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1.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 40(3): 225-240, 15 octubre de 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1402565

ABSTRACT

Objective.To develop practical recommendations, based on the best available evidence and experience, on the nursing management of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and interstitial lung disease (ILD). Methods. The usual consensus methodology was used, with a nominal group, systematic reviews (SRs), and Delphi survey. The expert panel, consisting of rheumatology nurses, rheumatologists, a psychologist, a physiotherapist, and a patient, defined the scope, the users, the topics on which to explore the evidence and on which to issue recommendations. Results.Three PICO questions evaluated the efficacy and safety of pulmonary rehabilitation and non-pharmacological measures for the treatment of chronic cough and gastroesophageal reflux by means of SR of the literature. With the results of the reviews, 15 recommendations were established for which the degree of agreement was obtained with a Delphi survey. Three recommendations were rejected in the second round. The 12 recommendations were in patient assessment (n=4); patient education (n=4); and risk management (n=4). Only one recommendation was based on available evidence, while the remaining were based on expert opinion. The degree of agreement ranged from 77% to 100%. Conclusion.This document presents a series of recommendations with the aim of improving the prognosis and quality of life of patients with RA-ILD. Nursing knowledge and implementation of these recommendations can improve the follow-up and prognosis of patients with RA who present with ILD.


Objetivo.Desarrollar recomendaciones prácticas, basadas en la mejor evidencia y experiencia disponible, sobre el manejo de enfermería de los pacientes con artritis reumatoide (AR) y enfermedad pulmonar intersticial (EPI). Métodos. Se utilizó la metodología de consenso en la que un panel de expertos (formado por enfermeras de reumatología, reumatólogos, una psicóloga, una fisioterapeuta y una paciente) definió el ámbito, los usuarios, los temas sobre los que explorar la evidencia y sobre los que emitir recomendaciones. Tres preguntas PICO evaluaron la eficacia y seguridad de la rehabilitación pulmonar y las medidas no farmacológicas para el tratamiento de la tos crónica y el reflujo gastroesofágico mediante la búsqueda de revisiones sistemáticas, excluyendo aquellas cuya calidad era baja, muy baja o críticamente baja, según la herramienta AMSTAR-2. Posteriormente, se hizo una reunión para la formulación de recomendaciones que se presentaron con un resumen de la evidencia a la encuesta Delphi. Resultados.Con los resultados de las revisiones se establecieron 15 recomendaciones cuyo grado de acuerdo osciló entre el 77% y el 100% en la una encuesta Delphi. Tres recomendaciones fueron rechazadas en la segunda ronda: una por la evidencia disponible y los dos restantes se basaron en la opinión de expertos. Las 12 recomendaciones restantes aprobadas se referían a la evaluación del paciente (n=4), a la educación del paciente (n=4) y a la gestión del riesgo (n=4). Conclusión. El conocimiento del consenso Openreumapor parte de enfermería y la aplicación sus 12 recomendaciones basadas en la mejor evidencia y experiencia puede mejorar el seguimiento y el pronóstico de los pacientes con AR que presentan EPI.


Objetivo.Desenvolver recomendações práticas, baseadas na melhor evidência e experiência disponíveis, sobre o manejo de enfermagem de pacientes com artrite reumatoide (AR) e doença pulmonar intersticial (DPI). Métodos.Foi utilizada a metodologia de consenso, com grupo nominal, revisões sistemáticas e levantamento Delphi. O painel de especialistas, formado por enfermeiros reumatologistas, reumatologistas, psicólogo, fisioterapeuta e paciente, definiu o escopo, os usuários, os tópicos sobre os quais explorar as evidências e sobre os quais emitir recomendações. Três questões do PICO avaliaram a eficácia e segurança da reabilitação pulmonar e medidas não farmacológicas para o tratamento da tosse crônica e refluxo gastroesofágico por meio de RS. Aqueles cuja qualidade era baixa, muito baixa ou criticamente baixa, de acordo com a ferramenta AMSTAR-2, foram excluídos. Posteriormente, realizou-se uma reunião para formular recomendações que foram apresentadas com um resumo das evidências ao inquérito Delphi. Resultados. Com os resultados das revisões, foram estabelecidas 15 recomendações cujo grau de concordância entre 77% e 100% foi obtido com uma pesquisa Delphi. Três recomendações foram rejeitadas na segunda rodada. As 12 recomendações referiam-se à avaliação do paciente (n=4); à educação do paciente (n=4); e ao gerenciamento de risco (n=4). Apenas uma recomendação foi baseada nas evidências disponíveis, enquanto as demais foram baseadas na opinião de especialistas. Conclusão. Este documento apresenta uma série de recomendações com o objetivo de melhorar o prognóstico e a qualidade de vida dos pacientes com AR-ILD. O conhecimento da enfermagem e a aplicação dessas recomendações podem melhorar o acompanhamento e o prognóstico de pacientes com AR com DPI.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Safety , Efficacy , Nursing , Lung Diseases, Interstitial , Consensus
5.
Rev. argent. reumatolg. (En línea) ; 33(supl. 1): 1-24, ene. - mar. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1393257

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades reumáticas inflamatorias crónicas autoinmunes (ERICA) son un conjunto de patologías que se caracterizan por compromiso articular y sistémico, que frecuentemente generan dolor, discapacidad funcional y deterioro en la calidad de vida. Entre ellas se destacan: la artritis reumatoidea, el lupus eritematoso sistémico, la esclerodermia, la miopatía inflamatoria, la espondiloartritis, las vasculitis, entre otras. La mayoría de las enfermedades reumáticas tiene un importante componente autoinflamatorio, con una marcada desregulación de varios aspectos del sistema inmune. Uno de estos es la autoinmunidad, la cual puede definirse como la aparición de una respuesta inmune humoral y/o celular contra proteínas propias (autoantígenos) localizadas en diversos tejidos. Actualmente se considera que las enfermedades autoinmunes son desórdenes multifactoriales que muestran una complejidad y heterogeneidad considerable a pesar de tener una patogénesis en común: la pérdida de la autotolerancia.


Subject(s)
Rheumatic Diseases , Autoimmune Diseases , Vaccines , Chronic Disease , Consensus
6.
Rev. colomb. cancerol ; 26(1): 39-96, ene.-mar. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407971

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Generar recomendaciones basadas en la evidencia, para la prevención primaria y secundaria, el tratamiento de las lesiones preneoplásicas y el diagnóstico temprano del cáncer gástrico en población adulta, con el propósito de reducir la carga de la enfermedad. Materiales y métodos: El grupo desarrollador estuvo integrado por profesionales de la salud y tomadores de decisiones. Se construyeron preguntas clínicas contestables y se realizó la graduación de los desenlaces. Se elaboró la búsqueda de la información en MEDLINE; EMBASE y CENTRAL, siendo actualizada el 18 de octubre de 2018. La pesquisa también abarcó otras fuentes de información como la Revista Colombiana de Gastroenterología y la lectura en "bola de nieve" de las referencias incluidas. Se contactó a expertos en la materia con el objetivo de identificar estudios relevantes no publicados. Para la construcción de las recomendaciones, se realizó un consenso acorde con los lineamientos propuestos por la metodología GRADE, sopesando los beneficios, los efectos adversos derivados de la intervención, las preferencias de los pacientes y el potencial impacto de las intervenciones sobre los costos. Resultados: Se presenta la versión corta de la "Guía de práctica clínica para la prevención primaria, secundaria y diagnóstico temprano de cáncer gástrico", junto con su evidencia de soporte y respectivas recomendaciones. Conclusiones: Como recomendación central para la implementación, se recomienda erradicar la infección por H. pylori en los pacientes con o sin factores de riesgo, como estrategia de prevención de las condiciones precursoras de cáncer gástrico. La Guía deberá actualizarse en tres años.


Abstract Objetive: Generate recommendations for primary and secondary prevention, treatment of gastric preneoplastic lesions, and early diagnosis of gastric cancer in the adult population, to increase the detection of gastric cancer in early stages. Material and methods: The developer group was made up of health professionals, decision-makers, and a representative of the patients. Answerable clinical questions were constructed and outcomes were graded. The search for information in MEDLINE was carried out; EMBASE and CENTRAL, being updated on October 18, 2018. The search also covered other sources of information such as the Colombian Journal of Gastroenterology and the "snowball" reading of the references included. Experts in the field were contacted to identify studies. For the construction of the recommendations, a consensus was made according to the guidelines proposed by the GRADE methodology, weighing the benefits, the adverse effects derived from the intervention, the preferences of the patients, and the potential impact of the interventions on costs. Results: The short version of the "Clinical practice guidelines for the primary, secondary, and early diagnosis of gastric cancer" is presented together with its supporting evidence and respective recommendations. Conclusions: As a central recommendation for implementation, it is recommended to eradicate H. pylori infection in patients with or without risk factors in whom it is detected to prevent gastric cancer precursor conditions. The Guide will need to be updated in three years.


Subject(s)
Humans , Primary Prevention , Stomach Neoplasms , Consensus , Precancerous Conditions , Risk Factors , Costs and Cost Analysis , Early Diagnosis , Secondary Prevention
7.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 80(2): 145-152, Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364364

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a chronic disease that presents a multitude of symptoms, with symptoms of both motor and nonmotor nature. The Delphi method is widely used to create consensuses among experts in a field of knowledge. Objective: In order to reach a consensus on the values that should be assigned to the different motor and nonmotor manifestations of Parkinson's disease, a linear evaluation index (LEI) was created. Subsequently, the metric properties of this index were studied. Methods: 120 consecutive patients with a Parkinson's diagnosis were chosen in accordance with the UKPDSBB criteria. The Delphi method was used to reach a consensus among experts regarding the values of each of the manifestations included. Subsequently, the following attributes were analyzed: quality and acceptability of the data; reliability, in terms of internal consistency, reliability index, Cronbach's alpha and standard error of measurement; and validity, in terms of convergent validity and validity for known groups. Results: Twenty-five experts participated. The importance factor did not differ between the first round and the second round (chi-square test). We analyzed the responses that assigned percentage values to the 10 dimensions of the LEI. Both in the first and in the second round, the values of the scattering coefficient Vr were always close to 0. The homogeneity index was 0.36; the corrected-item total correlation values ranged from 0.02 to 0.7; Cronbach's α was 0.69; and the SEM was 4.23 (55.1%). Conclusions: The LEI was obtained through rigorous recommended methodology. The results showed adequate metric properties.


RESUMO Antecedentes: La enfermedad de Parkinson (EP) es una enfermedad crónica que presenta una multitud de síntomas, tanto de naturaleza motora cuanto no motora. El método Delphi se utiliza ampliamente para crear un consenso entre expertos de un campo del conocimiento. Objetivos: Con el fin de llegar a un consenso sobre los valores que deben asignarse a las diferentes manifestaciones motoras y no motoras de la enfermedad de Parkinson, se creó el "Índice de Evaluación Lineal" (linear evaluation index - LEI). Posteriormente, se estudiaron las propiedades métricas de este índice. Métodos: Se eligieron 120 pacientes consecutivos con diagnóstico de Parkinson según los criterios del UKPDSBB. Se utilizó el método Delfos para llegar a un consenso entre los expertos sobre los valores de cada una de las manifestaciones incluidas. Posteriormente, se analizaron los siguientes atributos: Calidad y aceptabilidad de los datos. Fiabilidad: consistencia interna, índice de fiabilidad, alfa de Cronbach y error estándar de medida. Finalmente, Validez: validez convergente y validez para grupos conocidos. Resultados: Participaron 25 expertos, el factor de importancia entre la primera y la segunda rondas (prueba chi-cuadrado), no fue diferente. Analizamos las respuestas que asignaron valores porcentuales a las 10 dimensiones del LEI; tanto en la primera como en la segunda rondas, los valores del coeficiente de dispersión Vr siempre estuvieron cerca de 0. El índice de homogeneidad fue de 0,36; los valores corregidos de correlación ítem-total variaron de 0,02 a 0,7; alpha de Cronbach fue de 0,69. El SEM fue 4,23 (55,1%). Conclusiones: El LEI se ha obtenido siguiendo una rigurosa metodología recomendada. Los resultados han mostrado propiedades métricas adecuadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Parkinson Disease/diagnosis , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Consensus
8.
Rev. venez. cir ; 75(1): 10-23, ene. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1391595

ABSTRACT

Construir el Perfil del Cirujano General en Venezuela. Método: Estudio cuantitativo, constructivista, con aplicación del método Delphi para la construcción del consenso. Fases: revisión de la literatura, redacción de propuestas, rondas itinerantes de consulta a expertos, adecuación del modelo según la interacción con participantes.Resultados : Población: 30 expertos miembros del Consejo Nacional de la Sociedad Venezolana de Cirugía y profesores de Postgrado de Cirugía General. Aprobación de 100% de las competencias de segundo nivel en la segunda ronda itinerante. En relación a las habilidades prácticas se obtuvo aprobación en 98,2% de las propuestas. El número de años de formación de postgrado y el número de intervenciones al momento del egreso, propuesta por los participantes, no obtuvo consenso. La fiabilidad del instrumento mediante el Alpha Cronbach fue de 0,98.Conclusiones : El Perfil de Competencia Profesional del Cirujano General en Venezuela fue creado por consenso describiendo la necesidad de un Cirujano General quien de respuestas éticas, inclusivas, con sentido de responsabilidad humana y social, capacidad de autoevaluación y cumplimiento de normativas internacionales adaptadas a la realidad local y ajustadas al medio de trabajo. De igual manera, se identificaron las habilidades prácticas que deben ser dominadas por el egresado para dar respuesta a la asistencia médica institucional. Consideramos que este perfil de competencia debe servir de referente para el diseño de los nuevos currículos por competencia profesional de nuestros postgrados a nivel nacional que permitan la formación del especialista que atienda y responda a la necesidades de nuestra población(AU)


Build the Profile of the General Surgeon in Venezuela. Method: Quantitative, constructivist study, with application of the Delphi method for prospective consensus. Phases: review of the literature, writing of proposals, itinerant consultation rounds with experts, adaptation of the model according to the interaction with participants. Results: Population: 30 expert members of the National Council of the Venezuelan Society of Surgery and Postgraduate professors of General Surgery. 100% of the level II competitions were approved in the first and second rounds. In relation to practical skills, approval was obtained in 98.2% of the proposals. In relation to the number of years of postgraduate training and the number of interventions at the time of graduation, proposed by the participants, no consensus was obtained. The reliability of the instrument using the Alpha Cronbach was 0.98.Conclusions : The Professional Competence Profile of the General Surgeon in Venezuela was created by consensus describing the need for a Surgeon General who, with ethical, inclusive responses, with a sense of human and social responsibility, self-assessment capacity and compliance with international regulations adapted to the local reality, and adjusted to the work environment. Similarly, the practical skills that must be mastered by the graduate to respond to institutional medical care were identified. We believe that this profile of competence should serve as a reference for the design of the new curricula for professional competence of our postgraduate courses at the national level that allow the training of the specialist who attends and responds to the needs of our population(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Professional Competence , General Surgery , Curriculum , Delphi Technique , Consensus , Courses , Faculty , Job Description
9.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 27(1): 335-349, jan. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356039

ABSTRACT

Resumo A avaliação do Programa Nacional de Alimentação Escolar (PNAE) é ação estratégica para garantir a qualidade da gestão. O objetivo deste estudo é desenvolver e validar um instrumento de indicadores de desempenho para avaliação da gestão do PNAE no contexto nacional. Trata-se de um estudo psicométrico de construção e validação de indicadores de desempenho. Foram estabelecidos 12 indicadores, posteriormente, avaliados em painel de especialistas em relação a sete atributos. Para obter consenso foi utilizada a técnica Delphi e a validade de conteúdo foi analisada com a Razão de Validade de Conteúdo. Para a validade de constructo e confiabilidade, nutricionistas que trabalham na execução do PNAE avaliaram a relevância dos indicadores respondendo um questionário online. A taxa de resposta dos especialistas na primeira rodada da técnica Delphi foi de 43,3% (13/30) e de 69,2% (9/13) na segunda rodada. Um novo indicador foi desenvolvido após a avaliação do painel de especialistas. Um total de 281 nutricionistas participaram do estudo da relevância dos indicadores. No geral, a validade de conteúdo e constructo foi alcançada para 13 indicadores. Todos os 13 indicadores se apresentaram relevantes, com potencial para promover a avaliação da gestão operacional do PNAE.


Abstract The evaluation of the National School Food Program (PNAE) is a strategic action to ensure the quality of management. This study aims to develop and validate an instrument of performance indicators to assess the management of the PNAE in the national context. A psychometric study was carried out for the development and validation of performance indicators. Twelve indicators were subsequently established and evaluated by an expert panel concerning seven attributes. The Delphi technique was used for the consensus of the expert panel, and the content validity of the indicators was analyzed with the Content Validity Ratio. Nutritionists working on the implementation of the PNAE assessed the relevance of the indicators by answering an online questionnaire to construct validity and reliability. Thirteen (43.3%, 13/30) experts participated in the Delphi round 1 and nine (69.2%, 9/13) completed the Delphi round 2. A new indicator was developed after the experts' suggestions. Furthermore, 281 nutritionists participated in this study assessing the relevance of the indicators. Overall, content and construct validity were achieved for 13 indicators. All were considered relevant and had the potential to promote the assessment of PNAE operational management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Schools , Quality Indicators, Health Care , Reproducibility of Results , Delphi Technique , Consensus
10.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 37(85): 59-66, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411262

ABSTRACT

En este artículo se desarrolla el consenso alcanzado entre profesores, referido a los conceptos generales, componentes y la secuencia del diseño de la prótesis parcial removible, durante la formación del odontó-logo en el ámbito de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires (AU)


This article develops the consensus between professors on the general concepts, components, and the sequence of the design of the partial removable prosthesis during the training of the dentist in the field of the Faculty of Dentistry of the University of Buenos Aires (AU)


Subject(s)
Dental Prosthesis Design/methods , Consensus , Denture, Partial, Removable , Schools, Dental , Students, Dental , Dental Prosthesis Retention/methods , Dental Occlusion , Dental Stress Analysis , Education, Predental/methods , Faculty, Dental
11.
Rev Rene (Online) ; 23: e78471, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1387141

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo descrever o consenso do conteúdo de um instrumento para avaliação assistencial interdisciplinar em saúde da população idosa. Métodos estudo de consenso realizado entre médicos, enfermeiros e assistentes sociais, contemplando a construção de um instrumento e o pré-teste para seleção de escalas para uso na prática. Questionário constituído por perguntas com identificação de escalas representativas na avaliação dos idosos. Consideraram-se selecionadas pelos peritos as escalas que obtiveram o critério de consenso igual ou superior a 75%. Amostra constituída mediante "bola de neve", resultando em 101 participantes. Resultados das 13 escalas submetidas, os profissionais apontaram oito passíveis de utilização e duas que aplicavam na sua prática. As escalas excluídas constituem parte integrante das recomendações de boas práticas na assistência aos idosos. Identificou-se discrepância entre o que consideram útil e de interesse versus o que aplicam na prática. Conclusão o consenso entre peritos permitiu identificar e selecionar dados de avaliação interdisciplinares para uma proposta de instrumento, com vistas a subsidiar o processo de cuidado. Contribuições para a prática contribui-se, assim, para a conscientização sobre o uso de escalas recomendadas para idosos e para evitar a sobreposição das mesmas intervenções por vários profissionais, com ganhos significativos para essa população.


ABSTRACT Objective to describe the consensus of the content of an instrument for assessing interdisciplinary health care of the elderly population. Methods consensus study conducted among physicians, nurses, and social workers, contemplating the construction of instrument and the pre-test for selection of scales for use in practice. Questionnaire consisting of questions that identified representative scales in the assessment of the elderly. The scales that obtained consensus criterion of equal to or greater than 75% were considered selected by the experts. Sample was composed through snowball sampling, resulting in 101 participants. Results of the 13 scales submitted, the professionals indicated that eight were suitable for use and two were already applied within their practice. The excluded became part of the recommendations for good practices in elderly care. A discrepancy was identified between what they consider to be useful and of interest versus what is applied in practice. Conclusion consensus among experts allowed us to identify and select interdisciplinary assessment data for a proposed instrument to support the care process. Contributions to practice this contributes to awareness about the use of recommended scales for the elderly and to avoid the overlapping of the same interventions by several professionals, with significant gains for this population.


Subject(s)
Patient Care Team , Nursing , Consensus , Interdisciplinary Research , Health Services for the Aged
12.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 30: e3565, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1376962

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo: como profissão orientada à atenção da saúde, focada no cuidado às pessoas, a Enfermagem precisa desenvolver habilidades de comunicação sólidas. Com base em um consenso internacional de especialistas, apresenta-se uma proposta sobre os resultados de aprendizagem na comunicação clínica para planos de estudos em cursos de Enfermagem em países hispanofalantes. Método: um comitê orientador, composto por 5 enfermeiros e especialistas em comunicação em ciências de atenção à saúde, elaborou a primeira lista de habilidades comunicacionais específicas para o curso de Enfermagem. Outro comitê de 7 assessores científicos internacionais revisou e melhorou a referida proposta. Foram selecionados 70 especialistas de 14 países pelo procedimento de amostragem "bola de neve", sendo convidados para participar em um processo de consenso Delphi modificado a distância em duas rodadas de pesquisa. Foi realizada a análise estatística para estabelecer o nível de consenso final correspondente a cada item. Resultados: foi apresentado um questionário com 68 resultados de aprendizagem em comunicações clínicas para serem avaliados pelo painel. Na primeira rodada Delphi, o painel chegou a um consenso estatístico em todos os itens avaliados. Não foi necessária uma segunda rodada para conciliar posições. Conclusão: apresenta-se uma proposta acadêmica aprovada com um elevado nível de consenso internacional a fim de orientar e unificar os resultados de aprendizagem nos planos de estudo sobre comunicação clínica para cursos de Enfermagem em países hispanofalantes.


Abstract Objective: as a health care profession focused on caring for people, Nursing requires sound communication skills. Based on an international expert consensus, a proposal on learning outcomes in clinical communication for undergraduate Nursing education curricula in Spanish speaking countries is presented. Method: a steering committee, consisting of 5 nurses and experts in communication in health care sciences, drew up the first list of communication skills specific to the Nursing degree. Their proposal was reviewed and improved by a committee of 7 international scientific advisers. 70 experts from 14 countries were selected using a snowball sampling procedure and invited to participate in a distance modified Delphi consensus process in two survey rounds. Statistical analysis was carried out to establish the final consensus level for each item. Results: a questionnaire with 68 learning outcomes in clinical communications was submitted for panel assessment. In the first Delphi round, the panel reached a statistical consensus on all the items assessed. There was no need for a second round to reconcile positions. Conclusion: an academic proposal, approved by a high level of international consensus, is presented to guide and unify the learning outcomes on the clinical communication curriculum for undergraduate Nursing studies in Spanish speaking countries.


Resumen Objetivo: en su carácter de profesión de atención de la salud enfocada en cuidar a las personas, la Enfermería requiere habilidades de comunicación sólidas. Sobre la base de un consenso internacional de expertos, se presenta una propuesta sobre resultados de aprendizaje en la comunicación clínica para planes de estudio de las carreras de grado de Enfermería en países de habla hispana. Método: un comité orientador, compuesto por 5 enfermeros y expertos en comunicación en ciencias de atención de la salud, elaboró la primera lista de habilidades de comunicación específicas para la carrera de Enfermería. Un comité de 7 asesores científicos internacionales revisó y mejoró dicha propuesta. Se seleccionó a 70 expertos de 14 países a través del procedimiento de muestreo "bola de nieve", y se los invitó a participar en un proceso de consenso Delphi modificado a distancia en dos rondas de encuesta. Se realizó un análisis estadístico para establecer el nivel de consenso final correspondiente a cada ítem. Resultados: se presentó un cuestionario con 68 resultados de aprendizaje en comunicaciones clínicas para que lo evaluara el panel. En la primera ronda Delphi, el panel llegó a un consenso estadístico en todos los ítems evaluados. No fue necesaria una segunda ronda para conciliar posiciones. Conclusión: se presenta una propuesta académica, aprobada con un elevado nivel de consenso internacional, a fin de orientar y unificar los resultados de aprendizaje en los planes de estudio sobre comunicación clínica para carreras de grado de Enfermería en países de habla hispana.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Nursing , Clinical Competence , Communication , Consensus , Education, Nursing , Nurse-Patient Relations , Delphi Technique , Curriculum
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929145

ABSTRACT

Dental Caries is a kind of chronic oral disease that greatly threaten human being's health. Though dentists and researchers struggled for decades to combat this oral disease, the incidence and prevalence of dental caries remain quite high. Therefore, improving the disease management is a key issue for the whole population and life cycle management of dental caries. So clinical difficulty assessment system of caries prevention and management is established based on dental caries diagnosis and classification. Dentists should perform oral examination and establish dental records at each visit. When treatment plan is made on the base of caries risk assessment and carious lesion activity, we need to work out patient‑centered and personalized treatment planning to regain oral microecological balance, to control caries progression and to restore the structure and function of the carious teeth. And the follow-up visits are made based on personalized caries management. This expert consensus mainly discusses caries risk assessment, caries treatment difficulty assessment and dental caries treatment plan, which are the most important parts of caries management in the whole life cycle.


Subject(s)
Consensus , Dental Care , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Humans , Prevalence
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943022

ABSTRACT

This paper describes the background of Chinese expert consensus on protective ostomy for middle and low rectal cancer in China, interprets some key issues such as unification of relevant terminology and concepts, clinical value and indications of protective stoma, and clarifies surgical principles and details and perioperative ostomy care.


Subject(s)
China , Consensus , Humans , Ostomy , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Surgical Stomas
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943021

ABSTRACT

The rate of sphincter-preserving surgery for mid-low rectal cancer is increasing, but anastomotic leakage remains to be one of the common serious complications after operation. How to reduce the morbility and mortality of anastomotic leakage is always a hot and difficult point in colorectal surgery. Protective ostomy is a common method to deal with the above problems in clinical practice. However, some problems such as inappropriate stoma and stoma-related complications etc. become the current clinical challenges. The purpose of this consensus focusing on indication of ostomy, clinical value, ostomy skills, prevention of stoma complications, reversion of stoma and stoma nursing aims to provide guidance for the clinical practice of protective ostomy in the operation of mid-low rectal cancer in China.


Subject(s)
Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Anastomotic Leak/etiology , Consensus , Humans , Ostomy/adverse effects , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Risk Factors , Surgical Stomas
16.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 427-431, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939898

ABSTRACT

This document is the revised edition of the previously issued Shanghai Expert Consensus on Clinical Protocol for Traditional Chinese Medicine Treatment of COVID-19 among the Elderly Population. Based on the clinical experience and the Protocol for Diagnosis and Treatment of COVID-19 (Trial 9th Edition), this revised edition provides treatment approaches and recommendations to proactively cope with Omicron variant and increase the therapeutic efficacy for coronavirus disease 2019 among the elderly population in Shanghai, China.


Subject(s)
Aged , COVID-19/drug therapy , China , Clinical Protocols , Consensus , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , SARS-CoV-2
17.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 329-337, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939891

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study evaluated the effectiveness of acupuncture treatment on postoperative pain in patients with degenerative lumbar spine disease, and explored the relationship between the postoperative analgesic effect of acupuncture and the sensation of acupuncture experienced by the patients.@*METHODS@#This retrospective study analyzed the medical records of 97 patients who had undergone an operation by the same surgeon due to degenerative lumbar disease. These patients were divided into acupuncture group (n = 32), patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) group (n = 27), and oral analgesia group (n = 38) according to the different postoperative analgesic methods. During their hospitalization, patients completed daily evaluations of their pain using a visual analogue scale (VAS), and injection times of supplemental meperidine were recorded. Also, the Chinese version of the Massachusetts General Hospital Acupuncture Sensation Scale (C-MASS) was used in the acupuncture group.@*RESULTS@#Each of the three treatment groups showed significant reductions in postoperative pain, as shown by reduced VAS scores. The acupuncture group, however, had less rebound pain (P < 0.05) than the other two groups. Both the acupuncture and PCA groups experienced acute analgesic effects that were superior to those in the oral analgesia group. In addition, the higher the C-MASS index on the second day after surgery, the lower the VAS score on the fourth day after surgery. There was also a significant difference in the "dull pain" in the acupuncture sensation.@*CONCLUSION@#The results demonstrated that acupuncture was beneficial for postoperative pain and discomfort after simple surgery for degenerative spinal disease. It is worth noting that there was a disproportionate relevance between the patient's acupuncture sensation and the improvement of pain VAS score.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Analgesia/methods , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Consensus , Humans , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Sensation
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939854

ABSTRACT

Early childhood caries (ECC) is a significant chronic disease of childhood and a rising public health burden worldwide. ECC may cause a higher risk of new caries lesions in both primary and permanent dentition, affecting lifelong oral health. The occurrence of ECC has been closely related to the core microbiome change in the oral cavity, which may be influenced by diet habits, oral health management, fluoride use, and dental manipulations. So, it is essential to improve parental oral health and awareness of health care, to establish a dental home at the early stage of childhood, and make an individualized caries management plan. Dental interventions according to the minimally invasive concept should be carried out to treat dental caries. This expert consensus mainly discusses the etiology of ECC, caries-risk assessment of children, prevention and treatment plan of ECC, aiming to achieve lifelong oral health.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Consensus , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Caries Susceptibility , Humans , Oral Health
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939847

ABSTRACT

The complexity of oral ulcerations poses considerable diagnostic and therapeutic challenges to oral specialists. The expert consensus was conducted to summarize the diagnostic work-up for difficult and complicated oral ulcers, based on factors such as detailed clinical medical history inquiry, histopathological examination, and ulceration-related systemic diseases screening. Not only it can provide a standardized procedure of oral ulceration, but also it can improve the diagnostic efficiency, in order to avoid misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Consensus , Humans , Oral Ulcer/therapy
20.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 601-609, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939720

ABSTRACT

Prone position ventilation (PPV) is attracting more and more attention as a part of mechanical ventilation treatment, and relevant consensus and guidelines have been formulated. Prone position therapy (PPT) is widely used in the clinical diagnosis and treatment of burns. Compared with traditional PPV, burn PPT is significantly different in indications, process details, precautions, etc. Therefore, the Burn and Trauma Branch of Chinese Geriatric Society and Critical Care Group of Chinese Burn Association collected the evidence,led the formulation of National expert consensus on prone position therapy in adult burn patients (2022 version), and formulated recommendations on action mechanism, indications, use process of PPT for clinical guidance.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Burns/therapy , Consensus , Fluid Therapy , Humans , Prone Position , Respiration, Artificial
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