the literature (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Dentigerous Cyst/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Tooth, Impacted/complications , Biopsy/methods , Age and Sex Distribution , Molar, Third/pathology
13.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 66(1): 26-33, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1380245

ABSTRACT

Los quistes periapicales o radiculares representan una de las patologías periapicales más frecuentes dentro del grupo de las lesiones quísticas de los maxilares. Son el resultado de la extensión de proce- sos inflamatorios-infecciosos. Su diagnóstico sigue siendo un desafío para el profesional odontológico, quien debe diferenciarlo de otros procesos inflama- torios periapicales. El objetivo del presente artículo es presentar, apoyado en una revisión de la literatura, el caso clínico de un paciente masculino de 38 años de edad que se presentó a la consulta por leve tume- facción indolora en zona anterosuperior del maxilar. A la inspección se observó borramiento de la región del surco vestibular a nivel de piezas dentarias 1.1, 1.2 y 1.3, de color rojizo con crepitación de la tabla ósea vestibular a la palpación. La tomografía de haz cónico mostró lesión osteolítica, extendida desde zona apical de la pieza dentaria 1.4 hasta zona del elemento dentario 1.1. Se realizó la extirpación de la lesión y api- cectomía. El estudio histológico corroboró el diagnós- tico presuntivo de quiste periapical. Los controles a distancia mostraron buena evolución del tratamiento. Se concluyó en la importancia de realizar un correcto diagnóstico clínico e imagenológico para la selección de un adecuado tratamiento según el caso (AU)


Periapical or radicular cysts represent one of the most frequent periapical pathologies within the group of cystic lesions of the jaws. They are the result of the spread of inflammatory-infectious processes. Its diagnosis continues to be a challenge for the dentist, who must differentiate it from other periapical inflammatory processes. The objective of this article is to present, supported by a review of the literature, the clinical case of a 38-year-old male patient who presented to the consultation due to mild painless swelling in the anterosuperior maxilla. Upon inspection, effacement of the vestibular sulcus region was observed at the level of teeth 1.1, 1.2 and 1.3, reddish in color with crepitation of the buccal bone table on palpation. Cone beam tomography showed an osteolytic lesion that extended from the apical area of tooth 1.4 to area of tooth 1.1. Excision of the lesion and apicoectomy were performed. The histological study corroborated the presumptive diagnosis of periapical cyst. Remote controls showed a good evolution of the treatment. It was concluded on the importance of carrying out a correct clinical and imaging diagnosis for the selection of an adequate treatment according to the case (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Radicular Cyst/surgery , Radicular Cyst/diagnostic imaging , Apicoectomy/methods , Biopsy/methods , Oral Surgical Procedures , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
14.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2022. 89 p. ilus, graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1381765

ABSTRACT

Este estudo teve como objetivo comparar o efeito de 04 filtros de realce de imagem - Multi CDT NR1 e BAR1 - do software e-Vol DX (e-Vol DX, CDT, Brasil) e os filtros 1x e 2x do software Ondemand3D (CyberMed, Seoul, Republic of Korea), na quantificação de artefatos gerados por implantes dentários em imagens de tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC). Foram utilizadas imagens de TCFC de um phantom de mandíbula, adquiridas com variação do material do implante (titânio (Ti) e dióxido de zircônio (ZrO2)), região do implante (incisivo, canino, pré-molar e molar), tamanho do voxel (0,25 mm e 0,30mm) e posição do phantom no FOV (central, anterior, posterior, direita e esquerda). No software ImageJ em corte axial previamente definido, e usado como referência em cada um dos volumes estudados, em imagens com e sem a aplicação dos filtros, foi realizado a quantificação dos artefatos por um radiologista devidamente calibrado (ICC 0,97). Foram definidos grupos experimentais para as análises estatísticas das variáveis 02 a 02, sempre aliadas à variável filtro e seus efeitos na quantificação dos artefatos. Os testes de Shapiro-Wilk e de Bartlett, foram utilizados para avaliar a normalidade e homoscedasticidade. Para estudo das diferenças significativas entre os grupos foram utilizados os testes de ANOVA e Tukey (paramétricos), Kruskal-Wallis seguido de Conover-Iman (não paramétricos). Os resultados evidenciaram que o Ti apresentou menor quantificação em comparação ao ZrO2, nos 02 softwares. A menor quantificação de artefatos foi obtida no software e-Vol DX, filtro BAR 1, Ti e ZrO2. Não houve diferença significativa em relação ao tamanho do voxel para os materiais estudados (p=0,975 e p=0,901), posição do implante (p>0.05) e variações de posição no FOV (p>0.05). O Filtro Multi não apresentou diferenças significativas em relação às imagens sem filtro. Para os filtros do OnDemad3D, não houve diferença entre uso e não uso, independentemente do tamanho do voxel (p>0,05). Em conclusão o filtro BAR 1 apresentou-se como uma promissora ferramenta na redução dos artefatos oriundos de implantes dentários. (AU)


This study aimed to compare the effect of 04 image enhancement filters - Multi CDT NR1 and BAR1 - of the e-Vol DX software (e-Vol DX, CDT, Brazil) and the 1x and 2x filters of the Ondemand3D software (CyberMed, Seoul, Republic of Korea), in the quantification of artifacts generated by dental implants in cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images. CBCT images of a mandible phantom were used, acquired with variation of the implant material (titanium (Ti) and zirconium dioxide (ZrO2)), implant region (incisor, canine, premolar and molar), voxel size (0.25 mm and 0.30 mm) and phantom position in the FOV (central, anterior, posterior, right and left). In the ImageJ software, in a previously defined axial section, and used as a reference in each of the volumes studied, in images with and without the application of filters, the quantification of the artifacts was performed by a properly calibrated radiologist (ICC 0.97). Experimental groups were defined for the statistical analysis of variables 02 to 02, always combined with the filter variable and its effects on the quantification of artifacts. The Shapiro-Wilk and Bartlett tests were used to assess normality and homoscedasticity. To study the significant differences between the groups, the ANOVA and Tukey tests (parametric), Kruskal-Wallis followed by Conover-Iman (non-parametric) were used. The results showed that Ti presented lower quantification compared to ZrO2, in the 02 softwares. The lowest quantification of artifacts was obtained using the e-Vol DX software, BAR 1, Ti and ZrO2 filters. There was no significant difference regarding voxel size for the materials studied (p=0.975 and p=0.901), implant position (p>0.05) and position variations in the FOV (p>0.05). The Multi Filter did not present significant differences in relation to the unfiltered images. For OnDemad3D filters, there was no difference between use and non-use, regardless of voxel size (p>0.05). In conclusion, the BAR 1 filter presented itself as a promising tool in the reduction of artifacts from dental implants (AU)


Subject(s)
Radiographic Image Enhancement , Dental Implants , Artifacts , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Bone-Implant Interface
15.
Dent. press endod ; 11(3): 58-65, Sept-Dec.2021. Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1379391

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A periodontite apical assintomática (PAA) é caracterizada pela inflamação e destruição dos tecidos periapicais, e sua progressão promove reabsorção óssea, podendo ser agravada pelo uso contínuo de isotretinoína. Objetivo: O objetivo do presente estudo foi relatar a resolução de uma PAA com rompimento de cortical óssea mandibular em um paciente sob tratamento contínuo com isotretinoína (Roacutan®), por meio de procedimentos químicos-mecânicos convencionais e controle com tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC). Descrição: Um paciente com 21 anos de idade, ASA I, em tratamento contínuo com isotretinoína, procurou atendimento odontológico com moderada dor na região do elemento dental #38. Após exames clínicos, radiográficos e tomográficos, verificou-se a necessidade de tratamento endodôntico do dente #36. A TCFC mostrou uma imagem apical extensa e hipodensa entre os dentes #36 e #37, compatível com lesão cística óssea, com dimensões de 25,59 mm (largura) x 14,37 mm (altura) x 8,40 mm (profundidade). Também foram observados reabsorção apical da raiz distal, halo hipodenso sob a restauração coronal do #36 e ruptura da cortical externa vestibular e lingual. O tratamento endodôntico foi realizado em três sessões, com auxílio de um microscópio operatório e protocolos químicos-mecânicos, como Easy Clean e terapia fotodinâmica. Resultado: A resolução da PAA foi observada após acompanhamento por três anos. Conclusão: O tratamento endodôntico permitiu o reparo de uma lesão periapical extensa, evitando a cirurgia parendodôntica imediata, e o uso contínuo de isotretinoína não afetou a resolução da PAA(AU).


Introduction: Asymptomatic apical periodontitis (AAP) is characterized by inflammation and destruction of the periapical tissues and its progression leads to bone resorption, which may be aggravated by continuous use of Isotretinoin. The objective of this study was to report the resolution of AAP with mandibular cortical disruption in a patient under continuous treatment with isotretinoin (Roacutan®) and kickboxing practitioner, by conventional chemical-mechanical procedures and cone-bean computed tomography (CBCT) follow-up. Description: A 21-year-old Caucasoid individual, ASA I, under continuous use of isotretinoin and kickboxing practitioner sought dental care with moderate pain at the region of tooth #38. After clinical, radiographic and tomographic examination, the need for endodontic treatment of tooth #36 was verified. The CBCT showed an extensive and hypodense apical image between teeth #36 and #37, compatible with cystic bone lesion, with dimensions of 25.59 mm wide x 14.37 mm high x 8.40 mm deep. Apical resorption of the distal root, hypodense halo under a coronal restoration at #36, and rupture of the external buccal and lingual cortical bone were also observed. The endodontic treatment was performed in three sessions with the aid of a microscope and chemical-mechanical protocols, such as Easy Clean and photodynamic therapy. Result: Resolution of AAP was observed after follow-up for three years. Conclusion: Endodontic treatment allowed healing of an extensive periapical lesion, avoiding immediate parendodontic surgery and the continuous use of isotretinoin did not affect the AAP resolution. (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Periapical Periodontitis , Isotretinoin , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Cortical Bone , Research Report
16.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(3): 177-184, dic. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1372479

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Describir en un caso clínico una nueva técni- ca para la localización y la remoción de agujas fracturadas du- rante la anestesia odontológica mediante planificación virtual. Caso clínico: Una paciente de género femenino de 52 años de edad concurre a la Cátedra de Cirugía y Traumatolo- gía Bucomaxilofacial I de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires y relata que dos meses atrás, durante la atención odontológica, se produjo la fractura de la aguja durante la anestesia troncular mandibular. Se realiza diagnóstico y planificación virtual para conocer la ubicación exacta de la aguja y se confecciona un modelo estereolito- gráfico y una guía quirúrgica individualizada para removerla. El uso de una guía quirúrgica individualizada y confeccio- nada mediante planificación virtual permitió ubicar la aguja tridimensionalmente y con mayor precisión en espacios pro- fundos y disminuir tiempos operatorios (AU)


Aim: To describe in a clinical case a new virtual plan- ning technique for locating and removing a fractured dental anesthetic needle. Clinical case: A 52-year-old patient visited the De- partment of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery I (School of Dentistry, University of Buenos Aires) with a retained den- tal needle in the pterygomandibular space. The needle had fractured during inferior alveolar nerve block two months previously. Virtual diagnosis and planning were performed to locate the needle and a stereolithographic model and a customized surgical guide were prepared. The use of cus- tomized surgical guides prepared by virtual planning ena- bled precise location of the dental needle in deep spaces and reduced operating times (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Needlestick Injuries , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Foreign Bodies , Anesthesia, Dental/adverse effects , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Oral Surgical Procedures/methods , Stereolithography
17.
Dent. press endod ; 11(3): 31-39, Sept-Dec.2021. Tab, Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378948

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O estudo da anatomia da raiz e do canal radicular tem importância relevante para o tratamento endodôntico. Portanto, o conhecimento da morfologia do canal radicular é essencial para se realizar um tratamento que resulte em sucesso. No entanto, o profissional tem limitada informação desses conhecimentos, e um acesso difícil ao local de atuação. Objetivo: O presente estudo teve por objetivo avaliar o número de canais de incisivos inferiores, visto que estudos realizados sobre o assunto apresentam uma alta taxa de incisivos inferiores com dois canais radiculares. Métodos: Para avaliar com detalhes a anatomia interna das raízes dos incisivos inferiores, foi utilizada a tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC) na observação dos canais radiculares, em dentes permanentes humanos. Foram analisadas 97 imagens tomográficas obtidas com um tomógrafo Orthopantomograph OP 300 (Instrumentarium, Tuusula, Finlândia) de pacientes que se submeteram ao exame por motivos diversos. Todos os grupos dentários foram avaliados individualmente, e sua morfologia interna foi determinada conforme a Classificação de Vertucci (1984). Resultados: Os resultados observados por meio do teste estatístico do qui-quadrado apresentaram maior frequência dos Tipos I e III (Classificação de Vertucci), em comparação aos outros tipos (p<0,001). Conclusão: Conclui-se que a TCFC é o recurso viável para auxiliar a prática endodôntica, especialmente em casos complexos, como a localização de canais radiculares. A ocorrência de mais de um canal em incisivos inferiores centrais e laterais foi de 23,71% nesse estudo realizado na população brasileira (AU).


Introduction: The study of root and rood canal anatomy is relevant for endodontic treatment. Therefore, knowledge of the root canal morphology is essential to achieve an end- odontic that results in success. However, the professional has limited information of this knowledge and difficult access to the place of performance. Objective: The present study aimed to evaluate the number of the canals of the mandibular incisors, since studies carried out on the subject present a high rate of mandibular incisors with two canals. Methods: In order to evaluate in detail the internal anatomy of the roots of incisors, the accuracy of the cone beam computed tomography in the observation of the root canals in human permanent teeth was evidenced in this study. We analized 97 tomographic images obtained using ORTHO-PANTOMOGRAPH OP 300 (Instrumentarium, Tuusula, FI) of patients who underwent the diagnostic procedure for several reasons. All dental groups were analyzed individually and the morphology was determined according Vertucci Classification (1984). Results: The results observed the Chi-Square statistical test presented higher frequency of Types I and III (Vertucci Criterion) in relation to the other types (p<0.001). Conclusion: It was concluded that computed tomography is the viable resource to aid endodontic practice, especially in complex cases, such as the location of the root canals. The occurrence of more than one canal in central and lateral lower incisors was 23,71% in this study performed in the Brazilian population (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Dentition, Permanent , Dental Pulp Cavity , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Incisor , Research Design , Brazil , Anatomy
18.
Rev. Círc. Argent. Odontol ; 79(230): 17-20, dic. 2021. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358178

ABSTRACT

Luego de una extracción dental ocurren inevitablemente procesos de reabsorción y remodelación ósea, donde la dimensión y morfología de la cresta alveolar se ve modificada, representando un problema para la rehabilitación de la zona. Estudios clínicos han documentado un promedio de 4,0 a 4,5 mm de reabsorción ósea horizontal luego de una exodoncia, como así también cambios dimensionales significativos en los alrededores del hueso alveolar. El propósito fue evaluar y comparar clínica y tomográficamente los procesos de reparación y conservación del reborde alveolar post-extracción de paredes intactas, con y sin la utilización de esponjas de colágeno intraalveolar como relleno y placa termoformada como barrera física, durante el proceso de cicatrización. Se seleccionaron pacientes con indicación de exodoncia de elementos dentarios normalmente implantados y clínicamente aceptables, aplicando los criterios de exclusión, se realiza toma de impresión del terreno para la confección de una placa de protección rígida 0,8 termoformada para ser colocada posterior a la extracción durante la masticación por un período de 30 días. Se indica tomografía cone-beam post operatoria inmediata y a los tres meses para analizar, medir y comparar alto y ancho de crestas alveolares residuales. En la evaluación clínica y tomográfica de los casos estudiados, el grupo control donde se usó únicamente placa de protección alveolar arrojó mejores resultados que el grupo donde se colocaron esponja de colágeno en el interior del alvéolo. Palabras clave: Regeneración ósea, esponja de colágeno, cicatrización ósea, alvéolo postextracción, placa de protección alveolar (AU)


After a tooth extraction, bone resorption and remodeling processes inevitably occurs, where size and morphology of the alveolar crest is modified, representing a problem for the rehabilitation of the area. Clinical studies have documented an average of 4.0 to 4.5 mm of horizontal bone resorption after an extraction, us well us substantial dimensional changes around the alveolar bone. The purpose was to evaluate and compare clinical and tomographically both repair and preservation of post extraction alveolar ridge of intact walls processes, with and without the use of intraalveolar collagen sponges as filler and a thermoformed protective plaque, us physica? barrier, during healing process. Patients with normally implanted and clinically acceptable tooth with extraction indication were selected, applying the exclusion criteria, impression of the field is taken to build a 0.8 rigid thermoformed protective plaque in order to be placed after extraction and used during chewing for a period of 30 days. Immediate and three months post-operative cone beam tomography are indicated to analyze, measure and compare height and width of residual alveolar crests. In the clinical and tomographic evaluation of the cases treated, control group where only alveolar protective plaque was used, showed better results than the group with intraalveolar collagen sponge (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Bone Regeneration , Alveolar Bone Loss , Collagen , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Tooth Extraction , Wound Healing , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
19.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211236, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253730

ABSTRACT

Aim: Dental imaging has been widely used for diagnosis in dentistry. However, dental X-ray may induce cytotoxicity leading to apoptosis in oral mucosa cells. The present study aimed to observe the maturation pattern of buccal and gingival cells after exposure to X-ray radiation from analog/digital panoramic scanning and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Methods: The research samples were 40 subjects who fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The subjects were divided into the exposed (patients who received analog/digital panoramic radiography or CBCT) and controlled (patients who had no radiography examinations) groups, with 10 subjects in each group. Exfoliative cytology smears were obtained from buccal mucosa and gingiva before exposure (or on day 0 for the control group) and 10 days later. The cells were stained with the Papanicolaou method. Then, the superficial, intermediate, and parabasal cells were counted in each glass slide. Results: No significant differences (p > 0.05) were observed among all cell types between day 0 and 10 in the control group. Meanwhile, after exposure to three kinds of radiography examinations, the frequency of intermediate cells in buccal mucosa and gingiva increased (p < 0.05), but that of superficial cells decreased (p < 0.05) significantly. No significant difference was found in the parabasal cells (p > 0.05). The frequency differences between intermediate and superficial cells showed no significant difference between the buccal mucosa and gingiva. Conclusion: Analog/digital panoramic radiography and CBCT exposure can induce cytotoxicity by altering the maturation pattern of buccal mucosa cells and gingiva, so it is strongly recommended to only perform these procedures if necessary and avoid repeated exposure to the same patient


Subject(s)
Humans , Radiography, Panoramic , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Papanicolaou Test , Gingiva , Mouth Mucosa
20.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(3): 1-9, sept. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292570

ABSTRACT

Ossifying Fibroma is a gingival mass in which calcified foci are found. It is a nodular lesion that involves the inserted and interdental gum. There is a predilection for the female sex and for the anterior region of the maxilla. This work aims to report the surgical management of a Ossifying Fibroma in the maxilla and the immediate reconstructive with autogenous graft. Female patient, in the third decade of life, presenting Ossifying Fibroma in the region between maxillary incisors and premolars. She was treated surgically by means of marginal resection of the lesion under general anesthesia and immediate reconstruction with autologous iliac crest graft. Followed up for 12 months with no signs of recurrence.


El Fibroma osificante es una masa gingival en la que se encuentran focos calcificados. Es una lesión nodular que involucra la encía adherida e interdentaria. Hay una predilección por el sexo femenino y por la región anterior del maxilar. Este trabajo tiene como objetivo informar sobre el manejo quirúrgico de un fibroma osificante periférico en el maxilar y su reconstrucción inmediata con injerto autógeno. Paciente de sexo femenino, en la tercera década de vida, presenta un Fibroma osificante en la región entre incisivos maxilares y premolares. Fue tratada quirúrgicamente por medio de una resección marginal de la lesión bajo anestesia general y reconstrucción inmediata con injerto de cresta ilíaca autóloga. Seguimiento durante 12 meses sin signos de recurrencia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Cementoma/surgery , Radiography, Panoramic , Cementoma/diagnostic imaging , Bone Transplantation/methods , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
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